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II 1 NEW NATIONAL ERA.! ; FREDERICK DOUGLASS, Editor. Communiraticcn fni the VUlitorial Department tboold \ e ?d!r??f4, Editor ^rw ftotloaol Era, Lock Bor SI. l-n?ln**e latter* juiJ coniaiuiitr*f1one fr">*n ani f?(!\r: !.wri tliOUld t?! lJdri<WO, r II 1 ? nrn ? (tonal Era, Lock Box 31. IThia paper la Dot raepoueiMe for (ho ri*vifi|Hnoil t/ i C?.rreepondeDta. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 18TQ. Mr. Lewis ?%'. llfTcnsna ia a duly asitboriae.l ' General Apebt for tbe Haw RiTT05U En* fn the WsUf f Tttxaa. 4 Liberal Offer. Mora Than Two Moatha Sob?crl|wlou for Kotfctag. To aubseril?er8 who will remit ns ?2.50 be. ! fore the 20th of December for one yeai, we will ?* nd the New National Era the remaining portion of 1S70 gratis, thereby making their subtcriptions run to the end of 1>71. 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I'ATAbl.R INVARIABLE IN ADVANCE. I copy one year $2 60 1 copy six months 1 26 1 copy three mouth* 65 5 copies one year 10 00 5 copies six mouth* 5 50 11 copies one year 20 00 10 oopies six months 10 00 Do not delay subscribing. If it is not convenient to subscribe for a year, send $1.25 for six months. If it cost a little perconal sacrifice the investment will pay. To prevent loss send all money in Post Office i, Orjers, Registered Letters, or Drafts. All Postmasters are obliged to register letters whenever requested to do so. The fee for registering is fifteen cents. Address? Fibllihrri Stw National Era* f Lock Box No. 31. WuhlBfton, l> c. THE ELECTION. The Rcpnbllcan Party Mill Victorious. l*p to tL? Lour in which we go to press, the returns of elections which came off on Tuesday are very incomplete, still enough is known to enable us to claim with contidenee that the Re publican party is yet in the ascendant. President Grant's Administration is sustained. This will give great satisfaction to every patriotic man and woman in the land. It is a satisfaction to he able to state, that everywhere the elections passed off quietly, and that riot and bloodshed which were fearfully looked for in some of the States did not occur. From New York, the returns indicate that Hoffman is elected, by from 10,000 to -0,0u0 1 majority. The Democrats claim fifteen out ol the thirty-one Congressmen, but the Legisla ture is in doubt. In Massachusetts, Claflln, i- surely elected, and a full Republican delegation to Cuugresai* returned. Rhode Inland e!e? t? Hums AnCi ifR? In the Eifitcm district instead of Jcticks. New Jersey gives a gain of two Republican members of Congress, an.l this will give us four out of tbe five. We have also the Legiala ture by a majority of time in the Senate and tight in the House. Illinois rolls up a Republican majority of i>0,000, and we have nine of the thirteen Con gresstnen. That will do. Michigan gives a Republican majority of l!o,000, and Las elected certain five of thfc six Representatives to Congress. We We the Sixth District on account of divisions in the party. Maryland has done well, all things considered, and if the Democrats have the State, they have it by a greatly reduced majority. The traitor .^wann's majority is whittled down to almost u point con-pap d with what he received two I venrii svn. J 'O"' I Louisiana hiu> done the handsome thing. She I gives some twenty or twenty-five thousand KeI publican majority, and four at least, and probI ably five, Representatives t?? Congress* of the I Republican fuitli. I Kentucky has, of course, font Democratic, I having elected seven Democratic Congressmen, I with two districts iu doubt. I Delaware is Democratic, as usual. I Returns from Virgiuia are very meagre, but I it is certa'.u that Messrs. Porter, Piatt, and I Norton, all Republicans, are elected. This old I Commonwealth must struggle hard to get over j I the stunning blow which Walker bus given to I the Republican party in that State. I- From Alabama, Arkansas, Tennessee, and I Florida, the returns are too incomplete to jusI lify us in coming to a conclusion as to how they I stand. I Missouri is*ci$itncd by the Broweoites. This result is attributable to Gratz Brown and Carl Schurx men who owe all they are to the Repub I lican party. A day of reckoning will come, I even to thetn. I At the present writing we see nothing difI conraging in. the results of Tuesday's work. I The Republican party is still in the aacendan*. The beacon is there. I From Wisconsin aud Minnesota we have no I rsturni. Curing SymptoiDfi. Any learned and competent physician will tell you that there it do greater mistake, or i more fruitiest endeavor, than trviDg to cure disease by merely striking at the symptoms; ' for these are often only the effects resulting I from the eiertions cf nature to throw < ff the real disturbing cause. It is by these that the skillful physician is often guided to the deeply concealed root of the Unease. II19 ah.litv to thread ins way through conflicting Hjmptoin? to a ?dear comprehension of the nature of the disease and the condition of the patient is the j proof of hia medical genius. There are numberless incompetent practitioners, who. too superficial atid ignorant to unriddle the h dd?