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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, November 07, 1850, Image 2

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178
beautiful month, and in the earnest?Oh! that
word is weak!?the intms> devotion, and truthfulness
of those wonderful. upward-glancing eyes.
It needs not the manly figure hy her side, nor
the familiar touch of her slender hnnd upon his j
shoulder, to tell us that ItnM Standish is a bride.
Mr. Willis adds, that Mr. Wicrs church, half
hurled in summer foliage when he eaw it. is a
beautiful specimen of rural architecture, and that
fits hell has a tone very musical ami sweet. This
is as we would have ehosen. Let beauty and
melody hung the garland and the lvrc over the
' high places'' hallowed hy the affections?let
them adoru and dignify the altars where the dead
are mourned, aud where the tender voices of religion
aud desire whisper hopefully of a reunion.
I It is their true apostleship ou earth.
H. C. H.
TIIK NATIONAL ERA.
WASHINGTON, NOVEMBER 7. lb.70.
11RS. SOI'TIIWORTH'S STORY
Is commenced in this number. It will be com- |
plctol in three or four weeks. It opens more '
t**utifully nnd impressively than anything we
have lately seen from her gifted pen.
" ?
LETTER FRtl.H NEW YORK/* *
i .. . TV* "TV # >f senefc.will nnnear. an Jhe,.
cuW-i l* ol our next number. .... _ ...)
*' ' t n > r \ v ' t \
iNEW ITBLH'ATIONS.
We shall notice next wiek a variety of new
publications lately received from the publishers.
AIHENTIRE8 OF A SCHOLAR IN THE COUNTRY.
This Story, by Mrs. Stowe, on our first page,
I we commend to nil who are suffering from dyspepsy
and " the blues." It will relieve them.
Receiver I the Jollov in? swtit, for a jiurjio.se jntviously
.specified.
C. I>. Cleveland .... $10
"My Own Man" 10
W.B. Jarris .... 5
S Maclsy ..... 2
(J W. Perkins 5
" Friend of Freedom" - - . 5
G. W. Taylor .... .1
Fv Tutile ..... 1
THE FRIEND (IF YOUTH.
The first number of the second volume of the '
Friend of Youth appears this week. We are glad 1
to avarn that sv/. >1< rvj.idty ivtifwiug '
Those who wish complete tiles should lose no 1
time. '
The editor has made ample provision for rich (
contributions to the new volume. Next number
will coutain a chapter (by special permission of '
the author and publishers) from a delightful juve- '
nile work by G iucx ( k1 swoon, which will soon '
be issued by Ticknor. Reed, iV Fields. Boston. '
Among the attractive articles in the present 1
number, are the following
The Children's Vi.dttoth' Fair, by M ary Ikvini. ;
- 1 .?< -.1 ,_|M. I T1 II'.I.I IT . T .1.. 1
u uriuillUl pi/CUl nuiiioi, i ri' >?ti n /ii/i.h.i , A u?r.i j
of Tmnllrrs ; [.if? Anion? Birds, the tirst of it I
series of orifrln.il Letters on Natur.l History, by '
ifannsit Townseno; Sfori-s for Voi/n^ Piople ; 1
Churl's Allison's Fiihf./iood, frc. 1
BILLS! LOOKOUT!
The subscriptions of some two or three thousand
subscribers to the Km will eipiro at Nos.
'A)J ami ,'o:t ?that is, in about one or two weeks.
Hills were sent to them enclosed in last week's
piper. We hope every subscriber will be on the
lookout, ho that they may not pass unnoticed.
A few of these two or three thousands may
neglect to renew, but we expect from them
generally prompt remittances. They will see
that we nre determined to increase, in every
possible way, the value of the paper, as a polit"
ical, literary, and family companion. Will they
please to recollect, how much one subscriber
may accomplish for a paper, by a little well-timed
effort. livery subscriber renewing, if he send
two new subscriptions with his own, can have all
three for $.r?. Will not etch try what he can <lo,
and at. least, send us one new subscriber In this
case, $3 30 will pay for both.
GREAT EXCITEMENT IN BOSTON-THE RIGHT
COURSE.
(The attempt to enforce the Fugitive Law in
Boston has given rise to more excitement than
has been witnessed in any other city. The slave
catchers are from Georgia, find it is understood
that they obtained warrants from Judge Woodbury
for the arrest of William Craft and his
wife, alleged to have escaped several years ago
from slavery in that State. The warrants having
been placed iu the bands of the United States
Marshal, he undertook to servo them, but thus
far, owing to the opposition of white and colored
citizen*, has been unable to accomplish his purpose.
The newspapers report that the colored
people hare urtned themselves for tho protection
of Craft; that the Committee of Vigilance has
had the slave-claim ants arrested several timrs on
various charges, to answer which they have been
held to bail in the aggregate sum of #.10,000; nnd
that tliey have received notice from the sauio
Committee," to quit."
(The duty of the President of the United States,
under the Constitution, is, " to see that tho laws
be faithfully executed." As Mr. Fillmore has
sanctioned this Fugitive Law by his signature)
he will of course feel bound to enforce it, by nil
the means at his disposal, which may be necessary
Armed resistance will be put down, or, should it
prove successful, Massachusetts may he considered
in a revolutionary condition. We are informed,
on good authority, that the President has
forwarded his instructions to the Marshal at lloston,
nnd is prepared to sustain him in hi* nttempt
to exercise the law, by the military power of the
United {States.
This is indeed a deplorable state of things. If
Massachusetts be prepared for revolution and secession,
we have not n word to say. Iler right to
secede we do not question?but such a step ought
not to be taken rashly, without a full considera- I
tion of all its consequences. If she is not prepared
for this step, will she follow tho example of
South Carolina, and attempt violently to nullify
any law of the Union ? Certainly she has high
example and extreme provocation. I ler citizens,
... I. >? fiinn.l nn nei>r>UM<vrv litiNinoss on lio ird von.
h?]?, iu the port of Charleston, hare iu defiance
of the Constitution been thrust into prison, nimply
on account of their color ; and, her Representative
sent thither, by authority of her Legislature,
to teat in a legal manner, before the proper
tribunal, the constitutionality of the laws under
which such outrages were committed, was violently
ejected from the State. Citizens of the Northtoo.
