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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, August 01, 1850, Image 5

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124
THE NATIONAL ERA. S
M *
SPEECH OK THOHAS H. BE\T(I.\, OF MSSOI'BI. *
ON .!
THK COMPROMISE BILL. Vl
I'silvered In the Senate of the UnitedSteles, July 15, INjO. froi
! ? "
Mr. BENTON offend the following amend|
ment to the bill: rep:
Strike out of proposition " first" of section 3S, after the
word beginning, these words' "at the poiat on the Kio .
del Norte, commonly called Ki Paso, and running up that ?
rlrer twenty miles, measured by a straight line thereon, 3
a 1 thenoe eastwardly t a point wher* the 100th degree of OB
west 1 .ugitude crosses Red river, being the e nthwest angle, lug
In the line designated between the United Ststes and Me*- rep
ico, and the same an<le in the line of the territory set apart dat
f>r the Indians by the United States," and insert after the of i
said word " beginning" these words 'at the point in the Cri
middle of the deepest channel in tb? Rio Grande del Norte,
where the same is crossed hv the 1021 d?gree of longitude
west from the meridian of Greenwich; thence north,along J
that longitude, to the 34th degree of north latitude; thence Co
eastwardly to the poiut at which the 100th degree of weet of
! longitude crosees the Red riTer. thi
The amendment being stated by the Chair,
Mr. BENTON aaid; The motion is to strike tb
out aud insert?to strike out the committee's proposed
line for the western boundary of Texas,
and to insert a different one in place of it. The tl
committee's line begins twenty miles, on a straight
line, above El Paso, and runs nortneastwaraiy t?
to the point at which the Red river is crossed by i
the one hundredth degree of west longitude. The t;
line 1 propose begins in the middle of the channel p
of the Rio Grande del Norte, where it is crossed 0
longitude.about threehundred miles,on asrratgut ^
line, below El Paso, and runs north with that Ion- 0
gitude to the thirty-fourth parallel of north lati- j
tude, where it strikes the committee's line; and fl
thence, with that line, to its termination at the n
intersection of the Red river by the one hun- ,
dredth degree of west longitude. These are the
two lines, and the difference between them is a ,
difference of seventy thousand square miles cut \
off from New Mexico and given to Texas. I
My objections to the committee's proposed line <
were stated in a former speech, and nothing which |
was then said will be repeated now. The point ,
of those objections was, that that line was a die- ,
memberment of Ntw Mexico, cutting off seventy (
thousand squire miles of its territory, and giving |
it to Texas. My reasons for the line 1 propose (
were also stated in the s ime speech, and will not |
be repeated now. Their point was, that a line (
along the one hundred and second degree of west ]
longitude would be the proper boundary between
New Mexico and Texas?the one that would con- ,
form to the actual possessions of both countries, |
to their civil and geographical divisions With- j
out repeating arguments formerly used, my de- |
sign is to rise higher, and establish the same points j
by new and closer evidence, drawn, as the rheto- (
ricians express it, ex visceribus causa?from the \
bowala tb? ease?that is to sav. from the bill i
and feport or the committee icseir, aua'rrom '*
authentic map of the State of Texas.
? v?{ with the committee's bill, and show fron\, j
it that a cession of a part of New Mexico to Texas, 1
and not the ascertainment of the true line between
them, was the object of the committee; and
that in ftct they make a cession of one-half of
New Mexico to Texas, and then accept & cession
of the other half from her, and then propose to |
pay her a large sum of money besides. Here is
tbe ceding clause in ine commmee s ttiu :
* ' Secorul Th? United Steles cede to the State of Texas
all right, olaim, and title, which they hare to any territory
lying sou'h of the line aforesaid. And the eaid State of
Texae c del to the United Ktatea any right, claim, anil title,
which it haa to any territory lying north of tbe aaid line."
These are the words of the committee's bill?a
cession?a mutual cession of territory from each
to the other, and in terms which imply title in
each. The United States cede to Texas all tbe
territory that lies south of the committee's line;
Texas cedes to the United States all the territory
that lies north of it. It is the act of two owners
acting independently of each other, and making
an exchange of land, and in terms which imply an
equality of title in the respective cessions Upon
the words of this clause, then, this transfer to
Texas is a cession from the United States, and
conveys to Texas the right, title, and claim, of the
United States to all the territory ceded. Another
part of the bill is equally explioit in treating this
transfer as a cession. The sixth clause is in these
words:
" Sixth. If tbe ixld Stale of Texas shall refute or dtcUn*
to accede to the prerediug articles, they shall become null
arid void, and the United Slates shall be reinitled buck to
all their territorial right*, in the same slate and condition
as If these articles of compact ha<t never been tendered to
the acceptance of the State of Texas "
| This is confirmation, both of the cession and of
the title of the United States. It makes a provision
for resuming the title of the United States
if the exchange is not agreed to by Texas. It
e? remits the title?sends it back?to the United
States if Texas does not aocept! and, to give more
emphatic meaning to this remission, as a return
to its former owner, the expletive "back" is superadded?a
redundancy of phrase which could
only be justified by the extreme desire o< saving
the title of the United StuteH if the committee
cannot succeed in giving it away.
Tho report of the committee, in explanation
and support of their bill, fully accords with these
two clauses of the bill itself. It treats the line
they propose as making a cession of United States
territory to Texas, and carefully reclaims the
title, if the cession is not accepted Thus:
" If tbia boundary b? assented to by Texaa, aba will lie
qaleted to that eitent in her title. And some may suppose
that, in consideration of thla centres?ion by the United State*,
ahe might, without any other equivalent, relinquish any
elairn she has beyond the proposed boundary : that is, any
claim to any part of Afew Mexico Hut, under the intlneuce
of a sentiment of jnatice and groat liberality, i he bill propoaea
to Texas, f< r her relinquishment of any such claim, a
large pecuniary equivalent."
And again:
" It cannot be anticipated that Texaa will decline to acoede
to tbeae liberal proposition*; hut if she should, it is to
b? distinctly understood th?t the hilt of the United States
to any territory ucquirttl from Mexico east of the Itio
Grande, will remain ummpniretl, and in the same Condition
as if the proposal* of adjustment now oilered had never been
made."
I Here are two distinct confirmations of the
meaning expressed in the committee's bill, and
shows that the import of the words employed by
them was duly and cautiously considered. " Concession"
is the term tbey apply to it, which is the
equivalent of cession, which is itself equivalent to
the word graut " Unimpaired " is to be the state
of the United States title, if the concession is not
accepted by Texas, and, as /in acquisition from
Texas,ibe remaining part of New Mexico is proposed
to be held. The words all imply oession
and acquisition ; and in that, the bill and report
are right. It is a cession of seventy thousand
square miles of New Mexico to Texas for nothing!
with a proposal to purchase the remaining part of
New Mexico from her at a greater price! The
whole crowned by a bungling salvo to save our
title "unimpaired," if Texas cannot be induced
to accept these fine terms?terms which give her
both our land and our money. Thus, the report
accords with the bill, and sustains my proposition.
I now proceed to other evidence.
Here is a map! the title, contents, date, and
verification of which are vital to this inquiry. Jt
is entitled, A Mar or the State of Texas, ny
Cordova; and it declares itself to be compiled
from the records of the General Land Office of the
State, and is dated in the spring of 1849, and
professes to give every county, every town, land
district, river, and stream, in the State; and is
verified l>y the signatures of the Senators and
Representatives of the State in Congress, by the
Commissioner of the General Land Office, and the
attestation of the Governor, and <>f the Secretary
of State. It must be assumed to be an authentic
map of the State, such as it was at the time of
Its compilation?spring of 1949?and will not be
questioned by Texas, and is the sole evidence for
which the United States will have occasion In
maintaining the possession of all-New Mexico
until the question of title shall be competently
disposed of. It shows the possession of Texas as
it stood at the time that the United States acquired
New Mexico. It is the map of possession?the
map of the State as possessed?at that identical
moment, vital to this question; it extends from
the Sabine to 102? of west longitude. And here
is a reduced map in the corner of the large one,
embracing the country from the Mississippi river
to the Pacific ocean, aod showing the whole extent
of the claim of Texas. I will explain the reduced
map fir-t. Here it is, (holding it up) The
blue color represents the whole claim of Texas,
extending to the head of the Del Norte, end
thence to north latitude 4'.'?, where it corners
with Oregon and California, having " Santa Fe
county" written upon it, near San Miguel?the
place where the Texan expedition taken
prisoner in the year 1841. The until red and
yellow square* in the eastern part of thia little
map represent the counties, land districts, and
the oolonial land grants in Texas , and they show
that the longitude of 102??the same which I propose
for the western limit of Texas?was the utmost
limit to which any land district or occupied
county then extended. Fannin land district extended
precisely to that longitude, and is hounded
by it Bexar oounty extended in that direction
but without a settler near it. This is what th<
little map shows, the whole claim of Texas, cover
ing all New Mexico east of the Del Norte?an>
I ber actual possession limited to the eastern eld
of the longitude of 102^.
I now recur to the large map, entitled A \lu\
of the State of Ttxas ; and first read the certifi
cates of verification which I find on its fho?
These are they:
" WiiHiNovos City, Augnti 22,1WS.
