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1 I ? * * | 186 behind tkf refuge of its sheltering folds! She turiifcd ber thoughts within herself. She was 4' calm or re more, and happy?happy with a u wider ar.d snadier basis than ever before. A new w.rid resm-d or?ened before her; and with a heart raised in thankfulness she placed the veil amoDg her most sacred treasures. Yes, there by the smiling image of the lost on??the curls of her glossy hair?by the faded flnwers taken from her bier, was laid in solemn thankfulness the Mourning Veil.?Atlantic Monthly. W A5sJi UN (jTUIN , D. (J. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1867. 1 - &cjr The subscription of several thousand of our subscribers will close bet ween this and the first of December?that is, within the next twelve days. We are now expecting daily to hear from them, so that we shall not be obliged to erase any of their names from our list, i 1 Congress will meet next Monday two weeks. New subscribers will be anxious to begin their subscriptions with the opening of the session. Will they please forward them immediately, as it is important that we should know how large an edition to issue. The Era will present a concise record of proceedings, a synopsis of the debates, speeches of permanent and general interest, and also contain such editorial explanations and comments, as shall enable distant readers to understand movements otherwise inexplicable, or liable to be misunder stood. t&T The Times, so say all oar exchanges, are getting better. The banks in New York and elsewhere begin to think of resuming specie payment?exchanges are gradually finding their proper level. Don't give np yonr newspapers, if they are g4?d ones. Send us the beBt currency you can get. _ ^ ^ ' Jtei?" The New Settlements. ? Will our friends in the new settlements in Nebraska, Minnesota, Washington, and Oregon, see to it that the Era has a fair introduction among their neighbors. They will want reading from Washington for the long winter evenings now coming ou. Indeed, we call upon our friends all through the West, to pat forth a little effort to make the Era a familiar family visiter. A subscriber says that the ladies used to look after the interests of the Eraf when it was publishing Uncle Tom's Cabin, and he hopes that we may be able to gratify them again with something of the sort. We should be delighted to do eo, but an Uncle Tom's Cabin is , built only abont once in a century. We hope our fair friends, however, will not neglect ns. Let them live in hope. The moment we can secure anything pre eminently good, they shall have the benefit of it. \ NEW TERRITORIES. The party having the command of the Federal Administration generally secures at first the control in our Territories. The appo'ntments are made, the patronage is distributed by the Administration, and men work zealously for pay. Every postmaster, every petty officer, deems it his duty to labor for the Party on whom he depends, and a principal part of the Governor's business is to shape the politics of his Territory. This is why New Mexico, Nebraska. Oregon, and Washington, are controlled by the Pro-Slavery Democracy, and Minnesota, notwithstanding its settlement by Free 8taie emigrants, is to so great a degree under its power. One measure of counteracting this evil is, the circulation of papers advocating the Cause of Freedom. The Republicans of Oregon, we are glad to see, have come to this conclusion. The conduct of Lane and other Democratic leaders, in boldly advocating the introduction of Slavery, has alarmed them, and convinced them of the necessity of more strenuous efforts to resist that mischievous project. W? have lately received orders for sever*! clubs of the Era, to be circulated among the People of Oregon. It is, we trust, but the beginning of a more general movement. A correspondent in Deer Creek, Oregon Territory, sending us a dozen subscribers, says: " I am astonished, on my return after an absence of eighteen months, to lind such a turn ing over to the Republican ranks. For your encouragement, 1 would say, that the Era and Pads fur the People have had much to do in producing the change in this neighborhood. The pro-Slavery ground taken by Lane and most of our leading Democrats, just before the nf nur (InnwiiLntinnal 1) .hwmto koa An y erated powerf ully to open the eyea of honest Democrats, and there are many of them becom% ing daily more and more disgusted, who, I think, will soon come over to the Republicans." We hope our friends will take care to have such men supplied with the right kind of read ing, and they will soon decide upon the course proper to be pursued. WESTERN INVESTMENTS. The Chicago papers say that many persons from the East are now in the West, looking after their investments in land, with rather a poor prospect before them. These investments, the Chicago Tribune remarks, are hopeless at present, and will be so for many years to come. Persons who have invested their honest earn ing in Chicago, Davenport, Milwaukie, and other places of their class, should not be misled or hurried to rash conclusions by such representations. If they owe debts they must pay now, let them sell, even at a sacrifice, rathm er than cheat their creditors. Bat, let them not sacrifice their Western investments needlessly. There is as mnch real wealth in the country now as there was when they purchased. TU? ^apflrirampr.f nt tfop rnrrpnpt whir-h ia hut ??t, J, ?? temporary, cannot arrest the course or growth , . of trade ?nd population. Immigration from abroad is goirg on as usual. Emigration from the East to the West will be quickened rather than retarded. Western States must continue to increase rapidly; Western Territories to multiply. The present centres of commerce will expand, and new centres will appear. Peo pie must hare houses; houses require land. The rapid inflnx of population must revive rents, and quicken Tand sales and prices. Cincinnati Chicago; Milwaukie, and St. Louis, have not ceased to be necessities, because exchanges are disordered, and people do not know what or whom to trust, la a year from this time, real estate will hod as ready a market in Chicago, as it did a year ago. Statistics then will show ) that this monetary revulsion has had no eiLct on the wants of its population or its substantial trade. A* Error.?We were in error in ascribing the ''Gift of Tritemius," in the Atlantic Monthly, to the ppn of Lowell. We are informed that it is the production of our friend, Jobs G. Whittier. " ~ JgT* The American Missionary Society?an Anti-Slavery organization?has one hundred and forty-eight missionaries, fifty-three of whom are in the foreign field, in Siam, in Western Africa, in Egypt, in the West Indies, in the Sandwich Islands, in Kansas, among the In diaas in the Northwest, and all over the Western States of onr Confederacy. From eight to twelve are laboring in slave States, or in counties in free States bordering on slave ? tales. I ^ ? * GOVERNOR WALKER AND KANSAS-DIVISION IN THE SOUTH. While questions ct curiency and finance en'ross the attention of Northern People, the the South is almost entirely absorbed in the liacusaion of politics. The breach between the ;onservative and destructive factions of the Denocnvcy widens every day. The one cares little for the Union, puts no faith in Northern Democrats, rages over the Free State triumph in Kansas, denounces General Walker, and is barely civil to Mr. Buchanan. The other is zealous for the Union just so long as it shall have power to determine its Presidency, considers the National Democracy of the North the nope of the Union and the safeguard of Slavery, acquiesces in the Free State success in Kansas on the