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THE NATKTNAL ERA^>
(i. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR; JOHN G. WHITTIER, CORRESPONDING EDITOR.
^VOL. IV?NO. 40 WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, ()( T()BER :?, 1860. WHOLE NO. 196.
Tl.r National * < <* >* Published Wfeklf, ?u ItTrull
MrNt,?pp?iltt Odd Fellawi' Hall.
TERMS.
I'wo 'I >11* per annum, payable in advance.
\ lrertisemeuts not exceeding ten lines inserted
ihrre times for one dollar; every subsequent insertion.
twenty-five cents.
All communications to the Era, whether on
business of the paper or for publication, should
he addressed to Q Bailsy, Washington, D. C.
BUKLL 4. BLANCHARII, PRINTERS,
Sixth 'tract, few doors ooutti of Penury Irani* avenue.
I'llK NATIONAL ERA.
W ASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 30, 1850.
For the National lira.
the PI'MJ/: mut.
the rule of right-maws moral sense.
HV ISAAC H. JULIAN.
" / trtU purr wttUin Uum at a fuiile
My umpirr Contcienct"
God in Milton.
ilk! Hateu to t5* tSrobbing* of the raigttjrpbMITTeAr^
l<?aniiir strong for Truth and Justice, bidding knave and
tyrant atari!
<i 4 ii apeaking in its cadence, He gave ita earliest tone,
Aud it atill repeats tire harmony nearest to hia throne!
a* like a fount outeuahina in purity and force, !
It springs and swells eternally, aspiring to its Source.
Is human nature wholly false? Doe* Mammon reign supreme
?
Is there no ling'ring ray divine, its darkness to redeem?
Let ' agan Athens answer, treading lucre iu the dost,
Heeding not her great Theinistocles, but Aristides .Inst;
l*t Greece united answer, when Mamlnius' decree
Awoae the thunder of her voice for new-found liberty!
Let Brita n's millions answer, who, forgetting their own
wrongs,
Struck ei^ht hundred thousand /tigri?-re#"from slavery'^
crouching throngs,
And antedated heavenly bliss in grateful freemen's songs!
Ves, the self-same sun whose morning beams shone sadly
on the calm
And melancholy beau'y of the slave-th'Ouged Isles of biim,
Heart their Soug of freedom rise at eve to Heaven like a
psalm!
Let tiery Krance make answer?never cad ber struggles
vain!
Heboid her crying unto God for liberty again!
While the tempests on her gather, who, with countenance
serene,
With a glory streaming round him, rises up to still the
scene?
I'is the poet Christian statesman, immortal Lamartlne!
He speaks?and rage and clamor, and the cry for human
blood,
Are drown'd iu cheers of liberty, and songs of brotherhood!
Nation Palleth unto nation, u deep answereth unto deep? 1
Ami lo, thy loul, Columbia' amuses as from sleep' <
A rout is?and the fetters whieh bound her in ber shame, j
Part asunder at her rising,as flax before the flame'
Now bind again her pinions, lying statesmen! if you can. ^
And iu;U her pulee's throbbing* for the holy rights of man
i
V* are wise in sordid craftiness, ye are men of mighty ^
mind,
Hut know that your own heartle**ness belongs not to your
kind;
And though, like Alpine summits, ye may soar aloft?to <
frtexe, (
Your strength is as the slender reel's, swayed by the evening
bre'se;
For the fouut of human feeling, in an exhaustless tide,
is pouring forth a lava Used to whelm you in your pride! ]
Oh! listen to the throbbimrs pf the mighty public heart!
tiod is speaking in ea^h oader.ee. " Let your sordid aims |
depart!
Mau is more than food or raiment, more than gold or silver
bright;
Wealth an l power are worth/ess bubbles, weighed against 1
my Truth and Kight! ,
1 i-!-?> ir impious m so hi nations?dread t&s vengeance of '
my r?d?
May your insolent rebellion 'gainst the goodness of your
tiod!" I
Mon at I'mon, Linn County, Iowa.
For the National bra.
A POLO MA JAGIELLO.
MY (iRACK GREENWOOD.
During a late visit to Washington, it was my
good fortune to become acquainted with l^lle.
Jagiello, the Hungarian heroine, who was then
staying at the house of her friend, M. Tyssowski.
Becoming much interested in her, I requested to
he allowed to write a sketch of her "strange,
eventful history"?knowing that, in so doing, 1
should not only give myself a rare pleasure, but
gratify my countrywomen, to most of whom the
brilliant c ireer of the hrave woman-soldier is more
a dazzling dream of romance than a simple reality.
To assist me in this pleasant work, a frien I
of Mile Jagiello. Major Tochtnan, of Washington.
was so kind as to furnish me with some
memoranda of facts, which she had communic
?ted to him ; and upon this authority i shall proceed
iu my brief biography. These notes are not
as full as I could desire in regard to the private
life and personal relations of the heroine ; hut I
understand that there are reasons why matters of
this kind should not now he made public.
Apidonia Jagiello was born in Lithuania, a
part of the land where Thaddeus Kosciusko spent
his first days. She was educated at Cracow, the
ancient capital of Poland?a city filled with mouumeuts
and memorials sadly recalling to the mind
of every Pole the ]ast glory of his native land.
There and in Warsaw and Vienna, she passed
the days of her early girlhood, fihe was about
nineteen whin the revolution of 1M6 broke out
at Cracow, "That revolution,"says Major Tochman,
"so little understood in this country, although
of brief duration, must and will occupy
nn important place in Polish ^istory. It declared
' > rinancination of the neisantrv nml ths ?)inti.
? I J " """
'i n of hereditary rank, all over Poland; proclaimed
f(|iiality, personal security. and the en.
"ymcnt of the fruits of labor, a* inherent rights
of all men living on Polish soil. It was suppressed
l.y i most diabolical plot of the Austrian Government.
Its mercenary soldiery, diagnised in
'he national costume of the peasants, excited
against the nobility the ignorant portion of the
|p'?san'ry in CJalllcia, which province, with other
parts of ancient Poland, had to unite in insurrection
with the republic of Cracow. They were
made to believe, by those rile emissaries, that the
object of the nohility was to take advantage of
the approaching revolution, to exact from them
higher duties In the mean time the civil and
military officers of the Auatrian Government circulated
proclamations, at first secretly, then publicly.
offering to the peasants rewards for every
head of a nobleman, and for every nobleman delivered
into the hands of the authorities alive
fourteen hundred men, women, and children, of
noble families, were murdered by the thus ex
' ited anil misled peasantry, before they detected
the fraud of the Government. This paralyzed
thf revolution already commenced in Cracow.
" The Austrian Government, however, did not
the full fruit of its villany; for when the
pewtinu perceived it, they arrayed themselves
*ith the friends of the murdered viotims, and
showed so energetic a determination to insist on
lhe rights which the revolution at Craoow promteed
to secure to them, that the Austrian Government
found itself compelled to grant them many
immunities." r
I bis was the first revolution in whioh Mile.
