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ni#d <K*t to tho delegate from Now Mexico, al- [ though the latter made no aacret of hie hoetilitj u, the institution of slavery, and although the enti slavery Constitution of hie constituent* was on the desks of Congress, and the question of his admission was complicated with the claim of i Texts. This timid, Indecisive policy on the part i of Utah, while it has failed to secnre the favor i of the Sooth, has awakened suspicion and doubt on the part of the North. No possible good can come of it. Let Utah take her stand by the side t of California and New Mexico as a free State, and, like them, present herself at the door of the Union with the Declaration of Independence embodied in her Constitution. This will settle the question more effectually than twenty compro- ( raise bills. It would not be poeaible for the ultra dare faction to resist the united will of the inhabitants of the entire acquisition from Mexioo. The three-fold oordeould not be broken. Besides, it becomes the people of Utah to consider that, in their peculiar circumstances, the religious faith for the quiet enjoyment of which they hare made so many sacrifices will be justly held responsible for their action in this matter Toleration of slavery will not be likely to facilitate the popular recognition of their claim as Saints of the Latter Day. The ooDdition of raary.?/.!?? jec?s in ij^ this couptr^rent divided on the question of jlavery, should be . ? * .t an % - ??- -- ?... the outset, and exclude forever from their com- j munity an element of perpetual contest and disturbance. The time for action hdi fully oome A decision between freedom and slavery is pressed upon them God grant that it may be made in accordance with sound policy and the claims of humanity. ? J. G. W. LITERARY NOTICES. xiainald Hastikgs. By Eliot WsrLurton. New York: The Harpers. For sale by F ranch Taylor, Pennsylvania avenue, Washington. This is a tale of the troublous times of the civil war in England in the seventeenth century, in the form of an autobiography, in which a strong light is thrown upon the social life of that period. Warburton, it will be remembered, is the author of " Hochelaga,' "The Crescent and the Cross," Ate. Lsrnca Abnold and Lizzie Wilson. Boston : E. Littell A Co. For ?aW by W. Adam, Pennsylvania avenue, Washington Mr. LirieC*d!kk>girea to the jwWV* V -\rrj neat form, these two bekutiful stories, from the ien of the aooompliahed author of Emilia Wyndam. OiiHiii i Anirican Monthly. ??p<emDer. ror saie u abort. This popular Magazine came to us with its usual attractions. Among the contributors, we observe our friend, Dr. Win. Elder, who has furnished an abstruse article on the Doctrine of Forms, in his characteristic style Dictionary or Mrchanius' Enoins Work and Enoi. NaaaiNO. Oliver Byras, editor. New York: D.Appleton k Co. For sale by K. Faro ham, Pennsylvania avenue' Washington. Numbers 14 and 15 of this valuable and important work have been reoeived. We see no reason to ohange the opinions of it we formerly expressed. Black wood's Edinrusoh Maoazins. July, 18S0. New York : Leonard Soott k Co. For sale by W. Adam, Book' seller, Washington D. C. We are glad to see in this number part 11th of the story of the " Green Hand." It has kept alive a monthly interest in us for the last y wr; and should it continue another year, wo sh ill read on with interest unflagging. The political articles are bigoted, and striotly conservative, but it is worth while to read them for the sake of keeping in lively remembrance the notions of a past age. The number before us commences a new volume, presenting a proper occasion for new subscriptions to a Msgaaine, whose reputation is world-wisUc v. ... ._ .... Nn..n...? Ht W D (kllukir. Cineluuatt: 11. W. Derby. We are indebted to our Cinoiniuti friende for copies of this publication. An annual discourse delivered before the Historical Society of Ohio, by iu President, W*. D. Qaixauiuia, the poet and literary pioneer of the West. As might be expected, it abounds in valuable statements of the resources of the Northwest?just and comprehensive views of its duties and destiny. We hope our esteemed friend, the author, will soon hod time to resnme end complete the series of articles he commenced some months since for the Era, treating on the subject which is the theme of this discourse. Buchanan's Journal of Man. Cincinnati, Ohio. This journal is a tri-monthly, of sixty-five pages, published at one dollar per volume of twelve numbers. It is a unique publication, embodying the bold theories and curious researches of its editor in anthropology. His field of labor is unlimitel, and he is a moat indefatigable, untiring worker. We are startled by some of his theories, half inoredulous at some of his experiments, but never feel inclined to deride or undervalue the labors of one who, with so much assiduity and ingenuity, is endeavoring to throw light upon the world of mind. We cannot hesitate to commend his publication to our readers. Fsndinnis. By W. M. Thackeray. New York: Ths Harpers. Kur sale by Franck Taylor, Washington, B.C. Number 5 of the hiatoryof Pendennis, his fortunes and misfortunes, his friends and his greatest enemy, has been laid on our table. It is a most amusing, if not a veritable history. Lira and corauponninca or Roiaav Souths*. The Harpers. New York. For sale as above. Part fourth comprises Mr. 8outhey's entertaining correspondence, between the ages of thirty-eight and forty-five. The work will be completed in two more numbers. Fictosial F'isld Book or ths Ksvqlotion. By Beneon J. Canning. Published and for sale as abore. We have reviewed four numbers of this beautiful publication, noticed some weeks since in our paper It is got up in a very handsome style, ani, with its fine illustrations bj pen and pencil of Revolutionary Life, must prove n delightful family book. Antomina : oh tub Fall or Runs. By W. Wilkle Collias. Published and for tais u above. This romance of the fifth century, we have not bad time to read, but we have seen it very highly spoken of in newspapers and reviews. tjissow'i komb. Tbe Harpers: Now York. For salt M above. We acknowledge our obligations to the publishers, for the fourth and fifth volumes of this standard republication. Tbs energy with which they carry on their enterprises is worthy of all praise. We have spoken before of the peculiar value of thia convenient edition of Gibbon. ??? C<ti and Lbttrbs or Tmoras CAMraBLL. Kditod by willism Best lie, M. D. Two votumse Now York: Tb# I Harpers For sa's M there. f The Harpere have done well in giving thia biography of a true son of genius to the Ameripublic. Campbell has alwsys been n favorite bf ours, and we thank the biographer for the af' ' 'tiouste spirit in which he has exhibited the l?fs of hit friend. We oannot do better nt this ''me than to quote the following paragraph from ? letter of Washington Irving, oonoorning the tterite of thia work : It is," ho says, Ma grant not of justioe to the urmory of a distinguished nana, whoao charaot?r has not been sufficiently known. U givee an [fight into hia domestic M well M his lltornry ll'"> ,n,i lays open the springs of nil hia actions, and the oaasea of all his contrariety of conduct. w? now bm the real difficulties he had to ooe^nd with in the early part ef hie literary oareer, worldly earn which pulled hie spirit to the Ttk whenever it woeld wing its way to ths skies. The domamic afflictioas tagging nt his heart TV strings even in his hours of genial intercourse, c and converting his very smiles into spasms; the 0 anxious days and sleepless nights preying upon his delicate organixation, and