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C. 8 Ok the Road, Aug. 15, 1859. * M v Di-ab : What I was going to say is tbi-: It is so " nice" to travel alone. Men do t ,o much, that I .uppose they become used to ^ ? and don't mind it; which, by the way, shows the bad results of contracting habits, whether e ,od or bad. Our grandmothers and annts a i.ave always labored to produce upon onr minds o the impression that habit$ of rising early, being . iv. mkin;T exercise, &c., were of the ntmost ^ importance; bnt, for my part, I think you lose 8 half tlie pleasure when you do a thing by rou- it tine. To get up one morning at four a~clock, 8 i pi out in the woods while the dew ywt lies ^ : i. on the grass, and the sun is calliag out ^ :i.r bird-', and life is beginning to stir above v around you, and beneath you, is well, I i... \<ryfew pleasures in this world that v ian ' compared to it. But to do it six days, jj w - . 'ti i. accession, would, I fancy, be , ritl r -a lipid. At least, I would rather yon a li, all trv the experiment than I; aud if von * like it as well the twentieth morning as you ? il.d the first, 1?advise yon to keep on. It is e , r so with riding, driving, boating, Ac. Half t me enjoyment consists in the novelty and sur- t ( n e, the unwonted emotions. Now, dear pub- ? he, don't go to the pains of upsetting my the- J. ?,rv with an array of facts, and philosophy, and a physiology, and prove me of unsound morals f ji;id unsafe principles, and entirely in the f v.ron?. 1 dare say I am. It is my normal ? ( uiditiou. At any rate, 1 would rather let it j. <, u. than take the trouble to defend myself. If you will look back, you will sec that I t dated my letter "on the road:" but I find it I ? vastly easier to get on the road than to keep c tln-re. 1 don't refer now to the imminent dan< r in thi se latter days of plunging through t rotten bridges and off washed-away embankments, and rolling over and over in railway < arria<res, but to the difficulty of keeping hold of the thread of your discourse. I think the principle which some of our slaveholding lawivcr. seem to have adopted, is a very good one. It you can't make people stop doing a <i wrong thing, just vote it a right one. This 1 saves their consciences, spares the moral dete- r i ration which always results from breaking a t law. and is a right royal railroad to?heaven or t somewhere. So I am going to defend my epi- r Midical way of writing, for I am sure I can't c undertake to say everything I have to say r about a thing before I leave it. There are so f many by-ways running off from every highway r ver which the soul journeys, that one might as e well walk in a tread-mill, as try to keep straight r on. Of course, if I were writing a sermon, or a disquisition on the specific gravity of a comet, 1 hould expect to cruise around within hailing c d. tance of my topic; but that's all the fun, in J writing letters, that ynu can say anything about I anything, aud nobody to blame. As I re- 8 marked to a friend the other day, I think the , apostle Paul and I are alike in this respect. We both strike off in a tangent on the slightest provocation, and for the .arue reason?that we f are both so well loaded, that you have only to I toueh us, and we go off. He said he liked it; j ar.d.sa mv dear, y?* d betfor like^t toe, for J. . a are you I care more for him than I do for all these?I was just going to ?ay an impolite * thing, but I won't. e Yes, it is very nice to travel alone. Hus- s Lands, and fathers, and brothers, are very good in their way, and convenient and handy to pay ^ your bills and look after your luggage, and we " | ought to be very kind, and considerate, and c forbearing; still it is a relief, once in a while, a to be tree, to be your own man. .therefore, ( when I set out on my travels one fine day, a few weeks, or months, or years ago, and found 8 myself disappointed in the companion whom I ? expected, I was not so disheartened as I ought f to have been. My spirits rose to the height of j the emergency. I felt like doubling my fists, and shouting, as did the man at the hotel, when j ' informed that breakfast was coming. "Come * on, 1 a'n't afraid !" I even felt that I could t encounter that mob of wild beasts that crowd t round the New York depots, and defeat them t single-handed. But all my heroism was as water spilied on the ground, for avuncular ten- 1 derness prevented its flowing into the proper s p.j and I was handed over to the mercies of t a Mr. Binney, (that isn't his real name,) a man s wh m I never saw, of whom I had never heard, s i '-;t p. man who, I dare say, was capable of any crime, and who certainly was guilty of the ira- 8 ? ; tin nee of being a man. and having charge 1 of m w hen I wanted to take care of myself. 1 it i- indubitable proof of the surpassing sweetr-rv of my temper, that, notwithstanding the ' operating nature of his offence, I treated with the utmost civility?slightly distant, t perfectly polite. 1 owe it to him to say Mat h was a good traveller. He was familiar '.th the road, and knew all along what we were -uning to next, and who founded it, and what its effect would be on the rising generation, and nil the Indian legends connected with it. But th? best of all was, that he was not going "I r .ugh, as I had expected, but was to stop in -v . So, as soon as I ascertained that fact, I 'aid myself out to be agreeable -t and when | c we reached A , he hunted up an old schoolmate. a planter from the South, and consigned r to him, ready invoiced and labelled I Oh ' Well. I yielded, with a resigned and quiet d< -pair. He was a very sensible man, and slept most I the time, except when I spoke to him, which I did occasionally for the sake of seeing him lump. You see he knew that it was not polite i liim to sleep, but he cherished the pleasing liu i.ui that I did not know it, hut fancied him 'o t in profound meditation. Bless his dear d ? If he only could have Known that it was 'he most agreeable disposition he could possi hly have made of himself, though, as far as my ob-ervation goes, men certaiuly look better awake than asleep. Slumber isn't becoming to the masculine gender. Look at the next man j " - c asleep in church. What absolute lack "t expression?what falling jaws?what idiocy I the bobbing head?what lack-lustre vacancy about the eyes and in the eyes, when they slowly drag themselves open?how senseless are the fingers, and how, when they awake, they half 1 ok aboHt, and then suddenly look straight at the minister for two minutes, and pretend they have been awake all the time, just as if every1 dy didn't know. It is as good as a pantomime. But, for all, I was right glad my fellow-traveller slept, for oar attempts at conversation were really distressing to a sensitive mind. He had a habit of receiving my most trifliDg remarks wuth an air of deep solemnity, which was very i uiuMiig, 11 is oaa enougn to say ioonsn i things, and to know they are foolish when you 1 "say them, but it is a great deal worse to have ' people think that you think you have said some- J hiii? wise. Then he never would understand i -at I said the first time; consequently, it had 1 to he repeated. Now, when you are putting i about in distress for a remark, you do often I o hold of any platitude, and give audible ut- j ' ranee, despising yourself all the while; but I after it has done duty, and you have shoved it < from you in disgust, to be forced to stretch out }"our hand and draw it back once more. Gheu 1 * (Jur conversation might be daguerreotyped 1 thu9: 1 I. " This is a fine country." I He. "Ma'am?" 1 1. "This is a fine country, I saidl" Pro- i found. i He. "Yes, a very fine couutry!" Pause. < Meditation on both sides. < 1 Is that an eagle?" (with an attempt at 1 animation.) I He. "Ma'am?" (with a start, and wiltf, be- ? wilder*! look.) I I. " I asked if that was -air eagle, but he's w one now!" (Of course, he vat >mile off.) pi He. "I don't know, major. 