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' THE NATIONAL ERA.
G. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR; JOHN G. WHITTIER. CORRESPONDING EDITOR.
"vOL. IV.-NO. 32 WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1850. WHOLE NO. 188.
the VetUaal Era U FahUahed Weekly, sa |ITnui
treat, eppetlle Odd Fellows' Hall.
TKK.AU.
Two d tllare par annum, payable m advance.
A Ivertisemente not exceeding tan lines inserted
t hree times for one dollar; every eubeequent innertion.
twenty-fire eenta.
All oommanioatioae to the Era, whether on
business of the paper or for publication, should
be addressed to O. Bailey, Waskiwffn, D. G.
BUKLL k BLANCHAKD, FKIWTER*,
Slitfc street, few doors tenth of Pennsylvania avrnne.
THE NATIONAL ERA.
WASHINGTON, AUGUST 5, 1830.
SKETCHES OF OUR VILLAGE.
No. 3.
OLR M HOOLMIITREMt.
bv martha rubsill.
Not long since, while on a visit to souse kind
friends of nine, I fouad myself la the company
of several ladies, who were discussing with much
interest the snbjeot of education, and the respective
merits of several fashionable seminaries in that
vicinity. Not feeling particularly interested in
the subject, I joined my friend E , in looking
over Darley's graphic illustrations of Rip Van
Winkle, and soon became so deeply absorbed that
I heard only the murmur of their voices, occasionally
broken by a word or two uttered in a shriller
key. seeming like the echo of the voioe of Rip's
good vrowe.
I was suddenly reoalled from this enohanted
valley, by the voioe of the fashionable Mrs.
W , exclaiming?
" Ah, yes, we will aak MiaaR" Then laying
her jewelled hand on my shoulder, as if not <juite
rr.-~4V-*\~~~ dn>wfy
she continued:
" You have hardly heard our argument, my dear
but we were speaking of the superior advaatage*
which seminaries in the city possess over those
in the country in all that relates to the true finish
of a young lady's education. May we aak at
what seminary you were educated ?"
There was something so bizarre, so ludicrous,
between the lady's expectant tone and the picture
her words called up to my mind, that I could
hardly repress a smile as the unvarnished truth
rose to my lips ; but one glance at her haughty
face brought with it the memory of her wealth,
her morbid exclusiveneee, her horror of anything
" native to the soil," and, let me confess the truth,
reader, with a feeling strongly shin to oowardioe,
1 evaded a direct reply by saying, " I was educated
at home."
" Ah, you had a governess then. Your parents
were bo wise as to follow the good old English
custom. I wish it was more fashionable here, for
it is much to be preferred to oar mixed boardingschools.
I have sometimes thought I would employ
a governess for Celestia, but it is bo difficult to
tiad one possessing all the requisite qualifications
Your friends must have been fortunate."
My folly had brought its reward. 1 colored,
grew oonfused, embarrassed, and was trying to
stammer forth something, when I caught the clear
gray eyes of my friend E fixed earnestly
upon me, while & most provokingly quiziioal
smile gathered around his mouth. All at once
my confusion vanished, and, raising my eyes to
the lady's face, I said, quietly?
" i fear 1 have led you into a mistake, Mrs.
W . I should have said that 1 was educated j
chiefly at the district school in my native village."
There w.ia a slight, almost imperceptible raising
of the lady's shoulders, and her bland air of reepectfal
attention vanished at once, as she replied)
with a slight drawl?
"Ah?ahem! 1 think I have heard Squire
W say that there have been some improvements
in the common schools within a few
yearsand, turning carelessly away, she began
to discuss with her neighbor the last new design
for crotcJtei that had appeared in the Lady's Book.
"Coolly done, that," whispered E . "Yon
must remember that a great gulf suddenly yawns
between people sometimes, even in this world. For
a moment I feared you would fail to see that little
red school-house of which you so often speak, in
the golden atmosphere that surrounds Mrs.
W .?
As other people besides Mrs. W sometimes
ask after my Alma Mater, 1 have determined to
describe it, partly because I think " oar school"
w*s peculiar even in those days, end partly be
cause 1 wish to daguerre ft few traits of one who
has long since been among the angels.
Should you ever chance to visit our villaga)
reader, you will find the main road from the west,
for the space of two milee or ?o, dinging close to
the foot of a rugged chain of hills, known as the
Totoket range. On the left, you will hare their
precipitous front, in some planes barren and bleakj
and crowned by huge old oliffs?
" Here dark with the thick mow of centuries,
And there of chalky whiteness, where the thunderbolt
Has splintered these
and in others, draped to the very summit with a
mast of tangled green, through which rise the
heads of the tall cedars, like watchful sentinelsVery,
very beautiful la the old mountain in the
genial spring-time, when he unfurls his lesfy banner
and displays every shade of green, froiu the
deep black hue of the cedar, to the pale, faint
tinge of the buttonwood and the aspen, with
the white blossoms of the dogwood peeping
out from the midst like stars. And still beautiful
is he, when the frosts of autumn have fallen
upoo him, aud all the shows of summer hare departed
; when the everlasting cedars, clothed to
the very topmost branch in robes of flame-colored
livery, atand, like old martyrs, lifting their upstretched
arms to heaven, and hinting, not dimly,
that God still gpeeketh from the midst of the
I V . 11 ....
u.iumg uubii, wouia we Dut listen.
Oa the right, the ope* country sweeps sooth's
ard towsrd Long Island Soond, but so broken and
undulating that yon mast asoend the mountain,
would you catch a glimpse of the blue water.
As you approach the village, a ralley opens, in
the midst of which sleep two small but beautiful
sheets of water, separated only hy a narrow, ribbon-like
bit of green meadow. Winding around
these, you may trace green lanes, crossed here
sod thereby more public roads, and oatoh glimpses
of the sharp roofs and heavy stone obimneys of
old farm-houses, rising from amidst clusters of
green tree#
Not a great many rods beyond thia point, the
mountain suddenly makes a turn to the nortbweat,
and, like the fees of a stern fellow-trereler,
relaxing into n smile at parting, amooths its
rugged features, and with a gentle, losing arm,
embraces our Tillage and the Taliey north of it,
known among tha early settlers as the pleasant
' land of Goshen" Here, for the first time,
you catch a Tiew of the villagp, which looks like
a bird's nest hidden between the hills, and just
where the last uadulation of tha mountain slopes
down to most the mala road, stood the Red schoolbooas.
1 have spoken of Its origin, and described
its appsaraaoe in a previous sketch, but 1 sold
nothing of tko old apple-tree whose boughs overhung
its roof, that appls-trse, which must, even
M germ, have had n kind si fbrmfsaUag of its
destiny, or surely Its traak would never have
t**a garnished with such eaoellent knots for
footholds, its Umbo weald never have twisted
themselvee into such admirable seats for children, 1
*od its blossoms would never hare been the earliest
and moot fragrant of the season. It was
truly the tree of knowledge of good and evil to
us urchins, for many a pleasant half hour we sat
perched up amidst its branches, watching the
swallows that built their neste in the belfry of
the Episcopal church across the way, or mocking
the bob-o'-linkums in the meadows of the river
Moreover, from the foot of the trunk sprang
divers singularly smooth, straight shoots, which
sometimes found their way into a certain corner
of the school-room, as incentives to learning by
the inverse method.