I. " We. the uuderetsned, henaturi and Representative
from tbs state of Texas, do hereby certify, that we haw
cartful)? examined J He Cordova's map of tbc Mate o
Texas, compiled hy K reiitbawr, from the record* of tb<
Geu?i*l Laud OfBcc of I cias, and have bo hesitation li
say lux that uo tnap could surpass this lu accuracy aad Bdel
|
T]
It bu delineated npon II ?vcry county in the SUte, fc
town*, rltm, and strvsin* ; and w* cordially recommend jj
ssrsry pcraou who de-irs* correct gs?gr?pbio?l kncwl?
of our StaU. To p?r*oa* d?*irou* of vielting T*aa* '
ill he invaluable ' g
Signed Thomas J. Ruak, Sam. Houston, Da- w
S. Kaufman, 8. P. Pilsbary.j 8
" I do hereby certify, that thin map ha* been compiled |
n the record* of the General Land Office, by Kobert *
uibawr, aiid th?t it I* the most correct reprceentat'on of S
State which I hxTe ?een, or which has come within my v
wledge The meander* of the river* are all eotTeetly ,
reiented, heing made from actual survey*.''
Signed by Thomas W. Ward, at Austin, July !
1848 ] 1
* | i
. ' The undersigned, t ommis'ioner of the General Land | ,
lee of the State of Texas, has no heattaney in declarit
a* bis tlrro conviction, that this map is a very correct I
mentation of the State, representing all returns np to \ j
e. having been compiled with great rare from the records .
the General laid (XBce by the draughtsman, Kobert
mibawr." , 1
(Signed July 4, 1848: George W. Smith J
I "Stateof Texas- I certify that George W. Ward was '
mmiasloner of the General Land Oftiie from the frtb day
January, Wl. to the iilih day of March, 1848; and also
it George W. Smith is now and ha* been Commissioner a*
>resaid since the 20th day of March last. In testimony
icreof I hare hereunto set my hand and affixed the acal of
e State, at Austin, the 7th day of July IK48, and of the
lepsndence of Texas the thirteenth year "
(Signed, George T. Wood countersigned by
le Secretary of State, W. D. Miller.]
This is the authentication of the map, and certinly
nothing could be more full and satisfactory,
'he dates of the certificates are also most essenal;
for they show the map to have been comiled
as late as the spring of 18-18, the very date
f the treaty with the Republic of Mexico, as if
Jnited States the extent ot tne l exan possession
n the day she became interested in the <)ueation.
?y becoming the owner of the territory contigu
us to Texas Ilere isthis authentic map. Look
it it?(holding it up) It is large enough to he
een across the Chamber, nnd shows objects with
>ufficient distinctness to be discerned hy all. Its
vestern limit is the longitude of 102 ? the very
imit I propose, as if I had made the map myself
o suit my bill. Here is the longitude of 102
constituting the western limit of the map, running
ihrotigh the centre of the Staked Plain, leaving
svery county, every town, and every land district,
?nd every stream and river or Texas, witn mi
:heir head springs and sources to the east, leaving
;he whole course of the Puerco and its valley to
he west, and striking the Del Norte just below
he mouth of the Puerco, and three hundred miles
>n a straight line below El Paso. Behold it!
fdere is 102 cuttiog the long blank space marked
El Llano Estacado, the Staked Plain; and here
?re all the breaks iu the eastern declivity of that
long, broad, and sterile table land, from which
issue the thousand little streams which, taking
their course towards the rising sun, and gathering
themselves into large channels, give birth to
til the beautiful rivers of Texas?the Colorado,
the Braros, (Los Brasos de Dios, the Arms of
Grod,[ the ^Nueces, and the southern forks of the
Bed river.* There they all are: Everything
that is Texan by nature or by law! Rivers,
own*, cwj'i#* >be fiyo i\f }0'l, and all
separated from New Mexico by the high desert
plain which marks the structure of the country,
and divides systems of rivers and of lands from
each other.
This is the line which I propose, and upon the
adoption of which the sense of the Senate will
be taken It is entirely different from that of the
committee, and makes a difference of 70,000
square miles to the United States territory
in New Mexico, according to its adoption or rejection.
I have diligently studied the report of the committee
to find out the principle on which they
could take a line beginning above El Paso to divide
the territories of New Mexico and Texas?
a line which, conforming to neither claim, falsifies
both! and which, contradicting history, geography,
and law, invalidates itself! ( have been
freatly at a loss to discover the principle on which
such an anomalous line could be based , and suppose
I have found it, so far as it can be found, in
the paragraph of the committee's report, which
1 will read. This is it:
" The committee bey leave next to report on the subject
of the northern ami western boundary of Texi* On that
question a great direr sity of opinion ha* prevailed Accordiny
to one rietc of it, the w-atern limit of Texa* was the
Xuects ; according to another, it extended to the Rio
tiraruie, and *tretched from it* mouth to it* source. A nm
for iti, of the committee, haviny coine to the conclusion of
recommending an amirnhte arljus merit of the boundary 1
with Texa*. abstain from expressing any ojunion us to
the true ami legitimate weatern and uorthern boundary of
that Mate. The term* proponed for such an adjustment
are contained in the hill herewith repor ed, and tbey?re,
with inconsiderable variation, the name aa that reported by
the Committee on Territories.
" Apnor1lri(f to then* terms, it Is propnsert to Texas mat
tier houmlary be recognised to tbe Rio Graiete, an<l up tliat
river to the point commonly culled El Ptuo, and ruruiiur
thence up that river twenty miles, measured therein bv a
straight line, and thence e'stwardly tu-a point where the
hitndisdth degree of west longitude crosses Ked river, being
the southwea angle in the line designated be'weeu the
United States and Mexico, and the same angle in the
line of the territory set apart for the Indiana by the Untied
States "
This is it! ami a pretty light it is to guide the
Congress of (he United States? u great diversity
of opinion among the people, ami no opinion at
all in the committee. Some think the Nueces the
true and legitimate western boundary : some think
it extends to the Rio Grande. The committee
think neither one nor the other, nor anything
else ; hut, having come to the conclusion to recommend
an amicable adjustment, tbey abstain from
expressing any opinion as to the true and legitimate
western boundary of Texas! and then,
without any regard to what is either true or legitimate,
they cut New Mexico in two, and give
half of her to Texas. If the committee had
studied the question of boundary, and expressed
an opinion, and then made their line conformable
to it, their recommendation might have been entilled
to great weight. But they do no such thing.
They do not atudy the question. They expressly
abstain from it. They neither give an opinion
of their own nor adopt that of anybody else.
They ueither take the Nueces, as they say some
believe, nor the Rio Grande, as they aay others
believe, nor name any line which they themselves
believe; but, going it blind?making a half and
half business of it?cutting instead of untying
the Gordiao knot?they take a new course across
ths Puercos, beginning half way up the Pel
Norte, cut New Mexico in two just below the
hips, and give the lower half to Texas, lsaving
New Mexico to stump it about as she can, with
out feet or legs
This is called abstaining from expressing an
opinion ; but it is certainly acting an opinion,
and executing it also. They amputate New
Mexico?cut her in two just below the middle?
give half to Texas?and call that no opinion.
Sir, there was once a dispute before a wise man
with respect to the maternity of a child. Two different
women claimed to be its mother, and Solomon,
puzzled with their contradictory asseverations,
and not able to decide which was the true
and legitimate mother, and abstaining from expressing
any opinion, ordered the child to he cut
in two, and half of it. to be givun to each. You
know how it ended The true mother would not
have the child cut in two I and the wise man knew
that! and his judgment was nothing but a device
to find out the truth by making nature speak. I
do not know whether our committee have acted on
the policy of Solomon?Solomons though they all
maybe; nor, iu fact, upon what policy or prin
ciple they acted. There is no point from the
head to the mouth of the river which may not be
taken on the Bame principle Amicable adjust
meut is the only rule they profess, and that seerni
to be very amicable , and, according to what thej
propose, all their amicability runs in one chtnnel
and all their adjustment le.vns to one side Thej
give seventy thousand square miles of New Mex
ico to Texas, and otter her $10,000,000 to accep
it! This is amicable enough to Texas, and ad
jiislment enough to suit her I Hut how does i
u it th? Uuiisd States ami New Mexico? Nov
does it suit truth and justice?that true and legit
iraste line which the committee did uot even pre
tend to ascertain 1
The committee propose a consideration to 1.
paid by the United States to Texss?how mucl
they do not say in their bill or report, but rumo
talks of S10 000,000 This is what the repor
says:
" Aa aeonalderation for it, and rvntaf<l?*rli>ir that a pattm
of the debt of Texaa wa* created on a pledge fo her ert-dr
ore of the duties oil foreign In, porta, traneferred by tb
rraolntion of annexati 01 to the United State#, and now n
reived and receivabla in their treasury, a majority of tti
committee recommend the payment of tbe huiu of ? tnt
Hone of dollar* to Texaa, to be applied III tho tirat inatanr
to the extinction of that portion of her debt for the rein
buraetnent of which tbe dn'iei on foreign import* wei
pledged #* aforesaid; and the realdne in anrh manlier t
ahe may direct According to au animate which La* l?e?
mad#, there are included in the territory to which it la pr
poaed that Texut shall relinquish her rl 'im, rmhranuf ihi
part o/ AW Mexico /yiwg eutf of thr Hio Urdtole, a till
Itaatban 124,933 a qua re niiiea, an t about 79 (A'if ,120 acre# i
land Kroiu the proceed# of the aale of thia land,the Hn
tad State# may ultimately be reimbureed a portiuu, If nut 'l
whole, of the amount of what la thua propoaed to be advai
cad to Texaa."
