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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, October 17, 1850, Image 5

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1t>8
rHE NATIONAL ERA.
for the National Kr* I
SLTtSMIIX.-Xo. 2. ;
We showed in a femur Dumber that as the
church (>f ?'lirist is tin*1 church, so tier communion
is one communion, and the Lord's supper inot
a badge of a party, t>ut a token of fellowship
w ith ihe whole body. It f llows. of course, that
to sot up a new anil separate communion in the
church is both foolish an 1 wickeit; foolish, hecause
we still "commune on every occasion virtually
with the whole body," nnd consequently
with those from whom we have prol'i sselly withdrawn
; wicked, hec.iu-c we prostitute the Lord's
s ipper to an unlawful purpose. The Captain ot
our silvi.tiou gave it as a hinner to the whole
army of the living God Ry setting tip and
maintaining a separate communion, we make it
the flag of a single detachment.
Hut we will I e told that as we have no fellowship
with an in I'm lml who has been exeouonu
moated for his sins, so we hove no communion
with n church from which we have withdrawn, ]
because we hove excommunicated it hy our secession
Thus Mr Gordon says, "as it is often the
duty of a church to suspend an offending and obstinate
member, ah hough she tuny hope he is a
Christian, so it is equally required of individuals
to leave an ecclesiastical body which has been
< irrupt ;,nd r?fu-#s to reform her errors, whilst
they may still esteem her an etiing branch of
the true Israel." The act of scission frotn a
corrupt church is essentially and virtually the
same is suspending or excommunicating a disorderly
or repioh itc tnetnfn r." Sermon, pp. 1 '?
This is startling, indeed, hut it is true! All admit
that sn excommunicated minister has no
right to preach the dor-pel or administer any of
its ordinances, and that, excommunictted members
have no right to the laird's supper and luptism.
It follows, of Co iere, that when wo withdraw
from au erring hr.itiah of the true Israel."
hy the authority of Heaven, we silence all its
ministers, and debar from the communion table
all its members.
But these " emu--outer " brethren greatly laud
the conduct of Mr Noel in withdrawing from the
church of Kngland. and th it of the Krskines and
their associates iu seceding from and excommunicating
the church of So aland in 17.'!.' But if
these men did right, ns wo ate told they did, nud
if secession be exe-mimuuieafion, it follows, of
course, that there m not a man at this day iu the
church ot Kngtuii'l who has a right to preach the
Gospel, and not a member who has a right to
commune; and in the church of Scotland there
has Keen no legal administration or reception of
the ordinances of (in In house fir mnr# tti.n
mi hjundjcdyears ! Besides, these brethren have
Ihwdvrfi fipcnlfl from nil (he leading denomi- i
nations of ( hristi ins in America, and hive thus j
i xroi' j'xiiji t/'il i}io/ii ft then follows that they I
have loft lifftind on curfn nh<l bounti in heaven," I
not to fire,'o h the Gospel or administer its other
orditi inces. many thousand minister* of Christ? J
nearly all in our land, and by the authority of j
the Master they have with one ' fell swoop'- cut !
i if from l is table at least two millions of his pro- 1
fessed follower*!
Now, all this mnij be true, but to me a* least it j
is very wonderful. Thousands in these 'eieoni- i
inunicited" churches have testified with Isabella i
Graham, that He who met Jacob at Lux and j
blessed him. has met them at his table and other j
ordinances, and has blessed them there And
yet. according to the principle of our seceding
brethren. Isabella Graham and all these thou- ;
sands had no light to these ordinances at all. |
That same Hivine Master who met them at his j
table had forbidden them to approach it! They :
were under excommunication! Nor is this all. |
The AI osilo John lays down this plain rule for j
trying the' spit its or teachers. u he that doetli !
good is of God " \nd God says of false teachers, |
I have not sent them, and thinfore, they shall ;
not profit this people at all." But, of course, >
trod does not "send"' ihosc whom he has excom- j
munieated But. are there not ministers in the :
church of Lngland who are ' profiting the people'
sinct-the Hccc.-sion of Mr. Noel ? Are there 1
not a out* ministers in these >t covimmutni>il churches
of America, who are still doing good ? Have !
not the Witherspouns. and the Keiths, and the j
McCLeifUes, and the Chalmerses of the church ,
of Scotland profiled the people by their minis- j
trillions?- If so, the Lord has sent thera. But j
our 11 come out! r" brethren maintain thnt they
were all under excommunication, and thus " bound
on earth and bound in heaven " not to go at all!!
Now, there are two horns to the dilemma, and
those brethren taay choose between them. Kit her
God does bless the labors of excommunicated i
ministers and the worship of excommunicated I
^ Christians, or else we do not Mltftmmiirt Q
corrupt brunch of the true Inruel" by decoding
from it.
Hut do we not necesbmily become partukcrs of
itn crimes by remaining with it f Do we not
countenance ith evil doing* > Not necessarily?
not >tt nil, if we are doing what we can to oppose
and reform them. For proof we refer to the example
of our Lord, and the precepts he gave his
apostles The Jewish church was awfully corrupt
in his day ; and yet he ?>it s'Cilnil fiom it.
It was his "custom to go every Sabbath day into
the synagogue" lie attended all the solemn
feasts at the temple, lie continued this "custom''
until the Jews "cast him out " ' They caught him,
and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.'
Matthew xxi .'tu. And he commanded his disciples
to follow hi* example They were cautioned
against the Scribes and Pharisees, and yet requested
to attend upon their ministry, because
they sat in Moses's seat. / < were the authorized
teachers of religion Matthew xxiii.. V-'t. And*
when he said to hi* di-eiplcs, John xvi.," they
shall put you out of the synagogues." hecertninly
intimated that they ought not to secede. This
argument from the example and directions of our
Lord, has given infinite trouble to the advocates
of secession. No two can agree as to the way to
meet it. One says, "there was but one church in
old times, and our Lord and his apostles h id either
to commune with it or go to the world."
True. Aju l is there mpi, than one chtireh now ?
There were several sects, or parties, in the church
then but our Lord did not try to get rid of communing
with the whole church, either hy withilr<iU'lti<r
It < ??
. f "ifi iiii/.iiiK it ii? \v pirry in it.
lirothcr Nrviii triumphantly declares the Jews
are better now ihun they wore then; hut would
imy Christian commune with them now? Certainly
not, mid for thin ronton?when our l.ord
communed with them they were, what they ore
not now?the Church of Cod.' "The Kingdom
of find htm horn token from thein since then?in
other words, they htue heen unchurched" If I
understand brother liankin, he maintains that
our Lord did not eouimune with the Jewish
church, because he ut<> the po-sorer with his disri|iles
alone. Then no one ever communed with
the Jewish church ? for. by the law of 'Jod, every
family was to eat the passover by itself. And on
the same principle, no man, since its first organization
has ever communed with the New Testament
church, for there never has been a time
since then when all its members sat together lit
the same liter il table. We are communicants in a
church so lone as we submit to its ecclesiastical
jurisdiction When our secession brethren renounced
the jurisdiction of their respective particular
churches, then, ami not till then, did they
cm ise to commune with them, iu the common sense
of the word. Ilut did our Lord ever renounce
the jurisdiction of the Jewish church ' Oid he
command his disciples to do it ' It is admitted
by all that he did not. lie did not secede from
that church. And he made it obligatory on his I
disciples to follow his example?to hold coinmu- '
niou with that church uuti) cast out. Ilut the most
wonderful way of getting round this urgumnut,
which has proved "a cape of storms" tooureomeouter
brethren, is that adoptid by llrother (Jilmer.
lie says that the church, under the old
dispensation, was typical. So long, therefore, as
her typical institutions were kept pure, the end of
her institution was attained, no matter what
might be the moral character of her ministers and
members iu other respects, Nc.
Now it is true that there were typical persons
ami typical ordinances in the Old Testament
church Anil ho ihcri* ore now. Peter speaks of
ehbrs being enaamplee?literally, "types'' to
the (lock. An 1 what are baptism and the Lonl's
Supper but typical ordinances? But to talk
about the church itself being a typical church, is
like cillit'tr i little boy a typical man In Gal.
It, Paul calls the Jewish church a child,
and its members children and compares the
change which took place upon it at the introduction
of the new dispensation to that which takes
place upon a child when he comes of age The
church is often called the Kingdom of God."
Our Lord says to the Jews,1 the Kingdom of God
shall be taken from you. and given to a nation
bringing forth the fruits thereof " And. foretelling
the conversion of the Gentiles, he says?
" They shall come from the east ami frotn the west,
from the north and from the south, and sit down
with Abraham and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdotn
of (Jod. But the children of the kingdom
shall first bo cast out." The same kingdom, when
taken from them, was to he given to the Gentiles
If, then, their kiugdom was but a typical king
dotu, wo have but a typical church still ; for we
have s?t down in the same kingdom from which
they have been cast out No; thit church was
more th in a mere typical church. t?'he wan a true
church, having the same moral law, the same Gospel,
aud the same great charter, in the everlasting
covenant that the church has now. She had a
system of discipfhuwextending not merely to cr>vioHwl,
but also to MS'"/ uucleanness. Brother
Gilmer says, ' IJfi-ry circumcised person who
TI
w in ceremonial)jr clean, ha.I a right to a place in
the congregation of Israel." If he means (hut he I
had a right to the communion of the church. I
nothing can be more untrue. We find iu the
New Testament, that the Jews sometimes cast !
men out of the synagogue. We also read of the j
anathema" and " maranatha,'. which were higher
kinds of church censure. And these censures
were inflicted for moral as well as ceremonial of- I
fences. Thus publicans were cast out. ami the ;
sinners" wc read of so often iu connection with
publicans, were immoral p. rsons undi r excommunication.
