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' THE NATIONAL ERA.
Q. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR; JOHN G. WHITTIER, CORRESPONDING EDITON. A . ^VOL. IV.?NO. 32 WAStllNGTOM, THURSDAY, U GUST 8, 1850. WHOLE NO. [88. fhe National Kr* U Published We?klr, Mmtt llrNt, ?rpMik Odd Fella wi' Hall. TUMI. Two d >llare per annum, payable in advance. Advertisement* not exoeeding ten lines inserted t hree times for one dollar; every subsequent insertion. twenty-five oente. All oommunioations to the Era, whether on business of the paper or for publication should be addressed to O. Baii.kv, Washington, D. C. HtJKLf. k BLANCHARD, PKINTEK8, Mtlh street, fa* doors south of Pennsylvania awntie. THE NATIONAL ERA. WASHINGTON, AUGUST 5, 1850. For tha National tSrm No. 3. ~ OUR W HOOUIIITHGtt. by Martha russri.l. Not long since, while on a visit to soms kind I friends of mine, I found myself in the company of several ladies, who were dismissing with much interest the subject of education, and the respective merits of several fashionable seminaries in that vicinity. Not feeling particularly interested in the subject, I joined my friend E , in looking over Darley's graphic illustrations of Rip Vau Winkle, and soon became so deeply absorbed that [ heard only the murmur of their voices, occasionally broken by a word or two uttered in a shriller key, seeming like the echo of the voice of Rip's good vrowe I was suddenly recalled from this enchanted valley, by the voice of the fashionable Mrs. W , exclaiming? ''Ah, yes, we will ask MissR" Then laying her jewelled hand on my shoulder, as if not quite sure that I was free from that drowsy atmosphere, she continued: u You have hardly heard our argument, my desr. but we were speaking of the superior advafttbgerf which seminaries in the oity possess over those in the conntry in all that relates to the true finish of a young lady's education. May we ask at what seminary you were eduoated ?" There was something so bizarre, so ludicrous, between the lady's expectant tone and the picture her words called up to my mind, that T could hardly repress a smile as the unvarnished truth rose to my lips ; but one glance at her haughty face brought with it the memory of her wealth, her morbid exclnsiveneM, her horror of anything "native to the soil," and, let me confess the truth, reader, with a feeling strongly akin to oowardioe, 1 evaded a direct reply by saying, " I was educated at home." " Ah, you had a governess then. Your parents were so wise as to follow the good old English custom. I wish it was more fashionable here, for it is much to be preferred to our mixed boardingschools. I have sometimes thought I would employ a governess for Celeetia, but it is so difficult to hod one possessing all the requisite qualifications Your friends must have been fortunate." AJy folly had brought its reward. 1 oolored, grew confused, embarrassed, and was trying to stammer forth something, wheni caught the clear gray eyes of my friend E fixed earnestly upon me, while a most provokingly quiztical smile gathered around hie mouth. All at once my confusion vanished, and, raising my eyes to the lady's face, I said, quietly? 111 fear 1 have led you into a mistake, Mrs, W~ . 1 should have said that I was eduoated chiefly at the district school in my native village." There was a slight, almost imperceptible raising of the lady's shoulders, and her bland air of respectful attention vanished at once, as she replied) with a slight drawl? "Ah?ahem! 1 think I have heard Squire W say that there have been some improvements in the common schools within a few years and, turning carelessly away, she began to discuss with her neighbor the last new design for crotchet that had appeared in the Lady's Book. "Coolly done, that," whispered E . "Yon must remember that a great gulf suddenly yawns between people sometimes, even in this world. For a moment 1 feared you would fail to see that little red school-house of which you so often speak, in the golden atmosphere that surrounds Mrs. W ." As other people besides Mrs. W sometimes ask after my Alma Mater, I hare determined to describe it, partly because I think l< our school" wab peculiar even in those days, and partly because I wish to dugutrre a few traits of one who has long since been among the angels. Should you ever chance to visit our village^ reader, you will find the main road from the west, for the space of two miles or so, clinging oiose to the foot of a rugged chain of hills, known as the Totoket range. On the left, you will have their precipitous front, in some places barren and bleak) and crowned by hags old cliffs? " Here dark with the thick mow of eeoturk*, And there of chalky vhlteneea, where the thunderbolt Hu splintered them and in others, draped to the very summit with a mass of tangled green, through which rise the beads of the tall oedars, like watchful sentinels Very, very beautiful is the old mountain in the genial spring-time, when he unfurls bis leafy banner and displays every shade of green, from the deep black ha# of the cedar, to the pale, faint tinge of the buttonwood and the aspen, with the white blossoms of the dogwood peeping out from the midst like stars. And still beautiful is he, when the frosts of autumn have fallen upon him, and all the shows of summer have de parted ; wnen tbe everlasting cedars, clothed to the very topmost branch in robes of flame-colored livery, stand, like old martyrs, lifting their upBtretohed seme to heaven, and hinting, not dimly, that Qod still speaketh from the midst of the burning bosh, would we bat listen. On the right, the open country sweeps soothward toward Long Island Soond, bat so broken and undulating that yoa mast ascend the mountain, would you catch a glimpse of the blue water. As yon approach tbe village, a valley opens, in the midst of which sleep two small but beautiiul sheets of water, separated only by a narrow, ribbon-like bit of green meadow. Winding around these, you may trace green lanes, crossed here and there by more public roads, and oatch glimpses of the sharp roofs and heavy atone chimneys of old farm-houses, rising from amidst clusters of green treea Not a graat many rods beyond this point, the mountain auddenly makes n turn In the northwest. end, like the fnce of n stern fellow-traveler, relaxing into a smile at parting, smooths its rugged features, and with a gentle, loving arm, embraces our village and the valley north of it, known among the early settlers as the pleasant "land of Goshan" Hare, for tka first time, yon oatch n view of the village, which looks like n bird's nest hidden betwoen the hills, nod just wksre the Inst nndnlntion of tka mountain slopes down to meet the main mad, stood tha Red schoolhonss. I have spoken of its origin, and described its appear an os in s previous sketch, but 1 said nothing of tho old applo-troo whose boaghs overhung its roof, that apple-tree, which mast, oven os a gorm, have had a kind of fore-fooling of its dsatiay, or surely its trunk would never have boon garnished with seek excellent knots for ftot holds, its limbs would novor have twisted themselves into such admirable seats for children, and its blossoms would never hsve hern the earliest and most fragrant of the season. It