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£IK Democratic iflcescnijcr.
1869. VOL. XIII.— NO. 50. The Democratic Messenger, Published Every Saturday by LITTLETON DENNIS. Proprietor AT SNOW HILL, WORCESTER CO.. MO. Siitmoription, Si a Year in Advance. Liberal arrangenieut* made with clubs. Correspondence solicited from al! parts ol the county. ADVERTISING BATES. One dollar for one inch >\<tn ■ will be charged for the first insertion, and fifty cents for each subsequent insertion. A liberal discount will be made on quarterly six months, or yearly advertisements. Local notices will be inserted at 20 cents per line. Marriage and death notices inserted tree. Obituary notices inserted at half advertising rates. All advertising hills are due after the lirrt Insertion, unless otherwise agreed npon. LITTLETON DENNIS, Knew Hill, M1 PROFESSIONAL CARDS. A DIAL P. BARNES, ATTOR NET -AT- LAW. Office opposite Court House, Snow Hill. Md. Will visit Pocomoke City every Saturday. Strict attention given to the collection ol claims. LAYTON J. PURNELL, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office opposite Court House. Snow Hilll. Md. Strict attention given to the collection of claims. Will visit Berlin on the second Satur day of every month. 17DWARD D. MARTIN, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office opposite Town Hall. Berlir, Md. Special attention given to the collection of e'afms. I^DWARD B. BATES. -*-< (Late of Baltimore Bar. 1 ATTORNEY AND COCNSELOR-AT-LAW. Snow Hill. Md. Office opposite Court House, adjoining the Post Office. r<EORGE M. UPSHUR. AT ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office, Court House Square, Snow Hill, Md. Prompt attention given to the collection ol claims. W. PURNELL, AT ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office,opposite Court House. Know Hill, Md. Claims promptly collected. Will visit Poco moke City on the second Saturday of each month. (1 EORGE W. COVINGTON, * ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office, Court House Square. Snow IIHI, Md. Prompt attention given to the collection of claims. OAMUEL H. TOWNSEND, £5 ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office, opposite Court Honse, Snow Hill, Md. 1 Prompt attention given to the collection of claims. vFm. SIDNEY WILSON, ▼ ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Office on Washington Street three doors above Post Office. Snow Hill, Md. Immediate attention given to the eolle.-tiou of claims. rhR. E. E. DASHIELL, DENTIST. Office, opposite Franklin House, Snow Hii’.. Will visit Berlin on Thursday. Friday and Saturday of each week. All operation* on the teeth performed in the most skillful man ner, HOTELS. NATIONAL HOTEL, (Late Col. Dtmock's.) Oppolt<* Court House, Snow Hill Md. Large Airy Rooms, Excellent Table. Home Comforts Permanent and transient guests kindly re ceived and hospitably entertained. Terms, 81.50 |r day. Hacks at the K. It. Depot to meet all trains J. 8. PRICE. Proprk tor. SALISBURY HOTEL, ITLMAN & BRO., Proprietors. DlviMion Ktroot, opposiito Court Houae, SALISBURY. MD. First-class Restaurant, Billiard Parlor. Bar and Livery Stable attached. Free Hr.cks at Depot to meet all trains. Passengers conveyed to any part of tbi Peninsula upon the most favorable terms. TERMS. 81.50 PER DAY. First-class accommodation* and home com forts. CLARKE HOUSE, POCOMOKE CITY, MD, H. C. POWELL, Proprietor, Accommodations Unsurpassed FIRST-CLASS BAR ATTACHED. Twilley A Bros.’ Livery Stable connected witlt this House. ATLANTIC HOTEL’ (Late English's.) CHIXCOTEAGVE INLAND, VA. W. J. MATTHEWS k CO., Proprietor*. The undersigned beg leave to inform theli friends and the general public that they have leased and refurnished the above elegant and commodious bouse, and are now prepared to accommodate permanent and transient guests in flrst-cla*s style. Large airy rooms. Home comforts. Fine Bcaand Bay Fishing. Gunning and Bathing, etc. The table is provided with Wild Fowl, Terrapin, Fish, Oysters, Crabs, and all the luxuries of the season. Pleasure toats of all kind*, guides, fishing lines, decoys, ponies, etc., always resdy for the use of guests. First-class Bar attached. Choice wines. Iquors, ales, beer* and cigars Passengers for Chincoteague connect with steamer for the Island at Franklin City, tbs terminus of tbs Worcester Railroad, morning snd evening. Oonnection mar also be madt dally at Nashville. All who visit the Atlantis may rest assured that thay will raoatra eour tenus treatment and excellent far*. Tout patronage Is soliafted. SNOW HILL. WORCESTER COUNTY, MARYLAND, SATURDAY. DECEMBER 17, 1881. THE NIGHT BEFORE CHRISTMAS. BY CLEMENT C. MOORS. T'was the night before Chrndmas, when all nuough the house | Not a creature wm stirring, not even • mouse; j The stockings were hung by the chimney with care, | Iu hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there, j The children were nestled all snug iu their bed*, I' While