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NO. 194.
pgniel of North Carolina mored the follow- |
T u , substitute for Mr. Root's instruction*:
With instructions to report with said bill, a
,fi*ioo extending the Constitution and general
}\t of the United States to all territory belong.
; ' 10 the United States acquired from Mexico
l'v the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ond to exp'nd
the pr'tc'r1? of non-intervention to said
He spoke in opposition to the bill, and was followed
by Mr. McDowell of Virginia, whoilelir- j
fred a speech in opposition generally to ths prin- '
" J 1? *jf_ IT.I. j
' i?f flfl'Crj-rcflTlCUOOj >(im I'jjr jTir. 11uiuiro ui j
South Carolina, who occupied his time in pbilosophiiing
on ,he convict between the capital of the
\orth and the labor of the South.
Mr Williams of Tennessee rose with a view
to wore the previous question, but yielded for a
moment to Mr. McClernand, who withdrew his
motion to commit. Of course, the instructions
moved by Messrs. Koot and Daniel fell with this
withdrawal. Mr. Williams, a friend of the bill,
then demanded the previous question. The
Speaker explained, in reply to several inquiries,
that if this were sustained, the House would be
brought to a direct vote, first upon the amend-1
meuts of Messrs. Clingman and Boyd, then upou
the engrossment of the bill, other amendments
being excluded. Mr. Carter moved an adjournment.
but the motion failed? yeas <9, nays 132.
A motion for a call of the House waa lost. The j
Huestffn then Wing pct-CT
/iDwiiov. it was ltiA tnitnaiuedT?jrno ~.C, !
1 . a
nays ^ .
yet prepared to come to a vote upon the bill, but
its friends took care to keep it under their own
control. Mr. McLnne of Maryland moved an
adjournment, then withdrew the motion, and
moved to refer the bill and amendments to the
Committee of the Whole on the state of the
I'nion, demanding on this motion the previous
nest ion. Now, if the previous question could
hate been restricted to the motion to commit, it
would doubtless have been sustained, and the bill
would have been referred ; but such was not the
purpose of the mover. In answer to an inquiry
by Preston King, the Speaker said?
" If the previous question is sustained, it will
bring the House to a vote, first upon the motion
to refer; if the House refuse to commit the bill,
the previous question will not be exhausted until
the House shall have voted upon the pending
amendments, and upon the bill."
Tellers were demanded on the second for the
previous question, but pending this, the House
vljowrned?yeas 91, nays 78.
Wtdntsday, (September 4th,) the subject was
continued. Mr. McLine, who had closed his
speech yesterday, by moving the previous question,
this morning withdrew it, began another
speech, and bad proceeded some time, when Mr.
Koot objected to it as out of order, on the ground
that he had no right to speak twice on the same
subject till all who desired had spoken. The
Speaker overruled the point of order. Mr. Root
took an appeal, but it was laid upon the tableMr.
McLane renewed his demand for the previous
question?tellers were ordered?the demand
was seconded?yeas 99, nays 90. Mr. Schenck
said that, desiring to hare it appear that he was
not one of those who were forcing this bill to a
vote, and thus smothering every fair effort to
amend or modify and make it better or more acceptable,
he would ask for the yeas and nays on
the question?''Shall the main question be now
put ?"' Mr. Stevens of Pennsylvania had already
asked the yeas and nays, and they were now ordered.
Mr. Cable of Ohio moved to lay the
whole subject on the table. The motion failed?
yeas 30, nays 169. Only nine Southern men
voted in the affirmative on this motion, which>
had it prevailed, would have been the death of
the bill. The Northern members who voted in
the affirmative were?Messrs. Allen, Booth, Cable,
Doty, Durkeo, Giddings, Harlan, Julian
Preston King, Olds, Hoot?Free-Soilersand Democrats;
and Messrs. Baker, Bennett, Campbell.
Clarke, Cole, Howe, Matteson, Sackett, Schoolcraft,
and Thaddeus Stevens?Whigs.
The question being now upon ordering the j
main question, i' was decided in the affirmative?
yen* t:n,nays fis. To make it impoasibla for tko
I Inline to retrace its steps, Mr. Gorman of Indiana
moved a reconsideration, and then to lay that motion
on the tabic?and it was so ordered. The
main question was first on referring the bill and
amendments to the Committee of the Whole on
the state of the Union. The question was taken,
and decided in the affirmative?yeas 101, nays 100.
The friends of the measure, the opponents of the
Wilmot Proviso, and all those who were hostile
to any further amendments, voted against the
" r ?*- *- l / si- #
rciereucp. i nunc v> uo Toifu lur uie rtrierence
included the advocates of further amendments,
the unrelenting enemiea of the bill, and the real
Wilmot Proviso men. It was therefore a test
vote, and a very close one, as a change of one vote
to the minority would have insured the defeat of
the reference. Analyzing it, we find the following
Alexander of N. Y. Ashe of N. Carolina,
linker of Illinois Averett of Virginia.
I'.onneU of New York. Hingham of Michigan.
Purrows of New York Hooth of Connecticut,
liutlor of Connecticut (iowdon of Alabama.
Calvin of Pennsylvania. Prown of Mississippi.
('unpliell of Ohio. Hart of South Carolina
t 'handler of Pa. Cable of Ohio
Clark of New York. Colcock of 8. C.
i ole of Wisconsin. Daniel of N.C.
Conger of New York. Disney of Ohio.
Corwiu of Ohio. Doty of Wisconsin,
t rowell of Ohio F.dmundson of Va.
Dixon of U. I Featherston of Miss
I ?iincan of Mass. Fitch of Indisna.
Kvsns of Ohio. Haralson of Georgia.
Fowler of Mas*. Harlan of Indiana
Gott of New York. Harris of Tennessee
Gould of New York. 1 lolladay of Virginia.
Galloway of New York. Hubbard of Alabama. Hebard
of Vermont. Inge of Alabama.
Henry of Vermont Jackson of Georgia.
I lowe of P t. P. King of New York.
Hunter of Ohio. La Sere of Lonisiana.
J.'ickson of New York. Motto eon of S C.
King of Phodr Island McWillie of Miss.
King of New York Meade of Virginia.
King of New Jersey. Millson of Virginia.
Miiiin of Maaa. Morris of Ohio.
Mutteson of New York. Morse of Louisiana.
McKissoek of N York Orr of South Carolina
Moore of Penn. Peck of Vermont.
Newell of N.J. Phelps of Missonri.
Ofle of Pennsylvania. Powell of Virginia
Otis of Maine. Sawtelle of Maine.
Putnam of New York Seddon of Virginia.
Peed of Pennsylvania. Stetson of Maine.
Rockwell of Mass Sweetser of Ohio.
Ilutneey of New York. Venahle of N.C.
S ickett of New York. Wslden of New York.
Kchenek of Ohio. Waldo of Connecticut.
Schermerhom of N. Y. Wallace of S. C.
Schoolcraft of N. Y. Wentworth of Illinois.
Silvester of New York. Woodward of 8. C.
Sprugne of M ichigan.
Stevens of Pa.
Taylor of Ohio.
Uoderhill of New York.
Van Dyke of N. J.
Vinton of Ohio.
White of New Vork.
W l>?m r. H.
Free Stales - .11 Id d
Slave States ... 0 'JH 0
Total - - - II 44 J
Total from free States - -73
Total from slave States 38
Alston of Alabama. Albertnon of Indiana.
An l?.r*oa 0f Tenms-tee May of Missouri.
Andrews of New York Bayly of Virginia.
itikee of New York. Heale of Virginia.
l!r.ek of Kentucky. Bowlin of Miaaouri.
'-rijrpa ol New York. Boyd of Kentucky.
Brooks of New York Brown of Indiana.
Butler of Pennsylvania. Buel of Michigan.
Cabell of Florida. Caldwell of Kentucky.
Caldwell of N.Carolina. Cobb of Alabama.
' ?' Pennsylvania. Diromick of Pa.
t'linginan of N C. Dunham of Indiana.
I Uberry of N Carolina EwingofTeno.
I bier of New York. KulUr of Maine
Eliot of Maaa. Gerry of Maine.
1reedley of Penn. Gilmore of Pa.
Gentry of Tennessee Gormen of Indiana
Grinnell of Maaa Green of Miaaouri
J Isyiuoud of Virginia. Hall of Mianouri.
Milliard of Alabama I lammond of Maryland
I louaton of Delaware. 1 Urris of Alabama
Jobneca of Kentucky. Harris of Illinois.
Kerr of Maryland Hibbard of N. II. S
Levin (n. a ) of Pa. Hoagland of Ohio. R
Marshall of Kentucky. Howard of Texas.
McGaughey of Indiana. Johnson of Tennessee.
