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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, October 26, 1854, Image 1

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Tin Na'i-nuil Era is published every Thursday, on
:,vanth street, oppoeite Odd Fellows' Hall
^ -pr.e ropy - - - 2|Ten copies - - - - $16
TlU'' espies - - 5 Singl- opy six months 1
} jv? copies - - 8 | Ten copies six months 8
p.ytceat in advene# is uniformly requited
Rut<' ut Advertising.?Ten cents a line for the first
it.-sriion, five cents a line for ?ach subsequent one.
Aooey to bo forwarded by mail at oar risk. Large
u : nay be remitted in drafts or certificates of
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? : . Ti, New York, Philadelphia, and Bait;more, are
red New Er.giand cotes are at lees discount
Ci n New York State notes, and these less than
Vfe?t rn notes.
, inniunicatioas to the Era, whether cn bnsiof
the paper or for publication, should be ad
icd to 9 BAILEY, W?Jtinptan, D. C,
a /'I ? V V aT rTI m T -w-v i
wAsnini|i un, v. u. |
For ths National Era.
I in Guerdon of Good Service.
fwerc better to aie free, than live a slave
|- v*A8 fortunate, for all cone-rned, that no i
c !,;/ timeelapeed before more efficient aid camo
,ihi* ground. than tho gentleman who first
; ; ',c i the spot, at" who, although a member
.t daumtow cbivrlry, ira:acd from their
i :u * to endure hardship, to despise danger,
, ; to look death steadfastly and unmoved in
i , i- was so utterly paralyzed by what he
d. n t unnaturally, the death of his dar >
-.t be mado norffjrt to relieve her n\>pa
t i tLio ?ir.ngbf<?ed animals, though
i. . rfnicd t artiaby on her lower limbs, and
. :i < ;.; ario. which lay extended, nerveless, as
; a the cast. But up ciaic, in an
i*?. i'hdip do Alorvillo, on hi? superb,
*30 ?- .! i'e Andaiusian, a Norman baron to
ii. .. ?tall, powerful, thin flanked, deepfKo
Kitrli nniiil'tiA TaaInrea
. i-eeuu; bifcir of bis ra.ce, nor less with
; - valor. grave courtesy, anil heart
a- -s?ivc: to fear or tenderness or pity, as
.a M*ei hauberk. Up carroenquires and
rotors end grooms, and springing tu
a.: "'-y to the giound, under the short,
; .,: . rderd of their lord, raieed the dead
; , , . ..hiv up, while Sir Philip drew the
r jrri gont.y from under it, and raining her
i. 1 arms n-0re tenderly than he had ever
! kn -.-.u to entreat anything, unless it were
t - ii o falc' ti, laid her cn tho short, soft
. c. -a aid. under the shadow of one of the
:;L._ . aJ-h^aded oaks by the wayt-ido.
i. ijr-.-;- tiioe, my nobh: lord and brother," he
tic.' i-he Lady G wendolen is not doad.
to uie this time. 'Tic only fear, acid
t ...v her fall, for it wa? a heavy one, that
L !. i. da her faint. Bustle, knaves, bustle
lk v.v.tcr from the spring yonder. Has no
1 ? v. ... r\??:? ??i.._
. ?. uviviuu r I U'Jj gt?UU{.>,
. i. }eu would win ycor spurs of gold by
j > tJic sumpter mule with tho punnicr*.
i: J Lo at the palmer's spring by this
t r. hark, tho bells from the gray brotbfr-'cba;
in tac valley by the riv^r, are chi?i.u^
the uoontido service. Bring wiue and
t el< c'uarica and ambergris, if the rcL
. r have any with hici. You Raoul," be
c : i. allressiog a stu'dy, gi.rn featured
... ? rer, she was hanging over the still
^ !' g:rl with an expression of 6olicitudc
L^ru , n -lural to his rugged and scar seamed
ii-wiee, '' take a led horse, and hie thee
ta tLe abbey; tell tho g<x>d prior what hath
I . n, and pray the brother mediciner he
: UiH way. as tpo^dily as ho may ; and
y i. ; :rning to the old. w hi to-haired sone?
1, " send up some of the varletn to the cas:!\
f r 'lie horso-litier; she may not ride home
ti. s day."
"i mean time, whilo he was accumulate
rd : on order, while pages and h? reeboy?.
gr n . j s?nj enquires, wore galloping off, in difb-er,:
diitcltons. as if with spurs of tire, and
v. i ti". ? t>.r;ns themselves woio awkwardly
* , . , iii.'iu n..j;;u:ofcr;iuuii? lur
tlv_- fji: j .urcr iT.^hturc, which they were much
: re ^ I themselves to receive at the hand*
o. *>? -oi t in, who were in thuoe rude days
oitcn the cb"uig-v r,;< :>nd leeche*, as wh II its
the < inf rr.rs tbeis of the bed cf pain
J a::d si r. to do such effiee* Tor others,
the h- f def'-nder of Gueodolen?Kenric the
dark haired?lay in his blood, stark aod cold,
d d' ad. r.n I quite forgotten, even by the
i -t of the N irtnan varletry, who held themci.
i t' bio to waste services upon a Saxi
L .core upon a thral and bondsman.
fi y?such of thrrn, thai is to say, as were
i! ? r?c i<<i in direct at tend-nee on the persons
of iiblcj, or as had not been despatched in
far-jb (f i.id?applied themsolvee, with chartcfrri-tii
z al and eagerness, to tend and sue
> r the nobler animals, as they h.-,ld them, of
while they abandoned their brother
)i i-ilowonr.tryuian, military I.cvitcs
y t.? his chance? of lifi or death.
I" so Lunch rs even caring to a-k or ex* .
iiio v. ho? her he vers nuciburd I with the
i or the (lead.
y lf'tov wsi.v fist eten to, and prcnoanoed
i .hen his rich housings wcro strippedoff
> ir (. h_r. and clean("i as well as time and
eru.itted; when the carcase was dragged
read, and coaoealed, for the mocueut,
i n loaves and boughs looped from the
. ring buslies, while something was said
: * .ho ttable boys of sending out some of
1 u >g h'iiXoi1 serfs " to bury him on the
u or was then dragged roughly whence
! .. -iosa the breast of K-eerie, in whose
'tie* one of its terrible Mow antlers
'" ' u deep gash, vliiio his right arm was
- .tiered by a Mow of its sharp hoofj.
were the men of indicting pain on
. r dishonor on rhe dead, that one of
1 .. removing the quarry, set his booted
[ ,:r o:i the Saxon's chest, and forced,
t tii'.'.t of the pro&sure and the pain,
: k.ng .ound, half involuntary, halt
" - . t , \ the pale lips of the motionless
' "lie; t r. V. i* i eriTfC, and a slight, contempttv'1
; Norman groom turned away,
vtd burthcfi, muttering a ribald
^ tth-gnurt oi the Saxon boar;"
1. d:.*u;ng hi- i .ui wood knife, was 8<>oa
of the curtc. and deeper
> i hi.ivd Rod creu-.a prating of ' nomblce,
" i; [ ??-Js. ur.d ruceuboatia," then the
L - ' e art of hunting, or butchery,
tho reader chooses to call it, which
''i r- .ibiy antiquated. The head was
(. u . it w:.a-untied, and, with the ent..:
> ,n$ , . .. i 4^ ii? ii * 1
y i -U LUC U'jfCO iTjUDUP,
V.' ' **'1-rivonoiiS eves on tho gory
if., peculiar mortal w-ts chucked
...; f i r.Tcn, tbo hi-M.lt bird t?f St.
, ?!..ck?f/co front any apprehension of
- I -.t- r:-, who i ffu-jSed t > treat Lira
a.ul and re\or<-atial a wo?sale en
-:,< :r.rd peak of an aged oak tree,
f . n r.e> u tomed portion, with an ob
and an occasional croak. By and
the eumpter mule came up, with
tA " f ale a*.d bottinus of mead and hypocras,
L;" ' re of Gasoony and Aojou, before even
r- . >' throats were slaked by tho generous
1 the bridle bits and cavessous, none Lag?
