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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, November 19, 1857, Image 2

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186
behind tkf refuge of its sheltering folds! She
turiifcd ber thoughts within herself. She was
4' calm or re more, and happy?happy with a
u wider ar.d snadier basis than ever before. A
new w.rid resm-d or?ened before her; and
with a heart raised in thankfulness she placed
the veil amoDg her most sacred treasures.
Yes, there by the smiling image of the lost
on??the curls of her glossy hair?by the
faded flnwers taken from her bier, was laid in
solemn thankfulness the Mourning Veil.?Atlantic
Monthly.
W A5sJi UN (jTUIN , D. (J.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1867.
1 -
&cjr The subscription of several thousand of
our subscribers will close bet ween this and the
first of December?that is, within the next twelve
days. We are now expecting daily to hear from
them, so that we shall not be obliged to erase
any of their names from our list,
i 1
Congress will meet next Monday two
weeks. New subscribers will be anxious to begin
their subscriptions with the opening of the
session. Will they please forward them immediately,
as it is important that we should know
how large an edition to issue. The Era will
present a concise record of proceedings, a
synopsis of the debates, speeches of permanent
and general interest, and also contain such editorial
explanations and comments, as shall enable
distant readers to understand movements
otherwise inexplicable, or liable to be misunder
stood.
t&T The Times, so say all oar exchanges,
are getting better. The banks in New York
and elsewhere begin to think of resuming specie
payment?exchanges are gradually finding their
proper level. Don't give np yonr newspapers,
if they are g4?d ones. Send us the beBt currency
you can get.
_ ^ ^ '
Jtei?" The New Settlements. ? Will our
friends in the new settlements in Nebraska,
Minnesota, Washington, and Oregon, see to it
that the Era has a fair introduction among their
neighbors. They will want reading from Washington
for the long winter evenings now coming
ou. Indeed, we call upon our friends all through
the West, to pat forth a little effort to make the
Era a familiar family visiter.
A subscriber says that the ladies used
to look after the interests of the Eraf when it
was publishing Uncle Tom's Cabin, and he
hopes that we may be able to gratify them again
with something of the sort. We should be delighted
to do eo, but an Uncle Tom's Cabin is
, built only abont once in a century. We hope
our fair friends, however, will not neglect ns.
Let them live in hope. The moment we can
secure anything pre eminently good, they shall
have the benefit of it.
\
NEW TERRITORIES.
The party having the command of the Federal
Administration generally secures at first
the control in our Territories. The appo'ntments
are made, the patronage is distributed
by the Administration, and men work
zealously for pay. Every postmaster, every
petty officer, deems it his duty to labor for the
Party on whom he depends, and a principal
part of the Governor's business is to shape the
politics of his Territory. This is why New
Mexico, Nebraska. Oregon, and Washington,
are controlled by the Pro-Slavery Democracy,
and Minnesota, notwithstanding its settlement
by Free 8taie emigrants, is to so great a degree
under its power.
One measure of counteracting this evil is,
the circulation of papers advocating the Cause
of Freedom. The Republicans of Oregon, we
are glad to see, have come to this conclusion.
The conduct of Lane and other Democratic
leaders, in boldly advocating the introduction
of Slavery, has alarmed them, and convinced
them of the necessity of more strenuous efforts
to resist that mischievous project. W? have
lately received orders for sever*! clubs of the
Era, to be circulated among the People of
Oregon. It is, we trust, but the beginning of
a more general movement.
A correspondent in Deer Creek, Oregon Territory,
sending us a dozen subscribers, says:
" I am astonished, on my return after an absence
of eighteen months, to lind such a turn
ing over to the Republican ranks. For your
encouragement, 1 would say, that the Era and
Pads fur the People have had much to do in
producing the change in this neighborhood.
The pro-Slavery ground taken by Lane and
most of our leading Democrats, just before the
nf nur (InnwiiLntinnal 1) .hwmto koa An
y erated powerf ully to open the eyea of honest
Democrats, and there are many of them becom%
ing daily more and more disgusted, who, I
think, will soon come over to the Republicans."
We hope our friends will take care to have
such men supplied with the right kind of read
ing, and they will soon decide upon the course
proper to be pursued.
WESTERN INVESTMENTS.
The Chicago papers say that many persons
from the East are now in the West, looking
after their investments in land, with rather a
poor prospect before them. These investments,
the Chicago Tribune remarks, are hopeless at
present, and will be so for many years to come.
Persons who have invested their honest earn
ing in Chicago, Davenport, Milwaukie, and
other places of their class, should not be misled
or hurried to rash conclusions by such representations.
If they owe debts they must
pay now, let them sell, even at a sacrifice, rathm
er than cheat their creditors. Bat, let them
not sacrifice their Western investments needlessly.
There is as mnch real wealth in the
country now as there was when they purchased.
TU? ^apflrirampr.f nt tfop rnrrpnpt whir-h ia hut
??t, J, ??
temporary, cannot arrest the course or growth
, . of trade ?nd population. Immigration from
abroad is goirg on as usual. Emigration from
the East to the West will be quickened rather
than retarded. Western States must continue
to increase rapidly; Western Territories to
multiply. The present centres of commerce
will expand, and new centres will appear. Peo
pie must hare houses; houses require land. The
rapid inflnx of population must revive rents,
and quicken Tand sales and prices. Cincinnati
Chicago; Milwaukie, and St. Louis, have not
ceased to be necessities, because exchanges are
disordered, and people do not know what or
whom to trust, la a year from this time, real
estate will hod as ready a market in Chicago,
as it did a year ago. Statistics then will show
) that this monetary revulsion has had no eiLct
on the wants of its population or its substantial
trade.
A* Error.?We were in error in ascribing
the ''Gift of Tritemius," in the Atlantic
Monthly, to the ppn of Lowell. We are informed
that it is the production of our friend,
Jobs G. Whittier.
" ~
JgT* The American Missionary Society?an
Anti-Slavery organization?has one hundred
and forty-eight missionaries, fifty-three of whom
are in the foreign field, in Siam, in Western
Africa, in Egypt, in the West Indies, in the
Sandwich Islands, in Kansas, among the In
diaas in the Northwest, and all over the Western
States of onr Confederacy. From eight to
twelve are laboring in slave States, or in counties
in free States bordering on slave ? tales.
I
^ ? *
GOVERNOR WALKER AND KANSAS-DIVISION
IN THE SOUTH.
While questions ct curiency and finance en'ross
the attention of Northern People, the
the South is almost entirely absorbed in the
liacusaion of politics. The breach between the
;onservative and destructive factions of the Denocnvcy
widens every day. The one cares little
for the Union, puts no faith in Northern
Democrats, rages over the Free State triumph
in Kansas, denounces General Walker, and is
barely civil to Mr. Buchanan. The other is
zealous for the Union just so long as it shall
have power to determine its Presidency, considers
the National Democracy of the North the
nope of the Union and the safeguard of Slavery,
acquiesces in the Free State success in
Kansas on the ground that no Slavery triumph
won by fraud could advance the interests of the
National Democracy, defends Gov. Walkerj
and cordially sustains Mr. Buchanan, as perfectly
loyal to Southern policy. The Richmond
(Va.) South quotes passages from the lettfer of
Mr. Heath, published lately in our columns, to
ihow that Governor Walker has been acting in
concert with the Kansas Abolitionists. It
might have quoted from letters in the New
W..L- : 1_ .1. *
luiu imuuik, uj guun jjrcviocijf me reverse.