simply on suspicion of holding views adverse
to slavery, have within a few weeks been driven
from her borders. Here is a paragraph which
we have just noticed in the Soul turn Utah!, published
iu Athens, Ueorgia :
41 Auom i ion Dim-a ii ii ?The Gnor^tiown Rejiuhlutiu,
of Wednesday, says A meeting of the
Committee of N.itety and citi/ ns were asseiiihled
to day to take into consideration the conduct and
deportment of two Maine gentlemen. Captain
Bcardily, of the schooner (1 on;, ami William.,
fund one Scott, perhaps an otliocr on hoard the
name vessel, who were regarded ;ih fit subjects to
leave immediately, and without ceremony were
w.iiti d on by a Committee appointed for that purpose,
and invited to leave iu twenty-four hours,
and not to return under a penalty of a coat of tar
mid feathers. Suhsei|ucntly, however, a commit,
tec saw them safe on hoard of their vessel at anchor
in our buy, and nil sail set. The people
have taken their business into their own bauds,
and, us may he imagined, it is attended to just as
it should he."
t If these people are right, those citirens of Boston
who have waited on the two citizens ol
(Georgia, and given them notice to quit, on nocount
of the nature of their sentiments and errand.
are also right ; if the former be wrong be
are the latter Let us deal out evenhanded justice
The pro slavery journals here are hitter in
EL.
r ^ ^
%
*
THI
fhcir den'ino*ti?ns of the conduct of the Boston 1 1
People, hut not a word hate they ever breathed <
ng 1in.1i the lawless nets of the South Carolina ,
People What is their judgment worth? It is (
the offspring of mere prejudice, not the result of 1
sound principle. They have no right to say
aught against the proceedings in Massachusetts,
until they have proved their loyalty to the Con- ,
stitution and the Laws, by rebuking lawless acts 1
wherever committed.
We have pursued a different course. Violence
in the North, as well as in the South, we have at
all times condemned, without respect to persons.
When we denounce lawlessness in one seption,
we do it on principles which demand its condemnation
in all sections.
Secession, we understand. When a Sovereign
State decides that the Union is an oppression not
to be borne, it has a right to ussume its independence.
Then it claims no protection from the
laws it has cost off?no part in the benefits of the
Confederacy it has reiected.
P-acnhle non-conformity to a law on conscvntions
Zrontuh, coupled with submission to its je/ialtvs, we
understand. That is a duty which, at times, devolves
cn the citizen, ought to be faithfully discharged,
and may be, with entire respect for the
law-making power, and consistently with a geneJf*},
'"'VVffUtifl/j. nf ila fnthomty.
- erwUu. ru ffti-c-X's-A,]ar Vy< !
making power, and consider themselves members
of the law-making tody, is simply a, and
cannot be justifies! on any sound morfl principle.
The slave claimants from Georgia, in Iloeton,
are there on an odious errand. They should be
resisted by every means, short of fraud or force*
The people of Hostou have no more right to warn
them "to quit," than the people of Georgetown,
South Carolina, had a right to give the two gentlemen
from Maine pimilar notice. If the Georgia
slave claimants are guilty of any violation of
law, punish them according to law. If not, but
if their business be revolting to the popular sentiment,
shun them, give them no encouragement,
withhold ordinary courtesies from them; but
unless you would practice what you have condemned
in South Carolina, unless you would justify
Lynch law, and thus put an argument in the
mouths of nil who recommend violence against
Abolitionists, let thin alone.
Nor can we for a moment admit the right of
UJV4\V L W llkV ViCJ'All'iU Ul IVUj ^V.
however nefarious, unless, we repeat, the community
in which such resistance is attempted, has
* 01 red on independence The-aifcfci of resistance
then becomes a revolutionary right, above
the Constitution, above the established order of
things.
If the People of Massachusetts have resolved
to go out of the Union, let them so resist. If not,
let them eschew nullification; and, though they
:annot obey the law, submit to its penalties till
they can try all the methods secured by the Constitution
for its repeal.
Most earnestly do we hope that our friends
;verywhere may forbear violence. That is the
policy of a bad cause, but can never advance a
jood one. If good men undertake to put down
bad liws by force, bad men will bo emboldened
to use force against good laws?and society will
bus be resolved into anarchy, where the only
law will he that of the strongest.
> V The Telegraph never gives one a correct
idea of anything. Since the foregoing was written,
we have seen in the Tritium the followiug np
pareutly truthtul report of the proceeding in ,
Boston. We rejoice to nee that the citizens of *
Boston have kept themselves strictly within the <
hounds of the law, not resorting to violent mens- t
ure-s. ,
Kiom I tie New York Tribune.
THE BOSTON SLAVE III NT AND THE VIGILANCE CM
IITTBI* i
n
Boston, Thursday, October Til, lHfiO. ^
The slave hunters, Knight and Hughes, left j
the city yesterday at M o'clock 1' M , fully persuaded.
after a week's trial, that all attempts to 1
arrcn M.iry sml KM en <3v.fto in me oti/ or Bos
ton, were worse than useless Yet not a blow has
been struck, or an net of violence done !
As soon as it was known that they were about
to take out a warrant, the Vigilance Committee
was called together aud various sub-coinmittccs
appointed. Among these was a committee of legal
gentlemen, whose duty it was to give Crafts
the benefit of every legal weapon of offence or defence.
1 lis committee consisted of S. C. Sewall,
Charles Sumner, 11 11. Dana, jr., John C. Park,
and George Minot. In addition to these gentlemen,
Charles G. Loring, Esq.. one of the most
distinguished lawyers in the State, volunteered
his services. After full deliberation, this committee
notified the commissioners that if they acted
under the law, they would be buc<I,ou the ground
of the unconstitutionality of their appointment,
and that the same course would be taken with the
marshal and his deputies, or any other persons
who should act uuder the direction of the commissioners.
The ground was taken that the process
under this law is a civil process, and that the i
ou'/r loor of n lion>? Ciiuno1 '? hrok-u in for the pur- (
pose of serving it, and the marshal was notified
njijinvilinnlv fr-iflu mnvnil liiu full anil ninth. '
ing into his shop, un<l made it his iloinicil?hid
castle. '
In the meautiinc Crafts, on his own rcsponsi- '
bility, without advice from any parties, determined
on resistance, lie armed himself fully, '
nnd m ide tip his mind to noil his freedom with his ]
life. I lis shop is in the midst of the negro popu- '
lation, who were in a sta'e of intense excitement, '
artned and determined upon resistance. No man
could approach within a hundred yards of Graf's '
shop without being seen bv a hundred eyes, and 1
a signal would call a powerful body at a moment's *
warning, 'l'he Marshal's assistants made recon- 1
noissinces, and are perfectly satisfied that if the
"outer-door" doctrine prevailed, the process could
not be served at all, nnd if that doctrine was not (
adhered to, the process could only be ecrved with
bloodshed.
It must be distinctly understood that this forcible
resistance was a matter with which the Committees
had no concern whatever. They confined
themselves to legal measures solely.
