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Democratic messenger. (Snow Hill, Md.) 1869-1973, July 23, 1881, Image 1

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fElPemo£fati£ fUcssrngcr.
VOL. XIII. --NO. 29.
The Democratic Messenger,
Publisher Evr.nr Saturday by
Suttscriptinn, x f a Year in Advance.
LilKfru! Arrangements made with clubs.
Correspondence solicited from all parts of
the county.
One dollar for one inch space w ill be charged
for the first insertion, and fifty eents for each I
•absequent insertion.
A liberal discount will be made on quarterly
six months, or yearly advertisements.
Local notices will be in scried nt 20 eents tier
line. *
Marriage and death ’jotires inserted free.
Obituary notices inserted at half advertising
All advertising blß* are due after the first
Insertion, unless otherwise agreed upon.
Office opposite Court House, Snow Hill. Md.
Will visit Poeoinoke City every Saturday.
Strict attention given to the collection of
Office opposite Court House. Snow Hill!, Md.
Strict attention gi\en to the collection of
claims. Will visit Berlin on the second Satur- t
day of every month.
Office opposite Town Hall. Berlir. Md.
Special attention given to the collection of
(Late of Baltimore Bar.)
Snow Hill. Md. • |
Office opposite Court House, adjoining the
Post Ottlee.
Office, Court House Square, Snow Hill. Md. i
Prompt attention giveu to the collection of I
*- |
Office, opposite Court House. Snow Hill, Md. ,
Claims promptly collected. Will visit Pooo- I
moke City on the second Saturday of eaeb
Office, Court House Square, Snow Hill Md
Prompt attention given to the collection of
Office, oj>posi> Court House. Snow Hill. Md.
Prompt attention given to the collection of
el aims.
Office on Washington Street three doors
above Post Office, Snow Hill. Md.
Immediate attention given to the collection
•of claims.
I \li. E. E. DASHIELL,
Ofli- e. opposite Franklin House, Snow Hill.
Will vi-ii Berlin on Thursday. Friday and
Saturday of each week. All ojnirations on
Hie teeth performed in the most skillful man
1 ,
(LTF. ('<>!,. Dymock's.)
Opposite Cmi.rt House, Snow Hill
Larire Airy Rooms,
Excellent Taiile,
Home Comforts j ]
Permanent and transient gu<>ts kindly re- ' |
reived end hospitably entertained.
Tertps, $1.50 |kt day.
Hacks at the It. R. Depot to meet all trains j
J. S. PRICE. Propri- tor. ! '
i j
ULMAN & BRO,, Proprietors. ,
Division Stroot, oppositu j
Court llouho,
First-class Restaurant, Billiard Parlor, Bar, j
and Livery Stable attached.
Free Hocks at Depot to meet all trains.
Passemrers to any part of the
Peninsula upon the most favorable terms.
TERMS. *1.50 PEIt DAY.
First-class accommodation- atid home com
forts. i 1
H. C. POWELL, Proprietor.
Accommodations Unsurpassed |
Twilley A Bros.’ Livery Stable connectc* wit’; ,
this House.
(Late English's.)
! I
W. J MATTHEWS A CO.. Proprietors.
I '
The undersigned beg leave to inform thelt
friends and the general public that they have
leased and refurnished the al>ove elegant and
C'liiirnndiou* house, and are now prepared to ' i
accommodate permanent and tranreni guest* {
in first-ela's style.
L irge airy room*. Home comforts.
Fine Beaand La.- Fishing, Gunning and
Bathing, etc. 7’h- table is provided with Wild ,
Fowl, Terrapin, Fish, Oysters. Crabs, and all 1
the luxuries of the season.
Pleasure boat* of all kind*, guides, fishing
lines, decoys, porde*. etc., always ready for ,
th“ use of guests.
Fitrt-clas* Bar aitarl.ed. Choice wines.
Iquors, ales, be r* and clears.
Passengers foi Cbincoteaguc connect with
steamer for the I-luid at Franklin City, the ;
tenntnns of the Wo’c ster Railroad, morning '
and evening. Connection may also be. made ]
dully a' Nashville. All who Visit the Atlantic
may rest as-ur.d tt at they will receive cour- 1 ,
irons trectrm nt and excellent faie.
ronr patronage in lespectfully solieited. j
W J. MATTHEWS * 00. •
The Comet! lie is on liiu way,
And singing as he flies ;
The whizzing placets shrink before
The spectre <A the skies ;
Ah ! well may regal orbs burn blue,
And sate'.lies turn pale—
Ten million cubic miles of head.
Ten billion leagues of tail!
On. on, by whistling spheres of light,
He flashes and he flames ;
t He lurns not to the left nor tight,
He asks them not their names ;
One spurn from his demoniac heel—
Away, away they fly,
Whero darkness might be bottled up
And sold for ‘‘Tyrian dye.’’