'I didn't quite ai ee him." Relapse into mediation. gl I. u Do we change cars at Ik * " o' He. "Ma'&m?" . i tr I. u Do yoa know whetb/ wb (*honge cars at fc 1, sir?" ^ di He. "I don't know, but T.thitik we do. I d< rill ask the conductor ! " ' > ?" tc 1. u Oh! no. Pray don't, I dare say we ir hall find out when we get thw.? Third course el f meditation ef cetera, the rt?, "and so on. ei Whenever we did have t<^y ^a*ge cars?and A t seemed to me as if this Csevn^d at irregular bi atervals of from ten to tw.entj" miles?[I de- e: ire to enter my earnest protect t>jrainst it. One le 3 scarcely seated comfortably, v-tfh valise and oi atchel on the floor, shawl v,n the arm, and ui lundles tucked on the rack, before, " Passen- p era for , change cars :'. t nd up must come w he satchels with a jerk, ar4 r-OWo the bundles a nth a bang, and off we elb?r ,o?ir way through , crowd, acroee a dusty tren^into another car, sc rhere the same process |j<tepealed. When teople are satisfactorily adj . "hd; why enn't peo- s< ?le be let alone?] As I wV^kmng, whenever d re had to change, be waa'rtjn! to be sound ol .sleep, and 1 dumldapare fts faothigs and not d rake him, knowing tbatj.hPr people jostling g -gainst him in passing wo4-l -Jo that, and sud- s< lenly he wouM rouse, gaze'w_dly around, and tt xclaim, " Are you going Ufcgvt qut? " as if all p he commotio*! was caused wp me, and I would it urn from th* window at fe ik'ft I had been h teadfastly staging,'and am wv calmly, and as ei f I had just thought of it, 'Merhaps we would ci etter, sir; the people seen ,tr be getting out! " n ind so, by coostant watchful'ev* and studied o brbearance, I managed to,p?ck up his goods tl or him, and laud him sat-d' at II , with r< [teat respect for his man', ^irdges, and great h ontempt for his qualifies1 itair?&s guide and t< irotector. v * " Yet, I was currently reputed 'o be travelling t< rnder the care Mr. Lakema rt >t Alabama, as if tl couldn't take care of mj.^lf *tifty thousand a imes better than that re.?je< -able stupidity t< :ould take care of me, * 1 I haven't finished my jou4*iey yet. Are you s: ired? Hamilton. o . b For tae N&uoi- . Er . o FIRST IMPRESSIONS^F SARATOGA. J No. --C 1 o United States Hot J , tVirfay Noon. I Dear G.: You ask m?- ^'b\. I have not yet * lescribed the Tableaux li^>n/^of which the j, etter-writers speak so hi$?; It-'To my great a egret, I was not there, for^bjj.ivere given on d he evening of our arrival ;*.<"* knew nothing of c hem till the next day, wht^ *o heard gentle- * nen speak with enthusiasm?V: the personation a if Minnehaha by Miss Sar?l*S* , the lady I net at Willard's two years aj t>. and with whom y ather was so much pleased She must have 9 epresented the sweet Indiat girl in Hiawatha 11 harmingly, for she is tall a^i graceful in her ? novement. Her dark hair straight down n ?ver her neck and bosom, 'ri^e her lustrous v yes shone like load-starsi I was greatly ileased with Miss S i . Washington, and 11 lave renewed our acquaintance with sincerest atisfaction, for she is as Moveable As she is n orely. tl This morning, a party of ten was made up ^ or bowling, consisting of thA Bostonians, Miss f1, and b?r Either, Diek and L This bowl- ^ ng is one of the mauy wa?? in vogue here to a :fit the great vaeeew i? thc'wrarfd of f*?hino-T timo Dressing helus some a good deal, and 3 ating helps others; bat there are four hours, ^ ay from ten to two o'clock which task the in- n jenuity of hundreds, who a e every day asking, 1 Who will show us any go 1 ? " I do not speak n if this as anything very n?. /, for I believe it is ^ i question that has been a^ed in all ages. I ^ lotice it because I so constantly hear u What j, ire you going to do with- yourself to-day ?" J isked in tones of almost dtj^.>air. Fortunately u or me, Dick spends his forenoons reading to 1 lis mother, and all my c\v is not therefore * rnssed in that busy idlenej that leaves the soul M vith a painful consciousness of vacuity of / bought, felt by me whe^ the morning has 8 >een whilcd away on the piazza, talking first jl 0 one and then another, without continuity and ^ yithout profit. When An^lia is near me, I a im entertained without effect, for she does the t alkiug for us both, and -$tl^ such tact and 0 ikill that I am astonished* at her versatility. * 3he makes every one contr bute to her inform- s ition. If the gentleman i a lawyer, she asks n lim to tell her what new p<k?Qt has been estab- 8 ished within the last year:%r if he be a well-' a ead man, it makes no odds what is the open- * ng of the colloquy, she find; a way to draw jj lim out, and he leaves heriM^leascd with him- ii elf, and with warm admirm' on of Miss Amelia, c 1 No man talks nonsense tc *ne by the hour.'' n he said to me the other ds . " for I have the a iberty, as a woman, to in dicate what I want 11 lim to talk about. If he ^ unwilling or inca- n i&hle. I cut the matter shoi_by calling in some h me else, or retiring out of iS^ch." Aud I think 8 t is this that makes her so Aery popular with ^ rentlemen. But to do all th's requires a variety 9 )f knowledge few possess, to,ask the right ques- 8 ions of the right people. 4 uelia urges me to nake the experiment, an^.she tells me the b >ower grows with the praf ace. and that it is t' rery easy when once the a ;mpt is made. I v hink I shall try. .* : h To go on with my story. * aur gentlemen had jespoke three alleys in the Recreative Gar- J lens," where there are several buildings devoted li o this amusement and billiards, aud which are c hronged with players every tine day. On our a mtrance, those who had been rolling relin- a Iuished the boards to us at ten o'clock. As o tere were but three alleys in this building, we 1 lad the entire control of it, at a cost of three s lollars an hour, until twelve o'clock. 1: The first thing was for tfte party to choose p heir leaders, and Dick and Mr. H. were select- v ?d. They done, they threyr up for the first li choice of partners, and Dick had it. lie t promptly cnose Amelia, aud Mr. li. took me, n is a matter of necessity, to stive me from being ii piqued, as I suppose. 1 was glad to have n Sarah F. on our side. The parties being at a last arranged according to their several known a ability in this game, it was finally agreed to be c he most perfect arrangement possible, and Mr. 8 H. led his party on one alley, and Dick 011 an- L other, leaving the middle 2>f the three as a c place to stand op and waUh the balls. This s created some surprise amodf those who looked C in upon ns, and they asked to roll on the un- r occupied alley, which was of course declined, I and in so doing our gentlemen gave such per- c sons a very clear intimation (hat we wanted to c L> alone. 11113 Deiug muur All a uunu, aiiu a under such circumstances, is thought to be very v delightful, because so few can afford to indulge t in such exclusiFeness?or if they can, they d have the good taste not to do so. It seems to 1 me to be a very pitiful spirit, and I was i ashamed of myself and my. company, as one s party after another met with the same polite t md cold refusal from Mr. H. and others?Dick a excepted. c Nothing can be more ill-contrived than crin- I aline, ana twenty-six yards yf silk or other ma- il serial, in a dress for rolling oalls. A swing of d he arm at the side is easy fcr a gentleman, but p not at all convenient for a lady, and all the at- g :empts at meeting the awkwardness of move- c nent are not alike graceful.. I insisted on hav- a rig the last roll on my sufe, though the first tl :hosen. This was conceded to me, en the score li if my inexperience. When my turn came, I h was allowed to take my ball in both hands, and, s! riving a run half way down the board, I dumped si lown the ball, and, to my enrn astonishment, ii fcway it went, hit pin No. 1, Mid down went the tl hole nine, in a way altogether surprising, one in tumbling on another, and these upon a third, ad so on, till nine went over, and the tenth wrigled awhile, and at last consented to tumble rer?for this time only. I clapped my hands in iumph of having gained such a viator)-, and was ?r doing no more; resting my laurels, as I had one in the pistol-gallery, after