As an olTset to the Roman simplicity and grandeur
of this poor man. seated calmly at work at
his saddler's bench, in an upper chamber, the
Spartacis of his race, there was a ludicrous sido
of the picture. Kuight and Hughes were themselves
arrested and held to bail in $10,000 each,
on a charge of slander. After some difficulty, they
found bail. The next day they were arrested on
a charge of conspiracy to kidnap William Crafts,
ami again in the afternoon on a similar charge as
to Kllen Crafts. Two arrests a day was their
smallest allowance After the last nrrest, the
excited crowd of negroes followed Knight's carriage,
and he took flight through Court and Leverett
streets, over ( '. ist Cambridge bridge, ran
ning tolls, to lvist Cambridge, and thence to Porter's.
The moh overtook and threatened him,and
it was with dillicuRy that some of them were kept
from violence, but nonetual violence was intlieted
Knight was thoroughly alarmed. A portion of
the Vigilance Committee waited upon him and
11 ughca, and told them that they had no intention
to threaten them, but that their presence perilled
the peace of the city as well as their own lives
They promised to leave the city the next morning
but when the morning came they were not
gone Several complaints were made against
litem. ami prepared to nr arrvru nnr mr ("?rrjni|!
concealed weapons ; another for "smoking in the
streets," contr ary to the City Ordinance; another
under the statute against "profane cursing and
swearing" (a plenty of which they did,) another
for missing toil over the bridge; ami still another
for /iixl timing through the town of Cambridge
Truly the Itontoniunnare a law-abiding people!
The combination of the tragical ami the comical,
the serious ami the ludicrous, with the harassment
of handbills, arrests, and crowds at their
heels wherever they went, and the certainty that
their process could not ho served without bloodshed,
overcame their ohstinaey, and they took the
express train for the South, waited upon hy a
large and respectable committee.
Knight and Hughes are said to he men of a
1 low description, mere hirelings or speculators, dei
serving no better treatment than they received.
These various arrests, however, were not made
hy the legal committee, but were the voluntary
suggestions of parties, taking the responsibility
upon themselves The Committee were prepared
to serve a writ </e hamtut rrfJixuiittio upon the Marshal.
the moment the arrest should be mode, and
thus to raise an issue between the State and Nat
tional tribunals. They also proposed to hold
Tufts to hail for debt, in order to try the t|uea.
j lion whether the certificate of the Commissioner
will override the civil processee of the State, made
^ for other purposes Ah a last resort, CralU was
to he arrested on a criminal charge, for violent
assaults, with dangerous weapons, if he used them,
uud thus raise the huul ijucstiou of precedence
E NATIONAL ERA,
between a criminal process of the State, and the ;
certificate of the Commissioner. If no other crlm- !
mal charge could he raised, it was proposed, with
his own consent, to arrest hiin for fornication,1
[which is a criminal offence in Massachusetts,) on
account of the invalidity of his slave marriage
These various technical obstructions and contrivances
were raised, not against the Constitution.
but against the odious and unconstitutional
statute. Had the statute been no more than the
Constitution requires, no legal resistance would
have been made, except on the real issues between
the parties As for the forcible resistance of the
negroes, how can they distinguish l>etween the
Constitution and a statute? They only receive
the simple idea that, without trial or notioe, father,
mother, husband, wife or child, brother or
si-'er, may be snatched from each other, and from
home, and hurried into captivity in an unknown
and hostile land.
There are rumors that the President has authorized
the Marshal to employ a portion of the
standing army to enforce his precept and to " punish"
offenders. We do not believe he has done
or intends to do any such thing. He knows that
the whole standing army of the United States,
which took Mexico and Monterey, cannot break
down a poor man's outer door to serve a civil process,
or "punish" any citizen for any crime whatever.
rrThe above letter comes from a responsible
source and may be relied upon as a correct statement
of this unsuccessful Slave Hunt in the NewKnglaud
Metropolis?Ed. Tribune.
. rm *?, r '
. ..EH'.WW.cTV* PiwjW'T. , .
' ' a V.> -
This month the Disunionists are to try their
strength in the South. The Legislature of Mississippi
convenes( according to the Governor's
proclamation, on the l*th inst.; that of South
Carolina meets, according to law, on the y.'tth, nndi
on the same day, the members of the Georgia
Convention are to be chosen Preceding all, on
the 11th, the Nashville Convention was to meet;
bat whether it will ever see the light again does
not yet appear.
The prospects of the Disunionists in the South
are gloomy enough. Public sentiment every
wbcre seems to be setting agiinst them, and the
probability is that those of them who have made
themselves prominent will, ere long, lose caste in
the political world.
The vote in Texas, so far as heard from, is
overwhelming in favor of the boundary bill of
Congress.
In Florida, where the election for a member of
Congress distinctly turned upon the issue of Disunion,
Mr. Cabell, the Union candidate, has been
returned by an increased majority."
Iu Kentucky, Missouri, Louisiana, Tennessee,
North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland, no
moVemenVs of the slightest importance haTC UKu
made in favor of Disunion. The Press in all
these States, with few exceptions, either rejoices
or acquiesces in the measure* of the late session
Neither Mississippi nor Alabama can be brought
to sustain South Carolina. The Governor of
Alabama has not yielded to the request to call an
extra session of the Legislature; anil we see no
evidence that Governor tiuitman's views will be
sustained at the called session of the Mississippi
Legislature. In some parts of that State, the
tpirit of Disunion is rampant; but the general
sentiment appears to be with Judge Sharkey and
encral Foote, the advocites of "the Compromise"
and the Union.
Georgia, at first, seemed disposed to lead off
igainst the Federal Government; but those of
licr citizens most turbulent in their zeal for secestion
are beginning "to subside," and take a more
rational view of things. They even repel the
rharge of aiming at a dissolution of the IJnion< (
is a libel, and aro assuming the title of Unionists1'he
opponents of the compromise measures in
Congress, in Chatham county, have adopted the
itle of "the Union Southern Rights Party,"
vhilc their opponents style themselves "the Union
ind Souther# Rights Party." The Cilumhis (Ga j
I'iims, a terribly fierce Disunion paper, has struck
ts Hag, as we showed in the last number, and
igrees to acquiesce in what has been done by
Congress, provided it behave better hereafterMessrs.
Tooinbs and Stephens, who did more than
my other members of Cougrcss to inflame the
Southern mind, are now laboring to undo the
work of their own bands. It is amusing to watch
the various devices with which the Disunion papers
attempt to cover their retreat. The Sauthr.ni
(Ga) llrriih!, pretends that "the submissionists,
for factious purposes, ure perverting the real
issue," because they will insist, "when they know
to the contrary, that the question to bo decided,
at the election tor members of the Convention, is
Union and Disunion." What then is the great
object of the Convention, uccording to the Humid/
"The simple and unvarnished truth is, that
the people are merely called upon to say whether
they will approve, by tame submission, the late
action of Congress, which robs them of their just
and constitutional rights, or trhul her they trill sjnak
forth th ir opposition, ami, hy nil njijirojiruitf. means inihtivor
to put u stop to North'th encroachment P
That is all! To protest, and by appropriate
means endeavor to put a stop to Northern en-.