Then, that length of fence under the appletree?never
were rails so smooth or so capitally
arranged for climbing; blessings on the hand
that laid thein! why, our aleda made nothing of
it, but came darting like arrows from the hill
above, and paused not until we landed on the op.
-U. J 4, V- --* - . ) T>._. I ^ , ... _ .
sound of the ferule on the window casement, t
the invariable signal which recalled us from our
sports.
To my young readers, 1 would a >y, do not fancy
that our school-room was anything like yours,
with your convenient desks, your shaded windows,
your globes, cabinets, and outline maps.
Ours was a large, square room, lighted by six or
eight windows, through which, during the long
summer boars, came ft flood of light and beat so
intense as to dazzle the eyes and bewilder the
brain of the strongest. Around three sides of the
room ran rude desks, to which were attached
rough, narrow planks for benches, and inside of j
these was a row of simitar benches for the smaller
scholars. These were without any support for
the back, and all of them so high that not more
than one pair of feet out of a dozen oould by uuy
means contrive to touch the floor. The last side,
with the exception of the space taken up for the
door, was occupied by the great fire-place, which
yawned from the door post to the opposite wall,
in these utilitarian days, when
" Men Marecly know how beautiful Are i?,"
such fires as we used to hare are a rarity. No ^
wonder that the great wooden beam which served c
for a mantel-piece took fire almost every day,
even though the inventor of friction matches, on ^
gfcho?e unforUa?\*r* L|ko old r>ermt? - *?--V
Uge lay the blame of all the fires which ltave
desolated city and oonntry for several years, was
not I > a v t #
A hi those great Mating, crack ing fires wilt
never be forgotten The heart of the sailor tarns
back to them, as he paces the deck through the
weary night-watohes, with the rain and sleet
driving in his face, while the biting north
wind covers his long locks and shaggy pea-jacket j
with glittering icicles; and brightly do they
gleam and glow in the restless dreams of more
than one famished, benumbed gold-seeker, as he
sinks down to his last sleep amid the snows of
the Rooky Mountains *
Of maps, we had none ; I doubt whether such
an article ever saw the inside of the Red schoolhouse,
and the Japanese might have been next
door neighbors to us, for aught we knew or cared.
The lubors of Lindley Murray, Home Tooke,
Webster, Ashe, Grecnleaf, and Brown, were oon- t
sidered as entirely supererogatory by both teach- r
era and parents. Indeed, so strong was thisprejudice
against grammar, that when it was iutro j
duced into our schools, some years later, the ?
teachers seldom made any application of its rules. ,
We were taught to repeat it by rote, and in this
way 1 studied grammar for several years, and (
could repeat the whole, from Etymology to Syntax,
without being able to construe correctly a
single sentence. In the same manner we studied
Orthography and Prosody, as laid down in the (
early editions of Webster's Spelling-book. I ,
doubt whether any children were ever more fa- (
miliar with that same Spelling-book than were ,
we; not only with the orthography of our lea- ,
sons, but the number of words in a column, the <
number of leaves in the book, the leading word j
on each page, every typographical error, to say ,
nothing of the hoars we spent in studying the
beauties of those specimens of art that illustrated
the fables, counting the apples on the tree in
the fable of "The Old Man and Rude Boy," or
the exact number of flics composing the ewarm
that tormented the poor *' Fox in the Bramble."
In reading, spelling, and arithmetic, we were, to
a certain degree, more carefully drilled, and a
clear, well-written copy-book was the teacher's
and pupil's pride on the day of examination.
Thus, with the occasional diversion of " Choosing
Sides" in spelling, and a grand pitched battle
with snow-balls between our boys and their rivals
of the White school, we passed the winter. In
the summer, when the large boys were busy in
the fields, writing and arithmetic were both laid
aside, and in their place we had patchwork with
all its endless variations, marking, embroidery,
stitching, and plain sewing. For the qualifications
of our teacher in the last, I can well vouch,
for I have a very distinct reoollection of her com- |
polling me to rip the wristband three times from
the first shirt sleeve I ever trade, because, for- (
sooth, I did not catch every gather.
It is of thie teacher, or mistress, for the term
was peculiarly appropriate in those days, I wish ,
to speak. 1 have mused much upon her charac- (
tcr, and she ever seems to have been of those unto (
wnom 11 IB sppuiuici iu lie maue peneci lurougo
Buffering." Her whole life wm a oombit?a
struggle with physical weakness and pain. I lour
after hour hare I seen her walk the school-room
with rapid, uneven steps, her long, thin fingers
clenched together, her pale lips parted, while the
great drops of perspiration started on her hrow,
yet not a word or murmur ever escaped her; end
when the paroxysm was past, her voice was low
and gentle as the south wind after a storm. Her
tall, spare figure, and thin, pale face, bore unmistekeable
traces of this warfare; but there was a
light in her great, dark eyes, clear, serene, and
luminous, as that of the fixed stars, which spake
of conquest, and a hope centered in Him "in
whom there is no variableness nor shadow of
turning."
Husbnndless and childless, possessing a sufficiency
of this world's goods, it was a matter of
surprise to many, that she did not seek that life j
of ease which her delicate health seemed to re- |
quire. But she feared the ennui and selfishness
of a life of idleness ; she felt intuitively that? (
" Something (be heart must have to cberlsh ; I
Mast love and joy and sorrow learn t
that no woman can be happy without some occu- 1
pation, some interest in life; therefore she took
charge of the village school for many a pleasant t
summer.
The children became her children; in their I
progress, pleasures, troubles, and difficulties, she
rejoiced or sorrowed ; and if she could not teach <
the " higher branches," no one better possessed
ths secret of inculcating in the minds of the
children habits of strict honesty, reverenoe toward
God and our elders, kindness and forbearance
toward each other, and courtesy toward all
men.
She was fond of poetry, especially devotional
poetry, and rhymed herself with great facility
Her approbation of our conduct was generally expressed
in rhyme, on small, square pieces of paper,
ornamented with various devices in red and green
ink. Bnt the highest proof of her approval, the
one f prized most, was permission to take a small
book which she kept laid sway, choicely, in her
desk, containing poems for children, by Mra.
Barbanld, Jane Taylor,and others, and to go forth
an hoar or so, with a companion of my own choosI
I 11. I. ik. .l.-i, >k.<lnw nf Ik* I kirk.
IU?t IIUU IIO IU VtiW Mt?|/ OOWMVn .MV
leaved trees, or perchance sit perched up in the
old apple-tree, while we committed one or more to
memory, to be recited on our return to the aohoolroom
Another method of manifesting her approbation
was to tend ue forth in partiee of three
and four, to commit to memory the inecripiiona
on the atonee in the adjacent grave-yarda. On a
pleeaant aommer afternoon, when the aun began
to aink behind the mountain and the ahadowe to
lengthen, the passing traveller might have aeen
half a doten little girla. wandering cautioualy
among the aunken graves, or aeated amid the tali
graaa at the foot of aome old alab of red aandatone,
tracing the lugnbriona Incription with their tiny
finger*.