having " bronght own my man * on the first fire, but this was not > be allowed ; and, as I expected it would be, U success was a prelude to the most absurd Sorts on my part, until I was utterly disheartned. u Here, Netta, cushion your ball here." Sain," You haven't strength to roll such heavy Is." So I cushioned, aud hit the pin at the Ktreme right; then, again, I hit the extreme ft; and the third ball just slipped through the atlet I had just made at the right corner. I sed big balls and little balls with a sort of desp ration, to the amusement of the company, ho laughed at my failures, which soon became matter of expectancy. " How much, Mr. Dick, will you allow me to ;ore for Netta's next rolls," asked Mr. H . >ick replied, " Three, one for each ball;" and > it was for the first hour, when I made the iscovery that, in a war of nine-pins, as on fields F modern warfare, in the words of an old solfer, " Mars fights on the side of tk% big 1 uus ; " and, before I had ended my first les>n, I made on my last it liny one hundred and ?ciii} aiA. uui iiiia wa.1 tunu a pioj, tuui- j ared with others of our party, girls who made | n strikes, as a matter of course. (You see j ow technical I aui.) Our last game was nearly t nded. The rubber was being played, and the 1 ontest was so very close that, when it came ] ly turn to roll the last balls, victory depended i n my success. Think of my nervousness, and te clamor of tongues as to what balls I should ill, at what point 1 should cushion; but all this ] elpcd me, for so much contention gave me time i > recover myself. This done, I cried out, I Clear the board; I shall do as I please." Now, ( ) secure victory to my side, I must roll down tiirteen pins. Selecting the biggest ball, I ran, i nd pitched it down, when for some reason it i x>k a cant, and knocked down a single pin. ] 'hen arose a clapping of hands on the other < ide, and some stamping of feet in dismay on i ur side. I did not so much as look round, i ut seized ball No. 2, and away it went, right < n, and down went every pin with a sort of 1 ury. Not a pin wriggled, but when the man- j ate came they hastened to obey. Then it was ur side clapped their hands for joy. Mr. i 1 patted me on my shoulder, and Sarah i ' kissed me. The boy cried out," All tip ur a ten-strike! " and I stood once more, ball i u hand ; a hushed expectancy was about me, nd seizing ball No. 2 (which had been rolled own at my request) with all the strength I ould command, I drove forward this last ball? way it went as I willed it, and swept the board nee more. Then it was the victory was won, nd nobly won. I have gained for myself a sprained wrist, rhich puts an end to my bowling for this sea on, to my regret, for, though I did not expect luch from this pastime, I can now see how xciting it may be made. And then 'tis said a be such excelleut exercise. Of this I have iy doubts, iuasmuch as it is intermittent and iolent. I have made no new friends, though I have aany acquaintances. These are for the time resent only. Aunt Jane very kindly exercises lie severest supervision over me; and this is lost necessary, for in such a crowd as is at lie States, though all wear the externals of ishion, it is not to be believed that all who iolr attractive, ar d mav he so. are nersons rhom it is desirable for me to know even here. Lunt's rule is: u It takes one generation to make gentleman, and two to make a. lady;" but 3 Uiis she wisely makes manv exceptions, and o many that it can Eirdly" be accepted as a roverb. Friday Night.?I wish you were here with ne, dear G., for then I could whisper to you houghts I dare not put in ink ; not that I do ot dare trust you with every thought of my eart, in ink even, but then 'tis so much eaiser a whisper than to write. But I must tell you f some of the many things which absorb me ust at this time. And, first of all, I do believe Lmelia is practicing her arts of fascination ,pon Dick; not that she is in love with him in he least, but she uses him for a target, upon rhich she shows her skill; provoked to this by eeing him so very fresh?green would be her rord?and as yet unaccustomed to the world. Lmel ia is not twenty-three, not so old as Dick, but he is already blast?has seen everything abroad nd at home, and is equally at home in the saoons of the Continent as of Boston and New fork. She wears a variety of characters just ,s the whim takes her, and is " everything by urns, and nothing long." Her usual aspect is ne of unconsciousness and indifference, but he does not mislead me for an instant; and rhen some one approaches, Dick for example, he wakes up with so much vivacity and joyousess that it is a great compliment to the peron so received; and then these pretty naive nd winning ways bear the air not so much of tudy as of frequent recitation. But Dick sees lOthing behind the mask she wears: and yet e might Bee, if he would, that her heart is not n her gayest laugh; for the instant the idea lianges, her features lapse into a fixed, and, to 1-. ?!? A OVWAA WA ?, /W\ nn/^ Vflf oKa tO rAll TV CT at1, UUlUveijr iiutc ouu ouv ,nd beautiful always. I leave you to guess my leaning, for words do not help me at this mo[lent. I saw this expression of countenance a the face of Mrs. when receiving her uests at a morning reception in Washington, k group came in at the door, and she was all miles; they passed, and instantly the face so miling was all chnnged to a stony expression in he twinkling of an eye. Now, this is not naure, but art?or, if you except to mv word, it is hen the result of habit, for no skill can preent the state of the soul being painted on the ice. I feel a great gulf separates me from Miss k?-? , when she makes ever so distant an alasion to the Christian religion, its claims, or its onfessors. I really do not know that she holds ny one sentiment in common with me. She fleets to admire the Scriptures as a store-house f beautiful thoughts, and says she places her likle on the same shelf with Goethe, Shakpeare, and Wordsworth. This afternoon, Judge 1 joined us as we sat at the end of the iazza to see the carriages off for the Lake, rhen the topic of the week was started bv Ameia. You must have seen the newspaper aricles I refer to in the city papers, about the iew Catholic Unitarian Church. Judge B , n reply to a very severe statement of the case aade by Amelia, replied, "We have not seen, s yet, Doctor Beilows'a sermon; and it may be, ,ud probably is, that his position has not been orrectly stated. In my judgment, any such cherae is fiopeiess, inasmucn as umtarianism i based upon negations ; and creeds, to be sucessi'ul, mast rest apon great truths, which aborb the soul; bat here is said to be a New 'hurch and a broad one to be created, whose itual is to have all the glare and glitter of a lomish Cathedral, without those vast thoughts onnected with the sacrifice of the Son of God, >ur Saviour, of which all Romish rites are the ymbols." Miss Amelia said, petulantly, but rith great emphasis, " If Doctor Bellows wants o aid in the creation of a Broad Church, why loes he not stand up bravely alongside with Theodore Parker, whose platform, like his charty, is world-wide. Let Doctor Bellows dare to ay, what I doubt not he too believes, that here is no such bugbear as sin, to darken down ,11 that is beautiful in life, and that what men all evil is only good in making. Now, let 'arker's Broad Church be upheld till the world t covers in its love shall be covered with its reteemed, regenerated, and disenthralled worshipers." The Judge acknowledged by a bow this rand speech, and said, with a>smile, " Such a hurch must have a broad way leading to it i nd from it." Miss Amelia sat unconscious of tie exterminating remark of the Judge, and, ; ke the giant in the fable, who was cut frpm ead to heel by the magic sword, instead of < baking herself, and falling in pieoes, Amelia j at smiling, unharmed ; so I ventured to enter l ito the arena of controversy so far as to recite ] le verse of Doctor Watts? t " Broad it the road that lead* to death, si And thousand* walk