'sgiella, who was then in Craoow, took an active
Nbe was seen on horsebeck, in the picture*|u*
costume of the Polish soldier, in the midvt
of the patriots who first planted the white eagle
a,"t the fl (g of freedom on the castles of the an1
capital of kar country, nnd was one of the
handful! of heroea who fought the battle near I
I' dgurze, against a ten-fold stronger enemy. Mr.
Tyssowski, now of Washington, was then inserted
with all civil and military power in the Republic.
He was elevated to the dictatorship for the time
of ite danger, and by him was issued the celebrated
manifesto declaring for the people of Poland
the great principles of liberty to which we
have already alluded. He is now a draughtsman
in the employ of our Government.
After the Polish revolution which commenced
in Craoow was suppressed. Mile. Jagiello reassumed
female dress, and remained undetected for
a few weeks in that city. From thence she removed
to Warsaw, and remained there and in the
neighboring country, in quiet retirement among
her friends. But the revolution of IS 18 found
a<rnin nt in the midst of the combnt
ants. Alae! that revolution was but a dream?it
accomplished nothing?it perished like all other
European resolutions of that year, so great in
grand promises, so mean in fulfilment. But
their fire is yet smouldering under the ashes oovering
the Old World?ashes white and heavy as
death to the eye of the tyrant, but scarcely hiding
the red life of a terrible retribution from the
prophetic eye of the lover of freedom.
Mile. Jagiello then left Cracow for Vienna,
where she arrived in time to take a heroic part
in the engagement at the faubourg Widen. Hut
her chief object in going to Vienna was to inform
herself of the character of that revolution, and
to carry news to the Hungarians, who were then
in the midst of a revolution, which she and her
jountrymen regarded as involving the liberation
)f her beloved Poland, and presaging the final
regeneration of Europe. With the aid of devoted
'riends, she reached Presburg safely, and from
hat place, in the disguise of a peasant, was con
ireyea oy me nungmriao peasantry carrying prurisions
for the Austrian army, to the tillage of
3t. Paul 4 * , * *
After many dangers and hardships in crossing
he country occupied by the Austrians, after
.trimming on horseback two rivera, she. at .last
>n the 15th of August, 1M8, reached the Huifgft ian
camp, near the tillage of Eneszey. ju?t before
:he battle there fought, in which the Austrians
Arerc defeated, and lost General Wist. This was
he first Hungarian battle in which our heroine
ook part as volunteer. She was soon promoted
,o the rank of lieutenaut, and, at the request of
ler Hungarian friends, took charge of a hospital
n Comorn. Whilst there, she joined, as toluneer,
the ezpedition of 12,000 troops, under the
:ommand of the gallant General Klapka, which
nade a sally, and took Ilaab. She returned in
lafety to Comorn, where she remained, superinending
the hospital, until the capitulation of the
fortress.
She came to the United States in December
ast, with Governor Ladislas Ujhazy and his famly,
where she and her heroic friends received a
uost enthusiastic welcome.
I know that some of my geutle and delicate
;ountrywomen may shrink from a contemplation
>f the martial career of Mile. Jagiello, or regard
it with amazement and a half-fearful admiration.
But they must remember for what a country she
fought, with what an enemy she contended.
Loving Poland with a love which had all the
strength and fervor of a religion, and hating its
haughty and brutal oppressors with all the intensity
of a high and passionate nature, when the
hour of uprising and tierce struggle came at last,
sould she do otherwise than joir v-~ ? *
To cheer them with her inspiring voice?to strike
with them for the one glorious cause?a great
purpose, making strong her girlish arm. and the
Jawn of a great hope brightening in her eyes
Ah! those beautiful eyes! How often must her
brave followers, when sad and disheartened, have
turned to them for cheer and guidance, drinking
fresh courage from those fountains of light.
The eagerness with which our heroine to^
part in the Hungarian revolution, proved that
her patriotism was not coufined within the narrow
limits of her native land ; that she loved
freedom even more than Poland. In the situation
which she so readily filled in the hospital at
Comorn, as the patient nurse of the wounded and
the comforter of the dying, she revealed beneath
the heroism of the soldier the tenderness of the
woman?a heart within a heart. The hand which
bad clenched the sword with a firm grasp, and
been stained with the base blood of the Austrian,
looked very soft and fair as it smoothed the pillow
of the sick, or held the cooling druught to
rever-parched lips; nnd the eye which bud looked
iteadily on the mad rush, the fi tine and tumult of
he fight, and flashed its beautiful defiance in the
'ace of the advancing foe, grew wondrous pitiful
is it gazed upon the bleeding and prostrate pariot,
and dropped fast tears on the dead brow
>f a fellow-soldier.
The daughters of Poland and Hungary are a
rrand race of women, i oey no noi assume me
farb and take the arms of the soldier nor do bin
errible work, because they are stern, and hard,
ind warlike by nature, but bectuae all that in
lear to them on earth?home, honor, liberty, and
ove?are at stake. They fight with and for the
beat loTed of their hearts?their great hearts,
which cannot comprehend a feeling that would
cause them to shrink from the side of a father, a
husband, or a brother, in the hour of extremest
peril. Their courage, after all, is of that quality
which
" Is but the tender fierceness of the dovt,
Pecking the hand that hovers o'er its mate."
Many were the heroines actively engaged in
serving the cause of Freedom during the Hungarian
struggle. Not alone in the saddle and under
arms, but in ways and capacities not leas honorable,
though perhaps less imposing. General
Pngay, in his work on Hungary, says
" No sooner had Windiachgriitr. gratified himself
with executions by the dozen, and guarded
the bastions of Vienna with cannon, than he
marched his disposable force, amounting to 7?,000
men, upon Hungary. It was quite impossible to
resist such a power in extended cantonments, uo?l
after several unimportant actions, Gorgcy ordered
a general retreat to itaab, in tne middle of l>ecember.
Here intrenchments were thrown up. on
n inth the noblest Indies marked mith thnr delicate.
kandtP
A sister of Kossuth served during the war m
general superintendent of hospitals; Mile. Mary
Lagos served as adjutant in the brigade of General
Asherman. She was taken prisoner, aud her
i<> unknown Mile Cawl served as captain ,
she ?u a niece of General Windischgrktt, and
fought twice against the Austrian# commanded
by her uncle. She was taken prisoner in a battle
fought against the infamous Maynau, and shot
by his order.
Not vainly have those glorious women dared,
and struggled, and endured, and died The world
needs such lessons of heroic devotion?of the
soul's greatness triumphant over mortal weakness?and
their names, wreathed with the rose,
the lanrel, and the cypress, shall be kept in sweet,
and proud, and mournful remembranoe, while
heroes are honored, and great deeds can rouse
human hearts, and while the tyrant is hated of
man and accursed of God.
