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New national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1870-1874, November 10, 1870, Image 1

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At WMklBftsn CHy, D. C.
J. H* HAWtS,liuHine?? Manager.
P*IC*8 or Souroiptiows : Single crtpifs, f2..%0 |* r y?*r
fivx coplw fur $10, p*j*bl* iu at|v?uc?.
I.oi U Km 31.
Of ?)imia?iiini*.
BV D. A. S.
It has Iteen frequently asserted that college
life is a sure method of making young men and
women invalid* in after years. This assertion
is not wholly false, sine* we find that two-thirds
of our eminent men and women who have spent
vears in colleges or universities are inactive, '
unfit for puhlie labor, mere )?ookw??rms, undeveloped
in their limits, while their very coun- '
? tenanees are unlike those of their childhood, j
and in the end, after a short brilliancy in life,
die of consumption, nervous headache, or dyspepsia,
their certain incomes from college life.
One may ask, Shall we dispense with training
our sons and daughters in colleges because
a few or even many die ** from hard study ?"?
for this is the excuse made h\* a majority of
persons. To this we answer. No!
Oymnasiums, when made an indispensable
department, not only in our colleges and universities.
hut also in onr Common tffonls. ot/mr*
pan'htis, will remove all the maladies which are
said to accrue froui college life.
We find that our statesmen, our orators, our
genuine politicians are never made within college
walls, and [scarcely come from such places
save they be such as give an opportunity t.? the
ase and freedom of both mind and body.
Some institutions have industrial departments
to meet the two told nurnose of exercise
a?d industry. This is not tho l?est uieaus of
securing the former, because there is an involuntary
exertion on the part of those who work
through want; and it appears to us that in
such a state there is a eont rarity of forces neutralizing
the required end. Exercise to be useful
to the mind must be without restraint.
By V icessiuius Knox, 1>. lb, it is related that
two fellow-eollegiates, who had been separated
from each other for some time, met one day
and the countenance of one was pale, emaciated
with hollow and lack lustre eye ; and when inquired
of by his fellow-collegian of the cause,
answered, 44 You know, my friend, my lirst and
strongest passion was for literary fame. Flattered
by my friends, and encouraged at my
school, 1 persuaded myself 1 was advancing in
the career of glory ; and with all the ardor id
enthusiasm, devoted everv moment of mv life to
. Tk
the pursuit of learning. Ihiring my residence
at the university I spent the time"allotted to
rural amusements in examining those expositories
of ancient learning?the public libraries."
l)r. Knox continues to make a lengthy recita
tion of the college life of this emaciated indi.
vidual, and closes in his words a? follows : uln
me you see a body and a mind worn out in professional
labors, without obtaining a sufficiency
to lay my weary limbs iu the grave."
Thus we see the result of a dry and continuous
digging into hooka without proper exercise
at a proper time.
Every day brings with it improvements in
many departments of life; and there is no country
upon the faee of the globe whose progress
is so visible as the United States of America.
It is to l?e Imped, therefore, that that day is not
far on when the necessity ol gymnasiums in
every institution of learning, great or small,
will be seen indispensable, not only to the phys- .
ical health of the body, but to the ?tr?'ngtii of
the inind, the purity of the morals, the clearness
of the understanding, and the full term of ,
r life to the student.
Washington, Oet. 31, 1870.
bai.kigu, X. C., Oct. 1!s, 1870.
To the Editor of the Sew Sat ion a I Era :
thk freedmax's SAVINGS AND TRl'st 0OM I'A X V.
This institution is doing a great work in edu
eating the colored people of this seel ion, and
of the South generally, wherever its branches
have been established, to habits of industry,
economy, and thrift. Xo agency yet employed
has worked more perceptibly in this direction
than the Savings Bank.
We had the pleasure of attending a meeting
at the court-house here on Friday night last,
'Sth October.) when it was announced that
?ev. J. W. Ilood. Assistant Simerinteniloiit of
'ublic Instructions for this State, would defer
a lecture, or an address, in the interest of
.uig worthy enterprise. In point of mi in hers
the audience was not so large as might have
*?een desired, though the room was well filled.
We were somewhat disappointed, in conse
aence of the illness of Mr. Hood, on aecount
which he was compelled to decline. How- j
er, none regretted having coine out, as the
eeting was very ably addressed hy John 11. i
t aewell, one of our County Cmniiiission*
ers, and a member of the Advisory Hoard ot
f the Batik. Mr.Caswell presented the claims
the Bank in a manner and with a ehararterie
earnestness wliich can but result in good
< the Bank and people. After Mr. Caswell
ad concluded, the *ell known Cashier. Bev.
?i. W. Brodie, addressed the meeting in his
usual forcible manner, showing to the entire
| "-itisfaction of all present the great necessity
I siring and depositing their earnings in thu
k, assuring them of per feet safety, and how
cumulates when placed on deposit, lie
them that the mihject then being discussed
d second in importance to none but their
he audience seemed much interested as the
kier made plain the great advantages <?f the
k, concluding his remarks with h report
viug the condition of the Branch and CoiuV,
which we give, as follows :
umber of Branches, 29 ; three of which arc
ted in this State?the Wilmington, Ncwi,
and Raleigh.
il amount deposited in all
ie Branches up to the 1st of
ppteinlier, 187<I $I5,99<M>''1 Is
a! amount of draft* for the
nue period 13,1149,590 S3
ring a balance due depositrs
of $2,041,070 35 *
al atiount deposited in the
aleigh Branch during the
tonth of September 5,Oo2 01
ul amount of drafts for same
friod 6,:?04 53 | <
t will be seen that the drafts for the mouth
fed the deposits souie $1,442.49, which is j
nly due to the fact that many persons a lio
beeu depositing ever since the com- i
icenent of the good work up to that time i
amassed u sufficient amount of cash to ena- j <
them to purchase comfortable homes, and '*
erwise provide themselves w ith the. neces- '
'* of life.
al amount deposited in Raleigh ]
rVtcb; $95,171 97 c
d dr*^ 80,1*0 79 j t
iving a balance due depositors.. $14,985 18 | t
VOO. I.?NO. 44.}
The numberof tleymsitors to which thisatnount
is iliT7S.
This, Mr. l.vlitor, speaks well fur the colored
people of this city, numbering something over
This branch wont into operation April, 1S()?,
if we mistake not. which, taking all things into
* O ~
consideration, show, according to the above
figure*, that this branch has done more business
than many of the older branches, and as much
a* any of the twenty-nine. Much credit is due
the cashier, Mr. ttrodie, for this grand result.
