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New national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1870-1874, November 10, 1870, Image 2

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II
1 NEW NATIONAL ERA.!
;
FREDERICK DOUGLASS, Editor.
Communiraticcn fni the VUlitorial Department tboold \ e
?d!r??f4, Editor ^rw ftotloaol Era, Lock
Bor SI.
l-n?ln**e latter* juiJ coniaiuiitr*f1one fr">*n ani
f?(!\r: !.wri tliOUld t?! lJdri<WO, r II 1 ? nrn ? (tonal
Era, Lock Box 31.
IThia paper la Dot raepoueiMe for (ho ri*vifi|Hnoil t/ i
C?.rreepondeDta.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 18TQ.
Mr. Lewis ?%'. llfTcnsna ia a duly asitboriae.l '
General Apebt for tbe Haw RiTT05U En* fn the WsUf f
Tttxaa.
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Address?
Fibllihrri Stw National Era*
f Lock Box No. 31.
WuhlBfton, l> c.
THE ELECTION.
The Rcpnbllcan Party Mill Victorious.
l*p to tL? Lour in which we go to press, the
returns of elections which came off on Tuesday
are very incomplete, still enough is known to
enable us to claim with contidenee that the Re
publican party is yet in the ascendant. President
Grant's Administration is sustained. This
will give great satisfaction to every patriotic
man and woman in the land.
It is a satisfaction to he able to state, that
everywhere the elections passed off quietly, and
that riot and bloodshed which were fearfully
looked for in some of the States did not occur.
From New York, the returns indicate that
Hoffman is elected, by from 10,000 to -0,0u0
1 majority. The Democrats claim fifteen out ol
the thirty-one Congressmen, but the Legisla
ture is in doubt.
In Massachusetts, Claflln, i- surely elected,
and a full Republican delegation to Cuugresai*
returned.
Rhode Inland e!e? t? Hums AnCi ifR? In the
Eifitcm district instead of Jcticks.
New Jersey gives a gain of two Republican
members of Congress, an.l this will give us
four out of tbe five. We have also the Legiala
ture by a majority of time in the Senate and
tight in the House.
Illinois rolls up a Republican majority of
i>0,000, and we have nine of the thirteen Con
gresstnen. That will do.
Michigan gives a Republican majority of
l!o,000, and Las elected certain five of thfc six
Representatives to Congress. We We the Sixth
District on account of divisions in the party.
Maryland has done well, all things considered,
and if the Democrats have the State, they have
it by a greatly reduced majority. The traitor
.^wann's majority is whittled down to almost u
point con-pap d with what he received two
I venrii svn.
J 'O"'
I Louisiana hiu> done the handsome thing. She
I gives some twenty or twenty-five thousand KeI
publican majority, and four at least, and probI
ably five, Representatives t?? Congress* of the
I Republican fuitli.
I Kentucky has, of course, font Democratic,
I having elected seven Democratic Congressmen,
I with two districts iu doubt.
I Delaware is Democratic, as usual.
I Returns from Virgiuia are very meagre, but
I it is certa'.u that Messrs. Porter, Piatt, and
I Norton, all Republicans, are elected. This old
I Commonwealth must struggle hard to get over j
I the stunning blow which Walker bus given to
I the Republican party in that State.
I- From Alabama, Arkansas, Tennessee, and
I Florida, the returns are too incomplete to jusI
lify us in coming to a conclusion as to how they
I stand.
I Missouri is*ci$itncd by the Broweoites. This
result is attributable to Gratz Brown and Carl
Schurx men who owe all they are to the Repub
I lican party. A day of reckoning will come,
I even to thetn.
I At the present writing we see nothing difI
conraging in. the results of Tuesday's work.
I The Republican party is still in the aacendan*.
The beacon is there.
I From Wisconsin aud Minnesota we have no
I rsturni.
Curing SymptoiDfi.
Any learned and competent physician will
tell you that there it do greater mistake, or i
more fruitiest endeavor, than trviDg to cure
disease by merely striking at the symptoms; '
for these are often only the effects resulting
I from the eiertions cf nature to throw < ff the
real disturbing cause. It is by these that the
skillful physician is often guided to the deeply
concealed root of the Unease. II19 ah.litv to
thread ins way through conflicting Hjmptoin?
to a ?dear comprehension of the nature of the
disease and the condition of the patient is the j
proof of hia medical genius. There are numberless
incompetent practitioners, who. too superficial
atid ignorant to unriddle the h dd?*n workings
of nature, direct their efforts simply t>?
the removal of symptoms, following the prescriptions
furnished by the apothecary's guidebook
in the absence ol any knowledge of their
own.
It is the *-aiiie about social ev.is. Legislate
as much as you may against any particular
abuse, it will avail nothing unless you hit tho
root of it.
Much is said about the misery of the work- (
ing classes in Europe. Trade unions, leagues,
and strikes are resorted to, but with no avail.
These are mere palliatives. The evil they de- j
sign to reach, being the inevitable consequence ;
of political conditions weighing on Europe from
lime immemorial, is deeper down than their
measures are capable of reaching. There
have always been monarchical rule and priest
rule?the two chief impediments to public wel j
fare ; the feudal system on the one side, and j
at ject serfJoni on the other. All the-e institutions
have ullowed the few to monopolize power,
Hid to possess themselves of the soil and wealth 1
of the country, at the expense of the many,
whom they have thus been able to oppress by
tyrannical and iniquitous law*. Some of these
abuses have been removed, but many continue
to operate, and w ill operate fur a long time hereafter.