The discipline of the Jewish church
was. according to the law. remarkably rigid For
some offences, such as blasphemy, the offender
was to he put to death. For others, he was cut .
off fron^ the congregation. Other persons, for
the crimes of themselves, or to mark the displeasure
of God against the eins of their ancesors.
were not allowed to enter into his house. In j
the l*>:h Psalm, Pavid lajs down the terms of;
communion in the church of his day. so far as
morals are concerned : l-ord who shall abide in
thy tabimaelef Who shall dwell in thy holy
hill? lie that walketh uprightly, and worketh
righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his
heart " Let any oue read the whole psalm, and
see lmw far it is from being true, that ceremonial
cleanness was the only terms of communion.
Oue of the charges which God brought against
his people by the mouth ot Ezekiel was. that they
had brought into the sanctuary strangers, "umciieumrisul
m h-art, and uncircumcieed in tlesh, to be
in his sanctuary. t? pollute As *.hc?r ?'v.tiuieau*
who would not pollute Jbe house of God
now ?! <;.< f-.v "circ-itf rr 4eur."?- jS v,.
regenerated?and must also be haptixed, which is
111 outward sign of regeneration?so the communicint
who would not pollute the house of God
under that dispensation, had to be circumcised in
heart and circumcised in his tlesh, wliioh was an
outward sign of this inward ch inge.
God's people ' heheld his beauty"' in his temple.
They held communion with him in his ordinances.
To afford them the means of doing this,
was the great design of their institution And
there can he hut few greater errors than this?
that ceremonial cleann'ga ever fitted a man fer
holding fellowship with his God. No; the Jewish
church w is not a mere typical church. It
was the true church of (had. having some ordinances
differing from those of the church now,
hut hearing all the great essential features of the
church in Gospel times An I our brethren, the
' come-oufcrs." m iy twist and turn as they please,
hut it is still true, that our Lord's example and
precepts are directly against them. Corrupt as
j the Jews were in his day, they were not yet un1
churched. Me held communion with them until
he was cist out. uuJ required his disciples to do
! the same..
^H'h if. then, hecotnes of the doctrine that by
rem lining with a church which rhtve sxc.great
evils, we necessarily countenance the evil-doers
in their crimes, and become partakers iu their
/ Did our Lord countenance the Jews in
crimes* W as he a partrfker in their guilt ? I
he require his disciples to be partakers? Such
a suggestion is blasphemous in the extreme. And
let our brethren take hee l how they ileal out
their blows against their fellow Christians who
cannot secede with them, lest they should be
found smiting their Divine Lord.
I i. S. Ft l.l.RRTON.
Kroiu the Louisville tky.i Kxatniner.
k)i\\('ir\Tiii\ n.\ tiik soil tiii: Tin i: nilICV
III hKNTICKV.
There are but few of the advocates of slavery
who arc uot in the habit of asserting that the
whites and blacks are mutually improved by livinflt
together in the relation of masters ami slaves.
uinl. m the Hume time, they also assert with fcre:?l
emphasis. that, if that relation were destroyed,
the proximity of the two races would be mutually
destructive to them. Indeed, so frequently has
the assertion been made, that the two races cannot
live together unless the one is enslaved, that it
has become an article of the popular faith which
few question and scarcely any deny. The emancipationists
have too generally conceded that expatriation
ought to he associated with any plan of
emancipation the State may adopt. Thus, although
pro-slavery men and anti-slavery men
differ utterly on the wisdom and policy of slavery,
there is much harmony in their views in
relation to the impossibility of the two races living
together in the same community if both be
free.
We have long been of the opinion that there
is much unsoundness in the public mind on this
subject; and we design in this article to place on
record some of the conclusions which we have
arrived at after a calm survey of the whole field.
The question to which we now invite the atten- |
tion of our readers, is this: If the State of Keu- j
tucky resolve on emancipating the slaves within
her borders, ought she. at the same time, to make
provision lor their forcible removal
Ituring the recent discussion of slavery in this j
State, several schemes of emancipation were pro- |
posed, nearly all of which had expatriation asm- j
ciated with them. The emancipationists thereby
assumed double duty. They undertook to prove j
that slavery is a grievous curse, which ought to
he abolished, and at the same time to show that
African colon iz it ion is feasible, and would greatly
benefit the slave Against the scheme of African
colonization, considered with reference to the removal
of all the descendants of all the slaves now
in IC I'flt IK'lf V fhf* hI'IVPTV nn*?i xvitV*
({real fervor and not a little force. They estimatod
the cost of removal. nn?l showed what an
enormous tax the people of Kentucky must submit
to in order to transfer our black population
to the shores of Africa. It is true that the emancipationists
met this difficulty by asserting that
the expense of transportation would be derived
from the hire of the colored people before their
expatriation. Hut it was extremely difficult to
make the advocates of slavery understand that
the scheme of African colonization, as applied to
the two hundred thousand slaves of Kentucky,
was even a pecuniary possibility.
Again The slavery men contended that the
humanity of coercive colonization was not very
clear, and argued that they who declaimed agiinst
the cruelty of keeping negro families together in
slavery ought to be particularly guarded how
they cast their influence in favor of a system of
expatriation which, of imritulil?. nn> vu/iy, would
rend the dearest affections of the human heart,
and forever break up the association of families,
hy tearing mothers and fathers from sons and
daughters, and sending the latter into perpetual
exile from the love and guardianship of the former
The philanthropy of emancipation, when
connected with expatriation, was therefore made
fo appear extremely doubtful
These are difficulties of great magnitude and
seriousness which must forever lie in the way of
those who propose emancipation coupled with
colonization, as the only remedy for slavery.
Many of those emancipationists who felt that
these difficulties are almost insuperable, declared
that whatever scheme of emancipation the State
might adopt, the result would be the removal of
a majority of the slaves to distant homes and slavery
farther South. Hut still this view of the
case scarcely inntigthe force of the reasonin
rh which pro-slavery men used to show that
colonization was too costly to he en?]nre<l, :vit>l too
cruel to he worthy to he hehl hy any genuine
philanthropist; for it was not very obvious how
the cause of humanity was to he advanced hy a
transfer of the negroes from slavery in Kentucky,
to slavery in Mississippi ami Alabama. It was
said, and with great pertinency, that if the negroes
are to he kept in slaver? at all, it is far
better for them to remain in Kentucky, where
slavery exists under as mild a form as it ean. than
to he carried to the extreme Southern States
where, on account of the vast number of slaves
and the nature of their employment, the institution
presents an aspect of fearful sternness And,
moreover, it was objected that any scheme, which
looked simply to the removal of the curse of slavery
from Kentucky, and cared not if the curse
were transferred to other States, was a selfish
scheme, and a scheme wanting in good faith towards
the sister States of the Confederacy. There
is great weight in these objections, for no true
hearted patriot would desire to benefit his own
section of the country at the cost of other sections
and the success of any scheme of professed
philanthropy is more than doubtful which rests,
or seems to rest, on a basis of selfishness.
The advocates of freedom were very successful
in their efforts to show that slavery ou ght to be
abolished , hut there is reason to doubt whether
they succeeded in making it perfectly clear that
African colonicttion is the best remedy that can i
be found for slavery.
Were not our friends too hasty and inconsider- :
ate, who conceded to the pro-slavery men that it :
would be hetter to retain the negroes in slavery 1
.1. _ tL. ?L. :i i i\: I .u,- I
i nun in euimi-ipmr liirin on mr ? * !i ' ' 'in in? y |
not. in mnking: thi? admission, defer to iin unsound
prejudice, rather than not conformably to .
the experience and common sense of mankind ?
Foreign colonisation, as a remedy for domestic
slavery, is, as yet, an uncertain experiment. 81a- i
vi ry has existed in several nations and has been
extinguished tint the manumitted slaves have
never he en forced from their homes and native
land The experiment of abolishing: slavery and
permitting the free.lmen to remain in the same
communities with their former masters has often
been tried, un I h is never failed. History, in all
its testimonies en the subject, shows that expatri- '
ation is not a necessary concomitant of emancipation
, on the contrary, it shows that hntnnn wisdom
and philanthropy have, in alleasesof national
extirpation of slavery-systems, decided that
when slaves are freed, it is to the mutual advantage
of both clusses that the freediuen shall con
IE NATIONAL ERA,
tinue un the noil on which (bey labored while t
under fhe control of task-masters. 1
We have a striking illustration of this view in ?
the emancipation policy of the Hebrew*, who, in- c
steel of driving the manumitted servant away, g
sought. by granting high privileges, especially of f
a religious character, and by the constant ntani- g
festation of a kindly spirit towards him. to make r
Palestine the land of his choice?the home of his s
heart.