ground that no Slavery triumph won by fraud could advance the interests of the National Democracy, defends Gov. Walkerj and cordially sustains Mr. Buchanan, as perfectly loyal to Southern policy. The Richmond (Va.) South quotes passages from the lettfer of Mr. Heath, published lately in our columns, to ihow that Governor Walker has been acting in concert with the Kansas Abolitionists. It might have quoted from letters in the New W..L- : 1_ .1. * luiu imuuik, uj guun jjrcviocijf me reverse. The Georgia Democracy, under the leadership of Messrs. Toombs and Stephens, formerly Whigs, calls upon Mr. Buchanan to remove Governor Walker. The Washington correspondent of the Richmond (Va.) Enquirer says that he will be neither removed nor reprimanded. That paper irom day to day labors to unite the South in support of the National Democracy, and charges the opposite faction with harboring designs against the Union no less treasonable than those entertained by the Disunion Abolitionists of the North. It looks L forward to the meeting of Congress with much 1 apprehension, although the Democracy will have a nominal majority of twenty-two. But, how many of these will represent the destructive policy of the Extreme Party ? It predicts that war will be made by professed friends against the Administrations, within thirty days after the opening of the session. These men, it says, seem determined to force Slavery upon the People of a Territory, whether they desire it or not, in utter disregard of the Principle of Popular Sovereignty. But, this Principle has been tendered by Southern Democrats, andac cepted by Northern, as the true solution of the Slavery controversy. If adhered to faithfully, in letter and spirit, union and co-operation between these two sections are practicable, the National Democracy is assured of permanent ascendency, and the domestic institutions of the South, of perpetual protection. On this Principle, Mr. Buchanan was elected?to its maintenance he is pledged?good faith and soon! policy require that it should be bonestly carried out, let the results be what they may. The discussion between these Southern factions turns chiefly upon the course of Governor Walkerin Kansas. Hitherto we have recorded the public acts of this officer, without commenting specially upon the merits or demerits of his _1 a tit conaucu we suppose mat neuner fie nor Mr. Bochanan makes Slavery a matter of con science; that he regards it as a normal and beneficial system, wherever the climatic law does not render slave labor unproductive, his public declarations show ; and there is nothing in the known principles of Mr. Buchanan, as illustrated by his life, to conflict with this theory. It is fair to assume, therefore, that the President, in appointing Mr. Walker to his present station, was indifferent, on the whole, whether Slavery should be established in Kansas or not; or, if he felt any concern about it, it grew out of party considerations, not philanthropic feelings. Mr. Walker is neither a bigot nor a fanatic. A Pro-Slavery mao, we suppose neither his prejudices nor personal interests are strong enougfc^to make him a Propagandist, or induce him to seek the extension of Slavery as a su preme object, although his principles and associations would naturally lead him to throw the weight of his influence on the Pro-Slavery side. We think he intended, in accepting the appointment of Governor, to secure the pacification of Kansas, and to carry out the Principle of Popular Sovereignty announced in the Kansas-Nebraska act, but in such a way as to give free course to Slavery, at d yet not offend the Democracy of the North. As a conservative Southern Democrat, ho considered the Kansas imbroglio dangerous to an Administration which the South had been mainly instrumental in electing, and he was anxious for the restoration of the Northern Democracy to power, as necessary to the continued maintenance of Southern domination. Ou entering the Territory, he spoke words of peace and kindness to both sides. R<? en. larging upon the all-powerful influences of climatic law? on the growth or extinction cf Slavery, and the futility of all human enactments, he hoped to allay the heat of the combatants in the Territory, and to enlist in his support all the conservatives in the country, who had been indoctrinated in the same views by eminent Northern and Southern statesmen. The bold ness with which he recognised the validity ot the Legislature of Kansas, and declared his purpose to enforce all its ac*s, cost what it might, and his recognition of the legitimacy of a Convention chosen by a minority of the People of Kansas to form a Constitution for them, were well calculated to conciliate the favor of even the extreme party of the South; but, the Northern Demccracy might justly have taken offence, had he not at the same time declared himself in favor of the policy of submitting the Constitution to be formed, together with the question of Slavery, to a popular vote. To recognise the flagrant usurpation of the Pro Slavery Party in Kansas, to recognise a Pro-Slavery Convention elected by a minority vote, and then to snstain that assemblage in sending to Congress directly a Pro-Slavery Constitution, without submitting it to a vote of the People, would have furnished the Republicans with potent if not fatal arguments against Mr. Buchanan's friends in the North. Doubtless, Governor Walker may be honestly attached to the Principle of Popular Sovereignty ; but, whatever his feelings on this point, his decided stand io support of the policy of submitting the question of Slavery to a vote of the People was a political necessity; and as such it would have been acknowledged by the Southern Extremists, had they deemed it at all important to keep terms with the Northern Democracy. But, they differ from the Rich j p - - ujuuu cjiinuircr ; tuner mey suppose that the Northerners can be constrained to yield to any aggression, however enormous, or they are anxious to bring about a secession of the South, and, as preliminary to this, in their opinion, a total disruption of all party ties between the two sections. At this point, then?the declaration of Walker jn favor of a popular vote upon the Constitullon*=*-tbey took their departure from the Governor, and from the Administration which sustained him; and not even the organization of a National Democratic Party in Kansas, cr the march of Governor Walker at the head of United States troops on Lawrence, to prevent a socalled rebellious demonstration, could silence their complaints against him. For a time, the President's letter to Professor Silliman and others, alirmng the Calhoaa doctrine that the f ( >, / THE .NATION Constitution by its own force ca ries the Law of Slavery into all Federal terr. -ory, and protects it there?an extreme positi n'never so explicitly taken by any former Pres 3enfc?seemed to appease them; at least, it ; cassured and greatly strengthened the hand/, of Southern Conservative Democrats. Bat, he discontent was only lulled ; it soon broke c It agaiij, and the late action of Governor Walt w is rejecting fraudulent returns from Oxford., and McGee, and thereby allowing a Free ? tate-triumph, has inflamed the malcontent^ beyond all bounds. This conduct of the Govern/ >, considering his antecedents and political rele ions, is rather remarkable. He must have fori teen the consequences. The rejection of ^iose returns would transfer the legislative poLer of the'Territory to the Free State Party, s id strengthen its organization. It would democ urate the ProSlavery Party to be in a minori* f, and impair the authority of its creature, the ilonstitutional Convention, then sitting. It woC'd corroborate