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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, September 19, 1850, Image 2

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^Tha W1 for t^ral^^^^l^Vineriean <
/ation Society yesterday ordered to he engrossed
for fPfhiroV ending was taken up. The question
fc-nnr on tWFpaxmge of the hill.
vJdr Daris of Ulisiissippi en I led for the yeas
Mt^nays, which were ordered, and the hill was . '
MHU br the following ?<* :
YiiX-M.'SHrH Baldwin, Bell, Clay. Davis of I
MassacflhsietM Dnyton. Dodge of Wisconsin. | <
Dodge oijlowa. Douglas. Kwing. Kelch, Hreeoe, f
Hamlin, floustoo. Jones. Norris, Pratt. Seward,
Shields. Smith. Sturgeon. Underwo.vl, Wales, j
Walker. Wbitcomh. aud Winthrop? 'J't. | <
N*rs?Messrs. Atchison, Barnwell, Kenton, i
Butler, D.ivis of Mississippi, Dickinson, Hunter.
King. Macon. Morton aen.uuian, ootiie, i umey,
and Yule*?14.
The Senate then proceeded to the considera- '
tion of the bill to suppress the slave trade in the
District of Columbia.
Mr. SouUi alluded to the debate which took
place yesterday upon the laws alleged to be in j
force in the Southern cities, regulating the entrance
of free negroes in tlioeo cities, and their |
detention in prison during their stay there. He i
also adverted to the letter written by a shipmaster
of Boston, and read yesterday by Mr. Winthrop,
in which the practice under the laws of
those cities was stated. He pronounced the
statements made in the letter, both of the law of
Louisiana and the practice pursued under that
law in New Orleans, to be wholly and entirely
false, from beginning to end
Mr. B errien made a similar (illusion to the let- i
^ , ter. and.the st^tcmcpts ina<Je jn it. with regard to 1
the laws of Georgia. and (tie practice pursued al
-Savannah, with respect^o the nrreA^jd iuipris- j
statements, so far as they referred to Savannah |
and the laws of Georgia, to be false.
Mr. Wiuthrop replied, and Mr. Berrieu re- i
joined?the point in debute being how far the !
Senator from Massachusetts wis responsible for \
the statements in the letter?he having avowed,
both yesterday and to-day, that he could not and
did not vouch for the contents of the letter.
Mr. Kwing said that he thought the letter was
a matter of but small consequence. He did not
think the Senator froin Massachusetts had done
anything which called fur the severe animadversions
made npon his conduct in so doing. He
then alluded to a debate which had taken place
some time since on the California bill, during
which the Senator from Georgia had read a letter
commenting unon the conduct of the late Ad
ministration, and making statement*! which he
(Mr. E) then anil now pronounced to he false.
Yet the Senator published that letter in his published
speech,
Mr. Berrien explained that circumstance, lie
read the letter, and stated at the time that it was
addressed by a gentleman to a Senator, and that
that Senator was prepared to vouch for the respectability
of the writer.
^ilt t.wing and Mr. Herrien continued the debate.
Messrs. Butler. Itavis of Massachusetts, Winthrop,
SouM, and Douglns, continued the debate
on the shbjcvt of the laws relating to free w- ^
groes, both in the Southern and in the free j
States. # j
The ijuestion was then taken on the amendment
proposed by the Senator from New York, |Mr.
Seward, | and it was rejected?yeas ft, nays 16, as J
follows:
Ykas?Messrs. Chase, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Hale, Seward, and Uphatn?ft. f
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Baldwin,
Barnwell, Bell, Benton, Berrien, Bright, Butler,
Clay, Davis of Massachusetts, Davis of Missis- ^
sippi, Dayton, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas,
Downs, Ewing, Felch, Fremont, Greene, ^
Gwin, Hamlin, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King,
Mangum, Mason. Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt,
Rusk, Sebastian, Shields. Smith, Sou If, Spruance, ^
Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Whit- t'
comb, Winthrop, and Yulec?Ifi.
The hill whs then reported to-the Senate, and j
the question was on concurring with the amendments
made in Committee of the Whole; the n
amiuJinents being the third, fourth, and fifth sec- "
tions, added to the bill on motion of Mr. Pearce. J'
Mr Clay said th<t he hoped that the Senate '
would not concur in the amendments made in c.
Committee. He had just heard, with great pleas- 1
ure, of the passage of another of those bills w hich ?,
formed a part of the general system of peace
measures This bill, now before the Senate, was j1
the last in that general system, and was the only
one now remaining unacted upon. If the amend- .
merits prevailed, he thought it would defeat, the
passage of any bill. But if they should be re- n
jeeted, and should be presented as a separate bill. .
a,, tl t,. 1:1 i.. .i ...ii . .... _T. _ ? ?.,* it
j.. uiuu^iii ii n?nj iuvy nuiini ooiu piss :n irus
session. ;
Mr. Dickinson moved to lay the bill on the taWe
for the pr<scuf, with a view to t ike up the
bill from the House to supply deficiencies in the
nppruprtti'imm 101 mr |> ty nli'i
bers of Congress, which it was important should ^
be passed to-day. ?
The bill was then considered in Committee of ;
the Whole The amendments reported by the
Committee on Finance were agreed to.
An item in the bill as it came from the House
appropriated fifty thousand dollars for the pur- ^
chase of books, for those members of the present (
House, who have heretofore not received them.
The Committee on Finance in the Senate amended
this by striking on' the item, and inserting
another in lieu thereof, appropriating the same
amount, but adding it to the contingent fund of ti
the House. o
Mr. Hamlin moved to add to this provision a
proviso, to theetl'pct. that after this session it shall tl
not be lawful for either House to order the pur- p
chase of books without a specific appropriation tl
therefor by Congress.
This pVoviso was, after a long debate, rejected o
by the following vote: H
Yka*?Messrs. Rarnwell,.Benton, ''hasp, Da- |j
vis of Mississippi, I lodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of
Iowa, Downs, Felch, Hale, Hamlin, King. Mason, g
Pratt, Sebastian, Seward, Turncy, Underwood, H
Wales, Whitcoiub, and Yulec?v?o.
Nays?Messrs Atrhison. Iladgcr, llerrien, j.
Clay, Davis of Massachusetts, Dickinson, Doug- \
las, Kwing, Fremont, Greene, Gwin, Houston, f
Hunter, Jones, Manicum. Morton, Norris. Phelns. ^
Rusk, Smith, Sonic, Spruance, Sturgeon, Walk- (|
er, anil Winthrop?
Mr. Dodge of Iowa moved to amend the hill hy 0
atriking out the whole proportion relating to the ri
appropria'ion of fifty thousand dollars.
And thifl motion was also rejected after debate, 0
by the following vote : a
Vkas?Messrs. Barnwell, Benton, Hutler,
Chase, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, h'elch, J.