The consideration in not named; hut mmi
thing# are named which ntay help to formajud|
menf att to what it ought to he. Let us conside
them. In the first place, this is an affair of mi
I tual cesaion?an exchange of land?eo much o
i one side, and no much on the other?and the
lx>ot from the United Slates to Texas tothefigur
. of some millions. The first question is, how rnuc
j land does each gire? Ami the ooinmlttee at
b swera for Texas, with gre.it precision, a little 1c*
than r.'l H id sijuare miles, including that part <
New Mexico which lies e,?st of the Rio Gninde
. end I answer for New Mexico, 70,000 sijuai
, milrs, including the Ki I'nao and Puerco oountr
Upon the figures, Texas would seen to hare cede
most, and entitled to receive hoot; but when I
# oomea to be oonsidered that this cession frot
a Texas includes all New Mexico cant of the l)i
t Norte, from twenty miles atiove El l'asototh
' head of the river- that it oede# five hundred milt
1 of what was New Mexioofor a hundred years U
IE NATIONAL ERA
ire the name of Texas had been heard of? I
iat it includes thirty towns and Tillages, and t
0,000 New Mexican people who admit no alle- i
iance to Texas?then it becomes a question i
'hether this five hundred miles of New Mexioo
hould not be deducted from the committee's quan- <
ity of 124,933 square miles. I happen to be of |
hat opinion ; snd so would deduct about 50,000
ijuare miles from the committee's count. That
rould make the two cessions about equal in exent,
about equal in quantity. And now for qual?y
and value How would the two cessions stand
n that respect? Evidently the "30 000 square
niles taken from New Mexioo is worth more than
he "5,000 ceded by Texas. It is in a better climate,
being all of it south of 34?, and part as far
louth as 29 ; while the Texan cession goes up
:o 42, in the Rocky Mountains?withiu thirty
niles of the South Pats, and cornering on Oregon
ind California. It is better land. It has civilised
people upon it?four or five thousand at San
Eleazario, and two or three thousand at other
places. It is unencumbered with resident Indians,
and will be ready for immediate sale and settlement.
and lies in the direct track from the lower
Mississippi to the northern parts of the Republic
of Mexico, and the Gila route to California and the
Pacific ocean. It is the most valuable cession,
equal in extent, better in climate and quality, and
more desirable from position. And yet the committee
propose boot?good boot?some millions.
That is not the rule in the horse swap. It is not
the rule to give the best horse, and then give the
price of the other in boot, especially when both
horses belong to yourself.
T V. ,> ipt iVa?- KPPTt1 tO be ft llt
? f - " ?
matter in thie article of compensation to I exas?
this new mode of swapping land?giving the best
land, and then giviog boot besides. They say :
" If this boundary beM??nt?d toby Texas, ?be will be
'I'lirird v, mm nwui |U net mi* n.i . ....... ...~j ?,,
that, in oonsiileratiuii of thin concession by the Unit?'l
States, she might. without iny Other ei/uiralent, relinquish
any claim she has beyond the proposed boundary : that is,
any chum to any part of New Mexico. But, under the indue
nee of a sentiment of justice and grtut liberality, the
bill propose* to Texas, fir her reUnauishmtnt qf any such
claim, n large pecuniary equivalent
This is candid. Doubtless many will suppose,
as the committee think some will, that the llnitt d
States had given land enough without superadding
money to it. They would thiuk so upon the
very reasonable principle, that when u man had
given up halt' his land to quiet a claim to it, that
be should not pay money for the other half, especially
when he believed both halves belonged
to himself, and when he had possessed it all for
two hundred and fifty years It is very rea|
sonable, in such a cise, that some would suppose
that he had done enough in giving up half. I,
myself, would certainly be one of that some.
But, not so the committee. They have a new rule
to go by, unknown in trade or politics before.
They have recourse to sentiment! and, under its
inrtuenee, and from a feeling of great liberality,
ojher eauivalent" tq "JYxss (or
relinquishing her claim to the rest of'iNew^Meiico
This is the way it stands in the committee's bill
rem ~*v-rf a?v in their own
words, that there may be no mistake about it,
another equivalent is what they propose One
might suppose that, one evuiqaient was enough,
but they propose another, so that there shall be
both a moneyed and a landed equivalent to Texas
Now, 1 object to all this. I object to accepting a
cession of New Mexico from Texas, first, because
the United States has a claim to it herself, and
bus the actual possession, which is a right to possession
until the claim is decided. Secondly, because
the acceptance of such a cession would admit
the title of Texas to all New Mexico east
of the Rio Grande, and so raise questions to disturb
both New Mexico and the United States.
Thirdly, because we give more valuable territory
than we receive, and then pay the value of what
we receive into the bargain, and which was our own
before.
Sir, this is strange work A committee undertaking
to guide, in a case where they admit
they have not looked for either truth or law?
prescribing a line, which they admit to be neither
true nor legitimate?abstaining from expressing an
opinion, and yet enforcing an opinion?making a
sacrifice, and calling it a compromise?undertaking
to save New Mexico, and saving her by giving
away one half, and purchasing the other half
This is strange work, and new work, in the
American Senate : but let us go on with it.
The committee propose a consideration in money
to Texas for accepting their line. Upon what
principle? It is anexchangeof territory?amutual
cession?and Texas receives better than she
gives Is it for the remaining part of New Mexico?
If so, it is unjustifiable to purchase what
we already possess, and dangerous to rouse the
questions to which the admission of Texan title
to New Mexico would inevitably give rise. This
is too seiious a uuestion to be lightly evoked. If
the State of Texas now caters the Santa Ke
country, as the bill and report of the committee
admit, then the Constitution ami laws of Texas
are in force there ! and this is what the Senate
will say if it sanctions the committee's hill; and
what cannot be said without rousing great questions.
A moneyed consideration is to he paid to Texas
: but how much is kept a profound secret, lor the
profound reason of preventing jobbing in this
Texus stock. In the mean time it seeins to he
known in the knowing circles, that ten millions
is theamouut to be offered ; and on that basis stock
jobbing is rife! aud three hundred per centum
has already been the advance. The chance of
California for admission, and of the two Territories
for Uovernments, risea and falls with this
rise and fall of Tex ts stock. They are all in
one cart together?California, Utah, New Mexico,
Texas boundary, and Texas stock ; and must
all go through or balk together , and all depends
upon the Texas stock.
Th,e committee say, in their report, it is not to
he anticipated that Texas will refuse to accede to
their liberal propositions That, 1 presume, will
depend upon the amount ot money with which
that carefully-guarded blank is to be filled ; and
that is not to be filled until the last moment?until
the hill is on its third reading. Then the filling
is to cotne; and upon the quantity of it, 1 presume.
the vote of the State of Texas is to depend?
both the State in its rejection, or acceptance of the
proposed terms, and her representatives here, in
voting fur or against the bill which contains them.
I speik of the State and of her representatives
here, as I would speak of my own State, and of myself,
under the like circumstances. Our firstduty
is to our own State, and under the sense of that
duty, the vote of the Texas Senatorson this bill?
this omnibus bill, in which the admission of California
and (Jovernmeuts to the two Territories is
mixed up with money to Texas?their vote upon
the whole hill must depend. Money enough to
Texas, and they go it! and all the measures are
carried. Not money enough to Texas, and they
halt! and all the measures are lost. It is not only
an enormity in itself to make the passage of the
other great measures dependent upon the amount
of money voted to Texas, but it leads to a vicious
aud condemn,ihle mode of fixing that auiount.
i It leads to voting the amount, not which Texas
ought to receive, but of what will pass the hill!
i aud to the contrary, what will defeat the bill.
I Thus, those intent upon the bill must vote a large
suui to secure the Texas vote those opposed to it
' must vote a small sum or nothing, in order to de!
feat it. This is vicious voting, aud to be oon
detuned everywhere A jury that should make
i up a verdict in that way would have their verdict
t set aside and themselves reprimanded. What
, should be done to ua and our verdict under the
' same circumstances ? For one. I confess the vic?
of my vote, aud lay its blame on those who forot
t me into the false position in which I am to vote
In a bill by herself, and for such a line as I pro
t pose, I would vote Tex is a liberal sum in thit
r conueclion and under these circumstances, not ?
- cent.
Mr President, there is something overruling
in the affairs of men, which, in the end, bring!
e out thiugs right, and establishes the dominion o
>i truth and justice , and never was this overrulini
r superintendence more visible than now. Her
t are measures of the most discordant kind olappe<
together in one bill, in violation of all parliament
n ary law, and to the ruin of all fair legislation
' in order to force some measures to carry otheri
It ia the most tbicrant case of usrliameutarr iui
if propriety whicli the history of our legislation ha
l ever presented; and, to rebuke and crush it
' here is the highest proof its enormity whid
the wisdom of man could have devised. Vote
lh are nearly balanced ou this floor for or agains
" this conglomerate bill. There are two Tela
votes on this floor, and they count four?two ol
k and < wo on?and every one knows that these vole
' will decide the fate of the hill, and that they them
'f aelves will be decided hy the amount of mone
j. to bo voted to Texas. Sir, I touch a point whic
is still ahead, and which 1 will not develop nov
e Wheu we come to the filling up of that aiysteri
[- blank so carefully guarded, T may be able to den
r onstrate that the effect of this conglomeration c
i- bills, and that reservation of a blank, to be filled h
n the last moment, is to open an auction upon the floo
n of the Senate, for tho votes which ure to carr
e through tho omnibus bill, with all its raultifariou
h and heterogeneous contents. The tilling of th
i- blank may develop the fact, that the admission c
is California, and tho establishment of (iovernment
>f for two Territories, may depend upon the amour
; of money to be paid to Texas ; and, if it does, it wi
e present the highest evidence of the tl igrnnt enoi
f mity of tsckiug incongruous bills together whic
d the hi-tory of American or liritish legislation h<
it ever exhibited. The bill isciught/b/* rautrj-luton
tsken in the fact?seiied by tho throat, and hel
el up to puhlio view?(here Mr B. grappled a bil
ie and held it up)?in the very aot of perpetratin
>s its crime?in the very act of auctioneering fi
s- vote* to pass itself. 1 seise it in the act. and hoi
, WASHINGTON, D.
t up to public opprobaium, and make it an era
o be recurred to, and its fate to stand as a warnDK
efaiuat all future conjunctions of incongruous
n ensures.