Mils. Jagiello is now with us. She seems to
regard the land of her adoption with admiration
and affection, though looking on its beauty and
grsndeur through the tearful eves of an exile.
Those of my readers who hgfca never seen the
Hungarian, or rather Polish hMbe, assy be interested
in hearing something M her j*r$oniul.
She is now about twenty-four, or mI^si height,
and quite slefcler. Her arm and hand are especially
delicate and beautiful, and her figure round
and graceful. 8he is a brunette, wilh large dark
eyes, and blaik, abundant hair. Her lips have
an expression of great determination, but her
smile is altogether charming. In that the woman
comes out; it is arch, soft, and winning?a rare
an indescribable smile, ller manner is simple
and engaging, her voice is now gentle or mirthful,
now earnest and impassioned?sometimes
sounds like th? utterance of some quiet, homelove,
and sometimes startles you with a decided
ring of the steel Her enthusiasm and intensity
of feeling reveal themselves in almost everything
she says and does. An amusing instance was
told me when in Washington. An album was one
day Landed her, for her autograph. She took it
with a Bmile ; bat on opening it at the name oi M. \
Bodisco, the Russian ambassador, pushed it from
her with flaahing eyes, refusing to appear in the
same book with * the tool of a tyrant!"
Yet, after all, she is one to whom children go,
feeling the charm of her womanhood, without
being awed by her greatness. She bears herself
with no aplUaxy ?ir. there is nothing iu her
manner to remind you of the camp, though much
to tell you that you are in the presence of no ordinary
woman.
The life of a soldier, with its dangers and privations,
with all its fearful contingencies, was not
sought by Jagiello for its own sake, nor for the
glory it might confer, but was accepted as the
means to a great end. She believed that the path
of her country led through the Red Sea of revolution,
to liberty and peaoe, and stood up bravely
by the side of that country. Her young heart
fired, and her slender arm nerved with a courage
that knew not sex.
As the women of Amerlei have given their admiration
tq her heroism, they will give also, and
mere abundantly, their sympathy to her misfortune.
She bears to our shores a weary and an
almost broken heart. May she here find repose
and consolation, while awaiting that hrighter day,
which shall as surely dawn for her unhappy
country, as freedom is the primal right of man. as
oppression is a falsehood and a wrong, and as God
is over all.
W*m thm N I FM
BESSIE LINDSAY; OR. THE HOYDEN TAMED.
BY MABY IRVING.
" Come to our hearth and home, Charles?we
will give you a welcome for your poor mother's
sake, as well as your own. They tell us you're
pining away off in that pent-up city, and going
the way went. Don't kill yourself studying,
my hoy ; it's a sin, besides being a folly. Come
oat into the country for a bit of fresh air and
fresh life! I haven't seen you for many a year.
Charley; but if you're akin to the little shaver
that used to chase my oxen and hunt my hens'
nests a dozen years ago. why, you'll still find
something to stir your blood on 'Squire Lindsay's
old-fashioned place. My poor wife has been dead
these nine years come next Christmas; but I have
girls enough to keep the old house lively, and not
a bit of a ' laddie' among them. Come, Charles,
I'm in right down earnest. My girls want a
brother, I wint a son. and you?you want a home
and good nursing. I can't forget that you are
Alice Wilson's boy?the child of my own favorite
cousin; and there's a sort of rising in my heart
when 1 remember it, that gives ma a kind of feeling
of claim V*- J w-a. ?*** , JF J) UV W IUSU V \
refuse an old friend's homely, blunt way of asking.
Come to us for the whole summer!"
Thus ran the warm-hearted letter which
Charles Franklin stood reading, one pleasant eve
of spring-time, by the twilight gleams that glanced
through a high western window in a city block.
There was a grateful, almost buoyant smile on his
countenance, but it was unmistakably "sicklied
o'er with the pale cast of thought." Charles
Franklin had buried, six months before, a mother
almost idolized?a mother whose moonlight smile
from her sick chamber had shed a Bombre cheerfulness
over his whole young life. She was his
only reraemDerea parent, ana rememoerea as aiwnys
a sufferer. He had left his college cares to
follow her to the far South, and there soothe her
last hours. She had breathed out her calm life
on his shoulder, and he had come hack to active
life with the "shadow of a great grief" on his
futurity.
Yet he shrank not from the battle field of
Duty into the morass of Melancholy. He felt
that her angel eye was watching him from the
skies; he knew how she would have striven to
nurture in his heart those seeds of patience, fortitude,
and disinterestedness, which she had
planted there from bcr own. " I will fulfil a destiny
she shall smile upon!" was his resolve.
With the vow of a high and holy profession upon
his spirit, he threw himself again into the arena
of study, Rnd wrestled with the masters of old, ns
one who was determined to rifle their most hidden
treasures. Hut the conflict with emotions thus
nobly conquered had left his spirit's tenement too
we <k for the weight of duty he laid upon it; and
sudden illness came to suspend for a time his
plans.
The sharp visage of his "tutelar Ksculapius"
protruded itself through the doorway just as
Charles was thoughtfully refolding his letter.
"Walk in, walk in, Doctor! good evening!"
exclaimed he. advancing a chair, toward which
the portly Dr. strode with a sort of impatient
dignity.
"Hooks! books Again !" growled he, thumping
his knuckles upon the well-strewn study table
kaal.l* l.iin "What were mv orders vounir
0 / ?f O
man ?"
."Ouly recreation, Doctor! Positively I wax
tiring to death of nothing to do, ao I took up my
Trigonometry for an hour tnly."
"Trigonometry be hanged! or you will heworse
oft!" exclaimed the offended dignitiry,
frowning fearfully ae he rolled up hia cuff* for
the preparation of some powders "J wish you
were well away from under this roof and my
care! Theae ohatfnate fellows! ttey are enough
to ruin any clever man's reputation I"
" Aba! well, Doctor, what do you think of denpatching
me into the country for a month or two?
I hare just received an invitation from a kind
old friend, a connection of my mother"
"Go! go! by all that's hopeful,'' exclaimed
the physician " There's no rest or respite for
you htrt, I see plainly enough. Go upon a farm?
hoe corn?dig ruta-bagaa ?hunt?swim ? flirt
with the country girls, do anything but atudy !
and you may 1 throw physic to the dogs,' with my
hesrty amen!"
"It is a journey of a hundred miles, Doctor.
Flow aoon is it advisable for me to set out-?"
"This week?to-morrow?by all mean*, if you
can. Re off with yourself forthwith ! and mind !
don't let me see you again until you are as ruddy
and sunburnt as a Seminole !"
He rose to leave,
"But, Doctor," inquired Charles, laughing,
"you are not serious in interdicting all study ?"
" Yea, youngster! all hut the atudy of botany
and black ayaa, if you please! As for this rubbish
here, I poiUivtly forbid you to load your
trunk with an inch of it. As you value your
life, take heed ! Take your eye off the valedictory,
young maul You may blase up like
the rocket, but your life will be almoet aa
abort. Make a leaser star of youreelf, and you
uiay shine out your appointed time."
