Newspaper Page Text
§ojje jpemacratir iOTesjsmtjcu
1869. VOL. XIII. —NO. 45. The Democratic Messenger, Published Ever* Saturday by UTTLETON DENNIS, Proprietor * AT MOW HILL, WORCESTER CO., MO. Subscription. $1 a Year in Advance. Liberal arrangements made with dubs. Correspondence solicited from all parts of the county. ADVERTISING RATES. One dollar for one inch space will he charged for the first insertion, and fifty cents for each subsequent insertion. A liberal discount will be made on quarterly six months, or yearly advertisements. Local uotices will be inserted at 20 cents per line. Marriage and death notices inserted tree. Obituary notices inserted at half advertising rates. All advertisiug bills are due after the first insertion, unless otherwise agr*ed upon. LITTLETON DENNIS, Snow Hill, Md j PROFESSIONAL CARDS. _ | A DIAL P. BARNES, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office opposite Court House, Snow Hill. M<l. Will visit Pocomoke City every Saturday. Strict attention given to the collection of claims. P LAYTON J. PURNELL, V/ ' ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office opposite Court House, Snow Hi’.ll, Md. Strict attention given to the collection of claims. Will visit Berlin on the second Satur day of every month. 17DWARD D. MARTIN, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office opposite Town Hall, Berlir. Md. Boecial attention given to the collection of : e’afms. IfDWARD B. BATES, (Late of Baltimore Bar.) ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR-AT-LAW. I Bnow Hill, Md. Office opposite Court House, adjoining the | Post Offiee. GEORGE M. UPSHUR, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office, Court House Square. Snow Hill, Md. Prompt attention given to the collection of claims. OEORGE W. PURNELL, 'J ATTORSEY-AT-LAW. Office, opposite Court House. Snow Hill. Md. Claims promptlyoollected. Will visit I’oco rooke City on the second Saturday of each month. (TEORGE W. COVINGTON, * ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office, Court House Square, Snow Hill, Md. Prompt attention given to the collection of claims. C AMU EL H. TOWNSEND, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office, opposite Court House, Snow Hill, Md. Prompt attention given to the collection of claims. WM SIDNEY WILSON, ▼▼ ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office on Washington Street three doors above Post Office. Snow Hill, Md. Immediate attention given to the collection of claims. Dr. e. e. dashiell, DENTIST. Office, opposite Franklin House, Snow Hill. Will visit Berlin on Thursday. Friday and Saturday of each week. All operations on the teeth performed in the most skillful man ner, - HOTELS. NATIONAL HOTE L, (Late Col. Dymoi k's.) Opposite Court House, Snow Hill Md. Large Airy Rooms, Excellent Table. Home Comforts Permanent and transient guests kiudiy re ceived and hospitably entertained. Terms, £1.50 per day. Hacks at the R. R. Depot to meet all trains J. 8. PRICE. Proprietor. SALISBURY HOTEL, ULMAN & BR0„ Proprietors. Division Street, oppoNito Court Hoiimo, SALISBURY. MD. First-class Restaurant, Billiard Parlor, Bar and Livery Stable attached. Free Hr.cks at Depot to meet ail trains. Passengers conveyed to any part of thi Peninsula upon the most favorable terms. TERMS. *1.50 PER DAY. First-class accommodations and home com forts. CLARKE HOUSE, POCOMOKE CITY, MD. H. C. ROWELL, Proprietor. Accommodations Unsurpassed FIRST-CLASS BAR ATTACHED. Twilley A Bros.’ Livery Stable connectc-* witit this House. ATLANTIC HOTEL, (Late English's.) CHINCOTEAGUE ISLAND. VA. W. i. MATTHEWS * CO., I'roj-rietur*. The undersigned beg leave to inform theli friends and the general public that they have leased ai d refurnished the above elegant and commodious house, and are now prepared to aeeomihodate permanent and transient guests in first-cla-s style. Large airy rooms. Home comforts. Fine Sea and Bay Fishing, Gunning and Bathing, etc. The table is provided with Wiid Fowl. Teriaph), Fish, Oysters, Crabs, and all the luxuries of the season. Pleasure boats of all kinds, guides, fishing lines, decoys, ponies, etc., always ready for the use of guests. First-class Bar attached. Choice wines, Iquors, alea, beer and cigars. Passengers for Cbineoteague connect with steamer for the Mind at Franklin City, thy terminus of the Wo-cester Railroad, morning and evening. Connection may also be made dslly at Nashville. All who visit the Atlantic may rest assuri d that they will receive cour teous treatment and excellent fare. Your patronage is lespectfullv solicited. W J. MATTHEWS & CO. SNOW HILL, WORCESTER COUNTY, MARYLAND, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1881. TllE WHIPPOOR WILL. i There's a shy, brown bird, that I’ve often beard. As I sit in the evening shadows; ; But sad is the note that comes from her throat. While she sings in the dewy meadows: | ‘•WbippoorwiJl! whippoorwill!” Hark ! from under the hill ! Comes the mournful refrain of the brown whippoorwill. There’s a shade of pain in her plaintive strain; And I often and often wonder What under the sun