together there, While Wisdom shows the narrow path, P With here and the>e a traveller? This woke up Amelia, and she exclaimed, a ' Judge B does not believe what he says ; o aor do you, Netta. It is impossible any such V iestiny so unlike can come tns who sit here si together, because of any faith we have or fail to I possess. It is and must be as Shakspeare tells at is, " Nothing is good or bad, but thinking * makes it so." Judge B , sobered by this b speech of Amelia, with a careful selection of ft words, replied to this home thrust, as I felt it tl :o be, " I have heard, my fair friend, that quo- f< nation before; and let me tell yon that the vast si difference existing between piety and impiety, a n all their several and heaven-wide manifesta- c ions, is nothing other than a difference of opin- h on. It is true of mind, as of water?the stream ti :annot rise higher than its fountain; and oar si states, here and forever, are decided by our fi iffections. Lewis and Clark, in their travels in g L80ti in search of the head-waters of the Mis- u nssippi, came to a spot where rose two foun- tl tains which were made to fall into the Atlantic b >r Pacific Ocean at the turning of a spade. Netta r< tud yon sit here on the same piazza, and are v interested in the same social pursuits; bat if n here is truth in God's Word, or in the History a if Man, the difference in opinions may be the o difference between life and death." " Judge ti B replied Amelia, " you and I have been r ?ood friends, and I want to win the affection of s Netta; but if this conversation is continued, 1 ihall quarrel with you, and forever alienate * ier. As no good can come of this discussion, o 1 beg you will tell me what do you think of the d treaty of Villafranca. Can it be that Louis tl Napoleon has sacrificed fifty thousand lives of fi French and Piedmontese. and hundreds of mil- 1 lions of francs, for so impotent a conclusion as h is contained in a treaty whose heading should s he that of the last chapter of Rasselas, " The tl conclusion, in which nothing is concluded ? " f< Inasmuch as dear grandfather has so high a respect for J udge B , I repeat his reply, as r near as I can recall it. He said : " I have not a lost my hopes for the renovation of Italy. It is d obviously, and for reasons I need not state here, s the policy of the Emperor to form Italy into one a nationality?not aucn as exists among our sov- v ereign States, but one similar to the German Confederation, which was commenced by the fi ereat Napoleon, and has since been perfected, d Now, then, the Emperor was so placed that he g saw he could work out this reform better by ti diplomacy than by conquest. At this moment he holds the destinies of Europe in his hands, ( and aided and sustained as he will be by England and Prussia (for they are now identical) in a Congress of Nations, the policy of Louis Napoleon must prevail." They and the Judge made their bows and left us. 1 hav'n't begun to tell you of what I sat down to write you; perhaps I will do so yet. Always, dear G***, yours, Netta. INKLINGS FROMTHE FRONTIER; OB, lifk on the plains and adventures in the tented field. , July 17, 1859. To the Editor of the National Era: To-day, the Antelope Hills expedition, under command of Major W. H. Emory, of the 1st cavalry, arrived at its destination, pitched camp three miles west of the Antelope Hills, and christened it Camp Van Camp, in honor of a gallant lieutenant of that name, who was slain last fall while valiantly fighting the Camanches in a gorge of the Washita Mountaius. In the death of Lieutenant Van Camp, the army lost one of tb$ bravest of her brave. A young officer or great promise waa cut down the bloom of youth, just as he was about to euter upon a brilliant career of usefulness. I believe it is the intention of the commanding officer to remain in this vicinity until near the last of September. He will move camp from one spring to another, as the grass becomes exhausted. In this country there are numerous fine springs of the best, clearest, and coldest of water, welling up through beds of clean, pure, white, and crystal sand, and running off in merry rivulets, which form beautiful and deep pools, often eight or ten feet deep, from fifteen to thirty feet wide, and sometimes as much as a hundred feet long. These pools are very convenient for watering the animals, bathing, &c. These miniature lakes are also literally full of fishes?principally trout, pike, and perch, pretty golden sided sun perch. These finny tribes who people the waters of the plains have not yet learned the perfidious wiles of the crafty angler, and bite with avidity the temptingly-baited hook thrown them by the sportsman, and the piscivorous land them on the grassy banks by the bushel. The grass along the margin of these springs a and brooks is of the very best quality, and abun- a dant in quantity. The horses and mules of ; the command are growing tat while tney leeu upon it. But for a correspondent who aims to give a connected account of a journey, I have rather unceremoniously brought the expedition with j, which I am travelling into summer camp, and it is but proper that. I should now go back and inform you how we came here, and what we saw by the way. 1 believe that my last was ? dated July 6th, on Taosoo Creek. A few days j after, the general aspect of the country began B to change. New forms of landscape, new va- ^ rieties of plants, flowers, and grass, a change of soil, and a change of rocks. v A new class of animals, reptiles, and insects, a began to make their appearance. The open ^ prairies became wider ana more extensive, the ? belts of timber became narrower, fewer, and ? farther between. The better varieties of tim- t began to disappear, and leave only the poorer qualities. The soil, more sandy and loose, is v cut into deep and frightful chasms, sometimes ? a hundred feet deep, with precipitous walls, ^ filled with mysterious caverns. The locality or existence of these strange chasms, or canyon like ravines, are unknown to the uninitiated traveller, because most of them cannot be seen j until he approaches within close proximity, sometimes but a few feet, or yards, at most. .( In 1857, I knew a fine young man to break his own neck, as well as that of his noble steed, " by charging into one of these chasms in broad daylight! In such a country, civilized troops ? have but a poor show to capture their savage " foe. One night, while sitting with a lot of troop- 8 ers, who were spinning yarns around a cheerful a camp fire, an old campaigner told me that, 11 while he was in the mounted rifles, a party was & sent out on the scout. They soon struck on c the trail of a marauding party of Apaches, and had not followed it far before they hove in sight of their savage game, to whom they gave immediate chase, and were fast gaining on them, e when all at once the ground seemed to open, u and swallow every redskin. The pursuers in- c voluntarily came to a dead halt, struck dumb a with astonishment But, on investigating the o seeming mystery, it turned out that those cun- A ning Apaches had been making for an acces a sible point of one of those chasms, and had a entered it by several small cuts leading down tl to the very bowels of the earth. These ports ii of entry have been washed in by the tremen- ti dous rain-storms that often visit this country, p and were very narrow. An Indian with his b little mustang ponies can just squeeze them ti selves through; but the American soldier with p i i i?? ? <uii? n. ?