McLean of Kentucky. Johnson of Arkansas. *
Menchain of Vermont. Jones of Tennessee. ?
Morehead of Kentucky. Kaufman of Texas. t
Morton of Virginia Leffler of Iowa. ?
Nelson of New York. Llttlefield of Maine
Outlaw of N. (Jaroliua. Mann of Pennsylvania
Owen of Georgia. Mason of Kentucky. r
Phii-nix of New York. McClernand of Illinois, c
Pitman of Pennsylvania. McDonald of Indiana. t
Reynolds of New York McDowell of Virginia ^
Rose of New York. MoLane of Maryland
Shepperd of N. C. McMulleu of Virginia. 1
Stanly of N. Carolina Parker of Virginia. t
Thompson of Kentucky. Peaalee of N. H. p
Thurman of N. Y Richardson of Illinois.
Toombs of Georgia Robbius of Pa. j
Wat kins of Tennessee. Robinson of Indiana.
William* of Tenn Ross of Pennsylvania
Wilson of N I! lavage of Tennessee
Stanton of Tennessee
Stanton of Kentucky.
StroDgof Pennsylvania.
Thomas of Tennessee
Thompson of Pa.
Thompson of Miss.
Wellborn of Georgia.
Whittlesey of Ohio.
Wildrick of N. J.
Young of Illinois
Allen of Mass Julian of Indiana.
Ourkee of Wisconsin. Root of Ohio. 1
Giddings of Ohio Tuck of N. If.
U ' ' ? ? ?? . 7>. <
Free States - - - ?'? 1~,
"f n> J
* *' _ * , _y
Total .... 4.'? 55
Total from free States - - - 47
Total from slave States - - Total
nays 100 (
The free States thus gave 73 votes for the ref- (
ercnce, and 47 against it?the slave States 2* for
reference, .r>3 against it. The inference from this
vote as well as from all the others is irresistible?
that the bill and its accompanying amendments
were Southern measures
The Whigs of the tree States, to tneir nonor,
give !>1 votes for reference, and only 20 against
it, while the Democrats of the free States, to their
discredit, g?ve hot 16 for reference, 27 against it'
That Messrs. Briggs, Brooks, Duer, and Whigs
of that stamp, should vote against the reference
of these measures, thereby precluding all hope of
amending them, was to be expected?but the constituents
of Messrs. Eliot, Freedley, Gryinell, j
McGaituiikt, Mkacham, and Wilms, will be
surprised to find them in such company. Among
the Democrats, we observe Buel, Hibhard, Mc- I
Donald, Peaslee, Strong, Robinson, and Whittlesey,
representing anti-slavery constituencies, sustaining
a movement designed to defeat the Wilmot
Mr. Walden of New York moved to reconsider
the vote by which the bill and amendments had
been referred, and Mr. Root moved to lay this
motion on the table. The vote on this stood, yeas
10.1, nays 102?the Speaker voted in the negative,
making the vote a tie?so the motion was lost:
that is to say, the House refused to lay on the table
the motion to reconsider the vote by which
the reference had been made. Had it voted to ,
lav \t linnn tK? fa hi a all tKo maaansao fkan wahI/I
have been open to a fair and full consideration in
Committee of the Whole on the state of the
Union. How wa| this result prevented ?
Mr. Dickey of Pennsylvania, Mr. Holmes of
South Carolina, and Mr. Olds of Ohio, who had
not voted on the motion to refer, voted to fasten
this reference by laying on the table the motion
to reconsider. Mr. Freedley of Pennsylvania,
Mr. Mason and Mr. Stanton of Kentucky, who
voted against the reference, voted to lay the motion
to reconsider on the tatil e. These six votes,
added to the 101 for the reference, would make
107?which would have been the number of votes
against reconsideration, had the majority stood
firm. Hut, there was defection. Haralson and '
Jackson of Georgia, Walden of New York, and
W entworth of Illinois, who had voted for reference,
voted nay on the motion to reconsider. in other
words, for reconsideration?thus reducing the
majority to 103. Had Mr. Wentworth stood firm,
reconsideration would have failed. The nays on
this motion were the same as those on the vote on
reference, with the following exceptions: Bowie
of Maryland and Carter of Ohio, who did not
vote on the motion to refer, voted nay on the motion
to lay the motion to reconsider on the table.
On this motion, too, were recorded in the negative
the names of Haralson of Georgia, Inge of Alabama,
Jackson of Georgia, Walden of New York,
and Wentworth of Illinois, who had voted to refer
: that is, they were in favor of retracing this
step. On the other hand, Freedley of Pennsylvaina,
and Stanton of Kentucky, who had voted
against reference, also voted against reconsideration,
while Thomas of Tennessee, who had voted
with them at first, did not vote at all on the last
motion. The votes of Messrs. Carter and Wentworth
secured the reconsideration of the motion
by which the bill ami its amendments had l>een
referred, and, as the previous question was still
in operation, precluded any chauoe of making the
bills acceptable to the friends of freedom. So it
seems to us. We hope they mny be able to show
satisfactory reasons for their votes.
The direct question was now taken on the motion
to reconsider, and it was carried by the following
Yeas?Messrs. Albertson, Alston, Anderson,
Bay, Bayly, Beale, Bokee, Bowie. Bowlin, Boyd,
Breck, Briggs, Brooks, William J. Brown, Buel,
Chester Butler, E Carrington Cabell, George
Alfred Caldwell, Joseph P Caldwell, Caacy,
Ctiugman, Williamson R. W. Cobb, Dpberry,
Dimmick, Duer, Dunham, Eliot, EwiDg. Fuller,
Gentry, Gerry, Gilinore, Gorman, Green, Grinnell,
Hull, Hammond, Haralson. Isham G. Harris,
Thomas L. Harris, Haymond, Ilihhard, llillisH,
lloagland, Houston, Howard, Joseph W I
Jackson, Andrew Johnson, James L Johnson,
Jones, Kaufman. Kerr, Lefller, Levin Litllefield.
Job Mann, Marshall, Maaon, McClernand,
McDonald, McDowell, McGaughey, Itol>ert
M. McLane, Finis E. McLean, McMullen,
Meacham, Morehead, Morton, Nelson, Outlaw,
Owen, Parker, Penslee, Pb<rnix, Pitman. Potter,
Richardson, Reynolds, Itohbins, Robinson,
Hose, Ross, Savage. Khepperd, Htanly, Fre<lerick
P. Stanton, Richard II. Stanton. Strong, Taylor,
Thomas, Jacob Thompson, John B. Thompson,
Thurman, Toombs, llr.derhill, Walden, Watkins,
Wellborn, Whittelsey, Wildrick, Williams.
Wilson, and Young?101.
Nays?Messrs. Alexander, Allen, Ashe, Averett,
Bennett, Bingham, Booth, Bowdon, Albert
G Brown Burrows, Burt, Thomas B. Butler, Joseph
Cable, Calvin, Campbell, Clark, Oolcock.
Cole, Conner, Corwin. Crowell, Daniel, Dickey,
Disney, Dixon, Doty, Duncan, Durkec, Elmundson,
N. Evans, Feafherston, Fitch, Fowler,
I Freed ley, Giddings, Gott, Gould, llalloway, liar*
| lan, Sampson W. Harris, Hebard, Henry, Hoi- |
laday, Holmes, Howe, Ilubbard, Hunter. Inge,
W. T. Jackson, R W. Johnson, Julian, <?enrge
G. King, J. G King, John A. King, PreetonKing,
La Sere, Horace Mann, Matteson, McKissock,
McQueen, McWillie, Meade. Millson. Moore.
Morris, Morse, Newell. Ogle, Olds, Orr, Otis, i
Peck, Phelps, Powell, Putnam. Reed, Rockwell,
Root, Ramsey, jr.. Sackett, Sawtelle, Schenck,
Schermerhorn. Schoolcraft, Seddon, Silrester,
Snrawue Thaddeus Stevens. Stetson. Sweetser,
Tuck, Van Dyke, Venable, ViDton, Waldo,
Wallace, Wentworth, White, and Woodward?
First, the measures were referred?yeas 101,
nays KM). Next, the motion to lay on the table
the motion to reconsider this reference wmlost?
the Speaker's vote making a tie Either Mr.
Carter or Mr. Went worth might hare presented
this. Then, the motion to reconsiderprevailed?
yeas KM, nays 98 !
Those who voted in the affirmative?that is,
in favor of reconsideration?were the same as
those who voted against the reference, and those
who voted against reoonsideration were the same
as those who voted for the referenoe, with the following
exceptions r Freedlejr of Pennsylvania
and Johnson of Arkansas, who had voted against
reference, now voted against reconsideration
Haralson and Jackson of Georgia, Taylor of Ohio,
Underbill and Walden of New York,who had
voted for reference, now voted for reoonsideration
Andrews of New York and Thompson of Pennsylvania,
who had voted against referenoe, did ,
not vote Dickey of Pennsylvania, Holmes of
louth Carolina, and Olds of Ohio, who were abent
on the first vote, now voted agni et reconeidration.
