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NEW NATIONAL ERA. *U eouutakUoii for publication to Um Kit littwu Baa ai.lWi?rnnl to Lewie H. Bw|l?a. Baetneae litUti from eubacriben and adtertiaara (baald be i*lrH to Frederick Dmiglaae, Jr., Lock Box SI. Tbtt pafw U aot reeiwaetble lor tko rtewe uprwui by Oorraeyiinlenta. tf Snbecribere changing their rtoldeacet, and dealring to bat* the Kit Nanoau Baa forwarded to them, ehould be particolar la writing ae to etato fully the aow addreee, embracing town, county, and State, aa well ee the town, count). and State front which the change le to be made, dttoatioa to thle will eate much trouble LEWIS H. DOUGLASS Editor. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 22,1874. Itttlm or Pontage. For the information and convenience of our readers, we publish the following abstract of the postal laws of the United States. We advise our readers to cut this out aud preserve it for reference: Pssial cards, one cent each, go without fu iher charge to all parts of the country. All letters toall parts of the United States, three cents per half ounce. Local, or " drop" letters, that is for the city or town where deposited, two cents ii delivered by carriers, nad one cent if there is no carrier system. For newspapers and magazines, regularly issued and sent to regular subscribers, the following rates per quarter of three months, payable in advauce at the office where reuited: ! Dailies 35;cen is. Six times a week 30 " Tri-weeklies 15 " Semi-weeklies 10 " Weeklies 5 " Semi-monthlies, not over 4 oz .6 " Monthlies, not over 4 oz "3 " Quarterlies, not over 4 oz 1 " How to Do It. To divide, drive from power, destroy the Republican party, aud to bring back the Democratic party to power, there ar? two special and favorite modes of attack. The first is to deny the existence of Southern outrages, and when that caunoi be done, to belittle them. Show that they are very small?only a few murders which might happen in Massachusetts or in the best regulated communities, and moreover, when this cannot be done, to charge upon the colored ]>eople or the white "scallawags and carpetbaggers" the blame of provoking theiu. The leading journal iu this uncandid and mendacious mode of attack is the strangely changed,but still powerful New York Tribune. Its logic is, first, that the outrages do not exist; second, if they do, they are not so bad as painicu; mm , u they are as bad as stated, the negroes have themselves to blame for them. This is set forth from day to day and week to week, in ever-varying forms ol rhetoric?sometimes in labored statement, and at other times in grim attempts at wit. How hath the mighty fallen ! The Tribune, once hated, shunned and denied admission to the families of the late slavehclding class, has now become their favorite champion, and a more unscrupulous one never stepped to the defense of rapine and murder. This journal now has a correspondent traveling through the Sunny South, whose business it seems to be to go everywhere and obtain from the slavdiobliny clans their version of Southern outrages, aud this he writes down for the columns of the Tribune as the perfect truth, and worthy of belief. The ?UtJoni and candor of this mode of pro,-ding are about as obvious as they would e if we were required not to learn the degree of pain endured by the writhing victim from himself, but from the brutal wretch who draws the blood at every blow. The Timet and Tribune seud their corrcspoudcuts to the late slave-owners?a class which a few yean ago did not scruple to wear out utid work tc death a plantation of negroes in seven years, and to openly defend tlie policy of doing so, as one of ecauomy. All others at the South are "carpet-baggers," "adventurers," "seallawags," and the like, wholly unworthy ol credit. In reading this correspondence we are carried back thirty years ago, when it was fashionable for weak-lunged ministers, and enterprising school "marius" to seek slaveholding hospitality-in winter, and in return for this Southern kindness, write pretty little books in spring about kind masters and "contented and happy" negroes. We well understood this ilunkeyisiu then, and we as well understand the same thing now. When the devil shall teach sound morals, wheir-topcra teach temperance, and thieves .hasten to inform on themselves, it will be time, and not till then, to take the versions of Southern outrages from the late slaveholdiug rebels of the Gulf States as the true oue. "They have accepted the situation." "They are now loyal to the Union." "They are at peace with the negroes." "They want an honest vote." They are opposed to intimidation. Lies, lies, all lies ! and proved to be such by the facts and admissions of a thousand witnesses. The old spirit of rebellion aud slavery reveals it; self to-day in " White Leagues " with blackened faces, bloody with the crime of a thousand murders. The Tribune rails at this statement. Let it rail on. It shall not hear the truth the less. When men like Fort Pillow Forest and Jefferson Davis admit the existence of Southern outrages, it is in vain for apostate journals like the Tribune to deny them or attempt to explain them away. Earnestly longing as we do for the reign ol justice and peace at the South,no journal in the . land than ours will more gladly and promptly 4 r.ni t/v tkn .u^-1,1 nillAn U ok.. II U UQipCb mm iatv iu iuo nuuu ?t iivu <v oikiii arrive. But to cry peace when there is no peace, to lull the nation into a false sense ol security is at once foolish and wicked. The next ground of attack of the Republican party is the charge that leaders of the Republican party are conspiring to elect General Grant for a third term. Unhappily for the Tribune this ground is very narrow, aud a tritle slippery. It affords very little room to stand upon. It is very unsubstantial, composed as it is of the saud ami pebbles of conjecture. No wonder that the Tribune goes about perplexed and augry, listening to the hollow echoes of its owu wrathful ravings. Will none of you cowardly, sneaking Ihird-teruiers, show your band ? it exclaims, and as it hears no response, off it goes growling and