It is impossible that the results of wrongs
inflicted through ceuturies should be extinguished
in a few generations. America to day
has to contend not only with the evils arising
out of the best condition of republican government,
but with much imported misery, the ,
fruit of old established and long indicted
tyranny.
There is but one opinion as to the nature of j
war. It has been recoguized at all times as 1
one of the greatest and most distressing e\ ils
which men can inflict upon each other. This
view is particularly forced upon us at this iho- |
ment, when we see one of the most gigantic i
and sanguinary struggles raging, the very Hower
of the youth of the great nations sacrificed,
i - 1 f -
aud the hopes of so mauy D unes niasieu ior- j
ever. Yet war is an ancient institution among j
men. It is as old as history itself, and, judging
from the old Hint stone weapons, whose age is J
computed by tens of thousands of years, we j
may conclude that it dates far back to anti- 1
historical times. Humane feeling revolts against
it; and of late men and societies have risen i
among the most civilized nations and zealously
worked to win the world to the standard of
peace. We have religious sects that deprecate (
war, we have had apostles of peace, congresses
of peace, and non-resistent societies, and yet
great wars have gone on without interruption. J
Just now there are again in our midst philau- j
thropic men and women busily devising means ;
to pacify the world, and to save humanity from :
nniniMt and tinrfrtrs af war. Heartilv as I
tliU VUIIU^VO ? ??V* MV?W? w. ^
we appreciate their intentions and join with
them in their wishes to realize their object, we
cannot but think that they are of the class ot ^
superficial physicians endeavoring to cure mere |
symptom? rather than striking at the real dis- j
ease. These people admonish Prussia to re- ;
nounce voluntarily the fruits of her victories, j
won at such an enormous sacrifice ot life. But
of what avail would this be, so far as their
great object is concerned? Suppose King William
and Bismarck should feel inclined to exercise
the superhuman magnanimity demanded i
of them, it would not he the least guarantee 1
that some other ruler by the ''grace of iiod"
would not to-inorrow find it in his interest to j
precipitate Europe into another war. Our
fiiends rightly denounce standing armies ; but j
standing armies are not an isolated fact, they
are symj tomatic, and are evidence of an uu ;
sound condition of thiugs underlying thcui.
War, in our opinion, is the direct and legiti- j
mate offspring of power bestowed upon a few
men to pursue their schemes of personal ambi- j
tion, to the detriment of the people generally, j
Kings are those who gain by war, while the j
burdeu of it falls most heavily upon the nations. ;
They stako their lives, sacrifice their comfort
?.n<l nrr.riprtr fnr nKippre unit numn^PH in whicdl
r ?VI ? ?J ? f-? r ?they
have no interest, and from which, even in
cases of success, they derive no henetit. The
people are naturally adverse to war, and a na- j
don where the people rule is naturally peaceable.
No man likes to he torn away from .Lis
profession, and become a soldier, even In times
of r eaee. They have been known to resort to ,
the most desperate means to escape from the
hated and dreaded military Str\ice. It is true
that some facts in our history may seem to contradict
the pacific theory of Republican iusti
tutions. The Mexican war, and the slaveholder's
rebellion came, notwn-h-t-inding our boasted
Republican Government. The answer, however,
to that is, both these wars were invited
by the sworn enemies of R.publican inafitu-|
tions, and for the purpose of spreadiug and
perpetuating slavery. These wars represented
the shareholding oligarchy, and not the Republican
idea. The longest, and the mo*t devastating
wars have been carried on by mouarchil,
for the sake of conquest, or the balance
of power, in utter disregard of the wishes of
the people, and of their interest. All the wars
of the First Napoleon, Frederick the Great, !
Charles XII., Louis XIV.. aud Charles V..
belong to that category aud they were absolute
monarchs par excellence, aud neither of them
asked the consent of the people.
The French Republic would never have begun
the present war, and their persisting in it
is only to be ascribed to erroneous notions of
honor, and to the intoxication produced by the
system of falsehood and deception which con !
tituted the ebief policy of the fallen Emperor. '
Even religious wars, the most hitter and intense
of all wars, were usually more or less stirred up
by the fanaticism of spiritual or secular monarchs.
They availed themselves of the ignorance
and superstition of the masses, and instigated
them to slaughter each other, for theological
questions woicn not one atnong a hundred
could understand.
There is in fact nothing more opposed to Republican
liberty than fanatical faith. Those
sectarians amongst ua who are exerting them- j
..I... *- ~ r ; ._ . c r.:.L * _
IC1YC9 W BUIU^^l* m piUirOMDII UI lllilU UltU HiM
Constitution of the United States, and thus to
couple religion with the sword, clearly show |
that they are at heart not Republicans, and
fail to understand the true spirit of Republican
institutions. No 9uch ignorance, however, pre- i
vails among Kings and Priests themselves, j
They perfectly understand the natural tendency
of Republican ideas, and they act in concert to
oppose them.
With such opinions we cannot expect any
success from the efforts of our friends of the
absolute Peace party, but as we know most of
them to I* true and warm Republicans, we iui
vite them to leave single issues, and join hands |
.4
THE IST 3
with us and devote their influence and strength
to the task of *d ilea ting mankind uiore and
more up to the correet understanding of tba
-- - - - 1 1 A il. _
principle" of liberty ana equal ngni* a* i- e
truest and surest pacificators of the world. To
be sure, monarch* wi.l yet continue to rattle
\rar for generation". No real Republican' who
believes in progre*;? will doubt, however, that
in rho course of growing civilization there will
be an end to ryalty. as there ha" teen a!: en J
to slavi iv. Then it will be, but not sooner,
that nation* will tender fraternal hands to each
Other, and realize the trn h that the P*pt<l>i u
Peace.