So far, then, as human experience can throw t
light on the subject of national emancipation, it s
is unquestionably in favor of the proposition that 1
etnancipitiou shall he unaccompanied with ex- b
patriation. I t
The several States of our Confederacy in which n
systems of liondagc formerly existed and have 1
been abrogated, all adopted emancipation on the
soil as the wisest. No one who is conversant with c
the results of emancipation in those States, will t
assert that they militate against the position that i
emancipation on the soil is both safe and alvan- I
t igeous to all concerned The Uu ikers were the j i
first people who took a deci le ! stand ugdnst ne- 1 t
gro slavery Some individualsin that Society, as i
long ago as the first settlement of Pennsylvania I
regmhd the peculiar institution as unchristian,
and declared against it. lint the conviction of 1
the duty of emancipation did not become general i
among them until after the middle of the last een- i
tury. They at length decided that no one could
hold slaves and at the same time maintain aiie- \
giattce to Christian principles, and adopted the
plan of tum<ng out of the Society all who pre- '
fcrred holding en to their slaves to their member-1
Thz number of eiaKHMOfettmos was/
extremely small. The Clunkers liberated Vneir
slaves, Amounting, in the aggregate. to a very
large number; and we are warranted in saying
that they subsequently had no cause to regret
that they obeyed the dictates of conscience and
broke the bonds of the oppressed, and thus attested
their loyalty to Christ, the bond-breaker.
They never regretted their conduct; for. by emaneipding
their siaves. they freed themselves from
' a great tostiy inconveniences, troubles, and hud
1 influences, and li id the satisfaction of seeing those
whom they had uiauuuwtted generally prospering
and doiDg well.
The experience of the United States is all in
favor of emancipation on the soil.
The most interesting experiment the world has
yet seen, which bears directly on this subject, is
that which was carried out in the British West
Indies. This experiment has peculiar interest
and value for the people of the United States
Kmuncipation was carried into effect in a number
of islands without colonization, and without Hny
of those gloomy consequences which are too generally
considered as the legitimate fruits of any
plan of emancipation on the soil.
.Notwithstanding the interested assertions of
the slaveholders of the South, to the effect that
| West India emancipation has failed, we have no
f hesitation in saying there is not the slightest
j foundation for any such position So far from it,
H.takV"/ it thn. tc'ih. that we declare that the
magnificent experiment made by the Briiish
j Government in the West Indies is one of the
most splendid triumphs of wisdom and pliilanj
thropy which the world has yet seen.
In the entire population of the llriti-h West :
India islands, the slaves formed a very large ma- I
j jority of the whole. The slaves greatly outnum !
bored the whites; and it was therefore contended :
j that emancipation on the soil would he followed j
j by riot, revenge, crime, and bloodshed. It was !
assumed that all the crimes that disgrace human i
| nature would he perpetrated by the slaves after !
they became free. Scenes of the most atrocious ]
j nature presented themselves to the minds of the 1
] opponents of emancipation ; and if was predicted I
that the blacks, bring far more numerous than the I
whites, would rise up in revenge against their
, former task-masters?would murder all the men, I
I violate all the women, butcher all the children,]
until earth should display blacker scenes than j
! Pandemonium affords. The art of the British
! Parliament took effect on the first day of August,
' I s't.1, and not a scene of horror occurred?aye,
I not even a word of revenge was heard. The negroes
received the boon of freedom with thankful
hearts, and, as the chains fell from their arms
they extended them towards heaven, and, instead
of imprecations, they ottered up prayers and
thanksgiving to the throne of mercy. No hand
was stained with blood?no slaveholder suffered
any personal injury of any kind. Quiet prevailed ;
everywhere, and the only sounds heard were j
those of cheerful industry and the music of grateful
hearts.
No outbreak followed the act of West India
Emancipation. The negroes neither murdered
their former masters nor stole their property.
They went merrily to work for wages in those
fields in which they had toiled under the lash
without any compensation. And from that day
until the present, through the toils and vicissitudes
of fourteen years, the liberated blacks have !
conducted themselves with far more general correctness
of deportment than they did while they ,
were retained in slavery.
Now. if in communities in which the blacks
greatly outnumber the whites, experience shows
that emancipation on the soil, so far from being
a curse to both races, is both safe aud advantageous,
is it not reasonable that all those who have
hastily acknowledged that white men and black
Cannot live together safely and ndvantageously
unle.-s the latter are enslaved, should examine
the subject, to the end that there may he a revocation
of their judgment ? In the West Indies,
during the continuance of slavery, the blacks
were treated with much less humanity than the
....... 'I'Ub .tut ?..t knnw
what it w in to receive the care and attention of
an indulgent master and a sympathising mistress
In sickness, no angel of mercy bent over them,
and in health, the ouly object was to secure an
much labor from them aa their physical ability
would admit of. And yet, when the glorious day
of freedom dawned on theui, and their shackle*
fell to the ground, they were full of gratitude,
and the dark passion of revenge, seeking bloody
satisfaction for many injuries and outrages, was
not manifested All bad passions had a truce
and thankfulness and praise were everywhere in
the ascendant
After such an exhibition of the effects of emancipation
on the soil as the llritish West India
Islands a third, it is absurd to assume that emancipation,
under auspices far better for the negro,
would endanger the peace and safety of the community.
If all the slaves in Kentucky were to
he liberated at the beginning of the year 1*50,
we should see 110 scenes of blood. Tranquillity
would prevail everywhere, and those vices and
crimes which have ever been the adjuncts of
slavery would gradually disappear The negroes
in the West Indies had felt the yoke of oppression
with intense severity. If any thing could
have induced them to commit atrocities on their
former owners, surely the remembrance of the
injuries they had sustained would have nerved
their arms and tired their hearts to that end Hut
the great and invaluable blessing of freedom
which they had received tilled them with gratefulness
and delight, and in their present happiness
they forgot their old sufferings. They
turned their attention to the great business of
self-improvement, and in the fourteen years which
have passed away since freedom was proclaimed,
they have steadily advanced until they now present
communities in which ell the elements of
civilization are in a slate of hieh activity Not
<>nly h is freedom lessened the number and mitigited
the <|iiality of rices, hut h very great im- 1
I ruveinenl lias been made in morals mid education
The schools are full ol' scholars who generally
learn well, while the churches Hre attended by
large and orderly congregations whose morals will
compare favorably with those of other congregations
elsewhere
I lave we not reason to suppose that, if emancipation
were to take place in Kentucky without
being associated with coerced expatriation, the
intellectual and moral well-being of the negroes
would also he promoted? If you act justly towird
a nnu do you thereby make him your hitter
foe? Il you r> -tore to a people the liberty to
which they are entitled, and of which they have
long been deprived, do you thereby arm them
w ith revenge, and prepare their hearts for retaliation.'
Certainly not.
If emancipation take pl ace on the soil of Kentucky
nnd the blacks should not be forced away,
would they not be employed and work for wages ?
Would they prowl about, watchful of opportunities
for the commission of theft ? Let the history
of emancipation in the free States of this Confederacy
aud the experience of the West India
Islands answer. The pro-slavery men contend
that one of the greatest evils of emancipation
would be the depriving the State of its laborers
Keep the emancipated people here and that solid
an I formidable objection to emancipation will be
obviated Human nature is the same under a
black skin that it is under one of the Caucasiun
hue, and if a white man will labor better for
w iges than under coercion, so also will the negro.
If the negroes were frred and employed in the
States, a much greater amount of labor would he
performed th in at present, and the general pros- '
perity of our commonwealth w ould be promoted i
It may well be doubted whether emancipation ,
connected with expatriation is practicable There
w ould be so many evils and so much inconvenience
and so much gross iohumaniiy associated with
expatriation, that thousands of good men would
regard a mild system of slavery as preferable
to it. We know that many maucipati mists who
gave their assent to the schemes which were
bruited last summer, did so. not because they approved
of the details of those schemes, but be- .
cause they felt confident that the details wire
impracticable and could never be carried out.
Such were the feeling of many in regard to
Mr Clay a plan They read with deep inter eat
WASHINGTON, 1).
ho letter iu which that plan waa presented, and
Vlt that on account of itn strong oondemn&tion of
davery It wm an Invaluable contribution to the
lauao of freedom, but the plan itself they regarded
m utterly impracticable. They were anxious
or a declaration on the part of the State against
lavery, feeling sure that whenever slavery terninsted,
coercive expatriation would not be reorted
to.
Hut emancipation on the soil is eminently praeicable.
It has often been tried, and has always
ucceeded Why, then, with the clear, broad dayight
of human experience before us. should we
lesitate for a moment to pronounce in favor of
hat kind of emancipation which is safe aDd has
dways been followed with innumerable blessings.
>oth to the emancipators and the emancipated ?
We do not array ourselves against African colonization.
As a means of civilizing and chrieianizing
Africa we regard that scheme with deep
nterest, and in the event of emancipation in
Kentucky, we should take ground in favor of asoisting
all who might wish to go to the land of
heir ancestors. The only kind of foreign cololixation
that we are opposed to is that in which
force is resorted to.