muttering. This is its every day business. It is as mad as a March hare, (if Any one knows how mad that is,} because the men whom it accuses of conspiracy to put General Grant in the Presidential chair for a third term, will say nothing and do nothing to confirm the truth of its . _ baseless charge. But what ails the Tribune ? What upon earth is it afraid of? It used to believe in the |>cople and in the safety of the country In presence of universal suffrage. Why is it n'armed now ? Is there any way in the world for General Grant to serve a third term unleaa the American people, after pubk . MiSsrf ifr. . -Vi.f,;., ,, v * licly discussing the matter for months shall deliberately elect him. May not the people, who can be trusted with every other question, be trusted with this oue in its turn ? Why does it wish to cross this stream before it comes to it ? For one, however, we will gratify t|io ^Tribune so fur as to declare that this country may well rejoice and be exceeding glad if the next six years shall see in the Presidential chair as much of sober, genuine, enlightened patriotism as it has during the past six years. How Farmers are Opprenaed and ^ Impoverished. The unifonn tenor of the reports from European regard to the wheat crop is, that it is unusually abundant, and that Russia, Ger' many, and France will be abundantly able to supply whatever demand there may be for breadstutfs in Great Britain, or if we succeed in disposing of any considerable portion of our surplus, it must be against the sharpest competition with those countries. This information lias had the effect steadily to reduce the price of wheat in this country. There has already been a decline of 25 per cent, in the price of flour within two months, ' and the tendency is sliil downward. It was expected that this disagreeable fact would be seized upon by the farmer as a confirmation of the truth of all their charges against the grinding oppression of the railroads and the corruption and extravagance of the Republican party. It has been their practice to hold the Government and the Railroads responsible for whatever less than they derived in the market-price of their wheat. Hitherto they have not been able to understand, or willing to admit, that the abundance of the crop at home and abroad, has had anything to do with regulating the price. The party in power and the railroads have had to bear all the odium of low prices, and the extortions of the latter have been alleged to have reduced them to almost absolute poverty. Railroads have literally rob1 bed them of their .crops and left them with nothing for their year's labor and the capital invested. From the excilemcut they have worked the people up to, it would be the inevitable inference that farmers are the worst treated, the most shamefully taxed, and the poorest ' of any class in the wide world. But there seems to be another side to this question, and some of their organs are blundering into an admission that they are really the most prosperous and independent of any, as they are known to be tbe most highly favoredbeing exempt from all taxation except for | local purposes. One of these papers, devoted to the interest, or the schemes of the | Grangers in the west?the Milwaukee Journal of Commerce, throws some new light on the . Granger question, .and gives us some new notions as to the coudition of the farmers. This paper declares that the western farmers have resolved to control the wheat market by making a "cornet " as speculators call this kind of gambling. The Journal of C ,, >teice declares the ability of farmers to do Ibis, aud asserts that , of late years theyJ^ave better crops and better prices, and a' ^better off than they were ever before; t -.'never were beiore so little in debt; they ar6 realizing a remarkably good price on all the c arse grains, aud they cau combine together y means of tbe Grange organization. "In view of these considerations," says the Journal, " we are satis&ed that the only way is for the few powerful speculators who have tackled the wheat market on the wrong side to throw up their game. The cards are too strong for thein, | anu we ianuers uoki we earns." t This certainly is surprising news. The farmers of the West have asserted that they were ground down by high rates of interest, and ithas beeD declared that "cheap money" was needed for their salvation. They have 1 been obliged to burn grain for fuel because tyrannous railway corporations refused to transport it to market at such rates as to ad, mit of profitable sale, and "cheap transportation" lia? been cried up as the exigent necessity of the times. We have been informed of the great destruction of agricultural property caused l?y a plague of grasshoppers, and iu one State we have had the farmer's unfortunate condition put forward as the pretext for a seizure of railroad property and the i use thereof at his owu terms. We now find the farmer appearing in the role of a speculator, with the means to form gigantic combinations to control the grain market and force up prices. It does, indeed, seem that " the farmers hold the cards." According to Granger ideas of justice, he can force railways to carry his grain to market at such rates as will admit of a profitable return for himself, and that when, owing to the state of foreign martlets, unfortunately not to be reached by legislation of the "Potter" species, prices decline, he has the means and ability to hold his crop over, and has no need to sell at market prices when they do uol suit him. We heartily rejoice at the prosperous condition ol the farmer, the more so since this portion of the community has been somewhat unsncccssful in business operations of late years. As the Grangers somehow seem to have possessed themselves with the idea that somebody ought to pay for these losses, it is a pleasure to know that everything is lovely again, and there will be no longer a demand for depreciated paper, which creditors shall he forced to receive for their claims. It is to , be presumed also that persons so well-to-do as to be able to get along without the sale of their crops, can aflbrd to pay the railroads for taking their goods to market when the/ conclude to send theoi, and we hope soon to . sec the announcement that the Wisconsin | Grangers do not And it necessary any longer to force the railroads to carry their goods at such compensation as they choose to give them, and that the Potter law has been re, pealed. I Seriously enough, we Uo not heueve ?