producing that mor- 0 bid sensitiveness and nervous irritability which a at time*, concealed the real sweetness and amenity ? of his nature, and obscured the unbounded generosity of his heart "* This is high and generous praise from one who, as he himself confesses, once entertained an * erroneous opinion of Campbell's character. K t.EM ENTA M Y Ss ETCHER OP MOIAL PHILOSOPHY Hy ' (he lat? Kcr. Nydn*y (Smith, A. M. N?v York: Th? ' H*rp?r?. Ktr (El? u Abort. In a aerie# of popular colloquial lectures, deliv- t ered to a miscellaneous audience, and compended ] within a duodecimo of leas than four hundred pages, we cannot expect an elaborate and com- 1 plete survey of the field of moral and mental , philosophy. But, we differ in opinion from the , writer of a note prefixed to the volume, who says t the lectures " are scarcely more than an enumera- ' tion of thoee great men that have originated and 1 treated on this important scienoe, with a short ao- , count of their various opinions, and frequent compilations from their works." He certainly 1 makes use of the writings of these great men, but 1 Sydney Smith was accustomed to do his own thinking an^ and this volume of fragmentary lectures is imbued with the writer's I t ? ' < - - ---I l?!a aV>afmrtnxr I ! and humor. J 1 a Treatise on ths Unconstitutionality op Ambeican 1 Slavbby. By Jo?l TlfTtny, t'sq. Published by J. | Calyn, CltrelAnd, Ohio. This author is a lawyer of character and experience, possessing unusual powers of condensation, i The work comprehends a pretty full examination of the powers and duties of the Federal Government in relation to slavery. The whole subject is admirably arranged, and treated with unusual perspicuity, and is compressed in 144 pages duodecimo, beginning with the doctrines entertained by those who founded our Government. The author shows clearly their intention to arrange its powers on the side of fretdom, separated from every obligation to sustain or uphold the institution of slavery. His quotations from Washington, Jefferson, Sherman, Martin, and others, are conclusive proofs that their objects were the support and maintenance of human rights, and opposition to oppression, it is a work of merit, and should be read by every person who desires an accurate - I which now ab- , sorbs the attention of the people of the United States. * * ? % CONGRESS. THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS?FIRST SESSION. SENATE. Tuesday, August 6, 1850. The Senate, after soma discussion, adopted a resolution instructing the Committee on Military Affairs to inquire into the expediency of conferring by law the brevet rank of Lieutenant General on Major General Scott, in consideration of his distinguished services rendered in the late war with Mexioo. The Texan boundary bill introduced by Mr. Pierce was taken up and made the special order to-morrow. The Senate proceeded to the consideration of the California bill. Mr. Turney submitted an amendment for the admission of California, after the restriction of her southern boundary by the line of 36? 30*, and the limitation of her representatives to one member; and also for running the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific. Pending this, the President's Message concerning Texas and New Mexico was received, read, and ordered to be printed. The question was then taken on the amendment of Mr. Tnrney, with the following result : Yeas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Barnwell, Bell. Berrien, Butler, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Downs, Foots, Houston, Hunter, King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearoe, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, SouH, Turney, and Yulee?24. Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton Bradbury, Bright, Case, Clarke, Cooper, Davis of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas. Ewing, Feloh, Greens, Hals, Hamlin, Jos as, N orris, Phelps, Seward, Shields, Smith, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham, Wales, Walker, Whitcomb, and Winthrop?32. [No members from a free State voting for it, while four from the slave States?Benton, Underwood, Wales, and Spruance?voted against it.] Mr. Yulee submitted an amendment, as a substitute, containing forty sections, and oontinning the existing Government not as a State, but as a Territorial Government. [Mr. Ynlee commenced a speech in support of it, but soon gave way for a motion to adjours, which was ruled down. He proceeded, giving way for various motions, intended to oompel the majority to abandon their purpose of taking the question on the final passage of the bill before adjournment. The yeas end nays were called some half doien times, pcoaaion&lly the Senate found itself without a quorum. At lost, MrDouglas said that as several friends of California who had promised to stand by the bill had gone home, and Abandoned her, he would move an adjournment, and at five o'clock the Senate adjourned ] Wednesday, August 7, 18.'>0. The Texan boundary bill was taken up Mr. Underwood oommenoed afresh on the subject. He said this bill would have no effect upon the settlement of the slavery agitation. It hud no connection with slavery, and its settlement should not be in any way affected by that subject. The bill proposed to pay Texas ten millions of dollars. This assumed that territory was to be purchased of Texas, and that Texas had a right in the territory which she proposed to sell. He did not wish to purchase any territory from Texas. If Texas owned the territory, be desired she should retain it. for it would then be slave territory, and as such would allow the J diffusion of slavery, which he considered was the best means to enable the present slave 8tates to relieve themselves of the superabundance of that population. He was proceeding with this branch of the subject, when be gave way to Mr. Douglas, whft moved, and the bill was postponed till to-morrow at 11 ^ o'clock. The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the California bill, and Mr. Yule re saroed bis speech in support of his amendment When it was three o'clock Mr Y. said that he had ben speaking hurriedly with a desire to bring his remarks to a close, but, feeling much exhausted, he would, in what he had to say, speak more slowly Mr. Davis of Mississippi said that because of the exhausted state of the Senator from Florida, and with a view to have an Executive session, ha moved the bill be postponed till to-morrow. Mr. Douglas called for the yeas and nays, which were ordered. And the question being taken, the Senate refused to postpone the bill by the following vote: Yeas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Barnwell, Bell, Berrien, Butler, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Downs, Foote. Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, Sebastian, Soull, Turney, and Yulee?19. Navs?Messrs Baldwin, Benton, Bradbury, Bright, Caaa, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts. - ? - - ? - un .1. Dayton, Dickinson, uoa^e ui t? inwunu, i"~?? of lows, Douglas, Ewing, Felch, Greene, Hamlin. Houston, Jones, Norris, Pesrce, Phelps, 8ewnrd, Shields, Smith, Sprusncs, Sturgeon, Upham. Wales, Walker, and Winthrop?30. Mr. Yulee said that, from the rots just taken, by which the North unitedly voted against extending to him an ordinary oourtesy, and one which oould nerer hare bean denied, were it not for an almost ferocious desire to foroe California into the Union, the Sooth would pereeies what it had is expect when the North oould hare supreme power. He then pursued the history of the various compromises made between the North and the South. [He oontlnued his speech until the same movements began to be made, as had resulted In the adjournment the day before. Motions to adjourn and postpone, alternating with each other, and oalls for the yeas and nays, at last foroed an adjournment at a late hour ] Tucssdsv, Arorsv 8, 1850. The consideration of the Texan boundary bill was resumed, and Mr. Underwood oontinued his rsasarks, arguing against the claim of Texas to the territory in controversy, and denouncing as extravagant the aum proposed to be given to her Mr. Peareo moved to amend the ilth section by striking oat nil after the words u Provided, also," and inserting, u That no mora than Ave millions of said stock shall be issued until the IE NATIONAL ERA, reditora of the State holding bonds and other 1 ertificatee of atock of Teiaa, for which duties i n imports were specially pledged, shall first file 1 t the treasury of the United States releases 1 >f all claim against the United States, for or on ooount of said bonds or certificates, in such < orm as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of he Treasury, aud approved by the President of he United States." The amendment was agreed to. Mr. Ewlng moved, bat the Senate refused, by a ote of 33 te 18. to postpone the bill, and take up he California bill. Mr. Ewing moved an amendment, altering the 1 >0una?rm prvpowu in inn uiu, k w mi kuuir i i greater amount of territory to New Mexico; but ifter debate it was rejected?yeas 21, nays 28 Mr. Dayton moved an amendment securing to he United States all the unappropriated public ands of Texas. Rejected?y?as 17, nays 31. Mr. Mason moved the following, which was adopted. " Provided, That nothing herein contained shall i >e construed to impair or qualify anything sontained in the third article of the 2<i section of ; he 1 joint resolution for annexing Texas to the |1 United States,' approved March 1, 1845, either u regards the nnmber of States that may hereafter be formed out of the State of Texas or otherwise." Mr. Baldwin moved, and that part of the bill wherein it is proposed that Texas shall release to the United 8tatea the 41 territory" was amended by inserting the words uclaim to" Mr. Wi?lhrop, with a view to make the bill ine for whioh, ^e oould vote, moved to Rtfi^e out [ the first aeotior /dining the propoeedMunds- ) ries of Texas.) and insert in lieu thereof the fol- I ivvttuk . u The State of Texas will agree that her boundary on the north shall oommenoe at the point in the middle of the deepest channel in the Rio Grande del Norte, where the same is crossed by the one hundred and second degree of loDgitude west from the meridian ef Greenwich, thence north along that loagiuada-io the thirtyfourth degree of north latitude; thence eestwardly to the point at which the one-hundredth degree of west longitude crosses the Red river." The President of the Senate laid before the Senate the following message from the President of the United States, which was read, and ordered to be printed. To the Senate and House of Representatives : It has been suggested to me that the language in the first paragraph of my message to the two Houses of Congress of the 6th instant may oonvey the idea that Governor Bell's letter to my predecessor was received by him before his death It was addressed to him. but appears, in point of fact, to have been sent to me from the poet offioe after his death. 1 make this communication to accompany the message and prevent misapprehension. Millard Fillmore. Washington, A"t\st 8, 1850. ^ v The Senate adjourned?yeas 27, nays 24. Friday, August 9, 1830. Mr. Winthrop withdrew h?s amendment to the : Tex&n boundary bill. A motion, by Mr. Underwood, to amend by striking out and inserting tbe boundary proposed by the Compromise Committee, was lost?yeas 24, nays 23. Mr. Mason offered a substitute, affirming the right of Texas to all territory she claimed. Rejected?yeas 14, nays 37. The bill was then reported to the Senate, and the amendments adopted in Committee of the Whole were agreed to. Mr. Underwood renewed his amendment, but It was rejected?yeas 23, nays 28. Mr. Davis of Massachusetts moved to strike out " ten millions," and insert 44 six millions." Rejected? Ykas?Messrs. Baldwin, Bright, Chase, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch, Greene, Hamlin, Norris, Phelps, Seward, Spruanoe, Turney, Underwood, Upham, Wales, Walker, Whltooasb, and Winthrop?20. Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien, Cass, Clemens. Cooper, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Ewing, Foots, Houston, Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, Pearoe, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Smith, Sturgeon, and Yulee?26. Mr. Ewing renewed his amendment, but it was rejected?yeas 24, nays 26. Mr. 8ebastian offered an amendment, to attach to that part of the bill which cedes to the United States all her claims to territory exterior to the limits and boundaries which she agrees to establish by the first article of the agreement, a condition that said territory shall be formed into States, and admitted into the Union with Constitutions, with or without a clause reoognising slavery therein, as the people of said Territory shall detatnalws. Messrs. Sebastian, Douglas, and Beaton, made a few remarks, when the amendment was rcj?ot? ed?yeas 19, nays 29. Mr. Bradbury briefly gave his reasons why he should vote for the bill, and expressed his belief that it was important to the interests of the country that the question should be settled. The bill was then ordered to be engrossed for a third reading?yeas 27, nays 24; And then passed?yeas 30, nays 20, as follows: Ysas?Messrs Badger Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clarke, Clemena,Cooper, Davis of Massachusetts, Dawson, Diokinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Felch, Foote, Greene, Houston, King, Norris, Pearce, Phelps, Husk, .Shields, Smith, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Wales, Whitcomb, and Winthrop?30 Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton, Butler, Chase, Davis of Mississippi, Dodge of Wisconsin, Ewing, Hale, Hunter, Mason. Morton, Seward, Soul4, Turney, Underwood, Upham, Walker, and Yulee?510. The Senate adjourneid. Saturday, August 10, 18.10. The Ser.ate prooeeded to the consideration of the California bill. Mr. Yulee resumed his remarks, and at their close the question was taken on his substitute, with the following result: Ykas?Messrs. Atchison, Berrien, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, Sebastian, Turney, and Yulee? 12. Nays?Messrs. Badger, Baldwin, Bell, Beuton, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Chase, Clarke, Cooper, Davis of Maseachusetts, Dickinson, Dodge of W isoonsin, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Ewing, Fetch, Foots, Qreene, Hale, Hamlin, Norris, Peurce, Phelps, Seward, Shields, Smith, Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham, Wales, Walker. Whitoomb, and Winthrop?3,1. Mr. Foots offered an amendment, making certain grants to California, on condition of her restroting her southern boundary by the line of 38? 30* Rejected?yeas 13, nays 29. Mr. Turney submitted an amendment, to the effect that when California, in Convention, shall pass an ordinsnoe acknowledging that the public lands belong to the United States, and exempt them from taxation; that the property of nonresident s^all not be taxed higher than those of residents, Jto , and that the southern boundary hall be the line of 38? 