was truly the tree of knowledge of good and evil to us arch ins, for many ? pleasant half hour we sat perched up amidst its branches, watching the swallows that built their nests in the belfry of the Episcopal chureh across the way, or mocking the bob-o'-linkums in the meadows of the river. Moreover, from the foot of the trunk sprang divers singularly smooth, straight shoots, which sometimes found their way into a certain corner of the sohool-room, as inoentivea to learning by the inverse method. Then, that length of fence under the appletree?never were rails so smooth or so capitally arranged for climbing; blessings on the hand that laid them I why, our sleds made nothing of it, but oaine darting like arrows from the hill above, and paused not until we landed on the opposite side of the street. But I must not linger , as a vu >s/t: WlilUUfl dUlfTlVtSftl, the invariable signal which recalled as from our sports. To my young readers, 1 would s 7, do not fancy that our school-room was anything like yours, with your convenient desks, your shaded win- i dows, your globes, cabinets, and outline maps. | Oura was a large, square room, lighted by six or eight windows, through which, during the long summer hoars, came a Hood of light and heat so intense as to dsizle the eyas and bewilder the brain of the strongest. Around threesides of the room ran rude desks, to whioh were attached rough, narrow planks for benches, and inside of these w4| a row of similar benches for the smaller scholars. These were withontany support for the back, and all of them so high that not more than one pair of feet out of a dozen could by any means contrive to touch the Door. The lost side, with the exception of the space taken up for the door, was occupied by the great fire-place, which yawned from the door post to the opposite wall. In these utilitarian days, when " Man Mareety know how beautiful fire it," such fires as we used to hare are a rarity. No wonder that the great wooden beam which served for a mantel-piece took fire almost every day. even though the inventor of friction matches, on whose unfortunate head tho old people jjf our village lay the blame of all the fires which have desolated city and country for several years, was npHrorn. ^ m Th'! those great blazing, crack'ing fires will never be forgotten The heart of the sailor turns back to them, as he paoes the deck through the weary night-watohes, with the rain and aleet driving in his face, while the biting north wind oovers his long locks and shaggy pea-jacket with glittering icicles; and brightly do they gleam and glow in the reatless dreams of more than one famished, benumbed gold-seeker, as he sinks down to his last sleep amid the snows of the Rocky Mountains Of maps, we had none; I doubt whether such an article ever buw the inside of the Red schoolhouse, and the Japanese might have been next door neighbors to us, for aught we knew or cared. The lubors of Lindley Murray, Horne Tooke, Webster, Ashe, Greonleaf, and Brown, were considered as entirely supererogatory by both teachers and parents. Indeed, so strong was this prejudice against grammar, that when it was intro duced into our schools, some years later, the teaohers seldom made any applioation of its rules. U7. t t? -nnul It Kv n-.l !- tWin WW v f?vi o vnuguv w tv|>vv? m i wTOj nuu iu iuin way I studied grammar for several year*, and could repeat the whole, from Etymology to Syntax, without being able to oonatrue correctly a single sentence. In the same manner we studied Orthography and Proeody, as laid down in the early editions of Webster's Spelling-book. I doubt whether any children were ever more familiar with that same Spelling-book than were we; not only with the orthography of our lessons, but the number of words in a column, the number of leaves in the book, the leading word on each page, every typographical error, to say nothing of the hours we spent in studying the beauties of those specimens of art that illustrated the fables, counting the apples on the tree In the fable of "The Old Man and Rude Boy," or the exact number of flies composing the swarm that tormented the poor " Fox in the Bramble." In reading, spelling, and arithmetic, we were, to a oertain degree, more carefully drilled, and a clear, well-written copy-book was the teacher's and pupil's pride on the day of examination. Thus, with the occasional diversion of " Choosing Sides" in spelling, and a grand pitched battle with snow-balls between our boys and their rivals of the White school, we passed the winter, in the summer, when the large boys were busy in the fields, writing and arithmetio were both laid aside, and in their place we had patohwork with all its endless variations, marking, embroidery, stitching, and plain sewing. F'or the qualifications of our teacher in the last, I can well vouch, for I hare a very distinct reoollection of her compelling me to rip the wristband three times from the first shirt sleeve I ever ir.ade, because, forsooth, 1 did not catch every gather. It is of this teacher, or mistreu, for the term was peculiarly appropriate in those days, 1 wish to speak. 1 have mused much upon her character, and she ever seems to have been of those unto whom it is appointed to be " made perfect through suffering." Her whole life was a oombit?a struggle with physical weakness and pain. Hour after hour have I seen her walk the school-room with rapid, uneven steps, her long, thin fingers clenched together, her pale lips parted, while the great drops of perspiration started on her brow, yet not a word or murmur ever escaped her; and when the paroxysm was past, her voice was low and gentle as the south wind after a storm. Her tall, spare figure, and thin, pale f?ce, bore unmistakeable traces of this warfare ; but there was a light in her great, dark eyes, clear, serene, and luminous, as that of the fixed stars, which spake of oonquest, and n hope centered in Him "in whom there is no variableness nor shadow of turning." Husbandless and childless, possessing a suffi> r A!.. ?AA.la S* m.Ha. Af CICDCJ Ol VUIS ?wnu B IV nag a uinuci v/i surprise to many, that she did not seek that life of ease which her deiionte health seemed to require. But she feared the ennui and selfishness of a life of idleness , she felt intuitively that? " Soraethiuf the heart must have to cbe/iab ; Mast lore and joy and sorrow learn that no woman can be happy without some occupation, some interest in life ; therefore she took charge of the tillage school for many a pleasant summer. The children became her children j in their progress, pleasures, troubles, and difficulties, she rejoiced or sorrowed ; and if shs could not teach the u higher branches," no one better possessed the secret of inculcating in the minds of tha children habits of strict honesty, r<-verenoe toward Qod and our elders, kindness and forbearance toward each other, and courtesy toward all men. She was fond of poetry, especially devotional poetry, and rhymed herself with great facility. Her approbation of our oonduct wms generally ex- j pressed in rbyme, on small, square pieces of paper, ornamented with varions devices in red and green ink. But the highest proof of ber approval, the one I prized moot, was permission to take a small book which she kept