Raker of Illinois and Chandler of Pennylvania,
who voted for reference, were now
beent. The question recurred?" Shall the
till and amendments be committed to the Comnittee
of the Whole on the etate of the Union ?"
tnd it wna decided in the negative?yeas 101,
lays 103. The effect of this vote was, to shut
iut all further amendments, end bring the House
o a direct vote, first on the amendments of
'lingman and Boyd, then, oirthp engrossment of
he bill?in other words, to take t hose measures, or
lotus hsp who were in fnvor of this
rag-policy those who voted for it were?
Messrs Alexander, Allen, Ashe. Avrrett, Haccr,
Bennett, Binhgam. Booth, Bowdon, Albert G.
drown, Burrows, Burt, Thomas B Butler. Joieph
Cable, Calvin, Campbell, Chandler. Clark,
^oloock, Cole, Conger, Corwin, Crowell, Daniel,
Dickey Pisuey, Dixon, Doty. Duncan, Durkee,
Edmumlson, Nathan Evans, Featherston. Fitch.
Fowler. Freodlev, Giddings, Gott, Gould, Ilaloway.
Harlan, S. W. Harris, llebard, Henry,
Ilolladay, Holmes,Howe, Hubbard, Hunter, Inge, I
Joseph W. Jackson, William T Jackson, R. '
W Johnson, Julian, George G King, James G.
King, John A King, Preeton King, La Sere,
Horace Mann, Mattcson, McKisaock, McUueen,
McWillie, Meade, Millson, Moore, Morris,
Morse, Newell, Ogle, Orr. (Vis. Peck, Phelps.
Putnam, Reed, Rockwell, Root. Rumsey, Sack eft,
Sawtelle, Schenck. 8chermerhorn. Schoolcraft.
Seddon, Silrester, Sprague., Thaddeus Stevens,
stetson 4Swee}?er. Taylor. Tuck Van Dyke,
Vinton, Wahid. Wallace'. vWntV^mh,
tf. and W|?odward?101.
' Jig ivaf <: ~ \ ' .
Messrs. Albertson, Alston, Anderson, Bay,
Bayly. Boole, Bokee Bowie Bowlin Bojd, Brock,
Briggs, Brooks. William J. Brown Buel, Chester
Butler, E. C. Cabell, George A Caldwell. Joseph ,
P. Caldwell, Carter, Ca?ey. Clingman, W. R W.
Hobb, Deberry, Dimmick, Duer. Dunham, Eliot, |
Kwing, Fuller, Gentry, Gerry, Gilmore. Gorman.
Green, Grinnell, Hall, Hammond, Haralson,
Isham G. Harris, Thomas L Harris, llaymond, |
iiionHru, milium ri'm^uinu, nownru. nuusiun,
A. Johnson, J. L. Johnson Jones, Kaufman,
Kerr, Lcflier, Levin, Littlefield, J. Mann, Marshall,
Mason. McClernand, McDonald, McDowell,
McGsughey. Rob?. M. McLane, Finis E.
McLean, MeMullen. Meacham, Morehead, Morton,
Nelson, Outlaw, Owen, Parker, Peaslee,
Phoenix, Pitman, Potter, Reynolds, Richardson,
Robhina, Robinson, Rose, Roes, Savage, Shepperd,
Stanly, Frederick P. Stanton, Richard H.
Stanton, St roDg. Thomas, Jacob Thompson, James
Thompson, J. B. Thompson, Thurman, Toombs,
Underbill, Walden, Watkins, Wellborn. Whittlesey.
WiMrick. Williams, Wilson,and Young?
The vote this time was the same as the first
one on the motion to refer, with the following exceptions:
Dickey of Pennsylvania and Holmes of
South,Carolina, who did not vote before, voted
now to refer. Haralson of Georgia, Underbill
and Walden of New York, who voted before to
refer, now reversed their votes. Freedley of
Pennsylvania and Johnson of Arkansas, who before
were against reference, now went for it.
Bowie of Maryland, Carter and Potter of Ohio,
absent on the first vote, voted against reference
on the last. Powell of Virginia, who ut first voted
yo. and Andrews of New York, who had voted
>wy, did not vote at all this time.
Mr. Clingman's amendment was then rejected?
yeas G9, nays 130?all the yns from the South.
Mr. Thompson of Mississippi moved to lay the
whole subject on Jtae table. The motion failed?
yeas 61, nays 141. Of the yeas, some twenty
were from the South ; the rest consisted chiefly
of Whig and Free-Soil votes from the North.
The Democrats from the free States who voted
to lay the subject on the table were?Bingham of
Michigan, Booth of Connecticut, Cable and Olds
ofOhio,Doty of Wisconsin, Harlan anil Julian
of Indiana, Preston King of New York, and Peck
e\t Vi?rmrmt
The question then win on the amendment of
Mr. Boyd, incorporating with the bill, that for
the organization of a Territorial Government in
New Mexico, without th- Proviso. The amendment
failed?yeas 98, nays 10(1?21 of the nays
being given by members from the South supposed
to be hostile to the bill.
The following is the vote on the amendment
YlUS ? Messrs. Albertaon Alston, An/larunti, !
Ashe, Bay, Bayly. Reale, Bokee Bowie, Bowlin,
Boyd, Breck, Briggs, Brooks, W.J. Brown, Buel,
Chester Butler, Cabell, G. A. Caldwell, J. 1'
Caldwell, Casey, Chandler, Clingman, W. R. W.
Cobb, Daniel, Deberry, Dimmick, Duer, Dunham,
Edmundson, Eliot, Ewing, Fuller, Gentry,
Gerry, Gilmorc, Gorman, Green, Hall? Hammond,
Haralson, I. G Harris, T. L. Harris, Haytnond,
lTibhard, Hilliard, Hoagland, Houston,
Howard, J. W. Jackson, Andrew Johnson. J. L
Johnson, Jones, Kaufman, Kerr, La Sore, Lcfller,
Levin, Littlefield, Job Mann, Marshall, Mason,
McClernand, McDonald. McDowell, McGaughey,
R. M. McLanc, F. E. McLean, McMullen, McWillie,
Morehead, Morton, Outlaw, Owen, Parker,
Phoenix, Pitman, Powell, Richardson, Robbins,
Robinson, Rose, Ross. Savage, Shcpperd,
Stanly, F. P. Stanton, R. II. Stanton, Strong,
Thomas, J. B Thompson, Toombs, Walden, Watkins,
Wellborn, Wildrick, Williams, WilBon, and
Navn ? Messrs. Alexander, Allen, Andrews,
Avcrett, Baker, Bennett, Bingham, Booth, Bowdon,
A. G Brown, Burrows, Burt, T. B. Butler,
Cable, Calvin, Campbell, Carter, Clark, Col cock,
Cole. Conger, Corwin, Crowell, Dickey, Disney,
Dixon, Doty, Duncan, Durkee, Nathan Evans,
Featherston, Fowler, Freedley, Giddings, Gott,
Gould, Grinnell, Halloway, Harlan, S. W. Harris,
11 chard, Henry, Holladay, Holmes. Howe,
Hubbard, Hunter, Inge, W. T. Jackson, R W.
Johnson, Julinn, G G. King, J. G. King, J A.
King, Preston King, Horace Mann, MaHeson,
MoKissoek, McCtueen, Menchnm, Meade, Millson,
Moore, Morris, Morse, Nelson, Newell, Ogle,
Olds, Orr, Otis, Pesslee, Peck, Phelps, Putnam.
Heed, Reynolds, Rockwell, Root, Burnsey, Sickett,
Sawtelle, Schenck, Schermerhorn, Schooloraft,
Seddon. Silvester, Spraguc, Thaddeus Stevens,
Stetson, Sweetser, Taylor, Jacob Thompson,
.lames Thompson, Thurrnan, Tuck, Underbill,
Van Dyke, VenaMo, Vinton, Waldo, Wallace,
Wentworth, Wbite, Whittlesey, and Woodward?
The members from the free States who voted
for this amendment, designed to extinguish the
Wilmot Proviso, were as follows
Democrats. Whins.
Albertson of Indiana. Bokee of New York.
Brown of Indiana Briggs of New York.
Buel of Michigan. Brooke of New York.
Dimmick of Penn Butler of Penn.
Dunham of Indiana Casey of Penn.
Fuller of Maine Chandler of Penn
Gerry of Maine. , Duer of New York.
Oilmore of Penn. Eliot of Massachusetts.
Gorman of Indiana. Levin of Pennsylvania.