King, Maaon, Sebastian, Seward, Turney, Under- ci
wood, Walker, and Whiteomb?1.1
Navs?Messrs Badger, Baldwin, Hell, Rerrien, f
Davis of MaHsachnsetts, Davis of Mississippi,
Dayton. Dickinson, Douglas, Kwing, (Ireene,
(jwin, Male, Houston, .tones, Mangum, Morton, j
Norris, I'earee, Pratt, Smith, Soulf, Spru nice. ?
Wales, and Winthrop?'do. 3
Mr. Douglaa moved to amend that part of the
hill relating to the mileage of the Senators and Bop- p
resentatives from California, by adding thereto
the following
And the per diem of said Senators and Representatives
for this session shall commence from
the day on which the (^institution of California
wan first communicated to the two I louses of
Congress, respectively " .
And the same was agreed to.
The bill was then read a third time and passed
The Senate adjourned.
SATI RHAY, SKCI kmiii'K 14, INfiO.
The debate on the Slave Trade hill w.?r continued
with great animation. Mr. IVarrc's
amendments were rejected, and I he hill as reported
originally hy the Compromise Committee was ordered
to he engrossed?yeas .T>, nays lit. Neat
week we shall present an abstract of the debate,
and the yeas and nays on the amendtneuts and the
hill.
MoNUAV, SirTKMBER Hi, 1850.
The bill to prohibit the importation of slaves
into the District of Columbia waa pawed?yea#
.'13, nays 19
l-.-l 1 - LSI ?1.: ?-!
m r i nil iriirunut'en u inn ni;iKiii? proviniun
for the punishment of persous enticing slaves
from the District. .
IIOI \V. OF R KPK KftKNTATIV EM.
Tt ksi>av,Ski-tkmiikr 10, 18/iO.
Mr Olis. from the.Select Committee heretofore
uppointcil. made the following report.
The Selec' i 'ominittee appointed under a resolution
ol the 1 louse ol Kepn ecntatircit " to investigate
the charg.* against the Hon. Joshua It.
(>iddinga, <>t having improperly abstracted papers
from the tiles of the I'ost Office Department."
with power to send tor persons and papers, have
attended to the duty assigned them, and ask leave
to report.
The committee have called before them the
persons in this city who were supposed to he able
to give information on the subject referred to in
the resolution, and it appeared from their testimony
that papers relating to the appointment and
removal of the postmaster at Ohrrliu had been
improperly abstracted from the tiles of the I'oBt ;
Office Department Authority was sent to Ohio
to take the depositions of those who had received
any of the abstracted papers, and of any others
who oould give information touching this matter.
These depositions, the minutes of testimony, and
such of the abstracted papers as have been returned,
are herewith submitted. Neither from the
examination of witnesses, cor from the depositions,
were they able to ascertain with certainty
fcy whom the papers were ulwtrnoted
The oommittce are, however, unanimous in the
opinion that there is no proof that Mr biddings
abstracted the papers , that they were transmitted
> JF ^ w
a *
THE
^ =
to Ohio by him, or under his frank , or that he
was in sny way concerned with the transaction
They therefore submit, for the adoption of the
i louse, the following resolution:
RnohvA, That the committee nppointed " to investigate
the charges Against the Hon. Joshua R.
iiddings, of having improperly abstracted papers
rrom the tiles of the Post Office Department," be
lischarJed from the further consideration of the
nihject.
The resolution was agreed to.
Mr. Boyd said that the Representatives from
California were in attendance, and wished to be
*worn in.
Mr. Ven&ble raised the question as to their
right, denying that they were entitled to seats,
because they hud not been chosen in nccordancc
with any tule prescribed l>y the Legislature, the i
election having taken place before the orgnnixa- i
tion of that body.
A long debute sprung up; pending which, the
I louse adjourned.
Wko.vksuay, Skptkmhkk 11, 18.10.
Mr. Venable had moved to refer the credentials
of Messrs. Wright and Gilbert, California Representatives
to the Committee on Elections Mr.
Robinson of Indiana had moved a substitute, directing
the Speaker to swear them in Under the
operation of the previous question, the substitute
was adopted?yeas 10t?, nays f>ft.
The Representatives then took the oath.
The report of the majority of the Committee on |
Elections, in favor of the title of Mr. Robinson of
Pennsylvania to his seat, was agreed to,the report j
f the r*:a rtfj tew. t-s't'ek
by a voteoif 11(1 to '>>'<
> m t \ * * -s. ^
mitlee Whs discuBstd, arm me ltouse men nnjourned
Tiit RsnAV, Skpifmsfr P2, 18r?0.
After a discussion of the same report during the
morning hour, the House took up the Fugitive
Slave hill from thp Senate. It was read a second
and third time, when Mr Thompson of Pennsylvania
obtained the floor. lie ndvocated the bill,
spoke of its humanity, (? ) and of the duty of fulfilling
constitutional obligations, lie closed by
moving the previous question, fie was repeatedly
solicited to withdraw the demand, but would
not. It was seconded?yeas *7, nays 6!>. Mr.
Stevens of Pennsylvania moved to lay on the ta>.!?
I!?vphm GCi. navs II'!. It was order- I
pi| to h third reading?JM-i '"-I. nays 7.1. A call
of the House was niovrd by Mr. l!oot, hut refused?
yens 7.1, nays I (Mi. I he hill was then
passed?yeas 101, nays 7.1.
The House adjourned.
FRIDAY, Sn'iKuerR 13,18-10.
The death of the Honorable Henry Nes, memher
of the House from Pennsylvania, was announced
lloth Houses, after passing the usual 1
resolutions, adjourned. i
SATVRDAY, SF.rTFMr.KR 14, 1810.
Mr Richardson concluded bis remarks on the n
luhject of the report of the Fwing committee. t
Mr Vinton moved substitute fqr the re.soJu- T
ions of the committer,providing, that as n<J*ri**e
lad been imputed to the Secretary of the Interior
by the resolution appointing the committee, *
iud only asking to reverse thedecision of the He- g
uirtmentupon a question involving private rights, E
he object of the resolutions ought not to be con:urred
in , which was adopted.
The committees were called on for reports,
md various reports were made.
The Committee of Ways and Means reported
tills in favor of the erection of custom-houses at
Jincinn ?ti and St.. Louis, which were referred to
he ' 'ommittee of the Whole on the state of the
Tnion.
jvir. l oomns, irom me same commiuee, repori(1
a resolution adverse to any alteration of the
iriff laws, and declaring it to be inexpedient now
) take any nction on the subject.
Mr. Vinton offered a substitute instructing
le Committee to bring in a bill requiring the
ppraisers, in appraising all goods, wares, and
terchundise, imported thirty days after the pasige
of this act, into any port of the United States,
i adopt the aver ige market value of similar artiles
in the principal ports of the United States,
tiring the year ending 30th of June, 1S4G, under
uch general regulations, to be prescribed by the
lecretary of the Treasury, as shall prevent frauds
nd undervaluations, and Rfcure a uniform valuaion
throughout the United States.