1 beg my friends from Texas (Messrs. Houston
ind Rusk)?and i call no man friend without being
ready to stand for a friend when one is needed?I
beg them to take whnt I say in the sense I
intend it. In their place, I should do as they will
do?rote for or against the bill, and all its
measures, according to the amount of money to
go into the blank?and with the same sentiment
of profound humiliation which they must
feel. And this shows the enormity of such unnatural
conjunctions of discordant measures. Aud
here 1 will use an argument but lately come to
hand, but which ought to hare its weight on this
occasion. I allude to the new Constitution of Kentucky,
and its salutary provision against the ruinous
practice of "log-rolling." in section thirtyseven
of article two of that instrument, there is
this provision. f.vkrt bill shall contain but on it
mbiect, and that shall be clearlv explained
in thk title. This is the sentiment of Kentucky
on the fatal practice of tacking incongruous bills
together. She has pointed her constitutional cannon
against it. True, we are not bound by the provisions
of her constitution ; but we are bound to
respect the principle of morality in which it is
founded, and of course to condemn aud repudiate
this omnibus bill, freighted with so many subjects,
and dependent for its passage on the amount of
money to be voted out of the public Treasury to
the State of Texas.
Sir, I have myself, in a bill now before the Senor>*?nsvu>H
a nomnact with Texas for the setno
mutual cessions?no exchange of territory?
no dismemberment of New Mexico?no purchase
of the Santa Fe country?no giving away our
own territory, and paying Texas to takei'. My
proposals steer clear of all that folly and blunder.
This is what I proposed :
" Art. 3. The State of Tmah oeile* to the United S'ate*
all her territory eiterior to the limit* to whieb ibe reduce*
hereelf by the Ant article of thin compact."
And the limits then proposed by me for her reduction
were the same as now proposed ? 10,/J of
west longitude, and 34 of north latitude. This
is all the cession that my bill proposed?a cession
from Texas only?and not of all /Ac territory,
but of all At territory exterior to her reduced
limits. This avoided the consequences of a cession
from her of the whole oountry, including New
Mexico as a part of Texas It avoided the consequence
of holding the Santa Fe country as
a purchase from Texas. It avoided the consequence
of admitting all that country to have bccu
a part of the State of Texas, it avoided all the
serious and disturbing oonsequences in which the
committee's bill would involve us. For such a
line as I proposed to Texas, ceding no territory
to her, accepting no title to New Mexico from
her, leaving New Mexico intact, and conforming
to ancient title and present actual possession, I
.'Jto itfxteu i&i}}>cw 'JMrtollars: for s-eb ?
line m the committee propose. not a copper.
The committee can find no excuse in my offer
Tfcv.i. rtu-i u**e 1 address inyself f%-' -C'i
pecially to that member of the committee (Mr.
Cooper, of Pennsylvania) who seems to hare become
its organ at this point. and I say to him, and
through him to the committee, there is nothing in
the one to justify the other. The tw.i offers are
as different as the two extracts from that sarsaparillaroot?"
H*unew mute apart, and in/imtfly dissimilar,
and not alike m any tiroparticulars,and having
no tiro qualities in common." One begins twenty
miles in a straight line above El Paso?the
other three hundred miles in a straight line below
it. One is latitudinal?the other longitudinal.
One runs east?the other north. One cuts New
Mexico in two?the other goes round her. One
cedes seventy thousand square miles of New Mexco
to Texas?the other cedes nothing to her One
nccepts the remainder of New Mexico as a cession
from Texas?the other holds her as a cession from
the Republic of Mexico. One conforms to the
ancient title, present possession, and geographical/
affinities?the other violates all these conditions
One raises the slave question, and in its double
aspect of actual extension of slavery into one half
of New Mexico, and its implied legal existence ih
the other half?the other avoids both thesequietions
by leaving both New Mexico and Texas jo-t
as they are. One admits the Tex in laws sad
Constitution to be in force in all New Mriico
east of the Rio Grande?the other asserts (he
Mexican law to be in farce there. These are
some of the points of difference between my offer
and the committee's, and which 1 will thaoit the
Senator from Pennsylvania (Mr. Cooper) torecollect
the next time he speaks on the subject, and
credit the differences on the right side of the
account. But there is another ditferesoe, and
of another kind, between the two offers, and
which may be folly developed when we come
to the work of filling up that coy and sensitive
blank, upon which the comuiittee are
so dumb, and the knowing oues so knowing. My
offer affects no other bill, or measure It is in a
bill by itself. It is a Texas bill, aud confined
to Texas. The money it proposes carries no influence,
good or bad, to any other measure?has
no effect on the life or death of California, or the
two Territories. It carries no votes, for or ugainst
them?excites no stock jobbing interest, tor or
against them, it is a parliamentary hill, confined
to its own subject, unmixed with any question,
claiming decision on its own m<tits alone, and
leaving nil other bills to be decided, in like manner,
upon their own merits. Thij is a particular
difference between the committee ! bill and mine,
in additiontoalltheotherdifferenctsbetwen them,
and which, at the proper time, I stall more fully
develop; and, in the mean time, mtst remind the
Sennator from Pennsylvania not toverlook these
differences when he comes again M fortify his intended
vote for sacrificing New Mixico, by a reference
to my bill for saving her.
The committee,as a justification for ceding the
one half of New Mexioo to Texatfand then pur
i chiming the other half from her, nrflm thct it is the
| only way to prevent Texaa from shallowing her
i nil up. This was a great mistake! in law, nn<i a
! farther mistake in fact, in supposing that the
President?the then President, Get) tuI Taylorwould
not do his duty. There weje three way*
| to save New Mexico without givini up any part
' of her to Texas. First, for the United States tc
; occupy her as she was on the day of her cession
by the Republic of Mexico; secondly, by a suit
! in the Supreme Court; thirdly, by offering a fair
' compact, based upon the true boundary.
! either of these three ways New Mfxico could bt
saved ; and the late President, in a/hessage before
his death, let us know that he would do his duty
and maintain the possession until tye question ol
title should be decided by the com|ptent author
ity. This is his message
" I hare already. In a former mes< mo* referred to the faci
that the tsiundary between Texas and Net lYIexien i? die
pnted. I hare now to etate that infnrmatin has been re
eently receivd that a oer ain Kobert S Nfeghb rw,atvlina
himself onmmh sinner of the State of Texy. has proceeds'
to Santa f'e with the view of organising jonntie* in tha'
district, tinder the authority of Teaas. While I have n<
(Hiwer to decide the quest iou of boundary, ind no desire t<
interfere with it ee aquastionof title, I hart toobaervetha
the pos e?elon of the territory Into which It appears tha
Mr Neighbors has thue gone, was actusllr acquired t>r th.
United States from Mexico, and has tisce teen held by thi
United States and. in my opinion, ought so to remain nntt
the question ot boundary shall hare been determined h;
some competent authority. Meanwhl/e, I think there is n
raaa.ii for seriously appiehendlnit tlr t Teiaa will practi
cally interfere with the possession of the United States "
I tll8 IS tne message oi ine isie rrftninri, hmi
it is the law and the prsphstl, brief and simple
but true aod wise, and putting to fliaht the mail
, argument for the dismemberment of New Meiioc
, He tells you that he will maintain the possessor
, such as it waa whea the United States receired i!
until the question >f boundary should be decide
by the competent authorities. This is enotig
, for us. We are Is possession, and hare only t
k retain it These were the resolves of the lat
President, and there is no dispute about then
^ He spoke for himself, and his words will stant
, a monument to his memory?a monument to hi
f judgment to see the right, and to his firmness i
j maintaining it. It was his last message, and th
? symbol of his character?brief, plain, hones
j wise, firm, and to the point. It was worthy to 1
. the last message of General Taylor! and will $
, into the heads and hearts of the people, and wi
, remain on the metnary of his country longer tha
. graven words oan retain upon stone or brass.