Ilibbard of N. II McGaughey of Indians
Hoagland of Ohio Ph?enix of New York, j
Bemer or lowa rumtin or renn
Littlefleld of Maine. Rose of New York
Mann of Pennsylvania. Wilson of N. If.?I I
McClernand of Illinois.
McDonald of Indiana.
Richardson of Illinois
Robblns of Penn.
Ilobiason of Indiana
Ross of Pennsylvania.
Strong of Penn
Walden of New York
Young of Illinois?21
While the fact of voting for Ihe amendment
fully convicts Ihe members from the free States
supporting it, either of hostility to the Wilmot
Proviso, or apostucy from It, it does not follow
that voting against it is any evidence of real in- |
tention to sustain that policy.
A motion to reconsider, and then to lay that
motion on the table, was made, withdrawn, and
renewed, pending which, a motion to adjourn
failed?yeas 71, nays I VS. The motion to rrcon- .
aider was withdrawn, sml the <jue*tion being
taken on ordering the hill to be engrossed for a
third rending, it was decided in the negative?
yeas Wl, nays 126?aa follows;
Ye**?Messrs Albertton, Anderson, Andrews, ;
Bay, Bokee, Bowie, llreck, lirigge, Brooks, W.J.
Brown, Ruel, Chester Butler, Joseph P.Caldwell, j
Casey, Chandler, Williamaon R. W. Cobb. Deberry,
Dimmick. Disney, Duer, Dunham, Billot, I
Swing, Fuller, Gentry. Gerry, Gorman. Gould, 1
Grinnell, Hell, Thomas L Harris, 11 ay mood, llibhard,
Hllliard. Hoagland, Houston, A Johnson, J. j
L. Johnson. Jones, Kaufman, Kerr, J. G King,
Leftler, Levin, LittleAeld, Job Mann, McClernand,
McDowell, McKtssook, Robert M. McLane,
McMullen. Moore, Morehead, Morton, Ogle,
Outlaw, Parker. Peaslee, Phmnii, Pitman, Robbins,
Robinson, Rose, Scbenck, Shepperd, Stanly,
Strong. Teylor, Jaime Thomt>eon, J. B. Thompson,
Thurman, Underbill, Van Dyke, Vinton,
Walden, Watkine, White, Wildrick, Williume,
Wilson, and Youog?Htt.
N*rs ?Messrs Alexander,Allen,Alston,Ashe,
Avcrett, Raker, Bayly, Beale, Bennett, Bingham,
Booth, Row Jon Bowlin, Boyd, Albert G Brown,
Burrows. Burt, Thomas B. Butler, E. Carrington
Cabell, Joeepb Cable, George Alfred Caldwell,
ChIfin, Campbell, Carter, Clarke, Clingman. Colcock,
Cole, Conger, Corwin. Crowell, Daniel,
Dickey, Dixon, Doty, Duncan, Durkee. F.dmucdson,
Nathan Evans. Feathereton, Fitch. Fowler.
Freedley. Giddings, Gilmore, Gott, Green, Halloway,
Hammond, Haralson, Harlau, l?hatu G.
Harris, 8. W. Harris, Hebard, Henry, llolladay,
Holmes, Howard, Howe, Hubbard. Hunter. Inge,
Joseph W Jackson, William T.Jackson, R W
Johnson. Julian, George G. King. John A. King,
Preston King, La Sere, Horace Mann. Marshall, !
Mason, Matteeon, McDonald, McGaughey, Finis
E. McLean. McQueen. McWillie, Meaeham,
Mende. Millson, Morris, Morse, Nelson, Newell,
Olds, Orr, Otis, Owen, Peck, Phelps, Potter,
Powell, PutDam, Reed, Reynolds, Richardson,
Rockwell. Root, Ross, Rumsey, Sackett. Savage,
Snwtellc, Schermerhorn. Sohoolcraft. Seddon, Silvester.
Sprague, Frederick P. Stanton. Richard
H. Stanton, Thad. Stevens, Stetson. Sweetser.
Thomas, Jacob Thompson, Toombe. Tuck. Venahle,
Waldo, Wallace, Wellborn, Weutworth,
Whittlesey, snd Woodward?126.
Of the 80 who voted yes, 30 were from (he
South, chiefly Whig votes. Of the rest. 2k' were
Democrats from the free States, 28 Wbigg There
was a clear majority in the House in favor of the
bill: why, then, this apparent majority 0f -10
against it? The explanation is this the Southerners
were aware of the panic created by the
threatened conflict between Texas and the United
States, and of the deep anxiety of a large number
uUxvoCtuerti u.. /?bers for the passage of tie hill,
as a peace measure. They knew, too, that they
ster in favor of it. They attempted, therefore,
to use it as a lever, to overthrow the Proviso
Feigning or feeling an apprehension that, should
the bill pass by itself, the North might thru unite
to attach the Proviso to the Territorial hills, or,
refusing to take them up, act upon the question
of the admission of New Mexico as a State, their
main effort was, to tack the bills together, and
thua force timid men from the North to give up
the Proviso, as the price for securing the boundary
of Texas, and peace with that valorous State
On this point the struggle turned Neither the
slaveholders nor the Northern member* referred
to, intended that the bill should be defeated.
They understood each other perfectly well on this
point, though, as to the policy of tacking, they
could not ascertain their comparative power of
endurance till they hail tried it. The former believed
the latter would yield ; the latter hoped
the former would not press that policy to the defeat
of the bill. So, on the first trial, the amendment
of Mr. Boyd was defeated by a majority of
8, and then, many of the elaveholding friends of
the Texan hill, uniting with its opponents, it
failed of an engrossment by 46 votes! i
But having given this lesson to the Northern
supporters of the bill, they took good care to give
j them opportunity for repentance. Mr Boyd, one
I one of the slowest men in the House, but who
had the good fortune to catch the eye of the
Speaker at many critical points in this protracted
struggle, amidst great comj>etition was recognised
: by the Chair. He immediately moved a reconsidj
oration, and the House then, haviDg the subject
again in its possession, adjourned.
The next day (Thursday) the (juestion of re-1
consideration coming up, Mr. Boyd explained
that his object was to revive his amendment, and
secure the passage of the bill with it. Mr. Inge
\ moved to lay the motion to reconsider on the table.
Had his motion prevailed, it would have
I been a final disposition of the whole subject. But
it did not prevail ; the motion failed?yeas 71
nays 11.1?only 32 yeas from tho slave States?
about one-third of their delegation. Only nine
, Democrats from the free States voted to get rid
of the bills: they were, Bingham, Booth, Cable,
j Doty, Harlan, King, Morris, Olds, Waldo. Tho
rest of the yeas were composed of Whigs and
Free-Soilers. Cleveland, Wood, und Wilinot, before
this struggle had paired off with friends of
the bills. Had they been present, their votes
would always have been cast on the right side.
A reconsideration was then carried?yeas 131,
nays 7f>?Messrs. Carter, Peck, Sprogue, and
w emwortn, wno ni?d voted against laying on the
table the motion to reconsider, now voting against
Mr Boyd obtained the floor, but Mr. Grinnell
of Massachusetts rose to a privileged <|uestion.
Having voted nay yesterday on Mr. Boyd's
amendment, he moved to reconsider the vote by
which it was rejected. A motion to lay this motion
on the table failed?yeas !)<?, nays 108. Here
the House, under the lesson it had received, began
to take the back track. Yesterday, by a vote
of 100 to 98 it rejected the amendment. Now, by
a vote of 108 to 90, it refused to lay on the table
the motion to reconsider; in other words, determined
on reconsideration. The following is the
Yeas?Messrs. Alexander, Allen, Averett, Baker.
Bennett, Bingham, Booth. Albert O. Brown,
Burrows, Bnrt. Thomas B. Butler, Joseph Cable,
Calvin, Campbell, Clark, Clinginan, Colcoek,
Cole, Conger, Corwin, Crowell, Daniel, Dickey,
Dixon, Doty, Durkee, N. Kvans, Keatherston,
Bowler, Freed ley, Giddings, Gott, Gould, Halloway,
llnrlan, Sampson W. Harris, Henry, Holladay,
Holmes, Howe, Hubbard, Hunter, Inge,
William T Jackson. Robert W. Johnson, Julian,
James G. King, John A. King, Preston King,
Horace Mann, Matteson, McGaughey, Mctlueen,
Meade, Millaon. Morris, Morse. Nelson,
Newell, Ogle, Olds, Orr, Otis, Pennies, Peck,
Phelps, Putnam, Reynolds, Rockwell, Root, Rumsoy,
Sockett, Sawtelle, Schenck, Schermerhorn,
Schoolcraft, Seddon, Silvester, Sprague, Fred. P.