The Georgia Democracy, under the leadership
of Messrs. Toombs and Stephens, formerly
Whigs, calls upon Mr. Buchanan to remove
Governor Walker. The Washington correspondent
of the Richmond (Va.) Enquirer says
that he will be neither removed nor reprimanded.
That paper irom day to day labors
to unite the South in support of the National
Democracy, and charges the opposite faction
with harboring designs against the Union no
less treasonable than those entertained by the
Disunion Abolitionists of the North. It looks L
forward to the meeting of Congress with much 1
apprehension, although the Democracy will
have a nominal majority of twenty-two. But,
how many of these will represent the destructive
policy of the Extreme Party ? It predicts that
war will be made by professed friends against
the Administrations, within thirty days after
the opening of the session. These men, it
says, seem determined to force Slavery upon
the People of a Territory, whether they desire
it or not, in utter disregard of the Principle of
Popular Sovereignty. But, this Principle has
been tendered by Southern Democrats, andac
cepted by Northern, as the true solution of the
Slavery controversy. If adhered to faithfully,
in letter and spirit, union and co-operation between
these two sections are practicable,
the National Democracy is assured of permanent
ascendency, and the domestic institutions
of the South, of perpetual protection.
On this Principle, Mr. Buchanan was elected?to
its maintenance he is pledged?good
faith and soon! policy require that it should be
bonestly carried out, let the results be what
they may.
The discussion between these Southern factions
turns chiefly upon the course of Governor
Walkerin Kansas. Hitherto we have recorded the
public acts of this officer, without commenting
specially upon the merits or demerits of his
_1 a tit
conaucu we suppose mat neuner fie nor Mr.
Bochanan makes Slavery a matter of con
science; that he regards it as a normal and
beneficial system, wherever the climatic law
does not render slave labor unproductive, his
public declarations show ; and there is nothing
in the known principles of Mr. Buchanan, as
illustrated by his life, to conflict with this theory.
It is fair to assume, therefore, that the
President, in appointing Mr. Walker to his
present station, was indifferent, on the whole,
whether Slavery should be established in Kansas
or not; or, if he felt any concern about it,
it grew out of party considerations, not philanthropic
feelings.
Mr. Walker is neither a bigot nor a fanatic.
A Pro-Slavery mao, we suppose neither his
prejudices nor personal interests are strong
enougfc^to make him a Propagandist, or induce
him to seek the extension of Slavery as a su
preme object, although his principles and associations
would naturally lead him to throw the
weight of his influence on the Pro-Slavery side.
We think he intended, in accepting the appointment
of Governor, to secure the pacification
of Kansas, and to carry out the Principle
of Popular Sovereignty announced in the Kansas-Nebraska
act, but in such a way as to give
free course to Slavery, at d yet not offend the
Democracy of the North. As a conservative
Southern Democrat, ho considered the Kansas
imbroglio dangerous to an Administration
which the South had been mainly instrumental
in electing, and he was anxious for the restoration
of the Northern Democracy to power, as
necessary to the continued maintenance of
Southern domination.
Ou entering the Territory, he spoke words of
peace and kindness to both sides. R<? en.
larging upon the all-powerful influences of climatic
law? on the growth or extinction cf Slavery,
and the futility of all human enactments,
he hoped to allay the heat of the combatants in
the Territory, and to enlist in his support all the
conservatives in the country, who had been indoctrinated
in the same views by eminent
Northern and Southern statesmen. The bold
ness with which he recognised the validity ot
the Legislature of Kansas, and declared his
purpose to enforce all its ac*s, cost what it
might, and his recognition of the legitimacy of
a Convention chosen by a minority of the People
of Kansas to form a Constitution for them,
were well calculated to conciliate the favor of
even the extreme party of the South; but, the
Northern Demccracy might justly have taken
offence, had he not at the same time declared
himself in favor of the policy of submitting the
Constitution to be formed, together with the
question of Slavery, to a popular vote.
To recognise the flagrant usurpation of the
Pro Slavery Party in Kansas, to recognise a
Pro-Slavery Convention elected by a minority
vote, and then to snstain that assemblage in
sending to Congress directly a Pro-Slavery
Constitution, without submitting it to a vote of
the People, would have furnished the Republicans
with potent if not fatal arguments against
Mr. Buchanan's friends in the North.
Doubtless, Governor Walker may be honestly
attached to the Principle of Popular Sovereignty
; but, whatever his feelings on this point,
his decided stand io support of the policy of
submitting the question of Slavery to a vote of
the People was a political necessity; and as
such it would have been acknowledged by the
Southern Extremists, had they deemed it at all
important to keep terms with the Northern
Democracy. But, they differ from the Rich
j p - -
ujuuu cjiinuircr ; tuner mey suppose that the
Northerners can be constrained to yield to any
aggression, however enormous, or they are
anxious to bring about a secession of the South,
and, as preliminary to this, in their opinion, a
total disruption of all party ties between the
two sections.
At this point, then?the declaration of Walker
jn favor of a popular vote upon the Constitullon*=*-tbey
took their departure from the Governor,
and from the Administration which sustained
him; and not even the organization of
a National Democratic Party in Kansas, cr the
march of Governor Walker at the head of United
States troops on Lawrence, to prevent a socalled
rebellious demonstration, could silence
their complaints against him. For a time, the
President's letter to Professor Silliman and
others, alirmng the Calhoaa doctrine that the
f (
>,
/
THE .NATION
Constitution by its own force ca ries the Law
of Slavery into all Federal terr. -ory, and protects
it there?an extreme positi n'never so explicitly
taken by any former Pres 3enfc?seemed
to appease them; at least, it ; cassured and
greatly strengthened the hand/, of Southern
Conservative Democrats. Bat, he discontent
was only lulled ; it soon broke c It agaiij, and
the late action of Governor Walt w is rejecting
fraudulent returns from Oxford., and McGee,
and thereby allowing a Free ? tate-triumph,
has inflamed the malcontent^ beyond all
bounds.
This conduct of the Govern/ >, considering
his antecedents and political rele ions, is rather
remarkable. He must have fori teen the consequences.
The rejection of ^iose returns
would transfer the legislative poLer of the'Territory
to the Free State Party, s id strengthen
its organization. It would democ urate the ProSlavery
Party to be in a minori* f, and impair
the authority of its creature, the ilonstitutional
Convention, then sitting. It woC'd corroborate
the previous charges of flagrant r*ud brought
Against that Party, and throw 'iacredit upon
the Cause of Slavery. It wouli give countenance
to all that the Republicar t had alleged
concerning the wrongs of Kant ts. It would
iufuriate the Southern ultraiats, provoke their
bitter animosity, both against hi nself and the
Secretary ; and it might either t idanger their
standing with the Administrate , or work the
defeat of their nominations in th, Senate of the
United States, in which the Son! tern ultras, if
aided by the Republicans, would have power to
crush them.
