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New national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1870-1874, October 22, 1874, Image 1

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At Wtahlaglra Clljr, D. O.
1 ?1
Paio 8 or SrsscKirnoss: Single eoptee, 12.50 per jeer;
9 v. opiee for fin,payable in adranre.
Anna as tllKDKKICK DOVCLA88, Jr.,
Look Bos .11, Washington. D- C.
of Colored Mm to the
People of l.otilniana !
lalsa. Pence, anil lliioni Hint Inn Ailvurnarrl.
i t i.i.i>\v-('iti/.i;ns : We have recently
cxpcr'u need a succession of governments,
out of which have grown issues, questions
ami policies, so intimately connected with
our welfare, that it becomes necessary to dedare
our convictions and foreshadow our
l?ililical action. We are still the same quiet
ami well-disposed pc..plo as ever, cherishing
no animosities, animated hyadesire of peace
ami coo<I will towards all men, and exerting
our ellbrlsjtnd intluenec to conduce to a union
of the two raecs in whiehthe interests of the
whiles wont.I h?? kkwImI .....1 il.? ..c
tin- hlucks preserved. Our past cx|ierience
ha* been gloomy, while our present con?I;ii?*11
and future prospects are not without
depressing shadows. We deeply regret, in
the progress which the nation hat made, and
which mankind approves, raisin" us from
seivilude to citiacnship, that we are so little
iudehted to the white people of Louisiana
f.u the moral and political blessings which
we now enjoy. Our association and connection
with litem have hceu painful and
hitler, lit sorrow we prefer to throw the
111:t111 le of eharity over their unehristian adiiiinistration
of our interests, and seek only
the best means of promoting the welfare of
the Stale, and (he permanent happiness and
pro-pent y of all the people.
otlieial data credits our population with
he.ni in excess, in this State, of all our white
1. Ihov-eiti/.eiis, viz., to colored, atid
..'.ooo white {icrsoiis. There ureal least leu
thousand unnaturalized foreigners, and a
large number of octoroons, included in the
census of the whites. Nature and the
niii- of our institutions have committed the
p lilte d complexion of this State to our
. h 'ice, if voters are undeterred and frauds
are not practiced. Voting us down in a fair
elect ion is impossible ; aggressions upon our
iicw-liorn rigiits have been resisted by the
powers of (oivcrmueut, and knocking us
down to intimidate us has always la-ought
the nation to our protection. Since frauds,
111.1?s ,cr? s and armed resistance, in the in i*
r ?ts of the whites, have failed to obtain
lor them that recognition claimed to he ilue
I loir nmiiU-i-, cultivation mid wealth, it
would l*e w i-c for thi-m to adont a noliev of
t iiiilialioii, with justice for its li.isis and
li.-nor for lis hounds.
We arc Itcpuhiicaus in politics, both from
.n-itiui ami conviction, Indcr the banners
? ; ii> champions wc have heen advanced in
the pathway of civil and political progress,
until the measure of our ambition has
I ecu almost realized. We are oratelid
tor the past and ho|>eful of the future, j
A parly which subdued a gigantic rebellion
which made freedom universal and citizenship
impartial?which reconstructed tliefoiiu- ]
d iia.ii of State upon a basis of national
i-iooii s-, irrespective of color, deserves our ;
coiiudeuce and co-operation. It is not men J
hut measures which inten-ify our repuhlie
uii-m. It is principles not persons which J
"iilinoe our unwavering worship at the He- J
I oMiean altar. If our white fellow-citizens (
desire our concurrent action upon local issues, ,
they should not only inspire us with conli- .
deuce in their political professions, hut they ,
must relieve us of all apprehensions in the |
enjoyment of our constitutional rights. Our
home- may bo destroyed, our school houses
wiapt in ilames, our churches desecrated, j
and our people massacred, hut as long as the j
national ItepuMiean party shall be a> true to
oiu liberties in the tiitute as it has heen in |
it..- u-u shall neither he seduced nor coerced
front our partisan fcaltv. !
While we have so much to encourage us in ]
the attitude of the National Administration, ,
: ami are sustaining the State government, we (
. cannot he insensible to the fact that the Iteputdiean
party in this State, since reconstruction,
has been manipulated and controlled by
men as iinieli bleached in complexion and
politics as the most rampant white leaguer in
Louisiana. The power and patronage of tinMate
government and some of the Federal
o tires in this city are being dispensed so as
to exclude our wealth and intelligence, from
political prominence. So humiliating has become
our experience under the admiiiistrat
tins which have been inaugurated by our
suitiages, that w e occasionally doubt the republic
mom of some of our leaders. Otlicial
iutlueiu-es have been unkindly exerted to defeat
and suppress representative colored men,
while in some instances illiterate and uuworthv
persons of color have been mano-u
v-red into otlicial positions as the best specimen
of our people. Xo Stale can boast of
more wealthy, intelligent and refined colored
men that l.oirsiaua, and yet it is hardly possible
to conceive of lcs9 otlicial respect, and
consideration to character and ability, than
it is our misfortune to receive from the power
that he.
We constitute the lmdy of Republicans, but
our integrity and capacity are Ignored in the
codicils of the party, w hile our manhood and ,
citizenship are not unfreipiently humiliated j
in our intercourse with those whom we have |
c-.alted to power. There, is a sjiecies ofniyst<ay,
so far as we are concerned, about the ,
plans of campaign and the policy of the State '
.\ diniiii-tration, which denies to every colored |
ma: in tlii- commonwealth, not even exceptin.'
the l ieutenant (Governor, the Secretary
ot State, the Superintendent of I'ublic Kdu
ation, and the State Treasurer, all partieii
atioii ami knowledge of the confidential
wo| kings of the party and government. Hitm.hating
as it may appear, with allofourdev-'tion
to Republicanism, there is not a man ,
of color, otlicial or otherwise, who can in- (
i sm us, in the present crisis, of the system
t be pursued by tlie party, or the policy of
the Administration upon a single measure of (
public interest. We would rellect 110 credit
up 'ii our developed manhood and intellijence,
nor he worthy of the privileges of
American citizenship, did we not indignantly
ie .'lit the treatment of puppets.
We do not object to the complexion of our 1
leaders, but we do protest against the tnani- i
fe-tatioii of that uncharitable and unjust 1
spirit which ostracises us in the administra- <
I ii w hich we have created with our suffrages.