Stanton, Richard II. Stanton, Thaddeus Stevens,
Stetson, Nweetser, Thomas, Jacob Tbomjaton,
J antes Thompson, Tuck, Van Dyke, Venable, Vin
ton, Wnldo, Wallace, Wentwortb, Whittlesey,
and Woodward?9fl.
Nays?Messrs Alberston, Alston, Anderson,
Ashe. Bay, Bayly, Beale, Bokee, Bowie, Bowlin,
Boyd, Breck, Brigge, Brooks, William J.
Brown, Buel, Chester Butler, K. Carrington Cabell,
G. A. Caldwell, Joa. P. Caldwell, Carter,
Casey, Chandler, Williamson R W. Cobb, Deberry.
Dimniick, Disney, Duer, Duncan, Dunham.
Kdrnundsnn, Kllot, F.wing. Fitch, Fuller. Gentry,
Gerry, Gilmore, Gorman. Green, Grinnell, Hall,
Hammond, Haralson, Isham G.llarris, Thomas
D Harris, Haymond, Hibhard. Hilliard, lloagland,
Houston, Howard, Jos W. Jackson, An-'sow
InknuAn I a n.oa I I aI. nuAti T Annti If utiftnnn
Kerr, Geo. G King. La Sore, l.effler, Levin, Job
Mann, Marshall, Mwod, McClernand, McDonald,
McDowell McKiaaoek, McLanuhan Robert
M McLane, Finis K. McLean, McMtillen, McWillie,
Me.icham, Moore, Moreheod, Morton,
Outlaw, Owen, Parker, Phuenix. Pitman, Potter,
Powell, Iteeil, Richardson, Robnina Roae, Rom,
Savage, Sheppcrd, Stanly, Strong, Taylor, John
II Thompson, Thurman, Toombs, Underbill,
Walden, Walkins, Wellborn, White, Wildrick,
Williams. Wilson, and Young?ION.
The changes, sinoe yesterday, were the following
Carter and Disney, Democrats,and Duncan,
Grinnel), G, G. King, McKiaeock, Meacham,
Moore, Reed, Taylor, Thurman, Underbill, and
White, Whiga, who had votrd against Royd'a
amenduient, now voted for reconsideration Clingm
in, Daniel, McGaughey, Stanton of Tenneaaee,
Stanton of Kentuoky, and Thnmaa, who had
voted for the amendment, voted againat reconsideration
Littlcfleld and Robinson who ha<i voted
for the amendment were absent on this vote
Potter and McLanahan who were absent on the
other vote, voted for reconsideration Pitch, Andrews,
Howdon,and Uebard,who had votrd against
the amendment, did not vote on the question
of reconsideration. Kleven Whigs and two
Democrats from the free States chsnged their
votea so as to favor the amendment. The amendment
having been reconsidered, the Speaker
said that Mr. Boyd was sntitled to the floor,
and thereupon Mr. Boyd moved the previous
question, so as to cut off further amendment
The House refused to second it, and Mr. Toombs
proposed an amendment to the amendment, pending
which Mr. Went worth obtained the floor,
and moved to commit the bill and amendments,
with instructions "to amend the amendment
ao as to exclude slavery from all the territory
acquired from Mexico by ths treaty of Guadalups
Hidalgo, lying east ward of California."
Mr. Wentworth, while retaining the floor, expressed
bis willingness to offsr with his own,
other instructions, such ss gentlemen from tko
North or South might obooee to submit, provided
ths vote oould be taken on them separately.
" The Speaker The <|neetion on the motion <
to commit with instructions is indivisible; but I
upon the instructions a sop,rate vote may be I
called, so as to leave with the motion to commit i
a separate and distinct proposition '
"Mr Wentworth. Then 1 send the following 1
to the Chair, (a portion of which was at the instance
of Mr. Howard,) as additional instructions.
and I move the Dreviou* (mention
"'With instructions so to amend the amendment
as to exclude slavery from all the territory
acquired from Mexico by the treaty of Guadalupe
Hidalgo, lying eastward of California'
" A lao to strike out the words in the first section
of the proposed amendment to the bill:
Thence following the main channel of said
river to the parallel o( the thirty-seoond degree
of north latitude, thence east with the said de- j
gree to its intersection with the one hundred and
third degree of longitude west of Greenwich.'
" And insert:
"'Thence down the main channel of the Rio
Grande to the point where said river crosses the
102d meridian of longitude west of Greenwich.'
" To strike out from the words:
" 1 Proxvlrl, also,' in the eighth line of the fifth
proposition of the bill, to the words ' Untied
Stales' in the nineteenth line of said fifth proposition'
' The following is the part proposed by the
latter clause to be stricken from the original
bill, vix:
| Prowled, also, That no more than five millions
of said stock shall be issued until the creditors
of the State holding bonds and other certificates
of stock of Texas for which duties on
imports were specially pledged, shall first file at
the Trea-ury of the United States releases of
11 oKam <wvo.inrJ,.the. Jlnitftd or on sc
cuuDi oi saiu oonus or eernncaies, in sucn iorm , t
sba)) be prenrribf/J bj >bf S&rytarv of thp ! ,
\ rv??(vty .<*?o-ttM vf ma vi ^ - ?
United Stated.'"I
J (
Mr. Featherston of Mississippi, the floor being
yieldwl by Mr. Wentworth, moved the fol- '
lowing as a substitute for the instruction of the
" Strike out all of the original line after the "
enacting clause, and insert as follows
"'That the boundaries of the State of Texas '
defined anil established by the net of the Texan '
Congress, passed December 1!), Is<6, for that pur- (
pose, are hereby recognised by the Government
of the United States.' "
Pending these instructions, the decision of the
Speaker that the instructions might be voted on
separately, was repeatedly questioned, but he
steadily adhered to it, saying?
" A motion is made to commit with instructions
It is not the right of the member making the
motion to ask a separate vote on each clause of
the instructions by virtue of his having made the '
motion Hut when a motion to commit with in- '
struotions is pending, the Chair is of opinion that
a division upon the instructions can he had, so
as to take a separate vote on the instructions, so
far as they are divisihle?leaving a distinct prop
osition connected with the motion to commit."
Fratherston's substitute was then rejected?
yeas'/l, nays t2e<, Gorman of ludisqa being the
only name from a free State recorded in the affirmative.
The question then recurred on the motion to
commit with the instructions moved hy Mr.
Mr. Inge now demanded a division of the
question on the instructions, but by this time the
Speaker had changed his opinion. The change,
with the reasons, he frankly stated to the House,
and pronounced that the motion to commit with
the instruction!! was indivisible! Mr Wentworth,
finding himself placed in a somewhat embarrassing
position by this change of opinion in
the Speaker, asked the Chair to repent to the
House what was the understanding between it
and himself.
"The Speaker. The Chair stated to the
House, that he had replied to au inquiry by the
gentleman from Illinois, |Mr. Wentworth.J that
the instructions would be divisible. And the
Speaker takes upon his own shoulders the whole
responsibility of the difficulty in which the gentleman
is involved."
The change was certainly a very opportune
one for all those who wished to avoid a direct
vote on the Wilmot Proviso; so that it is not
strange that, on an appeal from the new decision,
the Chair should be sustained in it by a vote of
101 to b<3. The same Whigs and Democrats
from the free States, generally, who had voted
with the South on all nrp?ir??i? <|<iMt>otk?,
this case to sustain the Speaker.
After several ineffectual attempts by Mr. Wentworth
to withdraw his instructions, the question
was taken on the motion to commit with instructions,
and decided in the negative, as follows
Ykas?Messrs Alexander, Allen, Baker, Bennett,
Bingham, Booth, Burrows, Thomas It. Butler,
Joseph Cable, Calvin, Campbell, Carter,
Casey, Chandler, Clark, Cole. Corwin, Crowell,
Dickey, Dixon, Doty, Duncan, Durkee, N. Evans,
Fitch, Fowler, Giddings, Gott, Gould, Halloway,
Harlan Ilebard, Henry,Howe, Hunter, William
T. Jackson, Julian, James G. King, John
A. King, Preston King, Horace Mann, Matteson,
McKissock, Meacham, Moore, Morris, Nelson,
Newell, Ogle, Olds, Otis, Peaslee, Peck, Pitman,
Putnam, Reed, Reynolds, Robinson, Rockwell,
Root, Runisey, Sackett. Suwtelle, Schenck, Sohermerhorn,
Schoolcraft, Silvester, Sprague, Thad- I
deus Stevens, Stetson, Sweetser,Taylor, Tuck, 1
Underbill. Van Dyke, Vinton, Waldo, Went- I
worth,and Whittlesey?W?.
Navs?Messrs AUiertson, Alston, Anderson,
Andrews, Ashe, Bay, Bayly, I'eale, Bokee, Bowie, !