" You Mistake me, etr; indeed, I am not ambi
tious!" replied Charles, with a alight glow suffusing
his pale cheek.
" Don't talk that to me!" rejoined the Doctor,
incredulously. u'Tis a wonderful age, this!
Men imagine mind works by steam, like their
new-fangled inventions. Why. it would kill an
ox to sit bent as you young genttemen bend over
your books, through two-thirds of the blessed
twenty-four hours! But I will risk your stumbling
upon any musty tomes in that out-of-theway
corner. Good evening, sir! a pleasant journey
to you. Good bye !"
Aud the Doctor, a wiser worthy than some of
his cotemporaries. slammed together his portmanteau,
and bowed himself out
The middle of a sultry afternoon landed
dustv and weary enough with stuge jolting,
at the door of a fine, old-fashioned farrnWos*.
I shall not attempt its description, for
Daguerreotypes of places, as well a? of persons
are too likely to turn out only prim caricatures
of their originals; and that, too, tn proportion to
the fascinations of said original' Charles only
saw, A the first glance. three lniTthat iuvltlngly
wared him forward, and two bulky maples which
shaded the short and sanded avenue A grayhaired
man, with a calm kind smile, etoo 1 on th?
door-stone at its extremity to welcome him ; and
two or three heads were yaguely peeving out from
behind the muslin curtain of the "best parlor"
window.
"Charles Franklin, I'm sure, and no other!"
exclaimed his warm welcomer, with a cordial but
ooartly grasp of the hand. "Like mother, like
son, sure enough. I should have known you
among a thousand. Walk in?w.dk in?never
mind your fare!" and, hurrying him through two
low doorways, 'S?|uire Lindsay (for such prefix
the plain farmer bore) ushered hiui into the assemblage
of his family.
A short, thin-featured, sharp-eyed " maiden."
of an age beyond the " uncertain." quite formidable
in a starched cap and immaculate apron fixed
Charles' eye at entering, as if by mesmeric power.
She was whirring a wheel with the velocity
of a small wind-mill, and turned upon him with a
suddenness quite startling. "Aunt Hetty," as
he afterwards learned to call her. or "Miss
Lindsay,'' as Bhe was then introduced to him. wag
a well-meaning virago, whom no one but her alleuduring,
imperttfrliahle brother would have retained
at the head of his young family. " Every
one has a vocation, and that vocation is determined
by natural gifts." If this be true philosophy,
Aunt Hetty had not mistaken her own; for
few could boast greater capabilities in the scrubbing
and scolding line.
Mary Lindsay, her father's eldest?an invalid,
with a slight veil of capriciousness and unrest
over pale, regular features?was next brought to
his notice.
" Milly, the next one, is in the south district,
teaching?you should see her for the image of her
mother ; aud Julia is up country at school; but
here is my Kissy." Miss Theresa gave a demure
courtesy; "she was named for your grandmother?my
aunt. This is Lucytapping a bashful
head that glided from under his touch, and
shrank away into a corner. "And here," as a
little blue-eyed, golden-curled fairy of nine came
fearlessly dancing to him, " bore is the pet of all;
my txiby Bella 1"
" You have quite a family,'Squire Lindsay,"
said Charles alter performing the greetings respectively
and respectfully, feeling that some observation
uponthesoene before him was called for .
and feeling, at the same time, all a collegian's
awkwardness in the pretence of stranger ladies.
"Ah! you have not seen all yet! Bessie,
rxnu-f . - ? ? * > I
"Sure enough! who would thins to seep track
of Bessie !" replied the quiek-tongued damsel iddressed.
" I calculate she's chssing the cows or
the sheep in the meadows, as usual!"
" No, Aunt Hetty, she's riding Leopold to water,"
spoke up little Bella. " 1 spy her! There?
now !"
Charles turned to the window by which he was
sitting, just in time to see a bay horse dash past
at a most alarming pace, ridden by a gipsy-looking
girl, without saddle or stirrup?her sunbonnet
swinging back in the wind and dust, with
her tangled hair.
" Bessie is a sad romp!" observed the father,
with a quiet, npologetic smile; "but we hope she
will tame to something at last. Come, Charles,
now make yourself at home among us, such as we
are!"
It was at the tea-table that Charles's curiosity
was first gratified with a fair gaz> at the "little
Amazon," as he menially christened her. Looking
up hopelessly from the deluge of sweetmeats
with which Aunt Hetty had inundated his plate,
he encountered the ga/.eof a pair of piercing black
eyes in the doorway The locks were tamed into
some sort of submission to conventional usages ; but
the dress?alas for Aunt Hetty's Washing and
mending!
"Bessie! I'm ashamed of you?go straight up
stairs and change your dress !"
" I don't believe she has a whole one, ma'am,"
observed Mary, in a despairing undertone.
" This was the last clean one, put on this morning"
"Coine in, then?you're a disgrace to your
family! Aren't you ashamed to own yourself to
your Cousin Charles ?"
There was a frank wilfulness and wild grace in
the manner of the little hoyden, as ahe came to
fake the hand he extended to her, that roused
still more his interest and curiosity
"Mow old is this one7" he inquired, smilingly.
" Thirteen, sir. I'm abashed to say it. She
ought to be quite a young lady Ibis by time."
"Time enough?time enough!" soliloquized
the father, indifferently, taking up the thread of
political conversation which her entrance had
broken.
"I wonder whether she ii tamable!" thought
Charles, as he laid his head upon the down pillow
of the "spare chamber" that night, and. with a
resolution to try a new experiment in humun nature,
he fell asleep to dream of I'etruchio and the
" Tamed Shrew."
Me very soon found that whatever good faculties
the chihl possessed were locked up in an obstinate,
almost defiant indifference to whatever
wore the garb of authority. Affection was the
key to uolock her nature, and that key had been
seldom applied liessie occupied the most unenviable
situation of "the youngest-hut-one" in a
Urge family the scape-goat on whom all the illhumor
of old and young was sure to be visited,
while her favored little sister was petted almost
to the point of being spoiled
" Bessie, come along here!" shrieked her aunt
from the beck door, on the next Monday morning,
as the ol j<cl of her vengeance was chaaWig a de
voted hen through the mazes of the farm-yard
"Come right along to your arithmetic lesson!
Bella tells that you're a whole week behind your
class!"
"I don't care!" shouted Bessie, as she grasped
the hen by her extended wings, tripping over a
sand hetp in her haste, and rolling down a declivity
with her capture.
"You know what 'don't cvre' comes to, little ,
Miss Good-for-nothing!" exclaimed Aunt Hefty, 1
rushing from her suds to take captive the fallen
captor. But she was too late
"I don't care!" laughed again Bessie, springing
like a squirrel to her feet, and flying beyond
the reach of even her voice.