:roachment! The HcruM scouts the idea of Disunion
:
"On both sides of every great question, there
will always be found ultras and extremists. If
there be in Clark county a man who advocates
Disuuion, as the only remedy for the existing
evils, we know him not. Hut if there be such, we
hazard little in asserting, that, for every Disunionist
in the ranks of the Southern Rights party, there
ire two abolitionists among the submissiouists.
1'he cry of disunion is only raised by designing
leaders to terrify a few old grannies in pants, and
tome tender-handed sprigs of aristooracy, whose
Fears picture the probability of their faces being
scratched or their hair being put out of curl."
Recollect, Georgia is the State on which the
Disunionists have relied to commence the revolutionary
struggle, liven South Carolina waived
her claim to this distinction in favor of her chivalric
neighbor
What shall be said of the Palmetto StAtc ? The
report is. that she is wholly committed to the
cause of Disunion ; but we apprehend, that even
her orthodoxy on that point is somewhat qiiestionahle.
Whether from innate modesty and profound
respect for her sister States, or from devotion
to' the cause," which she may think would he
better taken care of under other auspices, or from
a wise regard to her own safety, she has shown no
disposition to hurry in ndvancc of her compeersIndeed
she seems to think that the Union is still
deserving of her patronage, as she has just gono
to the trouble of electing her full delegation to
Congress, every member of which must swear to
to support the Constitution and the laws passed
in pursuance thereof, before he can take his scat.
This is a pretty strong presumption that she has
concluded to " wait a little longer."
As to the Nashville Convention, it has lost its
head. Itesolutions were adopted at its hist meeting,
fixing the 11th of November as the day for
IUI iiiuHwn, nil ruling n-a i rniuruu
J udge Sharkey, to pive notiee accordingly . Ixat the
honorable Judge is ?o busy in Inking care of the
Union iu Mississippi, that he has forgotten or neglected
his duty to the Convention. The Charleston
M>ramj is chagrined at his failure to give the
re<|uisito notice, "lie has not done it,''it says,
11 hiving in the very lust of his somersets come
up l>y the side of Senator Foote. lie will not
probably attend, but neither his notification nor
attendance is nt all necessary to the meeting of
the Convention ' The Mercury consoles Itself
with the rellection, that, nt all events, South Carolina
will be iu attendance!
There is cvideutly an increasing division of
sentimeut between the t?order slave States, as the
Southern Prtss calls them, nnd the planting or
cotton States. The latter, the Press says, were
willing to unite with the former for secession
with a view to secure protection to the whole
South, but they were betrayed, deserted by the
border States, which were bribed into submission
by the Fugitivo law. Now that the repeal of
this law is threatened, these same States are
breathing out threstenings and slaughter, and
call upon the planting States to unite with them
in making the continuance of the law a sme ymi
hoh. The Press coolly tells them that they are
neither to be trusted nor aided, and that the Fugitive
law is of very little oonsequence any way
It mukes the following declaration, which, if sus
WASHINGTON, D. C
tallK'l by the cotton-planting 8Utw, will clearly |
indicate each a division in the Sonth itself as most I
i render a division of the Union about impossible.
" We shall unite in no such movement as is
now proposed by the submissionists. First, because
we would not dissoh t tins glorious Union for
all the fugitive slav lairs noir or hereafter on the.
statute hook. Second, because we hare no faith in
the promises or pledges of the submissioniste.
We would expect to see repeated the same game
of bluster and back-ont?we would expect to see
the same men who now talk so valiantly, and
treasonably, we believe is the word?the foremost
to pass over to the enemy with compromise, with
submission, with rejoicing, and with deuuncia- |
tions of those whom they had deserted, to whom
they had pledged their faith in the most public, '
solemn, and official manner.
" We don't waut to see the Federal army and !
navy cannonading great cities in the Ncr'.h io-j
recover fugitive slaves. Nor do we want to see
that force employed in the slaughter of the people
of a Southern State, for the simple exercise of the >
j right through their constituted authorities of
j altering their Government, anil separating from a
j political connection which they believe fatal to
I their rights. We are of no such vulgar, futile,
[ and barbarous Government.
" When a Government cannot be maintained
J without such agents, let it be amended or altered.
In this day of progress, of liberty, of rtason, here
is an occasion to manifest them.''
There is a good deal of reason in this. Fighting
for peace, forcing a Union, or enacting a law
which cau iaiiy vacated by the military pow- j
[ f ~"?tfii tn hp dyiy?, in Kepul^jfjip
Hut, with the Swuh-m Pns.\. wc h ive no faitw
j in the menaces of the Union and of the press of
; the border slave States. Were the Fugitive law
I repealed, there would be no more danger of Die- :
union than there is now What! dissolve the
. Union, simply boeause they would be thrown
back upon the old taw of ;93 for the reclamation
of their slates? IIow would that remedy the
evil ? They would then have the help of no law
at all. The Northern States would stand to them
in the aame same relation that the Canadns now
hold, so that there would be more runaways, and j
no recaptures 1 We rather think that there are i
enough cool heads in these States to understand
all this in advance
The truth, however, is, that the politicians of j
[ the border States, who are now threatening so
fiercely what they will do, if the law he repealed,
understand weH enough that, as the Senate is at
present constitnted, it will not be repealed. The
free States, if wc include Delaware, h ive a majority
of six ia the Senate, but this is a matter of
little concern to the South, so long as it can command
a majority there Such is the fact. There
will be, first, twenty-eight Southern Senators op.
posed to the rtpeul of the taw. The i wo Delaware
Senators voted for it, and th?;rc is no reason to !
suppose that they will change their policy. Mr
Gwin of California is a Mississippian, nnd will
vote with the Ssnth. On the same side, we must
set down Douglas of llliuais, Dodge and Jones of
Iowa, Cuss of Michigan, Sturgeon of i'ennsylvanift
ami HJauin?An nf \ovu V<?rk All thaua
added to the Southern vote, will give thirty-seven
votes against repeal. The fire-eating editors of
the border States, who arc now trying to intimidate
the North by the menace of Disunion, contingent
npon a repeal of the law. we repeat, understand
all this?but, the opportunity of acquiring,
by this safe exhibition of valor, high reputation
as watchful and chivalrous champions of
the rights of slaveholders, and of reuniting them
onoe more for the easier government of the North,
is not to be neglected.