Cut f'>r his untiring efforts in creating confidence
in the bank, and inducing the people to
deposit, much of the $l4,0iH) now safely invested
in (Government sq^urities would have been
bidden in the earth, or chinoked away in some
obscure corner of the house, and much, very
much, of it would have been foolishly spent.
We believe no one could have worked with
greater success among our people than Mr.
Ifrodie lis*. Kver since his advent among us
he has devoted himself almost wholly to the
moral, intellectual, and industrial advancement
.of his race. Hi* work is to be seen and felt for
miles around. Not having participated to any
groat extout in politics, he has grown in favor
with all classes, hoth white and black ; and today
no man stands higher in the estimation of
the people ??f Raleigh than George Washington
political affairs.
The cheering news of our victories in the
States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Iowa, Nebraska,
Indiana, and more recently in our sister State,
South Carolina, is having a salutary effect upon
the Republicans in this State. While it is a
rebuke to us for our apathy, inactivity, and
internal dissensions, by which we allowed the
eneniv to creep in and demoralize us within the
vorv ftf l^lir CfrAlltrllAlila L mill linnn ?Lr?
"'J ?..?>V liiv
effect of showing us what a proper and rightly
directed effort ean accomplish. Under the circumstances
we can only promise to do hotter
next time. The present aspect of affairs indicate
a decided split among the Democrats of
the next Legislature upon the various questions
which will he brought before that body for consideration.
The election of a United States
Senator is already causing serious trouble in
their ranks. The extremists arc demanding the
election of an oxtreme man, and one who is
barred by the Howard amendment, such, for
instance, as Vance, in order to show their utter
contempt and disregard for the reconstruction
acts, claiming that the election of a man who
has stooped so low as to have his disabilities
removed by Congress would be an acquiesence
in and an acknowledgment of the justice of
radical reconstruction.
"While, ?>n the other hand, the moderate men,
as they call themselves, agree, with much force,
that nothing could do more towards demonstrating
a bitter, vindictive spirit on the part of
the people of the South than such a course ;
they further urge that the selection should be
jcoiilined to tluit portion whose disabilities have
in i ii iniunni, in oruer imu uieir niuy oe no
delay or trouble in seating the new Senator.
And thus it is on the questions of calling aeonvention
to change the Constitution, and impeachment,
If the moderate men maintain the position
they have already taken, a split is not only
certain, luit inevitable. Whether or not they
will allow the extremists to whip them in, we
have some doubt; but one thing is certain, and
that is, much substantial good to the State and
people might result from a proper exercise of
their present influence in tho general assembly.
The Republicans in the meanwhile are losing
no time in organizing and bringing together
their disintegrated ranks, with a brilliant prospeet
in their favor. Conflicting elements,
which had a good deal to do with our defeat
last summer, are being harmonized, as will be
seen in the unanimity ?the one felling?profiling
in our different nominating conventions,
now being held for the mimosa of nominutinir
candidates t<? till vacancies caused l?y deaths
and resignations.
In this county (Wake) the death of Mr. ITodge
??ne of the members elect, to the House of Representatives
has made an election necessary
to till his place. For this position, ifon. Samuel
F. 1'hi I lips has been unanimously nominated
by the Republicans, which has given universal
satisfaction. We entertain no doubt of Mr.
Phillip's election by an increased majority.
As a lawyer, Mr. I*. is one of the first of
his profession in in the State. Of acknowledged
ability, unimpeachable character, he will
receive many votes from the other side.
The death of .Judge (iilliam, member elect
on the Conservative ticket, to till the vacancy
occasioned by the resignation of John T.
Peweese in the 41st Congress, has also made it
necessary to hold another election to fill said
vacancy. This district was carried by the DeniO'
rats by a got*l majority last summer. Now
the Republicans, having rid themselves of many
of the burdens which they had to carry in the
laic campaign, expects to elect their nominee
by at'least RM votes : provided a good man be
nominated. Oonventions will be held on the
loth and 11 ill of November, by the respective
parties to make nominations, and to commence
an active, and vigorous canvass. The election
will take place on the 2t>th of November.
I in* .Male agricultural lair which closed on
the I'Jd inst. was a success, far beyond all expectat
ions. The various departments were well
represented, utid showed to advantage the great
agricultural resources of our State. As to
numbers it surpassed any heretofore held.
Among the premiums awarded was one of five
d >llar> to Mr. John L. Harrison, colored, for
the best hair mattress exhibited.
In the trial of lire engines (hand) Vietor No.
I, colored, bore otT the palm, and received a
handsome silver trumpet.
The execution of William Stiinaon, colored,
convicted at the last term of Wuko Superior
<c>urt on a charge of rape, will take place oil
Friday, November 4. Stinson was convicted
by a jury composed entirely of colored men, and
l it h!y merits the full penalty of the law. Ho
has made u confession of his crime, which will
l>e published niter bis execution.
The A. M. K. Church Sabbath School exhibition
which took place in Metropolitan Hall
on the L'-d int., was a brilliant atl'air. Of this
exhibition a correspondent of the North Carolina
standard speaks as follows :
One of the grandest exhibitions we have ever
had the pleasure of witnessing was given by
the children of the A. M. K. Church Sabbath
School on Monday night last, the 14th inst., in
Metropolitan Hall. We observed on the occasion
several of our most respected white citizens,
though not so many us might have been
'i he exercises having been opened with appropriate
ceremonies, Master Rogers McCauley
a as introduced, who delivered in a loud and
dear voice, an excellent poem entitled "Home
good iiiles of life." He was followed by others
vhu not only did honor to themselves but to
he Sabbath School of which they are members,
anil the Superintendent, (Mr. L. lliuton,) t?
| whose char*? they have been committal Hut
time as well as inability on our part, forbid anything
like a full and detailed account of this
grand occasion. While all did well ami deM'rvr
praise. we hope we may not he considered individuals
if we should mention the following a*
giving particular delight and joy to the vast
audience :
Song?IIy Master Tommy Curtis and Mrs.
Ada H. Mauley. This song with its nceompa
ninienm was periormea in a manner unruly
creditable?was called back a second 1 inv*.
"Amateur Farming"?iMalogue, by Misses
i Sarah White and S. A. Hrodie.
"The declaration of Independence,'1 by
i Master Kuftin Nichols. This declamation was
j delivered in tine style.