"Was there ever such a young one!" soliloquized
the crest-fallen Aunt Hetty, returning to
her wash-tub, and wisely exhausting her ire upon
its contents.
Bessie returned in the anticipated disgrace at
eve, but fled out of hearing of Bella's tale, and
ber aunt's redoubled vituperation with heightened
color, and a quick glance at her stranger
oousin.
" I will find her out," thought Charles, as he
.... . .l. i _ ,L.
seized bis hut ami roiloweo inn lugiuvv. m ,
garden. behind (he bsy-uiow, among the chickens,
be sought her in *?in until, passing suddenly
Around an angle of the farmer s winter wool-pile,
he came upon her, sitting upon a round, green
log, twisting her lips with ber fingers, and actually
sobbing with the relation she had affected
not to feel.
"Come! help me lift this saw-rack, cousin
llessio," cried Charles, as she, springing up,
would bass fled to the antipodes of the farm. She
burst into a shout of laughter, oaught op tha
wooden frame, and ran alone with it to the shed
" There, sow oaloh me if you can I" cried she,
turning to him with gleeful defiance, and then
starting off like au antelope toward the little
grove. The challenge was too tempting: and
Charles soon found himself dragged "thorough
hush, thorough hrier." in the real of his pursuit,
while the little dryad, fur in advance of him.
turned every few moment*, to clap her hands with
a cheering laugh. He reached the foot of the
fir*t oak tree, where she stood, and, panting with
the unwonted exercise, threw himself upon the
mossy knoll at her feet. She. untlushed. uuwes- i
ried, bent her wild eyes upon hira with a mixture
of childish triumph and wonder. 1
" No wonder that you make patch-work of your i
frocks, little Miss Harum-scarum!" exclaimed
her balf-hreathless cousin " I only wonder at '
what is left of you, after such wild-goose chxses as 1
this.''
1?..:. 1 v-j : 1 a i i al . i -i- ? i
i- com mu|(iiru iiuuiouerau'iy. "um i uu so 1
love running!" 1
"Lore running! that in very evident, little
gipsy ! and what else do you love ?" <
"I love my father!" she exclaimed?a quick ?
ray from the heart-mirror within lighting op her I
fine eyes
" A ud your sisters ?"
" N?no. not all Mary, sometimes, when she 1
is not touchy, and Rissy well enough, but"? t
" And Bella? she is a sweet little cuerub."
' Yes?hut she tells tales ofmurmured* *
Bessie, rather bitterly. 1
" And Aunt Hetty ?" added Charles.demurely 1
"No! I hate Aunt Hetty !'" replied the child, t
energetic illy.
" Aud study V The mischievous smile would
wreathe his lips this time, and Bessie's penetrating
el iuce took it in.
" Pshaw!"
" But tell me what you do love ?" persisted he?
"fishing?"' I
"Yes! fishing and berrying?and rohins and
bluebirds?and clover-heads and chickens?and
lambs?and Carlo?and Leopold?and"'?
" Do you love ???, Bessie V
She glauced at him, as if suspecting some new
<juir " I don't know yet. You don't look scold- '
ish?Rnd you run pretty well. 11a!" and Bessy ]
shouted a merry peal, that waked the twilight
echoes of the " good green wood.''
" I think we must be friends," said Charles,
jraYtiwg her to the grass beside him. "Come. 1
make me your confidant. You were in disgrace 1
at school to-night ? For what ? An arithmetical
lesson V
" Yes. sir."
u Aud you ilou t ' love' to study arithmetic?"'
" No! 1 hate all Btudy with all my heart!'
"That is a fivolish hatred, my child 1"
"Just what Aunt Hetty tells me," she replied,
with an indifferent smile.
" But you are not always to be a little girl,
Bessie. What will yon make of yourself when
you grow to n woman ?"
"What will I be?" she repeated, as if the
thought were a new one.
" A wastierwoman i"
She laughed. "No, I rather guess not. Would
you hire me ?"
" But you are likely to be nothing better, if
you never learn anything."
She was silent.
" Bessie. I'll make a bargain with you."
? Well!"
"If you will give me lessons in running and
scrambling. I will give you lessons in arithmetic "
"Will you really, though, cousin?-' she exclaimed,
amused by the novelty of the idea.
" Yes ! 1 will be at your call for a race in any
weather, if you will recite the lessons I shall give
you; and they shall be short and easy ones
There! this shall be a secret of our own?not
even papa shall know it!"
Bessie jumped from the knoll in ecstasy, and
Hew for her dog-eared arithmetic. For a tew
days all went on swimmingly. Bessie cultivated
the society of her slate with all assiduity, and
then sprang gleefully to her ramble or her ride
with "Cousin Charley "
Saturday afternoon came. The sun shone
brightly euough to tempt an anchorite out of his
cell. Charles was away; Bessie found her wits
entangled among the mysteries of decimal fracWwWHtftff
tfW'Ybuijiiur lyv'
soon led to acting; book and slate were thrown 1
down at one sudden impulse, as she tumbled out
of the window in chase of a gold-speckled butterfly.
Once in her native element, she whs as irrecoverable
as a fish from the ocean. Sunset came,
bringing the remorse of duty undone, and the
foreboding of a friend offended " Me will scold
me, perhaps" thought she. " I don't care!" hut
her thought ful couutenanoc belied the expression
it strove to assume.
Charles spoke no word of reproof, hut the
shade of disappointment that stole over his face
was a weightier punishment. That night, for the
first time in her life. Bessie hid a cindle under
her apron when she was sent to bed ; and, lighting
it. finished her task More she went soundly
to sleep. And the smile of grateful encouragement
when next she laid it before Cousin Charles
gave a new thrill of joy to her being Charles,
on his part, was learning lessonR not, Iosr valuable.
The study of the rocks and flowers, among
klu tiinihlo.fnntml r'ntiMin 1ml liiin wnu a
daily joy , find the study of that Hume little cousin's
character became his most delightful one
i>i<1 you ever watch the unfolding of thtit bud
of immortality?a child's spirit?ami feel your
heart grow young iiguin in ita fragrance? If ho,
you will not Nniile at the hitherto isolated collegian.
who hud thrown off all the constraints of hi*
atudent dignity, and felt himself again a farmer's
hoy, with all a hoy's feelings and impulses.
" Down! Carlo, down!" ?,ied llessie to her
pet dog, as he was soutnperng up a steep hank, at
whose top a magnificent cardinal flower was towering
>Sbe ha t set her heirt upon culling it for
her cousin's herbarium The dog saw her in full
chase, and sprang gleefully forward, crushing the
precious treasure at one hound. Bessie'H wild
will was aroused ; she caught up the nearest stone
in a twinkling, and threw it with all her force at
the little animal, before Charles could scire her
uplifted arm. The poor dog fell,moaning bitterly?its
leg w is broken.