A Mend, to whom I related this peculiar trait
In my early education the other day. laughingly
remarked?
u And to three yonthful ' Meditation* among the
Tomba' may be traced your preaent literary taste*,
1 suppose."
Ooubtleee they were not without an influence
upon ue, for i remember aome oorioua thoughts
nod speculations pa?ad through my head as I aat
there, auch as I would not have been likely to
We always oomaraoed our morning exercises
by repenting n poem sailed " Dally Duty," and
dosed at noon with another entitled " Hoeannah."
I do not remember mnch of either, hot I do remember
how hungry I uood to he before we got
through with the last, which w? somewhat
kntky, ami how many timrn I have reached be
kind me into my dinner banket, nod extracted a
liece of cake, preferring, oh, Pbuebus Apollo*
'uritan dough-nuts to poetry. The afternoon
xercises were alao closed with an appropriate
tymn, and, by the way, it should be borne in
nind that these ataniaa were repeated in an many
tey8 aa there were voices in the school. It was
tot often that Death entered our circle, but when
te did claim one of our number, or a child from
toy of the other district*, headed by our mistress,
r?e followed in due procession to the grave, where
ve ranged ourselves around it, after the coffin had
>een lowered to its last resting-place, and repeat- j
<d some lines appropriate to the occasion, either i
written by onr teacher or selected from her favorte
authors.
In looking over the manuscript* of our oldschooluistress,
not long since, I oaroe serosa the following
lines, which will serve to illustrate her charloter,
as well as the occupations in which she
*ki I'-i-ir u u -? k faa?
* kiy ws otBtAl ?
tftera "distressing illness,'' and entitled
EXERCISE THE BEST PHYSICIAN.
"My d?ar, I have boaa api lining tow,
And I desire to kave yon know
How very wall and strong I feel;
.11J Mil I'll J an: 1AM ? HI J WDM!
If you should ie< me at ui.v wheel,
I'erhapt you wnuM thtnk I'd Derer ml;
Hut I can spin two kaota a day? I
A uwblt ta?k fur me, youll say
?? ??
It itrengthen* all my frame, I Had,
And dnea lorigoraW my mind,
And make* my spirit cbaarful too
All tbe malt ot spinning tow.
I've pat aaide my easy chair, i
No longer do I need to wear .
My blanket and my shawl, and ait
As if I had an ague fit.
Nor do I sigh and cry 'oh dear1
I shall be ill again. I fear"
Kut I am cheerful now, and feel \
Quile grateful to my Doctor Wheel."
The spot where the Red school-house stood id j
low a smooth green bank, the old apple-tree is gone,
md the old rail-fence superseded by a rough, tumtling-duwn-lonking
stone wall Time and Death
use worked their will upon that merry flock of
ihildren, and she who for so many pleasant Sumatra
moved in our midst like a guiding angel, (
me King since "pmtsnd through t^ggj>^jrew (| ,
CONGRESS. i
TII1RTV-F1RST CO^RRSS-FIRST SESSION. <
KEN ATE. t
Tuesday, ji ly 30, 1850. '
Mr Davis of Massachusetts presented the ere- 1
lentials of Robert C. Winthrop, appointed by
he Governor of Masaachoaetti^ Senator from 1
hat Bute in place of Mr. Webeter, reeigned. '
Mr. Pearoe, from the committee appointed to in- '
estigate the difficulty between Messrs. Benton .
ml Foote, made a report, censuring the toleraion
which has been shown to personalities in the c
" unir, uui recuaimciiuiiig no action. i ne report .
raa accompanied by a large maun of evidence, .
nd the whole vu ordered to be printed.
The Senate then rejoined the consideration of 8
he bill reported by the aelect Committee of '
rhirteen?to admit California into the Union as 1
i State; providing Territorial Governments for ,
Jtah and New Mexico ; and making proposals to j
rexaa for the settlement of her western and
lorthern boundaries.
The question pending was on the following .
unendment by Mr. Bradbury :
Strike out the 39th section (containing the 1
proposals to Texae) and insert:
" That the President of the United States be
?nd he is hereby authorised, by and with the adrice
and consent of the Senate, to appoiut three
Commissioners, who shall have power to agree
with such Commissioners as may be appointed
tinder the legislative authority of the State of
Texas, upon the territory properly included within
aud rightfully belonging to the State of Texas,
at the time of her annexation to the United States
or at any period since that date, and to defineand
establish the limits of the name if they shall find
it praotioable to do w ; and in ease they shall be
unable to agree upon the true and legitimate
boundary of the State of Texas, they are hereby
Qiii\iAwi texA fn o /WW a A 11IVASI n SAMAniani linn a I
boundary between the territory of the United
States and the said State of Texas, commencing
at the point where the Red river is intersected
by the 100th degree of west longitude, being the
southwest angle of the Indian territory, and running
to a point on the Rio Grande, to he agreed
upon by the said Commissioners; and also to
agree upon the terms, conditions, and consideration,
upon whioh such line shall be established;
and the proceedings and agreements of the said
Commissioners shall be, as soon as possible,
transmitted to the President of the United States,
to be by him submitted to Congress for its approval
and action thereupon ; and the said agree,
nient, when approved by the Congress of the
United States and the Legislature of the State
of Texas, shall be obligatory upon the parties."
Mr Sebastian moved to amend the amendment
by striking out of it the words, " commencing at
the point where the Red river is interseoted by
the 100th degree of west longitude, being the
louthwest angle of the Indian territory, and running
to a point on the Rio Grande;" and the
notion to amend was lost.
Mr. Dawson moved to amend the amendment
a the amendment by adding thereto :
And be it further enacted, That until such time as
:he boundary line between the State of Texas
ind the territory of the United States be agreed
o by the Legislature of the Stste of Texas and
he Government of the United States, the Terri*
oriul Government authorised by this act sh.ill
lot go into operation east of the Rio Grande, nor
ihall any State be established for New Mexioo
unbracing any territory east of the Rio Grande.
Mr. Denton opposed the amendment; he said
he plain English of it was that the territory east
if the Rio Grande was to be ceded to the State
if Texas.
Meenrs. Clay, Butler, Dawson, Foote, Rusk,
ind Houston, supported the amendment, and
Messrs Douglas, Miller, Ewing, Underwood, and
Benton, opposed the amendment.
Mr Walker said that it was apparent for some
lays that the friends of the hill deeired to satis'y
Texan, and as it was also becoming apparent
hat Texas vw not to be satisfied, he moved to lay
he bill on the table.
And the question being taken, the motion did
not prevail.