the previous charges of flagrant r*ud brought Against that Party, and throw 'iacredit upon the Cause of Slavery. It wouli give countenance to all that the Republicar t had alleged concerning the wrongs of Kant ts. It would iufuriate the Southern ultraiats, provoke their bitter animosity, both against hi nself and the Secretary ; and it might either t idanger their standing with the Administrate , or work the defeat of their nominations in th, Senate of the United States, in which the Son! tern ultras, if aided by the Republicans, would have power to crush them. On the other hand, the accept! nee of returns so notoriously and iufamojia f fraudulent would embarrass the Admimst ation at the North, put new and powerful ire! pons into the hands of the Republicans, and le id to the prostration of the Democratic Part t in the free States, so as to insure the elec&i? j of a Republican President in 1860?an e^e? t, fatal to the Slave Power, and to the politics prospects of all those who seek preferment by alliance with it, and conclusive against all f iti ce schemes of Slavery-extension. Besides, ir i ight provoke a more immediate danger?a ci? il war in the Territory, involving consequence more fearful and destructive thy any damage :o mere Party interests. An ordinary partisan, acting from a view rather to immediate than ult trior results, would probably have accepted tl 9 returns, on the technical plea that it was nc' his duty to judge of their legality. The pro iaion, both of the Organic act and of the Titrrtorial act, is, that they shall be declared elette? , and receive certificates, who have the " gr'sat at" or "highest" number of votes?not legil rotes. There is no such word in the provision, either in the Organic act or Territorial law, .'he votes are simply to be counted, and the p ^rson or persons having the highest nnmhef must receive the certificates. Whether the vc es be legal or illegal, is for the Legislature its ilf to decide, not the Governor or Secretary- iuch, we say, would possibly have been the j>rt and taken by an ordinary partisan. The fa'tt I bat Governor Walker and Secretary Stantnn w mM nnt aooll % - - . " " ' themselves of this technical plea. hot, construing the law under which they a' ted so as to do justice, and give legitimate efl JCt to the will of an ascertained majority of, tl 9 People, rejected returns, illegal and fraudi* ent on their face, shows that they have larger and more elevated views than belong to thn t ere partisan, and that, if they were not actuati d solely by a sense of justice and fair dettlii g, they were controlled by far-reaching cousid irations which vitally affect the stability of the Slave Power, and the ascendency of the Democratic Party, as its maiu support. But, these considerations ha-'e no weight wiih the Southern Ultras. Tl ey denounce Walker and Stanton as traitors*to the South, and seem ready to charge tbi; / dministration with complicity with them, unle s they be removed. This is the demand, Org 2d with more and more vehemence, and it nf-ay yet find compliance. Mr. Walker is now on his way to Washington, in feeble health. Perhaps his health may grow more feeble, while the S >uthern clamor against him shall increase to s ich an extent as to threaten dangergus oppositio.ain the South to the Administration. Mr. Buchanan will not remove him?but Governor Walker's failing health may constrain him to resign, and, so relieve the President, for a time Ht least, from the pressure of a faction, whose if axim is, rule or ruin. But, if the Governor be f- man of nerve? such a man as Rodin, who could cauterize his body, hut would not yield to disease?he will preserve his health and his station, and let the President take the responsibility of his nomination before the Senate. It will doubtless be furiously assailed by the extreme men of the South, but they may not he a tie to enlist the co operation of Republican Senators. These are under no obligations to Mr. Walkqr, bat they will hardly raise any factious opposition to his nomination, on the Bimple ground that he is a friend of the Administration and a supporter of ;4_ 1 1; ? J rr ius general policy in regard ic ivansas. iney cannot expect any Administration to select appointments from the ranks of its opponents. The country would never sustain a Pro-Slavery Senate in a systematic attempt to compel a Republican President to appoint Democratic officials. Governor Waiker, on the whole, has acted as fairly and reasonably as any man whom the Administration could have selected from its Party. If voted against by the Republican Sen* ators, it must be ou grounds which would constrain them to vote Bgainst e?er^ appointment made by the Administration. And should they, acting with the extreme Southern men, be strong enough to defeat the r-itifu-ation of his nomination, we cannot see what Kansas, or the country, or the Republican I^arfy, would gain by it. The trouble in Kansas might be aggravated, but it would be difficult to persuade the People that the Administration was responsible for it; while the Democrats a* the North would charge home upon the Rept-blicacs the discredit of defeating a man, Who b^-d done justice to the People of K*usas, >tnd uyposed and put down a gro?s fratjd, altl-ougA his action gave that Territory to the Fre': StaSe Party, and subjected him to the prescript on c' the Slavery Propagandists. It i9 suggested by certain prints hat the Government intercept the Mormln e uigration to Utah, upon the ground that it fund hes supplies to a body of men engaged in malci ig war upon the United States. If the rumour of war from Salt Lake and vicinity prove Filial e, it is probable that something will be dene ti prevent the rebels from receiving ieiaforoenic jta from our midst. Senator Slidell is ill, it is saldNaad awaits rec< very to accept a foreign miitsu n. This may bw incorrect, but it is certain that the French mission has been pressed upon him, and now that a Democrat can be elected to succeed him in the Senate, he may accept the brilliant offer. We noticed, some time ago^the fact that a Judge of the city of New York sentenced a man forty years to the State Prison foj stealing five d >l!ara. Since then, a culprit was brought before the same cfficial who was proved guilty of a shameful and desperate assault upon a gentlenan of New York, and who was promptly convicted by the jury, yet the Jodge find him sut cents only. The New York ionrnals account fcr the inconsistency by stati ig the fact that 4 ?____ iAL ERA: WASHING' * the rowdy was a prominent aupporter of the party to which the Judge owee his election to office. AFFAIRS IH KANSAS?CONSTITUTIONAL C0NVEHTI01T. The Lecompton correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, writing November 5th, says that the Convention had nearly completed its work, and that a majority proposed to anbmit to the People the question upon the Constitution in this form: "Constitution with Slavery," "Constitution without Slavery "?the question to be submitted to the decision of all the actual residents on the 20th of December. The Leavenworth correspondent of the Missouri Democrat, writing November 7th, says, the Constitution adopted is " pre-eminently Pro Slavery, endorsing the Dred Scott decision, the Fugitive Slave Act," Ac.?that the ProSlavery clause is all that will be submitted to the People, and no chance be allowed them to vote upon the Constitution. Both these reports are very indefinite and unsatisfactory. We infer from both, however, that no Anti-Slavery clause is to be voted upon, either separately or otherwise. A Pro-Slavery provision is to be submitted ; but if this be voted down, the only result is, that the Constitution will be silent