laid away, choicely, in her desk, containing poems for children, by Mrs. Barbsuld. Jane Taylor,and others, and to go forth an hour or so, with a companion of my own choosing, and lie in the deep shadow of the thick* leaved trees, or perchance sit perched up in the old apple-tree, while we committed one or more to memory, to be recited on our return to the schoolroom. Another method of manifesting her approbation was to send us forth in parties of three and four, to commit to memory the inscriptions on ths stones in the sdjacent grave-yards On a pleasant summer sfternoon, when ths sun began to sink behind the mountain and the shadows to lengthen, the passing traveller might have seen half a dozen little girls, wandering cautiously among the sunken graves, or seated amid the tall gran at the foot of some old slab of red sandstone, tracing the lugubrious incription with their tiny lagan. A friend, to whom I related this paculisr trait i* my early edwoaiioa Ike other day, laughingly remarked? " And to these youthful 1 Meditations among ths Tombs' may be traced your present literary tames, I suppose" Doubtless they were not without an influence upon as, for I remember soon ourious thoughts and spaculatioas passed through my head as I sat there, such as I would not have been likely to older' thasMmy' W. ?1><> ?*rUkl,,17 t *lwayi oommeuoad our moraiag eisreieee by repeating ? poem sailed " Daily Duty," and closed at noon with another entitled u Honaanak." I do not remember rnneh ot eitkar, but I do remsmbor how hungry I need U be before we got Ikmogb with the last, which was somewhat leagthy, ami how many times I have reaoked be hind me into my dinner banket, and extracted a piece of coke, preferring, oh, Phoebus Apollo H Paritan dough-nuts to poetry. The afternoon exercises were also closed with no appropriate hymn, and, by the way, it should be borne in mind that tbeee stanx&a were repeated in an many keys aa there were voices in the school. It wan not often that Death entered our oircle, but when he did claim one of our number, or a child from any of the other districts, headed by our mistress, we followed in due procession to the grave, where we ranged ourselves around it, after the coffin had been lowered to its last resting-place, and repeated some lines appropriate to the occasion, either written by our teacher or selected from her favorite authors. I n looking over the manuscripts of our old schoolmistress, not long since, I came across the following lines, which will serve to illustrate her character, as well as the occupations in which she sought to overoome her life-long foes, suffering aiwjra uieireeeiug ninw, anu entitled EXERCISE THE BEST PHXftltlAN. "My <1?ar, I h??? b??u apiuuiug to*, And ( desire Ui Save yon ku.iw How very wall and itrong I to*I; My boat phyobiiaa U m* wkaol If you abould io< ui? at my wheel, ferhapo you would think i'd uaver reel; < Hut I can apin ten ku?U a day? A noblt ta?k for me, you'll say eeeeaee* It strengthen* all my frame, I find, And does ioTiforat* my mind, And makes my spirit rbaerful too All the result ol spinning tow. I've put aside my etsy chair, No l >nger da I need to wear My blanket and ray ehawl, and ait As if 1 had an ague lit. Nor do I sigh and cry 'oli dear' I shall be ill again, I fear I' Hut I am cheerful now, and feel Quite grateful to my Doctor Wheel." The spot where the Red school-house stood is now a smooth green hank, the old apple-tree is gone, and the old rail-fence superseded by trough, tumbling-down-looking stone wsll Time and Death hare worked their will upon that merry flock of children, and she who for so many pteusant summers moved in our midst like a guiding angel, his long since " passed through death unto life." w- S- *? ?CONGRESS. TlfltTY-KIMT C0NGEM8-FIRST SESSION. SENATE. Twmday, J i L.v 30, 1850. Mr. Da*is of Massachusetts presented the credentials of Robert C. Winthrop, appointed by the Governor of Massachusetts, Senator from that State in place of Mr. Webster, resigned. Mr. Pearoe, from the committee appointed to investigate the difficulty between Messrs. Benton and Foote, made a report, censuring the toleration which has been Bhown to personalities in the Seuate, but recommending no action. The report was accompanied by a large mass of evidence, and the whole was ordered to be printed. The Senate then resumed the consideration of the bill reported by the select Committee of Thirteen?to admit California into the Union as a State; providing Territorial Governments for Utah and New Mexico ; and making proposals to Texas for the settlement of her western and northern boundaries. The question pending was on the following amendment by Mr. Bradbury : Strike out the 39th section (containing the proposals to Texae) and insert: u That the President of the United States be and he is hereby authorized, by and with the advice and oonsent of the Senate, to appoint three Commissioners, who shall have power to agree with such Commissioners as may be appointed under the legislative authority of the State of Texas, upon the territory properly inoluded wit fain and rightfully belonging to the State of Texas, at the time of her annexation to the United States or at any period since that date, and to defineand establish the limits of the same If they shall find it praotioable te do so; Sod in oase they shall he uuahle to agree upon the trne and legitimate boundary of the Btate of Texas, they are hereby authorized to agree upon a convenient line of boundary between the territory of the United States ami the said State of Texas, commencing at the point where the Red river is intersected by the 100th degree of west longitude, being the southwest angle of the Indian territory,and running to a point on the Rio Grande, to be agreed upon by the said Commissioners; and also to agree upon the terms, conditions, and consideration, upon which such line shall he established; and the proceedings and agreements of the said Commissioners shall be, as soon as possible, transmitted to the President of the United States, to be by him submitted to Congress for its approval and action thereupon ; and the said agreement, when approved by the Congress of the United States and the Legislature of the State of Texas, shall be obligatory upon the parties." Mr Sebastian moved to amend the amendment by striking out of it the words, "commencing at the point wnere the ueu river is interseoieu oy the 100th degree of west longitude, being the southwest angle of the Indian territory, and running to a point on the Kio Grande;" and the motion to amend was lost. Mr. Dawson moved to amend the amendment to the amendment by adding thereto : And be it further enacted, That until such time as the boundary line between the State of Texas and the territory of the United States be agreed to by the Legislature of the State of Texas and the Government of the United 8tates, the Territorial Government authorized by this act shall not go into operation east of the Rio Grande, nor shall any State be established for New Mexioo embracing any territory east of the Rio Grande. Mr. Benton opposed the amendment; he said the plain English of it was that the territory east of the Rio Grande was to be ceded to the State of Texas. Messrs. Clay, Butler, Dawson, Foote, Rusk, and Houston, supported the amendment, and Messrs. Douglas, Miller, Ewing, Underwood, and Benton, opposed the amendment Mr Walker said that it was apparent for some days that the friends of the bill desired to satisfy Texas, and as it was also brooming apparent that Texas was not to be satisfied, he moved to lay the bill on the tibls. And the question being taken, the motion did not prevail. Yeas?Messrs Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton, Butler, Chase, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Ewing, Greene, Hale, Htmlin, Hunter, Mason, Miller, Phelps, Seward, Smith, Turner, Upham, Walker, Winthrop, and Yulee?25. Navs?