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I WASHINGTON, I) C.
I if or the National Kra
I TilK SOUTHERN PLATFORM ;
I OK,
I MANUAL OF SOUTHEKN SENTIMENT ON THE
I SUBJECT OF SLAVERY.
I Heing a Compilation from the Writings oj
Washington, Jefferson. Madison, and others,
t- . t .. .l a .
xrnnse names are cmsecraien m ine ujjcui(m*
i if the Stmt turn People?the Debates in the
Federal ami State Conventions which framed
and ratified the Constitution of the United
States?those which occurred in the first Conprcs-cs
which sat during the Administration
of (i< rural Washington?and extracts from
the Debate in the Virginia legislature in
T **32; with various letters, judicial decisions, Ifc
BY t) AN I EI. R OOODLCE, OF NORTH CAROLINA.
VN' TIIU STATE OF SLAVERY IN VIRGINIA
CONTINUED.
Such is the rise, progress, and present found'
ution of Slavery in Virginia, ho far oh I have
been i 1' to trace it. The present number <>|
slaves in Virginia is immense, as appears by
tho census taken in 1791. amounting to no less
than 292,127 souls?nearly two fifths ol the
whole population of the Commonwealth, (21.)
We may o oisolo ourselves with the hope that
this proportion wiil not increase, the further
importation of slaves being prohibited, whilst
the free in gration of white people hither is
encouraged. B it this hope affords no other
relief from the evil of Slavery than a diminu,
tiou of those apprehensions which arc naturally
excited by a detention of so largo a number
of oppressed individuals among us. and the
possibility to.it they may one day be roused
to an attempt to shake off their chains
Whatever inclination the first inhabitants of
Virginia might have to encourage Slavery, a
disposition to < het-k its progress and increase
I manifested itself in the Legislature, even before
?i... ,.r a.. i??, c.. i
VUU ??? UIU IH7I - ^CIJVUIJT. ?v
i th<3 year 1609 wo find the title of an net (22)
laying an imposition upon servants and slaves
imported into this country, which wive either
continued, revived, or increased, by a variety of
I temporary acta, passed between that js>riod
| and the Revolution. in 1776, (23 ) One of these
ucts, pasmd in 1723, by a marginal note appears
to have been repealed by proclamation,
October 24th, 1724. In 1732 a duty of live
per cent, wax hud on slaves imported, to be
paid by the buyers?a measure calculated to
render it as little obnoxious as possible to the
Engli-h merchants trading to Africa, and not
improbably suggested by them to the Privy
Count ! in England. The preamble to this act
is is these remarkable words :
" Wc. your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal
subject?. fit.*., taking into our serious consideration
tie exigencies of your Government here,
an l that the duty laid upon liquors will not be
sufiic cut to defray the necessary expenses
P thereof, do humbly represent to your Majesty
that no other duty can bo laid upon our import
or export, without oppressing your subjects,
than a duty upon slaves imported, to be paid
' by the buyers, agreeable to your Majesty's instructions
to your Lieutenant Governor.''
This atit was only fir the short period of four
years, but sci ms to h ive been continued from
time to time till the year 1751, when the duty
oxpin d hut was revived the next year In the !
year 1740, an additional duty of live per cent
was imposed fir four years, for the purpose of]
J an expedition against the Spaniards, &<\, to he j
!'J likewise paid by the buyers; and in 1742, th? .
f whole duty was continued till July I, 1747
I Tho act of 1752, by which these duties woro I
revived and continued, (as well as several
former acts ) takes notice that tho duty had
been found no ways burdensome to the traders
in slaves. In 1754, an additional duty of five
per cent, was imposed, lor tho term of three
years, by an act for encouraging and protect- j
ing the settlers on the Mississippi. This duty, '
l.l... ..II C . t : ii .. J I
.in inn niiimi, wiin hi no |<iiin ny me rmy
ors. Iti 17;>!?. a duty of twenty per cent. was i
imposed upon all slaves imported into Virginia, |
from Maryland, North Carolina, or other
nlaeos in America, to continue for seven yearn, j
In lTHf. the same doty was further continued, j
In the bttmo session the duty of tivo per cent. !
wit* continued for three yearn, and an additional
duty of ten per cent., to he likewise paid bv ;
the buyers, was imposed for seven years; and j
a further duty of live per cent, was, by a Hep- ;
urate act of the same session, imposed for the j
better support of the contingent charges of i
Government, to be paid by the buyers In j
1772, all those duties were further continued I
for the term of livo yearH fn in tho expiration !
of the acts then in force. Tho Assembly a
the same time portioned tho Throne (24) to n
move oil those restraints uhich inhihilul his j
Majesty's Governors assenting to such laws as I
might (h-ik to very pernicious a commerce us
that ol Slavery.
In the course of this inquiry it is easy to 1
.11 IMU lA^iriainnJ VU |)Ul IIMVOJI I
1U> the further importation of slaves ; anil had '
not this de-ire heon uniformly opposed on the '
part of the Crown, it is highly probable that
event would have taken effoot at a much earlier
period than it did A duty of five per cent.,
to bo paid by the huytrx, at first with difficulty
obtained the royal assent. Requisitions from 1
the Crown tor aids, on particular occasion*
ufforded a pretext, from liino to time, for ini
reusing the duty ftom five to ton, and finally
to t wenty, per cent. with which the buyi r whs
uniformly made chargeable. The wishes of
the people of this colony were not sufficient to |
oountcrhul inco the interest of the Fnglish
merchants trading to Africa; and it is probable
that, however disposed to put a stop to so
infamous a traffic by law, we should never have
heon able to efleet it, so long as wc might have
continued d<|>endoi>t on the British Government?an
object xi.ffi :ient of itself to justify a
revolution That the legislature of Virginia
were vnttrtly disposed to put a stop to it, cannot
ls< d adoed; for, even during the tumult
and confus on of the Revolution, wo have seen
t that tie v iiva h d themselves of the earliest opkV
port unity to era h forever so pernicious and
If nifao m e by u aoi pamtd in Oo
tuber 17?v tho p nalttai of whion, though apI
parently lessened by the act of 1792, are still
equal to the valu ot the slave?being two
hundred dollars upon tho im|Kirtcr, and one
bundled dollars upon cvory person buying or
selling an imported slave, (25 )
A system uniformly persisted in for nearly a
whole century ami finally carried into efl'cct so
M ini as the Leg.Mature was unrestrained bv
' the inhuman exercise of the royal negative,"
evinces the sincerity of that disposition, which
tho I eg Mature ha l shown during so long a
period, to put a check to the growing evil. I
From the tunc that the duty was raised above
tive per cent, it is probable that the importaf
tion of slaves into this colony d< creased. Tho
? demand for tlmm in the more southern oolo|
\ inc.* pro'uihiy contributed also to lessen the
numbers imported into this For sumo years
k( immediately preceding the Revolution, the imI
Of MIW into \ ifginif might alino t
u i he considered us at an end, and probably would
M ' have been entirely so, if the ingenuity of the
IE. inerehant had not found out the means of
evalmg the heavy duty by pretended sales, at
W which tho slaves were bought, in by some
M liiend, at a quarter of their real value.
N1 Tedious and unentortaining as this detail
cj mny appear to all others, a citizen of Virginia
,m win io??i - h itwl.n-tioii in reading avindica[1
Mill bin untry from the opprobrium but
m to?? lavishly b,-stowed upon her, of Entering
w Slavery in in r bosom whilst she housflhacrcd
regard to the liberty of her citiion^?nnd of
' mankind in |;**in;rul The acrimony of such
. censures nuiHt abate. at least in the bread* of
the candid, upon an impartial review of the
I subject lo re brought before them; and if, in
addition to what wo have already advanced,
[ . they consider the difficulties attendant on any
plan I r the ubilition of Slavery, in a country
waore hi largo a proportion of the inhabitant*
.re si ,\< , anil where a mill larger proportion
oi the cultivators of the earth are of that do|
eoriptioii ot inon, they will probably tool omoV
ii maui sympathy and ompaaeicn, both for the <
If slat* mid I r bin master, suooeeded to those
' busty prejudices, which even the bent dispositioiiH
are not exempt Irom contract ng. upon
subject* where there in a deficiency of information.