>M. nib large uuroc U?uum iunuw, vu uiio wv? sion the Indiana had gained the bottom of the 1< chasm, and were out of sight. Hence the rifle- g men had to give over the chase. ii As we progressed along our journey, evi- c< deuces that we were getting in the grazing ti grounds of the buffalo, the king of the plains, ti began to present themselves?numerous paths tl running north and south, buffalo grass, thou- ? lands of skeletons, skulls, and horns, but no U > i Li, <- "I ~* * * i~ *" '" igns fat buffalo had recently been on the i remises. Large gray wolves approach us as i re march along, and stand impudently gazing f t us. At night, they hideously howl around i ur camp, ana disturb the quiet of our repose, i (Then we go out hunting, savage black bears t allenly look out at us from their hiding places, t q the dead hours of the darkest nigh4, as the t sntinal paces to and fro aloug his lonely post, c rith slow and measured step, he is startled from is reveries by the quick, sharp bark of the >x, ovthe shrill and thrilling yell of the panaer, as he prowls abroad in quest of prey to jast upon. In the daytime, when the glaring an is casting abroad his most scorching rays, , ftoatbe .command has camped,everything beorMniet, and nearly all are indulging in the lxu^r of an afternoon " siesta"' he who ven- < ires to walk out over the prairis is sure to see < ights worth noting. Large laud terrapins jump j om under his feet, and go shambling off; reat yellow and spotted rattle-snakes lie in an | gly coil, with heads erect, afldring a tune with leir hateful rattles, as he Approaches ; large lack racers chase innocentllittle prairie spar- i ows s*d other small birds; great lizards of j ariou* colors go frisking hither and thither; . lonsfftgs tarantulas sit basking iu the sun; nd pSraoSotfl centipedes lie under the shade 1 f tussocks; and all around a very dense popula- ] ion of insects keep up an incessant din and j acket, grasshoppers fly into his face, and creeching locusts sail by his ear. A 1?>L. t LV J AT, i ? xxuuui lue luunu uay aner 1 last wrote you, ' re arrived at the Canadian river, on the banks ? f which we pitched our tents. Here five In- j ians came into camp. They were dressed in j lie costume of Mexican (Jre&sers, mounted on ne mustang ponies, and carried long rifles. ( 'hey claimed to be Mobaves, and said they 1 ad been sent out by their tribe to select a good t ummer bunting ground. Our guide^g^e them beir suppers, and they departed bejre nightfall. Leaving this camp, we took th^BI^-ridge 1 oute, but had to go down to the Canadian f gain for wood and water. From this camp a s etachment of twenty men were sent ahead to ^ earch for camping places. The requisites for . good place are pleuty of water, grass, and rood. i With the Antelope Hills expedition are about ive hundred men, four hundred horses, six hun- | red mules, near a hundred beet cattle, and a ;reat number of dogs. No meagre supply of ' hese requisites is sufficient for all these. 1 I went with the detached party. We left the t Canadian to the north, and kept along the great j idge dividing the waters of the Canadian from j hose of the Washita. To follow the former iver is impracticable, on account of the numer>us ravines and chasms. The ridge route is a 1 ery dry one. The creeks and rivulets are all hort, and we necessarily had to go around the , leads of most of them. After selecting some lalf dozen camping places, we returned to the , omraand. One of our selections astonished hose who were out on their first campaign. The J >nly water that could be obtained within miles if the camp was found in one of those strange mderground creeks, deep down in the bowels if mother earth. One unaccustomed to the peculiarities of the Southwestern plains would have no suspicion of he existence of either timber or water within a :ircle of many miles?as far as the eye could each?until, turning to the left, he comes withn a few hundred yards of a deep canon (cannon.) He can just see the tops of tall trees? flms, pines, and cedars?peeping over the rocky ledges that enclose the brook over which hey stand sentinels. To reach this stream, lorsea and mules had to be led down some of he narrowest, crookede3t, and most dangerous tnd frightful paths ever traversed. 8ometimes ilone tne side (midway from top to bottom) of m frJntrtia'i roaAr (soft red saed , itone,) where the least false step would send nan and animal whirling down, down into the rightful abyss far below. But hazardous as his mode of watering stock was, it was the >nly chance of obtaining water for the poor hirst-suffering animals, and all succeeded with>ut the occurrence of a serious accident. Before we found another suitable place to >ncamp, we came to a settlement of conical nountains like huge potato-hills rising out of i meadow. These peaks, hills, mountains, or vhatever they may most appropriately be oalled, ower up to the height of several hundred feet. Host of them are round and cone-like, and over several acres in extent. At the foot of >ne of the largest of these, a fine spring gushed orth, and sent out an abundant supply of the inest of water. We next passed over a streak if gypsum country, where the water was so trongly impregnated with mineral substances is to be almost unbearable, and unfit for use. Jowever, we had to put up with it for thirty-six tours. Leaving this detestable streak, we bore to he southward, in order to strike the slope vashed by the smaller tributaries of the Washta river, and for two or three days marched n sight of the Washita belt of timber. Then, tearing to the northward again, we crossed the ^reat divide, and in the afternoon of the loth igain camped on the banks of the Canadian, ind in sight of the much-talked-of Antelope Jills. But here I am in permanent camp again ; . >ut, having proved a neglectful chronicler of vents, I must again return to bring up a few tragglers. While encamped on Silver Creek, a very arge buffalo bull came charging over the hill, md into the midst of the horses of troop " I," .11 of which broke their larriettes and started iff in a thundering stampede. The cry of bufalo, buffalo, was raised all over the camp, and n a moment all was intense excitement. A I nan, who happened to be with the horses, gave lis buffaloship a pistol shot in the flank; rhereon, he turned to face the music, and stood iolently pawing the ground and bidding defi,nce to the approaching hosts. Excited men, rith carbines and six-shooters, came running rom the camp, and others, with long riles and shot-guns, came running from the rain. The solitary buffalo brave was soon urrounded with several hundred armed men, rho immediately commenced a vigorous crossire on him, and it was not long before his ough and shaggy hide was literally riddled rith nail holes, and he sank beneath the weight ,nd pain of leaden bullets. It was passing trange, that some of the men were not shot, and presume that they owed their escape to the act that the buffalo, had taken his position n a small hollow, while the men occupied high ;round, and shot downward. This was the first buffalo that many of the uen had ever seen. One teamster, who had ieen preparing the supper of his massmates, tood in tne midst of the excited crowd, hat off, leeves rolled up, a frying-pan in one hand, and , big wet dish-rag in the other, and yelling at he top of his voice, " A young elephant, a oung elephant, with no head on! "? Such is amp life. Yours, truly, Gut Oak leaf. A Cruel Practical Joke.?A correspond- ] nt gives an account of a practical joke played j pon a fugitive conple of lovers, who were es- ] aping from the veto of an inexorable parent, ] rhich, if brought to the knowledge of the law fficers, might prove dangerous and costly fun. in ardent and youthful conple came on board steamer, at Hawesville, Ky.,jprofessedly for n DTmniinn ifnwn tli* riv?r The rnnn# crpn .email, soon after "getting fixed," began an iquiry for a clergyman or*a Kentucky magnate among the passengeni. An impromptu arson was soon found by the lovers of fnn on oard, who volunteered to give the legal sancon to the banns forbidden by the obdurate arents. The ceremony was performed with due sosmnity before an assembled crowd of paaseners, and the fond couple passed the evening i an ecstacy of happiness, in which the whole ompany seemed, by their hearty congratulaons, to sympathize. The lovers had entered teir state-room, and were about retiring, when te Captain, thinking the joke had proceeded far sougn, intervened and revealed the imposition, i time to prevent any actual damages. The Horrified bride