On the other hand, the accept! nee of returns
so notoriously and iufamojia f fraudulent
would embarrass the Admimst ation at the
North, put new and powerful ire! pons into the
hands of the Republicans, and le id to the prostration
of the Democratic Part t in the free
States, so as to insure the elec&i? j of a Republican
President in 1860?an e^e? t, fatal to the
Slave Power, and to the politics prospects of
all those who seek preferment by alliance with
it, and conclusive against all f iti ce schemes of
Slavery-extension. Besides, ir i ight provoke
a more immediate danger?a ci? il war in the
Territory, involving consequence more fearful
and destructive thy any damage :o mere Party
interests.
An ordinary partisan, acting from a view
rather to immediate than ult trior results,
would probably have accepted tl 9 returns, on
the technical plea that it was nc' his duty to
judge of their legality. The pro iaion, both of
the Organic act and of the Titrrtorial act, is,
that they shall be declared elette? , and receive
certificates, who have the " gr'sat at" or "highest"
number of votes?not legil rotes. There
is no such word in the provision, either in the
Organic act or Territorial law, .'he votes are
simply to be counted, and the p ^rson or persons
having the highest nnmhef must receive
the certificates. Whether the vc es be legal or
illegal, is for the Legislature its ilf to decide,
not the Governor or Secretary- iuch, we say,
would possibly have been the j>rt and taken by
an ordinary partisan. The fa'tt I bat Governor
Walker and Secretary Stantnn w mM nnt aooll
% - - . " " '
themselves of this technical plea. hot, construing
the law under which they a' ted so as to
do justice, and give legitimate efl JCt to the will
of an ascertained majority of, tl 9 People, rejected
returns, illegal and fraudi* ent on their
face, shows that they have larger and more elevated
views than belong to thn t ere partisan,
and that, if they were not actuati d solely by a
sense of justice and fair dettlii g, they were
controlled by far-reaching cousid irations which
vitally affect the stability of the Slave Power,
and the ascendency of the Democratic Party,
as its maiu support.
But, these considerations ha-'e no weight
wiih the Southern Ultras. Tl ey denounce
Walker and Stanton as traitors*to the South,
and seem ready to charge tbi; / dministration
with complicity with them, unle s they be removed.
This is the demand, Org 2d with more
and more vehemence, and it nf-ay yet find compliance.
Mr. Walker is now on his way to
Washington, in feeble health. Perhaps his health
may grow more feeble, while the S >uthern clamor
against him shall increase to s ich an extent
as to threaten dangergus oppositio.ain the South
to the Administration. Mr. Buchanan will not
remove him?but Governor Walker's failing
health may constrain him to resign, and, so relieve
the President, for a time Ht least, from the
pressure of a faction, whose if axim is, rule or
ruin. But, if the Governor be f- man of nerve?
such a man as Rodin, who could cauterize his
body, hut would not yield to disease?he will
preserve his health and his station, and let the
President take the responsibility of his nomination
before the Senate. It will doubtless be
furiously assailed by the extreme men of the
South, but they may not he a tie to enlist the
co operation of Republican Senators. These are
under no obligations to Mr. Walkqr, bat they
will hardly raise any factious opposition to his
nomination, on the Bimple ground that he is a
friend of the Administration and a supporter of
;4_ 1 1; ? J rr
ius general policy in regard ic ivansas. iney
cannot expect any Administration to select appointments
from the ranks of its opponents.
The country would never sustain a Pro-Slavery
Senate in a systematic attempt to compel a
Republican President to appoint Democratic
officials. Governor Waiker, on the whole, has
acted as fairly and reasonably as any man whom
the Administration could have selected from its
Party. If voted against by the Republican Sen*
ators, it must be ou grounds which would constrain
them to vote Bgainst e?er^ appointment
made by the Administration. And should they,
acting with the extreme Southern men, be
strong enough to defeat the r-itifu-ation of his
nomination, we cannot see what Kansas, or the
country, or the Republican I^arfy, would gain
by it. The trouble in Kansas might be aggravated,
but it would be difficult to persuade the
People that the Administration was responsible
for it; while the Democrats a* the North
would charge home upon the Rept-blicacs the
discredit of defeating a man, Who b^-d done justice
to the People of K*usas, >tnd uyposed and
put down a gro?s fratjd, altl-ougA his action
gave that Territory to the Fre': StaSe Party, and
subjected him to the prescript on c' the Slavery
Propagandists.
It i9 suggested by certain prints hat the Government
intercept the Mormln e uigration to
Utah, upon the ground that it fund hes supplies
to a body of men engaged in malci ig war upon
the United States. If the rumour of war from
Salt Lake and vicinity prove Filial e, it is probable
that something will be dene ti prevent the
rebels from receiving ieiaforoenic jta from our
midst.
Senator Slidell is ill, it is saldNaad awaits rec<
very to accept a foreign miitsu n. This may
bw incorrect, but it is certain that the French
mission has been pressed upon him, and now
that a Democrat can be elected to succeed him
in the Senate, he may accept the brilliant offer.
We noticed, some time ago^the fact that a
Judge of the city of New York sentenced a man
forty years to the State Prison foj stealing five
d >l!ara. Since then, a culprit was brought before
the same cfficial who was proved guilty of
a shameful and desperate assault upon a gentlenan
of New York, and who was promptly convicted
by the jury, yet the Jodge find him sut
cents only. The New York ionrnals account
fcr the inconsistency by stati ig the fact that
4
?____
iAL ERA: WASHING'
*
the rowdy was a prominent aupporter of the
party to which the Judge owee his election to
office.
AFFAIRS IH KANSAS?CONSTITUTIONAL
C0NVEHTI01T.
The Lecompton correspondent of the St. Louis
Republican, writing November 5th, says that
the Convention had nearly completed its work,
and that a majority proposed to anbmit to the
People the question upon the Constitution in
this form: "Constitution with Slavery," "Constitution
without Slavery "?the question to be
submitted to the decision of all the actual residents
on the 20th of December.
The Leavenworth correspondent of the Missouri
Democrat, writing November 7th, says,
the Constitution adopted is " pre-eminently
Pro Slavery, endorsing the Dred Scott decision,
the Fugitive Slave Act," Ac.?that the ProSlavery
clause is all that will be submitted to
the People, and no chance be allowed them to
vote upon the Constitution.
Both these reports are very indefinite and
unsatisfactory. We infer from both, however,
that no Anti-Slavery clause is to be voted upon,
either separately or otherwise. A Pro-Slavery
provision is to be submitted ; but if this be
voted down, the only result is, that the Constitution
will be silent on. the subject; there will
be no organic prohibition of Slavery, no restraint
on the Legislature to authorize it, none
on the Courts to recognise it. If this be the
fact, and if no opportunity be given to the People
to vote pro or con on the Constitution, we
presume the Territorial Legislature will send
to Congress a strong protest against its endorsement
by that body.