From this review it is evident that, so far as
the South is eonoerned, the danger of Disunion,
if it ever existed, which we dist>elieve, is now
passed. Capitalists, who have been hitherto de-.
terred by it from making investments in the District
of Columbia, may dismiss their fears. There
is just as much danger of a Dissolution of tho
Union by the 8onlh, as of the election of General
Cass to the Presidential chair in 18.12
THE CHARACTER DP THE ADMINISTRATION.
The donbt that at first prevailed in relation to
the character of the Administration, has nearly
The selection of Mr. Webster us
Secretary of State seemed to indicate anti-liberal
tendencies in Mr. Fillmore; but the appointment
of Mr Corwin. a man of well-known nutislavery
opinions, gave countenance to an opposite
inference.
Our impression was, that the selection of Mr.
Webster was made at the instance of slavehold- |
ing politicians, that it was to bo regarded as a
prophesy of the future course of the Administration
; that Mr. Corwin was associated with him
for the purpose of preventing the alienation of
the liberal portion of the Whig party, and would
soon find himself, or be found, not at home in the
new Cabinet.
Hut, we were willing to await the progress of
events. Condemnation before trial was unfair.
The first indication of the concurrence of Mr
Fillmore with the Webster policy, was his departure
from the course of action dctcrmimd
upon by his honest, gre it-hearted predecessor,
General Taylor, in relation to the settlement of
the Texas boundary, and the organisation of
government for New Mexico. The General had
recommended the admission of that Territory as
a State, and the reference of the ipiestion of boundary
between it and Texas to the only legitimate
tribunal, the Supreme Court. I?y this recommendation
he was prepared to stand, the menaces of
Texas and the reproaches of his slavcholding
friends, to the contrary notwithstanding. Had
he lived we would have triumphed; the Federal
Government would havo been spared the mortification
and ahame of buying, at nn enormous price,
its peace with Texas, and New Mexico, by her_
admission as a State, would have been relieved
from all danger of the incursions of Slavery.
His successor, a Northern man, had neither his
sagacity nor his nerve. He shrunk from carrying
out the manly policy of General Taylor. The
"compromise"' which the fearless southerner had
rejected, the apprehensive northerner acceptedHis
first act, after selecting for his principal adviser
a man who had declared the nomination of
General Taylor " one not fit to be made,'' was to
recommend the settlement of the Texan boundary
juestion by the payment of a bribe to Texas, to
refuse his countenance to the admission of New
Mexico tut a State, and to encourage the organization
of Territori d Governments without the Wilmot
Proviso He may not have interfered directly
with members of Congress, bflt the conduct of the
Whigs or the noose oi Keprcscuinivcs, kiiowu
to he in sympathy and corresjioudenoe with MrWebster,
was alt indication of the policy of the
Administration.
Neat followed the Fugitive Rill?a measure
which lifts done more to exasperate the North)
and endanger the Union, than all other measures
of Congress combined?a measure that could
never have p:?ssed*the House but for the ooncerted
absence of those Whig members who have since
assumed the title ^jf "National Whigs,'' and
claimed special syiqpjjfey with Mr Fillmore.
The hill subjected the question of personal
freedom to a horde of irresponsible commissioners,
compelled the most summary process, disregarded
the right of jury trial, virtually annulled the writ
of linb-iis cotjmt, offered a bribe to fraud and fanaticism.
attempted to couvert the people of
the free States into slave catchers, and nimed,
by implication, at the recognition of Slavery in
the Territories. It was forced through the House,
under the operation of the previous question, pre1
cipitately, without any opportunity being afforded
for examination, discussion, deliberation, or
I amendment, and was at length passed, in the absence
of one-third of the members of that body.
If over a President were cnueu upon 10 veto
any measure, so u to give the representatives of tko
People a chance for reconsideration and revision,
Mr. Fillmore was called upon to refuse his'sanction
to such a bill, passed with less delay and deliberation
than are awarded to the consideration
of an ordinary road hill. For nil the evil consequences
that have resulted, and may result, from
the agitation created by this infamous law, he
must share the responsibility with those who conI
cocted and voted for it.
f
NOVEMBER 7, 181
Not satisfied with a reversal of the policy of the
preceding, liberal Administration, the llftutlic,
the special orgnn of the Executive, is placed under
pro-slavery auspices. A journal more thorough
in its antagonism to the anti-slavery sentiment
of the North more devoted to the Slave
Power and its policy, has never existed in Washington.
It apologizes for slavery; it denounces
anti-slavery men as disorganizes and enemies of
the Union , it brands the Wilraot-Proviso policy
as folly and wickedness ; it advocates with all its
mieht the KuiritiTe Law : it encourages an ! fo
ments the spirit of pro-slavery faction in the
Whig party at the North, and shows no favor to
any prominent Whig in that section who is not
willing to adhere to the policy of Daniel Webster.
This is the ohagcn organ of the ExecutiveThe
temporary secession of Messrs. Puer,
Granger, & Co, from the regular Whig Convention
of New York, on the ground of the continued
adhesion of that body to the professed
anti-slavery doctrines of the party must be regarded
as another evidence that Mr. Fillmore is
"a Northern Man with Southern Principles/
The bolters carried on their proceedings in his
name; they claimed to act in his behalf; and the
R'jiullu, the organ of the President, endorsed
them. At first, we refused to admit the truth of
their assumptions, because we could not believe
tiiU' ton Kiilniufetr^k iCOtfiii ne^ao iuipruw?u?
Js V *'*C* ''~!f i; "gf ^whi'W.tn the
if \
* v w , - ... a Vj '
having appeared ; on the contrary, its special org?n
having fully sustained all the proceedings of
the dissentients, we arc driven to the conclusion
that these proceedings had the approbation of Mr.
Fillmore.
Since then, the evidenoes have mul uplied that
his Administration is irrecoverably committed
against the anti-slavery sentiments and policy of
the North. The South is so well assured of this
fact, that it is becoming loud in its praises of MrFillmore
on this very ground. Even the most
ultra Democratic papers in that section arc gratified
with bis position. The Washington Union
sets down the following items to his credit
From the Washington Union.