could “Poor Will” have done To distress that shy bird so yonder. ’•Whippoorwill! whippoorwill! and the sad notes seem more shrill As she sings the last words of her song: ‘•Whippoorwill!” Did she go to keep tryst with Will-o'the-wisp In the rushes down by the river V Did lie whisk out his light and leave her in the plight Of a poor, broken si aft in love's quiver? •‘Whippoorwill! whippoorwill!” with a heart rending thrill She repeats and prolongs: ‘‘Whippoorwill! w hippoorwili! ’ She will not forgive, her anger will live. The complaint i repeated oxer From her swelling breast, full of wild unrest And it sweeps through the upland clover. ••Whippoorwill! whippoorwill!” oh, be still* oh, be still! And forget the sad tryst of perfidious Will. The Civilization That Is. BY HENItY GEORGE. When wc think of the civilization that might be, how poor and pitiful, j how little better than titter barbarism, seems this civilization of which we boast! Even here, where it has had the freest field and fullest development! Even hero ! This is a broad land and a rich land. I How wide it is, how rich it is, how the fifty millions of ns already here are but liegiuning to scratch it, a man cannot begin to realize, till he does some thou sands of miles of traveling over it. There arc a school and a church and a news paper in every hamlet; we have no privileged orders, no legacies of anti quated institutions, no strong and covertly hostile neighbors, who in fancy or reality oblige us to keep up great standing armies. We have had the experience of all other nations to gnide ns in selecting what is good and reject ing what is bad. In politics, in religion, in science, in mechanism, everything shows the latest improvements. We think we stand, and in fact we do stand, in tho very van of civilization. Food i here is cheaper, wages higher, than any | where else. There is l.era a higher average of education, of intelligence, of material comfort, of individual opportu nity, tlmu among any other of the great civilized nations. Here modern civiliza tion is at its very best. Yet even here ! Last winter I was in San Francisco. There are in San Francisco citizens who can build themselves houses that cost a miiliou and a half ; citizens who can give each of their children two millions of registered United States bonds for a Christmas present ; citizens who can send their wives to Paris to keep house there, oi* rather to “keep palace” in a style thht outdoes the lavishness of Russian Jgrand dukes; citizens whose ; daughters are golden prizes to the bluest-blooded of English aristocrats; citizens who buy seats in the United States Senate and leave them empty, just to show their grandeur. There are, also, in San Francisco other citi zens. Last winter I could hardly walk a block without meeting a citizen beg i ging for ten cent.*. And, when a charity fund was raised to give work, with pick and shovel to such as would rather work j than beg, the applications were so nu merous that, to make the charity fund go as far as possible, one set of men was discharged after having been given a few days’ work, in order to make room for auother set. This and much else of the same sort I saw in Sau Francisco last winter. Likewise in Sacramento, and iu other towu. Last summer, on the plains, I took from its tired mother, and held in my arms, a little snn-browned baby, the yonrgest of a family of the sturdy and keen Western New England stock, who alone in their two wagons had traveled nearly three thousand miles looking for some place to locate and fiuding none, and who were now returning to where ( the father and the biggest boy could go ; to work on a railroad, what they got by j the sale of their Nebraska farm all gone. And I walked awhile by the side of long, lank Southwestern men who, after simi lar fruitless way up into ’Washington Territory, were going back to the Choctaw Nation. This winter I have been in New York. New York is the greatest and richest of American cities—the third city of the modern world, and moving steadily to ward the first place. This is a time of great prosperity. Never beforo were so mauy goods sold, so much business done. Real estate is advancing with big jumps, and within the last few months many fortunes have been made in buy ing and selling vacant lots. Landlords nearly everywhere are demanding in creased rents ; asking in some of the business quarters an iucrease of three bundled per ceDt. Money is so plenty that government four per cents sell for 114. and a bill is passing Congress for refunding the maturing national debt at tlirce per cent, per annum, a rate that awhile ago in California was not ! thought exorbitant per month. All sorts of shares and iKinds have beeu go ing np and up. You can sell almost anything if you give it a high-sounding corporate name and issue well-printed shares of stock. Heats in the Board of Brokers are worth thirty thousand dol lars, and are cheap at that. There are citizens there who rake in millions at a single operation with as much ease as a faro-dealer rakes in a handful of chips. Nor is this the mere seeming prosjier