> au street gamblers ever entered into so rash an enterprise as any general combination of the farmers against the dull wheat market would be. All the authorities concur in estimating a smaller foreign demand than during any year since 18G4, and in this state of aflairs nothing can avert lower prices for our surplus production. In holding the crop over the farmer must confront the uncertainties of the next season, and it would take a large increase in price to make up for the cost of carrying over. A fair or an average harvest, then, combining with the weight of the old crop, would break down the market to a lower point than before. i As much as it is to be regretted that there are two Republican candidates in the field in the Third (Richmond) Congressional district, it is the duty of every Republican to stand by and support Rush Burgess, the regularly i recognized caudidate. Mr. Burgess is a > true Republican and deserves the support I of all good men who favor equal political ' and civil rights. Vote for Burgess. THE N] Returned iu ili-.lr Flrat Lore. di ?' a< The people of Ohio and Indiana have tired ri of well-doing, and have returned to their e wallowing in the mire of democracy. On the re eve of the recent Louisiana rebellion, the u wholesale massacre of innocent and defence- ti less men, for the crime of being Republicans ti or born black, and in the face of open ded- ri ance to the laws and the rights of Republi- Sl cans, the people of those States have voted < to repudiate the Republican party and its a principles, and to restore to power the party * which is perpetrating these cold-blooded and 0 treasonable outrages, and which had previ- ii ously fought four years to destroy the Gov- o ernuiedt and establish a slave oligarchy upon u its ruins. '' This vote in those two States was an approval of the Louisiana insurrection and of < the treasonable doctrines and infamous practices of the White League alias Ku-Klux assassins of that and other Southern States. 11 was also an approval of the murder by these secret bands of cutthroats, of peaceable colored and white men for their political opin* ions, upon their outrages upon women and children, the assassination of school teachers and the burning of school-houses, and the general defiance of law and order which prevails where their hauds exist. It is a verdict against Gen. Grant and the millions of loyal soldiers who aided him in saving the Uuion, and an approval of JetT. Davis and the rebel soldiers who deluged the nation in a long and bloody war to destroy it. In view of the remarkable result in Ohio and Indiana on the very eve of the news of the Southern rebellion, and the numerous murders and outrages in other places, which have so shocked the feelings of all decent people, we have little doubt, that if the issue had been the repeal of all the reconstruction measures of Congress and the restoration of slavery, the vote in both States would have been nearly the same. The only issue involved'in the election, so far as related to members gf Congress, was in reality whether the laws should be enforced or not; whether equal civil and political rights of all classes of noonle fthnilM moinloino/l on/1 wKafKac their lives and property should be protected, g As far as the voice of the people goes, it is r a decision against all this; for they have, in 1 both States, elected a large majority of democralic members of Congress, not one of j whom will vote to enforce the reconstruction j laws South, or to protect the lives, liberty, ' and property of the Union men of the South. There is not one of them, who, if in General , Grant's olace, would have put down the Lou- < isiana insurrection or sent a soldier South to ( protect the lives of the proscribed class ; and 1 the people of both those States well knew this when they voted to repudiate the principles which have placed the conqueror of the f rebellion in the Presidential chair, and ap- t proved the principles advocated by Jeff, t Davis add practised by Southern rebels still. 1 It is possible that the belief of the people of Ohio and Indiana iu the Democratic doc- 5 trine of repudiation, so boldly set forth in c their platform in both States, and for free 1 whiskey, had some influence on the result, and that it helped fo swell the Democratic > majority. At auy rate, the vote is an approval of Repudiation and free whisky, as well as of Southern insurrection, lawlessness and murder. Rut the latter is entitled to the main credit of the great Democratic victory. If other States follow their example and succeed in wresting Congress from the hands of the Republican party. tuiU at the next election place a man of similar principles in the Presidential chair, we may expect to see all 1 reconstruction acts-repealed or nullified, or else rebels paid for their slaves, rebel soldiers f pensioned, the Southern debt assumed, and all property destroyed in the Southern States by Uniou troops paid for by the Govern uieuu The Southern Republican C'ousen(iou. In the Convention of Southern Republicans which assembled at Chattanooga on the 13th instant, the Southern States seem to have , been all represented, though not all by full delegations, and the proceedings to have beeu spirited and harmonious. It organized by the appointment of Hon. Lewis E. I'arsous, of Alabama, as president, who made a stirring speech on taking the chair, which foreshadowed the.action of the convention. An able letter was read from Governor Davis, of Texas, setting forth the wrongs and outrages the Republicans of the South are constantlysubjected to, the lawlessness of the people, and the unsettled condition of society there, and pointing out what he considers the surest remedy. And that is to remand all the exrebel States, who set at defiance the authority of Congress, to a