But, if the Constitution is to be submitted
to a vote of the whole People, in the form stated
by the correspondent of the St. Jxruis Republican,
the Republicans will then be called upon
promptly to decide upon their course. It is
impossible for their friends in the States to give
them any definite counsel, because they do not
yet know what the Constitution is; what are
its general provisions, what its special clanses
in relatian to Slavery, or how the votes are to
be rendered ou the strange form of the question?Constitution
with Slavery, Constitution
without Slavery.
But we take it for granted that the Free State
men will present a united front; they will not,
at the critical moment, weaken or neutralize
their vote by divided counsels. They will not
suffer their opponents to gain a vietory by default.
If the Convention decide to send the
Constitution directly to Congress, and submit
to them only the Pro Slavery clause, let them
vote that down at any rate, and trust to their
Legislature for appropriate action in regard to
the Constitution sought to be enforced upon
them. Nor will they, should the question be
presented in any other form, to all the actual
residents, suffdr themselves to be controlled by
passion, prejudice, or mere party considerations.
If the Constitution on the whole is a
good one, and by their vote they can make it a
free one, and so organize Kansas as a free
State, that vote ought not to be withheld^
merely because the Convention was illegitimate,
or the offspring of a minority vote; or
because the Free State party had already
agreed upon a Constitution; or because it was
resolved to stamp with perpetual reprobation
the party which had achieved ascendency by
fraud, and continned it by oppression. A vote
making the Constitution free, and organizing
Kansas as a free State under it. would Drove
the subversion of that party?something better
and more important than simple reprobation.
No such motives as these, we eav, should control
the Free State men, independently of other
considerations. Bnt the Constitution may not
be a good one; or it may be submitted in such
a form that no vote of the Free State party,
securing its adoption, can certainly make /it
Free Constitution, or render Kansas free under
it; or, it may not be desirable, in the judgment
of the Free State men, to have Kansas
organized as a State at present. These are all
legitimate considerations, and should be well
weighed by our Kansas friends.
8ome may think it unnecessary, now that a
Free State Legislature is elected, to organize a
State immediately. They say that there is no
longer danger of the introduction of Slavery;
: that Kansas has suffered so much in the strug:
gle that it would be an advantage to exempt it
! for a time from the expenses of a State Government
; that two years hence it will be prepared
| to send better men to represent it in the Senate
and House of Representatives.
Others favor an immediate organization, if
Kansas can be made a free State, for various
reasons. They urge, that parties are so constituted
now in Congress, that although opposition
may be raised against its admission, it must
prove unavailing ; that if postponed to another
Congress, combinations may be formed to defeat
it; that it is the true policy of the friends of
Freedom to delay no legitimate means calcui
lated to augment their political power in Congress;
that if Kansas remain in a Territorial
| condition, the Courts, now thoroughly commit,
ted to Slavery, will recognise that system, and
j hold invalid, under the decision of the Supreme
Court, any Territorial enactment against it;
that meantime all the Federal officials of the
| Territory would be Pro-Slavery, and all the Fed
TON, D. C., NOVEM]
THE SKY CLEARING.
The result of ihe late annual election in Massachuaetta
ia doubtless ere this well known to
all the readers of the Era. The true significance
and importance of this result, however,
can scarcely be understood and appreciated by
those who have watched from a distant point
of view the political affairs of the Bay State for
the last three years.
In the first place, highly as the successful
candidate stands in the estimation of the people
ot Massachusetts, as an able statesman and a
prominent defender of the interests of Free Labor,
the victory over which every friend of Freedom
rejoices is by no means to be looked upcn
as a matter of personal preference. The battle
was fought upon broader grounds, and with
nobler aims. From the outset to the consummation,
the single issue of Constitutional Freedom,
as opposed to the Black Democracy of
Slavery, was kept prominently before the people
by the orators and writers of the Republicans
and Fremont Americans. The Governor
elect himself set the dignified and honorable
example of eschewing all matters of a merely local,
personal, and temporary character, and discussed
calmly and dispassionately, in the cool
atmosphere of reason, the great and vital questions
which pertain not alone to the present,
but to all time. He and his supporters have
the satisfaction of knowing that the victory has
been won by no appeals to prejudice or passion,
no assault upon private character, and no denial
of the rights of any class of their fellow citi.
zens, on account of birth, complexion, or creed.
As a necessary consequence of this position
of the Republicans aud their candidate, Democratic
Hunkeriam and proscriptive Know Nothingism,
nominally divided by their support of
two candidates, were really united in bitter opposition
to N. P. Banks.
On the part of Gov. Gardner and his cffiaeholding
friends, it was a last, desperate effort
to resuscitate a dead political partv. and bv so
doing to maintain their factitious and wholly
undeserved prominence in the State. It is well
understood here, that their triumph would have
been the signal for a general reorganization of
Fillmore and Hunker Know Nothingism in other
States. General Wilson, at the expiration of
his term of office as U. S. Senator, was to be
superseded by a Hunker Whig of the Dred Scott
Decision stripe, or by Governor Gardner himself;
and the campaign of 1860 was to find
the free States hopelessly divided, and powerless
under the heel of National Salvery, the
final triumph of which was -to be inaugurated
by the union, in fact, as well as feeling, of Black
Democracy and malignant Know Nothingism.
Henceforth there are to be but two parties
in the field. The Black Democracy will attract
and absorb the shattered fragments of Hunker
Whiggery and Fillmore Know Nothingism,
which now revolve in constantly lessening circles
about it; while, on the other hand, moBt of
the Fremont voters of last year, who have been
this year beguiled into the support of Governor
Gardner, will unite with the friends of Freedom.
The field is thus cleared for the Presidential
struggle of 1860. From present appearances,
instead of embarrassing by her divisions
and side issues the great Free Movement,
Massachusetts will stand side by side with her
sisters, as strong in numbers as in principle,
prepared to give her hearty support to whomsoever
the indications of Providence and the
voice of the people shall designate as the man
for the time.
To the Republicans of Ohio, Michigan, Iowa,
and elsewhere, to the free voters of Kansas,
vr: : ?i 1?>' '
auu jui-obuu, huts pcupia ui massacnuseiis send
greeting. They are with them heartily and
honestly. In guarding with jealous care the
Banctity of the ballot-box and the right of citizenship
from abuse, they will do no injustice to
their fellow-citizens of foreign birth, nor in the
name of Americanism violate the distinctive
American principle of equal and exact justice
to all. J. g. w.
Texas.?Shall Freedom receive encouragement
and an accession of strength by the formation
of a new State in Texas, wherein involuntary
servitude shall be prohibited ? This
is not an improbable result by the present emigration
to Texas. Upon this point the Philadelphia
North American remarks:
"At this season of the year, Southern emigration
to the new States and Territories of the
Southwest usually sets in. Accordingly we find
that numbers of emigrauts are exploring western
Texas with a view to locating there. The
low country, or coast region, too, seems to attract
more attention this season than heretofore.