ity of feverish speculation. The coun try is really prosperous. The crops have beeu enormous, the demand insa tiable. We have at last a sound enr > reney; gold has been pouring in. The railroads have been choked with pro duce, steel rails are being laid faster than ever before; all sorts of factories are running bill time or over time. So “ ’Tis Liberty Alone that Gives the Flower of Fleeting Life its Lustre and Perfume—and We are Weeds Without it.” prosperous is the country, so good are the times, that, at the last Presidential ; election, the determining argument was i that we could not afford to take the chance of disturbing so much material prosperity by a political change. Nevertheless, prosperous as are theso times, citizens of the United States beg you on the streets for ten cents and five cents, and although you know that there are in N.Y. City two hundred charitable societies, although you realize that on general principles to givo money in this way is to do evil rather than good, you are afraid to refuse them when you read of men in that great city freezing to death and starving to death. Prosper ous as are these times, women are mak irg overalls for sixty cents a dozen, and you can hire citizens for trivial sums to parade up and down the streets all day with advertising placards on their backs. I get on a horse-car and ride with the driver. He is evidently a sober, steady man, as intelligent as a man can be who drives a horse-car all the time he is not asleep or eating hts meals. Ho tells me he lias a wifo and four children. He gets home (if a couple of rooms can be called a home) at two o’clock in the morning ; he has to be back on his car at nine. Sunday ho has a couple of hours more, which ho has to put in sleep, else, he says, he would ntterly j break down. His children he never sees, save when one of them comes at noon or supper-time to the liorse-car route with something for him to eat in a tin pail. He gets one dollar and seventy five cents per day (that will buy at Del monico's a beefsteak and cup of coffee). I say to him that it must be pretty hard to pay rent and keep six persons on one dollar and seventy-five cents a day. He says it is ; that he had been trying for a month to get enough ahead to buy a new pair of shoes, but he hasn’t yet suc ceeded. I ask why he does not leave such a job. He says, “ What can I do? There are a thousand men ready to step ; into my place !” And so, in this time of prosperity, he is chained to his car. The horses that he drives are changed six times during his working-day. They have lots of time to stretch themselves and rest themselves and eat in peace their plentiful meals, for they are worth from one to two hundred dollars each, and it would be a loss to the company for them to fall ill. But this driver, this citizen of the United States, Le may fall ill or drop dead, and the company would not lose a cent. To judge between him and the leasts he drives, l am inclined to think that this most prosperous era is more prosperous for horses than for men. Our Nopoleon of Wall street, our Charlemagne of railroads, who c one to N. Y. City with nothing but a new kind of mouse-trap in a mahognuy box, but ! who now, though yet in the vigor of his i prime, counts his wealth by hundreds of ! millions, if it can be counted at all, is in terviewed l>y a reporter just as he is about to step aboard his palace car for a grand combination expedition into the Southwest. He descants upon the ser vices he is rendering in welding into one big machine a lot of smaller machines, in uniting into one vast railroad empire the separated railroad kingdoms. He likewise descants upon the great pros perity of the whole country. Everybody is prosperous and contented, he says : there is,of course, a good deal of misery iu the big cities, but, then, there always is! But not alone in the great cities. I j ride on the Hudson River Railroad on a bitter cold day, ami from one of the pretty towns with Dutch names gets in a constablo with a prisoner, whom ho is to take to an Albany prison. In this case justice has been swift enough, for the crime, the taking of a shovel, has only been committed a few' hours be fore. Such coat as the man has he keeps buttoned up, even iu the hot car, for, the constable says, ho has no under clothes at all. He stole the shovel to get to the penitentiary, where it is w arm. The constable says that they have lots of such cases, and that even iu these good times these pretty country towns are infested with such tramps. With all our vast organizing, our developing of productive powers and cheapening of transportation, we are yet creating a class of utter pariahs. Aud they are to be found not merely in the great cities, but wherever the locomotive ruus. Is it real advance in civilization which, on the other hand, produces these great captains of industry, and, on the other, these social outcasts ? It is the year of grace, 1881, and of the Republic the 105th. The girl who has brought in coal for my fire is twenty years old. She was born in New York, and can neither read nor write. To me, when I