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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, September 26, 1850, Image 3

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NO. 195.
"~7fhe caw wu adjourned till yesterday ft
rniDg. when, upon the reassembling of the fl
n)'ir! ibe counsel for the prisoner announced
iheir'determination to waive further resistance 11
fjr the present, and the accused was accordingly 1'
,?niniitted to prison to await his trial upon the ' "
chtrge of a murderous assault. I a
It may. perhnps, be well to explain, that the f
chargeis based upon the defence or assault niude
bv himself or the two slave* of Messrs .Toombs
and Stephens, whom he was aiding to escape from si
nUvery some weeks since, when the officers of po- e;
li,e and others, who hud followed him from this o]
city, beyond the Maryland line, were about to
arrest him aDd his party."
t!
For the National hra
IIERXE. g
? i?:
Night on the city of the Moor' j ft
on moaqiie and tomb, and white walled ahore, H
On tea-ware* to whose eeaaele** knock pj
Tbe uarrow harbor caiee unloek,
On eomair, galley, cmrark tall,
And plundered ( hriatiaii rararal! 1
The found* of Mullein life are atlll;
Tbe mule bell tinklee down the bill; '
Stretched in the broad court of the khan,
Tbe du*ty Uornou cararan
Iie? heaped in dumber, beaet and man; I
The Sheik i? dreaming in hi* tent,
Hie noiey Arab tongue o'*r-?pent;
The hiodk'n glimmering light* are gone,
The luerchant with hia ware* withdrawn,
K > <?;on none pirate hreaet
The dancing girl ha* aunk ? re*t j
Au I, ??* where meaaured foot?t?pa fall J
Ah ug the Hkfbaw'a gmtded wail, j .
Or where, like *ome bad dream, the Jew
Creep* etealthily hi* quarter through,
Or count* with fear hi* golden heap*,
fbe City of the Corsair sleeps! j
Hut where yi'ii prison long and low
Stauds back against tb? pale tfar glow,
Chafed l?y U>? cesselegs wash of wave*, '
There watch anil pin* the Christian slave*?
Kough-bearded men, whose far-off wiv*a
Wear out with grief their lonely live*,
And ronth, still ftaahiug from bis eyt-s
The clear blue of New England skies,
A treasured lock of whoae soft hair
Now wakes aoine sorrowing mother's prayer,
Or, worn upon some maiden breast,
Stirs with the loving heart's unrest!
A bitter cup each life must drain, t
The groaning Earth i* cursed with pain,
Aud, like the scroll the angel bore j
The shuddering Hebrew seer before, 1
O'er writ alike without, within, *
With all the woes which follow aiu; t
Hut, bt'terest of the ills beneath ^
Whoae loal man totters down to death, I
Is that which plucks the regal crown
Ot freedom from hia forehead down, I
And snatches from his piAeertes* bsnd f
The sceptred sign of self-command, * j
Effacing with the chain and rod |
* > i.o itowgt and the ?eal*f4&'' , , J
Till from his nature, dsy by day, I
The manly virtues fall away, ,
And leave him naked, blind, ami mute, <
The godlike merging in the brute! t
Why mourn the i|uiet ones who die
Beneath affection's tender eye,
llnto their household and their kin j
I.ike ripened corn-sheaves gathered in <
(lb weeper, from that tranquil sod,
That holy harvest-home of (iod, '
Turn to the quick and suffering, ehed
Thy tear* upon the living dead 1
Thank (iod above thy dear one*1 graves ;
They sleep with Him : they are not slaves'
What dark mass, down the mountain sides
Swift-pouring, like a stream divides??
A long, loose, straggling caravan,
i amel and horse and armed man.
The moon's low orescent, glimmering o'er
Its gr?v? of waters to the shore,
Lights up that mountain cavalcade,
And glints front gun aud spear and blade,
Near and more near'?now o'er them falls
The shadow of the city walls.
Hark, to the sentry's challenge, drowned
In the fierce tmmjiet's charging sound?
The rn.-h of men, the musket's peal,
The short, sharp clang of meeting steel!
Vain, Moslem, vain, thy life-blood poured
So freely on thy foemau'e sword
Not to the swift uor to the strong
The battles of the right belong ;
For he who strikes for freedom wears
The armor of the captive's prayers,
And Nature profiers to his cause
The strength of her eternal laws,
While ht whose ariu essays to bind
And herd with common brutes his kind,
strives evermore at tearful odds
With Nature and the jealous gods,
And dares the dread recoil which latr
Or soon their right shall vindicate.
'1 is dene?that struggle sharp and stern?
Joy to tin- captive huehaud! joy
To thy xick heart, oh. brown-locked hoy'
hi nullen wrath the conquered Moor
Wide open ftioge your dungeon door,
And leaven ye free from cell ami chain,
The ownere of yournelree again.
Hark an bU alliee deeert-born.
Soiled with the battle'* ntain, and worn
With the long tnarehen of hid band
Through hotteat wantenof rook and nand,
Sr.orcfttd by the Mint and furnaoe breath
Of the red denert'n wind of death,
With welcome wordn and granping hands I
The vietor and deliverer ntandnl
The tale ia one of diatant ekiea;
The dunt of half a century liea I
Upon it, yet itn hero n name
still lingern on the lipn of Fame;
Aud liven there one who loren to turn
Ti> Katon by the walln of Derue, '
Anil npeak the pralee of him who gave '
hellveratice t.? the Moornian'n elate, 1
Vet daren to brand with nbame and crime (
The heroes of our land and time?
The nelf-forgetful on?n who ntake
Home, name, and life, for freedom'* eake' <
<lod inend hi* heart, who cannot feel e
The impnlee of that holy aeal, t
And teen not with hie enrdid eyea !
The beauty of eelfaaeriftce!
in the eacreil place be etamle,
I plifting eoneecrated hande, f
I uworthy are hie lipa to tell (
< *f Jeeu'a martyr-miracle, (
t lr name aright that dreiol embrace
Of Buffering for a fallen race.
J.G.W ?
-LETTER FROM GRACE GREENWOOD.
I HOM Til K MCA MIOK K.
Lynn, Stft'mlxrr IS, 1800. j
To th'. Kduor of tin National Era:
It has struck me th.it you might be interested
in hearing something ol'my life and adveutures
siucc ' that dark and doleful nightwhen you left
Boston, and all the simple pleasures and harmless
<W\ pat ions of the sea shore.
For myself, I am inclined to bclieTC in the doctrine
of compensation?for no sooner had you all
l*ft me. than I was happily surprised by a visit i
from one of my brothers, whom 1 had not seen for i
more than a year, and who came on to make his 1
adieus before netting out to seek his fortune in i
Minnesota. Shortly after his arrival, we all ran i
I *n to Gloucester, where my brother oncenpent <
a summer, and where he has many frienda. Here i
we spent three or four days more delightfully
than I can tell you. The weather was glorious. |
our hoHrta light and joyous?we were in a place i
mtiful almost beyond compare, and, what was |
more, among friends?kind, courteous, true, and |
urnest people, to whom we were, after all, chiefly j
indebted for our rare enjoyment. )
^e?er shall I forget a merry day in the woods l
ii 1'igson Cove, and the magnificent drive home, I
? nu.i me t;ape. The scent ry all along our w*y <
- most grand and peculiar and, should you |
''Vfr spend another season in this part of the I
*orld. you must, without fail, pay your respects I
1 ''ape Ann Let mo assure you, great shall be I
J?ur reward. '
One day of last week we spent in Huston eery
pleasantly. We passed about an hour of the 1
"" ruing in the studio of Mr. C. G. Thompson, iu (
'""king at his fine pictures. The portraits of |
"'is painter not only show great artistic skill, but i
a remarkable appreciation of charsoter and a
"ear spiritual insight. The portrait of Whipple (
's a more just and entire revelation of him, than ,
">e tiuest critic of character could gire, iu the !