Yeas?Messrs Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts,
Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisrconsin,
Ewing, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Hunter,
Mason, Miller, Phelps, Seward, Smith, Turner,
Upham, Walker, Winthrop, and Yulee?25.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clay, Clemens,
Cooper. Dawson Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas,
Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Jones, King,
Mangum, Morton, Norris, Pcarce, Pratt, Rusk,
Sebtatian, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Underwood,
Wales, and W hi too tub?32.
The question was then taken, and the amend*
mont of Mr. Dawson to the amendment of Mr.
Bradbury was agreed to by the following vote :
Ykas?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Barnwell,
Bell. Berrien. Butler. Clar. Clemens. Cooper,
David of Mississippi, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge
of lows Downs, Foots, Houston, Hunter, Jones,
King, Mangurn, Mason, Morton, Phelps, Pratt,
Rank, Sebastian, Sonic Sturgeon, Turner, and
Yulee?30.
Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Kenton, Bradbury,
Bright, Chase, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts,
Dayton. Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Ewiug,
Felch, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Norris,
Pearoe, 8eward, Shields, Smith, Hpruance, tJnderwood,
Upham. Wales, Walker, Whitoomb,
and Winthrop?28
The question recurring on the amendment of
Mr. Bradbury as amended, it was agreed to, as
follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Ber- <
rien, Bradbury, Bright, Cam, Clay, Clemens,
Cooper, Dawson. Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, <
Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mangutn, Norris, Pratt, Rusk, i
Sebastian, Shields, Sturgeon, Walker, and Whitoomb?
30.
Nats?Messrs Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Bntler, Chase, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts,
Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Ewiug, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Mason, i
Millar, Morton, Phelps. Seward, Smith, SouU,
8prnance, Tnrney, Underwood, Upham, Waist, i
Winthrop, and Yules?28.
Mr. Walker moved that the last thirty-Avs
sections of the hill be stricken out, leaving the
bill with only those provisions which relate to
the admission of California
Mr. Norris naid that he believed a motion to
mead mj part of the sections proponed to be
etriokon out had priority over the motion lo strike
out.
The Presiding Oftoer so ruled.
Mr. Norris then moved to strike out from the i
enth section of the bill, limiting the legislative I
)owers of the Territorial Legislature, the words,
nor establishing or prohibiting African sla- <
rery." I
Mr. Berritn raised a point of order The Sen- i
ite had inserted a part of those words was it <
low In order to strike them outf ]
The Presiding Officer ruled the motion to he in 1
>rder.
Mr Downs, Mr. Turnej, and Mr. Foote, op>oeed
the motion. 1
Mr Pratt and Mr. Phelps supported the aiueudnent.
Mr. Clay supported the amendment, and
Mr. Phelps replied to Messrs. Clay and Tur- i
ley.
Messrs Berrien, Cass, and Foote. continued
the discussion upon the powers of Congress, and
the inherent rights of the people of the Territo??
!?? >
Mr. Hale asked for the yeas and nays, which
were ordered , and the question being taken, resulted
as follows:
Ykas? Messrs. Badger, Barnwell, Bell, Clemens,
Kwing, Hunter, Manguin, Pearce, Phelps,
and Yulee?10.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Benton Bradbury,
Bright, Butler, C-ts, Chase, ClarMe, Clay. Cooppr,
Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Dickinson,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas.
Downs, Felch, Foote, fJreene, Hale, Hamlin,
Houston, Jones, King, Mason, Miller, Mjirton,
I\orris, Ku*k, .Seward, Shields, Smith,
Soule, Kpruanee. Sturgeon, Torney, Underwood,
Wales, Walker, Whitoomb, and Winthrop?43.
Messrs. Berrien, Foote, and Downs, continued
[he debite.
Mr. Davis of Mississippi obtained the door,
when he gave way to
Mr. Seward, who moved that the Senate ad
ourn.
And the Senate then adjourned
HOUSE or REPRESENTATIVE*.
Tumid ay, July 30, 1850.
The motion to reconaider the vote by which
ihe bill granting 160 acres of the public lands
sdvhoul ^sa*, to^ntaac, Committee
of the Whole on the state of the
Union, coming up in order, Mr. Evans, who had
n\ Vu \>?y it on th^Utfi# * Agreed
JO.
The House resolved itself into Committee of
he Whole an the state of ths Union. On motion
>f Mr. Bayly, the California message was laid
isids by a vote of 115 to 68.
The bill making appropriations for revolutiontry
and other pensions was taken up. Mr. Putiam
of New York delivered a speech on the 81arery
Question, presenting the Northern view.
The committee rose, reported the bill to the
donee, and, under the operation of .the previous
|ue?tion. it was passed.
The House airain went into Committee of the
Whole on the state the Union, and took up the
Ssvy Pension bill. This was put through with
imilar despatch, reported to the House, and,
inder the operation of the previous question, was
Missed.
The House went into Committee, took up the
fortification bilL The Committee rose, the
louse passed a resolution to terminate debate in
wo hours, and then resolved itself again into
Committee of the Whole on the state of the
Jnion. A debate took place, the Committee rose,
ind the House adjourned.
Forth* National Kra
GREENWOOD LEAVES.
Thank* that thou weareet no veil! Because, awert lady,
Thy veil were a* a oloud (hutting out heavan?
An euviou* blight aoroo* th* Calls'* mow.
Because, sweet lady, many a woman'* heart
Throb* proudly at thy name; full mauy a Up
i'ath pressed thy pictured brow with grateful love
And many have stolen away to draperled ball*
Saert 1 to aonaturlal feet?or (ought
Dim grave yard*, where the SuWUgSbetaShett. aot
The leafy gloom* uu awarded mound marble?
Or loitered in the elty'a crowded avanuea? "
With Out for their one thought.
O, fair young type
ttf perfect womanhood1 I (ought the* tbuo
When, late, June breathed her bleaslng o ar oar horn**,
Purpling their chambers with her wifely bluah.
I found thee, bright one, with thy holieat eye*
Diamonded like a queen. Thoee large, soft eye*,
Pronrt, bathed In darfcneni apiritual u th* ray
Of fartheet nebula? ?yet morning twinned
With April on an anetral, green aaraana
Hath not a blander or a kindlier light?
Tboee glorloua, mournful eyes' 1 saw their lashei
Heavy with glistening dew: th* while thy llpa
In dainty dimple* ourled, two crimson buds
Quivering through amber wavee beneath the star*
Oh! I had dreamed of thee! but thou art fair
Beyond what angel* told. Thy lofty soul,
No awetly tender and to proudly true,
Hath wrought it* own clear outline* In the aweep
Of thy |>y?r Nature*; warmed the K on* rou* blood
Which ripen* the olive on thy ohaugnful ch<*k ;
And through the arch piny of thy loveliest limbs,
The light, caressing fall of thy email Bngtre,
Breathed It* own grace and beauty.
Thoee who** eye*
Mav* watched thee long and lovingly?the angels?
So oft have kisrad thy (lumbering 114a, *o oft
Have blessed thy dear regard* whs- time the shafts?