heard it, this seemed sin and shame, and I got her a spelling book. She is trying what she can, but it is uphill work. She has really no time. Last night when I came in, at eleven, she was not through scrubbing the halls. She gets four dol lars a month. Her shoes cost two dol lars a pair. She says she can sew; but I guess it is about as I can. In the natural course of things, this girl will be a mother of citizens of the Republic. Underneath are girls who can sew; they run sewing machines with their feet all day. I have seen girls in Asia carrying water jugs on their heads aud young women iu South America bear ing burdens. They were lithe and strong and symmetrical; but to turn young women into motive pow. r for a sewing-machine is to weaken and injure her physically. And these girls are to rear, or ought to rear, citizens of the Republic. But there is wrorse and worse than this. Go out into the streets at night, aud you will find them filled with girls who will never be mothers. To the man who has known the love of mother, of sister, of sweetheart, wife, and daughter, this is the saddest sight of all. The ladies of the Brooklyn churches they are getting up petitions for the suppression of Mormon polygamy; they would have it rooted out with pains and penalties, trampled out, if need lie, with lire and sword; aud their rever end Congressman-elect is going, when he takes his seat, to introduce a most stringent bill to that end ; for that a man should have more wives than one is a burning scandal iu a Christian country. So it is; but there are also other burning scandals. As for scandals ' that excite talk, I will spare Brooklyn a ; comparison with Salt Lake. But as to ' ordinary things: I have walked through the streets of Salt Lake City, by day and by night, without seeing what in the streets of New York or Brooklyn, excites no comment. Polygamy is un natural and wrong, no doubt of that, for Nature brings into the world some thing over twenty-two boys for every twenty girls, Bnt is not a state o'f society unnatural and wrong in which there are thousands and thousands of girls for whom no husband ever offers? Can wo brag of a state of society in : which one citizen can load his wife with more diamonds than an Indian chief can put beads on his squaw, while many other citizens are afraid to marry lest they can not support a wife- a stato of society iu which prostitution flourishes? Civilization is advancing day by day; never was such progress as we are making. Yet divorces are increasing and insanity is increasing. What is the goal of a civilization that tends toward free love and the madhouse ? This is a most highly civilized com munity. There is not a bear nor wolf on Manhattan Islaud, save in a menag erie. Yet it is easier, where they arc worst, to guard against bears and wolves than it is to guard agaiust the ! human beasts of prey that roam this island. In this highly civilized city every lower window has to be barred, every door locked and bolted ; even door mats, not worth twenty-five cents, you will see chained to the steps. Stop for a moment in a crowd and your watch is gone as if by magic; shirt-studs are taken from their owners’ bosoms, j aud ear rings are cut from ladies’ ears, j Even a standing army of policemen do ’ not prevent highway robbery; there : are populous districts that to walk through after nightfall is a risk, and where you have far more need to go j armed and to lie wary than in the back- j j woods. There are dens into which ' men are lured only to be drugged and '■ robbed, sometimes to be murdered. All the resources of science and inventive genius are exhausted in making bur glar proof strong rooms and safes, yet, • as the steel plate becomes thicker ami harder, so does the burglar’s tool be- j come keener. If the combination lock can not be picked it is blown open, j If not a crack large enough for the In- ! troduction of powder is left, then the air pump is applied and a vacuum is j created. So that those who iu the heart of civilization would guard their j treasures safely must come back to the j most barbarous device, and either i themselves, or by proxy, sleeplessly j stand guard. What sort of a civilization j is this? In what does civilization essen- j tially consist if not in civility—that is to j ! say, in respect for the rights of person | and of property ? Yet this is not all, nor the worst, j Theso are but the grosser forms of that | spirit that in the midst of civilization I compels every one to stand on guard. ! What is the maxim of brininess inter- j course among the most highly respect- j able classes? That if you are swindled : it will be your own fault ; that yon must 1 treat every man you have dealings with ! ns though he but wauted the chance to j cheat and rob you. Caveat einptor. “ Let the buyer beware.” If a man j steal a few dollars ho may stand a chance j of going to the penitentiary. I read the . other day of a man who was sent to the ' penitentiary for stealing four cents from 1 a horse-car company. But, if he steal j a million by business methods, ho is ' courted aud flattered, even