Men are likely to he as much.wanting in in- i
testily as selt-res|ieet when they will solicit i
our support, and then shrink from otlicial intercourse
with u?. An administration which
I- ashamed of the source from whence it
sprung, and in its dispensations discriminates <
invidiously against its partisans, incites tho
gravest apprehensions of ingraiitudo and
treachery. While we arc Republicans we are
a!-.i American citizens. We owe much to
our party, hut more to our country, and realizing
as we do that the Republican party,
: - c> itrolled in Louisiana, is frequently at
vuiatirc with equal and exact justice to its
conscientious adherents, it becomes our duty
to grasp the situation, and encourage such a
Mirsc of wisdom and patriotism as would receive
the approval and support of the people
irr 'spective of color.
1 lie administration of (Jovernor Kellogg
owes its existence to our support, and to that
extent we are responsible. We, in many respect*,
liave been sadly disappointed. But
I tinfill a* are our regrets over the past, they
art slight when contrasted with our fearful
anticipations. (>ur exjierience impresses us
with the conviction, that the integrity of the
lo-puhlican party is not subserved by the pol"
ic- pursued by the .State Government, and
wi shudder as we contemplate that our inter' -ts
are likely t<? he compromised for individual
aggrandizement, and through fears of
personal safety. The Governor seems to represent
a policy which is neither generous to
the whites, nor just to the blacks. It is
rigorous and obstinate in its crusade against
'be aspirations of its colored friends, while it
is obsequious and wavering in all dealings
with its political loes.
VOL. V.?NO. 40.}
We have never eutcrtained a doubt as tc
the justice and equity of Hon. Win. l'itt Kellogsj's
claim to be Governor of Louisiana.
As he undoubtedly received a majority of the
legal votes cast in 1872, we are grateful tc
President Grant for his recognition and support
of the State Government, which time
will vindicate, even in the estimation of those
who now disapprove of Federal action. l!evolution
can not l>e tolerated by our (Invert)nient,
which atlbrds swill and ample means,
if judiciously applied, to recover every right,
or obtain redress foi all wrongs. The stone
which was rejected in 1 SOS, may even now,
if accepted by our white fellow citizens, become
under the guidance of wisdom and patriotism,
the cornerstone of happiness, prosperity
and good government.
The political hostility of the conservatives
and personal antipathies of many of the white
Republicans towards us, render our position
peculiar and emburrassiug. All that is virtuous
iti the administration of public atlairsis
claimed by the whites, while all that is vicious
is accredited to the blacks. Neither the influence
nor the opportunity has been permitted
to us to sha)>c or control any policy. We
have retrograded rather than advanced under
the administration ; and had it not been for
some of the inflexible white Republicans, we
would long since have been where political
hope is a stranger, and republican justice
could not have reached ns.
IV e are the life of Louisiana, the substance
of the conservatives and the pivot of the white
Republicans. Our cultivation of the soil
mainly gives to the Stale the prosperity she
enjoys; and to our votes the State (Jovernmeut
owes its existence. We are the true
friends of the southern people, and if encouraged
in our good intentions, would soon
bring order out of chaos. We are depressed
and sickened by the unsettled and disordered
state of society, and would gladly welcome
any solution consistent with honor, and compatible
with the liberties of our peopliw We
are ready and willing to adopt any honorable
adjustment tending to harmonize the races ;
but as a condition preceding such action,
which we deem of more importance to our
people than otlicial favors, we would ie<piire
that the merchants and others who recently
dismissed from their employment laborers of
long service and established characters, for
110 other reason than their color, should re
mule iiit-m, as nil as may no consistent
with our unilieil purpose.
Overtures of coucession at any previous
period in our political experience might have
suggested that we were iiitiuenceil by improper
motives, or that we had taken counsel of
our fears ; but now, with the tramp of Federal
soldiers on every street, with gunboats
and monitors in our waters, with the mighty
sentiment of the North pledged to the protection
of our liberties and citizenship, and
with the irresistible power of the general
government, guaranteeing the full exercise
of our rights, we, while independent of the
political favor of our white fellow citizens,
are willing to concede an equitable and lionarable
basis for united action, free from suspicion
and restraint, in the interest of good
government. We have been wronged, outraged,
and massacredjjy tbc whites, without
ause or provocation,* until the air is heavy
with our sighs, and the waters of Louisiana
ire reddened with our blood ; but us citizens
we cannot retaliate, and as christians we
bear our atliictions as becomes our faith.
IV ith a view to harmony, progress and impartial
justice, the Executive Committee is
licreby authorized and directed to confer with
die Governor and any representative body of
jur fellow citizens upon the situation, in furJierance
of sueli un'ted action as would conduce
to more respect for law and order, a
ligher standard in the administration of public
affairs, and the adoption of such a policy
jpon local issues as would commend itself to
the impartial judgment of all the people.
Felix c. Antoine,
President of (rent. Com.
II. A. C'oitniN,
Secretary Gent. Com.
Executive Committee.
Chairman, T. Mounts Chester,
Win. (i. Brown,
1'. (J. Deslonde,
I'. B. S. l'inehbaek,
James IT. Jugraliam,
James \V. Qiiinu,
T. B. Stamps,
Emilc Detiege,
F. C. Antoine,
Wm. Weeks,
K. B. Davis,
Win. Paul Green,
Iienry L. Key,
E. E. McCarthy,
II. A.Corbin,
W. S. Wilson.
( i'licral Southern Convention.
Cn a'it a Nooa a, Tenn.,Oet. 13.?The ('nnventiou
of delegates from the reconstructed
States met at James Ilall to-day, and was
railed to order by Senator Clayton of Arkansas,
who nominated for temporary chairman,
Hon. Win. Markham, of Georgia ; II.
S. Chamberlain (white) of Tennessee, and J.
II. Emerson (colored) of Arkansas, were
chosen temporary secretaries.
A committee of one from each State on
credentials was appointed. The committee
on credentials approved the list of delegates
North and South Carolina were unrepresented..
Florida had one, Virginia two.
A committee of three from each State was
appointed on permanent organization. The
I'onveution then adjourned until 4 i\ M.