And what would happen to the land.
Aud how would look the sea,
If in the bearded devil's path
Our earth should chance to be ?
Full hot aud high the sea would boil.
Full red the forests gleam ;
Mcthought I saw and heard it all
In a dyspeptic drc-aui!
1 saw a tutor take Ills tube
The comet's course to spy ;
I beard a scream—the gathered rays
Had stewed the tutor’s eye;
I saw a fort- the soldiers all
Were armed with goggles green ;
Pop cracked the gun ! whiz flew the balls! I
Bang went the magazine !
I saw a poet d‘p a scroll
Each moment in a tub,
1 read upon the warping back.
“The Dream of Beelzebub
He could not see his verses burn,
Although his brain was fried,
And ever and anon he bent
To wet them as thev dried.
I saw the scalding pitch roll down
The crackling, sweating piues,
And streams of ijmoke, like water-spouts,
Burst through the rumbling mines;
I asked the firemen why they made
Such noise about the town ; 1
They answered not--but all the whtia
The brakes went up and down,
I saw a roasting pullet
L’ion a baking ;
I saw a cripo,’, e tcorch his hand
ExliD'gajfching his ltg ;
1 *■“.<*- nine geese n|>on the wing
Toward the frozen pole,
And every molhet's gosling fell
Crisped to a crackling coal.
I saw the ox that browsed the grass
Writhe in the blistering rays,
The herbage in Ills shrinking jaws
Was all a fiery blaze ;
I saw huge fishe* boiled to rags.
Bob through the bubbling brine ;
Aud thoughts of supper crossed my soul ;
1 had been rash at mine.
Strange sights! strange sounds! Oh feat -
Its memory haunts me still ; [ful dream. \
The steaming sea, the crimson glare.
That wreathed each wooded bill;
Stranger! if through tbv reeling brain
Such midnight vi -ions sweep,
Spare! spare, oh, spare thine evening
Aud sweet shall be thy sleep ! |meal!
— O. W. Holmes.
The Arid Belt.

The Story of a Young Farmer.
When John Tallant anil his young
wife were induced by the grandiloquent !
circulars of the Union Pacific Railroad j
Company to go West and locate on their !
lands in the great arid belt, they be
lieved they were on the high toad to
.Tohu Tallant and his w ife were young,
strong, industrious, having no vices,
and religions. They were determined
to succeed in creating a home for them- !
selves. They had household furniture,
simple, but sufficient, three strong
young horses, a wagon, and 860 b in
money. If a young couple ever started
fair in life on the eastern edge of the
arid l>elt, the Tallants did.
During May, June, and into July,
John Tallant plowed the tough prairie
sod. Uis wife laboriously chopped the
plowed sod with an axe at intervals of
four feet oil every fourth furrow, and in
the strip planted the yellow dent corn
of the West. At the end of the break
ing season in July, they were pleased
to find they hail broken anil planted to
corn eighty acres of ground. Nightly
(hey estimated the yield, using the
figures furnished by the railroad com
pany. According to these estimates,
they were sure to harvest at least 2,500
bushels of corn, worth 30 cents per
bushel. They were content. The corn
looking promising, John, after consult- ! ,
ing with his wife, bought three brood j
sows, intending to raise pigs. They |
also bought two cows. Mary was to !
make butter for sale in the tailroail ! <
town twenty-five miles south of them, l
Duting early July a heavy raiu fell. ! :
This insured the maturity of the early | :
planted corn. From July 10 until late j ,
in the fall no rain fell. For no long
period did the wind steadily blow from i
any quarter. Occasionally a fierce wind, j
a blast from the arid plains and sauil ;
hills far to the south, where the air !
1 toils in barren gullies, or rolls in waves '
of beat over the heated earth, swept up
their valley, causing the mercury to
spring upward in the vacuum tube,
but this sirocco from the desert was
soon overcome by the cool winds sweep
ing southward from the frozen north.
This partial drought destroyed forty
acres of their corn, anil shortened the
yield of the other forty acres in direct
relation to its time of plautiug. When
the corn was cut, they estimated that
they had 600 bushels instead of 2,400,
confidently expected. Not disheart
ened by the yield of sod corn in a
phenomenally dry year, John Tallant
in the fall plowed the prairie he had
broken preparatory to sowing wheat the
next spring.
One morning an icy north wind rose
with the sun, causing the frost-coated
grass in the valley to wave in sparkling
billows. As the snn mounted higher
and higher the wind .strengthened, and
by noon a strong wind, cokl and pierc
ing, was sweeping across the country.
The grayish veil hanging across the
northern horizon changed color to bluish
black, and slowly pushed upward.