'"""t elaborate representation We not only see, '
" 'he intense full eye, the clear, subtle, search- (
"(f Analytic faculty of the brilliant essayist, but ,
'he large and generous soul of the man The i
' row in alnsdutely illuminated with thought, and
mouth has all the firmness of an independent 1
"ritical decision. |
ln ?he deep, dark eye of llawthorne lies Ike as- ,
"ret of that wonderful mastery ?that half-bsauti- t
THE
il, half-fearful power?that strange, weird-like fttscination,
which so enchain one in "The 8car- 1"
cr Leiteii while, in the warm falness and
aiet ecorn of the lipe, we re-rend that memorable
Preface,' wherein the play of delicate fancy and so
delicious humor alternated with oold, sharp ri
rokes of merciless satire.
01
Mr Hawthorne is, according to this portrait, a al
ngularly handsome man ; but his face wears an gi
ipression of unconaciousnese, or rather disdain, r?
r hie beauty. 4 > j*
Finely oontrnsting with this picture is one of
le poet Longfellow. This, taken some ten years Hi
nee, is still strikingly like the genius and the tt
entleman. Orer the face is spread the glow of a ^
ental ana narinouiuuo uuuic?>?u.D .? | ^
I cam sunnily, rather than to lighten?and his n
pa seem moulded by the gentloat human nffec- f*
ou.
Mr. Thompson has also some fiup portraits of |
he New York literati. That of Bryant ia full ^
f character?having a sort of severe earnestness, ci
grave simplicity, the depth and repose of ge- nr
ius ; and the most wonderfully life-like portruit, r
think, that 1 have ever seen is that of Hoftinttn. 1
Mr. Thompson is very successful in crayons. 11
le has lately executed one of our friend, Helen a
rving, which is much admired for its beauty and o
i certain thoughtfulness and spirituality of ex- C
Tension The very light of the soul is about the tl
ow, Grecian brow. tt
To return to our Boston visit In the evening, r
te went with a party of friends to see Charlotte !l
'ushmun as Meg Merrilies. It was a great treat C
br us nil?aside from the Richard of Hooth, the \
;randest personation I had ever seen It was ti
hroughout a magnificent display of power, and n
vrought one up to a fearful pitch of excitement, r
can hardly conceive of anything more terrible
h&n the death sceue, or more touching than the n
lying tenderness of the old Gipsey Ciueen for p
larry Bertram, her* bounie bairn" Miss Cush- h
nan in indeed a wonderful woman Her acting it
lasan almost superhuman strength, as well from n
>er great physical vigor, as from the intensity of fi
ter passion. Her voioe is the outgoing of an 2
)vermnstering power?a wave of her arm has all y
he force of fate?her glance paralyxes and sub- f
lues. If ever an eye shot lightnings. hers does, v
n the scene where, as Meg Merrilies. she, with
>ne awful look, arrests the descending Made of
he smuggler.
When, after the play, the great actress, obeyng
the tumultuous call of her admirers, was led
>efore the curtain, and her pleasant, winning
anile warmed our hearts toward her, we found it '
lifticult to believe her the same Gipsey hag
whose terrific laugh had so lately frozen all the f
jlood in our reins. d
The season being about over, I, having laid by d
i good stock of health and strength, really intend y
50'mg to work seriously upon such trifles as lie v
u my line. 1 mean to " keep in the quiet,' and ?
prove myself a pattern of industry. Sometime g
text month however. I may indulge in Mrisit to d
lloston, when 1 shall stay with 6u'r fnA* m 'me ' y
Adams House Vou will not soon forget that <j
H?iet, orderly, and home-like hotel To me. it is i
draost the only public house in which 1 feel de- >
dded ly comfortable. In its neatness and simple J
legsnce, in the polite attentiveness of its pro- x
prietors and servants, it forms an agreeable con- 1
trast to some more famous, showy, and noisy ho- c
tela; for instance?if I may be allowed to give a ?
name, just by way of illustration?the celebrated t
Astor House at which 1 stopped for a short time t
[>n my way East, expecting wonderful things, and \
1 can hardly say 1 was disappointed?for I cer- i
tainly found it a great, grand building, with a f
granite front, where strangers are "taken in" j
and done for. (
As you perceive front the unredeemable dulness j
of this letter, I am living a most uneventful sort
of a life. Snch communications are really not
worth the wear of type ; but if in the future any- ,
thing of interest turns up in my rides, drives, <
rambles, or brief journeyings, I will not fail to i
faithfully report. Truly yours, I
Grace Greenwood. j
,
i/dini ni'r nvriwiTi i Irrpvu'iiviip\t 1
1 liu;u vui? viiivikiiiiiii \ f wwuwi w.i m uju i j
I
The Weather and Harvests?Tia Miami Valley?
Ohio State Fair?Fruit?Great Peach Orchard? ]
Ohio Railroads?Disapjie.ararice of the Cholera.
Clarke County, Ouio, Sejd. 18,1850.
To the Editor of the National Era :
September opened upon us with nil ita characteristic
beauty. For three weeks past the weather
haa been for the moat part clear ; the air cool and
bracing; the aky a little hazy, and the intluence
of the atmosphere, niter the unusually hot summer
just passed, delightfully invigorating The
harvest has been gathered, the orchards are
loaded to the ground with delicious fruits; the
grape, the wheat, the corn and all the products
of the field, surround ua in rich abundance, and
the Laud, at all times productive, yields the fullest
measure of reward ever given in one season to the
husbandman's toil. As we passed the large waving
fields of corn in Hamilton, Warren, Greene,
and Clarke counties, we saw conclusive evidence
that the crop of this great staple of the Miami
valley, though a little backward, will be a large
one. Travellers from the West assured us that
in Indiana and the greater part of Illinois the
growth has been vigorous and the crops good.
I cannot help remarking, what I have referred
to in former letters, the extreme fertility 1
and beauty of the country through which the ^
Little Miami railroad passes. The soil in the l(
Miami valley is rich, the land near the river hilly,
but, as you proceed north, beautifully rolling, h
with every variety of scenery The Little Miami "
river winds through the valley, and you pass
ilong its side, or ever nnd anon catch glimpses of h
t through the trees, which at this time exhibit tl
ill their maturity of foliage, covering the hill- )'
tides from base to summit. No lover of nature
an pass on this route, even with the present ?
apid mode of conveyance, without being charmed
vith the tranquil beauty of the scenery. And we ^
unnot forbear the reflection that the land is J1
nvned by the hard-working farmers, whose nest j,
Iwellings nnd luxuriant fields meet the eye, and
whose toil is making them richer, and advancing ^
he real wealth ami prosperity of the State. The ((\
mile of God seems to rest upon this " free soil," j
uvl the hard-handed, industrious men who till it, C|
tnd his blessing makes it teem with "milk and t<
honey," the choicest of the w heat nnd the pure 01
juice of the grape?the cattle upon its thousand ^
hills?its wide-spread fields.
The approaching State fair, to be held near g
Cincinnati, is "all the talk" among the farmers
in this region. The time, as tnaoy of your
readers are aware, has been postponed from the
mistrtl* nf this mnnth to the second third and
fourth days of October. The change was made '
on account of the prevalence of the cholera, to j,
some extent, through the State, and other reasons, |
making the change expedient. The Horticultural t
Society and Mechanic's Institute of Cincinnati, f>
and the National Poroological Convention, have ^
all appointed their exhibitions to held at the n
same time, so that a great representation of all m
the interests ooncerned may be expeoted. There
will be undoubtedly a large number of cattle (
brought to the fair; those engaged in raising the
most improved blooded stock in the Miami and
Scioto valleys and between, will be very generally 1
in attendance, to show their cattle and compete
for premiums. We shall be disappointed if there ti
is not the finest display of this kind ever wit- ii
oessed in the Western country, alike honorable s
to the State and encouraging to future effort. u
Our county agricultural societies have begun pre- o
paring the way, for eomp years their annual fairs h
have been becoming more common, and I have
now before me appointments for at least twenty- s
four county exhibitions in the uioathsof Septem- b
her and October. h
This season has been an abundant one for fruit
lo this State. We have pears and apples in ^
usual variety and plenty, and peaches in unusual
quantities. In no previous year has the peach "
baan so plentiful or so superior in sire and flavor a
is the present season. Never before were such
large (quantities taken to the Cincinnati and Co- a
Iambus markets, nor offered in such profusion
ind cheapness at every oorner, and in every fruitihop
The prices have ranged from '?<) cents to P
M M per bushel; at II 00 a very good peach c<n f<
be bought, but the finest bring much more The t]
largest and richest peaches I have ever seen in
Ik* West have been grown on the farm from
whfek I write, and have brought from wo to *'
} <(H)at Columbus The great orchard of Mr 01
I. C. Davis, near Milford, and aboutsixteen miles d
fr?tn Cincinnati, has furnished Marge portion of w
he peaohee for the Cinciaoatf^rket. This ..