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Cooper. Dawson Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Jones, King, Mangum, Morton, Norris, Pcarce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebistian, Spruance, fltargeon, Un<lerwood, Wales, and Whltoorab?32. The question waa then taken, and the amendmoot of Mr. Dawaon to the amendment of Mr. Bradbury waa agreed to bj the following rota : Vk*??Messrs Atchison, Uadger, Barnwell, Bell. Berrien, Bntler, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Dsvie of Miaaiaaippi, Dawaon, Diokinson, Dodge of Iowa, Downs, Foots, Houston, Hunter, Joors, King, Mangum, Maaon, Morton, Phelps, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Soulc, Sturgeon, Turney, and Yulee-?30. Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bradburj, Bright, Chaae, Clarke, Deris of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge of Wtsoonsin, Douglas, Ewiog, Felch, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Norris, Pea roe, Seward, Shields, Sinitb, Spruanoe, Underwood, Upham, Wales, Walker, Whitoomb, and Winthrop?2b The question recurring on the amendment of Mr. Bradburj as amended, It was agreed to, as follows: >- Y*a*?-Messrs. AtoMeon, Badger Bell, Berrien, Bradburj, Bright, Caw, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglaa, Dmna, Fsloh, Foots, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King, Mangum, Norris, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Sturgeon, Walker, and Whitoomb?30. Nats?Messrs Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton, Butler, Chaae, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisooosln, Ewing, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Mason, Millar, Morton, Phelps, Seward, Smith, SonM, Spruaoee, Tnraej, Usdsrwood, Upham, Wales, Winthrop, and Ynlss?23. Mr. Wslksr moved that the last thirty-tea sections of the bill be stricken oat, leaving the bill with only these provisions whisk relate ts the edsiiasien of California Mr. Norris mid that ks believed n motion is smsad nay port of tke sections proposed to be iriekea out had priority over tke meUoa te strike eat The Presiding Otter so ruled. ' Mr. Norria than moved to strike out from tha tenth eection of tha bill, limiting the legislative powers of the TarritorUl Legislature, the worda, "nor establishing or prohibiting African slavery." Mr. Berrien raised a point of order The Senate bad inserted a part of thoee words; was it now in order to atrike them out 7 The Presiding Offioer ruled the motion to be in order. Mr Downs. Mr. Turney, and Mr. Foote, opposed I he motion. Mr. Pratt and Mr. Phelps sappoKed (he amendment Mr. Clay supported the amendment, and Mr. Phelps replied to Messrs. Clay and Turney. Messrs Berrien, Cass, and Foote. continued the discussion upon the powers of CoDgress, and the inherent rights of ths people of the Territories, and the doctrine of noa-interventios j Mr- Hale asked for the yeas and nays, which were ordered ; and the question being taken, re- i suited as follows: Yeas?Messrs. Badger, Barnwell, Bell, Clemens, Bwing, Hunter, Manguin, Pearce, Phelps, < and i ulee?10. Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Benton Bradbury, Bright, Butler, O^ss, Chase. Clarke, Clay, Cooper, Davis of Mississippi, Dawaon, Dickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas. Downs, Pelch, Foote, Greene, Halt, Hamlin, Houston, Jones, King, Mason, Miller, Morton, Norria, Pratt, Rusk, Seward, Shields, Smith, Sou)6, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Walker, Whitcomb, and Winthrop?43. Messrs. Berrien, Foote, and Downs, continued the debite. Mr. Davis of Mississippi obtained the floor, when he gave way to Mr. Seward, who moved that the Senate adjourn. And the Senate then adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Tuesday, Jn.y 30, 1850. The motion to reconsider the vote by which V.. Vill ....ll.. inn nf . V. ? nnkli. U.Ju iuc UI1I niiuuun i ?v sum i>? 1 lit fuu.iv inu-.n withqyt co?t. to landless men, was referral to kh^. Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, coming up in order, Mr. Evans, who had the floor, moved to lny it on the table. Agreed to. The House resolved itself into Committee of ' the Whole en the state of the Union. On motion i of Mr. Bayly, the California message was laid aside by a vote of U5 to t>8. The bill making appropriations for revolution- < ary and other pensions was taken up. Mr Put- i nam of New York delivered a speech on the Sla- < very Question, presenting the Northern view. The oommittee roes, reported the bill to the House, and, under the operation of the previous question, it was passed. The House again went into Committee of the Whole on the state the Union, and took up the Navy Pension bill. This was put through with similar despatch, reported to the House, and, under the operation of the previous question, wits passed. The House went into Committee, took up the Fortification bill. The Committee rose, the House passed a resolution to terminate debate in two hours, and then resolved itself again into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. A debate took place, the Committee rose, and the House adjourned. forth* National Kr? h RK K.N WOW) LEAVES. Thank* that thou wearent no veil! Becaur*. iwert lady, Thy veil were a* a cloud shutting out h?av*n? Au enviout blight acroa* the t.'alla'i mow. Booauae, i>Mt lady, iuany a woman'* heart Throb* proudly at thy name; full many a lip l ath pressed thy pictured brow With grateful love. And many have stolen away to draperied hall* Nacre 1 to senatorial feet?or (ought n?ta grave yards, where the SqattgW elidfcen. ae* The leafy gloorne on awarded mound ar marble? Or loitered 1n the city's crowded avenue*? WUh I hit for their one thought. O, fair young type Of perfect womanhood' I sought tbee thus When, late, June breathed her bleasing o'er our homes, Purpling their chambers with her wifely blueb. 