Standing in front of their dngout, the
Tallants admired the country. The j
nostrils of Mrs. Tallant quivered slight-1
“ *Tis Liberty Alone that Gives the Flower of Fleeting Life its Lustre and Terfume—and We are Weeds Without it.”
lr. She turned to !>' . „
Bl,e smelt the l le f’ es of a
distant t „ ne f oreß j were burning. He
ft ‘-o detected the odor. They turned
their stock loose. The horses and cows
j strayed off to the hills to graze on the
nutritious buffalo, grass. The brood
sows wandered np the creek, intent on
; building warm nests for their expected
young. By evening the black cloud that
1 had slowly mounted half way up to the
j zenith was lurid with the reflected light
l of a great prairie fire. The horses and
cattle came home. They were slightly
j excited, and frequently sniffed of the
i smoke-charged air. The hogs, engaged
| in house building, failed to come home,
j and as it was dark, it was useless to
search for them. The Tallants were a
i little anxious, but utterly failed to un
; derstand the danger that threatened
( their neighborhood. Their buildings
were protected by plowed fields, ami
| they thought the tire could not damage
them, and they naturally wished to see
a great prairie fire. Sweeping out of
the north, and distinct from the shrill
sound of the wind, they heard a dull
roar, as if many muffled drums were
beating, lowly but steadily. Also a faint
; crackling sound, as if lightly charged
j rifles were being briskly handled on a
i distant skirmish line. Above the crest
of the distant divide a tongue of flume
I shot up, flared for an iustaut through
J the dense clouds of smoke, then disap
: !>enred. In another place a flame, a
j lurid exclamation point, was blazoned
j against the dark sky. Suddenly the
| depressions of the outline of the crest of
j the distant hills, distinctly visible
i against the lurid sky, were a tossing
mass of dull, red flumes; then the higher
i crests were one by one bathed in fire,
| and the northern horizon for miles
glowed brightly. Denser grew the ilir
' smoke-laden, dust-thickened.
Tho tire rapid!- advanced. It de
scended into inehigh grass in the val-
I j.na wind with a gust increased in
, violence. Tho black clouds that had
hung wall-like against the northern sky,
suddenly released from their bonds,
pushed southward with great velocity.
: Particles of fine, tiny crystals of snow ;
shot through the air in almost horizon
tal lines. The temperature of the air j
| fell instantly, and it was bitter cold. j
: An arctic blizzard drove a great prairie '
j fire to the south. Masses of flame as !
j large as a hogshead bounded high iuto j
j the air. Caught by the fierce wind, '
! they would bo torn into fragments anil
j dashed into the unburnt grass far be- j
: yond the line of fire. No longer was j
| the head lire marked by a simple line; !
it was a sea of red-capped billows, !
breaking into fiery spray, that the wind j
ever whisked far beyond. The fire
struck the broken prairie on which the
corn shocks were standing. Again and
again balls of lire shot forth from the
tossing sea of flame, but failed to stiike.
• A long flexible arm of fire, beaten to
i the ground by the wind, reached far
out over the barren land, and with a ;
swinging, life-like motion struck one of
the corn shocks with its extremity. In
stantly the shock blazed brightly. Of
dozens of these fiery arms that reached j
out and sought with life-like intelli-j
geuce to destroy, only three struck corn j
shocks. The burning stalks and husks
were whisked through the air and lodg- j
i ing on shocks in the line of the wind set
i fire to them. Three rows across the i
! eighty-acre field were consumed. The
fire swept to the south, aud the Tal
lants went to bed knowing that they j
had lost a large portion of their corn, I
and fearing that their swine had been
burned to death. .Morning came, aud
w ith it a revelation of the fierceness of |
the w inter storms on the Western plains, j
Three days passed before John Tall ant
dared to venture in search of his miss- |
ing swine. He found their charred re
| mains by the cre-k, where the grass j
had stood the highest. The hard-work- j
ing couple were not discouraged by the |
the losses experienced by the fire, and !
the repulsiveness of blackened, barren
prairie did not in the least oppress j
The next spring John Tallaut sowed
the laud he had plow ed the previous fall j
with wheat, and that summer he broke
the remainder of his farm. This freshly
broken sod Mrs. Tallaut planted with 1
corn. The season was a wet one, such 1
as occurs at intervals west of the 100th
meridian, and the fertile soil yielded
bountiful returns. The wheat threshed
out seventeen bushels per acre. The
corn averaged twenty-five bushels. The
price of wheat was low, and there were !
but $230 remaining iu their hands after
paying for a reaping machine and the
expenses of the harvest. Corn also was
very low. uolin Tallaut received twelve
and a half cents per bushel of seventy
five pounds. During the summer they
bought five brood sows, and by fall they
had twenty-five little pigs. After many
consultations they decided to keep the
female increase and aiigage in hog rais- i
ing, so as to be able to feed their corn
instead of selling it for less than the
cost of production.