30'; the State to be admitted on the proclamation of the President of the United States. Mr. Sould proceeded to address the Senate in support of the amendment, but yielded to Mr. Batler, who moved, and the bill was postponed till Monday. Monday, August 12, 18.10. After the usual space allotted to the busineM of the morning, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the bill for the admission of California Into the Union. The qnenttonpending was an amendment submitted by Mr. Turney, the principal feature of which was the restriction of the limits of the State to the parallel of 36? 30'. Upoo this sou ndment a debate ensued, whioh was ptriioipated in by Messrs. Sould, Douglas, and Foots The question was then taken on the amendment of Mr. Turney, and it was rejected?yeas 20. nays 30, as follows: Ybas?Messrs. Atohiaon, Badger, Barnwell, Bell, Berrien, Butler, Clemens, Davia of Miarisaippt, Daweon, Oowna, Foote, Hunter, King, Munn. Pratt. Hoak, Hebaatian, Soulri, Turney, and Yulee?20. Nats?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bradbury, Bright Case, Cbaar, Cooper, Daria of Massachusetts. Dickinson, Dodge of Wiaoonain, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Kwing, FVlch, Greene, Hale, Iiamlin, Miller, Norria, Seward, Shields, Smith, Spruaaee. 8turgeon, Underwood, Upbam, Wales, Walker, Wbiteomb, and Wiatkrop?30. The qnestion then recurred on ordering the Mil to be engroeeed for a third readiog. The debate was resumed by Meaara Berrien, Case, and Daria of Maeaachueette; after which, Mr Hunter mored the Senate adjourn The yens and nays being taken, the Senate refused to adjourn?yeas 21, nays 30, ae follows : Yaaa?Messrs Atchison, Barnwell, Bell, Berrien, Butler, Clemens, Deris of Mississippi, i Dawson, Downs, Foote, Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, 8ould, Turner, Uidsrwood md N**e?Messrs. Baldwin, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Chans, Cooper, Deris of Massachusetts, Dickinson, Dodge of Wiseoneia, Dodge of Iowa, I Douglaa, Kwing, Belch, Greene, Hale. Hamlin, 1 Houston, Miller, Norm, Phelps, Seward, tfhlelds, Smith, Spruanss, Sturgeon, Upham, Wales, ( Walker, Whitesmb, and Wlathrop-JO. ] Mr. Darts of Mississippi mored that ths bill ' be postponed till to-merrow; and en this the yens I and nays being taken, the Senate refused to poet- < pone the bill?yens 20, nays 31, as follows. I yeas?Masses. Atchison, Barnwell Ball, Bar- 1 WASHINGTON, D. rien. Holler, Clemena. P?*1bo/ Miaafteippi. Daw- \ ion, Downs, Foote, Hunter, King, Maaon. Morton, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Soufa, Turney, and V ulee?20. Nay??Meiers. Baldwin, Pradbory, Bright, i Case, Chase, Cooper, Dana of Massachusetts. Dickineon. Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa. DongUs, Ewing, Felch, Greene, Hale, Hamlin. H out ton, Miller, Norris, Phelps, Bewarl, Shields, Smith, Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham. Wales, Walker, Whitoomb, and Winthrop?31. Mr. Foote moved the bill be laid on the table And this being decided by yeas and nays, the bill waa not laid on the table?yeae 19, naja 32, u follows: Ycas?Messrs. Atchison, Barnwell, Berrien, I Butler, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi, Diwenn. Downs. Foote, Hunter, King, Mason, Morton, Pratt. Rusk, Sebastian, Soul*, Turney, and Yulee? 19. Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Bell, Brsdbury, Bright. Cass. Chase, Cooper. Davis of Mnssachu- j setts, Dickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin. Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Ewing, Felch. Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Houston, Millsr, Norrie, Phelpe. Seward, 8hields, Smith, Spruanee, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham, Wales, Walker. Whitcomb, aud Winthrop?32. Mr.Turnsy moved the Senate adjoarn. Lostyeas 18, nays 28. j The question being now on ordering the bill to be engrossed and read a third time, Mr. Davis of Massachusetts called for the yeas and nays, which were ordered, and resulted as follows: Ysas?Messrs Baldwin. Bell, Benton, Bradbury, Brtgnr, Case, Chase, Cooprr, Davis or Mas- , sacnuaetU. Dickinson. Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge Ot ?*** > ~ Hamlin, Houston, Miller, Norris, Phelps. Seward, Shields. Smith, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham. Wales, Walker, Whitoomh, and Winthrop?33. Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Barnwell, Berrien, Butler, Clemens, Darin wf Mississippi, Dawson, Downs, Foote, Hunter, King; Mason, Morton, Pr?U. Roak, Sebastian, Soul*, Turney, and Yulee 19. Absbnt? Messra. Badger, Borland, Clarke, Clay, Dayton. Jones, Mangum. and Pearce? 8. And the bfll was ordered to be engrossed for u third reading Mr. Atchison moved the Senate adjourn. Lost? yeas 23, nays 28. Mr. Davis of Mississippi commenced an addr*ws to the Senate, but gave way to Mr. Yulee, who moved the Senate adjourn. And the Senate dividing?yeas 2b, nays 19? The Senate adjourned. HOl'SK OF REPRESENTATIVE*. Tuesday, August 6, 1860. The House, on motion of Mr. Bayly, agreed to close debate on the Post Office Appropriation hill fifteen minutes after it should take it up in Committee of the Whole cm the state of the UuWu The bill was then taken up in Committee of the Whole; debate was resumed; the Committee rose; the message of the President concerning Texas and Nfc#M'elSciow?iSt*:iti,*nd after being denounced by Mr. Howard of Texas and Mr. Morse of Louisiana, was referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union The blouse then resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state sf the Union. The Post Offioe bill was again considered, but, without coming to any conclusion, the Committee ?nua ami the House adiourned Wednesday, August 7, 1850. Mr. Holmes obtained leave to offer a resolution calling upon the President for information respecting our relations with Portugal. It gave rise to some debate, in which the late Administration and the existing one was mainly vindicated by Mr. Ashmun of Massachusetts and Mr. Milliard of Alabama. Under the operation of the previous question, the resolution was then adopted. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and resumed the consideration of the bill malting &pEropriations for the support of the Post Oflioe lepartment for the year ending June 30, 1851. After some time spent therein, the amendments agreed upon were reported to the Houbo That appropriating money for the support of the Deportment out of the publio treasury, instead of from its own revenues, was ooncurred in?yeas 95, nays 70. The amendment increasing the number of temporary clerks to be employed, from ten to fifteen, was ooncurred in?yeas 83, nays 70. The remaining amendments having been disposed of, the bill was passed?yeas 117, nays 17. And the House adjourned Thi'esday, August 8, 1850. After seme unimportant business, Mr. Biased, from the select committee heretofore appointed on the niasiial of Miss Dix, reported a bill making a grant of public lauds to the several States of the Union for the benefit of the indigent insane. The amount proposed to be appropriated is ten millions of acres, to be apporitoned among the States according to the representation in Congress, under tho census of 1850. He proposed to make the bill the special order of the day for Thursday next; but objection was made. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Strong in the chair) Mr. Bayly moved that the California message be laid aside; and the question being taken, it was decided in the affirmative. Mr. Thurston moved to resume the consideration of the Oregon land bill. The Committee agreed to the motion, and took up the bill, which oreates the oflioe of Surveyor General of the public lands in Oregon, to provide for the survey, and to make donations to settlers of the said publio lands Amendments ara mail a whan tha Committee row nnHI thev having been concurred in, the bill was passed. The House again wen' into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Burt in the chair) On motion of Mr. B iyly, the California message was laid aside; and be moved to take up the hill making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of the Government for the year ending June 30, 1851. Mr. Brown of Mississippi addressed the Committee in opposition to the President's message reelecting New Mexico and Texss Mr. Stephens of Georgia obtained the floor, the Committee arose, and the House adjourned. Frioay, August 0, 1850. The House wns occupied, in Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, with the civil and dlplomatio appropriation bill. Mr. Stephens of Georgia spoke an hour on the slavery question, censuring the message of the President respecting New Mexico, charging the North with aggression, and assuming the purpose of the South to resist. Mr. Savage of Tennessee spoke for an hour on the same question, denouncing the message as "revolutionary in its aim, hypocritical in its composition" Mr. Williams of Tennessee sustained the President, and advocated moderate views. What interest. he asked, has Virginia or Tennessee in the question as to whether the two degrees of latitude shall be in Texas 7 And for this must we destroy this Union 7 Great God ! shall the people who have lived so happily break up this Government, the freest in the world, and under such cir-' cuinstances1 This territory was acquired with an understanding that it should be free. For his own part, he never wante# a soTttary foot of it. What are we talking about, when we speak of Southern rights in New Mexioo? The celebrated Senate Compromise bill was defeated by Southern votes. They know that slavery cannot exist there, and yet they insist on it! What do they detigo or desire 7 He assigned to every man honesty of purpose Talk about a cordon of free States! Have gentlemen ever oast their eyes upon the map, and made a calculation that they can put all the slaves of the South Into Texas. and she would not be crowded 7 It would take two hundred years to orowd her, taking the present increase of black population, and he was understood to say there wss room enough for forty million* of people. If, for causes Ilk* thin, the disunion flag vu to be displayed, he would nlist under the star-spangled banner, lie was not willing to fan a flame of disoord on a question which, if you touch it, vanishes in a moment. Would disunion protect your slaves any better 7 The day may come when the South can no longer stand (t. The day may come, for there are men here whom he eould name, who will endeavor to ride rough-shod over the Constitution, and destroy the property which they condemn. He knew that there was a deep-rooted feeling at the North against slavery, but he did not believe that it prevailed to such an eitent as to affect the right of slavery in the States. Mr. Houston of Delaware spoke for an hoar on the same subject, opposing all projects of disuaioo, foe. The Committee rose, and the House adjourned. Saturday, A uoiiar 10, 18A0. The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill being taken up in Committee of the Whole on the state of the Unlou, Mr Moore of Peaaeyl-. vaaia obtained (foe floor, and defended the meemge of the MfiMant oeaceralng New Mexieo He was foUoflflKr Mr Haralson of Oeergia, who said, la thdoveat of tha admission of California, tha Governor of Georgia is authorised to all a eoaveotion, to determiae what oonrse that State shell pursue One of his hlghsst duties ras to Georgia, end he would etaad by her in C., AUGUST 15, 185< weal or wo. He appealed for justice to the Sonth, and asked not to be driven to the wall. It would i be madness to force the Southern Stale* to the alternative, and there should be an equitable arrangement before it Khali be too late. Mr. Woodward argued in support of the protection of slave property, and against the prohibition of it in the Territories ; and he referred to the boundary of Texas, insisting on her right to that which she claims Mr. Casey obtained the floor, and on his motion the Committee rose. Mr. Schenck offered a resolution, proposing to Ijirmimlnthr dphnte nn f i?i) and Dinlnmatic Appropriation bill on Tuesday next, at twelve o'clock Without taking the question, The House, at half past two o'clock, adjourned Monday, Auuvst 12, 1850. Mr. Meade asked leaYe to offer a reeolution relative to the late message of the President, I touching the affaira of Texas and New Mexico. ' The resolution declares it as the sense of the House, that the President should avoid any action which is calculated to result in a oolllsion between the authorities of the United States and Texas. Objection being made, the resolution oould not be received. The resolution of Mr. Schenck, offered on Saturday, was announced as the pending business. It proposed to terminate, on Tuesday, the debate on the civil and diplomatic appropriation bill, if the Committee shall not sooner come to a conclusion. Mr. Bayly moved to strike out "Tuesday," and insert "Monday." Mr. Meade moved to lay the subject on the table; but the motion was disagreed to. "Friday and this was adopted. Mr. Inge made an unsuccessful motion to lay it upon the table, and the reeolution, under the operation of the previous question, was adopted. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. (Mr Burt In the chair,) and again took up the bill making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of the Government for the year ending June 30, 1850. While in Committee of the Whole, several speeches were made upon various subjects, having no reference to the question pending. The speakers were Messrs. Casey,Giddings, Howard, Jones, and Johnson. Mr. Seddon obtained the floor, when the Committee rose. Mr. Conrad asked the House to discharge the Committee of the Whole from the consideration of a private bill; and after a few words on this measure, and without coming to any conclusion on it, the House adjourned. CORRESPONDENCE OF THE ERA. Y^.,j ok the Connerrictjt^/a/^24,, ^850. | Friend Bailey: The rich alluvial meadows, | reattered at short intervals from Haverhill, N. H., to Middletown Ct., are always covered with unmistakable evidences of the original richness of the soil, as well as of the generous and wisely directed cultivation of its owners. An instance of the productiveness of these meadows has just occurred beneath my own observation, in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Henry W Cltpp, Esq, President of the Bank, has just cut from a lot of seven acres a little more than twenty-eight tons of hay. This hay was mowed, and dried three days in the open air, and then carefully weighed by disinterested persons. Mr. C. will take from the same lot a second crop about the first of September, which, if the seaeou is favorable, will be nearly as large as the first. Thus he raises on seven acres at least forty-nine tons of hay?an amount which, taking into account the site of the lot, and especially the quality of the hay, you J may safely challenge the world to beat. Every foot of land is crowded with vegetution. The grass never larger. The corn, though a few days behind its ordinary forwardness, is luxuriant ; and the sime may be said of every crop now upon the ground, and it may be remarked that nowhere in the United States is the variety of agricultural productions greater of richer than hers. Immense fields of tobacco, maiie, broomcorn, rye, wheat, oats, buokwheat, potatoes, hops, carrots, sugar-beets, millet, and others that require the annual plough, together with the whole family of grasses, and almost an endless variety of fruit trees in gardens and orchards, diversify the beauty of the landscape, and ravish the mind of the beholder. The shade and forest trees are now in all their glory, and nature seems to have been exerting all her ingenuity to display upon the branches the greatest possible amount of the most gorgeous foliage. To many minds, this season displays the beauties of this valley to the best advantage. But, I am frank to oonfeaa, that I have been more delighted by the aoenss which are revealed in October and early in November. The woods and trees are then u gleaming in purple and goldthe meadows are still green as spring, and vast herds of oows and fatted oxen and sheep are quietly feeding or reclining upon tbem. These herds are pastured in summer upon the hillathut enclose the valley, and are brought down npon the meadows after the annual crops are harvested, to feed upon the rich grass that """an an tpmler and so abundant. "K" '"?