"Write me a Song of my Father," performed
on the organ by Miss Sophia A. Hrodie. assisted
I in the singing by Miss Sarah White and Mas!
ter Albert K. Hrodie. This beautiful piece of
music was greeted with rounds of deafening
applause, and was called hack a second time,
j "The Lord Will Provide," by Master Willie
; Curtis. As we said before, all deserve groat
credit. We mention the above only as specimens.
The organ, designed to he pur* based
for the use of the school, was on exhibition,
and presided over by Miss Alice II. A. Hrodie,
under whose skillful management was rendered
; some of the finest music we ever heard. Upon
the whole, it was one of the most agreeable
and pleasant times it has been our fortune to
! enjoy, at least for many a day.
Very respectfully,
A North Caroi.imax.
liellcr from llirliiiioml.
We give place in our columns to the following
communication. It speaks tor itself. 'I he
spirit of slavery dies hard, hut it must succumh.
W .lit a little longer :
Richmond, November 1870.
To the Kditor of (he Xew Xafionnl Urn :
Finding that very many and great eflbrts
have been put forward by Republican members
in both branches of the Virginia Legislature,
as at present assembled, to have the law repealed
inflicting stripes as a punishment for
petit larceny; and finding, also, that the majority
will not give the friends to these hills any
chanco to show cause why this monstrous, debasing,and
most unchristian institution should
be removed from among civilized communities,
it is our imperative duty tout once let the people
know that the whippingpost law, for whose
nullification the slave has appealed from tyranny
to God?a law that a tierce military refused
to execute? is again the installed monarch of
oppression in Virginia; and we let the tocsin
peal out its warning notes to white anil colored
that this great Democratic sounding-board of
the State (its Legislature) has already, and
within a very few days, made white and colored
bow, as it were, to the decree of the C.esars
and kiss the rod that smote. Dot these were
poor men, and, worst of all, Republicans, as
only at that class this law is aimed. Thcysnutl'
for bloody revenge from three or four quarters,
with mock justice in their favor?the gallows
for disfranchisements, penitentiary for the test
oath,chain-gang for the Fifteenth Amendment,
and the lash for the ballot-box. The many line
promises made by the carpet-bagger Walker on
his bended knees before Congress as to how he
would accord with the (General (Government in
reconstructing the State of Virginia have all
been thrown to the breezes, and to day, within
his rotten and hollow heart, he is a convicted
wretch, and, to save himself from utter despair,
he catches at a straw by sending out his dirty
pack-hounds to cajole the negro vote to keep
the State in the miserable hell that it iiiuls us.
Consistent Democracy 1 ascended to power, and
I k 11 Vk ? 1 i n t l>/\ ?i? v .1 ID I itli i . * ! ? 1 -V.
iuuiiu tii mv IU||.-<UI y ui nil" ji'M'jnf
har?l earnings. It (the tloneral Assembly) will
adjourn with an incurred debt of Iroin $lo,tM?
to *20,000, and yet nothing has heen aceoinjlished
in advancing the public five school system
beyond that of paying IhMiiocratic officers
elected as school boards, superintendents, Ac.,
services not yet rendered. Taxation and the
whippingpost are the poor nmn'ssure rewards,
let him be black or white. Hut only touch one
of these aristocratic law makers with cowhide
and he would let you down with a revolver.
They seem to know something of its damnable
disgraee ; and they have tuns doomed the pomwhite
man to what was the negro's (ate in
slavery, well aware that the rich never go to
the whipping-post, as whenever they commit a
theft it is generally decided by our law tribunals
to be the effects of non compos mentis, when
they are pitied and patted rather than being
The State Agricultural Fair is in full Hush
here, and, like the whipping-post, " llichmond
is himself again."
Yours, Ac., Lou it v.
We cheerfully give place in our columns to
the following report of the Lincoln t'recdiueu's
Aiu Society, of Koxbiirv, Massachusetts. it
contains many valuable suggestions, besides
allowing, iu u modest and becoming manner,
what a few earnest spirits are doing to educate,
I elevate, and to make true men ami women of
a long oppressed race. XVe commend this report
to a careful perusal of all those whose eye
shall rest upon this paper:
The seventh year of the "Lincoln Freodmen's
I Aid Society" having closed, we will take a
brief review of the work before entering upon
a new year. Our annual meeting was held on
Wednesday, Oct. Id, 1 Our rooms were
well tilled. Many subscriptions were paid and
donations made. The Treasurer's and Secretary's
Reports were read, and the oflicers of the
past year re-elected.
We sustained, as before, six teachers, viz :
Miss Lucy Chase, atUordonsville, Vu., instead
of Lakeville, Florida; Miss Caroline Alfred,
again at Columbus, Ueorgia; Miss Angelina
Ball, at Camden, S. C.; Miss Iv M. Law ton,
at {Salisbury, Md.; Mrs. MeNulty, atCulpepper,
Va.; Miss Augusta S. Martin, at Charleston,
8. C.
Miss Chase, at Uordonsville, wus aided by
tf a? i ...
i .urs. juurpny, a colored teacher, who was at the
: same time her pupil. Miss Chase exercised
1 her usual indefatigable energy at this post, and
her inspiration had a henelicial elici t on the
couiinunity. She sailed for Europe April -1st.
She writes : "Many thanks to you and all my
, excellent generous friends in ltoxbury. I am
very sorry I cannot moot you all before my
harness is huug up to rust. Good-bye to each
and all." Miss Chase's ltoxbury friends will
reciprocate her regret, and return to her grateful
thanks for her long and faithful services,
aud her many inspiring letters during the
1 seven years in which she lias been connected
with our society. Her grateful pupils followed
her with letter after letter, even till she went
on lx?ard ship, expressing their attachment and
good wishes.
iMiss Angelina llall was ns successful at
Camden as she had been at Richmond. She
writes : "I cannot tell you how much enjoyment
1 lind in my school, i have a very nice
trainable first class, and two or three of the
boys 1 hope to send to the Howard ('Diversity,
if, with their parents, 1 can contrive a way for
their support. The children are very easily
governed. The parents said : 'The children
will not learn unless you whip tliem.' When (
tell you there has been no whipping in school,
you will infer thers has been uo success ; all 1
can say is that 1 have a very lovable, trainable
i set of childreft. who like tlieir hooks, ami learn
w -ll in everything.