though he j steal the poor little savings which waah- : erwomen and sewing-girls have brought j to him in trust, even though he rob j widows and orphans of the security ! which dead men havo struggled and stinted to provide. This is a most Christian city. There are churches aud churches. All sorts of churches, where are preached all sorts of religions, save that which once in Galilee taught the arrant socialistic doc trine that it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needlo than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God ; all save that which once in Jerusalem drove the money-changers from the temple. Churches of brown and gray and yellow stone, lifting toward heaven in such noble symmetry that architec ture seems invocation and benison; where, on stained-glass windows, glow' angel and apostle, and the entering light is dimmed to a soft glory ; where such music throbs and supplicates and bursts in joy as once in St. Sophia ravished the souls of heathen Northmen ; churches where richly cushioned pews let for the very highest prices, and the auctioneer determines who shall sit in the foremost seats; churches outside of which on j Suuday stand long lines of carriages, on ! each carriage a coachman. And thero! are white marble churches, so pure and j shapely that the stone seems to have , bloomed aud flowered—the concrete ex- : pression of a graud, sweet thought, ! Churches restful to the very eye, and . into which the weary and heavy-laden 1 can enter and join in the worship of i their Creator for no larger an admission ! fee than it costs on the Bowery to see j the bearded lady or the Zulu giant tight feet high. And then there are mission ohurcliss, run expressly for poor people, where it does not cast a cent. There is no lack of churches. There are, in fact, more churches than there are people who care to attend them. And there j are likewise Sunday-schools, aud big j religious “book concerns,” and tract societies, aud societies for spreading the light of the Gospel among the heathen iu foreign parts. Yet, land a heathen on the Battery with money in his pocket, and he will be robbed of the last cent of it before he is a day older. “By their fruits shall ye know them.” A Distbessino Case. — One specially distressing case of the bank failure at Newark is that of two maiden sisters of East Orange who were dependent upon the dividends of a small fortnue of 816,000 worth of stock which had been left them by their father some twenty years ago. They will lose their support and will be unable to meet any demand for assessments. A brewer had $83,000 deposited iu the bank. His loss will not effect him any. Life must be a hirdeu to the poultry fancier. It certaiuly is to his neighbor i with a kitchen garden. A LUNATIC WITH A PISTOL Endeavoring to Force an Entrance to the White House. A sad-faced, sandy bearded man came up to the door of the White House in Washington on Monday morning, and said that he wauted to see Dr. John NoetliDg, tho President of the United States. He had a note in his pocket, which he took out in explanation of his request, which read as follows: John Woling: You are hereby notified that I)r. John Noet tling is lawfully elected President of the United States and occupies the White Honse every day. Almighty God. Communicated by the Holy Spirit. Seeing that the man was plainly in sane, the doorkeepers, who often have j individuals of Lis description to deal : with, tried to direct his miud from its ] hallucination and send him away witb i ont trouble. He persevered in remnin i ing, however, aud grew impatient at : the subterfnge practiced upon his cre dulity. At last it seemed desirable to arrest him, and turn him over to tho police. To accomplish this object, Ser geant Dinsmore, of the household force, who is a man of giant frame aud quick iu movement, suggested that they go to the corner of Four and a Half street and Pennsylvania avenue, where President Arthur was, aud call upon him iu person. Tho lunatic, who is somewhat} familiar with the city, understood that the Police Headquarters were at this location and refused to go. He was disturbed bythe proposal, however, and began to take himself off. In this purpose he was thwarted by the door-keepers, who had j orders from Private Secretary Brown to j arrest him, whereupon a desperate ’ struggle ensued, aud for a time the ; maniac, with a madman’s strength, re | sisted the efforts of four muscular at tendants. At one stage of the struggle he made a motion a3 though to draw a . pistol from his hip-pocket. This was ; seen aud frustrated. One of the door : keepers subsequently felt iu the pocket and took from it a large-sized Smith & Wesson six-shooter, all tho barrels of which were loaded. When his deadly ; weapon had been thus captured the maniac yielded aud was taken to Polioe ! j Headquarters without further trouble. | Oil his arrival there the police rccog ; nized an old acquaintance. He first | came to the city in May last, when he • acted so strangely and gave such plain signs of lunacy that he was taken into custody and his relatives