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The Rational Era is published every Thursisv 0n the following terms : Sbgle copy, one year $2.00 Tfcree copies, one year 6.00 Five copies, one year 8.00 Ten copies, one year 16.00 Bir.gle copy, six months 1.00 Ten copies, si* months ? 8.00 Voluntary agents are entitled to retain 60 g^nts commission on each yearly, and 26 oents commission on each serai-yearly, subscriber, atept in the ease of Clubs. A Club of five subscribers, at $8, will entitle ihe person making it np to a copy for 6 months; i i:lub of ten, at $15, to a copy for one year. When a Club has been forwarded, additions B&T be made to it, on the same terms. WASHINGTON, D. C. For the National Rra. the old quadroon; OE. A National Version of The Virgin Martyr. ' Muta'.o sirruie do te Fabnla iiarratur." I,. mint live to womanhood, oil may she never know, I , ... .-r'.i by mother * happineia, the mother's depth of woe1 in.! m i - I lie within nty (trave before that day I*aee, \vi,. - - ?it*. h- I am Hitting, with a slave-child on Her i nee" . g hear to know her rtuld must be a* she hath ( era. y,. ,r but one deliverance from infamy and sin.1' Maria TxnerU. r?.4IJUJ. I IJI'1>|PW."IHIIt,L . 1 '" ' - 1 K I, "... ? | | ~ * ** > f f 4 s G. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR; JOHjN G. WHITTI Ell, CORRESPONDING EDITOR. h VOL. X. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1856. NO. 487. ' I; . vrf painful. imlM, to contemplate this subject] , rnl msiinctively shrink* from it; tint still it is a . ii-..unction whether it Ins nol our duty to en, ip-iin, tiiat our sympathies inay be quickened , ii r-- active exercise."?Hnrrirl Beeekrr .Stow. V;d t hough you are unmoved to job my death, :<ftor. when my story shall be read. A - ; V were present note, the hearers shall s?v this of Dorothea, with wet eyes, - ined ii virgin, and a virgin dies! *' The Virgin Jtoriyr. PART f. Flowers, ma,tcr?" "Yea; that snowy globe, V. nb all A lios pent within, -pi.'\ up, and stem set round W in ?iiiall rose-buds, and myrtle green " Fin- ' that '?oh. this magnolia, then ! '* ' \ r*. that. I did not kaow its name.'-* V. Ma?t-r i> a stranger here." irom the North last week I came." 11.-> -ay folks there are good and free ?" s,, us good, some had. How are they here?" Win, much the snine. My master's good; Hjt li..-n "? "Npcak out. They cannot bear." What could I have to tell? But then H' - friau the N .rth, and looks so kjnd: Ami speaking out for once might ease A |X>orold ciar.j body's mind." W'h . ".vhat's the matter? There, don't cry. \ ..a uiu-i he very old I'" 44 Fourscore; Hut thai i on hi never let me die; ! r on hell's coal pared, oven door, ii , were i in the other world, V.'.::. singeing feet, you know I ahould - rp gcing and going, just as I did War.i | mil younger, through the wood? No mailer howsoever far Apatt tin y put us, till I found Heaven and my little Rose, and then s.i.iu it ntig her neck so tightly rouud, 'IV angels could not pull roe off, sl-.au-e they have no kirvas up there, And tney would biush to see me in Aiming them all so pure and fair." Oi; no. they would not! Poor old soul. \ .tir turban's lull ot' whimsies ! Come, tart's talk of something pleasant?Howers, Or hi your youth tutd early home.'' oh. mn-ler. 110! My muster's good ! I've all I want. Put up your purso. I m had. and trouble you. They say T iat kindness always makes us worse. My home ! Ah. that was long ago? A nvi !y laud, and far from here. So lovely that the mountains crowd. And o'er eaeii other's shoulders peer, Korever, tar as eye eau see, All straining for a tip-toe peep oi grassy plains, and sporting swains, A >1 merry rills that glance an J leap, And cabin* snug and stately halls. In sleep I still those mounts behold? The near ones green and great, the far Mere sunset films of cloud and gold. Ah, there we led a merry life, Without a trouble or a care. 1 sang and danced the livelong day, And decked and twined my mistress's hair. \\ alio at my kitten tricks she laughed, fill oft. she said, I made her ache; And often, as she bade ine bring, sim hade me share, her fruits and cake. Sue made for me a new pink gown, t id. on the day I was fifteen, Sue let me give a birthday least, And nil. wi h fiddlers on the green. i'!i iw.is the wildest, sweetest night. We frisked and spun in all our best. T; very tri es seemed dancing round; T ic sun weal dancing down the west, Vnd on In- threshold up and down, I f cau.c the moon and turned htm out. iiid danced with all her stars o'erheuii, I'or.ioy 10 see our merry rout. 'Hie ire.dies scarce their lanterns lit, Hut wait/.cd upon their watch that night; M oil - lo-r f. rami golden lamp shone down ?>it - uitrk aim aerrniel* bright I'.ii-y sanl I was the finest j^irl In ; llir- Sltile. Ill those olit da>'?. I '.r ill I mu ?o wilhrifil now : Vnd I was von and spoiled with praise; Aj?d no I In the other lads i nine round and I-eg and pray, then till. And *? a roe would give a single turn To any 0110 t>u( winsome Will. Ille used to tie inv little nurse, AimI earned me till I could wall, And aiier. when iny feet were tired, A id Matt lit uie how to sing and talk 1 I knew be liked ine mora than most. I knew I liked linn most of all. I want to ~top for l.reath.' he said. I mean | want'?that very ball, J -i in my ear. Well, Willy, what* U don't you know ? Yon know,' said he. In nunr\ you now. Think I could*" I to d luni I would run and see. I * id lieiimd mv mistress's chair, Ami -\ hispered, and she gave eonsent, \ I hack again, with downcast eyes, 'A ii. Willy waited, softly went. We did not care for dancing more, Hut walked beneath ihe linden trees A one and quiet, hand in hand. .And breathed the gnft delicious breeie. The m i-ic slopped?too soon we thought; And we were ordered all to bed. lie to the quarter, to the hall I turned. but chanced to turn iny head, And ?aw hint o'er his shoulder watch, And Ih? and stumble as he went, 1 # see itie to the. threshold safe, i .is- i wave farewell, in full content, And hutry in. As in 1 steppej. N ouitg master met me in the door. And stopped and gazed. I shrank from him. A- I had i ever shrunk before, lb seized my arm. His eye glowed red. His breath was reeking hot with wine, lie promised me rich silks and rings, mother hud none half so tine; Ant! ih-11"? ' Vou yielded! Den.h and shame ! Oil. womanhood"? "No; not so soon; Bui. when I weeping broke away, lb bade tiiem lash me to the bone. I'U-y niatle nie scieain my voice away, I'iieu mu'i till ail my breath was gone. Hut not the whip. It rose and fell, l"ue endless strokes went on and on. On through the skin. o? through the flesh, Oi, steadily through nerve and vein; Hut not. as 1 have felt tham sinoa, ' tuled round my heart, or out my brain. ! cpuld not speak to tell thetn so, bu' sought that nothing could be worse J lb-uui ;s yet I had not tried -s|r about Hit endless curse. Vi y Aid they take ine gasping down ? " i had 1 du d. or never been! 1 was so wicked, ignorant, AimI foolish, and but just fifteen 1 * PART II. When those rare generous souls He sees. Who in Ills service dare The worst that flesh can do to faee, ?