M:ss Alfred has an admirable school at Columltn.
tla. It is not called a Normal School,
hut it has proved to Ione Two of her pupils
obtained schools tor the summer at $."?()
alary per month. She writes:
In 1 lie school we are dointr finely I
Three <>f my pupils will bo fitted for teachers,
and a larger number. if 1 hey can .stay until the
elose of the year. The demand for tenehers for
the plantation schools is groat ; greater in Alabama
than iti this State, tor Alabama is reconstructed.
and things are going on there quite
smoothly, as is proved by the number id' eolored
people who are buying land there. 1 have
known of two instances, lately, in which the
freed men have clubbed together and bought a 1
plantation, dividing it among themselves. How
they ever scrape together enough to buy a foot
of land is mora than 1 can understand. Hut it
is done. In the two years that I have been here
then- have been but two houses built for white
people, but some thirty or forty for frecdmen, 1
on lots of their own, most of them quite comfortable
ones. They all want, and work hard
for. a home of their own. To own the roof over
their head, and the soil under their feet, is their <
: grand ambition ; and it is most surely a laudable
Again she writes : I
i 4* Your account of the society meetings was <
very pleasant, and 1 am glad to know that the <
work is not to be given up at present. Years '
i must elapse before these people will be able to 1
sustain themselves entirely, in an educational
uoint of vioiv the nliit^u !? ?> c/i liiou?lw ,
I ' " "*v "" ?'???' J "I'
posed to any attempt of the kirul. But the I
feeling must wear away in time. I am more *
and more astonished at the progress they have !
made, and their determination to do better in i
the future. How did they learn so mueh ? is j |
the constantly recurring question in mv mind ; i
and the only solution of the problem is the fact
that every one, as soon as he learns his letters, ,
sets about teaching some one else. It is poor <
teaching, but better than none ; and the earnest- |
ness overcomes all difficulties. 'Where did you 1
learn to read?'said I to a boy who comes to '
evening class, and who told ine he had been <
three weeks only to a night ela.?s some three (
years since, but who can read a newspaper |
quite well, and write a tolerable hand. '1 reckon |
1 learned myself. When any boy came into <
the shop that knew the words, I got him to tell ,
me a hard word, and 1 picked out the letters in (
the writing: reckon I know most all of them I (
now, only v and z, never see them are before.' (
And that is the way with scores of them." ,
All our teachers?Miss Martin at Charleston, t
Miss Lawton at Salisbury, Md., Mrs. MeNulty {
at Culpepper?have done a good work : but t
could we retain but two. now that Miss Chase $
is gone. Miss Ball and Miss Alfred would be of t
our choice, so valuable are their schools and {
the teachers they are training. We held four- f
teen meetings for work and business. i
\V e made our usual appeals for aid in filling
our Christmas boxes, and met with a liberal
response from the Sunday school of Br. Put- |r
nam's society, through Miss K, L. Appleton, | 1
and from her relatives and herself most generous
contributions. Mrs. Moulton brought its;
a large parcel of toys and varieties, and Mr.
Prang kindly sent, at her request, many beautiful
chromos. Mrs. llollingsworth sent nice
i new picture books and toys; Mrs. Bradford, }
valuable books ami clothing, and many others. (
We sent three boxes,? to Miss Chase, Uordonsviile,
to Miss Ball. Camden, S. C., and to Miss 51
Alfred, Columbus. These were selected at 1
remote posts, where the teachers have few re- (
sources to attract and entertain their pupils. t
Miss Ball writes: '*1 am truly thankful lor (
everything done for these children. You can
i lt)!i <ri ttf* uliiil <i nln'ifliirii i f ? ?.? j no ........
....... ,? J..VU.UH lb ? 11/ U3 H|HIU WJ'VH
ing llu* 1 ?<?\ to see s?i many beautiful presents.
The children joined right heartily in the matter, i
and had a great ileal id' pleasure in working t
tor it, and a pleasant surprise at Christmas r
Kve to tind a present lor ouch one. The little ^
box of books you were so kind as to send, 1 \
prize more than nil. There are some pupils in t
my srhool who are always asking questions, f
They do not rest satisfied with a superficial t
knowledge id' things, and I have felt the need <
of books very mueh ?books for reference, and c
books for them to read themselves?and 1 felt 'r
tempted to ask leave to transfer the Lincoln u
Library to this place.*' I
A contribution of ten dollars for the Christ- c
mas boxes was sent bv the Mt. I'leasant Sun- ! r
day school, raised at the request of the Lev. il
Mr. I ovven, whose ready sympathy inourcanse v
was always cheering, as wo love to remember s
with tender and grateful thoughts. This sum, t
arriving a little too lute for its kind purpose, ; n
was even more usefully spent in the purchase j I
of shoes lor the poor children of Miss Martin's i
school, Charleston, S. C. We had received an i
; appeal from her in their behalf. These chil- I
dren walked several miles to school, barefooted I
and very thinly elad, and we added other com- i1
lortable Garments, cut at the vestry (d Mr. I'utnam's
church, and made by the poor women ?
employed by the Kreedinen's benevolent So- <
eictv, and to tliese were added some books and >
I ,;
As much us we can ; the m->ro the better. I t
We are frequently asked by those not intimately t
acquainted with our work, or perhaps not very .s
zealous for it, "Is it not time for you to stop *
your ITeedmen's Aid? These poople whom i
you help are r.o longer slaves, no longer \
even frcedmcu ; they are freemen, therefore i
they must support their own schools. Seeond, i
they are enfranchised citizens of the South, ; ?
and the South is reconstructed therefore the 1
Southerners will give theiu free schools." These \
conclusions art" very natural, but, unfortunate- 1 >
lv. they are not sustained by the facts of the t
case. The Southern States should establish I
free schools, as well for their colored as their t
white citizens. Hut did it follow that they t
would do so ? Those who were coufiJeut that I
the action would necessarily follow the obliga- .s
lion, must be more forgetful of the past than t
we can be, and therefore more disappointed at i
present results, which are that these States j j
have not yet secured the means of education for t
the white population, and have done next to r
nothing for the colored people. These people t
themselves have done and are doing more for c
I their own education than could have been rea- t
1 sonuhly expected. When we relied that they ' t
were slaves seven years age, and that slavery u
illlldicd llHcr i -tii.I ?
, ? - . ?p?. X'? Ituvv HUM MV ^numuv/11, " C I
caunot hut consider it something inurvellous that u
they .should have risen to their present condition.
