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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, September 19, 1850, Image 4

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For the Netlonel Kr?
m lOH N V A I A M*.
Word*' word a ' O, give me three.
Word* txlittliiK ?b*t I feel?
Tb*t I niey on rvery l*rr* *e
VFnlt ft. th'ier wliiwe riven uleel
Fetter* *<nil? end nheokleii bend*
Horn to In* UK free :im itir
Yet, crushed and cramped by Slavery's bands?
Wnr.lt. that have nil influence there
Words' words' give me to write,
Sueti a* touch (he inner h> art;
Not mere Hitting forms of light,
That please the ear ami then depart
Hut burning w.ints. that reach the soul,
That bring the shreds of Knot out,
That with resist leu* power do roll,
An I put the hosts of W rung to rout.
Let others tune their 1> res and sing
llluaire dreams of fancied joy;
Hut my own harp? its every string?
Shall And in truth enough employ.
It shall not brealhe of freedom here,
While millions clank the galling chain,
ttr e'eu one slave doth trow in tear,
Within our country's broad domain
tio where the slate gang trembling stands,
tter ie.i wirn every svaoie st ck ;
Woman with fetters on her hands,
* e V sjyi
v i A -V - m
See ' ?" she fiend^, 1>ol How heTtesY*
Hark ' hear her broken, trembling sighs;
1 ben bear the oaths, the threats, tbt jeers,
(if meu who lash her as she crirs.
11, men who have the gift 11 weave,
In poeay's web, deep, searching thought.
He truth thy aim?henceforward, leave
The lyre too much n itb fancy fraught.
L. me up, am! let the wor Is you write
He those that every chain woiil I break,
And every sentence you indite
He pledged to Ti ut'i tor Free-Ion,'s sake
hroiu the Union.
It may be interesting to our readers to have J
nn analysis of the votes which were given in the
House of Representatives on thotitb instant, upon
one of the most important questions which have
^ ever been discussed aud decided in Congress We
pTfse.oX the results in tw^rn.^ectree fablesone
embracing the names of the members who I
voted on the bill, alphabetically arranged, distinguishing
yeas and nays according to their politics
and their States; the other a fable of the States
and description of the votes of each member who
The votes of the 11 use, when it is full, amount
to v:!l ; of these, I 10 are from non-slaveholdiDg
States, and it I from slaveholding States
V K A S - WIII (i S. Y K A K-11K M f M' K A T S.
Alston of Alabama. Albertson of Indiana
Anderson of Tennessee. Ray of Mississippi.
Andrews of New York Bayly of Virginia
BokocofNew York. I'eale of Virginia.
Bowie of Maryland Rowlin of Missouri.
Brent of Kentucky. Boyd of Kentucky.
Briggs ot New York. t'rown of Indiaua.
Brooks of New York Ruel of Michigan.
Butler of Pennsylvania. Caldwell of Kentucky
Cahell of Florida. t'obb of Alabama.
Caldwell of N Carolina. Dimmick of Pa.
I'iimpv nf Pcntmvlv mi i Disney of Ohio
Chandler of Pa. Dunham of Indiana.
Deberry of N Carolina. Ivlrnundson of Va.
Ducr of New York KwingofTenn.
Duncan of jYIass. Pitch of Indiana.
P.liot of Mass Puller of Maine.
Gentry of Tennessee. Gerry of Maine.
Grinnell of Maws. Giltimre of Pa.
ll'iyriioml of Virginia. Green of Missouri.
Milliard of Alabama Gorman of Indiana.
Houston of Delaware. Halt of Missouri
Johnson of Kentucky. Hannnond of Maryland.
Kerr of Maryland Harm of Tennessee.
K ing of Rhode Island I lartis of I llinois.
Levin (n a ) of Pa. Ilibhtrd of N. II
Marshall of Kentucky I loogland of Ohio.
McKissook of N.York. Howard of Texas.
McLean of Kentucky. Johnson of Tennessee.
Morehead of Kentucky. J one* of Tennessee.
Morton of Virginia Kaufman of Texas.
Nelson of New York. Le tiler ot Iowa.
? Outlaw of N Carolina. Littlefield of Maine
Owen of (ieorgia Mann of Pennsylvaui i
Ph<rnix of New York. Mason of Kentucky.
Pitman of Pennsylvania. Mot'lernsnd of Illinois
Rose of New York Melton dd of Indiana
Schermerhorn of N Y. McDowell of Virginia
Shepperd of N O. McLanahan of Pa.
Stanly of N Carolina. McLane of Maryland
Taylor of Ohio. McMullenof Virginia.
Thompson of Kentucky Parker of Virginia
Thurman of N Y PeaaloeofN II
Toomhs ofGeorgi i Potter of Ohio.
IJnderhill of New York. Richardson of Illinois.
Wat kins of Tennessee. Bobbins of Pa.
White of New York lloliinson of Indian i.
Williams of Tenn Itoss of Pennsylvania.
Wilson of N II. Savage of Tennessee
. Stanton of Tennessee. |
Stanton of Kentucky.
Strong of Pennsylvania.
Thomas of Tennessee.
Thompson of Pa
Walden of New York
Wellborn of Georgia.
Whittlesey of Ohio.
Wildrick of N J.
Young of Illinois
Whigs from free States ... I
W higs from slave States ... yfi
? lit
Democrats from free States - id
Democrats from slave States - '.'7
? f?s
Alexander of N. Y. Ashe of N. Carolina.
Allen* of Mass. Averett of Virginia
I laker of Illinois Bingham* of Michigan.
Dennett of New York. I loot h ot Connecticut.
Burrows of New York. Bowdou of Alabama.
Butler of Connecticut Brown of Mississippi.
Calvin of Pennsylvania. Hurt of South Carolina.
Campbell* of Ohio. ("able of Ohio.
Clark of New York. Carter of Ohio,
/at..... ,.e v r' /^.i.....u ,.r a /
?y. i'.y. " ? *'
Cole of WDconrin It.tniel of N. C.
Conger of New York. I>oty of Wisconsin.
Corwin of Ohio. Durkee* of Wine nsin.
Crowellof Ohio Peatherston of Miss
Dickey of Pennsylvania. I laralron of Georgia.
.Dixon of It I. Harlan of Indiana
Kvans of Ohio. Harris of Alabama.
Kowler of Mass. Ilnlladay of Virginia.
Gidding* of Ohio. I lolnies of S. Carolina,
(iott of New York. I luhbard of Alabama.
Hallo way of New York. Ingeof Alabama
llebord of Vermont.. Jack won of Georgia.
Henry of Vermont. Johnson of Ark msaa.
I lowe* of Pa. J iili in* of Indiana.
Hunter of Ohio. 1* King' of New York.
Jackson of New York. I.a Sere of Louisiana.
J. G.King of N .1 Mdfucen of N C.
J A King of N Y. MeWillie of Miss.
Maun of M:iss. Meade of Virginia
Matteaon of New York Millson of Virginia.
McG mghey of Indiana. Morris of Ohio
Meacham of Vermont. Morse of Louisiana.
Newell of N.J Olds of Ohio.
Ogle of Peunsylrauia Orr of Smith Carolina.
Otis of Maine I'eck of Vermont
Putnam of New York. Pbel|>s of Missouri.
Ileed of Pennsylvania. Powell of Virginia
Ilevnolds of New York Sawfelle of Maine
llockwell of Mass 'Seddou of Virginia.
Itooi* of Ohio. Stetson of Maine.
Itumsey of New York. Sweetser of Ohio.
Sackett of New York. Thompson of Miss.
Sohenek of Ohio Venable of N C
Sehoolcraft of N Y. WaMo of Connecticut.
Silvester of New York Wallace of S C.
Sprsgueof Miehigaa Wentworth of Illinois
.Steven* nf I', WoftlwaM ufH. C.
Tuck* of N II
V*b Dyke of N .1
Vinton of Ohio
* I rue Nui|t*i
Whiga from free Nutea (im-luliug Free
Suiter*) r,(f
Whig from slave Stale* - I
Democrat* from free Nttlei (intluiliu?
FrM-Soilara) - . . . (t
Democrats from uluve Stall a . ??
? Hi
Drmtfoils.? Yeas : Me*?r* Fuller < Jerry, an I
IJttlefieM. Naya Metwra Sawtelle au<l Sietsou
H'hu(.?Nay Mr. Otis.
k Dtmocmlt?Yeaa Meiswra I liMianl ami IVan|
Wkig*<?Yea Mr. Wilaon Nay Mr. Tuck,
(' ")
v?:? uovr.
Ik mot rat ?Nay Mr I'eok
Whigt.?Naya. Meaara. Ilelmr'l, lleury, ami
Whigs,?Yeas Messrs Duncan, Eliot, and
(irinnell Nays: Messrs Allen, Fowler, Mann,
and Rockwell.
miotic ISLAND,
Whig ? Nay Mr. Dixon.
Ihwiocrnlt.?Nays Moaam Uooth (f. s) and
D'wocritix.?Yea: Mr. Walden. Nay Mr.