>r. loyal still, to bear, I n'othe rescue flies the I,t>rd. And thrusts their foea aside. Or lets them taste the glorious cup Quaffed by the Cruetfied. Most favored then, and bears them back Thrice blest through conquered woe*. To reign with linn; a id eveu so It was with little Rose. But mean and craven spirits, when They tremble, cringe, and shrink. And rebel* t?rn, unworthy proved That sacred draught to drink. Then to the rescue Satan conies. And lakes their pain away, To pay it l?arh with nttereet, t pon some future day. It this long nver rose upright, That here doth writhing lie. And plunged head foremost throuah the earth. Down from the topmost sky, And down again the other sido. It other aide there bo. Its depth* were shallow to the deeps Of agony in we; Black, doorlenk deeps of woman's shame ! Hew dares a soul to dive Down tails like these, and diving so How it can rise aiive! "I think they bound and prisoned me At first; for I was wild The next I know, I held upon My breast a little child? A little lovely nestling girl! I had not dared to pruy, Till then, that Ood would pity me. And take my guilt away, For fear the angels round the throne Would hear me call His name. And look in pity down lo see Who in such torment came, Then hide thmr quick afirigbted eyes From me and trom my shame But when I saw her little face, It seemed to chann away I. n . .. ,1,. I h,.l kalA,, >. ?--* ? ' For her I had 10 pray ; And when, seen quiet, 1 was left Alone, unbound, at last. I crawled up on my knees, while in My arms i held her mat; I wrapped myself from head to foot? My guilty cheek and brow .Witiun a eovnitig close?and dartM To plead for her; for uow? She was so good and beautiful? They all would crowd to see And smile on her, I thought, and none But Jesus notice me. And I thought the blessings showeiod on her Fell scattering on ino. too. From the lily's brimming dropping cup, As the base dust tastes the dew. " Oh. Ood! poor lily, opening fair Upon a mildewed stem ! A liitle child's white silver soul I So fine and frail the gem, That but a breath could tarnish it! Its casket should have been A sacred home and holy heart; And how should hands unclean As mine were keep and carry it, Without a spot or stain. Snfe through the wicked world and back, All bright to heaven again/ I think as, when u fruit tree dies, Its grafts, the country o'er, Are struck with dwindling deaih, howe'er They throve a id grew before. On children of the dead in sin. Sin's blight is apt to fall; -* And thus their crimes are visited. Hut Ciod is over all 1 And 1 knew her father was not holy? llusli! I've not told his name ! They bade me not. What's done is done. What use to chide and blame ? And he was young, and crazed with wine. Boys will fe boys : and then, Oh, master, things are so much worse In women than in men I And he whs sorry afterward, And made Will marry me. Poor lad', he never smiled again. But was not harsh to me. I hid my baby when I could. He never seemed to see, When she came toddling in his way. He languished by my side. I nursed him; but we seldom spoke. He kissed me when he died. [TO BE CONTINUED.] For the National Era. SIGN THE PLEDGE, AND MAKE A ROSE OF NETTIE^ BREST, One of a Series of Temperance Sketches. The night was dark, and the wind so shrill and ferocious that it really seemed to have gone mad; and yet the streets of onr little village were lined with life, and all appeared to be Hocking to the Town Hall, which stood (nobody knew why or wherefore) upon the top of onr very bleakest hill, and quite apart from all j other buildings. One young man?a huge fellow, with the step and strength of a giant?el: bowed his way through the crowd, and seemed bent upon gaining the very best seat in the j Hall. lie carried a large bundle in his arms, and | it was noticed, even amid the excitement and darkness, that he ever and anon bent his shaggy head and whispered?or appeared to whisper?quite tenderly to it. There was to be a Temperance lecture. And the man who was to deliver it was, or had been, one of the very ringleaders in all the bacchanal proceedings that had for years disturbed the otherwise quiet village of N. He was a young and slender man, but with a face of wonderful power of expression. His limbs were lithe as those of the leopard, and as he moved hither and thither, swayed by the emotion that heaved at his bosom, and burst in tides of eloquence from his lips, there arose a mighty shout from the assembled crowd, such as was never heard before, at least by those old walls. " (lad," cried the stout fellow that had been most eager to get to the house. " Gad, its Gongh, and 110 mistake! But, he won't stick to his preaching, Til be bound. Nett, Nett, do you see him? He's the very prince of good fellows and hard drinkers. No, I'll never believe it, .John. You are not?you cannot be one of the Cold Water Army I Stay here, Nett; I'll speak to him, if he has got through with it, and I believe he has. "I say, John! John! Gad! I can hardly believe my eyes and ears?I say, have you really and truly signed the pledge, John ; and do ye mean to keep it, my boy ? " "Yes, Bill," whispered Gough, as the big fellow stood beside him, with one huge fist laid on his shoulder. "Yes, Bill, I am going to keep it." " What makes you, John?what makes you do this thing? Why, boy, 'twill kill me to lose you. Not a mother's son of us all can sing a song or tell a story like you ! O don't?don't, John, aive us un! What makes vnu Hn it?" 44 Wretchedness,rags, misery!" replied Goagh. 44I am not a happy man?I never have been happy in the life I have led?aye, even up to this night. I vowed only three days since to give it up, and to speak to my old friends here against the whole thing. But I drank last night. Don't preach, Bill, I wouldn't tell any one but you I did drink ; but I swear t God helping me, I will never do it again?never!" " Don't say so, don't," said Will; " I can't bear it?I cant give ye up," and he almost hugged him as he spoke. " 1 don't want you to give me up," whispered Gougk. "I don't want ye to do it, man. You shall sign the pledge too; and we'll fight the devil together. Come, Will!" " Me! Me! Ill Are you stark staring mad, John? 1 sign the pledge ? Ha-ha-ha! Never." 44 Don't say that, Will Brest, for you shall sign it; you shall, and make a rose of little Nettie?Nettie Brest up there. She's a lily, now you know, a very lily. She's a beauty. Will?a beauty in spite of her paleness. You love her dearly; and yet you are allowing her to grow up in ignorance and rags, for the sake of indulging yourself in that which has nearly ruined us both. Turn about, man, with me, and come and sign the pledge. See, Nett is looking at you with her large, gray eyes. See how they glisten. I know she wants you to." "Nettie," called out Will, in a loud voice, 44 Nettie, come down here!" The child, with a timid step, walked slowly through the benches and along the aisle to her brother's side. She was a beautiful girl, as Gough had said. Beautiful! She was a lily, too, as we had said?a very lily in slenderness and parity. There was scarcely a dry eye amid those looking on, as Will opened his arms and she sprang within their close embrace, and hid her pretty head, with its wealth of golden curls, beneath his coat. 44 Take me home, Will," she whispered. 44In a moment," he returned?"in a mo merit. Bat first say if you wish me to sign this thing. Where is the confounded pledge, Gough? Where is it?" " O, here! Say, Nett, should you like me to sign it? Would ye love me more if I did? " " No," ,gaid Nettie; "I couldn't love you more; I love you now so much?O, so much, Willi" and she clasped his stout neck with her little hands. a Only let us go now." " There, you see," said her brother, " you see Nett is happy and contented with me, as I am. She's a little angel. And when mother died, she trusted her to me. Mel Drunkard that I was, and am. I have half a mind to sign that thing now, just to see how it would seem." " Dou't do it," whispered a score of voices; " you'll never be able to keep it." " Brother Will never brents his irord," whispered little Nett, as she put forth one pale hand to stroke his rough face. " Nett," said Gou?