Railways, which are being pushed forward
rapidly, are said to have stimulated this
movement in a great measure. Much emigration
goes from the free States of the West to
Texas, in consequence of the fine wheat growing
soil found there. The German emigration,
too, is very large. It is a jealousy of the increasing
strength of this latter element which
has produced the American party movement in
Texas. At the recent State election, Houston,
the American candidate for Governor, received
more votes than Fillm ue did last fall for President,
the increase being very large. We find
many Southern papers sounding the alarm that
western Texas is passing out of the hands of the
South. This feeling will probably prevent the
division of the State at this time, but instead
of preventing the Germans and Northerners
from going there, it will be more likelv to in
crease their numbers by drawing attention to
the contest now going on."
United States Banks.?A correspondent of
the New York Courier and Enquirer says :
" Among the last acts of Mr. Guthrie was to
communicate to Congress the annual report on
the condition of the banks of the United States.
It has just been printed, and contains many interesting
facts.
" According to returns received nearest to
January, 1857, the number of banks in all the
States and Territories was 1,416, showing an
increase of eighteen during the year 1856.
There were, besides, a few banks from which no
returns were received. The increase of bank
capital during the year was $26,960,414. The
amount at near the date of the report was
$370,834,686. The amount of loans and discounts
was $684,456,887, being an increase of
$50,273,607. The circulation was $214,778,825,
an increase of $19,030,872. The specie basis
for this vast amount of paper circulation was
$58,349,838, showing a decrease of $964,225.
-- me capital or uncnarterecl banks is estimated
at ?125,000,000. showing an increase of
$6,936,000 over the preceding year. The ag
gregate ascertained capital of the chartered
and unchartered banks is $495,834,000, though
the returns of the banks do not distinguish the
gold from the silver in their specie tables, but
the Secretary estimates that silver does not
constitute over one-seventh of the whole."
fjSf Harper's Magazine has been voted out
of a Montreal reading-room, because it spoke
disrespectfully of Queen Victoria! It called
the gentle lady, Victoria Guelph, and hinted
that some of her ancestors were no better than
they should bel It is high time that such
loyalty was rewarded.
Si. Louis, Nov. 14 ?The Lecomplon correspondent
of the Republican says that the Kansas
Constitutional Convention adjourned on the
7th inst. A Provisional Government, with Gen.
Calhoun as Governor, was formed, to go into
operation immediately.
The Convention passed a separate clause
sanctioning Slavery, which is the only section
that will be submitted to the people. It is
thought to be the design to get the Constitution
accepted by Congress prior to the assembling
of the Territorial Legislature.
Governor Walker has been appealed to, to
couvene au extra session, to meet this contingency.
The apportionment of the State provides
for forty-five Representatives and fifteen
Senators,
j eral patronage be given to the Pro-Slavery
Party, so that the so-called National Democracy
j might, in the course of two years, contrive to
acquire the ascendency, especially as the Free
State men would be lulled into security by the
impression that the battle against Slavery had
been decided.
To us, the weight of the argument seems to
be on their side.
We are pained to record the death of an efficient
laborer in the Anti-Slavery field at Moline,
Illinois. Joseph Jackman, of that place, died
on the 23d of August last, of consumption. His
disease was much strengthened by his political
labors in the last Presidential campaign. He
was an untiring advocate of Freedom, and gave
liberally of his income to carry forward the
cause in which his heart was ergaged. He
leaves a widow and two children.
Gen. Walker.?This well-known filibuster
slipped away from New Orleans last week,
with three hundred followers, for Nicaragua.
By a juggle, this party of invaders
after leaving New Orleans, met a steamer with
arms and ammunition, and went their way, provided
with the u munitions of war." That the
authorities of New Orleans could have prevented
the escape of the desperadoes if they had
wished, is not doubted by any but the most
bigoted Administrationists.
A Democratic meeting was recently held at
Milledgeville, Georgia, at which resolutions were
passed calling upon the Administration to remove
Gov. Walker. Hon. Mr. Stephens was
present, and spoke. So, the Slavery-defenders
justify fraud and Border Ruffianism.
Immigration.?During the first ten months
of the present year, 163,046 immigrants arrived
at New York from foreign countries. This is
a larger immigration than has taken place
since 1854.
.
We would call attention to an advertisement
on another page, of the Genesee Farmer, It
is an excellent periodical, and worthy of a large
circulation.
BER 19, 1857.
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF
KANSAS.
This body of usurpers, driven to despair by
the ill success of tfce frauds of the Pro Slavery
party in the late election, is bent on forcing a
Pro Slavery Constitution upon Kansas. They i
will endeavor to carry it through before the f
people by force or fraud, or, what is nearly certain,
will refer it directly to Congress, hoping !
that that body will ratify their villainous work.
The Convention has determined to insure the ;
I
life of Slavery in Kansas by their Constitution,
if it can be got through Congress. That our j 1
readers may judge of tie men who compose
the Convention, and their work, we quote a few
paragraphs from a report of their doings. The
date is October 30 :
" The report on Slavery was called up. Mr. 1
Chiles, of Johnson, moved an additional section
to the report, making it obligatory on the first
Legislature to pass laws making the presence
of free negroes in the State an act of felony, j
punishable by imprisonment iu the penitentia- j i
ry ; and also, if slaves shall be freed, and shall ,
jyerisvit iu remaining in the State, that their j '
conduct shall be Jelony, punishable by the pen- '
itentiary.
" Ou motion of Mr. Bolicg to change the
power given to the Legislature to pass a law j ]
preventing slaves being brought here to sell, !
Mr. Randolph got up, and said the object of the 1
provision was to prevent uiggcr-traders from
bringing here ' the whole ecrapings of the
Southern Confederacy. It was not that they
had any conscientious scruples about buying 1
or selling niggers, but it was to prevent every I
trader from bringing here all the old, blind, halt, ! 11
and lame niggers, so that they would get all the <
mean niggers. It would be so, if the African , <
slave trade was opened. The country would <
be filled with mean niggers. They would Lave , 1
to educate and enlighten them for the use of , ?
the North ; for whenever they get the niggers <
properly educated, t hey went off on the under- j '
ground railroad. That's the way it would be/ '
" Mr. Boling said the object of his aiueud- 1 f
ment was merely to reduce it to the position in t
which the matter was left by the Dred Scott ' 1
decision. Tbey had decided that negroes were i i
property, just the same as a horse or any other j i
property. If property, the owners should have j 1
a perfect and untrammeled right to take it t
where they pleased, and sell it when they J f
pleased. It was merely making it property, j i
The .sneaker alluded iranic&llv to the ' ianther- I I
mal line.'
" Mr. Jenkins spoke. He, too, took the ;
ground that the decision of the Dred Scott
case settled the Slavery question. Men could
take their slaves everywhere?could sell them
everywhere. That was the true spirit aud meaning
of it, and it would soon receive its practical
force. It was therefore the Black Republicans
who had howled over that decision. Two members
of that court were Black Republicans, and,
of course, decided agaiust the others. But the
majority of the court were good National Democrats,
and therefore decided as they did.