H I make no allusion i> the present President
j would be unparliamentary and indecorous 1
h do so. He has seit us no message Mut *
? are hound to belies* that he will do his duty, i
t he underatanda it, slid at all events we have i
? right to act upon a contrary supposition?to su
f pose that the President will not inaintaiu the h
H titude of his predecessor, and thereby make
i. necessary for Conferees to do something in h
y place.
h Mr President. We are a government of divide
t. powers?legislative executive, and judicial- ai
i- uo one department pas a right to assume that a
i- other department feill not ao its duty, and ther
f i mum aaanma tknajl lilltlnfl lt.M>lfOP do SOmethil
>t that it ought not te do, on the supposition th
r the other departments will do nothing Such ?
y sumptioni and interferences are the bane of i
" government, and the exouse for much wrot
>' We have seen how mistaken it waa to sssur
>f such a thing of the late President?it was to su
h poac that he would hot do his dutj in maintai
d ing the possession of New Mexioo?and ma
II that supposition onr excuse for giving her awn
' 11 may be equally mistaken to make the same su
h position of his saooeaeor, but I will not suppc
'S one way or the other. 1 rest en the principle
parliamentary law nnddeoorum, and wtll not su
1 pose, or presume, a dellnqaanoy of duty i
I. the p?rt of any othnr department of the Oover
ft uient and, rising above all party feelings, shi
t hold myself ready in the aaee or Preeidsnt Fi
d more, as in that of President Taylor, to susta
I MMM???
C., AUGUST 1, 185(
him in the full execution of all his constitutional
duties when I believe him to be right
The late President, in that same message informed
Congress that he saw no reason to apprehend
that Texas would practically interfere with
the possession of the United States. Ths expression
was honorable to him. It was as much se
to say that he did not believe that Tents would
commit a breach of law and order, and set an example
of violence and bloodshed in the Desertion
of a contested claim. 1 dp not know whether ciroumstanoes
had occurred toinduoe him to qualify
| that opinion, but I join him in it ; and if. unfortu!
nately, it should turn out to be a mistake tod Texas
troops should be marched upon New Mexico, 1
j have my future course to find in my p?st conduct,
and to do by the Texas authorities what 1 did by
the Missouri authorities, in a similar case, a few
years ago. And here 1 touch a point which I
have never made public in relation to my own
conduct, and that of my then colognes, in the
boundary dispute between the State of Missouri
and the Territory of Iowa. Everybody knows of
I the dispute, and how the two Governors levied
troops, marched battalions, and prepared to fight
battles; but no one knows how these warlike
; preparations were stopped. I will tell you how it
was done. When the Missouri delegation here
heard that their Governor was marching troops
j upon Iowa, they got together, consulted on the
case, and addressed a private letter to the Governor
to let him know that they could not support
him in such a movement, and recommending
i the cessation of military, snd the commencement
of judicial proceedings. The advice, or somej
thing else, prevailed ; military operations stopped.
' >*
| laws of the land.
Dr Linn, whose brother Mtd nephew sit on my
; left, [Mr Dodge, of Wisconsin, and Mr. Dodge,
of Iowa,] was then my colleague in the Senate,
: Ex-Governor Miller, and Mr. Edwards, our colleagues
in the Ilouse of Representatives. We
were friends together. We united in the letter;
and. satisfied with its effect, never told what we
had done; nor should I now tell it, except to give
the example of Missouri in a case similar to that
i of Texas, and to slow in my past conduct what
may be my future conduct if troops are marched
upon New Mexico. The Senator from Iowa,
uephew of Dr Linn, [Mr. Augustus Doduk.]
was then a Delegate from Iowa, and knew all
about our conduct, except the letter. I am for
liw, and order, and the support of the constituted
authorities?for doing my own duty, in my own
; sphere, and leaviug it to the Executive and the
Judiciary to da theirs in their spheres.
I return to my motion?the motion to strike
' out the committee's line, which begins twenty
miles above El Easo, Rnd to insert the one which
I propose, an I which begins three hundred miles
1 below that point. If the line I propose is adopted,
we shall ssve all New Mexico, get the surplus
I territory to which Texas has a rightful claim
,^n i have s justifi able cause for paying her a good
I sum of matey, frthe committee's line is adopted,
there will be no justification for payingTexas a
J cent, an 1 upon the question of these two lines,
nake<f an j ap:flK T^otn'au dther
wish the vote of the Senate, and ask the ye as
; and nays.
The yeas and nays were ordered.
BUCHANAN1* JOURSAL OF MAN,
Ed i ltd and published by Dr. J. R. Buchanan, Profit tor of
j Pkii oology ami Intlitutei of Mediant in the Eclectic Medica!
Institute* of Cincinnati
rfl/HS Journal Is devoted to the entire science of man, and
! A .'specially to recent and wonderful discoveries in Phre!
uol gv, Physiology, Psychology, and other anthropological
sepneea. Vol. I, terminating In June. 1850, comprises ti'JII
| |,km, and eight engravings?prior ?2. Vol. II, crmmencing
it July, wbl be published in uion'hly numbers of 52 pages.
I' 91 per annum, in advance The editor of this Journal tr
1U* ?-i ?? ! dieoA?fl?o? a/ thn imnwuaiiiMlitv ftf thp bruin
,<><i of many of Its functIon* undiscovered by Gall or Spurslielm
Hi? lectures in the Instiiute elicited from hieclass
I the following expression :
" While therefore we gratefully accord distinguished
honor to the labor* of Gall and hi* coadjutor*, we do at the
same time regard the contribution* which hare been made
, to Anthropology by Dr. Buchanan a* far exceeding those of
hi* predecessor*."
Many similar statements, from classes and committee* of
investigation, might be adduced. The reader* of the Journal
speak of its contenta in enthusiastic language and the
venerable Protestor Caldwe'l, the father ot Phrenology In
America, ae well as its most distinguished and learned
champion, says of the Journal:
' The knowledge your Jonrnai contains is of an elevated,
rare, and refined order, and a valuable character. At pre*|
ent. however, you are In mlvance of the age "
Specimen numbers of the Journal will be aent gratuitously,
by addressing the editor, post paid.
The Eclectic Medical Institute Is the principal Medical
College of Cincinnati, and is one of the seven leading me< 1cal
schools of America. Ita instruction is remarkable for
its liberal and comprehensive scope July IS.
BENNETT'S HAGCEKREA.N GALLEHY,
P'unnjlvinia Avenue, Washington City, one ilooi
tresC of GUnuiti's Drug Stort.
THE cltixeus of Washington and strangers visiting th?
city ate respectfully informed that the subscriber h?i
Just opened a gallery as abova, which he has fitted up In eie
gent style, with all the lateit improvements, including
AN EXTENSIVE SKYLIGHT,
and is now prspared to take pictures of all sites, single or it
groups, which his long exp-rience and great success emlol
den him to say will lie pronounced by eompetent judges full'
equal to any specimen* of the phuu igraphic art ever produ
ceil in the United States.
Cabinet picturaa, measuring eleven by fourteer inches
taken at short notice.; also, crayon and enamelled Daguerret
types.
Pictures taken equally well in cloudy as in fair weather.
Perfect satisfaction warranted in a I cases.
Ths public arc respectfully Invited to call and examln
specimens. N. S. BENNETT.
Jan. 31?ly
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1 Late, Col umbns, Gblo. Ofllsein Piatt's new builc
ing, State street, opposite south door of State House.
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DEALS In check*, drafts, acceptances, promissory note
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LA R 1 WANTED.?Cash paid fur corn, mast ,and?lop f<
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TilE FRIEND OK VOUTH.
THIS nrw and attrnc'ive journal for Youth, edited h
Mr*. Kalley, ami published at Washington can be ha
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Price, by mail,50 ceute a year; delivered in Boston, freet
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j Nov IB 8Conililll Btilw
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t N. B This establishment la devoted to the products i
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tl AA HEEI.A S k AVOOD,
I. IT THOLES ALF; and Retail Boot and Shoe Munu/acty
, W en, sign of the BIG RED BOOT, No. 39 Low
.' Market, south side, t ?o doors west of Sycamore street,Ci
' eiunati?Dealers in Boots, Shoes, Palm Leaf Hats. Ate.
tl J. P WBELAN.
h May 23? ly A. WOOD
THE AHAM TEA COMPANY,
No. 136 Gkksnwich Sirkkt, Niw York
n.
I ' IMi F. proprietors beg to call ths attention of connoisseu
,' A in Tea. and the he.de of families, to the choice and ra
ls *electu n of Teas tmporte I by them and hitherto unknot
tl In this conntry, which hy their tragrsnce and delicacy, co
,,, hined with virgin purity and strength produce an infusi
( of surpassing richness aud flavor.
te The Teas offered are the following:
JO The Jeddo Bloom, a Black Tea, at $1 (Ft per
|J TbeNiphon, do do. ... 75 do.
Ibe I'lari, ao U'j u.i
i rhe Onvxw, a Ureen Tea, ?t .... lit) do.
I The Too tflaa, do. do. ... 75 do.
It The Tleki-Haa.do. do. .... 50 do
|() Ths Ud fi Miatnre, a ooui|Kjintd of the mast
tire ami choice Tea* grown on the fertile
and genial toil of Assam I HI do
** With a elew toenmurage the Introduction of the** n.a'i
)0 lets Teat, it it tht intention of the proprietors to dlstrlhi
r by lo', among the purchasers, a <|iiantit* of Teat e<|iial
j the f'IRST YE4H8 PRt>riT8 on the sales effect
1 Kach purehaser will reoelre. enclosed In the package, a ne
it bered certificate, entitling hiru to ont chance in tht Dial
li)! button!
K t eetry fifty tents laid out.and on the receipts amou
ln? to $20,000, the undermentioned parcels of Tea, to '
ml ealue of ten per oent or $'010, will be giren away at
1(| nutat, according to tht followlug tcsle
Ui.