*n workings of nature, direct their efforts simply t>? the removal of symptoms, following the prescriptions furnished by the apothecary's guidebook in the absence ol any knowledge of their own. It is the *-aiiie about social ev.is. Legislate as much as you may against any particular abuse, it will avail nothing unless you hit tho root of it. Much is said about the misery of the work- ( ing classes in Europe. Trade unions, leagues, and strikes are resorted to, but with no avail. These are mere palliatives. The evil they de- j sign to reach, being the inevitable consequence ; of political conditions weighing on Europe from lime immemorial, is deeper down than their measures are capable of reaching. There have always been monarchical rule and priest rule?the two chief impediments to public wel j fare ; the feudal system on the one side, and j at ject serfJoni on the other. All the-e institutions have ullowed the few to monopolize power, Hid to possess themselves of the soil and wealth 1 of the country, at the expense of the many, whom they have thus been able to oppress by tyrannical and iniquitous law*. Some of these abuses have been removed, but many continue to operate, and w ill operate fur a long time hereafter. It is impossible that the results of wrongs inflicted through ceuturies should be extinguished in a few generations. America to day has to contend not only with the evils arising out of the best condition of republican government, but with much imported misery, the , fruit of old established and long indicted tyranny. There is but one opinion as to the nature of j war. It has been recoguized at all times as 1 one of the greatest and most distressing e\ ils which men can inflict upon each other. This view is particularly forced upon us at this iho- | ment, when we see one of the most gigantic i and sanguinary struggles raging, the very Hower of the youth of the great nations sacrificed, i - 1 f - aud the hopes of so mauy D unes niasieu ior- j ever. Yet war is an ancient institution among j men. It is as old as history itself, and, judging from the old Hint stone weapons, whose age is J computed by tens of thousands of years, we j may conclude that it dates far back to anti- 1 historical times. Humane feeling revolts against it; and of late men and societies have risen i among the most civilized nations and zealously worked to win the world to the standard of peace. We have religious sects that deprecate ( war, we have had apostles of peace, congresses of peace, and non-resistent societies, and yet great wars have gone on without interruption. J Just now there are again in our midst philau- j thropic men and women busily devising means ; to pacify the world, and to save humanity from : nniniMt and tinrfrtrs af war. Heartilv as I tliU VUIIU^VO ? ??V* MV?W? w. ^ we appreciate their intentions and join with them in their wishes to realize their object, we cannot but think that they are of the class ot ^ superficial physicians endeavoring to cure mere | symptom? rather than striking at the real dis- j ease. These people admonish Prussia to re- ; nounce voluntarily the fruits of her victories, j won at such an enormous sacrifice ot life. But of what avail would this be, so far as their great object is concerned? Suppose King William and Bismarck should feel inclined to exercise the superhuman magnanimity demanded i of them, it would not he the least guarantee 1 that some other ruler by the ''grace of iiod" would not to-inorrow find it in his interest to j precipitate Europe into another war. Our fiiends rightly denounce standing armies ; but j standing armies are not an isolated fact, they are symj tomatic, and are evidence of an uu ; sound condition of thiugs underlying thcui. War, in our opinion, is the direct and legiti- j mate offspring of power bestowed upon a few men to pursue their schemes of personal ambi- j tion, to the detriment of the people generally, j Kings are those who gain by war, while the j burdeu of it falls most heavily upon the nations. ; They stako their lives, sacrifice their comfort ?.n<l nrr.riprtr fnr nKippre unit numn^PH in whicdl r ?VI ? ?J ? f-? r ?they have no interest, and from which, even in cases of success, they derive no henetit. The people are naturally adverse to war, and a na- j don where the people rule is naturally peaceable. No man likes to he torn away from .Lis profession, and become a soldier, even In times of r eaee. They have been known to resort to , the most desperate means to escape from the hated and dreaded military Str\ice. It is true that some facts in our history may seem to contradict the pacific theory of Republican iusti tutions. The Mexican war, and the slaveholder's rebellion came, notwn-h-t-inding our boasted Republican Government. The answer, however, to that is, both these wars were invited by the sworn enemies of R.publican inafitu-| tions, and for the purpose of spreadiug and perpetuating slavery. These wars represented the shareholding oligarchy, and not the Republican idea. The longest, and the mo*t devastating wars have been carried on by mouarchil, for the sake of conquest, or the balance of power, in utter disregard of the wishes of the people, and of their interest. All the wars of the First Napoleon, Frederick the Great, ! Charles XII., Louis XIV.. aud Charles V.. belong to that category aud they were absolute monarchs par excellence, aud neither of them asked the consent of the people. The French Republic would never have begun the present war, and their persisting in it is only to be ascribed to erroneous notions of honor, and to the intoxication produced by the system of falsehood and deception which con ! tituted the ebief policy of the fallen Emperor. ' Even religious wars, the most hitter and intense of all wars, were usually more or less stirred up by the fanaticism of spiritual or secular monarchs. They availed themselves of the ignorance and superstition of the masses, and instigated them to slaughter each other, for theological questions woicn not one atnong a hundred could understand. There is in fact nothing more opposed to Republican liberty than fanatical faith. Those sectarians amongst ua who are exerting them- j ..I... *- ~ r ; ._ . c r.:.L * _ IC1YC9 W BUIU^^l* m piUirOMDII UI lllilU UltU HiM Constitution of the United States, and thus to couple religion with the sword, clearly show | that they are at heart not Republicans, and fail to understand the true spirit of Republican institutions. No 9uch ignorance, however, pre- i vails among Kings and Priests themselves, j They perfectly understand the natural tendency of Republican ideas, and they act in concert to oppose them. With