--h, close to her ear, " Nett, ask him to sign that pledge at once?now." "Would it make him happier?" asked the child. u A thousand times," he answered. " He'll have the finest house, the fiuest horses, and the best-dressed sister, as well as the handsomest, in less than no time, Nett. He is the noblest fellow in the world, only don't let him ruin himself with that one fault of his. It's a bad thing, Nett, to drink as he does, and as I did, but shall do no more; and you must not think it's right, because he does it, for it's all wrong." " Brother Will," putting her tender lips close to his ear, Brother Will, I think I would sign that ' thing,' for it will make him happy, and you know you love him?next to me. Besides, he says, by and by, you will be ruined if you do not, and that, you know, would ruin me, too. Wouldn't, it Will?" " Ah, John, you are up to your old tricks. You know well I can't resist vou?and theu to get Nett on your side, too! Well, here goes my name. See now if I don't keep to that! pledge, as long as you do, John." They all three left the house together, and I couldn't tell which face radiated most love, as the darkness closed upon them. dUrrtsponbtitct of % ik. MINNESOTA TERRITORY? INTERESTING FACTS. St. Anthony, Min. Ter., March 28, 1856. To the Editor of the National Era: Having a leisure moment, I am tempted to ; add a word respecting our Territory. The Re- i publican party here organized, partially, last | fall. They elected a strong and able minority to the Legislature, whose straight-for ward and judicious action, during the Legislature just closed, has left a favorable impression on the community. It is a significant fact that the great majority of the Democratic party repudiate the Kansas and Nebraska act, as well as the present Administration. Resolutions in its support received but a meagre vote, though strongly urged by the Governor and other United States ircumbents. The impression is quite prevalent that Minnesota henceforth will be strongly Republican in politics. Our Territory is now in the full tide of advancement and prosperity. We have already reached a very respectable position. Our population a year since was estimated at 35,000. From the census of last June, and from the most reliable information to be obtained, it cannot now be less than 80,000, it is believed?an increase in one year of 45,000, or more than 128 per cent. Thousands and tens of thousands of letters from our settlers have been sent, bearing a knowledge of facts and favorable impressions of our Territory, to friends in every section of our country. From the East and from the West, we hear of large numbers coming. ; The emigration the present soason will doubt- : less exceed that of any former year. And now \ is emphatically the favorable time. The land i /i.... : . : ' ^UUV ?I1 llUJUUOmcaouir: tl t > J IN J1UL ill limp ket, and the most desirable points and fertile soils are waiting for an occupant at $1.23 per ; acre. Many sections of the Territory are con- j siderably settled, and enjoy now the advantages of good roads, good schools, churches, good neighborhoods, and nearly all the comforts and luxuries to be had in the old States. Want of easy communication in winter with the world outside, and the little cultivated fruit to be had, are perhaps the deprivations most felt; but these we shall have in due time. Among the many inducements for actual settlers to make Minnesota their future home, i3 the fact that a large portion of the Territory, all the better sections, will unquestionably be nearly all preempted by the actual settler before it comes into market, leaving but poor gleanings for the speculator. This fact is very important, especially as regards our future, both individually and as a Territory, and will be in marked con- 1 trast with most of the Western States, and especially Illinois and Northern Iowa, where immense tracts of the choice lands have been and are now being plastered over and bound up with the speculator's warrants?the leech that thrives on the toil, privations, and blood, of the Eioneerg, scatters their settlements, and stays the and of public and private improvement. Tlere the settler, living on his broad acres, will be surrounded by a solid and compact settlement, whose improvements mutually advance each other's interests, and who will build roads and bridges, construct railroads, establish schools, found churches, enjoy the society and all the rich benefits which How from combined labor and wealth, in a densely populated community. All seem to enjoy a very uncommon degree of health. We have had no epidemics, neither i are we subject to malarious diseases. We have j many settlers from Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Ac., j who there were broken down in health, with i fever and ague, heavy doctors' bills to pay, lit-! tie strength, and no disposition to labor, who I here are enjoying a strength, vigor, and energy, j they had never before experienced. This is the i substance of the language of many that I have : talked with, and I have not learned of one instance of a different experience. Some of the j utjst pujgiviaiW) ui luugcsi practice ntjre, tonfirm these statements, and also say they have known of no case of consumption which has hrst developed itself here; also state that they have seen, in their practice, many persons who, on reaching the Territory, had decided con- j sumptive symptoms, in all the varied forms of bronchial affections, Ac., and in every instance an entire recovery followed a residence here of a few weeks or months, with only the exception of cases where the lungs were partially consumed, and restoration impossible?in which case, the lungs seemed nnable to bear our stimulating atmosphere, and the disease but hastened on the more quickly. We are abundantly supplied with excellent pure water, from numerous lakes, springs, and running streams, many of which contain trout, pickerel, pike, and other fish. Our water power is unsurpassed, and we have the confident prediction, from practical, cautious men, that Minnesota will be the great manufacturing State of the Northwest. Our pineries are very extensive on the Upper Mississippi and St. Croix, and their branches. It is represented as being inexhaustible. From the ti'St, the lumber business has been one of our leading interests. The value of the logs that will come down this season is estimated at from twenty-two to twentyfive million dollars. A very considerable portion is now manufactured in the Territory. Our wood, in a large portion of the Territory, is ample and abundant; and in all sections is found a more liberal supply than in the prairie States of Iowa, Illinois, Ac. Our fur trade, and the trade with the Indians are both extensive, but I am unable to give any reliable statistics. The copper mines of Lake Superior rank as the beat in the world. Large settlements are al ready gathered there; and the mines, as well "as the pineries, will afford an extensive market for the agricultural produce of Southern Minnesota. The bead of Lake Superior is about the same distance from the Atlantic ports, by water navigation, as Chicago, and we cannot doubt this will soon become one of the great leading thoroughfares of the Northwest. Our soil and climate seems remarkably adapted for a great variety of agricultural products. We raise in great perfection wheat, oats, the Dent corn, potatoes, and all kinds of vegetables and vines. Flax grows very well, and may become an important staple. Apples, and fruit generally, give promise of doing finely, unless the peach should prove an exception. The native grasses are unusually rich and nutritious, and grow with great luxuriance. Practical stock-raisers say that Southern Minnesota is unsurpassed as a stock-raising and woolgrowing country. The natural meadows are numerous and excellent. Stock is said to come ont in thespring in better condition than in the windy, damp, and changeable climate sonth of us. The interior of Southern Minnesota, and especially the country drained by the Straight river, is generally conceded to occupy the first rank for fertility, and the excellent supply of wood and water. The large crops of all kinds indicate a productiveness equal to that of ^ny section of the country. The steamboat arrivals at St. Paul last season numbered 560. The year previous there were 245. Large numbers of the emigrants enter the Territory from Wisconsin and Iowa? especially at Prairie La Crosse, and up the val ley of the lied Cedar river of Iowa. Last ysar, Southern Minnesota (south of the Minnesota * river) was the region most rapidly Bettled up. In less than a year, extensive settlements l?