After reassembling the following letter was
read to the Convention from the Republican
Congressional ex-Committee:
To??, Dehyatc to the Cliatlanooya Convention,
Oct. 13 :
Sir: Considerate men who have given the
subject consideration, regard the movement
for the convention of Southern Republicans
as of very great importance to the section of
country to be represented. They believe if
calm and considerate counsel prevail, and if
the delegates conic together possessed of the
facts bearing upon the condition of the
Southern communities, and lav them before
the country in an authentic and concise form,
they niay favorably affect the judgment of
the well-disposed in every section. At this
convention the record should be fully and
honestly made up, showing all the binder;
ances to the national, moral, and intellectual
progress with which Republicans have bad to
What progress has been made and whether
in States or sections where the Democracy
lias control any of the great interests of society
have prospereil more, and which, il
any, have been depressed. Also, whether
persons or property have beeu more or less
secure and the reasons therefor, whatever
they may be. Outrages of all classes should
be reported carefully, whether resulting in
crime or merely intimidation. The spirit and
imrjiose of the legislative, judicial, and executive
departments should be reviewed. All,
in fact, that tends to disorder, lawlessness or
oppression may well be considered. Upon the
whole record thus honestly and fairly made
up, the considerate judgment of the American
people may be invoked. To sincere and
thoughtful statesman, who will assemble on
this occasion, these suggestions are believed
to he entirely unnecessary; but, lest some
should deem them unwarranted, I here state
that they are suggestions only, and that they
are submitted with great ditlidence, hut with
the sincere hope that they may, to some extent,
aid iu securing careful preparation foi
the work of the Convention, and a full attendance
upon its sittings.
(Signed) J. M. Edmunds,
i Louisiana and the Rule ot Terror.
! Julia Hoyden, lite colored school teacher
, mil! "i me laiosi victims 01 me unite man >
League, was only seventeen years of age,
She was tlie (laughter of respectable parent.'
, in Maury county, Tennessee, and had been
. carefully educated at the Central College,
Nashville, a favorite place for the instruction
of youth of both sexes of her race. She is
said to have possessed unusual personal at!
tractions as well as intelligence. Under the
reign of slavery as it is defined and upheld
. i by Davis and Toombs, Julia Ilayden would
, probably have been taken from her parents
. and sent in a slave collie to New Orleans tu
he sold on its-auction block. Hut emancipation
had prepared for her a different and
loss dreadful fate. With that strong desire
for mental cultivation which marked the
colored race since their freedom, in all circumstances
where there is an opportunity
left thorn for its exhibition, the young girl
had so improved herself as to become capa,
hie of teaching others. ISlie went to Western
Tennessee and took charge of a school.
Three days after her arrival ill Ilartsvillc, at
, night, two white men, armed with their guns,
appeared at the house where she was staying,
and demanded the school teacher. She
lied, alarmed, to the room of the mistress of
the house. The White Leaguers pursued.
They fired their guns through the floor of
the room and the young girl fell dead within.
Her murderers escaped, nor is it likely that
the death of Julia Ilayden will ever be
aveneed, unless the nation iusists upon the
extermination of the White Man's League.
The fearful association extends through
every Southern State, and one of its chief
I objects is to prevent the education and elevation
of the colored race. It whips, intimidates,
or murders their teachers from the
Ohio to the (iulf, and its terrible outrages
have alreadv surpassed the horrors of the
most vindictive civil war.
Vet the colored people have already made
a remarkable progress. Their faithful labors
have nearly restored the usual productiveness
of the South' The most respectable
planters even of Louisiana attest their iudus
! try aiul conduct. Wherever (hey have
| been able they have planted schools, culti:
vated farms, entered into trade, and in the
i brief course of eight years have risen from abject
slavery to an honorable and useful freedom.
N'o cruelty is laid to their charge even
by their enemies?no massacres and frightful
deeds like those of the White Man's League.
It is only the followers of Toombs and Davis
who have brought upon us the shame of assassinations
anil midnight murders, who shoot
down Kepublican voters in theopcu day, and
mmd.r young lady school-teachers in tiie excess
of their Insanity. The aim of these
Thugs of the South is the total extermination
of the colored race. Davis and Toombs,
M'Enerv and Penn, are 110 more than the
chiefs of a band of assassins, and their Democratic
allies of the Xortli encourage them,
(it may be hoped unconsciously) in their
policy of blood. A very remarkable statement
is made in one of the morning papers
of a conversation held with an eminent Democratic
lawyer, in which he avows his belief
that the only remedy for the disorders at the
South is the "extirpation" of the colored
race. Vet the same arguments which Mr.
O'Connor employs to convince himself of so
dreadful a necessity were used bv the Xornian
and Saxon oppressors of Ireland in their
war of extermination against bis own countrymen.
The Itoman Catholic priests and
monks of the Xorman period taught that it
was no crime to kill an Irishman. The
Protestant rulers, Elizabeth and even Cromwell
followed their barbarous example. The
Irish kerns were massacred with as little rcmoise
by the English soldiers of the sixteenth
ceiltnry as are the negroes of Louisiana
by M'Enery and I'enn. It was a eontest
of races, and the weaker and more abject
received no different treatment from
their masters than that which Democratic
politicians now prepare for the laboring people
of the Sontli. Happily at least for Ireland,
the founders of our republic began a
new period of humanity. The cruel superstition
of a savage age they threw aside forever.
Tliey opened a fair and happy home
for the Irish kern and Herman peasant. The
Irish race, which in its own land seemed only
worthy of extirpation or of extreme oppression,
was received with generous liberality in
that of Jelferson and Adams. Its chains
were torn olf, its sorrows amended, and the
only return our people ask for the once oppressed
hut now prosperous Irish, is that the pity
that was bestowed upon them they should
show to others, and that they prove their
gratitude to freedom and to Protestantism by
avoiding every'act that may endanger the
peace of the republic in which they have
found a shelter.
l!ut can Mr. O'Connor say that they have
done this, so long as he and his countrymen
lend aid to the rebellion at the South, or
introduce into the New World that hatred
and contempt for any one class of our citizens,
founded upon the difference iu race, for
which they themselves have been the chief
sufferers in the Old? Scarcely, indeed, can
it lie said that Mr. O'Connor lias set his people
a good example. During the rebellion
lie was the ally of Davis and Toombs, the
foe of the Union cause; at its close he became
the friend and supporter of all those
desperate men who are laboring to destroy
the peace of the Southern States. lie is now
apparently an advocate for the "extirpation
" of the negro, and his last words wili
he eagerly seized upon by the White Man's
League, as incentive to further enormities.