The lie signal ion or Hit* Ihic ieercfary
of the Interior.
The resiirnation of the lute Secretary Cos
has led to very general comment iu the Demo
crutic journals, and the same papers have all
to a greater or less exter?t, abused the I'resident
therefor. Such a course, considering the cop
perhead malace which controls and in-pireDeniocratie
editors, was to have been expet ted
and no one therefore need be disappointed noi
alarmed at this universal howl from that rjuar
ter. But that papers calling themselves lie
publican have joined in those blantant, ill-timed,
ilbnatured and senseless criticisms of the l'resi
dent is something wh did t?? t expert. I,re>i.leijt
Gram i* not to hlume for having a policy: indeec
he would be censurable did he not have one
and having a policy it is *.f the fust importanct
that his cabinet be a unit, and that haimouv
prevail between the President and hi-1 otHtitu
tutiouul advisers.
(General t_Y>x, s,? far as the public yet kn-wsaw
tit to retire, and by letter to notify tin
President, giving his reasons therefor, t hie
among which is his desire t>? lo k after hiprivate
affairs. \\ e in nition other tilings, stick
as his difference with tiie National Republican
Committee in respect to their methods of cob
lecting funds for the campaign from the clerks
in his depart men t, Xc. Mr. ('ox, however, it
this remarkable letter takes occasion to let tht
President and the country umUrstaud that In
approves of (Generui Gram's administration,
and wishes its success. This would all be verv
well and very clever, were there not in the letter
itself, ard in other fa *ts Ltiow n to some,a lurking
suspicion and strong indications that Ch-neial (\?x
harbor* m his lutim oilier, an 1 to in in iuor<
weighty, reasons for leaving the Cabinet: to say
nothing of what the PresM *nt himself might
have desired in the premises for prudential ami
public reason*.
Tiie publishing of the correspondence in
question between the President and Mr. Cox,
his hasty departure from Washington, and othei
transactions upon which we shall not now comment
in this connection, show conclusively that
General Cox did not leave the Cabinet a day
too soon.
There is one thing very gen Tally understood
in political circles in Washington upon which
we may comment. Mr. Cox is very generally
regarded to be what is Known a Conservative
Republican, a sort of a suei generis in politics,
a kind of creature that rarely exists. Indeed
there is not, and cannot be, in the politics of this
country any such political status as Conservative
Republicanism, because there is no halfway
house between the Republican party and
the copperhead fold where the would be Conservative
Republican can tind rest for his feet or
peace to his soul. Leave the Republican party,
and it is neck or nothing. It is repent, and
come back speedily,or land in the slime, tilth,
and demoralization of coppcrheadisin. This is
the upshot and finale of the plunge by whom
soever made. We have many notable examples
of this truth that we can point to as illustrating
our declarations above. Where are Sena
torn tow an, ol lennsylvania, Uoolittlf, ol
Wisconsin, I > i x x, of Connecticut, and Norton,
of Minnesota?all with the exception of the
latter who is dead?now in the Democratic fold.
Where is Andrew John so v, once a professed
Republican at lea-t; a copperhead of the copperheads
to day ? Where is Sentfr of Tennesee,
and Walker of Virginia? The tountry will
uot soon forget the asseverations of many Republican
newspapers both in the North and in
the South that these gentlemen were both good
and staunch Republicans. "Can a man take
fire into his bosom and not be burned, can he
touch pitch and not he defiled. Witness the
recent announcement of this Chief Magistrate
of the Old Dominion made to the Legislature of
that Commonwealth on the death of the rebel
General R. E. Lee ! !
Had the men calling themsol\e> Conservative
Republicans in Virginia, who sustained Mr.
Walker at the polls, or himself at that time,
been told that he would ever send such a message
to the Legislature, they would have spurued
such an insinuation with indicrnuut acorn, and
\v ai kkr himself would have said, 44 Is thy servant
a dog that he should do tlrs tiling."
Such u thing as Conservative Republicanism,
in the sen<-e in which those would under tarul it
who are trying to embrace it, does not exist.
There isuo halfway hon.-e. Ho who in not for
us is against us. We must be either Republi
cans or Democrats, or retire from polities alto
gether. Perhaps Mr. Cox means to adopt the
latter course. W e shall see. and tin r. fore we
wait the development.
In conclusion we will just observe, that in
our humble judgment ail the papers that claim
to support the Republican party should allow
cabinet miuislers to ret.te without denouncing
the President therefor; und, above all, thev
should hIIuvv President ( ?h a NT to make his enh
iuet a unit, nod not t ike up th;i senseless re
frain of premeditated abuse which the copper
head press and copperhead politician arc loudly
shouting over the land.
Tlie Moral Code ol the Dctiuw t ;icy.
Jim 1i?k. jr.,as lie is familiarly known, made
a speech at Tumutuny llall, New York, ju-.t
before the election, in which he said:
" 1 vou't think but what if 1 lind an opportunity
1 shall vote three times a day. I have
not tired up with I>einocracy. 1 hope you w^l
all be tired up, and that you will keep hot till
after the 8th of November."
Again, this bold braggart said that he hud
2fi,0UU iuen under hitif, and that Tammany
could have them if it wants them ; and we must
conclude the "t'j Indian*" could have them
three times repeated, as Fisx himself proposes
to repeat; thus making 75,000 votes.