visions of sugar-plums danced iu their heads, A 'ad mamma in her kerchief, and I iu my cap. ilad just settled our bruins for a long winter's nap— | When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter, ! I sprang from my bed to see what was the matter, j Away to the window I flew like a flash, j Tore opeu the shutters aud threw up the sash, j The moon, on the breast of the new-fallen snow, l Gave a luster of mid-day to objects below ; i When, what to my wooderiug eyes slion'd appear, i But a miniature sleigh, and eight tiny reindeer, • With a little old driver, so lively aud quick, 1 I knew iu a moment it must be St. Nick. I More rapid than eagles his coursers they came, | And he whistled, and shouted, and called them by name— I “Now, Dasher! now, Dancer! now, Praneer and Vixen! On, Comet! on. Cupel! on, Donder and Blhzeu— To the top ol t! c por :h, to the top of the wall! Now, dash away, dash away, dash away al!!"’ As dry leaves that before the wild hurricane tly, ; When they meet with an obstacle, mount to the skv, j So, up to the honse-top the coursers they il w. | With the sleigh tall of toys—and St. Nicholas too. | And then iu a twinkling I heard on the roof ! The prancing and paw ing of each little hoof. , As I drew in my head, mul was turning around, j Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound. ■ He was dressed all in fur front his head to bis toot, j Aud his clothes were all tarnish'd with ashes and soot— i A bundle of toys he had flung on his back, ' And he looked like a peddler just opening hi- pack. His eyes how they twinkled! his dimples Low merry! 1 His checks were like roses, his nose like a cherry— i His droll little tnoutii was drawn up like a bow. ! And the beard on his chin was as white as the I snow. The slump of a pipe he held tight in Ids teeth. ( Ami the smoke, it encircled his head like a wreath. > lie had a broad face and a little rouud Sicily ! That shook, when he laughed, like a bowl full of ■ jelly. ( lb' was chubby and plump—a right jolly old elf— And I laughed when 1 saw him. iu spite of myself, ! A w ink of his eye, snd twist of his head. Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread. He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work, Aud filled al! the stockings—then turned with a jerk. And laying hi- linger aside of hi- nose. Ami giving a nod. up the chimney lie rose, j He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle, Aud away they all flew like the down ot a thistle— j But 1 ii ard him exclaim, ore he drove tin* of -igbt, , •• Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good-night!” „ Paul Garwins Christmas Eve. BY J, T. TROWBRIDGE. Christmas came on Sunday that year, as it does this year. Saturday evening was accordingly Christmas eve; aud there was one good man, at least, to I whom that circumstance gave a double i satisfaction. Mr. George Garwiu had come home from his noisy place of business, to his 1 tranquil tireside, enjoyed his well-served six o’clock dinner, and settled down comfortably to his newspaper, thankful | that it was the end of the week, and , that another Christmas eve found him | alive and prosperous, with all his family about J im. He heard the door-bell ring faintly, but did not mind it until a servant came to say there was a man at the door who wished to speak with him. “What name ?” said Mr. George Gar win. “He didn’t give his mame. He said he wished to see you just a minute on 1 business.” “On business!” said Mr, George Garwin, and the face so bland and sat isfied beforo became darkened by a frown. For iu Mr, George Garwin there were two really quite distinct men ; the man of business, and the man of home and society. The first, exact and exacting, upright, prompt and often stern ; the second, about as genial a friend and in dulgent a father as any you will meet s between one Christmas and another. Air, George Garwin liked to keep these two individuals entirely separate, aud was always annoyed when he found his twin selves getting a little ! mixed. “On bnsmess 1” he repeated, laying down his paper, dropping the glasses from his nose, and going to the entry with a harsh, forbidding countenance, not at ali calculated to cheer the humble person he fonnd there. That person was a grimy mechanic, who stood hat iu hand, his head of short, bristling black hair bowed in a rather abashed manner under the bril liant gaslight, his wet boots planted on the elegant soft carpet, and clusters of newly-fallen snowflakes melting on his soiled and sombre clothing. “ Warson ! ” Mr. George Garwin ex ; claimed, staring at the intruder, “What i are yon here for ?’’ “If you please, sir,” began the man —“ I l>eg your pardon, sir—l’m sorry to l lie obliged to ask it. ” The look and voice of Mr. George Garwin embarrassed him so that his ’ voice here became lost iu an incoherent . I stammer. “To ask what?”demanded Mr, George t Garwin. “ Money, sir!” said the poor man. “ Money !” echoed Mr. George Gar win. “ How happens it that yon come here for money? ’’ , “ It’s only my dues I am after,” said s the man Warson, plncking up courage, 1 speaking more firmly. “My week’s o wages, if you please, sir.” * “ I don’t understand this,” said Mr. George Garwin, with bis bauds behind j him and his chin ont, in a very arrogant ,1 attitude. “My cashier has orders tc II pay every man every Saturday night every cent dne him. I draw checks foi K him. That’s all I have to do with any r man’s wages.” “That’s true, sir,” said Warson, *' “And sorry lam to trouble yon ; but 1 tj was off this afternoon for two hours, or; • ncoonnt of my child’s sickness, and K when I got back to the shop, the cashiei • said I was too late ; he had locked nj 0 his safe. He said it was join orders fci lock that always at half-past ux.” “He was right!” said Mr. Georgt Garwin. “ It’s the juJe; we musthavt “ Tis Liberty Alone that Gives the Flower of Fleeting Life its Lustre and Perfume—and We are Weeds Without it." ' rules, and wo mustn't allow them to be j broken. I have another rule ; never to I transact business out of business hours. | I cau do nothing for you until Monday. 1 Then yon shall have your wages.” “ It's a sorry word you speak for me , aud my poor family. And to-morrow Christmas of all days 1” said Warson, with a tremor in liis voi “ But if you say it, I don’t expect it will be unsaid. I know you for a bard man, Mr. Gar win !” i ! “If yon know me for a bard man, don’t come to me on such errands,” said ! Mr. George Garwin, with a singular ! change in his look and voice. “But I never expected a workman of mine would say that!” Warson went away, reluctant and dis satisfied ; aud Mr.' Georgo Garwin— his business-self sadly mixed up with his domestic-self, to the manifest detri ment of both—walked back to bis sit | ting room aud evening paper. Then Mrs. George Garwin, who hail , overheard the talk in the entry, aud had a glimpse of the snow-llaked, grimy mechanic, said, in a tone of quiet pathos: “The poor man really looked as if he needed the money. I am sorry you couldn’t give it to him.” Mr. George Garwin was feeling a good deal disturbed by Warson’s last words, aud he was glad of an opportu nity to defend himself. “So am I sorry. But it won’t do to break over my rule. If I begin to let my men come after me here on business matters, there’d be no end to it. Shop is one thing, home is another. And I mean to keep the two distinct.” “Of course, yon are right,” said Mrs. George Garwiu ; “but it did seem as if this was an exceptional case.” “I can’t make exceptions. I must treat all alike. This will teach him to toe the mark in future. I’ll teach him, too, not to be impudent!” Mrs. Garwin wanted to say something about the man’s sick child, but forbore, seeing bow much her husband was an noyed. And having, by bis last remark, quieted his conscience—if it was that w hich had been disturbed—Mr. George Garwin resumed the reading of his evening paper. In about half an hour, Mr. George | Garwin, bis domestic-self now well dis- I entangled from the other, looked up cheerfully, and asked about the children's presents. Being told what purchases had been made for them, and that the girls were even then in another room plotting surprises for their parents aud their brother Paul, he smiled ap j provingly, and asked— “ Where’s Paul ?” “ Paul hadn’t spent the five dollars I yon gave him for Christmas ; and he went out a little while ago, I think, to buy something.” “Let’s see what he will do with his money,” said Mr. George Garwiu, with a pleasant laugh. “ Paul is shrewd ! Paul is nobody’s fool! We’ll see !” At the end of another half honr, having exaiuned some of the presents, j those which had been bought in his name, and talked in a genial, glowing manner about the great comforts of life with which they were blessed (they had no sick child !), he again inquired— “ Where’s Paul ? Hasn’t he come in J yet ?” “That must be his step now !” said ! Mrs. Garwin, quietly putting out of sight a skating-cap she was embroidering. The hall door opened; somebody was j heard shaking snow from an overcoat in the entry ; then a ruddy-faced boy of fifteen came and looked into the sitting room. “Come in, Paul 1” cried Mr. George Garwin. “ Let’s look at you 1 I want to know if you found a use for your money ? " Paul entered hesitatingly, with an embarrassed smile. “What did yon buy?” said his i mother. For answer he gave an apologetic shrug, and threw up his empty hands. “What! nothing ?" cried his father. “ I suppose you’ll think I’ve been very foolish,” said Paul, looking rather ashamed as he took a seat with his damp boots at the register. “But I believe you said I could do just what I pleased with that five dollars.” , “Certainly ; taking it for granted that a boy of mine,” said Mr. Garwin, “would do nothing silly or extravagant.” “Oh, I haven’t been extravagant: and I hope you won’t think I was very silly. And I’m going to tell you just , what I have done with that money, if I can think how to begin.” Mr. Garwin looked at his son anxious [ ly, but with an indulgent expression i which encouraged him to go on. “ The truth is, as I was going along i the street, two men were walking just f before me, and I heard one of them ask i the other to lend him a little money. To-morrow being Sunday—and Ckrist - mas, too, he must borrow a little, he said, t or he couldn’t have the heart to go home to his wife and children.” i “I hope you haven’t been giving ) money to a tramp on the street!” ex claimed Mr. George Garwin. “ How 3 often have I told you that every tramp s is a liar, a thief in disguise !” t “I thought of that,” t aid Paul, stam mering a little. * ‘But I didn’t believe a this man was a tramp. He couldn’t have made up such a story—it was so straightforward”—the boy’s eyes glis tened—“aud so touching ! He was a e laboring man, of some sort. He had been disappointed in not receiving 3 some money due him: and if he couldn’t s> borrow, or get credit somewhere, his g family must actually go hungry on Christmas, of all days in the year.” *. Mr. George Garwiu knitted his brows d —not with disapproval of what his sou it was telling him—but with a stinging o recollection of his own conduct toward it the man Warson an hour before, ir “He, too, spoke of a sick child,” y thought he. “I might have given him something, if it hadn’t been for toy t. business rules, and if be hadn’t been in- II solent. Go on, my son." n “I hope I didn’t act too impulsively,” d said Paul, crossing his feet on the reg >r ister. “But when he said that, I could p not help thinking how much we have of o everything that is good, and how little my five dollars would be missed here at ;e home.” re i “Wall, well, my boy !” Mr. George Garwin coughed to clear his throat, while the mother regarded Paul with eyes full of pride and affec tion. “I didn’t know just what to do,” said Paul, going on with more confidence. ‘‘His friend couldn’t lend him anything; and he turned down the Btreet, saying he would try and get credit at a store where he had traded sometimes; though he didn’t seem to have much hope that he would succeed. Then I stepped for ward, and said to his friend— “ ‘Do you know that man ?’ “‘Yes,’ he said; ‘I know him very well, and an honest fellow he is; and it’s a shame that he should be iu such a coudition of a Saturday night, and Christmas eve !’ “ ‘How happens it.’ I said, ‘that an industrious, sober man can’t get a liv ing, so as to be a little more indepen dent ?’ “ ‘My boy,’ he said, ‘.you don’t know anything about the lives of laboring men. He gets twelve dollars a week; but what is twelve dollars a week for supporting a family of six children with one or two of them sick half of the time and the wife worn out with work and watching ? How can he get any thing ahead ?’ “Of course, I couldn’t answer that. So I just asked the man’s name, and where he lived; I thought I would see for myself how he lived, if I could. “Well,” said Paul, after a moment’s pause, “I found the place without much trouble, and, O father, such a place for an honest family to live in! “All crowded together in one or two rooms ; the mother, sick herself, with a sick child in her arms ; one or two of the others crying;—l couldn’t help thinking, what if we were obliged to live iu that way. ” “I’m glad—l’m glad”—Mr. Garwin cleared his throat again—“that you took the precaution to see for yourself. But what—what excuse did yon make for calling there ?” “ Oh, I had a very good excuse. I knew Mr. Thomas wasn’t at home, so I asked for Mr. Thomas. I said I couldn’t wait to see him, and hurried away.” “ Didn’t you give the poor woman any money ?” Mr. Garwin anxiously in quired. “I couldn’t somehow have a face to do that; though I thought afterward I might have left the money for her has band ; wouldn’t he have been puzzled, but a good deal more glad than puzzled, when he got home ? “ I thought of another plan. I went to the nearest grocery and bought some tea and coffee and sugar and crackers and a couple of loaves of bread ; then to the next provision store, where I bought a fat turkey, aud all the white potatoes and sweet potatoes and apples I could get for the rest of my money, ordered all these things sent to the house; aud I guess Mr. Thomas, if he has got home, is astonished by this time !” Paul added, with a radiant , smile. “ O my son !” exclaimed Mrs. Gar- j win, with a gush of love aud gratitude. I Mr. Garwin gave a slow, emphatic nod of approval. “ Yon did right to satisfy yourself with regard to the fam ily’s circumstances before giving them help,” he said. “And, really, my boy, , I don’t see but that you managed very j well—indeed admirably! Did you send auy name with the provisions V” j “ Yes: I thought Mr. Thomas ought j to know who sent them. ” “Yon gave your name. That was j right,” I “No,” said Paul, “I sent them in ; yonr name, father.” “In my name, Paul!” said Mr. Gar win, surprised. “But that wasn’t right! That wasn’t true." “Let me tell you, father !” said Paul, with something* like an imploring look on his fine young face. “Yon gave me the money. I know you said I was to s do what I pleased with it; but I could j not have done that without it. And, really, father, I had to say, ‘A Merry Christmas, from Mr. George Garwin.’ I’ll tell you why. This mau is one of your own workmen.” “What!” said Mr. Garwin, with a start. “Yes; and he was making a bitter complaint against you when I overheard him.’’ “What did he say?” “I don’t like to repeat it,” said Paul. “Don’t lay it up against him, will you ? He was disappointed and desper ate.” “Tell me what he said !” “He said—he said—you passed for a ; decent sort of mau, but yon had no : mercy 01 a poor laborer with your iron rules. Bather than bieak one'of them, j you would let his children starve.” Mr. George Garwin compressed his j lips and betrayed no little agitation as j he replied— “ I have no such man as Mr. Thomas 1 at work for me. This must have been J Warson,” “It was Warson. Mr. Thomas Warson,” Paul admitted. “I was afraid to mention his full name at first. But now I will tell yon everything. I was in the honse wlieu he called here this evening; and, forgive me, father when I saw him and heard him speak, I feel sure that yon were unjust-unjust to yourself, I mean ; for we know that you are not hard or unfeeling. “So I followed him out, and heard him talk with his friend on the street; and, father, I couldn’t bear to have any body speak as he did of yon; so I thought the things ought to go in your name; and I hope you wi’ll think so, too.” “You are right; you are right, my boy, every time!” Mr. George Garwin ex clamed, with emotion, “I wax too short with the mau; we ought always give a poor man’s claims generous consider ation. I thank you, my dear boy !” “Oh yes, Paul; and I thank you!” said his mother. “Yon have made me so happy!” As for Paul, he could say nothing for the tears of joy and affection which choked his voice. He had never known so happy a Christmas eve.— Youths' ' Companion. I " ‘ ! Peiihaps the tact that over 160,000 > pounds oi opium are used annually by t j smokers and eaters in tbY country may j-iuve something to do with the rapid iu ) < of insanity. s THE TRIAL OF GUITEAU. Incidents of the Case and Testimony Given. On Wednesday, Mr. Scoville said he had sent written questions to President Arthur, whose testimony would be im portant to the defense, lint had received no replies. The prosecution began the rebuttal by calling Gen. W. T. Sherman as a witness. He told how he ordered out the troops in Washington on hearing of the assassination under the impression that it was the result of a conspiracy, and how he afterward satisfied himself that it was the deed of one man alone. Eight or ten residents of Freeport, Illinois, where Guitean’s father lived, testified that they never regarded any of the Guiteans they knew as insane. Among these witnesses was State Sena tor Sunderland, who used to be Gui teau’s schoolmaster. He said he never saw any symptoms of insanity in the Oniteau family. The prisoner frequently interrupted the witnesses. He declared that his father was the laughing stock of Free port for years on account of his reli gions oddities. Once he exclaimed tha‘ the assassination was the only bad thing his family had ever done, and that wouldn’t have occurred if he could have got out of it. There was a scene between Guitean’s brother and his sistc-r, Mrs. Scoville, in which the Judge had to interfere to restore order. Mr. Scoville had asked a witness if he did not know that Gui tean’s half sister was sent away to i undergo treatment for insanity. The witness replied no, and J. W. Guitean indignantly protested against any stig ma being put upon his half sister. His interference angered Mrs. Scoville, who ! excitedly reproached him for it. In addition to the customary ejacu lations, contradictions and scoldings by the prisoner, the proceedings in the trial of Guitean were interrupted Thursday by the objections aud ex planations offered by the assassin’s brother, J. W. Guitean, who is accused by the defense of trying to keep out of the case all proof of insanity iu the Guiteau family. Mr. Scoville got angry, and Guiteau broke out in de nunciations of his brother. Several witnesses gave testimony tending to disprove the plea of insanity. This displeased Guiteau, who accused some of the witnesses of bias, and claimed that the testimony of others was irrelevant. President Arthur’s reply to the written questions sent him by Mr. Scoville was read. The Presi dent said he had seen Guitean at least ten, aud perhaps twenty times, but had had no conversation with him except to : return the ordinary salutations, j aud once or twice in answer to j his request to be employed as a speaker | by tho Republican St .te Committee, ; of which he was Chairman. Guiteau I had never rendered any political