Wo are next to cousidor tho condition of
nluve* in Virginia, or the legal oonHeijuenues
attendant on a etate of Slavery in this Comuionwualth
; and h"rc it w not my intention to
notice thoso lawn which ooris d>*r slavs merely
. us pn'prrty, and have from time to time been
enacted to regulate the disposition ot them as
such; lor theue will be more properly commierod
elsewhere My intention at present i*. therefore
to take a view of such laws only as regard
i
t +?
IE NATIONAL ERA,
TI
nIrives fin a distinct clam of ytrson*, whose
rights?if, indeed, they posnem anv?are reduced
to a much narrower oompass than those
of which we have been speaking before.
(21.) Although it be true that the number of slaves
in the whole State bears the proportion of 292,427 to
747.4410. the wholo number of souls in the State? that
is, nearly two to five?yet this proportion ii by no
means uniform throughout the State. In the fortyfour
counties lying upon the bay and the great rivers
of the State, and comprehended by a line including
Brunswick, Cumberland, (loochland, llanover. Spottsylvania,
Stafford, Prince William, and Fairtsz. and
the counties eastward thereof, tho number of slavo* is
' 19t'>.54'.!. and the number of free persons, including
urn iirj^ruca HI1U iiiui?(uirn, iVr>,Oil ODIJ.
the black." in thai populous and extensive district of
conntry arc inure numerous than the white*. In the
1 second class?comprehending nineteen counties, ?od
i ! extending from the last mentioned line to the Bluo
Ridge, and including the populous counties of Frederick
and Berkeley, beyond the Blue Ridgo* there are
82,286 slaves, and 138,251 free js-rsons-the number
of free persons in that claM not being two to one to
the Mate* In the third claw the proportion in considerably
increased . the eleven counties of which it
con*i?ts contain only 11,218 slaves, and 76,281 free
person* This class reaches to the Alleghany ridge of
. mountains. The fourth and last class?comprehend
ing fourteen counties westward of the third class?
,. contain* only 2 381 slaves, and 42 288 free pessons.
It is obvious, from this statement, that almost all tho
danger* and inconveniences which may be apprehendi
ud from a state of Slavery on the one band, or an attempt
to abolish it on the other, will be confined to
the people eastward of the Blue Ridge of mountains.
22 Kdit if 1733, C. IS.
'23.) The following is a list of the acts, or titles of
acts, imposing duties on slaves imported, which oc- ! i
; cur in the various compilations of our laws, or in the
I Sessions Acts or Journals
161)9, c. 12. Title only retained. Kdit. of 173.1, p. 1
113.
1701. c. 5. Ibid. 118.
17114, e. 4. Ibid 122
i 1705, e. 1. Ibid. 120.
1710. c 1. Ibid. 239.
i 1712, e. 3 Ibid. 2o2.
1722, e. 1 Repealed by proclamation, 333.
1727, o. 1. Enacted with a suspending clause, and i
the ro\al assent refused, 376. I i
1732, c. 3. Printed at large. 4611. : (
j 1734, c. 3. I'rinttd at large ill Sessions Acts.
17.18, c I. Ibid. 1
17 >8, e. 8. Ibid. i |
1710. c. 2. Ibid. I
1712, c. 2. Ibid. From this period I have not boon | |
aid- t" rt ler to the Sessions Acts.
17..2, c I. Printed at large, edition of 17611, 281.
1754, c. 1. Ibid, 319.
1 757', c 2. Sessions Acts. Ten percent, in addi- ! >
ti"ii to all former duties. t
1759, c. 1. Printed at large, edition of 17t59, 369. 1 j
1763, c. 1. Journals of that session
1766, c. .'I, 4. Printed at large, edition of 1769?
iltl IC... *
17?> ?. c. 15. Additional duty. The titlo only in
! printed, bring repealed by thu Crown, lb., 47.'!.
I 176#. c. 7, 8, and 12. Title only printed, edition of I
I 1785?6, 7.
1772,0.15. Title only printed. Ibid. 24.
21 i ?/~Th* following extract from a petition to j
the Thror.e, presented fryin the House of Burgesses
of Virginia. April 1, 1772. will show the sense of the 1
people of Virginia, on the subject of Slavery, at that J
period j i
" The many instances of your Majesiy's benevolent
j intentions, and most gracious disposition to promote ^
the prosperity and happiness of your subjects in the
colonies, encourages us to look up to the Throne, and I
implore your Majesty's paternal assistance in avert- '
| ing u calamity of a most alarming naturo. | r
"'The importation of slaves into tto colonies from j j
; the coast of Africa hath long been considered as a r
j trade of great inbuinainity, and, under its /irtsriit in- \
rmtrui/fun/it. wo have too much reason to fear will j
i uluni/rr tin my uiitiiire of your Majesty 's Auieri- j f
j can dominions. A
" We are sensible that some of your Majesty's sub- , w
jects of dnut Ihituiii may reap emoluments from
this sort of tratlic ; but when we consider that it j ?
gn ally retards the settlement of tho colonies with i 11
mon a.it/nl inhabitants, and may, in time, have the tc
most destructive influence, wa presume to hope that ci
the interest of a few will be disregarded, when placed
in competition with the security and happiness of ,
such numbers ol your Majesty's dutiful and loyal 1
subjects. to
" Deeply impressed with those sontiments, we most Cl
humbly beseoch your Majesty to ri mom nit thun re- te
Mi,nnt.? on your Majesty s Coventors of this colony. ! w
wliii'lt inhibit thrir nssriitiiifi to sttrh laws ai
rhirL ao t try /it i iiicwits n rommrrrt"?(Journals of
the House oi lltirgcsses, page 1 ,'tI.|
This petition produced no tll'ect, as appears from
the first clause of our Constitution, where, among hi
other acts of misrulo, " the inhuman use of tho royal
negative in refusing us permission to exclude slaves , ,
from us l>y law, is enumerated among the reasons for
mfKtruti hi? finm iirrnt UrilutH.
1 have lately hccn favored with the perusal of a
manuscript copy of a letter from tlranville Sharpe,
Ks |, of London, to a friend ot the Prime Minister,
dated March 'Jatli, 17'JI, in which be speaks of this ,,
petition thus " 1 myself was desired, by a letter "
Irotu America, to inquire for an answer to this extra
ordinary Virginia petition. I waited on tho Serre- fri
tiny of Slate, and was informed by himself that the
petition iritf iiriinil, hut that (he apprehended) no W(
nnnrrr Won hi hi tfirni."
iHa.) It may not he improper hero to note that the *'
First Congress of the Foiled States, at their third ?es- (if
si.>n, Ueeeinher. 1703, passed an act to prohibit the
carrying on tho slave trade from the United States to vc,
any foreign place or country, tho provisions of which .
seem woll calculated to restrain tho citixons of United ,
America from embarking in so infamous u trafl'io |t.
I TO BE CONTINUED. I
- -? WI
CALIFORNIA POLITICS. ril
* Sacramento, Sept. 15, 1853.