When the day of universal emancipation in
Kentucky shall bless our State with its benign
influences, there will probably be inducements
Dtfered to the emancipated negroes to seek homes
for themselves near the tropics in this western
hemisphere. The blacks who then may wish to
emigrute from the Slate will have two southern
regions before them wherein to choose homes.
Q.uile as many will tie willing to seek fortunes j
iu tropical countries as will comport with thebest 1
interests 01' tne*>u.?4lt?rJW.-Ufc
We are opposed to all coercion either in advance ]
of or subsequent to emancipation. We w ould n "t
employ force to wrest the dare from his nuxti r
neither would we coerce the freedman to exeile
himself from his native land. The weapons we
would use are furnished from the armory of reason,
religion, and common sense. Voluntary
emancipation, with a choice of home to the emancipated,
is what we would have. We are not
able to say that we desire any other kind of emancipation
than that which would he voluntary on
the part of the masters, or even that, if any scheme
for forcibly breaking up families and trampling
the holiest feelings of the human heart iu the dust
were associated with it
If after emancipation it shall appear that the
interests of both races require that they shall be
separated, would not both races be glad to act as
their interests would then direct ? Under such
circumstances, separation woul I undoubtedly go
on as rapidly as would consist with their mutual
welfare.
In an article written as hastily as this has been,
we can scarcely hope that we bave satisfactorily
answered all the objections usually urged, or
which may suggest themselves against emancipation
on fhesoll. Wc are p linfally confident th ??
we have not done justice to a subject of the highest
interest to the community. Hereafter, we
hope to make a more complete exhibition of the
complicated relations of this subjecV'nniT'vtv a'tien
shall be able, we think, to make it appear that
emancipation unconnected with compulsory expatriation
is the true policy of Kentucky
Kor the National hra
A PR AVER.
BV MRS. S. M. CI.AKKK.
(J, father, I would pray. Incline Thine ear'
A feeble, erring child Would pray to Thee,
The strong, 'or strength ; the powerful, for aid.
Itut, oh! the throne to which I raise my cry,
Is veiled in gloom; and, darker in my aoul
Than the dark night that hung its funeral pall
O'er Kgypt's sinful land. Oh rend the veil!
Oh rend the veil that hidee thy light from uio!
i'rsaumptuous thought' My Ood. what have I Kai l,
What have I asked, that thy all-glorious face,
Kternal One, might he reveai'd to lite I
Oh, I am humbler now than meanest worm,
Or grov'ling insect, abject in the dust'
I have invok'd the presence (f my Judge,
And how I view, in characters how plain!
The record of my life?a loan fr on Thee;
In sad array, its worse than wasted hours,
Its lor.g arrear of gratitude and love.
Now by thy pure and holy law I see
How frail I am, how far remov'd from Hod.
Oh! I am Waited by the glory of Thy light'
Oh! I am crush'd to earth by weight of sin !
I who of late, strong, in my weakness strong,
Unfearing sought Thy presence, Infinite,
Kternal Truth, would hide myself from Thee.
Would hide myself from Thee 1
Oh Ood forgive!
No place remote, no darkness hides from Thee
If I ascend beyond the clouds of heaven,
I.o ! thou art there! If deep in deepest hell
I make my bed, Thou, too Oh Ood, art there!
< >r. it I take the wings of luoru, and tly
p . luti.iu ..-a.,,,-,., a....
There, even there, Thy presence ever dwell* '
Immensity! it cannct measure Thee !
infinity ! it eannct fathom fiod!
Only the soul can feel how great thou art'
How great aud good, how wine and merciful'
Would hide myself from Thee, and did I say 1
From thy unmerited, unbounded love,
That in its condescension wonderful,
( alls me a child, an heir, an heir of find '
Would hide myself from Thee I Oh heart perverse'
Oh folly strange' madness beyond com pave !
Forgive that rebel thought, Oh find, forgive,
That fcra moment darken'd on my soul,
When, in the light of Thy resplendent truth.
Thy infinite perfections tlrsl, I saw,
How rife with error was my ntblea' aim?
How va?t the distance 'tween my soul ami Thee '
To hide myself from Thee, were to obscure
The beautiful of earth?to dim the stars?
Kxtingiiish the bright sun, midway, in heaven
To hide myself from Thee were worse than death'
Were w?rs" than death to the benighted soul
The light of immortality ne'er blesa'd?
A gloom?a night that hath no morrow's dawn'
I could not, u'nuM not hide, Oh (lod. from Thee '
Wtiat were earth's honors riches, pleasures all ?
Oh' what were worlds on worlds, without Thy lore'
f ather' Thy erring child accepts thy grace'
Accept* it in it* plenitude divine'
And, everm< rf, may ?he he strong in Thee.
Kut *hould life'* daily care* ?a numerous train.
Perplexing nft, her thought* ton much engage ?
Ita initiy friendship*, joy*, allure *way?
< >h, lend thy aid, and lead the wanderer back.
Should an absorbing, earthly love arise
Itetween my soul and I'hee, <?h, 1 other, hear'
I pray I'hee not that it may be removed,
'I'he deeply cherished Idol tie dethroned,
lie immolated on the living ahrine?
Kor then the altar with the aaeriliee must fall
lint I would pray I'hee sauctifv my love,
That it become immortal with thine own.
Come, gentle Shepherd ' guide thy I'eelde one'
Oh ' lead her through "green pasture*'' rich and fair,
And by the " living water*" pure an 1 -till
For the National Kra.
I'llK SCHOOL AMI SCHOOL DISTRICT AMKRIC.\S
IXSTITI TK.
'I'he nltention ol' the people of the Uuited
States in respectfully invited to the subject of es
tahlishing the School and School District American
Institute, including a teacher's residence, an
experimental ami model farm, a garden of pi mts,
with such improvements on the American Instiluteof
the city of New York the National ami
Smithsonian Institutes of the city of Washington,
is may seem appropriate , w ith rooms for public
meetings, for chemical, electrical, <nd other philosophical
apparatus, for a free library, such a"
hose of Massachusetts and New York, for the
eception and preservation of the newspapers nnd
Reviews of the great parties which divide our
fount ry ; such rs the \<il\oni>l Int'llix'iiefr, the
H'jui'lif, the Union, the ConfrtstitHdl Wo'if, the
Vntionnl K'ti, \c.. the Democratic anii Whig Reriews,
the State and county papers of the reaper
ire schools, the President*' annual messages. with
he nccompnuying documents, the ['stent Office
eporta, and such others aa to Congress may seem
ippropriate; so that each voter may examine
horoughly the great questions which agitate our
jountry.
In leisure hours, or if thrown out of employnent,
access may always he bad to a valuable li rary,
philosophical apparatus and to a pleasant
lace of resort for social enjoyment, as well as for
olitical, physical, intellectual, and moral im rovement.
A Mother*' and Paughters' American Institute,
n American, Maternal. Paternal, ah I Juvenile
Wa<U l.aws. may also be established for mutual
mprovrmrnt to aid in self-culture, where the
Id and the young may become successful leirn rs
nnd teachers of truth And so the mothers
nd laughters of our country wiH have facilities
'or higher attainments than at present.
A number of landholders in Maryland, Virtini
i. District of Columbia, \c., have offered to
rive from one acre to two hundred acres of good
and to aid in establishing State nnd County
Normal Schools, School and School District Ex>erlment*l
and Model Farms,* from which every
* tVrhai* the mnet successful rumple of the capabilities
t In a un ltr proper maii'irriiieiit in Irelatul, ami uf ihr iiu
nenar crop# which can hi raised, may I.* urn oil the N?.
tonal Mn<|i| Kana, uadsr the of K.location at (ilea
teriu near l>ut>lin.
C., OCTOBER 17, 18<
family may have the moat choice fruits, vegetables,
(lowers, \c., and the use of each other's labor.
hooks, money, &c.
Estimating the cost of each school at ten thousand
dollars, and eighty thousand common schools
in the Union?the whole cost would be eight hundred
millions of dollars This is a large amount;
yet, if the American People approve, they arc
equal to its accomplishment; but is not the ob- J
ject sufficient to induce fathers, mothers, and
the youth of our country, to dispense with some
of the luxuries and tinsel of the day to accomplish
it 1
By introducing good libraries, philosophical
apparatus, experimental and model farms, much
valuable knowledge may be acquired by the children
and youth of our country between the ages
of four and twenty-one, with the advantage of j
pursuing investigations and experiments in the j
School and School District American Institute in
after-life?greatly facilitating the means of adding
to human knowledge and of diffusing it.
If Government be a great political, social, intellectual,
and moral partnership, will not the
adoption of the proposed measure greatly advance
its object ? Joseph L. Smith.
P. S.?The attention of the people of the District
of Columbia is respectfully invited to the
fact that the people of Scotland, of the Presbyterian
church, are greatly benefited by access to
the valuable libraries appended to each church.
for the free use of each member Will not the
appendage of valuable libraries to each church in
the District of Columbia be greatly beneficial to
the member* of said churches, and promote the
establishment of such libraries in each church
' k^rv7 *31 r ? "" ) ninn t ,1 L. S.
For the National hra
\CTIfl\ (IP THE I'llMiRMiATIHN U ( III RCII IN
BKLCEV1LLE. OHIO. (l\ XLWERV.