Blent odor*, etarlight, echo** of tweet sound*Wherewllh
pal* Inaplratlon, buntreae wild,
Chases my alaep away, were in the air,
That now tboae broad lid*, whan thay droop, acllpte
l-eee of th* earth than heavenly; thoee tweet look*
Hue in francklaed from all ebade of earthly ear*
Have what meek sorrow thrill* thy lister heart
Io love and pity for a rac# in tear*.
My aonl one* wandering on an i?l* remote
In a deep cavern by the sounding aea,
t.'ame where the Recording Angel, earnest eyed,
And emillng with eweet haughtln***, Wept rroord
Of all Ktrtk'i daughters, gifted good, cr fair?
A Hit *f lovely nunee, carvcn In Jewel*
The Beautiful were graven oo the pearl,
Or traced In Br* along th* glowing heart
Of the rare chrysolite; and thoee wbtoe thought*
Wert radiant with the aureole of Poesle?
The emerald kept their glorious memory green
Those other, who** pur* live*?Ilk* summer *1**010*
Freshening the herbuge whtr* they walk unseen?
Have mad* a hundred happy, and embalmed
A thousand grief* with balsam* out of Kd*n,
Thoee good anJ gentle, eneb a* every heart
One* pillowed on a mother'* bosom deem*
That mother's truest type? tbnt name* wer* wrought
In diamonds on a ore** of argentine.
I sought two dear word*, graceful, muaioul,
Hinting of woodland Isles and eieaUrtug last**
I found them In th* chrysolite : A*r J.?auty
Is dark and beamy Ilk* the *clntlllaiH gsm
Th* emerald wore them in it* foreat hne,
Quick with rleh life?Ilk* her own sparkling song.
" Speak, Diamond oracle!" I said, with tear*
Of mod aweet emltatWn, for I knew
How bloomed the 14 good of life " through tb* thick leave*
Of bay and myrtle on her maiden breast,
And, diamond broidered on tb* flashing silver,
Mid proudest name* pal* martyrs, throned nuesu*
Whose years wars writ In blessing*, ealntly wlva*
With their lord*' pral*?? wreMhlnf their fray look*,
OuifbUr*, true alattr*, virglu* pure** It?ht,
I r?td toil ki*Md Ubacb U?aBHWooa'( buoortd name!
H. Cecil. Hi nt.
W'uj hum ton, Jutyi 1850.
for th? National Kra.
MR. DI'BKEK'S SPEECH.
A VOICE FROM THE AMKI>.
Id publiahiog the eoulfall speech of the Hud
Uh&rlfu Durkee of Winooiuiii, I oheerTed I hut
you accompanied it by do word of oommmt what- i
ever I iDferred the reason of your ailenoe to be
the alluMooe to your own hietory, a* an advocate
of gloriou* truth* of Anti-Slavery Reform, made
by Mr. Durkee ; and which, ofoourae, went, with i
the reet of the apeech, into your own paper, whatetir
natural repugnance you may have felt to lie
ineenlon.
Now, 1 feel that euch a rare ipeech ae Mr.
Durkee*e ought not to parn without home notice.
I propoae, therefore, to cull from a letter on the
ubjeot of it, written by that warm-hearted friend
of Freedom, Rer. John Keep, whoee venerable
age girea peculiar force?Inapt ration, I might
my?to hie word* of oommondation. He My*
u I hare rlad it, (the apeech of Mr. DurketJ and
I regard It a* among the aery beet on thin greet
queettou of Liberty. I thank yoo for it. T am
replead to Ind Mr. Dorkee ao much at heme on
thin euipeet?that ho ha* uttered hie r?in* with
M mneh oleumaee and eandor?with ao mooh eloquent*
of language. I peroeive that Mr. Darken**
mind ha* truly oempr*head*d Ik* *ubllai?
Spirit of Reform, an wonderfully algnallied in the
age in which we life?freedom for the elate?
freedom for all?prot'Ction for man at man.'*
"Say to Mr. Durkee, ' lie aggressive I Fear uot
to follow Truth !' I presume he ia in middle, if
oot early life May God spare him to t?e a
mighty worker for Liberty and Justice! /am
among (Me aged, (nearly seventy,) but I hate yet
physical and mental etrength to labor, and 1 will
do what I can."
After that inspiring messsge. the venerable
writer turnw to a class of which Mr. Durkee is
one, and adds: "All hail to the noble band of
Free-Soiler* in Congress ! My daily prayer is,
tSat they may be strong in this great moral conflict!
Rely upon it, that the antl-elavery sentiment
is growing rapidly among the People Slavery
if doomed, though the conflict will be protracted.
Let us hate oontidence in Truth!"
To that 1 desire to add nothing by way of oomment,
except to say that were 1 a member of Conthe
pen of one who has passed his allotted " three
score and ten'' in the ranks of our moral army.
To the Free-Soilers, one and all, I hope it will
prove a very bugle blast, urging theiu on to tbe
conflict, nerved more firmly than ever for that
great conflict of Truth with Error, whose rruit
hour seems to he st length approaching !
J. E. 8., A Sot'thkrn Frke-Soii.xr.
Liberty Party Convention?This convention,
composed of Gerrit Smith, Win Goodell,
and others, who withdrew from the mass of the
Liberty party on the nomination of John P Hale
for President, reoently held a Convention in Syracuse,
New York. Their distinctive principle
is, that Congress has power, under the Constitution,
to abolish slavery in the States. From the
report of their proceedings in the New York
TnLuiu, we select the following
1. H'soh*d, That passing events do but deepen
our conviction, that a sectarian religion is the
greatest hindrance to the deliverance of the slave
ii. R'solvrd, That every Slaveholdi-g Government
is hut a piracy; and that, hence, if pirates
invade Cuba or South Carolina, Brsxil or Georgia
there is no more reason why Abolitionists and
believers in righteous civil Governmints should
sympathise with the invaded than the invading
* v ' wt i ,'*< * ?
3. Rtsohfd, That the Covernment is deeply
unjust which disfranchises women which denies
its subjects the rlfeht (tJ^Vitoy atti sell freely what
they plesse ; w hich permits the sale of intoxicating
drinks; which consumes the earnings of its
subjeots in wars, which tolerates or practices
Land Mononolv : which refuses to the licensed nr
to titty part j litigant the right of hating his cause
tried by judges and jurors who are not members of
secret societies; or which sanctions or permits
the practice of the matchless crime of Slavery.
POLYNESIAN CORRESPONDENCE.
To th* Editor of thf. National Era:
My Dkak Sir : I send you a single number of
the Polyvnurn, Government paper, together with
this sheet, to the care of Lewis Tappan, Ksq,
our mutual friend. He will forward you this
and the paper, and, perhaps, make some other
communications from me. I shall write in a
small hand, as I wish to say many things, and
say them in as small a space as possible. I will,
however, try to write p' ' ? so that the labor of
reading may not cost you iooh in the intelligence
is worth.