To the Editor of the Notional Era : pr
The election just closed hats resulted in favor gn
of the Pomooruts, who may now bo considered ne
its pretty firmly seated in power. In this con- he
test there has been a secret movement for power po
on the part of tho ' Southern Chivalry," which ilii
has met with a signal defeat. We have quito ml
a number of bold, zealous Southerners, who arc
laboring strenuously to divide the State and es- m<
tablish Slavery. This they dare not advoc.ito tin
openly, for it is too unpopular; but they have wi
hopc<l to succeed by having a Convention called no
to revise the Constitution on some minor points, ar
and then, by plying tho members, secure the up
adoption of their own peculiar measures. As
a part of their plan, thoy intend to have the mi
Convention put tho Constitution they may th
frame in force, without submitting it to the fr<
people tor adoption by vote Tuey think they up
can manage a Convention easier than the great I'm
mass ot the people. Knowing their own numori- cu
eal weakness, thoy have struck hands with sc:
iiinu sjiccuiuiors, monopolists, and nil who de- wi
pend upon political plunder tor a living, lni
Such hits been their plan; but the Demo- tel
oruts, in their hint State Convention, effectually
nipped tho whole affair in the bud, and gave bl
the schemers plainly to understand that they th
could not rely upon the Democratic party to til
carry out their plans. To dctiue their position, en
they paused, among others, tho following reso- w
lulious: is
Htsolvrri, That we recognise, to tho fullest 01
extent, the principle that all jHiliticul powers th
exist in the hands of tho people, and that con- hi
sUlutiona and laws are but the expressions of to
popular will; therefore, wo depreeato any g(
change id the Constitution of this State, other pi
than hy iiinenduients, until such an amend- th
uient shall have been incorporated into it us
shall guaiantee to tho people that the Consti- n,
tution prepared by a Convention for its revision h
shall lu? submitted to tho pcoplo for their rati- ft
tleation. d
" llf dtnl, That the Deinocratio party chor- si
i. Ins as among the bent loatuios of the Consti- V
tution of this State, tlioso wbicb protect tho n
laborer troin d gradation and oppression ; that p
special legislation, and particularly the forma c<
tion ot special corporation*, is at all times dan- n
gerous; uud that general incorporation laws, ft
while they should protect tho honest and le- w
gitimato application of associated capital, 01
siiouhl not allow the irresponsible contraction
ot debts, or a monopoly of privileges b
' lit Mil!'< /, That iho surest and most speedy "
method id developing the resources of the State, ol
promoting industry, and elevating moiety, is to tl
encourage, by the enactment ot proper laws, pi
tho ow noi shiii un.t . ? ? 11
, ?^ , .....mvivu ui tnu aim, in
limited quantities, by actual settlers m
The tiiMfc resolution is directly aimed at the
Couvcntiou scheme. There is nothing in our
pro cut Constitution requiring further Conventions
to submit their labors to a vote of tho h
people, but it requires that all amendments
shall bo thus passed upon By amending it in
the manner proposed by this resolution, it will tl
ctlectually prevent the "chivalry " from carry- di
ing out tticir plans; for there is nothing they ir
dread more than a popular vote The second p!
resolution is a direct endorsement of tho Anti- t?
Slavery elairne in the Constitution, us well as a n
condemnation of the monopolists, who want t
special laws of incorporation for their own ex- V
elusive benefit; and the land speculators receive
no favor hi the third. V
The Whigs, knowing that those resolutions tl
had gi\< n great dissatisfaction to tho Pro-Ma- u
very Democrats, were careful not to commit | b
themselves on those questions, but nominated rt
men to suit the boiling Democrats, honing by di
their votes to ride into [tower. The plan was hi
very ingeniously formed , but it was neoossary hi
to talk about something before the people, and pi
so a general onslaught was made upon the p<
Demoeiotio candidate lor Governor, John Bigler,
ebarging him ptrsviuilly with all sorts of |o
fraud, corruption, and extravagance. The h
financial affairs of tho Mtuta have l>een thur- *
oughly overhauled, to prove these charges and
they have been shown extravagant enough to y<
condemn any party; but it was found that the
Wbigs arc as deeply involved an the Democrat*
The real issuo among the leader* has
been carefully kept from public view ; but it
had got to be pretty well understood before the
close of tho canvass, and the result is, an overwhelming
majority for tho Democrats. This
pretty effectually mlencei the "chivalry;" and
those leading Democrats who bolted the regular
ticket to carry out those schemes of Southern
policy?such as Heydenfelt, Boggs, Randolph,
Sanders, &c.?are marked men. Their
influence in the party is goue forever, and they
can now only work through the defeated
Whigs, in a hopeless minority. The Democrats
will never endorse their schemes. They
havo learned that the party is stronger without
than with them.
The result is hopeful for freedom That class
ui men vuuiu mem j^icai iiiuucnuc wniit' in mo
Democratic parky, but out of it they are harmlow;
and it has convinced jsditicians that there
is a deep (seated aversion, among the people, to
using our noble State as a pillar to Slavery,
and that these feverish schemes of Southern
fanatics are n it sustained by the good sense of :
the people In fact, the great majority of our
Southern citizens are strongly opposed to these
plaus. It is a political movement, merely agitating
the surface of the political sea. It has
no hold upon any large class in the community.
I believe, if a vote was this day taken,
among Southerners alone, whether Slavery
should be admitted or not, a large majority
would vote against it.
Tho truth is, lul>or is supreme here, and capital
has to humble itself before it. There is a
greater demand for labor th in money. Not
long since, I was standing by the side of a
lriend, who was viewing the ereetiyu of a tine
block of brick building*. 1 asked^bim whaH
he was thinking of " Why," said he, " I am
expecting every moment to see tho*e workmen
drop their tools, and strike for two dollars per
day, advance wages" And what will you do
in that case 1" ' I have made up my mind to
give it them before they leave tho ground, for
I eanuot afford to have it delayed two days?
the rent will pay the difference." While this
vtate of atfairs exists, tho " chivalry" need entertain
no hope of establishing Slavery in this
vtate; and the probability is that it will continue
for years. Mich yearly tide of emigrants
s flooding tho country with men who will
lever consent to labor in competition with
lnves Ituviv-r
For the National Era.
"FREE COTTON VS. CHATTEL SLAVERY."
Under the above caption an article appeared
u a late number of the National Era. aocoin- j
panied by others more or le?a connected with
'.hat subject, that could hardly fail of attractng
tho notice of the readers of that paper.
Belonging at I do to that insignificant porion
of the adherents to the Free Labor docrine
that " K." is not " bound to treat with |
e?pect,'' I tuppo>e as a matter of etiquette, if |
lot of necessity, I must, in company with my |
cHow-believers, consider myself in the high
oad to extinction, instead of distinction, nei- ]
her of which have we very sanguinely expect- |
d or desired. But before taking leave of the i
tnti Slavery world, to hecomo more familiar i
uth ' the wonders of the oblivious lake " |>ro- t
ared for those that believe " the receiver is i
s bad as tho thief," allow me, as a volunteer, j
i say a parting word, in extenuation of our t
rime. c
To uncover, then, more completely, "the ?
ead and front of our offending," let me refer ?
i first principles The origin of our fanati- I i
sm may be traced to the belief wo havo en- (
rtuinod, and which we trust our successors | c
ill revive, in a creed very like the following, I
hich I have copied from an old newspaper: u
" We believe? I -
' In the unity and common origin of the hu- I
an race. h
" In the doctrine that (iod made of one i n
ood all tho nations of uicu, to dwell upon all j y
e face of the earth.
" In the golden rule?' Do unto othors as yc ' &
Duld that others should do unto you.' tl
"In the Higher l.aw?'It id better to obey ?
od than man.' "
Also, That "an accessory of the fact" is as t|
uly guilty as the principal in tho fact.
And unless we would appear before the
jrld as hypocrites " dyed in the wool," that!
j aro bound to carry our principles into prac- j
e, in our intercourse with our fellow-men.
Clinging to those principles, "our Anti-Sla- a
ry has (like that of our contemporary) no 11
uuent ol hatiod or hostility to any man in a
' " It is," we also hone. " not narrowed ^
to a partial or egotistical benevolence, that .
Duld carry out its special purpose at the sac- /
tico of any other real interest of our fellowen
"
Hence, although " wo can neither work nor I
ay for the bankruptcy of any man" en- ^
iged in an honest occupation, Soutti or North. ^
lithcr can wo desire for every individual slaveddor,
ns Hueh, "the greatest worldly prosrity
possible to the system" of Slavery, eonating,
as it unquestionably does, with the teal
tcrest of the Jrte laborer. ,
If I, as a manufacturer, dealer, or oonsu- j
;r of cotton goods, go into the market where i
at articlo is for sale, I am bound to carry 1 ,,
lb me my moral principles ; and if they are ^
t sufficient to control mothero, of what value I k
e they to me ? But I can confidently rely "
on their agency.