= e.* 1 ? . ? , after the second mowing. Herds of cattle and sheep, feeding or in repose, are the crowning beauty of a rural landscape; and when these meadows are almost covered with the noble animals, which the farmora here breed with th? nt' moat care, nothing that I have ever seen in America, Nortn, West, or South, can afford pictures so delightful and enrapturing. But the agricultural industry is not the only source of the wealth of this delightful valley. The Connecticut river and its numerous branches. on its right and left banks, are emphatically laboring streams. At Windsor, Connecticut, the whole river may lie used for manufacturing purposes, and a part of it is thus used at Holyoke, Massachusetts There is a dam across the entire river, where it is proposed to use the water several times over. At Turner's Fall in Montague, Massachusetts, and at Bellows Falls, Vermont, the same may occur. Thus, in at least four different places the entire water of the magnificent Connecticut may be employed in turning machinery. Here is a power equal to millions of men in one single river. Then its branohes, very near to its bank, afford still more power than the river. The Fannington river and a nameless stream on the opposite side, at Enfield, Connecticut, afford the motive power for oarrying the oarpet factories of Tarfffville and Thompsonviiie?the beet conducted and most profitable establishments in America At these mills the rich and elegant carpets which adorn the President's House and Capitol, at Washington, were woven. Tea miles farther north, the Agawam from the west, and the Chicopes from the east enter, each furnishing an untold power. At Greenfield are the Deerfield and Miller's rivers, and all long through New Hampshire and Vermont are Ashuelot, At-cutney, Sugar, Whits, Wells, Amonoosuo, ?nd twenty more rapid streams, with abundant water and advantageous factory locations. Add to these opportunities for cheap water-power the advsntage of an excellent rail- 1 road?running the whole length of this valley?so unexampled for health, beautv, and fertility, and no human mind can foretell now vast a population may yet oongregate here, nor what an untold amount of skill and talent may hsrt be developed. A fact, which 1 came in poeaeesion of a oouple of years ago, may illuatrute the character of the New Knglanders, and reveal the origin of some branch of thoir moot profitable business. H w. waa the ton of a country clergyman, nod ?h accustom ?d to laboring on a farm in aummar, and keeping school la winter. He waa moral, indoatrioua, and frugal, and took a wife possessing the aame qualities, together with a ehrewd propanaity to calculate the ooet of all articles of living. One day her husband brought home the oloth and trimmings for a new coat. Tha^rife inquired the prioe of the buttons, which ehe noticed were made of oloth called " lasting," or, more fully, " everlasting," covered on to wooden button-moulds. She thought ahe could afford as good a button, mads by hand, for lees money. The next day, like the true daughter of a Yankee, ehe "tried the thing out." She bought the cloth by the yard, and the moulds by the doten; end in a week she had better buttons, at a leas prioe, la the market. The thing would pay. S W. soon laft farming and school-keeping, bought the oloth, which hie wife out into button-eovara, and button moulds, hired the women and girls of the neighboring towns to make them up, and sold them at great profits. Soon another entered into partnership with him, end invented machinery to do the work. Then the plain lasting was changed to figured velvet, and satin, and twist Improvement on improvement in machinery was made, till they equalled the beat Knglish, or French, or German buttons 8 W. now owns one of the sweetest villages la the Conneotiont valley, and almost supplies the United States with buttons for ooats end overcoats. He has endowed en academy munifioently, has contributed like a prince to the funds of a highly distinguished end useful female seminary, and hsi rescued a noble | oollege from emberraieetneat So much for the carefulness of a prudent wife; and as mooh for a disposition to earn an honest living in some way, rather than thrive in Idleness on the hard and too often unrequited toll of others. Yours, ko., Hk haEu BimcjWuod. Char I so W, Upham has boon selected as the Whig candidate from the eeecod Congressional ( district of Massachusetts, to fill the vacancy j caused by the death of the Hon 1). P. Ki?f 0. t3r The Wathtnfton Union seems to be pretty well understood by eome Northern Democrat%.~Ed. Era. Borough or Har rroRD, Cratrford County, Pa., July 10, lt?50. To tkf Editor of tkf National Era: Sir 1 hare been receiving your excellent Caper for eome time I would just state, that I ave ever been an unchanging D-mocrat; I have never acted with the Abolitionists, as 1 did not feel conscientious of the justness of their cause Yet this I will admit, that I am opposed to the j course pursued by the Union. I am satisfied, and so are all in this oounty, that there is too much of a Southern feature assumed by that paper, to give the true state of affairs as they exist, and if that paper had taken a fair, unsectional Democratic stand, things would not have been as they are. Northern and Southern feelings have been embittered to an extent that never would have existed if it had not been for that paper Such are the feelings here; and I think that I am one of the Inst to change my opinion in regard to constitutional rights. 1 am and ever have been a reader of our Government organ, although no politician. Yours, . HOW TO DO IT-A fiOOD EXAMPLE. Walnit Hill, III, July !25, 1850. Dear Sir : I herein transmit $16, for the purpose of continuing my own paper, and that of some others. apuJ addinr | few new subscribers, acoording to your terms It is astonishing much mirht be done for such a naner as yours, ity me smanwu tu?n va \ae pan or via trvnus Literally, in less than fifteen minutes, I secured | the four new subscribers sent you from our town. The same success would not always accompany a m&n'ii efforts, but something can be done. This, you will observe, is in the celebrated darkness of " E-sjrpt" Southern Illinois?eeen so dark as to be within John A. McClemond's district. By-theby, his late speech belied even his distriot, and was unworthy sn American, representing a free constituency. The mass of his constituency have been forced to leave the land of their nativity, by the pressure of slavery, and owe all their present liberty and prosperity to the operation of the Jeffersonian Ordinance. Some of us. whose ancestors manumitted their slaves, left our sunny ' homes in the South beoause of our opposition to this monster evil, and took our station in a Northern land and climate, that we might breathe an atmosphere of liberty?ere made so end kept so by this celebrated Ordinance, which our Representative now denounces as the Pandora Box of evil to this Union! No! Even what is called Egyptian darkness in Illinois, is *u<represented | br McClernand; and if he oomes before the peo| pis, his vote will be thinned, at least In our corner of his district. ^TH^Vr;(f CABINET. Secretary of State?Daniel Webster., of Masaa- j ehuKo\V 4, Secretary of the Treasury?Thomas Corwin, of Ohio. Secretary of the Navy?William A. Graham, of North Carolina. Secretary of War?Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana. Secretary of the Interior?Thomas M. T. McKennan, of Pennsylvania. Postmaster General?Nathan K. Hall, of New York. Attorney General?John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky. STATE CONVENTION. To the Prtt Democracy of Ohio: Your State Convention which met in the city of Columbus on the seoond day of May last, nominated Daniel R. Tilden as a candidate for Governor. Mr. Tilden has declined. Since his declination, your State Central Committee have been earnestly solicited by many to select another candidate j but they do not, however, feel dispoped to assume the responsibility of making a nomination. They, therefore, invite their Free Soil brethren throughout the State to assemble in Mass Convention in the city of Cleveland, on the twenty-Becond day of August next, at 10 o'chmk, A. M., for the purpose of nominating a candidate for Governor, and alas a candidate for member of the board of public works. Let there be a grand rally of the friends of Freedom and Equal Rights at the time and plaoe designated. F. Gale, H W. Kino, J . M. Wxstwatrk, W. F. Qiudinqh, Wm. G. Graham, Joshua Martin, A. A. Guthrie, June 20, 1850. State Central Committee. FREE SOIL STATE CONVENTION. Notice is hereby given that the Annual State ; Convention of the Free Soil party of Massachusetts will be holden at Boston, on Tuesday, September seventeenth, at teno'clook in the forenoon, to nominate candidates for theofliooe of Governor and I Governor, and to consider and adopt suoh measures as may be deemed just and necessary. in order to Dromote the ureal cause of Freedom throughout tho Union, and of equal rigbta and repreaentation throughout the Commonwealth. The several cities and towns are requested to ohooae Delegates to the Convention, in the proportion of three for every Representative to the General Court to which they are by law entitled The Free Soil Committees in the several cities and towns are requested to take all needful steps to secure a full representation of that portion of i the people who consider tho claims of Justioe and Liberty paramount to those of Party. By order of the State Central Committee. Hknry Wilson, Chairman. Edwakd L. Khys, Secretary. ANOTHER MOVEMENT OP THE SOUTHERN MEMBERS. Washington, Auqutt !>, 1850. The Southern members of the Houso held a caucus last night in the Capitol. A Committee of Fifteen were appointed to report proper measures for the notion of the South respecting the slavery and territorial questions The following is the Committee?Messrs Toombs, (Chairman ) Burt, Milliard, Thompson of Mfss, Cabell, Howard, Johnson of Arknasas, Morse, Green, Heddon, Clingman, Thomas, McLean, Houston, and Bowie. The Committee meet to morrow morning at u o'clock, and will report to the adjourned meeting of the caucus, to be held on Monday night. Charles Sumner has received the nomination of the Free Soil party of Boston, as a candidate for the seat in Congress lately vao?ted by tho elevation of U. C. Winthrop to the Senate. A butter nomination could not well have been mads, but the Traveller intimates a doubt whether Mr. Sumner will oonsent to run. lis had not accepted the nomination yesterday. His Whig opponent will be Mr. Elliott, the former mayor of Boston, who has signified his acceptanoe of the Whig nomination. It will be remembered that Mr. Sumner ran agaiust Mr. Winthrop in 1848, and whs defeated by a small majority ; if the Boston people have properly repented of the choice they then made, Mr. SumnePs chances of suooess now are greater than they were on the former trial. A sioniricant Fact.?We have it flrom the beat authority, says the Sandusky Mirror, that a strong effort ?u made by Gen. Com, or bis friends at Washington, to induoe the Democrats in the Ohio Constitutional Convention to pass resolutions in favor of Clay's Compromise, similar to those adopted by a majority of the Michigan delegates. A message was returned that the thing was impossible-?that the Ohio Democracy was in favor of the admission of New Mexioo and California as States. Accordingly, when the late Convention assembled, a stringent resolution to that effect was passed with entire unanimity. North Carolina.?The Ralatfh R'ffuter says no doubt exists of Reid's being elected by a handsome mai rity. The Whigs will lose two Renators and five members of the House. The H'Ki'tci thinks that the Democrats will have the Senate and the Whigs will have the House by a small majority. MARRIAGE. Married at Byron. Mcfienry county, Illinois, June 'id, by 8. II. Sails, Esq., Mr. J amies Scmcncs, of Laporta, Indiana, to Mies Jams E. Morsb, of Bonus, Boone county, Illinois. DEATH. Disd in Morristown, New Jersey, on the evening of the 37?h nit., Jocannen L Cnaas, Infant daughter ef 8. P. Chase, Senator from Ohio. \ V * 131 Schittlkr P. Judd of Ogdenebnrgh, New York, ia authorized to act aa an agent for the National Era in St. Lawrence county, New York. THREE TflOl'SA.ND PERSONS Are employed by George W. Simmon#, the proprietor of Mi k Hill In innr.tr Ik# d?irin(ii n r>cn rhftt fk noil* establishment He ha* demonstrated tb? feasibility of the amallprcflt system Small profit* ud Urge uIm ) hi* motto. , KT FOWLERS WELLS, Pbren*ffi*t> ami Put luher.,Clinton Hail, 131 Nw?? street. New York ORee of the Water Cure and Phrenological Jonrnalt. urmn mi? ace. ftONTENTS OF No. 327 ? Price, twelve end ? bait VV sent*. 1. Dr. Jhnson and Dr. Hookwell ? Quarter'? Rerin 2. The Pope and the New .Miracle.? Exammer 3. Supply ?f Cotton.?/A 4. American Factories in Ireland ?Siieetator 5. The tireat Diamond? lb. A. The Island of Cuba.?Frnter't Magatine. < The Heir* of Osuntry.?/A A. H >?the and hi* Influence ?Edinburgh Review ') The Nepeuleae Ambastadora and their Country ?Examiner 10. Kdu-atlon of Nation*.?Spectator. 11. (iymnastic and Moral Phenomena.?