Mr. Phelps moved that the whole subject be
aid upon the table, which was lost?yeas 93,
iays 94.
The vote was then Taken upon the substitute of
dr. Vinton, which was lost?yeas 93, nays 96.
The question was then taken upon the resolui<>n
of Mr. Toombs, declaring it inexpedient to
ike any action upon the suhjec', and decided in
tie negative?yeas 91, nays 93.
f 'inTro'fuctri'g a resolution, wliicfi'he 'iiWWWfK
llerk's table to be read. The resolution provided
>r the appointment of a committee of seven, to
it during the recess of Congress, and gather intrmation
in relation to the operations of the taiff.
with power to send for persons and papers.
Mr Thompson of Mississippi moved to lay the
lotion to reconsider on the table, which w.is caried?yeas
93, nays 92.
The House then adjourned until Monday.
Monday, Skptkmbkr 16, 1850.
Mr. Mall, under a suspension of the rules, inroduced
the following bill in relation to the claims
f Virginia officers, lie.
H< ii iwic'kI, fyc. That the proper officers of i
his Government, in adjudicating claims for half- (
ty of the officers of the State of Virginia, under
In third section of the act entitled " An act to
rovidc for liquidating and paying certain claims
f the State of Virginia, approved July 5, 1832," t
hall in no case allow commutation, or commuta- |
ion and interest, in lieu of half-pay. I
After strong opposition from Mr llayly of Virinia,
it was put through all the necessary stages, 1
nd passed. i
Mr. McWillie, from the Committee on Print- ,
ng, made a report, recommending the release of |
V M Itelt from his coutract for printing, and
he employment of Messrs. Ritchie and Gales & '
!< aton, as printers, The report was referred to i
he Select Committee on the subject. i
A hill to create the office of Assistant Secretary ,
f State w is reported, and referred to the Comiiittee
of the VV hole on the state of the Union.
Mr Stevens of Pennsylvania gave notice that 1
n to-morrow, or some subsequent day, he would i
sk leave to bring in the following bills: ,
A bill to alter and amend the existing revenue
iw". mo as 10 aiiortl reaMonuiue proimiuu anu enoiirugoment
to American lahor; i
A l)ill to altolish slavery in the Territory of
Itah ;
A hill to repeal ho much of the acta estahlishij;
Territorial (iovernmentH in New Mexico and
Jtah an recognised slavery in said Territories,
nd an pledges the nation to ndinit new slave
hates into the Union ;
A hill to repeal anil annul the Fugitive Slave
aw, passed September 14, 18f>0.
For the National Kra
LINKS-Til DORA.
WY 8. II. MOYa
Child of H sunny brow,
Whose Kinney hair
In of th? golden l>'t*
Our Antiiinne wear.
So full of innocence
Thy looks bespeak,
The angels' breath seems (till
I'pen thy cheek.
Thy eye reveals its home.
A* (lout tin' dCW,
Kor if* hwlleaven i* nccn
Withiu it* lituc
Thy heart I* like a Ktream
(So pun* thy day*,)
( (ii who*e tranilurat breast
The lily p'ay*.
I low near is Heaven to thee!
Sweet ohilil of our*!
A* near the budding *tem*
Are to tb* (lower*!
(ttT In our aJverfiaing column* wilt lie loimd * Circular I
[if (lie Kail uu l tViuter aeaeion* of (iundry'a Commercial
I olltfc, ( incinintl. To the oitiiena of that place (hi* ln*'itution
i* well known ami it* reputation eatabliahed through
Ibe Went. To tho*? not ac|MaiBt?d with it we may *ay that
t i* conilucteil on a moat coiiiprchenalre plan. givi> g full in
itruction in the theory ami practical detail* of HoOk-Keep
nit in It* varioti* department#. The young man who go??
hrough a full cour?e III thi* College feela htniaelf "at
rime " III all the Information mo*t r*?rntiaJ to the mer
ihaut, ruruiabed aa be ia with the knowledge uaceiaarjr for
muiu dicing and conducting hu*ine?? with aucceae. Mr.
mi try'* public eiamiiiatiotia have given moat aaliefactory
[vidence of the proflclency of hi* pupil*, reflating tha high ?t
credit on thcmaelvca and their Inetruetor. Thoaa who
are attended them, among whom are merchant*, editor*,
law) era, tkc , hate borne taatimoiiy to the Htutoughntu of
lie inatructiou given in thi* College Such Institution* *
thi* ?r demanded by the intelligent mercantile apirit of the
age, mi,i utiouij i,e ettabllahad iu ell our ettia* and larger
towna.
OAK HALL.
I he large*( and m ?t aplendid etoclt of ready-made Clo.
thing t.i be found in II.,*ton ran Iw teen at llro*Kt II'. Simmam
I, OAS I he eucce.-H ot thi* eetabliahiuent
ha* lo?m truly wonderful. The proprietor* hate adopted a
correct ayataiu in doing buetnaaa, and they have been richly
reward e.1 hy a constant increaee if patronage. Nn lereii, I
iu vlaiting lloaton. ahotild fail to wltnea* the rich dleplay of
good*, and make tbeir purchase*.
NATIONAL EE A, V
THE NATIONAL ERA.
WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 19, 1?>0.
EDITORIAL TRIBULATIONS.
Returning to our pout, we find on hand several
communications, animadverting on the article
r>Ani tV?a nan nf An* a.1 Ha. In IV* I'.-i nf
the V9th ult Their authors seem to have forgotten
that we were absent when that article appeared;
that it was not written by us, and that
the sentiments to which they object had never
received countenance in the editorial columns of
the Era. They might bare known that the editor
would take the earliest opportunity to set himself
right, and place the Era in its true position.
We do not expect to be trusted implicitly; but
we bare written so much, and been so long before
our readers, that, should anything appear editorially
in our piper, in direct contradiction to its
uniform course, a little trust and patient waiting
on their part for an explanation, is hardly too
much to ask from them.
A cotcmporary comments at great IcDgth on
the obnoxious article, as if it were ours, when he
might have read the announcement in the Era,
a week before, of onr absence?and, besides, he
haa known us more than twelve; ve?n? t4_
Others make it the occasion of-?ar:w? ?? *> " A*
?- I A
the editor of the Era being mourned over as &
other victim of temptation 1
One subscriber denounces us as the utterer of j
atrocious sentiments, stops his paper, delicately
reminding us, that as his subscription has not yet
quite run out, we shall gain something pecuniar- j
ily by the stoppage.
Kditors have need of a good deal of philosophy.
One of the first letters we opened on onr return,
was from an old friend, whom we have numbered I
among our patrons the last fifteen years. With
maDy expressions of the most friendly feeling, he
discontinues his paper, and?for what? Because,
some weeks ago, we published in our miscellany
a statement from the Horn? Journal, of the results I
of an investigation by certain literary gentlemen
in New York, into the ''Mysterious Knocking*'
which have lately attracted so much attention.