-rtiri'/alcH of the couriers were removed,
reaches were bestowed on them,
1in j jicrdon of past services. partly in
r to renew the;r strength and btiinulate
t ardor.
' g ere this, however, fanned by two or
'~;i- with fans of fern wreaths, and
1 .< 1 with spring water by the hands
h r solicitous kinsman, the young girl had
K' . tp ymptomn of returning life, and abrigbtc
expression returned to tho dark, melancholy
> oi her lather.
' wo or three l<>n-? f i'ni fl
... uv, UU'.VlllIg
? H c rac :rcm her parted lip?; and thon, regular,
? thjogh low and fteble, her breathing made
1 ell i.cr.rd, and her girlish bosom rose and
o it'll responsive.
I Her lather, who had been chafing herhauds
^ . usly, pi eased one of them caressiagly. at
^ ti hli \r of returning anims.tiun, and rah-edit
, I < hi. lip?; when, awakening at the accustomit
I -lornc *. her languid eyeB opened, r. faint
0 'vbt oi intelligence shone forth from them, a
j. 1 ale glow of hectic color played over her face,
iad a soiilo glittered for & second on her quivd
I WittR 111*
11 Dear lather,"' slio whispered, faintly ; but,
f" I tlc R xt moment, an expression of fear was
'?ib.e in ail ht=r feature, and a palpable 6hiver
e *hooik ail her frame. " The stag! " she mur
?Ur?d; - the stag ! save mc, save" and be*
lore the words, uttered simultaneously by the
vol. vm.
two lords?" Ho ia dead, dear one," " He will
bartn no one any more "?had reached her care,
>he again relapsed into insensibility, while
with equal caro, but renewed hope, they tended
and caressed.
But K?nric no one tended, no one caree?ed,
eavo, " faithful still, where all w ore faithless
found," the brindled Btaghouud, ' Killbuck,"
who licked his faoe assiduously, with his grim,
gory tongue and lips, and besmearing his face
with blood and foam, rendered his aspect vet
more terrible nod deathlike.
But now the returning messengers began to
ride in, fast and frequent; first, old Raoul. the
huntsman, euroet, although not fleetest; and
with him, shaking in his saddle, between the
a:nse of peril and the perplexity occasioned
him by the high, hard trot of the Norman warhorse
pressed into such unwonted service, " like
a hoai'd head in aapick jelly," the brother
medioiner from the neighboring convent, with
his wallet of simples and instruments of ohirurgery.
By his advice, the plentiful application of
cold water, with essences and stimulants in
abundance, a generous draught of rich wine of
Burgundy, and, when animation seemed thoronghly
revived, the gentle breathing of a vein,
soon restored the young lady to her perfect
tenses and oompletu self-possession, though she
was sorely bruised, and so severely shaken that
it was enjoined ca her to remain perfoctly
quiet, where she lay, with a lincoln-green furred
hunting cloak arouud her, until the arrival
of the litter should furnish means of return
to the castle of her fathered host and kinsman.
And, in good season, down the hill, slowly
and toilsomely came the horse-litter, poor subfif
ihifii fnr cx **iKrollfk*
best, if not only, conveyance yet adopted for
the transport of the wounded, the feeblo, or
tho luxurious, and, as such, used only by tho
wealthy aud the noble.
With tho litter, oamc three or fonr women;
one or two, Norman maidens, the immediate
attendants of the Lady Guendolen, and the
others Saxon slave girls of the household of Sir
Philip de Morville, who huiried down, eager
to gain favor by show of zealous duly, or actuated
by woman's feeling for woman's suffering,
even in different grade and station.
The foremost of them all, bounding along
with all the wild agility and free natural gracefulness
of wood-nymph or bacohaute, was a
girl of seventeen or eighteen, not above the
middle height of her eex, but plump as a partridgo,
with limbs exquisitely formed and rounded,
a profusion of fiuxen tresses floating unrestrained
on the air, large dark-blue eyes, and
a complexion all of milk and rosea?the very
type of rural Saxon youth and beauty.
As she outstripped all the reet in speed, she
was the first to tender gentle service to the
Lady Guendolen, who received her with a
smile, calling her Edith the Fair," and thanking
her for her ready aid.
But, ere long, as the courtlier maidens ar
1 4U ? A PJ.lL 4 - J
iivuu i u iliu ^iuuuu, LU tU Wa? SCI fedlUO,
a3 is too often the case with humble merit,
while the others lifted the lady into the horselitter.
covered her with light and perfumed
garlands, and soon had all ready for her departure.
But, in the mean time, Edith bad turned a
hasty glance around her, and descrying the inanimate
body of the Saxon serf, lying alone
and untonded. moved by the gentle sympathy
of woman for the humblest unknown sufferer,
she hastened to assist, if assistance wore still
possible. But, aa she recognised the limbs,
stately, though cold and still, and the features,
still noble through gore and defilement, a swift
horror smote hor, that she shock like a leaf,
and fell, with a wild, thrilling shriek, ' O,
Kenric, Kenrie! " on the body of the vrouaded
" Ha! what is this?" cried Sir Philip, who
nnv? fiiv;t ::>L\jr nr mrnnmltftrprJ tpJiafc Vinri
"How id this? Knavee, is thero a man hurt
hero ? " .
" A Saxon churl, Beausire," replied one of the
page?, llippantly, " who has gotten hie bridket
unseamed by his brother Saxon yonder!" and
he pointed to the dead carcase of the stag.
"Our lady save us." murmured the gentle
Gucndolen, w ho seemed about to relapse into insensibility
; " he saved my life, and have ye let
him peri?h ? "
"Now, by the splendor of our lady's eyes,"
cried Yvo de Taillebois, the father of the fair
young lady, "this is the gallant lad we saw
afar, in such bold band-to-hand encounter with
yon mad brute. We have been ingrately,
shamefully remiss. This must be amended,
Philip do Morville."
"It shall?it shall, my noble friend," cried
Philip; "and ye, d gs, that have let tho man
perish untended thus, for doing of his devoir
hotter than all the best of ye, besiir yourselves.
If tho man die, as it seems like enow, ye shall
learn, ere ye are one day older, what pleasant
bod rooms are the vaults of Waltheofstow, and
how tastes the water of the moat."
Meantime, the monk trotted up, and, after
brief examination, announced that, though badly
hurt, his life was in no immediate peril, and
r>et himself at orco hi comfort and revive lnm.
" He i* not slain ; he will not die, my child,"
said Sir Yvo, softly, bending over the litter, to
bis pa'e lily, who smiled faintly as she whispered,
in reply?
" Dear father, nor be a slave any longor."
"Not if I may redeem him,"' he answered,
"but I will speak with Sir Philip at once.
Meanwhile be tranquil, and let them convey
you homeward. Forward, there, with the
litter?gently, forward!"
And, therewith, he turned aod s^okc eagerly
to de Morvills, who listened with a grave brow,
and answered?
" If it may be, my noble friend and brother.
If it in ay oe. But there are difficulties. Nuthcloss,
ou ray life I desire to pleasure you."
"Nay! it comports not with our name or
6tation, that the nobic Guendolen de Taiilebois
should owe life to a collared tbral?a mere
brute animal. My lord, your word on it! He
mu>' be free, since Yvo do Taillebois is his debtor."
" My word is pledged on itreplied de Morville.
"If it can be at all, it shall be. Nay,
look not so black on it. It shall be. We will
speak farther of it nt the castle ! Ar d now,
lo! how he opes his eyes and stares. He will
be right, anon; and ye, knaves, bear him to
the castle, when the good brother bids ye, and
gently, if yc would escape a reckoning with
me. And now, good friend, to horse! to horse!
The litter is half way to the castle gates already.
To borsc! to horse! and (?od send us
no more such sorry huntings."
Self-Taxation.?The taxoa are, indeed,
heavy; ana if those laid on by Government
were the only ones we had to pay, we might
inoro esB.ly discharge them; but we have
many others, aod much more grievous to some
ol^u3. We are taxed twice as much by our
idleness, three t.mes as much by our pride, and
four times as much by our folly ; and from these
taxes whe Ci iuitnssioeers cannot care or deliver
us by allowing any abatement?Franklin.