Relieving the system of Slavery to he a gross
violation of the law of God, the principles of justice
anil common humanity ; that it robs rational,
accountable, anil intelligent being* of rights endowed
by their Creator; that it brutalizes humanity;
it sunders the endearing ties of domes
tic relations; it assumes the prerogative of holding
and disposing of the creatures of God instead
of their Creator; its spirit is that of selfishness,
insreid of benevolence ; it respects the persons of
the rich, and despises the poor; it corrupts the
church ; it brings blighting and mildew, shame
and disgrace, mentally and physically, on every
nation and community where it exists. Therefore,
R-soh"K That as it is the duly of the church |
of Christ in her individual and associated capacity,
to rehuke sin. in high aud low places, we. as
a branch of that church, are called m on to utter
our solemn and earnest protestation against 81aVcY)
?ppre?m? in all fls forms *ud. that. U.
the doctrine taught by Rev. Albert Barnes be
true, (the truth of which we do not doubt) "that
there is no power out of the church that could
sustain slavery an hour if it were not .sustained
in it"?those churches who refuse to -peak out
against so alarming an evil, are verily guilty hefore
God.
Risohxl, That it is the duty of every minister
and church of Christ to hear their earnest and
decided testimony against the cursing system of
Slavery. Not only to cill it a sin, but to preach,
and pray, and labor, and vote against it, in the
spirit of kindness, yet with the decision that the
necessity of the case requires?until it shall he
iiiinniT rhn thines that wore he blotted out from
our nation and the world.
H' sol red, That in view of the flagrant violation
of the law of God. and the dishonor done to the
Saviour, hy enslaving, and, iu many cases abusing
and blaspheming Him, in the person of his " lilt It
outs;" that we cannot hold Christian fellowship
with slaveholders or their apologists; and by
Hi vine ail we will, in the spirit of the Gospel,
and to the best of our abilities, struggle for the
overthrow and extinction of American Slavery,
and of Slavery throughout the world.
Resolved, That these resolutions be published
in the Oberlin Evangelist, Free Presbyterian,
and National Era, and signed by the Moderator
and Clerk.
11. Y. Messenger, Moderator.
Isaac II. Ingrauam, Clnrk.
Bruceville, Ohio, St pi. 1!), 1550.
I'ARKEVILLE HYDROPATHIC I\STITlTH.
AT a meeting of the Hoard of Managers of the Parkevill*
Hydropathic Institute, held tilth month 15th, 1S5U,
Joseph A. VVeder, M. LI., was unanimously elected Resilient
Physician in the place of L'r. Heater, resigned.
Having made various improvements, this Insfituteis now
rr pare i to receive an additional number of patients; and
from l>r Weder swell known skill and prarticulixjierienct
in Kurope,(acijuired under Vincetii Pronto,it*, the foundei
of the Hydropathic system,) and for several year* past in
this country, ami particularly in the city of Philadelphia
(where he has had many patients,) the Managers believe
the afflicted will find him an able and an attentive physi
clan.
The domestic department being under the charge of t
Steward and Matron, will enable the Uoetor to devote tc
the patients whatever time may be necessary.
Application for admission to he made to
SAMUKL WKHB, Smrelary.
Office No. 58 South Kourth street, residence No. 16 l.ogat)
square, Philadelphia
Gcntral 1)' scrijition of the Parktnllc Hydropathic
Institute.
The inaiu building is three stories high, standing back
from the street about one hundred feet, with a semieirculai
grass plot in front, and contains thirty to forty rooms. The
grounds around the bouse are tastefully laid out with walks
and planted with trees, shrubs. Ac (hi the left ol the en
trance to these grounds is a cottage containing four rooms
used tiy male patients as a bathing house, with every convenience
for " packing," bathing, Ac.; on the right of the
entrance, about two hundred feet distant, stands a similar
cottage, used hy the ladies for similar purposes.
iu the rear of the Institute, at the distance of one hnn
dred teet, are three other cottages, some e'ghty feet apart
One of these is the laundry, with a hydrant at the door; the
other two are occupied hy the servants.
The hydrant water is introduced into these cottages ae
well as into the main building, and all the waste water carried
oil by draius under ground.
the water works
t 'orisist of a circular sfone building, standing on the brow
of a hill, surmounted bv a large cedar reservoir eoiitainiiiy
five hundred barrels, brought from a never-tailing spring <>'
pure cold water in the side of the hill, by a hydraulic
ram," a self-acting machine of cast iron, that is kept coti
stxitly going, night and day, hy the descent of the wa et
from the spring The surplus wafer is carried from the
reservoir to a fountain in the water work" yard surround, d
by weeping willows In the first story ot the water worke
is a circular room, containing the douche bath, which is?
stream falling from a height of about thirty feet, and can
lie varied in site from halt an inch to sn inch and a halt in
diameter Adj dning the douche room is a dressing r<?wii
with marble tallies, Ac.; the rMing 'louche (for the cure ot
piles, Ac ) Is one of the most complete contrivances ol the
kind, being entirely under the control of the patient using
the same.
derstoood by a personal examination. M?v .'ill.
BLACK WOOD'S W \(1A/.I\K AM* Til I. IIK 111*11
Qt AllTKKLY K FA IK\\ S.
OWINU to the late revolutions and counter revolution*
anion* the nations of Knrope, which have followed e:ich
other in such i|iiick succession, an I of which ' Uit rwl i> mil
y>(," the leading | eri- (Ileal* of lirrilaiti have he> "lnetnve?l?.l
with a decree ot interest hitherto unknown. They occupy a
Muddle ground between the hasty, disjointed, and neeessari
ly iinperleet records of the newspaper*, ant the elahorati
and jKiiidemu* treat ae? to be furnished by the historian at
a future day. The American publishers, therefore, ileetn it
proper to call renewed attention to these periodicals, and the
vcrv low prices at which they are offered to subscribers The
following is their list, vix ;
THE LONDON QUARTERLY REVIEW,
THE EDINBURGH REVIEW,
THE NORTH BRITISH REVIEW,
THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW, un.l
BLACKWOOD'S EDINB'UH MAGAZINE.
In these periodicals are contained the views, moderately
though (irmly expressed, of the three great partlertu hug
land?Tory, Whig,and Radical " Blaekwissl" and the'' I.on
ion Quarterly " are Tory, the " Kdin burgh Review" Whig
and the "Westminster Review'1 literal. The "North
British Review" owis it? establishemeut to the last great
ecclesiastical movement In Scotland, and is not ultra hi Us
views on any one of itie grind department* < f human knowledge.
it was originally edited by l>r. Chalmers, and now
since hi* death, Is conducted by his son-in law. (>r Manna
associated wdh Sir David Brewster. Its literary charac
ter is of the very highest order
The " Westminster " though rejmnlnl nnder that title
only, is published iu Knglard under the title cf the " h oreign
Quarterly and Westminster." It heing In fact a union
of ths two Reriews formerly published ami reprinted under
sepirate titles. It has therefore the a trantage, by thiacum
hmation, <>' uniting in one work the best feature* ol both, a*
heretofore issued.
The above Periodical*arc reprinted in New York.lmmedi
ately on their arrival by the British steamers, in a beautiful
ele.tr type, on tine white t'*l*T, and are faithful copies of the
originals?RUirktcoo>l'? Mafutint being an exact lac-simile
of the Klirihurgli edition.
TKKMS.
F or any one of the four Reviews, ?3.1*1 per annum.
For any two of the Reviews, 5<*l do.
For any three of the Review*, 7 <kl do.
Far all four of the Reviews, S.tKI do.
For Blackwood's Magasine. 3.1*1 do
For Hlackwiaid and three Review*, H m do.
For Blaekwissl and the four Review* |fM*l do
Payment* to be made in all < a??? In adran<**.
t LI MUM.
Pour eoplee of any or all of th* ahore work* will he lent tc
one addre**,on payment of the regular ?ub*eription for three
the fourth copy being gratle.
Kemlttannee ami enmmuuiratlon* ehouM be alwayl ad
dre**ed, poetpalft or franked, to the publisher*,
l.KONAKH HCOTT A CO ,
Mar 21. 79 Pulton ?t., New York, entranee ">4 liuld ?t
URU OIL.
IMPROVKH LARl) Oil..?Card Oil of the fineef quallt?
equal to eperm for enmbnetlon. al?o for machinery and
woollen*, being manufactured without arid*, ran alway* be
pttrebaeed ami .hipped in atrung barrel*. prepared e tpreaelj
to prevent leakage Order* reeeleed and executed for tht
Lake, Atlantie,and Southernoitie*.al?o for the Ikeetlndiit
and Canada* Applv to
THOMAS KMKR Y, Lard oil Mann fart ore r.
Ian HI U Waterafreet. near Walnut.I ineinnatl.il
BOAHIMNO.
Mrs KMILYH STOi K TON, No. 161 (heetnut etreet
between Haurth and Kifth *treeta, l'hi!a<lelphia.
Oet. lit?t f
SPEECH OF HON. W. II IF.1TARO.
H OPKKCH of William II Seward. ?n the Admlaiion of
I > i aiifornia. |)elieere<l in the Senate of the I uited
mat. M utl 11. |W "
Tbil admirable Speech in pamphlet form, 4S page*, neatly
covered. (nrire #1 per lint. 12 < ? t* .ingle,) i* for ?ale by?