Wc gave it as an item of intelligence, expressing
10 opinion respecting it; but our friend held that
ts tendency was to promote infidelity, and ho j
itoppedthe paper. He waa almost rh reasonable
s a rererend gentleman who once discontinued
he Era because his name was mis-spelt on the
rronrer
> ? ? I
These are specimens of the little annoyances
o which editors are liable; but we hare so many
;ood natured, large-souled subscribers, our eijualimity
is likely to continue unruffled.
Forth* Notional Kro.
SPRAY FROM THE TEAR-FOUNTAIN.
BY MARY IRVISO,
Wtiot mnketh tbe young child weep?
Ha hath broken hi* glittering toy;
And a little cloud will burnt In rain
Ou the cheek of a frolicknome hoy;
The Mhail.iwn are Ion*, under mornins'n nkr.
That shrink to our step when the noon is high.
What maketh the maiden weep??
The child of a few more years,
With the sunshine of girlhood's merriment
Sparkling upon her tears?
She hath plueked a thorn among Life's spring flowers;
She bath foun 1 a care in this world of ours.
What maketh the woman weep??
The glorious?the proud?the gifted?
' Tie a merciful Heaven that pours the rain
Where its lightning liolt hath rifted I
It hath cleft in her heart a sounding cave,
Hollow and deep, for Affection's grave.
What maketh the mother weep?
Oh! do not ask the mother!
Kor a sweet, low voice is hushed in death?
And she heeds not any other!
I'he dew to the broken sod is given,
Ami the broken heart shall he blessed of Heaven!
What maketh the strong man weep?
Tears were not made for Aim ;
His lightning glance to dim'
WIiiii He salth, " Fas* under the rod !"
1 cave the heart alone with its God!
What maketh the old man weep??
To hid the world " Good night?"
Is it, then, a hitter and joyless thing
To hail Heaven's dawning light?
Ah' there are records of Time gone by,
Those tears would blot from Kternlty'
TilK REPUBLIC NEWSPAPER.
Mr. Hall of Tennessee has retired frout the editorship
of the Washington Republic, and is suc:eeded
hy J. O. Sargent, one of the former editors
?f that journal.
Under the auspices of Mr. Ilall, a citizen of a
iluveholding State, the R'yuhlic was distinguished
for its moderation, its liberality, and nationality.
It ably supported the policy of the Taylor Administration,
and faithfully reflected its spirit, avoiding
sectionalism and proscription. Mr. Sargent,
t citizen of a free State, retired from the Republic
because he nnd his colleague could not concur in
the leading measures of General Taylor. He resumes
its editorship, because he believes Mr. Fillmore's
Administration fairly and fully represents
Ihe opiuions and wishes of the National Whig
Party. " In that belief," he adds, " we shall give
them our earnest nnd cordial support, persuaded
Ihnt it is by a broad, liberal, and notional policy
done that the interests of this vast Republic can
be promoted and this happy Union of States preserved."
It seems that, in the judgment of the new editor,
the policy of the present, is different from that
of the late, Administration.
While under the control of Mr. Hall, the Republic
was marked by courtesy towards every class
of politicians in its pnrty, and towards all sections
of the Union. It recognised a country north of
Mason \ Dixon's line, and the respectability of
the opponents as well as of the supporters of Slavery
; insisting upon the amplest toleration'of
opinion in relation to the question of Slavery, and
steadily disapproving of all attempts to establish
sectional tests In this respect, as in others, it
doubtless fairly represented the late Administration.
Under the control of the new editor, the paper
has resumed the pro-slavery character with which
it was invested by its founders. It acknowledges
its fealty to the Slave Power by fierce abuse of its
opponents. In tone and general sentiment on the
Slavery Uuestion, it ranks with the Washington
Union, affiliating in this respect with that paper,
as kindly ns Webster fraternfied with Cgss. It
is a doleful echo of this Duumvirate. It is penetrated
with profound apprehension for the integrity
of our glorious Confederacy of States ; its
abhorrence of agitators knows no bounds. Concession,
Compromise, and Harmony ; Harmony,
Compromise, aud Concession, are the Alpha and
Omega of all its lucubrations ; and it talks as flippantly
of Seward, Chase, \ Co., as if it had been
committing to memory the Union editorials of the
last six months.
We will not be so unjust as to suppose that the
Republic is an exponent of the feelings of the Administration
but it speaks the sentiments and
breathes the spirit of Daniel Webster?fit representHtive
of a man saved from political execution
only through Executive clemency.
TELEItR\rilir REPORTS.
The present system of reporting the debates
and proceedings of Congress by telegraph sometimes
works more harm than good It is almost impossible
to obtain in this way anything like a correct
idea of what is said or done W do uot wonder
at the inadequate or mistaken views of the doings
of < 'ongress, common In our Urge cities, or the indifference
with which its acts of greatest im|>ortance
are often regarded by their inhabitant*.
Few of them read anything but telegraphic despatches,
and theee announce the course of business
in Congress and results so olweurely or so
imperfectly, that their true nature, bearing*, and
magnitude, cannot be oomprehended. While ueer
Lyun, Massachusetts, we had an opportunity of
'
WASHINGTON, D. C.,
observing the effects of telegraphio reporting on i
our own mind We read despatches disposing of i
(he proceedings of the House in relation to the
Texan Boundary bill, in a few skeleton para- {
graphs, which conveyed no clear idea of what '
had been done, and awakened very little feeling. '
Familiar as we are with the tactics of the House, 1 '
we could not, from the data furnished by the j
telegraph, understand its movements on this oc- I 1
e tsion , and as for ascertaining where responsi- 1
bility lay, that was totally out of the question.' 1
Now, when it is recollected that a majority of the '
People in cities know nothing of the doings of '
Congress except from these meager despatches, '
can we wonder at the indifference with which "
they regard the success of such an enormity as 1
the Texas BounJary bill, the luse abandonment
of the Wilmot Proviso, or the outrage* of their (
Representatives against the cause of Freedom, '
and the facility with which they credit the grona
misrepresentations of their party papers, that
put just such constructions upon Congressional
proceedings as suit party purposes ? (
The true remedy for the evil is for the People t
to subscribe for papers in which they can find a c
fair and satisfactory record of the proceedings of g
Congress, accompanied by such explanations as t
will enable them to understand their philosophy, r
and hold their Representatives to a proper ac- g
countabilitr. " *
W . . ' ~
hV MISS ANNA H. PHILLIPS.
thir Father, all Thy glorious earth ,
I* e?ueaorated ground, (
F?s ??ery where, on land ami sea,
Thy Jlfe and love are f and; 1
V|t, by thy special blessing, l^iril, I
To u* may hallowed be, ,
This place of sleep for our beloved, .