hid her chagrin and disappoint- ] nent in blushes, and the rage of the infuriated i groomsman vented itself in profane anathemas | md a fruitless search for the fictitious clergy- I nan, who had sloped. The next day the mater was legally and ecclesiastically consumnated, and the runaways went home to sue for \ pardon which they knpw could not long be lenied.?EoansviUc (Ind.) Journal. for me National Era CR0AKJN6S. Names are significant. I do not mean that hey are always translatable, like the old Hetrew names, which had meaning and significance. This is the case, too, with the names >ur own Indians, and I leave this hint for the >enefit of those who maintain that our aborigines are the descendants of the lost Ten Tribes. But even names given now carry their mean ng. You find two girls in school, sitting side >y side ; one is Olivia Araminta, and the other iachel. Ten to one, the mother of the first wads sentiment*! novels; tlyotherprcfasa^cr Bible, and the character of the girls answers to heir trainiug. Our Puritan ancestors delighted in Scriptilre lames, though it must be confessed they often ihowed more piety than taste in the choice they nade, and many a poor child was shackled for ife with a painful name. It is a pity children jould not be consulted in the selection, for the ancy or caprice of another often entails upon hem a daily and life long trial. But the world is full of trouble ! My grandfather's name was Abel, ray grandmothers Beulah. There was some little collusion of taste in this last choice, but at least it lignified something good and pleasant, and, so far, never was name better bestowed. In truth, aoth of them were good, and goodness and < mercy followed them all the days of their lives. 1 My grand-parents lived in the most plain and 1 frugal manner, with true republican simplicity, ind trained their numerous family in a manner i to be most thoroughly good and useful. Education, mental training, and means of improve- 1 ment, were not neglected, but mere superfluities in living were sternly denied. But they lived in a progressive age, and their children went beyond them. My father was moderate for our later day, but still we were more extravagant than those who had gone before us, and as children we were more indulged in matters of taste and comfort. Still, as I look back, I can recall quite enough of restraint to feel sure that we were not spoiled by indulgence. But my grandmother was quite distressed, and often imagined us on the verge of ruin. She did not probably hold the belief of a wise friend of mine, who maintains that children are not easily ruined, or very few would escape. It has been my lot to touch upon four generations, in the period of our country perhaps most marked by rapid change, from the extreme of frugality to the extreme of luxury. The times of my great-grandmother I have heard of, but do not so distinctly remember, when the state of the country and the war which cut off supplies made it necessary for most families to raise and spin and weave the materials for their own woollen and linen clothing. Of course, all were of the plainest description, and cost the almost continued labor of the family. Thanvfctw, when is her son's family . she saw the clothing purchased, and the daughters onl^r helping to make it, while they also found time tor embroidery and fancy work, it looked like a too great advance in luxury. We are our own standard so long as we live. Our great-grandmother, seeing these departures from her standard, was seriously alarmed, and, after a visit at her son's house, would shake her head, and say, sadly, " Abel will certainly fail." But fail he did not; he prospered, aod left a goodly inheritance to his children, beside the good name " which is better than great riches." Then, when in our own family our embroidery also was sometimes purchased, when my sisters actually had a piano forte, aud spent their precious time learning to play, my grandmother would shake her head, and look really distressed. But I had a weapon ready, after 1 had heard the story of the old grand-parent's tribulation ; and so, when anything was said, I would look up solemnly into her face, and repeat with emphasis, " Abel will certainly fail." Nay, the saying is useful to this day. My children are carefully trained. The habits of industry which I learned, my sons have learned also, and the blessing o<* holy ancestors rests still upon them. So, when they go a little beyond my ideas in some things, and yield more to the spirit and progress of the times, I am tempted to croak. Bnt then I cry out, " Abel will certainly fail," and there I stop. They are moderate, compared with those around them ; and, after all, we cannot stand still. The best precept is found in the best of books : " Let your moderation be known unto all men." For the National Era. August 19, 1859. ToGaii. Hamilton: I have just laid down the Era, after reading the affecting story of your poor, dear, loathsome birds. Feeling great sympathy for you in your distress, I hasten to acquaint you with my experience and success in caring for that curious genus of birds, the chimney swallow. I glance my eye at the date of your letter, July 25th ; oh! your unfortunate younglings will be dead ere this reaches you. But to my story. About two weeks since, on ieseending to the breakfast room, a deafening noise met my ear, proceeding, as I soon learned, from the fireplace of an adjoining room. In surprise I inquired the cause of this tumult; 1 M answered, "the swallows have fallen 1 flown the chimney." There had been a heavy fall of rain during the night, which had caused 1 the descent of their domicil. The fireplace was bid by an iron fire-board, so we could in no wise conjecture the number of our visiters, but, from the noise that issued from thence, they might be numbered by scores. The great trouble was, would the mother bird (for I am inclined to think the "jiater" would not mourn their loss much, as ne would thus get rid of feeding them) find them in their low home? I stationed myself near, to be satisfied as to the state of affairs. Hours passed, perhaps five, when the hovering sound of wings coming near snd nearer, and a fresh and more joyous burst from the habitants of the fireplace, announced the approach of the old biro. Ah 1 she had found them at last. The propping open of the fire-board to admit light was not necessary in this case, as there was an aperture in it (which bad once been filled by the stovepipe) that sufficiently lighted their otherwise dark abode. By the way, we too have a cat, not a delicate citybred cat, but one that has breathed the free mountain air all his life, that might (had he ' die gift of speech) boast of eleven pounds of i cat-flesh?in short, a cat of oonsequence. We 1 joon had reason to believe, from small tuf+s of bair to be seen on the edges of the apertare, hat he had explored the fireplace; bat, as the wife still continued, we concluded all safe. ( Dur noble cat touch a dirty, sooty chimney ( mallow! Not be?he had too much self-re- < meet for that; so we had no more fears from 1 um ^uanor. jlju% jicmuw wwt? ?u owic, which these poor unfortunates little dreamed 1 )f. There are some individuals possessed of a 1 peculiar organization, which causes them to be sxtrevely sensitive to the least noise. It is lot uncommon for persons of this description o lie half of the night philosophizing on matera and things, and the other half trying to sourt sleep, or listening to hear, if possible, ireathings (I dare not say snoring*) from a dnant part of the house. It so happened that he "master of the house" was one tkus class, * It also fc>*ppened that his place of repose was ta n near intimity to the before-mentioned fire- ro jlace. ^'e all thought there might possibly pi ae a 1*4 too mnch music for him. However, m hings on well for a few days. At length, ec >11 neio ' one morning, he declared that his is? toctumgl repose had been very mnch disturbed in >y the innates of the fireplace; that it was useeas for him to woo the sleepy goddess, se long ta is they remained therein; that ther must be of ernoveo?thrown away, or something. The cr ire-boa^d was removed?there they were, and, hs .trange V#tell, only three in number; rather T1 jetter decked than yours, yet unsightly-looking wi i (fairs, a? ?sly. What was to done t One proposed^ cut their heads off?another suggested th hat tjie r he put upon the roof of the house? pc inothi*r*tfiHt they oe put in a basket, and sas- in pendc^ ?r>m the garret window. While pity- Iri ng the sad condition, and trying to devise &f tome nije of rescue, a thought suddenly struck si] ?c; 8| Jie noise could easily be borne though ag :be dJy/c^uld I not, by carefully covering them so in a biv.k^t, and removing them to a distant bj room a^rfght, and replacing them in the fire he place 'j, tne morning, save their lives ? All pi igreedih.it this was the most humane and ex- cl pedien" <Hhod of disposal, if 1 would take the in rnuWe to do. i had some fears that the old ' a biras av-dd not return to teed thetn through '1 Lhe day, but my fears were groundless. Tne at plan v'orl'ed admirably. My birds are thriving bi tinely, 1?'