The third Hpring of their residence in
the Arid Belt they sowed eighty acres of
wheat and planted thirty-five acres of
corn. Thirty-five acres of their farm
was low land, along the creek, generally
dry enough to graze on, but unsafe to
cultivate, as the sluggish waters rose
rapidly wheu heavy ruins fell. Fencing ]
five acres of this laud, 'iucltuling a knoll
aud living water for a hog pasture, they
turned their swine loose. After this im
provement they counted their money
and found they hail 873 remaining. The
wheat promised to yield bountifully.
The corn, though a little backward, was
of excellent color, and the stand was
good. The hogs increased rapidly. ,
Fortune seemed to smile on this hard
working couple. Throughout the neigh- j
bur hood, peopled by poor, industrious
i farmers, the Tallants were spoken of as
i laing forehanded. Lank men and toil
| ing women came to see them on Sunday
afternoons, and the former, while whit- I
ling sticks in the shade of the dug-out,
approved of the hog-raising business,
aud assured their hosts that fortune
awaited every man who raised stock. It
was a happy spring and early summer
for the Tallants. The wheat, bloomed
and the field waved sen-like in tho j
strong winds. They spoke confidently
of building a nine frame house that fall. !
Their plans ot the future were frus-1
t rated by the Becky Mountain locusts.
; These insects, singly excellent fish bait, .
■ oolleotvely i* devastating horde, de- *
; stroyed in one day the wheat and com.
i The hogs, that they expected would se
-3 j cure their firm financial standing, were
1 Bold to lowa stock men, who, learning
i of the disaster that hail fallen on the
3 j fanners of the Arid Belt, flocked into the
1 country to buy the stock, that had to be
i sold at any price. This disaster was fol
i lowed by a consuming drought. Tho
t grass dried, the cieek stood iu stagnant
s | pools, green-coated and slimy; the
t ground was baked into bricklike haril
i ness, and farm work impossible. The
r I garden, that Mrs. Tallant had taken
1 great pride in, contained a few short
I cracked cabbage stalks and a few dried
, : tomato vines.
* Courageously the Tallants faced the
1 j disaster. Eagerly they adopted the
■ | absurd theory that the climate of the
I high plains could bo altered by the
j 1 works of man. Strenuously they in
i insisted, wheu talking to their neigh
bors, that lowa and Illinois had been
; subject to long continued droughts aud
hot southwest winds ; but that the cul
j tiyation of a few inches of tho surface
1 soil of a limited area of their lands had
‘ : changed the climate of those States from
; one of sharp extremes of heat and cold,
of drought aud excessive moisture, to
|an equable one. Hundreds of poor
men, who had staked their little fortunes
! in the Arid Belt, and who with praise
j worthy industry were striving to create
I homes for themselves, greedily adopted
the unsound railroad theory of changes
, to be wrought iu a climate that is inex
orable on account of the geographical
| position of the country,
Tho next spring wheat was again
sowed aud corn planted. This year the
crops were again good, and wheat
brought a fair price. The corn crop
was an excellent one, and, though the
| price was low, the Tallants were not
' obliged to sell. They wisely decided to
| crib the corn and always to keep a year’s
crop of corn on hand. The building of
the corn cribs reduced the sum of money
they received for their wheat sharply.
The following spiing the usual crops
were sown aud planted. Encouraged by
the appearance of the growing corn, the
; Tallants again purchased brood sows,
aud soon had a fair number of hogs on
hand. The locusts again swarmed iu
from the Rocky Mountains, but they
had delayed their descent until after
wheat was harvested and corn so liar
i dentil that they could not injure it. This
' year the price of wheat was low ; com
was almost worthless. It was used for
| fuel. Hogs wero so cheap that it was
j barely profitable to shovel the low
| priced corn out of wagons for them to
! eat.
School houses had been built aud
teachers hired. In a community of
homesteaders the burden of paying j
school taxes falls on personal property, j
The intention to tax John Tallaut into i
the poorhouse was developed in School '
District No. 29. In vain did he argue
I against the injustice. It took twenty
J fat hogs to pay this outrageous Igjc.
The hard-working couple were apjglr
ently as far from acquiring a competence
as they ever were. It seemed as though
it was impossible to accumulate auy
money. Before the fall plowing was
i finished they decided to devote 120
acres to wheat the next season, anil to
• buy on eleven years’ credit eighty acres \
of railroad laud adjoining their farm for j
the purpose of raising corn.
Iu the sixth spring 120 acres of wheat .
and five acres of llax were sown. Then
the breaking plow was started, and the
monotonous work of breaking prairie
sod and planting corn with an axe be
The overproduction of wheat iu the j
United States had affected the price of
wheat in the markets of Europe, and
the tendency was toward a lower price
for the staple that all countries can raise.
Steadily, as harvest drew near, day after
j day, the price of wheat declined at the
centres where it is gathered for export, j
Before the sickle bars had ceased rattling !
in the fall-sown wheat fields of the J
Southwest, the crop was known to be j
| the best that hail ever been secured. !