ser- ; vices that the President knew of | to the Republican party in the j last campaign. There was nothing in the prisoner’s relation to himself ■ or to any other leader of the Repub lican party, socially or politically, to j give him any ground for supposing be j would receive political preferment, and j he had never given Guiteau any reason , to think he could have any political or personal influence with him. The Presi dent added that in October last he re ceived a letter from Guiteau, containing some claim to having rendered important services to the Republican party, and an appeal for the postponement of his trial. He did not preserve the letter. The Rev. Dr. Mac Arthur of New York City, of whose church Guiteau and his wife were members several years ago, de scribed bis acquaintance with the assas sin aud the circumstances under which Guiteau was expelled from the church. The prisoner alternately contradicted this witness outright and addressed him with an air of familiarity. In the Guiteau trial Friday the Rev. Dr. Mao Arthur testified that he never saw in the assassin any indica tions of an unsound mind. Dr. Cald well, of Freeport, 111., the physician of Gnitean’s father, testified that he never noticed in him any indications of un soundness of mind. A large number of witnesses gave testimony showing that the assassin was an accomplished swindler, and that no suspicion of his sanity had ever come to them. There were pnt in evidence applica tions made to the Mutual Life Insurance Company by Luther W. Guiteau and his sons, John W. and Charles J., for life insurance policies, in which the state ment was made that there was no iu sanity in the family. D. McLean Shaw, an attorney from New York, testified that in a conversation with him some years ago Guiteau said he was bound to become notorious before he died; that he would get notoriety for evil if he could not get it for good; that he would imitate Wilkes Booth and “shoot some of our big men.” Senator Benjamin Harrison, of Indiana, was one of the witnesses. In tho Guiteau trial Friday the Rev. Dr. MacArthur testified that he never saw in the assassin auy idica tions of an unsound mind. Dr. Cald well, of Freeport, 111., the physician of Guitean’s father, testified that he never noticed in him auy indications of un soundness of mind. A large number of witnesses gave testimony showing that the assassin was au accomplished swindler, and that no suspicion of his Banity had ever come to them. There were put iu evidence applica tions made to the Mutual Life Insurance Company by Luther W. Gniteau and his sons, John W. aud Charles J., for life insurance policies, in which the state ment was made that there was no in sanity in the family. D. McLean Shaw, au attorney from New York, testified that in a conversation with him some years ago Guiteau said he was ljound to become notorious before he died; that he would get notoriety for evil if lie i could not get it for good; that he would i imitate Wilkes Booth aud “shoot some ’ of our big men.” Senator Benjamin Harrison, of Indiana, was one of the Monday was occupied in the ax ) amination of Dr. E. O. Spitzka, of Nev York. He testified that be had ex amined the prisoner, and had not tin slightest doubt of his insanity, Ilii conviction was fixed, however, be fore he had ever seen the man. It was based npon his published writings, upon his picture, his family history, and the statements of various peo ple who were acquainted with him. He published an article in the Medical Record of Oct. 20, in which he took the ground that the assassin was insane and ought not to l)e hanged. He came on an attachment, having disregarded a subpeeua, and testified under protest. Dr. Spitzka regards Guitean as a con genital moral imbecile or monstrosity, or, according to the clasiflcation of some, morally insane. In meutal cali bre, aud with reference to legal attain ments, he ranks him as ‘ a third-class shyster.” He has low cunning, he says, rather than ability. A Rabbit Plague. AN AFFLICTION OF AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND FARMERS. The “rabbit pFague” has come to be looked on in Australia as almost as great a bane as the small-pox now visit ing Sydney. In New Zealand especially are its ravages fearful and widespread, whole runs having had to be abandoned to the ever-victorions bunnies. But now an organized system of destruction has been hit upon which seems likely to arrest at least the plague. The new remedy is phosphorized oats, which are found to be the most enticing and the most killing bait yet hit upon. The rabbits devour these with avidity, while they did not seem to care for the white l arsenic. But difficulties have arisen in the way of actually getting the rabbits poisoned'. The ordinary method adopted is to sell the poisoned grain to the trappers at so ! much per bushel, and to pay them 2d j per skin that they may bring back, i An enormous amount of rabbits were i got rid of