#ve been made, and towns have sprung up, and Ihe ; lone prairie has suddenly been transfor*^<?d from the hunting-ground of the Red Man tOhe blossoming fields, waving harvests, and hfvpy abodes of civilization. There is a great demand for all kinds of mechanic labor, espec' illy in the new settlements and towns that are springing up back from the Mississippi. L bor of all kinds is called for at rates probably ifty , per cent, higher than in the old States. Our navigable rivers afford us unequalle? fa- , cilities for commerce. Still, we are murl in need of railroads, especially in sections of the country back from the rivers, which are aow being settled up the most rapidly. We are confident roads built as soon as practicable would ' pay us an investment; and the emporium of trade, which will thus secure a channel through Minnesota, and render her trade contributory, will, in return, have added to her resources the elements of vast wealth. * We have but little wind, especially in wiiWer; not often over fifteen inchesof snow, which al ^tost'j invariably remains till spring opens; moling 1 the finest of roads"all winter. The atmosf acre t is dry, and highly electrical?brilliantly *1ear and sunny, with very few cloudy days. In . winter, we occasionally have severely cold ays, h but still and sunny. The general expre'sionj] is, that the cold of our winters is as <Msily ' borne as in any of the Eastern or Western r I States: much ple&3anter travelling, and b*'ght, . beautiful days, for their many windy, cKady, t and stormy ones. The health, strength, and energy, whic-j all j; feel, and the disposition it imparts to exe cise t | and labor, and to foster enterprise, will ht,ve a 1 powerful influence in our development \t the^ future. Our population is of an unusual y in-; I telligent and high character, mostly rat ti of; I considerable means, and with a disposition t#' establish all the valued institutions of socitty. ^ Our geographical position is significant. ( We j are in the centre of the North American pon-1 tinent. The Red River of the North for'ns a j bond of union with Hudson's Bay, the Arctic** Sea, and the vast Empire at our back. Oi our right flows the mighty Missouri; on our left,^ we encircle the head of the largest of it land i seas; and from our midst flows the majestic^ ["Father of Waters," the beautiful Minnesota" and the bright waters of the St. Croix yielding^ him their tribute?then on, two thousand miles, through the most magnificent valley in the^ world, to the broad Atlantic. Where shall we find combined so many aiW so important elements of varied growth ; of fu- ' ture material wealth, as a State ; of advanced' civilization ; of empire over the world of matter and of mind ? J. u. a. EXTRACT OF A LETTER DATED LON. DON, ENGLAND, APRIL 10, 1856. The Times has written several bitter articles, during the last week, in reference to American affairs, and especially the Crampton case and the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. There is a rumor, too, that the English and French navies are. uniting in the Oulf of Mexico, for a visit U*Central America. What does this all mean'f In my opinion, nothing at all. The Times talkr severely, perhaps, because, conscious that it ha% the worst of the argument, perhaps to iutimP date. But one thing is certain?people here donot dream of war between the two countries. The education question is now very pfomi * nently before the people. What shall be <W^[ to edncate the ignorant masses of Britain f Lord John Russell's bill, which is under the oq^ sideration of Parliament, is opposed in its "eel* ings to the voluntary system, and, indeed, -pos sesRes some compulsory sections. This b'jl iv opposed vehemently by the great body of dissent;! ere. So opposed are they to the Established , Church, that they cannot bear the thouglt oL State education. But what has been the result of the Voluntary system ? Five-sixths of the English people are in ignorance. Is not a State system like oure in America necexsary? And to make it effective in such a country, where | the temptation to keep children at work is g^pat are not compulsory measures needed to a ceHair? extent ? I notice that the Times of this morn" ing inclines to the side of the Voluntaryism which is an indication of popular feeling. ? The Military Commission to inquire int- thiT conduct of certain officers in the Crimean *ttn\ has commenced its sittings at the Chelsea ^Io? pital, and unpleasant disclosures are promis \d?f among others, the fact that a high commar linjr officer was quietly sleeping in his yatch, 'thihs the men he should have directed were bri veE I charging Russian bayonets. 1 | There is little literary news. S, R. W vd'o Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro is selling well, I hear. It is dedicated, by permission, to the Duchess of Sutherland, who, by the why, i t visiting the Earl of Carlisle, at Dublin. A horrible hanging case took place at th j Old Bailey, on Monday. A man by the name t Brunefield was executed for the murder of wiC ; and children. He was so weak or frightene* or feigned it, that he was carried in a high fchak '? J rt _ .1 t 1. J! to the gaiiows, ana, arier me uou wu ui?w;i three times, continaed to plant his feet upon jt portion of the scaffolding, and as many tiroes they were palled away by the officers, ai*a fc was only by securing his legs that he was exo- j cuted. The affair has sent a thrill of bvrr^r through the whole country, and it has beep brought up even in Parliament. * The weather, for the last few weeks, has oe4U delightfully clear for England, but the rains are now setting in. Truly, yours, AmkricAX.*"" TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES. Great Bexd, Pa.; March 31, 18v>6. -w As Republican Associations are now t eii>*g formed for disseminating free principle, fl would reccommend to every association to contribute money sufficient to purchase one cortr of Thomas Jefferson's Notes on Virginia, to we placed in every township library. The p*op e are bow beginning to study the science of G^rernment, and all they want is an opportuni.y for substantial improvement. * A school book upon the rights of person^ ar d the object of Government, 1 think, would bu?yhi ready sale. 1 Upon this subject I would like the Editor's opinion, if it is not too much trouble. Hewrt McKinn'*v.>, A PLEA FOR ALTON.. I ? Altox, April 14, 18 *6.