When they were liberated by the act of eman- ; c
cipution, proclaimed by him in gratitucd to j
whom our Society took its name, all those at
the South who hud kept this race in bondage, t
and those at the North who approved of their c
boing thus kept, cried out that it was a cruel
act. to tree people incapable of earning a sub- t
i sistenee, and that they would perish miserably t
! in a few year*. The cry was answered by 1
prompt efforts by the government and by tueir
j iriends at the North to send them material I
relief. They did not perish. The next cry was, i t
Hut they well be perpetual paupers. You help 1
^ them, but they will not learn to support them- a
solve. The ireedmeu soou answered this by e
| working well and heartily, far more indusI
triousiy than the poor whites. They found t
various employments at the South. They t
l?a\e bought and cultivated land, and are laying
up money in the banks, ami now we are asked, t
Why help them any more? The North has j
nearly ceased to minister to their material i
1 wants, but they have not ceased to have a watch- I
I lul eye for their moral, intellectual and indus,
trial interests. We have, of late years, restricted
our assistance to sending them teachers \
and helping them to establish good schools, t
The same inconsistency of censure has met 1
.,u *i.:? .i ..?* ...... ?-? ? * ?
I in nun vit'| >ui uiiiii ui vm huhu m. ill I
iirst we were told that the negroes were inca- ; jj
pable of being taught, and, bennies, that it was ?
lolly to gather them into schools while they t
needed bread ; and then, when the schools Hour- t
ished and the starvation ceased, we were told n
that they were rich enough to pay lor their own j
schools ; or, it' not, that their paternal State I
governments would amply provide lor their in- 1 i
structiun. We were so incredulous us to doubt *
both propositions. The colored people are still ;
very poor in many pluces,and though theycun, j
and actually do, raine money to help t he schools, .*
! they are very l'ar yet from being able to do all : f
1 and us for the Southern States, the^l^
1 A J
(ER 10, 1870.
a matter of faet. take any eflieient mousuros
for the education of t-lieir ignorant population
of whatever eomplcxion.
Thin is th?' reason that we feel it to t?e our
duty to aid the edueational etlorts of tlie col
. *1 . - > * -
wi?-u people, out not on tins account only, lie
M??if of school does not make ;i trn> school.
1 'an it be believed tliat men and women, who
were slaves a few years ago, should, without
special training, be competent to organize and
teach schools for the lising generation of treemen
and voters ?
Our one great object now is to prepare them
to become teachers, ami so the New Kngland
Freedrien's Aid devotes itself ehietlv this year
to ihe Normal Schools. It urges upon the colorod
people as fur as possible to sustain their
own schools. It helps those schools only where
the people can. and are willing to, do something
for themselves, it sends the best New Kugland
teachers to train teachers what and how
to teach, and to promote among these still ignorant.
childlike people enlightened ideas of
education : to show them how to live, and to
what purpose; to lit them to he independent,
useful citizens.
Hear what Hen. S. (\ Armstrong says, whose
awn noble and successful N ormal and Agricultural
Institute, at Hampton, proves the s neerity
of his convictions, and gives great weight to
his words;?"l am verv glad that I could have
done anything to keep up the work for Normal
Schools. It must not go under : it means all
that the war meant ; and while it is sound policy
to throw on the South ail the burden it can possibly
carry, it is madness to exptct an honest
school system from the powers that are now
i;i8i getting control of the South. The work
if Northern societies anil individuals is to keep
it certain points strong institutions, where
men and women shall be trained to teach in
public schools, as well as fitted for other
spheres of life and work.*'
This year our Brunch, the Lincoln Freed
men's Aid, is called upon, as before, to take
tur part of this work. Our means are less
than at the beginning? of any previous year.
We have but a few hundred dollars in our
Treasury. We cannot, therefore, undertake to
uipportsix teachers, though we should lie glad
to do so ; hut we ought, at least, to sustain
half that number. We earnestly appeal to ,
those who are really interested in this noble
luuse, and who see clearly, as we do, that if we
lo not want to lose a great part of the fruits
>f our past labors nud Christian charity for the
elevation and true enlightenment and progress
>f the African race, now our fellow-citizens,
>ve must continue to help them to help themselves
for some time longer. We appeal to
inch truo friends to come forward ami give us
he means to carry on our work?to-day, if posiihle,
and if not to-day, as soon as possible,
hat wo may know how much we may dare to
tndertake. We shall appeal to no others, and
rom such friends we are sure of a generous
Anna C. Lowei.l,
Sec'y of the Lincoln Freedmen's Aid.
Jiorbtiry Oct. 10, 1S7<>.
rhe \ou lllntion I/.uv of ilsi* I liilot!
Slates Sustained.
Decision of Judge Wootlrufl*.
We give place to this decision of .fudge
iVooniuTF, affirming the constitutionality of
uir national election law, with much pleasure,
md with a profound satisfaction, 'l itis judgucnt
was rendered in t in4 case of one Tkrp.enck
>uinn, who was on trial for fraudulent regisration,
and the decision of this honest judge
annot fail to exerta Sainton' influence throughint
the country. The following is the decision :
Judge Woodr 11IVsaid the demurrer to the inlictment
now before the court, und which was
lie subject of discussion tit our last session,
>resents two questions, the principal one being :
tV he titer the law of the United States undt r
vhieh the indictment is found is constitutional,
>r, in a more general form, whether it is a vali t
naetment. it being ass tiled, however, only upon
he ground that it is an infringement of the
'onstitution of the United States. The brevity
if the interval which has elapsed since the argument
closed has precluded the elaboration of
m opinion upon the points which arc raised,
lad the Court entertained serious doubts of the
correctness of the conclusion which they have
cached they would have taken time for greater
Icliheration, and if it seemed to them lit they
vould have endeavored to throw light on the
lubject by an extended opinion. Cot. enter
aining no doubt, and deeming it unnecessary
md unprofitable that the progress of the public
uisiucHS should be delayed for the iinrnaowii'
^ . l "" , x "
altering upim un exposition of constitutional
?r other law, we feel not only at liberty.
ut constrained, to eonliue ourselves to a very
rief statement of the leading grounds of our
First, then, us to the constitutional}' of the
let in question. And it is important perhaps?