If, now, 1 am offered a bale of unbleached i
jslins, that I have good reason to believe (al- i 11
ough not marked us such) have been stolen v
>m a factory many miles off. I am brought
i to the question?Can I purchase these mus h
is without breaking the moral law ? My ^
pidity may endeavor to satisfy a jelttnu* eonionco,
that, as 1 had nothing directly to do u
th the robbery, 1 may innocently buy them; o
it my conscience, if true to its duty, very inligibly
whispers, No! tl
My eyo is next on a bale that has been S
cached Nince it was stolon, and then on one | t
at, in addition to bleaching, has been beau- I
fully printed Convenience, luxury, or gain a
ys, "Buy them." But the still small voico " n
ithin will not bo silonced; "No! no! no!"l li
all the answer I can get from it Until the I o
iginal owner has bad his claim satisfied, all
io bleaching, scouring, printing, changing of li
inds or place of location, it can be submitted e
, can never make it other than "stolen tl
Kids," and I cannot knowingly or innocently v
irehase them. A good resolution carried out, o
lat has its reward of Peace. a
But my customorH must bo supplied with c
uslins; I will purchase some raw cotton, and n
a\o it manufactured, and I go to tho planter 1
>r that purjHise. I pass by Mr. Legree; I
un't like the look of his "bullet bead;" the I r
ght or hiui reminds me of Minn Cassy and a
nele Tom. 1 fine* I can hear their groans : I
my ho thin was the identical halo that was s
iekcd ''7 them before poor Uncle Tom ro- j t
[jived his last whipping. Something sponta- a
eously springs up within me?tears, uncallod s
ir, rush into my eves li is Nature's testi i
iotiy (lgainst ilriiliitp in the blood-stainedcotton o
r American Slavery .' j p
Well, I will not ho hallted in my prospects , o
y thoso fanatical notions, this "silliness and a
insano philantlnoi v, the result, I suppose, o
f reading Uncle 1'om's Cabin. I am glad : ti
icre are othor ways of getting cotton without o
atronizing "Old Bui et Head 1 think I see s
under tho person ideation of St Clare, with
jme hales of cotto ? hefore him. ' c
' Mr. L , I think, sir." u
"That is uiy name, sir." n
" Were you not in New York in 1852, and a
ad some servants taken from you !" ! tl
"I am the same person." S
" 1 do not wish you t> understand, Mr. L?, w
nit I take any merit to myself for what I have w
one, hut I am an Abolitionist, and win much si
iterested in the situation in which you were
laced at that time, and contributed uiy mito "
iwads your indeunitication ; and if it would <>
ot he takiDg too great H liberty, I should like n
) know how you land alter leaving New n
ork." tl
" I shall lie happy to answer your inquiries.
i'ith tho money so handsomely paid me for k
io loss of my servants. I returned to Virginia, h
lid purchased another lot of healthy young h
and*, and t.H>k them to Texas by another t
nite. tis 1 did not wish to encounter the same il
nicuiij again i puretia-e.l a fl.uitau. n, and Jt<
ave be- n making cotton, and here in a <-t>eoiien
of what tuy (arm can do I have 2 600 c
juuda, for which I inu?t have 4|ki cenU per ti
juud" n
' That In ju*t uhoat ouch a !<>t an I have been a
oking lor I will take it. and here are two v
undred dollar*, I In-line all enrretit money e
. we call the tran-:i' ti n i-l.?red V
"The perron I w.i* ennverniug with when p
ju came up,''raid Mr I. . - i* an ugent t
WASHINGTON, I). <
of Home Chinese immigrant*, come to this country,
I suppose, in tho belief 'that Uncle Sam
iu rich enough to give every man a farm.' ,
They offer to work fur wages low enough?
about what it cost* me for interest on capital
invested in a servant and his keep. There are
some inducements to employ them ; the chief
one is, that it would relieve me from the necessity
of tmrcAawng a now set of hands, when
those that 1 have are past labor. But 1 their
great round eyes,' and the idea of having so
many ' barbarians ' on my plantation, are not
at all agreeable to me."
I seat myself in an uninibu", draw from my
pocket a late number of the National Era, and
read the article under ' Fret Cotton vs. Chattel
Slavery " It suits my views exactly. I have
no idea of "underworking the slave policy;"
it ii* too much like companion. 1 would rather
see the slaveholder get rioh enough to do without
the slave, and the slave rich enough to do
without his master; but I confess that event
seems a long way off- Let me see: sixty dollars,
the interest on one thousand dollars invested
in the Blave, and forty dollars for his
keep, make one hundred dollars a year, or thirty
cents per day, the cost of slave labor. But
this makes no provision for waste by wear and
tear of the slave, which must be considerable,
as they are. according to the account given in
the K'yto Uncle Tom's Cabin, (page 41 ) "used
up in seven or eight years/'on some plantations.
Here is something that requires clearing up.
Ah! Slavery is a bad thing; 1 am glad 1 have
nothing to do with it.
While these reflections are passing in the
mind of our merchant with Anti-Slavery principles,
he unfolds a scrap of newspaper that
has in it the concluding remarks of Mrs H B.
Stowe in Uncle Tom's Cabin, and reads?" Do
you say that the People of the free States have
nothing to do with it, and can do nothing '
Would to God this were true! But it is not
true. The People of the free States have defended,
encouraged, and participated : and arc
more guilty before God than the South, in that
they have not the apology of education or custom.''
* * ' Northern nion, Northern
mothers, Northern Christians, have something
more to do than denounce their brethren at tho
South : thev have to look to the orii umiiru
themselves."
Sure enough, we luive; and I have just paid
a slaveholder two hundred dollars?forty of
which only goes to the slave in food and clothing
; sixty is retained for interost on money invested
in the purchase of the slave, and one 1
hundred to replace the waste occasioned by
the wear and tear of the slave, and profit to
the planter. Can I, with a quiet conscience,
say that I "desire for the agent that stands
between me and the poor bloeding slave the
greatest worldly prosperity possible'' to such
an infernal system t '
If the Chinaman is willing to work for 11
cents |<h/. sterling) per dttm, that may indicate
his necessity ; the price the consumer pays for
a day's labor of a slave is nearer siity cents,
(if we make provision of waste which we are
hound to,) which indicates our ability Now,
where is the necessity, moral, political, or commercial,
for throwing the difference between
these two sums, accumulating in the year to $40
ind $200, respectively, into tho bunds of some
peculators on tho necessities of the Chinese
'migrants * Professor Stowe (but ho needs
lone of my holp) probably mentioned the low
irice at which Chine.-c laborers could bo hired,
o show what could bo dune. It remains for the
lamest friends of all parties concerned to
ay what will be done to remedy the evil comilaiiied
of, without touching upon the rightful
nterests of our fellow-inon.
1 supposo three important points are coneded:
?
1 That there in a largo extent of land suit- r
ble for th$ production of cotton still* unuulti- ?
ated. ^
2. That there is a large number of froe la- f
orers (Chinese) to be hired, at rates of wuges j t
ot exceeding the cost of slave labor, (who ii
rould be every way competent to do the work ) a
3. That there is an extensive market for ] t
otton of overy grade of quality, especially for S
iat which is the produce of free labor, and at ri
remunerating price. fi
Now, allow me to inquire, what stands in p
10 way of allowing tho legitimate supply fob | *
iwing through this channel the legitimate de- | p
iatid for free cotton, in part tho heaiihy fruit s?
F tho aecd sown by Uncle Tunis Cabin I li
To charge tho friends of this movement with ' ^
11 the hard things which K. has brought
gainst them, 1 foel jiersuaded is very unjust, 1 ?
od to me is not a satisfactory answer to the i '
ueatioo. I would respectfully invite fiim to
iring his superior abilities over to the side of r
rre/u/wr, or " stand from under." M. |*
^ I n
DECLARATION OF THE FREE DEMOCRACY | .
I ?
On tho 23d day of Sept., 1853, at tho Glado ! f
lecting Houso in Madison county, Ky., there J1
ras a large and enthusiastic meeting of the yeo- e
lanry of Kookeastlo and Madison counties fa- v
orablo to libortv of speech, tho press, con- 11
jicnee, and the nible.
On motion of I. I). Lane, Esq., Dr. Curtis ! "
.night was called to act as President, and A. .
McWilliams. Thos. Tatum, Jno. Hurnam, 'r
'.sua , and Col. John Kinnard, of Madison, and j \
I). Cook. Perry Hates, Charles King, and | II
arnuel Williford, Ksqs., of Koekeastlo, were
lade Vice Presidents, and J. Harris and Silas r(
Cook, Secretaries. ' 1
1 vv
C. M. Clay, by invitation, made an earnest
ddross, which, on motion of Peter West, Kt-q., c]
ras requested to be written out and published, ^
Tho following resolutions were then offered \ pi
y Esquire Win, Stapp and James Kinnard, tj
>q , and passed unanimously by acclamation:
1 Unsolved, That wo hato road with alarm
,nd indignation the resolutions of the citizens
f Rockcastle, of tho 27th of August, 1853.