D* 6 Pr'tee of 50 lbs of Tea each, at $ I per lb. 'iftO $'
'6- 20 do. 1% do. do do. 500
50 do. 10 do. do. do. AUII I
, III) do. 5 do. do. do. 500
Al 'ifel do. I do. do. do. ilfif)
ill il'< Prittt in all. 2,000 2,
Thott pertona who prefer lower-priced l eas can rece
Ltd their prltet in proportion, or they will be re purchattd
p. cash, at a reduction of 10 per cent
- JET Country AgtaU required. Applications to b?
. dressed, pott paid, to tht Company's bepot, at above
lune#?.'lm
>jrp.
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DR. CHARLES Ml'NDIS WATER CURE ESTABLISHMENT,
At Northampton, MastacJuuetti.
THIS Establish m nt is situated at BensoavllJe, on th<
want bnnk of Mill river, two end n half mirj 7rom th*
Northampton Kallron4 Depot, seven ho'ira' ride from New
York, about Bra from Boa ton. and Bra from Albany, in one
of the pleaasmtest rtlleya of New England, surroun ted with
wood grown hllla, with shady wait a, and abundaotjg supplied
with the puree!, eoftaet, and aoldrat granite Water
The air la pure and healthy, and the climate mild and agreeable.
The new and sraetoue buildings offer all theconren
ieticea for water cure purpoeee, euch a* large plunge bathe,
douchea, and airy lodging room a for about fifty patients, sep
arate lor either aai, a gymuaaium, piano. Ac. The Doctor
being the earlieat disciple of Frieeaniti now llring, and baring
an experieuce of more than flfteeu years of hia own, (hlr
writings on Water Cure belug In the bands of erery Euro
pean bydropath.) hopes to reapond to any reaaoiiable expect
ationa fr-in the Water Cure system, made on the p?rt of
tboae sufferers who may eonflda themselves to him Ha. aa
well as hia wife and family, will exeit themselves to insure
to their patients every comfort oompatib.e with the chief
purpose of their residence in the establishment
Terms?For board and treatment, $ Id per week. Ladies
and I'CnHemen accompanying patients, ?."> per week
July 25? lin CHAKLtS MUNDE, M. D.
GLEN HAVEN WATER ( IRE
THIS Establishment, having been completely refitted
tbis winter, ie now ready for the reception of visiters
it ia beautifully situated among the hills at the bead of
Skaueateles lake, ia supplied with the purest of water, and
ample in quautity.
It ia easy of access Persons from New York, Boston
Albany, or Buffalo, can be brought by railroad, and ateam
boat on Skaueateles lake, to the CURE, and from th*
southern part of the State can reach tt by the Hingbamtoi
and Glen Haven stage. Persons wishing to bring horaer
and carriages can have them a#pt in our stablas, which art
new and commodious, and the guests in our Cure will reejuvr
every attention. J ACKSDN, GLEASON, A lOGlen
Haven, Scott, Cortland Co., V., Ajrrft, 1850.
April 25? 3m
CLYVglAtitt Vk tTSR CtRf. (ESTABLISHrPH
E above Establishment, having been put in fine order,
A is now commencing its third season. The success
which has atteuded It thus far gives bright hopes for ibe
future, and enables the subscriber to say with conhd> nre.tr
all who wish to make a practical application of the Hydro
pathic or Water Cure treatment, that thty can pursue it
here under the mjot favorable auspices for the removal of
disease The location, although in the immediate vicinity
of one of the most beautiful cities in the Union, is still verj
retired. A tine bowling seioou was ereeted tbe past season
to which patients can have aoceas for exercise and amuse
nient. All patients will be required to furnish three comforters,
two larga woollen blankets, two coarse cotton sheets,
one coarse liueu sheet, and six towels.
The price tor board, medical advice, and all ordinary at
ten lance of nurses, Is $8 per week, payable weekly Per
sons in Indigent circumstances, ami coming well recommended.
will In some cases be taken at reduced pricts, pro
rlded they are willing to take second rate rooms.
All communications must be post pail
T T. SEKi.YB, M.D., Proprietor.
Cleveland, May, 1850.?May 30?2m
SPKINGDALK BOAKDIX. *4 IIOOL FOR ftlRJLff.
THIS Institution is agreeably situated fn a healthy part
of Ixiudoun county, Virginia, eight miles west ot Leesburg,
and two mile* couth of the stage road leading troni
Washington to Wiuobester.
Tba lUBmcr term will commence on tbe l<Uh of Kiftl
month,(May.) The winter term will commence on the lott
of Kleventh month,(November )
_ The branebee taught are?Reading, Writing, Arithmetic
Geography, Hiatory, Grammar, Composition Book-keeping
Natural Pbllosopby, Astronomy,Chemistry, Botany, Algebra,
Rhetoric, the French I.angnage, Drawing, Painting
and Needlework.
Lecture* are dellrered on Natural Pbiioaophy, Astronomy,
and Chemistry,illustrated by pleasing experiments.
A library, a cabinet of minerals, and philosophical appa
rains, are provided for tbe use of the school. The discipline
w'jCrktlj ;txtWn#*sr-7rf:rtli made to Induce1"
the minds of the pnplls a lore of knowledge and desireof ex
oellence as the proper stimulants to exertion
The terms, for tuition, board, and washing,are $100 per
annum, or $i>0 per term of 23 weeks. Ths only extracharge#
are 50 cents per quarter for lights, psna, and peneils; $3 per
quarter for French lessons and the same for drawiug and
paluting Books and stationery furnished at the usnal prices,
when required
Scholars sent to the Point of Rocks will be oouveyed to
tbe school free of charge by giving timely notioe, directed
to Purcel's Store.
Dee 6. SAMTJKL M. JANNKY, Principal
SANDS1 NARSAFARILLA,
In Quart Bottles.
I^OK purifying tbe blood, and for tbe cure of Scrofula,
I Rheumatism, Stubborn U cert, Dyspepsia,Salt Rheum.
Freer Sores, Erysipelas. Pimples, Hies, Mercurial Dura
es, Cutaneous Eruptions, Liver Compliant, Bronchitis,
Con sumption, Female Complaints, Loss of Appetite, Qenei
al Debility, fc.
THE RECORDS OF MEDICAL SCIENCE,
abounding as they do with ample testimonials to tbe va'ue
and efficacy of different medicinal agents scarcely furnish a
parallel with tbe results recorded from a inultin.de of living
witnesses to the great worth of SANDS' SARSAPARILLA.
The remarkable cures of a grtat variety of diseasee,
effeeted by its timelyadinlnistratlon, furnish conclusive evidence
of this fact, and the experience of fourteen year* has
won for it a deeerred popularity that no other preparation
ever attained. Its extensive use throughout the world,and
the numerous unsolicited testimonials received by the proprietors,
stand as beacons and landmarks to tbe suffering
and diseaeel, holding forth the Inviting language of encour
agement?do not despair. Tbousaud* and tens of thousands
who suffered without hope, groaning day and night
under p>iu and anguish, beyond the power of language to
convey, have not only been relieved, bat permanently cured
It has been approved by the medienl faculty, introduced and
extensively used in hospitals, under the watchful eye of
phyeioiuus, with the happiest results. Tbe preparation being
entirely vegetable, renders its administration safe to the
most enfeebled frame.
Tbe following testimonials srs selected from among tbe
multitude of those we are dally receiving; and for further
Ah ?Kn vnodaw in VHfuppfiti Fn t ha F> umilv
and Medical' Almanac, furnished gratuitously by all our |
agent*:
New York, July 27, 1849.
Uentlbmkn: Word* can but feebly express my feeling
in conveying tbe p'eaeing intelligence that my wife is re
atored to perfect health by the uie of your Invaluable Sar
1 aaparilla She waa afflicted with a never* cutaneous diaeaee,
that covered the whole aurface of the body, no that It would
' have been iraposaiole to touch any part that was free from
the humor: the bead, face, anil hand*, were oovered with
acale* like those of a finh; the hair fell ont In large quant I'
tie*; and walking caused tbe most excruciating agonies as
" it affected the joints mine th\n any other part. She suffered
also a long time from an affection of the II ver, connected
with general debility, and a prostration of the nervous system
fhysicians, both in Europe and Ainerioa, had exhaust
* ed the usual remedies, without effecting a cure, or scarcely
affording relief, and tbe best maiical skill was unavailing,
until she happily used your Sarsaparilla. The disease was
pronounced salt rhtum, but her whole system, internally
and externvliy, was altogether deranged ; but so complete
" has been the' cure, after using tbe Sarsaparilla tor six
'' weeks, and taking in all less than one doxen bottles, that she
now enjoys better health than for years previous to taking
5 the Sarsaparilla
My object in making this communication is, that all who
have suffered as she has may know where and to whom to
i apply for relief, (and that not in vain,) as a complete cure
will be the result.
f My wife unites with me in heartfelt thanks; and believe
me, gentlemen, yours, siucerely,
PERKIER NAZEK, 82 Nassuv si.
it Messrs. A B Q I). Smuts.
N B. Kir a corroboration of these facts, apply to Mr. H.
McCune.at Messrs. Howeu ft McNamee's store, Iff William
'f street.
' City and County of New York, ss
ferrier Naxer, being duly sworn, doth depose and say that
f tbe foregoing statement, to which be has subscribed his
' name is true aud accurate, to the beet ot his knowledge and
belief.
, Sworn and subscribed, this 27th day of July, 1849, before
1 me, C. S WOOD HULL, Mayor.
New Durham, N J, June 30, 1849.