Preston King. (r. s)
Whigs?Yeas Meaera Andrews, Pokee, Rriggn.
tsrooks, Uuer, IVlcK issoek, iNcison, rntouix, rvuor,
Tburnian, Uuderhill, aud While. Nays Messrs
Alexander, Bennett, Burrows, Clark, Conner,
Gott, I lalloway. Jackson, J. A King, MaUeaon,
Putnam, Reynolds, Bumsey, Sackett, Schoolcraft,
Hud Silvester.
/) moirul.? Yea . Mr. Wildrick
ll'tifi?Nays Messrs King, Newell, and Vau
Dy ke.
iJtMOffats?Yeas. Messrs Dimmick, Gilmore.
Maun, iMcl.auahuu, Bobbins. Boas, Strong, and
M'A/.'v.?Yeas Messrs Butler, Casey, Chandler,
Levin. and Pitman. Nays Messrs Calvin,
Dickey, Howe, (r. s..) Ogle, Bred and Stevens.
?Yea Mr. Houston.
v -ev ,r?v?m Mwr'J hwimojiJ ,
v # . W
Whigs.?eas Messrs Bowie and Kerr
Democrats?Yeas Messrs Bayly, Bcale, Edinondeon,
McDowell, McMullen, and Parker.
Nays: Messrs. Averetf, Holladay. Meade, Millson.
Powell, and Seddou
ll'/ii^t.? Yeas Messrs H tymond and Morton.
nor ih carolina.
D'Hioaats.?Nays: Mesbrs. Ashe, Daniel, and
Whigs ? Yeas Messrs Caldwell, Deberry,
Outlaw, Shepperd, und Stanly. Nay Mr. Clingman.
soi' 1ii carolina.
1)'macro/s ? Nays Messrs. Hurt, t.olcock,
Holmes, McQueen, Orr, Wallace, and Woodward.
D*vtnrut.c? Vea Mr. Wellborn. Nays Messrs. [
Haralson and Jackson.
Whigs?Yeus Messrs Owen and Toombs.
Whig.? Vea Mr. Cabell.
I)-macro/s.? Vea Mr. Cobb. Nays: Messrs.
Howilon, Harris, Hubbard, and Inge
Wht.\;s.-?Yeas Messrs. Alston and Hilliard.
D'/nocrots.?Yeas Messrs. Hisney, lloagland,
Potter, and Whittlesey Nays Messrs. Cable,
Carter, Morris, Olds, and Sweetser.
Whigs.?Yea Mr. Taylor. Nays; Messrs.
Campbell, (r. s) Corwin, Crowell, Evans, Giddings,
(k. s .) Hunter, Hoot, (k. k.,) Schenck, and
Democrats.? Yea Mr liuel. Nay: Mr. Bingham,
(k. s )
Whig.?Nay: Mr. Sprague.
D'ntocfiiis?Yens: Messrs. Albertson, Brown,
Dunhimi, Fitch, Gorman, McDonald, and Robinsou
Nays: Messrs. Ilarlan and Julian, (k. s.)
?Nay Mr McGaughey.
It mocnils ?Yeas Messrs. Harris, MoClornand,
Riehardson, and Young. Nay Mr. Wentworth.
?Nay Mr. Baker.
It mofrnt.?Yea Mr. Littler.
D mocrnls?Nays Messrs. Doty, (r. ?) and
Durkee, (r s)
MVi/i/.? Nay Mr Hole
D'mocfiils ? Yeas Messrs. Bowlin, Bay, Green,
and llall Nay Mr Phelps
D'htoiriils ?Yeas : Messrs Boyd, Caldwell,
Mason, and Stanton
B'/(ii,'<?Yens Messrs. Breck, Johnson, Marshall.
McLean, and Morehead.
/^'Wiiiri'i',1. V?fto i M imvm- I ( .ev'tu,
Johnson Jones, Savage, Stanton, and Thomas.
H'/ugj ? Yias : Messrs. Anderson, Gentry,
Watkius, and Williams.
!>'mfifruts?Nays Messrs Brown, Peatherston,
MoWillie, and Thompson.
It'nun nit ?Nay : Mr. Johnsou.
I)' mot nils. - Nays: Messrs. LaSere and Morse
I)tmorrat.s.?Yens . Messrs. Howard and Kaufman.
Nummary. Yeas.
Democrats from free States - - - .12
" from slave States - - -7
? 59
Whigs from free States - - -24
" from slave States - - 2.r?
? 49
Democrats from free States - - - 17
44 from slave States - - 29
? it;
Whigs from free States - - -00
" from slave States - - - I
? 51
Mrmtfts If hi) ilul not l otf.
Maine, nhseut I Whig.
Massachusetts, " I Whig. ('J vacancies.)
Rhode 1sttnd, ' I Whig
Connecticut, " I Democrat, (k. s )
New York, ' 4 Whigs.
New Jersey, " 1 Whig.
Pennsylvania, " 1 Whigs and I Dent (v. s.)
Maryland, " 1 Whig and I Democrat.
Virginia, '' I Democrat.
Georgia, " I Whig and I Democrat,
(Speaker not voting, hut
favorable to the hill)
Ohio, " v> Democratb.
Illinois, " I Democrat,
low i, I vacancy.
Louisiana, " I Democrat.
Those marked i (Free Soil) are those who
made slavery a test in the organization of the
1 louse.
Of//o shifholiliii^' S>nhs, Maryland, Tennessee.
Kentucky and Texas, gave a unanimous vote
fur the hill.
South Carnliua and Mississippi were unanimous
Virginia gave a majority for the hill- eight to
six Of the eight, two are Whigs.
North farolina gave a majority for it ?live to
fuir. All five were Whigs, and of the four, one
! w is a Whig.
Georgia was three to two for the hill. Two of
| the three were Whigs, the rest were Democrats.
Alabama was three for ttie hill?two of them
Whigs. The other four llepreseutatives, who
were nays, are Democrats.
Missouri, four for the hill?all Democrats, one
member (Mr. Phelps) against it.
Of tin huh \lnr>holiliii^ Si ill i t, Maine gave
three for the hill, three against it. Ot the last,
one was a Whig.
New Ilatnpshire, three for the hill?all Democrats,
one (Free-Sailer) against it.
ronnectiout, three against the hill?one of
them a Whig
Ithode Island, one and one hoth Whigs.
New Vork, fourteen lor the hill, eighteen
against it?all Whigs except Mr Waldeti, (a
Democrat ) yea, and Mr Preston King, (KrecNoilcr.)
New Jersey, one (Democrat) yea, three nays,
i W higs )
Pennsylvania, thirteen for the hill?three of
them Whigs, and Mr Levin (Native American )
hi I five agaiuat, (all Whigs) uud llowe, (Free
Michigan, one yea, (i Democrat ) and three
nays one Whig, two Free-Hollers
Ohio, five yeas, (all Democrat* hut ont) and
fourteen nays (If these, tiveare Democrats, four
are Whigs and five Free-Noilers
Indiana, seven yeas?all Democrats Nays
three viz one Democrat, oue Whig, uud ouc
Illinois, four yeas fall Democrats) and two
nivs one Democrat and one Free-Noiler
Hut oue Whig Irani the West voted for the hill,
(Mr I ay lor from Ohio ) and sixteen Democrats;
and Hgiiust it, sixteen Western Whigs, and nine
Western Democrats
IL v ILnky W vim Hi n hKH ? This distinguished
divine has returned from his trip to F.urope,
with his health much improved, lie came
passenger iu the Asia
We have been permitted, through the inJulgence
of the publishers of this important work,
to lay before oar renders several extracts from it
of engrossing interest, but none will be read with
more pleasure than the following. It is taken
from the Diary, and written in Mr. Adams's thirty-ninth
year?Eft-nut# Post
" Ai'i'OtiUmad of Coloml Wuthing!on a* Comtnniu!tt-w-Chv-f
of thf. Colon ml Army.
This tne isure of imbecility, the second petition
to the King, embarrassed every exertion of
Congress; it occasioned motions and debates w ithout
end. for appointing committees to draw up a
declaration of the cause*, motives, and objects of
taking arms, with a view to obtain decisive dcclaw
.fL.tiu nivoiriut inilor\a?1|on/?p A In the* nieiin
time the New Kngland army inventing Huston,
the New Kngland Legislatures, Congresses, and
Conventions, nud the whole body of the People,
were left without munitions of war, without arm*,
clothing. pay, or even countenance ami encouragement
Every post brought nie letters from my
friends, Dr Winthrop, Dr.Cooper,General James
Warren, and sometimes from General Ward and
his nils, ami General Heath and many others,
urging in pathetic terms the impossibility of
keeping ih? ir men together without the assistance
of Congress I was daily urging all these
things; but we were embarrassed with more than
one ditticalty, not only with the party in favor of
the petition to the King, and the party who were
jealous of independence, but a third party, which
, w is a Southern party against a Northern, and a
jealousy agains' a New Kugland army under the
. - ? ? ~ i e-w-vsj Whether
S 4 Jt>j ? 4,4^4.?, - -V . 4...,. ? 4~ ,4. .4 ,
pride and a haughty ambition of furnishing a
Southern general to command the Northern army,
1 r in not ??v Hut the intention was very visible
to me. that Colonel Washington was their object,
j and 80 many of our stancbest men were in the
plan that we could carry nothing without conceding
to it.