Whose spirits rest with Thee!
Mallow to us the sunny light I
That smiles upon the sod,
And let it emblem evermore
The presence of our Uod; <
Unseal the spirit's ear, to hear
Thy voice upon the breeie; !
And hallow to the inward sight,
All that the outward sees!
And, Father, guarded by Thy love,
And hallowed, be each grave,
O'er which the snows of winter fall,
Or summer's blossoms ware;
And let Thy tenderness enfold <
The mourner by the dead? ,
Thon, who dost number all our woev I
And eeery tear we shed'
<>t>, teach tbl bowed and stricken heart,
How fcrau<iful In
l etch it the (lor; of tliitlVfe
Kueeeediof mortal breath;
Keraal that "tunny waimioned" homo,
Whoae gate* shut out all pain? I
When we, In Thine eternal li(bt, (
Shall know oar loved again!
IIIJNKERISM T R11.' .H PIIA NT IN NEW YORK. !
What we have long apprehended ha9 come 1
to pnss. Radical Democracy in New York has <
passed under the yoke of Hunkerism. The Union 1
State Convention of Democrats met at Syracuse, '
on the 10th. For the proceedings in detail we l
have no room. It is enough to know that the <
Hunkers, or that body of the Democracy which I
supported General Cass in 1848, being a minori- 1
ty, as the vote then showed, completely controlled I
the organization and action of this Convention.
The result of the proceedings are thus given in 1
the New York Evening Pas' :
The Telegraph, of this morning, reported the 1
nominations made at the Democratic Convention i
held at Syracuse, as follows
For Governor?IIoratio Seymour, Oneida Co.
For LGovernor?San form E. Church, Orleans.
Canal Commissioner?John C. Mather, Rensselaer.
Clerk of Appeals?Charles S. Benton, Herkimer.
State Prison Inspector?Wm. G. Anoki.l, Cattaraugus.
Two of these persons, Seymour and Mather, i
belong to what is known as the Old Hunker di- i
anh^XngUlj'are 1
ers, as they are called. The nomination of Sey
mour was not unexpected
No nddress was adopted by the Convention;
hut the Committee on Resolutions, of which Mr.
O'Connor was Chairman, are represented by the
Telegraph to have made the following report
t. Rrsotvrt, That the Democratic party of New
York are proud to avow their fraternity with and
their devotion to the greiat principles of the Democratic
party of the Union, as declared nt the
National Democratic Conventions of 1810 and
1S4S, and they look forward in hope and confidence
to the complete triumph of that party in
1853.
3. Resolved, That we congratulate the country
upon the recent settlement by Congress of the
nuestions which have unhappily divided the peo- '
kill* of tlwun Shifts
:t. R* solial That the Democracy of the State
of New York, appreciating the value of union, frn- ,
ternity, and concord, standing upon their ancient
principle*, present their candidates with a confi- 1
dent reliance upon the united cordial support of
their principles in the State and National Courw
cila.
1. R'solf il, That though we urge no factious
war against the constituted authorities, ami as
American citizens will stand firmly by our country,
by whomsoever its Government may be administered?we
regard the action of the Whig
National Administration, from the first exhibitions
of its prescriptive and intolerant ratirse to
the olimax of the G&lphin claim, as wortny of the
false pretences under which it came into power,
and of professions which have been invariably
violated.
f?. R'soh'il, That the Whig administration of
this State is the reiteration of the series of extravagances
in the public expenditures, of evasions
and violation of the Constitution, and of an
unsound and lavish policy, which have signalized
the course of the party which, aided by dissensions
in the Democratic ranks, brought that administration
into power ; and that the interests of
the People and the character of the State demand
a speedy return to the wise, safe, and approved
policy of the Democratic administrations
t>. R'lolvnl, That devoted to the principles and
form of our Confederation, ever mindful of the
blessings it has secured to ourselves and to mankind,
ami regarding the citizens of all sections of
our country as members of n common brotherhood,
we cherish the Union of the States as the ark of
our political covenant, and that we deprecate all
sectional agitation, at the North or South, calculated
to impair its sacred obligations or to threaten
its perpetuity. <
These resolutions are said to have been carried
by a vote of ft.1 to '-.'7.
Among the great principles declared by the
National Democratic Convention in is to and
1848, we find the following:
"That Congress has no power under the Constitution
to interfere with or control the domestic
institutions of the several States, and that such
States are the role and proper judges of everything
appertaining to their own affairs, not prohibited
by the Constitution; that all efforts of' ,
the Abolitionists or others, made to induce Congress
to nifh ifurs'tons of slnvry or to Ink' I [
J.,1 ht'Svt/i are ruletil ifn.l t/\
lead to the most alarming an 1 dangerous consc- I
quences, and that all such efforts have an inevitable
tendency to diminish the happiness of the
people, and endanger the stability and permanency
of the Union, and ought not to be counte-1 1
nanced by any political institutions."
Against this resolution the Barnburners of I
New York protected?on it they took issue with
the supporters or General Cass?and against
him they supported Martin Van Buren, us the
express representative of the principle, that Congress
had a right and was bound to interfere
with the question of slavery, wherever it lay ;
within the jurisdiction of the General Gov
ernment, and that every consideration of humanity,
morality, and policy,' required its positive
interference to exclude slavery from the Territories.
The Syracuse Union Convention reaffirms
the Baltimore Platform, the Cass principle, and
thus pusses sentence of condemnation upon the
one hundred and twenty thousand Democratic
electors who voted for Martin Van Buren against
General Cass in IMS. And among the principal
agents in this apostate movement, we find leading
Barnburners, who not long since grew hoarse
in declaiming against slavery A more shame- !
less, profligate abandonment of principle, is not
on rtcord.
Will the honest Democracy of New York
sanction such apostacy 7 Where are the old Lib- j
erty men who joined the ranks of the radical De-1
SEPTEMBER 19, 18
nocracy. Will they suffer themselves to be
old?
It is not too lste to strike for independence.
Ichisro is better thsn aposUvcy. A separate politcal
organization would teach political hacks that
lonesty is the best policy. Let them have the in
amy without the reward of Treason.
The Convention has adopted the Baltimore
Platform. It is not too late to rally for the Eufralo
Platform Let all who aresincerely opposed
.0 the extension of slavery by the annexation of
2uba, and the increase of slave States, and in
'avor of the divorce of the Federal Government
roin slavery, meet in State Mass Convention,
ind nominate a clean ticket, or, it uwototoiku
inadvisable, bend all their energies in every die- i
rict of the State, to defeat every candidate for
Congress who will not pledge himself explicitly
ipon the issues named.
A MINNESOTA PLKARt'RB EXCLUSION.
The Miunesota Pioneer?a spirited and well- j
ionducted newspaper published at St. Paul?of
he 15th ultimo, contains a long account of an exsursion
up the Minnesota river, undertaken hy a
elect party of gentlemen and ladies, which seems
0 hare combined the ordinary pleasures of a sum- j
ner pic-nic and the adventure and excitement of |
1 voyage of discovery.