such opinions we cannot expect any success from the efforts of our friends of the absolute Peace party, but as we know most of them to I* true and warm Republicans, we iui vite them to leave single issues, and join hands | .4 THE IST 3 with us and devote their influence and strength to the task of *d ilea ting mankind uiore and more up to the correet understanding of tba -- - - - 1 1 A il. _ principle" of liberty ana equal ngni* a* i- e truest and surest pacificators of the world. To be sure, monarch* wi.l yet continue to rattle \rar for generation". No real Republican' who believes in progre*;? will doubt, however, that in rho course of growing civilization there will be an end to ryalty. as there ha" teen a!: en J to slavi iv. Then it will be, but not sooner, that nation* will tender fraternal hands to each Other, and realize the trn h that the P*pt<l>i u Peace. The lie signal ion or Hit* Ihic ieercfary of the Interior. The resiirnation of the lute Secretary Cos has led to very general comment iu the Demo crutic journals, and the same papers have all to a greater or less exter?t, abused the I'resident therefor. Such a course, considering the cop perhead malace which controls and in-pireDeniocratie editors, was to have been expet ted and no one therefore need be disappointed noi alarmed at this universal howl from that rjuar ter. But that papers calling themselves lie publican have joined in those blantant, ill-timed, ilbnatured and senseless criticisms of the l'resi dent is something wh did t?? t expert. I,re>i.leijt Gram i* not to hlume for having a policy: indeec he would be censurable did he not have one and having a policy it is *.f the fust importanct that his cabinet be a unit, and that haimouv prevail between the President and hi-1 otHtitu tutiouul advisers. (General t_Y>x, s,? far as the public yet kn-wsaw tit to retire, and by letter to notify tin President, giving his reasons therefor, t hie among which is his desire t>? lo k after hiprivate affairs. \\ e in nition other tilings, stick as his difference with tiie National Republican Committee in respect to their methods of cob lecting funds for the campaign from the clerks in his depart men t, Xc. Mr. ('ox, however, it this remarkable letter takes occasion to let tht President and the country umUrstaud that In approves of (Generui Gram's administration, and wishes its success. This would all be verv well and very clever, were there not in the letter itself, ard in other fa *ts Ltiow n to some,a lurking suspicion and strong indications that Ch-neial (\?x harbor* m his lutim oilier, an 1 to in in iuor< weighty, reasons for leaving the Cabinet: to say nothing of what the PresM *nt himself might have desired in the premises for prudential ami public reason*. Tiie publishing of the correspondence in question between the President and Mr. Cox, his hasty departure from Washington, and othei transactions upon which we shall not now comment in this connection, show conclusively that General Cox did not leave the Cabinet a day too soon. There is one thing very gen Tally understood in political circles in Washington upon which we may comment. Mr. Cox is very generally regarded to be what is Known a Conservative Republican, a sort of a suei generis in politics, a kind of creature that rarely exists. Indeed there is not, and cannot be, in the politics of this country any such political status as Conservative Republicanism, because there is no halfway house between the Republican party and the copperhead fold where the would be Conservative Republican can tind rest for his feet or peace to his soul. Leave the Republican party, and it is neck or nothing. It is repent, and come back speedily,or land in the slime, tilth, and demoralization of coppcrheadisin. This is the upshot and finale of the plunge by whom soever made. We have many notable examples of this truth that we can point to as illustrating our declarations above. Where are Sena torn tow an, ol lennsylvania, Uoolittlf, ol Wisconsin, I > i x x, of Connecticut, and Norton, of Minnesota?all with the exception of the latter who is dead?now in the Democratic fold. Where is Andrew John so v, once a professed Republican at lea-t; a copperhead of the copperheads to day ? Where is Sentfr of Tennesee, and Walker of Virginia? The tountry will uot soon forget the asseverations of many Republican newspapers both in the North and in the South that these gentlemen were both good and staunch Republicans. "Can a man take fire into his bosom and not be burned, can he touch pitch and not he defiled. Witness the recent announcement of this Chief Magistrate of the Old Dominion made to the Legislature of that Commonwealth on the death of the rebel General R. E. Lee ! ! Had the men calling themsol\e> Conservative Republicans in Virginia, who sustained Mr. Walker at the polls, or himself at that time, been told that he would ever send such a message to the Legislature, they would have spurued such an insinuation with indicrnuut acorn, and \v ai kkr himself would have said, 44 Is thy servant a dog that he should do tlrs tiling." Such u thing as Conservative Republicanism, in the sen<-e in which those would under tarul it who are trying to embrace it, does not exist. There isuo halfway hon.-e. Ho who in not for us is against us. We must be either Republi cans or Democrats, or retire from polities alto gether. Perhaps Mr. Cox means to adopt the latter course. W e shall see. and tin r. fore we wait the development. In conclusion we will just observe, that in our humble judgment ail the papers that claim to support the Republican party should allow cabinet miuislers to ret.te without denouncing the President therefor; und, above all, thev should hIIuvv President ( ?h a NT to make his enh iuet a unit, nod not t ike up th;i senseless re frain of premeditated abuse which the copper head press and copperhead politician arc loudly shouting over the land. Tlie Moral Code ol the Dctiuw t ;icy. Jim 1i?k. jr.,as lie is familiarly known, made a speech at Tumutuny llall, New York, ju-.t before the election, in which he said: " 1 vou't think but what if 1 lind an opportunity 1 shall vote three times a day. I have not tired up with I>einocracy. 