2. Resolved, That we avow our allogianco to
he Constitution of Kentucky and the United \
tates, and our loyalty to all laws enacted by P
heir^ authority
3 Resolved, That in those constitutions, ways J'
re laid down for their ohange, whenever a b
uajority of the legal voters will it; and all ^
aws made under them aro subject to the same A
hange by the same will. Ir
4. Resolved. That Slavery is tho creature of H
iw ; and any property in slaves is of no high- ^
r inviolability than any other property; and
he declaration of tho slaveholders that they #
rill not allow it to he discussed, written about, y<
r made the subject of law, is an arbitrary ?
SHiimpt;on of power, at war with H"publi- #1
anism, subversive of all constitutional Government,
and incompatible with civil and political A
ibertv t<
5. Resolved, That Slavery violates natural ^
ight and good conscience, and the fundament- A
J principle upon which all Oivernments are '
>ased, tho protection of the weak against the h
trong ; that it subverts the authority l>y which o
"uj our orouicmro, mat wo jfiei<l up 1
. portion of our rights, which l>elong to nil in a h
tatc of nature, to secure the remainder ; that n
t gives the lie to our Declaration of Independnee,
and especially sups the foundation of re '
lublicanism, that all political power can come ?
nly from the consent of the governed. Wo
to hut following in the footsteps of our fathers h
t 1778, "incompleting the revolution which
hey had but partly achieved," when wo avow y
ur purpose to mako upon it an uncouipromi- j
ing war. J
t> Resolved, That if in these our natural and &
onstitutional rights, we aro opposed hy illegal in
nd arbitrary force, we will resist it hy all the
jeans (J id has given us for defence for the
vowal of the slaveholders of Rockcastle, that S)
hey will put down all ' intermeddling' with
lavery, " peaceably if tee can, forcibly if we ;
iu>f,'' is a proclamation of revolution and civil g
far. to which, if carried into act, none hut ! ci
laves can submit. j d?
7. Resolved, That these resolutions of the
citizens of Rockcastle " are but a feeble echo ^
f those of Lexington in 1845, which were deounced
and put down hy an overwhelming ^
lajority of the people of Kentucky, and by V,
be judicial tribunals of the State U
8 Resolved, That the case of A. (J. \V. Par- *'
cr, accused of attempting to induce a slave to 111
save Ins master, whether guilty or not, is a
ailahle one; and any attempt to deny him
hat right, hy intimidation or denunciation, is T
legal, and subversion of the hb rty of the oiti- ^
*. I
9. Rt solved, That we stand by our fellowitizen.
C. M. Clay, in his defence of the liber- m
ics of the jHMple. Battling ever for the inter- '
sts, s.vlety, and honor of the Commonwealth
t home and abroad, ho has ever stood brut
rhen the rights of the citizen were endanger
d, unterrified hy the assaults of jK.>wor, and
nseduced hy flattery, or place ot honor or
irotit. Tho "censures " of the enemies of jus- J
? pi" ?- ; """ ?
Independence, and bringing celt'government
into contempt; by putting and carrying into
etfect unconstitutional and iofamous laws; and
lastly, by the Whig and Democratic Baltimore
platforms, polit.caliy denouncing all who venture
to murmur against these atrocious acts?
have made and are making a determined and
Consistent attack upon the liberties of this people,
altogether unparalleled by the wrongs of
the British Crown, against which our fathers in
1776 rose in arms! Unless the blacks are emancipated,
we mud become slaves !
12. Iiesolvtd, therefore, That we call upon all
the non slaveholders, and all who love liberty
more than money, to separate themselves forever
from the Whig and Democratic parties?
names used only to delude them to ruin?and
to join us, the true and ' Free Democracy,"' in
vindicating our common liberty, which the
slaveholders now threaten to destroy.
13. Resolved, That these resolutions be signed
by the President and Vice Presidents and
Secretaries, and published in the Richmond
Messenger and Louisville Journal and Democrat
and that all papers of the State and the
Union be requested to copy the same.
Curtis Knight, President.
A. C. McWilliams,
Thomas Tatum,
John Buknam,
K. D. Cook, Vice Presidents.
Perry Bates,
Charles King,
Samuel Willieoiid,
Jack Harris, | ,
i< r> i Secretaries.
Silas h. Cook, J
MORE MUTILATION.
To (he Editor of the National Era :
In the Era of Septerobor 29,1 nee An article
xom C I). C., giving an account ot the mutila:ion
of Dr. Porter's Rhetorical Exercises, for
;he Southern market. This is hut a tithe of
he mutilations of books that daily take place
;o secure Southern custom. A correspondent
>f the Philadelphia R-gister states, that not j
inly school books, but religion also, is trimmed
or Southern use. He says : <
' There is now being published in this good,
rce city, a prayer book of the Episcopal J
'hurch ; said prayer book has a frontispioce, ]
vhich is taken from a French lithograph, rep- I
esenting Christ as blessing the sons of men, 1
triking off their fetters, and giving liberty, as '
veil as peace, to the world. It is a beautiful J
date, and one of the most spirited heads in
he picture is that of a negro He, too, is lift- j
ng his hands in supplication, and -the chains
re falling from his wrists. The designer of >
hat picture felt the goodness of a universal ^
aviour. Not so our modern publishers. Their ^
sligion is not universal ; for, on examining the 0
ontispiece, it will bo found the negro's suplicating
face and manacled limbs are left out.
'heir Christ camo only to save white and cop- fc
tr-colored sinners Is it any wonder, then, that 11
shool-books should be altered ? So long as v
\c pursuit of wialth is taught as the great a
usinesa of life; so long as communities are r
stimatcd by their possesions; so long as it is
onsidered more important to increase in numers
than improve in moral principle, wo must
ave such alterations, mutilations, and tho sac
itico ugaiu of the noblest part of man's naure
From whence eometn tho millennium.
,nd who shall live to see it? "
The non slaveholders, even at the South, con- r
titute a large majority of the people; but ,
tartial publishers, fearful of exciting the pre- t
udioos of a predominant interest, ignore thoir
xistenco, and exclude the light of Anti-Sla- 1
cry truth, so far as is in their power, from their
linds and the minds of thoir children. It 0
as a maxim of Jclferson, that " Error of opinio
may be tolerated, when reason is left free
> combat it;" but these publishers arc wiser
i their generation, and trim and clip books r
?r churches, Sunday schools, &c , to suit tho a
ews of thoso they expect to purchase them. \
hero mutilations aro disgraceful, and arc a t
affection upon the manliness and independ u
ace of the Southern people. It is possible 1
u may wake up some Fourth of July, and find ^
le Declaration of Independence trimmed and p
lipped of its incendiary sentiments, " for the c
outhorn markot." Tho genius of somo entor- 0
rising publisher may possibly take this direc- "
on. and wo throw out the hint for his benefit. H
Washington, I). C\, Oct. 15, 1853. M. h
K
DEATHS. ?
P
Died in the town of Harrison. Grant county, e
I'iseonsin, September 19th, 1853, of liver com- ?
laint, Mr. Ciiaukcey Jones, Jun . aged forty- fl
x years and nine months. Tho loss of Mr f,
jnes is deeply felt by the community in which *
? lived. Ho was a worthy member of the *
lethodist Episcopal Church; also, a strong o
nti-Slavery advocate, and wielded a mighty t,
itluence in the cause, considering his situation tl
nd opportunity?being a f.irmor. He has ta- *
en the Era from its earliest publication. J
Died on tho Wea Plains, Indiana, Septembor
th, Mrs Eli.en Cunnini.ham, in tho sixtieth p
ear of her age. Mrs. C made religion tho ci
liject of her youthful choice. This profession C(
le ever honored in after life.
