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THE AMERICAN UNION.
MARTINSBURG, VA., SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 0,1861. ?i : LjLjl-.==bbs VTOTICK is hereby given to aft persons not to soil any intoxicating liquor to soldiers on ia/ occasion whatever. liy order of MAJ. Sl'IKU, Provost Marshall. July i, 1861. NOTICE'?Persons Laving information of importancein reference to the operations of the nriny under General Patterson, are re quested to send the fcaine to Gapt. William B riipes, editor of "the "American Union." A re sponsible name must in all casos accompauy the communication. TERMS OF PUBLICATION, friho "American Union" will b? issued daily X when the movements of the army render this pouible. It will bo sold at tho offieo at TWO CENTS-PER COPY?tha procseds to be devoted t? the payment of the expenses of tlio oflica. Not more than ten copUs will be Bold to one person. WANTON DESTRUCTION OF PROP ERTY. If evidonco were wanting to prove the in sane wickedness of the leaders of the pres ent Southern Rebellion, it could be found in abundanco by visiting that portion of Virginia through which tho Baltimore and Ohio R.R. passes. The wanton and useless destruction of property in this region is so great as almost to bailie exaggeration.? Splendid bridges have been utterly de stroyed, and locomotives by tho acoro have been burned. We arc confident that wc do not exaggerate when we say that it will require one million of dollars to replace the property thus destroyed within the limits of the borough of Martinsburg alone; and in other localities the destruction bas been equally as groat. Why was all this done? What did the rebels hope to gain by introducing this Vandal-like system of warfare ? We con f?BS that we cannot answer these questions. Tho Railroad might, it is true, have been used to transport troop3 to and from Wash iogton city, but its destruction can only re tard for a few hour3, and not prevent, s'ucli transportation. There are othor great Hail Roads connecting the East and thn j West, and these can fill every purposo that tho Government requires. Wo venture to gay that tho movemon ts of our troops in this locality, and iu Washington, have not, been retardod a single day by tho destruc tion of all this Railroad property. The evil done to tho peoplo of Virginia and Maryland is, however, incalculable. All trade through this rcgiou is stopped, and All business is destroyed, Coffee is now I lolling in Martinsburg for from 25 to 30 j cents per ppuud, and. other grocories in proportion, ' b? Ind'ftftj all, because thn Baltimore market has been rendered entirely inaccessible. Such is the condition of things now/ and it requires no prophetic vinion to forsefrtbac they must daily become worse and worse; So far as our observation has goue, wo are convinced that the harvest in Virginia could not, un der any circumstances,have been more than ordinary; and now it is certain that a great portion of ibe grain iu the border counties must be wasted. It is actually going to ruin on the ground for want of the labor necessary to gather it. The progress of great armies is always marked with deduction, and th?-people of the Old Domiuion must actually suffer, as much in this respect from their own troops -us from the Union soldiers. In view of alhhose fact*,we most firmly believe that thousands in this region will suffer for the necessarios of life before the end of the present Summer, and bow the poor aro to live through the coming winter, God' only knows. For all this preseqt and pros pective misery the instigators of ihffYres ent most unholy rebellion are responsible. They are to be held accountable for the des truction of as happy communities as the sun shone upon, and for plunging a prospe rous and beautiful nation into civil war with all its attendant horrors. The day of reckoning for these men will come. It will come not only from the thousands who are now in arms against them, but from the myriads whom they have deluded and deceived in the Southern States. SOT Capt. E. M. Price, the master of transportation, employed by the rebel for ces in removing the machinery from Har per's Ferry, arrived at Richmond on the 20th of Juno, and reported to the Richmond Enquirer that "Col. J. B. Hoge, with one hundred and thirty rangers, killed twenty three Yankees, and brought their scalpa to the quartermaster. He.routed the rest and drove them across the Potomac." The aoi ence of scalping has hitherto been confined to the savages of tho forest, but It would appaar that it ia proposed to adopt this'ia/ barous practice down in Dixie. jgJjfWe understand that tho Rev. Mr. Ful. ton, Chaplain of tho Scott Legion, Col. Gray, commanding, will prcach to his regiment to morrow, (Sabbath) morning, 7th inst, at half past ten o'clock, D. V., and also to th? 7th Pennsylvania regiment, Col. Irwin's in the af ternoon. Mr, F. was ono of thoso who assisted in raising the Stars and Stripes ov*r the Court House on the fourth inst. ''The reign of Old King Cotton being o ver," j Says a Pennsylvanian, "now let u? see what wo | caa ds for Old King Goal." MAJOR GENERAL PATTERSON'S COM MAND. The following is a itatcment of tha r?riou?. regiments and corps under command of Major General Patterson: Generals of Division; Maj. Gen. Cadwa'.la der, Maj. Gpn. Keiiu. First Brigade, Col, Thomas, U. S. A. Second. - Cuvalry, Col Thomas; Philadelphia City Troop, Cap.t. James; Twenty-Third Regiment, P. V., Col. Dare; Twenty-first Regiment, P. V.; Col. Ballier; Sixth Regiment, P: V., Col. Nagle. Second Brigade. Gen. Wynkoop. First Regi ment, P. V., Col. Yohe; