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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, November 09, 1854, Image 2

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and felt?how shall I describe the agony. My
tongue was fast, and at first would not be ioos- '
euro. With a mighty concentration of all inv
euergies. I kept erect, for what I have-described,
it r< <|uir?-d but ft moment to see. I put every j
thought down but the one that I could not and ,
would not Ik* baffled, and with the first murmur
of disappointment that met my ears inv tongue !
grew voluble?the sound of my own voice and t
the smile that brightened on my father's face j
reassured me. and. us one inspired, and speaking
and acting at the dictation of a power quite .
_ V I 1^?I wil.t tl,r,i,i<r}i mv
tr ??v. ...v.... . ....... .....,-fc .
part. I heard not the applause which greeted |
me. heard not the inu-ie, nor saw anything. I
Mv strength luid la-en tasked to its utmost, and i
could endure no longer. Christopher almost I
l??rc me in hi-> arms to the pavilion, and Tiino- i
thv. in well-entieealed ignorance of mv real !
malady, blamed the enervating day and the dif- j
ficiilty of t^ncxacution of my task, which execution,
ht^^Hrl. indicated a degree of genius .
which surpmed him. How much his words t
soothed! they were like some pleasant oil upon a !
i --r jK-nt's sting. I had been conscious of a happy 1
execution, and a good deal sustained bv the hoja*
that my rival had heard me. and. more than all,
i uHi Mr. mcnanis nau neurit mo. i nau aiways
felt some sort of smothered power, and thou I
was conscious of having given it expression.
When I ventured to lift up my eyes, I saw that
thev fi?r whom I had l?een resolute to enact my
part were not to he seen ; and in answer to my
look of inquiry, Timothy informed me that a
visiter to our house had arrived during my performance,
and that we should probably meet
the guest with Mr. Kiehards at the table, about
which the multitude was gathering, to the sound
! of music and the cheerful hum of voices.
I ^ fTO UK COXTtXl'KII.l
II I
___________
I WASHINGTON, D. C.
THURSDAY, NOVUM HER 1854.
I , BILLS ! BILLS !
Our subscribers will ph ase look out for their
bills. Don't let them slip out, unnoticed, or
lay them away unattended to.
tvrif We receive encouraging replies to our
[ circulars from all quarters. Our friends seem
1<> uiul. retain! the importance o! sustaining the
I'r. - a- the it instrumentality of the Autit
' Slavery movement.
L
Tio Si kstrati'II.?An old friend of the Kra,
t ending us a club of Huhseribers, says :
" I liveju a rural ]>opulation, and anioii^ that
class whicli a South Carolina Representative
calls the substratum of society; hut, we are
nsin r the Nehnwka IJill for a kind of sub-soil
\ plough, and, although made by wicked men for
i hail purposes, yet when drawn by a free team.
it works admirable, in hrineinir the substratum
| ! . th<- surfuee."
MR SUMNER AND THE NATIONAL INTEILI:
GENCER.
The M'lcr will find ??n our fourth Jtstfro n
letter from Charles Sumner to the editors of the
National Intel/r/rwer, copied from that journal.
It Not a mbI mom Med be Mid in n^ij to the
solemn dissertations of that pa|ier on the t'on|
. >!,. ami (he obligations imposed by an
i oeth to ifport it. The itrle in which (he edIt
itotw aw proper to allude to Mr. Sumner, may
have - urprised him. Lui it did not seem strati#'
to us. We have yet to learn that there is u
? f inale Southern j?aj>er which has the good taste,
.a nso, or ind< pcmh nee, to exhibit common
courtesy in its b ariic's towards Anti-Slavery
!? men. Times, men, and manners will change,
l | when the Slave Interest . hall have been thrust
from tIk? high seats of jiower; for, after all, as
? a g neial rale, it tin- pOMeOOMM 01 power
I wbi. li constrains iM>liticians to the nrocticc of
grtlfxl ItiaiUI'TS.
CAUTION ABOUT MONEYS SENT FOR THE ERA.
- ? We liuvc said that we prefer the notes of
Eastern to those of Western Banks, where our
Wc -tern subscribers can obtain them without
hiss If this tic impossible, send lis the notes
r* of tlie St:ite Banks or their branches in the
t Western State ;. The brokers here will not buy
the issues of your free banks.
> . We call attention to the following list of
hauks that have broken or su-jiendod, or whose
notes are not taken, r< ported in Thompson's
iK tector of <)ct??lier 1! 1 r-t :
* Farmers' and Merchants' Bank, Memphis,
V, Tennessee.
Bank of Wnshtemiw, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Bank of Mil lord, Milford, Ibdawnre.
l*.ri<* and Kalamazoo Bailroad, Adrian, Mich.
Adrian Insurance t'ompauv. Adrian, Mich.
Filswortii Bank, Kllsworth, Maine.
Eighth Avenue Bank, New York c ity.
Knickerbocker Bank, New York.
Stidolk Bank, New York eitv.
NewjMtrt Safety Fund, Co\ ington, Ky.
I nion Bank. New York city.
Kentucky I rust Company, Covington, Kv.
Jhm't si'it'l tin*i of these.
NOTICE TO CINCINNATI SUBSCRIBERS.
S. N. IVirce. of Cincinnati. is no longer nus
lhori/.ed to neeeive tnonevs or sutiscriptions for
B the Strtitmal Kra. or to act as agent for it in
anv wav. The agenev of the Kra in that place
I will 1.4 iK'i ft iill 1m- in tin- hands of John Kiruian,
a It** i authorized to receive monwys |U|)1
subscriptions for it.
THE LATE COLORED CONCERTS.
\\ ? have to* > Ion it omit till to notice fjte series
??t C'liiei'itj i;f Sftcn-1 Music, at tin- Fifed Color4--1
Presbyterian Church in this ritv. This
. - omission lots 1-ocn , .uim-1 rhicllv hv tin* want
I of some particulars eoniu-oti-d with it. without
which our statement wouhl npjiear va?iie and
unsatisfactory. ITn.- cnn-vrt was projected with
a view to raising fiimh to pay for ihe coustrucii.>11
of the now ami lienutiful church building
on loth stive'. We haw never attinuh-il anv
plaec of tin- kind whore a higher decree of propriety
and taste was observed by all connected
A * with it. Mr. Fleet, of Gijorjrctown, an educat?-?l
man of color, well known ami highly appreciated
in this ritv as a iniisieal instructor, art?-d
as tiie b-adrr of the concert. The female vocalists
wer. , we believe, all members of the
choir id" the ehureh. and displayed a hi^rh de^ri^e
of masical talent and accomplishment. They
conducted tlu-m-.lves on the evening we were
prewnl, as doubtless, from rejiort, at all the
concerts given, witli a degree of modesty, propriety,
and grace. which would have rellected
credit upon the must cultivated ladies in America.
We tncssed not the fir.--t instance of
either coarseness, awkwaidness, or presumption.
Several of tl?c irls (they deserv# to l?e
1 called young ladies) ?p|>carod handsome, all of
tlicm were neatly ami tastefully dressed, and
Inhv h general resemblance to the l'ocliahontas
in Chapman's painting in the Uotunda. Oue
of tbeta in particular, whose name we did not
1 learn, uiipht have been taken for the original
of tin1 picture, from the identity of color, expression
of countenance, and the accidental adjustment
of her hair. Two of them would pass
for tine sinners in any social circle in Wash
ingtoti, and won Id elicit rounds of applause l>efore
Htiv puM".- audience. We confess that we
noer ; , p.-.-t for the j>eople of color
than ou witnessing this exhibition of their inusi<
al talent.- and accoinpli.-hmeuts. accompanied,
as it was, hy a propriety of manners which was
jierfbet. J lie conduct of the male participants
in the concert was marked l>v equal propriety,
J ami lOfeli not fail to command the respect of
H ail present.
M When it is reflected that the.->e jieople are till
in the humbler spheres of life, thouph the^are
cviJently well to do in the world?that they
I i
1
\o-> :v V,
\ u , * J .
lia\c risen to competence, some perhaps to
wealth, by the exercise of the humblest handicrafts,
or the performance of menial occupations?it
is truly wonderful to witness the dignity,
decorum, ai*l good taste, thev display.
The colored race, if less gifted intellectually, as
has been rather assumed than proved, have certainly
a remarkable aptitude for acquiring the
manners and refinements of civilization.
The new church is really a beautiful and
commodious structure, forty feet by sixty. It
has a basement for schools and lectures, is
lighted with gas, and warmed by furnaces.
The church building and the congregation
give hopeful indications of progress in the colored
race. We learn that they propose to have
another concert in a short time, and it is to be
hoped that they will meet with the patronage
which they deserve. G.
KNOW NOTHINGS.
Having stated, on the authority of the Boston
Teleyraph, that Mr. Gardner, the Know
Nothing candidate for Governor in Massachusetts,
was a Wehster Whig, and a supporter of
the Fugitive Act, it is due to that gentleman to
say that, in a letter to the Hon. Charles Allen,
he denies that he is a Pro-Slavery man, denounces
the Fugitive Act, asserts that he signed
the petition for its repeal, so soon as he heard
that it was placed in the Exchange for signature,
avows the most unqualified hostility to
the aggressions of Slavery, and announces that
in the Whig State Central Committee, after the
passage of the Nebraska bill, he introduced a
resolution in favor of the Whig organization,
"calling a Convention of the opponents of the
Nebraska bill, without distinction of party, to
nominate Fusion candidates for State offices,"
Ac.
After reading the letter of Mr. Gardner, containing
so many manly sentiments, we deeply
regret that he did not feel bound to sustain the
action of thus*' patriotic citizens who undertook
to carry out the Fusion policy, which he deemed
so important, and that he now consents to be
the standard bearer of an organization which
makes such a policy impossible, ami must prevent
anything like a fair expression of the
opinion of Massachusetts in relation to the
Nebraska outrage, the Fugitive Act, or the aggressive
measures of Slavery. For, should the
Know Nothing party succeed in Massachusetts,
what will its victory proclaim ? Hostility to
J'orciyn-l<or* citizens and Catholics?nothing
more. It will have no language on the Slavery
Question?that is not an issue with this organization.
It has no principles, proposes no policy
on this great question?so that the success
or defeat of its candidates, so far as that is
concerned, means nothing.
The 1'ortaye County Journal, published at
Itavcnnn, Ohio, is the only Free or Independent
Democratic journal within our knowledge,
disposed fo give countenance to the Know
Nothing organization. Iloferring to the opposition
of the Tribune, Independent, and Era, it
says:
" The last-named journals especially fear that,
by ibis new combination, the Anti-Slavery element
is to he crushed out, and that the energies
ot the order are not to he directed to the universal
welfare of the race.
"True, there is nothing human wliieh may
not I>e abused and perverted to bad uses. Hence,
1 ?1
* ? uiniij * > i > wiuuiiitr, auu ti j mu? imeut,
calculated to aifcct human society, should
bo closely scrutinized.
" We confess, however, that the anxieties of
politicians and sectaries, thus far, do not give
us much concern. So far as we have been enabled
to judge of this new movement by result*,
we have Ihvh disposed to look with some favor
ikim>n it. We cannot now remember an instance,
so far us we have observed, when its action has
not been liberal, progressive, and on the side of
right, against ignorance, bigqtry, Ruperstition,
and oppression. As an element, if an element
at all, in the late elections in Ohio, Indiana, and
lY'imsvlvaiiiu, it was on the side of the oppressed
against the oppressor, on the side of a struggling
people against a consolidated Government,
wielded by a Southern oligarchy for basest purposes/'
*
As ' there is nothing human that may not
be abused ami perverted to bad uses,"' honest
men should see to it that thev do not commit
themselves with an association which tempts to
such abuses by the removal of a wholesome responsibility.
Who does not know that the
chances of corruption and misgovernment
would be fearfully multiplied, were Congress
suffered to >it with closed doors, and to legislate
ia secret? How long would this remain a
free country under such a usage ? Here is an
organization of voters in Pennsylvania, for example,
numbering 120,000. It not only does
not invite public scrutiny, but taxes every art
to baffle it. Its meetings are called, nobody
not initiated knows how; it sits with closed
doors ; its obligations, oaths, creed, policy, are
all studiously concealed : it discusses, decides,
nominates in secret ; ami on the day of election
its nominees are elected, nobody not initiated
can say how, whv, or on what principles.
Is this treating a free People with respect? Is
this lit and decent in a Republican Government,
in which the People are held to be the
source of power, the tribunal to which all questions
of legislation should be submitted, for their
intelligent uecision ; we c:m conceive 01 no
political organization in this country so utterly
anti-republican, so disres|ieetful to the People,
so liable to scandalous abuse.
Our cotemporary says that he cannot now
" re member an instance when its act ion has
not been liberal, progressive, and on the side
of right, against ignorance, bigotry, superstition,
and oppression." Was the defeat of Mr.
Benton, to which it contributed, the triumph
of " right " and " progress ? " Is its action in
M i sachu-etls, in thrusting aside the Slavery
isMte, and getting up a candidate in opposition
to the Republican Party, with which we have
supposed the Journal to affiliate, ,l liberal, progressive,
and on the side of right?" Is its
action in New York, in dividing the Anti-Slavery
forces, and in running a thorough-paced
Silver Gray Whig in opposition to the candidate
of the Anti-Slavery Whigs, Free Democrats.
Republicans, and Temperance men," liberal,
progressive, on the side of right?" "As
an element," says the Journal, u if an clement
at all in the late elections in Ohio, Indiana, and
Pennsylvania, it was on the side of the oppressed
against the oppressor, on the side of a
slriifTirlintr ncnlilo m'ainst a consolidated Gov
r*r> r- i i o ?
eminent, "wielded bv a Southern Oligarchy for
basest purposes.'' Ah ! Was its action in easting
120,000 votes for Mr. Mott, the Nebraska
Administration candidate in Pennsylvania for
the ollice of Canal Commissioner, and in securing
his election by a majority of 200,000
ou the side of the oppressed against the oppressor,
of the struggling People against an
Administration, wielded by a Southern Oligarchy
?
Our friend of the Porta yc County Journal is
very, very forgetful.
&Since the foregoing was written, we
have noticed the following paragraphs in the
Boston Evening Telegraph :
" It is rather droll to see the Bee trying to
prove that Mr. Gardner was not much of a
Webster man, al\er nil! We presume, however,
that the Bee is right. It is evident that Mr.
Gardner, though undoubtedly a llunker in past
years, was not a virulent or hardened one. At
all events, he has repented ; and repentance, like
charity, covers a multitude of sins. Let bygones
-be bygones.
" The Courier reprints a call for a Webster
meeting in l8ol, of which it says :
" The name of Henry J. Gardner was appended
to tlie above cail, its one of the Suffolk
" ^ 1
" 1,11
J
THE NATION
county signers, and it was accoiupauied by the J
signatures of Geo. T. Curtis, Kufus Choate, jj
Benj. Heaver, Samuel A. Eliot, Win. Hayden, ^
Franklin Haven, Chas. P. Curtis, Peter Harvey,
Wm. Appleton, and other politicians of the conservative
Whig school.' " ?
THE MOVEMENT. tl
Putting aside the influence of Know-Xoth- J
ingistn, the political revolution which has l>een J 3
accomplished in the free States is the work of a | *
combination of Whigs, Free Democrats, and j
members of the Democratic Tarty disgusted : |
by the pro-slavery policy of the Administration, i j,
To this combination, the name, Republican, has , '1
been applied, as to a permanent Party. But, F
the question asked, both by those who favor ^
and oppose it, is, can it be considered a perma- j r
nent Party ? Will the diverse elements com- j V
posing it, now that the elections are over, and j ^
no immediate occasion is offered for its united ^
action, cohere, or fall apart under the reaction jof
old aflinitics? Do the masses of Whigs and ^
Democrats, who have been brought lor onee to J
act together by a comniou feeling of indignn- t
non against tue ;>ei>rasKa outrage, unuersianu
clearly enough tlie necessity of organizing a
permanent system of measures against the c
Slave Power, to induce them to continue their c
alliance, and to fuse themselves with those who *
have been hitherto designated as Free Democrats,
into a Party, which, while neglecting 110 '
interest of the country, will alwuys regard the
issues between Freedom anil Slavery as of par
amount importance ? As a matter of fact, such 1
a Party is organized in nearly all the free ,
States. The Free Soil or Free Democratic or- i
ganization is substituted by the Hejrublican 1
Party: but will the majority of those who have ?
been acting with it, and secured it unexampled (
| triumphs, continue u Republican," or be hence- t
forth known again as Whigs and Democrats ?
Southern politicians of all factions predict a j *
short life for this formidable political combtna- J ^
tion. The Washington Union points with com- | {]
plaeenej to what it styles tlie true Democratic j t
Party in the free States, overwhelmed for a , i
time, hut still united and determined. Let the j ?
storm of passion pass, and the ''sober second j p
thought" of the People will bring back the !j
deserters from its ranks, and again restore its a
ascendency. Such is its hope. *
On the other hand, the Washington InfeUi- ?
genccr secretly congratulates itself that the
Whig Party has yet a name and an organi- ]
zatiou in Massachusetts, New York, and r
Pennsylvania. A nucleus is thus" maintained, 1
around which, in the tranquillized future, there '
may be a rapid accretion of Whig elements, j
which will be separated from the discordant \
materials with which they are now fused, until r
once more the country will be blessed with a '
National Whig Party. The following extract j
from the Baltimore American shows with what c
confidence the Southern Whigs calculate on a c
reconstruction of the old Whig organization: 1
"Whilst we have regretted the complicity of '
Whigs in these fusions, we have viewed their *
conduct more in the light of concessions to the
exaggerated feeling of hostility to slavery ocea- r
sioned by the passage of Nebraska bill, than as 1
the evidence of a determination to nusli to an ex
treme the existing sectional excitement. With c
that view we tit ink the action of the Congress of g
1 .-too-'G will be far from meeting the expectations
of the ultra anti-slavery men who are now crow- ^
ing so lustily, in the hope that their most violent J
measures are to be unhesitatingly affirmed. We
have at least equal faith, and far more hope, in o
the succeeding Congress, than in that which will ]
assemble in December next. Opposition to the j
Administration rather than to the South will be t
its prominent aspect, and the South, by stu- t
diouslv refusing to introduce any exciting issue, t
will have it in her power to control the course v
of events in a larger degree than may at this ^
time appear possible." |
Unquestionably, the conduct of the Whig ^
leaders in the three States named, has given v
' oiwfenaiictMsj these speculations. The linlti- s
remembers, that many years a
agp the Whig Party of Massachusetts, through 0
a State Convention, took as decided Anti-Sla- "
very ground as at its last. Convention ; and yet t]
that same party subsequently followed the lead t
of Daniel Webster, acquiesced in the Compro- I'
mise of 1850, and voted for a Presidential can- v
didate pledged to the extreme Pro-Slavery policy
of the Baltimore platform of 1S52. It 8
remembers that the New York Whirrs were
guilty of similar gros3 inconsistencies ; and that 11
what has happened, may happen again. " We P
view their conduct now more in the light of 11
concession to the exaggerated feelini/ of hostility
to Slavery, occasioned by the passage of the (j
Nebraska bill, than as the evidence of a deter- j]
mination to push to an extreme the existing h
sectional excitement."' The refusal of the New
York Whig Convention to entertain any propoiition
in relation to the Fugitive Act, and the
peculiar non-committal language of the resolu- r
tion respecting the admission of slave States,
merely asserting a right, but forbearing to declare
a duty, give countenance to the views of
p
the American. [j
The effect of maintaining the Whig organi- o
zation in Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania,
will not, we fear, be confined to those ].
States. Its tendency will l>eto keep alive Whig t
prejudices and sympathies in other States, and )
to retard, if not prevent in them a complete j
I fusion of parties. j
i> e mil giance ai me uonois mat nang over
the Future. Let us look at some of the enJ
oournging indications.
Many of the most influential journals of the
Whig Party are committed to the policy of a
People's Party, or the Republican movement.
The Kenneber (Me.) Journal classifies the
members of the Legislature as Republicans
and Locos, or Administration men, remarking:
li The terqj Republican has come to have a
well-defined meaning, and informs every one
that the person thus designated sympathizes
with and belongs to the new fusion movement,
or People's party, that is springing up throughout
the free States, to resist the encroachments
of Slavery and maintain the rights of the North.
This name has already been adopted in this
State, to some extent. The county conventions
of Franklin, composed of the Whigs as a body,
the Free-Soileis, and Morrill men, are united
into one party under* this name. In several
other localities in this State the name has been
adopted bv town and representative caucuses,
and several of the leading newspapers have
recommended it."'
In another article, going into the subject
at length, after,estimating the proportions of
Whigs, Free-Soilers. and Democrats, who voted
for Morrill, constituting the Republican Party,
it proceeds :
''It would seem, therefore, that no Whig *
need to he very much alarmed to find himself 1
in such company, or ashamed to array himself t
cordially under the Republican banner, or tight ,
manfully for the principles which are inscribed
on its folds. * * * And when we consider
that the Whig organization in this State is reduced
to 14,000, and many of theiu only retained
in it by the force of a regular nomination and the
excellence of our candidate, and the lielief that
he sincerely sympathized with this popular movement,
we can see how utterly impotent it will
be for any goes! in the future*, and for this reason
we confidently expect that more than half
of that I4,000voters will support, heart and hand,
the Morrill party. We are strengthened in this
conviction, as the Saco Union, the Portland
Advertiser, Bath Tribune, Kennebec Journal,
Bangor Whig, and Bangor Mercury, constituting 1
more than three-quarters ot the Whig circula- ; ]
tion in the State, sustain this party; while the ' 1
People's Frees, the Rockland Advertiser, and ;
Bath Mirror, do not sustain or opoose it. The : <
Bangor Journal, which was started a few weeks j '
before the election, by the Wildcat Whigs of Pe- j
nobscot, expressly to oppose Mr. Morrill, is the
only paper, professing to be Whig, which is
decidedly opj>osed to hw party."
AL ERA, WASHING'
Let this spirit bo maintained, and tbe Repub- ' (X
can Party will not only be a '' fixed fact," . IM
at an overshadowing fact, in Maine.
. ' O'
A week or two since we apprehended that, t
wing to the illiberality of a portion of the ' m
flags of Vermont, the Fusion movement in I ft!
Iiat State would prove a failure. We now hope \
ar a better result. The editor of the Vermont . ^
rribune, writing to his paper from Montpelier,
)ctober 20th, says : |
" The results of this (lav's work ftrp as aitrnifi- i .
ant as gratifying. Silver Gray Whigerv and 1
oiling candidates were floored together, both
ti Legislative Caucus and in Joint Assembly,
"he Republican platform, adopted at Mont>elier
on the 13th of July last, was this mornrig
adopted by a unanimous vote in caucus,
nd the Hon. D. P. Thompson was elected Sec- j(
etary of State, this afternoon, in Joint Assem?ly.
Rut, to be a little more particular, the P
Silver Gray Whigs, under the lead of Messrs. is
Vashburn and Kirkland, came iuto the caucus C'
his morning, and Mr. Judevine offered the fol- n
owing resolution, 4 That we stand upon the
datform adopted at Montpelier on the Llth of
I uly last, and tipon Motherwhich resolu- j ri
ion was amended with the consent of the mo- j It
rer by the addition of the words, 4 inconsistent ^
cith it.' a
44 The resolution, after discussion, was adoptd
unanimously. The Republican platform and s'
irgauization have therefore been adopted by h
he largest Legislative Caucus yet helu. c
Again?the editor in his issue of October I"
17th, saya : ^
" It must now be apparent to all, that our 8<
State ticket could not have been triumphant A
vithout the Republican Convention and the ?
sonsequent concert of action. If anything were T
van ting to make this clear, it would be found
n the result of the contest in our State Legis- f'(
ature last week. The question of the supremicy
was there distinctly brought forward, the b
ssue being between old-fashioned Whigery on b
he one hand, and the Republican movement d
>n the other. R
" The latter was completely victorious ; no p
loubt any longer exists that a majority of the b
iV'higs in the Legislature are ready to ' freely d
elinquish their former political attachments b
ind party ties '?they have so resolved. The fu- d
ure of politics in Vermont it is not difficult to 0
bresee ; for in resolving that ' there are now no fr
rreat questions dividing the political parties oi
xcept that of Slavery,' the Whigs have come ei
ntirely upon our platform ; and further, thev B
lave all agreed, Messrs. Washburn, Kirklanu, A
nid others of that sort concurring, in recom- ti
nending a ' new party organization,' and have s]
idvised to adopt the name of Republican. Be s|
t remembered that this has been formally V
lone. We may well be gratified with this, and fr
tope to hear no more carping at the new or- ir
ranization. When we first suggested the move- r<
nent in the columns of the Tribune in March f<
ast, and urged its vital importance, we were u
lerided and assailed. In less than a year it u
las come to pass. We rejoice in it. Not that li
ve expect that all will acquiesce in adopting a F
lew name and a new party organization. liut ai
he majority trill. We would he willing to be jt
ailed a Whig, or almost anything, if it were ci
?est; but it is so evident to us that the great
ibject we seek can be better attained under an ^
rganization wholly new, that we hail with sat- ' ,
sfaction this important step which has been
aken by our Representatives at Montpelier, tl
confident that in so doing they have executed a
he will of their constituents. Let now by- intones
be bygones, and onward with tho Rembliean
movement/'
The Indianapolis Journal, hitherto the State j,
irgan of the Whig Party, is out decidedly in
upport of keeping up the Republican Move- "
nent. Having changed hands, the new pro- jj
irietors announce that?
" Jt will luoor earnestly tor tlie strengtnemng t<
if the great Party of the People, against the
'arty of the Office Holders, and for the sup- r,
?ort of the principles declared by 'he Conven- w
ion of the 13th of July, and similar Convenions
throughout the North. To the combina- 3(
ion of all Parties, evoked by the weak and vj
ricked conduct of the Administration and a C(
Kirtion of the Democratic Party, we look for a s
uccessful resistance to the aggressions of the a,
Have Power, and the successful establishment J
if much-needed moral reforms ; and to that end
re shall work. Until it be accomplished, we 'f
ee nothing of such consequence to the ootmtry
.s to demand a cessation or change of direction H]
if our efforts. The late glorious triumphs over a
. corrupt Party give cheering promise of the ti
ulfibnent of our hopes, and it should he the ft
luty of every true friend of the country to see J,
hat nothing of the great advantage gained be (j
ost. No man should put off his armor till the <r
iork be completed.'' H;
The New Albany (la..) Trifmne, which lately e<
upported the nominees of the Convention of ?1
uly Pith, not having the rout of the matter ^
a it, calls for the establishment of a Whiy pa- tj
er at Indianapolis. The Journal spiritedly relarks:
jr
"If the general desire of the Whigs for a 'high 0j
ined,' Ac., organ here, can furnish ten thousand ,
ollars these hard times, for no better purpose 1
linn spliting the people's party, by all means
it it be done. If the Whigs can 'hear of any- ai
fling to their advantage' in a separate organ- p,
'.iiuoii, it ?iii uc fj(uuu wuws tiiici iwcivc ye-*rft ^
f defeat. If, however, a coadjutor for us in
etending the cause of the people is desired, we ?
hall be happy to have its assistance. fa
"To the Tribune's discourteous insinuation
hat we are not what wo profess, we might retort ^
hat its profession of adherence to the people's
orty is not in very strict conformity to its eager ^
esire for a withdrawal of the Whigs from that tc
rganization." b,
Much will depend upon the action of mem- A
ters of Congress at its next session. Many of tl
lum from the free States have beeu re-eleoted d<
>y a fusion of Whigs, Free Democrats, and o;
democrats; some, both in the Senate and h
louse, will represent States in which the Fa- w
ion movement or Republican Party is in the
scendant. Why should not both classes ac- tl
ept. the name Republican, confer and act to- C
ether as Republicans ? If they refuse to adopt fi
liis reasonable policy, if they persist in styling -G
hemselves Whigs and Democrats, recognise n;
lie old organizations, and divide on old issues, it
hey will disappoint the just expectations of ai
heir constituents, and may be fairly arraigned
is hostile to the Republican Movement. If, for
xample, Messrs. Walker and Dodge of Wiscoti
in, Wade and Chase of Ohio, Fessendcn and m
Inralin of Maine, and Foot and Braiuard of ^
Vermont, should meet, some in Democratic rj
aucus, some in Whig, some in Free Democrat- g
e, they will not be true to the sentiments of the p3eople
of the several States they represent. t>
jet them consult ami not together, as Republi:an?,
and in this way they will at once carry j,.
rat. the views of their constituents, and con- 0
ribute to give perpetuity to the Republican C]
Movement.
We should like to hear what the leading pub- r;
ic journals, that lately advocated a union of (.(
voters of all parties against the Slave Power, ?
vithout regard to old party issues, think upon a
his subject. Let them say explicitly whether
he union shall l>e continued or dissolved; and tj
f continued, what, in their judgment, will be the
rue policy for members of Congress elected in \
rirtue of this union, or representing States w
vhere it is triumphant. Q
ONE YEAE AGO.
0
One year afro, the Washington Union could S
lot shout enough over the extraordinary tri- t<
imphs of the Administration in Ohio and Penn- ii
tylvania. Its issue of the 2'2d October, 1K54, con- ii
ained a jubilant article from the Ohio Statc?- g
nan, which thus announced its victory to the
.vorld: tl
" 7 he Great Democratic Victory I?Never in b
he history of political warfare, at least in Ohio,
has such an overwhelming victory been obtained
as that on Tuesday, for the l)emocracy. D
" This victory was not the result altogether a
of a small, sleepy vote on the part of the Whigs, w
The issues made by them?the Maine Law and }
the Abolition fusion?brought out most of their
force. But we rejoice to know that some of'
the best and manliest of the Whigs abandoned c
the old organization, and voted the clean Dem- h
*
roN, d. c., noveiv
*
iratic ticket. We welcome them with'.i the
tie.
" We cannot give as yet,the majoriti 'I for
ar candidates. Modill cannot run les.* than
irtv thousand majority. The perfect Veep
lade by the Democracy on the Legislat >e is
bounding. The Legislature will form very
ixal test, perhaps the best test, of the t eling
ud sentiment of Ohio towards the Admit straon
of President Pierce."
Forty tliousand majority for the Admit istraon,
Octol>er, 1853 ; eighty-five thousand a* ainst
, Octol)er, 1854 ! What does the Stat' unan
link of the " Abolition fusion " now ?
THE SOUTH AGAIN IN PEEIL.
We are sorrj to see the South again in peril.
: is marvellous what slight causes distu b its
eacc and fill it with alarm. Its vigilant ( uardms
are constantly detecting signs of compirar,
or footprints of the incendiary. We all
collect what a narrow escape the gyllant
tate of Mississippi had from Smellee, ti e terble
Yankee schoolmaster, who forgot, V his
tters to home folk, to speak in courteous
rms of the peculiar institution. But tli^re is
later "horror" than this. We learn from the
imi-weekly Creole, of New Orleaus, that the
ars of our Southern friends are just now exited
by the fact that the African Melodist
ipiacopal Conference has a church or t- 'o uner
its care in New Orleans, and that tl 4re is
jnte talk of establishing one in Mobile. The
.frican Methodist Episcopal Church w ts oranized
a great many years ago, is Met lodist
i creed, forms, and government, but pe< pie of
dor alone compose its memljorship.
" For four or five years," says the CreC 'e, " a
xaix.ti nf ,'f 11 In oneration here liUin
ering a half dozen preachers and sever* I hunred
members, it has been quietly yet Uulusiously
operating, and now lias two or three
lists in the city; the main one being a large
rjek c hapel, built by themselves, in the second I
i strict, near the corner of Bienville ant Claii
rne streets. They make returns, and flj'e un- J
( tlie jurisdiction of the Indiana (or*Ohio)
(jn fore nee, and receive preachers (free negroes)
Oiu it. Their preachers living here go tip for
rdiiintion. However, the Recorder, 'about
k^hteen months ago, contained a lotto, from
'ishop Quinn himself, dated ami written .front
rV?c Orleans, in which he seems to hc*e ati
tided to ordaining deacons and elders on the
pot. The letter alludes to Mobile also, and
peaks encouragingly of the cause jn the South,
fe should quote some significant sentences
om this, but it is not before us. An ex-Alderlan
borrowed it out of our office, and has not
'turned it. One of the bishops, in th* Re>rder,
ltith inst., calling for aid to the yan,
ses this language: ' Will not our people eome
p to the work, and help us ? Show th? ^ this
ttle sheet finds its way, through God'i kind
rovidence, to the far South, to the grc A joy
nd comfort of many precious souls '/ We
idgo it has a pretty good circulation i < this
ity.'j
Tliis is the sum and substance of the rrieviico.
No charge is made against these *hum!e
Christians?no evil laid at their clo< If (
icy wore not inoffensive, well-behaved, ?eaccble,
the New Orleans press would soon let us
now the fact. What, then, is the object on to
lcm ? Let us hear the Creole:
" Utir reasons lor stating these lact that
avc necessarily come under our notice t re:
" 1. We would not hinder any that do. rood ;
ut such an organization must, in this ci tnmuity,
exert more of a social than religi? us inuenee.
;
" 2. The effect upon other churches, legitimate
) the country, is evil. It breeds disctjbtent,
npracticability of wholesome discipliiv , and
jstlessness for ministerial orders wh'*te it
ould be inexpedient to confer them.
" !!. This society has established itself-?nd is
jeking extensiou in neighboring citie: and
illages, under the public opinion that it is in
snnectiouwith the Methodist Episcopal C'mreh
outh. We give notice to all, (long ag-> the
uthorities have been notified,) that the Metlioist
Episcopal Church South is no way collected
with nor is it responsible for thi^ Miotic,
he Methodist Church South enjoys th< - onlience
of the country. Her missions the
aves have been carefully confided to sal men.
nd hence this confidence. Their sole funcon
has been to preach the Gospel tc bond
nd free ; not meddling with their rel! lions,
ut leaving them where the Bible leaves, hem.
iver 150,000 colored people are undt reli
ious instruction. i nis commence, so <ecesiry
to (ho moral welfare of thousands, i#(peril1
by having this questionable orgabi ation
;>e rating under cover of her name. Mct^xlixts
icy call themselves, and as such they 'Viss?
w persons taking the trouble to inqui ? furiftr."
These objections resolve themselves imply
ito this: an indejiendent church organ- '.ation
free colored people, with its own b" 'hops,
dors, and deacons, its own proper* ' and
seipline, may nurture feelings of self-*1Aspect
id habits of self-reliance in that class jM" our
jpulation, and the example may be n lsohie>us
by quickening in the slaves the latelt idea
'manhood. Therefore, it is questionable, in
,ct, dangerous, and must be put down!
The Creole informs us that it condenses the
,cts just stated from an editolinl in th-'" New
rleans Christian Advocate of the 30t i Seplnbcr,
and that the grave subject has rlrcady
pen presented to the local authorities* The
d rotate, we presume, is one of the orjtflns of
- Af?ii?1: 1 wl.;,,),
l\r JltUIlUUISt lUJHDUUjmi VUUltii WWUIH) ??...*.?
oubtless is anxious to exclude the lilac!" Bish|)
Quinn from the South, and gather t' Tether
is colored floek in its own sheepfold, under
hite shepherds.
What a commentary is this whole affat upon
ie manhood and religion of the Slave!" dding
aste! Would Bishop Quinn, with his ^ur or
ve hundred harmless disciples, worshiping
od in their own simple way, throw an ' comlunity
into a panic, not conscious of mf utainig
an institution at war with human Mature
rid the laws of God! %
"NORTHERN FANATICISM" IN VIRC NIA.
Our Democratic cotemporary of tlx Richiond
(Va.) Enquirer is little better han a
orthern fanatic in his views in regard o Tertorial
Government, and the admission "f new
tates into the Union. He rejects, for tsxamle,
the whole dogma of Squatter Sot reignr,
insists on the duty of the Federal t overnicnt
to interfere in determining the d' tiosticistitutions
of a Territory, and asserts tl right
f Congress to deny, if it sec proper, th; applintion
of any new State asking admisst "h into
ie Union. Commenting upon a recen declare#
of Brigham Young, that he intef led to
ontinue Governor of Utah so long as tl ' Lord
illed it, whatever President Pierce mi" ht do,
nd the repudiation generally by the 5 ^rmon
immunity of Federal authority, he o "l tends
iat they should be put down at one ; that
, is the duty of the President " to eje< "every
[ormon from office, and bestow the jucl oial as
ell as executive authority of the T' Yitory
pon men who revere the principles and isages
f Christian civilization ! " Think of th? , Genral
Cass! Not only repudiating "I Ipular
overeignty," not only invoking Federal Fower
> dictate to the People what their d- 1108110
istitutions shall lie, but bringing reli? j>n too
lto politics! This is tanaticism with t veneanee,
regular " Abolition fanaticism I '
This is not all. The Enquirer m asures
?ie whole length of the ground reeentl taken
y the "Fusion" Conventions of the Vorth.
"hey assert the duty of Congress to rec ive no
lore Slave States into the Union; of ourse,
fwuming thaPCongress has the right to decide
rhcther a State shall he admitted or no The
Inquirer insists that Utah shall nevofcome
ito the Union as a polygamous Stt e; of
ourse, making the same assumption in egard
3 the right of Congress. Uow delig tful it
*
IBER 9, 1854.
is, after so much bitterness of controversy, to
find political opponents affiliating so closely in
fundamental principles !
"Utah," says the Enquirer, "cannot come into
tliis Confederacy with polygamy as a legal institution.
Squatter ttorereujtUy may affirm the
right of the people of a Territory to 'determine
their own institutions;' but there is a sovereignty
above tho sovereignty of squatters. The sovereignty
of reason, ot religion, of civilization, the
sovereignty of the collective will of the American
people, forbids a fraternal association l>etwecn
a people who profess the pure morality
of the religion of Jesus, and a people who live
under the dominion of lust, and practice the
licentious excesses of oriental barbarism. Utah
cannot approach the bridal altar of this Union,
covered with the scars and polluted bv the poi
son of foul diseases. She must purge herself ol
the presence polygamyj she must come with the
bloom of virgin innocence and strength.
"There can be no fellowship between Mormon
and Christian. They cannot exist under
the same social system?they cannot be partners
in political power. Freedom of conscience is
one thing, exemption from the restraints of decency
and morality quite another. The constitution
guaranties religious liberty, hut gives no
license to the excesses of concupiscence.
"Mormonism is theocracy, and involves not
only a social gradation and inequality, but an
anti-republican alliance between church and
State. No country can he free, in which polygamy
prevails. Utah can demand admission
into the Union by 110 claim of reason or of right.
The people will repel its embrace with universal
ami unconquerable aversion."
Mark! two propositions are distinctly maintained
by the Enquirer:
First, Congress has the right to admit or reject
the application of a new State for membership
in the Union;
Secondly, Congress is bound to reject its application,
if it tolerate by law an institution
repugnant to reason, morality, religion, and
civilization.
This is conceding all that the Fusion Conventions
at the North demand. Recollect, it
is a majority of Congress that must decide
upon the application of a State for admission;
and this majority must decide according to its
own standard of reason, morality, religion, and
civilization. It misrht atrree with the Enouircr
as to the application of the principles it lays
flown, to a polygamous State, and yet differ
widely as to their hearings upon the application
of a slave State for admission ; but, as the concurrence
of the Enquirer on the former case
could add no authority to its acts, so the dissent
or protest of that paper in the latter could detract
nothing from it. It being admitted that
Congress has the right to admit or reject new
States, and that it is bound to reject any one
tolerating an institution repugnant to reason,
morality, religion, and civilization, it follows
that the whole question of the admission or rejection
of, new States is a question for the discretion
of Congress, to be decided according
to the views entertained by the majority of
what is right and expedient. We are happy
to agree with the Enquirer on this point.
Should it so happen that a majority, taking
into consideration the facts, that the system of
Slavery denies self-ownership, education, wages,
and all political rights, to its subjects, arms
the master with despotic power, and subjects
the slaves to extremcst degradation, depriving
| mem 01 tnc legal rignt ot marriage, nutnori/.ing
their sale, like brutes, subjecting the parental,
filial, and conjugal relations, to the will
or caprice of a despot, should come to the eonelusion
that it is a system repugnant to reason,
morality, religion, and civilization, and
therefore reject the application for admission
into the Union of any new State tolerating it.
what could the Enquirer say ? It might dissent
from the opinions of the majority, it might
argue that Slavery is not such a system, or, admitting
that it is, that to hold human beings as
property, make them work without wages, sell
them like cattle, keep them in stolid ignorance,
and deny to them legal marriage, is in perfect
harmony with the purest reason, the highest
morality, the most holy religion, the noblest
-a! It * il
civilization; Din n couiu hot, arraign xne action
of the majority as tyrannical, arbitrary, or unconstitutional.
?.
It must be highly gratifying to the Republican
Party of the North to see Reason beginning
to assert her sway once more at the
South.
SHALL KANSAS BE FREE 1
Kansas Territort, 10//< mo. 22, 1854.
To the Editor of the National Era :
Often does this question atise in the mind,
in view of the contending influences now at
work in the country. When we consider that
there is now a clear majority of the settlers in
Kansas in favor of Freedom, and that these are
but a sprinkling in comparison to the multitudes
that are yet to come from the free States,
we feel a cheering hope that Kansas will be
free. But when we remember the crafty workings
of the slave power, and consider the* Infernal
schemes now being set on foot to defeat
the cause of Freedom here, we cannot but pause
and reflect. We learn from various sources
that steps are being taken, in the border counties
of Missouri, to tlirow a large amount of
transient population into Kansas, to control the
first election, and thus make the Legislature
sufficiently pro-slavery to pass a law legalizing
slavery in the Territory. We know that the
Douglas bill requires every voter to be an actuI
al resident of the Territory, but, no doubt,
?,:ii ?!i- .i
uicuiifl "in i.c urn mi wi i:\jiuu Mie requisition. |
We feel that an important crisis is close upon j
us, for upon the political character of the first j
Legislature very much depends. Could the
election he left in tho hands of the bona Ji<lc
settlers of the Territory, we should have little
to fear. But should we he so basely imposed
upon hy transient voters, as to have such a
law parsed, we must immediately raise a cry
of repeal, long and loud, until our end be accomplished.
We believe that, with the blessings of Providence,
the sweeping tide of next year's emigration
will place the political power of the Territory
in the hands of the friends of Freedom.
During the summer and fall of the present year,,
I have seen and conversed with intelligent men
from nearly every free State in the Union, and
from other sources of information. I think there
cannot be much short of a hundred thousand
people now preparing to come to Kansas, all
true to Freedom ; and there are no less than
four Free Soil papers announced to be started
in the Territory this fall. Then, with such%u
army of freemen, and such artillery in their
hands, how can Slavery finally triumph ? But
we are yet a " feeble folk," and shall we be
crushed in our infancy ?
The watch-dogs-of Slavery continue to keep
up a constant clamor of frightful stories, to dis
courage emigrants on their way from coining
to Kansas ; ami when these bug-l>ear stories
fail to produce the desired effect, they sometimes
try what virtue there is in threats. There
is a set of fellows in the employ of the Government
as Indian agents, who are all of the most
ultra pro-slavery stamp. Several of these were
coming up the river a few days ago, on the
same boat with a company of emigrants, and
after going though the usual routine of frightful
tales, they went so far as to say that they
would instigate the Indians to use violence
against them. But, fortunately, there was an
officer of the military present, who sternly re
buked them, and told tie emigrauts that he was
glad to see them, and that they should be protected.
One of those agents denounced me as a
I d?d Abolitionist, and warned the emigrants
against me as a bad man ; and for what ? Simply
because I am opposed to Slavery. Is it so,
then, that the Administsation keeps a set of
drinking, gambling desperadoes on the frontier,
to wrong peaceable emigrants, aud to abuse
law-abiding citizens, who see it right and feel !
it their privilege to advocate the cause of Freedom
? Ob, what a beautiful thing is squatter
sovereignty, when a pro-slavery Government
fills all the offices in its power with such tools
as will guard tho interests of Slavery, bv threats
of violence against those who are in "favor of
i Freedom! HicuauuMkndrxhalu
???
POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE. ?
? t
Elections were held last Tuesday in New
York, New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, and 1
Wisconsin, the results of which had not reach- *
ed Washington when our paper went to press. ^
Next week we hope to be able to record similar ?
victories to those achieved in Ohio and Indiana, c
OFFICIAL VOTE OF INDIANA. 1
The Indianapolis Sentinel publishes the official
vote of Indiana for State officers. 1 he columns
foot up as follows:
If'or ni* V R 0^, 9.*0 ?
N. Hayden, 85,636; Collins's majority, 12,623.
F\ir AwlUor of State?H. E. Tulltot, 91,812; t
John P. Dunn, 86,208: Talbot's maj., 5,6(14.
For Treasurer of State?William R. Noffinger,
74,359; Elijah Newton,"85,592 ; Newton's
majority, 11,233.
For JuJtje of Superior Court?S. 11. Gookins,
96,38(>; A. P. Ilovey, 85,357: Cooking's
majority, 11,029.
For Superintendent of Pvhli' Instruction?
Caleb Mills, 99,857; W. C. Larrabee, 85,835;
Mills's majority, 14,022.
The majority for the People's ticket will average
about 12,000, taking into consideration
certain votes cast throughout the State which
are not counted for the regular candidates, in
consequence of the names not being correctly
given.
By the above it will appear as if the Democratic
candidate for Treasurer is elected by a
large majority; but this is accounted for by the
fact that 23,367 votes were cast for William F.
Noflinger, instead of William R. Noflfinger. The
votes not counted were beyond question intended
for the regular candidate, who will probably
be declared elected. By counting these votes,
the majority for Mr. Nollingcr would be 12,134.
The Anti-Nebraska majority on the Congressional
vote is about 14,009.
The Legislature stands as follows:
Senate.?Administration holding over, 15; v
elected this year, 8?total 23. Fuaionists hold- s
iug over, 10; elected this year, 12?total 22. .,
Administration majority, 1. t
House.?Fusionixts, 40 ; Administration, 27 ; ?
Fusion majority, 19. This leaves a Republican ,
majority of 18 on joint ballot, and secures a i
Senator in the place of Pettit. f
FLORIDA ELECTION. (Official.)
Congress, 1834 ? Brown, 4,579; Maxwell,
5,f?2 i; 1S52, Cabell, 1,568; Maxwell, 4,590.
The only county to be heard from is St. i.u- j
cie, where Maxwell (l)em.) will have a majority (
of 5 or 0. His majority in the State is 1,050.
PENNSYLVANIA.
The Tribune says :
" We copy from the Philadelphia Pullet in a ;i
table of the Congressional vote in Pennsylva- (
nia, comparing the figures with those of 1852.
The table makes out a majority against Pierce "
and Nebraska of 06,298. The Democratic 11
majority in 1852 was 23,475?a change in two t!
years of ninety thousand against the Adminis- j
tration! The entire Congressional vote of
1852 was 311,486; in 1834, 351.158; an in- "
crease of 36,672. The Gubernatorial vote this ?
year reaches 371,000?or 20.000 more than for a
Congressmen. It is rather singular that there ?
arc 20,000 voters in a single State, who, in this j,
particular crisis of national legislation, do not
care enough about being represented or mis- 11
represented in Congress, to cast their ballots ci- "
tner war."
The Independent Whig, of Ilarrisburgh, Pa.,
says that, having given some attention to the I?
matter, it has come to the conclusion that the
chance of United States Senator "lies between
the Hon. Thaddcus Stevens and the Hon. David
Wilmot." ?
MASSACHUSETTS.
\v
Boston, Oct. 31.?Henry J. Gardner, Esq.,
the Know Nothing candidate for Governor, has
addressed a letter to the Hon. Charles Allen,
denying generally and in dead the charges made |(
against him bv Judge Allen, rn a speech made
by him at the Free Soil Convention at Worcester.
Boston, Not. 1.?Ilenrv Wilson has written
a letter, in which he declines the nomination
for Governor, tendered him by the Republican tii
party. di
Boston, Nor. 2.?The State Committee of the ge
Republican party have refused to accent Mr. ?
Wilmm's tlemliiatlon, ami lie "is therefore still
the Republican candidate for Governor. hi
The Hon. William Appleton has finally ae- ry
cepted a renomination for Congress, which he V(
once declined. ^
NEW HAMPSHIRE. C1
We learn from the lmlepcmlent Democrat,
of Concord, N. H., that the State Convention w
of the Independent Democracy of that State, t|
i.. I.I .... ?i>.? ncav ..i? ? c
11^1*4 VUIIV??U 1*11 111^ -uui UIU| n.ia VJI1U ui |
the best ever assembled in the State, and that jt]
" the Representatives' Hall was densely pack- ^
edthat while a large proportion of the dele- sj(
gates wore young men, many of* the old soldiers j
of Liberty were present:
"Another noticeable and encouraging fact V)
was the presence of many old Democrats, who
never before made their appearance in any but ?
an old line Democratic Convention. Among ^
these wo may name Judge Wadleigh, the Pros- to
ident of the Convention, Hon. John Atwood,
Charles Rowell, Ksqrs., and others too nuiner- ^
ous to mention?all showing that the fountains ' '
of the old political deep are breaking up, and 01
that principles arc overriding party names, and b?
leaving party organizations little more than the "
tenacity of burnt. Hax. . pr
" In relation to our nominee for Governor, it jis
scarcely necessary that we say a word. Few
men in the State are better or more favorably Ti
known than Asa Fowler. Alwavs a Democrat:
formerly the law partner of Franklin Pierce, of
whom, as a sound lawyer, he was vastly the
superior; a well-read scholar; of large legislative
experience ; a friend of Freedom, Temper- 'U
auce, and Morality, he needs no eulogiurit, and P"
fears no weapons of detraction. No man will ai
vote for him, doubting his integrity and capaeity
for any place in the gift of the people of this a]
State.
" With everything to cheer us onward, let the w
friends of Freedom, the true Democracy of the 'J
State, now commence to work. Let them earlv I
commence holding their school district and ai
neighborhood meetings. Let them get up ]y- t
ceums and debating societies; circulate noonmcnte
and papers; and, in every practicable 1"
way, get light before the people. Let every Id
iimiii irnun*: iiiiai ?i vuiuiiiiiux ui ? 1^:11- rj
ance, determined to (five neither rest to his feet n(
nor slumber to his eyelids till the shout of
' Freedom and Victory' shall go on the wings '
of the lightning, to proclaim to the waiting mil- k(
lions of our sister Free States that New Jlamjn th
shire is free. '
J Ci
OHIO. ?
The official returns of the Ohio election are
at last received. They stand as follows : .
For Supreme Jiui-tje?Joseph It. Swan, Ite- A
publican, 180,437 ; Shepard 1*. Norris, Xebras- *'1
ka, 110,1)12?Anti-Nebraska majority, 7.5,255. Sr
For Board of Public Works?Jacob Hlick- he
ensderfer, jr., Republican, 183,655; Alex. P.
Miller, Nebraska, 100,205?Anti-Nebraska ma- ,,,
jority, 74,302. * M
In 1852, Gen. Scott had 152,526; Hale, oa
31,682; making the Whig and Free Soil vote ab
184,208; Pierce had 160,220?this year, Pierce
gets not so many by 60,000.
MINNESOTA REPUBLICAN. ia
wl
We are glad to sec that thij Republicans of 0|1
Minnesota Territory have an able advocate of j,;,
their principles in the Minnesota Jit-publican, an
a weekly ifewspaper lately commenced at St. j;
Anthony's Falls, by C. G. Ames. It is owned,
we understand, by a joint stock company. The Ti
editor says:
"It will urge the importance ami Hbcessity of
a through Prohibitory Liquor Law. It will ti<
maintain that Liberty is the right of all. Law j]i
its defence; that Slavery is sectional. Freedom
national; that the National Government ought
to be relieved from all connection with Slavery,
not required by the strictest construction of the m
Constitution; that so long as the National Gov- T1
eminent extends, protects, or sanctions the l'e- ^
culiar Institution of the South, so long it is national
crime. It will oppose the extension of ll(
that Institution into any Territory which is now, |.i
or ever shall be, under the control of Congress.
It will unceasingly revert to the original design
of the American Union, and demand that trie
noble purpose of the fathers lie fully carried
out. ror the ultimate and universal triumph of. W
freedom, and for the complete success of our na-' 01
tional experiment of self-governniei^ it will h;
?
VOL. VliT I
auinly rely upon the force of truth and the p.,
riotism of the people."
"It will oppose alike the efforts of Po|*
'nest to gain possession of Government, a, t\
he efforts of any class of citizens to dish m
nen simp/;/ for their foreign nativity or ti
eligions opinions. It will oppose monopoly
,ria toe racy, and will perseveringlv v.el ;i
levation and advancement of the whole j
A FEEE PEESS IN KANSAS.
The Western Argus, (Mo.,) a vulgar pr
tlavery sheet, says:
"It is time that the papers of Kansas Terriory
established, and those about Win.' cot
noticed there, were out on this subject. Ti?.
niestion is bound to lie sprung?slavery or rio
ilavcry; and the sootier these journals H
heir position 011 this subject?and we >1, .
iresunie they will hesitate a moment in .V I
ling for slavery, for the best interests of Ku^
Territory, for the best interests of the <-i: ,
>f Missouri and the South?the sooner will t!
Abolitionists and Northern fanatics tin.) wli.v M
hey will have to combat with in Kansas 1.,
ory, before they can establish their in > ,
principles. * * * And we now call out!.
ditors of the Kansas Herald, in behalf of tin
prethren of the Territory, to come out on t!i
mbject. Take n bold and manly stand on t!i,ight
side of the question, and let t!???<?- prat.ibout
your Northern fi*clii?and vm; it!:
ee where you are, and what your prineip!
ire."
The Herald, without recognising the exi-t
nee of this impertinent inquisitor, in its fir t.
lumber takes a bold and manly stand <>u the lH
ight side, as follows: j
"Our great object is to make Kansas a fr-- jfl
itate; and to that end we shall lalmr b\ en em
^ing emigration. It is md oar purpose to ei I
age in a crusade against our Southern brethren,
or upon their institutions, so long as eonl I ;
rithin their legitimate sphere. Our field i.--' l\.\
a*, aim litre we snail uuinr. aim nrre sliuli. U
mow tho altar of Lihkiity. With tho L>. .
ion of American Independence in one haii
m*l the Constitution of the Bepubiir in the i: i
ve engage in a defensive warfare for tin- llijir.
A'e firmly believe that victory will crown tl
fforts of the Sons of Freedom; but the sin
rle will be long and arduous. We may I.
tricken down at first, but not defeated."
The paper is a large and handsome -li t. Jfl
uibli.shed at Wakarusa, Kansas Ten it. .1 v. by
1. \V. Brown & Co., at $2 a year.
NEBRASKA
Wc hear little of the Nebraska Territory, h
i portion of the stream of emigration seen,
ending that way. A city is already comtienced,
bv the name of Omaha, and sever
mniliers of a little paper have reached fr.ui
liat place, styled the Omnlnt Arroir. Ii i- a
touglas paper, and its flippant denunciation
f the opponents of the Nebraska Bill ' Ablition
Whigs" sufficiently defines its char.wi
ud position. We hope our enterprising friends,
dio arc turning t heir thought s west ward! v, w ill
iquire whether a paper devoted to Freedom
lay not lie eslablishe*! in Nebraska. '* Wilis'
ion slept, the enemy sowed tares."
LITERARY NOTICES. I
iarkl CaBKOij.toN : A Personal Rriro?iwct. 15v Krio r
Glen. Hostou: Phillip*. Sampson. A l'o for ?; ! .
R Karuham, Pennsylvania iTtine Wa i - gi< : 1 B
A very pleasant story, well told, illustrative
f life and character in New England ; stnii'iig
a little for effect, now and then, but. on the
hole, natural and discriminative, with many
assages of genuine pathos. Its theme, lioin
pginning to end, is " love, still, love.''
1ST*'It Y or Cm*: or Notes of a Traveller in tlie Trope'
tiy Muturni ,\l. Halloa. Pul>li*hed usabove. amt km
try Taylor A Maury, Washington, I>
Mr. Ballou is a good writer, and furnishes in
lis volume a great deal of valuable inforina
in concerning the people of Cuba, their o??n M
tion. resources. Ac.- l>nt ih.. *;*1.? t.t. !.<>
n for his work is too pretending. It i.? not a
Miavurj.- Tin: historical sKetcti given is quite
rief, and certainly not very clear or satisfaeto
By the way, when alluding to the inter- U$
nition of the United States, in 1H2.V4, to pre
;nt a descent of the Liberals of South A nu n
i upon Cuba, and to preserve the island
lainst revolution, why did he not state the
hole truth, and place on record in his volume
te fact, that the Federal Government u.ied its
itluence to perpetuate the authority of Spain
i Cnl>a, solely for the purpose of pert? ;untin '
lavery, and securing the slave system of the
Duth from the perils with which Unban cman
pation might threaten it?
Mr. Halloa is not a fiibuslier, but be i; a de
>ted annexationist. Ilis arguments in favn
"the measure are neither new nor convinciu
is rather marvellous that he should attempt
i win nublie favor for the noliev l.r ml, >mi
g to prove that it is the fixed purpose <>f
pain, notwithstanding all her disclaim* ! >
nancipate the slaves in Cuba. It would Is* a
-autiful night, to see the Oovernment of th.Model
Republic" interfering to prevent a
iemlly nation from establishing a s\ '<m f
ree Labor in her colony!
in: Iron Cousin: or Mutual liiflusnn By Mir. ?"
?lf n Clarke. New fork : I). Ap|>l<*t?u ?V Co F??i R.
Faruhmn. Washinirton. 1). t\
The two principal characters of this w >rk
re, a young girl of genius, spirit, and ii?*iendcuce,
invested with extraordinary |**r- .1
Itractions, but, from a defective odiicati .
df-willed, blunt, haughty, and domineering;
nd her cousin, a young man, clear-sight<sl,
oil disciplined, self-controlled, calm. profound
affectionate, .severely just, of unbending will,
he theme, of course, is the mutual uttraetn
id repulsion, the curious play of aflinili 1
reen them, by which each modilics and ini
fill' tin. idhoe ii?.?
ke kindred drops melt into oqi>. The Im?..k i
tccodittgly intonating, but it would Iihv. !
tthing as a work of art, had the writer omit
d several merely episodical passages, nil
pt her imagination always in harmony with
e fitness of things.
mmino'h Minor Woliiv PliilaiVlpci;, I.iii<i?!i' .v !!:>. <sou.
For wile by Taylor A .Maury, W asluiiytoii. I? '
The two volumes before us contain, fir-t,
jctures on the work of "the Everlasting la
er," secondly. Lectures on the work of the
ui of God. In a third volume, not yet issued,
will treat of the influence of the Hol v Spir
I>r. Camming occupies a large space in the
iristian world: he is reputed to he the great
t pulpit orator in London. His printed work
oiind in evidences of eminent intellectual
iwer, disciplined by rigorous logic and fin
*te, and applied to the noblest themes. 1 i
earnest, positive, and independent, speaking
tat he believes to be truth, uppareutlv witht
fear or l'avor. The general reader will find
? discourses, especially those 011 the Minn
id Parables, very different from the class
scourges generally to which they belong.
ie Paraslm ot Frederick At1<?l|iku* Krunuuar 1 I'
ami tor sale a* above.
This volume, front the seventh German eh?h,
is embellishod with twenty-six handsome
ust rations, and ex ecu tod in a style of almost
ultless typography. The fame of these I'm
>les lias gone out into various languages, aiul
any of them are familiar as household words,
he American publishers hare done a good
ing in giving us this beautiful complete edi>n
of them.
TKBAKY ItlK'KKATIONS AW MBKKU.AXIO U) J?'?" '*
WhitUer. Boilnii: Ticknor 4 hfldv For !>ak hv T-> lor
A Maury. Washington. V C.
A neat volume of 427 pages, of the prose
ritings of John G. Whittier, for the most part
iginally written for newspapers with which he
is beeu editorially connected, especially for

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