41 Jenkins spoke disparagingly of Squatter
Sovereignty. He had always thought itahumbn?
Mr. Moore, chairman of the committee, did
not object to the amendment of Boling on the
principle that it was surplusage, for the very
reasons given by the speaker. The Dred Scott
decision had settled it irrevocably, and it were
better not to re-legislate on such a subject.
44 Here Mr. Boling rose and said :
44 4 1 would ask the gentleman from Qeor- j
gia?I beg his pardon, from Leavenworth?if
there is such a provision by law in Georgia ?'
41 Mr. Moore said there was. There were
just such provisions in Georgia, and it was to
prevent imposition on negrc-owners. The ,
speaker here went cff in an eloquent burst
about Slate Rights. A State had the right to I
exclude rotten beef, wooden nutmegs, or other 1
nuisance, or to establish Slavery, as they
pleased. Having established State Rights (
thus, the speaker came back to the Dred Scott t
decision. That decision was merely a mandate, e
a decree, a tinal decision, that had gone forth \
to the country, and was irrevocable. The Con- 1
vention had no power to interfere with the t
terms of that decieion. It had gone forth, and t
no State authority can touch it. i
41 Mr. Little got up. He wan in favor of the e
amendment. The law of Georgia wae merely a t
means by which the S;ate could speculate upon i
the poor. The rich had all the negro trading, t
They could sell out their negroes at an advance t
of 30 per cent., and then go out to anotht-r 1
State, buy a lot of negroes, bring them back, j
keep them a month or two, and then sell them. I
Flc knew how it was. He had been in Georgia \
when the law was passed. He had five negroes i
that he could not sell before for $1,000, and i
after it he had sold them for $l,o00 apiece. ^
That was how it worked. The speaker thought
the Dred Scott decisiou had put matters on
their true ground. Refore that decision, slaves 1
had been regarded as property, it was true, but '
it was a sort of property only. They were, by 1
general opinion and State laws, allowed to have ]
some sort of rights, but that decision had taken j
the broad ground that slaves were property?
neither less nor more. This wa9 the true 1
ground for the South. This was the right po- ^
sition they had got at last, and no Southern I
man should be found calling it in question. It j
was enough for the Republicans to do that. He
was for the amendment."
The report alluded to was adopted. After ^
which, a Mr. Danforth moved the following
amendment to the first section :
44 The right of property is before and higher
than any constitutional Banctiou, and the right
of the owner of a slave to such slave and its in- ^
crease is the same and as inviolable as the
right of the owner of any property whatever." *
This amendment wa3 adopted by a vote of t
40 to 3 1 1
Mr. Calhoun, the President of the Conven- 1
/
tion, said he 44 would prefer the preamble as it
is, as a substitute for the whole report, leaving '
the Constitution silent on the subject of Slave- j
ry, and such property simply under the decision <
_r ,i .1 naaa. 11:= t-_ 1
vi IUO 1/1C4 ovyiv v-uovt tuo niBU) wuiuu UC "
will here express, ia to submit the report as it J
now stands, together with a proposition for a (
free State, to a vote of the people. Should such t
a proposal not prevail, in the right time, when 1
the case again comes up for final action, I will f
move to amend the Constitution so as to strike >
out the clause now under consideration." s
The preamble and sections on Slavery adopt- i
ed, read as follows :
" Preamble.?The right of property is before
and higher than any constitutional sanction,
and the right of the owner of a slave to such 1
slave and its increase is the same and as inviolable
as the right to auy property whatever.
"Sec. 1. The Legislature shall have no power *
to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves,
without tho consent of their owners, or without
paying their owners, previous to their emancipation,
a full equivalent in money for the slaves
so emancipated. They shall have no power to
prevent emigrants to this Siate from bringing
with them such persons as are deemed slaves
by the laws of any one of the United States or
Territories, so long a3 any person of the same
age or description shall be continued in Slavery
by the laws of this State; provided that
such person or slave be the bona fide property
of such emigraut; and provided, also, that laws
may be passed to prohibit the introduction into
this State of slaves who have committed high
crimes in other States or Territories. They shall
have power to pass laws to permit the owners
of slaves to emancipate them, saving the rights
of creditors, and preventing them from becoming
a public charge. They shall have power
[to prevent slaves from being brought iuto the
State a9 merchandise, and a'so*] to oblige the
owners of slaves to treat them with humanity,
to provide for them necessary food and clothing,
to abstain from all injuries to them extending
to life or limb : and. in case nf their neerleet /->? i
refusal to comply with the direction of such <
laws, to have such slave or slaves sold for the
benefit of the owner or owners.
" Sec. 2. In the prosecution of slaves for '
crimes of higher grade than petit larceny, the ?
Legislature shall have no power to deprive them f
of an impartial trial by a petit jury. i
"Sec. 3. Any person who shall malicious- i
ly dismember or deprive a slave of life, shall i
suffer such punishment as would be inflicted in <
case the like offence bad been committed on a <
free white person, and on like proof, except in <
case of insurrection of such slave." J
It is yet possible that the Convention will '
refer the Constitution to the people; but if eo, J
* This wm stricken out on Boiling's amendment, <
it will prescribe the qualifications of the viter#, ' ]
so as to ezc-lade nearly ail the F ee >S ate vo- '
teis. It is evident that the battle hes but just '
begun. Either in Kansas, or iu Congress, or
both, it will be fought to the bitter end. Toe ! ,
majority of the citizens of Kansas will Dot submit
to fraud cr violence. To submit to tbe ruffian
insolence of such men as compose tbe
Constitutional Convention, would be cowardly, j
By some means they will secure their freedom. !
If the Democratic party openly accepts the '
fraudulent Constitution, it will be torn a-under 1
or defeated before the people. The Northern
Democrats believe that Kansas is to be free ; ! \
that the question is decided ; and when they i
find out their mistake, should such be tbe cape,
the Democratic party will go into a minority,
and the Administration is lost. I .
GIFT
BOOKS FOB 1868. .
The Messrs. Appleton, of New York, are '
already in the field with gift books for the new
fear. We have received from these enterpri- (
ting publishers a proof sheet of a volume which t
they will soon issue. It is entitled " World- , 1
Noted Women; or, Types of Particular Womaa- J
ly Attributes of all Lands and Ag>-s." It is by 1 ,
Mary Cowden Clarke, who is widely kuown as ]
the author of the ''Girlhood of Shukspearc's 1
Heroines," Ac.