' Another embarrassment which was never
i publicly known, and which was carefully conI
cealed by those who knew it, the Massachusetts
aud other New Kngland delegates were divided
Mr Hancock and Sir. Cushing hung back. Mr
Paine did not conio forward . and even Samuel
Adams was irresolute. Mr Hancock himself had
had an ambition to be appointed commander-inchief*
Whether he thought an election a compliment
due to him, and intended to have the
honor of declining it, or whether he would have
accepted, 1 know not. To the compliment he had
some pretensions, for, at that time, his exertions,
sacrifices, and general merits in the cause of his
country, had been incomparably greater than
those of Colonel Washington. But the delicacy
of his health, and his entire want of experience
in actual service, though an excellent militia officer
were dtgMv** objections t0 him in my mind,
fn canvassing this subject, out of doors. I found,
too, that even among the delegates of Virginia
there were difficulties. The apostolical reasonings
among thento^rce. which et<yrli be greatest, were
not less energetic among the saints of the ancient
dominions than they were among us of New Kngland.
In several conversation?. I found more than
one very cool about the appointment of Washington,
and particularly Mr Pendleton was very
clear and full against. Pull of anxieties concerning
these confusion", and apprehending daily
that we should hear very distressing news from
Boston, 1 walked with Mr Samuel Adams in the
State House yard for a little exercise and fresh
air, before the hour of Congress, and there represented
to him the various dangers that surrounded
us He agreed to them all, but. said,
41 What shall we do ?" I answered him, that he
knew I had taken great pains toget our colleagues
to agree upon souie plan, that we might be unanimous;
but he knew that they would pledge
themselves to nothiug ; hut 1 was determined to
take a step which should compel them and all the
other members of Congress to declare themselves
for or against something. " I am determined this
morning to make a direct motion that Congress
should adopt the army before Boston, Hnd appoint
Colonel Washington commander of It" Mr
Adams seemed to think very seriously of it, but
said nothing.
"Accordingly, when Congress had assembled, I
rose in tny place, and, in as short a speech as the
subject would admit, represented the state of the
Colonies, the uncertainty in the minds of the people,
their great, expectation and anxiety, the distresses
of the arnty, the danger of its dissolution,
the difficulty of collecting another, and the probability
that the British army would take advantage
of our delavs. inarch out of Boston, and
spread desolation an fur as they could go I concluded
with it motion, in form, that Congress
would adopt the army at Cambridge, and appoint
a General, that though this wan not the proper
lima In nnuiinitln i I enprnt, yi I nu I tvtil reaMnti
to hrlirvr tl??t thin wan t* point of the greatestr
dilhculty, I had no hesitation to declare that 1
had hut one gentleman in my mind for that important
command, and that was a gentleman from
Virginia, who was among us, and very well known
to all of us, a gentleman whose skill and experience
as an ollicer. whose independent fortune,
great talents, and excellent universal character,
would command the approbation of all Americi,
and unite the cordial exertions of all the Colonies
better than any other person in the Union
"Mr Washington who happened to sit near
the door, as soon as he heard me allude to him,
from his usual modesty, darted into the library
room Mr. Hancock?who was our President,
which give me an opportunity to observe his
countenance while I was speaking on the state of
the Colonics, the army at Cambridge, and the enemy?heard
me w ith visible pleasure ; hut when I
came to describe Washington for the commander,
I never remarked a more sudden and striking
change of countenance Mortihcition and resentment
were expressed ns forcibly as his face could
exhibit them Mr Samuel Adams seconded the
motion, and that did not soften the President's
physiognmy at all I The subject came under debate,
and several of the gentlemen declared themselves
against, the appointment of Mr Washington,
not on account of any personal objection
ngainsi him, hut because the army was all from
New I'lngland, had a General of their own, appeared
to he satisfied with him, and had proved
themselves able to imprison the Hritish Hrmy in
Boston, which was all they expected or desired at
that time Mr Pendleton of Virginia, Mr. Sherman
of Connecticut, were very explicit in declaring
their opinion; Mr Cushing and several others
more faintly expressed their opposition and
their fears of discontents in the army and in New
Knglund. Mr Paino expressed a great opinion
of General Ward and a strong friendship for him,
having been his classmate at college, or at least
bis contemporary, hut gave no opinion upon the
question. The subject was postponed to a future
day. In the mean time, pains were taken out of
doors to obtain a unanimity, and the voices were
generally so clearly in favor of Washington, that
the dissentient members were persuaded to withdraw
their oppo-ition, and Mr. Washington was
nominated, 1 believe by Mr. Thomas Johnson of
Maryland, unanimously cUctid, snd the army
"The next question was, who should be the sec,
oud ollicer General Lee was nominated and
moat strenuously urge*l i?y tu my, pirucuiariy
Mr. Mitllin, who said that (Jeneral Lee would
serve cheerfully under Washington, but considering
his rank, character, and experience, could
not he expected to scree tinder any other That
Lee must he. nut mcumlus out nulluTo this I as
strenuously objected, that it would he a great
deal to expect of Cicneral Ward that he should
serve under any man, hut that under a stranger
he ought not to serve. That though I had high
opinion of (leneral Lee's learning, geueral information,
and especially of his science ami experience
in war. I could not advise (Jeneral Ward to
humiliate himself and his country so far as to
serve under him (Jencrul Ward was elected the
second, and Lee the third | (J ites and Mitllin, I
helicve. had some appointments, and (Jeneral
Washington took wilti him Mr. Iteed of Philadelphia,
a lawyer of some eminence, for his private
secretary, and the gentlemen all set off for
the estop They had not proceeded twenty miles
from Philadelphia before they met a courier with
the news of Mir battle of Honker'* Hill, thedeath
of General Warren, the slaughter among (hi*
llritish (fliniTN i\n<I men. its well as among our*,
ami the hurtling of ('harlestown."
rtlit will wtwi'ly ?nr|Ti>? tho?. mho kiiw Ihtl Mr.
HtWoi'k'i imralllna f<*lbl? ??? * undue** lot <li?
tiuetl'ii Hot the wrllrr m-vrr ?.? mutiny Home disponed
mi ililn acemiiil to deprrei ?tt tl,r inrrit of this yi iitl<-msn's
servl ?* tn (he Kevolutlutl
I I'hf emotion ?a' smothered cimiiyh ''V the seouid 'ley
tn entitle Mm In wrttiny t<> Mr lirriy in MxSmti-MixiU*. to
. ell VVxxhniKt.'ii ? " floe intu." Hit! there can he little
d< in lit thai neither IUiu'.k k nor Ward ?*? ever afterwords
eordial towards liini Mr A<11 >e's letter* of the 'Sine
ilale mil lie found elutehire, -| liul/ .'i I.,/, o\ (in 11/
t Mr Adams ** him of the Oinmitlee of Ihtve I Mr Hen
ry sud Mr I.yochl appointed to nail it|?n I inner il I.re ti
lUforin Ijiiu of hie a|i|iolliliiieiil, and rei|iieet hie answer,
whe 1 her be would acespt the j?Human I t h y re|*>risd ioi
mediately hie w?>rde of *eee|* am e.?| Joat iiiU? of' I 'ettyft et 1.
./one IWA, I7T? I
A \iv 1 hum vi ? Like a toaii, the city nita squat
upon the niorsho*, and her people push out th<>
water* anil pile up the drill against thetu, Mini
nit quietly down to smoke Shi|m come from InJin
and ride at anchor before their door*.coming
in from sea through the pathways 1 hey have
opened in the Hand, and unlading (heir goods on
quaya that quiver on the hog* Amsterdam in
not the moat pleasant place in the world when a
June sun U shining hot upon the dead water of
ita cassia, and their green surface ia only dint orbed
by the sluggish barges or slops of the tidy housetonida.
I went through the streets of the merchant
princes of Amsterdam A broad canal
' sweeps through the centre, full of every hind of i
oraft, sad the dairy women land their milk from
their barges on the quay in front of the very i
proudest doors The houHee and half of the
canals are shaded with deep-leaved lindens, and i
the carriages rattle under them, with the tall I
houses on one side and the waters on the other, i
Nowhere are girls' faces prettier than in Hoi- <
land ; complexions pearly white, with just enough |
red to give them a healthier bloom, and their
hands are na fair, soft, and tapering, as their eyes I
are rull of mirth, witchery, ana nre
II' ntlafs Misctllany. I
forth*National Kra. '
Fair lyri*t?' I have l t? your Uyit? <
So H???tly chiming on the rmvi?h?l far, <
And fall in* "fill in cadence* *o clear?
Till admiration kindle* into praii-f
Hut i?ll? were my fond de?ire? to raine
A ?|ui?*t tribute to your |? wy? J
You little need the M boaot ol heraldry."
Whode ?ong? with lu-'k inherent luiitre bluze:
Along your ?er?e, enliveuiug fluioy pl?y?,
And inspiration with itn kindling glow;
A tnyatir beauty ?bcd? jf" mellow ra>?,
Which melt and mingle in the liquid ttow
Of thought. and (uiaeion, and poetic Ore
Till liatening auditor* all ble?< four hearen *trung lyrea.