In the Polyntsvin which I send, you will see
(l Resolutions passed by the King, in privy council,
the 21st day of December, A. D. 1849." These,
I hope, yon will give your readers. I think you
will rejoioe, as friends of Humanity and Liberty,
in the passing of such liberal resolutions by a
Government hitherto sufficiently oppressive. You
will see what the editor of our paper has to
s-ty on the subject. 1 cordially sympathise with
him in the gratification which he feels and expresses
in those editorial remarks, i also sympathize
with the poor Uawsiiana in the joy
which they may be supposed to feel, which
they all ought to feel, and which many of them
doubtless do feel, on reading those resolutions.
For uext to the Gospel of the blessed God, uothing
half bo important has reached their eers since
it was announced that the "gods of Hawaii are
destroyed."
Ah I have heretofore written you on the subject
of " land purchases," and have expressed iny
fears that the country would be sold to foreigners,
allow ine, if consistent, to remark briefly on
the resolutions. And you may ba desirous of
knowing through whose influence the prospects
of the people have been no strikingly changed
for the better. What I know on this subject I
will tell you. The Influence of the mission, and
of those formerly connected with the miration, has
been made to bear steadily on this subject for
many years, and has been greatly strengthening
of late. The influence of L&fon, the noble, greathearted
friend of Humanity, and of the late Edwin
Locke, both formerly of the mission, was particularly
powerful and salutary. So of others
now in the field The ohiefs have been Instructed
that it was not only their duty to put their
people in possession of their lands, but that
it was their highest policy to do so. They
have been addressed publicly and in private, and
appeals have been made to them through the
press. What has been aaid publicly, and through
the columns of the native newspaper, has reached
the ear and the eye of the oommon people, and
they have thus learned more fully their own
rights. In compliance with our advice, they have
reapectfully but earnestly petitioned the King
and chiefs to sell them small farms.
Another thing. You are aware that I have
acted as agent for the Government in disposing of
lands In this district. Rome 2,000 ncr s I have
aold. and the greater part of it to the people. Every
native in Makawaa has a small fhrm, or might (
have had. I do not at this moment recollect of an
individual in the place who has not purchased
more or less land, though some few have sold out. i
Now, this eiperiment at Makawas may have had
some influence in inducing the ohiefeto adopt the
resolutions above given; at least it bad the effect
of increasing the desire of the people to obtain
homes for themselves and their children. I confidently
expected, from the time we obtained per
mission 10 sen mese ihdub, mu inn wouxi oe the
result, and I am happy in the belief that thia result
has been so speedily and safely obtained
Others besides the missionaries had done all in
their power to induoe the chiefs to sell, and the
people to purchase lands. Judge William L. Lee
I will name, because with him I have had much
conversation on this subject, and I understand his
views better than I do those of anv other man out
of the mission. At a public meeting at Molokai,
last year, I heard bis glowing sshortation to tbs
people, to obtain lands. He assured tbem that
the only hope of the national eiistenoe of tbs
Hawaiian race was in their obtaining lands Tho
middle and lower classes, said bs, most have lands,
or all is lost. He then said, with great earnestness.
? Ask for your lands, beg for your lands,
fight for your lands "
Mr. Wyllis and others have also advocated the
righto of tbe people to Undo. Tho Polynesian
newspaper has taken the same ground. Of late,
a good deal has been said by the editor and correspondents
of that paper. You can easily sea
through whose influence the above resolutions
were passed.
2d. The passing of those resolutions was an
act creditable to the chiefs
it is well known that Hawaiian chiefs have
1 1 ?... V,aU
jtniliet] win iiiiriiTiaiiia rcfjuiiuuD ui iieuig oppressor*
of their people. That oppression has
been rife among the rulers of all these islands, I
no one st all acquainted with their history pre- i
tends to deny. And the ehiefs hare oppressed I
their subjects on the ground that the lands all <
belonged to them ; that their own right in the soil <
was absolute and exclusive. And though things
have of late years been improving, still there has '
all along been not a little grinding of the faoes of <
the poor by land proprietors and land owners. <
Up to the pausing of the resolutions above refer- >
red to, the requisitions for labor made by chiefs 1
and headmen were so exorbitant, that no oivilixed
people woold have submitted a single month. 1
Now, if these resolutions are oarried into effrot, J
all this kind of labor will erase, and this kind of t
property in bones and sinews will be known no t
more i
You oan see at onoe, Mr. Editor, that it must I
have coot the chiefs no little struggle, to give this
all up. Considering the long standing of the I
labor tat, and lbs natural indolence of the chiefs ; ?
also their love of rale and love of money, they
do daeerve much credit. And i am sure they I
will secure oonmeodetion; and Qod will bless I
them for it, 10 that thev will find that no man,
be he a ehlef or a day laborer, will be the poorer i
for doing right. In eeliing lands also to the peo- I
pie, instead af letting it all go to foraignora, they
ehow n disposition to do right, and they danerve 1
credit for eo doing, and this they will secure, too, <
1 mi pomaded.
3d. ^ the resolutions are carried into effect
I see not, other things being equal, why the peo
pie cannot become a prosperous community. I 1
mean by this, provided no foreign Power shall
meddle with them , no untoward providence, as
desolating eickneas. shall afflict them; end no
rush of men of capital shall so occupy the country
a? to crowd them out of their homee--Of my
apprehensions in these respects, t shall speak in
another connection, if apered If the designs of
the Government in relation to the people are
frustrated from any of these causes, no blame will
attach to any of the Government officers. I sm
very happy in knowing, hs I now do, that the
King and Council have, in passing the resolutions.
taken away all excuse from the mouths of
the people. Heretofore, when the people have
been urged to wake up to the importance of labor,
to work with their own hands, heoome an industrious,
frugal people, they have excused themV
-c > <e?5s a y
^ vmwM. ..gewucrvit 10 ump nmioi;
not owning the little spot even on which their
cottage stands, they had no heart to make im
provements about them. Though this is true in
regard to the state of things formerly, yet I am
fully persuaded that many have employed the
language as a mere apology for idleness But
they can employ it no longer. I greatly rejoice
in the oourse taken by Government in passing
resolutions which will take away all the esouses
and apologies for idleness. If the people now
refaee to seek land, if they prefer horses, or silk
garments, or other articles of finery, to comfortable
homes, if they defer purchasing till the time
passes by, and the lands era thrown into market
and taken up by foreigners, on them he the responsibility.
That many will let this golden opportunity
slip, and continue to live as wretchedly as
formerly, 1 have no doubt.
I am about starting on a short excursion through
a part of my field, throogh Kula, the potato
country, oonoerning which Mr. Hall speaks in
the Polyn'nan which I send yon. Many of the
people of thst district have of lata msde money
very rapidly, by selling the (rieh potato. 1 shall
do all I can to induoe them to secure the lands
without delay. So also in relation to other parts
of my field I shall urge the Government officers
to do *11 ibev can to have ihe resolutions of the I
??M|j0 effect with m UttU <*?' w%? .
poefimle TnelaDds muat be surveyed and divi- f
ded into lota, and amenta chooen to negotiate j
with the people; and other arrangnneW'**^.-. '
to put them in possession of their homes Some 1
time muat elapse ere all can he done satisfactorily,
hot patience and perseverance will do everything.