1 found thee, bright una, with thy holiest eve* Iiiatuooded like a queen. Those large, soft eyee, Proud, bathed In darkness spiritual as tht ray Of farthest nebutse?yet morning twinned With April on an austral, green savanna Hath not a blander or a kindlier light? Those glorious, mournful eyes! I saw their lashes Heavy with glistening dew: the while thy llpe In dainty dimples curled, two crimson buds Quivering through amber waves beneath the stars Oh ! I had dreamed of thee! but tbou art fair Ueyoud what angels told. Tby lofty soul, So swetly tender and so proudly true, Hatb wrought Its own clear outlines iu the sweep Of thy pyor features, warmed the generous blood Which ripens the olive on thy changeful chiek ; And through the areh play of thy loveliest limbs, The light, caressing fall of tby email Angers, Breathed Us own grace and beauty. Those whose eyes Have watched thee long and lovingly?the angels? So oft have kissed thy slumbering lids, so oft Have blessed thy dear regards whs- time the shafts? Blent odors, starlight, echoes of sweet sounds? Wherewith pale Inspiration, huntress wild, Chases cry slsep away, were in the air, That uow those broad lids, when they droop, acllpse I .ess of the earth than heavenly; those sweet looks Seem francbised from ail shade of earthly care Save what meek sorrow thrills thy sister heart In lore and pity for a rice in tears. My soul once wandering on an isle remote In a deep cavern by the sounding sea, l u? where the Recording Angel, saroesteyrd, And moiling with sweet haughtiness kept record (Hall Kvrth's dinghters. gifted good,cr fair? A list ef love'y names, earven in Jewels. The Beautiful were graven on the pearl, (lr triced la fire alone the elewlue beert Of th? rare chrysolite, and tbo*e who** thought* Were radiant with tb* aureole of Porai* ? The emerald kept tbeir ftorlou* memory (r*rn TboM other, wbn?? pur* llf**?Ilk* summer stream* Freshening tb? b*rb*f* where they walk hum*ri ? H*r* mad* * hundred happy, and embalmed A t hotisand gr1*f? witb balsam* out of Men , Thoa* food an I gentle >u*b U ertry heart (*n*? plllowwt on mother's bosom <>? That mother'* tra*et typ*?thai/ nam** were wroufbt In diaamod* on oro?? of argentin* I sought two dear ward* graocfnl, musical, Hinting of woodland l*U* and eiuaUnuf Uatu I found tbem In tk? chrysolite: Aw beauty I* dark and beamy Ilk* th? wlntillant gem Tb* emerald wort them In It* f?r?at baa, Quick witb ri*b llf*?like k*r own spasfciing aoiif* " Speak, lllrmuad oracl*'" 1 aaid, with tear* Of moat * we*t *i ill tattoo, for I knew How bloomad tb* " food of lift" tbrouf b tb* thick l*ar?* Of bay and myrtle on bur maiden br*aat, And, diamond l>roid*r*d on tb* flashing *i)r*r, 'Mid proudMt nam**?pal* martyr*, throned <ju**i>? Who** yearn war* writ in bi*Mings, aalntly nlr** Witb tbsir lord*' pral*** wreathing tbsir fray lock*, Daughters, trn* ?l*t*r?, rlrftn* pure a* llfbt, I read and ki***d Oaacc (Janaawona's honored nam*! H. Ckcil. Hunt. \Vuihuii(ton, July, 1850. , I for tb* National Era. MR. DCRKKK'X SPEECH. A VOICC PROM THE iOCI). la publishing the souIfall speech of the Hon Charles Durkee of Wisconsin, I o beer red that jrou scoompanisd it bj uo word of comment what- i brer I inferred the reason of your silence to he '!>? 1l..al?aa to ?nn> nm n tiiiltnT* U an *dfM*tf of glorious truths of Anti-81a?ery Reform, made by Mr. Durkee , sod which, of oourss, went, with the rust of tht speech, into your own paper, wiut vsr nUursl repugnance you may ha?e felt to its insert ion Now, 1 fool thst such n run speech m Mr. Durhes's ought not to pnss without sons notice. I propose, therefore, to cull from s Utter on ths snbiaot of it, written by thet warm-hearted friend of Freedom, Rot. John Kssr, whose renernbte ego giree peculiar force?insplrntion, I might sey?lo his words of oommsndetlon. He snys: " f hnee rend it, (the speeeh of Mr. DnrkeeJ end I nmd It ee emong the ?ery beet on this grout queenea Of Liberty. I thank you for it I am r^isited to And Mr. Dnrkse so much at heme on thin eatyeot that he has wttered hie r see one with ss mush el sum ass end sender?with en mnoh eloquence of language I peroeive that Mr. Dorhoe's ad ad has truly comprehended the sublime Spirit et Reform, no wonderfully signalised in the ag?? in which we liwe?freedom for the elate? freedom for all?piH>eiutn for mnn a? wwV "8ay to Mr. Durkee, 1 Be aggreeaive! Fear not j to follow Troth !' I presume he ie in middle, if not early life M?y God apere him to 1* a mighty worker for Liberty and Justice! I urn amotiK oqed, (nearly seventy,) but I hate yet physical and meutal strength to labor, and I will do what 1 can.'' After that inspiring message, the venerable writer turns to a class of which Mr. Durkee is one. and adds: "All hail to the noble hand of Free-8oilent in Congress ! My daily prayer ia, tSat they may be strong in this great moral contiiot! Rely upon it, that the anti-elavery sentiment is growing rapidly among the People. SUi~ *rry if doomed, though the conflict will be protracted. Let us hare confidence in Truth!" To that I desire to add nothing by way of cominont rvnartf n uuw fKni worn I a momKar ttf Pnn. .... 1 .v - "* ?. trrejw. I would d?ir? no mor# in*nir<ty word/if*^ > tbe pen of one who has passed bin allotted " three core nnd ten" in tbe rank* of our moral army To the Free-Soil ere, one nod all, I hope it will prove a eery bugle blast, urging them on to the conflict, nerved more firmly than ever for that great conflict of Truth with Error, whose etuis hour aeems to he at length approaching! J. E. S , A Southern Frkk-Soii.ek. Liberty Party Convention?This convention, computed of Gerrit Smith, Wm. Goodell, ' and others, who withdrew from the mass of the , Liberty party on the nomination of John P. Hale for Preaident, recently held a Convention in Sy- J racuae, New York. Their distinctive principle , is, that Congress has power, under the Constitu- , tion, to abolish slavery in the States. From ths report of their proceedings in the New York T(\bunr, we select the following , 1. Rnolitd, That passing events do but deepen , our conviction, that a sectarian religion is the , greatest hindrance tothe deliverance of the slave. 8. Ji'te/ced, That every Slaveholdi'g Govern- ! ment is but a piracy ; and that, hence, if pirates ( invadeCuba or South Carolina, Brazil or Georgia, there is no more reason why Abolitionists and ( believers in righteous civil Governments should , sympathise with the invaded than the invading Pirates. 3. fatal ltd, That the Covernment is deeply J unjust which disfranchises women . which denies , its subjects the right to buy and sfll freely what , ih^f IiIphha whtrh tiPrmitM tha aulo nf infnvinu. ting drinks; which consumes the earning* of its | subjects in wars> which tolerates or practices Land Monopoly ; which refuses to the accused or ( to any party litigant the right of having bis cause . tried by judges and jurors who are not members of <. secret societies; or which sanctions or permits the practioe of the matchless crime of Slavery. POLYNESIAN CORRESPONDENCE. To it*. Editor of the National Era: My Dkak Sir : I send you a single number of the Poli/nesu/n, Government paper, together with j this sheet, to the oare of Lewis Tappan, Es^, our mutual friend. He will forward you this and the paper, and, perhaps, make some other communications from roe i shall write in a small hand, as I wish to say many things and say them in as small a space as possible. I will, d however, try to write plain, so that the labor of tl reading may not cost you more than the iutclli- v, gence is worth. (] la the Polynesian which I send, yoa will see " Resolutions passed by the King, in privy coun- '' cil, the 'J 1 st day of December, A D. 1819." These, s< I hope, you will give your renders. I think you b will rejoice, as friends of Humanity and Liberty, c, in the passing of such liberal resolutions by a Government hitherto sufficiently oppressive. You H will see what the editor of our paper baa to to say on the subject. I cordially sympathize with s him in the gratification which he feels and ex- r presses in those editorial remarks. 