Kt'KU. d HLA Kt'H I///J, Printer*, Wa.hlngf n.
117/././1 t/ HiHNKn til J.ihn #tr?*t, Sew York
(iKORUK II' LIIIUT, 'i"> Cornhill lioeteui
itHHHY, MIL./.Kit, 4' CO, Auburn, New York.
30.
JAMB UIKMEV AND CHARLUlI. PEIRt E,
Cincinnati.
BIKNKY & PKIRCK, Attorney\ uI Lure und Notariei
Pubhc.
J AVI KS HIKNKY, commissioned to take deposition.,acknowledgment
of deed*, an I to administer oath, and affirm
atlons, by appointment of the Governor* of
Alabama Connecticut IVIaware
lllinol* Indiana Iowa
Kentucky Louis-ana Michigan
Missouri Mississippi Maine
New York New Hampshire North Carolina
Pennsylvania Khode Island South Carolina
Tennessee Vermont Wisconsin.
Texas Maryland
Special attention given to collections and to the t?king ol
depositions.
Office, No. IM Main street. Jnly
\V V I SON \ HkMillk. W VMIINt. IO>, l?. i t
AO K NTS for procuring Pulents in Hit United State'
and foreign countries.
t'bey prepare Specifications and drawings of new inven
tinus. and transact all butiness connected with their profession
They will revise and attend tithe reconsideration of thost
applications which have been rejectel by the Commlasionei
of Patents, either on account of a defective specification aud
drawing, or the presentation of an improper claim.
Persons residing wt a distance may procure all tieeesearj
information respecting the patentability of their inventions,
may have their applications tor patent* madein proper form,
and may obtain patents, without iucurring the expense of*
personal attendance at Washington, by writing tothesubscribers.
Models can be safely sent to u* by the Kxpresses
Kougb sketches aud descriptions can be sent by tuail.
Le lers must be poit paid.
tifflceon K street,oppositetbe Patent < iffloe.
P. H. WATMiN.
July IS. K. 8. KEN WICK.
OLD IMHTOK IAMB |i?V\>Sh>D.
Til K ORlo, IN A I. DIMJOVERKR OF
inasMnKsu?&iu;
/ kJ,i> I >r Townsriid u now about seventy year* of age, uuu
' u fjaj *~7 _/-wwc;>'- A?t)*'t mtji) 1 'iacove'er ol
the genuine original " Townsend SursuparMa." Being
poor, h? was compelled to limit itM manufacture, by which
means it has been kept out of market, and the sals cireum
scribed to those only who had prored its worth and kuowL
ita value. It had reached the ears of many, nevertheless,a?
those persons who had been healed of sore disea ee, ami
aared from death proclaimed ita excellence and wonderful
healing power. Thia
(Iranil uinl lTir<|iinlied Prepnrutiuii
la manufactured on the largest acale, and ia called fu>
| throughout the length and bread h of the land.
llullkeyourig S P. Townsend's, it improves with age. ane
ner?r changea, but f?r the better ; beeauae it ia prepared or
scientific principlea, by a acientitic man The lngh-st know
ledge of Chemistry, and the latest discoveries of the Art
have all been brought into re|ui?itiuu in the manufacture ol
the OUt Doctor'* Sarsnpnntlu I'he Naraaparilla roof, It it
well known to medical meu, contains many medicinal prop
1 erties,and some properties which are inert or useless; ami
others, which, if retained in preparlngit for use, produce fer
in*ntation and uciil, which is injurious to the syorm Nomt
of the properties of SsrsapariHa -ire so volatile, that they entirely
evaporate and are lost in the pre|?ratioh. if they art
uot preserved by a scientific process, known only to those
expe-ienc'ed in ita manufacture. Moreover, tLese volatile
principles, which Hy off in vapor, or as an exhalation uiidti
heat, are the very essential medical properties of the root
which give to it all its value. The
( eauiae Old l>r. Ja< oh Tawnaeud'a Sa ran par ilia
is so prepared, that all the inert properties of the Narsapa
rilla root are first removed, everything capable of becoming
acid or of fermentation is extracted and rejected; then ever)
parric'e of medical virtue is secured in a pi re and conceit
fraud f"rtu, and thus it is rendered iuoaoahle ot losing an)
of Its valuable ap'i healing propetties. i repareu*ln this
way, it is made the most powerful agent in the
I ure of liniuiiicruhle Oiaeuaes.
Hence the reason why we hear commendations oil ever)
side, in its favor, by men, worni* v I children Ni'etiiidit i
doing wonders in the cure of ('on *urnptiuri, Dysprjisw aWi
/.irer f'ompluint, and in Ilheumutnm, Scrofula, and fifr.i ,
Co*tirenf*t. all Cutuneous Dm/it ions, I'tmpits, Hlolchts
and all affections arising from
Impurity of the Blood. I
It possesses a marvellous efficacy in all complaints arising
iron lliuigesuuu, irum ni'i'iny >m uic piuumi-u, irum unequal
circulation, determination of blood to the I.end, palpitation of
the heart, cold feet and cold hands, cold chills and not flashes
over the testy. It has not had its equal iu coughs and Colds
and promotes easy expectoration and gentle perspiration re
I axing stricture of the lungs, throat, and every other part
Kut in nothing is its excellence more manifestly seen and
acknowledged than in all kinds and stages 01
Female ( ompluiiits.
It works wonders in cases of fluor ultnis or whites, falling
of the womb, obstructed, suppressed, or painful menses, irregularity
of the menstrual periods, and the Uks ; and is 1
etleetunl in curing all forms of the kidney disease.
By removing obstruct ions, and regulatingtbe general syg- ,
tern, It gives tone and strength to the whole body, and cures
ail forms of
Nervous Diseases and Debility,
and thus prevents or relieves a great variety of other diseases,
as spinal irritation, neuralgia, St. Vitus dance, swooning,
epileptic fits, convulsions, Ac.
Is not this, then,
The .Medicine you I'rr.f mini-iiily .Need T
Hut can any of these things he said of Jv 1*. Townseud's
inferior article I This young man's liquid is not to be
Compared with the Old Dr.'*,
because of one OranJ Foci, that the one is IticapabUof Deterioration
and
Never Spoils,
while the other does ; it sours, ferments, and blows the bottles
containing it into fragments , the sour, acid liquid ex
plodiug and damaging other go'Hls ! Must not this horrible
compound be poisonous to the system? What! put acid
into a system already diseated with acid! What causes dys
jiepsia hut acid'I Do we not all know, that when fowl sours
iu our stomachs, what mischief it produces!?flatuletce.
heartburn, palpitation of the heart, liver complain t, diarrhoea
dysentery, colic, and corruption of the blood I What is scrof
ula hut an acid humor in ibe h sly ? What produces all the
humors which hrimron eruptions of the skin, scald head, sail
rheum, erysipelas, white swelling, fever-sores,and all ulcer i
ationa,internal and external? It is nothing under heaven (
but *11 acid subst-ence, which sours and thus spoils all tlx ,
fluids of the testy, more or less. What causes rheumatism 1
but a sour, acid fluid, which insinuates itself between tbt )
joints and elsewhere, irritating and inflaming the tender ami t
delicate tissues upon which it acts I So of nervous diseases (
of impurity of the blood,of derangedcirculations.anj nearly 1
all the ailments which aftiict human nature. ,
Now, is it not horrible to make and se 1, and infinitely
worse to use, this <
Souring, Fermenting, Arid "Compound" of V I*.
I ow list-lid ! I
ami yet be would fain have it understood that Old Dr. Jacob ?
Townseml's denvine (Jnuinul Sarsajmrilla is an Imitation '
of his inferior preparation !!
Heaven forbid that we should deal in an article which '
would bear the most distant resemblance to SS. P. Townseud's
article' and which ahutild bring down upon tlieOld Dr. such
a mountain load ot complaints and criminaliot a from Agents
woo Lave sold, and purchasers who have used S. P. Townseml's
F> 1 meriting ComjMMtitl.
We wish it understood,because if is the absolute truth
that S. P. Townsend's article and Old Dr. Jacob Townseud's (
Sarsaparilla arc heaven wide apart, and infinitely dissimilar
that they are unlike iu every ptrticular, having not one sin
gie thing in common.
As S P. Town send is no doctor, and never was. ia n
chemist, no pharmaceutist? knows no more of medicine or
disease than any other common, unscientific unprofessional
mail?what guarantee can the public have that they are re
oeiving a genuine scientific medicine, containing all the vlr
tiles of the articles used in preparing it. and whsch are incapable
of changes which might render them the agents ot j
iliseaie, instead of health '(
It is to arrest frauds upon the unfortuimte, to pour balm
into wounded humanity, to kindle hope iu the despairing
bosom, to restore health ami bloom and vigor into the crush
ed anil broken, ami to banish infirmity?that OLD DK
Jkl'tlR TDWN8RNI) has imuJil and 'faun.t (he oonorto.
nity an.I mean* to bring hi*
( rami, I'ni vrrruil, ComrnlraN Remedy,
within the reach, ainl to the knowledge, of all who nee.l it.
that they may learn ami know, by joyful ejperience.it*
Trnnwrndrnl I'ower to Ural!