An excellent cement for soame in tho roofs
of houses, or for any ainnlar defects, may be
made with white lead, dry white 6and, and as
much oil as will render it of the consistency of
cuttv; it becomes as hard as any stone in the
oourse of a few week*. The lead forme a kiud
of flux with the sand, adapting it to the filling
up of cracks in briok buildings, also for pointing
up the bases of chimneys, where they project
through the roofs of shingled houses.
Ho that has never knowD adversity is but
half acquainted with others, or with himself.
Constant success shows us but one side of the
world. For as it surouuds us With friends
who will tell us only our merits, so it silenoes
those enemies from whom alone we oan learn
our defects.
Let me not promise too much, nor raise too
high expeotations of my undertakings; 1 had
rather men should oomplain of my small hopes
than of my short performances.?Bukop Hall.
[ Kntared according to act of Congress, in the ye?r
ISM, by Alice Caret, in the Clerk's Office of the
District Court for the Southern District of New
York J
For the National Era.
H 0 L L V-W 0 0 0.
CI1AI*. VII?Continued.
I saw that, in spito of my Bolt interpretations,
her homely perceptions struck straight
at the truth, and I felt in all ways eompro
uiirou. one, my interior, was in possession of
my secret, and in none sort I was in hor power,
for in shared counsel there is always insecurity.
She appeared to appreciate mv position and
my thoughts, and said, abruptly":
" It s no use to say wo forget a thing, when
we don't and can't forget it; but not for this,
nor for anything that I may know or suspect
about certain persons, will anybody bo any the
wiser. After all. I may be all wrong?I expect
1 am, but 1 don't bciiove I arn, and I know
I ain't; but if I had once thought that what I
knew about the lettor would make you ead, I
would not hare spoke it the longest day 1
lived." And, making some practical, common
sense observation about the needs of the kitohen,
she left me to my own reflections.
1 cannot hope to make you understand the
conflict that was in my heart. A tormenting
passion is love, at the host; but when love is
not acoompanied by the m ?at perfect confidence
in the object loved, it becomes the most
agouizing of all torments. And. now that I
had permitted myself to listen to the suspicions
of another, mice own seemed to havo acquired
tenfold force. What arc all the probabilities
and possibilities in the world against one
damning fact?
I arose from my abject position, and taking
from a drawer, where it was carefally laid
away among dried rose leaves, a small illuminated
volume, a gift from Mr. Richards, which
1 greatly prized, I went to the parlor to replace
it wheae it had been previously to coming
into my possession. For a moment 1
pressed it to my heart, for another, to my lips,
and, tearing hastily out the presentation page,
I turned, crumpling the leaf in my hand, and
stood face to face with the arbiter of my fate.
Whether ha Lad witnessed mv action and
divined my thought, 1 know not; for, approaching
mc, in a manner which had in it all the
tenderness of devotion, ho drew rue to tlio sofa,
and, folding me close in his arms, kissed me
again and again?kissed my forehead, kissed
my lips.
" The story,"' I said, disengaging myseif;
"ycu had something to tell me, you said; let
me hear it now."
" No, Mary, you are not in a mood to hear
the story 1 had to tell. Another time,
when "
He checked himself, and remained silent.
I eaid I was prepared to hear auything?
even that I had been deceived ^nd betrayed
and forsaken. Nothing could surpriso me?
nothing could wound me more deeply than I
had already been wounded.
He seemed to mu60 for a moment, and then,
clasping me close in his arms, said :
" It seems to me 1 cannot better fulfill the
true misrion of life, than by living here, and
with you."
" What do you mean ? " I asked, holding
back his face between my hands, and R>ok;Dg
close in his eyes.
Me laugnea, in a gay. good-humored lashion, !
which seemed to say i had been needlessly
alaimod, and which made me feel that I had
been ; for 1 laughed rceponsively, and, as he
tightened the embrace, nestled with childlike
confidence to his bosoiu, and for a moment was
Ail at once the room grew brighter. 1
thought it was our love shining so, at first;
but. looking up, I saw that Mr. Richards was
holding over the fiamo of the lamp the letter
which he had that evening received. He
turned it, that 1 might see the seal was melting,
unbroken, and, when tho last particle fell
to ashes, said :
"So, Mary, we are friends again?more
than friend*?wo are lovers; we are married
by the invisiblo priesthood of God?tho angels "
He bent low to my iips, and 1 gave without
sharno tho seal of confirmation.
God, toy Father, 1 thank thee for that blessed
hour. Nothing in time nor in eternity can
undo it, nor disunite its memory from my eoul.
it came iiKo sum-nine tnrouga a rent ot the
clouds; and I felt the angels about me, and
heaven over all.
Ob, how often, wandering, and weary, and
dissatisfied, I have turned back the dark leaves '
in the volume of my life, and, coming to that i
bright page, have read it and read it, till long
ago every word Las been transferred to my
heart. It is beautiful to know there are-tbiDgs
which cannot bo taken from us?the power to
dream?to widen our low chambers into palaces,
and roof them with the planets of the sky,
and the peopling of them with friends who are
true friends?who never say to us, I weary of
your smile, and am hungry for knowledge yotx
cannot impart. This is one thing for which I
am humbiy grateful; but for tho real j >ys
which I have held close in my arms for moments,
1 cannot be thankful enough.
What pretty plans we made that night for
the future! The groat melancholy moon Bhone
warm, almost, against our faces, as we looked
out upon the still woods and fi ;lds, devising the
things which should beautify our future home.
Hetty should coiuo and live w;t'u us, and be
sent to the now school, and Charley should be
found, and my father made glad ; Mr. Richards
would go in the morning and persuade
him to join in our little festivity, which ho said
should but a little precede our great festivity.
I must bring my white dress, for when that I
should wear it, he should only see me, and not
tho garment. 1 went into the dooryard and
gathered some red flowers, and twined them
about roy hair, just as I proposed to wear
bUUUl OU lli V lltuuipil ~'V iicarb
I did not call 1117 triumph day any more ; but
th9 marriage day a little beyond?that was to
be the great triumph?the great day of my
When ho smoothed my black locks, and
crushed and broke the fljwers among them, in
playful fondness, praising both, I reproved
with make-beiieve frowns, which were scarcely,
I confess it, meant to correct tho faults;
and so, iioding interest in every trifle, as lovers
will, the strokes of the clock were uncounted.
Not a rose bush grew by tho path that we did
not quarrel about, and agree abjut again. One
would begin by saying it must be pruned; it
quite overspread the path ; it had been an obstruction
long enough; and the other would be
sure to argue the contrary?its natural growth
could not be improved upon by pruning knives.
As~a special favor, it must remain as it was;
and, when the request was granted, the petitioner
was sure to withdraw the plea, and each
would say the other knew host.
But all this is tedious; for that which is all
in all to lovers, is nonsense to the world.
Tho midnight cock crew, hoarsely; it seemed
to me, and as if he reproved us. I said so, and
that I must go, for 1 am naturally suporeti
tious; and, though my companion had, I knew,
in his nature, no spaik of sympathy with the
feeling, he Boothed my apprehensions as gently
as a mother would soothe her little child?his
love should charm away all ghosts and ugly
things that boded harm, from the chamber of
his Mary?his wife.
I lingered, for he had not named our nuptial
day; and, when he divined not my silonce,
" One thing more to make perfect my happiness.
I'ha crown of love?when shall we wear
that ?"
" Don't you think a crown would grow
heavy on the forehead, sometimes? " ho answered.
" No, not that crown.''
" And why not that, as well as another, if
we oonld never lay it off?"
Because, I said, love feeds upon love, and we
| cannot tire of it any more than we tire of the
I light.
He fropt tho hands which a moment before
he had pressed with such eolemn earnestness,
and laughing one of hia gay, careless laughs,
said "You have beard tho story of tho K'.lkeip
ny oats ? " ?
" Yes, what of it?"
" Nothing; on!y your remark, that love feci*
upon love, suggs. stod it: u and with ac ill-cofl j
coaled yawn he lighted hia night lamp, anA ,
lef; me, thunderstruck, my question unanswer*
I followed him with my eyes, as step by step
he asoended the stairs, for I thought it was a
cruel jest, and he would coma back and part
with a kiss and a reassurance of love; surely hd
would look back, and at least give me a *ilent
good night; but not to. Struck dumb, I ttood
and saw him go on and on?and, when be had
uisuppearea, neara mm opon tne aour 01 nw
chamber, and afterward tarn the key. I pre sacd
my hand upon my forehead, and strained
my eyes wide, to ece whether 1 was not in a
dream, for I doubted tho evidence of my sen^
wen; but it was no droam. There lay tho broken
flowers on the floor; there lay tho crumpled
leaf which I had torn from the gift book. Af
I soak down on the-oofa, Fleet came forward)
and whining low and pitifully, as it seemed;
laid his head in my lap.
1 would have pushed him off, for I felt hi*,
recognition of my desolation an evil sign ; bui
he w ould not be put aside, and, crouching hum'
bly, licked toy hands and looked up into ruj
I tried to think it was nothing, and to give
it a ludicrous coloring by asking myself how
tho whining of a dog could affect my destiny ;
but tho secret recognition of a warning remained
the same.
Presently a moth flattered in at the window,
for it had not been closed, and I said 1
would make it the test of my fortune. If it fluttered
near me, it shoold be a good omen; and
if the contrary, why, all was lost. But when
it went farther and farther, 1 made anothef
sign ; for it was natural that the moth should
go to the light. 1 said my first test was not
worthy of reliance; but now if it scorched it*
wings as it circled about the lamp, I would
take it as an evil sign. With what interest \ i
watched it?now nearer and now farther froirJ
the blhzc?once or twice my hand involuuta'
rily outstretched itself as the danger became
imminent, and nearer and nearer I leaned,
hoping that in some sudden wheel it would
him Knolr infn fKo nicrKf If slisl ??af Ka??aw
?-~ " ? "'ft""- *"
er, but foolishly noared the glitter: now a
DOtch was bitten froai ono pretty wing, and
now from another, by the fire; and so I said, if
it gees away alive, it will bo a good omen?al!
the better for its narrow escapes; and as I said i
so, more and more ita wiogs grew ragged and
thin, and lc-ss steadily it balanced itsuif, till i
suddenly it made a blind da>h?a struggle, i
and the flame had eaten it np. |
1 groaned aloud, and upset the lamp as 1 j
sought to extricate the writhing body; so only
the moonlight was left for my chamberlain, f i
hastily drew down the eash, for, as I said, I am i
naturally superstitious aod timid, and as 1
turned, saw full in the moonlight, hovering <
before me, what seemed a bird, tho most beam i
tiful one I ever Baw; it sung no song anfl i
made no sound with its wiDgs, if wings it bail) ;
for of course 1 could see but imperfectly, ye= i
there it fluttered right before me a moment,
and then it was gone?not out of the room, 1
not on the floor nor the ceiling, jet it wa? i
gone. I might have thought it an illusion, so i
quick it wont; but Fleet saw it, evidently, afi
well as I, for he leaped forward, and I hoard
his jaws snap; and whtn the bird fluttered on
tlio t.iime, La crouched down and trembled.
When I left the room he weDt with me, nor i
would ho Fleep otherwhere than at the Load of
my bed, and two or three tirnos during the
night he roused and walked about the room,
as if to boo that all was well. You smile?
well, I only say what I saw.
While we were breakfasting on the following
morning, there was a loud, impatient ringing
of the front-door bell. Mr. Richards eocmed
startled, and whispered aside to me, wheu
Rose appeared, and announced that a strange <
person was importunate to see him, that he '
was very ill, and must not on any account be
disturbed. I fulfilled his request with a trem
bling heart, but an unsteady voice; observant
of which, the stranger inquired whether Mr.
Richards were very ill, and if 1 were hie relative.
Ho was a bluff, rough man, of some executive
authority, I thought; and, as he hesitated,
ho balanced in bis hand a paper, which seemed
in some way to puzzle biru. Will you see
this delivered into the hand of Henry Richards,
he asked, presently. 1 answered, that 1 would
not like to disobey a physician s orders; aod
1 ventured to add, is it of great importance?
Ha (lid not reply, but ehaking the window
shutter by which he stood, as it to ascertain
the strength and excellence of the make, be
said, "what available lunds has this man l"
I am quite ignorant of hit* afl'airH, I eaid ; and
I took to myself sumo credit, inasmuch as 1
spoko tho simple truth ; and after some furlh^t
curious observation, the man placed the package
in a small black leathern bag, and with a
dissatisfied air, and without more than a careless
nod, departed, greatly to my alleviation;
yet I felt euro that some harmful th'ng, which
must ctime at last, had been only obviated for
the moment.
Mr. Riohard1) affected indifference as to tho
stranger and his errand, and to mo excused
himseif for declining to soe him?he could not
ha said, havo his new happiness encroached
upon by ordinary affairs. I would gladly havo
believed that it was so, but I could not; tl^rc
was a restlessness and uneasiness in his manner
that belied his words. He said ho wa;; not
well, aud reclined on the eofa, and asked me,
in a way more garrulous and impatient than
fond, to talk to him. I knew not what to say,
for, in spite of the protestations of the last
night, I felt singularly restrained and embarrassed
; nevertheless, I tried to obey his wishes,
for of all things I dosired most to please him ;
but I soon saw that I failed to interest bira.
and he presently asked ino to read?he didn't
feel equal to the exertion of conversation. I
inquired what he would like, romance or
travel, history or poetry; and he answered, that
he was about done with romance and poetry,
but, that further than that he bad no choice.
I took up whatever book was at hand, and
read, but neither of us received any meaning
from the words ; so, after some 7uin attempts to
appear interested, I closed the volume, and for
a long time we remained silent, and I think
KntK f^lt it n. rftliflf when the wnrkmlin
about tho farm required the superintendence
of the proprietor.
As I sat alone, musing of many things, the
smiling face of Timothy appeared at tho doer.
I tried to smile too, but it was a poor attempt,
1 am afraid; nor was I reconciled to myself or
my prospects, for his assurance that I was
looking admirably well?ho thought some good
thiog had befallen or was about to befall ma
It seemed to me that he saw quite the contrary.
and wished to fortify my faltering.
He had come, he said, to ha?c a little colloquial
intercourse with me, previously to bis settang
out in search of a fortune, aa it might be
that cur next meeting would tako place beyond
I said I was sorry for his going, as I had few
friends, and could ill afford to lose one.
" Heigh he ! he exclaimed, 1 don't know why
I am going, nor where I am going?whithersoever
my stars direot me, for who knows
how much of our destiny is in our own hands
and after a moment he continued," why should
we care f i aon't; it i ieei mat 1 can menu
matters, I Bet about it; ami if I can't, I make
the beet of them?while I could walk I walk* j
ed, and when my limbs became useless I gol
the best crutch I could, and limped; and after j
all, 1 am, perhaps, as well off as I ever was; for
instanoe, 1 would not have drawn upon your
sympathy and interest, if I had been strong
and vigorous and unmaimed, as I have dona
now; it must be that every loss brings its compensation.
If we lose our dinner, we enjo?
our supper with a double seet; and the friend/
N (i . W H 1 T T I E R , O 0 R
thot go before ns into heaven, draw us nearor
and nearer to heaven "
"But if we lose friend? here, what comfort
is there for us, if they grow awav from us, or
if chat ce or fate feparate us ?" Timothy eyed
rue a moment, emilia^y, and replied:
"If a friend should, as you ~ay, g?ow away
from me, I ebould take to myself the consoiattoo
that he had never rightly grown to me."
Peihapsyou are right, bat that refleotion
would not reconcile to the estrangement of one
I had loved."
" Love, I assure you, my dear friend," said
he, ' is a mere mattor of moonshine?a fancy?
an idea."
" You are net serious."
" Perfectly. Suffer any or e thing to tako
entire possession of the mind, and vre become
insane. The right wiy i.s to fceep in your own
hands a reserve force of self-sufficiency. upon
which, in case of emergoucy, to fall lack "
" But love, real love, is not calculating.''
" The devil!" exclaimed Timothy, eyeing me
as though I had uttered the rao*t startling sentiment
in the world. " Forgive an>1r he added,
in a moment; "I am on aiy knees in spirit, and
you see the utter impossibility of bodily prostration."
I said it was useless for us to talk of sentiment,
vra should never agree; that, to my
thinking, the best of all God's good gifts was
" It is an indiffeient good thing to eat," said
Timothy, "if one is hungry and has a fat capon
bef.iie him; and it is good to Hleep v.heu one
ie tired, and has at his command a nieo feather
bed and a blanket; and brandy and water
ie a pleasant thing to queueh thirst."
" You are Lappiiy constituted," I said.
"Yea, all except tho legs "
"I don't think I very well understand you;
your ways of thinking are new to me."
"As to the first," he said, "I don't understand
myself. Timothy Shue and Timothy
dhue are on pretty good terms, but thoy aie
not much acquainted with each other; and as
for my way of thinking, I don't think at all.
When I was a boy, my attention was arrested
one day by seeing a dog tied to a p'st with a
strong'cord, and, as any dog of spirit naturally
would be. he was di.-contrnted, and whined
and howled, pulling now this way and now
that; but he gained not a whit for his pains,
and at length ohok^d to death in the effort to
go farther than he could; and I resolved then
tbaM would not strive with impossibilities."
' But it iB only by a?k<ng what is p OEsihle to
be known, that we learn what is impossible."
' Our greatest wisdom hath this extent, no
more: wo are here to-day, and gone to-morrow:
the rest God knewetb, we must trust."
And then, as if ashamed of the earnestness and
seriousness with which ho had spoken, ho added:
" In other words, we come up like a hopper-grass,
and are cut down like a sparrowgrass."
I looked puzzled, sorrowful perhaps, ar d he
continued: 'Well, I am a strange fellow, 1
admit it. If I had not been created, I wonder
who would have lived in mypls.ee?some other
creature must have been made, for I am a link
in the chain of thing?; and if anothor had boon
made, perhaps it would have been me. ?ut 1
am pulling my cord too far?suppose wc eat a
sandwich, or something of that sort."
I know not how it was, for though wc hid
little intellectual sympathy, Timothy's influence
upon mc was most happy. Ambition and
discontent and pining could not stay with him
long?the genial sunniness that overspread
his homely ccinmon cense, drove away the
He had uo vision for the dark side of life;
no phantoms came to his chamber. He had
money enough for nil h:s needs, and _uaje hiug
to spare cow and then; bow be came by it, 1
don't know; r,ud whether ho bad friends or
home, 1 don't know, perhaps not more than he
found everywhere. He seemed neither to have
hope nor fear, took lazily hold of the bc;.t end
~ r _i_! a. i
oi inings as xncy oame.
When other sources of amufifmen; failed,
he resorted to his flute, of which he seemed
never to weaiy. And still the preparation for
our great festivity went on ; farmers were seen,
day by day, driving to t< vn their market
wsgocs, filled in part wi.a potatoes or oats,
or whatever else they had to dispose of, and
carrying with them their daughters and wives,
to purchase finery for the great occarion; and
new gowns, and bonnets, and ribands, and
ri files. w ere brought home, and discussed, and
made up. as best suited rustic notions of adornment.
The young men were active, too, and
many a one rccied to town on the top of a load
f sweet-scented hay, and returned with a new
fur hat, and waistcoat of biack satin, which
he wae sure to say he would not have purchased
but for the urgency of mother or sistet ?
he would ba sorry to have them ashamed of
him ; and he supposed, too, he must have a
little money in h's pocket; accidents might
The weather became a matter of unusual
interest; and "Do you think we shall have
rain ? " was propounded with as much interest
as " Do yen think we shall have war?" would
have been. Old men put on their spectacles, and
consulted the almanac as an oracle; young men
said they didn't know nor care much about it.
They rather hoped it would rain, s >mc of them ;
thoy would be glad to have soma excuse for
absenting themselves; but the young ladies
ou.de no disguise of their interest : it will be so
provoking, they said, if 1 can't wear my new
bonnet. However, they were not really afraid
of rain; and no prognostics could have induced
fear; it would be pleasant, they kutw
it would ; and the now calico dress was turned
inside out and outside in a dozen times a day,
and every visiter was asked how she liked it,
ftr/1 tl\M b r\ **? if /arv?_f )k\r rrdTt^ OrJ
hew many yard:) were in it, and that its owner
inght have got another, with a little larger
leaf, and a brighter ground, if she had had
two or three shillings more; but that she did
not know, after all, as she would have liked
anything better than what she bad, and the
visiter wag sure to think nothing could be prettier,
and to carry away with her a small piece
to exhibit at home, to compare with her own,
and to wash with soft soap and " broke
wator," to test the colors, and afterwards to
patch in her quilt, which she didn't expect she
should ever want. All about the neighborhood,
bits of calico and gingham were seen
drying on the rosebushes; new caps were
bleaching on the grass, and ail the out-door
ovens wore aglow by six o'clock in the morniDg,
for two or three days in advance of tke
uay. Pigs and oh ckens, ducks and geese,
and turkeys and lambs, were baked, and roasted,
and boiled, and hoys slipped under bams,
and about scaffolds and roosts, with a greater
celerity than Cyrus of old, in search of new
hen's ne<sts, and groat yellow and speckled
pumpkins were soen piled about every door, in
token of the pies that were to be. Apples and
peaches and pears were thought almost too
common to be ujed on so nice an occasion, and
ODiy those who bad fruit of very superior
quality ventured to offer it. Pound cakes and
ginger oakes, cup cakoa and loaf cakes, made
ail the air dchcioui; every plump arm was
bare, and the beating of eggs and tbo pounding
of snicoj made almost every house rnutsi
Wheu it was known that Mr. Richards was
to have a tent on tho ground, and that he had
actually contributed sorue flowered carpet for
the covering of the platform, and two lamps,
such as nobody had ever seen before, his
popularity knew no bounds. Tnat such a gentleman
should condescend to join in the sports
of tho common people, was a matter alike of
joy aud surprise. In fact, ho was daily growing
upon my confidence; for, in his intercourse
with men he was not only just, but generous.
Ilia flowers and fruits were at the disposal of
his neighbors. Now be was getting Borne poor
boy into the school, and now pasturing the cow
of some poor widow.
I strengthened my Lopes in all theso things,
though with myself 1 oonfess his procedure
was never quite satisfactory, so I loft that out
of the question.
[remainder or chap, tii next week.]
For the National Era.
The two went out for a walk ono day,
But they couldn't keep long together;
For Despair full soon had commenced her tune.
Of grumbling about the weather.
But Hope roamed still over heath and hill,
And low to herself kept humming
" Though the way be drear, I have nought to fear,
There's a better time a-coming.''
Despair sat down in a faded gown,
And she looked both lean and i&zy ;
And 'tis said that they who chanced that way,
I>eclared that i-he had gone craiy.
But Hope went dressed in her very best,
And her soft sweet voice kept humming
" Though fortune frown. I am not cast down,
There's a better time a-coining "
The sun shone cut, but Despair, in doubt,
Esprcted a storm to-iuorrow,
And so sho went in her discontent,
Bowed down with a needless sorrow.
But liopo was gay through the live-long day,
And with merry tones kept humming:
" Though the suu may sot, 1 will ne'er forget,
There's a better timo a-coming."
The storm cloud came, and Despair the same
Was greatly distressed about it;
j The sun, she said, had forever fled,
And she couldn't live without it.
Hope felt the storm, but her heart was warm,
And her voice with the winds went humming:
" I fear no harm, and feel no alarm,
There's a better time a-coming."
And so, my friend, until life shall end,
What silly Despair deems frightful,
In a light more true, with a higher view,
Will seem unto nope delightful.
Then let us beware of this same Despair,
Ana iisiuu aa nope seops Humming .
And though^lls befall, let us think fur all
Thero'a a better time a coming.
For the National Era.
Tho almost constant perversions of common
sense and all the rules of legal interpretation,
to which our modern judges arc driven, in order
to support the nbomin&blo system of American
Slavery, induces me to address to the
public the following remarks:
In the case of Garrett Van Metter t\?. Robert
Mitchell, in the Circuit Court of the United
States for the western district of Pennsylvania,
at the November term, 1853 Judge Irwin,
in delivering the opinion of the Court, used
the language, among other expressions quoted
below. After eopyiog the fugitive clau.-o of
the United States Constitution, as follows?
"No person held to rorvice or labor in one
State, under the law? thereof, escaping into another
State, Ehall, in consequence cf any law
or regulation therein, be discharged from such
service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on
claim of the party to whom such service or la
bor may be due "?the learned J edge proceeds
to say:
"A claim, in a judicial souse, is a demand
of some matter as jf right, made by one person
upon another, to do, or to forbear to do, some
act or thing, as a matter of duly An l where
an act is required, the means are given to maVe
cffeotuul the ngkt, which :s seldom pos.-iMe by
a more delivery to the owi.er. of the fugitive.
Before the act of 1793 as well in this as in
lythor instances, this injusti:e has boon but too
frequent The fugitive might have bcea concealed,
harbored, and assisted to escape into a
foreign country, bo that his services might
not only havo been partially, but totally lost
to the owner. I cannot believe that such injustice
could havo been without a remedy."
Much more is very flippantly said by the accommodating
Judge, painful to the ears of in- '
telligent and enlightened justice, philanthrcnv.
and Christianity, about the common Inw
rights aud remedies of Blave-ovniers, under
tho act of 1789 ; and Judge Baldwin's o|iinion,
ia the oaso cf Johnson vs Thompson, is cited to
sustain these views; all of which, as I conceive,
are utterly at war with the facts and history
of common law adjudications, and especially
to that famous decision in the King's Bench
of England, known as the Somrnersett case,
pronounced by Chief J ustice M antfi sld in 1772,
which finally and forever settled tho common
law doctrine upon this question, but which
ray time and your space will prevent me from
discussing?my object now being to examine
the above po-.itions, as quoted, in connection
with the fugitive clause of tbo Constitution.
But before proceeding further, 1 shall assume
the following propositions, a3 axions, in the
light of winch iny argument wiil be conducted.
1. That a slave, of whatever color or clime,
is a person?a human being; and. as such,
under the Constitution, is prima facie entitled,
by tho laws of Nature, to the same rigAi* o!
liberty, justice, and the pursuit of happiness,
as Judge Irwin.
2 That, in the interpretation and judicial
Construction of the Constitution, courts are
bound by the same ruies of benevolence, jus
ticc, and universal equality acd right, as in
regard to any statute or other instrument; and
especially, if possible, to m?ka that instrument
in it1* HAfAilg Karman'i?i n/ltK ' *r? cAnrin
- j iim iu'ju t> j rv i vim ivn j'luit. f yu cw^v
ami object, as developed in its preamble.
Keeping those landmarks in view, let us, in
the fir6t place, ascertain the moaning of the
fugitive clause, as above quoted.
To do this, let us apply the safe test of per
sonal use of terms. Wore you and myself, or
the learned Judge Irwin, or any other two
Anglo-Saxons, who are recognised by the Judge
as freemen, to use the wurd iu reference
to an obligation arising botw-en up, v. hat
meaning should we attach to the word 1
We cannot perhaps answer this inquiry ,
more appropriately than in the language of
Noah Webster: "Duo. That which is owed;
that which one contracts to pay, do, or per
form, to another. The money that I contract
to pay to another, is his due ; the service which
I covenant to perform to another, is his due "
With these definitions, the common law principle
of indebtedness and obligation is in entire
and perfect accordance, an may be seen by
consulting Bouvicr's Law Dictionary, title
"Debt" and " Debtor.'' See, also, Biackstone,
and ovcry other respectable common la v (
writer, since the days of Hals and Bacon, and
especially cxamino tbrm in regard to those (
great common law principles which forbid the
enforcement of even contracts, where there is (
fraud, violence, or want of consideration, in
their inception.
And Judge McLean, as admitted by his ,
honor Judge Irwin, in the case of Jones vs. ,
V&nzandt. a fugitive Blavo ease, expressly declares,
"It is clear that the plaintiff has no
common laio right of action for the injury com
piair.C'J ui uoiDg a pro.s.;cu biun lur hspi.-'iiip
a slave to escape from bis master; thus rtoog '
owing the great and fundamental principle, that 1
men could not be bound by any obligation at
common law. to which they wire not parties; 1
and that others, thorcfore, aiding them to so- ;
cure their natural rights of liberty, could not '
be punished at common law.
And Judge Irwin has himself clearly shown 1
that there is no necessity, in order to a consist- '
ent interpretation of the fugitive clause, to '
brand our glorious bat perverted Constitnticn 1
with the foul absurdity of professing to establish
justice and secure the blessing of liberty, f
while at the same time it is trampling down 1
both justice and liberty, with a reckless disregard
of every principle of righteousness, as well
as all the progressive aspirations of the age, 1
both in the old as well as new world For he ]
says, "it cannot be doubted that the words <
1 fugitives from labor,' (and he might havo added,
the same words in the fugitive ol&uso in
the Constitution.) in the aot of 1793, extend 1
to apprentius as well as to Blaves." Thus, by i
Judge Irwin's own showing, there is a class of j
NO. 408.
persons upon whom the fugitive clause may
act: and this, tco. in perfect harmony with its
professions of just'oe, benevolence, and common
law rij<bt. And thero is jet another omish,
not mentioned by the Judge?contractors who
undertake, for a valuable consideration, to perforin
service and labor in one State, and, in
violation of contra**;. procure advanos, ar.d
uiijusiJy escape into another State.
Thus it is obviou\ at a glance, ti are is no
necessity to violate the plainest rules of legal
construction?the plainest principles of equity,
justice, and benevolence, and the very foundation
of common law. which beneficently presume
every mac entitled to his natural rights
of life and liberty?i.-. favor of tho fraud, force,
and violenco of oppr auors. For it reed not be
urged hove, it is believed, that at common law,
as well as common sense, a man cannot become
indebted, or under a legal obligation, to
enother, without Lis **"utruct or concent, either
express or implied, and without a valuable
consideration. And I would Teepee fully ask*
Judgo Irwin to explain, if ho can, in what
oode he tiaus law to compel a ci .u to serve
hin>, not only without his con tract or consent,
but against his will, and without any valuable
:3.._ v: 3 ^ r . J . I
buuziurcauon ; ?n'j nos ior ft <uiy or year only,
but during his entire exster.ce upon earth, and
deprived, at the satno time, of every social, educational.
pobtioa), moral, and religious right
and privilege''
Hut let us very briefly examine Judge Irwin's
exposition of a master's claim fo the tervlc-B < f i
his (falsely so called) slave, lie i aye. as ab-jve
quoted, "A claim, in a judicial sense, is a demand
of some matt or, as of right made by one
person upon another, to do, or to forbear to do,
some ttot or thing a.s a matter of duty "
Now, admit this extract proposition to ha
true?although somewhat lo .se and vague?
and mereiy assume, what 1 apprehend the
learned Judge will be slow to deny or contra
diet, that the rule applies (qually to all persons
and all classes of pirsons, lor be so applies it
himself?will tho Judgo be prepared to admit
its logical sequence, that its application may
be such to himself as shall make it his dufy to
serve another without consideration and without
his contract ? Will he admit that any
supposable state of circumstances will or can
place him in such a situation that another may
have a right to buy and tell birn, (for he is only
a person,) and compel him to serve as a slave,
without his consent? Can any state of circumstances
induce the learned Judge to admit
that, under our Constitution, he, as a person,
can be owned by another? If not, pray why
not? For nn-st certainly the Judgo will not,
cannot, urge that the complexion, color of the
skin, criup of the hair, or place of nativity, fixes
the question of the rights of persons. And,
until Judge Irwin can lix some principle of application
of hi- remarks more d.finite than ho
ha* as above quoted, he muot allow rue to demur
to his assumption that they apply to 0110
civs of persons more than another. And when
he talks ot injustice to the ownbr (!) I icu-t be
permitted to ?av that, under our Constitution,
there is an INJUSTICE lying back of this, in
pret ence of which this (great as the Judge may
supposo it) sinks into uiter insignificance?the
liUiTIU 7fl/rCM(lC 1>I UCJJIIVIU^ UACil. WUillUIJ, ttiJU
children, " i'krsons " unaccused of crime, of
liberty, education, the marital and Kooia! rcladors,
the Bible, the Sabbath, tbo rights of citizenship,
the protection of female chastity, and
all the untold benefit# of civilization and refinement,
which hie honor the Judgo so richly
uud freely enjoys.
And now 1 assume. fearless cf succct.-fal refutation,
tha* inasmuch a->, by the ori;n i.y lulo-'
of judicial interpretation, we are bound to give
an innocent and benevolent construction to the
Constitution, n all cw?cs where the l:?.ogu g1'
will boar it; and inasmuch a-, under the pro
amllo and general scope, spirit, and intent of
the Constitution, wo are hound to interpret
every clause and fix every intendment and pre
sumption, in favor ol justice, democracy, re
pubiioinisro, and ficco ni; and inasmuch as
there is no distinction in the use of the word
person, in the Constitution, between classes or
races, it is an outrage upon principle and right
to atiirni that the fugitive clause (whatever
might Lave been intended by tyrants and oppreisors)
has or cart have any legal or const;
lutionai rc?"reuc? to s:itvca or otwverj , aitu
tapi ciaily a;- no man can oin another without
contract ami without consideration.
These are, it seems to mc, the only fair and
logical deductions from tho language as wdl a.
the spirit of the Constitution ami amendments
upon this point, without reference to extraneous
or historical means of construction, but.
even in the history of the Convention which
framed tho Constitution, a * weli n< the discussions
of tho People who adopted it and its
amendments, Judge Irwin will ii.id n ithiug legitimately
to sustain his tyrannical and despotic
And let iar, in closing respectfully iiitim vUj
to tho Judge that it is u t a legitimate method
to travel out of an instrument to liad its meaning,
if it c >ntains within itself the means of ascertaining
its int nt. G.
CentrevilU, Mitk., March, 1854.
T*?3 Annual Report of the Emigration Commissioners
(of Grcaf Britain) has just been
published. From this it appears that the total
emigration ol !a?t year was 329 937, being
38,827 less than in 1852. There was a diminution
of 26 -180 to Australia, and 13 370 to the
United States, tl.o falling eft being accounted
lor in tho c ise of Australia by the greater excitement
regarding tbc gold discoveries prevalent
doling the eummer and autumn of 1852;
inH in tlmr r.f tbo United States, hv the do
" **" v* *" w ? ? ? ? , ~ J -?
partaro of a smaller number of Irish, tho aggregate
em?grai-!o'? of the latter throughout
the year being estimated at 199 392, against
224 997 in 1852 The rem-ltarue* jrorn thetr
relatives in Amrtea xrrre, h wev r, larger than
in any previous year. the am u\t sctit through
the various hanks opart fro in j;r;on'e channels,
being ?1,439,000 With r sped to the Australian
emigration, the tj'?ui fr ra ton Pnitou
lviDgdom to uli tiio colonics was til.401, or
about one fourth of that if tho United States.
Subjoined uro the general Sgurc :
(Tnited States - - - 230,883
Australia?X. South Wales - 10ti73
Victoria .... 40.469
South Australia - - - 6 883
Western Australia - - 965
Van Hie men's Laud - - 991
Now Zealand - - - 1.420
? 61,401
Canada, Ls. 34.522
Eiat Indies 928
Central and South Aa-.ciLa - - 833
West Indies 600
Cape of Good Hopo .... 369
Western Africa 308
Mauritius - 53
Hong Kong 37
Fa'kland Island 1
Total 329937
According to a supplementary statement, it
ileo appc&rB that the emigration during the
iirst three months of the present year has been
19,756 persons, against 60 867 in the corresponding
period of 1853, and 59 523 in that of
1852. There has been a continued diminution
:n the departures to the United State-; but in
:hose to Australia, although there is a great
falling off as oompared with the first quarter
last year, there is a considerable increase as
jompared with the first quarter of 1852. Of
the total 49,756 emigrants, 26,128 were Irish,
12,430 English, 2,965 Scotch, and 8 233 foreign
or unspecified. This proportion of Irish
s much smaller than in 1852 or 1853.
Singular Income?Tho church of All Halowp,
in London. 6till possesses an inoomc ori;<naily
given to it for the purpose of buying fitg)to
for burning heretics.
Industry doth preserve and perfect our nature,
reeping it in good tune and temper, improving
tnd advancing it towards its best state.?Dr.
Isaac Barrow.
/.geuU are ecuiiod f.o 6i'-y ceuli or> raeh ???- / .
rji aerber, nnd ??-?ntT-fIvo ce..re ca -a b w,
t*<:-?cri!>er?tur-ol m t. a cas-i oj'citiis.
*. rlhb ?f tbree *nb?cribei*, on3 of whom m!?j b?
otd at f> will t r:T. makirtr it
3]. a copy of ili? Lra for tiros rtcntbs : a club of
u\e. ti.o <>i whom may be old oocl, at *9. to a '<>j y
t?>r *ix months; a club qf tea, Svaoi we m t?:iy ho
'il 1 ones. at $15. to a cony f--r or>-? ynr.
vhen a club of ?a">sci iters hnl bcti :onri' .ioj,
additions inay to made to it, oa tbo yii'uc tern f
;g not necessary that the waiters of* c!*b should
I roceive their papers At the s-tius post otfic?
Subscriber? iriahia.t their papero changed, will ^iva
the name of the post office changed frt/to. as wc'l as
tiie |>om? office they wish it hereafter j?nt to.
DjT J. A TuDis, Salem. Massachusetts, atd C. A
Wail. Woroester, Massachusetts, are authorised
areata for the Era.
??wr??T- -~n ? ???? I I I -m
The October number of the North American
! Review, juet rrceived. contains the i
j article on a subject which ha=t at ?* drj o<l
den' of interest during the few roon .it- past
TmiCATIOI ok i iik Ri ,.i r< .ifnTlTi.'--. Mitirtl
a: d Territorial, of AtHiinrR, Ear' <>' M rluef
tod 1>. van, and Lord Prnnrict-T ot Can via u: i
Nova Scotia. By John L* Hayes, Council r t
Law. Washington, 1855, hvo . po. 52, 7i5.
Sir VVili.iam Alexander, tho plii!o^orL? r
and poet, the muMt brilihiot man in the <:, i. t
of James VI cf Scotland, billowed h>. King to
London, and thenceforth reuounc i l"rtrr < f r
politics. He was orcafcci a SiMit- ! peer, with
numerous tides, ol which the * E in <: N :rlirj'4"
is tho most convenient for use. He had ,
previously received in 1U21 a gr ?nt of NV..t
Scotia, with the title of Hereditary Lieutenant.