Boyd, Hreck, Briggs, Brooks, Albert G. Brown, I
William J. Brown, Burl, t'hesSpr Butler, E. C. i
Cabell, George A Caldwell, Joseph P. Caldwell, |
Clingmnn, Williamson R W. Cohb, Conger,'
Daniel, Deberry, Dimmick, Disney, Duer, Dun- i
ham, Edmundson, Eliot, Ewing, FeatherHton. !
Frjedley, Fuller, Gentry, Gerry, Gilmore, Gorman,
Green, Grinnell, Hall, Hammond, Haralson,
IsharaG. Ilarris, Simpson W Harris, Thomas
L llarria, llaymond, llihhard, Hillinrd, lloagland,
Holladay, Holme*, Houston, Howard. Hubbard,
lope. Joseph W Jiioksoii, Andrew Johnaon,
J L Johnson, It W Jobnaon, Jonea, Kaufman,
Kerr, GeorgeG. King, La Sere, Leftler,Levin,
LUtlefield. J Mum, Marshall, Mason, McClernand,
McDowell. MoGaughey, McLannhan,
Robert M. McLnne, Finis E McLean, MoMullen,
McQueen. Meade, Millson, Morehead, Morse,
Morton, Orr, Outlaw, Owen, Parker, Phelps.
Phmnix, Potter, Powell, Itichardson, Rohhins,
Rose, Itoss, Savage, Neddon, Hhepperd, Ntnnly,
Frederick P. Stanton, Richard II. Stanton,
Strong, Thomas, Jacob Thompson, James Thompson,
John 11. Thompson, Thurman, Toombs,
Waldon, Wallace, Watkins, Wellborn, White,
Wild rick, Williams, Jind Young?121.
Mr. ToomW amendment now came up. Preston
King demanded a division
The Speaker. The ijnestion is divisible. The
first proposition will be repeated :
" A?'/ h* i/ /uri/wr tnntuA, That no citizen of
the Doited States shall be deprived of his life, liberty,
or property, in said Territory, except by
judgment of his peera and the laws of the land."
This was adopted without a division.
The remaining branch of the amendment was
read :
'"And that tho Constitution of the United
States and such statutes thereof as may not he locally
inapplicable, and the common law as it existed
in the Rritish colonies of America until
July J, I^O, shall he the exclusive law of snid
Territory on the subject of African slavery until
altered r>y trie proper nutnoriiy."
This was rejected?yea# 04, nay# 121.
Motion# to adjourn were now made, and defeated.
Point# of order were rained and overruled,
The (juration waa then taken on Mr. Boyd'#
amendment, which waa adopted?yea# 100, nay#
' The amendment of Mr. Boyd provide# for the
organization of a Territorial Government of New
Meaico. It exclude# the Wilmot Proviso; hut
authorise# the people of New Mexico, when forming
a Stats Government, to allowor prohibit alavery,
a# the people might desire, and alao provide#
that the Territorial Government of New
Mexico shall not go into effect until the boundary
of Texa# be adjuated and nettled."
The vote for thi# propoaition, excluding the
Proviso, waa a# follow#.
Yr*#?Measr#. Alberaton, Alston. Anderson,
Andrew#, Bav, Bayly, Beale. Bokee, B jwie, Bowlin,
Boyd, ifreck, Briggi Brooks, William J
Brown, Buel, Chester Butler, K Carrington Cabell,
George Alfred Caldwell, Joseph P. Caldwell,
Casey, Chandler. Williamson It W Cobb, I>eberry,
Diromlck, Dienrv, I)uer, Duncan, Dunham,
Edmuudaon, Eliot, Ewing, Fitch, Fuller, Oentrv,
Gerry, Gilmore, Gorman, Green, Grinuell, Hall,
Hammond, Haralson. I. G Harris, T. L Harris,
llaymond. HlbfeaH, Milliard, Hllllllfi, Houston,
Howard, Joseph W. Jackson, A. Johnson, Jas I.
Johnson, Jones, Kaufman, Kerr, La fore, Lefller,
Levin, Little field, Job Mann, Marshall, Mason,
MoClernand, McDonald, McDowell, MoLanahsn,
Robert M. MeLane, Finis E. Mcl-ean, MeMullen,
McWillie, Morebead, Morton, Nelson, Outlaw,
- ?
[)wen. Parker, Peaalee, Phoenix. Pitman, Potter,
Powell, Richardson, Robbina, Robinson. Rose,
[loss, Sarage, 8heppcrd, Stnnlv. Richard H.
pinion, Strong Taylor, Thomas J ,|in R. Thomplon.Thurnmn,
Toomhe, Underbill. Walden, Wat
tin*, wellborn, White, Wildrick, Williams,
Wilson, an<l Young?106. I
Nays?Mews. Alexander. Allen, Ashe Baker,
Bennett. Bingham. Booth. Albert J Brown.
Burrows, Burt, Thomas B. Butler, Joseph Cable '
Calvin. Campbell, Carter. Clark, Clingman. Col- 1
:ock, Cole, Conger, Corwin, Crowell, Daniel, '
Dickey, Dixon, Doty, Durkec, Nathan krone,
Peatherston, Fowler, Freedley, Giddinga. Gott,
iould. Ilalloway, Harlan, Sampson W. Harris,
flebard, Henry, Holladay, Holmes, Howe, Hub>ard.
Hunter, Inge, William T. Jackson. Robert
IV. Johnson, Julian, George G. King, James G.
King, John A. King. Brest on King, Horace Mann,
Viatteson, McGaughey, McKissock, McGueen.
Meacham, Meade, Millson. Moore, Morris, Morse.
Vewell, Ogle, Olds, Orr. Otis, Peck, Phelps. Putlaiti,
lit ed. Reynolds, Rockwell, Root, Ramsey, jr.,
-lackett. 8awtelle,Schenck, Schermerhorn, Schoolcraft,
Seddon, Silvester, Sprague, Frederick P.
itanton, Thaddeus Stevens, Stetson. Sweetser,
(acob Thompson. James Thompson. Tuck, Van
Dyke, Venable, Vinton. Waldo, Wallace, Wentvorth.
Whittlesey, and Woodward?99.
Compared with the vote yesterday on thesame
intendment, the changes were as follows: Dialey
and Peas lee, Democrats from the free States^
ind Duncan, Grinnell, Nelson, Taylor, Undertill,
and White, Whigs from the free States,
alio voted against the amendment yesterday,
roted in favor of it to-day. Chandler, Whig,
Pitch, MoLanahan. anil Potter, Democrats from
he free States, Vfio uiu uoi ?(W? wAfe'qwvwtiftn
>-?1- *- \?j?y for tjie amendment.
afcVtva oa avJkaVA.?
?rn Democrats, Clingman. Southern Whig, AnIrews
and McGaughey, Northern Whigs, who voed
yea yesterday, voted nay to-day. Rowdon, who
roted nay on the question at first, did not vote at
ill now. Four changes from the South against
he amendment; thirteen from the North, (includng
absentees,) chiefly Whigs, in favor of it'
I'he lesson given by the slaveholders was quite
After other unimportant motions, the question
was put on ordering the bill as amended to a third
reading, and decided in the negative?yeas 99,
ntvrt 107 14.*4 fnllftUTM
Ykas?Messrs Alberston, Alston. Anderson,
Andrews, May, Bayly, Boale, Bokee, Bowie, Bowlin,
Boyd, Breck, Briggs, Brooks, William J.
Brown, Buel, Chester Butler, Cabell, George Alfred
Caldwell, Joseph P. Caldwell, Casey, ChanUer,
Williamson B. W.Cohh, Debcrry. Dimmick,
Disney, Duer, Duncan, Dunham, Edmundson,
Elliot, Ewing, Filch, Fuller, Gentry, Gerry, Gilmore,
Gorman, Green, Grinnell, Hall, Hammond,
I sham G. Harris, Thwm* l? Harris, llaymond,
Hibbard, Hillinrd, lloagland, Houston, Andrew
Johnson, Jas. L. Johnson, Jones, Kaufman, Kerr,
I.effler, Levin, Littleficld, Job Mann, Marshall,
McClernand, McDonald, McDowell. MsKissack ,
McLanuhsn, R. M. McLane, K. E. McLean, Me- I
Mullen, Morehead, Morton. Nelson. Outlaw, Owen.
Parker, Peaelee, Phoenix, Pitman, Potter,
Richardson. Bobbins, Robinson, Rose, Ross. Say- j
nge, Shepperd, Stanly, Strong, Taylor. James
Thompson, John B. Thompson, Thurman,
Toombs, Walden, Watkins. Wellborn, White, I
Wildriok, Williams, Wilson, and Young?JJ. ,
Navs?Messrs Alexander, Allen, Ashe, Baker, '
Bennett, Bingham, Booth, Albert G Brown, Burrows,
Burt, Thomas B. Butler, Cable, Calvin,
Campbell, Carter, Clark, Clingman, Colcock, Cole,
Conger, Corwin, Crowell, Daniel, Dickey, Dixon,
Doty, Durkee, Nathan Evans, Featherston. Fowler.