AM E\E(TTIVE ANECDOTE.
for granted that there are United States laws to
t>c enforced in South Carolina, in Georgia, end
in Alabama. I I:vh he inquired how many postmasters
in those States refuse to fulfil their legal
and constitutional obligation to deliver newspapers
? What has he done in the case of the
postmaster in South Carolina, who, some months
since, was arraigned before a Stute court, for refusing
to permit his post office to be broken open
and robbed by the sovereign people in that neighborhood
? What has he done with the postmaster
at Eufaula, Ala., who, in reply to the demand of
the Postmaster General, why he refused to deliver
the National Era to a subscriber at that office
who had regularly subscribed and paid for it,
sent him the proceedings of a public meeting
which sustained his course, and resolved that, if
he were removed for the act, no postmaster should
be permitted to fill his place ? We ask Mr. Fillmore,
what have you done, sir, in these cases, to
onfnrce the laws of the United States? Is the
reclamation of fugitive negroes of more importance
in your eyes than the Freedom of the Press,
and the 8acrdne.?s of the Mails? Will yon
lightly talk of hlood when the Federal law is resisted
in P.oeton, ami fold your arms with indifference
when Federal laws are habitually resisted
and trampled under foot in South Carolina,
Georgia, and Alabama!
We hate said enough to show our readers the
character of the present Administration. Liberty
has nothing to hope from it. It stands in ? attitude
of antagonism towards the liberal men of all
parties in the free States, and is seeking to establish
harmony and peace by conc'waions to a Power
which never has been, and never w ill he. satisfied
with anything less than supremacy.
MILITARY BKMOMTRATIRI.
The Washington corrospmdenta of the Haitimore
Suu and Cltflttr, a few days since, nnnounced
that the President was concentrating a very largo
military force upon iloston?anil they made merry
at the idea of using powder sml hall against " the
Yankees.'' The reports were well calculated to
exasperate the freemen of the country. Fortu?-i
*w?ll nmnnnneivl tn he utterly false
naicij, i?i j .... ?
and groundless by the RvywWir, (he organ of the
Kxecutive. This is well From the latest, most
" reliable" accounts, it would seem that there has
been a trial, not of ttrrugfk, bat of tuts, between
the People of (toeton and the Slave-catchers.
It would he rather premature for Mr. Fillmore
to step in with the military power to settle condieting
ideations of law. When an extraordinarily
oppressive law is passed, its authors must
expect that extraordinary legal and techuical
means will l>c tried, to tuttlo its operation.
Mil. Mass has been thrown overboard by the
' Webster influence in his district. lie was nominated
first by the Free-Soilers, although not
j identified with their organisation. His name was
then taken up in ths Whig Convention of his
district, but, after a sharp struggle, Samuel II.
Walley was nominated in his place. The votes
stood?for Walley 64, for Mann .13.
Mr. Mann has discharged his duties In Congress
with signal ability, lie is one of the most
1 he following anecuote is tola in a letter from
the Washington correspondent of Tuesday s
Richmond Enquirer. It confers credit on the
President, and it gives us pleasure to trunsfer it
to our columits:
" A distinguished gentleman from the West?
vn Ex-Senator?called on Mr. fillipore., an^, af
tcr exchanging the usual courtesies ww asked by
the President how the Fugitive Slave bill was received
in the West. The reply was, that the law,
although unpopular in his 8tate, would doubtless '
be enforced. The remark was playfully made,
that, us the President w*s sworn to ' preserve,
protect, and defend the Constitution and laws,' he
(the Ex-Senator) presumed Mr. Fillmore would
execute this latr. 'To the very lctt?r, sir,' was
the instant reply of the President?'to thv very
letter, sir, whatever may be the consequences.'
This reply was worthy the palmiest days of1 Old
Hickory' himself."
ANOTHER ANECDOTE.
It gives us pleasure to state another anecdote
al>out the President, for which we vouch, as we
hud it from two gentlemen from the West, with
whom the President had just been in conversation
yesterday morning. They were applying to him
for the appointment of a gentleman as attorney
for the United States in one of the Western
States After discussing the qualifications of tho
candidate, Mr. Fillmore remarked that there was
another thing which he deemed indispensable.
He said he was determined to execute faithfully
the Fugitive Slave law, and would appoint no
man to office, who might be called upon to assist
in the administration of that law, who would not
zealously cooperate in its execution.
On another occasion, we understand, from good
authority, that the President declared the law
should he exeoutcd at every hazard?even at the
risk of blood.
This is the spirit alone in which the Union can
be preserved.
It seems, then, that the infamous Fugitive Law
is a cherished measure of the present Admin
istration. Men's fitness for ottice is to he ju<ige<l
of by their opinions of that law. In its superabundant
zeal to securo the arrest of runaways,
under a law which furnishes temptations, and
secures immunity to kidnappers, the Administration
is determined to carry it out, "even at the
risk of bi.ood 1"
Mr. Fillmore must perform his constitutional
! duty, or resign , hut he would do well to recollect
that, even under an Absolute Monarchy, at this
age of the world, it is rather a hazardous thing
to undertake the execution of a law hy the Military
Power. It is reported that General Taylor
! said that a Union, to maintain which it would become
necessary to tight, would not be worth maintaining.
And we say that any law, which is
so odious to the People, as to require a frequent
resort to the military power of the United States
to enforce it, is a law not fit to be passed?a law,
the repeal of which is demanded by the highest
considerations of patriotism and policy.
If Mr. Fillmore should once draw the sword
against the People of Massachusetts, he may find
~ .. .a frt* tf in arirtlKnw kflnfinn Wo t a L- n if
Jmi*
30.
popular and useful citizens of Massachusetts.
. and his name is identified honorably with the
cause of Education throughout the Union. On
all points of public policy, he has faithfully represented
the Whig party in his district, but, hav|
ing fallen under the displeasure of Mr. Webster,
! he must be proscribed We do not believe the
People will ratify the proceedings of the Conj
vention that has attempted to execute the will of
! Mr. Webster.
THE HORDER WAR OF 170S.
The picturesque site of the now large village of
Haverhill, on the Merrimack river, was occupied
a century and a half ago by some thirty dwellings
scattered at unequal distances along the two principal
roads, one of which, running, parallel with
the river, intersected the other, which nscended
the hill northwardly, and lost itself in the dark
woods. The log huts of the first settlers had at
that time given place t# comparatively spacious
and commodious habitations, framed and covered
with sawed boards and cloven clapboards or shingles.
They were many of them two stories in
front, with the roof sloping off behind to a single
one. the windows few and small, nnd frequently
so fitted as to be opened with difficulty, and affording
but a scanty supply of light and air. Two
or three of the best constructed were occupied as
Jn O.ljltion tf> ftytijimtv ,
! companies of eoM'ers w*r" on j1
g.Ouuda rising from the r;rcrrtced the man :
sions of the well-defined aristocracy of the little
settlement?larger and more imposing, with projecting
upper stories and carved coruices. On the
front of one of these, over the elaborately wrought
entablature of the doorway, might be seen the
armorial bearings of the honored family of Saltonstall.