* You will no doubt have a paper senUypu from this place, containing the proceedings of ' t a meeting of the people of this city, in reference to the proposition from the people of (fansas Territory, to establish a line of steamer, to ply directly between this place and that Territory, with a request to publish the same. I. hope you maybe able to comply with the wish, or, at least, to make such an abstract of them as will fairly bring the matter before your numerous readers. There has nothing occurr?d in this city since the fatal 7th of November, 183G, which gave so much promise for the flsture of this city, as the spirit manifested tfjere. The subject presented is the only one tJlat will ever raise us above a mere tributary e'f St. Lonis; that is, that Alton is located in a f?ee State, and on free territory, and every man is protected in the utterance of his opinions on ^11 subjects, while St. Louis is situated on territory cursed with the institution, Slavery, and qp one subject, at least, every one must keep Silence, or be very careful where and how he fepeaks of it; for it is held to be one of the satfed things; and the man who speaks or publishes anything against it, is in danger of the judgment. ; But, owing to the mob which terminated in death of the Rev. E. P. Lovejov, this city completely lost that advantage ground?whether justly or not, we shall see more fully by looking at a few facts. I was living here at the jime, and intimately acquainted with all the circumstances. And the first thing I will state that a St. Louis paper, and the most influential one this side of Cincinnati ?t that time, used all its influence to produce an excitement yn that subject; and from that time until the fatal event took place, not only that paper, but ^11 the other papers in that city, and the great ^nags of their people, left no stone unturned \o bring it about. It was finally accomplished by thirty or forty drunken men, with the connivance of our Mayor. As soon as they had accomplished their end, they vied with each other which should cast the most odium upon us for the foul deed. ' The man who was Mayor of Alton at that ? * - - - - ume #uon auer removea to fit. Louis, and she jewarded him with the same position there that 4ie had occupied in Alton, for his subserviency. Again : there is not more than one or two men now in our city who took any part in that iriot. Finally, to convince you that our pres ent population have no sympathy for Slavery, J. will state a fact which occurred about two jears since : Cassius M. Clay and Mr. Codding 'came here on a lecturing tour. There were at 3eaat 1,500 or 2,000 persons to hear them. When Clay finished his speech, a Mr. English, postmaster at this place, wished to make some remarks; but the cry for Codding was go uni ver?al and so deafening, that he could not say a word, to be heard, until Mr. Clay requested the jaudience to permit him?when he tried to convince the people that Douglas and Pierce were better Free-Soilers than Mr. Clay. Now, is it right that this odium should for- j .ever rest upon us, while our city contains, and [always has done, some of the best and most steadfast Anti-Slavery men in the country, and that St. Louis should derive all the advantage growing out of the false and unnatural position we have been made to occupy, mainly by her overshadowing influence over us? i>. A. p. pj? n PA a a \rn jc \r t\> nv vn n \r Leuaxon, Marion Co., O. T., February 3, 1856. We, here in Oregon, contrary to my expecta- ! tions when I came here, have got to battle with ' the minions of despotism on our own nominally free soil, for Slavery propagandism has her emissaries busily engaged in preparingthis Territory for a slave State. And I am sometimes afraid that their success will prove greater than the ".fiends of Freedom anticipate, and, before we are aware of it, the bond will be fastened upon us. The emigrants from Missouri are numerous, and Missouri influence here is not inconsiderable. We therefore must, as far as in us lies, bring counteracting influences to bear. I fiud Anti-Slavery publications rathCr scarce here, and would like to use my endeavors to have the deficiency supplied ; and having seen the notice of several new works in the Fto, I would request you to give us a list of the various publications adapted to the times, together with their prices, in the columns of the Era, if you think proper. F. W. A WORD OF CAUTION. Som krswortii, N. H., April 9, 1856. Who shall be the Kepublican candidate? The man that has heen tried, and (bund true 1 There are about ten thousand of us in this State, who have been willing to bear reproach in the cause of human freedom : and while we are willing to sacrifice everything for the cause, yet we must have a reliable man. We feel this to be more necessary now than ever, as we are about driven to the wall. All of the old issues are dropped, except the extension of Slavery; and now Rome begin to talk of a slaveholder as a suitable standardbearer for us in the next Presidential contest To this we cannot submit. We think New Hampshire Bafe for the Republicans next fall, provided we have the right men in the field. But, if either of our candidates be a slaveholder, the Democrats will carry the State. It was very hard work to bring some of our voters to the polls at our March election, in consequence of the nomination of Fillmore by the American party, and some few would not vote. And we ask what is to be gained by nominating a slaveholder for President or Vice President? We shall not obtain a single vote from the slave States by such a course, and may lose largely in the free States. While politicians are lowering our platform to take on everything, let them be careful lest those who picked the first flint step off. John B. Wood. tirrtt" 1d/dt3 n 111 iy is J. i os aw atom ik, Kansas Territory. Mr. Whitfield, the Representative elected and sent up from this Territory by Missouri, is very active in sending all the speeches of the Southerners to each settler in the Territory. Cannot vou or some other one favor us with Hale's, j Wilson's, and other speeches ? Amos Finch. J. R. G ID DINGS AMONG THE PROGRESSIVE FRIENDS. On the 6th instant, the Hon. Joshua R. Giddings attended the first day morning meeting of Progressive Friends, in the new meetinghouse at Longwood, in Chester county, Pennsylvania. During the service of the meeting, to use his own language, he "felt moved to speak." The seven articles of our association being read, he took occasion, during his remarks, to express his sympathy with this religums body, and the character of its platform. Had he been for years accustomed to preaching the gospel of peace, instead of wearing the warrior's mail, at his post, as the sentinel for Freedom in the National Councils. He could not have spoken with greater unction, evincing a deep and experimental knowledge of spiritual things, and the beautiful harmony between religion and life. After the close of the morning meeting, an appointment had been made for him to address our people on the present aspects of the Government in relation to Slavery, which be did to a very large and crowded auditory. He was certainly in his happiest mood. His organ of hope stood up like a giant pillar of strength. He is admirably calculated to inspire hope and confidence in those who hear him. The auditory were delighted with the rich fund of anecdote in which he indulged, as he revealed many incidents which had occurred among the political wire-workers behind the screen. Then, his trust in the divinity and omnipotence of Truth, in its contest with Despotism, is calculated to impress the wavering in a most remarkable manner. It is a law in the universe of the Infinite, that when a strong man is removed, the mantle falls on another, and the wheels of reformation go on with unchecked power; but will it be wise for the citizens of Ashtabula, at this critical juncture of affairs in the Government, to permit this longtried and faithful sentinel to leave his post, where his judgment, wisdom, and sagacity, v are so much needed ? This question is often s asked in Pennsylvania. Will the people of p Ohio answer as wise men? n With very kind regard, * Joseph A. Dugdai.k. i v AN INQUIRY. s PoTTER.svir.le, N. H., March 31, 1856. * I notice a paragraph is going the rounds of the ? Hunker newspaj>ers, stating that a Mr. Hunter, ^ of Louisiana, had been fined $1,000, and forfeited six slaves, in consequence of his parting slave e mothers and children, and selling them. Was J3 this a bona fide decision, in accordance with the Southern slave code, or was it manufactured * for certain purposes here at the North ? Suusceibkr. * We have not seen the decision alluded to, c and the report is questionable. Still, we be- n lieve that in the State of Louisiana there is a ii law against separating a mother from her child a until it is twelve months old. This law, what- ^ ever its precise terms, is confined to Louisiana. v Ed. Era, GLOOMY APPREHENSIONS, Indianapolis, Ind., March 1, 1856. Just as jou anticipated, and many more with , you, the Know Nothings arc going to ruin the cause of Freedom. Fillmore will take enough * of votes, in this State and a number of others J to throw them into the hands of the Democrats. Several papers in this State have hoisted his 8 flag; and some are proposing a compromise and union between thein and the Republicans. 