J'ff'.rstn, Asktaboln Co , Aug. 8, 15vri0.
. . 4 - * i - ' I
To th< Editor of ikr National Era :
Sir Vou hure doubtless heard of Jacksonville, (
the literary emporium of Illinois. Nevertheless I
would like to chat a few seconds about it, if you
have time to listen It is a delightful village, located
in central Illinois, and when first the stranger
looks upon ita beauties he could easily imagine
that he was gazing on the pet of the forest King,
whom the wood nymphs tenderly encircle in their
protect tug arms, and delight to cherish and beautify.
Like guardian angels, its literary and benevolent
institutlonscluster around it in the west
<tu environs arc siiuateu Illinois College, and the
Asylum for the I leaf and Pumb , about one quarter
of a mile south of the village, the State I loepital
for the Insane is being erected, and alsmt the
same distance east is located the Pauper's I lome, i
and hard by is being laid the foundation of an
Asylum for the Blind. And immediately in the
village are located two Female Seminaries, and one ,
Free School-house is Itcing erected, it is also a '
church-going community, as well as a literary one. !
there being seven churches, whose respectable ,
congregations speak well for the religious and I
moral character of the place. But the wonder of '
u faun.) in eater/i section ?f i'
the town; it is a village within a village, the i
inner one being cdled Africa?a community of '
negroes nestling in the protecting arms of their 1
white brothe/ai tout tell it not in the South, puV
lish it not among si iveholders. lest their sous i
and daughters stand forth and call us Abolition- 1
ists. Not many weeks since, I spent half a day in
visiting this colored community First I was con- >
ducted to their school-room, where there was a public
examination, it being tb?' last day of the term;
and 1 can truly say it w is highly creditable to
teacher and pupils. They were beginners, just '
timidly taking their first step in the literary highway,
but their answers were prompt and correct; ,
and when their teacher (a charitable white lady) I
asked, will you have school to-morrow or a holy- ?
day, every pupil answered, school. All were then
invited to repair to another room, where refresh- t
ments had been prepared for the occasion. An (
elegant and tasteful arrangement characterized
the tables, the viands were rich arid tempting us
the most refined epicure could wish After
leaving the refreshment room, I strolled through
their village; their homes were invariably neat,
and in many cases there was displayed much
taate in the arrangement of yards and gardens.
They not only cultivate the culinary vegetables,
hut their homes were ulso surrounded hy shrubs
and (lowers, which are so admirably ad pted to r
the fostering of the finer sensibilities of the mind.
With such home associations to intluence them, it J
is not strange that these colored children appear
as the equals, in intellect and morals, of the
neighboring white children. And lin thoiight, if M
a slaveholder could spend a few days in their vil- <i
luge, he would blush to think that he had ever e
classed them with brutes, to be bought and sold as 0
suited his pleasure. Spkctator. t
womsrs mm ( (invention.
-Aflneeting will l>e held in Worcester. Massachusetts.
oil the *3d ???'l vtth of October next.
?gre??hly to appointment <>r a preliminary nieoling,
held at I'.oston on the .'tilth ot' May last The
men and women of our country who feel sutlioient
interest in the great question of Woman's Rights,
duties, and relations in.the social system, to give
an earnest thought and effective efTortto its rightful
adjustment, are invited to meet each other in
free conference at the time and place appointed.
The upward-tending spirit of the age, busy in
a hundred different forms of effort for the world's
redemption from the sins and suffering which oppress
it, has brought this one, which yields to
none in importance and urgency, intodistinguished
One half of the race are its immediate ohjects,
and the other h ilf are as deeply involved by that
absolute unity of interest and destiny which Nature
has established between them The neighbor
is near enough to involve every human being
in a general equality of rights and community of
interests , hut men aud women, in their reciprocities
of love and duty, are one flesh and one blood?
mother, sister, wife, and daughter, come so near ,
the heart and mind of every man, that they must I
be either his blessings or his bane. (
Where there is such mutuality of interests, ,
such interlinking of life, there can he no real antagonisms
of positiou and action : the sexes should
not for any reason take hostile attitudes towards
each other, either in the apprehension or amendment
of the wrongs which exist in their necessary
relations, and they should hartuonke in '
opinion and cooperate in etfort, for the reason that {
they must unite in the ultimate achievement of I
the desired reformation.
Of the many points now undergoing discussion
and demanding a ju.?t settlement, the general question
of woman's rights and relations comprehends
such as?her education, lucrartj, scuiitijic, ami artistic?her
avocations, xmlnurial, commercial, ami
jtroJ'ssiohiiI?her interest, /*chiiuih/, < n i/, awl /toluteal?iu
a word, her rights >s an iudivi lual, and
her functions as a citizen. No one will pretend
that all these interests, embracing, as they do, all
that is not merely aniinal in a human life, are
rightly understood or justly provided for in the
existing sosial order. Nor is it any more true t
that the constitutional differences of the sexes,
which should determine, define, and limit the re
suiting ditferenc s of otlice and duly, arc adequately
comprehended and practically observed
Woman has been condemned for her greater i
delicacy of physical orguniz ition to inferiority of
intellectual and moral culture, nnd to the for- '
fcituro of social aud civil privileges In the re- ?
latlou of marriage she hss been ideally annihi- ,
luted, and actually enslaved, in all that concerns 1
U 1 1 .. : :-l . - i ! I
uri jm .tu<? |iau ti i y riguip , .1111 evtMl 111
widowhood. and maiden singleness, she is op.
pressed with such limitations ami degradations of
latior and avocation us clearly and cruelly ni irk
the condition of a disabled caste. I'.ut by the inspiration
of the Almighty, the beneficent spirit of i
reform is roused to the redress of these wrongs;
the tyranny which degrades and crushes wives
and mothers sits no longer lightly on the world's \
conscience?the heart's home-worship feels the
stain of stooping at a dishonored altar Man- i
hood begins to feel the shame of muddying the <
spring from which it draws its highest life, and
womanhood is everywhere aw tkening to assert its
divinely chartered rights, and fulfil its noblest
It is the spirit of reviving truth and righteous- ,
ncss which has moved upon the great deep of the i
public heart, and roused its redressing justice; 1
and, through it. the Providence of (lod is viudi- '
ailing the order and appointments o'his creation.
'I'he sigus are encouraging, the time is opportune;
come, then, to this Couveutiou It is your
duty, if you are worthy of your age and country,
(live the help of your best thought to separate
the light from the darkness, bravely give the
protection of your name and the bcnctit of your
efforts to the great work of settling the principles,
devising the method, and achieving the suecess
of this great enterprise.
^ i
A line of m ill stages has been established from
Independence, Mo., to Hanta Fe, to run monthly.
The Independence QommonH-rnh h says
I '
''The stages are got up in a splendid style,and
are each capable of conveying eight passengers, i
The hodiea are beautifully painted, and made f
[ water-tight with a view of using them as boats in
1 ferrying streams. The team consists of six mules
l to each couch The mail is guarded by eight men,
{ armed as follows Kach man has at his side, !
. strapped up in the stage, one of (hilt's revolving
rilles, in a holster, below, one of Colt's long revolving
pistols, and in hi| belt a small Colt revolver,
besjdss a hunting knife?so that these eight men
ars prepared, in oase of attack, to discharge our 1
humh'il unit ikirlv-su ihots without stopping to 1 *
load ! This is r<|ual to a small army, armed as in
olden times, and from the courageous appearance
of tbis escort, prepared as they are either fur offensive
or defensive warfare with the sav tg.-s,
we have uo apprehensions for the sufety of the
mails The whole of the equipment for this expedition
is of our own city manufacture, except
the revolvers.
u The enterprising contractors have established
a sort of depot at Council Grove, a distance of one
hundred and fifty miles from this city, and hare
sent out a blacksmith, and a number of men to
cut and cure hay, with a -niantity of animals.
|;rain, and provisions, and we understand they
ntend to make a sort of trading post there, and
to open a farm. They coutemplate. we believe
to moke a similar settlement at Walnut Creek
next season. ?
" Two of the rU>m will Htart from here the first
- -C?-? -?
of every month."
Die J on the ICth of 7 th month, at the residence
of her father, Cincinnati, Ohio, Ami*, daughter
of Levi and Catharine Cuflin, of that city. i?gc?l
nearly 11 years. This dear child had Weu suffering
from a severe uttaok of whooping-cough,
which had not been entirely overcome, when she
was seized with sypuitoms of cholera Her eotee
bled constitution proved unequal to conflict with
this disease, and notwithstanding the diligent application
of means to stay its progress, she -unk
under its power. The consolation of her parents
irises from a trust in the free mercy of God in
Christ Jesus, whose divine grace often works
secretly in the young, preserving from sin, leading
to aspirations after holiness, and dedication of
heart to that Redeemer who said, " Suffer little
children to come Unto me and forbiJ them not.
for or such is the kingdom of tieuven. and who
now, as ever, seek* to h>? lsmha into the
? - v t * >?? r - , - ^ .
ed in their afflictions by evidences that the opening
mind of their precious child was thus under
the influence of the Heavenly Father's love.