>rohard consists of one hundred sores of land
ind shout fourteen thousand poach trass, of thirty
>r forty varieties The trees were brought out ft
NATIONAL ERA, W
om New Jersey, and ret out three years Ago set
at spring They hare grown finely, sod will Wi
rerage a bushel or more toaach tree The pro ietor
expect* to sell about fifteen thousand
labels of peachee the present season. The as- ttn
rtment embraces a good share of the late va- <
eties as well as the earlier, So that the selling fr<
sriod will be prolonged into October This ra
chard has a most healthy and thriving appeariice,
and with the branches bending to the
round under the loads of richly-colored fruit, is bt
presented as being most temptingly inviting to wt
ie visiter. Mr. Davis is reaping a rich reward
ir his enterprise and labor lie has two or three .
laces of deposits in thecity for his peaches, which "
?e sold, as in the Eastern cities, in baskets of *
iree pecks each ? ha
The railroad from Cincinnati to Xenia has ?ti
* * a -.1 ?n la I
pen a gOOU one. oui m-run n new nui, n in uyw
ping relaid with the T rail, and when the cars, |
ow and then, get on a section laid with it, it is U
>lt as an agreeable change by every passenger, i
rom Xenia to Columbus, the new railroad ne
vhich was put in operation last winter) is a ,U(
plendid one, equal, indeed, to any in the Union
t is laid with the most substantial T rail, has no
urves of any consequence, and the cars have a 1 re
tost unusually easy motion, taking you on at the mi
ate of from twenty-five to forty miles an hour fa
"he distance from Columbus to Xenia, fifty-four m(
ailes, has been run over repeatedly in leas than
n hour and a ^lf. Before the commencement ^
f the next sunnier season of travel, the line from '^:i
Columbus to Cleveland will be finished, when tr
tiis route will be the popular one for Kastern Wl
ravel, being more direct than that by Sandusky,
equiring less steaming on the Lake, and passing |
hrough the State capital and Cleveland ?next to I \D
Cincinnati, the most important p)aoa? I J.n
Vhetv a communication is fruit.
o Buffalo, making a continuous line from Cincin- ??
ati to New York, there can be no doubt that this
oute will take precedence of all others.
The cholera entirely disappeared from Cinciniati
a mouth since, snd has left almost every u
lace it has visited this season. The board of 11
ealth at Cincinnati made a final report, einbrncng
the time from June 1st to Angust 16th?two '
aonths and a half The deaths in June were
74; July, 1,699; August, to the 15th, 479 , total, ^
,75.'. Of these, 1,5'?0 were children under lire 0
ears of age, and 1,400 of the whole uumlier were *V
rom cholera. Of the whole amount, also, 1,891
rere of Irish and German, leaving hut 8.'<s of the ?'
American population. Yours, P. ^
THE FAR WEST. "
k
InDKI'KNDENCE, Mf>., Sept. 3, 1850. O
fo ihi' Eilitor of the National Era :
DkarSir: Here 1 am at last, in what but a
ew years since was "the Far West." How truly
lo all things give indication of the westward ten- ji
lency of the " path of empire.'' But a very few
ears since, and a trip to St. Louis was associated
rith all the border tales of bold adventure, with t|
1 Wy*g?? to faditt, u.'rtie circuninavigatioa of tfct
;lobe Then, if a mother's son conceived so bold a \
lesion, while her heart secretly swelled with
iride at this manifestation of a spirit of toft,
luring, she wept as she parted from him, and in
maginatiou saw the dreadful perils of his path- u
ray passing in solemn procession before her. 1
Vote, as the majestic steamer dashes in its path- j,
rsy of foam through the rapid current of " the
'ather of Waters,nearing this whilom outpost v
>f civilization, you discover spread out before you
i vast city?vast in its rapidly increasing populaion?vast
in its resources?vast in its future desinies
? a mighty commercial heart, throbbing
vith healthful vitality, and apparently receiving
nto itself the life-blood of all the arteries that
lormeate the vast organic system. Tltm. the
dace where I now write was the wild, unbroken 1
lomain of Nature, where the untutored Red Man I
oamed in his savage and primitive sovereignty,
?? " monarch of all he snrvey'd, ,
Whole right* there wae none to dispute."
Now, 1 find myself in a flourishing young city, f
containing anout two inousana innamtanus, in- | j
jtinct with life and business, the eastern outpost of j
the Tast " Far West," through which population
is continually pouring itself into the plains and
mountains and gorges of New Mexico, Utah, and '
California All this westward flow of these vast I t
life-streams of population, and industry, and en- 0
terpriae, marks the occidental path of empire.
Yesterday morning, about two o'clock, the I c
peaceful slumbers of the inhabitants of this place
were broken by the cry of fire?a cry always E
jtartling in a Tillage or country town, where such c
incidents are of rare occurrence, but the more | C
terrible in the present instance from its contigui- , F
y to a still more dreadful element. The build- ; a
ng discoTered to he on fire contained a consider
ible lot of gunpowder, which ignited and explo- 1
led with a most terrific concussion, shaking the I
earth for several miles round, like the ground- ; h
swell of an earth<iuaK*, and startling tunny from I
their beds in the greatest consternation. The a
building itself was blown to atoms, scarcely leav- j
ing"a wreck behind." Many others In the vi- E
einity were seriously damaged in their walls, and
% brick church, belonging to the new school Presbyterians,
was so shattered that it will have to be
taken down. One poor unfortunate, a Mr. Keen, T
who imprudently weut upon the roof, thinking he , r
;ould arrest the flames, was blown up with the
building and, though shockingly mangled, sur- 0
rived till about sunrise. Fortunately, the powler
was in the upper storyof the house.and hence
lid not meet with any great resistance in explo- n
ling itself; yet, even as it was, three or four
buildings were almost totally demolished, a num- '
ber of others seriously damaged, and almost the C
rhole city bears some marks of the terrible wrath
if the destroyer. Fortunately, too, at the time of j,
he explosion there were but few persons upon
he ground, so that there was no other loss of life "
tut that of Mr Keen.
The Santa Fe mail arrived last Tuesday. The tl
ollowing summary of news I abstract from the
Occidental M-sxetiger" of this place .
A company of the United States dragoons had n'
ad a skirmish with the Apache Indians, at Kinn, ?i
it which one dragoon and seven of the Indians <(i
ret# killed. The Indians had had frequent .1(
kirinishes with the Mexican hunters, but no
loodshed. The Pueblo Indians report that
bey have seen the child of Mr. and Mrs White,
i the hands of the Apaches Tbey have been th
istructed by the authorities and citizens of Santa ju
'e to trole for it, at any price that may be de- re
landed.
From recent developments, it is believed that
lessrs Flournoy, Shaw, and others, who were to
lurdered a few months ago, were murdered by a
and of Mexicans and Pueblo Indians. The proof
i said to he ?|uite conclusive.
The August mail was met at the crossing of the v"
rkansas river, a company of soldiers at Council hz
Irove, Auhry's train I'.'miles beyond the lower pT
'imerone springs, Colonel I lavy's r> miles beyond tj(
.os Vegos. and Dr. Conelly's 12 miles from Saud
reek. Buffaloes cjuite numerous from Fort Mann M,(
i Pawnee Fork. The weather had been dry, and K
ri many parts of the road a scarcity of water and it
rass, not so great, however, us to produce much
uttering among the trains.