8 And there is great reason to fear Borne arrange- "j ment will he made in this State, and in the . National Convention at Philadelphia, to bring 1 those parties together. If we yield to Know Nothingism, we are defeated; and if we do not, I we are defeated, as the signs of the times seem 1 to indicate. It looks a little like Lorenzo 1 Dow's interpretation of Calvinism : ''You can, J and you can't; you will, and you won't; you'll be damned if you do, and be damned if you dou't." 1 Now, sir, I will tell you what I presume is true. ' Unless the Republican party, at their meeting ! -1. T)i J_t 1 1 * m t ul x miaueipma, maxe a clear, unqualified state- ' tnent in favor of the prohibition of Slavery in * all the Territories of the United States, as the 1 least tbing that can be done on principle, and 1 put in nomination men of undoubted Anti-Slavery sentiment, above mere Missouri Compromise Anti-Slavery, there will be scores and hundreds of men, who, in despair of party accomplishment of good, will "stand still to see t?e salvation of God." If the people have not Anti Slavery sanctification enough to take up 1 some old Free Soilers, even, " they have never ' tasted of the good word of life," and they are ' yet in the gall of Slavery ?nd bonds of Compro- ' raise. The idea that some late slip from .the ! Democratic party must be selected, is ridicu- ! lous. Give us good principles, and the men 1 to carry them out; and if you give us short ! principles, by ail means give us good men, to do better than the principles require. We ask 1 that no old "Barnburner" shall be put up for President or Vice President. Give us some " such man as Chase. Nothing short of such ! could suit our taste. The people are willing, 1 but the leaders are faint-hearted and unbeliev- 1 iny. Samuel W. Ritchey. LOOK 0 UT FOR IMPOSTORS. \ Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, March 31, 1856. The public is warned not to be decieved by persons coming from Kansas Territory, and i going about to work upon the charities of the | people, and thus line their owu pockets, without | doing any good whatever to the Territory. ( What is given by the public is used for their own individual benefit, and spent perhaps to make a grand external show. j Various are the pretexts used by them for calling on the public for money, some for meet _ 1 _xl r .? . V r mg nouses, ome.rs ior geuing means 10 aetray the war expenses in the Territory and get arms and ammunition to carry on the war ^c. Now, we do hope that those who contribute will be particular in ascertaining, prior to their contribu- , tion, that they are giving to a worthy source. Those who give for meeting-house purposes should only subscribe, and not pavtheir subscrip- , ion until they receive from the locality where the proposed bouse is to be built, testimonials , from responsible citizens that such house is to , go up, and then keep an exact account of all that , is subscribed and donated in each locality, and ( report the same to the building committee. Alpha. ( KNOIV NO THINGS IN INDIA NA. 1 Valparaiso, Porter Co., Ini? , . Aprj$ 7, 1856. ' T voted with the old Whig party till 1852. 1 When they joined with the Democratic party in < recognising the constitutionality of the Fugitive \ Slave Law, and in endeavoring to silence all ( controversy upon the subject of Slavery, I con- < eluded the party had left me, and I would not i follow after it. t The course pursued by yon in regard to the < Know Nothings meets with my entire appro- i bation. 1 am satisfied that the Know Nothing organizations of Indiana have very much weak- 1 ened the Republican party. I believe that near- j ly all the Know Nothings of Indiana are Anti- j Slavery in their principles; and I thiuk many I of them now wish they had never belonged to < that Order. I regard it, as a scheme of South- i firn alaTTcKnldnru *.? <1 A liti.Qloimen ? 1 v? ?? ? ?. vt<v?4v?a vv u i ? i?g ^kiivruiaTUl J pat I ty. It is to be hoped, however, that all such t schemes will fail, and that, true to their inter- < est, all the Anti-Slavery Know Nothings will unite with the Republican party. I am firmly | of the opinion, that had it not been for Know Nothing organizations, Indiana would have t given a majority of its votes (at the last fall election) to the Republicans. \ REPUBLICANISM AND RAILROADS f IN IOWA. t Fort Madison, Iowa, April 10, 1856. On the 7th instant, a vote was given for the c Republican ticket in this county. We did not expect to carry our point at this time. We o however resolved, at this election, to begin and u draw the lines, rally round our flag, find out who were with us, and take more efficient meas- t, ures to organize for the next August and No- 0 vember campaigns. I do not know the amount I of our vote Yet, but have ascertained that we * ! have carried several important townships in this county. The Americans did not have a a County Convention to nominate candidates. Some of them, who appeared to favor South Americanism and Fillmore A Co., got up a v few township meetings, and at one of them a nominated a county ticket. It will, I am sure, n be far behind our vote, as in some townships we find their candidates only got nineteen votes, while ours got Bix?y-one, and the Democracy about fifty-six ; and this in a township that, a a year ago, was American proper by a large ma- 8 jority. In the next township west, viz: Marion, t] the A mericar.s have disbanded the party. Since that time, a Republican party has been organ- P a . v J . /*. J _ iL U A < izea mere, anu me lunus ine oia American par- 11 ty had, it is resolved, by rote, to use in buying e Republican documents for circulation. Our l] prospects in the State are very flattering at ^ present. 1 The New York Times lately proposed that ^ funds be raised to aid in building a railroad through, Southern Iowa to the Missouri river. tl If you look at the map of the Western States, ^ you will see we have the Ipest, most southern, tl and shortest line. It commences on the Mis- * sissippi, on a line with the Northern boundary t< of Missouri, thence runs northwest to West tl Point, in Lee county, near the centre of the * county, and thence due west to Nebraska city. The work is surveyed and located to Bloom- ' field, sixty-seven miles; and the work was pros- ? ecuted last summer, and will go ahead lively t< this season. It is fifteen miles north of the tl northern boundary of Missouri, far enough to * be safe from aggression, and the East can come n to our ciU by railroad from Chicago to Galesburg, in Illinois, leave the Burlington railroad ?' seven miles east of Burlington, ana come south- P rest alone: the Mississippi river, on the War- t aw and Kockford railroad, to this point. At t iresent the road is not ready for travel in Illimis, hut they are actively at work on it, and it t rill be ready for use this fall. If oor friends ? last intend to give aid to such an enterprise, re offer extra inducements, as to time, Ac.; t .ud I say, further, that our President, T. S. < Sspy, is an Anti-Nebraska Democrat ; D. F. t filler is a Director, and one of the Republican Electors; Mr. Piper, another, is