1 also sym- . pathize with the poor Ilawuiisns in the joy 1 which tliey may be supposed to feel, which I they all ouicht to feel, and which many of them <] doubtless do feel, on reading those resolutions. J For uext to the Gospel of the blessed God, uoth- ( ing half so important has reached their ears since it was announced that the ugods of Hawaii are ' destroyed." < Ah I hare heretofore written you on the sub- i ject of " land purchases," and hare expressed my j fears that the country would he sold to foreigners, allow me, if consistent, to remark briefly on * the resolutions. And you may be desirous of * knowing through whose influence the pnwpeots t of the people have been so strikingly changed j, for the better. What I know on this subject I will tell you. The infiuenoe of the mission, and of those formerly connected with the mission, has 8 been made to bear steadily on this subject for a many years, and has been greatly strengthening 0 of late. The influence of Lafon, the noble, great- ^ hearted friend of Humanity, and of the late Edwin Locke, both formerly of the mission, was par- 8I ticularly powerful and salutary. 80 of others si now in the field. The ohieis have been instructed that it was uot only their duty to put their j, people in possession of their lands, but that it was their highest policy to do so. They have been addressed publicly and in private, and appeals have been made to them through the In press What has been said publicly, and through g| the columns of the native newspaper, has reached j the ear and the eye of the common people, and they have thus learned more fully their own 01 rights. In compliance with our advice, they have w respectfully but earnestly petitioned the King \ and ohiefs to sell them small farms. j( Another thing. You are aware that 1 have acted as sgeut for the Government in disposing of lands in this district. Rome 2,000 acr- s I have P< sold, and the greater part of it to the people Rv- tr ery uative in Makawas has a small farm, or might Hl have had. I do not at this moment recollect of an individual in the place who has not purchased w more or less land, though some few have sold out. ai Now, this experiment at Makawas may have had ti some influence in inducing the chiefs to adopt the ^ resolutions above given; at least it had the etfect of increasing the desire of the people to obtain ' homes for themselves and their children. I con- u fidently expected, from the time we obtained permission to sell these lands, that this would bs the |( result, and I am happy in the belief that this result has been so speedily and safely obtained t) Others besides the missionaries had done all in | their power to induce the chiefs to sell, and the ( people to purchase lands. Judge William L Lee ji I will name, because with him I have had much M conversation on this subject, and I understand his (| views better than I do those of anv other man out nf the mission. At ft nuhlic meet In* at Molokai. >, last year, I heard his glowing exhortation to the . people, to obtain land# He oeeured them that ^ the only hope of the national exietenoe of the w Hawaiian raee woe in their obtaining landa The ' middle and lower olaesee, laid be, isut have landa. or all i? loat. He then eaid, with great earnest- tl neee, " Aak for your laade, beg for your lande. fight for rour lande " Mr. Wyllie and other* hare also advocated the * righto of the people to lande. The Polynesian 0 newspaper hoe taken the eame ground. Of late, r a good deal bite been said by the editor and oor- j respondents of that paper. You can easily see . through whoae influence the above resolutions werepaaaed. ' Vd The panning of those resolntions woo an e aot creditable to the ohiefs. a It in well known that Hawaiian chiefs hare ^ gained the unenviable reputation of being oppreaaora of their people. That oppression has been rife among the rulers of all these islands, f no one at all acquainted with their history pre- s tends to deny. And the ehiefs hare oppressed r their aabjecte on the ground that the lands all n belonged to them ; that their own right in the soil d was abeolate and exoluaive. And though things hare of late years been improving, still there has * ail along been not a little grinding of the foes of ? the poor by land proprietor* and land owners. Up to the paaeing of the resolutions above refer- ' red to, the requisitions for labor made by cblsfb ( and headmen were so exorbitant, that no oirilisad people would hare submitted a single month. P Now, if these resolution* are carried into effect, r all this kind of labor will oeaoo, and this kind of property io bones and sinews will be known no more ? You oan see st ones, Mr Klltor, that it mast t* bar* cost tho chiefs no little struggle, to give this all up. Considering the long standing of the t labor tax, and the notaral indolence ef the ehiefb, " also their lore of role and lore of money, thoy 1 do dooorro much credit. And 1 as# sure thoy 1 will secure commendation, and Qod will blase a them for it, to that thrv will And that no man, 1 be he a chief or a day laborer, will be the poorer r for doing right. In selling lands also to tho poo- ( plo, instead of lotting it all go to foreigners, thoy show a disposition to do rigbt, end thoy dooorro i credit for so doiag, and this tbey will ssears, too, ? 1 am persuaded. ( iid. Jf the resolution* are carried into effect, I see not, other things being equsl, why the people cannot become a prosperous community. I mean by this, provided no foreign Power shall meddle with them , no untoward providence, as desolating -sickness, shall afflict them; and no rush of men of capital shall so occupy the coontry as to crowd them out of their homes. Of my apprehensions in these respects, 1 shall speak in another connection, if spared If the designs of the Government in relation to the people are frustrated from any of these causes, no blame will attach to any of the Government officers. I am very happy in knowing, as 1 now do, that the King and Council have, in passing the resolutions. taken away all eicuse from the mouths of the people. Heretofore, when the people have been urged to wake up to the importance of labor, ! to work with their own hands, become an industrious, frugal people, they have eicused themselves bv Mrin* that havinp ?o h? M 1 not owning the little spot even on which their cottage stands, they had no heart to make im- ' nrovements shout them Thouch this is imp in regard to the state of things formerly, yet I am fully persuaded that many hare employed the language as a mere apology for idleness Hut they can employ it no looger. 