The telegraph carried the news to the |
I centres of the wheat trade, and down
' went the price. The great operators
sent the information to thqjr agents in
' Nebraska. Tallaut, too economical to
take a newspaper, knew uothing of the
depreciation in the value of breadstuff's. | :
Daily he worked iu blind obedience to 1 i
the Divine command that men live by | ]
the sweat of their brows, and daily the i
| stern command of nature that disaster ' '
I overtakes a!! men who labor without iu- 1 i
telligeuee aud iu violation of her laws, i
drew nearer to execution.
John Tali ant’s wheat crop was the <
best one he hail ever raised, some twen- j ]
ty-two bushels per acre. The breadth ■ <
sown iu his county was very large ; anil 1
wheu the wheat was yellow aud tit for <
ttie sielde bar, the discovery was made ]
that there were not enough hands in the ,
county to promptly harvest the crop. 1
The poverty-stricken farmers utterly ( ]
failing to understand the state of the crop ■'
in the United States aud in Europe, bid t
against each other for harvest hands, aud i 1
the pay of these men rose from a dollar j'
and a half to three dollars and a half per | 1
day. Resolved to save his crop in prime ’ |
condition, so as to obtain tlie Inchest I.
prices paid, Tullaut hired ten men aud i
bought another reaping machine and i ]
; another horse. The crop saved aud the | ]
; exjMjnses paid, the money was borrowed i i
! from the county bank at’2j percent, per \ ]
month. Tallant thrashed* Wheu the ',
thrashing machines were loudly hum- ■ .
ruing in Nebraska the price declined j <
to fifty cents a bushel for sound No. 2
new wheat. The bottom being reached, '■ ;
the land gra ’ railroad increased the !
general distress by adding eight cents ; :
l>er one hundred pounds to their tariff j
j on wheat. Promptly wheat fell to forty- ,
four cents j>er bushel. Tins was below j
its cost of production. Notices to pay !
his notes, now due, were sent to Tab j,
lant, and he was forced to sell his wheat I
to pay ; and having sold all excepting
seed for the next year and enough to
supply him with flour, he found that he i
could not meet his obligations.
When in tin* midst ot his wheat bar- j
vest John Tallant noticed that a small j
and beautiful fly, marked with a tiny j
white diamond on its back, that hail j
lien gradually increasing in numbers
since ho opened his farm, had appar- j
ently bred in lm spring wheal fields, as :
the grain tables of his machines were
j covered with tiny red insec’r But they
1 were > insignificant in size that he was
not alarmed. Tho fact of having seen
them he mentioned to his wife as a bit
of farm news. Iu August the outer
rows of corn adjoining the wheat stubble
changed color. The leaves near the
I ground became dry and had the appear
ance of having been “fired” by stand
ing in watet. This withering of the
leaves rose rapidly on the stalks until
the outer rows of corn were dead. John
Tallant, busy plowing his wheat stub
ble, preparatory for the next spring’s
sowing, noticed the withering of the
corn, but thought it was owing to the
hot winds that always damage the outer
rows of a cornfield on the plains. One
Sunday, in early August, a neighbor,
who had lived in Illinois, walked slowly
toward the Tallaut homestead. He was
bowed with sorrow. His gait plainly
expressed woe. Tallant hastened to
meet him and anxiously inquired his
trouble. With a dreadful oath prefixed,
his neighbor replied : “ Chinch bugs!”
“ Chinch lings ! What kind of bugs are
they ?” Tallaut asked. Surprised at the
ignorance of the farmer from the flanks
of Kearsarge, the Illinois farmer took
John Tallant by the arm and led him to
the cornfield. There he showed him
millions of tiny flies, with white dia
monds on their backs, aud millions of
millions of reddish insects, all busy
sucking the life out of the corn.
Throughout the field xvas the smell of
ancient aud unclean bedsteads, charac
teristic of chinch bugs. Tallant listened
to the assurances of the Illinois farmer
that the insignificant insects would de
stroy the com, and smiled incredulously.
Boldly his neighbor prophesied that the
chinch bugs would totally destroy the
crop, and unless the season was wet
would destroy tho next wheat crop, and
every and all crops until a season of ex
cessive raius came.
In reply to tho bantering inquiry,
“What are yon going to do about it?”
tho Illinois farmer tersely said. “1 am
going to mortgage and skip. ” The dis
asters predicted occurred. The chinch
bugs destroyed the corn. The next
spring, when the wheat was about six
inches high, tho ground was covered
with the full-grown, diamond-marked
flies. The Illinois farmer “ mortgaged
aud skipped.” The wheat turned out
five bushels per acre.