We do not comment upon this extraordinary
avowal of Mr. Fisk expecting that w hat we now
say can have any influence upon the election,
because beiore tins paper reaches the reader
that event will have transpired. We allude to
this avowal of Fisk because this principle laid
down so emphatically by him is in perfect accord
with the politico moral code of the sham
Democracy. There is an old saying that children
and foj>ls always tell the truth. Hoar in
uiiud, we do not call Mr. Fisk a fool in the
common acceptance of the term, lie is only a
political fool, and lots out the secrets of Tammany.
It is a notorious fact that the Democracy all
over the country act upon the policy so boldly
Mated by Jim Fisk, that is, they repeat wherever
and whenever there is a chance. We may
confidently afiirm that if the election in New
York goes for the Democracy?and this article
is written before the election?it will be done
by repeating. The honeat voters of New York,
by a solid majority, are Republicans, an l can
only be beaten by fraud and repeaters.
A. II ? -d" ..' .
?~vv ]sr a. t i o y a.
5I;is \ot Hie l*?rly ;
Accoiujihsium! it* ^iimsioii f
< Timid and doubting Republicans have some- j
time? allied us tbi# question. f^ur answer has
ever been No I emphatically No! Accomplished
its mission! What is its mission? lor
the whole question hinges and ?s predicated
upon just this simple and p'ain proposition :
for what purpose was the Republican party or- I
ganized? To guarantee to every Mate, under ^
a provision of the Constitution of the I nited
State?, a republican form of government, which |
up to the time of the formation of the Ropubli:
cau party had never been done. From the
' foundation of the Covet ninent down to the hour
: of Mr. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation
more than half the States of this I nion fos!
terel and cherished an institution at war with
republicanism, ami democratic, and oppressive
to the last degree.
With this great evil the Republican party
, grappled in its infancy, and steadily growing j
stronger as time passed, till it at length gath'
ere 1 the reins of government in its own hinds, j
r . and thus enabled the nation t?< take a new departure
in that career of freedom and greatness
which the fathers saw, but which they had not
' the courage to pursue, yielding, as they did, to j
the sorceries of the slave newer, and thus ;
t . ' j
j binding us hand and font, so that the nation J
. IP to ?i t l.u ok.Kt i. r li IMir 111 I ? i til UliAlii
V* - Hi tilL V ' IIMi I H.'ll a II ? ill in *11 ?
was bound a dead eorpse.
It is scarcely necessary to dwell for uny
length up n the tart that when the Republican
party seixed, by authority of the votes of the
i people, the administration of the (iovermuent,
, the executive and legislative powers which the
j- Constitution confers, u rebellion was sprung
. upon the nation by the slave oligarchy, and we j
were precipatated into a bloody civil war. All I
this is known as history. It is knoWn also thai
the lb-publican party saved us, saved the na !
tion, conquered the rebellion, put down the j
slaveholders' war, and liberated four intlliotis
k 1 ol bondmen. These things of themselves en,
I tide the Republican party t > the gratitude of
tae nation ; ami, while it is true and faithful to
the instincts and principles of liberty and just
. government, to continued support and pros
r polity, and, above all, to ihe unshrinking,
tie arty, manly, and conQuu> d aupp it 01 every
, colored uiun of our race in the land
There are uiany and cogent reasons whv every
true Americau who loves his country, and do
| sires it prosperity and happiness, should support
the Republican nurlv. ami <<*Tioi-iailv l'r?>
sidt nt Chant's Administration. Ibis Administration
in the brief period ?f sixteen months
has paid & 170,000,000 of the enormous debt
which the Democratic rebellion entailed upon
us. We may add to this that in the last ti\e
years, a Republican^.! ingress has reduced tax(
alion ut the rate of an 1 kept in
power, a Republican Congress will continue
! this reduction of the tuxes, taking only so
much of the people's money as shall ho neces,
j sary to carry on the Government, steadily re;
duce the debt, aud paying the interest thereon,
under the supervision and guidance of an eco
mimical administration, such as we know lienI
eral Grant's to be. Such arguments as these
I
call loudly upon every man, whatever be his
i color or condition, to support the Republican
party and keep it in power.
Rut our object primarily was to address a
; few thoughts to the colored man. !! ' has a
i , ; . - ... r. . I
ucoper inleresi m ine perpetuity oi trie uopuolican
party, it" possible, thau any man of any
other race on the American eoutinent. It is
' easy enough to see, notwithstanding the civil
and political rights of the colored man are
J guaranteed in the letter of the Constitution
| and the law, that these Would he of little worth
were the Democratic party to get control ol
tiie Government. That provision of the Constitution
which says that Congress shall guar'
anty to every State a Republican form of Government,
remained a dead letter under Remote
ratio rule till the date of the emancipation
proclamation. No laws were ever passed to
| give effect or force to this provision. Had the
Democratic party have heeded the Constitution
! which its elected lawgivers, aud executive officers
had sworn to support, that vast territory,
| known as the Louisiana purchase, could never
have been erected into slaveholding States with
j Constitutions at war with the Constitution of
the United States, aud th ;o admitted to this
I men. -Missouri count not liuve come in l^L'n, ;
and sue!) a notion as that slavery should exist
South of a certain line, would have been scouted
from thf halls of Congress, and from the
| country.