4V-? riyeVat ^ *h?? TVrrifary^ Min^ '
jesota, lies, as most of our readers doubtless |
"* a
it. Peter's river and the Mississippi. It has a
rival in the enterprising town which has grown
jp as by magic, just above, at the great Falls of
St. Anthony, whose roar, softened by distance,
nay be heard even at St Paul. The denizens of
>f St. Anthony having opened steam navigation to
he Sauk Rapids, and demonstrated the practica- j
ulity of running small boats six hundred miles
ibove, to the upper falls of the Father of Waters, '
:heir neighlwrs of St. Paul, unwilling to be outlone
in enterprise, have been exploring the hitherto
unknown region above them, watered by the .
Minnesota. A small steamboat, named appropri- ;
ttely enough the Yankee, with a stern wheel,and
light of draft, was procured, and a company of
ladies and gentlemen, the elite of the new settlement,
embarked on board of her on the afternoon
jf the 2'2d of the 7th month last. Touching at
Fort Snelling, six miles above St. Paul, they took
>n board a part of the mnsical band of the-sixth
regiment, and. leaving the Mississippi, entered
I he Minnesota channel. At midnight, they tied
up the boat near the Rapids and the Sixes village
of Indians. On the early morrow the voyage was
resumed. The scenery on the river grew more (
beautiful?a varied landscape of woodlands and
rolling prairie?the river itself a broad equal
stream, without sand-banks or tributaries, meandering
fantastically through the rich table-lands,
with occasionally dangerous snags and logs in its
short bends. At length the missionary poet of
Traverse des Sioux appeared?three white misdon-houses,
flanked by Indian huts and lodges on
the swell of a prairie?amidst fields of corn, beans,
and potatoes, and heavy sheaves of newly reaped
wheat. On the further and opposite side of the
river, on the level bottom, were the unfenced Indian
corn-fields?the hills closely planted?a solid
mass and jungle of dark green vegetation, blossoming
from its countless spindles. In the back
ground of this rich valley rose a circle of hills
heavy with forest. Across a peninsula formed by
an abrupt bend in the river, some painted Sioux
horsemen came galloping to the hank and claimed
tribute. They were satisfied by the present of
some corn.
The second evening found the adventurers at
the upper end of a high prairie. The boat was
secured, and the company, disembarking under
the light of a glorious sunset, made their way to
the top of the bluff, overlooking a vast expanse of
prairie, belted and fringed with woodlands stretching
far to the south. A moonlight as clear and
serene as that which Moore sung of in his " Evenings
in Greece," succeeded the brilliant summer
ilay, and the gay exploring party danced on the
B'?"?aril in ike no UK*'?'' no*'* ""v J
from Fort Snelliag and the musquitoes from the
adjacent " timber." At sunrise they were again
in motion. Passing through dense forests and
vast savannas, a high bluff or mound, looming
across the prairie level, announced, at length,
their approach to the confluence of the Blue Earth
river and the Minnesota. The tributary is nearly
half as wide as the main river?shallow, rapid, and
incapable of navigation to any extent. It opened
a delightful valley to the view of the voyagers,
up which about six miles were the ruins of the
trading post of the French adventurer La Cueur,
erected in I694*. They found raspberries and
other fruits in abundance, in the wild region into
which they were now penetrating ? the Great
Woods, an immense belt of timber, twenty or
thirty miles wide, stretching from Crow Wing,
on the Mississippi, one hundred and fifty miles,
in a southerly direction, across the track of the
Minnesota. The heat in the woods was almost
insupportable. The supply of ice failed, dry fuel
began to be scarce, some of the ladies were greatly
depressed by the intolerable heat, and the next
morning a majority of the party voted in favor of
returning. They had nearly reached the CottonWood
river, altove which they had been told that
the country became exceedingly beautiful, the
river itself widening into a lake. Two hundred
miles al>ove, and, ns they believed, accessible by
deam navigation, was the famous Lac qui Parle
But the extreme heat, the lack of ice and dry
fuel, and the fear of sickness among the women
uii children, were doeraed conclusive reasons
tgainst a farther prosecution of the voyage. The
boat's head was accordingly turned down stream
Kragments of coal, believed to be of the kind
called " canncl.'' were discovered on their return
At an Indian village which they passed, the chief
wd a hundred of his tribe came ou board. Litile
Sii, for that was the name of the forest digninry,
made a long speech. He demanded presents
For wharfage ; he must be paid for having his
jornfields trodden down, although he admitted
that his corn was not very valuable, damaged as
it was by the freshets, which, however, some said
were judgments sent upon them by the Great
Spirit, on account of steamboats coming up the
river. They reached St. Paul on the evening of
the 27th, having been nhsent five days.
The distance traversed in this expedition was
about noo miles. The historian of it in the Pioneer
speaks of the fertility of the soil and the
excellence of the timber in strong terms, and with
due abatement for the enthusiasm of a traveller,
who while writing his narrative seems to have
been still under the influence of the pleasurable
excitement which such a voyage could not fail to
awaken, it may be safe to believe that the new
Territory of the Northwest is scarcely inferior
to Illinois and Wisconsin in agricultural promis*
Nicolet says of the region : " The whole country
embraced by the lower St. Peter and the Undine
region (or valley of the Blue Karth or Mankato
river) exceeds any land of the Mississippi above
the Wisconsin river, as well in the quantity and
quality of its timber as the fertility of its soil."
The dryness of the summer, as compared with
that of the Atlantic States, and the early period
in the autumn at which severe frosts are often
experienced, may possibly present serious obstacles
to the successful cultivation of the northern
portion of the Territory. The cold of midwinter
is intense, the mercury falling lower than
in Vermont or in the hill country of New Hampshire,
although the stillness of the air renders it
more endurable than a temperature many degrees
less cold, in connection with a high wind From
all we know of the country, we should prefer it
as a place of residence to any of the older States
on the Mississippi and its tributaries It has yet
but few inhabitants ; and its capital, 8t. Paul, although
occupying a picturesque site, and boasting
of many respectable buildings, public and private,
is as jet magnificent only in tha syes of Sioux
visitants or ths drivsrs of ths dog-oaravsus from
Peinbina, five hundred miles north. It is now
what Chicago was twenty years ago. or Milwaukee
at a still later period, but with its advantageous
location midway between Nt Louis and the
49
50.
head of steam navigation, It will ere long rival
these new-risen and popnloua cities of the Weet.
That it has energetic and enterprising inhabitants,
who know how to combine the useful with
the agreeable, their late pleasure voyage of discovery
is a sufficient evidence. J. G. W.
TRAVELLERS AND TRAVELLING.