erlainly we deem it wise-to state distinctly
what the subject is which we are called to rounder,
ami to what a narrow point of inquiry the
ptest ions involved in the present demurrer bring
is. The section of the act of Congress on which
his indictment is founded is a single section of
i single statute. Its validity involves the consideration
of no other sections <1 the same or
>ther statutes. Its discussion does not bring
nto view at all numerous questions, some ol
which were alluded to in the progress of the
liseussion, and might or might not he tit subjects
?f discussion if other statutes or other sections
>f the present statute were before us for review
Without reading at length the section under
which this indictment is found, or attempting to
ipeak of it in technical terms, it must btt sui
icieut to say that it is an act which makes a
Vaudulent registration or a fraudulent attempt
o register bv a person not having the right #o
o do, for the purposes of an election of a meni>er
of Congress, a crime ugaiust the 1'uited
states of America. Irs validity, its const it uionality,
which we are alone to consider, rests
ipoll the simple question : 4i lias Congress the
lower, under the Constitution, to declare a
raudulent registration or fraudulent attempt to
egister, for the purpose of voting for a member
f Congress (Representative or Delegate) u
riiue ugaiust the Foiled States?" We, thereore,
enter into no consideration of various
opies which were briefly alluded to yesterday,
iMi 1 wilii'll tidirlit In* anl.t.?. ? ?
? "* %??v, lUI MIM'liartlUII III
elerenee toother details of other laws or of the
tct ot which this section is a part.
There are four provisions of the Constitution
>f the United States, some reference to which is
>ertinent to the inquiry before us :
Article I?Sec. 2. The Mouse of Kepresen*
ati?<**?hall he composed of members chosen
ivery second year by the people of the several
states, and the electors in each State shall have
he qualifications requisite for the electors of
he most numerous branch of the State Legisature.
Sec. t ? 1. The times, places and manner of
loldiug elections for Senators and Kcpresenta
ives stia.ll be prescribed in each State by the
legislature thereof; but the Congress may at
my time by law make or alter such regulations,
ixoept as to the places of choosing Senators.
Sec. f>?1. Kach House shall be the judge of
he elections, returns and qualifications of its
>wn members.
Sec. 8? It). The Congress shall have power
o make all taws which shall be necessary and
>roper for carrying into execution the loregong
powers, and all other powers vested by this
Constitution in the Government of the United
Jtates, or in any department or officer thereof.
1. Does tiie act in question infringe the provision
of the Constitution, which provides that
he elections in each State shall have the qualiications
requisite tor the electors ol the most
mmerous brunch of the Legislature ? It is arpied
with great ingenuity and ability that the
let in question infringes that clause ot the
Jonstitution because it seeks to establish a
est of qualification and, by so doing, practitally
imposes a qualification itself. Wo up
ireheud that the argument rests on no solid
asis. The act in question neither professes,
lor by any implication can, we think, be eonlidered
to atlecfc the qualification of an elector
my where. It imposes no duty to register. It
irohibit* no legislation that is lawful in the
itute in which the voter seeks to exercise his
rauchise. It touches no qualification of tlie
ilectur in any other respect. It leaves the
' S- ..">0 yo?i* in ntlvancp
' r? Copies for !?10.
right of tin- Htate t?? proscribe the qualities
tions ol electors tort most numerous hruncl
o}' the State legislature tn the largest and ful
lest extent, untouchedand unaffected. If says
that when the qualification ??!' registration i:
impose.i hv t he State law (leaving the expe
ilieney ami wisdom of sueh a law put rely t<
the judgment of the State) it shall he an of
fem e agiinst the laws of the United States t(
eontrihute l?y fraud and violation of the rogula
tion to the sending ol a representative to tIn
Congress of the Tinted States who is not qtial
itied with the authority that a true ox pre*
sion ol the popular will would give hint Atn
that is all!
Hut it is said that Congress has nothing tf
do v.iththe ?u?l?jiM t ol qualilication, and cannot
treat of it at ail, because to require that tin
elector shall iuive the pi ilitn atlons which tha
State law imposes, and to make his voting 01
registration a crime if lie have not those ipiali
lieations, is. on the part of Congress, to im
pose a conuuion to the right to vote. The
Court do not feel called upon to say, however
little doubt liiey may leel on the subject, whether
or not the Congress of the 1'mted States
might, it" thev saw tit. make it a condition
throughout these Cnited States, that all who
eome to elect members of the House of ilepresentutives
shall first register their names, for
we tio not conceive that that question is involved.
i'.ut that the prescription of such a condi
tion is no infringement ot the elector's right to
vote we have no douht, and we refer with confidence
and with satisfaction to the Constitution
of the State of New York as an exposition
of the views of our people upon that precise
In the Constitution of the year 1S4G it was
provided that every male citizen of the age of
I years, who shall have been a citizen for ten
days and an inhabitant of this State one year
next preceding any election, and tor the last
four months a resident of the county where he
may oiler his vote, shall be entitled to vote at
such election in the election district of which
he shall he at that time a resident, and not elsewhere.
for all officers that now or hereafter may
he elected by the people. There is a declaration
of the sole qualifications which under the
Constitution of the State of New York it is
I il)t t ti\ V\rnj/?n Ua ilnv 4
...| ....... It. |>iv.u<iiuc , uk- vuus11uiiiui1,
not deeming this declaration of the qualilieations
of voters thereby infringed in anyway,
provides in another article that laws should he
made for ascertaining by proper proof, and the
citizens entitled to the right of suffrage thereby
secured. Our rejections lead us, therefore,
and without hesitation, to the conclusion that a
prescription of a mode of ascertaining and certifying
the qualifications of those who shall
present themselves to exercise the elector's
privilege is no infringement of the clause declaring
what shall constitute requisite qualifications,
and is no attempt to prescribe to this
State or to any State any condition of the exercise
of the right of suffrage, and no attempt to
prescribe the qualifications of an elector. If
we are right in this, then the second section of
the lirst article of the Constitution is no impediment
to the legislation of Congress upon
this subject.