Thk Static ok Sitkrior.?A resolution has
been submitted in the Michigan Constitutional
Convention, to inquire into the expediency of the
formation of a Territorial Government for the
Upper Peuinaula, (on Lake Superior,) and its ultimate
admission in the Union as a State, with
the assent of the people of the State of Michigan
and of Congress.
At Nortlinmjiton, Massachusetts.
'THIN K*tat>li*bui nt is situated at UeMouville, uu tht
J. west bank nf Alnl river, two autl a half mile* from the
Northampton Kailmad 1'epot,seven boors' rid* from New
Vork, about fire from Boston, ami Ave from Albany, in one
if the pleasantest v.lleys of New England, surrounded with
?o<*l grown hills, with sliady walks, ami abnmtantly sup
[died with the purest, Hcftest, and coldest grinite water
The air is pure ami bealtLy, and the climate wild and agrteible.
The new ami s. anions buildings offer all the court n
elites for water cure purposes, such as large plunge baths
touches, ami airy lodging rooms fur about tiff) patients, sep
irate Wir either sex a eymnaauun, piano, Ac Thj poe'.UT.
ieiug che earliest ftsoipie of rneemlKs ui/w /ieiiig,??o oaf
us an experience of more thau fifteen years of bis own, ibis
writings on Water Cure being in the bands of eeery Euro
iean hydropath.) hopes to respond to any reasonable expect
itions ft- in the Water Care system, uiade on the jwrt.pf
hose sufferers who may confide themselves to Dim He, as
sell as his wife and family, will eaeit themselves to insure
;o their patients every comfort compatib e with the chief
iiirpose of their residence in the establishment
Tern *?For board and treitment, fin per week Ladies
m l .en'lemen accompanying patients, $5 per week
July -AS?1? CHAKLh.S .Ml Nl't >1
179 Broadway, New York,
[S the Agency through which persons at a distance procure
impartial information and the selection of lierths and
lassage tickets, that secure a direct through conveyai ce on
he uu st favorable terms. Information circulars gratis
Iverybody is invited to *end for one Life insurance done
n the mutual system. Address, postage |>aid,
For the satisfaction of those to whom we are personally
inknown, we refer to the following members of Congress :
lou. John Otis, Maine Hon. ThadJeus Stevens, I'a
James Meacham, Vt. S. P. Chase, Ohio.
John P. Hale, N. H. Nath'l Albertson, la.
Horace Mann. Mass Wm. Sprague, Mich.
I.oren P. Waldo, Conn. John Wentworth, 111.
Wm. K. Seward, N. V. Chs, Durkee, Wis.
Hon. Thomas Corwin Secre'ury U. X. Treasury.
Aug. 29?tf
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington City, one door
west of Oilman\t Drui( Store.
rHK citliens of Washington and strangers visiting the
city are respeotfully informed that the subscriber ha*
ust o|>eued a gallery as above, which he has fitted up in eie-aiit
style, with all the latest improvements, including
,nd Is now preimred to take pictures of all nixes, single or in
;roups, whieh his long exp rtenre and great success enibollen
hiiu to say will be proiiouueed by competent judge* fully
jual to any specimens of the phoii .graphic art ever prodii
ed In the United States.
Cabinet pictures, measuring eleven by fnurteei- in'be*,
nkeii at short notice; also,crayon and enamelled Paguerreoyjies.
Pictures taken e<(ually well in cloudy a* in fair weather.
Perfect satisfaction warranted in a I cases
The public are respectfully iuvited to call and exainiiw
ipeoimens. N. S. BENNETT.
Jan. 31?ly
mi uw um>LANI> TUl ua MtWUKAITonv.
JAMKK K. FOSTER continue* to manufacture all the
various approved TRUSSES at his new stand, No. 4*7
Washington street, opposite No. 410 Washington afreet,
anil hia residence anil bualn-aa being both in the same
building, Pan be sewn at home reoat of the whole ol the time
lay or evening He ha* more rooin anil better eoiirenieneea
for the Truaa Kueineaa than any other peraon engaged in
it in thla elty or any other.
Alao, AlUtOMlNAL SUPPORTERS for prolapsus
uteri, trusses forprolapaua aui, auapenaory baga, knee cap*,
hack hoard*, steeled Rhoea fur deformed (e*t Trusses repaired
at one hour's notice, ami made to answer oftentiiuea
a* well a* new. The subscriber baring worn a truaa hiniaelf
for the I a.at twenty Ore year*, and fitted *o many for
the laat twelve year*, <etla IwMtkt in being able to unit
all oa*e* that may eouie to him.
CONVEX SPIRAL TRUSSES; Dr. Chase's trusses,
formerly told by l>r. Leach; truaaea of galraniaed metal,
that will not ruat, baring wooden and copper padr , Head's
spiral truaa; Katidell'a do.; Salmon'* ball and socket,
Sherman'* patent French do.; Kateman's do , double and
single, Stone's trusses. ALo, TRUSSES rOM CMiid
ORES ofall aixea. Dr. Fletcher'* truaa, Marsha'* true*,
Dr Hull'* true*, Thompson'* crotchet truss, aud the Shaker's
rocking trusses, may be had at thla eatabliahuient.
Alao, Whispering Tubes and Eur Trumpets, that will
etiab e a person to oourerae low with one that is hard of
All ladies in want of ab luminal auppo' f.era or trusses will
be wdted upon by his wife, Mr* Caroline D Foster, who
las ha<l twenty years' experience in the business
Potion, I8T>0. June 6?3m
IMPROVED LARD OIL.?Laid Oil of the flnestqualit)
equal to sperm for combustion, also for machinery and
roolien*,being manufactured without acids, can always be
xirchased and shipped in strung barrels,preparedexprenaly
o prevent leakage. Orders receirtd and executed for the
l.ake, Atlantic, ami Southern cities, also for the Westlndier
ind Canada*. Apply to
THOMAS EMERY, Lard Oil Manufacturer,
Jan. 9(1. 23 Water street, near Walnut,Cincinnati. L
fl/l KS KMILY H STOCKTON, No. Ifil Chestnut street
Iv1 between Court h and Pifth streets, Philadelphia.
t>ct 2a?tf
POTSDAM, N?w York. StLAS UlCOCK, Proprietor.
Aug. -iO?tf
LAW I'KHl p. nURMI, O.
WILLIAM K JAKVIS, Jan., Attorn** and <.'ovwjsLsi
at Law,Columbin Ohio OReein PUtt'eRewbulldog,
Stale ?treel,oppoeite eouth door of State Houee.
Business connectedwith theprofessions tallkind*,puna
allv attended la Jan SI
No 3 Cor nh ill.
rPH K National Era comes from Washington to this ofllee
A by P apreee, and is delirered by earrirre in any part of
he city proper, at $2 75 a ytoT.frta of postagi; single
lopies.six and a quarter cent*.
Now is the time to secure tbie national advocate ef the Libirty
Moreenent, during the flret session of Congress under
be new Administration. wheu ijueetions of the moat thrill
ng importance must be decided.
Subscriptions and ranewals respectfully sollelted by
Nul l'! t?Kl> w LIGHT. 3Cernbill
VII. FALSI (CK, the Aaeerinaa Newspaper Agent is agent
for the National lira, and authoriaeu to take Advertisements
and subscriptions at the same rates as required by
ns His nfllcee are at Huston, * Congress street; New York,
Tribunr Huildirig ; Philadelphia, northwest corner of Thirl
ami Chestnut streets; Baltimore,Soutbwestcorner of North
tnd Payette streets.
trip" S M. PK TTK NlilLL, Newspaper Advertising,Sub crip'ion,
and Collecting Agent, No. Ill State street, Boston,
Journal Building,) is slao agent for the National lira
Ni?. 136 Gkkcnwk II STBKKT, NKW YOKR.
' I'HC proprietors beg to call the attention of connoisseurs
A in Tea. and thr heads of families to the rhaict and rate
electnn of Teas Imported hy the in ami hith-rto unknown
n this country, which by their Iragrsnceanddelicacy,combined
with virgin purity and strength, produce an infusion
>( surpassing richness and flavor.
7V This ojff> ml art tht following :
riu- Jeddo lilootu, a Blaeh Tea, at jumper lb.
t he Niphon, do. d<>. 75 do.
The Ltarl, do. da. ... Ml do.
The < isscea, a Green Tea, at I.HI do.
The Too tsiaa, do. do. .... 75 do.
lite 1 l.-ki l-iaa, ilo, <!.). .... Ml Jo.
I ll' I'll II Mixture. a Oolupouud of the liiuet
rare mi l choice Trim grown en the fertile
and genial (oil uf Ah?mn * .11111 ilo.