1 hope you w^l all be tired up, and that you will keep hot till after the 8th of November." Again, this bold braggart said that he hud 2fi,0UU iuen under hitif, and that Tammany could have them if it wants them ; and we must conclude the "t'j Indian*" could have them three times repeated, as Fisx himself proposes to repeat; thus making 75,000 votes. We do not comment upon this extraordinary avowal of Mr. Fisk expecting that w hat we now say can have any influence upon the election, because beiore tins paper reaches the reader that event will have transpired. We allude to this avowal of Fisk because this principle laid down so emphatically by him is in perfect accord with the politico moral code of the sham Democracy. There is an old saying that children and foj>ls always tell the truth. Hoar in uiiud, we do not call Mr. Fisk a fool in the common acceptance of the term, lie is only a political fool, and lots out the secrets of Tammany. It is a notorious fact that the Democracy all over the country act upon the policy so boldly Mated by Jim Fisk, that is, they repeat wherever and whenever there is a chance. We may confidently afiirm that if the election in New York goes for the Democracy?and this article is written before the election?it will be done by repeating. The honeat voters of New York, by a solid majority, are Republicans, an l can only be beaten by fraud and repeaters. A. II ? -d" ..' . ?~vv ]sr a. t i o y a. 5I;is \ot Hie l*?rly ; Accoiujihsium! it* ^iimsioii f < Timid and doubting Republicans have some- j time? allied us tbi# question. f^ur answer has ever been No I emphatically No! Accomplished its mission! What is its mission? lor the whole question hinges and ?s predicated upon just this simple and p'ain proposition : for what purpose was the Republican party or- I ganized? To guarantee to every Mate, under ^ a provision of the Constitution of the I nited State?, a republican form of government, which | up to the time of the formation of the Ropubli: cau party had never been done. From the ' foundation of the Covet ninent down to the hour : of Mr. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation more than half the States of this I nion fos! terel and cherished an institution at war with republicanism, ami democratic, and oppressive to the last degree. With this great evil the Republican party , grappled in its infancy, and steadily growing j stronger as time passed, till it at length gath' ere 1 the reins of government in its own hinds, j r . and thus enabled the nation t?< take a new departure in that career of freedom and greatness which the fathers saw, but which they had not ' the courage to pursue, yielding, as they did, to j the sorceries of the slave newer, and thus ; t . ' j j binding us hand and font, so that the nation J . IP to ?i t l.u ok.Kt i. r li IMir 111 I ? i til UliAlii V* - Hi tilL V ' IIMi I H.'ll a II ? ill in *11 ? was bound a dead eorpse. It is scarcely necessary to dwell for uny length up n the tart that when the Republican party seixed, by authority of the votes of the i people, the administration of the (iovermuent, , the executive and legislative powers which the j- Constitution confers, u rebellion was sprung . upon the nation by the slave oligarchy, and we j were precipatated into a bloody civil war. All I this is known as history. It is knoWn also thai the lb-publican party saved us, saved the na ! tion, conquered the rebellion, put down the j slaveholders' war, and liberated four intlliotis k 1 ol bondmen. These things of themselves en, I tide the Republican party t > the gratitude of tae nation ; ami, while it is true and faithful to the instincts and principles of liberty and just . government, to continued support and pros r polity, and, above all, to ihe unshrinking, tie arty, manly, and conQuu> d aupp it 01 every , colored uiun of our race in the land There are uiany and cogent reasons whv every true Americau who loves his country, and do | sires it prosperity and happiness, should support the Republican nurlv. ami <<*Tioi-iailv l'r?> sidt nt Chant's Administration. Ibis Administration in the brief period ?f sixteen months has paid & 170,000,000 of the enormous debt which the Democratic rebellion entailed upon us. We may add to this that in the last ti\e years, a Republican^.! ingress has reduced tax( alion ut the rate of an 1 kept in power, a Republican Congress will continue ! this reduction of the tuxes, taking only so much of the people's money as shall ho neces, j sary to carry on the Government, steadily re; duce the debt, aud paying the interest thereon, under the supervision and guidance of an eco mimical administration, such as we know lienI eral Grant's to be. Such arguments as these I call loudly upon every man, whatever be his i color or condition, to support the Republican party and keep it in power. Rut our object primarily was to address a ; few thoughts to the colored man. !! ' has a i , ; . - ... r. . I ucoper inleresi m ine perpetuity oi trie uopuolican party, it" possible, thau any man of any other race on the American eoutinent. It is ' easy enough to see, notwithstanding the civil and political rights of the colored man are J guaranteed in the letter of the Constitution | and the law, that these Would he of little worth were the Democratic party to get control ol tiie Government. That provision of the Constitution which says that Congress shall guar' anty to every State a Republican form of Government, remained a dead letter under Remote ratio rule till the date of the emancipation proclamation. No laws were ever passed to | give effect or force to this provision. Had the Democratic party have heeded the Constitution ! which its elected lawgivers, aud executive officers had sworn to support, that vast territory, | known as the Louisiana purchase, could never have been erected into slaveholding States with j Constitutions at war with the Constitution of the United States, aud th ;o admitted to this I men. -Missouri count not liuve come in l^L'n, ; and sue!) a notion as that slavery should exist South of a certain line, would have been scouted from thf halls of Congress, and from the | country. Florida and Texas could never have become j States in this I nion with constitutTns foriver prohibiting the abolition of slavery. If the Dem j oeratic party refused to trive power and effect to that pri?