/e been under my care nearly a week, of and affr idy begin to show an ascending in- pt rlinaii tV I hope they will soon be at the top th >f the timu^u^To you my advice would be, of provided thedttfe no nervous, fidgety gents or cr iadics agar, tmi^i ace your birds in the chimney lo corner jut you probably removed them too soon; hi but I ytrr much fear my advics will come to w late. Your sinoere frlonH ? " 1(1 ?------ v.. U. n. to p. Wasuimjtox, Any. 8, 18o9. ^ To the Editor of the National Era : I suf pose most of the readers of the Era, t.s like myself, have felt some interest in the reminiscence* and local traditions of Ireland, by Cl u Slow Jainie.' Concerning the case he speaks j, of as having occurred in Belfast, his informu- Rv tion is '.ery erroneous, and in that one iu- u stance I shall endeavor to put him right. w It is u.rne, a combination did take place in Bellas- or rather in the country around, among j, the journeymen linen weavers, (not cotton-spin- u| ners.) It was a pretty formidable affair, and a| caused; Tiuch excitemeut. They attacked men on the road, abusing them, and cutting in OI pieces the webs they were bringing to the merchants m that city. Not content with spreading te ror and dismay through the country, fQ they fi ,a?ly resolved to murder a Mr. Johnston a| and hi family, who had become obnoxious to them f Jin his stern resistance to their demands. They ?_Jtecked his house in the middle of the night, jrhen all were asleep, (not when company rc were pfctfent,) with guns and pitchforks, tiring " into the windows where they knew he slept. Anticipating danger, Johnston had employed ? a watchman during the night. While this man . had stepped out at the back door, a bombshell was thrown iuto the parlor; and just as he en- rt tered, the bomb exploded, throwing him back . out at the Hnrtr anrt a/ViinVi ront tKo Kahuo fi-nm "* |L 7 "",v" *v"fc "V'UOV UWIII top to Jot torn. The family were seriously a alarme<l dreading an assault from these hellish ? miscreants, but they luckily escaped injury. A gun was found in the street next morning, " which tiad bursted, and, as was conjectured, must hare injured the man in whose hands it ' was fir?fd. These suspicious were announced, " and a reward offered for their apprehension. This taan had gone to Downpatrick, abc at " twenty iniles off, to a surgeon, to have his hand . dressed. This circumstance was communicated by the gurgeon, and the man, named Gray, was 1 soon aefcer arrested. He turned King's evyicii f' gare t^rthe nsmersof those r? the pVote T ej & were st^rn brought to the ja 1, tried, and faend guilty at Carrickfergus. Either two or three were condemned to capital punishment, and 1 the others were tied to the tail of a cart, -and " whipped through the town. The principal pun- . ishment they received was the disgrace attend- . ing the lashing and exposure. The-other case he speaks of I have never heard -if; and I now leave the matter to " Slow ' Jaroief and your readers, to judge whether the '' punishment was too severe for such a paltry I1 crime. Old Jamie. ^ WAIFS. J WHOM, NOT HAVING SEKN, WE LOVE. * It ii wasy to love when eye meets eye, ft And the irlanee reveals the heart, Wfct*i the flush on the cheek can the eoul bespeak, And the lips in gladness part; CI Them's a thrilling-of bliss in a ioving kiss, w A%-"1 a spell in a kindly tone, And ;he spirit hath chains ol tenderness e: To fetter and bind its own. w Bui h holier spell and a deeper joy Fr jm a purer fountain flow, Whan the soul sends higher its incense hre. And rests no more below; th When the heart (joes up to the (fate of heaven, A^d bows before the throne. And-etrikmg its harp for sins forgiven, Cl Calls the Saviour all its own. Though we gaze not now on the lovely brow That felt for us the thorn ; ?' Though afar from home we ptl?Tini? roam, Ol Aad our feet with toil are worn ; Thoi gh we never have pressed that pierced naiid, ai It s stretched our lives above; (jl And we own ilia care, in grateful prayer, D " t/bom, not having seen, we love." I l3 We jiave felt him near for many a year, a: WSetl at eve we bent the Irnee ; Thai mercy breath, that glorious faith, Dear Saviour, came trom thee. tl Whan we stood beside the oying bed, d Arid watched the loved one go. In the darkening hour, we felt His power, J' At it hushed the waves of woe. ll And still, as we climb the hills of time. Arid ihe lamps of earth grow dun, We sr* hastening orf from taith to stghi, ti We are pressing near to htm ; , And away from idols of earthly mould, Et,raptured we gaze above, it And long to be where his artns enfold, ^ " Whom, not having seen, we love." J P Too* hpicks and the Like.?At a dinner jr lately fiven by the President of a neighboring o( Antiquarian Society to a small party of associ- ^ ates, al|d to which I had the honor of an invitation, information on diverse small matters ["c was elicited, which I think may be interesting t(J to your readers: Palitos.?On the cloth being removed, Capt. D , one of the oldest aM most active members, and commander of a Bio steamer, placed " on the table a srnaP oox of palitos, (toothpicks,) such as have been imported from the peninsula u; into Brazil ever since the occupancy by the Portuguese. They are made of orange wood jc by shepherds, and are of various qualities, ac- 01 cording to the labor spent on them. Those 8< before us were of the first chop?each being ni ornamented at the blunt end with scrolls like 01 those of an Ionic column, the minikin invo- t'1 lutes being delicate shavings left adhering to the body. " Palitos," said the Captain, " are used 11 by every one in Brazil, from the Emperor to 111 the lowest tradesman. Even negro slaves may be observed in the streets with them stuck be- ui hind the ear, where clerks sometimes put their pens when not in use. All repasts are wound ?9 up by pushing round paliterio, a fanciful device ir for holding the picks, and often forming an '' i _ K i t_ _:i i_a. \ir:iL al ? i_ _ a uem in a lamny ? suver pinu*. uii most* who do not smoke, palitos are equal to cigars in ? promoting conversation, besides being cheaper a and more durable." " is On this, the Secretary, who is at home on ^ most subjects, continued thus : *' 11 From the times of the Normans to the pres- ai cut hour, the lively Gauls have been the teach- P4 ers of the brusque and phlegmatic Anglo-Sax- vl ans, in jnanners, dress, and innumerable acces- P? lories of fashion and taste. From one branch dl or other of the Latin race we have derived at most of these things. Table forks, it is known, passed through Italy into England, where they met wifh violent and general opposition. Those "f who used them were derided like the introducers of, umbrellas, as fops and corrupters of manners. This was not later than the seven- p? Leenth century, for not till then did the feeding bj habits of our ancestors deviate from those of the p< Orientals. For soups they had spoons, but for other