If 1 am spired, you ahall hear again on this
subject. In the mean time, pray for ua and the
people, that God will bleaa and save them for His
Son's sake.
Yours, with respect, J W. Gbkkn.
P. 8.?I am sorry to say that it is a time of
sickness among the people.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE SENATE.
WfcDNKMOAY, Jl'LY 31, 18.10.
HOW THE OMNI BIS BILE WAS OVERSET,
AND THE PAMSENUKRS Tt'.MHI.KD OUT.
The report of the Committee of Thirteen was
taken up, its friends feeling confident that this
day would witness the passage of what is called
the Omnibus Bill. Preparation had, we learn,
been made in this city and elsewhere, to hail its
triumph by flre-rocketsand gunpowder explosions
It was supposed that the adoption of Mr. Dawson's
amendment, the day previous, had secured
beyond doubt the vote* of the Texan Senatore, and
consequently a majority in favor of the hill. But,
as so many of the Case Senators from the North
Kail aiiatainftil (KaC amcniimnnt at an Immonutt
sacrifice of preconceived opinion, end at imminent
rink of political death, it was thought nothing
more than fair to oonform the hill, ne far am
pOMeible, to the theory of territorial righta laid
down in the Nioholson Letter Mr. Norris o(
New Hnmpebiee, wha ia under instruct tone to vote
for the Wilmot Proviso, and the admission of
California unencumbered, but who on every incidental
question voted uniformly so hb to keep
the Omnibus bill before the Senate, and promote
its success, moved to strike out from the 10th section,
the words, "or establishing or prohibiting
slavery." General Cass, in hie Nicholson Letter,
took the ground that the people of a Territory
have the sole and exclusive right to regulate
their own concerns, including the subject of
slavery, in their own way. On this principle, he
and his followers had gone into the Presidential
canvass of 1849. The bill originally reported, prohibited
the Territories from passing any law " respecting
African slavery." The three last words,
at the instance of the ultra Southern men, were
substituted by the words "or establishing or prohibiting
slavery." The section as originally reported,
and as amended, was in direct oonflict with
the doctrine and position of General Cass. If
he sod his friends should vote fur it, they would
give the lie to all they asserted and argued in 1M8The
design of Mr. Norris in moviDg to strike
out the restriction on the Territorial Legislature,
was to accommodate the hill to the Cass platform.
Mr. Clay appealed to Southern Senators in behalf
of the motion of Mr. Norris, reminding them
that the design was to conform the bill to the
policy of Non-intervention, a great Southern doetrine,
for wbioh General Cass and his followers had
uttered so much In the free States. The appeal
wan successful. .Several Southern men responded,
and the Free-Hoilere of oouree voted for the motion,
not unwilling to leave the bandit of the
Territorial Legislature untied, and to render the
bill aa unacceptable aa poaaihle to the Southern
nltraiate.
The motion of Mr. Norria prevailed by the following
vote
Yea*?Messrs Badger, Baldwin, Bell, Bradbnry,
Bright, (/'ami, Chaae, Clariie, Clay, Cooper,
Dayton, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Felch,
(ireene, Hamlin, Jonea, Mnugum, Miller, Norria,
Phelps, Pratt, 8eward, Shields, Smith, Spruance,
Sturgeon, Underwood, Upbam, Walee, and WinLhrop?33.
Navs?Messrs Atchison. Barnwell, Benton,
Berrien, Butler, Davla of Mississippi, Dawaon,
Downa, F.wing, Hunter, King, Maaon, Morton,
Pearce, Rosk Soulti, Turney, Walker, Whlt>oinb,
and Yulee? 30.
There can be but little doubt that the bill by
this vote waa somewhat weakened in the South.
Then followed a movement which utterly disappointed
the calculation*! of the epcclal frienda
of the bill. They had exulted in the paasage of
Dawson's amendment, abandoning all of New
Mexico claimed by Texas, aud yielding to the
latter an Implied title, auppoaing it had insured
the succeas of their measure; but the hoop, driven
down on one aide, flew up on the other. .That
intendment Droved the death of the bill. Texas
bragged too high, And loot all,
Mr. Pearce, the able and independent member
from Maryland, moved to etrike out from the 2Vd
lection to the Mih, inclusive, containing ail that
part of the bill relating to a Territorial Govern
raent for New Mexioo, and th* provisions vaster- {
lay inaerted, relating to the boundary of Texas.
lie aaid that bis object in making the motion
trae to get rid of the proviaion yesterday Inaerted <
>n motion of the Senator from Georgia, (Mr. Daw- i
ion,) which put a Territorial Government in operation
over the few inhabitant* weet of the Rio <
[irande, and left tboae ou the eaat aide aubjeot to
mch law* aa the few on the weat might think i
proper to adopt. II* deaired, by hie motion, to
reinatate what be proponed to etrike oat, with the 1
ixoeption of what hie considered ohjeotionable,
ind for which he could not vote. The amend- t
nent gave an implied recognition of title in Texae I
o the land In dispute. To thla he wae opposed.
Mr. Clay aaid he regretted that the senator
from Maryland had moved to strike out that part i
>f the bill relating to tha adjustment of the
rexes boundary. Ir it ware aot altogether right,
it oould bo amended. There wera amendments
tlreedy epoken of?one of which wae that the
rerritorlal Government should not go Into operation.
either en the eaat or weet skis of the Rio
3raade He oppeaed the motion at length.
Mr. Pcaree aaid that the etyet of hie motion
nae not, ee had boon stated, to defeat the important
part of the bill providing for the adjeetment
A the Texae boundary. HeMdatotedthathe In
t^mled. in case his motion to strike out prevailed,
to move to reinsert all of it again with the exoeption
of the amendment added to the amendment
of Mr. Bradhnry, on the motion of Mr Dawson
And. if any one would now point out to bins
any parliamentary mode by which he could reach
that amendment without moving to strike out all
the reel, he would conform with pleasure to the
suggestion Me had acted all along with the *
friends of the hill; but if principles were to be
surrendered to gratify one or two gentlemen, he
would not consent to it. He had prepared an
amendment to he offered in place of that of the
Senator from Georgia.
Mr Pearce then moved to strike out all that
part of the bill relating to New Mexico and the
Texas boundary, and insert it all, with the exception
of the following clause:
And be it further enacted, That until such time as
the bonndary line between the State of Texas
?o oy me urgisiaiure 01 vue oiaie ui i exas ana
the Government of the United States, the Terri
torial Government authoriied by this act shall
not go into operation east of the Rio Grande, nor
shall sny State be established for New Mexico
embracing any territory east of the Rio Grande
Also to add:
a n . * **
i ivtmiru. i um iuc nutirumt'BUor .1 ew (viex
ico. provided by this act, ah til not go into operation
till the 4th of March, lh'iO.''
Mr. Underwood favored the motion. It is
worthy of remark, that while the Whig .Sen .tore.