Ti. ;? grant was couiirmed by Charles I on hi i * .
aece-oion to the throne, and three ) ?ars aicrwu.rd
was augmented by the "charter of C,?na.!,
. civ- i... . .r i i i
wuifj lUUiUUiii^ L1 IjJ 1- "i Ul JO.iUU: U'i tuu
sides cf the river St. Lav.rei-ce and tin- great
Ln?ts" In addition ? adoimutraiive power*
r/mc-t without limit, 1-e w.m a?.
to appoint t r.o hundred aud tift? baronets, j??tl
r.ourly iifty cf tbn j re- Lier - :u ?. t
Britain actiiaiiy hold their rank iu virtue of
patents granted by h.ai. II; dc? -.-1
tiro fortune to the e> .o>t u f?.
bin domains; and when Nova So -ti . fell mto
the hands ot the French, he received a nou* al
grant cf jCIOOOO sterling to ir.dcn.niiy hi i
Sir nin Io.-.c3e. This sum sciil r:r"h . , .d
Devil.;' the sub-o-.pl cut p w
seventeenth century, too StL'mg cav.t- ..i
Sctland passed into olbe~ hand, v. :L- ihu
; transatlantic claims of the family were jo . .sa-.lly
in abeyance during the Fr
tion of the A'-nnicau proviec r ho. y
th : ' --t ru .on ot Cn.- and Nov t .^
the B:itinh Crown, tho last m ile heir tliv
St;-:-:.sir; fttaiily died, lc.ving his rights i-j tho
ScoUiou law (confirmed by express p ovicV-,n in
the royal chan*.-'-} to 1 : el i. - km J-'
She died unmarried, and h r -Istcr and legal
he;;- married William Humphrjs, of the
Larches, county ot Warwick. :::became ti c
mother of Alexander, who r.ow cairn- the titles
ot his iustriiMi. anc and 1 ... . ij. a- L s
legal aud equitable due. son: u? - deration for
the lapse of his territorial iaLer - <;o aod the
su;?j otid'd debt duo to b'- faiaii . by i' j
proper processes < f law he cvt.iI/h.-hei V,;< iin
tho Seott?- h court-', ?-d f- n < J> : i* 7
he votod as a peer of Scotia-id. He was recognised
as Karl ot Sfcir:ir.-; at ni'iOUs time.-" by
the Lord Chancellor, the C.dot Justices of the
King's Bench, aud the Court ri Common Pi ear.,
and the Privy Council. I ; > r-.ain th -.5
bis titular honors woul 1 have boon left undisputed,
had he nut, in 18i>2, iu a petition to thu
King, prolerrod h.s claim for th.* debt incurred
by Charles I to h - nneedor, amounting, with
interest, to jC 110 ; 1 T i e w a- m> doubt
regarded as the precursor to -till mure formidable
demands, and from that timo the Crown
officers for Scotland couiui-e cd a series of
hoa iie mi t.-uiy, dc.-igr.cd to brand the claimant
with b*:i ji!. i>y a- a li .o. ;pr.-'e:
Their roastor-Etroxe was a prosecution Sir tbrgery.
'i ho principal chirg i related to signahim.j
l?Aurni.? H ;?n Plhi 1 ~ t t ? r4 I -* t ">
.... .. * i ""i "?i, ?<!... a|
pcnJed to documents endorsed uj-on a map,
known to have been ti..-t published in 1703 ;
but the incriminated copy of wbii h baa the in:<
TM?tion. "Par G ' I i .
ge >grap/ie du Roi " a title .vhlch v.'os not conferred
upon Do 1h-Je I y royal ya.i nt till 171sTnii
anachronism wa '.be ; it chi 11/ robed
upon far the pro.-eor.in:1. Ks,*- t - roo . :i i
the questioned writing; and rgn.i'u ") sen-due.
At tfco same tima it wai t.h v.n t-; Lc at lean,
hghly probable that be i in e ! u . s< -j
the title of first geographer ben sa .1 , -mally
conferred upon bin). That he d d so in
now beyond dispute, for thc-e ex' V- in -h o
country a full collection of his orlg:nal inais,
on no less than thirtee n (I wbieli, published between
17u3 and 171S, the 11 .*o 'Premier Gcographe
du II >i,,; is in serif- - The j ;ry a
(juitted I.otd Stirling, r.otwltb. landing the
strongest cfl'orta oi the court and th cEiorrs <<i
State to innuro bis conviction : and the verdict
wan received by the po -pie of E t lVtr-h \- 1?
so strong deaionstrat nan of en L - a m, ll as
he escaped with ddli ulty from b lug w .do ".o
hero of a triumphal procession and c. r. ,j .
The (lonia'rfl granted to tb fl--t Kir!
Stirling included, iu a<J'I*i~u to IV >v.? Se t
New Brunswick, Prince Ki .aid's islrr J, i...u
Canada, a considerable port! n el M ire iVicbigau,
rod Wisconsin togKh - with a : r'p ri'
land reaching from the ho.+d-water; of I. .k 1
Superior to the Gulf of Calif rr.ia. a id :: i
lauds and bounds aij lucn; to t!;c . \?i J C i'l u
the west andj-ou'.h, wiicihsr fh"v 1 o i and %
par: of tho continent or iu-inland, <>r an i 1
auj. as it is tuii'ipit in y r-<?. rnx.i . < c inracuily
cal ci and Uit?"inguit>h.?d by th na:..'1; I
California " Of oeurse, the iratatuv y of thr i-o
claims is alone ei fli;ic.?t to defeat t:>crn.
Such grants wore in aim nt e.ery c ? : ir.? vitaMy
futile; for i* wa3 in the nature >.f ihir
imp (fcihie for individual sutj-cii to eit" id . . -1
maintain a^ti of ownership ow?.r the. p jr pires
which Kings, as ignorant :;a tj.ey v.
reckless, were ready to mile for .. < :. g. But
if the present ciuitrant is indeed (\ we fihi ;\e
biui to he) the legal renter ta'ive < f the first
Earl, there can he r.o doubt that he Is ns'irc.'ly
speaking, entitled to the p.ir.ciral and iuteresS
cf the debt secured by ro' al f <n I to his
ancestor, and that it v. i! i ?, bo unworV ?
rhc magnanimity of both the Brit' h il s :rniT.t
and our own to tender hi*r. loeii honorable
cocd Jeration for the entire Iora to t .0
family, through tne fortunes oi' vor. t i" r. . eun>\
and benefit from the hour Ji ... . ; r the
tinus, immense outlay of Lis a Hr.l . in th 1 (
col miration cf the Western w Idem ?. 1! is
now in this c- ontiy, eng.g-d in 1 < .-u s ; uiiminary
to 'he furbcr prosed! ti n - f r. < f
his alleged rights as be < . u Lope to u /,uisc-l.
The bo< k before: us was vr.ttcn by <
of his legal atlvieerr. and i e. .r jto1 i/. -d by
lacidneas of statement an 1 cages y of reasoning.
Wo have also en 1 ur table a ina- uopinion
of Mr. lieverdy Johnson, cipres'ing
hie rutiro c.-icrrrcnco with Mr.
Hayes ' as t.j the facts un i principles of 1 v
stated" in his argument, and closing as ullow-:
" AltLo igh I.rrd Stirling, on account cf the
easiness of his legal rights, has failed thus l.vr
to secure their full recognition, we are of opinion
that, w hen his case is fairly pr? -ntcd > ?
compromise, iho Bii'i-h (joicinmert cannot
wisely cr honorably refuse h:m a in .-si titerul
Bum for tho surrender of hie vart rig'.ii and
privilege*, including, besides the right - .nuny
ni;!liOr.3 ox ac::;s ot public lau 1 iu tLeil ?lon ?,
tho right of fishery oa the coasts ot C.?r:vla,
Nova Scotia, and Now Bruuswlck, fhr .e-t
of vioeroyalty, and tho extra ardliary privilege
of creating baronets, all sceurtd ' y,u- .i->- * :J
charters, and confirmed by the ^hc-.t judicial
and official auction."
A UrrriL Hint?The o ff * ice " ctn- i
ri?irg every morning at a:. r-*i;J cr. i:.
the course oi" forty yens. amoi.i"- t.. 2!?
hours, or three jc^rs, one hundred a- d rwe:.tyono
days, and t?xteea hours, xbich are equal
to eight hours a day for cx.ctly ten ver-is : M>
that rieing at?ix will oo the fume ns it ten jear3
of life were added, wherein vn? may come ir d
eight hours every day lor the cultivation of ui.r
minds and tho dispatch o; .lusmets.
Look not mournfully into tho past, it cannot
return; wisely iuiprov.i the pre cnt, it is tuinc
go forth to meet tho shadowy futuro without
lear. and with a manly heart.
The Chinese ??pend anually ?00 000 000 f. r
incense to turn b?fore their idols; ahovo 5<. for
every man. woman, and child, iu the empire.
It is observed in worldly doing*, that, men's
fortunes are oftenerm&de by their t Dguo th-..n
by their virtues, and more man's tortuues overthrown
thereby than by their vioes.?Sir If <i/ter

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