on. the subject; there will be no organic prohibition of Slavery, no restraint on the Legislature to authorize it, none on the Courts to recognise it. If this be the fact, and if no opportunity be given to the People to vote pro or con on the Constitution, we presume the Territorial Legislature will send to Congress a strong protest against its endorsement by that body. But, if the Constitution is to be submitted to a vote of the whole People, in the form stated by the correspondent of the St. Jxruis Republican, the Republicans will then be called upon promptly to decide upon their course. It is impossible for their friends in the States to give them any definite counsel, because they do not yet know what the Constitution is; what are its general provisions, what its special clanses in relatian to Slavery, or how the votes are to be rendered ou the strange form of the question?Constitution with Slavery, Constitution without Slavery. But we take it for granted that the Free State men will present a united front; they will not, at the critical moment, weaken or neutralize their vote by divided counsels. They will not suffer their opponents to gain a vietory by default. If the Convention decide to send the Constitution directly to Congress, and submit to them only the Pro Slavery clause, let them vote that down at any rate, and trust to their Legislature for appropriate action in regard to the Constitution sought to be enforced upon them. Nor will they, should the question be presented in any other form, to all the actual residents, suffdr themselves to be controlled by passion, prejudice, or mere party considerations. If the Constitution on the whole is a good one, and by their vote they can make it a free one, and so organize Kansas as a free State, that vote ought not to be withheld^ merely because the Convention was illegitimate, or the offspring of a minority vote; or because the Free State party had already agreed upon a Constitution; or because it was resolved to stamp with perpetual reprobation the party which had achieved ascendency by fraud, and continned it by oppression. A vote making the Constitution free, and organizing Kansas as a free State under it. would Drove the subversion of that party?something better and more important than simple reprobation. No such motives as these, we eav, should control the Free State men, independently of other considerations. Bnt the Constitution may not be a good one; or it may be submitted in such a form that no vote of the Free State party, securing its adoption, can certainly make /it Free Constitution, or render Kansas free under it; or, it may not be desirable, in the judgment of the Free State men, to have Kansas organized as a State at present. These are all legitimate considerations, and should be well weighed by our Kansas friends. 8ome may think it unnecessary, now that a Free State Legislature is elected, to organize a State immediately. They say that there is no longer danger of the introduction of Slavery; : that Kansas has suffered so much in the strug: gle that it would be an advantage to exempt it ! for a time from the expenses of a State Government ; that two years hence it will be prepared | to send better men to represent it in the Senate and House of Representatives. Others favor an immediate organization, if Kansas can be made a free State, for various reasons. They urge, that parties are so constituted now in Congress, that although opposition may be raised against its admission, it must prove unavailing ; that if postponed to another Congress, combinations may be formed to defeat it; that it is the true policy of the friends of Freedom to delay no legitimate means calcui lated to augment their political power in Congress; that if Kansas remain in a Territorial | condition, the Courts, now thoroughly commit, ted to Slavery, will recognise that system, and j hold invalid, under the decision of the Supreme Court, any Territorial enactment against it; that meantime all the Federal officials of the | Territory would be Pro-Slavery, and all the Fed TON, D. C., NOVEM] THE SKY CLEARING. The result of ihe late annual election in Massachuaetta ia doubtless ere this well known to all the readers of the Era. The true significance and importance of this result, however, can scarcely be understood and appreciated by those who have watched from a distant point of view the political affairs of the Bay State for the last three years. In the first place, highly as the successful candidate stands in the estimation of the people ot Massachusetts, as an able statesman and a prominent defender of the interests of Free Labor, the victory over which every friend of Freedom rejoices is by no means to be looked upcn as a matter of personal preference. The battle was fought upon broader grounds, and with nobler aims. From the outset to the consummation, the single issue of Constitutional Freedom, as opposed to the Black Democracy of Slavery, was kept prominently before the people by the orators and writers of the Republicans and Fremont Americans. The Governor elect himself set the dignified and honorable example of eschewing all matters of a merely local, personal, and temporary character, and discussed calmly and dispassionately, in the cool atmosphere of reason, the great and vital questions which pertain not alone to the present, but to all time. He and his supporters have the satisfaction of knowing that the victory has been won by no appeals to prejudice or passion, no assault upon private character, and no denial of the rights of any class of their fellow citi. zens, on account of birth, complexion, or creed. As a necessary consequence of this position of the Republicans aud their candidate, Democratic Hunkeriam and proscriptive Know Nothingism, nominally divided by their support of two candidates, were really united in bitter opposition to N. P. Banks. On the part of Gov. Gardner and his cffiaeholding friends, it was a last, desperate effort to resuscitate a dead political partv. and bv so doing to maintain their factitious and wholly undeserved prominence in the State. It is well understood here, that their triumph would have been the signal for a general reorganization of Fillmore and Hunker Know Nothingism in other States. General Wilson, at the expiration of his term of office as U. S. Senator, was to be superseded by a Hunker Whig of the Dred Scott Decision stripe, or by Governor Gardner himself; and the campaign of 1860 was to find the free States hopelessly divided, and powerless under the heel of National Salvery, the final triumph of which was -to be inaugurated by the union, in fact, as well as feeling, of Black Democracy and malignant Know Nothingism. Henceforth there are to be but two parties in the field. The Black Democracy will attract and absorb the shattered fragments of Hunker Whiggery and Fillmore Know Nothingism, which now revolve in constantly lessening circles about it; while, on the other hand, moBt of the Fremont voters of last year, who have been this year beguiled into the support of Governor Gardner, will unite with the friends of Freedom. The field is thus cleared for the Presidential struggle of 1860. From present appearances, instead of embarrassing by her divisions and side issues the great Free Movement, Massachusetts will stand side by side with her sisters, as strong in numbers as in principle, prepared to give her hearty support to whomsoever the indications of Providence and the voice of the people shall designate as the man for the time. To the Republicans of Ohio, Michigan, Iowa, and elsewhere, to the free voters of Kansas, vr: : ?i 1?