Florida and Texas could never have become
j States in this I nion with constitutTns foriver
prohibiting the abolition of slavery. If the Dem
j oeratic party refused to trive power and effect
to that pri?\isiou of the Constitution we are
now considering, what better chanco has the
fifteenth amendment to find favor when the
the 1 democratic party slmil control the moral
and legislative forces of the government? The
same prejudice, the same hatred and contempt
towards the black rare tills the hearts and con
trols the purposes and actions of the l>emocraey
now as ewr; with this difference they are if
possible more bitter, more cruel, and more in
tense in their hatred now than formerly, and
for this reason, the cub.red man is now free,
! and has the ballot, " A weapon firmer set and
! better than U'C bayonet and therefore they
hate him. That the 1 democracy once in power
; and having control ol the government would
! render the Gfiecuth amendment nugatory and j
| Void, needs no prophet to foresee. \\ itnevs
the :i< tionof those States where the l)einocratie !
p ?rfv obtain power. At once in the legislatures
..f those Slates, they attempted to withdraw
i the State's ratification which had been pre
; viously, under Republican rule, given to this
great bulwark of liberty. In many sections
! , I
of the South they are even u >w organizing what
| they call *' A white man's party," to deprive,
as they unblushing!y say, the " Nigger" of the
i ballot, and the New York World has recently ;
4 advised them to keep this purpose in the background
till they gain power! Such facts as these
show the current of i>eui.?crtic feelings, purposes,
and designs.
To our own people then everywhere we say,
stand by the R-publican pat ty till this fifteenth
amendment is made so thoroughly a part of the
I fundamental law, that it can uever be over- j
thrown nor p'acked out.
\e\i ft'tiblioatioii*.
We find upon our table Peter's Musical
Monthly for Noveuiler. A hasty glance at its
contents satisfy us that this periodical is got up
with much care and tact. It contains musical
compositions and poetry of a high order. Its
moral tone is such as to make it a desirable and
welcome visitor in any family both on this ac r
*
count, and also because of its excellence as a
: musical production.
Price $3,00 a year and $l,f?0 for fi months.
| J. L. Peters, publisher, 594 Broadway, New
| xorU.
The new census shows that the total population
of the State of Oregon is 90,776. There
are 49,288 white males, ami 36,949 white fe|
males ; colored males, including Chinese, 3,794;
} colored females, 716. There are sre 11,183 ;
persons born in foreign lands. Persons of
African descent, 336 ; Indians, 882; Chinese, i i
? 3,291. Total colored, 4,509.
? - -
Tj era.
Elomliant.
4 II -w sleep the brave who sink to rest, by
nil their country's wishes blest/' occurs in fourfifths
of the newspaper obituaries of Gen. Lee.
? Exchange.
Is it not about time that this bombastic laudation
of the rebel -chief should cease? W e
can scarcely take up a paper that coines to us
from the South, that is not tilled with nauseating
flatteries of the late Robert E. Lf.e ; and j
many Northern journals also join in these undeserved
tributes to his memory.
We give the following extract as a specimen
which conies to us in an extra Galveston AVu.t '
The writer says :
44 Lee is dead ! The soldier rests. When the
loved Apostle, grown venerable with the win- j
tor-* of a century, lay entranced on the Isle ot
Latinos, he heard a voice saying, 'Write from
henceforth blessed are the dead who die in the
Lord, for they rest from their labors/ When
me ciouas oi nigni hung line a tuneral nail
over the bloody held of Chancellorville?wh?n
the .shrieks of the wounded and dying rose like
a mad tumult?when the plunging horses, the 1
screeching shell, the rattling uiusketrv and the
sullen boom of the canuon joined in terror and
destruction to the advancing hosts, the dying;
general murmured from between his quivering !
lips the invitation 'Let us cress the river and rest
beneath the shade of the trees." He crossed j
then and rested on the greeu banks and beneath I
the waving trees that grow ou the other side of
that dark ri\er. Thither Lee has gone to join
Inm who was on earth always tirst in the advance."
It Would seem from this that the soldier who
kills the most men in battle, even in a bad
cause, is the greatest Christian, and entitled to
the highest place in Heaven. It inay be so 1
If Lkk has gone to Heaven we are sincerely
glad of it. ''Barkis is willing."
W e are beginning to get at the cause of General
Lek's death. Jkff. I>Avrssays, that ''he
died of a broken heart and one journal has
declared, that he died being sadly depressed at
uit- conumon 01 rne country, that he count
stand it no longer. From which we are to infer,
that the liberation of four millions of slaves
ami their elevation to manhood, anil to the enjoyment
of their eivil and political rights, whs
mot e than he could stand, and so he died !
t.otiiKl Views.
Senator Spi.ni.kk, of Alabama, gave utter
ant e, in a recent speech delivered by hliu in
that State, to the following sound and sensible
views: j
"A good Kepubliran always respects and
obeys the will of the majority. We all have
preferences ami special friends, but we cannot
ail be accommodated. Whatever feelings of
opposition I may have previously entertained
against any of the nominees, 1 freely consecrate
and sacrifice upon the altar of party fidelity.
No disappointment of mine shall ever be visited
upon my party ; and if I have any influence
aiuoug my friends, I beg of them to unite with
me in the endorsement of our ticket."
We give place to the above truthful utterances
not because they can be expected to in
tluence the minds of any of our readers iu States
where elections are to come oft before this isHie
of our paper can reach them, but because
these words are sound and timely, and because
they should always influence our action at the
polls us Republicans.