"The distinguished authoress, Mrs. Cawden 1
Clarke, has given an analytical disquisition of
Lhe most noted women that hare figured in the
world, from the year G9 B. C., down to the pres?nt
time. She says in her preface: It is interjsting
to consider the individuality marking (
sach, and the curious variety of respective dis- <
iuction which has set those personages apai t, ^
is either renowned or uotorious, above the orlinary
range of their sisterhocd. * * * F
They are not so mnch types of a class of women, 1
is types of particular womanly attributes; and, t
"ar from them all being looked upon as models, i
hey are, in some instances, to be beheld ma j
>eacons of warning. With this borne in mind, t
t affords a fascinating study to contemplate a (
woman like Cleopatra?that ' St rpeut of Did (
Nile'?she who held Mark Anthony's heart in
hrall, and 'caught him in her strong toil of *
;r&ce;'or a woman, like Isabella of Castile, \
who was virtuous as she was wise, modest ?'-8 j
the was illustrious. t
" It is also interesting to notice the links of
listoric association which connect such widely *
various women as Yalentiua, Joan of Are, ^
Margaret of Anjou, Lady Jane Grey, Isabel'a t
>f Castile, Maria Theresa, and Catharine II, t
hrough the long series of years aud separa' e i
ands in which they respectively lived. As
;hus: 'le beau Dunois' bore a part in both | (
Valentina's and Joan of Arc's history ; Marga- t
et was niece to the French King, Charles VII, j
who, as Dauphin, was the object of Joan's
egal championship; Lady Jane Grey was 1
^rand-daughter to Charles Brandon, who mar- i
ied the widow Queen of Louis XII, grandson j
;o Valentina; and so forth, along the chain <<f j f
nrcumstances. The drawings for this woik
were executed by the same artist who designed 1
;he splendid work entitled 4 Women of the Bible,'
the sale of which has been so large. This t
work is even more splendid?engraved on steel i
by the first artists. The size is the same as I
.he Republican Court of Washington." *
The Appletons also issue a hoiyday edition of '
Bryant's Poems, with seveuty-ono illustration i.
A SIGN. c
* t
The Chicago Times is generally supposed to
ipeak the sentiments of Senator Dougl is cn
>olitical subjects. In a recent article upon the (
Kansas question, it says : . 1
" The Democratic party at the Cincinnati t!
Convention were unanimously pledged, that if a
he people of Kansas, in forming a State Conititution,
made Kansas a slave S'ate, Krsn '
was to be admitted as such ; or i! they made 1
iansas a free State, Kanear was to be adrnitU d s
is such. In fart, it was unanimously resolved
hat the admission cf Kansas was to be de'erniued
by the Democratic party, wholly irrn- '
ipective of the condition of the State respecting
he existence or non-existence of Slavery then- 1
n. When Kansas appl-e* f'T r.d nissi w, the 1
inly question will be, Is this Constitution tie t
i)ill of the people, fairly exprcs*>d ? 1: so, ti e j s
Democratic party is bound to admit the State; | t
f the Constitution be not the act of the pe<>pb , it
iansas will not and ought not to be admitted
with that Constitution. Wt hardly think their. 7
s any man in the a.untry who has any doubt t.
>f the wishes of the people of Kansas on the t
(uestion of Slavery or no Slavci y.v
This doctrine does not sgree with that pro- c
nulgated by Senator Hunter and the Richmond B
South. But we hope the Demociats of the j
Northern States will abide by If. Will Mr.
Douglas adopt it, and agree to give the maior
ty of the people of Kansas free institutions, 'f
hey want them? Will he support Governor (
Valker, ar.d the majority of Kansas citizens? e
f so, we presume that the violent efforts of the F
vansas ruffians will fail of their object.
" ij
Bhsy The emigration to Nebraska, it is said, p
ias been brisk this fall. There are already j4
iver 30,000 inhabitants there. An exchange a
ayR: u
44 Governor Izard having resigned the chief ii
'xecutive office cf Nebraska, and departed for s<
lis home in Arkansas, a meeting of the citi- p
;ens of Omaha has been held, at which resoluions
were adopted, fully approving of his otli - u
aal course, and expressing great esteem lor
lim. This compliment is sa.d to have been P
veil deserved, as he has been an excellent
Governor, and materially advanced the im- ^
>rovement of the Territory.
" There seems to be very little party feeliug r
n Nebraska. Business et?grosaes the attention P
)f the citizens. They are all of one mind as to p
naking it a free State, and, beyond that, there r
s nothing to contend for in politics. Town ^
juildmg, road making, agriculture, the erection (
>f homes, and the establishment of hues cf A
ravel and trade, is quite as much as they at- s
end to. So large is the emigration every sea- t<
ton, that the crops raised in the Territory are n
lever sufficient to supply the home demand.
This accounts for the fact, which so often puzzles
Eastern editors, that provisions are scarce
ind high in these border settlements. I', it b
>est that it should be so, as the profits of the 8
armers from the high prices indnce many to ^
mgage in agriculture who otherwise would
lot." r
~ o
The Hart?ord Oourant, an old fashioned *
federal and Whig paper, says:
44 In Secretary Guthrie's report on the finan- ,
:es, dated December, 1856, he intimates the
ipinion which is now, under daily evidence, he- 11
:oming the opinion of all intelligent men, with>ut
regard to party lines, that the small bills of
he 1,398 banks, issuing $195,000,000 of paper, c
>f which at least $50,000 000 is as small as $5
tod under, operates the withdrawal of the ^
& 195,000,000 of specie, which the paper is sup- 1
)osed to represent. A bank bill lor $5, under a
Connecticut laws, may drive out of the countty *
en times its face in specie, as each bill is suji- F
yosed to be good; although the law requires r
>nly$l in specie, for $10 issued iu paper. Mr. ?
iuthne estimates the goid and silver in the ?
:ountry, one year ago, at $250,000,000, al- J
hough he acknowledges that the superintend- a
int of the mint makes it only $200,000,000 ; '
ind that, for reasons stated, it is impossible to
some to any reliable conclusion as to the a
imount of specie iu the couutry at any one pe
'iod. It does not seem of any grea' import- 0
ince for practical purposes what iheamouut it, *
je it more or less. What we do know is, that l;
it least $50,000,000 of small-note circulation *
night be advantageously supplied from our ^
>wn gold mines."
44 The Cabinet has had our Mexican relations
inder discussion, within the last few days, with *
i view to ascertaining what course can be pur- l*
ined to compel the Government of Mexico to ft V
JCbUCUieUb Ul kUC uuiuesam? A&tMVBivwx viiNi.Jn
igainst her, and to restrain htr off iala lrom u
repeat*, d outrages upon American citizens. It ?
leems evident that the policy of forbearance a
jpon which the United States have acted tor ^
leveral years, in dealing with our weak sister
Republic, is taken advantage of; and that, instead
of leading to corresponding tiforis oy 1
Mexico to give us no cause for iurlher com- ii
jlaint, it gives impunity to outrage by affording o
tsiurance that no penalty will follow iu Mr. k
VOL. XI.
liucharan >" <!iJpo?"d to ch?ok i.:- t :
if it can be done; and it is not improbable M.at
he will treat of the subject in his annual n. a.
sage."?Exchange.