T1 ic strange, unaccountable hatred of the
Irish catholics for the. negro cau only bo removed
by the gradual inllueuee of an American
education. It was no doubt upon the
principles advocated by Mr. O'Connor that
in lS03 they hung unlucky colored men to
the Jump-posts of New York, or burned ail
orphan asylum filled with colored chddrtir,
that they gav? their votes uniformly to disuniou
throughout the war, and that their
leaders with some houorablo exceptions,
strove to destroy the government to whose
friendly shelter they had lied from their native
island, it may be hoped that the future
of the Irish race will be marked by more
honorable traits of conduct, that they will
study the teachings of Washington and Jefferson,
and learn in the common school the
duties of an American citizen.
Louisiaua. now torn and dismembered bv
a new insurrection lias been the chief victim
of tho White Man's League. Rich, prosperous,
the center of tho most hideous features
of tho Southern slave-trade, it flung itself
madly into rebellion without a cause, and
staked its whole welfare upon the maintenance
of slavery. It came out from the war
ruined and covered with woe. Poverty, and
even extreme want stalked through the
streets of New Orleans, and its people were
fed by the charity of the nation they had
sought to destroy. Its merchauts were bankrupt,
its levees crumbling into ruin, and but
for the aid of the too lenient North, the Mississippi
might have flowed over its richest
land, and its capital fallen into a blighted
waste. Rut the Free States lent their aid;
its people pledged to obey the laws; the
prosperity of Louisiana seemed about to revive;
the colored people labored ouce more
with new assuiduity as free men. It was at
this moment that the White Man's League
began its outrages, and the new progress o!
: Louisiana sullered a fatal check. In 1807 it
: had given a Republican majority; in 1808 so
fearful had been the system of terrorism esi
tablished by the Ku-KIux that only five thou
sand Republicans ventured to vote for Grant
and Colfax. From that time tho State has
been the scene of constant assassinations,
outrages, violence, disorder. The life of nc
Republican, white or black, has been safe
And the people who had sworn obedience tc
. i the constitution anil the law:- have violated '
I every principle of honor. Capital and in- j
| duslry luve lied from the territieil community.
> 1 The shops and houses of' New Orleans have '
1 J stood silent and empty. The Mississippi i
nan UIURCII uu-i mv iiuiin>mi^ ICVCCS, <1II<I SI g<
1 large part of tho people of the State have j1
once more lived upon the alms of the nation.
> The White Man's League have effected the
1 ruin of a community that might have been j
slowly benefited by Northern capital and en- , si
terprise, and has at last completed its crimes | {...
by rising in a new rebellion. Nothing but |
severe and austere justice should now be
awarded to this infamous association. The i
i. urdcrers who in 1808 drove all the lie-,
publican voters from, the polls, who in 1872;
burned nearly a hecatomb of colored people j
in Grant Parish, and who have recently
slaughtered the United States officials at
Coushatta, whose offences arc enormous aud
indescribable, have presumed to seize upon ij,
the city of New Orleans, and defy tho will (](
of the people. Living upon the alms of the a(;
Government, they have yet found money it f0
seems to purchase muskets; covered with j8
crime, they appeal to the country for sym- ln
pathy. Put the strong arm of the nation t.u
has already reached them, and they will find |U
that the period of mercy is past. Rebellion c?
, and disunion must be crus' ed to atoms in j
every Southern State, and so strict a guard (l|,
kept for the future that our country will offer
no asylum for traitors in the guise of a White t.()
Man's League. ce
Such a policy would he sustained by a ma- mi
jority of the peaceful citizens of the South as or
well as the North. The White Man's League
has no strength except where it rules by
, force. Even Georgia would give a vast majority
against disunion and the profligate
Toombs, if its people were allowed to vote
freely. It was only terror that held New
Orleans in subjection to Pctm. The New
Orleans I'icdi/unc, edited by a duellist's blood- an
stained hand,commanded the White Learners "I
" to shoot down like a dog" every white or
black Republican who was seen attempting ov
to e\citc an opposition to its murderous rule. ca
These is no disguise there. The citizens of l'?
the North and west have been insulted upon '*1
its streets and shot like dogs. And they V
have been scarcely better treated iu Georgia
and Alabama. The condition of the South- ?v
ern States lias been for a long time a shame 'ul
to freedom and to civilization. Let the j?eo- ^
pie rise with stern unanimity from ocean to J"
ocean to strike dOwn the rebels and their *v<
Northern abettors, and insist that the life of
the humblest citizen of Maine or Minnesota
shall be inviolable even in New Orleans. Heforc
a united people the rebellion will be uu
crushed to atoms iu a moment. co
The sudden surrender of the rebels and s(j
their late repentance can allied no palliation tc-i
for their guilt, l'or eight years they have a ,
wasted the resources of Louisiana and de- ,<u
stroyed its prosperity, have hovered it with
terror, bloodshed and shame. The President
lias never more clearly represented the will
of the people than when lie declared that W1
there shall he no compromise! with rebellion, we
Whatever may have been tlte errors of the wj
Kellogg government?and it is worthy of no- C(J|
tice tliat the only testimony Against the He- p.,
publican Govcruor comes fru.i men stained an
with murder, and to whom falsehood is more
familiar than truth?it is not toy the assassins
of Coushatta or Grant Paijsh to speak '
of justice, nor will they lind any sympathy tin
or support, except, perhaps aavug their nat- 1m
oral allies in Tammany Hall. The people tin
demand their punishment. The majesty of ha
the law must he asserted in every part of the coi
.South. Impunity only excifo the outlaws' he
to new violence: nor will.the iutUen hp. sat- it>.