We have no faith in bolting, nor in bolters,
when party fidelity and party adherence is
necessary and indispensable to the triumph of
sound principles and good government. It
will be seen, when the elections are all over,
that pretty much all of our losses this year
come from just these defections which Senator
Si'knv'fr reprehends and advises against, and
iiut from the strength of the Democracy. We
beat ourselves in certain localities because
there were am >ng us men who preved faithless
to party?oi ly for this once?to punish some
candidate whom they did not like, or to reward
some friend of the opposition whom, personally,
they thought to he a better man. Remember,
hereafter, that party fidelity should be our
watchword, and this, too, for the cause's sake.
Oppose whom you will iu the caucus and the
convention, but. when the nomination is made
stand by it, or there is an end to the Republican
party. The colored race has everything to
lose, and nothing to gain, by the overthrow of
die Republican party and the triumph of the
conperh' ad Democracy.
Tlie Fifteenth Amendment.
The Philadelphia Aye, a Democratic paper,
nays that the Fifteenth Amendment wad forced
upon the people hy fraud. There is a great
deal of loose talk in copperhead journals of this
sort, an 1 it t omes from men who know better.
The Fifteenth Amendment became a part of
the Constitution in due form. It was placed
there precisely and by the very methods which
the instrument itself ordains that all amendments
may be made. The Constitution may
he auieudcd by a convention of delegates chosen
by the people of the several States ; or it may be
amended by Congress, the two houses giving to
the proposed article a two thirds majority ; and
when the proposition to amend is submitted to
the States, three-fourths of the State Legisla
tures are required to ratify it ; this being done,
the proposed amendment becomes a part of the
Constitution. Precisely in this way was the
Fifteenth Amendment secured. Hut. savs the
Aye, all the people should have been told before
hand that this amendment was coining, and
they would ha\e elected Legislatures opposed
to it. Ju^t so, chimes in all copperheadotu.
\\ ho knew it was coining", and who was authorized
to give notice to this effect? Nobody.
This the Ayr knows lull well. Where, then,
was the IVaud, and who perpetrated it?
There may be propositions this coming session
lor other amendments, and some of them
may pa s by the required vote, and a sufficient
number of States may ratify them ; wherein
would be the fraud should this be done? Can
the Aye tell ?
Ik'iuuerul it* Literature.
A paper called the Ohio Democrat, published
in Butler eounty, that State, gives to the
country a preface to the President's Thanksgiving
proclamation, which for low blackgardism
and vituperative slauder, exceeds even
Brick Poiiieroy's slanders and abuse of Mr.
Lincoln. The fellow says:
Through the condescension of his Majesty,
I'lyases S. Oraut, the citizen of the Americau
dynasty arc kindly permitted to join in thanksgiving
to Almighty Cod without molestatii n
from Mongrel bayonets or the interference of
Congress. We have much to thank (Jod for,
hut for nothing for which to thank the repro*
ha s, druuken President, or his minions and
thieves. We have also much to ask (?od for,
and as Ulysses has appointed a day for that
purpose, wa shall sincerely devote ourselves on
that ni'i<'i<iinii tn iiAtitinninn tVi* nt t\ a
Universe to take Ulysses S Grant and his
thieves hence and cast them into the "lake
that hums with tire and brimstone, set apart
for the devil and his angels," as it is written
that "all murderers, and whoremongers, and
liars, and all that is abominable, shall have
their part in the sulphurous luke."
At the head of the paper stand the following
names:
J. It. Nickel, Kditor in Chief.
L. It. L>e La Court, Managing Kditor.
The inaccurate quotations from the Bible,
which the above diatribe coutaius *?how conclusively
that the writer is more familiar with
the nomenclature of blackgards and blasphemers,
than with sacred literature. Doubtless
the inspiration with which he has the moat familiar
knowledge is that which comes from bad
whiskey.
I lOKEH.V
Hting William accepts the title of Mmperor
(S'ermanj.
garibaldi is denounced for the loss of Pijon.
J mj>eteocy of bis uffi-ers is said to be tbe
cause.
Tbe Pope's temporal power has departed.
Ha is henceforth tbe bead of tbe church, and
can rule in spiritual matters, nothing more.
1 Aurtria refuses to interfeie in tbe Roman
(potion.
ijtroche, formerly Minister of Justice, is
deaJ.
General Hurbuki is said to be under -tri? t
surve llunce since bis visit to Cbeselhaut.
JuJ?'s Favre, alter an emphatic demand froiu
Mn ^ er Washburn, has agreed to alio* all
Americans to leave Paris.
Tbe Provisional Government of France insist#
irpon ' war to the knife." Their per
tinucit^* reminds us of the determination of our
1*1 : ^ _ at. i I _ 4 ia -
\>ii110iii enemies o\er uit* ooruei m uie in me
last" ditch."
It js said that the Bavarian prisoners who
were captured the other dav had explosive bullets
v* their persons.
French citizens Lave given tleneral Tr??chu
30,000 frant s for the equipment of a battery.
News from Europe on the 4th instant is that
Garibaldi is taken prisoner with thirty Italian
officers.
rite" Prussians have captured tw?? ball >ons
which left Paris with five passengers. The passengers
were taken to Versailles.
The If.d Republicans are so furious and revolutions
hat the people of all parties in France
are fast (Oining to the support of the Frovisional
tiovernmerit, such as it is.
The question, " When will the Prussian war
end ?" does not seem to be settled yet.
'I'Iip !T m ; .r? <;>? Filtrpiii?? and thr? Prill, Inine.
rial mere at Chiselhurst on .Sunday last.
Milne* Uibson is to run for Parliament ft r
the PI *r.?f Wight.