A few remarks suggested by our recent j..urneyingx
cant warily may be of service to some who
have had but little experience in travelling
In visiting; wittering; or bathing places, never
be satisfied with ascertaining siraplj what is the
price of board. Be sure to inquire about the
trtrat, and make a bargain which shall include
all expenses, or you will find yourself charged
twice as much as you expected.
Generally, we are afraid of Temperance
Hotels, as their keepers too often seem disposed
to speculate upon a good principle Some
of them indeed furnish their tables as if they
thought the principle of Total Abstinence as
applicable to eating as drinking. But, there
are exceptions. The Adams Mouse in Boston,
ouce famous for its generous liquors, now
distinguished for its temperance, is one of
the best hotels we have seen. Its table is good,
its accommodations are liberal, its waiters
prompt and obliging, its proprietors attentive and
geutieuiauijYAii a
>l? arrangements Pamilv worship is dailv held )
ku vnr vnovtm^-iwui tu mmu w n\>
are at liberty to participate.
Do not be imposed on by hackmen. Never
take them on trust, but always make your burgnin
beforehand. In travelling with a family
and its luggage, if this advice be disregarded,
you will fiud your hack hire in cities, from depot
iu iiuicij ur iiviijj uuc ucjn;i ig anuiocr, Hmuuni*
ing to almost as much as your entire fare by railroad
or steamboat from city to city.
The controlling principle of corporations is
devotion to their own interest. Railroad companies
will provide for the accommodation of
travellers, so far as such attention may minister
to their profits. We always hate to travel between
New York and Philadelphia. At New
York we took good care to have our luggage delivered
together, and yet at Philadelphia, we were
obliged to wait one hour for it, as it had been
carelessly, without any reason at all, distributed
among three crates. On all the lines from Wash ington
to New York, but especially from Philadelphia
to New York, the comforts of ladies and
families are often disregarded. The nurses' room
is sometimes ttken up by young ladies who would
consult propriety by seating themselves elsewhere
; and boorish men are very apt to crowd
the ladies' car, in gross disregard of their rights.
For all this the oonductors or companies are responsible.
It is their business to protect the
rights and comforts of all the passengers; and
a little consideration would show them the expediency
of providing one car or more, for the exclusive
convenience of families. It could be done
without any additional expense.
One of the greatest annoyances in travelling,
is, the absence of any provision for the transfer of
pissengers from one line to another. A traveller
wishes to proceed without delay from Washington
to New York. lie takes passage first for
Baltimore, where he must get out his baggage,
pay porterage to have it carried nearly a mile to
another depot, pay hack hire, or omnibus fare,
look after his baggage again and take tickets for
Philadelphia. Here he is turned adrift once
more. His baggage must again be tumbled out,
searched for, portered to another depot; hack
hire agaiu paid ; checks and tickets again secured,
and he is thus subjected oontinually to anxieties,
expenses, and impositions, which could easily be
j obviated by some arrangement of the different
i railroad companies for taking care of passengers
and their baggage all the way through from
; Washington to New York.
TUB ACTION OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTAvivRS
M THK TEXAN BOUNDARY AND
TERRITORIAL BILLS.
|PR KSERV K THIS REt ORD.l
The brief record of the action of the I loose of
Itepresentatives on the Senate bills for the ad1
jnetment of the Teittn IxHindary, the admission
I of California, and the organization of Territorial
Governments, which was published in the Era
, during our absence, does not present such a view
: of proceedings as the People require to enable
them to understand their nature, snd hold to a
just responsibility those engaged in tbem. At
! the risk of being tedious we shall review the
j entire action of the House ou the subjects mentioned.
Weibi'.vlay, August L'Hth, on motion of Mf
Boyd of Kentucky, the Senate bill for the establishment
of Territorial Government in Utah was
referred to the Committee of the Whole on the
state of the Union?a reference rendered necessary
by the fact that the bill contained provision
for an appropriation of money.
Next on the Speaker's table was the Texan
Boundary bill, which was taken up and read
once, when the question was stated to be on its
second reading. Mr. Inge of Alabama having objected.
The South understood that there was a
decided majority in favor of the bill, and the
movement was probably designed to ascertain the
amount of this majority, so that the slaveholders
might know what to concede, what to exact, how
far they might safely oppose, how far they might
be obliged to support, the bill.
Mr. Milliard of Alabama made an earnest appeal
in behalf of the measure.
The question being taken?" shall the bill be
rejected T7 it was deci led in the negative?yeas
3d, nays ICS?only fifteen Southern men voting
to reject.
The bill was read a second time.
Mr. Boyd of Kentucky moved to amend by
adding the bills for the organization of Territorial
Governments in Utah and New Mexico, omitting
the provisions making appropriations, for
the purpose of avoiding the necessity of reference
to the Committee of the Whole on the state of
the Union. The amendment excluded the Wilmot
Proviso, and the design of moving it was to
form an omnibus, which should afford a chance of
evasion to the members from the North pledged
to the Proviso, and secure the votes of some
Southern members, who feared if the Texan
Boundary bill should pass by itself, the Territorial
bills woul l be encumbired with the Proviso.
We may remark in pissing, that the Speaker
was a warm friend of the measures matured in
the Senate and sent to the House, and we need
not, therefore, be surprised that, when they were
taken up in the latter body, the floor was generally
assigned to those who were determined to
carry them through. The policy was, to prevent
a reference to the Committee of the-Whole on
the state of the Union, where they would be debated
and might be amended In the House, under
the control of their friends, debate and amendments,
except such as might suit their purposes, ,
could e?sily be prevented.
Mr. Meade of Virginia objected to the amend- |
ment of Mr. Boyd as out of order.
The S5rh rule declares?
M' No motion or proposition on a subject different
from that under consideration shall he admitted
under color of amendment. No bill or resolution
shall at any time be amended by annexing
thereto, or inoorporatiog therewith, any other
bill or reeoultion pending before the House'
The point was, that this amendment was not germane
to the hill; and, further, because it proposed
to annex as an amendment a proposition oonUined
in another bill before the House.
' The Speaker was of the opinion that the bill
before the House brought under consideration
the question of the territory acquired by treaty
from Mexioo, and, aa the amendment affected that
territory, it was germane to the hill, and was in
order On the second ground, the Chair understood
the gentlemau from Kentucky to say that
this was not the name bill aa that from ths Senate."
This was setting aside a specific objection b^ a <
ague generality The Utah and New Mexioo
VOL. IV.
billa proposed the organisation of Torrritorial
Governments; tho Texan bill proposed thesettlement
of the boundary of Texae. and the pay.
ment to her often millions. They were distinct
different pfopdfetione. The Speaker's reply to'
the eeoond ground of the objection w:is simply nn
evasion. The billa, moved to l?e added, were to
all intents and purposes ending as separate mewures
before the House. The decision or the
Speaker, however, was sustained?yeas 109.11Hj?
83.
After some unimportant proceedinga, the Houte
_ j: -J
aujuurovu.