The complete election returns for this Mate
i?e, as the result:
Kenton. Whig. Anti-HenUm. wi
Senate 13 12 8
House 49 G'd '47 ex
(12 64 3.1 m<
This gives a majority against ltenton, provided i foi
he Anties nn<l Whigs can join their forces, or ?<
en should the contest he between the Benton j,j
)et?ocrats and the Whigs alone; but, aocording
o th* J'ffrrton liv/inrrr, many of the Anties are '
lodged to Tote for Benton against a Whig So th
hat there is still a chance for Benton, unless the pe
Vhigs will go o*er to the Anties Whether the
jountain will go to the mole-hill remains to be
sen. Vours, truly, W. Q. K.
. bu
CALIFORNIA CORRESPONDENCE. fft
San Francisco, Auq. IS, 1850.
"o the E//if or of the National Era :
DkarSir: News of the most startling charac- 'J1
r arrived in our city at an early hour this rnorn- tl(
ig. and San Francisco is in a state of excitement
itch as I have never before witnessed. Kiot, T0
mrder, and anarchy, reign among our brethren
f Sacramento City' and bands are mustering ,e
ere to proceed to quell the disturbances. 10
It seems that, in the early part of this week, a
uit was brought against two squatters who had ID'
uilt upon, and taken possession of, a piece of
tnd claimed by another under a title from Butter. Wl
in order of ejectment was issued, and in the fullmcnt
of it the authorities were opposed and reisted
by the two squatters They were arrested
nd confined on board the prison brig. B<
Yesterday afternoon, about one o'clock, nn O,
ruied body of about forty squatters paraded the J?
reels, and proceeded to the prison brig for the
urpose of rescuing the two prisoners. They were 81
>1 lowed by a portion of the citixens and the au- n*
lorities, and were driven from the levee. When 'e<
short distance from the levee, the squatters,
mailed on by the populace, turned and fired iudieriminately
into the crowd The oily waa imme- '
lately aroused to arms, an I in all portions of it
as heard the sound -of musketry. Ilardin
igelow, Ksq , the Mayor of the city, was shot F1
trough the body, sod was not expacted to live fn
trough the night I W Woodland eity as- l?e
/ * 9
?i ...
ASfflNGTON, I). C.,
t
jieor,
w.ia al?o shot dead. Sheriff McKinney
ui screrely wounded. I
Among the rquatters, a number were killed, t
iong whom were Dr. Robin*oi>, their leader, and V
man named Maloney, both of whom were shot t
sin their horses. During the afternoon, the r
nke of the squatters swelled from the original 1
imber to about nine hundred, all armed, and i
itioned iu the centre of the city. Martial l<w t
w proclaimed by Lieutenant Governor Mc
""" ? i
the City Hall and enrol themselves for service, c
large cannon, with twenty-four rotio Is of grape I
d been placed at the foot of one of the main- 'v
reels, so as to sweep it. Up to the hour the
'timer Senator left, the fight still continued, and i
was threatened by some of the squatter lend, rs
at they would burn down the city The ueit i
ws I expect to hear is that the beautiful Sacra- I
rnto City is a heap of smoking ruins ?
Lieutenant Governor McDougal immediately <
paired to Benicia, and was to start up this i
timing with two companies of United States in- '
ntry, and arms and ammunition. A hundred J
pn leave this city to-day, armed and equipped, s
t two o'clock this morning, an express left for c
in Jose to convey the terrible tidings to Gov- j
nor Burnett, and it is probable that the militia
ill be ordered out.
As to the merits of the case. I can at present 1
y but little. There has for a long time existed '
Sactitfwmto City an organit d a*c<>eu!u>i>. rs))-;
g themselves "Settlers," who, denying that
Ico-u) ritinj In tbe ground :
i wmch the city now stands, "nave squatted '
discrintinately upon vacant lots. This hody is 1
rong and powerful, and are backed by some c
;ry influential men. Legal mean h ive been
und futile in the ejectment of the squatters, and
collision between the two parties has long been (
ipeoted It has come, and, unless sc.n quelled,
od only can tell the result. I
The Congress of the United States have now
laced before them another example of the result
r their negligence m regirtl to California lite 1
o*l property tire iu the hand* of m rut Lie*** moh. 1
nirchy ami riot reign supreme, ami ourcitizens i
re shot down like dogs; and Cougress xitH with |
a arms folded, or quarrels and quibbles about
ords. This is but the beginning of the end, ami
ntil the broad rngis of the Constitution and laws
f our country are hung over us, scenes of this 1
ind, and even more terrible, will be continually I
ccurring. God grunt that they may cease their (
hildiah squabbles aud act like wise men ere long
I cannot write of gold to-day. Gold for the 1
resent is forgotten. 1
The steamers Carolina ami Columbus leave for t
'unama this afternoon with a lar*/e number of 1
ossengers.
The steamer Northerner arrived in the harbor I
his morning, sixteen days from Panama, bring- '
fyf'Ajur hundred passengers and dates from New
'ork up to the 8th of July. Yours, " " |
m U 11 OX lilt K." I
P. S J uai as the steamer Carolina was getting
nder weigh, a despatch was received from the
3iici/ic News, announcing that Sacramento City
ad been burnt to ashes, and that the squatters
rerc receiving reinforcements ? K>!. Km.
com; r ess.
KEVlTfc.
Tuesday, Sfptkmrm 17,1v.o.
Mr. Dickinson, from the select committee on
he memorial of Miss Dix, asking a grant of land
'or the destitute insane, reported a bill.
TheSenate hail under consideration a bill from
he House, creating a surveyor general in Oregon.
It contained a provision giving to every
lerson emigrating to Oregon, the next five years,
lalf a section of land. After much debate, the
imc was limited to three years. A motion by
Mr. Mason of Virginia to strike out so much of
he provision as extends the gratuity to foreignrs
who shall have declared their intention to beome
citizens, was rejected, as follows
Yeas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Baldwin,
larnwell. Bell, Berrien, Clarke, Davis of Msssahusetts,
Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Dayton,
Jreene, I Iunter, King. Mangum, Mason Morton,
'ratt, Sebastian, Spruance, Turney. Underwood,
nd Wales?23.
Nays?Messrs. Benton, Bright, Cass, Chase,
>ickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa,
louglas, Felch, Foote, Fremont, I lumlin, Ilouson,
Jones, Norris, Rusk,Seward, Shields. Smith,
SoulP, S?urge*iu, Walaer, W ii?to-w.?>, Winthrop,
,nd Ynlee?2fi.
The Southern men voting against this illiberal
notion were Benton, Foote, Houston, Rusk, Sou6,
and Yulee.
The bill was report*! to the Senate, when Mr
dason renewed the motion to strike out It was
ejected?yeas 24, nays ~Jti. The bill was then
rdered to be engrossed.
Wkonksoay, Skptkmiikk IS, IH.'iO.
Mr. Hamlin, from the Committee on Comlerce,
reported a bill for the free navigation of
tie St. Lawrence and for reciprocal trade with
unaJa.
Mr. Chase, pursuant to notice, askod leave to
ltroduce a bill to prohibit slavery in the Terriloe?
of the United States.
Mr Clay aaid that he felt const ruined to oppose
le introduction of this bill. The subject of sinfry
had been settled, and the oountry was now
: peace. He was opposed to the introduction of
iy measures to disturb that settlement. The
testions had been put at rest, and he was op>sod
to any disturbance of them.
He asked the yeas and nays on granting leave.
Mr. Cass said that he ooincided with every word
at had heeu uttered by the Senator from Kenoky.
And he then moved to lay the motion to
civc the bill on the table.
Mr.Chase asked that the motion be withdrawn
r a moment, to enable bim to explain.
Mr. Cass withdrew the motion
Mr.Chase said that he had no intention to pro>ke
any lengthy discussion on this subject. I le
nl no desire to preterit the transaction of the
easing business of Congress by tlie introduc>n
of this meo?ure at this lute Hinge of the hcmin.
lie diil not think, with the Senator from
entucky, that thin subject had been settled. Ah
wah the general deeire not to consider thin mi>?:t
at this late period of the session, he would
thdraw his hill.