Territorial condition. And that was stated to be the opinion of the whole Texas delegation and the loyal people of that State. All the letters read and speeches delivered were devoted to the question of rebel outrages, lawlessness, and murders, and the need of some relief from this condition of affairs. All the delegates were of one voice in their testimony as to these outrages and murders all over the South, and all bear testimony to the fact that the accounts publiallpd Bf UlB Vnrtll nnumflWltinrl tl>Am So I exaggerated, but falls short of the fearful ' reality. A committee was appointed to gather facts and statistics upon this subject, consisting of H. M. Cooper, of Arkansas ; W. H. Harrison, Georgia; I. D. Khadd, Mississippi; Andrew Neal, Texas; H. M. Neal, Pennsylvania; R. Blair, Alabama; and John Avery, Virginia. It will be their duty to lay before the people of the nation these bloody statistics in a shape and with such evidence of truth as shall leave no room for doubt or cavil. An able address to the country was adopted setting forth in general terms the indignities, wrongs, oppressions, and outrages to which Republicans in the Southern States are, and for years have been, subjected. A series of resolutions was also adopted setting forth the views,' purposes, and plans of the convention. As these embody the spirit and sentiment of the convention, we herewith publish them, with the preamble. They are as follows: ' Wiierbas, We recognize the equality of all men before the law, and hold that it is the duty of the Government in its dealings with the people to mete out equal and exact justice to all, of whatever race, color, or persuasion, religious or political; and Whereas, The Federal Congress has the undoubted power to enforce, by suitable legislation, said rights; therefore be it ] Ite*olted, That we affirm and endorse the f platform of the National Republican Convention adopted at Philadelphia in 1872, in declaring that the equal civil and political rights ) of all citizens should be enforced by appro- i priate State and Federal legislation. ( 2. That we fully endorse the action of the . National Administration in taking active measures to suppress outrages, violence, and f intimidation, which exist in many of the 8 Southern States, and in maintaining law and t order, and the rights of all classes, and espe- j dally its action iu suppressing the recent r insurrection and in upholding the existing government of Louisiana, in as much as any ' other course of public policy would have beea 1 EW NATIONAL estructive of Republicon institutions and tlie iloption of a precedent dangerous to tlic ghts of self-government, which cau only be xeculed under the Constitution and laws lade in pursuance thereof. 3. That, in the name of humanity, we deounce iu the strongest terms the perperators of the numerous murders, assassinaions, and other outrages in portions of the ^constructed States, upon citizens whose nly offense was a firm attachment to and upport of the Republican party and the priniples of equality and civil law; and we rraign the Democratic party of the South, rho have fostered the existence of the Kulux, While I.eague. and other rebellious rganizatious, by whom these outrages have a the maiu been committed, before the bar f the nation, as directly responsible for these lurders and for the fact that, as a general bing, the perpetrators have thus far gone inwliipped of justice. And we fully endorse he action of the Adiuiuistration in its euleavor to prosecute these offenders in the Yderal courts whenever aud wherever said iffenses are therein rnorniznlile 4. That it i9*the deliberate opinion of this onvention that whenever a State gqvernuent is overthrown by revolutionary measires.and etl'orts made to inaugurate another, hat prompt-and etticient action should be tad by Congress to give to every Stale the tepublican form of government guaranteed >y the Constitution of the United States. 5. That we earnestly appeal to all citizens tf the United States, whatever their political tssociations may be, who revere the sacred najesty of the law and the dignity of the lation, to aid us in an honest effort to restore ranquillity to our people, to iuvite immigration to our States, and to develop the mateial interests of the whole country. C. That we unqualifiedly deuouuee the eceut attempt in some of the Southern States o organize political parlies on what is known is the "race issuethat we are opposed to dl political organizations having for their ibject the arraying of one class of our citizens tgainst another, and that we call upon all ;ood citizens throughout the South to aid us n our efforts to cultivate and perpetuate riendly relations between the races. 7. Thajt the opening of our great rivers ind water courses, especially the mouth of he Mississippi and the navigable streams of he South, and the maintenance of the naval italions on the Southern coast being of the itmost importance to the welfare of ourcoun,ry, we ask that such appropriations may be nade from time to time by the General Govirnment as will accomplish this result. 8. That as a general diffusion of knowledge s the best safeguard of liberty, and the surest guarantee of the perpetuity of free governnent, that we herehy earnestly request and irge Congress to appropriate the public lands, >r the proceeds of the 9ale thereof, to the :ause of education, aud that the same be ap>!ied to the maintenance and support of the mblic schools in the several States in the auo oi itineracy. 