With a view to encourage the Introduction of three matchleee
IVee, It ie the InUntton of the proprietor* to diatritoi e
hy hi', among the prnvhaeera, a nuautlty of Tom oiiual to
the riHST V/.trt.V PHariTK oil the ulu effected
I fk piirehaaer will receive, eucloaod in the package. a mini
Itrred certificate, entitling tiiia to una chance In the Uletrt
M hill '
1 or ? very fifty cent* laid out, and on the receipt* amount
inn to Jill,(HI, the undermentioned parcel* of Tea, to the
value ol trn per cent. or (Ml, will he given away a* bomine*,
according to the following tcale:
"> 1'riac* of Ml |h*. of Teaeach, at f I per lb. 'AMI $ZV)
hi do. ii do. do. do. Mil My l
Mi do. Ill do. do. do Mel Mel
liei do. .1 do do. do. Mil Mm
JMl do. I do do. do. 'AMI 'lAe
li'i I'riiee In all. A,i??i 2,i??l
Tlioee prram* who prefer lower priced Tea* ean receive
heir priiee in propotdion, or they will he re purch**ed lor
-a?h, at a reduetion of III por aent.
117* I ouutry Agent* required Application* to he adlr**a*d,
poet paid, to tb? Company'* beput, a* above.
' one li? tin
I AM WAN IK 11?Lack paid for corn, ma* t,and* lop-fed
I J Car I. Apply to
THOMAki KMkKT, l.ard I Ml Manufacturer,
Jan. in. n Water etroet, near Waluut.t Inolnnatl.v).
LONG a BVKN, No *U Baltimore atreet, corner of Liberty
utrert, ere now recelrtng end oger for tale on thr
m.Mt liberal term* an eitenoire ikItuM aaa.rtui*nt of
Hritieh, German, French, end HomnoUe Good*, adapted t?
the approaching aeeoon, eon*l*tlng In part of?
Clothe?bine, black, brown green, drab, and aaenrted color*
Hearer Clothe?blue, black, and colored.
Pilot Clothe?blue, black, gray, nixed,and gentle blue.
Caeeimere*?(Wncy awl block.
Iloeakin*?enperior etjrle and finteh.
Alpacea*?plain and figured black, mode, changeable, and
fancy tieured.
>1 'hair Lustres?plain and figured, black and fancy onion.
I>?laaineat anil Cashmeres?printed and plain etiora.
Coburg, Thibet, an 1 I,ama l.'lntb*.
Green Maiie* uf variffns widths and <|?ialitiea.
Flannels of Tariuua width*, nudities, and colors.
Ginghams ? fancy, black, anal wtita.
Trints?3 4, 7-8, and 4 4, foreiirn and domestic, naat and
pretty styles
English and Domestic Long Cloths.
Brown Cottons?.1-4, 7-8, 4 4,5-4,6 4,10-4, *nJ 12 4?a gen
eral assortment.
Ticks of various brands, and a great variety of other goods,
all of which thry offer as above, aud most respectfully So
licit purchasers to call and examine their stuck.
Aug 8?3m
Of Louisville, Kentucky.
THE General Assembly of tbe State of Kentucky passed
sn act chartering this College with ample pjwers and
the board of trustees have organised and appointed tbe following
Prof*s?or of the Principles aud Practice of Surgery, J. it
JORDAN, M D. Ticket, $15.
Professor of Chemistry, Fharinacy, and Toxicology, to be
filled Tickets, $15.
Professor of Materia Medics, Therapeutics, and Medical
Botany, V. J CHILDS M D Tickets, $15.
Professor of tisnersl, Special and Pathological Auatomy,
Physiology, and Operative Surgery, J. OILMAN, M. D
Ticket $15.
Professor of the Institutes and Practice of Medicine,
VhsHi.'Ai and t^/bnligfv, J. (i t-KM A X. M D.
Professor or Obstetrics and ttif^ese* od Womenlitfa Cblldren,
A H RALDHIDGE, M D Ticket. $15.
Pro fee*" r of l.egal Medicine and Natural History, IP IP
WALTERS, M It Ticket $15
Demonstrator of Anatomy and Pro-se-stor, to be appointed.
Ticket, $5.
%>trir ilation fee, $5. Graduating fee, $25.
The Lectures will commence the first Monday in November
next, and con'inue twenty w-eks. It will be observed
that the extraordinary length of the term brings the fee
considerably lower than that, of most other medical schools
Those wishing further information will adoress (postpaid)
A. H. HA ID RIDGE, M. D , Dean of the Faculty, at Loulevitle,
Kentucky or Prof J. H. JORDAN, Dayton,Ohio;
or Prof. C J CHILDS, Madison, Indiana.
Aug. 251?Ct
Fourteen Discourses, delivered in Gut emit
tit i, between January 13 and April 21, 1850: By
T. II Stockton.
rPHIS Is an octavo volume of 288 pages, bound iu emboss
X ed cloth, at one dollar per copy?the same price at which
it was issued in numbers It c?n be sent by mail, to any
part cf the United States, for seventeen cents postage. Persons
ordering it now, will pay less postage than they would
nave none rur me numbers ami nave the advantage of receiving
it neatly bound. Address the Author, or any Cincinnati
" To do full justict to the sect principle, as sects coui
manly make a boast : * i .IS.* "Mtoe It ton should not
only be tolerated by the body be haa le t behind, as well as
by other bodies, but cordially taken by the hand, all around,
and welcomed Into the circle of free and Independent wit
nesses of the truth."?Mercersburg Revhxc for July, 1860.
Aug. 52?45
Chartered in 1845?Session of 1849-'50?Matriculants,
224 ? Graduates, 65.
THK Sixth Winter Session of this College will commence
on the first Monday of November, I8>0, and c .iitincie
four months The chairs of the Faculty will be arranged
as follows :
HORA TIO F GATCHELL, M. I)., Professor of Anatand
JOSEPH 11 BUCHANAN, M D., Medioal Chemistry
and Cerebral Physiology.
LORENZO E. JONES, M I)., Materia Medioa and
HENJAMIN L. HILL, M 1)., Surgerv and Obstetrics
I HIHSON JONES, M. !>., Theory and Practice of
WOOSTER BEACH, M. 1)., Kmerltns Professor of
Clinical Medicine
WILLIAM OWENS, M. 1).,Demonstrator of Anatomy
omy and Surgical Proeecutor.
A gratuitous and preliminary course of lecture* will commence
on the first Monday in October; at the same time
the Demonstrator's rooms wl 1 be opened, with every
facility for the study of Anatomy. Tickets to a full course
of lectures, $ti() in advance, (or well-endorsed note for $70;)
to two or more full courses of lectures, $1<KJ in advance
Matriculation ticket, $5; Graduation $15; Demonstrator's
ticket, $5 ; (anatomical material abundant;) Hospital ticket.
$5. which gives access to the clinical lectures or the extensive
Commercial Hospital. Board from $2 to $'2 50 per
week Students occasionally board themselves, in clubs,
for one-halt of this amount
The leading principles of the (.'ollege are, that all medical
treatment should be of a safe ami restorative, instead of a
dangerous or dehilitant character?that knowledge should
be sought freely from all sources,and that no wiedioai creed
should be etifopced by prescriptive associations The
Eclectic system of practice embraces a great number of
medicines anil remedial measures not generally kuowii or
used, ana its success is believed to be unequalled. The
average mortality of cholera under Kclectic practice has
been less than live per cent.?the average mortality from ail
diseases, less than two percent.
Stud-ills will call u|M>n their arrival in the city at the
otlice of Prof. li. I.. Hii.l, Secretary of the Faculty, northwest
corner of Ninth ami Kim. ror further information,
ATTOKNKY and Counsellor at l.aw, and (Jeneral I.and
Agent, Kalis of St. Anthony, Minnesota Territory.
<M II ?y
WM. tllJN N I SON , Or ner al Commission Merchant ,101
Rowly's Wharf. Raltinune. Mil. I lee. 12?ij
SAND S SA RSA I'A R 11 I. \ .
In Quart Bottles.
purifying the blood, and for the rnre of Scrofula,
Wieu ouit is in, Stubborn If cert, Dysjiepsiti, Salt Itltrum,
Ferer Sores, F.rysisielas I'unples, Hies, Mercurial Jtisewes,
Cutaneous Eruptions, Liter Complaint, Rronrhdis,
Consum/dion. Female Complaints, Loss of AfijielUe, Uetier
nl Debility, fr.
In this preparation we hare all the restorative properties
of the root, combined and concentrated in their utmost
strength and rffi"aa . Experiments were made in the manufacture
of this medicine, until it was found it could not be
Improved. Accordingly, we find it resorted to almost universally
in cases of scrofula, liver diseases, salt rheum, gen
eral prostration of the vital powers, and all those tormenting
diseases of the skin, so trying to the patience and Injurious
to the health. It is a toulc aperient, and disinfectant. It
acts simultaneously upon the stomach, the circulutimi, and
the barrels; aod thus three processes, which are ordinarily
the result of three different kiuds of medicine, are carried on
at the same time, thro gh the instrumentality of this one
remedial agent. There are many ways of reliering pain for
the time being, but there is ouly one way of remoring disease
No p&lliatire, no anodyne, n < topical application, will
remove it. It must be attacked at its source, in the fluids of
the body, which convey the poison to the localities where it
is developed in inflammation, sores, ulcers, tumors, ahscess?Sj
glandular swellings, Ac., as the case inay be.