The next fall Tallant was out of
money. He had made no com. He
had to sell his hogs, as he had no feed
for them. His debts pressed him. The
dugout was no longer fit to live in. He
proved upon his homestead. After con
sultation the couple, aged with hard
work and poor living, decided to
mortgage their farm, and with the
money obtained to build a little house,
pay their debts, aud buy some groceries
| they were sorely iu need of. They
hoped to be able to pay off the mortgage
! in one or two years if they made good
■ crops. It would have been a legitimate
transaction in an agricultural country ;
but in the Arid Belt it was the begin
ning of the end.
'flie years 1879 and 1880 were dry.
The chinch bugs and the drought
destroyed all crops. The Tallants !
courageously fought against the !
inevitable. Teams, tools, stock, house
hold furniture, all were covered with
j chattel mortgages, placed to raise the 1
' money to pay the iuterest on the laud
I mortgage anil their taxes, and to buy
j food. All was in vain. Nature had 1
, forbidden the agriculturists to enter into
the And Belt, and the penalty for dis
obedience was enforced. Last winter,
unable to pay the interest, long overdue,
aud threatened with foreclosure of 1
chattel mortgages, tho unhappy couple,
happily childless, concluded that trie :
1 fight was unequal; that they were the
dupes of the railroad company, and that 1
they would abandon the laud. One
team of horses and a wagon were un
mortgaged. The bows were put on and 1
tho canvas cover tightly drawn. Bags
j of meal and flour were packed into the ; ;
I wagon, and their blankets. When the j
grass began to shoot through the sun- J 1
warmed soil in the spring the Tallants ;
drove up the Platte trail, leaving their
farm and eight years of wasted life i
behind them.
The Fate of Wen. Rousseau’s Son. 1
Concerning Gen. Rousseau’s son, who j
recently died in a Poor-house in Maine, ;
the Indianapolis Journal says: “He j '
had deserted from the regular Army, j ;
and became a poor, miserable tramp. |
It is tho old story. Gen. Rousseau was | *
for many years an Inilianian, and at one
time a member of the Legislature. He
was a brilliant man, of splendid phy- f
sique aud bearing. It has been said that 1
he was the most magnificent-looking :j
officer in the service. To such a man .
the future seemed ever bright. It was J
easy for him to achieve what less gifted *
men labored in vain to accomplish.
And yet he could not save his boy from
the life of a tramp and a death in a
Poor-house. It was easy to supply him
with money, to give him advantages j
such as few hoys get, to make room for
him iu the Government service, but it
was not possible to make a mau of him. •
The ease is not peculiar. It is one of l
thousands, aud an awful lesson to fathers.
A time comes when money, friends, edu- ‘
cation avail nothing to counteract the J
mistake of the parent in the lioyliood of j
his child. It is said that among the (
tramps and outcasts of the country ,
more owe their condition to over-indul- ‘
geuce in youth thau to poverty and ]
hardships. Statistics on this point, ac- (
curately made up, would tell an awful .
tale. No sermon or lecture could equal ]
it. The father, made sturdy and strong (
by a youth of poverty, in his ignorance |
and fondness proceeds deliberately to (
ruin liis children. The labor that made |
him a mau is regarded as disgraceful by ,
his children. Tho lessons that poverty
taught him nre never taught his chil
dren, and prodigality and dissipation fol
low. One can but think of Gen. Rous- .
sean a few years since tho flower of
manhood; a man nmong a million, <
glorious to look upon, and his poor boy
to-day dies a wretched trauip iu a Poor
house. Who shall say where the blame
rests. ”
Spinach.— When cooking spinach sub- j
atituto n little piece of bacon for llie salt !
pork usually cooked with it to season it. !
! The nicest way to serve it is to put a bit |
’of the bacon in each di-h. Hard boiled |
eggs, sliced when cold, are also liked
with the greens. |
Illiteracy in the United States.
The University Convocation at Albany ,
was largely attended by regents and .
representatives from the different col
leges, academies, and high schools of :
the State. The welcoming address of
Chancellor Pierson gave a brief account
of what the Boards of Regents are doing
and endeavoring to do, and invited the j
co-operation of the Convocation.
Prof. Gardiner of the Albany Academy
read a paper on “The Relation of the
Geueral Government to the Education
of the People.’’ This paper showed an i
alarming amount of illiteracy in the !
United States, and suggested methods
of removing it. It presented statistics, |
showing that in 1870 the voting popn
lation of the United States was 7,628,000,
the voting population of the Southern :
States being 2,775,000. The illiterate
voters in the United States were 1,580,- j
000, aud the same class of voters in the I
Southern States numbered 1,123,000. •
Twenty per cent, of the entire voting j
population of the United States, and }
45 per cent, of the voters of the Southern !
States, could not read their ballots.