Ukntlkmbn . My wife suffered with a diatrest snd burning
iu her chest for many years, and my daughter was af
dieted from her birth with a humor In her blood. We oon,4
suited various physicians and tried numerous remedies
without much benefit, until we heard, through Kev.lh'inas
Davis, i f the great medicinal value of Sands' Sarsaparilla.
On his recommendation, my wife and daughter decided on
1 trying it, and soon experienced permanent benefit. My
daughter's skin assumed a new appearance entirely; from
being rough, hard, and scaly, it became smooth and soft.
My wife's sufferings are almost gone, and its use a short
, time longer, it is my firm belief, will produce a perfect cur*.
Yours, with respect, u. S. HKNDKIC'KHON,
Pastor qf the Baptist Church at the
Messrs San lis English Ne^hborhood.
Bardstovm, Ky , July ID, 1849.
Okntlkmbn : It Is my duty to communicate facts in rela1*
Men to the beneficial effects 0f yonr Sarsaparilla My wife
y was afflicted with inflammation and aorensaa of the stomach
of the worst character; ber limb* ant chest were much
)f swollen; she had constant headache, and laet spring was at
d tacked severely with inflammatory rheumatism. The best
' medical aid w* could obta'n afforded only momentary relief,
and while in thle situation, she heard of the maoy remarkable
curt* effected by the u?i of Saude'Sarsaparilla, and
commenced its use. whieh produced Instant relief, a'd lest
. than six bottles entirely removed all the dropsical swelling
and other inflammatory symptoms, restoring her to perfect
health.
I send thle statement a- an art of justice, believing it to
be my duty to encourage the snffering portion of the human
family to use San is' Sarsaparilla, which I believe has nt
parallel in the catalogue of medicine.
\r- With feelings of lasting gratitude, I remain your friend
er SAMUEL P. HAKGER.
n- Messrs. Sands.
Boston, Mass., August 31, 1849
UiNTLRMKN : t.a*t spring I iu attacked with rbeuma
ti?in iath? lower part of raj fxidy, extending down to try
feet; and ?o severely was I effected that l con Id not Mend
or more myself I tried ell the different medicine* adver
tiled for thin dtieeie, among which were several kind* o
Narsapanlla bnt none of them did me a*y ((nod, end I i?t<
ir" np ell hope of being cured, wl en e friend adrleed me to fry
r' Send*' Sarsapartlla. I con*ented, not erpeciing it woulc
*r cure roe; luit e'ter using twelre hott1** I here the happi
ne?i of e'etiiik to you that the pain be* left me. I ran wail
00 without any aoilalaner, and I am raining in strength every
day, which I hare no doubt I* owing entirely to the u*e o
your >araat>arille. I tend you this voluntary certificate
that the afflicted may know what medicine to use to elleri
lb ate their suffering* and effect a cure.
Your*, ?ery truly, JOHN BANVAKD,
31 Chambtrs it
M*i.if j. A. B. 4 D. Saints.
Maruruibo, letter ueAl, April Iff, IM9.
Oentlkmkn I consider It a duty due the public to mak<
known the great henstlt I have received from using yon
v?lual>le Sar*aparilla About three year* since I was at
. tacked with rheumatism in my shoulders, and also In in;
" I eg* and so serere wx the pain, that I was unable to sleej
I tried all of the I est inrdlclnes I could hear of. without re
(>(1" reiving ?ny benefit, until through the advice of a friend
r procured sous of your Sareaptrllla ; and after using fou
' bottles. Iu the course of tlfleen data. I found myself entlrel.
well. I have no hesitation in aayisg your Sarsaparilla i
lbs b*st medicine I ev?r took, and can oonftdrntly reeom
uieud it to tny friends and the public.
i our oeaieni ftTVftiu, s. m. jonunun.
" Mtears. Sands.
Prepared and Hid, wholesale and retail, by A B. A />
ifrfl SANDS', Priigclsts and i. hernials, IHI Kulton street,corns
f*at of William, New York. Noll' aiao by?
[mi Charles Stott A Co. and K. S. Patterson, Washiogtot
?KI U.C.
i',h t'auby A Hartlett. Baltimore. K Brown, Philadelphia.
tleorre Dexter, Albany. < bs. Hienstreet, Troy.
ikli Neth W. Kuwle, Boston. K B. Htnman, Cincinnati.
J. B Wilder A Co., Isioieville. May 2?e?3m
live
,or LIGHT'S LITERARY AGENCY,
A'o. 3 Cornhill, Boston.
ESTABLISHED to aid the circulation of all USEPU
PUBLIC A TI0N8 issued in the United Btatee Oi
dere for Books or Periodicals executed promptly, and at th
most reasonable rates
?nt THE NATIONAL EH A comes from Washing*" J
rer- this Agency by Express, and is delivered by snensee I
I by ni.y part of the clt? proper, at |i.T6 a yeas, A* V f*
<rk, age; single copies M cents hies, by mall, #*
itrd THE PHIEND OP YOUTH, a m* aad attreetl'
,rt" monthly journal for Youth, edited by Mie BalUT, ""
published at Washington, also eones be Bofoooo
ub- Agency Pries, delivered in Boston, flOO ff
- |,#0m#u- o. w.ubhtaco.
1
"* _ ? _
VOL. IV.
PARIEVIIXE HYDROPATHIC INSTITUTE.
AT a meeting of the Board of Mwutn of tbe Parkevill*
Hydropathic Institute, bold Filth mnntb 1Mb, IM&n
Joeeph A. Weder, M D.,waa unanimously elected Rnutrn't
Pkuiieian to the plane of Dr Dexter, resigned
Having aade various Improvements, tblo Inatitnte |* ?JW
or-pore J to receive en eddltlonol number of patients; tod
from Dr W?d*r'* wed known skill and jtrnrtirai exptritnrt
la Kurope, (acquired under Vineeni Preleenlte, the founder
of the Hydropathic ey?t#w.) end for several years poet nt
thii nmitry, end particularly in the city of Pbllvdelphte
(where be boa bed many potlente,) tie Manager* believe'
the efllcted will find him en able end en attentive phy*|.
elaa.
The domeetle department being under the charge uf a
Steward and Matroa.wlll enable the Doctor to devote to
the patient* whatever time may be neceeaary.
Application for admlaaion to be made to
"AMML WKBB, Strrelary.
Office No. 58 South Fourth J^H, residence No. 16 Lowsn
square, Philadelphia.
General Description of the Parkeville Hydropathic
Institute.
The main building li three atoriee high, Handing bark
from the etreet about one hundred feet, with a aetnicircular
gra> e plot in front, and ooutaine thirty to forty roome. The
ground* around the houee are taatefullv laid out with walk*
and planted with treee, ehrube, Ao On the left ot the en
trance to thcae ground* 1* a cottage containing four rw ins
uae-1 by male patient* a* a bathing houee. with every convenience
for " pecking," bathing, Ac.; on the right of the
entrance, about two hundred feet distant etar.de a similar
cottage, uaed by the ladle* for ilmilar purpoee*.
lu the rear of the lustitute, at the distance of one hundred
feet, are three other cottage*, aorae e<ghty feet apvrf
One of these ia the laundry, witb a hy draut at the door the
other two are occupied by the aervant*.
The hydrant water ia introduced into theae eottegee u
well aa into the main building, and all the waate water carried
off by drain* under grout d.
THE WATEK WORKS
Consist of a circular atone building, itanding on the brow
of a hill, aurmounted by a large cadar reaervoir containing
five hundred barrel*, brought from a never-failing apriug ot
pure oold water in the aide of the bill, by *a hydraulic
II . VU. ?? I?... .V,. ?...
from the spring. The aurplQa water 1* carried from ue
reaervoir to a fountain in the water work* yard (urroended
by weeping willow*. In the firat s'ory ot the water work*
ie a circular room, containing the douche bath, which ire
at ream falling from a height of abont thirty feet, and can
be varied in sue from half an inch to an inch and a half in
diameter AdjMning tbe douche room U a dreaaing risen,
with marble table*. Ac,; the ruing douche (for the curt of
pile*, Ac ) ia one of tbe moat complete contrivance* ot tha
kind, being entirely under the control of the patient uaing
tbe aame.
There are many other appliance*, which cau be better underatoood
by a peraonal examination. May 30.
NEW ENGLAND TRUSS MANUFACTORY,
BOSTON.
JAMKS K. FOSTER continue* to manufacture all the
v?rt.>u* approved TRUSSES at hi* new stand, No. 1*7
Washington street, opposite No. 116 Washington street,
ami his reaidenca and bueincaa being both in tbe tane
building, can be seen at home moat of the whole Of the time,
day or evening He has more room and batter convenience*
for tbe Truss Business than any other person engaged in
it in thia city or any other.
Also, ABDOMINAL SUPPORTERS for prolapsus
uteri, trusses for prolapsus aiii, suspensory bags. knee caps,
back boards, steeled (hoes for deformed feet Traces repaired
at one hour's notice, and made to answer oftentimes
as well as new. The subscriber baring worn a truss himself
for the last twenty fire years, and fitted so many for
the last twelve years, ;eels confident in being able to suit
all eases that may some to him.