9. That we earnestly urge upon theRepubican party in the South and the Administra.iou at Washington the imperative necessity >f selecting none but honest, faithful, and capable men for office, and we recommend he National Administration to remove all luch as do not possess these qualincations. The following resolution was passed : Ktaolved, That we dcnouuce the mis re premutations aud mendacity of most of the igents of the Associated Press in the South, i majority of whom have used their positions .0 disseminate broadcast over the laud malitious and lying slanders upon Republicans ind the Republican party, while they have itudiously endeavored to misrepreseut and rouceal the murders aud outrages committed jy Ku-Klux and White Leagues. The following Executive Committee of Southern States was appointed : Arkansas?Hon. S. W. Dorsey, Chairman. Alabama?George E. Spencer. Mississippi?W. W. Deadrick. Virginia?'T. M.Shumaker. Louisiana?P. 11. S. Pinchback. Tennessee?W. F. Prosser. North Carolina?W. P. Kennedy. Georgia?William Markhani. Florida?Denis Kagan. Texas? L. I>. Evans. R. C. Kevens, of Arkansas, Secretary of ,he Committee. Aud the following Committee ou Statistics ind Outrages: Arkansas?Hon. S. W. Dorsey. Louisiana?P. Ii. S. l'iuchbaek. Mississippi?W. W. Deadrick. Texas?I.. B. Evans. Alabama?George E. Spencer. Virginia?I.. M. Shumaker. Georgia?Win. Markham. North Carolina?W. 1'. Kennedy. Florida?D. Eagar. Tennessee?W. F. 1'rosser. A resolution approving the Civil Rights Bill was rejected, we regret to see ; and we diiuk it was a mistake, showing either weakless or inconsistency. But we hope aud hitik the convention will do good to our race is well as to all loyal people. We are yet ~ I.AI.' V?rt..iT/xc* 5c ;o be. A Dangerous Precedent. The Orst indications of the intended defection of the New York Tribune and of its apid downward tendency into the gulf of Democracy, was its attempt to discredit the eports of rebel outrages upon loyal uien at ;he South, or to palliate them; its attacks lpou Northern emigrauts to the South, its stl'orts to throw doubt in the public mind as :o the honesty, industry, desire for improveneut, aud capacity for self-government of the :olored race, and to encourage the preten,ions of ex-rebels to the absolute coutrol of die Southern States. Everybody foresaw diat this was the preliminary step to the plunge which Mr. Greeley took in 1872. The Sew York Times seems to be following in the botsteps of the Tribune, though we have no ear that it will take the fatal leap that that [taper did, for it has no such overpowering lotions, and its managers are far more honest in their course. Hut yet it grates harshly >u the ear of consistent Republicans, and is calculated to excite suspicion and pain, if not ear, to see a paper that has been so true, aud bold, and manly, opposing equal, impartial civil rights to all classes of people ; denying Lhrough its correspondents the accounts of uany of the recent outrages at the South, or lil-? ?Vw> r..;;.,... ll.nn, on.inllu urvrin i.iv*, tut, i-iia.SUiS ...vu. v^aui.j ?l'"" Republicans, or else attempting to palliate the conduct of the real authors and attempting to create the impression at the North that many of the reports of outrages are started as electioneering devices by Southern Republicans. We don't mean to assert that the rimes' correspondents have in so many words made such statements, but the whole spirit of most of its letters from the South is to prejudice the Republicans, and especially colored Republicans, and to'palliate the conduct of the rebels or modify Northern sentiment in regard to its enormity. Of a paper jf which we have said so many flattering things, for whose great ability, rare integrity, manly independence, and distinguished service to the cause of Republicanism and true eform, it gives us sincere regret to feel complied to express au unkind word. But it lecms to us to be so closely imitating the Tribune previous to its repudiation of the Republican party and its principles, that we feel mpelled to call attention to it. It would be i calamity to the Republican party and a dis:redit to itself if it should permit its difl'erinces with General Grant on tlie civil service icheme and a few other unimportant questions, and the uniting of the New York Herald and the Liberal press about the Third rerm humbug, to drive it iulo open oposi;ion to the principles of which it has been so jold and able a champion. ? - ?t, , i ERA. Republican Defalcations. Though there have been full twenty investigation committees appointed during the last four years, at the instance of Copperheads and Liberal Republicans, composed partly of our bitterest opponents, to investigate the alleged Republican frauds, not a defalcation was ever discovered, or a fraudulent act had not been previouly exposed and punished by the Administration. Nothing wrong was found anywhere, though their investigations cost the people hundreds and thousands of dollars. As stated by a cotemporary the books of the Internal Revenue Rureaushow that during * tliA tlirua ..,.0? vr 1, li.-n 1,. March, 1872, the cash balances outstanding against the collectors amounted to less than one per cent, of the amount paid into the Treasury. Four-fifths of this amount has been recovered, making the total loss onefifth of one per cent., or one dollar in every five thousand dollars. What man with a nominal income of five thousand dollars, unless on a salary,-comes within a dollar of collecting it? The balances outstanding against customhouse ollicers for two years, from 1800 to 1871, were one-fifty-fifth of one per cent.; the ultimate loss to the Government was one-twohundreths of one per cent., or five dollars in a hundred thousand. What man in undertaking to collect a hundred thousand dollars of accounts in two years has only five dollars of bad debts ? The annual loss to creditors of the Xatioual hanks for three years from June, 1800, to June, 1872, ou deposits amounting to $574,000,000, was one-one hundred and eightysixth of one per cent., or five dollars aud thirty-seven aud a half cents on a hundred dollars. What private banking was ever conducted with a clearer record than that ? In the United States Treasury, under General Spinner's supervision, for eleven years, from 1801 to 1872, fifty-five thousand milliou dollars passed through his hands. The loss during that time was $55,000, or oue dollar in a million. Though Democrats had eyes like microscopes, they could not sustain the charge of defalcations which they bring against the Uepublican party. Tlie Blunder* of the I.usl Congress Though the last Cougrcss has been more bitterly assailed and unjustly maligned than uuj ui us uu[juuiiuuii preuecessors, mere was never one so watchful of the pursestrings of the National Treasury, so