islled until free speech and perfect liberty of to
thought and action are enforced from the Ohio pa
to the Gulf.?Harper's Weekly, ?><l hist. tin
ICe<>]?<?iiKihtltfy of the I'ress. ve
? tin
The press everywhere, and very naturally, "in
resents a law which it believed to menace its Go
freedom. This is instinctive; for the hand sin
of arbitrary power is lirst laid upon the press, mi
which is the public tongue. its freedom is coi
the palladium of every free government, and in
its utmost abuse is-not an evil as great as the tin
constraint of its liberty. Hut while we shall
all probably agree upon this, and while the
chief advocates of the law in question deny ls.j
that they cherish any hostility to the press,
nothing is more notorious than the discontent 'nl
of many public men with the incessant vitnp- 'J_u
nation and misrepresentation to which they 11,1
i are subjected in the newspapers. The point cal
i well worth considering whether the press, Krt
which iu its comments constantly presents so '^c
lofty an indeal of public life,does all it can to PCl
mal e that ideal practicable. Indeed, the ini- ls 1
partial reader?namely, the intelligent and W:l
discriminating person who is now perusing ,r:]
these lines?must often ask himself, as lie l"j
rises from his daily feast of the newspaper, a"
whether it does hot seem that the great jour- an
nal is quite as much intent upon maintaining !l 1
the consistency of its own expressed opin- I'"
ions upon dublic men and measures as upon u""
securing that lofty conduct which it so stren- l,c
uously commends. '1c
'J'his course, indeed, is natural enough, he- l'''
cause if its judgment lie discredited its iutluence
is imperiled ; and as the press constantly
expresses the most positive opinions upon
the most inadequate or even inaccurate information,
as apparent consistency often re- So
quires it to persevere in conscious error. A to
journal often wishes, undoubtedly, that it had de
not takep the position which it has taken, but th
which, having taken, it must maintain. "1 lie
am very sorry," said an editor, in effect, "to oc
have called Mr. Smith a liar, a forger, and a tel
thief?very sorry indeed ; but having done so foi
of course I must stand to it." lie had a nc
theory not only that a journal should seem to ca
be infallible, but that ho could persuade its he
readers that it was so. But iu the very in- "
stance of which lie spoke every body knew Ol
that he was wrong, for the disproving facts co
had been published, and his refusal to ac- th
knowledge the truth, by showing a want of in
manly candor, harmed his journal very much so
more than his persistence in a slander helped of
its reputation of infallibility.
The s'mple truth is that if an editor lacks
judgment, he cannot help showing it: and
not hing is a plainer or more ludicrous proof of w]
it than the effort to establish infallibility or 1111
to maintain consistency. Yet it is this per
soeal and piety feeling which cripples the 1
press in the work of elevating the tone of jj
public bib. Each journal lias two or three 1,1
favorites, whose mouths, according to its report,
n. ver open but pearls and diamonds ..
drop profusely out. They are the greatest
of statesmen and most incorruptible of men,
while (ho rest are wretched twadlcrs anil '
pettifoggers, imposing tlimsclves upon agood- )'/
I it,- mot, l>.,.'hinr. ill
Llrtiuidi ,w 5,..,... ..1V-11. 1..I-IJ
gans, of course, grind the party tune ; but
we speak of thepress which, whatever party
it favors, means to show by the method and to
tone of its advocacy that it does not serve Pi
the party, but the country by the party. The jrt
object of such a press certainly should be to ti<
co-operate with all good endeavor, and as a tr
powerful means to a loftier and purer polities, w
to make public life an attractive career for di
the best men. At the best it has thorns and tli
repulsions enough. But does the press try ra
to remove them?-Editor's Easy Chair, te
in Harper's Magazine far November. sc
?A rather remarkable case came up be- ! l'
fore the .Sherilf of Perthshire. A farmer near tl1
Auchterarder had sold a cow to a person ll
named Perth, and the buyer summoned the 'c
farmer iu order to recover damages, seeing fl*
that he had given false information about the 1,1
cow. " I asked him," said the plaintilf, " If j
i she was a good milker." " And what was |
, his reply ?" " He said, "She'll astonish you!" w
> "I took the cow home, but she has not a . in
. single drop of milk." " Well" said the Sher-1 ei
) iff, " I rather think she did astonish you." ' si
I i
rAT, K
IER 22, 1874
SOfTTIlfeUiV Ol TBifiKS. 3
A Mnri!crcr Lynched. 1 ?
y J Ion. 0,
Siibkvkpout, La., July 20.?George Simp- i ingioi
>n, a planter, residing about fifteen miles I tele
oni liero, was murdered by a negro on Sat- Couslia
day. Simpson, who is about 70 years old, ! the l're
as alouu and asleep when the negro stepped ington,
to liis bouse, and seizing Simpson's gun, Jlraneb
lot him dead. The negro was pursued and the alia
iptured, and when within six miles of the The si>
ty was taken from bis captors and killed. characti
four of I
Ciurosponilnioe of the National Kcpiilill.nn.
Ark an urn. The 1
? above a
A Terrible Sinle of Affairs.
Little Hock, Auk., Aug. 31, 1374. Hun. G
The whole matter stands thus: The flee- M'ush
ins for Congress are coming on, and the The s
spernte poiitieiaus of the rebel school have rcardir
lopted desperate remedies to secure office been fu
r themselves. In this State a trreatcr stake
being played for than in either of the ones and'oth
imcd, and the players are shrewd and cal* League
latmg. This week their so-called consti- number
tional convention adjourns, anil the new were nl
iisliliilioii is to he submitted to the people, murdcre
t the same time the constitution is voted came Si
i they propose to have otlicers elected and the war
stitutc their new government, and thus parish;
ine before Congress when it meets in I)e- visor; i
tuber with a fully organized State govern- There \
nt, claiming that it will be regular in its two Noi
ganization, Republican in its form, .aud dered it
most unanimously supported by the people. Texas I
a systen of terrorism. publicar
To prevent any great number of votes "
ing east against it is their great aim and
(I. To secure this end they have adopted
Iferent measures from those iaken in Louisi- ? lr 0
ia, and instead of organizing a - great war ,?* /''
ion the Republicans at any point, they ""!na
ve inaugurated a system of terrorism ail ratC(1,
cr the .state. White and colored Hepuhli- euktii
us are told that if they vote against the
nstitution and candidates put forward by
e rebels they will be killed. To make New
em know the earnestness of this threat a atrociou
tie killing ami whipping is done in almost give the
ery county, as in I'erry, where an unof- tirsl rep*
tiling negro boy was taken out at night and ly sent
ot to death as a warning toothers; or in League
hnson county, where three colored men pcrpetra
ire takeu by a mob, headed by one of Gov. sassinati
ixter's appointees, and given intercep
a thousand i.ashes. \ label'
I only cite these for example. Right here, war
der the shadow of the convention, in this m.siiic.ss
unty, a colored man was sir * down by a marsj,a|
uad of Baxter rebel militia,.. <1 the Bax- niiwsj0'nc
appointee who held the inquest returned , |,HraLil.