The motion to grant leave to introduce the hill
is then withdrawn.
The anxiety to exclude the " agitating topic"
tended to only one aspect of it. The Slavery
?n deeire to gag their opponent*, hut to retain
r themselves a two lute freedom of apeech and
tion. Mr. Pratt immediately moved to lake up
h hill to prevent the abduction of slaves from
e District. Mr Hale said he agreed with nome
ings ?aid by Mr. Clay the country wanted
ace, he wah opposed to the introduction of any
gretwive or diaturbing measure.
Mr. Clay said this bill was not an aggression,
it a measure intended to prevent aggression*
Mr. Chase announced that if the motion to
keup the bill were persisted in, he would renew
a bill, just withdrawn
The bill was then taken up, and Mr. Hale said
at he desired to give those friends of the abolim
of slavery in the District, who were waiting
r the right time, an opportunity to place their
tea on the record on a plain ipieHtion I Ic moved,
erefore, that the bill be referred to the Commitr
on the District of Columbia, with instructions
report a bill to abolish slavery in the District
Columbia. lie asked the yeas and nays on the
ition, and they were ordered
The <}ucsticn was taken on the motion, and it
ui rejected?yeas 'J, nays 41.
Ykas?Messrs Baldwin, Chase, Davis of Mmohusetts,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Kwtpg, Hale,
amlin, Seward, and Winthrop?9.
Nav*?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Barnwell,
ell, Benton, Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Cooper,
avis of Mississippi, Dawson, Dayton, Dicfcinn,
Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Feloh, Koote,
remont, Qwin, Houston. Hunter, Jones, King,
aaon, Morton, Norris, Pratt, Husk, Hebaatian,
tields, Smith. Soulrf, Spruance, .Sturgeon, TurJ,
Underwood, Wales. Whitcomb, and Yu&*?~41.
After some discussion, the bill was postponed
1 to-morrow, and the Senate soon after went
to Kxeeutiva saeaion.
Tiii'asday, flxnauuaa If, lbr>0.
A bill granting a portion of the public land to
orida, to aid in the construction of a railroad
no Pensacola to Montgomery, was ordered to
engrossed
SEPTEMBER '2U, 18
The bill to renew and extend the charter of the
'otomac Insurance Company of Georgetown, re- J
urned from the House with an amendment, mating
the corporator* individually liable, whs
nken up. A motion to disagree to the amend nent
whs rejected?yeas 22, nays 24?Benton
duller, and Mason. Democrats. I Ule, Kree-Soiler,
roting ym with the Whigs, Underwood, nay with
he Democrats J
Mr Pratt moved to take up his Slave Abducion
bill, and Mr. Chase moved to lay that motion
iu the table. This was lost?yeas 20, nays 2N, !
>odge of Iowa l*ing the only Senator from a free
State in favor of the motion.
The bill creating the c.tliec of Surveyor Gene al
in Oregon was passed.
The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill,
with various amendments from the Committee of
finance, was taken up. anil thp amendments were I
izreed to An amendment reported from the
Jommittee on Foreign Relatione, appropriating ! '
ilO.OMO for the exnenson of the ???nt ?K? '
I'urk, to bo disbursed under the direction of the
Secretary of State, wis adopted after consider- i p
ible discussion The object of the agent in, to n
ibtain all the information he can, concerning the ^
'nited States, their resources, institutions. Aie ?
Mr Douglas, from the Committee on Finance, I j,
e ported three amendments, one appropriating <.
>? '>,t?00 for the erection of a custom-house, &c., at j
Vf Louis, another, *.">o,0on for one at Cincinnati, J!
mother. 1'iO.tKlO for one at I'angor. Maine. The
aet wa* adopted, the &her two rejected. Justice b
o the West is not y>t one of the articles in the ''
reed of K intern Senators
Mr. It iris of Mississippi, from the Committee *
>n Public lluildiugs. submitted an amendment
ipproprialiug two hundred thousand dollars for ti
Ihe enlargement of the Capitol, by extending the
oorth and south wings?the money to be expended
under Ihe direction of the President of
lie United States, ami the work to be constructed t]
icoording to a plan to l?e adopted hereafter by the 11
wo committees of Congress?and the same was 0
, 6 *
igreed to.
This does not look much like Disunion, or re- s
tioval of the seat of Government. We hope the "
House will concur in the amendment The Senate '
Chamber has miserable accommodations for specators,
and the hall of the House is "confusion j
sorse confounded." It seems to have been con- v
itructed with a view to prevent members from 'j1
searing each other, except wheu, speaking confi
lentially to each other in whispers, they would v
not wish to be heard by everybody.
\a^udments wvvtonitted by Mr. Gwin, apvvy-. 1
printing moneys for the erection of a custom house |
and marine hospital at Son Francisco, were
ngrecd to.
Friday, Skptkmbp.r 20, 1850.
The bill granting public lands to aid in the construction
of a railroad in Florida, was reconsidered,
amended so as to include a grant for a branch
running through Georgia, read a third time, and
then passed.
The motion to disagree to the individual liability
clause in the Potomac Fire Insurance Company
bill, which was adopted yesterday, was reconsidered
to-day, and the bill laid on the table.
A bill establishing certain post route) in the
Uuited States was taken up, considered, and
passed
A bill providing for the extension of the laws
and judicial system of the United States to California
was read a third time, and pissed.
A bill establishing collection districts in California
was ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading.
Ordered, That Monday next, and every day
thereafter, the Senate meet at ten o'clock in the
forenoon
Saturday, Skptkmhkr 21, 1850.
The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill
being takeu up, an amendment offered by Mr
ITmfrrwnful Armrrmriii!itiff VMl (Hill fur tb?* tiiir
pose of exploration and surveys on the Ohio
river, was adopted.
Mr Dickinson moved to strike out the following
proviso in the hill:
44 Prowled, That the mileage of Senators. Representatives.
and Delegates, shall hereafter he
computed on the route hy which the mails are
transported from the capital to the residence of
such Senator, Representative, or Delegate Ami
proi iil'il, further, That no such member of either i
t>i?u< h uf ooagrtw, > r.Mtftug east of tfceltocky
mountains, shall receive more than one thousand
dollars mileage for each session, and no such member
or delegate residing west of the Rooky mountains
shall receive more than two thousand dollars
mileage for each session."
A fter some debate, the first clatise of the proviso
was stricken out, by 21 to 23. The second
Wits stricken out, by .'I* to 10.
Mr Badger moved to amend the bill by striking
out the following part of the bill as it came from
the I louse:
41 Nor shall any member of the Senate receive
mileage for any session of that body which may
be called within thirty days after the adjournment
of both Mouses of Congress, unless the
travel for which such mileage is charged has been
actually performed."
This very reasonable provision met with little
favor in some quarters, but it was at last assented
to, Mr Badger's motion failing?yeaaVI, naya28.
So constructive mileage is abolished.
Mr Mason proposed an amendment appropriating
*1 ,.1(1(1 to enable the Secretary of War to
have a survey made with n view to ascertain the
practicability of supplying the city of Washington
with pure water. After debate, thin was rejected.
Rather mean, this. It is discreditable to Con- ,
gross that the capital city of the Republic should (
be left without any adequate provision for pure <
water It onn waste thousands of dollars, fur- |
nishing hooks to honorable members, which they ,
never read, but is shocked at the idea of laying |
out a few thousands in the noble work of provid- t
ing the city of which it is the sole Legislature, j
with good water I
M"\OAV Skptkmher 23, 1810.
A resolution directing the purchase of 10 000 h
copies of Mickey's edition of the Constitution, '
heretofore ordered to be engrossed for a third (
reading, after some discussion was adopted?yeas
22, nnys 19.