\isiou of the Constitution we are now considering, what better chanco has the fifteenth amendment to find favor when the the 1 democratic party slmil control the moral and legislative forces of the government? The same prejudice, the same hatred and contempt towards the black rare tills the hearts and con trols the purposes and actions of the l>emocraey now as ewr; with this difference they are if possible more bitter, more cruel, and more in tense in their hatred now than formerly, and for this reason, the cub.red man is now free, ! and has the ballot, " A weapon firmer set and ! better than U'C bayonet and therefore they hate him. That the 1 democracy once in power ; and having control ol the government would ! render the Gfiecuth amendment nugatory and j | Void, needs no prophet to foresee. \\ itnevs the :i< tionof those States where the l)einocratie ! p ?rfv obtain power. At once in the legislatures ..f those Slates, they attempted to withdraw i the State's ratification which had been pre ; viously, under Republican rule, given to this great bulwark of liberty. In many sections ! , I of the South they are even u >w organizing what | they call *' A white man's party," to deprive, as they unblushing!y say, the " Nigger" of the i ballot, and the New York World has recently ; 4 advised them to keep this purpose in the background till they gain power! Such facts as these show the current of i>eui.?crtic feelings, purposes, and designs. To our own people then everywhere we say, stand by the R-publican pat ty till this fifteenth amendment is made so thoroughly a part of the I fundamental law, that it can uever be over- j thrown nor p'acked out. \e\i ft'tiblioatioii*. We find upon our table Peter's Musical Monthly for Noveuiler. A hasty glance at its contents satisfy us that this periodical is got up with much care and tact. It contains musical compositions and poetry of a high order. Its moral tone is such as to make it a desirable and welcome visitor in any family both on this ac r * count, and also because of its excellence as a : musical production. Price $3,00 a year and $l,f?0 for fi months. | J. L. Peters, publisher, 594 Broadway, New | xorU. The new census shows that the total population of the State of Oregon is 90,776. There are 49,288 white males, ami 36,949 white fe| males ; colored males, including Chinese, 3,794; } colored females, 716. There are sre 11,183 ; persons born in foreign lands. Persons of African descent, 336 ; Indians, 882; Chinese, i i ? 3,291. Total colored, 4,509. ? - - Tj era. Elomliant. 4 II -w sleep the brave who sink to rest, by nil their country's wishes blest/' occurs in fourfifths of the newspaper obituaries of Gen. Lee. ? Exchange. Is it not about time that this bombastic laudation of the rebel -chief should cease? W e can scarcely take up a paper that coines to us from the South, that is not tilled with nauseating flatteries of the late Robert E. Lf.e ; and j many Northern journals also join in these undeserved tributes to his memory. We give the following extract as a specimen which conies to us in an extra Galveston AVu.t ' The writer says : 44 Lee is dead ! The soldier rests. When the loved Apostle, grown venerable with the win- j tor-* of a century, lay entranced on the Isle ot Latinos, he heard a voice saying, 'Write from henceforth blessed are the dead who die in the Lord, for they rest from their labors/ When me ciouas oi nigni hung line a tuneral nail over the bloody held of Chancellorville?wh?n the .shrieks of the wounded and dying rose like a mad tumult?when the plunging horses, the 1 screeching shell, the rattling uiusketrv and the sullen boom of the canuon joined in terror and destruction to the advancing hosts, the dying; general murmured from between his quivering ! lips the invitation 'Let us cress the river and rest beneath the shade of the trees." He crossed j then and rested on the greeu banks and beneath I the waving trees that grow ou the other side of that dark ri\er. Thither Lee has gone to join Inm who was on earth always tirst in the advance." It Would seem from this that the soldier who kills the most men in battle, even in a bad cause, is the greatest Christian, and entitled to the highest place in Heaven. It inay be so 1 If Lkk has gone to Heaven we are sincerely glad of it. ''Barkis is willing." W e are beginning to get at the cause of General Lek's death. Jkff. I>Avrssays, that ''he died of a broken heart and one journal has declared, that he died being sadly depressed at uit- conumon 01 rne country, that he count stand it no longer. From which we are to infer, that the liberation of four millions of slaves ami their elevation to manhood, anil to the enjoyment of their eivil and political rights, whs mot e than he could stand, and so he died ! t.otiiKl Views. Senator Spi.ni.kk, of Alabama, gave utter ant e, in a recent speech delivered by hliu in that State, to the following sound and sensible views: j "A good Kepubliran always respects and obeys the will of the majority. We all have preferences ami special friends, but we cannot ail be accommodated. Whatever feelings of opposition I may have previously entertained against any of the nominees, 1 freely consecrate and