. erdict that "he came to his death by n .mijiL-an
II shot wound front the hands of some i>er- 'iMii?
a or person's unknown," when the entire s.,ea^in,
uad could have been, but were not, suiu- >,"
>ned and liave been made to tcsiifv
licit one of them did the shooting, it being from no>
:lt known that it wits someone of the party |,]u ,,rew
10 killed the man. These things arc of wmfTvy
mmon occurrence, but are kept front the Twitcl
pers abroad by the press agents here, who 0p.t ye|.
5 generally in Baxter's pay. settled i
l'he leading men of this convention were Parls*1'
t leaders in the secession convention of _ .
Ill, and the same spirit which animated *?CtO
sm stiil rules. They have a never-dying ,,
le lor the Union and lor Northern men, . 'f.o
rteentrated .by the fact of their having f,? c
mi whipped in their furious eflort to destroy , ?.ti
? '.Phis -hater thrv eodeavol V"
veil under denunciations of the Republican l
rty, hut it is tlie nation, not a party, that Pr"%'etl 1
;y hate and in their hearts denounce. Out ,V. V , ?
the sixteen delegates to the secession con- . *
nlion remaining alive and in the State, H,!"01'
. re are ten in the convention now in sesn,
and with them Rector, the secession _
vernor, and Flatiagiti, who was elected to ?xceP1, ^
.ceed hint during the rebellion. These ,'!! *.ev
n, with a ring in Little Rock, control the | \v
tvention, and most of them will be united a e
controlling the nominating convention of l,l0VL'alu
; Democrats which meets here on the 8th. . 111
to make an impression on Congress. They mol e Jav
II nominate Baxter as their caudidate for iU1'?.
vernor, and whetlier elected or not he will )VSC.01
counted in, as he was before. They do , o
s because Baxter claims to he a Republi- l'?as^ a
j, and tlioy hope thus to influence Con- ('lllon> 1
;ss in two ways : First, that they elected a sa,lie*
publican Governor; and secondly, that the 1,1 J'1"
uplc have indorsed Baxter's action. Baxter ,,ur j
no more a Republican than Judas lscariot tlie w !
is one of the twelve disciples after he beiyed
Christ into the hands of the Jewish The I
csts, or Benedict Arnold was a patriot League,
er he tied from West Point to the British ing in A
tty in New York. He is uothimr more than i.oi.... 1
veak tool in the hands of tlio leaders of colored |
e rebel Democracy of the State, and they portauce
c him for their own aggrandizement. The tional eo
ople of the State of both political parties day, the
spise him for his lying and treachery, to "take :
ongh some of the Democrats laud him for further
j clforts to return them to power. tional cr
ritory in
There is no remedy for the situation in the to be all
nth but the intervention ol Congress, aud each del
be effective it should be immediate. Mur- the Slab
r and oppression hold high carnival over
e land, and render it unsafe for any Kepub- ?An
an to express even an opinion. TheDera- smitten
ratio newspapers denounce those who dare wo1
II the truth, and advise the people, when gushed 11
jnd, to hang them. The Independent, a
wspapcr published at Helena, in this State,
lis those who writo of the facts as they are
re " lying correspondents^., and says
they should be hung to the nearest tree."
.her papers follow suit, and I am frank to
nfess, that 1 would not dare avow myself
e author of this letter, though every word
it is susceptible of judicial proof. To do
would be to court martyrdom at the hands
.some mob or of some hired desperado.
To show you how offices are filled here I
11 give an instance or two. The sheriffs
irl r.lork's fiffina i" *?
cant, and Governor Baxter appointed to Wher
1 tliem a broken saloon keeper and a gamb- 'pluses t
r. These are two of the best ollieers in
e State, and by appointing these men he
cured the support in this city of that class,
i the body-guard which he keeps around
m are several men serving under aliases,
r whom he has oll'ered rewards. Such is
e condition, and, as I said before, there is
) hope, particularly for Arkansas, but in
e speedy action of Congress.
urgent need for immediate action.
To-day we see by the telegrams that Atrncy
General Williams consults with the
resident on the advisability of calling Coness
together to act upon the Southern quesan.
At no time in the history of the couny,
except during the throes of civil war,
as there ever more urgent need of imrne- Bora:
ate action. In the bloody times preceding eflccti'v*
ie rebellion there were not more murders, jQ su^(](
ore outrages than are now being commit- sjn?crs
d. Then it was death to avow Union j10 r or
mtiments, and uow the same penalty (in siowj..(
ost sections) awaits thoso who dare call jUIUp 0f
lemselves Republican, and to be so unfor- t),. j10jj
mate as to have a black skin is n sure way ten ,,,4,
1 invite abuse and outrage. By all means .)r,
t Congress meet and act. Through them ? water
one can we be rescued from the terrorism i,ftbiy r,
rder which we now live. Ulma. vocal c<
" " missing
It is less than fifty years ago since the
orld began to build itself railways, and ?"I
aw it bar 32,000 geographical miles of them, "when
pial to a construction of two miles a day owe me
ucc the beginning. or: "ai
Ont IvMertl
___ Th#?*pn
A an arlver
T3 A * Ji
m / m AMvprti
H n / y\ threcinoi
in nil its
pate*. ii
" 1 . litt prmnf
. Ait. , Our 11- i
I it y?*;ir lit .Kiv.tiicf. tlx lr mlvi
I S Copt? fortlO. Handbills
More I'ulilical Murder*. Tlie (
New Orleans, Sept. 1. 1 1
nriir, Williams, Allomey General, Wash- " * '
I tide for I
. i . i . i- .i I'" makci
graphed you last night regarding the nie(| .
tha affair* to Loug Rranch in care of' j , ' .
sident. If you have not left Wash- j .|U(, )l(1 y
please direct the operator at Long | a|.e OHj
to repeat. Further information make s
ir worse even than ?t lirst reported ] j
; white men killed were all of omul : (|i(, f0||?
er, planters anil business men, but j |,.IVC n,c
hem were Northern Republicans. ((e j, .