It appropriates *8,000 for the purchase of what '
n-nluklv , lot.- i.ill oust VI I It It i This is one whv 1
I he Senate him of replenishing the jmcketa of ita 1
employee*
Tbeoiril and diplomatic appropriation bill being '
niiiler consideration, numeroua amendments were ''
uttered many adopted, aeveral rcjeot?d
One of the former olas* appropriates $22,000 v
for the purchaae of the Worka of John Adaina o"
A proposition to pay $ .'.000 mileage to the Sen- *
*tor elect from New Meiico waa rejected?yeas '
.'t, nayst. '
Mr Itright moral to add, aa an additional aec- [
Jon to the bill, the following prorimout:
1 h'or th" abrogation of the contract with the '
Dnblio printer.
2. That, for the work already done under the c
contract, the public printer shall l>e allowed a '
xxnpenaation forty-life per cent leas than the _
(>rioMj,for printing established by the act of IMtt.
1. That the printing for the remainder of this M
Dongress shall be done under the direction of the '
Secretary of tLe Senate, and Clerk of the House,
it a price thirty-five per cent, less than the price*
inder the art of IM|?. H
A long debate ensued, in which the conduct of
he present contractor* for the pnblic printing
eas freely commented upon and discussed. w
\1 r. Soulc hu hmitted a substitute for the amend- c
nent, providing that, upon full proof to the satis'action
of the .Secretary of the Treasury, the con- ,
ractor of the public printing ahall be allowed ,
ind paid such aum na hu may have loat under hia y
: mtract, and alao the contractor ahall receive, by j,
vay of profit, ten per cent, on the amount of work f
lone.
After debate the substitute was agreed to, and
hen the amendment as amended was added to the
till, by yeas 15, nays 15. (
The bill, with the amendments, was then re- y
>orted to the Senate. A separate vote was taken ,
in the amendment appropriating VVOO(M) to the ,
xtension of the Capitol buildings, and it was f
dopted? yeas V4, nays VI. f
Mr. Chase submitted an amendment appropri- u
.ting $10,01 Mi to purchase a site for the oonvtruc- H
ion of a custom-house at Cincinnati, and $71,000 n
or a like purpose at 8t Louis ,
After a long debate, the amendment was agreed
0 by the following vote: 0
Ykas?Messrs. Atchison Ball, Heulon, Bright, t
.'base, Dickinson, Dodge or lows, Kwiug, Owin
Isle, Hamlin, Jones, Norris, Sebastian, Seward,
fhields, Soule, Walts, Walker, and Winthrop? t
>0. c
Navh?Messrs Badger, Clarke, Cooper. Davis j
if Massachusetts, Dsvis of Mississippi, Dawson,
1 towns, Foots, Houston, Morton, I'esroe, I'ratt,
ilusk. Smith, Npruanoe, Underwood, Wbitcomb,
tnd Yulee?1?.
The subject of constructive mileage again I
tarns up, on n motion of Mr Badger to strike out c
;he proviso abolishing it. The virtus of (he Henits,
which had remained steadfast in Committee,
low gave way, and the proviso was stricken 1
>ot? yens VI, nays IV. I
4
oo.
The amendment# were ordered to be engroeaed
br a third re iding The bill ?u read a third
ime and paseed and the Senate adjourned
KOI ke or rkprkkuktative*.
Tbbmt,hrmHi 17, iKr>o.
The Deficiency Mileage bill, an returned from
he Senate amended, wae taken up. wheu the i
louse insisted on it* original provision. paying
.0 the Senators ami Representatives from <*a?iornia
the name mileage a* is allowed to the Delegate
from Oregon. and u Committee of Conferince
wu ordered.
The bill from the Senate, granting alternate
lections to Missouri, for the purpose of constrnctng
a railroad from St. Louis to the western liuit?
of the State, was taken up. and referred to
he Committee on Public Lands.
The Slate Trade bill from the Senate was
aken up and passed. |lna separate article we
jotice the proceedings.!
WliUKKftD/tY, SF.PTEMRUt IS, IS-'iO.
Mr. Harris of Illinois called up the question of
he admission of Mr Babbitt, as a delegate from
Jtah Territory. After some debate, it was laid
ipon the table.
On motion of Mr. Bayly, the rules were suriended.
and the House resolred itself into a Comnittee
of the Whole on the Mute of the Union
dr. McLane in the chair, and proceeded to the
onsidcration of the bill appropriating *3,960,000
or the payment of the third instalment to Mexoo,
due under the twelfth article of the treaty of
uadalupe Hidalgo
Mr. Disney moved sii amendment, that the
aoney he paid by and under the direction of the
lecretary of the Treasury
The amendment of Mr Disney was amended
y the adoption of that of Mr Jones, reqnirvng i
be money to he paid under the direction of the
'resident of the United States, and then disareed
to.
The Committee rose, when
Mr.Carter moyed that the hill he laid upon the J
hie , hut the motion did not prevail.
And the hill was then passed?yeas I nays.16.
THURSDAY, Skvikmbkr 19, lfc.r>0.
The House resolved itself info a Committee of
he Whole on the state of tlie Union. Mr. IMsney
i the chair, and proceeded to the consideration
f the hill making appropriations for the expen
es 01 me navy ror me year enuing .1 uue ??, i-> >1. j
Mr. Stanton of Tennessee said that the entire I
uui to he appropriated hy thin hill amounts with- |
n a friction to nine and a half millions of dollar* 1
n a time of profound peace the expense* of the 1
iavy have grown to this enormous figure.
When our navy was established, the ships emdoyed
in it were e?|ual in all respects to the hest
easels engaged in the commerce of the country,
iince that period, the commerce of the country
ias made immense strides and advancement in all
ts instruments and agencies, but the uavy has not
tept pace with it.
His object was to show how and where it was
possible to reform the system, and make a reduc- '
Lion in 1h? appropriations in this tall without in- *
terfering, in any degree, with the value of the {
service iUr"
There should be no redix^oh, he said, in the k
appropriation for the Nationul Observatory, and
spoke of the important operations of that establishment.
He would not reduce the appropriation
tor the publication of the American Nautical
Almanac, nor for the Naval School at Annapolis.
The whole amount for these objects amounted
to but a little over $70,000.
One item, among the largest in the bill, was
$1,2.10,000, for dry docks, appropriated under a!
contract, which cannot be disregarded, and.
therefore, thin amount cannot he diminished. I lie
next is an appropriation of $7S."),000 and a fraction,
for nary yards, this cannot be reduced during
the present year, hut can and ought to be
during the ensuing. The next is $S74.()t?0 fur
mail steamers, under a contract which cannot he j
disregarded, making, together, $2,921,00(1, leaving
$6,.">10,000 and a fraction, on which he
thought a reduction of one-third could he properly
and successfully mode.
After the expiration of the present fiscal year,
the number of petty officers, seamen, landsmen,
and boys, he proposed, shall not exceed five thousand.
From this, the chief reduction is to tlow.
It is estimated, hy an eminent officer of the navy,
that the oost of the naval establishment is one
thousand dollars per tnsn. Therefore, the reduction
of the jrrsonnel from seven thousand five
hundred to five, would be saving of two and a half
millions. Establish a retired list for the wornout
officers, in accordance with a hill which he
had reported ; reduce the number of midshipmen
(now four hundred and siity-four) at leist onehalf,
that there may not he more than one for every
Congressional district, and ut least one-third of
the pay of oflicers and men ran be saved
Mr. Stanton sent to the Clerk an amendment,
whic.h he intended to offer, in miWUikw to divide
the navy into two squadrons; one to lie as
signed to the Pacific, the other to the Atlantic.
Twenty or twenty-four efficient vessels, kept in
commission under this arrangement, would do
more good and perform more service than the
whole of the six squadrons as at present existing,
composed of thirty-eight vessels
It was the part of wisdom to slough olf the old
effete pai ls of theayatoui, and substitute a better
mode of defence. A single efficient ship moored
within sight of this Capitol, ready to go to sea in
a moment, would he of more service than the home
s<|(iadrun, so far as it is composed of sailing vessels.
I le wished to reduce the number of sailing
vessels one-third, and substitute steamships, lie
gave notioe, in conclusion, that he intended to
offer as an amendment the bill to establish a line
of steamers to Africa and the southern parts of
Europe.
The Committee having risen, the House resolved
to close debate to-morrow at one o'clock.