These fluids inust be reached acted upon, purifl-d. by
sotne powerful agent. Such an agent is SumTs Sarsnparilla,
which gently stimulates while it disinfects and expels
from the stomach and bowels all that is irritating, and at
the same time restores their vigor and tone Its great merit
is that it meets and neutralises the active principle of die
ease itself, anil when that is gone, the symptoms necessarily
disappear The rapidity with which the patient recovers
health and strength under this tripleintluence is surprising
Each new case in which it is applied furnishes in the result
a new certificate of its excellence ; and we have only to point
to the accumulated testimony of multitudes who have experienced
its effects, to couviuc* incredulity itself of its real
I.ieiitenaiit Miller, of the army, has kindly sent us the
following letter from California:
Months sy, January 18, 1850
Messrs. A. 11. f U Sands:
Ukntukmrn: I be* leave to add my testimony in favor of
your invaluable medicine, hoping it may lead some other
unfortunate beings to try Its effects, and that they may be
benefited as I Lave been.
I arrived here from the United States by the overland
route, about the 1st of October last. A few day* after, I was
attacted with a very disagreeable eruptien of the skin,
which my physician could nut cure I happened to And
your Sar aparilla in a store in this place, and remeinhiring
the popularity of the mediaineat borne, I purchased three
bottl-s, which had the desired effect of removing my difll
eulty entirely. With high regards yours, Ac ,
J. H. MILLhK, U. S. A.
Here is another, nearer home :
Nxw York, January 8, 185(1.
Messrs. Sands:
Uimtlimkn 1 have great pleasure in acknowledging to
you the great benefit 1 have received fr-un the use of yotir
Sarsaparilla. A subject of pulmonary disease, I made a voyage
to Europe, but while 'here continued to hi afflicted. A
few weeke after my re'utn I was seised with a violent hem
orrhage of the lungs, and from the debility and great pv<?
tratiun of strength that followed, with the pr trvted dlfli
culty of respiration. I ?ui entirely relieved by the use of
your Sarsaiosrilla, wtiich I eonsider a most important and
truly valuable discovery in the healing art I feel that I
have not for fourteen years enjoyed so good health as at
present Very gratefully, yours,
Head the following, from
Nxw Orlrani, Novxmrrr I'J, |Rd9.
Messrs Simile t
Hhntlkmsk: I tsks the liberty of sending yon a letter
which may lie of importance to those who are suffering as I
have done I received great benefit from your Sarsaparilla
having been cured of a msladf after suffering six years f
hereby eheertully certify to the good effort of your medicine
and I hope Owl will reward you fotall the good you have
d or A chronic oongli had tormented me day and night,
mm r*|>**i*>i mux 01 later inanrra ma to Imitate that I
ahoiihl ilia with oonaumptlnn. IHie day. while aultering a
etuleut attack of burning fi tar, a friend ) * mining me tu
Ire your inc uiparahle medifiue hut, to tail t|,c truth, I had
uoo uiA lenae in it. I Anally purihaaed a bottle ami hjr Ita
nar ami the bel|> of thai I wu rretoted to bat ter health thuo
I hail enjoyed for xix ye?r*. I ran not but bleaa the author
of thit a<luiinable atilMua.
With grant reapect, I am, irentlaiiien, your oheilient -er
rant, fKUMIN tIKOUPA/.
I'r-onred and aohl wholaaala ami retail, l>? t /I 4 />
S.IN/IM, Urugriat* aud I hernial*, III) hullon (tract,eorner
of Wllliatu, New York. Noli' alao by Pruggiiit* gemrallj
throughout the United Mate* and <'auada* Hria* $1 par
hottI* , ell hnttlee fur $o Ante M ?Km
lvnihmt(ioh, i). C.,
\KAI.S in eheaka, Jrafta, aaaeptanee*, protniaaiwy note*
J ' hank not**, aid onin '
bank no tbs
Note* on a'l (olretit hank* in the United State* bought
ami aohl at the beat prion*
itmrrs notes, and hills,
In Waahinirton and Ueorifetown, aollarted, and remittance*
inmptlr wad*. iu lUUiiaure, Philadelphia, New York, #f
Koatuii fund I, at a charge of oneujuarter |*r cent.
Mail* in all the principal eitiaa of the Union,on tb* moot
favorable Urine.
HIIU of exchange and hank eheaka on moat of th? prtnrtpal
eitio* of tb* Union bought and aold at the beat rata*.
|XT' UK** hour*, froiu eight o'clock A. M. to Bra K. MNot
WHOI.K8ALK ami H'tad Hoot ami KW Mannlmrlurtrt,
aim of the lllti HE H Hi HIT, No. M Cower
Market, a?mik lidf.tvu ituuri vtit of SjreooMpfo atrooM ll*
eiunati?Uealer* In Hoot*. Hhmi, Halm l-*af Wo/?. *?
May 13?ly A WOOU.
No. 239 Mom strati, a frrr doors btlorc <iik, rrrst jrul*.
THK National Kra in delivered by n carrier in auy part ,.f
tb? ally nt Hit n yew, frtr of puifu^r. fh-iae wtu
prefer it nan hn aupplted by the month. ?t 2T. '*i?? prr
MB. Kindle eoptea nan alao be had. Prior by mall ft
Nahiierlptioiiralen received f rthe Friend of Yootb,edited
by Mr* M I,. Bailry^/rrr of po*tust, drlirered in any part
of the elty, at 75 e nta a year, or Ml cent* by mail
NnbaertpMon* and adver iaementa rewired, and any burl"
oonnacted with tbeae paper* attended to. by
S. N. PKIKCfc,
1' ' AfrrU\ for Sat tonal
parkevili.e m\ dropatiiic i>*titutk.
A T a meetinr of iw. u.?.. a* -
f1" H/dl~*???c Inatitute, held Kilth'nt.'nth l's!t Y*!<"
Joseph A Weder, M. II , was unanimously elected Hnid,t,i
Phytirimm la the place of Pr IhiM, teaigtied
Havingmade various improvements, thil Institute ia n,,w
pr pared to receive an additional number of patient*; n?(
from II* Weder'* woll known aklll and ftrwlnnl cx;*,l(, ,
In Kurupe,(itc>julred under Vlnrem Preissuitt, the tuund. r
of the Hydropathic eyetem land for several veare p*?t ,
(An country, aud particularly In the city of Phtladelp ?
(where he ha* had many patient#,) the Manager* beliete'
the afflicted will And him an able and an attentive ph)i|.
The domestic department being under the charge <,f ?
Stewart and Matron, will enable the Doctor todrrute to
the patient" whatever time may be neceaaary.
Application for admiaeion to be made to
HAMUBL WKBK, Sccr,(,1Tv.
Offlce No. 68 South fourth "treet, residence No.lCU'ojn
square, Philadelphia.
General Description of Ihe Parkmllc Hyihopuhtc
The meiu bail,ling i* three (toriee high, "tending bark
from the itreet about one hundred feet, with a emicitru at
graei plot in front, and eoutaini thirty to forty item" 1 te
ground! around the hou#e are taatefully laid out with walka
and planted with tree", ihrub". k.c (In the left ot the rn
trance to the"# around* i? ? so'tige containing four : .
uaed by male paMenta a* a bathing house with ?vary e, n'
veniauce for " packing," bathing, fio-. up the riehi >' rk. I
rth.gff arnV) toe lajHrk itn JbatlCr JIVjrpoi>?(* ^ 1
lu the rear of the Inatitute, at tb? diatanee of one hundred
feet, are three other oottagea. aoue e'ghty feet apart.
One of theae ia the laundry, with a hjdraut at the door; the
other two are occupied by the aervauta.
The hydrant water la introduced into theae eottagee aa
well aa into the malo building, and ail the waate water carried
off by draina under grout d.
the water works
Conaiat of a circular atone building, atanding on the brow
of a hill, surmounted by a large radar racervuir e< nlainiug
live hundred barrtla, brought from a never-failing #|ring of
pure cold water in the aide of the hill, by 'a hydraulic
ram," a ealf-ariing machine of cwat iron, that ia kept eonatantly
going, night and day, by the descent of Ihe aa er
from the apring. The aurpiue wattr ia carried from the
reaervoir to a fountain in the water worka yard aurroiiadtd
by weeping willowa In the firat a'ory ol the water work*
ia a circular room, contali ing the douche bath, which if a
ream falling from a height of ahout thirty feet, and can
be varied in aire from half an inch to an inch at d a ball in
diameter Adjoining the douche room is it dressing roiau.
with marble tables, in.; the rising dtui he (by the cure ..f
piles, Ee ) is one of the most complete contrivances ui the
kind, being entirely under the control of the patieLt using
the same.
There are many other appliances, which can be better understoocd
by a personal examination May 1*1.
B1KNKY k. PEIKCE, Attorneys ut Lnic anil Notaries
J A US Die 'B' KH ) ">, *" *~.*>ned to take deposition*. ac
knovledgment of deeds, an t t" admiuister oaths and attriuatious,
by appointment of the Governors of
Alabama Connecticut Delaware
Illinois Indiana Iowa
Kuntwcty I-ouisana Michigan
Missouri Mississippi Maine
New York New Hampshire Hartb ( arolina
Pennsylvania Kbode Island hBhth Carolina
Tenneasee Vermont Wisconsin.