/A. Washington fiecembefZT,\Hht Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science, which abound in Europe and in this country, this ha* appeared to me to be the most useful. It contain* indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English language; hut this, by De Immense extent and comprehension,include* a portraiture of the human mind In ~ n?nal.tt> fifth# ^ J Q. AUAMh PuhlisbeJ week 1? %* a!? datlon ? v***" ... I.UTRU40O., Corner of Tremont and Hromfieldstreets,Boston ear For sale by JOSEPH SH1L1.INOTON, corner of Four-and-a-half street and Pennsylvania avenue, Washington. FALL AND WINTER J?lD?. LONli It HYKN. No. X Bal'imore ?Pet, corner of Llh erty street, are uow receiving and offer for sale on the must liberal terms an extensive ami varied a** rtm*nt of British. Herman. French. ?nd Domestic Good*. t? tb* approaching season, constating in part of? Cloths?blue, black, brown green, ilrab, anil assort* i oolora Beaver Cloth*?blu?, black, and colored. Pilot Cloths?bluo, black, gray, mixed,and gsntia blue Casetmeres ?fancy and black. Doesklna?superior style and finish. Alpacoaa?plain and figured black, mode, changeable, and fancy figured. Mohair Lustres? plain and figured, black and fancy oulor* Delaines and < 'aabnirres?printed and plain cilors Coburg, Thibet and Lama Cloths. Green "alien of various widths and qualities. Flannels of various widths, qualities, and oolora Ginghams?fancy, black, aud white Prints?3 4, 7-8, and 4 4, foreign and domestic, naat anl pretty etyles. Kngltsh and Domestic Long Cloths. Brown Cottons?3-4, 7 8, 4-4, 5-4,6 4,10-4, and 11-4?a gen era) assortment. Ticks of various brands, and a great variety of other goods all of which thsy offer as above, and most respectfully so liolt purchasers to call and examine their stock. Aug 8?3m . ? > U... L! t MAHAt'Hltrm QUARTERLY REVIEW. No. XI.?JcNK, 1 S.'il). IJ*D1TKD by Theodore Parker Devotsd to.the Frpo -a Discussion of matters pertaining to Philosophy, Id it rature, Politics, Keltgi >n, and Humanity. Terms, throe dollars per year, lu advsuce. New subscribers, remitting six dollars, will be euppllrd with the wurk from the iiegtuniug to the oloee ol the third volume,(uow in progress,) until the edition iswihausted Content t of No. 11, The Polish Slavonian Philosophy. Causes of the Present Condition of Ireland. The Industrial Arts in Kusaia. Drowning'* Poems Hildreth s History of the United States. Short Reviews and Notices Published by COOLIDUK & WILKY. No. 30 Devonshire rest, Doeton, and sold at the Bookstores. June #? Iml bl'KEI II OF HON. W. H. IEWARD. 44 OPKECH of William H. Seward, on the Admission of O California. Dellvsred in the Senate of the United States, Match II, 1850." This admirable Speech,In pamphlet form.48 pages, neatly covered, (price ffi per Kill, II cents single,) Is for sals by? RUELL & BLANCH Wl>, Printers. Washington. WILLIAM HARNEt). 81 John street, .New York. GEORGE W LIGHT, %'> Cornhlll Boston PERRY, MILLER. ? CO, Anbnrn, New York LARD OIL. IMPROVED LARD (ML?Lard Oil of the finest qualify equal to aperm for oombuation, also for machinery and woollens,being manufactured without acids own always be purchased and shipped In strong barrels,prepared expressly to prevent leakage Ordere received ami executed for the Lake. Atlantic,and Southernoitlaa,also for ths West Indies aud Canada*. Apply to THOMAS EMKKY, Lard Oil Manufhetursr, Ian Wl J3 Water street, near Walnut.Cincinnati JOHN W. NORTH, ATTORNEY and Counsellor at Law, ami General Land Agsnt, Falls of St. Anthony, Minnesota Territory Oct. II.?y Jlir PUBLISHED, REPLY to Remarks of Rev. Moses Stuart on Hon. John Jay, and an Examination of his Scriptural Exercises. contained In his reoont pamphlet entitled "Conscience and the Constitution " By William Jay. An ootaro pamphlet It; a nsa* Sever. ?P*od 6 osnta t or ssle l.v | Aug. 1. W^, HARNKD,61 John ?tree?, N. York PROSPECTUS FOR. 1H50 THE NATIONAL ERA. O. BAILKY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR ; 4OHN O. WHITTIER, COKRKSPONDLNO EDITOR Washinoton, D. C. fpHK NATIONAL ERA in an Anti-Slavery, Political,and l.l'erary Newapaper. A Lrlef anmmary of the principle* end in*** urea we ere prepared at ell propertltnei to euataln, will aerv* to ehow the character end ooureeof the Era We holdThat Slavery la repugnant to Na'nral Hlght, the Law of L'hrlatlanlty, the Spirit of the Age, and the eetentlal nature of our Republican Inatltut'ona: That Emancipation, without oompulaory expatriation, 1* a high duty, demanded alike by Juetiee and Expediency: That there I* but one eafeend effectual mode of abolishing Slavery; and that la by law, to be enacted by the Statea In whloh Itexletx: That Slavery oan have no lawful being In Territory under the exelualve Juriedlctlon of the United State* : That Cougrea* la bound to exclude It from all Territory now belonging or that may hereafter belong to the United Statea: That the American Union, a* the bond of Peace, the organ of on* language and on* Civilisation, the medium of Free Trade, among the numemua State* and Terrltorlea etretch lug from th^Atlentlc to the Pacific chore* of tht* Continent, aa the Refuge of suffering million* from the Old World, and a Safeguard agalnet. It* Ambition and Intrigue, I* of price lee* value to the Cause of Human Prugraaa ; and that there la enough Intelligence and virtue In It* membeaw to extlngulah Slavery, tbeelugle oauae that dlaturhalt* harmonica, Impair* It* enargiea, alloy* Ita good, and threaten* It* tta btlityi That tb* Federal Constitution ought to ba ao amended aa to place the election of a Pree'dtut In tb* hand* of tb* Peo pie, directly, and to limit hi* term of oBae to lour yeatr?, making him thereafter Ineligible; and to bo atlll further ameniM *0 aa to give to the People of the eeveral State* tb* election of their United Htalea Keuatora, changing tha tenu of affioo from alx to four ;un: That the Foot Oflce Department ought to ha aeperated from tha Chief Ksecuttre, tha Foatmaatar (ieneral and ail tba local Foatmaatara being elective by tha People, and tba power of removal for Jtiat and aufficlent oauaa lodged la tba banda of tha Foatmaatar (ianeral : That poatage on all pawi|>apera, of a certain alae, for all dlatunoea, abould ba ona cant; on all lettera, nnder half an ounce for all diatancaa,twocauta prepaid; that tba franking privilege abould ba abollrbed ; and nagotlatlona ba Inetituted for tha purpoeeof aeeuring free exchangee within reaaonable llmlta, between tha nawanapere of Koropa and tba United Mtatea,and a rednctlo^to tha loweat point poaalble In tba poatage on lattara paaalng between foreign eoontrlea and em own: That tba pubUe landa ahall be bald aa a truet for the hen eflt of the Feapla of tba United Ntetea, to ba donated In limited ipiantttiea to actual aettiara who are landleaa: Tliat tba bomaataad ought to be exempt from aale or axeoutlou for debt t That reatrtctlona on commerce among the aevaral Mtatee, and between all natluna ought to be reiuoeed: That C'ongreaa ought to make due approprlattona fbr Improvamanta demanded by tha Inlaraata of oommereo with foreign natlona, or among tha Ktatea, provided tbay ba not purely laaai In their bauafiu. and ba not proper aubjecta for Htato or individual enterprlae. In maintaining our elewe, we enaii reaneaeiy on tin rlghte, wbtla ? reboot g>? totrUiiM, of Free Ditcuealon, mending to Uiom who may differ from ua, what w? claim for oureelree, lba eradlt of honeet motlraa. Much raporta of tbo proceedings of (Yitgreaa will ba given aa will convey a oorraet tdaa not only of It* action, but of tta plrltarxl polley. W, barf lately completed euch arrangement* for tba Fon ian ConnaironDBWcn of (ba Era, m will make II at laaat aqoal In valoa and iniaraal to tbat of any Journal In tba aonntry. Ample prorlalvn baa been made for lta Lmaaar l?a raarManr. John O. Wnittibb will eontlnna t'oaraapon llna Kdltor Dr. William Eldbb and Hbiibt H. Stamto*, author of Mmitm Utformt and Jtrfoimm, and other writer- of merit, will oontribute Fblloaopbloal, Ulator oal, or Critical Enanyn. Mr* Southwuutm, Mabtna Ktmbll,and Mabt in vtMB, will furnleb Moral Talao and Hkatabaa; and aa to tba Hat of Pobtioal CoMTBiBLTOBf, nothing more naad bo Bid, tban tbat It will bo, wbat It baa been. Ha ring tbaa maJt ample arrangameole for I he Uouoral Department# of tba Dapar, wa a ball darota ouraalraa more partloularly to AnU Htorery and Political lllocuaalona, taking oara to kaep our reader# adriaad of nil Important reform oramenta and current event#. Terme- two dollara pat annum, oJwmpe pnyntea in md wane*. krary aubaorlbar renewing kte eabeoriptlon, and aandlng oa twa H K W ankaartbara, akall kara tba ibran aopten for tan dollara. All aommunloatione, an buetneas af tba Srm at tot pnbkaatlun, abould ba addraaaad la HAMAUKL BAILBT. WAauiMf Ton, D. C., Aorantter XI, lots.