Mr. Hayly, from the Committee of Conference,
reported that it and the committee on the part of
the Senate were unable to come to any agreement;
and he therefore moved that the House reoede
The House, in the Mileage and Peficieney Pay
hill, proposed that the California members should
receive the same amount of mileage as the delegate
from Oregon, ( JZ'iOO,) which clause the
Senate amended?that the mileage of the California
members and the delegate from Oregon
?hall bo computed according to the most usually
raveled route within thelJnlled Slates ; and that
he former shall receive per diem from the time
he constitution of California waa submitted to
he two Houses of Congress, respectively. 1
After remarks hy Messrs. Thompson, of Mislissippi,
and Hayly, the llonso receded; and, in
fleet, agreed to the Senate's amendment.
The consideration of the Naval Appropriation
ill was resumed in Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Kwing of Pennsylvania said he would
five his support to the project of an African line
if steamers, whatever It may cost lie was more
ilartued by the competency of the free negroes for
ninetiief than hv slaves who never have been
liirtfc**r<>uH Train the insurrections in the.South,
ln<I it would he found that they are attributable \
o free blacks Tenneaaee hue encouraged thin i
rery plan of convoying free negroes to Liberia; '
ind if the mnendinent prpposed hy bin colleague 1
ihould prevail, that .State, Ohio, and othera, will '
>ay the money necessary for the transportation
if that class of persous Virginia appropriates 1
orty thouaand dollars annually, the Southern
itatea generally will oontrihute to get rid of t
heee dregs of society Many geutlemen in the '
loath wish to emancipate their negroes, if they (
in he removed out of the United State* In conluaion,
he pointed out the advantage* of the conrmplateil
line, and aaid that he waa anxious to ?
ivilize Africa u fir u he could, while, at the
am* time, our country would receive a correa- ]
lending benefit
The general debate having terminated, the I
Committee began to vote upon amendment*, tint
oon rose, when the House adjourned
Saturday, Hki'Isvimkh VI, IH.'iO. i
i
The Naval Appropriation hill was again con- i
idered in Committee of the Whole on the state '
if the Union
Mr Jones moved an amendment providing for
he aliolition of Hogging in the navy. As usual,
he enemies of reform ts*gan to tile amendments
nth h view of defeating the humane motion of
dr. Jones, and amidst the confusion created, the
Committee rose and the House adjourned.
Monday,Skptkmhrrit 3, 1850.
The Navy Appropriation hill was taken up in
'ominittee of the W bole on the state of the Union
/arious proposition* had heen offered, with a 1
Jew to embarrass the motion of Mr. Jones to ,
irohibit flogging in the navy. A substitute ofirtd
by Mr Thompson of Mississippi, "that
logging in the navy of the United Ntates shall be
.n<l is hereby abolished from and after the pas- ,
age of this act," was adopted?yeas *9, nays 'II.
rhis hi one good thing done by the House, but
he Senate will be eure to undo it.
A proposition to incorporate the surviving others
ofthe lute Teian navy into that of the Uuied
States, was rejected?yeas '??, nays 73.
The Committee rose, and reported the bill and
imendments, several of which were conourred In,
he one prohibiting flogging in the navy, by a vote
>f I'ti to V'J. The bill was then passed?yeas
II, nays 48.
The House adjourned.
CoMi oaT rot DouuNVai.'Ks.?-The Texas Legisature
rejected the war bill, and adjourned withut
doing anything, before the newa of the pusage
of 1'earne'e boundary bill reaohed it. How
he members must chuckle over the terrors of our
Joughfaoes '
\
\
155
Massav Doty ami* sea that the
Hankers in the respectire district* of these nem
tletnen are laboring to defeat their return to Congrew.
They (not the Hunkers! hare done their
duty faithfully and ably, and we hoffe they may
triumph orer all opposition. f
Oirimi. Voth or NoitriC?itii,i>ia.?The official
rote of .North Carolina. forGorernor. in IM^
and in 1 i* a* follows :
IMS. 18W.
M inly (W | 42,5.16 Manly (W ) 42.071
R?iJ (D.) 41.682 lt?i<l (D) 44,841
Whig mnj. s.'tj Democratic maj. 2,776
Mr. tMingumn s Disunion ami Mr Mangum*
hot real for Slavery have been of excellent service
to the Whigs!
Jrvvv Lino his given four concerts in New
York At the fourth, C.'OO people were in Caa
tie (iiir?Ieu an.l the nott proceeds were i'd7,0(H>
She gives two concerts in Boston on the W7tb an I
the .'ttith inat.
chime ok time.
In view of tb? proepeet that the prevent seseh* of ( od
xre.a will t>* prol m*ed to a much later period than nstui
and t? the fart that many |iie?tiona of paramount intreat
are now before that body for derision, the Kree Jioil Stat'
t'entral t'ommittewhave been tuoved to poetpone that t'onventioii
from fuenUpSepteuilwr I7tb, to Thursday, ttetober
3.1, an.I the several INuwtry and Town I'oiuuittfees are
requested <u ?.'(*rn them-ieUes aeeordiitftly/taifoa Rr
\N\I U MKRTIM III' TilK PEMSYLYAJM
AMI-SLAVI:K\ SOCIKTV.
The lf>?h Annual Meeting of the Pinnajilmit A lit i Slavery
Society will be held in the HultNHiinU 11*11 *t We?t
Chester, commencing MTiMnlijt tin- l-*t. of ttetober, at l<>
o'clock, A. M. mii.i continuing in wmmn, probnl.ly, tbrre
day*.
We tru?f there mil lie full attendance of the meiuhere ail
frien.li of the Prune\ Irani* Autl Slavery Society, at the
time and |ilare appointed.
We also iuvite our cu laborer# in oiler Mate*, and alt
eincere frtende of the eauee every* here, to meet with us and
|arti"i|.?tr in our deliberation*,
tin fcehall of the Kxecutive T'otn in i I tee
JAMKS MOTT, fViuuoiun
II. WfcTHKK Al.lt,Stri fluty
PhiUuMjtKut, Nr/>trmhrr III, I Hot I,
.NATION A I, LIBERTY I'IKTY tllWKNTIIIN IT
IIS WE (ill.
To the friemh iff righlrnn rinl gornnmmi in the I'. S
We have heretofore called on you inoet earnestly, and we
artniii repeat the call, to meet In National Contention at the
ity of t htwe^ii, .10 rit' "'.I dmjf 61 fVfdflbr neat, to eonelder
the duty of the people of tbie eountry at Christian citizens,
and to nominate a President ami Vice I'reeieent of the
I tille\ Scatea^
We belieie it ie time to inculcate the do-trine of righteous
mil governiuent. The hiatory of parties ami of the eoun
.., ?.. Kixainir; pmin,Hiri'
pedieticy policy, are utterly Impracticable ami hopeleax of
any g-iod F.xpertencr line eliowii them lobe utterly batik
rupt and wortlile** We are detenuiued to attempt an en
tire new Bourse?new, bu-auae neet r adopted by iuau,
though aver approved and coiiimauded by tiod. We rally,
ami we call upon all to rally with ue, in behalf of human
rigti JUMN Thomas,
T. ?i. WHITK,
W. STIt'KNKY,
Stall I'oinmillef
KNTKKPRISK.
Hy celling cheap, ami exteiifire advert ixing, the proprie
tula of (t AK II Al.l. have uia,|c their eatabtiabmeut known
throughout the lamb Oak Hall ix oae of the dtetingnixhed
place* in lloatoti, ami Hliouhl hr vtvited by trery trareller
who dexirex to xee what in -lexerving of notice.
irr row I. Kits & WKLLS, I'hrrHo/oftth awl Pub
ImAci i,t'llntoii Hall, l.'ll N***au etreet, New York. Office
ol the Water ' 'are and J'hrenolot;icul Jourinil.t
I'OW Kits t SK\TO\,
ATTOKNKYS ami Counsellor? at Law, ami Solicitor a
in ('humeri/, Youngxtown, Mahoning county. Ohio.
K. J. POWhti.s
Sept. 96. H. W. SKA TON
HUSTON KK1I U.K MKIHt'AL SI IIOOI,.