Texas Maryland
Special attention given to collections and to the taking of
Office, No. 114 Main atre<t. July
A tit NTH for procuring Patent' in the United States
il andforeign countries.
. They prepare Specillcatlons and Drawings of new inventions,
and transact all business connected with their profession
They will revise and attend to the reconsideration of those
applications which haTe been rejcctel by the Commissioner
of Patenta, either on account of a defective speciflcatii 11 and
drawing, or the presentation of an impr?|>ar claim
Persons residing at a distance may procure all necessary
information respecting the patentability of their invent ions,
may have their applications for pafsnt* made in proper form,
and may obtain patents, without incurring the expense of a
personal attendance at Washington, by writing to thesubseribers.
Models can be safelyaent to us by the Expresses
Kough sketches and descriptions can be sent by mail.
Letters must br jiost jnsui.
Office on K street,opposite the Patent Office.
No. 3 Cornhill, Boston.
Established to aid the circulation ?r ail us cull
PURLIOA TtONS issued in the United Stales Orders
fur Hooks or Periodicals executed promptly, and at the
most reasonable rates
THE NATIONAL ERA comes from Washington to
this Agency by Express, and is delivered by carriers i I
any part of the city proper, at f'J.75 a year, /?re <f postage;
single copies ( 1-4 cents Price, by mail, $ J.
THE PRIENI) OF YOUTH, a new and attractive
monthly Journal for Youth, edited by Mrs Hailiv, and
published at Washington, also comes by Expre-s to this
Agency rnce, delivered in Ifostoii, free oj pustule, ~l>
eent* * ytar; by mail, 50 cents.
Juuefl. G. W. l.liHT k CO.
OI.D Dr. Townsend i? now about seventy yearn ol age, hii.1
ban long Iteeu known an the Autbor anil l'iseoverer of
the genuine original " Townsend Snrsaintrilla " Being
poor, b* waa compelled to limit it* manufacture, by which
mean* it haa been kept out of market, ami the ?al a e iron tunc
rl bed to thore only who 1 ad proved ita worth and known
its value. It had reached the care of many, nevertheleav, aa
thore persons who had bean healed of Hore diaea en, and
raved from death, proclaimed ita excellence and wonderful
healing power. Tbir
Grand and Unrqnnlled Prepnration
i? manufactured on the Urgent scale, and is called fir
throughout the length and bread h ot the land.
Unllkeyoung S. P. Townrend's, It improves with aye, and
never changer, but for the bett- r ; becaure it la prepared on
scientific principles, by a scientific man. The higher! knowledge
of Chemistry, and the latert dirooverier of the Art,
have all been brought into requisition in the msnufacture of
tbs Old Doctor's Sursajmi Ula. The barsapari'la root, it is
well known to medical men, contains many medicinal properties,
and some properties which sre inert or useless ; and
others, which, If retained in preparitigil for use,produce fermentation
and arid, which Is injurious to the ryrvem. S, me
of the properties of Siraaparil'a ore so volatile, that they entirely
evaporate aud art loat In the preparation, if they ars
uot preserved by a scientific process, kuown only to those
expC' fenced in its manufacture. Moreover, theft volatile
principles, which fly off In vapor, or as an exhalation under
heat, are the very essential medical properties of the root,
whieb givt to it all its value. The
Genuine Old Or. Jacob Townsend's Sarsaparllla
ir so prepared, that all the inert pro|.erties of the Sarsaparilla
root are first removed, everything capable of Incoming
aeld or of fermentation ia extracted and rejected; then every
particle of medical virtue is secured in a pure and concentrated
form, and thus it ir rendered incapable of luring any
of its valuable aud healing properties Prepared in this
way, it is mads the must powerful agent in the
Care of Innumerable Dinraars.
Hence the reason why we hear commendations on every
side, in its favor, by men, women, and children We find it
doing wonders in the cure of Consumption. Dyspepsia and
Liter f'ompiuint, and in Rhevmutisns, Scsofuln, and Piles,
Costireness all Cutaneous Eruptions, Pimple*, Blotches,
and all affections arising from
Impurity ot the Blood.
It possesses a marvellous efficacy In all complaints arising
from iudigostion, from aridity of the etuuiarh, from unequal
circulation, determination of blood to the head, palpitation of
the heart, cold feet and cold hands, cold chills and hot flashes
over the body. It baa not hail its equal In coughs si d colds,
and promotes assy expectoration and gentle perspirati. n relaxing
stricture of the lungs, throat, and every other part.
But in nothing is its excellence more manifestly seen and
acknowledged than in all kinds and stages of
Female Complaints.
It works wonders In cases of floor ulbus or whites, fslling
of the womb, obstructed, suppressed, or painful menses, irregularity
of the meistrual periods, and the like, and is
effectual in curing all firms of the t idney dircast.
Hy removing obstructions, and regulating the general system,
it gives tone and strength to the whole body, and cures
all forms of
Nervous Diseases and Debility,
...u ill.,. i'lt.c.,., iciii.ui ifini t.rni j ui utiirr ui*r??e*,
u ?ji>naI irritation, neuralgia, St. Vitu* dauce, ,.wcn?r
It'K, epileptic fit*, convuirion*, Ac.
I? not thi*, then,
The Wrdlrln* 70a Prr^mlnrilly Nerd?
Hut can any of the** thin** be *ai.l of S P Townaend't
inftrior article t Thl* young man'* liquid ii not to bo
Compared with the Old Dr.'*,
tiecauae of one (irujvt Part, that the one if hicuimbitef /**
tenor uiutn and
Never Spolla,
while the other doe* ; It *our*. t?uient*, atol bb.w* the bottie*
containing it iuto fragment* ; the Hour, fciit liquid *vploding
anil damagiug other gc>*i* ! Mn?t not thi* horrible
compound be |?itiaioua to the oyftem I What! put 0*14
into a fjetem already di*ea?ed with acid ' What e*u**? dy?pepoia
but arid ? Do we not all know that when f< cd four*
in our atomaehf, what nii.vhief it pndueo*flatulei re,
heartburn.palpitation of the heart, liver complaint diarrhoea,
dyien'ery, eolic, and corruption of th? hluod T What I* *er. fnla
lint an acid humor in the body I What produce* all th*
huuior* which briur on eruption*of th* *kin, nealil head *alt
rheum. erysipelas, white swelling, fever-not**, and all ulceration*,
internal and external T It If nothing under heaien
but an acid substance, which ?our? and thn* spoil* all th*
fluid* of the body, more or I*** What cause* rhenn,atieai,
hut a aour, acid fluid whteh ir?lnuate* itaelf letwetn the
Joint* and elsewhere, irritating and inflaming the tender * d
de I in ate tiaaure upon which it act* T So of nervou* ill- *** ?,
of impurity of the blood,of deranged circulation* and nearly
ail tha ailment* which afflict human nature
Now, i* it not horrible to make and **ll,and infinitely
Wore* to u?e, thi*
Roaring, Fermenting, Acid " torn pound " of I P.
I'oWHkflld !
ami y?t he would fain have it underatood that 1'Id I'r Jacob
Tuwnaoinl'* (icwuihc Original Hmrtofiirillo I* *u Jw?ila/ien
of hi* Inferior preparation !!
Heaven forbid that We should deal In an ir'lele which
would h?ar the mo?tdl?tant renemldaacefo S P Towns,ml
arllola' and which aheuld briar down upon the Old *uch
a mountain loatlo* oonplaint* nod criminalist ? from A rent*
wi.o tave sold, ami purchaser* who have used S P. IuWneend'a
AWm/alinf footpound
Wa wi*h it understood liccau** It I* the 0A.0 w/c troth,
that S. P. Town?en l ? arttole and f Hd Dr. Jacob I own*, i.-j a
s.raaparilla ace h*av?awid* apart and infinitely dtmlmilar;
that th*y an unlike to every particular, having not one ?ingl*
thing to oowimow.
Aa H. P. Townaond I* no doctor, and never wa*, 1* * >
rh?mUt a* pharwiacruttat?know* Do m?e? of medicine ?r
li**ao* than aay other auoimon, nnaeientiflc unprofr**ioi *1
Ulln?what guarantee can th* public have that thry at* r*caiving
a gonulne nciantitlc medicine containing all the virtuoa
of th* artiele* uaed in preparing It and wldcb are ioca
paid* of chaagoa which might render them the ugtrrtt of
liiafalJ*,Inotood of health T
It I* to arrost fraul* upon th* nnftrrtuaato, to pour balm
Into wounded humanity, to kindle hop* In th* de?| airing
booom. to raftorw health and bloom and vigir into thoeru?b d
ami broken, and to honiab infirmity-that OI.D I'K.
JA<X)8 THWItHKKD haa ivagll and found th* opportunity
ami mean* to bring hi*
Grand, Universal, Concentrated Remedy,
within th* roaeh.aad to th* knowledge, of all who need it,
that thay My taaru and know, by Joyful oiperieare it*
Traaotrudral Power to Ileal!
Vf 'or *ai* in W a* blag too City by?
J K < allaa / DAW II tiilmaa
k butt M Delauy
May 9. Knigel; A Co.

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