economical in its appropriations, and so fearful of incurring public censure for its disposition of the public funds. Nor has there been a Congress for many years which enacted so few bad or doubtful laws. Our complaint against it would be that its economy bordered on downright meanness, aud that its "reforms" wrought much more wretchedness | to its victims than benefit to the people. There was a niggardliness in all its acts that was neither creditable to itself uor honorable to the country. Aud yet it is what the press clamored for and the people made to believe they wanted. Aud what good has It done to those who were the actors or to the party they represented. It has not saved either from the most disastrous defeats. But aside from its mean and parsimonious acts in regard to the salaries of clerks, the reduction of the Army, and otliar small reforms, its course iu rega-d to linauce does deserve the strongest censure, not for what it did, or rather for doing anything, and not declaring to the country at I the very beginning of the session that it i would do nothing. If a resolution bad been passed before the holiday* that it was inexpedient to meddle : with tbe eurreucy of Ibe country, business men would have kuowu what to depend upon, all doubt and suspense and anxiety caused by iguoraut tampering with it would have been removed, tbe country would have adjusted itself to tbe existing condition ol affairs, and prosperity would have returned long before uow. But instead of that it began its linkeriug almost tbe tirst day of the session, and kept up tbe deafening chattel for six dreary months, and finally produced a measure satisfactory to nobody, ami of uo benefit to the country. Between tbe clamor at the East for construction and at the West for iufiation, a "compromise" was finally atfeeted, which, like all compromises, was an abortion. And the people of the West have just refused to accept the sop thrown to them, and the people of the East and North may reject theirs also. It is dishearteuiug to think what mischief was wrought by the failure of Congress iu meddling with what uo one seemed to understand, or at least with what uo two of its members seemed to agree upou. Will Congress ever learn to let alone what it knows nothing about Notice t<? former Slave Owners in tlie Ninth Congressional Distric ot Oeorgia. The undersigued proposes to open in Gainesville, Georgia, a Register for the entry of the name, age and sex, and also the market value in specie, of each slave held prior to Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, i. e. January 1. 1863. Said Registry to be ruade in well-bound books, that are to be kept in a fire-proof vault. This is done with a view ol gettiug pay for them at some future day. The list should be sworu to before an otticer authorized to adiniuister oaths for general purposes. The fee for registration is ten cents for each name on the list. Clubs containing one hundred names will be recorded for Five Dollars. Address, M. W. Ridkn, U. S. Claim Agent, Gainesville, Hall Co., Ga. The above notice is copied from a Georgia exchange of recent date, and shows conclu sively that they (the rebels) expect pay Iron the General Government for slaves emancipated by proclamation of Abraham Lincoln January, 1863. Should the rebel Democracj be resurrected, we shall look for not only the payment of emancipated slaves by the Government but the saddling of the rebel debt and pensioning rebel soldiers. The WhiLt Leagues mean all this and more. They mean to murder all the leading colored politicians and Ku-klux every leading white Republican in the South. It is time for all true Republicans to heai their differences and unite to weather tht storm in the distauce. Rarity or Great Singer*. Among the monstrosities of the opera are, and ever have been, the prima donnas and the tenors. Their arrogance, their extortion, and their caprices have been the constant theme of contemporary animadversion bj critical writers who were not so opera crazed but that they kept their senses even when considering the conduct of a favorite artist. But something is to be saiJ for the singers, admitting all the alleged extravagance ol their conduct and their pretensions. So much goes to the making of a great prima donna or a great_tenor that they are at any time tho rarest birds that fly under the canopy or heaven. A groat voice, delicious in quality, exceptionally large in compass and in power, a grand style, unusual musical sensibility joined to great endurance, a preparation of laborious years, and, added to these qualifications, a manner and a 'person at least impressive and pleasing?there are ouly two or three such creatures on the earth at u time ; sometimes none : and when one appears what wouder that she, or even he, rides a very high horse? For instance, there is not now, and has not been for ten years and more, a , great prima donna or a great tenor iu all the world. Should either appear, the opera-providers of the four richest cities in Christendom would rush witli all ttle speed of steam to lay blank engagements at her or his feet. missou anu i aiii urc manning singers ; ana in default of better tliey receive and deserve high musical honors. Jtut they are not great prima donnas. They lack the two moat important qualifications for that rauk in music : neither of them has either a grand voice or the grand style. They are second rate. Since the disappearance of Jenny Lind, of Alboui, and perhaps we must say of Sontag, we have heard neither first-rate voices nor first-rate singing. To turn back a little further, Grisi was hardly a great prima dounu. She had the voice, but her musical intelligence was not of a high order; and the position which she held for years was in a great measure due to her superb beauty. Ilerj voice and her beauty caused her inferior style of singing (charming and delicious, although inferior! to be accepted for i iore than its true value. As to a great tenor, since Mario fell away from that position, there has not been a man for whom even an impresario's effrontery could claim the right of being his successor.? The Galaxy for November. Thk