The next clause of the Constitution to which
1 have referred, section 4, subdivion 1, declares
?i.? ?: ? ......
linn mi- iniifm. jmuc?;s, aim manner oi 110111111?
elections for Senators and Representatives shall
l?o prescribed in each State l>y the Legislature
thereof, hut that Congress may at any time by
law make or alter such regulations, except, as
to the places of choosing Senators. On the
one hand it is insisted that this nflirinative provision
of the t 'onstitution is adequate to support
the legislation now assailed, and warrants the
act in question. <>n the other it is deuied that
this section includes the authority claimed, and
const quently asserted that the authority claimed
f,.? he exercised is not within it. The Cramers
of the Constitution of the United Stall's placed
its Government, all its strength and vigor, all
its permanent capacity Cor usefulness to the
people for whom it was made, in the vote of the
people themselves. The debates in tke convention
where the Constitution was trained, the
discussions which were had hv way of oxposi
tiou when the Constitution was presented to the
States tor their acceptance, hotii of which were
freely cited to us on the argument, show in the
fullest manner that those Cramers of the Constitution
did tint for a moment lose sight of the
indispensable condition that the popular vote
should he a true expression of the will of the
Through an apprehension that in the change
of events the States might become indiHereof,
<>r that obstacles might be interposed to a free
and lair expression of the popular voice, thus
imperilling the very existence of the Government,
they provided in this fourth section tl is
power in Congress of self-preservation. Time
might he so arranged, place might he so lived,
manner might he made such as to prevent an
open and lair expression of the popular will.
An election might be so conducted that the
General Government might find itself unsupported
hv 1lu? very people on whom its foundation
rested. Hence the scheme pointed out bv
this section. The honest conduct of an election
for members of the House of Representatives,
llV t 114 it i \ i >1 it At' 'ill fml> ll.in.lJl I'-I.'J 414..1 ?l..i
. T .... ??? . *r *? ? Ituin -l M?U O t? I 1*4 1IM
rejection of such as are fraudulent, cannot be
without interest to the Government of the t'?iited
States, which is in its true sense the people
of the United States. Ami throughout the land
the people have a most vital interest in the
preservation of ail that is pure and just ami
honest iu that popular vote, in which alone the
safety of the Government rests. This section
is confessedly based on the supposition that it
might become necessary for Congress to intervene
lost-cure to the people a full and fair opportunity
to vote.
It is equally important that no one should he
permitted to vote who is not a voter, and that
no one should be allowed to vote more than
once, and the preventon of hoth these possible
evils rests upon the precise principle on which
this clause was declared necessary. The power
to secure to legal voters the opportunity to exercise
their right of suffrage, involves the righ:
to see to it that no one who is not entitled shall
he permitted to exercise that privilege. This act
leaves the State laws iu full force; but if it iftrue
that the existence of this power in Coil
gress is exclusive, and that when exercised it
must take the place of Stale laws and penalties,
be it so. Congress, it htrue, has not exercised
this right during the eighty years of the country's
existence; but the failure to exercise a
power is no argument against its existence, and
Congress is the sole judge of the proper time to
exercise it. Other powers have lain dormant
in their h.ui Is for many years, and there arc
some which have not even yet been exercised.
If the power of the State of New York to pass
such a law as this and enforce its penalties
cannot co-exist with the power of Congress to
eiCorce tins law, then the exclusive power and
legislation of Congress must prevail.
Under section X, subdivision 19, the power
to make all laws necessary ior carrying out the
foregoing powers evidently authorizes Congress
to pass all laws necessary to give effect to regu
lations touching the time, places, and maimer
of holding el? cfu ns for members of Congress.
Under section subdivision 1, each IIou??e is
the judge of the elections, returns, and <}uaiifieations
of its own ineiuberH. Anil can it be
that, when Cuiigr* ss is clotiied with full power
to pass till laws to carry into effect the power
bestowed upon any department of the Government,
it cannot make it an offence against the
laws of the Unit en States to make u fraudulent
registration \vhi> It is to stand as prima fnvit
evidence that the vote cast is legal and proper.'
Our conclusion is that the20ih section of the
act on which this indictment rests, and which
assumes that the power ot Congress to make
it an offence against the laws of the United
States fraudulently to register is a constitutional
Judge Woodruff then proceeded to consider
the second point of.the demurrer, as to whether
or not the indictment in <piC8tioit is a sufficient
indictment under ihe act. On this question,
after citing many authorities, the court finally
decided in favor oi Vhe ample sufficiency of the
indictment. 1
Upon both of ll'so points then, concluded
Judge \\ oodrutl, ivf are of the opinion that the
indictment should B sustained ami the demurrer
should be oveti^Lnl.
At West I'hiho^Biia, the banks of a new
culvert caved m, three uien and three
horses. Two mei^^ft the horses were taken
out aitve, but Juu^Bkc was killed.
Otm iaaartioti. |?er aquar# *
Snfe*<<iueut insertion 1
Three months. Si* month*. On*-) en.
One-fourth rcluuiu, #- ? i'1'
One-h ih >- >In 111 ii 40 T5
, One column 76 l'J6
_ Thf??p*co?d" ten lines Brevier t>p? o unlilutn in tdv r
tisln * |itf?re in this t aper.
Any s|..i, (< Ii ?* than i> ii liue* i* . barged the r?*t?? of ? *
' Mjiinre.
I i All nlvertisetuent* o? < npying ! *? than s <jn*rtnr of a <
tin.it *re < oii?|'iit??l I'V ttif ii|Qiu>.
A>lverTi*eiii*iiU inserted for a ha* tim > than thr<M? mot * ,
are fhargeil trausient ral?*.
fafSirrine tic McriUis.
We take the following from fit - Hague- 1
. nots " in Harper's MtgllilW for NoreoM s l
Catherine tie Millicit let! the revelries, the I
I fashion*, ami the politics of the age. Her youth I
i had been singularly unfortunate. No friendly 1
I voice, no fend or tender counsels hud nwnken sd I
in her cold heart a tra< e of filial or Maternal I
> love. lL>r father. Loron/.o .!.? Mo.i...'.-. > 1
I served !?y his vice the miseries he endured ; her I
m mother was no less Hlihsppf ; and Catherine, I
r the descendant of the wealthiest were entile I
house in Rarope, we horn penniless end a child J
ot evil omen. It wis foretold of her at Iter |
birth that she would bring destruction to the
city where slie was horn ; the towns people of j
Florence would h ive exposed the infant in *
; basket to the balls ot the enemies ; hut she was .