W. P. KEI.iskhi. <|t. thJ h.
following is the dispatch referred to states, ai
is having been sent to Long Rranch: the ciioru
New Orleans, Aug. .11. | M"11.'
targe II. Williams, Attorney Gtiieral! ,t)le h|;',
inylon : |,e is rel'r
tatemcnt telegraphed you last night no olfenc
ig the outrage at Ked Kiver parish lias blacks an
lly con tinned. Further information capable o
been received that the parish officers to get int
lers, who surrendered to the White whites fr
were being taken to^hrcyeport by a neighbor!
of white men. While en route they worthless
I shot in cold blood. Among the the count
d men were Homer J. Twitched, who I ?r. W
uith in a Vermont regiment during writers wl
, and settled as a planter in lied Itiver fere to ot
Kggleston, sheriff; Dewcese, super- proofs. .y
mil Holland and Howell, lawyers, to dispute
vere six white licpuhlicaus, nil hut colored pi
thern men, and several colored mur- financial i
i this atl'air. lied river is near I he he easy li
ine, and is among the strongest lie- for the tot
i parishes in the State. Predatory portions
f armed men are scouring several of would lie
ublican parishes in that portion of the false. T<
riving out Republicans, and iutimid- tion of an
lored men. Registration commenced ruin, how
and an openly avowed policy of ex- that it ii
ting tho Republicans was inaugu- suppose t
W. 1*. Kklumio. eye single
total forgi
IMpecial to tin* Ht'iniblican.] Jer ^vj|j ^
Orleans, Sept. 1.?Details of the vnncing u
s murder* in the lied river country unselfish;
crime a worse aspect even than was before tin
orted. A messenger was deliberate- inability ;
ahead to arrange with the White l" 'vain b
of Caddo parish (who have already c'c evi
ted eight or nine known political as- statement
ions within the last lifteeu daays) to than a m
t and kill the prisoners. Of the; six ''haraeteri
icn slain in cold blood, four were '"tod. J)i
n men, who had. settled here since of his nssc
and bought plantations or gone into a8 W?U as
. One was a United States deputy ofthe (,'hi
, and another a United States com- prove by
r. All were men of unexceptionable t',at the e
r, their only olfence being their Ite- as a
politics. ing school
inorniiig's New Orleans Picayune, Dr.iWiiick
; editorially of the outrage, says : as they jij
orlli does n >t care a straw how many '"'w the t
aggers and scallawags are ousted al"' bow- i
litions;" and that "the whole trou- the light <
out of the people's dissatisfaction ncighborh
iteliell and Dewecs." people are
liell came to Louis'*u.~.i as an otlicer equally fal
mont regiment dur'og the war, and a,"l other
is a planter in I .shalta. Dewees taining hit
supervisor of gietratiou of the hidustrion
erty, and
ber Agifeulitiiiii itetium I1'1";."- 1
Ictober returns of the Depai imcnt of ^ociion.
ure indicate au average condition of 'll -Mempi
crop ofeighty-six per cent, j against ji'ocs] v,l
iirep per cer.1". in-Weptcpihee. nito eultiv
e New England Stales show an im- opinion, e
rondilion except Maine and Connce- 'bey ;u'?
them; air
liddle Stales show a decline during 'we,'n l,!S
th. perity of
outli Atlantic Coast States and tho '',c Past '
Ina ..a .1 Iflw.ln lw.1.1 nl.r.iO I ImO US tll.lt til
Louisiana, where the average sinks where the
enty-six to sixty-nine. 'ess;
Southern inland States, Tennessee . ^ e !naJ
st Virginia show considerable im- ',ne l'''s 11
nt. lacts upon
sas and Kentucky are Almost Ma- "t.'hri
nation or c
of Ohio the crop conditions were kin
orable, iu Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, ^,*01
ois, which show rising averages. advice to <r
asiii declined four per cent,
of the Mississippi and on the I'acific
the States show an improved conexcept
Oregon, which remains the
The coli
se States atllicted with the grasshop- iniprompti
le a considerable iinproveiuent upon admirably
iverage of last month is manifest. those who
, . B nadeof(><
Pennsylvania State Equal Rights p!','.! 1''V.!" ?
at is annual meeting, held at Head- .1'
ugust last, passed the following reso- . "
' That this league rccanimeniln to the 1., 11
>eople of the United States the im- .1 it.,,'.']
: and expediency of holding a na- ' <
mncil at Washington, I). C., on Tues- ilU
8th day ot December next, at 1*2 M.,
such action as seems most likely to
the object above stated. Said na- ...
mncil to consist of only three delo- "as made
ni each State and one from each Tor- GeneraI
the Union. No proxy representative Oregon In
lowed outside of his own State, but battle tieh
egate must be a bona fide resident of struggle f
c or Territory he represents." carried on
behalf of
Iowa editor attended a party, was sense of '
with the charms of a fair damsel character^
e a rose on her forehead, and thus y0U a9 a'
iboutit: your serv
Above her nose They bid
There is a rose; your sojoi
Below that nose ings and p
i ucre is a nose. ing you ft
Koso, nose, for your g
Nose, rose, you will e
Sweet rose,
Dear nose.
Below her chin Respnnde
There is a pin; speech, s
Above that pin formed pu
'1 here is a chin, ;,lrr
?(?"> Pi"' had tho'uo
?>,n- effect tha
Sweet I""' i ,,.rressi
Dear chin. IL V ,
1 hat whe
eupon a rival editor thus apostro- charge ol
he Iowa chap.: close of tl
Above the stool done,
There is a fool; . been acci
Below the fool, the South
There is a stool. eminent,
Stool, fool, country
Fool, stool, a vast pr<
Old stool, Schools h
Damphool. were be it
Below his seat ahead of I
There are two feet; difficulty.
Above these feet aud man)
There is a seat. good had
Seat, feet, ful for tlii
Feet, seat, to find so
Soft feet, prosperoi
Big teet. tunes. I
< , C .1 .. found the
c, useful for many things, is a most as |1C ]jV?
s remedy iu certain forms of colds. (,f
in hoarseness or loss of voice in public c0UL iusio
or speakers, lrom colds, relief l'or an u.Km (il0l
so, as by magic, may be obtained by aU(j
lissolving, and partially swallowing, a servcd to
borax the size of a garden pea; or J'ortlan
ing in the mouth three or four grains,
iiutes before speaking or singing,
oduces a profuse secretion of saliva or a J
ing" of the mouth and throat, pro- Ke.
jstoring the voice or tone to the dried following
irds, just as wetting brings back the Chase, N
notes of a flute when it is too dry. Carter, 1
G.; John
want to know," said a editor, fiercely, C'.; Saudi
you are goiDg to pay me what you S.; ltichi
i?" "I give It up," replied the debt- Washing
ik me something easy." C. C.?