/NONItlH'TKHby the Female Meillcal Kducaflou Society,
V incorporated by the MaxHachuxett* I egixlature. The
tilth term will oommenee November'!, IHfWI, ami continue
three mouth*. Thoce who ilexire can attend excluxlvely to
Midwifery, with it* eollateial hraoche* Tuition, $'hrv.
Hoard in the city to I.e liail al $ I a week
SAMIIfcl. (IKKOOKY, Secretary,
Sept. 2fi? 3t. 17 I 'ornbill,
I.ITTKLI/ft I.I VI ISO AO K.
N t W Vol.TMK.
CSONTKNTS OF No. ail ? Frlct, twelye and a half
J cent*.
1 I.ady Marjory St Ju*t.?An Autobiography
2 liermaii in I'ublin School*.?Philwlrljthtu Lrtlger
II. la-gen In of the Monaxtio Ordere.?S/intator
4. I.ite and Writingx of Thoinax I halmerx ?/ 'rammn
iWnFiiihaib ami Maulareu on ( boler*?.Vyie. I.Uoi
ti. Who wrote Nhakxp.-ure x Henry \lHI?tienlltmun'?
Mag a 11 lie.
7 Keaponaibtlfty of Monoinanlte*.?AVie Monthly Mai;
at inc.
5. A Day ami NigliI among the High Alp*?/oof</?'f/d-o
; mi num.
'.I Fllen l.inn, the Needlewoman.? Tail's Mn/fa ine
III I'oreign MI*oellany.?Sundry Piifrer v.
With t'octry, Short Article*, and Notice* of New Hook*
WaxHiwoT"*,/?>,??*/'27, IH4k
Of all the P?rlodle*l Journal* dtvetmi to literature and
aeieuoe, which abound In Kurope and lu Oil* Country, thi*
h?* appeared to me to he the iuo#t uaeful. 11 contain* Indeed
the expoeitlon only of th* current literature of the
F.iigliwh language, hut thi*, by It* Immeiri eitent and
comprebrn*ion,Include* a portraiture ol' the human mind in
th* ut.iuoiUipanilonof the pre*entage
J O A II* Ms
Puhllahed weekly ,at all dollar* a vaar, by
K. I.ITTKLI & CO.,
(-Vnar of Tremont ami it rom field atrvafa, Hoar on
tnr K?>r aalr by JOKKPH SIIII.LINOTON, cornrr or
Pour and a half at reet ami PenneyIraula ayanua, Waahlng
Um.
? I KIIHI * CINCINNATI >1 KKCAVt'l I.C COI.I.RMK,
Ajiol/o or Mm<nhi Butlilwq, iioi/htretl corw r o/Suth
I'm! Walnut \tr"/r, (hnnnnati, Ohio.
r|*lll". attention of the Public i? fially railed 'o Die
J conrae id atmliea preacrlbad al tlila inatltntlon. for Ihr
nirpoaa of qualifying Vouric Mrn In a thorough practical
nalitter fur the dutlea of the counting Ionian and for bind
lea* IIrwIII'm generally.
The deafgn of the ItiMlifiition la In impart auoli informa
Ion ita will make practical men and rclcntlfle accnurilaiitg
for any and every department of Iniaiiieaa.
The prominent aubject of at inly la, / ton We ntry Hook
Krrying ; or, In other wnrda, the aoirnce of accounta, In ita
idaptatlon to every variety of tranaanllotia that ran imarihly
irlae In the operaliolia of Trade, whether wtioleaale, retail,
loimalaaioii, bunklnK, inannlai during, jobbing, or any other
form of biiaineaa
In order to qualify tboae who enter thia inatltntii n In a
niperior manner for the reapoiiHllilc dntlne of eouimereial
ifr, loetnrea on commercial law are givon In eonueotlon with
llie aotelice ol book keeping l.e.lnrea on the general lawa
?f trade, aa e mlaltied In the beat trealiaea on banking and
oilltlnal economy, have alao l>een lately Intrialneed with
(reat advantage and anoeeaa.
Siudent? are tin addition) male familiar with general
nereantlle forma ami phraaeologr, or what may be termed
he literature of commerce, Including commercial lettera of *
ill deaeriptiona.
It will be the aaaldmnia endeavor of the Principal to make
hove who attend thla tuatitutlou good practical penmen?a
line flu non to thoea wiehlng to enter the arena of trade
A complete conrae of ealculatloiia la iueluiled In the exerilaea.
Terma for the full eoureo $40 Ol
(iy Inatrnctloti la given imlivhlually; thua gentlemen
(?n enter at any tlaie.
0T- I he lout It lit ton being chartered, etwdrute on grain
rtlng receive a diploma, atgnel by a board of mercantile and
egal gentlemen
frr rbe time rei|itialte to complete the conrae average*
from elx to twelve weeXa.
The nndereigtied haa at much lahor and eapvnae collected
a library of ilaiulard wurka, both American and 'nrrlgn. oil
the above auhjeeta, aa well aa ohlalned aticli practical Infor
inatioii front real hualneaa aa la deemed Important or uaetul,
lud ha? alao been enabled, truiu long eaiwrienne aa a trio b
rr, to greatly Improve and almpllfy the m>?le of imparting
tbta kind of Inatructlon He f hita tiaftera htmaelf that thoaei
who patrowlxc thia inatltiitlnn firom tha Indueamaata held
oil. will have their aaticatallon* more than realiaed
Kr(,f 1Mb JOHN UUNUKY, Principal
VKMAl.K MKDICAMmWlKOF PRNIWVU
VANIA.
Kr>*loN or
rpilK l.ectnrra < 11 thie liotilntloii ooaniwt ou the >V??f
1 Mimdnj) in Oilolirr, In the t.'olle|(e HillMing. Nu
Arch etreet, Philadelphia, ami continue fjnr mnniWe, in the
following order
JAM US f. X Mi-t'J.ONKK Y, fit ft., Prefeeeor of the
Theory ami Practice of Medicine.
fif II MOSUL y, fit It., I'rofeMor of tieneral, Special,
tu t Surgical Anatomy.
fit IK /l/''K7?WiAf, W /)., Prufwinr of Mtltrlt M?li
? ami Thrrii|*iitlAn
A /I. ' 'IIA l.ONKH, fif. It., Profeteor of l liemietrr
(!. If OJ.IfASON, fit It, Prufuiuirul I'by-iology and
Surgery.
JOSH I'll S I.ONOSHOHH, fit It., Profrsaor of Ob
Ufrti'a kikI the ? of Women end Children
fitAUHAtlKTTA H. ULKAHON, Dawouatrator ,.f
Anatomy.
Clinical Inatruetion every Saturday.
Tli* itudeoU lb thla Inalitutiou will br afforded op|->rtu.
iltlea for prnaeeuting their etmltea which hat? ueeer barn
afforded hitherto, ami whii'b will not be Inferior to thorn- ut
any other Medioal College in the country
l et! In thia College are a* folluwa
To eaeh Profeaaor fl'1
Matrli'iilatiou foe tpalil one* only) f?
lira-JuaHon . *
The lecture* will be complete upon Anatomy ami Phyai
ology, Inatitutea of Medicine alni Medical Jun?prud?m-e,
Theory ami Practice of Medicine.!ibeletrioe and HUeam-a
of Wow?u ami Children, Surgery, Materia Medina and TherapMdiee,
Ckemtetry and 1 linleal Practice.
The deaifb of tbia Inatltnll- n la toaH.nl lutein*,ul ami
re? pec table female- aa opportunity of acquiring a thorough
knowledge of wediciao ami tb* collateral aaienoM, in all
their rarioua brauebee, and to practice laediolbe aw on* tbeir
own ari, ami euch diaeaaae aa way with propriety require
their aerv lee*.
l-'or further iuforwatioii, h|>|)ly prreonaily or ley letter
(uoet paid I to the l*aan or any othar wrubar of tbe faculty
JAftUS K X Mot'LtiSKkV,
Sept. I'J. i'ean of the faculty

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