an Anti-Ne- i iraska, Eastern man ; John II. Knapp, Bankr here, another Director, is also with as in < olitics; and another, Philip Veill, Esq., was t lhairtuau of the Iowa City Kepublicau Con- < entiou ; and you know where 1 stand,and what . am. If the people of Kansas in the East i rant to send aiu and comfort, in men, money, r any other kind of help, to their brethren, they j ould finish our line to the Missouri before fall; , 1 .nd when built it will pay, and no mistake, as 1 t runs through.the best body of laud, prairie | ' ,nd timber, I can find anyichere, and I have i 1 een a good deal. I leave the matter with you, j >y requesting you to notice our line, Ac. I will rrite again. For the National F.ra. MR. GROW AND HIS CONSTITUENTS. One of the largest political meetings ever j teld in our county assembled on Monday evenng, April 7th, to bear the explanations of Hon. 3. A. Grow, in relation to the manly stand ta;en by him in the late contest for the Speaker- ! hin. fo give the readers of the Era an idea of the lentiments of the meeting, which is a true iulex of the state of feeling in the whole district. ! herewith subjoin two of the resolutions unan- j mouslr adopted: Jiesolvrd, That we heartily approve the course mrsued by our Representative, G. A. Grow, i lpon the question of Slavery Extension, from he day he first took his scat in Congress to the jresent time, and that we regard him now, as leretofore, as "Susquehanna's favorite son." llesolved, That we approve the action of the Republican Convention held at Pittsburgh on ,he 22d of February last, to consolidate the j dements of opposition to Slavery Extension , nto our political party in the next Presidential dection, and that we recognise the platform there adopted as containing the only question , at issue in that election. The citizens of this district are thoroughly aroused to the interests of the North ; they are smind on the one great question of the day; ! they feel that the struggle which has been so long coming on is actually begun, aud thev thauk the South and their Northern tools for thus hastening the day in which all must declare either for or against the principles of universal Liberty; they are sensible that the time has come when that Declaration, which proclaims "all men created free and equal," must, j in its universal application, be endorsed; that i in this contest either Liberty or Slavery must triumph; and they are determined it shall not be that black power whose champion boasted that he would yet call his slave-roll on Bunker's Hill. They will not be hoodwinked by those demagogues who seek to divert them from the . only question of moment now before the Amer- j ican people, by bringing before them, as all ab lorbing topics, Know Nothingism, war with Europe, itc.; for they know full well that these i secret cabals, these midnight juntas, exist | but in name, and that none but fools or knaves I would think of fomenting disturbances between ! England and the United States. Be assured that the district represented by [Ion. G. A. Grow will not swerve from the path the whole North must tread, if they would have the principles of our patriot sires adhered to, and if they would have our Territories preservB<i from chat institution that has proved the curse of the South. If Liberty must fall, if Slavery must triumph, it will be wbeu their boues are bleaching on the battle-field. Hekmox. THIRTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. I First Session. Wednesday, Ajrril 2.'?, lPofi. SENATE. The consideration of the three million armament bill was resumed. Mr. Bell, of Tennessee, expressed doubts whether this large amount could be properly expended within the present year. He thought it would be better to make only a small appropriation now. Mr. Weller argued that the whole sum ought ,o be appropriated forthwith, in order to be used most advantageously. \fr Halo nnnnuon lxlull runs to be refitted with percussion locks and Maynard primers would not be at all comparasle with breech-loading rifies. He was of the opinion that they would not be serviceable in vet weather, lie also condemned such a large xpenditure in a time of peace, and advocated jconomy. He thought the Administration should not be held responsible for large appropriaions?Congress had made them sometimes in >ppo8ition to the recommendation of the Executive. Mr. Hale replied, that if the Democratic party tad not controlled Congress pretty generally, md the Senate, in particular, for a good many rears past, they were not to be held responsive. These large expenditures of seventy or sighty millions of dollars annually ought to ar est the attention of the people, for they had >een made at a time when the people had been luffering from hard times from one end of the sountry to the other. The further consideration of the bill was here jostponed until to-morrow. The question of the Danish Sound dues was hen considered, and Mr. Mason moved to make it the special orler for 12 o'clock to morrow. Mr. Stuart moved to postpone it until Monlay next, for he wanted the river and harbor fills disposed of. Mr. Mason urged the importance of disposing >f the questiou of the naval board. Before the question was taken, the hour of 1 ('clock arrived, and the special order was taken 'PMr. Houston spoke at great length in reply to he speeches of Mr. Clayton and others, taking ( ccasion to refer to the character of Captain )upont and other naval officers, in terms other ban complimentary. netore air. nouston concluded, the Senate djoumed. HOUSE. Mr. Thurston moved a reconsideration of the ote by which was adopted the Senate's amendlent to the deficiency bill, preventing the forler law from being construed so as to allow lie public printer 20 per cent, extra compensaion. Mr. Haven said, unless this amendment was dhered to, from twenty to one hundred thouand dollars would be annually taken from the reasury, for the benefit of the printer. The other ay, a prominent member of the Republican arty [Mr. Stanton] declared that he would araign this Administration before the people for xtravagance, yet he and his friends, and generaen on the Democratic side, were found vong together against this salutary amendment, le wanted this draft ou the treasury cut otr be>re his party 6hall come into power. Mr. Cobb, of Georgia, defended the votes of le Democrats, saying that Mr. Haven sought ) create a false impression in the publie mind, lat the Democrats are in favor of such extra llow&nce, when he had not an iota of ground ) stand upon. He could assure Mr. Haven, lat the responsibilities of large expenditures oold not fall on the American party shortly. Mr. Clingman thought the printer had the line right as others to twenty per cent, extra? ud that was none at all. He then proceeded ) advocate a reduction of the tariff, in order lat only so much revenue as is necessary for n economical administration of the Governtent be raised. Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, said that the record shows that thirty-eight men known as Re- ( oblicaus voted with Mr. Haven for the Seuate's ( RATES OF ADVERTISING. Ten cents a line for theirs* inseition, /< 4 ents a line for each subsequent one. Ten rorda constitute a line. Payment in advance 1 invariably required. tSf" Money may be forwarded, by mail, at ?V ritk. Notes on Eastern banks preferred. >arge amounts may be remitted in drafts or ertificates of deposit. ftjjf' Subscribers wishing their papers changd, will give the name of the postottice changed "rom, as well as the post oflice they wish it lereafter sent to. All communications to the Era. whether sn business of the paper or for publication, ihould be addressed to G. BAILEY, WathtngUm, D. C. intendment, while only twenty-foor of that party roted against it. Mr. Giddings said it was cheering to his heart o find friendship displayed by the I>emocrats ?nd others for the Republican party. Mr. Clingman replied, that he had no friendship l'or that party, bnt would rather have the levil as an ally in a good cause (of economy) .han none. [ Laughter. | Mr. Giddings. Old friends should never be separated. (Renewed merriment.) Mr. li. Marshall made a few remarks iu reply to Mr. Cobb, and concluded bv moving to lay tVi? ?r \r_ mi .'1.. .?i_i? _.v. :~i. .HV iuuiivii vi 1ui. i iiui."iun "ii Uif inwir; wuira question prevailed?yeas 79; nays 62. The Indian appropriation bill wa* taken up in Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, when Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, made a speech in via iicatioti of the views entertained by the Kepubliran party, of which he is a prominent ineoi ber. He said that in the ensuing Presidential contest they will inscribe on their banner the words, " Freedom is national, and Slavery is Sectional; no more S-'ave territory; no more slave 8tates. Union for the sake of Liberty, and Liberty for the sake of the Union.'' When he concluded his remarks, the Committee rose, and the House adjourned. Thursday, April 24, 1856. SENATE. Mr. Renjamin said he had a resolution lving on his desk for near two weeks, which he bad l?een seeking an opportunity to introduce, lie found that one of analogous character had been offered by the Seuator from Massachusetts, [Mr. Sumner.] and he now wished the one he would send to the Chair considered : Resolved, That the Secretary of State be directed to furnish the Senate any documents, papers, or other information to be found in his Department, tending to show the extent to which the transportation of laborers is now being carried on from the Continent of Asia or any of the Asiatic islands, to Knglish or Spanish Colonies in America, or to theChineha islands, whether said laborers be termed slaves, coolies, or apprentices; also,any information in his Department tending to show the manner in which said laborers are treated during transportation and alter arrival in the countries into which they are imported, together with statistics showing the sacrifice of human life resulting from said traffic. A message was received from the House of Representatives, stating that it had agreed to some and disagreed to other amendments of the Senate to the bill to supply deficiencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1856, and had agreed to other amendments of the Senate with amendments. On motion by Mr. Stuart, it was referred to the Committee on Finance. Mr. Pugh moved to proceed to the consideration of the bill to authorise the Circuit Court of the United State* for the Southern district of Georgia to entertain appeals and grant writs of error in certain cases ; which motion was agreed to. The bill, having been briefly discussed by Messrs. Adams, Pugh, Toucey, Benjamin, and Mai lory, was read a third time and passed. Mr. Weller moved to proceed to the consideration of the bill to promote the etliciencv of the army; which motion having been agreed to? Mr. Hale rose and addressed the Senate until the hour for taking up the special order, and in the course of his remarks contrasted the present with preceding times, when the Government was economically administered. In the time of Washington, the whole expenses of the Government were two millions, [Mr. Toombs, in his seat. That would not pay for the printing. | while under President Pierce they were sixty millions?thus showing that it cost ^ thirty times as lunch to keep General Pierce as it did to keep General Washington. There was a contrast, also, between the expenses of the thre? years' war with Mexico, where we had fifty thousand men to subsist on a foreign soil, and yet the expenditures in no one year of that war exceeded fifty millions; and now, in time of profound peace, the expenditures had reached between sixty and seventy rail lions. How was that to bo accounted lor, uuless on the score of profustness aud prodigality. The Senator from Mississippi [Mr. Adams j had talked of individual responsibility, and ho thanked him for the hint; and warned all those who were about to enter the approaching political campaign, to show how the people's money had been lavished by this Administration, not to vote for this bill. In his section of country, it was no uncommon thing to hear of the economy of President Pierce. He hud vetoed the French Spoliation bill on this ground, and had performed the same gratuity on the same score for the Collins steamers, ami with the River and Harbor bill. This was like some other kind of economy he had heard of, whi<^i was to pay everything but a just debt. The President had called for ten iron steamers, which had been granted by the Senate, that would cost ten millions to build, and then $190,000 for coal and other materials for ninety days. This was economy with a vengeance. He trusted iit God the bill for the building of these steamers would never get through the other branch ; for if it did, he ventured to say there would lie no veto. The steamers would sail beautifully through the White House, without the necessity of using much steam. He glanced, also, at the increased expenditures for the civil and diplomatic service of the Government, of the army and navy, which he maintained had been augmented full tifiy per cent, under the present economical Administration. The hour having arrived for taking the special order, Mr. H. yielded the floor. \f r Hrtnal/\r> ?Kan ?aon ??" I u?i i4vuovvru huoii icouiuoi mo iruiai ivaj mm continued in a no less playful and sarcastic vein than at the commencement, until the close ; when Mr. Bigps obtained the floor, and moved that the further consideration be postponed until Monday next, and be made the special order for that day at one o'clock. Mr. Brown desired only half an honr on Monday, to offer some remarks on Kansas affairs. After a brief discussion, the Reporter nnderstood that a compromise was effected, by which Mr. Brown is to be allowed his half hour on Monday, and the naval reform subject to come up at half-past one on Monday. And the Senate adjonrtied. HOUSE. Mr. Pelton, of New York, reported, without intendment, Senate bill to remit or refund the luties upon poods, wares, and merchandise, deitroyed by tire, and asked that it rnipht at once ie considered. Mr. Phelps, of Missouri, submitted, that as he bill provided that the commissioners to set,le these claims should issue certificates which ihould be cashed by the Secretary of the Treaslry, it must necessarily be committed, under i? ?< .k_ ir v:~i .l-. ,, uo iuiq ui vu? uuuit: wmcu requires mat ait neasures ra&kine appropriations shall receive heir first consideration in Committee of the Whole. The Speaker held, that as further leeialation rould be necessary before any money could ba >aid under the bill, the rule referred to by the gentleman did not apply in this case. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, appealed from the lecision of the Chair. After a brief debate, Mr. Washburn, of daine, moved to lay the appeal on the table; rhich motion did not prevail?yeas 72. nays 83. The question was then taken, "Shall the >pinir?n of the Chair Rtand as the. judgment of he House?" and it wan decided in the negaive?yeas 74, nays 78. So the decision of the Chair was overruled, ind the hill was referred o the Committee ot he Whole ou the state of the Union. On motion of Mr. Phelps, of Missouri, the louse then went into Committee, (Mr. Cobb, >f Georgia, in the chair,) and resumed the consideration of the Indiau appropriation bill. Mr. Ritchie, of Pennsylvania, discussed the tower of Congress over the Territories, conending that the Convention which framed the Constitution intended to and did conter upon Congress, by the Constitution, the power to