notified. Soon 1 afterward he was sent to their home in ! the western part of Pennsylvania. The i police say that these relatives failed in j their duty to society, for they took no ; steps to have him suitably confined, but ' permitted him to roam at large and to drift back to Washington, to npjicar again as a dangerous political lunatic. ■ He got here about tho last of Scptem ; ber, and has boarded at one of the small i hotels under the assumed name of John I Woling. He has kept himself ont of | the way, so that the police did not know j of his return until the dramatic adveu- i I tnre of to-day. “His folks certainly ought to have j shut him up,” said the policeman in ■ special charge of sick and insane prison j ers. “It is bad enough to have these cranks come arouud once, let alone ' ; twice. This city is the natural resort ' | for these people, and we have constant ! j trouble with them.” He then took up J a sheet of paper, on which was written j j a list of a dozen names and residences. ; j “See here,” he said, “here are a dozen j 1 crazy people wo have recently sent j home to their friends. They aro arrest- ' ; ed here and detained until we can hunt ! | up their friends and arrange to send 1 , them where they belong. Sometimes j i this is a work of some difficulty, and | takes considerable time. Here, for in- j j stance, is a letter I have just received : from the sheriff of a Michigan county, j concerning a woman who threatened ; Attorney-General MacVeagh soon after j Gen. Garfield was assassinated. She ; had a claim of some sort against the ' Government, aud demanded that, the | Attorney-General assist her to collect it. 1 When he tried to put her off she warned i him that Garfield had failed to do his | duty, and had been punished, and that ; if he failed he might also be puhished. j The woman was arrested aud held until ; wo could communicate with her friends. To-day this Sheriff writes that she has been very wall-to-do, has respectable connections, and is the mother of ftvo children, whom she leaves by her ab sence in destitute circumstances. She will now be sent home. Three have recently been sent to Philadelphia, two to Massachusetts, aud so on all over j the country. The most singular adveu- j ture we have had lately was the appear | ance in the city of a man and his wife | ; from Michigan, both stark crazy. They i ' were not troublesome, and we sent them j j back whence they came. ” Dr. Noetling acts and talks in an eu- I tirely rational manner outside of the line !of llis monomania. He says he had no I thought of assassinating the President, but carried deadly weapons to defend j himself as others do, aud that ho drew I the revolver to protect himself against the violent assault of the doorkeepers. “My errand at the White House,” he said, “was to satisfy myself ou the ac curacy of my information. For my own part, I believed the Almighty had made a mistake, and I wanted to have access to official returns to see if I was actually ! elected.” i He said ho was a regular graduate of a medical institution, and had practised medicine for several years. Of late, however, ho has been farming. He has a large family, whom he has deserted. At Liberty. The Khedive of Egypt is reported to have set at liberty last month nearly a hundred slaves that had been brough to Cairo. AmoDg them were 6ome sixty girls, ranging iu age from 10 to 15 years, most of whom had been sold by their own parents for sums ranging between 8100 and 8300. The greater number were black, but some who had come from Abyssinia were of lighter complex ions, or even white. There were four i sisters among them, who were auxious 1 to be sold to tho same master, so that I they might not be separated. It Raid \ that the girls thus set at liberty were • | pretty sure to sell themselves iuto slavery ■ j again before long for a life in Bie harem. STOC K “ CORNERS.” What They Are and How They Are Made. Abont the middle of September last there was a great “corner” in tho com mon stock of the Hannibal and St. Jo seph Railroad Company. In order to explaiu to those who do not understand the methods of stock speculation what a corner is, we will give briefly the history of this stock. There are about mnety-two thousand shares of the common stock of what is ; known as the “St. Joe road.” No divi dend hai been earned upon it for many years. At the beginning of 1879, the shares were selling for less than fourteen per cent. At one time in 1879 they rose to forty-two per cent. During 1880 they never rose bat once above fifty per cent. A fresh advance has taken place this year, steadily maintained each month, until iu August the stock touched ninety eight dollars a share. Meanwhile the actual value of the road and of the stock ' had not increased, for the earnings of the road up to the middle of August were actually less by one hundred thou sand dollars than they were in the cor responding time in 1880. The advance, therefore, was based upon speculation only. Those who were interested in advancing the price— the “bulls,” as they are called in stock speculators’ parlance—bought all