Its hospitable door was now closed?no
guests filled its spacious hall, or partook of the
rich delicacies of its ample larder. Death had
been there; its venerable and respected occupant
had just been borne by his peers in rank and station
to the neighboring grave-yard. Learned,
affable, intrepid, a sturdy asserter of the rights
and liberties of the Province, and so far in advance
of his time as to refuse to yield to the ter
rible witchcraft delusion?vacating his seat on
the Hench, and openly expressing his disapprobation
of the violent and sanguinary proceedings of
the Court?wise in council, and prompt in action?not
his owu townsmen alone, hat the people
of the entire Province, had reason to mourn the
| tS NrthrrMI*1 -'V i. . <,
Four years Before the events of which we are
about to speak, the Indian allies of the French in
"T'aniya suddenly rifllde fheir appearand in the
westerly part of the settlement. At the close of a
mid-winter day, six savages rushed into the open
gate of a garrison house owned by one I'radley,
who uppeara to have been absent nt the time. A
sentinel stationed in the house discharged his
musket, killing the foremost Indian, and was
himself instantly shot down The mistress of the
house, a spirited young woman, was making soap
in a large kettle over the fire. She seixed her
ladle, And dashed the boiling liquid in the faces
of the assailants, scalding one of them severely,
and was only captured nfter such a resistance as
can scarcely be conceived of by the delicately
framed and tenderly nurtured occupants of the
places of our great-grandmothers. After plundering
the hoube, the Indians started on their
long winter march for Canada. Tradition says
that some thirteen persons, probably women and
children, were killed outright at the garrison.
Goodwife l.radley and four others were spared as
prisoners. The ground was covered with deep
snow, and the captives were compelled to carry
heavy burdens of their plundered household
stuffs, while for many days in succession they had
no other sustenance than bits of hide, groundnuts,
the bark of trees, and the roots of wild
onions and lilies. In this situation, in the cold,
wintry forest, and unattended, the unhappy
young woman gave birth to a child. Its cries
irritated the savages, who cruelly treated it, and
threatened its life. To tho entreaties of the
mother they replied, that they would spare it on
the condition that it should be baptized after
their fashiou. She gave the little innocent into
their hands, when with mock solemnity they
made the sign of the cross upon its forehead by
gashing it with their knives, and afterwards barbarously
put it to death before the eyes of its
mother, seeming to regard the whole matter as an
excellent piece of sport. Nothing so strongly
excited the risibilities of these grim barbarians
as the tears and cries of their victims, extorted
by physical or mental agony. Capricious alike
in their cruelties and their kindnesses, they
treated some of their captives with forbearance
and consideration, and tormented others apparently
without cause. One man on his way to
Canada was killed bcoausc they did not like his
looks, " he was so souranother because he was
" old and good for nothing." One of their own
ttKn nraa ui*fFi?rinf? crnutlv fmm of
fects of the scalding soap. wasderided and mocked
as a " fool who had let a squaw whip him while,
on the other hand, the energy and spirit manifested
by Goodwife Bradley in her defence was a
constant theme of Admiration, and gained her so
much respect among her captors as to protect her
from personal injury or insult. On her arrival
in Canada, she was sold to a French farmer, by
whom she was kindly treated.
In the mean time, her husbaud made every exertion
in his power to ascertain her fate, and early
in the next year learned that she was a slave
in Canada. lie immediately aet off through the
wilderness on foot, ncoompanied only by his dog,
who drew a small sled upon which he carries!
some provisions for his sustenance and a bag of
snuff which the Governor of the Province gave
him as a present to the Governor of Canada. After
encountering almost incredible hardships and
dangers, with a perseverance which shows how
well he appreciated the good qualities of his
stolen helpmate, he reached Montreal, aud betook
himself to the Governor's residence. Travel
worn, rigged, and wasted with cold and hunger,
he wis ushered into the presence of M. Vau treuil.
The courtly Frenchman civilly received
the gift of the bag of stiuff. listened to the poor
fellow's story,and put him in a way to redeem his
wife without diftioulty. The joy of the latter on
seeing her husband in the strange land of her
captivity may well be imagined. They returned
by water, binding at Boston early in the summer.
There is a tradition that this wn not theOoodwife's
first experience of Indian captivity. The
late l>r. Abiel Ablwitt, in his manuscript of " Ju.
dith Whiting's It cool lections oft he Indian Wars,"
states that she had previously been & prisoner,
probably before her marriage. Aflcr her return,
she lived quietly at the garrison liouso until the
summer of the neit year. One bright moon lit
night, a party of Indians were seen silently and
cautiously approaching The only occupants of
the garrison at that time were Bradley, his wife
and children, and a servant. The three adults
armed themselves with muskets, and prepared to
defend themselves. Croodwife Bradley, supposing
the Indians had come with the intention of again
capturing her, encouraged her husband to tight
to the hist, declaring that she had rather die on
her own hearth than fall into their hinds. The
Indians rushed upon the garrison, and assailed
the thick oaken door, which they forced partly
open, when a well-aimed shot from Cioodwife
Bradley laid the foremost dead on the threshold.
The loss of their leader eo disheartened them
that they made a hasty retreat.
The year 1707 passed away without any attack
upon the exposed frontier settlement. A feeling
of comparative security succeeded to the almost
sleepless anxiety and terror of its inhabitants,
and they were beginning to congratulate each
other upon the termination of their long and bitter
trials. But the1 end was not yet.
Karly in the spring of 1708, the principal
tribes of Indians in allianoo with the Freooh hold
a great council, and agreefclo furnish three hundred
warriors for an expedition to tko English
frontier. They were joined by one hundred
French Canadians, and eeveral volunteers, eon
1
VOL. IV.
sitting of officers of the French army, and younger
son* of the nobility, ad?w?turou? and nmerupu.
lous. The Siear de Chaillons, and Hsrtel de
Rouville, distinguished as a partisan in former
expeditions. cruel and unsparing as his Indian
allies, commanded the French troops; the Indians
marshalled under their sereral chiefs, obeyed the
general orders of LaPerriere. A Catholic priest
aooompanied them. He Rourille, with the French
} troops, and a portion of the Indians, took the
route by the river St. Francois, about the middle
of summer. La Perriere, with the French Mohawks,
crossed Lake Champlain. The pi,ice 0f
rendezvous was Lake Niekisipigue. On the way
a Huron accidentally killed one of his compan
j ions; whereupon the tribe insisted on halting,
and holding a council. It was gravely drcidrd
that this accident was an evil omen, and that the
expedition would prove disastrous; snd in spite
| of the endeavors of the French officers, the whole
band deserted. Next, the Mohawks became dif.
