WEST VIRGINIA PORTFOLIO
'"iUE UNION MUST AED SHALL BE PRESIRV.D."?Jackson.
PRINTED BY THE DIYlglON OF THE AMERICAN ARMY UNDER MAJOR GENERAL PATTERSON.
JMAETINSBURQ, VIRGINIA, JULY 4, 1861.
"THE AMEEICAN UtflpN."
BY S. V. CO. E. 2d REGT.
Tune?""Wait for the 'Wagon."
" The Uuion'Ms our watchword whc^s'er our
footsteps roaol, , .. f,
And with the friends of freedom we al*v
Our hearts are with our country, our .:yes are
on our flag; *
And we will plant it North and South on plain
or mountain crag.
Cuoitcs:?Then wait for tile Union,
The proud snilirtg Union,
The imperishable Union,
And we'll all take a ride.
We've left our home and kindjed, in quest of
? Resolved thut we will bravely die, or drive them
from our coasts;
Our fathers fought the mother when she raised
I!ki tyrant hand,
And we will, whip the brother who wo'd scouge
our happy land.
?CiioKUjt ---Tben wait for feV.- *7flibn, &c.
Our wagons are "substantial," and our horses
large and full,
Wo have pork and beef and crackers, just as
much as they can pull ;
All our men are "gay and happy'' while there's
aught of work to do, '
Ajitl-when jhey get it.to battle they will "put
the rtbeis through."
Cuouns?Tli^FwSlfTor the Union, &c.
, Our cause is just and holy, our laws "must be
And in the work of fighting, wo cannot be un
God bless our noble army?in tliem wo all
So jump into the Union and we'll all take a
Chorus?Then wait for the Union, &c.
Declaration of Independence.
When', in the course of human events, it be
comei necessary for one people to dissolve the
political bands which have connected them
with another, and to assume, among the pow
ers of the earth, the separate and equal station
to which the laws of nature and of nature's God
entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of
mankind requires that they should declare the
causes whieh impel them to the separation.
We hold these truthB to be self-evident, that
all men are created equal; that they are en
(lowed by their creator with certain QtirclfciftM*
rights; that among these, are life, lib?i?, and
the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure
these rights^governmenia are instituted .mong
men, deriving their jj*?*po-vp" ?friSin , jj con
sent of tlfo governed ; that, whenever^ jry lorm
r ot^ \ destructive tff these
u > thVright' of the people to &]iit or to
abolish it, and to institute a new goveismint,
laying its foundation on ' such principle, and
organizing its powers in such form, as to them
shall seem most likely to effect their safety and
happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that
governments long established, should not be
changed for light and transient caupeji; and,
accordingly, all experience hath shoVn, that
mankind are more disposed to suffix-awhile
evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by
abolishing the forms to which they are accus
tomed. But when a long train of abases and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the saane ob
ject, evinces a design to reduce them u?r.ler ab
solute despotism, it is their right, it ii, their
duty, to throw off such government, itad to
provide now guards for their future security.?
Such has been the patient sufferance of these
eoluniflSt *nd such is now the necossJ'p which
constrains them to alter their former systems
of government. The history of the present
king of Great Britain is a history of repeated
injuries and usurpations, all having, in direct
object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny
ovsr these States. To prove this, let facts be
submitted to a candid world :
He has refused his asseut to laws the most
wholesome and uecessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass
laws of immediate and and pressing impor
tance, unless suspended in their operation till
his assent should be obtained; and, when so
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend j
. He lias refused to pass other laws for the
ic^ommodaton of large districts of people,
unless those people would relinquish the
right of representation in the legislature ;
aright inestimable to them, and formidable
to tyrants only.
He has called together leigslative bodies
at places unusual, uncomfortable, and dis
tant from t>he depository of their public
records, for the sole purpose of forcing
them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolred representative houses
repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firm
ness, hi3 inrasions on the rights of the
He has refused, for a long time after
such dissolutions, to cause others to be
elcctcdj, whereby tfao legislative powers,
incapable of annihilation,' ka>e returned to
the people at large for their exercise; the
State remaining in the meantime, exposed -
to all the danger of invasion from without,
and convulsions within.
He has endeavored to prevent the popu
lation of these States; for that purpose,
obstructing the laws for the naturalization
of foreigners; refusing to pass others to
encourage their migration hither, and
raising tbo conditions of new,, appropria
tions of lands.
He has obstructed the administration of
justice, by refusing his assent to laws for
establishing judiciafy powers.
Ho has made judges dependent on his
will alone, for the tenure of their offioes, and
the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new of
fices, and sent hither swarms of offioers to
harrass our people, "and eat out their
He has kept among us, in times of
peace, standing armies, without the consent
of our 'legislature1.
He has affected to render the military
independent of, and superior to, the civil
He has combined, with others, to sub
ject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our con
stitution, and unacknowledged by our
laws, giving his assent to their acts of pre
For quartering large bodies of armed
troops among us :
For protecting them, by a mock trial,
from punishment, for any murders which
they should commit on tha inhabitants of
For cutting off eur trade vrith. all parts
of the world ;
,*For imposing taxes on us without oui
For depriving us, in many cases, of the
benefits of trial by jury :
For transporting us beyond stas to be
tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free system of En
glish laws in a neighboring province, es
tablishing therein an arbitrary government,
and enlarging its boundaries, so as to ren
der it at once an example and fit instru
ment for intrducing the same absolute rule
into these colonies:
For taking away our charters, abolishing
out most Y&lu&bla laws, and altering, fan*
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