"Bessie, it was cruel! it was unwomanly! " exclaimed
her cousin, in indignant tones, as he
sprang past her to the wounded animal. Iler
cheeks were yet crimsoned with the surges of
passion.
"I don't care! I was never cut out to he womanly
!"
And she bounde I off into the thick wood.
" Untamable!" ejaculated Charles, sighing as
he laire home the poor victim of her rashness,and
carefully bandaged its leg
Bessie stole remorsefully to its kennel, three
hours Inter, more miserable than she had ever
known herself before. The little animal looked
up beseechingly, and licked the hand which she
timidly reached to it. She burst into an agony
of tears.
"Oh! niy yoor Carlo! I wish it was my leg
that had been broken! And Couain Charles will
never, never lore roe again?and I deserve It!
Oh dear, dear! I wish 1 was dead I"
She looked up; for Cousin Charles stood leAn
iug agaiust the pear-tree near With an impulse
new to her, she sprang forward, and with a fresh,
uncontrollable burst of tears, said?
" Forgive toe, oh forgive me, and love me again,
Couain Charles!"
And Bessie was forgiven and loved
The evening before the day of his departure
came. Charles had fulfilled all the good Doctor's
prescriptions, even to the matter of flirtation, if
the escorting his gay, good-humored cousin Theresa
to all the singing schools and aimple soil f ee
of the country might be viewed in the light the
tongue of gossip poured upon it. Ilut his rambles,
hy sunlight and moonlight, were with our
little Itessle alone. The originality of the child's
spirit delighted hits, the more that he felt it to
he a mine worked by his hand only
" 1 shall find you a complete young lady when
I return next year, Bessie,"' said he, as they sat
together on their favorite knoll, Witching the
ripples of the brook while they chattered to the
pebbles below?"quite grown into Aunt Hetty's
ideal of a useful member of s<?ciety !"
' Oh, Cousin Charles indeed I never row beanything
good with Aunt Hetty I It ia only >/>?' that
make auother being of mo. 1 wish I could always
he with you !"
And she hurst into tears
" Ob I" you are clouding toy list evening s sunshine,
Bessie!" and he look the sobbing child
upon his knee.
' Would it mend the matter if I were to write
you 7"
" WJl you write to me, Cousin Charles? " Nbe
looked up eegerly, but drooped her eyes again,
stammering, "I write very miserable letters,
Cousin ? wry bad ones indeed , I don't believe
yon could rend one I"
"Then you will try to write legiblv for toy
eke, that I may not have a hopeless bundle of
hieroglyphics to decipher; th it will he a fine motive
I Remember Hemrte! Drawing and HoUoy
for next yenr, if you improve txoeTlently. Two
loug, bright mouth*, after I graduate, we shall
upend together Look forward when you are
lonely Bessie!''
When the next ye!tr brought Fanner Lindsay's
ainiteur assistant to his poat and to his
working-frock again, he almost started with surprise
at the apparition that sprang firat and foremost
to greet him The " little hoyden " of thirteen
was completely disguised in the bright, lirely,
but graeefuily-grown girl of ft year older. Still
a world of wilfulness sparkled in her eye*, and
she loved the communion of sky and brecie us
well as ever, but her girlish pride of appearance
had been roused to life; and the spark that
k. I . 1. .u- i .??. . r
>/umiTV U?u tuivnu I III V I lie nil fill mine Ml IDiri*
lect had not gone out in darkness. It was now
her delight to learn, an it was his to teach her
So the two months went by.
"We muat send Bessie to boarding-school!"
exclaimed the delighted father, as some of her
irawinyr were laid before him by her enthusiastic
teacher
Bessie's countenance fell.
"It would be so tedious!" she murmured
1 Don't you think I should be expelled the first
seek. Cousin ?"
" For my sake, and for your father'*, try, Beads
J* whispej^C^Mlej^ AaJ iite.su;. fuke s
worthy resolve. Phe same day that otrriedher
o Female Seminary, saw her self-appoint d
tutor arranging his lonely little room in the
Ideological Seminary of a distant city.
| ro Hk l.a)NCUl?kl.l MkXi Ukkk.|
SPEECH OF HON. CHARLES E. CLARKE.
Or NEW VOHK.
Jit tin Bill i st a hi is hint,' the Boundary hettrrtH Tuns
nnil Xnrv Mexico.
I'ellTcrcl in the Ileum* of KeprtseuUtireq Ati)f- 30, 1H60.
The House having under consideration Senate
Jill respecting the boundary between Texas and
New Mexico, with the pendiug amendments?
Mr. CLARKE said:
Mr. Si-kakkk' 1 rise with much hesitation,
aware of the great value of time, and of my inability
to gain attention; but the attack of my
colleague I Mr. Hkookk| obliges me to reply, or to
seem to admit that I have been guilty of some
great legislative impropriety. The remarks of
the gentleman were intended, not to instruct us
how we should vote hereafter, but to inflict punishment
for votes already given ; and the chief
burden of his remarks was the incongruity of
the gentlemen who voted together on two occasions?to
reject the Texas boundary bill, and that
it was not iu order to add to that bill the Senate
bill giving a Territorial Government to New j
Mexico?instead of any abstract impropriety of
the votes themselves
The gentlemen whose votes my colleague scrutinizes
are his equals in place, and perhaps iu patriotism,
and holding themselves amenable to
their constituents and their consciences, will not
he greatly moved beciuse my colleague has seen
fit to vituperate For one, I am content to
do what is right, uud shall not be deterred from
that course because others, who usually tote iu
opposition, unite with me.
The bill which I toted to reject on its first
reading, gites, in my estimation, at least seventy
thousand square miles of territory, now free, to
Texas, and of course to irremediable ami hopelees
slavery?a tract of territory nine times as
largo as the State of Massachusetts. It gives it
in such shape that it embraces on three sides a
traot ot Indian territory two hundred and ten
miles square, with the Missouri Compromise line
only to be run, for its northern boundary you
have a new slavt holding State, as soon as it shall
please the white man to <|usrrel away the Indians.
Of the intention to make that Indisn Territory
into a slave State, I have no doubt; and that, I
believe, is the reason for the peculiar shape of the
territory ceded to Texas. Look at the map, and
see " the tracks of the beast 1"
The same bill, under the pretence of indemnity
for Bf tH'e"ufo-fiUtf
T> ten millions of dollars, (td 0,000,1)00)
Ag?in : by clear and undoubted oonoert of action,
the Senate hill giving a Territorial Government to
New Mexico, ivUkuut the Ordiuauce of 'H7, (the
Wilmot Proviso?the freedom clause,) is moved
hh an addition! section to the bill The Speaker
decides that this is in order, and I vote, in common
with political opponents, that it is not in
order.