M. I h;ers, after his return from his iuterview
with ^Vxuarck, and as lie was about to enter
Paris, r.o, his voiee being broken bv sobs:
" N?o efore have I fe 11 how lnueh I love that
unfor^ojate city ! What desolation t<? me to
see it thus!"
The Prussian ambassador in Loudon says the
struggle will continue all winter. We hope
not.
The vote in Paris on the question of sustaining
the government stood?yeas, "tt)l .117-1 : na\*.
f>:j,5.S 5.
A correspondent of the New V<?rk World
pretends to have interviewed the pi empress
Eugenie at her English home in Chiselhurst.
It used to be said that a cat could look at a king,
aud we suppose, therefore, that a Bohemian
may view an ex empress at a utsiance.
" Victory or ruin !" now Secins to We the rallying
cry of the French nation. We have our
fears it will he ruin.
i
Spain ia soon to send nine thousand fresh
troops to Cuba.
(i lad stone is to run for Parliament in London
instead of Baron Rothschilds.
The failure of Loused A Co., Bradford, Kngland,
is said to have been occasioned by New
York failures.
The Barrings withhold the Piussian loan.
The public lo. ked lor this loan to he on the
market Monday last.
Itjis said that Bismarck would not allow provisiotis
to he taken into Paris during the proposed
armistice, and that Jules Fuvre would
not consent to the cession of territoi y, heu> e
the failure of ne?rr?tiat'mns
Seven Prussian vessels are Said to have been
captured by the French tleet since the 1th of
October.
Tuk Fr nch journals ac? use Bismarck of
duplicity. This only proves that in diplomacy
he is more than a match for Theirs, Fawe .V Co.
Forty thousand Prussian soldiers it is reported
have been sent from Metz to re enforce
Gen. Tann. The French will not move till
they are attacked.
General Troehu's Volunteer movement i~ ieptited
a failure.
The Government of the nrv\ Dominion has
consented that American fishing vessels returning
may obtain supplies aud stores in Cana lian
ports.
If Bismarck's account of the negotiations
with Theirs and Favre, be true, then these
French deploinats are alone to blame for the
armistice rupture.
I he new American Minuter at Copenhagen.
Mr. Kramer, has presented his credential* an.]
been accepted. Mr. Andrews, the retiring
Minister took his leave.
M. Tbier's has assured the Pope that his
ejtS'* will be duly considered bv the threat
Powers in their coming Congress, and that
His Holiness will be provided for as Hod's
Vice regent on earth.
Tine Philadelphia Ajc, in commenting ujmn
some statements made by tieneral Padk.u . our
Consul at London, in ttie Standard newspaper
of that city, iu which lie shows that there was
no such disparity in numbers between Lek's
forces at the battle ot the Wilderness, and dnr
ing the last days of the war, and (irant's
forces, as have elsewhere been alleged by interested
parties, says, " we hope for the truth of
history all such questions will be settled now,
as to our war. in si calm judicial spirit, and to
the common honor of all who fought for it? for
thev were ail our countrymen." The "c mm on
honor of all who fought in it." Tell the soldier,
who fought in the Union army to save the nation's
life and to maintain, and perpetuate the
best Government on earth, that the rebel soldier
who fought for the overthrow of the nation,
and the Government must share equal honors
with himself, and see if you ean convince him
of the soundness of such a monstrous and
wicked proposition. It confounds all distinc
tions and says, that treason is as honorable and
as praiseworthy as patriotism and loyalty, that
he who fights tor his country and his Government
is worthy of no higher henors than he who
fights against both. Hut what more cub we expect
of the copperhead Democracy, who encouraged
rebellion before it was horn, rocked
it in its cradla after its birth, and sympathised
with it, aud helped it on. when it madly sought
the nation's life?
"Men do not gather grapes from thorns, nor
tigs from thistles," neither can we look lor the
fruits of patriotism and loyalty, upon the
Upas tree of copperhead ism.
Surveys of a large area of land consisting
of about one hundred aud twenty-seven thousand
acres have recently been made in the State
of*Nevada. These lands are principally mountainous,
and are covered with cedar and piue
timber. The vulleys of this State are said to
contain lands well adapted to agricultural purposes.
The low lunds ure MUidar to the valleys
of California, and arc well adapted to fruit
raising.
Five huudred and sixey one places ot worship
in Scotland have services iq the Gaelic language.
I
LOCAL ITEMS. |
A building association io this city baa re- I
cent!? sold ?7,<X"? at an averaga of 55 per J
cent. J
a iill tapper roMtd tLe mono;y-draeer of a I
Mr Yost, on the corner of Sixth and T etreets, 1
struck Mrs \ * bury blow, and made good I
b s escape. 1
A pretty r. unJ sum Kill be collected iu this I
city in >1 oi our \ ir^iii ni|bbm who are I
aafMm bj the late H mi. This a worthy ob- I
jt.'i t of charity. I
The association kn ?wn as the "Oldest In- I
h ibitants held a Meeting on Wedneoday even- 1
nig last at the City 11 al!. The? passed rei - I
lutions ?I respe? t to the memory ot two of thoir I
nuinl>er who have recently died lfluden For- I
rest an 1 CbirUl \ iaeon ai.d then adjourned. I
It seems that parties in New York, calling I
tbnurlvM Williams JL bin beta trying I
to 1 one of OUT Washington lawyers by offer- 1
ing him creat inducements to buy of them, for I
nominal sums, large amounts of counterfeit 1
caiTSncy. They announce that their place of I
business is 196 Br -u.lway, New Y'ork. We I
opine that there is no aseb tirm as Williams 1 I
Co. in that city of the ibtflrttf named. There 1
is doubtless a hand of swindlers there whose I
object it to victimise the lab, and to obtaio I
money from parties who may be green enough I
to make the required remittaaeea, and this will I
be the last of it. The tittim wiil probable l
ucrcounterfeit bills or any other bills in return. 1
sharp eonlerfeltera vmU r???t write anv such I
letter*, nor send fur til any inch circulars as 1
ha\e been 'given to the public in "ne of our
morning dailies.