sacrifice upon the altar of party fidelity. No disappointment of mine shall ever be visited upon my party ; and if I have any influence aiuoug my friends, I beg of them to unite with me in the endorsement of our ticket." We give place to the above truthful utterances not because they can be expected to in tluence the minds of any of our readers iu States where elections are to come oft before this isHie of our paper can reach them, but because these words are sound and timely, and because they should always influence our action at the polls us Republicans. We have no faith in bolting, nor in bolters, when party fidelity and party adherence is necessary and indispensable to the triumph of sound principles and good government. It will be seen, when the elections are all over, that pretty much all of our losses this year come from just these defections which Senator Si'knv'fr reprehends and advises against, and iiut from the strength of the Democracy. We beat ourselves in certain localities because there were am >ng us men who preved faithless to party?oi ly for this once?to punish some candidate whom they did not like, or to reward some friend of the opposition whom, personally, they thought to he a better man. Remember, hereafter, that party fidelity should be our watchword, and this, too, for the cause's sake. Oppose whom you will iu the caucus and the convention, but. when the nomination is made stand by it, or there is an end to the Republican party. The colored race has everything to lose, and nothing to gain, by the overthrow of die Republican party and the triumph of the conperh' ad Democracy. Tlie Fifteenth Amendment. The Philadelphia Aye, a Democratic paper, nays that the Fifteenth Amendment wad forced upon the people hy fraud. There is a great deal of loose talk in copperhead journals of this sort, an 1 it t omes from men who know better. The Fifteenth Amendment became a part of the Constitution in due form. It was placed there precisely and by the very methods which the instrument itself ordains that all amendments may be made. The Constitution may he auieudcd by a convention of delegates chosen by the people of the several States ; or it may be amended by Congress, the two houses giving to the proposed article a two thirds majority ; and when the proposition to amend is submitted to the States, three-fourths of the State Legisla tures are required to ratify it ; this being done, the proposed amendment becomes a part of the Constitution. Precisely in this way was the Fifteenth Amendment secured. Hut. savs the Aye, all the people should have been told before hand that this amendment was coining, and they would ha\e elected Legislatures opposed to it. Ju^t so, chimes in all copperheadotu. \\ ho knew it was coining", and who was authorized to give notice to this effect? Nobody. This the Ayr knows lull well. Where, then, was the IVaud, and who perpetrated it? There may be propositions this coming session lor other amendments, and some of them may pa s by the required vote, and a sufficient number of States may ratify them ; wherein would be the fraud should this be done? Can the Aye tell ? Ik'iuuerul it* Literature. A paper called the Ohio Democrat, published in Butler eounty, that State, gives to the country a preface to the President's Thanksgiving proclamation, which for low blackgardism and vituperative slauder, exceeds even Brick Poiiieroy's slanders and abuse of Mr. Lincoln. The fellow says: Through the condescension of his Majesty, I'lyases S. Oraut, the citizen of the Americau dynasty arc kindly permitted to join in thanksgiving to Almighty Cod without molestatii n from Mongrel bayonets or the interference of Congress. We have much to thank (Jod for, hut for nothing for which to thank the repro* ha s, druuken President, or his minions and thieves. We have also much to ask (?od for, and as Ulysses has appointed a day for that purpose, wa shall sincerely devote ourselves on that ni'i<'i<iinii tn iiAtitinninn tVi* nt t\ a Universe to take Ulysses S Grant and his thieves hence and cast them into the "lake that hums with tire and brimstone, set apart for the devil and his angels," as it is written that "all murderers, and whoremongers, and liars, and all that is abominable, shall have their part in the sulphurous luke." At the head of the paper stand the following names: J. It. Nickel, Kditor in Chief. L. It. L>e La Court, Managing Kditor. The inaccurate quotations from the Bible, which the above diatribe coutaius *?how conclusively that the writer is more familiar with the nomenclature of blackgards and blasphemers, than with sacred literature. Doubtless the inspiration with which he has the moat familiar knowledge is that which comes from bad whiskey. I lOKEH.V Hting William accepts the title of Mmperor (S'ermanj. garibaldi is denounced for the loss of Pijon. J mj>eteocy of bis uffi-ers is said to be tbe cause. Tbe Pope's temporal power has departed. Ha is henceforth tbe bead of tbe church, and can rule in spiritual matters, nothing more. 1 Aurtria refuses to interfeie in tbe Roman (potion. ijtroche, formerly Minister of Justice, is deaJ. General Hurbuki is said to be under -tri? t surve llunce since bis visit to Cbeselhaut. JuJ?'s Favre, alter an emphatic demand froiu Mn ^ er Washburn, has agreed to alio* all Americans to leave Paris. Tbe Provisional Government of France insist# irpon ' war to the knife." Their per tinucit^* reminds us of the determination of our 1*1 : ^ _ at. i I _ 4 ia - \>ii110iii enemies o\er uit* ooruei m uie in me last" ditch." It js said that the Bavarian prisoners who were captured the other dav had explosive bullets v* their persons. French citizens Lave given tleneral Tr??chu 30,000 frant s for the equipment of a battery. News from Europe on the 4th instant is that Garibaldi is taken prisoner with thirty Italian officers. rite" Prussians have captured tw?? ball >ons which left Paris with five passengers. The passengers were taken to Versailles. The If.d Republicans are so furious and revolutions hat the people of all parties in France are fast (Oining to the support of the Frovisional tiovernmerit, such as it is. The question, " When will the Prussian war end ?" does not seem to be settled yet. 