The total vote cast add counted at the :
last general election in the whole coun
try was 9,297,000. Advance sheets of
qensus reports aud careful estimates say
that from 21 to 22 per cent, of them
were illiterate. Ten years ago one voter
in five was illiterate. The proportion
is larger to-day. Sixteen Southern S
States contain one-third of the entire
vote of the country, and three-quarters j
cf that vote is illiterate. There are
457,000 illiterate votes in the Eastern, j
Northern, and Western States. New
York has 77,120 illiterate votes ; Penn- !
sylvauia, 08,108; Illinois, 4,477; and !
Ohio, 49,970. These 457,000 illiterate 1
voters of the North showed their dis
tinctive power in the riots of 1877, aud
they can decide every contested elec
tion. The rapid growth of city popu
lation and illiteracy is an evil omen for
American democracy. In 1870 illiteracy
had grown to oue-sixth of our popti- j
lation, and in 1880 it was one-fifth. In
tins State alon6 nearly 55 per cent, of
the illiterate live in cities.
An animated discussion followed the
reading of the paper. Regent Fitch
offered a resolution favoring aid from
the General Government to the several
States in the matter of popular educa
tion, such aid to bo apportioned accord
ing to the illiteracy in the several
States, aud that the resolution lie trans
mitted to Congress. The resolution
was curried unanimously.
Ladies Chewing Snuff in Texas.
In Northwestern Texas, next to the i
Arkansas line, some of the ladies chew
.snuff. They are not Texas girts, bnt
Arkansas girls over there on a visit. The
real snuff-chewing girls all live in Ar
kansas and Tennessee. The swell Ar- j
kansas girl takes out her tin box of snuff,
dips a stick in it and chews the end of
the stick like a cigar. Occasionally she j
expectorates out of the window or iuto
the aisle of the Pullman car. No man
feels like kissiug an Arkansas snuff
chewing girl on the mouth. If com- |
pe'.led to kiss her at all he prefers to i
kiss her on the nose or ear. Between an
Arkansas girl’s powder on her face and
snuff on her teeth and lips the ear is the ;
only clean place left to kiss.
I am sorry that almost every colored
girl in Texas chews snuff. The cham- i
bermaids all go about the halls with a
stick in their mouths, the end covered
with snuff.
When the colored chambermaid at
Waco came with towels she had a stick
in her mouth, and I thought I would :
ask her why she used it.
“Well, it ’pears like dey all use it,’
she said, “an’ so I uses it too.”
“But it’s such a nasty habit,” I said, j
“Why, you’ll never get married with
your mouth full qf nasty snuff.”
“Most all de girls gets married some
way, an’ dey all chew ; an’ de white la
dies, dey chews, too.”
“What ! Not the white ladies in this
hotel !”
‘ Sartainly, sah. Dey’s five ladies—
white ladies—in dis hotel dat chews.
Dey do it in dere rooms, though. It
’pears zif what de white ladies do we
colored girls oughter do too.”
I will say here that the refined young
ladies in Texas do not use snuff. The
snuff chewers are usually the “poor
white trash” who origiuaily came from
Arkansas or Tennessee. You will see
beautiful and accomplished young ladies
in Waco who would uot associate with
the snuff-chewing crowd. Chicago
A New Riding Habit.
The change in the riding habit worn
by the Princess of Wales lias l>een the
subject of much talk and discussion
among ladies in Euglaud, and may be
interesting to horsewomen here. The
new riding habit is made with a short
skirt gored to the kuees, so that the
position of the rider is safer in .the sad
dle, being uuincumliered with the heavy
folds and useless length of drapery hith- ;
erto worn. The skirt cannot be blown
about, and is thus prevented from
revealing the foot and ankle, which can
never look graceful when stretched over
the side of the horse to reach the stirrup.
The skirt worn by the Princess is not
much longer than an ordinary drawing
room costume, and light, easily raised
by the wearer without the danger of
causing n stumble, wlncli so continually
happens with the riding habit usually
If yon want to get the reputation of j
knowing a heap, do as Professor Proc- |
tor does. He guesses what happened
three or four million years ago and pre
dicts what is to happen fifteen million
years heuce. It is only a few years
biuce he commenced, and now he can
get credit in any grocery.
A Western Well. —A well at Castle
Rock, Wis., runs down forty feet throuhg
shale, and then through forty feet of .
solid rock. At the junction of the two
! substances a stream of air pours in so
cold that ice forms, and so strong that
I light things are blown out of the well, j
“Doolithor Brady, come here ! come here !
l)id anyone see the likes of this !
Four iv the boys have fought just for a kiss,
j It's much ye’ve to answer for, Eileen dear,
j There was Micky, and Hhawn, and Denis and
Fonr iv us fought for ye, think o' that:
I Now, on a stretcher each one iv them lies.
All but Pat (by the powers, that’s me !)
All iv them brought to this pass, ye see.
| Bv that quare comether* in Eileen’s eyes.
, “Whisht! She’s cryin’, Ido declare !