The above extract sounds well, and it :
be that its language is correct and proper; bur,
from past experience!, we suspect .cy warlike
movements towards Mexico to be called for: a
by the Southern Propaganda. Is the South
tired of waiting for the colonization of N':c.- .under
Gencr't Walker, and is it hu. -r\ another
slice ot Mexico? Better populate tiiy
:he Gadsden purchase, ai.d?make a Sate out of
it, it strikes us; but undoubted, y the friends of
Slavery understand their own projects.
WASHINGTON ITEMS.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Times says:
"Councilman Jones, of New York, Cha'rr uc
>f the Committee to inquire into the expediency
if selling a lot in the Park to Oov> -nmeig f
ho post-office aite, having addressed the Pestnastetr
General on the subject. Mr. Browj tolay
:.ddri-F8( d him a J?tter f>rrml!r rr ,
he offer of two hundred and fif-y thi:?ind dolars?admitting
that the lot is worth mir?. hut
leclaring it all he had to give, and sugge-ting
.hat the birMing to be erected would ' au
lament to the city, and that the public conveiier.ee
seemed to demand its location th-re.
Mr. B own also states positively that, ! the c T is
not accepted, the building cannot be en e'ed
for some years to come, because it will uecestarily
fall under the policy of retrenchu r.>
;ently resolved on by the Adrainistra'i r .
;ive to all uncommenoed public structu-ea"
Should the city cf New York accept the offer
>f the Postmaster Genera', it vould furnish a
ine job for many of the laborers on* of work
v.'ju nuw u?rwae uio it.y id inons. usttm I >-e
something, than carry out Mr. Wood's preposiion
to vote away barrels of bed a' 1 l! ; r to
he hard fi9ted sous of Labor.
By extraordinary effort and unremitting atention
to buaictsn, the Postmaster G-nera!
:aused the pay for transportation of the nit.i s
>ver the railroads of nearly car who'e country
o be issued within the lirst fortnight of the
>reeent quarter. In view cf the gloomy projects
of the workingmen of Philadelphia durir..'
he approaching winter, Governor Brown Liu
jiven orders to the superintendent of the r. *
Philadelphia poet office to commence openions
thereupon immediately, which will disribute
many thousands of dollars in specie
maongst the mechanics and other working
classes of that city. This is fiul ? anlia: sympa
by.
The work on all the Government improvenents
in this city, and on the great aqueduct,
s progressing with great rapidi'y. Annua! rejcrts
on each, which are now in course of prep
iration, will be perused with interest in the
iourse of a a few weeks.
William B. Taylor, E>q., has been promoted
o-ite an examiner in the Patent Office, (comjen^ation
?2,500 per annum.) Mr. K b> i 1>.
21ark, of Wisconsin, has boon appointed to be
in assistant examiner in the same office, vice
Taylor, promoted. Mr. Henry D. Smith, of
Connecticut, has been appointed to a secondlass
clerkship in the same office, (compensaion
?1,400 per annum )
The workingmen in the machine-shops at the
Japitol propose to give one day's wages inomh
y for the benefit of the suffering poor during
be winter months. Should this benevolent ex
,tuple be followed by our citizens generally in
iroportion to their ability, the resident pcmr
nay be relieved greatly during the inclement
eason.
The subjoined dispatch has been received
iora the Utah expedition :
'* St. Iannis, Nov. 11.?Ol. Johnston, when
ast heard from, wax beyond Fort Laramie, and
00 miles this side of where the express left him
he snow was seven inchej deep. Owing to theslim
upplv of corn and the entire absence of grass,
he teams ar.d dragoon hordes w rc failing rapilly.
News had reached Laramie tha* the
dormons had burnt three Government trains cf
5 wagons, near Green river, DO miles behind
lol. Alexanders command, which constituted
he vanguard of the army."
If this is true, it foreshadows the failure
if the entire artny seat to S tit Lake. Tiro reult
by so many thought impossible, is now
>robable.
A Washington correspondent says:
"The President, in pursuing the policy of
igid retrenchment in every department of the
iovernment expenditures, expects to keep the
stimates of anpropriations for next year's exeases
(to be submitted to Congress at its -reeltig)
within foriy millions of dollars, agsiust
iyhlyfive millions appropriated last year. It
1 not probable that the appropriations will be
ermitttd to exceed forty five millions, under
ny circumstances. The corrttpr lobbyists and
and-stealers, accordingly, will find poorencottrgement
next winter, and Congress will hoe
lore thau usual opportunity to attend to legitmate
private as well as public business, pre
ented to it under legitimate and honest amices."
This may be true?we hope it is?bat the
land-stealcrs " aud "corrupt lobbyists" may
revent it.
A private letter, sent " at a venture," by the
?< ? _.:ij ? .v. i-?i - '
mius UI it *;iu iiiuisu >!U I :e ri.'lUiS, n.1.1 DC'U
eceived by the family of Lient. Beale, th i Sj*
erinteudeut of the California Wagon Road exedition
from Fort Defiance to the Colorado
iver. At its da'e, the party had reach- d the
lolorado, the western terminus of their route.
l.1! were well, and tho party had not lost a
ingle animal. The camels were thoroughly
?3ted in this expedition, and to their employ*
lent, doubtless, is to be ascribed much of its
access.
Lieut. Beale states that he will probably not
e heard from again for three months. It is
upposed that his intention is to retrace his steps
o Fort Defiance, to re-examine his work, and
etnedy any defects, and then return to the Col*
rado, and thence to California, where his party
rill disbaud.
It is proposed to withdraw the naval force alogelher
from Panama Bay, on account of the
asalubrity of the climate.
A letter from Chiua to the London Tim*s
iomains the following:
" I have already spoken of the fatness and
ertility ot the Dong Kong rats. W hen Minuius,
the D.ctator, was swearing Flaminius in
.a the master of the horse, we are told by Pinarc
h that a rat chanced to squeak, and the sulerstitioua^eople
compelled both officers to
esigu their poets. Office would be held under
real uncertainty in Hong Kong, if a similar
uperstitiou prevailed. Sir John Bowring has
ust been swearing in General Ashburnham as
, member of the Colonial Council, and, if the
ata were silent, they showed unusual modesty.
?hey have forced themselves, however, into a
tatc paper. 1 wo hundred are destroyed every
ight in jail. Each morning, the Chinese pnsners
see with teartui eyes and watering mouths
pile of these delicacies cast out to waste, it
j as if Christian prisoners were to see scores of
ihite sucking pigs cast forth to the dogs by
[ohammedau jauois. At last, they could re:aiu
no longer. During the puuishment ot
til-cutting, which follows any infraction of
rison discipliue, they first attempted to abtract
the delicacies. Foiled in this, tney took
le more mauly course. Ihey indited a petion
in good Chinese, proving from Confucius
lat it is sinful to cast away the lor d ot man,
nd praying that the roeai might be handed
ver to thein to cook sud eat. Tais is a tact,
nd if Gen. Taoinson douots it, I recommend
iin to move for a copy of the correspondence.'
Porter's Spirit of the Times states thst Mr.
'eu liroeck won enough in the Cesarewitch
laces to not only reimnurse himself for his
utlays and mishaps m England, but secured a
urge amount besides.

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