1 greatly rejoice in the course taken by Government in paseiog resolutions wlilfh will take away all the excuses and apologies for idleness. If the people now refuse to Beek land, if they prefer home, or ailk garments, or other articles of finery, to comfortable homes, if they defer purchasing till the time paxses by, and the lands are thrown into market and taken up hy foreigners,on them he the reeponlibility. That many will let this golden opportunity slip, and continue to lire as wretchedly as formerly, 1 hare no doubt. I am about starting on a short excursion through a part of my held, through Kula. the potato country, concerning which Mr. Hall speaks in ihe Polfn'sian which I send you. Many of the people of that district hare of late made money *ery rttpidly, by selling the Irish potato. I shall do all I can to Induce them to secure the lands without delay So also in relation to other parts ?f my held I shall urge the Government officers to do all they can to have the resolutions of the King curried into effect with as little delay as br _^^*?nviied into lots; and agents chosen to negotiate with the people: and other arrangements made^ to puSthear'i'u >*j**w*?rt5U ?i Uirir"aom% lime must elapse ere all can he done satisfactorily, but patience and perseTeranee will do everything. ii i um sp-ireu, you snail near again on this lubjrct. In the mean time, pray for ua and the jeople, that God will bless and save them for His ion's sake. Yours, with respect, J. 8, Grkkn. P. 8.?I am Borry to say that it ia a time of ' ickness among the people PROCEEDINGS OF THE SENATE. Wed.nkmpay, Ji ly 31, 18.10. low THE OMNIlll'S BILL WAS OVERSET, AND THE P AMEND ERS TUMBLED Ol'T. The report of the Committee of Thirteen was , iiken up, its friends feeling confident that thin ay would witness the passage of what ia called lie Omnibus Bill. Preparation had, we learn, een made in this city and elsewhere, to hail its riuroph by flre-rockets and gunpowder explosions, t was supposed (hat the adoption of Mr. I>aw?n's amendment, the day previous, had nrcured ey ond doubt the votes of the Texan Senators, and onseiiuently a majority in favor of the bill. Rut, s so many of the Caas Senators from the North i&d sustained that amendment, at an immense acrifioe of preoonceived opinion, and at immilent risk of political death, it was thought nothng more than fair to oonform the hill, ns far as masible, to the theory of territorial rights laid lown in the Nioholaon Latter Mr. Norriso? Sew Hampshire, who is under instruotions to vote 'or the Wilmot Proviso, and the admission of California unencumbered, hut who on every inlidental ijuestion voted uniformly so us to keep ihe Omnibus bill before the Senate, and promote ts success, moved to strike out from the 1 Oth secion, the words, "or establishing or prohibiting iluvery " General Cass, in his Nicholson Letter, ook the ground that the people of a Territory iavo the sole and exclusive right to regulate heir own conoerns, including the subject of lavery, in their own way. On this principle, he nd his followers had gone into the Presidential an vase of 1843. The bill originally reported, proibited the Territories from passing any law "repectins African slaverv.1' The three last words t th*? instance of the ultra Southern tuen, were ibetituted by the words "or establishing or proibiting slavery " The aection n* originally rearted, and as amended, was in direct oonflict with le doctrine and pcnition of General Caas If b and hia frienda should rote for It, they would ive the lie to all they aaaertedand argued in 1H4Hhe deeigu of Mr. Norris in moving to atrike lit the restriction on the Territorial Legislature, as to accommodate the bill to the Cassplatform. 1 Ir. Clay appealed to Southern Senators in be- ' tlf of the motion of Mr Norria, reminding them mt (be design was to conform the bill to the alley of Non-Intervention, a great Southern doe- I ine, for which General Cans and hia followers had itfered so much in the free States. The appeal , as successful. Several Southern men responded, d<1 the Pree-Noilers of course voted for the mo- ( on, not unwilling to leave the bands of the 1 'erritorial Legislature untied, and to render the 1 ill as unacceptable as possible to the Southern ' ltraiste. 1 The motion of Mr. Norris prevailed by the fol- , iwing vote: 1 Yass?Messrs Badger, Baldwin Bell, Brad- j nry, Bright, Cass, Chase, Clarae, Clay, Cooper, J tayton, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Feleh, I Ireene, Hamlin, Jones. Mangum, Miller, Norria, 'helps, Pratt, 8eward, Shields, Bmiih, Npruance, turgeon, Underwood, Upham. Wale#, and Win- ( tirop?33. Navs?Messrs Atchison. Barnwell, Benton, ( lerrien, Butler, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, , )owns, Kwing, Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, 'earoe, Rusk, SoulA, Turney, Walker, Whitamb, and Yuloo?30. Thera can be but little doubt that the bill by liis vote was somewhat weakened In the South. Then followed a movement which utterly dtsppointed the oalculations of the speoiai friends f the bill. They had exulted in the passage of )awson's amendment, abandoning all of New riexico claimed by Texaa, and yielding to the alter an Implied title, supposing R had insured he success of their measure; but the hoop, drivn down on one aide, Hew up on tbe other. .That mendment proved the death of the bill. Texaa ragged too high, and loat all. Mr. Pearoe, the able and independent member rom Maryland, moved to atrike out from the 23d ection to the 33th, inclusive, containing all that >srt of the bill relating to a Territorial Governaent for New Mexioo, and the provisions venteriav inserted, relating to the boundary of Texas, lie said that his object in making the motion res to get rid of the provision yesterday Inerrted u motion of the .Senator from Georgia, (Mr Dswod,) which put a Territorial Government in opealion over the few inhabitants weet of the Rio Irande, and left thoee on the eaat aide subject to uch law* an the few on the west might think iroper lo adopt lie desired, by hie motion, to eineUte what he proponed to strike out, with the xoeption of what he considered objectionable, ad for which he ooald not vote. The amendtent gave an implied recognition of title in Texas o the land in dispute. To this he was opposed. Mr. Clay said be regretted that the Senator rora Mar viand had moved lo strike out that part f the bill relating to the adjustment or the reise boundary. Ir U were net altogether right, t could be amended. There were amendments trendy epoken of?one of whlsh was that the territorial Government should not go into opeaiion, either en the east or weal aide of the Rio Iras da Hs oppossd thesaotion at length Mr. Paaros said that th? objset of his motion ras not, as had been stated, to defeat the iutporant part of the bUt providing for the adjustment if the Texas boundary. Hs had stated that hs In tended. in cane his motion to strike out prevailed, to move to reinsert all of it again with the exoeption of the amendment added to the amendment of Mr. Bradbury, on the motion of Mr Dawson. And, if any one would now point out to bim any parliamentary mode by which he could reach that amendment without moving to strike out all the rest, he would conform with pleasure to the suggestion He had acted all along with the friends of the bill; but if principles were to be surrendered to gratify one or two gentlemen, he woold not consent to It. He had prepared an amendment to be offered in place of that of the Senator from Georgia. Mr Pearce then moved to strike out all that part of the bill relating to New Mexico and the Texas boundary, and insert it all, with the exception of the following clause: And be 1/ fvrthfr enacted, That