New York Tribune gives the Hon. J. M. Edmunds, Secretary of the National Hepublican Executive Committee a column of "independent " reasoning (?) on account of his timely suggestions to the Chattanooga Convention, which will be found in another column. The Tribune is evidently hurt. Periodical**. St. Nicholas for November oilers a greater variety than usual. Among the stories there is the opening of "Tchumpin," a stirring Russian tale, by C. A.Stepheus ; a"Trotly" story, by Miss Elisabeth S. Phelps; "A Half-Dozen Young Rascals," uslory of Buuker Hill; "The Hidden Treasure," a tale of private life in Florida, by .S. \V. G. Benjaniin; a New York Thanksgiving Story, a Coon Story, and an interesting Ghost Story. Then there are practical articles, such as "The Transit of Venus;" "How the Cars Stopped;" "Yusuf," an Eastern Sketch; "Venus of Milo;" "Legends and Suner-1 stitions." by X. S. Dodge; "A Billy-Goat Schoolmaster;" "The Aard-Yark," with illustrations of this curious animal, and an article on the construction of East India Toys. There are poems by Dr. J. G. Ifollaud, AuuaC. Brackett, Mary E. Bradley, and Mary Mapes Dodge. "II. II." tell3 about the "Ants' Monday Dinner;" Alice 1 Williams has a sketch, full of delicate fancy, called "The Marriage of the Gold Pen and the Inkstand;" aud there are some capital boys' letters from "Dick llardin at the Seashore." The illustrations this month dei serve special commendation. W. I.. .Sheppard has a spirited frontispiece, and several smaller pictures. Sol Eytinge, Jr., contributes two capital pictures, and Graville Per, kins has a beautiful view of Florida Bayou. Then there are comic pictures by Frank Beard and Master Frederick Chapman; pictures of animals by James C. Beard, Coucklin, and Hochstein ; fanciful drawings by Mary A. I.athbury, Jessie Curtis, aud K. M. S. Scuuuell; pictures of Japanese subjects by A. C. Warren; aud an excellent picture of "the 1 "Venus of Milo," engraved from a photograph takeu expressly for this illustration, besides many other miscellaneous pictures. We have all sorts of curious stories, from "Jack-iu-the-Pulpit," aud the Letter-Box aud ltiddle Box crammed full of interesting and puzzling matter. Then Mr. Bartlett 1 has turned Mrs. Dodge's popular "Miss Mulony on the Chinese Question," into an acting charade, and there are three full pages for the "Very I.ittle Ones." What more could anybody want? The Atlantic Monthly, for November, coutaius the following: Fiction : Mr. Howell's new novel?A Foregone Conclusion, xiii: xv. Mr. II. James Jr.'s Eugene Pickering. Miss Guernsey's jiiss ueorgine's Husband. Personal and Characteristic Sketches: Mr. Robert Dale Owen's How I came to Study Spiritual Phenomena. " Mark Twain's" A True Story. Mr. George Gary Eggleston's A Rebel's Recollections: vi. A Little Brief Authority. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes's Sketch of Professor Jeffries Wyman. Mr. Chas. Warren Stoddard's Behind the Scenes. ! Philosophy: Mr. John Fiske's Athenian and American I.ife. Mr. Whittier's Vesta. Mrs. Thaxter's Remonstrance. Mr. Rich's ' Still Tenanted, and other Poems. Criticism: Mr. Howell's article on Mr. Parkmuu's Histories and Reviews of Ameri' can aud French Publications, with interestpapers on Art (the Montpensier Collection) | and Education. j One of the most important things for a ' young teacher?orany other--on commencing ' a school is to find employment for each pupil, with the least possible delay. This will so preoccupy their activity as to prevent the temptation to irregularity and misdemeanor. Nothing is more important thau to furnish i full and constant employment to all the pupils . from the outset. This will prove, at once, the ; source of most successful progress to the pupil and of relief to the teacher. Never make a demand of a pupil without i knowing that it is right aud necessary ; and r then when once made, never fail to secure its execution. A failure here is fatal. The de! mand may not always be met at once ; a little ' delay will sometimes make success easier by , giving time for reflection and for passion to . cool; but in no case can a teacher afford to | let an explicit demand go unfulfilled. i Many a genius often sits down to write i something calculated to win him immortality, and is invariably called off in time to prevent I linn ever wining u. The other day a minister otiered prayer at the laying of a corner-stone. A brisk young reporter bustled up and said : " I wish you would give me the manuscript of that prdyer." " I never write out my prayers," replied the preacher. "Well," said the reporter, "I , couldn't hear a word you said." " I wasn't I praying to you," quickly responded the parson. ' ?A lady sitting in her parlor, and engaged ' in the dreamy contemplation of the moustache of the gentleman who was to escort I her and her sister to a musical festival, was i suddenly awakened by an ominous whisper in a juvenile voice at the dooe, "You've got Anu's teeth, and she want's'em." j. ?"You may retire," said gov. Moses to a colored waiter who was standing behind ' his chair in a South Carolinia restaurant, i " 'Scuse me, sah," said Sam,"but I's' sponi sible for de spoons." C0MMUN1CA TIONS. From South Carolina. AfKKN, S. C.,Oct. 1374. To the Eilitijr o/ the New A'utl-jnal Em The political horizon down this way look* very blight for Chamberlain and Gleaves and the Independents, utiax Rollers, arc no where. All over the .State, from the seacoast to the mountain |>eaks. the regular Republican ticket, headed by the polished Chamberlain and the genial Cleaves, sweeps everything before it. The Greene-Delauey movement will be one of the grandest tizzies of the age, and deserdedly so, for it is a deliberate attempt to break up the Republican party and turn the Stale over to the Democrats. If ( ireeu should be elected it would be by Democratic votes, for the Republicans who support him are uot sutticieiit to elect him. Having been elected by Democratic votes be would be virtually a Democratic Governor, and the best offices iu the different counties he would till by the appointment of Democrats, thus giving that party supreme control