>' ' auu jui-obuu, huts pcupia ui massacnuseiis send greeting. They are with them heartily and honestly. In guarding with jealous care the Banctity of the ballot-box and the right of citizenship from abuse, they will do no injustice to their fellow-citizens of foreign birth, nor in the name of Americanism violate the distinctive American principle of equal and exact justice to all. J. g. w. Texas.?Shall Freedom receive encouragement and an accession of strength by the formation of a new State in Texas, wherein involuntary servitude shall be prohibited ? This is not an improbable result by the present emigration to Texas. Upon this point the Philadelphia North American remarks: "At this season of the year, Southern emigration to the new States and Territories of the Southwest usually sets in. Accordingly we find that numbers of emigrauts are exploring western Texas with a view to locating there. The low country, or coast region, too, seems to attract more attention this season than heretofore. Railways, which are being pushed forward rapidly, are said to have stimulated this movement in a great measure. Much emigration goes from the free States of the West to Texas, in consequence of the fine wheat growing soil found there. The German emigration, too, is very large. It is a jealousy of the increasing strength of this latter element which has produced the American party movement in Texas. At the recent State election, Houston, the American candidate for Governor, received more votes than Fillm ue did last fall for President, the increase being very large. We find many Southern papers sounding the alarm that western Texas is passing out of the hands of the South. This feeling will probably prevent the division of the State at this time, but instead of preventing the Germans and Northerners from going there, it will be more likelv to in crease their numbers by drawing attention to the contest now going on." United States Banks.?A correspondent of the New York Courier and Enquirer says : " Among the last acts of Mr. Guthrie was to communicate to Congress the annual report on the condition of the banks of the United States. It has just been printed, and contains many interesting facts. " According to returns received nearest to January, 1857, the number of banks in all the States and Territories was 1,416, showing an increase of eighteen during the year 1856. There were, besides, a few banks from which no returns were received. The increase of bank capital during the year was $26,960,414. The amount at near the date of the report was $370,834,686. The amount of loans and discounts was $684,456,887, being an increase of $50,273,607. The circulation was $214,778,825, an increase of $19,030,872. The specie basis for this vast amount of paper circulation was $58,349,838, showing a decrease of $964,225. -- me capital or uncnarterecl banks is estimated at ?125,000,000. showing an increase of $6,936,000 over the preceding year. The ag gregate ascertained capital of the chartered and unchartered banks is $495,834,000, though the returns of the banks do not distinguish the gold from the silver in their specie tables, but the Secretary estimates that silver does not constitute over one-seventh of the whole." fjSf Harper's Magazine has been voted out of a Montreal reading-room, because it spoke disrespectfully of Queen Victoria! It called the gentle lady, Victoria Guelph, and hinted that some of her ancestors were no better than they should bel It is high time that such loyalty was rewarded. Si. Louis, Nov. 14 ?The Lecomplon correspondent of the Republican says that the Kansas Constitutional Convention adjourned on the 7th inst. A Provisional Government, with Gen. Calhoun as Governor, was formed, to go into operation immediately. The Convention passed a separate clause sanctioning Slavery, which is the only section that will be submitted to the people. It is thought to be the design to get the Constitution accepted by Congress prior to the assembling of the Territorial Legislature. Governor Walker has been appealed to, to couvene au extra session, to meet this contingency. The apportionment of the State provides for forty-five Representatives and fifteen Senators, j eral patronage be given to the Pro-Slavery Party, so that the so-called National Democracy j might, in the course of two years, contrive to acquire the ascendency, especially as the Free State men would be lulled into security by the impression that the battle against Slavery had been decided. To us, the weight of the argument seems to be on their side. We are pained to record the death of an efficient laborer in the Anti-Slavery field at Moline, Illinois. Joseph Jackman, of that place, died on the 23d of August last, of consumption. His disease was much strengthened by his political labors in the last Presidential campaign. He was an untiring advocate of Freedom, and gave liberally of his income to carry forward the cause in which his heart was ergaged. He leaves a widow and two children. Gen. Walker.?This well-known filibuster slipped away from New Orleans last week, with three hundred followers, for Nicaragua. By a juggle, this party of invaders after leaving New Orleans, met a steamer with arms and ammunition, and went their way, provided with the u munitions of war." That the authorities of New Orleans could have prevented the escape of the desperadoes if they had wished, is not doubted by any but the most bigoted Administrationists. A Democratic meeting was recently held at Milledgeville, Georgia, at which resolutions were passed calling upon the Administration to remove Gov. Walker. Hon. Mr. Stephens was present, and spoke. So, the Slavery-defenders justify fraud and Border Ruffianism. Immigration.?During the first ten months of the present year, 163,046 immigrants arrived at New York from foreign countries. This is a larger immigration than has taken place since 1854. . We would call attention to an advertisement on another page, of the Genesee Farmer, It is an excellent periodical, and worthy of a large circulation. BER 19, 1857. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF KANSAS. This body of usurpers, driven to despair by the ill success of tfce frauds of the Pro Slavery party in the late election, is bent on forcing a Pro Slavery Constitution upon Kansas. They i will endeavor to carry it through before the f people by force or fraud, or, what is nearly certain, will refer it directly to Congress, hoping ! that that body will ratify their villainous work. The Convention has determined to insure the ; I life of Slavery in Kansas by their Constitution, if it can be got through Congress. That our j 1 readers may judge of tie men who compose the Convention, and their work, we quote a few paragraphs from a report of their doings. The date is October 30 : " The report on Slavery was called up. Mr. 1 Chiles, of Johnson, moved an additional section to the report, making it obligatory on the first Legislature to pass laws making the presence of free negroes in the State an act of felony, j punishable by imprisonment iu the penitentia- j i ry ; and also, if slaves shall be freed, and shall , jyerisvit iu remaining in the State, that their j ' conduct shall be Jelony, punishable by the pen- ' itentiary. " Ou motion of Mr. Bolicg to change the power given to the Legislature to pass a law j ] preventing slaves being brought here to sell, ! Mr. Randolph got up, and said the object of the 1 provision was to prevent uiggcr-traders from bringing here ' the whole ecrapings of the Southern Confederacy. It was not that they had any conscientious scruples about buying 1 or selling niggers, but it was to prevent every I trader from bringing here all the old, blind, halt, ! 