OCT F or rale in Washington City by?
J. K.Callan /.. 1>. A. W. H. liilman
Si. Butt IVI Delany
Mav 9 Ki.igelv At I'n.
LARD FOR OIL.
LARI W ANTKI).?Lash paid for corn, mast,andslop fed
Lit 1. Apply to
THOM AS KM KK Y, I.aril OiI Manufacturer
Jan. 20 13 Wafer atreet. near Walnut.Cincinnati O
BENNETT'S OAGIICRREAK OALLERY,
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington City, one door
treat of Gilnuiu's Drug Store.
tpilK cituens of Washington an.I strangers visiting the
X city are reapectfully informed that the subscriber ha*
just opened a gallery a* above, which he ha* fitted lip in eiegent
ntyle, with all the latest improvement*, including
AN EXTENSIVE SKYLIGHT,
and i* now prepared to take picture* of all *ixe*. aingle or in
group*, which hi* long e*p rience aji.l great success euibol
den hint to ?ay will ire pronounced by competent judge* full f
equal to an* specimen* of the phon graphic art ever produ
ced in the United State*.
Cabinet picture*, measuring eleven by fonrteei inches
taken at short notice; also,crayon and enamelled Uaguerreo- ,
(war*. I
Picture* taken equally well in cloudy a* in fair weather i
Perfect satisfaction warranto-1 In a 1 case*
The public are respectfully invited to call and examine [
specimens. N. S. BKNNK1T.
Jan.31?ly
AT. LAWRENCE EX I HAND E.
POTSDAM,New York. SILAS JIH'OCK, Proprietor. !
Aug. 211?tf ,
LAW OFE'll E, COLI MIII s. tr.
WILLIAM B JAKVIS. Jnn. J/foenrv sa (('ounitllit t
at Lair, Columbus. <>bio. orcein Piatt's new building,
State street, opposite south door of State House
Business connected with tbc professh n.olali k.nds pnne'nallvattended
to Jkn
BOSTON "NATIONAL ERA" AOE.Nt Y,
\o i Corn/nil.
tpHK Nutionnl Krn come* from Washington to this dice r
X by h xpre**, and i? delivered by carrier* in sny part . f '
the city proper, at $2 75 a year, /res of po'lnfr; single '
copies, six and a quarter centra y
.Now is the time to secure this national advocate of the Lib- t
?r?*i \l .xMtipnt .lurimr fh? fir?f ,,f ( ,, i u .* I
the new Administration, when'(neation* of the mowt thrill c
ing importance must he decided.
Subscription* and renewal* respectfully solicits I by
Not. 85 OHO. W UHHT, 3t.*mhlll
NiwttiriR lonan.
VII. PAI.M K.K, the American Newspaper Agent iaagent
fur (he Motional Era, and an I burned t"take Alter ,
tiaementa and *ub*eriptionaat the aame rate* a* require I by (
'n*. Hi*olBcea are at lb* ton, d < ongrea* atreet; N> w Vurk (
Tribune Hull tin* ; Philadelphia, northweat corner of Third
and I heettint atreeta; Haitimure eouthweat corner of Nnrtb ,
and Payette atreeta. c
ttT" S M. PKTTBNUII,I..,Newspaper Advertt*ing Sub- y
acriptinn. and Collecting Agent, No. Id state street. It .etun (
(Journal Fuilding,) ia ?F*.t agent f.,r the National Kra ti
I
EXCHANGE BANK OF K. W . I.ATIIAM A CO.,
Wusht/ixtOH, D. C.,
DP AI S in check*, draft*, acceptance*, prumi??<wy ti ; ee i
bank note*, and coin I
BANK NOTES
Note* nn all solvent l ank* in the United State*hougbt ,
and Sold at the l.e.t j.n Ma .
It HA NTS, NOTES, A NO FILES,
In Washington and tienrgetuwn,collected, and remittance* k
promptly made, iu Baltimore, Philadelphia New York, or 4
lloaton fund* at a charge ,,f ona nuarter per cent. !
COLLEi lTONS ,
Made in all the principal citie* of the Union,on the inoet ,
favorable urine ,
EXCHANGE ti
Hill* of eachange and hank check* on moat of the princt ?
pal eitna of the Union bought and aold at the heat r?t?*. ?
iry Other hour*, from eight o'clock A. M. to flve P. M. |
Nov IMf
WHEEI.AN * wool), v
XITHOI KS.AI.K aml 11,1a,I Hoot an.1 Slat* Man*fwtar\V
, , aign of the lllli HEl> SOOT, No :? lower
Market, aouth aide two d.ajre weal of Kyoaatore ?treet, in- ^
einnatl?Healer* In hooit, Shmtt, Palm l*af ti
May 33?17 A. WOOD. b
VOL. IV.
JI'KT PUBI.IIHIED,
RhPLY t" lleinarh* of Kev. Maaes Stuart on II,,?
Jay, >ti,l an Examination of hi* Scriptural Ki|K|m
contained iu bia recent pamphlet entitled " (Jotiaciear* *tla'
the Constitution " Hy William Jay An octavo pamphlet
in a neat cover. Price fi cents F or sale by
Aug. 1. WM HAKNKIt.lll John afreet, N York
HOOK EH A HAW I.K\ .
ATTORNEYS and Counsellors at Iaw, Hartt.r I i .
necticat. JOHN HOOKAH ' '
Sept. U-ly JOSEPH K HAW|,k|
THE FKI END OF YOUTH.
THIS new and attractive journal for Youth edits! i.
Mr>. Bailey, and published at W'M|1i?K,OI , 7
it the Boston Agency for thr National Era 31 .. ,
Price,by mail,60 ceuta a year; delivered ln Koeton fr?.i#
poatage.73cents. GEOKGK W I Ihiit
Woy 88 > Uaewhlll Boston
LMITI UYBUR1 ItlMy
No. 3 Cornhillj Boston.
TTtSTABLlSHEIl toald the circulation of all I vn r-i
Vj PUBLIC A TloNS iaautd In the Uiud suVe* ,,
lers for Hooka or Periodicals executed promptly >n.i .i'"
moat reasonable rate*
THE NATIONAL Eli A come* front Wae|,jn~t t.
this Agency by Ex pre**, and is delivered by earn
any part of the citi proper, at $2.75 a year, free of.,,,./
igt; single copies 6 1-4 cent* Price, by mail g > *
J2f. \ W re
'? vr.i.u wuira i?yivir? Kailbv h-..!
published at Wellington, also come* by Ki|>re>n to |V?
>geucy. Price, delivered in Boston, /?#. 0J 75
cents a year; by wail,G?>cents.
June6. (J. W. I.1.HT A t o
UOMON I til iLE >IK1)I( AL M HUOl..
("H)N DUC'TKt) by the female Medical KdneaUnn KocieVr
J incorporated by the Massachusetts legislature The
8fth terui will commence November 6. 1830, and Continue
tliree mouths. Tho?e who desire can attend exclusively t,i
Vlidwitery, with iu collateral branches .Tuit(v.\\ $.>'v '
Board in the city to be had at a week
MM/'tL (.-tf/| <r<JK f, SecreUe,, . ,
Sept.'Jfc. 3t '* tVN oiubill.
t.l >IIK1S t IM l>> in MUM MTILI till.
LEOE,
Aj'ollo or Mn>mm IluHihux. northwest cornrr of Si nh
mil Walnut streets, Cincinnati, Olno.
rpHK attention of the I'ublic is respectfully called to (be
A eourse of studies prescribed at this institution for the
purpose of qualifying Young Men in a thorough practical
manner for the duties of the counting house and for business
pursuit* generally.
The design ot the institution itt to unpart suck, )n(on. atioii
a* will make practical men and telenlific acconnui U
for any and every department of business.
The prominent subject of study is, Double-Entr y BoolcKeqmig
; or, in other words, the science of accounts, it. its
adaptation to every variety of transactions that can possibly
arise in the operations of Trade, whether wholesale, retail,
commission, banking, manufacturing, jobbing, or any other
form et business.
In order to qualify those who enter this inetitutii 11 in a
superior manner for the responsible duties of commercial
tile, lectures on commercial law are given in Couneetion with
the science of book keeping Lectures on the general laws
of trade, as contained iu the best treatises on banking and
political economy, have also been lately introduced with
great advantage and success.
students are (in addition) made familiar with general
mercantile forms and phraseology, or wt.at may be termed
the literature of commerce, including commercial letters of
all descriptions.
It will be the assiduous endeavor of the Principal to make
those who attend this institution good practical peiunet?a
line <jvu von to those wishing to enter the arena of trade
ci cootf.cccvnnc 01* valcAkioviii' is ibriudbu ex< rcises.
*^
Terms for the full course $10 00
[ry Instruction is given individually; thus gentlemen
on rtilerhS *
{CP- l'li? instituti.il being char'te/ed,"student* on gradusting
receive a diploma, signed by a board of mercantile and
>egal gentlemen.
0*JT The time requisite to complete the cqurse averagi*
from six to twelve weeks.