I do this under the impression that it is the intention
of those who nurse these hills, and who
hope to oollret and tinker up the shattered fragmenes
of the Senate's discarded " Omnt'/v.v," to
move the previous question, and of course cut off
all debate and all amendment. Subsequent
events have fully justified my suspicions ; for no
sooner does the gentleman from Massachusetts
| Mr Ami vii * j get the floor, than be moves the
previous question.
For these votes I have met with unmeasured
abuse from my colleague; ami not finding in his
own vocabulary words sufficiently apt and vituperative,
or drapery sufficiently ornate in which
? kl. ;,l..?? >....inloM nnr>n i,u l)iu inMhlu.
n/ '-iu.iic iiw '|?i./'vo?|?vi. ,mw
lion of Ibe witches in Macbeth. Hear him
" (tentlemeii will |itrilon me, hut some IIimm of Nhskspaaee
inn through in* lii-Mil Mini I must Iff llii-iu out, in un/n tu
drieribr linn ouuiixisittuu
' Ki I let of m funny Kiisks,
In the tiMulilron boil ?ml bskr;
Kye of newt. Mini toe of frag,
Wool of hut, Mini tougat of dug,
Adder'* fork, Mini bliuilworiu'ii etiug,
LiurJ ? leg Mini owlet'* win*.
For m nliurin of |iowi-rfnl trouble,
I.ike m hell broth boil Mini bubble
Double, double, toll Mini trouble;
l ire burn Mini csuldruu bubble.'
" Ami eo (hlii CMiildrou i* to be |iim<1<- lo boil Mini bubble iu
Mil part* of Ibin Union."
We shall see whether the ? heU-brelh" which
the gentleman hue concocted for otbere, will not
he commended lo hie own lipe.
The dimple proposition id, I have voted against
ceding to J'exas, and irremediable and hopeless
slavery. seventy thousand square miles of free
territory, the sovereignty and the soil. I have
voted not to pay Texas ?l0,000,000, on the false
pretence of indemnity for territory ceded to the
United Slates, und I have also voted not lo unite
the Senate hill to give a Territorial Government
to New Mexico without the clause of freedom inserted
, and have done so in company with gentlemen
of different politics. This is the plain issue
between my respected colleague and myself
Many, very many of those who thought like myself
on this issue, no doubt voted, not to reject the
bill in the first instance, hoping to ameu 1 it ;
hoping, no doubt, to get a different and better
boundary, aud to strike out the money clause, in
whole or in part, and to add to the Territorial
Government the " Wilmot Proviso." I reepect
aud honor thrs<- gentlemen and their motive*
freedom and patriotism have no littler friends
than they ; but the action of the friends of this
lull has already demonstrated which was the safer
vote. I know nothing of the tricks and legerdemain
of legislation. I found in this bill nothing
that pleased me, nothing that would be satisfactory
to my constituen's. I found that it proposed
to roh the Treasury of its money, and freedom of
its territory ; and tint, too, under the false pretence
that we were receiving a vast tract of country
from Texas, and were equitably bound to pay
her debts. I struck at the bill the first opportunity
that occurred, and shall thus continue to
strike till it is dead, dead, dead, or is paused, and
then shall still hope it may be vetoed at the other
end of the Avenue. I shall offer no factious opposition
, and, if the full is passed and approved,
-ball n 11 biniI to the will of the timinritv. mid con
Hole myself with the reflection tbnl the theory of
the (iovrrnment h ut been vindicated, though justice
has been outraged.
My ree peeled colleague, on the contrary, votes
for the hill which cedes to Texas nnd to slavery
seventy thousand square mile* of free territory,
which gives her $10,000 000 for nothing; which
also gives to New Mexico a Territorial <ioveminent
without excluding slavery , mid claims
merit to himnelf for doing all these things ho contrary
to hie former professions, on the groun<l
(hat the Wilmot Proviso ia an "ohaolete idea, invented
on!/ to arreat the war with Mexico by
Hhowing the South that alavery muat not extend
to the conquered Territories?that it ia now a
mere useless and mischievous abstraction. He ia
now content to rely on the irrevooable, the Axed
decree* oi tiod, to adjust all ibaee mattersbe ii
certain that thoae d*creea have exclnded slavery
from all the territory we have lately conquered,
and on thoae decrees he Is willing to repose?on
(Jod'a laws, both North and Mouth, to sxoludo or
to admit slavery. The amount of the whole matter
ia, that he proposes to 1st the subject alone?not to
legislate on It at all \ and the oonaolation which
our constituents, who sent us here with the express
purpose of arresting the progress of sis
*'ry?it" extension into these Territories?ia to
be informed that nil legisUfion i" useless, that it
is only 44 reenact ing the law of God" He lays
down the principle, that the Federal Government
was not instituted to interfere with slavery at all,
either to exclude or admit?and attempts to give
force and character to that principle by saying
that the Hancocks and the Rutledge*. the
Adamses and the Pincktieys, bequeathed it as a
precious legacy to us. So full is my learned and biblical
colleague on the subject of fate and Heaven's
decrees, that he imputes to Vntna Prornl'ne
the introduction of slaves ! Hear him "Providence
has fis'il this anomalous class of human beings
on our otherwise free form of Government
I had before supposed that Providence "fixed
this anomalous class in Africa, and the Indians
here.
I am not here to impugn the wisdom of I'rovidence,
or to assert the folly that Providence works
without a plan ; but God haa hi* agents and his
means and they are a part of his decrees, i believe,
too, that it is decreed that slavery shall not
prevail in the Territories we have lately acquired,
and 1 further believe that the laws which we are
sent here to enact, are part and parcel of ihe
means decreed for its exclusion. Prom the principles
asserted bv my colleague I dissent in toto.
U n?ly a '? mm i Ur,n un
der ills new name, Ofa gTeat principle of human
liberty older than the Republic?a principle
which will last as long as the Republic shall endure.
It showed itself in the petitions of our
fathers to the King of England to prohibit the
slave trade ; it was reiterated by those primary
assemblies which embodied and gave form to
those complaints and grievances which preceded
and produced the Revolution; it was em batoned
in our Declaration of Independence.and was enacted
as un efficient and enduring principle by
our wise forefathers in the Ordinance of 1787, us
their unanimous, moral, political sense and sentiment.
Will my learned colleague look to the
record, and inform himself what part these great
men, whose names he recounts, enacted in the passage
of the Ordinanccof 1787 ? If human accents
could penetrate the dull, cold ear of death, how
would the bones of those departed patriots rattle
in their coffins when it was alleged that the Ordinance
of 1787 " tru.i a useless, mischievous abstractionfn
It is a practical, an enduring principle
It conies with healing in its wings?it
.11 >k.i ?..o( I, ,,f iko
- cumuli uu iu? ...?,
Ohio to freedom?it made glorious Ohio what
she is?it gave life-aod. health and unbounded
vigor to Michigin aud Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin?those
young giants of the West. What
freeman's heart does not beat with a quicker and
bolder emotion when he reflects on these magnificent
results ? Suppose our wise forefathers had
thought as my theological colleague thinks, had
entertained his fatalism, nnd had left all these
matters "to the providence of Almighty God,''
would that providence have been "a cloud by
day and n pillar of fire by night" to exclude sla,
very from this young empire I
Alas! alas! sad experience has taught, us that
wherever the question of the existence of slave'y
is left, as my respected colleague proposes to
leave it, to "God's undisturbed decrees." there
slavery has invariably found and ever will find
its way. Repeal the laws of the State of New York
prohibiting slavery, and much as we are opposed
to the institution, hundreds of families would have
domestic slaves.