CONVEX SPIRAL TRUSSES; Dr Chase's trusses,
formerly sold by Dr. Leach; trusses of galvanised metal,
that will not rust, having wooden and copper pad, , Ketd's
spiral truss; Kaudell's do ; Salmon's ball and locket';
Sherman's patent Freneh d>.; Bateman's do .double and
single: Stone's trasses. Al?o, TRUSSES FOR CHILDREN
of all sties. Dr Fletcher's truss, Marshe's trues,
!?r. HullWrttee, THr?pecn's crotchet truss, and the She- * heir's
rooking trusses, may be bad at this establishment
Also, Whispering Tubes and Eur Trumpets, that will
enab e a person to converse low with ene that is hard of
hearing.
All ladies in want of ablominal suppotters or trusses will
be waited upon by his wife, Mrs Caroline D. Foster who
has bad twenty years' eiperience in the business
JAMES F. FOSTER
Bo st on, 1850. June 6?3m
JAMES BIRNEY AND CHARLES f. PEIRCE,
Cincinnati.
BIKNEY A PEIRCE, A torneys at Law ami Notaries
Public.
JAMES BIKNEY, commissioned to take depositions, acknowledgment
of deeds, an I to administer oaths and affirmations,
by appointment of the Oovernore of
Alabama Connecticut Delaware
Illinois Indiana Iowa
Keptucky Louisana Michigan
Missouri Mississippi Maine
New York New Hampshire North Carolina
Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina
Tennessee Vermont Wisoonsin.
Texas Maryland
Special attention given to collections and to the taking of
depositions.
Office, No. 114 Main stre?t. July 25.
WOKTH1NMTON G. SNETHEN,
Formerly Solicitor of the General Land Office,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
CONTINUES to practice in the Supreme Conrt of the
United States, in the Courts of the District of Columbia,
Maryland, and Virginia, to proseouteclaims of ailMngs
against the United States, either before Congress or any of
the Executive Departments, and to procure letters patent
for Inventions. Business oonflded to his care will be prompt- I
ly attended to.
N.B. Particular attention paid to the prosecution of
elalms before the Brasillan Commission now sitting in
Washington.
Washington City, I) C. July 25?Im
OLD DOCTOR JACOB TOWNS END,
THE ORIGINAL DISCOVERER OF
THE OENU/NB TnwsrsiiND sarvaparilLA
OLD Dr. Townsend is now about seventy years of age, and
has long been known as the Author and Discoverer of fi
the genuine original " Town tend Sarsaptirilla " Being
poor, he was com polled to limit it* manufaeture, by which
means it has been kept out of market, and the sal s circuit
scribed to those only who bad proved its worth and fifflwo
its value. It had reached the ears of many, nevertheless, as
those persons who had been healed of sore disea es, and
saved from death, proclaimed its excellence and wonderful
healing power. This
Grand aud Unequalled Preparation
Is manufactured on the largest scale, and is called for
throughout the length and bread h of the land.
Unlike young S. P. Townsend's, it improves with age, and
never changes, but fcr the better; because it is prepared on
scientific principles, by a scientific man. Tbc highest know
ledge ol Chemistry, ana toe latest aiscoyene* 01 u>e nri,
have all Iweo brought into reaulaitlon in the manufacture of
the Old Doctor's BursaparUla The Sarsaparillaryrf, it ii
well known to modteal men. contain* many medicinal propertiee,
an<1 aome properties which are inert or useless; end
others, which, if retained in preparing it for use, produce fer
mentation and acid, which is injurious to the system. Some
of the properties of Sarsaparilla ore so volatile, that tbey entirely
evaporate and are lost in the preparation, if they art
not preserved by a scientific process, known only to th^e
expe'inneed in its manufacture. Moreover, these volatile
principles, whieb fly off in vapor, or aa an exhalation unitr
heat, arc the very essential medical properties of the root,
wbtoh give to it all its value. The
Genulm-Old Dr. Jacob Townacnd's Sarsaparilla
is so prepared, that all the inert properties of the Sarsapa
rilla root are first removed, everything capable of becoming
acid or of fermentation is extracted and rejected; then every
partie'e of medical virtue Is secured in a pnre and concentrated
form, and thus it is rendered incapable of losing sny
of Its valuable and healing properties. Prepared in this
way, it is made the most powerful agent In the
Cure ol Innumerable Disease*.
Hence the reason why we hear commendations on every
side, in its favor, by men, women, and children We find it
doing wonders in the cure of Consumption, Dyspepsia srd
Liter Compliant, and in Rhevrnutisen, Scsq/ula, and Piles,
Costiveness. all Cutaneous Eruptions, Pimples, Blotches,
and all affection* arising from
Imparity of the Blood.
It possesses a marvellous efficacy in all complaints arising
from iudigestion, from acidity of the stomach, from unequal
circulation, determination sf blood to the hood, palpitation of
the heart, cold Wet and eold hands, cold chills and not flashes
over th? body. U haa not had its equal In oougbe and coVdi,
and promotes easy expectoration and gentle perspiratii n relaxing
stricture of the lungs, throat, and every other part
But In nothing Is iu excellence more manifestly seen and
acknowledged than In all kinds and stages of
Female Complaints.
It work* wonders la cases of floor albus or ahites. felling
of th* womb, obstructed, suppressed, or painful menses, irregularity
of tbe merstrual periods, and tb* lik* ; and ia
effectual in curing ail forma of tbe Sidney disease
By removing obstructions, and regulating the general system
it elves tone and strength to the whole body, and curt*
all for at ?f " n
Nrrvaua Ditriirt lid It. bllity, I
I and thua pre rente or relierra a great variety ol other diam- I
, *(*, a* apinal Irritation, neuralgia, St. Vltua dance, twor*- K
ing, epileptic flu, eonrulaionr, Jtc. E
la not thia, then, M
The .Medicine you Pre-eminently Needt I
Hnt nan any of theie thing* be aaid of S P. Townaand'i H
1 infarior article? Thia young man's liquid la not to b* H
Compared with the Old Dr.'*, I
becanae of ooe Gruwi Fuel, that the one i* lmajwbU of Dt ?|
tenoi ution and
Never Spoilt,
while the other doee; It aonre, fermenta, and blowa tha Mr
tlea containing it into fragment! ; the aonr, eoid liquid elI
plodlng and damaging other good!1 Mutt not thia horrible
compound be poleonoua to the system? What' ruf
i Into a a yet em already diaeaacd with arid! What cause* dy?j
pepaia but acid ? Do we not all know, that when f< od eoure
r in our stomachs, what mlachief it producer!? flatnleire,
I heartlmm, palpitation of theheart.llvercnmpiaint diarrlu-e,
dyaen'ary, oollc, and corruption of the bleed I What la utvl[
ula but an acid hnmor In the body f What producer all tk<
i hit mora which bringon eruption* of the ekln, aceld bead, ?t
f rheum, eryeipelae, white awelllng, fever-aorc*. and all ?l?t
at uma, Internal and eitemal ? It ie nothing under bes'ea
bat an acid inbafniiee, which aonra and thua apolla all tka
flulda of the body, mora or leae. What ranee* rbfum*ti*B>,
but a aonr, add fluid, whleh Iralnuatea Iteelf between tbt
joint* and eiaewhere, irritating and inflaming tb* tender and
delicate tlaenea npon which It acta? No of nerrona dleeaa<i,
of Impurity of the blood, of deranged rlrrulationa.tnd nearly
all th* ailment* which afllict human nature.
* Now, it It not horrible to make and nail, and Infloltaif
r worae to uae, thia
?>h -j m p.
Searlag, Fermenting, Acid "rompounu ? - Tewaarnd!
H
and yet hf would fain hare It underelood that 'Id I'r J?. ^m
I Towneeod'e (ienuinr Original Sat fifut tUa It an Imitation (H
r of hli Interior preparation !! V
> Hearen forbid that we ebowld deal In an twitele ??*"
i would bear the taoet dintant reeem Wance to ^
article' and wkieh iM bring 4?w? apcalhcOld Dr eoeh
a mountain load ot Mulaleu andnlBHenwnwm Aeenie
wa? t are told, and pnehaeere who hare ueed S. P. Town
, "w.\?r?2?3TC~ " -I
hat S. P TowneeaJ'e article and OU Dr. Jaoob Towns, nd t
* Sartaparllla are hearen wide apart and infinitely diaeltnilar ;
that they are wmMhe la awry particular, baring not one *fn
da 'V-if in MMei' B
Ag HP. Towneead le no doctor, and nerrr wae, le eo
rbenlet ae nhareaeeetiet?hnowe no More of medieint I
dieeaee than nay ether common, nneeientiOe. nnprofeeslonal
men?what re area tec ran the public bare tbat they art re
oalrlna a gnanlae ecleatlfie medicine containing all the rlr
tnee of the artlelee need la pre pan if It, and which are lacs
able af change# which mlfht render them the afenti J I
diemite, laetend of henltk ?
It la to arreet fraade upon the aafbrtuaate, to ponr belm
L iato woaaded humanity, to kindle hope in the despairing
r- booom, la ? eel ere health and bloom and tig or Into the crash
e and broken, aad to baniab Infirmity?thai OLi' I'*4
JACOB TOWNKKNI) hae 10*4 to and /mind the opporto
* ally ami meaae to being hie
Oraad, C aire real, ( ear-entrnied Remedy, I
within the reach, awl to the knowledge, of all who aoed M>
( that thoy may laara aad kaow, by Jeyfttl aaperieaee, ite
J Tramarendeal Power la Heal I I
le 03T" for rale la Washington City by?
'6 I J K.cJlaa Z 0 IWH tillame
H Batt M JJelaar
I May*- Btqalytc*.

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