11 and lame niggers, so that they would get all the < mean niggers. It would be so, if the African , < slave trade was opened. The country would < be filled with mean niggers. They would Lave , 1 to educate and enlighten them for the use of , ? the North ; for whenever they get the niggers < properly educated, t hey went off on the under- j ' ground railroad. That's the way it would be/ ' " Mr. Boling said the object of his aiueud- 1 f ment was merely to reduce it to the position in t which the matter was left by the Dred Scott ' 1 decision. Tbey had decided that negroes were i i property, just the same as a horse or any other j i property. If property, the owners should have j 1 a perfect and untrammeled right to take it t where they pleased, and sell it when they J f pleased. It was merely making it property, j i The .sneaker alluded iranic&llv to the ' ianther- I I mal line.' " Mr. Jenkins spoke. He, too, took the ; ground that the decision of the Dred Scott case settled the Slavery question. Men could take their slaves everywhere?could sell them everywhere. That was the true spirit aud meaning of it, and it would soon receive its practical force. It was therefore the Black Republicans who had howled over that decision. Two members of that court were Black Republicans, and, of course, decided agaiust the others. But the majority of the court were good National Democrats, and therefore decided as they did. 41 Jenkins spoke disparagingly of Squatter Sovereignty. He had always thought itahumbn? Mr. Moore, chairman of the committee, did not object to the amendment of Boling on the principle that it was surplusage, for the very reasons given by the speaker. The Dred Scott decision had settled it irrevocably, and it were better not to re-legislate on such a subject. 44 Here Mr. Boling rose and said : 44 4 1 would ask the gentleman from Qeor- j gia?I beg his pardon, from Leavenworth?if there is such a provision by law in Georgia ?' 41 Mr. Moore said there was. There were just such provisions in Georgia, and it was to prevent imposition on negrc-owners. The , speaker here went cff in an eloquent burst about Slate Rights. A State had the right to I exclude rotten beef, wooden nutmegs, or other 1 nuisance, or to establish Slavery, as they pleased. Having established State Rights ( thus, the speaker came back to the Dred Scott t decision. That decision was merely a mandate, e a decree, a tinal decision, that had gone forth \ to the country, and was irrevocable. The Con- 1 vention had no power to interfere with the t terms of that decieion. It had gone forth, and t no State authority can touch it. i 41 Mr. Little got up. He wan in favor of the e amendment. The law of Georgia wae merely a t means by which the S;ate could speculate upon i the poor. The rich had all the negro trading, t They could sell out their negroes at an advance t of 30 per cent., and then go out to anotht-r 1 State, buy a lot of negroes, bring them back, j keep them a month or two, and then sell them. I Flc knew how it was. He had been in Georgia \ when the law was passed. He had five negroes i that he could not sell before for $1,000, and i after it he had sold them for $l,o00 apiece. ^ That was how it worked. The speaker thought the Dred Scott decisiou had put matters on their true ground. Refore that decision, slaves 1 had been regarded as property, it was true, but ' it was a sort of property only. They were, by 1 general opinion and State laws, allowed to have ] some sort of rights, but that decision had taken j the broad ground that slaves were property? neither less nor more. This wa9 the true 1 ground for the South. This was the right po- ^ sition they had got at last, and no Southern I man should be found calling it in question. It j was enough for the Republicans to do that. He was for the amendment." The report alluded to was adopted. After ^ which, a Mr. Danforth moved the following amendment to the first section : 44 The right of property is before and higher than any constitutional Banctiou, and the right of the owner of a slave to such slave and its in- ^ crease is the same and as inviolable as the right of the owner of any property whatever." * This amendment wa3 adopted by a vote of t 40 to 3 1 1 Mr. Calhoun, the President of the Conven- 1 / tion, said he 44 would prefer the preamble as it is, as a substitute for the whole report, leaving ' the Constitution silent on the subject of Slave- j ry, and such property simply under the decision < _r ,i .1 naaa. 11:= t-_ 1 vi IUO 1/1C4 ovyiv v-uovt tuo niBU) wuiuu UC " will here express, ia to submit the report as it J now stands, together with a proposition for a ( free State, to a vote of the people. Should such t a proposal not prevail, in the right time, when 1 the case again comes up for final action, I will f move to amend the Constitution so as to strike > out the clause now under consideration." s The preamble and sections on Slavery adopt- i ed, read as follows : " Preamble.?The right of property is before and higher than any constitutional sanction, and the right of the owner of a slave to such 1 slave and its increase is the same and as inviolable as the right to auy property whatever. "Sec. 1. The Legislature shall have no power * to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves, without tho consent of their owners, or without paying their owners, previous to their emancipation, a full equivalent in money for the slaves so emancipated. They shall have no power to prevent emigrants to this Siate from bringing with them such persons as are deemed slaves by the laws of any one of the United States or Territories, so long a3 any person of the same age or description shall be continued in Slavery by the laws of this State; provided that such person or slave be the bona fide property of such emigraut; and provided, also, that laws may be passed to prohibit the introduction into this State of slaves who have committed high crimes in other States or Territories. They shall have power to pass laws to permit the owners of slaves to emancipate them, saving the rights of creditors, and preventing them from becoming a public charge. They shall have power [to prevent slaves from being brought iuto the State a9 merchandise, and a'so*] to oblige the owners of slaves to treat them with humanity, to provide for them necessary food and clothing, to abstain from all injuries to them extending to life or limb : and. in case nf their neerleet /->? i refusal to comply with the direction of such < laws, to have such slave or slaves sold for the benefit of the owner or owners. " Sec. 2. In the prosecution of slaves for ' crimes of higher grade than petit larceny, the ? Legislature shall have no power to deprive them f of an impartial trial by a petit jury. i "Sec. 3. Any person who shall malicious- i ly dismember or deprive a slave of life, shall i suffer such punishment as would be inflicted in < case the like offence bad been committed on a < free white person, and on like proof, except in < case of insurrection of such slave." J It is yet possible that the Convention will ' refer the Constitution to the people; but if eo, J * This wm stricken out on Boiling's amendment, < it will prescribe the qualifications of the viter#, ' ] so as to ezc-lade nearly ail the F ee >S ate vo- ' teis. It is evident that the battle hes but just ' begun. Either in Kansas, or iu Congress, or both, it will be fought to the bitter end. Toe ! , majority of the citizens of Kansas will Dot submit to fraud cr violence. To submit to tbe ruffian insolence of such men as compose tbe Constitutional Convention, would be cowardly, j By some means they will secure their freedom. ! If the Democratic party openly accepts the ' fraudulent Constitution, it will