i preserved alive, was shut up in a convent, and
in the school of Macchiavelii and of Homo
1 j learned dissimulation and self control, ller i
uncle became Hope, and Francis I., anxious t" i
1 win the support of Clement, married his son \
1 llenry to the portionless orphan, then a girl ot *
fourteen. Hut misfortune still followed tic
child of evil omen. The Hope, her uncle, soon
1 died; Francis reaped no benefit from the hasty
marriage : and Catherine eaine into the family
[ of Valois only to he neglected by her husband
for Piana ol Hoitiers, and to he contemned by
her nfil relatives as the pennilefa descendant I
ot a race of merchants. I
For many years she lived powerless and ol? J
i scare, the nominal wife of a depraved king. ?w
Yet she was singularly beautiful. Ilerbrilliant Jk
complexion, her large and lustrous eye i, the A
inheritance of the Medicean family, her grace 4
ful form, her hand and irn thai no painter or J
sculptor could imitate, were set oil by manners I
so soft and engaging as to win the esteem even 41
i of her foes. Few left her presence without being I
| charmed hy that graceful courtesy which had V|
descended to her from Lorenso the Magnificent; J
few could believe that her placid eountenanc
concealed the passions, the resentments, the ml
nnsporing malice of the most ambitious of I
women. From Lorenzo Catherine had inherit I
ted, too, a love for exterior beauty in dress or I
forui; a taste for lavish elegance. She shone I
at tourneys, and glittered in stately processions. 1
! From him, perhaps, came that passion for po I
litical intrigue that seemed the only vigorous
! impulse of her placid nature, and for which at
times she became a murderess, reveling in the
spectacle of her bleeding victims, or meditated
and prepared the corruption, the degradation, Mj
or the death of her own sons.
By some ardent Unman Catholic writer!
Catherine is adorned with all saintly virtues a >
i the guardian and defender of the Church: by
most historians she is looked upon as an iucomprehensihle
mystery. Not even her contempo!
raries could penetrate that chill and icy heart,
where no maternal nor friendly a licet ions ever
! dwelt, where pity and compassion never came.
; which was dead to the sufferings of others, and K even
to her own, aad discover the secret spring i , M
that guided her erratic policy of vacillation aim
crime. Yet it is possible that the true nivxteiv
J lay in her boundless superstition.
For the common modes of believe she had |
| nothing but skepticism. She toyed with tb? |H
Huguenots; she was not arraid t<? cajole or defy
; the Catholics and the I'one. But before the
sorcerer or the fortune-teller all her narrow
i intellect was bowed in abject submission. Her a
! credulity was. perhaps, the cause of her iiura-.sive
cruelty. She obeyed implicitly the decree*
j of the stars ; she consulted with awe the famous
j seer of Salon, Xostrodamus, whose name and
writings are still cherished by tho lovers of cu- i
rious mysteries, ami whose rude oracles wer *
' freely purchased by the noble and tho great of |
his superstitious age. She wore a mystic ainti- 1
let or chain that still exists ; she kept around
her astrologers and alchemists, and possibly be- j
lieved that in all her cruelties and crimes sh '
was governed by an overruling fate. It is probable
that a secret insanity clouded the active |gj|
mind of the French Medea. Vet ar the age of
twenty-nine Catherine held in her unsteady
s hand the destiny of France.
Tciiurit) ot itic Urbrl Spirit.
While Jefferson Davis is being lionized and
honored with public receptions, and memorial
services in commemoration of Dee are in progress
among the still unrepentant rebellious *
whites of the South, the murderous ku Klux
are also busy. They are more especially active
; of late in Tennessee and North Carolina.
The Baleigh Standard of a recent date says:
4* The talc is a terrible one, but it must be
told. The world should know what has obI
itretted law?what has subverted government gef
j ?what has banished peace and tilled North
; Carolina wiih waitings, fear and woe. 1 h- | j
world should know why a resort to the military
arm was imperative. The world should know
' that instead of exaggeration, not one half has
been tolil."
The following statement is furnished from F,
the report. We commend the catalogue of ??ut- x Gv*
: rages and crimes to the attentive consideration
of our friends throughout the country. It in , J
the voice of the bleeding, dying poor.
The Stamlanl then proceeds to print a terrihle
list, occupying two columns of its paper, JF
of recent outrages, enumerating over sixty tla!
grant cases, and says that hundreds of other
i cases of scourging and mutilation tire necessa- |
: rily omitted. We take from the account a lew
of the most prominent outrages :? b-S
j The jail ot (Jreene county broken open and
five men taken out, their throats cut, and their Jf
! bodies thrown in Contcntnea ('reek.
The jail of Lenoir county broken open, tive
men taken out, their throats cut, and their
bodies thrown in \euse river.
The jail of Orange county broken open, three
men shot at. Two escaped, but one wa-t wound f v
ed. and died thereof.
The Sheriff of .loucs county and colonel of flK
militia, shot and killed from behind a blind, in
the open day, on the public highway. His
' death was decreed by a kti-klux caiup in the j/
ahjoining county of Lenoir, lie was liateil *
beciuse he was a Northern man and a llepubli
\?*ll .
The colonel of militia of Jones county, and
a justice of the peace, shot and killed in the
open day while at work in his saw mill. A
colored man with him at the same time was |k
badly shot.
The family of Daniel Blue, colored, murdered |H|
in Moore county. Blue was wounded and esi
caped. Ilia wile was killed. .She was rnciente.
llis live other children were murdered, the
house set on fire, and the bones of all foun I
next morning.
Two white men of the name of McLcod mur- g^k
lleved ill Cumberland. The men who Mnleri I J?
them had painted faces. The Ku-Klux charged
the murder on colored men, and one colored
man was killed by them on account of it. J
A colored minister of the gospel of tJuif
township, Chatham county, compelled to take jgj
a torch and burn his own church, which he au 1
others had built on his own land. The next
morning, after the Ku-Klux had departed, the
melancholy sight was presented of the minister
and his congregation holding prayer over the
ashes of* his church. ?/?
A colored woman drowned in a mill-pond m
Orange coutj, beeanae site bad been impudent"
to a white lady! I'his is the only ,
; charge. ' H
The Ku-Klux of Rockingham county made
a raid and fired into a house, and shot a col
nred woman through the brain. killing her. lu
the same county, in another ease, they thnut
I chunks of wood ou tire into the luces and mouths
of their victims.
IIkih to jjjoOO.OiH).?We find the following iu
a late number of the Pittsburgh Dispatch :
A tortunate beggar, 'J I \e*is of age. who
has been known lor many years about the
streets of St. Louis, has fallen heir to the Curuthers
estate at Portland, Oregon, which is
estimated to be worth $500,tHM). The original
owner of the property nanti to bt knowa among
trappers as Wrestling Joe."
The city of Hostou has a population short of
300,000. Its property valuation, $(>00,000,000,
or over $2,000 tu every B||, woman, and child
w ithin its limits. Tbs uvctage tfustou faiuvjv _
1 is worth, therefore, $10,

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