Cooper and Phelps, from the free Stat ex of Penc
sylvania and Vermont, and the Democratic Sena
tors frotn the North, could stand this miserable
amendment of Mr. Dawson, \ri)hcut flinching
though it whs a base concession to the frauJuleut
demand of Texas, Mr. Pe&rce and Judge Underwood,
Whig Senators from slave States, found in
it an insuperable objection to voting for the bill
Mr Shields of Illinois, who the day before, at
the instance of General Houston, on the impulse
of the moment, had changed his rote from the
negative to the affirmative on Mr. Dawson's
amendment, thus securing its passage, now rose,
sad ?"Vjk,maoty frewVw -' * sev t ? .
said that he was never so sorry for any vote he had
riven, as fp^thst; that it waa.dearly against his
judgment, and that he waa glad that the Senate r
from Maryland had made hie motion, as it wonld
give him au opportunity to put himself right,
and do juatice.
Messrs. Kusk and Houston were indignant?
talked of Texas wrongs, Texas forbearance,
Texas valor, and all that, aud they let it be understood
that Texas could not oonseut to Mr.
Fen roe's motion
It will be observed that Mr. Bradbury and Mr.
Norris, whose States have reiterated their attachment
to the Wilraot Proviso, uow voted against
laying upon the table a bill in which the Proviso
was repudiated.
The substitute of Mr. Douglas was rejected?
yeas 'J4, nays 33.
Mr. Turoey moved the indefinite postponement
of the bill, and the question was taken with the
following result:
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clarke, Clemens. Davis of Massachusetts,
Davis of Mississippi, Daytou, Dodge of
Wisconsin, Ewing, Greene, lisle, Hamlin, Houston,
Hunter, Mssou, Miller, Phelps, Busk, Seward,
Smith, Soult,Turney, Upham,Walker, Winthrop,
and Yulee?W9.
Nays?Messrs Atchison, Badger. Bell, Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright, ..Cass, Cley, Cooper, Dawson,
Dickinson, Dcdgn of lows, Douglas, Downs,
Kelch, Foots, Jones, King, Mangutn, Morton,
Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Sebastian, Shields, Spruance,
Sturgeon, Underwood, WalMt and Whitcomb?30.
Meears. Husk and Houston, having failed to
extort couoaeaious to the exorbitant demands of ^
Texas, were now willing to defeat the whole bill,
i as their votes in the affirmativo show
Mr. Atchison said that when such a motion was
in order, he would move to strike out of the bill
everything relating to California. Texas had
been stricken out, New Mexico was also out ?
there were none in the omnibus now hut Callfor
nia and Utah He considered that the application
of Utah w is the only o^becoming in a Territory
of the United States to make. 8he had
naked for h Government, and wos willing to take
what we chose to give her lie considered California
the heaviest passenger in the omnibus
There were serious ohjeolious to her admission
and it had been said she had hern delayed nine
months; he would now say that, unless she came
into the Union by suoh a messure as this, he
would vote to delay her nine years.
Mr. Badger. Forever.
Mr. Atchison. Yes, forever.
Messrs. Badusk and Atchison must stand commended
to the American People, as gentlemen of
great liberality and unexampled patriotism.
Mr. Underwood moved to amend Mr. 1'earce's
amendment, by striking out the Proviso. Lost?
yeas ?6, nays r(2.
Mr Yulee moved to strike from the amendment ?
the provision for the appointment of commissionera,
and this motion was oarried?yeaa 39, nays 29.
A motion by Mr. Badger to adjourn, was lost
Chose moved that the bill b? indefinitely
plwpoued.
Ths motion was disagreed to by the following
vote:
Ybas?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clarke, Clemens. Davis of Msssa
chuaetts. Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of
Wisconsin, Ewing, Greene, Hamlin, Hunter,
Maaon, Miller. Phelps. Busk. Hsbnstinn. Heward
Smith, Soui# Tumej,Upham,Walker, Wintkrop.
and Yulee?as.
NaYS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright,Cam. Clay, Dawaon, Dickinaon.
Dodge of Iowa, Douglaa, Downs, Patch,
Foote, Houaton, Jonea, King, Maagum, Morton,
Norria, IVarce, Pratt, Shields, Spruanoe, Sturgeon,
Underwood, Walea, and Whitoomb? 29.
A motion to adjourn waa loot?yeae 14, nays 42.
The (jueatioo tben recurred on tbe inaertiou of
(be amendment of Mr. Pearoe?being now aimply
the same pro*ialona for the Territorial Government
of New Mexico aa reported by the com
m!ttee,with hia proviso that the said Government
waa not to go into effeet till the 4th of March,
1851 ?and being takna, reeulted aa follows
Ykas?Meters. Atobiaon, Badger. Bell, Berrien.
Bradbury, Bright, Caaa, Ciemena, Dawaon, Diokinaon,
Dodge of Iowa, Douglaa, Downs, Feloh,
Foots, Jonea, King, Mangum, Norria, Pea roe,
Pratt, Hpruanoe, Underwood, Walea, and Whitoomb?
25.
Nay??Messrs Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clarke. Davia of Massachusetts,
Davia of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Kwiog, Greene, Hamlin, Houston, Hunter,
Mason, Miller, Morton, rnelps, Rusk, Seward,
Smith, 8ool?, Turney, Upham, Walker, Wlnthrop,
and Yulee?28.
So the Senate refueed to insert, and the bill
now oonuined but twenty-one seotiona, the flret
four relating to California, and the remaining
seventeen relating to tba Territory of Utah.
Tbe Presiding Officer stated the question now
to be on the motion of Mr. Walkar (made yesterday)
to strike out all of ths bill except those
seotiona relating to California.
Mr. Davia of Mississippi moved to amend the
fifth Motion by changing the western boundary
of IJuh, extending it into thn Unite defined in
the Constitution of Csliformls an her boundaries
The qoestion was taken by yean and nays, and
leoided in the negative?yem 22, nays 34.
Hell, Benton, Clay, Pea roe, Hprusnoe, Underrood,
and Wales, from the slave States, voting
?ay.
Mr. Downs moved an adjournment The que#
lion was taken by yeas and nays, and decided in
the negative?yeas 10, nays 38.
The question recurring on the motion of Mr.
Walker, (to strike from the bill all except those
actions relating ts California,) it was decided in
the negative, by yeas and nays, as follows:
YsAS?Meeero. Baldwin, Benton,Bright, Chase, ^
Clarke, Davis of Maeaaohasstts. Dayton. Dodge
of Wisooneia, Swing, Qroene, Hamlin, Millar,
Phelps, Seward. Shields, 8mltk, Spraanea, Upkam,
Wales, Walker, Whitoomb, and Wln
throp?29.
N?r??Messrs. Atohisoo, Badgor, Barnwell,
Bell. Berrien, BTadbary, Bailer, 01 sis mm, Davis
of Mississippi, Dswaos, Dlekinsoa, Dedge of Iowa,
Douglas, Downs, Feloh, Foots, Hsuntsa, Hunter,
J

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