be torn a-under 1 or defeated before the people. The Northern Democrats believe that Kansas is to be free ; ! \ that the question is decided ; and when they i find out their mistake, should such be tbe cape, the Democratic party will go into a minority, and the Administration is lost. I . GIFT BOOKS FOB 1868. . The Messrs. Appleton, of New York, are ' already in the field with gift books for the new fear. We have received from these enterpri- ( ting publishers a proof sheet of a volume which t they will soon issue. It is entitled " World- , 1 Noted Women; or, Types of Particular Womaa- J ly Attributes of all Lands and Ag>-s." It is by 1 , Mary Cowden Clarke, who is widely kuown as ] the author of the ''Girlhood of Shukspearc's 1 Heroines," Ac. "The distinguished authoress, Mrs. Cawden 1 Clarke, has given an analytical disquisition of Lhe most noted women that hare figured in the world, from the year G9 B. C., down to the pres?nt time. She says in her preface: It is interjsting to consider the individuality marking ( sach, and the curious variety of respective dis- < iuction which has set those personages apai t, ^ is either renowned or uotorious, above the orlinary range of their sisterhocd. * * * F They are not so mnch types of a class of women, 1 is types of particular womanly attributes; and, t "ar from them all being looked upon as models, i hey are, in some instances, to be beheld ma j >eacons of warning. With this borne in mind, t t affords a fascinating study to contemplate a ( woman like Cleopatra?that ' St rpeut of Did ( Nile'?she who held Mark Anthony's heart in hrall, and 'caught him in her strong toil of * ;r&ce;'or a woman, like Isabella of Castile, \ who was virtuous as she was wise, modest ?'-8 j the was illustrious. t " It is also interesting to notice the links of listoric association which connect such widely * various women as Yalentiua, Joan of Are, ^ Margaret of Anjou, Lady Jane Grey, Isabel'a t >f Castile, Maria Theresa, and Catharine II, t hrough the long series of years aud separa' e i ands in which they respectively lived. As ;hus: 'le beau Dunois' bore a part in both | ( Valentina's and Joan of Arc's history ; Marga- t et was niece to the French King, Charles VII, j who, as Dauphin, was the object of Joan's egal championship; Lady Jane Grey was 1 ^rand-daughter to Charles Brandon, who mar- i ied the widow Queen of Louis XII, grandson j ;o Valentina; and so forth, along the chain <<f j f nrcumstances. The drawings for this woik were executed by the same artist who designed 1 ;he splendid work entitled 4 Women of the Bible,' the sale of which has been so large. This t work is even more splendid?engraved on steel i by the first artists. The size is the same as I .he Republican Court of Washington." * The Appletons also issue a hoiyday edition of ' Bryant's Poems, with seveuty-ono illustration i. A SIGN. c * t The Chicago Times is generally supposed to ipeak the sentiments of Senator Dougl is cn >olitical subjects. In a recent article upon the ( Kansas question, it says : . 1 " The Democratic party at the Cincinnati t! Convention were unanimously pledged, that if a he people of Kansas, in forming a State Conititution, made Kansas a slave S'ate, Krsn ' was to be admitted as such ; or i! they made 1 iansas a free State, Kanear was to be adrnitU d s is such. In fart, it was unanimously resolved hat the admission cf Kansas was to be de'erniued by the Democratic party, wholly irrn- ' ipective of the condition of the State respecting he existence or non-existence of Slavery then- 1 n. When Kansas appl-e* f'T r.d nissi w, the 1 inly question will be, Is this Constitution tie t i)ill of the people, fairly exprcs*>d ? 1: so, ti e j s Democratic party is bound to admit the State; | t f the Constitution be not the act of the pe<>pb , it iansas will not and ought not to be admitted with that Constitution. Wt hardly think their. 7 s any man in the a.untry who has any doubt t. >f the wishes of the people of Kansas on the t (uestion of Slavery or no Slavci y.v This doctrine does not sgree with that pro- c nulgated by Senator Hunter and the Richmond B South. But we hope the Demociats of the j Northern States will abide by If. Will Mr. Douglas adopt it, and agree to give the maior ty of the people of Kansas free institutions, 'f hey want them? Will he support Governor ( Valker, ar.d the majority of Kansas citizens? e f so, we presume that the violent efforts of the F vansas ruffians will fail of their object. " ij Bhsy The emigration to Nebraska, it is said, p ias been brisk this fall. There are already j4 iver 30,000 inhabitants there. An exchange a ayR: u 44 Governor Izard having resigned the chief ii 'xecutive office cf Nebraska, and departed for s< lis home in Arkansas, a meeting of the citi- p ;ens of Omaha has been held, at which resoluions were adopted, fully approving of his otli - u aal course, and expressing great esteem lor lim. This compliment is sa.d to have been P veil deserved, as he has been an excellent Governor, and materially advanced the im- ^ >rovement of the Territory. " There seems to be very little party feeliug r n Nebraska. Business et?grosaes the attention P )f the citizens. They are all of one mind as to p naking it a free State, and, beyond that, there r s nothing to contend for in politics. Town ^ juildmg, road making, agriculture, the erection ( >f homes, and the establishment of hues cf A ravel and trade, is quite as much as they at- s end to. So large is the emigration every sea- t< ton, that the crops raised in the Territory are n lever sufficient to supply the home demand. This accounts for the fact, which so often puzzles Eastern editors, that provisions are scarce ind high in these border settlements. I', it b >est that it should be so, as the profits of the 8 armers from the high prices indnce many to ^ mgage in agriculture who otherwise would lot." r ~ o The Hart?ord Oourant, an old fashioned * federal and Whig paper, says: 44 In Secretary Guthrie's report on the finan- , :es, dated December, 1856, he intimates the ipinion which is now, under daily evidence, he- 11 :oming the opinion of all intelligent men, with>ut regard to party lines, that the small bills of he 1,398 banks, issuing $195,000,000 of paper, c >f which at least $50,000 000 is as small as $5 tod under, operates the withdrawal of the ^ & 195,000,000 of specie, which the paper is sup- 1 )osed to represent. A bank bill lor $5, under a Connecticut laws, may drive out of the countty * en times its face in specie, as each bill is suji- F yosed to be good; although the law requires r >nly$l in specie, for $10 issued iu paper. Mr. ? iuthne estimates the goid and silver in the ? :ountry, one year ago, at $250,000,000, al- J hough he acknowledges that the superintend- a int of the mint makes it only $200,000,000 ; ' ind that, for reasons stated, it is impossible to some to any reliable conclusion as to the a imount of specie iu the couutry at any one pe 'iod. It does not seem of any grea' import- 0 ince for practical purposes what iheamouut it, * je it more or less. What we do know is, that l; it least $50,000,000 of small-note circulation * night be advantageously supplied from our ^ >wn gold mines." 44 The Cabinet has had our Mexican relations inder discussion, within the last few days, with * i view to ascertaining what course can be pur- l* ined to compel the Government of Mexico to ft V JCbUCUieUb Ul kUC uuiuesam? A&tMVBivwx viiNi.Jn igainst her, and to restrain htr off iala lrom u repeat*, d outrages upon American citizens. It ? leems evident that the policy of forbearance a jpon which the United States have acted tor ^ leveral years, in dealing with our weak sister Republic, is taken advantage of; and that, instead of leading to corresponding tiforis oy 1 Mexico to give us no cause for iurlher com- ii jlaint, it gives impunity to outrage by affording o tsiurance that no penalty will follow iu Mr. k VOL. XI. liucharan >" <!iJpo?"d to ch?ok i.:- t : if it can be done; and it is not improbable M.at he will treat of the subject in his annual n. a. sage."