'I'Iip !T m ; .r? <;>? Filtrpiii?? and thr? Prill, Inine. rial mere at Chiselhurst on .Sunday last. Milne* Uibson is to run for Parliament ft r the PI *r.?f Wight. M. I h;ers, after his return from his iuterview with ^Vxuarck, and as lie was about to enter Paris, r.o, his voiee being broken bv sobs: " N?o efore have I fe 11 how lnueh I love that unfor^ojate city ! What desolation t<? me to see it thus!" The Prussian ambassador in Loudon says the struggle will continue all winter. We hope not. The vote in Paris on the question of sustaining the government stood?yeas, "tt)l .117-1 : na\*. f>:j,5.S 5. A correspondent of the New V<?rk World pretends to have interviewed the pi empress Eugenie at her English home in Chiselhurst. It used to be said that a cat could look at a king, aud we suppose, therefore, that a Bohemian may view an ex empress at a utsiance. " Victory or ruin !" now Secins to We the rallying cry of the French nation. We have our fears it will he ruin. i Spain ia soon to send nine thousand fresh troops to Cuba. (i lad stone is to run for Parliament in London instead of Baron Rothschilds. The failure of Loused A Co., Bradford, Kngland, is said to have been occasioned by New York failures. The Barrings withhold the Piussian loan. The public lo. ked lor this loan to he on the market Monday last. Itjis said that Bismarck would not allow provisiotis to he taken into Paris during the proposed armistice, and that Jules Fuvre would not consent to the cession of territoi y, heu> e the failure of ne?rr?tiat'mns Seven Prussian vessels are Said to have been captured by the French tleet since the 1th of October. Tuk Fr nch journals ac? use Bismarck of duplicity. This only proves that in diplomacy he is more than a match for Theirs, Fawe .V Co. Forty thousand Prussian soldiers it is reported have been sent from Metz to re enforce Gen. Tann. The French will not move till they are attacked. General Troehu's Volunteer movement i~ ieptited a failure. The Government of the nrv\ Dominion has consented that American fishing vessels returning may obtain supplies aud stores in Cana lian ports. If Bismarck's account of the negotiations with Theirs and Favre, be true, then these French deploinats are alone to blame for the armistice rupture. I he new American Minuter at Copenhagen. Mr. Kramer, has presented his credential* an.] been accepted. Mr. Andrews, the retiring Minister took his leave. M. Tbier's has assured the Pope that his ejtS'* will be duly considered bv the threat Powers in their coming Congress, and that His Holiness will be provided for as Hod's Vice regent on earth. Tine Philadelphia Ajc, in commenting ujmn some statements made by tieneral Padk.u . our Consul at London, in ttie Standard newspaper of that city, iu which lie shows that there was no such disparity in numbers between Lek's forces at the battle ot the Wilderness, and dnr ing the last days of the war, and (irant's forces, as have elsewhere been alleged by interested parties, says, " we hope for the truth of history all such questions will be settled now, as to our war. in si calm judicial spirit, and to the common honor of all who fought for it? for thev were ail our countrymen." The "c mm on honor of all who fought in it." Tell the soldier, who fought in the Union army to save the nation's life and to maintain, and perpetuate the best Government on earth, that the rebel soldier who fought for the overthrow of the nation, and the Government must share equal honors with himself, and see if you ean convince him of the soundness of such a monstrous and wicked proposition. It confounds all distinc tions and says, that treason is as honorable and as praiseworthy as patriotism and loyalty, that he who fights tor his country and his Government is worthy of no higher henors than he who fights against both. Hut what more cub we expect of the copperhead Democracy, who encouraged rebellion before it was horn, rocked it in its cradla after its birth, and sympathised with it, aud helped it on. when it madly sought the nation's life? "Men do not gather grapes from thorns, nor tigs from thistles," neither can we look lor the fruits of patriotism and loyalty, upon the Upas tree of copperhead ism. Surveys of a large area of land consisting of about one hundred aud twenty-seven thousand acres have recently been made in the State of*Nevada. These lands are principally mountainous, and are covered with cedar and piue timber. The vulleys of this State are said to contain lands well adapted to agricultural purposes. The low lunds ure MUidar to the valleys of California, and arc well adapted to fruit raising. Five huudred and sixey one places ot worship in Scotland have services iq the Gaelic language. I LOCAL ITEMS. | A building association io this city baa re- I cent!? sold ?7,<X"? at an averaga of 55 per J cent. J a iill tapper roMtd tLe mono;y-draeer of a I Mr Yost, on the corner of Sixth and T etreets, 1 struck Mrs \ * bury blow, and made good I b s escape. 1 A pretty r. unJ sum Kill be collected iu this I city in >1 oi our \ ir^iii ni|bbm who are I aafMm bj the late H mi. This a worthy ob- I jt.'i t of charity. I The association kn ?wn as the "Oldest In- I h ibitants held a Meeting on Wedneoday even- 1 nig last at the City 11 al!. The? passed rei - I lutions ?I respe? t to the memory ot two of thoir I nuinl>er who have recently died lfluden For- I rest an 1 CbirUl \ iaeon ai.d then adjourned. I It seems that parties in New York, calling I tbnurlvM Williams JL bin beta trying I to 1 one of OUT Washington lawyers by offer- 1 ing him creat inducements to buy of them, for I nominal sums, large amounts of counterfeit 1 caiTSncy. They announce that their place of I business is 196 Br -u.lway, New Y'ork. We I opine that there is no aseb tirm as Williams 1 I Co. in that city of the ibtflrttf named. There 1 is doubtless a hand of swindlers there whose I object it to victimise the lab, and to obtaio I money from parties who may be green enough I to make the required remittaaeea, and this will I be the last of it. The tittim wiil probable l ucrcounterfeit bills or any other bills in return. 