of the government, who would follow up that success by others, and at last wrest the State from the Republicans altogether, and ilo! we would have another Georgia in our midst. I am indeed surprised lliut such tnou | as Lee, McKitileyaud others, active workers for (ireeue, aru so blinded as uot to see the inevitable destruction of Republicanism which would follow the success of the inovt-iiicui they so persisteutly champion. Chamberlain is without the slightest doubt the most available man at present for the Governorship of this Mate. While not wishing to disparage Judge Greene, 1 must say that Chamberlain is more peculiarly lilted to take the reins of government than any man in .South Carolina. His splendid ability and well-known firmness of character, his spotless reputation, (for the charges against him are too trivial to believe,) and above all his honesty of purpose aud thought and w ell knowu attachment to the great principles of the Republican party cenmieud him to every tnuu who has the iuterest of the party and State at heart. His majority 011 the dd of November will certainly not be less than 20,000 aud doubtless much more. The sole hope of the Rollers lay in the Democrats, and they aie bidding high indeed for their votes, they are willing to sacrifice everything if the Democrats will only help them to beat Glawtiberlain. Now, what are the Democrats doing? They are not endorssing worth a cent; their convention tabled every resolution seeking to commit them to the Greeue-Delauey movement, and thus they stand in " masterly inactivity." In all , the counties they are making straight-out red hot Democratic nominations and leaving Greeue and Delaney out in the cold. In Edgefield county, recently, at the Democratic convention, a proposition was made by the Uutlers, Garys aud other leading fire-eaters to endorse Greene and Delaney, but was greeted with hoots aud yells of derision, and the scene savored much ot pandemonium. This indicates very plainly that the mass of the Democracy wont swallow Greene and the Republican platform no matter how much policy there may be in it. We have had uo disturbances here recently, and it i9 sincerely hoped that the presence of United States troops will serve to keep down all outbreaks and secure pc: and harmony. It grieves us to hear of 1 outrages in Alabama aud othei portions the South, and many an eya in South Ca Una tills with tears as they read of the brutality and persecution practiced toward their brethern by the cruel whites, who are supposed to be the superiors of the colored race. Business is brisk here and anticipations grand> Weather cool and bracing, though tlowers are yet blooming and scenting the ambient air with sweetest fragrance. Cotton, the immaculate kiug, pouring into market rapidly, and everything looking bright after the summer's siesta. Expect a letter whenever anything interesting turns up, in the meantime " adew." JlSTINJAN. itciiuirks of l'lcsitlciil tiraiii in Illinois, sit lite ( iivriliiiK of tin- Lincoln .11 on hip iit. Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : Ua an occasion like the present it is a duty on my part to bear testimony to the great and good qualities of the patriotic man whose earthly remains now rest beneath the dedicated monument. * It was not my fortuue to make the personal acquaintance of Mr. Lincoln till the beginning of the last year of the great struggle for National existence. During those years of doubt and despondency, among the many patriotic men of the country, Abraham Lincoln never for a moment doubted but the final result would be iu favor of peace, ITuion, and freedom to every race iu this broad land; his faith iu an all-wise Providence directing our arms to this final result was the faith of the Christiau that his Redeemer liveth. Amidst obloquy, personal abuse, and hate undisguised, and which was given vent to without restraint through the press, upon the stump and iu private circle-, he rcmaiued the same staunch, unyielding servant of the people, never exhibiting revengeful feeliugs toward ins traducers. lie rather pitied them, and hoped for their own sake and the good name of their posterity that they might desist. For a single moment it did not occur to him that the man (Lincoln) was being assailed, but that a treasonable spirit?one waiting to destroy the truest government the sun ever shone upon?was giving vent to itself ou him as the Chief executive of the nation, only because he was such Executive. As a lawyer iu your midst, ne would have avoided ail that slauder, for his life was a pure and simple one, ami he no doubt would have bceu a much happier man ; but who can tell what might have beeu the fate of the nation but for the pure, uuselrisb, and wise administration of LincolnFrom March, 1804, to the day when the hand of an assassin opened a grave for Mr. Lincoln, then President of the United States, my personal relations with him were as close, as intimate as the nature of our respective duties would permit. To know him personally was to love and respect him for his great qualities of head and heart, and for his patience aud patriotism. With all his disappointments from failures on the part of those to whom he nft-iiufn/1 pnmruanil u?\rl trpacliPiv' Oil the PJITt of those who had gained his contidence but to betray it, I never heard him utter a complaint, or cast censure for bad conduct or bad faith. It was his nature to find excuses for his adversaries. In his death the nation lost its greatest head. In his death the South lost its most just friend. ?A Paris lady abruptly entered her kitchen the other day, and saw the cook skiiainiug the soup with a silver spoon. She said to her: "Fraucoise, I expressly forbade you to use the silver in the kitchen." "Hut, ma'am, the spoon was dirty." ?An authority says that when a woman gets to be over thirty years of age she should not marry; hut who ever heard of a single wouiau over thirty ? ?The "epizooty" has gone iuto the poultry trade. The symptoms are as follows: The fowlappeare stupetied, in a short time the comb turns black, and if not attended to. it soon dies." Salt and alum is recommended as a cure.