in this way, and yet it was discovered that somehow they did not all disappear as they should have done, and in certain inclosed districts could have been made to do. It was found that the trappers who had devoted themselves to rabbiting as a profession not nunaturally conceived the idea that if once they cleared a whole district of rabbits the hope of their gains would l>e gone, and, conse quently, they have, wherever the rab bits were found to be disappearing too fast, been in the habit of removing the grain when enough rabbits seemed to them to have been poisoned. In fact, a breeding stock has been left throughout the Southland district. In addition to this, it has l>een fonnd that the pro fessed rabbiters havo l>een in the habit of laving tlie poisoned grain in heaps, to the great admiration of passing cattle, who of course speedily devour it, with I the natural consequence. I Some time ago a run-holder in Vic toria paid a penny each to certain men for every rabbit's tail they should bring him, conceiving that the loss of those ; appendages would be a fair proof of the | death of the former owner. A short time after it was remarked that the rab bits were running about looking a pos teriori like Manx cats, from which it ■ was justly inferred that the judicious , trappers had prudently cut off the tail, and loft the possesser to increase and , multiply It is an interesting question how long it would have taken, accord ing to the Darwinian theory, these rab bits to develop into a tailless breed. Human Endurance In the Water. Man and animals are able to sustain themselves for long distances iu tlie water, aud would do so much oftener were they not incapacitated, in regard of the former at least, by sheer terror, as well as complete ignorance of their real powers; Webb’s wonderful endurance will never be forgotten. But there are other instances only less remarkable. Some years since, the second mate of a ship fell overboard while in tho act of fisting a sail. It was blowing fresh ; tlie time was night, and the place some miles out in the stormy German ocean. The hardy fellow, nevertheless, managed to gain the English coast. Brook, with a dozen other pilots, was plying for fares by Yarmouth; and, as the main sheet was elaybed, a sudden puff of wind upset the boat, when presently all per ished except Brock himself, who, from 4 iu the afternoon of an October evening to 1 the next morning, swam thirteen miles lief ore he was able to hail a vessel at anchor in the offing. Animals them selves are capable of swimming immense distances, although unable to rest by the way. A dog recently swam thirty miles in America in order to rejoin his master. A mule and a dog, washing overboard during a gale in the Bay of Biscay, have been known to make their way to shore. A dog swam ashore with a letter hi his mouth at the Cape of Good Hope. The crew of the ship to which the dog lie longed all perished, which they need not have done had they only ventured to i tread water as the dog did. As a cer tain ship was laboring heavily in the trough of the sea, it was found needful, in order to lighten the vessel, to throw some troop-horses overboard, which had i been taken in at Corunna. The poor things, my informant, a staff-surgeon, told me, when they found themselves abandoned, faced round and swam for • | miles after the vessel.— Popular Sci ■ | ence Monthly. •i M . j Old Lovers. l , j Several years before the war a young man came to Little Rock and fell in love - with a young lady. The lady's parents J i were rich. The young man was poor, s A union was impossible. Tlie girl s prayed and the young man implored, - hut the ruthless parents remained firm. - The young man went away. The war , came on. The parents of the girl died. 1 Her uncle squandered the estate. The e other day the lover came back and in -3 quired for the young lady. Age and t poverty had visited her, but she had re o mained true. They met and embraced, d “You were away so very long,” she e said, leaning her tired head on his n shoulder. “But you won’t leave me e ogam. Those who kept us apart are sleeping now. ” i- “I will never leave my brave darling, iv I have been trying for years to see you.’ c- But they did not marry. The man ie got her to wash six shirts for him, and is ran away without paying the bill.— •- little Rook Gazette. .00 PER ANNUM. WIT A SI) WISDOM. A stum* filler takes a great deal of pried in its work.-— Toledo American. The greater the hurry you’re in, the more liable your shoe-strings are to come untied.— Puck. It is now fashionable to name patent medicines after the saints. This is be cause the 6aints soon get those who take them. Nothing is prettier than the cards announcing the birth of a child ; and yet an exchange mentions them as bawl tickets. It has got so now that the daily pa pers is gradually usurping the place of the sewing circle as a disseminator of news.