* *
on,p?r <qar< Il i)
t iaavrtlou
raof trn Iinoa Rravlrr typo constitute*
lining s'pimn 1,1 111 In
urn Icsk limit leu lluos Ik <'h ti:'.* i ;< e
f rtlseniPntft occupy!,|r??lhnn h iiuai*
,1,111,11 arc ?,y (i,,, n.juHr.Iseifienl*
tnserlnl f..r n let* time than
itIim urecharKeil transl, nt men. t
branchcx, clone witb ncatiH-M ami ell*.
rilernfroni nil j>aitK<>f ihe country will
tlV MttCIKl'Cl to.
iitlM in tlie Southern State* will (1 n?l it to
?ntuge to give uh their order* for card*} I
, etc., etc. |
olOICll it ,l? ( ill till" "ulttll. 1
'mm II,'' Clilcago Iutor-i >< mn. I
iristiau" minister has w ritten an arhe
International Magazine, in which
i some assertions regarding the cole,
which deserve attention, 'this
s the Itev. Dr. Winckler, of Georgia, |
ury calmly tells Mie world that there
two destinies open to the negroes of
i. The lirst is colonization ; the setemiinutioii.
Dr. Winckler makes
wing statements, which he would
world receive as facts which cannot
ed : 1. That the negro is the cause
uikrapt condition of the Southern
id that he is solely responsible for
nous taxes levied upon the people.
ic seeks office for f*aiti, not faithful
ml legislates entirely for the benefit
eks ami ncuiust the whites. 3. That
ograding morality (!) and consider^
e a crime. 4. That schools for the,
B total failures ; thai lie is utterly inf
education, and that his only desire
o the public schools is to drive the
om them. That the .lands iu the
mod of negro scltleimetts ere totally
y and that he is civilly a blight on
inckler is evidently one of those
lio makes the allegations and transliers
the trouble of looking n|> his
Siiue of his statements it is useless
i. It is very easy to say that the
iople are responsible for the poor
:ondition of the Mouth, and it would
kewise to say they were to blanto
'undoes which have swept over some
of the South, and, we presume, it
ditlicult to prove either statement
> assert that the working populay
State is the cnuse of its linaneial
over, is so surprisingly ridiculous,
eeds little comment. We do not
he negro seeker after office has that
1 to the glory of his country and the
ftfulness of self which characterize
brother; hut we think if I>r. Wiuck2
patient lie will lied the negro adntil
lie will at last be as absolutely
as his white brother at the South
s war ! The assertion regarding the
Mid inaptitude of the colored man
* not sustained by one single partidence.
It is simply an impudent
; which, If it came from any other
linister, we should not hesitate to
ze as a willful ami intentional falscr.
Winckler will liud the refutation
M tion in the 1'inted States census,
in the official reports of two-thirds
islian churches of the land, which
evid ence that cannot he gainsaid,
olorud children are the most eager
rule, the most apt scholars attendanywhere,
North or South. Let
ler examine the tables of illiteracy,
pear iu the census of 1S7U, and sec
wo races compare in this regard,
idieulous his statement appears in
if these tables. That the lands iu
oods occupied largely by colored
worthless and imrcmuiicrative is
Ise. Ill sections of South Carolina
Slates where the negroes are obids
of their own, they are not only
but are rapidly acquiring pmt?
are slowly but surely laying the
1 l'or the most prosperous commithe
Hev. Dr. is iiuforlunule 111 that
es witii the most prominent of liis
Kveu Jeli. Davis, in his lale speeeh
lis, said : " It was they [the nolo
brought the Mississippi Valley
ation, anil by them alone, in my
an that valley ever be cultivated,
as necessary to us as we arc to
il that kiuil of relation existing bethere
is no reason why the prostlie
future slinll not exceed that of
' Yet the I lev. l>r. Winckler tells
ey arc a blight to the soil,and that
y predominate the land is worth;
have occasion hereafter to oxnmaattcr
further, and submit a few
the subject. Meantime we assure
stian minister," who favors colonixterniination,
that upon a<|uestion
id there are a few millions of |>cople
th who may have some positive
titular)' Seieuade lo lien.
,ji nils i iiy goi ui> ail
i affair last evening, which was very
conducted and rellcctod credit upon
arranged it. We refer to the serein.
(j. O. Howard. The procession,
nearly all the colored men in I'ortled
by the Cit v 1'rass Hand, formed
lory on Washington street, and with
can colors flung to the breeze, proLite
residence oi the General, where
discoursed some of their tincst
eneral Howard came out and was
I to the crowd by W. 11. Hunter.
i by Geo. 1'. Hiley, Ksij., who said :
Howard: The colored people of
ive heard of your bravery on the
:l of the Itepuhlic, where the great
iir freedom and human rights was
, and especially of your efforts in
their brethren, and feeling a high
your moral integrity and Christian
desire to pay this compliment to
token of their grateful regard for
ices in behalf of their liberties,
you welcome to Oregon, and trust
irn here will be fraught with blessrosperity
to you and yours. Thauk>r
your appearance before us, and
encrul urbanity of manner, we hope
xcuse the interruption of this hour.
d in a brief, but very appropriate
aying, that early in life he had
ir|M>ses be had ever since been tryry
out, and that early in the war he
;ht and spoken and written to the
t the war could not be carried on to
"ul issue until the slaves were freed,
u Mr. Lincoln assigned him to the
f the Freedman's Jiureau, at the
:ie war he felt that something could
and believes that something had
implished. The colored people in
i were learning the art of sclf-govaiul
though in some parts of that
turmoil and strife still exist, in
(portion there was peace and order,
ad been established and industries
ig started, and a bright future was
these people. There had been much
many tilings wrong bad been done,
misrepresentations made, but much
been accomplished. lie was thanks
mark of atteutiou, and was glad
many colored people here who were
is and aiming to build up their foru
all his relatious with theui be bad
m courteous aud kind, and as long
id lie Loped to speak and work in
their cause aud their rights. In
u, lie invoked Heaven's blessiug
n, to encourage and prosper them ..
s, and make them what they debe,
a happy and conteuted people.
d Morning Oregonian, Sept. 2t?.
recent meeting of l'otomac I'nioii
colored Odd Fellows, Xo. 892, the
officers were installed : Samuel
. G., John \V. Lee, X. F.; C'. II.
'. N. G. and O. G.; Peter Riley, X.
\V. Bell, K. S.; Joseph Hyson, W.
f Bell, I. G.; Theodore Herbert, P.
ird Chambers, treasurer, William
ton, chaplain, and Thomas Shelton,
f. Chronicle.

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