until such time as j the boundary line between the State of Texas 1 - s.?, ? ? ' * . . , , - o. Vu? oVaVe 01 1 eXss and the Government of tbe UaiUd Sutra, tbe Territorial Government authorized by this act shall not go into operation east of the Rio Grande, nor shall any State be established for New Mexico embracing any territory east of the Rio Grande A lae to add " ProvtHfd. That the Government for New Mexioo. provided by this act, sh ?H not go into operation till the 4th of March, le'iO." | Mr. Underwood favored the motion li is worthy of remark, that while the Whig Sen .tore, I Cooper and Phelps, from the free States of Penn sylvania and Vermont, and the Democratic Sena tors from the North, could stand this miserable amendment of Mr. Dawson, tcUhcut flinching though it was a base concession to the fraudulent demand of Teiaa, Mr. Pearee and Judge I nderwood, Whig Senators from slave States, found in it an insuperable objection to voting for the bill Mr Shields of Illinois, who the day before, at the instance of General Houston, on the impulse of the moment, had changed his vote from the nMMlivA tn f Ka nftirrriatiwo nn \A* amendment thus securing its passage, now rose, and with a manly frankness confessed his error, sai l that he was never so sorry for any vote he had given, as for that; that it was clearly against his ?u.d*vh*X*>? *.. ~o giad that the S?ts>u< r from Maryland had made his motion, as it would give him an opportunity to put himself right, and do juatioe. Messrs. Husk and Houston were indignant? talked of Texas wrongs, Texas forbearance, Texas valor, and all that; and they let it be understood that Texas oould not consent to Mr. Pearce's motion. It will be observed thst Mr. Bradbury and Mr. Norria, whose States have reiterated their attachment to ths Wilrnot Proviso, now voted against laying upon the table a bill in which the Proviso was repudiated. The substitute of Mr. Douglas was rejected? yeas U4, nay a .'Id. Mr.Turney moved the indefinite postponement of the bill, and the question was taken with the following result: Ykas?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton, H..tW rtio.o ru-.w. 1"1*.?..= n -? , ...... in 1uhsuohusetts, Davis of Mississippi, Dsytou, Dodge of Wisconsin, Kwing, Green**, lisle, Hamlin. Houston, Hunter, Mason, Miller, Phelps. Runic, Seward, Smith, SouU'.Tumey, Upham, Walker, Win throp, and Yulee?29. Nays?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clay, Cooper Dawboo, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Jones, King, Maogum, Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Heltaatian, Shields, Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Wale^ and Whitoomb?:ut. "NJP Messrs llusk and Houston, having failed to extort concessions to the exorbitant demands of Texas, were now willing to defeat the whole bill, as their votes in the affirmative show. Mr Atchison said that wh*m such a motion was in order, he would move to strike out of the hill everything relating to California Texas had been stricken out, New Mexioo was also out ? there were none in the omnibus now hut California and Utah He considered that the application of Utah w is the only unbecoming in a Territory of the United States to make. She had asked for a Government, and was willing to take what we chose to give her. He oousidered California the heaviest passenger in the omnibus There were serious objections to her admission, and it had been said she had been delayed nine months ; he would now say that, unless she camo into the Union hy such a tnessure as this, he would vote to delay her nine years. Mr Badger. Forever. Mr. Atchison. Yes, forever. Messrs. Backer and Atchison must at end commended to the American People, as gentlemen of great liberality and unexampled patriotism Mr Underwood moved to amend Mr. Pearce's amendment, by striking out the Proviso. Lost yeas 26, nays .12. Mr Yuleo moved to strike from the amendment ? !hc provision for the sppointment of commissioners, and this motion whs carried?yeae 29, nays 28. A motion by Mr. Badger to adjourn, was lost jMr. Chuse moved that the bill be indefinitely proponed. The motion was disagreed to by the foliowing rote: Vkak?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton, duller, Chase, Clarke, Clemens. Davis of Massachusetts. Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisoonsin, Kwlng, Greene, Hamlin, Hunter, Mason, Miller Phelps. Busk, Sebastian, Seward Smith,Hnull Tumey,Upham,Walker, Wintbrop, ind Yulee?its. Nays?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrlen, Bradhnry, Bright,Cass. Clay, Dawson, Dicknson, Dodge of iowa, Douglas, Downs, Pelch, F'oote, Houston, Jones, King, Mangum, Morton, Morris, Pearce, Pratt, Shields Hpruanoe, Sturjeon, Underwood, Wales, and Whltoomb?29. A motion to adjourn was lost?yeas 14, nays 42. The ((ueetion then rcourred on tbe insertion of the amendment of Mr. Pearce?being now aim ply the inme provisions for the Territorial Government of New Maxioo as reported by the com mittee, with his proviso that tbe said Government was not to go iato effect till the 4th of March, 1851?and being taken, resulted as follows: Ykas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger. Bell, Berrien Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clemens, Dawaon, Diokinsou, Dodge of iowa, Dooglaa, Downs, Kelch, Koote, Jones, King, Mangum, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Hpruanoe, Under wood, Wales, and Whitcom b?25, Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton, Butler, Chaae, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts, Dsvis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Kwiog, -Greene, Hamlin, Houaton, Hunter, Mason, Miller, Morton, Phelps, Rosk, Seward, Smith, Soolti, Turney, Upham, Walker, Winthrop, and Ynlee?28. So the Senate refuted to Insert, and the bill now oontsined bnt twenty-one sections, the first rvur relating to ^emornie, anu tat remaining seventeen relating to the Territory of Utah. The Presiding Officer stated the question now to be on the motion of Mr. Wnlkor (made yesterday) to strike out all of the bill escept those sections relating to California. Mr. Darts of Mississippi moeed to amend the firth section by changing the weetern boundary of Utah, attending it into tho limits defined in the Constitution or Csllfornln as her boundaries. The qnestlon was taken by yens and nays, and decided in the negative?yens Wi> nays 34. Bell, Beaton, Clay, Pearoe, Hprnanos, Underwood, and Wales, from the slave States, voting nay Mr. Downs moved en adjournment The ques tlon was takan by yeas and nays, and decided in the negative?yeas i 6, nays 38. The qnastion recurring on the motion of Mr Walker, (to strike from the bill all eisspt those sections relating to California,) it waa decided In the negative, by yeas and nays, as fallows: Yvas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bright, Chaas, y Clarke, Davlasf Massachusetts. Dayton, Dodgs of Wiaoonein, Ewlng, Greene, Hamlin, Miller, Phelpe, Seward Shields, Smith, Sprnanee, Uphsm, Wales, Walker, Whitoomb, and Wlnthrop?2V. Nats?Messrs. Atchieon, Badger, Barnwell, Bell, Berrien, Bendhnry, Bntlnr, Clemens, Devi* of Mississippi, Dnwson, Diohinson, Dodge of lows, Douglas, Downs, Fsloh, Foots, Hoaftoa, Hnntar,