Thvrtday, the 29th, the subject w i? resumed
when Mr. Meade objected to further action on
the bill at this time as being out of order The
Speaker overruled the point of order, nnd an appeal
being taken, it was laid upon the table. Mr
Burt raised another point of order which w?soverruled,
and an appeal being taken, the Speaker
was sustained?yeas 154, nays 54.
The floor was then assigned to Mr Boyd 0f
Kentucky, who made a few emphatic remarks in
favor of the bill, and closed by withdrawing :o
much of his amendment as related to Utah
Mr. Clingman of North Carolina moveJ to
amend the amendment, by a provision for the e*.
tablishment of Territorial Government in the
southern portion of California. Mr. McDonald
of Indiana objected to the amendment as out ^
order?the S?4?V?r r?W i> ? ?ail appeal
?.?. . J.'
Dner of New York moved to lay the appeal on
the table?this motion was carried?yeas 12*,
nays 68?all the nays being from the free States.
Nothing is more clear than that the proposition of
Mr Clingman was not germane to the bill, but
the entire Southern delegation, aided by plinble
Whigs and Democrats from the North, sustained
the Speaker in his strange decision.
Mr. Clingman proceeded to make a speech iu
support of his amend men", and was followed by
Mr. Ashmun of Massachusetts, who declared
himself in favor of the bill without any amendments.
There had been talking euough?lie
wanted action. " I have further tos?y," he added,
u that the precise bills which have passed the
Senate shall (if 1 have the opportunity to give
my vote upon them) receive my vote as separate
and distinct measures. 1 am willing to vote for
each one of them; hut in case they should not
succeed separately, I am willing to vote for them
all in one bill. But I do not consider that the
be9t policy. 1 ato vriiymg to vote for this bill, the
Territorial bills, the California bill, separately or
together. I believe, howerer, that each one of
thein, standing by itself, separately on its own
merits, will command more strength in this
House Let as try at least the strength of this
bill, as it stands by itself, unencumbered with
any amendments. If it falls, we cm then try
what we can do by connecting other measures
with it."
He closed by mowing the previous question.
Mr. Ashmun, up to this time, had been recognised
as a pledged Free Soil Whig?a committed supporter
of the Wilmot Proviso. He now abandoned
this measure, by avowing himself in favor
of the Territorial bills of the Senate, together or
separately?bills excluding the Wilmot Proviso.
The conjunction of Mr. Ashmun with Mr. Boyd
in forcing through these Senate measures showed
that the Whigs had given way. The Webster
influcnoe was potential.
The Speaker explained that, if the previoas
question were sustained, the question would be
put upon Mr. Clingman's amendment, then, Mr.
Boyd's, finally, upon the engrossment of the
bill?so that there would be no opportunity for
farther amendment. The editor of the Nerc York
Tribune has innocently asked, why did not some
opponent of the bill move an amendment ? liecause,
there were so many Whigs like Mr. Ashmun,
and Democrats like Mr. McClernand, to
occupy the floor, ready to spring the previous
question on all objectors.
Much conversation took place on a point of order
raised by Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, and
mhuo<)!i?ntly withdrawn. The question was (hen
taken on seconding the demand for the previous
question, which the House refused?yeas 74,
nays 107.
This shows that at this stage of proceedings
there was a majority in favor of amending I he
bill. ?
Mr. Burt now movod to refer the hill ami
amendments to the Committee of the Whole ou
the state of the Union?and on this motion Mr.
McClernand. one of the chief managers in the
movement, demanded the previous question. The
Speaker explained that, if the previous question
were seconded, the House would he brought to
an immediate vote on the motion to commit, and
if that failed, to a direct vote on the amendments,
and then on the engrossment of the hill. MrBurt
withdrew his motion; Mr. McClernand renewed
it, and demanded the previous question,
but the attempt to gag the House again failed,
there being only f<S in favor of the demand? aud
the question then recurred on the motion to commit.
Unexpectedly to the managers, Mr. Boot of
Ohio, a man who never sleeps upon his post,
moved to amend by adding the following
' With instructions so to amend the bill as to
exclude slavery from all the territory acquired
fvnm M AT I (VI hvthA nf I Jiia.l ?1 una 1 I i<!aUn
lying eastward of California.''
Ho mid, " he did not present his amendment in
the exportation that the House was going to support
it. Rut he offered it to the House as a test,
in order that the country may see who is for the
exclusion of slavery and who is against it If he
was not greatly mistaken, this proposition would
smoke out the Doughfaces "
A debate sprang up, in which Mr McClernnni
of Illinois denounced the "agitators," and Mr.
Brooks of New York, who was elected as a Wilmot
Proviso man, announced his abandonment of
the Proviso, denounced its advocates, and declared
himself a convert to the doctrine of NonIntervention.
Mr. Brown of Mississippi told him his conversion
happened too late, when it could do no good,
and the South owed him no thanks. The following
oolloquy will show the nature of the defec
tion of leading Whigs in the House?the hiseness
of their apostscy?although it will be found
that Treason to the cause of Freedom prevailed
still more in the ranks of the Democratic men hers.
"Mr. Brown of Mississppi. He did not want
to he cheated in this business, and he therefore
proposed this question to the honorable gentleman
from New York: Suppose we pass these Utah
and New Mexican bills st this session without
the Wilmot Proviso; and suppose the Southern
people oomroence moving into the Territories with
their slaves, and It becomes apparent that they
are to bs slave Territories and ultimately slave
States; snd suppose that the gentleman from
Ohio, | Mr. Root,| st the opening of the next
Congress, offers the Wilmot Proviso with s view
to check our emigration and to exclude us from
the Territories with our slaves, will the gentleman.
if a member of Congress, then vote for the
Proaiso ?
WW a tt-J !? .1. ?a f.iV OA
" Mr. isrooxs repne'i in me n.fKKc, ' ** .... ?
he VM heard.
" Mr. Brown. Then if we take our slave property
info the Territories, we are assured that we
are not to he disturbed in its peaceable and quiet
enjoyment by any set of this Government 7
" Mr Brooks said, that if he should be hert be
certainly should not vote to repeal any Territorial
bill for which he had voted. He only spoke
for himself'
The trading politicians of our large cities are
broken reeds.
Mr. Clarke of New York obtained the floor,
and the House adjourned.
The neit day (Friday) was consumed in a discussion
of the question of slavery generally, Mr.
Clarke of New York manfully replying to his
colleague, (Mr. Brooks] and Mr. Gorman of In*
diana advocating the title of Texas to all the
territory of New Mexioo east of the Itio Grande.
Mr. Goraaan is neck and neck with Mr. Miller
of Ohio in his devotion to the Slave Tower
The suhjeot was not resumed again till Monday,
Seftfember 'id, when it was made the special or
der of the day for Tuesday, and every day sue
reeding, at I V o'clock, till finally disposed of
TVwfay, (September 3,) the bill again oame up

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