Died at Lafayatte. Indiana September 24th,
imerica, wife of D. A. Cunningham, in the
wenty-ninth year of her ago. On the 28th,
lI.bekt Hushncli., infant son of D. A. and
iineriua Cunningham, aged thirteen months. s
'lius has a happy household been made deso- u
itc. Tne mother and tho little one, the joy u
f h uiio, have been taken away. Though earth v
i p >orer, heaven is richer to the husband and e
is two remaining children. The sudden ter- t|
lination of the disoaso by which Mre. C. was r
smoved did not afford her an opportunity of a
e? expression of her hope, but she has lelt 11
videnee of more value than her testimony at
lat hour?a consistent and uniform oietv in
ealth. o
WITKftLAVKRY l\ THK B AR BAR Y S tATKS "
3 Y HON. CHARLES SUMNER. With 40 splendid t)
3 illustration* by Billing*, engraved by Baker A 9
rnith It makes a beautiful lfttno volume of about b
10 pages, bound in cloth, thin boards, priDted in the i|
oft elegant style, on the best paper.
THK ARGUMENT.
Introduction. Territory of the Barbery States. The
abject and Source# of Information. .
I. Origmof SLivery. Slavery in the Barbery State*, s
II. History of WkUt Slavery in finrhary; Early n
Hurt# against it?by Ferdinand the Catholic, by
hitrles V, by England, by France, by Holland. Free>tn
by Kniem/ition , Freedom by Conttnriiry , Free>m
by Escape; White American Victims to Barbar;
Parallel between White and Black Slavery , Trinphant
Abolition of White Slavery.
Ill True I'Mi i raft ft of White SUivory in Barhnry ,
oologies for White Slavery . Happy Condition of the
Kite Slaves, Better off in Uarbary than at Home; a
etler off than the Free Christians in Uarbary, Nev .N
theirs*, Un (Uritionahle Enormity of White Slavery b
i Barbary Conclusion Price M oU.; postage II els. a
For sale by LEWIS CLKPHANK, tl
March 31. Office National Era. p
?:\ riioiaimm <ipit:? I* thki:kv?ckk\
I I US CHILD'S Grant Work, a True Life of tbo di
VI IMMORTAL HOPPER, tho American Howard ci
ive thou?.tnd copict of thia thrilling work wore fold in
i two wreke The eacond five thousand ropiea are a?
jw ready. It i? a book which nbould be read by
lary American Publiahad by ig
JOHN P JKWKTT A CO, IIoMon, ei
JKWKTT, PKOCTOR, A WORTH INUTON,
Cleveland, Ohio,
And for eala by all llookeellere Oct. 13? Jltl
CARD. Al
St At: ROHKKTS Healer in Rml Ketate. oaee,Ne.? 'M
Hvilon BuiMtnffri. Norrlwtiwn, hfiomylviuli: in?l No 7
'alaat atreet. Philadelphia P?b A?le P'
p*
C., OCTOBER 20, 18,'
confidence and admiration of the friends of
both.
10. Re wived., That all attempts in time past
by the most powerful tyrannies to put down
the liberty of conscience and circulation of the
Bible iwnonfe the Anglo Saxon race have proved
abortive ; and the threats of the slaveholders
to renew these attempts to "suppress them,
are impotent madness and folly.
11. Resolved, That the slaveholders, and
their servile allies?by repeated overthrows of
common schools; by a denial of the secret ballot;
by the suppression of the right of petition
and free speech in the Congress of the United
Statos and elsewhere ; by the opening and destruction
of letters and papers in the post offices
; by illegal search of trunks, houses, and
persons: by ducking, whipping, and killing
l<cuceablo citizens ; by avowals of illegal and
murderous purposes in public meetings, by denying
citizens of the States the constitutional
privileges guarantied to all, and closing the
courts to legal redress by imprisoning and selling
into slavory free citizens of the Republic,
without crime; by illegally involving us in foreign
wars to maintain their supremacy in the
National Councils ; by opposing through treaty
and threats the spread of Republicanism, cutting
us off from the sympathies of for? ign democracies,
and defending despotisms in other
lands ; by deriding and denying in the ConffrnKH
and thrnuirh t.hfl Pru? 11,a nf
>3.
ANTI-SLAVKK1 WORKS FOR 8ALR AT THIS OF
FICF, BY LEWIS CLKPUAM.
Unci* Tom'* Cabin?prioe 37 j cents, pottagt 12 cents ,
five copies for $2, postage paid.
l'lmlo Tnm'i Cehin in (ierman?nrice 50 nenti. ?x.*t
age 15 cent*.
Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin?priea 50 cento, portage If
cento.
White Slavery in the Barbery States, by Hon. Charlet
Sumner?price 50 cento, postage 12 cento.
Giddingss Speeches, one volume 12me?price $ I, postage
25 cents.
Goodell's American Slave Code?price 75 cents, post
age 18 cents.
Manuel Pereira?price in cloth 75 cento, postage 12
cents; in paper 50 cents, postage 10 cents.
Address LKWIS CLEPUANK,
National Era Office.
" CIRCULATE THE DOCUMEUTS."
A New Document?containing, 1. Declaration oi
Independence; 2. Constitution of the United States
3. Fugitive Slave Law ; 4 Platforms of the Parties
as adopted in 1852. It will make a bandsouu
pamphlet of 16 pages, and will be furnisbod (post
age paid) at 5 cents per single copy, 25 cento pet
doien, or $2 per hundred.
Orders are respectfully solicited.
Hon. Horace Mann's Speech on the Institutior
of Slavery. Delivered in the House of Itepresenta
tives, August 17, 1852 Twenty-four pages. Price
including postage. $3 per hundred.
Hon. Chari.es Sumner s Speech on the Fugitivr
Slave Law. Delivered in the Senato of the United
States, August 26, 1852. Thirty-two pages. Price
including postage, $3.20 per hundred.
nuN. rt. b. lovvNsiiEND s Speech on tt>e presem
Position of the Democratic Party. Delivered in thi
House of Representatives, June 23, 1852 Eigh
p.igee Price 75 cents per hundred, including post
age. Address A. M. GANGEWER, Secretary,
Box 1V5, Washington City, D. C.
03?"" The above Speeches are sold by William Har
ned. 48 Beekman street. New York.
PROSPECTUS OF FACTS FOR THE PEOPLE.
Tho " Facts kor tu k Peon.! " is a monthly, de
signod for preservation as a document for reference
or for general circulation, as a Free Domocratic Mis
sionary, especially among those not yet familiar witl
tho Anti Slavery movement. It will be composed
chiefly of articles from tho Notional Era, adapted
j'd i uvuinilj I.U IUC llilllJOU.
Each number will contain eight pages, and be print
ed on good paper, of the site of the Cougressional
Globe, in quarto form, suitable for binding.
It will be furnished at the following rates, by the
year, twelve numbers constituting a volume :
Six copies to one address - - - $1
Twenty copies to one address - - . 3
One hundred copies to one address 12
Any person or club may in this way, by raising
$12, supply Anti-Slavery reading every month, for a
whole jcar, to one hundred readers. Stng/e subscribers
will not be received. Send for a club, and ordei
it to one address. The postage is a tritio?only hall
a cont a number, six cents a year, paid in advance at
the office whero the paper is received. All pay
ments must be in advance. G. BAILEY.
P. 8. Editors of newspapers favorable to the fore
going will ontitle themselves to six copies of the
monthly, by publishing the Prospectus, and directing
attention to it.
HtrExrs.
C. ROBBINS, Attorney for Procuring and De
/J* fending Patents, Washington, D. C., makes Ex
animations at the Patent Offico, prepares Drawing*
and Papers for Applicants for Patents, and can be
consulted on all matters (dating to the Patent Laws
and decisions in this and othor countries. He also
continues to devote especial attention to arguing
rtjtctul applications before the Commissioner of Pa
tents, in which line of practico he has succeeded in
procuring a great number of valuable patents. His
lee for an examination at the PatentOffice is five dol
lar* . for other services tbo charge will be reasonable
Reference can be made to members of Congress, or to
hose for whom Mr. R. has transacted business duriDg
lo past nine years. Aug. 2&?cow
AOK.VTS WAITED.
rHK subscriber is now publishing a .Splendid Steel
Engraving of the Lord's Prayer, which is meet
ng with a largo sale. The business offers rare inlucementa
to active and energetic men. as there is no
ompetition, and pays a profit of 100 per cent. A
mull cash capital only roquired. Apply, by letter or
therwiso, to GEORGE IV. FRANK.