1 veuture to say that there is no way of etl'ectually
excluding slavery from any civilixed habitable
territory, but by common law or positive enactment.
With reference to physical causes which w ill
exclude slavery from these Territories?and 1
suppose that is what the gentleman means hy
" Providence and immutable decrees"?we have
other opinions upon the same subject, unl we
have certain facts which are worth more than a
thousand theories. Slavery did exist in all these
Territories till it was abolished by Mexican law,
aud it does now exist to some extent in California,
New Mexico, ami lllnh.
It is curious to note, in the same newspaper,
and on the same png<\ and in the ttdjoiqing column?as
though sneering at each other?the
i?Lthe
on the same subject.
As my colleague |Mr. Brooks,] is a capita]
reader, and has a voice musical as an organ, and
loud as a trumpet, will he favor me by reading
what our friend from North Carolina says upon
this vexed question
" I frankly t?ll gentleman thai, in nay opinion, slavery
will IIimI inducements siilllnleiit In carry it there From all
the informal! u that I have Leon able to obtain by private
correspondence with pereona there from publications in th?
papers, ami trow conversation* with gentletneii recently
from that country, including member* of (he Legislature of
California, I believe there are sufficient inducements to in
vite slave labor Goldmine* are known to exist there I
am satisfied, also, that, the Relegate from Oregon | Mr
I'umsT.'N J is right in sal ing that mines of gold and silver
exist on the waters of the Colorado and Gila river*, as well
a* in New Mexico. Wherever gold mines exist, especially
surface alluvial, or ile|?>att mines, as contradistinguished
from vein Millies, slave lal*>r can he enipl .yrd to the greatest
advantage I have a rght to express mi opinion on this
subject, because, in my own district, for a great many years
past, some one, two nr more thousand slaves are employed
lfi'iier*l y; h?lnj( constantly under the art of Mia uver??er,
they can I* kept rv|jiil?rly and steadily at work Such i?
Mia oiitiatlfii/ton of Mir negro, too, that ha oan ramalii with
hi* fret in Mie watnr, ami hi* head ex|io*rd to Mir hottest
sunshine, without injury to hie health. The imxia of employing
them in the rice tielil* In well known, ami they
thrive there in an occupation which Would grurrs ly lie fatal
to white men Ami I may a<M. air, that wrre slaves at thia
Mine generally eui|ilnyeil in the miner of California, an In
erea?ed amount of gol I woiihl he obtHlneil without the
frlithtful lore of human life which ia known ti have or
surfed. lieaiilaa, air, In aiiiiltion to the Inducements wblrh
the niiiiea alf>ril, aoiithern California to lay nothing 'he
Iineiplored valley* of the Cciliiraito, aShrd* aiijtlrl-nl agn
nultiiral advantage* to thl* ?|ieaiea of lahor. froin ita mil I
ami climate, I have little doubt but that It will prtaluoeau
gar. cotton, rloa, ami tropical frnlta," Ac.
Very well rend I and apt to the purpose.
Mr .Speaker, both these gentlemen favor thin
bill ; they are both willing to add to it the Territorial
bill for the government of New Meiioo,
both initial that there shall he no clause of freedom
iuHcrtcd. and both are equally confident?
the one that slavery am, the other that slavery
cannot exist there , both are willing that it shall
have at all events a fair chance. They are both
willing to leave it to fate and time and chance to
decide.
Who shall decide when statesmen disagree ? Ho
long as I do nothing to thwart thedivine will?so
long as I am acting in furtherance of and in obedience
to these immutable decrees, I shall be oontent
to remove all doubt upon the subject, and exclude
slavery by law, and then it will be excluded,
fhte or no fate. The treasure that is safe without
a look is none the less safe with it.
My colleague (Mr Khooks| asserts that the
Proviso ceased to he useful when the war ceased
with Mexico, that afterwards it was a u useless,
mischievous r.betraction." The war ceased the
V'l day of February, 184* In September of
that year, about eight months after the Wilmot
Proviso hud, according to my colleague's present
opinion, become "a useless, mischievous abstraction,"
the Whig* of New York held a State
Convention at Utioa for the nomination of State
oflioerg and Presidential electors. Of that Convention
my colleague was a distinguished member,
nnd he was one of the committee to report an
address and resolutions. lie reported an address,
and that committee reported resolutions,
in which he fully concurred, and so to the utmost
extent endorsed the Wilmot Proviso, nnd proclaimed
that the Whigs of New York were not
only its friends, but its only safe friends; that
we were and always had been the uncompromising
snsinies of the extension of slavery. 1 repeat
a few lines fronr that eloquent and patriotic
address, and from those resolutions:
? If mn obtain a majority in Congress to ftrohUtil the
riMuHim of rl-rrry, or i? mslniain trcntum wbsrs freedom
already riltls, shall scour* fresdoiu In iL* territory ?
hs?e cuiK|?*reil'"
It would lie intcrentirig; to bear my colleague
esplain of wbat use a majority in Congress
could he to prohibit slavery, if that majority in
to let the subject entirely alone.
Agalu : in the resolutions predicated on this
address, occurs the following:
" Himlre<l, That th? Whin party of tb* Stats of New
York faithfully adhering torvery oidl**t|i 11 of lb# Constitution,
and disclaiming all da?trs to Inurfr'r nitb th? Inter
i al rega'atkoue and domestkn Institution* of otlisr st?te?, re
Iterate* lie solemn and?ft tepea'ed declaration of iinrbaligskhls
boslllHy to the estah1l.-hn.etit or recognitionof eleeery
In any territory of the United States nhere It did not relet
at ths tuue of tbe acquisition, as an loHeaibls resolution
which no lapse of tln,e nor exigency of elrcmustance* cau
rer Impair or diminish."
The electiou of almost every oftioer Jepended
upon his being sound on the slavery question.
Did my oollengue utter this ohiohtc aim?this
?iilrs%, mi*chtri'9o? abstraction, to deceive and delude
aconfiding people? Did he utter this counI
terfeit coin, knowing It to be counterfeit? Is
not that the position in which he plaoes himself
, here today? Alas, what shall we believe?
i .Shall we give credence to the member of the
1 Convention devising the ways and means to win
1 a great political victory, or to the adroit politi>
clan, who, having obtained place and power,
throws down iu contempt the ladder by which
j he attained It ?
' {aaa rot a in raug.j

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