Freedley, Giddings, Gott, Gould, Halloway,
Haralson, Harlan, Sampson W. Harris, Hebard,
Henry, liolladay, Holmes, Howard, Howe. Hubbard,
Hunter, Inge, Joseph W. Jackson, William
'IV Jackson, Rol>ert W. Johnson. Julian, George
G. King, J G.King, J. A. King, t'. King,La Sere,
Horace Mann, Mason, Matteson, MoGaughey.
McQueen, McWillie, Meachntn, Meade. Millson,
Moore, Morris, Morse, Newell, Ogle, Olds, Orr,
Otis, Peck, Phelps. Powell, Putnam, Reed, Reynolds,
Rockwell, Root, Rumsey, Sackett, Sawlelle,
Schenck, Sckermerhorn. Schoolcraft, Seddon Silvester,
Sprague, Frederick P. Huuton, Richard
H. Stanton, Stevens. Stetson, Sweetser, Thomas.
Jacob Thompson, Tuck, Underbill, Van Dyke,
Venable, Vinton, Waldo, Wallace, Wentworth,
Whittlesey, and Woodward?107.
This result created a profound sensation Some
who had voted against the bill did not intend its
defeat. Mr. Howard of Texas, who had steadily
opposed it, was greatly alarmed, and immediately
moveA a reconsideration. The Speaker decided
that it was not in order, being a second reconsideration.
Mr. Howard appealed from the decision,
and the House adjourned?a wise movement
for the friends of the hill. It allowed time for
the scrip-holders, for the marshalling of forces to
reverse the Speaker's decision, for patriotic appeals
to patriotic members?for influence from
high <|uarters.
Friilny, September fitb. the question of appeal
| from the Speaker's decision coming up, the Speaker
stated clearly the grounds of his decision,
showing that the principle of it was sustained by
precedents, and he therefore must adhere to it
Mr. Howard persisted in his appeal, and the
votes that followed showed that on all points
where members could vote without being held to
strict responsibility, there was a large majority
in favor of promoting indirectly the passage of
the bill and its amendment. First, a motion to
lay the appeal on the table, failed?yeas 77, nays
IV.'t. The previous ijuestion was sustained,
lOV JO r>7. J IIC decision oi IIIr Jyiinir nan mm
reversed by a vote of I V.I to s.'t, all precedent
being set nt defiance The previous <|uestion
was again put in operation, and by a vote of IVV
to *?-1 the House resolved to reconsider a second
time the vote tiy which it refused to order the
bill and amendment to a third reading The
question then recurred on ordering it to a third
reading. The previous question was demanded,
and seconded by n vote of 101 to 91. 'J'he main
i|ueation was ordered to be put by a vote of I |f?
to 91. The bill an amended was then ordered to
a third reading by 1 tin to !)*. A motion to lay
it ujton the table failed?yens 9n, nays I OH. The
bill was then passed?yeas I0\ nays 97. The
analysis of this vote is given from the IVrfihtmf'on
Union on our first page.
Our readers will uot be surprised to see among
the nays the names of several members who, in
preliminary and side votes, had favored the bill
and the amendment whenever it became necessary,
and they could do it with safety These
mauu-uvres we have endeavored to ex pose There
is any amount of eye-service among politicians.
It will be remembered that, while two-thirds of
the Whigs from the free .States voted against the
hill, nearly two-thirds of the Democrats from the
same Slates voted for it.
Our statement, with the analysis of votes given
on our first page, presents a full and correct view
we )>elieve, of the action of the House on the
Texan Boundary and New Mexico Territoria
bills. The defection of so many whlgs represent
ing New York. Pennsylvania,and Massachusetts
was occasioned chietly, it ia understood, by the
Webster influence. Mr. Wilson of New Hampshire,
until lately on* of the extreme Wilmot
Proviso men, voted all through with the
slaveholders and their allies Mr. KHot of Hob
ton, elected in pU'-e or ivir w inmrop, ana wnu
stood committal (o the strung nnli-slavery resolutions
pu-sed l?y the Inst Legislature of Maasnehu ?? !tn,
did tbe came. Messrs AHhuiun and Puncan,
who declared some moutha since, in their
speeches, their determined adhesion to the Wilmot
Proviso, abandoned It. Aa for the Wilmot
Proviso Democrats, only some 17, or deducting
the Free Soilera, I t of them are left, and not all
of them trust-worthy.
We intended to proceed with our examination
of tbe action of the Ilouae, until we had completed
a view of ita proowedings in relation to
California, Utah, and the Fugitive bill, but we
have not tbe room nor time thia woek. Meantime,
let our readera preserve the record we have j
prevented. It will serve, with what we ehall submit
next week, a very useful purpose hereafter
in tbe practical politic* of the oountry.
fiy rOWLKHH WULLM, PkrtnaUgi*l$ ami PutUi'itri,*
liiiton Hail, 131 Naaaau atraat, New Voik. OAra
of tho tVuirr Cart eu<l 1'hrinoUgtenl Journal!
itwr rvnuNKD,
UKPI.Y to Kawarka of Kev. Moaaa tituart on H?e John
Jar, aiul an K semi nation of kta H*rt|>tnral hsarvteea,
<-..uUiim<1 in kta raeaat paiuuklat ?uf tiled "< uaasta** a<..l
tba t.oaatitulton " By Wllllaiu Jay. An .Miter. paiuphM
in a eaet cot*, frlea 0 ntu for >al* by
Au? I. WM IIAKNKit,01 Jaka atroel, N. York I
Tu?kI?7 the .Senate was enfnfe.l in the con
liJeration of several land billm.
In the llotiae, the bill prohibiting the slave
:ra<le in the District of Columbia. w:m taken up.
u_ > / ??: :?: ?: ??I < >.1 L?
vi r. nrvwri ui .fii-viwij j?i uiwf^i i?/ ' "/ ?
[>ro?im^n ranking it felony to rntioc hU*??h in the
District to run off. This was voted down. T he
Sill was ordered to a third rending; a motion to
lay on the tahle was voted down, and then the
bill was passed?yeas 121, nays 47.
The old line Democracy of this District, having
fully and cordially endorsed the advanced
doctrines of the Jefloraonian Democracy in relation
to Slavery. Land Reform, and other subject*,
the two organization* met in Convention, as the
United Democracy, at F.lyria, on the r,th ins'iitd,
and put in nomination Dr. Norton S Townshend
a devoted and faithful friend of Human Liberty,
and a thorough Democrat, who has never on any
occasion shown the slightest disposition to give
way before the demands of Hunkerism or the
Slave Power.
The resolutions of the Nominating Convention
are strong and to the point Want of room pre
vents their publication this week. *
It has become lav painful duty to inuoun-e the death 01
Juiin T. SrssaiT. .of l Urk county,'thlo. Ilr ilir.t
hie 71 i'Ji jmr
The deceased *?> s msn of line mind and rann b'irt. Ht
this dispensation, hie family hare lost an affectionate an<l
indulgent hnslsuid and father, sjciety has Inst an eiemplary
an t worthy member, and the pause of human rights an able,
aealous and lilwral supporter Mr had from yontli been
Identified with the Mineral Assembly I'rvsbyterian church
of the old S'bool, and stood high among his hre'hrei! but
for the last two or three years he had remained in the
church with the greatest diMnalty, on account id at least
what be supposed wae a want o| faithfulness on the subject
of human n hts For some time before his decease, h. Iia-i
been making a powerful effort to get an organisation of the
Free Presbyterians in his neighborhood ; and no doubt, had
his life lieen spared a little longer, his great energy and lib I
erali y would have effected it. HbNK\
A/iol/o or Museum Builifirtf, northwest corn's of Si 1'/
. 1'hiI Walnut strut*, Cincinnati, Okto.
fJAIIK attenfion of the I'nbllc Is respectfully called to the
A course of studies prescribed at this Institution for the
purpose of <|oalifyiiig Voufijj Mm in a thorough pra-ticsl
manner for the duties of the Polluting house and for hnsi
nrss pursuits generally.
The design of the institution is toim|>arl such informs
lion as will make practical men and reientific accountants
for any and every department ot business.
The prominent euiyect of study is, Duutur Kitry /look
Krrjmig ; or, in other words, the science of accounts, in its
adaptation to every variety of transactions that can possibly
arise in the .vporations of Trade, whether wholesale, rets)',
commission, hanking, manufacturing, jobbing, or any other ?
form of business
In order to iiualify those who enter this institution in a
superior manner for the responsible duties of commercial
life,tectum on commercial law are given in connection with '
the science of hook keeping Lectures on the general laws
of trade as contained in the best treatises on banking and
political economy, have also hern lately introduced with
great advantage and sticeess.