that was offered. But at the same time the “bears,” who did not believe in its value, and felt certain that it would de cline, were actively “soiling short.” A person who sells “short” merely sells what he has not. He borrows stock to deliver to the person who buys from him; and trusts to the future for such a decline in the price as will enable him to buy stock for less than the price at which he sold, and return what he has borrowed at a profit. Such buying is called “covering short sales.” But in this case the “shorts” were in duced to sell too much. The “bull party” owned the most of the stock, and what they did not own was not for sale. The shorts were believed to have bor rowed and sold about forty thousand shares, or almost one-half of the entire amount of the stock. And what was worse, the stock had been borrowed of the very men who owned the most or it. When the plans of the bulls were com plete, they began to call upon the shorts to return what they had borrowed. The shorts went into the market to buy, and found the bulls bidding against them. The price was run up one afternoon from abont ninety-five to oue hundred and thirty-five. The next day it was put up to two hundred dollars a share. Thus the shorts were cornered. They had agreed to deliver stock which they could get only at an exorbitaut price, and not much at any price. They were completely at the mercy of tho bulls. Some of them saw their dilemma and made snch settlements as they could at j once. Others threatened and eveu began : legal proceedings that the courts might 1 protect them from the consequences of their own folly. But iu the end all the shorts settled their accounts, some of them having been forced to draw their l checks for fabulous amounts. This was oue of the most remarkable I corners ever engineered iu Wall Street. ■ It was also one of the most disgraceful, ; the proceedings ou both sides being ’ characterized by falsehood, intrigue and j heartlessness. About the same time i there was a grain corner in Chicago. I There was also a cotton corner in Liver i pool that gave the chief cornerer a profit i of probably two million dollars. I It is such gambling sjiecnlations as I these that justly give a bad name to ! Wall Street. There is as much reason ; and as little evil iu trading legitimately 1 in stooks as there is buying or selling flour or shoes. But when people are liable to lie caught in traps if they buy or sell upon their judgment, the case is i very different. j Tho people who are injured by fluc tuations in price caused wholly by in fluences outside of the value of the tliiug : dealt iu, have a grievance. The outside | public has a greater cause of complaint. I All markets are demoralized by snch : transactions. The tone of public mor ality is lowered. Aud worst of all, the offence goes unpunished. The men who work all this evil profit by it, aud fill their capacious pockets with the spoils, which uo law can take away from them; and this reward of their rapacity euables them to make larger : the plunder they are to obtain from their next thievish “operation.”— Youth'a ! Companion. The Expenditures for Pensions. I The annual report of the Pension Bureau at Washington shows that on the ’ 30th of June, 1881. there were 268,830 ■ pensioners, classified as follows : Army invalids, 153,025; army widows, minor children and dependent relatives, 76.683; navy invalids, 2,187 ; navy widows, etc., 2,008; survivors of the war of 1812, 8,898 ; widows of the war of 1812,26,029. There were added to the roll 28,740 pensioners, and the names of 10,712 were dropped, leaving a net increase of 18,028. At the close of' the year the 1 ' annual pensions averaged 8107, and the 1 ; aggregate annual value of all pen | sions was 828,769,937. The total ! amount paid for pensions dur ing the year (exclusive of certain ' j arrears in claims allowed prior to Jann | ary 25, 1879) was $49,723,147, the dif ’ ference being accounted for by arrears of pensions or “accrued pensions,” ; covering periods dating back to the dis j charge of a soldier still living, and to ! the soldiers’ deaths in the claims of , ! widows or minor children. The amount i paid out during the year as “ first pay ments” to new pensioners was 823,623,- r j 177. • ! A scientific journal explains in a i long ar.icle “How thunder storms come r up.” We haven’t read the article, but 3 ! we know how they come up. They . i wait until the Sunday school picnic r reaches the grove and gets fairly to < ! business at Copenhagen, swinging, flirt l ation, croquet aud other innocent games, > and then they come np like thunder b and lightning. It takes the average r thunder storm not more thau ten miu b ntes to come up in the neighborhood ol a picnic. #I.OO PER ANNUM. WIT AM) WISDOM. A good housewife's affairs aro like a motion to adjourn—“always in order." The Loekport Union says thermome ters are now enjoying a well earned vacation. Cause and effect are not well balanced. A man with a very good cause often makes little or no effect. Before marriage she was dear and he was her treasnre; but afterward she be came dearer and ho treasurer. The aesthetes of Boston are daily gaining strength and assurance. They now speak of hash as a “mosaic.” Coleridge knew how to write poetry, but he could not remove a horse col lar to save his life.