The undersigned has at much labor and expose collected
t library ot standard works, both American and foreign, on
(he above subjects, as well as obtained such practical information
from real business as is deemed important or useful,
uid has also been enabled, from long experience as a teach-r,
to greatly improve and simplify the mode of imparting
his kind of instruction. He thus tiatters bin,self that thove
who patronize this institution from the inducements held
>ut, will have their expectations more than realized.
Sept. lit? 3tn JOHN GUNHKY, Principal.
UMlll ALMANAC FOR MM.
THK American uiui Fortiori Anti-Slurery Society have
just published au'thtr stereotyped Almanac, tor the
mining year, with special relereuce to the great question of
Slavery at the present time, and in the expectation that the
riends of the cause throughout the country will co-operate
n diffusing extensively the valuable statistical and rea ling
matter it contains Considering the extwnse at which the
Mminac ha? been prepared, the low price V which it is
told, and the increased lacilitiesforforwarditgif,by express
>r otherwise, front New York, over the whole of the North:ru
States, it is confidently expected that tks circulation
[his year will greatly exceed that of any previous year. So
much useful matter cannot well be circulated at less expense.
The Almanac is handsomely prin'ed, on finer paper than
tsual, with well-executed wood engravings, prepared expressly
for it, illustrating1* he escape of llmry Riu Bro?n,
i scene at Washington, and the kneeling Slave Mother Helices
the Caltndur, which is equal in all r?g,sects to that of
he American Tract Society's Almanac ftr iS'-l, and the
Kclipses, Cycles, 4c . 4c , the Almanac contains g v.ivty
>f interesting and valuable reading and statistical >?
if an anti-slavery character, selected and original. Thi J
trices will be as follows: M
For one thousand copies .... J20 fio V
For one hundred copies .... 2 fat 1
t or one doxen copies ..... in 1
For a single copy "t"1 1
The friends of thacause arc earnestly invited to cooperate I
n giving a wide circulation to the Almanac, and to send
fceir orders at an early day for a liberal supply. It is suggested
that they make arrangements with inerebinf" in
heir neighborhood, beb re visiting New York, to hurt i few
lundred Almanacs packed with their goods. In this way
he cost of trsusportatinn will be vtry small If no such
pportmiity offers, the owners of expresses are now more
eaaonable in their charges than heretofore. This mode ?f
onveyaiioe is better than the |?<st office, as rrery Alnunmc
etit by mail, whatever the distance, cost* two and a half
el its.
A Catalogue of most of the Publications for sale ?t the
Depository is annexed, from w hich selections can lie oiade;
mil bouks and pamphlets can be sent with the Almanacs,
vithcut much, it any, additional expense
Orders, enrlosini! payment, in bank notes or pi st office
damns, may be addressed to
WILLIAM HAKNKIL Agmf,
Aug. 8?6t No. CI John stree', New York City.
N. B. h'ditors friendly to the cause of freedom are respectfully
requested to give the above an insertion, a" the
bject in publishing the Almanac is not to make money, but
o difiu?e useful information.
I>A \ ID TtmilLX F. RttAM PI HLIC.
Xenia, Ohio,
WrIl.L take acknowledgments,depositions.affidavits snd
protestations, in town or country; is agent tor the
National Era, the Union Mutual L*1e Insurance Cernjuiuy.
the American Lire Slink Insurance Company; and
will attend to the collection of claims generally ; also, to s. ling,
leasing, and renting real estate.
ItC/MHtlce? Oalloway s BUlMlUf#, iiji null Man iw".
Sept. 19?ly
john w. north.
ATTOKN K V Hint Counsellor ?t Law, Hint tienernl Land
Agent, Kail# of St. Anthony, Minnesota Territory
Hot 11.?y
sand'n ?ar*aparilla,
In Quart Bottles.
FMIK purifying the blood. tint for the cure of Snofuti:.
Wievmutism,Stubborn U rm, l)i/spepsia,S<ilt It">
Cevrr Sorer, Brysipelus. Pimples, H Irs, Mmvriol llnaes,
Cutaneous Krvptions, Lirer Complaint. /(' W" IcIk,
' ton sumption h'ernale Complaints, Loss iff Apjiehle, lieunot
l)etnhty,4c.
In thin preparation we have all the restorative property
f the root, combined and concentrated in their ntn-?*t
.trength and rftlcac.. hxperiiiirnte were made in the n an
ifaetnre of thin medicine, until it wan found it could not l?
uiproved. Accordingly, we hml It renorteil to almost nmremnlly
in rase* of scrofula liver diseases. naif rheum, gen ra!
pmntration of the v..al powers. and all thone tormenting
lineanen of the skin, no trying to the patience and ipjiiricim
to the health It in a tonic aperiei.t. and disinfectant It
trts simultaneously upon the stomach, the ririmlatimi, ainl
the hosrrls / and tbnn three prucen-tn, which are ordinarily
the renulf of three different kinds of medicine, are carried on
it the name time thro git the instrumentality of this o"
remedial agent. The re are many ways of relieving pain h r
rhe time being, hut there in only one way of removing dim
anc. No palliative, no anodyne, n > topical application vriii
remove it It munt i?e attacked at its nource, in the fluid#of
the body, which convey the poison to the localities where It
in developed in inflammation, aorta, ulcere tumors, alia""'
rn. glandular swelling-*. Sc.. an the cane may he.
I hene fluid# mull be reached acted upon purill'd. by
"Hue powerful agent Such an agent i* Sit mi's SursnpO'
rilio, which gently #tinnilaten whi'e if disinfect# and eajel#
run the atomach and li wel# all that I# irritating, and at
he - line t ime restore* their vig..r and tone It# great nori#
n that it meet# and neulruhtes the active principle of di?:a#e
itself, and when that is gone, the symptoms Uerewarily
linappear The ra|idity with which the |atient recoTrra
icalih and strength under tbia triple Influence I# surprising
ach new ra** in which it i# applied furnishes in the lesiilt
i hv uniinnalc of iia excelIcDoa; and ?e have only to point
o the accumulated testimony of multitude# who I are espeienced
its effect#, to convince incredulity itself of its real
mine.
I ieutemnit Miller. I.f the army, ha* hind'y sent ark' -
oil owing letter from California: wy
montbrbt, jani-art irt, laro. ;
Messrs. A H 4- U. Sands:
'Bnti.s Man : i beg leave to add my testimony in fav?r of
our invaluable medicine, Imping it may lead auma oth'-r
nfortnnate being# to kry ifa ellects, and that they may >
enrfited a# I have been
I arrived hire from the i'nited Stales ly the overls'1'
'Ute, about the 1st of October last. A few days after, I **'
Hacked with a very ditagreeabie eruption of the #k"'i
rhlch my physician could not eurs I happened to 'n
our Sar aparilla in a store in this place. and rental*'1''
he popularity of the medicine *t home, I purchased ih'*f
'ti s which tiad the desired effect of removing my l enity
entirely. With high regards yuur#, Ac ,
j. h. mill bit, u.s a.
Here i# another, nearer heme:
Naw Voaa, Jancarv 1, IflS"
Messrs. Sumli:
(jg.nti.bmkn: I have great pleasure in acknowledging 1
'ou the great henetlt i have received from the use of
>arsa|arillH A subject ol pulmonary disease, I mad* a i
ge to Knrnpe, hut while there continued to lie affln ted
ew week# after my re'urn. I was seiaed with a violent brie
rrhage of the lunge, an l from the debility ai d great
ration of strength thai followed, with the protracted ?'
ulty of respiration I am entirely relieved hythe usr
our Sarsaparilla, which I Consider a nmsf imi* rt#n'
ruly valuable discovery In the healing art. I
? ..loved ... o Sid health a# ?
went Very gratefully, youre,
K. E. 8AYMOKK.
Keed the following, from
Niw Orlea N1, NuVIMSIE 12, I
l/rnri Satuit :
Urntlimin: I uke the liberty of eeudlng yoo eW't
fblcb tney Im- of iin|?irtanee to th..nv who ere n.flt-rii t ?"
ere done I rtrrired gmt benefit from your bRree|*ri *
erin* been cored of e iueie<l|r eftir enfferir i ei*
iereby eheerfnlly rertify t.> the r.??i ttleef of your turd* i"
nd I hope tiod will rewertl you for ell the food ?u" * (
one. A ehroulo rough heil u>rti>eute<i tue dey etol
nd repented etteeka of freer Induced me to belietr 1 h?r '
houlil die with eoneumptbu line day while eulleriiif
lolent etterk of but nine fi rer, e fWei.d pereuaded ? ' (
r? your ln<-ot)i|r?ret.le me tirlne but, to te 1 the truth h'(
ocoiiflJrnee In it. I flnellr puraheeed e hot He end >'J 1
ae end the help of (bid I wee reetoir-i to better health '
but enjoyed f r air yerra I eenuot but bleae theeuit
f thla edmtreble medicine .
With greet reaper!, I em, gentlemen, y< ur oh*"1'**'.,*
eut, " hKKMIN iJKOl'M/
Pyepere.l end eold, wholeaeleend retell by A K * 1
rd.V/t.V, Priiggieta eud t. herniate pn b qlton etreet,
f William, her Yore Sold eleo by liruggieta *tior? \
hnngbuiit tbr I'nited Metre end t alia lee I'M" ?' 1
ottle ; els bottles for Aug *"

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