Students are (in additiou) made familiar with general
mercantile forme and phrae, i'ogv, or what may he termed
the literature of commerce, including commercial letter* of
all deeeriptioni.
It wilt he the assiduous endeavor of the Principal u make
those who attend thle institution good practical penman?a
] Mm- i/uu nan to thoee wlehlug to enter the arena of trade
j A course of calculations le included in the rxer
| Term* for the full couree ? total
1 (ff ln*triietion ie gtren indirldually; thus gentleim n
nan enter at any time,
j BT" The toetllutlon being ehartere<l, etodente on graduating
reeeire a diploma, signed by a hoard of mercantile and
legal gentlemen.
Iff The time re<|ui*tt? to complete the course average*
from six to twelve week*.
The undersigned ha* at tuneh lalmr and ex|M-iu>? collected
a library of etamlard work*, hoth American auil foreign, on
the al?,*e snhjeets, a* well ae obtained *?eh pracneal infer
nation front real hueinc** a* i* dremed important or uarrul,
and ha* also hern enabled, trom long experience a* a teach
er, to greatly improve and simplifv Ihe liusle of hi,parting
this kind of instrnetlon. He thus flatter* himself that th.oe
who patronize thi* tuatltotlon from the tndneemcnl* held
out, will have their expectation* more than realixed
Sept. I it-3m JOHN MUNDKV, Principal
X'/IUI, ()/ttO,
Wt I.I. take acknowledgments, depositions, aftidarifs, and
protestations, In town or country; i? agent for the
S'ahahtU Era, the I ?<?? Mutual Lilt linniuiur ('ampo
ny, the Amrrnan Lire Slink luiurame (Wifniny , and
will attend to the ollection of claim* generally ; also tosdl
lug. leasing, and renting real estate
try-Ofllec? Halloway'e llnlldiuga.tip stairs?corner room
Sept. Itf?ly
/AONTKNTS OF No. 3lt: ? Price, twelve and a half
V../ oeuta.
1. Wordsworth?Marth llriliili llfrifir
2. Stella and Vauessu?Sjiertator.
3. Idle of Khenezer Klliott.?Ih
I Sir Kolasrt Peel?Tail'I Miigatinr
fi. Note Hook of a Naturalist, Part V III.? Eraiei'? A/ug
fl. Ilenmark, Austria, and Prussia?Examiner.
7 Foreign Miscellany.
M New Hooks.
With Poetry and Short Arftrlea
W xamnoTon, lln-rmhrt tT, I84S.
Of til the Periodica! Journals devoted to literature and
acieuce, wliiflh abound in Kurupe and in thin country, thin
has appeared to me to he the moat ueeful It eoiitailia Indeed
the expoeitloti only of th? current literature of tha
ttngltah languaxa; hut thia, by iia iinnietue extent and
noiri|>rrhenaion,includee a portraiture of the human mind in
the iitinoatexpanaioliof the preaent aire
J. g. AI'AMh.
Puhliahed weekly,at alt dollar* a rear l,?
Corner of Tremont and Hnmi field atreeta.lioaton
imt y or aale by JOSKI'H SMII.I.INti TON, comer of
Konr-and-a-batfatrewt and Prima* Irani* arenue, Waahliifton.
Summon ?K IfWO-'SI.
t|t||K l.ecturea In thia inatitution oouiinence on the
1 Monthly in Orlahrr, 111 the t,olIrffe HoiMlm- No 1 .V'
Arch afreet, Philadelphia, and continue f uir month a, in the
following order
JAM KS A' X Mrf'UINKH V, M />., Profeaaor of the
Theory ami Practice of Medicine
N H MOSUL V, A/ It., Profeaaor of Henrral, Special,
and Surifical Anatomy.
M If ltlCKKSON,M It , Profeaaor of Materia Medi
caaud Thrrapenttoa.
A It fllAI.ONKIl, M It, Pmf'aaor or I banditry.
I' W, OLL'ASOXI, M It, Profeaaor of Phyaioloiry and
JOSK I'll N I.OWONHOHi:, M It, Profeaaor of Obate
trica and the liiaruaoa of Women and t hlldren.
MA BO A It K TV A II Ol.KASON, Itemonatrator of
Clinical Inalruction every Salurilay.
'I he atudenta in thia Inatitution will be afforded opportunltlea
for proaenutlna their aliollea which hare never been
aflorded bitbrrtn, and which will not he Inferior to tboae of
any other Medical College in tlie country
I cel. III film I Ullage urn IK MMIOwe
To each I'rofeeeor - ..... $|ii
Matriculation fee (paid once only) - IS
Tlie Lecture. will In' complete upon Anatomy ami I'hyai
oloftr, lliatItutee of MedMlie and Medical Juriaprodence,
Theory ami I'ractlce of Medicine OhetolrlcH ami Dleeaaee
of Women ami < 'hlldren, Surgery, Materia Medicit ami Tboraiieutlce,
I'hcinlatry and Clinical I'racflee.
I lia deaigii of itilx Inatllotl n i? In afford Intelligent and
reapectahle frmalrH an opportunity of acquiring a thorough
knowledge of medicine ami the collateral aMeticea, In alt
their varmna hranehea, ami to practice medicine among their
own aei, ami audi dlaeaeea aa may with propriety require
their aer? leee.
for further information, apply peraoually or by letter
<|m?t paid) to the liemi or any other mi niher of the faculty.
Sept. 12. Doan of the 1'aculty.
fpilK eubaorlbera have commenced the piihlleution of a
J Nrtc ll'rrkly I'uprr for h'nmilUl, with the almve title,
to lie under the entire editorial control of
Who will eoiieentrate upon It. all, or nearly all, of hie literary
laleira The deetgr of Ihia |?|o-r le clearly eipreaaed in
the title?" IK)MB KA/.KITK" It will lie emphatically
a |>apcr for the hooif nirU?a hoii.chv'd companion?a pleaa
ant Orealde friend, c inioy to all with a cheerful oonnte
nance, and eeekitig, while it Imparte Inatriictlon, to entertain
and Intereat ail eloaaea of reailera A leading feature
of the" Home (laaette " will he a
fcrrire of Original NoilvcUcttea liy the Fdltor,
Who will fnriiiali aouie four or fire of tlieae pieturoe of dome-llc
life, written In hla le-at atyle, lor erery volume. 'I ha
Home tiaaetto will he the organ of no party noraeet, nor will
It (? the eiponent of any of the mom of the day. It will faithfully
advocate the light, and reek hy every tneana to Widen
the circle of human bappineaa ll-meaUy will the editor
leach the truth, aa he ha? erer done In hla wrifltiga, for the
aake of good to hla fellow men. Hut, in doing thla, he will
avoid unneceaaary harehneaa and cauaeleea olfenec.and keep
hla journal free from atain of wounding te-reonallty. He
will op|MMie what la falae and evil, aa one of Lie emtlal dutiea,
hut, while doing ao, will nae no bari>er language than ita
rehiika and correction may require The Home Uaaette will
he elegantly prime I, on tine white paper, with large, clearfaced
type that may l>e r<ad hy young and old without Injury
to the eyee.
Trrmi qf llit puper, in all r i?t% in mltanct.
(hie copy, per annum
Three Copleo fi
hll eopleo ........ 1(1
Ten noptea ........ 15
k ourtoou oopiea '2tt
W her* a club of ill ten, or fuuitern coplea are aent, in
extra oo|>y will be fumlihed to the pnatmaetcr or other per.ou
who inakve up the eluli. tine copy of either Hodey'i
latily'a Hook, (irwhum'a Magaiine, or Sartain'a Magaatue,
will he oent for four dollare
Ifi'All letter, niuat tic polt-pald.
irr Money that la current at the place where the enb ertptlou
le inede will lie taken In payuient for the I per
Addreaa T. N AK I II! K A CO., No. ft Athenian HulldInga,
hrankliu I'tace, Philadelphia. Sept 12?lui
ATTOKNKVS and l.ounaellore at l-aw, Hart for I, I on
neetlcut IKHIK KK.
hopt li-ty JOHKI'M K. HAWI.KY.
THIN new and attradlre Jourual for Youth, edited by
Mr* Halley, and puhllaheil at Waahlngtou, can he bad
at the Hu'ton /(gem y for (Aa Notional Ki a, II C-.ruhlll.
Price hr mall.Nt neulea year, deliver*! U Hoeton. rreo of
poet age, 7 > ceute. MKAIRUK W LIUHT,
Hut &. ac'oruhllt. Uvotua.

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