matters every one thrust his hand into the pi clish, and fished for himself. Another article of hi , /I ble furniture naturalized on Continental Eu>pe since Greek and Roman times, are tootheks; and yet they have but recently been ad itted into our restaurants and hotels. An influitial New York journal, the Trif/une, in its sue of May 19, 1847, severely denounced their troduetion. " Toothpicks are brought on to some of the 1 bles of public houses, in order to drive most the boarders from the tAble before the ice ' | earn and jellies are served. Rut a lew years i\ ive made a great change in popular opinion, hey are becoming generally domesticated ith us. J * In works illustrative of Spanish manners, ey are of constant occurrence. It was imissible for Cervantes to overlook them. The aking of them-was a gentlemanly amusement, i his controversy with the Canon, Don Quixote, ter hearing hio opponent, begs him to be lent, and not continue to utter blasphemies gainst chivalry, but to act like a discreet peril, and peruse standard books ou the subject, r which he would learn, among other matters, >w every true knight-errant was honored by inces, welcomed at the castles of the great, otbed in gorgeous apparel, led into baiu^uetg apartments, waited on by damsels, etc., ind how, when the dinner is ended, and the oth taleii Away, the knight lolh* in his chair, id picks his teeth according to Vustora.' Fos oke informs us that ancient toothpicks occur silver, wood, and feathers. The rudentes nnae of martial were most usual. To pick e teeth in the time of Elizabeth was the mark ' a mail affecting foreign fashions. In a ludious order in 4 Nichol's Progresses' is the folwing : 'Item. No knight of this order shall ; armed, for the safeguard of his countenance, ith a pike in liis mouth, in the nature of a othpick.' Nares observes that the using of a othpK1: in public was a mark of gentility, oward.s the close of tho seventeenth century, agnetic toothpicks and earpicks were fashion )le specifics fur pains in the teeth, eyes, and irs. " In fact, the application of the magnet as a irative agent was known at least thirteen hunred years ago. In the middle ages, it was used 4 a preservative against convulsions and affec011 of the nerves, tor relieving persons afflicted ith the gout, removing ordinary rheumatic miges, and as a sovereign remedy for aches i the head, ears, face, and teeth. The inventrs of magnetic necklaces, bracelets, armlets, nklets, girdles, etc., so extensively advertised in le newspapers, have, to their own loss, strangely nitted, in their lists of new pain extractors, le magic picks that with a touch removed the eenest of mortal pangs. They might, certainly r a season, become as fashionable and profitlie as metallic tractors once were." 4 . Thk Kamdactylls Again.?We have al ady alluded to the curious paper of Dr. Bar itt, offered to the Scientific Convention at pringfield. The singular creature of which it eats?the " Kamdactylus sub-humanus "?is lus described by the reporters of the Spring eld Republican, who, of course, abridge the ?marks from Dr. Barratt's document: " This sub-homo had nothing of the ape about s formation. Accompanying this creature was race of ruminant animals. This sub-homo, r man with three fingers and four toes, be- c veen seven and eight feet high, possessed i early the perfect form of our present period. 'h?re is also a gigantic animal, called ' Cheiraousus Monstrosus,' a three fingered ox, and a lammifcrous ruminant, and he holds from these icls that the zobmorphic sandstone of the Conecticut Valley is not the red sandstone, but is of ie tertiary formation of the midrQe Eocene. his formation is full of fossil boneA and is of le samp age as the Paris basin. There are >mains of these animals in the cabinet of Amerst College, but not explained or developed. 'here was also another aiiiniaT,ih'e "CTTelraboujs Paradoxus, most remarkable as having three ngcrs, and walking on its hands and arms, hich were about as long as the human. It ad a hoof behind and hands before, with the orns turned down. There is also presented le restored figure, from numerous detailed pecimens, which somewhat resemble a polar ear. The man was often found in the comany of these animals, and lived upon their ^ lilk and calves. There was also the 4 Magesepter, the great digger,' whose bristles lie < lickly scattered through the Portland sand:one. It is conjectured that the Digger In- ^ ians are in the line of progression from the lageskepter. It is also surmised that the >rm ' dig," in common use, had its root in that issil of the Eocene." * j We are lain to believe that those pleasant 1 reatures are now extinct. If not, it would pay ell to exhibit them here, with I>r. Barr&tt as xplanatorv lecturer. The 44 three fingered ox " ould, we think, excite special attention. ?? Facts in Physiology.? A man is taller in le morning than at night, to the exteut of alf an inch, owing to the relaxation of the f irtilages. The human brain is the twentyighth of the body, but in the horse but a ?ur hundredth. Ten days per annum is the I verage sickness of human life. About the age f ?.C, the lean man generally becomes fatter, nd the fat man leaner. Richter enumerates ? 00 distinct Ppecie3 of disease in the eye. The ulse of children is 180 in a minute; at puber it is 80; and at 00, only 60. Dr. Lettom . scribed health and wealth to water, happiness * > small beer, and all diseases and crimes to 1* use of spirits. Elephants live for two hunred. three hundred, and even four hundred pars. A healthy, full-grown elephant consumes arty pounds of grain per day. Bats in India ) re called Hying foxes, and measure six feet ? om tip to tip. Sheep, in wild pastures, prac ee self-defence by an array in which rams Land foremost, in concert with ewes and lambs, f i the centre of a hollow square. Three ilud- t jn's Bay dogs draw a sledge, loaded with 300 ounds, fifteen miles per day. One pair of pigs ill increase in six years to 119,160, taking the icrease at fourteen tinief ,er annum. A pair f sheep, in the same time, would be but 64. . single female horsefly produces in one season J,080,320 eggs. The flea, grasshopper, and tcust, jump 200 times their own length, equal i a quarter of a mile for a man. Puzzled Ptn.?One of our Western farmers eing very much annoyed by his best sow reaking into the corn-field, search was instiited in vain for the hole in the rail fence, ailing to find one. an attempt was next made i drive out the animal by the way she entered, ut of course without success. The owner re>lved to watch her proceedings, and, posted at ight in a fence corner, he saw her enter at one id of a hollow log, outside the field, and nerge at the other end, within the enclosure. I have you now, old lady,'' cried he. Accordigly he proceeded, after turning her out once '3 iore, to so place the log (it being crooked) that oth ends opened outside the field. The next sy the animal entered her accustomed place, rid shortly after emerged again. Her astonhment, says our informant, at finding herself l the same position whence she started, is too idicrous to be described. She looked this way nd then that, grunted her dissatisfaction, anil nally returned to the original starting-place, nd, after a deliberate survey of things, to aatfy herself that all was right, again entered the ?g. On emerging once more on the wrong de, she evinced more surprise than before, nd, turning about, retraced the log in an ophite direction. Finding this effort alike in tin, after looking long and attentively at the wition of things, with a short, angry grunt of sappointment, and perhaps fear, she turned -ound and started off on a brisk run; nor ?uld either coaxing or driving ever induce a sit to that part of the field. She seemed to ive a "superstition concerning the spot." " A ruffian shot at me last night," said a murious gentleman, " and my life was saved r the ball's striking a silver coin in my vest >cket" . " Whoever takes true aim at yoor heart," re ied one who knew him, " is very txr tain U4 t a coin I" VJ J