How'll I comfort you now, agra V
| Doctbor, lend me your outside car
; Till I take her a jaunt to Drnmmora Fair ;
j There’s only one iv us now to the fore,
! But he’ll break the heads iv a dozen more.
| Whoop! Mavourneen, what'll I do?
Their beads are broke, bnt my heart's in two.
| There was Micky, and Shawn, and Denis and
. Four iv us fonglij for ye, think o' that ’■
! Fought wid shillal cs to gain the prize
| Of that quart comether in Eileen's eyes.
' “Father Pathrick! Pm certain sure
| This same comether's a dangerous thing,
It ought to be chained wid a weddin' ring,
For the boys are just bein’ kilt by the score.
• Tilings is got to a pretty pass,
| There’ll only be corpses to come to mass.
There was Mickv. and bhawn, and Denis and
, (Divil a bit of her cared for that!)
■ By the holy poker! Pat’s won the prize
i Of that quart* comether in Eileen's eyes.”
Louisa F. Stobt.
* Comether. Aoglice, a spell.
“ You are not fond of money for it
: self ?” “ Oh, no,” said Jay Gould ; “ I
am fond of it for myself.”
i Dr ring her career Jenny Lind Gold
schmidt sang about a million airs, aud
she is now a millionaire herself.
“ All things come to him who waits,”
| but a quarter judiciouslv bestowed on a
waiter will hurry the things up a little.
A man named Jackson demands a
pension of 83,000 of the government
for having lived in Milwaukee a whole
I year.
If the theaters had as many exits as
an ordinary family liquor store has en
trances there would lie no danger in case
of a fire.
It is not surprising that there is a
great deal of pride at our seaside water
ing places, for there every wave has its
An Indian never snores in his sleep
until after ho has liecome partly civil
ized. Iu his natural state he is too
lazy to even turn over in bed.
Prophets are generally a lazy set of
croakers, who have discovered that it is
cheaper to guess than to work, and
nobler to lie than tell the truth.
Albany has ordered three hundred
electric lights. Owners of property
don't dare to let it get very dark when
: the Legislature is there.— Boston Post.
Several brothers recently got into a
quarrel over a pie, and the little one
felt less kindly toward the biggest, who
took his part, than he did toward any
of the others.
A poet advises, “Be honest poverty
thy boasted wealth.” This is all well
enough in the way of sentiment, bnt it
is a sort of wealth that gets mighty lit
tle recognition of respect.
- “ How much coal is there, Susan ?
' How long will it last ?” “ Well, ma’am,
it will last quite a while if you don’t
have any tires.” “ Then there isn’t
much left?” “There isn’t any left,
A short time since two young ladies
near Camberwell were accosted by a
gypsy woman, who told them that for
a shilling each she would show them
their husbands’ faces in a pail of water,
which, lieing brought, they exclaimed:
“We only see our own faces !” “ Well,”
said the old woman, “ those faces will
lie your husbands’ when you are mar
A writer in a July monthly says:
“Of the worst foes that women have
had to encounter, wine stands at the
head.” The writer is right. It first
goes to the head, and then stands there
for several hours, and the owner of the
head gets up next morning feeling as if
he had exchanged heads with a giant
wheu he left the banquet hall the night
before. So we’ve been told.
A new test of sobriety infinitely pref
erable to walking a chalk line or pro
nouncing “National Intelligencer” or
saying “the scenery is truly rural,”
lnvs lieeu brought before the public. At
Harvarfordwest, England, recently, a
well dressed man, in disproof of a
charge of habitual drunkenness, held
up an umbrella, which he allowed he
had not lost nor mislaid for fourteen
“I don’t care so much about your
weighing my meat before trimming it,”
remarked Mr. Husbandman, as the
butcher cut off four pounds of suet
from liis five-pound purchase; “ but I
do object to your partiality in charging
me twenty-five cents a pound for that
fat, and afterward demanding bnt three
cents a pound for it from the scavenger.
If you would charge ns each three
cents or twenty-five, I wouldn’t say a
“Father of the Girl”—Your best
plan is to start to go to lied the next
time George calls, the same as usual.
Let your boots drop so he will be sure
to hear them. Then cock yourself up
in an arm chair with a pitcher of lemon
ade, aud wait. The best view of the
i comet is to lie had about two A. M. At
; that hour walk quietly out on the front
| porch. George will try to hustle the
girl off his knee. Yon don’t want to
1 let on that you notice this at all, but
just say that you have long noticed
their affection for each other, and while
Mary has always been the family pet,
yon kuow that some time she must
leave the old homestead, and sever the
ties that bind her to a mother’s love and
n father s watchful care. If the yo\ing
man can successfully get away after
this kiud of a talk let him go. He is
certain to bee out a pirate or something
like that, and yon 'vonldo't want him
i la the family.

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