— Rochester Demo crat. Don't let your hearers Ire troubled by the length of your sermon to-day; they are not likely _Jo bo troubled by its depth. Y The charges at the siege of York town were remarkable. Tbei charges at the celebration of it are no less re markable. — Buffalo Courier. No Chinaman ever asks for. credit. When he hasn’t money enough to get tight on he keeps sober in order to pre vent the loss of what little he has. “ Cleanliness,” we are told, “is next to godliness.” Under these circum stances we may assume that soap is next to charity; at all events, lets soap so. Some star actors are allowed to say that they get SIOO per week when they only receive 8*25. The 875 which they lie about is supposed to advertise the play. It is to be hoped that the foolish ca dets of the Annapolis Academy have been punished sufficiently to get the haze seed out of their hair.— Boston Bul letin. “Had drnnk” is not good grammar, according to Harper's Weekly. Wo think so, too. “Was drank” is better, and then it is more in accordance with the facts, three times out of fonr. Student under examination iu phys ics: “What planets were kuown to the ancients?” “Well, sir, there were Venus and Jupiter, ancl”—after a pause—“l think the earth, but I’m not quite cer tain.” A professor of French in an Albany school recently asked a pupil what was the gender of academy. The unusually bright pupil responded that it depended on whether it was a male or female academy. “I dote upon that girl,” said Smith. “That makes the twentieth girl you have doted on within a month,” re marked Fenderson. “It is al>ont time you had sown all your wild dotes, Smith."— Boston Transcript. One of the sadest coincidences con nected with the great fire is that exactly ; ten years from the day on which the calamity occurred the entire White Stocking nine was re-engaged for the ' season of 1882.— Chicago Tribune. A hotel proprietor in Canada, in a business letter to this office, invites the editor to make his home at the honse free of charge at, any time, as long as he wants to. That hotel man has got him ! self into a terrible scrape in case there j should be another war in this country. | —Boston Post. “Give examples,” said an old back nnmbor on the Board of Examiners, addressing the ensign, “of different de | gree3 and velocities of motion.” “Well,” said the ensign, “the swiftest motion is i that of light, and the slowest, by several J hundred degrees, is promotion.” They sent him back two years. An old fellow whose daughter had failed to secure a position a3 teacher, in consequence of not passing an exam ination, said: “They asked her lots of ; things she didn’t know. Look at the ; history questions ! They asked her | about things that happened before sho was born ! How was she going to know about them? Why, they asked her ! about old George Washington and other men she never knew ! That was a pretty sort of examination !” A Young gentleman who is very par ticular aoont the getting up of his linen, wrote a note to his laundress, and at the same time sent one to the object of his affections. Unfortunately he pnt ; the wrong address on the envelopes and ; posted them. The woman was puzzled but not iu the least offended; bnt when the yonng lady read: “If yon rumple j up my shirt bosoms aud drag the but tons off' the collar any more, as you did | Inst time, I shall have to go somewhere else,” she cried all the evening, aud de i clared she would never speak to him | again. quite another cask. I “ Good Justice, sternly sitting here To hold your daily court, i To which with mingled hope and fear. 1 Our citizens resort. A doleful tale I have to tell. That bears so hard on me. I And much I fear a prison cell My punishment may be. “ I met a man the other day, * With shield and coat of blue, Who stopped mv course and blocked my way And what was I to do'/ I seized a club, aud broke his head, And battered wed Ids l>ones, ' I Until 1 left him nearly dead I j And bleeding on the stones. ■ | With stalwart arms that helpless heap Along the street I drew, . ; And in a coal hole dark and deep, , I The breathless body threw.” “ If this is truth that yon have told.” ) Sternly the Judge replied, t “A prison cell your form will hold Until you can be tried. 1 You will be dniy sentenced then. And, for a proper time Secluded from your fellow men. Yon will repent your crime.” “ Your pardon, Judge—the tale I told % Was not precisely true ; p A stout policeman, big and bold, . Battered me black and blue. 1 He clubl>ed and kicked and pounded me y And all without a cans s; o j Now. what will be the penalty 0 j Under our equal laws? ’ ! *• That i another sort of ease.” l j The Justice blandly said, r ; “And vou should go and wash your face. <3 ; Glad that yon are not dead. _ I But send that stout policeman here, * J Beneath my heavy h ind. And I will give him a severe Lecture and reprimand 1880.