Tin Police Court of this* District for the
month of October tried f>>2 cases. Three hundred
and seventy ( ? ") of these belonged in
this city. *219 I uited States, '.\j Corporation of
tieorgetown, and H the Levy Court. The
atiiunnt ol fines ami co-Is collected is ?1 ,.V>3 fa).
Kxpen-cs of the Court Sl,032.f?0.
That vender of ?piack nostrums, H. T. Helm
bold. i:.i\e a .linner to members of the pre?s in
tins city ?t V\ i I lard's Hotel on Wednesday
evening hud. It is said to have been a grand
utfair : but we observe that the roll of the press
men who were absent was more noticeable and
significant than that of those who were in attendance.
ri*a -
i ii?*re n v. appear- i?? ?>e no more doubt about
the question of a new market-house in Washington.
It is hi.'h time that a building suitable
for Mich purposes, and one that shall be
creditable to the National Capital, should ba
constructed. A board of directors have already
been chosen by the stockholders, and
proposals for the entire structure will be received
up to the 2oth of November.
Several important improvements are suggested
as necessary to be made by the engineer in
charge of the Washington Navy Yard, lie
recommends the purchase of sixteen acres on
the eastern ami forty-one more acres on the
western sides of the present yard as absolutely
ueces>arv. He would remove the practice battery
to the shoals in the river, and dredge the
channel, which he alleges is fast filling up.
The paving of Pennsylvania avenue is going
briskly forward. The contractors could not
well ask for better weather in which to prose,
cute the work.
The total number of children in Washington,
according to the census just taken, is as
follows: Total white males, 8,371: white fe- 4
males, 'J,03-: colored males, 3.822; colored
j females, 4,710; total, 27,935.
The Metropolitan police force and detectives
have at length received their pay, which was
j due them from the corporation. We can con)
grata late them on the result, and ths corptratiou
also.
The hotly of Mrs. K.lleu Murphy, aged forty tive
years, was found on the Hats in the Potomac
on Monday last. She was thj wife of
John Murphy, and having been for some time
very ill, was for nine months an inmate of
Providence Hospital. She had been missiug
from her homo for several days, and it is supposed
that she was insane, and in this state
waiuh redawa), and either intentionally drowned
herself or fell into the river aceidently. The
verdict was that Mrs. Murphy came to her
death at a time and place to the jurors unknown,
and, moreover, that the cause of her
deuth was drowning.
Temporary sheds will be erected on the line
I of Ninth street and the Avenue for the use of
those market people who will be displaced
while the Seventh street wing of the new market-house
is being erected.
At :\ meeting of the Columbia Typographical
Society, on Saturday evening last, resolutions
of respect to the memory of the late Cornelius
Wendell, and of condolence with his family,
were passed.
A booty individual with a heavy load of bad
whisky oil board, while perched on the edge of
one of the water tanks ou Pennsylvania avenue,
one night last week, was aceidently jostled
from his moorings by a p.?sser-hy, and found
! himself in two or three feet of water, lis Wai
j helped out, and then went h.s way, probably to
i take a double dose of benzine.
A colored tuati who was employed by Mr. H.
S. I'.iruard, who resides on Capitol Hill, to
put in some coal, watched his opportunity, and
when the family Wore iu the upper part of the
house aliped into the parlor, took, about j;"?0
i worth of articles, a<ul decamped.
A hold robt?ery w as affected at our city postoftice
on Sunday last about 11 o'clock a. m. The
giant was broken out of the box belongfog to
Charles K. Tucker, K^q., claim agent, and a
large number of letters belonging to that gen- \
tlcinan taken out, opened, aud then replaced.
Several checks were put back and a draft of
j>btJO. It is supposed that the rogues got some
, money if so. they retained the letters which
contained it. The whole work was accomplished
in the short time the clerk was absent from
the window.
Commander K. 1*. Carter, of the I*. S. Navy,
* ,
is to succeed the late Captain Harrison on the
captain's lists.
w? i %t mi ii _ : ?
ximinr :iiorriti( m u unr, :1 re*1 'vrrmi^ iruiu
bin late illness.
The General Convention of Congregational
Churches in Wisconsin passed resolutions endorsing
President Grant's Indian policy. These
res dutions have been sent to the Secretary of
the Interior.
The taxpayers in this city are to liaxe till the
JOih of the month a ten t?er cent..discount on
their tuxes. This is un extension of time of
which they will Jo welt to avail themselves.
Madam Wolfe, a resident of this city, 9ent a
man in her employ to the collector's office, a few
day since, with $3*27 to pay her taxes, but instead
of devoting the money to its legitimate
purpose he pocketed it, and then left for parts
unknown. His wherealtouts was discovered in
the city of Baltimore, and he was arrested on
I uesdav and brought to this city, aud lodged
in jail.
f uk General Congregational Conference of
Minnesota approve of lieutral Gram's Indian
policy. They thiuk that under Providence this
is the last time we uiay have to avert the destruction
of the Iudian race.

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