No. 25 Courtlandl street, New York.
Among the many testimonials which the publisher
as received in its favor, he subjoins the following
rom the Rev. J. C. Lord, D. D , of Buffalo. N. Y.:
A ?*. *?> V.VOUHHOU tuo ik'uu111ui mimi pi aw? engnving
of the Lord's Prayer, and think it superior to
nything I have over seen, and woll worthy the patimage
of the Christian public. J. C. LORD."
Oct. 13.
THE LITTLE PILGRIM.
A Monthly Journal for Girls and Boys.
EDITED BY GRACE GREENWOOD.
4 PAPER, tinder the above title, will be published
l\ at Philadelphia on the first day of October next
In size and gonorul character, this publication will
eseiuble Mrs. Margaret L. Bailey's lately discontinued
h'nr/ul of Youth, tho plaoo of which it is designed to
ake.
Terms.?Fifty cents a year, for single copies ; or
en copies for four dollars. Payment invariably in
td vance.
All subscriptions and communications to be nd
Irossed to L. K. LIPPINCOTT, Philadelphia.
WEEKLY EVENING POiT.
PROSPECTUS.
rO add to the interest and usefulness of the Evening
Post, we have enlarged it by an addition of
u equivalent to about four additional columns The
tfoekly and the Semi-Weekly editions were enlarged
welve columns only about three vears ago. Four
tore columns added now increases tne sheet to double
he sizo of the paper on which they were originally
irinted.
In announcing this enlargement, which, we may be
ermittod to say, is one of the results of the growing
onfidence of the commercial and industrial interest)f
tho country in the course of the Evening Post, it is
ur duty to make our especial acknowledgements to
hose numerous friends, poth personal atd political,
'ho, through ovil report and through good report,
ave cheered us with their generous countenance and
iven us annually recurring proofs of their esteem
nd attachment, uninfluenced by the fluctuations ot
arty opinion or the smiles and frowns of men in powr,
which too often seduce or frighten men from the
ourso their consciences approve?the manly assertion
f truth and the steady resistance of error. We take
resh courage from our success thus far, ami from their
riendly oo operation, to persevere in the path which
re have deliberately chosen, and they have as delibrately
approved.
We avail ourselves of this occasion to congratulate
ur readers upon tho arrangement which we have
eon so fortunate as to uuiko with Colonel Benton for
he publication of a series of articles from his " Thirty
ears in the I'nitud States Sonate," which will be
ontinued through the year and until the work shall
e published, sotue time in 1854.
We aro also in negotiation for a series of private
apers and reminiscences of another eminent demoratio
statesman, which we hope to bring out in the
nurso of a few woeks.
TERMS OF THE WEEKLY EVENING POST.
Single copy, one year, 62 numbers, ... - $2.00
Three copies, one year, 52 numbers,. - - - 5.R0
Five copies, one year, 52 numbers, .... 8 00
Ten copies, one year, 52 numbers, 12 00
Twenty copies, one year, to one address, - - 20.00 \
ubacriptions may commence at any time. Payment
? advance in required in all cases, and the paper in i
ivariably discontinued at the expiration of the ad- I
anee payment.
Perron* who *ent in their subscriptions before the
nlargemrnt will receive the paper at the old rate for |
tie year New subscribers lending ua one dollar will
eceivo the paper for six months.
Money may be remitted for subscriptions in letters
t our risk. but the postmaster at the place whore
lie letter is mailed should bo tnado acquainted wilb |
s contents, and keep a description of the bills.
Hills ot any S|iecie paying bank in the United States j
r Canadas received at par for subscriptions.
We have no travelling agents Any one wishing to ]
eceive the Evening Post need not wait to be caltod j
n for his subscription All that is necessary lor hiiu ! ]
3 do is to write a letter in as few words as possible, |
net use the money, and write the name of the nubscri- ! ,
er, with the postoffirc. county, and f>tatc and direct ,
bo letter to WILLIAM 0. BRYANT A CO,
Lveiling Post Office, New York. |
THE RKWf-WS PKI.V. 1
Persons residing at points where mails arrive often
r than once a week are requested to examine the (
emi Weekly We regard it as the cheapest political
ewspaper published in the United States.
TERMS.
Single copy, one year $3 00
Two copies, ono year - J uo
Five copies, one year 12 00 1
Ten copies, one year ......... 20.00 i
KVfcMXI PORT, DAILY.
This paper is published at three o clock nrecisely, 1
nd contains the latest news received in the city of
iew \ ork up to balf-past 2 r M , by railroad, steamoat,
or telegraph, from all quarters of the globe. It 1
l*u gives the transactions at the stock board, and
le condition of the money market on the day of lis
ublication, together with the usual matters of interit
to general readers. The Evening Post is one of i |
le official papers of the city of New York, and its
illy edition contaios the official reports of the proledings
of the Hoards of Aldermen of the city, when '
> session. The subscription price is $V.00, it paid in
ivanee, or $10 Ot), if paid at the end of the vear
The style of the firm, in the name of which all bus- 1 j
iess is transacted, and the address for all commuaivtions
designed for the proprietors or editors, is,
WILLIAM C HKYANT A CO..
Corner of Nassau and Liberty sts.
P. K. Correspondence containing news is respectII.
?!, O...I ii a :/ A ?ill l.? .
...? r?M!> IIV'I IIVII1 *11 IJUBIVCII, ?IIU TT ? ? m'w
kid for 1
Matter intended for thn pnpar should be written
ainlj, and only on oca auto of thn ?hnnl Aug 36 i
VOL. VII. 1
ATTKl* riOW '. S
O0LDIEKS who served in the various wan, anil
^ sailors, or their widows or bciu, to whoin ?r|
ears of pay, eitra pay, bounty land, pensions. A, I
uay be due, uiay Cud it to their advantage to ha-.|
heir claims investigated Addresj
A M OANUKWER, 1
Attorney and Agent, Washington, D. C. B
Boanty land warrants bought ami Jol.i 9
CHK AMKRICAW WI.Att UlUtt, I N TlltiMnl AMD
PRACTICE. 1
fTO TV-st n "
I jo isiwincuve reeuircr inown Dy its Statutes. Ju.^|
dicial Decisions, ami Illustrative Pact*. Ity \V|| I
lam Uoodell, author of th? " Democracy of Christia, I '
ty," "Slavery and Anti-Slavery," Ac. The workl
ontain* 4.10 pages 12tno, neatly bound in cloth Prieifl
/5 cents per copy, postage 18 cenu. For sale bv I
June 40. L. CLKPHANE, Office Nat. Era. H
The following is an extract of a letter from lion.l
tVilliaui Jay to the author: H
"Your analysis of the slave laws is very able, anil I
our exhibition of their practical application by th?B ]
Southern courts evinces great and caretul rceearrh H
tour book is as impregnable ngaitiii the charge fH
xaggeration a* Euclid ? Geometry, since, like that B
t consists of propositions and demonstrations Ij^B
.ook is not only true, but it is <tn, ,ru,,
THE JUVENILE WnWNk-fM.lt, B
For Children and Sabbath School?. |9
BT VHCLE LUCIUS. B a
4 SEMI-MONTHLY paper, wh.oli aimsto intrrctB d
A and inform the young mind. Special effi.rt
uade to give a proper direction to the uuiids of chil bB a
Iren, in these times of strife for the sufftmucy ot^B t
lavery l'rica?25 ccnu for single copies, Ave oopits
or $1, |12 per hundred. A specimen nainber, free
>f charge, will be sent to any person. I
LUCIUS C. MATLACK. Editor and Publisher 1
June 23. <10 South Salina st.. Syracuse, N Y. I
MINING AGENCY,
Yew York, 110 Broadway, Rooms $os. 8 and * I 1
|NIII.S Agency is established for the wKju
I sale, on commission, of unimproved Mines at. 1 !
'dining Stock in Companies organised and ?t work
ilso, for furnishing all kinds of Machinery and Mining
Tools, as ordered , also, the Chemical Analysis of Ores
nd other substances, as forwarded from any part ,f
.he country.
A printed circular, giving full explanations, will
lent in am war to any post-paid letter enclosing out
hree cent Post Office stauin.
I. H. BARBOUR A CO.,
July 21. No. 110 Broadway, New York.