: satisfied, and refused to proceed. To the entreaties
and promises of their French allies, they replied,
that an infectious disease had broken out
among them, and that, if they remained, it would
spread through the whole army. The French
partisans were not deceived by a falsehood so
j transparent, but they were in no condition to en
force obedience, and with bitter execration* and I
I ?\a tkav ?* *V>?* M wVe A ? 9 ?
their war-path The diminished army.reeled Jl
-v -e, in the expectation of nieeimr ^|[
' agreeably to their promise, the Norridgewock. I
and Penobscot Indians. They found the place dc- I
serted, and, after waiting for some days, wore I
forced to the conclusion that the Fasten tribes j
bad broken their pledge of cooperation. Under 1
these circumstances, a council was held, and the
original design of the expedition, six: the destruction
of the whole line of frontier towns, beginning
with Portsmouth, was abandoned. They
had still a sufficient force for the surprise of a
single settlement, and Haverhill, on the Merrimack,
was selected for conquest.
In the mean time, intelligence of the expedition.
greatly exaggerated in point of numbers and
object, had reached Boston; and Governor Dudley
bad despatched troops to the more exposed
outposts of the Provinces of Massachusetts and
New Hampshire. Forty men, tinder the com
mand of Major Turner, and Captains Price and
Gardner, were stationed at Haverhill in tbedif
ferent garrison houses. At first, a good degree
of vigilance was manifested, but as days ami
week's passed without any alarm, the inharutants
relapsed into their old habits, and some even hegag
t*. .ihe i^imored descent of the
Indians was only a pretext for quartering upou
them two score of lazy, rollicking soldiers, who
certainly seemed more expert in making lore to
their daughters, and drinking their best ale and
cider, than in patrolling the woods, or putting the
garrisons into a defensible state. The grain and
hay harvest ended without disturbance; the men
worked in their fields, and the women pursued
their household avocations, without any very serious
apprehension of danger
Among the inhabitants of the village was ?n
eccentric, ne'er-do-well fellow, named Koezar,
who led a wandering, unsettled life, oscillating,
like a craxy pendulum, between Haverhill and
Ameshury. He had a smattering of a variety of
trades, was a famous wrestler, and for a mug of
ale would leap over an ox-cart with the unspilled
beverage in his hand. On one occasion, when at ^
supper, his wife complained thai she had no tin
dishes, and ns there were none to be obtained
nearer than Boston, he started on foot in the evening,
travelled through the woods to the city, and
returned with his ware by sunrise the next morning,
passing over a distanee of lietween sixty and
seventy miles. The tradition of his w?mu>
habits, feats of strength, and wicked practical
jokes, is still common in his native town. On ike
morning of the 29th of the 8th month, he wan
engaged in taking home his horse, which, accord
ing to his custom, he had turned into his neighbor's
rich clover-field the evening previous. By
the gray light of dawn he saw a long file of men
marching silently towards the town. He hurried
back to the village, and gave the alarm, J?y firing
a gun. Previous to this, however, a young man
belonging to a neighboring town, who had been
spending the uight with a young woman of the
village, had met the advance of the war party,
and, turning back in extreme terror and oonfusion,
thought only of the safety of his betrothed,
and passed silently through a considerable part
of the village to her dwelling. After he had ef- I
fectually concealed her, he ran out to give the
alarm. Rut it was too late. Keezar's gun was
answered by the territto yells, whistling, and
whooping of the Indians. House after house was
assailed and captured. Men, women, and children,
were massacred. The minister of the town
was killed by a shot through his door. Two of
his children were saved by the courage an 1 sagacity
of his negro slave, Hag.ar. Sho carried them
into the cellar, and covered them with tubs, and
then crouched behind a barrel of meat, just In
time to escape the vigilant eyes of the enemy, who
entered the cellar and plundered it. She saw
them pass and repass the tubs under which the
children lay, and take meat from the very barrel
which concealed herself. Three soldiers were
ijunrtered in the house, but they made no defence,
and were killed while begging for quarter.
The wife of Thomas Hartshorne, after her
husband and three sons had fallen, took her
younger children into the cellar, leaving an infant
on a bed in the garret, fearful that its cries
would betray her place of concealment if she
took it with her. The Indians entered the gar
ret, an'l towed the child out of the win low upon a
pile of claplwards, whero it was afterwards found,
stunned and insensible. It recovered, nevertheless,
and became a man of remarkable strength
and stature; and it used to ho a standing joke
with his friends, that be had been stinted by the
Indians whpn they threw him out of the window
Goodwife Swan, armed with n long spit., success
fully defended her door against two Indians
While the massacre went on, the priest wboaccom
panied the expedition, with some of the Freuch officers.
went into thp meeting-house, the walls of which
were afterwards found written over with chalk
At sunrise, Major Turner, with a portion of his
soldiers, entered the village, and the enrmy iomlr
a rapid retreat, carrying with them seventeen pri*oners.
They were pursued and overtaken, just
as they were entering the woods, and a severe
skirmish took place, in which the rescue of some
of the prisoners was effected. Thirty of the
enemy were left dead on the field, including the
infamous Ilertel de llouville. On the part of the
villagers. Captains Ayerand Wainwright, and
Lieutenant Johnson, with thirteen others, werr
killed. The intense hoat of tho weather made it
necessary to hnry the dead on the same dsy
They were laid side by side, in a long trench in
the burial ground. Tho body of tho venerated
and lamented minister, with those of his wife an i
child, sleep in another part of the burial ground,
where may still be seen a rude monument, with
its almost illegible inscription :
" CltiHihiur hoc I amnio cor fat Rtticrimli pu Joanf
Wri I) Bmf/MiH Rolf,, icclrsut Ckrvui i/w,, >
hut* rhill ; ait or is JuU.lrntmt; >i*i i/omi tun uJ bothhiU
IwiImii, tri/fu/alM*. A hib^rihmi not r^xml I
yti'ftt, ilic\ tticTn ijuuut. A*i!- XXIX, oriHO </iwf.
mixTiin Hutu m<r xl rr
Of the prisoners taken, eowe eecaped .luring
tho skirmish, and two or three were sent hack hj
the French offiosrs, with a message to the Knglish
soldiers, that if they puraucd tho party on their
retreat to Canada, the other prisonera should he
put to death. Oae of them, a soldier stationed in
("apt. Wainwrigbt's garrison, on his return f?sr
yeura after, published an account of his captlrity
He was ooropelled to oarr/a henry puck, and w;?*
led by an Indian by a cord round bin neck TV
whole party suffered terribly from hunger On
reaching Canada, the Indians shared one side ft
his head, and greased the other, and painted hU
face. At a fort nine miles from Montreal, a ooun
eil was held in order to decide his fde, an ! ^
had the satisfhetion of listening to a protract*"*
discussion upon the eipedienoj of burning him

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