?Exchange. The above extract sounds well, and it : be that its language is correct and proper; bur, from past experience!, we suspect .cy warlike movements towards Mexico to be called for: a by the Southern Propaganda. Is the South tired of waiting for the colonization of N':c.- .under Gencr't Walker, and is it hu. -r\ another slice ot Mexico? Better populate tiiy :he Gadsden purchase, ai.d?make a Sate out of it, it strikes us; but undoubted, y the friends of Slavery understand their own projects. WASHINGTON ITEMS. The Washington correspondent of the New York Times says: "Councilman Jones, of New York, Cha'rr uc >f the Committee to inquire into the expediency if selling a lot in the Park to Oov> -nmeig f ho post-office aite, having addressed the Pestnastetr General on the subject. Mr. Browj tolay :.ddri-F8( d him a J?tter f>rrml!r rr , he offer of two hundred and fif-y thi:?ind dolars?admitting that the lot is worth mir?. hut leclaring it all he had to give, and sugge-ting .hat the birMing to be erected would ' au lament to the city, and that the public conveiier.ee seemed to demand its location th-re. Mr. B own also states positively that, ! the c T is not accepted, the building cannot be en e'ed for some years to come, because it will uecestarily fall under the policy of retrenchu r.> ;ently resolved on by the Adrainistra'i r . ;ive to all uncommenoed public structu-ea" Should the city cf New York accept the offer >f the Postmaster Genera', it vould furnish a ine job for many of the laborers on* of work v.'ju nuw u?rwae uio it.y id inons. usttm I >-e something, than carry out Mr. Wood's preposiion to vote away barrels of bed a' 1 l! ; r to he hard fi9ted sous of Labor. By extraordinary effort and unremitting atention to buaictsn, the Postmaster G-nera! :aused the pay for transportation of the nit.i s >ver the railroads of nearly car who'e country o be issued within the lirst fortnight of the >reeent quarter. In view cf the gloomy projects of the workingmen of Philadelphia durir..' he approaching winter, Governor Brown Liu jiven orders to the superintendent of the r. * Philadelphia poet office to commence openions thereupon immediately, which will disribute many thousands of dollars in specie maongst the mechanics and other working classes of that city. This is fiul ? anlia: sympa by. The work on all the Government improvenents in this city, and on the great aqueduct, s progressing with great rapidi'y. Annua! rejcrts on each, which are now in course of prep iration, will be perused with interest in the iourse of a a few weeks. William B. Taylor, E>q., has been promoted o-ite an examiner in the Patent Office, (comjen^ation ?2,500 per annum.) Mr. K b> i 1>. 21ark, of Wisconsin, has boon appointed to be in assistant examiner in the same office, vice Taylor, promoted. Mr. Henry D. Smith, of Connecticut, has been appointed to a secondlass clerkship in the same office, (compensaion ?1,400 per annum ) The workingmen in the machine-shops at the Japitol propose to give one day's wages inomh y for the benefit of the suffering poor during be winter months. Should this benevolent ex ,tuple be followed by our citizens generally in iroportion to their ability, the resident pcmr nay be relieved greatly during the inclement eason. The subjoined dispatch has been received iora the Utah expedition : '* St. Iannis, Nov. 11.?Ol. Johnston, when ast heard from, wax beyond Fort Laramie, and 00 miles this side of where the express left him he snow was seven inchej deep. Owing to theslim upplv of corn and the entire absence of grass, he teams ar.d dragoon hordes w rc failing rapilly. News had reached Laramie tha* the dormons had burnt three Government trains cf 5 wagons, near Green river, DO miles behind lol. Alexanders command, which constituted he vanguard of the army." If this is true, it foreshadows the failure if the entire artny seat to S tit Lake. Tiro reult by so many thought impossible, is now >robable. A Washington correspondent says: "The President, in pursuing the policy of igid retrenchment in every department of the iovernment expenditures, expects to keep the stimates of anpropriations for next year's exeases (to be submitted to Congress at its -reeltig) within foriy millions of dollars, agsiust iyhlyfive millions appropriated last year. It 1 not probable that the appropriations will be ermitttd to exceed forty five millions, under ny circumstances. The corrttpr lobbyists and and-stealers, accordingly, will find poorencottrgement next winter, and Congress will hoe lore thau usual opportunity to attend to legitmate private as well as public business, pre ented to it under legitimate and honest amices." This may be true?we hope it is?bat the land-stealcrs " aud "corrupt lobbyists" may revent it. A private letter, sent " at a venture," by the ?< ? _.:ij ? .v. i-?i - ' mius UI it *;iu iiiuisu >!U I :e ri.'lUiS, n.1.1 DC'U eceived by the family of Lient. Beale, th i Sj* erinteudeut of the California Wagon Road exedition from Fort Defiance to the Colorado iver. At its da'e, the party had reach- d the lolorado, the western terminus of their route. l.1! were well, and tho party had not lost a ingle animal. The camels were thoroughly ?3ted in this expedition, and to their employ* lent, doubtless, is to be ascribed much of its access. Lieut. Beale states that he will probably not e heard from again for three months. It is upposed that his intention is to retrace his steps o Fort Defiance, to re-examine his work, and etnedy any defects, and then return to the Col* rado, and thence to California, where his party rill disbaud. It is proposed to withdraw the naval force alogelher from Panama Bay, on account of the asalubrity of the climate. A letter from Chiua to the London Tim*s iomains the following: " I have already spoken of the fatness and ertility ot the Dong Kong rats. W hen Minuius, the D.ctator, was swearing Flaminius in .a the master of the horse, we are told by Pinarc h that a rat chanced to squeak, and the sulerstitioua^eople compelled both officers to esigu their poets. Office would be held under real uncertainty in Hong Kong, if a similar uperstitiou prevailed. Sir John Bowring has ust been swearing in General Ashburnham as , member of the Colonial Council, and, if the ata were silent, they showed unusual modesty. ?hey have forced themselves, however, into a tatc paper. 1 wo hundred are destroyed every ight in jail. Each morning, the Chinese pnsners see with teartui eyes and watering mouths pile of these delicacies cast out to waste, it j as if Christian prisoners were to see scores of ihite sucking pigs cast forth to the dogs by [ohammedau jauois. At last, they could re:aiu no longer. During the puuishment ot til-cutting, which follows any infraction of rison discipliue, they first attempted to abtract the delicacies. Foiled in this, tney took le more mauly course. Ihey indited a petion in good Chinese, proving from Confucius lat it is sinful to cast away the lor d ot man, nd praying that the roeai might be handed ver to thein to cook sud eat. Tais is a tact, nd if Gen. Taoinson douots it, I recommend iin to move for a copy of the correspondence.' Porter's Spirit of the Times states thst Mr. 'eu liroeck won enough in the Cesarewitch laces to not only reimnurse himself for his utlays and mishaps m England, but secured a urge amount besides.