1 sharp eonlerfeltera vmU r???t write anv such I letter*, nor send fur til any inch circulars as 1 ha\e been 'given to the public in "ne of our morning dailies. Tin Police Court of this* District for the month of October tried f>>2 cases. Three hundred and seventy ( ? ") of these belonged in this city. *219 I uited States, '.\j Corporation of tieorgetown, and H the Levy Court. The atiiunnt ol fines ami co-Is collected is ?1 ,.V>3 fa). Kxpen-cs of the Court Sl,032.f?0. That vender of ?piack nostrums, H. T. Helm bold. i:.i\e a .linner to members of the pre?s in tins city ?t V\ i I lard's Hotel on Wednesday evening hud. It is said to have been a grand utfair : but we observe that the roll of the press men who were absent was more noticeable and significant than that of those who were in attendance. ri*a - i ii?*re n v. appear- i?? ?>e no more doubt about the question of a new market-house in Washington. It is hi.'h time that a building suitable for Mich purposes, and one that shall be creditable to the National Capital, should ba constructed. A board of directors have already been chosen by the stockholders, and proposals for the entire structure will be received up to the 2oth of November. Several important improvements are suggested as necessary to be made by the engineer in charge of the Washington Navy Yard, lie recommends the purchase of sixteen acres on the eastern ami forty-one more acres on the western sides of the present yard as absolutely ueces>arv. He would remove the practice battery to the shoals in the river, and dredge the channel, which he alleges is fast filling up. The paving of Pennsylvania avenue is going briskly forward. The contractors could not well ask for better weather in which to prose, cute the work. The total number of children in Washington, according to the census just taken, is as follows: Total white males, 8,371: white fe- 4 males, 'J,03-: colored males, 3.822; colored j females, 4,710; total, 27,935. The Metropolitan police force and detectives have at length received their pay, which was j due them from the corporation. We can con) grata late them on the result, and ths corptratiou also. The hotly of Mrs. K.lleu Murphy, aged forty tive years, was found on the Hats in the Potomac on Monday last. She was thj wife of John Murphy, and having been for some time very ill, was for nine months an inmate of Providence Hospital. She had been missiug from her homo for several days, and it is supposed that she was insane, and in this state waiuh redawa), and either intentionally drowned herself or fell into the river aceidently. The verdict was that Mrs. Murphy came to her death at a time and place to the jurors unknown, and, moreover, that the cause of her deuth was drowning. Temporary sheds will be erected on the line I of Ninth street and the Avenue for the use of those market people who will be displaced while the Seventh street wing of the new market-house is being erected. At :\ meeting of the Columbia Typographical Society, on Saturday evening last, resolutions of respect to the memory of the late Cornelius Wendell, and of condolence with his family, were passed. A booty individual with a heavy load of bad whisky oil board, while perched on the edge of one of the water tanks ou Pennsylvania avenue, one night last week, was aceidently jostled from his moorings by a p.?sser-hy, and found ! himself in two or three feet of water, lis Wai j helped out, and then went h.s way, probably to i take a double dose of benzine. A colored tuati who was employed by Mr. H. S. I'.iruard, who resides on Capitol Hill, to put in some coal, watched his opportunity, and when the family Wore iu the upper part of the house aliped into the parlor, took, about j;"?0 i worth of articles, a<ul decamped. A hold robt?ery w as affected at our city postoftice on Sunday last about 11 o'clock a. m. The giant was broken out of the box belongfog to Charles K. Tucker, K^q., claim agent, and a large number of letters belonging to that gen- \ tlcinan taken out, opened, aud then replaced. Several checks were put back and a draft of j>btJO. It is supposed that the rogues got some , money if so. they retained the letters which contained it. The whole work was accomplished in the short time the clerk was absent from the window. Commander K. 1*. Carter, of the I*. S. Navy, * , is to succeed the late Captain Harrison on the captain's lists. w? i %t mi ii _ : ? ximinr :iiorriti( m u unr, :1 re*1 'vrrmi^ iruiu bin late illness. The General Convention of Congregational Churches in Wisconsin passed resolutions endorsing President Grant's Indian policy. These res dutions have been sent to the Secretary of the Interior. The taxpayers in this city are to liaxe till the JOih of the month a ten t?er cent..discount on their tuxes. This is un extension of time of which they will Jo welt to avail themselves. Madam Wolfe, a resident of this city, 9ent a man in her employ to the collector's office, a few day since, with $3*27 to pay her taxes, but instead of devoting the money to its legitimate purpose he pocketed it, and then left for parts unknown. His wherealtouts was discovered in the city of Baltimore, and he was arrested on I uesdav and brought to this city, aud lodged in jail. f uk General Congregational Conference of Minnesota approve of lieutral Gram's Indian policy. They thiuk that under Providence this is the last time we uiay have to avert the destruction of the Iudian race.