— Lowell Citizen. Gctteau’s recommendation of the Washington boarding-house which he “beat” might be styled a new way of paying old debts. The Flathead Indians are praised be cause they saw wood for their wives, lint they did not get tbeir name for any such reason. When a man gives yon his left hand to shake, it is safe to infer that he has done something with his right that he is ashamed of. — Jloston Courier. Says Josh Billings: “ I have finally cum to the konclusion that the best epitaff enny man ken have, for all practical purposes, is a good bank ac kount.” It is singular how men who cannot obtain a living from their own business understand so well just how their neigh bors’ business should be conducted. Whitehall Times. Scene in an artist’s studio: Customer — “Ton say that those figures are life size ? Mv dear sir, they seem very small. * Artist—“ Perfectly correct, sir; you know ‘ life is short.’ ” A man had lietter pass for a cent in the currency of his fellows and be worth the money, than to go for a dollar and be sold out finally at a discount of 99* per cent. —Stuhcnvillc Herald. Under the head of “ Short Stops” a Chicago paper tells how a man stopped in jail for three months. They haven i much idea of time in Chicago.— Detroit Free. Press. Conjurors astonish an audience by taking rolls of ribbon from their mouths, but then it is a common thing to see a carpenter take hammer and nails out cf his chest— Boston Commercial Bul letin. When a young man begins to feel his brow frequently, to see if his brain is growing too fast, it’s a good time to put him at mauling rails. Otherwise he li get a terrible case of swell-bead.— Springfield (O.) News. There are people who will take the sunny side of the street in summer and the shady side in winter to keep from meeting a bill, and yet a bill is not dangerous if you will look it squarely in the face. —Denver Great West. Talk about gossip. How could the world dispense with it. A party of men on the backyard fence and a parcel of women around the tea table would fall to sleep from innate Btnpidity if there was no such thing as gossip. - -New Haven Register. There are mean men in this world, and occasionally there is one in the farming community who will set up a barrel on his back piazza, just like a cider barrel, and let a tramp skirmish for two hours for it to get dark enough for him to crawl up to it, and when he gets at it find it tilled with water.— Boston Post. A well-known newspaper man of St. Joseph, Mo., has applied for a divoroe from his wife, alleging in his bill of complaint that he “finds married life and the newspaper business incompati ble.” If divorces are to lie granted on this ground, the popularity of journal ism will increase with frightful rapidity. —Chicago Tribune. Yes, Algernon, Heaven indeed tem pers the wind to the shorn lamb. But then you must remember the lamb was forcibly shorn against his will; he didn’t go and deliberately pawn his ulster for 83.65 when he knew perfectly well July wasn’t going to last all winter. Go to, Algernon, get thee to a nunnery.— Burlington Hawkeye. The following is supposed to be the oldest joke in the world:--During a con ference of clergymen not far from Boston the following ' dialogue was overheard between two newsboys: “ I say, Jim, what’s the meaning of so many ministers being here together ?” “ Why, answered Jim, scornfully, “ they always meet once a year to exchange sermons , with each other.” A roET in a November magazine asks: “ When the true poet comes, how ’ shall we know him?” Oh, von’ll know him. He mav be distinguished from “ the other fellows by the clean lmen col lar he wears and the absence of tobacco ’ juice stains on his Bhirt front. And 1 also from the fact that he is too sensible to fool away his time writing poetry.— 1 Norristown Herald. r It was a New England girl who . asked, “ Why is it that two souls, mated in the impenetrable mystery of their nativity, float by each other on the ocean currents of existence without being instinctively drawn together, , blended and beautified in Ihe assimilated ’ alembic of eternal love ?” That is an , easy one. It is because butter is 4* cents a pouud and a good seal-skin j sacque costs as high as 8500. , In a Bmall German town an innkeep . er, to get rid of a book-peddler’s impor r tuuities, bought an almanac from him, and putting it in his pocket left the inn, 3 his wife just then coming in to take his - place. The woman was then persuaded 1 to buy an almanac, not knowing that - her husband had one already. The . husband shortly returning and disoov e ering the trick, sent his porter to the a railway station after the peddler, with a e message that he wished to see the latter e on business. “ Oh, yes,” said the ped dler, “ I know, lie wants one of my al f. manses, but 1 really can’t miss my train ” for that. You can give me a quarter u and take the almanac to him.” The d porter paid the money and carried a - third almanac to the inn-keeper. Tab leau I-;- lTtlnisehe JJletung. 1880.