CLEVELAND WATtK CCnJi XAl ABLIAH>1
EXT
THE above Establis^eent still continues in success
ful operation, b.-URqg already entered upon its
ixth season. The largely Increased number of pa
ients treated at the Establishment the past year, over
tuy previous year, and the increaaadfa; idity and pro
jortion of cures, induce the suhmlK' to believe that
lis enlarged experience and opportunities for treat
uent give facilities to the invalid rarely equalled
Diseases peculiar to females are treated with a (us
tess and rapidity of cure believed to be surpassed by
aone. T. T. SEELYE, M. D,
April 21?24t Proprietor
IMPORTANT TO lol M. MEN.
[OFFER for sale upwards of thirty different Re
ceipts, many of which have been sold the past year
or five dollars a niece, and the whole coinnriiimr >.
uauy different ways to make money. In the sale of
>ne of the ?. rticles alone, 1 have known young men
he past year to make from five to twelve dollars j>st
lay; and in the manufacture and sale of any one oi H
.he articles, no young man of energy and ability can
ail to make money. Address E. BOWMAN, Boston,
Mass., enclosing one dollar, and the whole number of
Receipts will be forwarded by mail. No letter taken
Voui the office unless prepaid June lfi.
STAR ami ADAMANTINE CANDLES, AND
LLA K IJ OIL.
ARD OIL of the finest quality, in good shipping
order. Star and Adamantine Candles, fun
weight, lfi ounces to the pound. These candles are
txcellent for all climates, especially California, Bratil,
the East and West Indies, and Africa. Orders for
tny quantity executed promptly.
THOM AS EMERY, Lard Oil and Star
March 44 Candle Manufacturer. Cir.clnnaM. O
HALLETT. DAVIS, ?r tO.H jMlUAk AND LEVI
GILBERTS BOUDOIR PIANO EORTES.
New York Ware Rooma at T. S. Berry Si. Co.'t
297 Broadway: Philadelphia Ware Rooms
at J. E. Gould & Co.'a, (sueoetwore to A. Fiot,)
196 Chestnut street.
BEING determined to offer the publio the best
Piano Fortes that are manufactured, we hava
arranged with the above-named Boston manufacturers,
to keep constantly on hand at our ware rooms in ^
New York and Philadelphia, in addition to our I
stock of New York and Philadelphia Pianos, a full I
and well-selected assortment of their celebrated Pi.
anos.
Messrs. Hallett, Davis, A Co. have been long and
favorably known as manufacturers, whose Pianos, tor
volume, purity, depth and sweetness of lone, and for
the great length of time they would stand in tune,
could not be excelled. They have recently introduced
the "grand patent suspension bridge," which
imparts the firmness and volume of tone of the Urand
Piano. Their vEolian. having the latest and most
improved voicing, is pronounced superior to any other.
Ihei? is no instrument so desirable for the parlor at
thoir Aiolian Piano Forte, combining all the beauty,
brilliancy, and soul-touching pathos of the piano ana
parlor organ.
Of Lemuel Gilbert's Boudoir Pianos it is only nenessary
to say, that by a series of experiments continued
for eight years, he has triumphantly succeeded
in making an instrument for sinaJl rooms, fully
equal to the square piano.
All of the above instruments warranted in the fullest
manner. The prices, a' either of our ware rooms,
the same as at the manufactories in Boston. We will
select instrument* with or without the AColian. and
forward them to any part of the United States; and
if they do not prove satisfactory, they may he returned
at our expense, and the purchase money will
be refunded.
We are engaged largely in publishing Music and
M usical Works of every description, at both New
York and Philadelphia, and having purchased the
extensive catalogue of Mr. A. Fiot of Philadelphia,
and having oil the Boston publications, we are prepared
to offer better inducements to the trade, and
to schools und seminaries, than any other house
We also keep a large assortment of second-hand
Pianos and Melodeons, for rent or sale.
T. S. BERRY A CO., 2D7 Broadway, N. York.
J. E. GOULD A CO., successors to A. Fiot,
March 14?tf Chestnut st . Philadelphia
THE GREAT BRITISH QUARTERLIES^
AND BLACKWOODS MAGAZINE.
Important Reduction m the Rates of Postage /
LEONARD 800TT A CO., A?. M t;0/./ mmt,
Nrtr York, continue to publish the following
British Periodicals, viz
The London Quarterly Review (Conncrvative )
The Edinburgh Review (Whig)
The North Brititth Review (Free Church.)
The Westminster Review (Liberal.) I
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (Tory.)
These Reprints have now been in iuecesnful operation
in this country for twenty ynirs, and their circulation
is constantly on the increase, notwithstanding
the competition they encounter troin American periodicals
of a similar class, and of numerous I'jrlectiti
and Magazines made up of selection* iroin foreign ].oriodicals.
This fact shows clearly the high estimation
in which they arc held by the intelligent reading
public, and affords a guarantee that tliey aro established
on a firm basis, and wdl be continued without
interruption.
Although these works are distinguished by the nolitical
shades above indicated, yet but a small portion
of their contents is devoted to political subjects. It
is their liternry character which gives them their chief
value, and in that they stand confessedly far above
all other journals of their class. li/iir?u-oo>i, still under
the masterly guidance of Christopher North, maintains
its ancient celebrity, and is at this time unusually
attractive, from the serial works of llulwer and
other literary notables, written for that Magasine, and
first appearing in its columns both in tlreat Britain
and in the United State*. Such works as "The Cat
tons' and "My New Novel," both by llulwer; "My
Peninsular Modal.' '"The (Jreen Hand," and ether
lerials, of which numerous rival editions art issued by
tho leading publishers in this country, have to be r?
printed by those publishers from the page* of Blackwood,
after it has been is.iiinl by Al/iiri. Scott \ Co.,
?o that subscribers to the Reprint of that Msgaiins
ruay always relv upon having tho earliest reading "f
these fascinating talcs.
TERMS. Peru"
For any one-of the three Reviews - - $ '
For any two 5
For any three 1
For all four of the Reviews - . 8
For Blackwood > .Magniiuo - '
For Blackwood and three Reviews "
For Blackwood and tho four Reviews
For Farmers Guide, complete, ?2 nuinhors ^
Cu BRiNfj. ? A discount of 25 percent, from th*
ihove price* will he allowed to cluhs ordering f"U
jt more copies of any one or more of the obove work*'
Thus. four copies of Hl&ckwood or one Review will
bo sent to one address for four copies of tho four
Reviews and Blackwood for f.'.O, and so on.
PU8TAUB
To any part of the United State* on Blackwood. -4
:ent* per annum ; on either of the Review. 14 crcls
Remittances and communication* should be alw*J* H
addressed, post paid, to tho publishers,
LEONARD SCOTT A CO., 7i? Fulton *t. N ' .
Entrance, 54 Gold street.
N. B.?L 8. A Co have recently published, and b*r*
now for sale, the Former t (inntr, by lioury Stephens,
uf Kdinhurgh, and Professor Norton, of Yftlt College,
New llaven. complete in two volume*, nyti octm'b
containing I.tiOO pages, 11 steel and MB wwod etigr:i
vings Price, in muslin binding. $1; in goi < r?,
for the inail, $5
RMIOft
DANIEL K. OOODLOE, Attorney and CounwUo*
at Law, offer* his services to the Public as ?n
? i i ..j __j .,V.. ClalllJ
"Iftni lor fruition, nouniy u?no, win t?m?-i ^ ?? _
ujxin the Federal Unvursnirnt My" H
. wii i urn I
Atternry and UiMtllti al l aw, W aaMnctew ? *?T. I
TJKACTICKS In the CourU of the Itiitrict f O- I J
X lumbia. and before the Department* of the <lof" H
ruraent OBce over Bankjjjg lioufe of Selden With
Mr, k Co. June 80?tf
I, flllMOIIJ tm B
lyTEWSPAPKR ADVKRTI8IN0 AflT.VTS. AKK
I* the aireuU for the National Km, and are antnor- H
lied to reeeire advertisement* end eabeeriptinnl fnT
ue at the lowest rata*. Their receipts are regarded U M
payment* Their office* are at New York 122 N"
leu etreet Ko.tou 10 State itrert June It

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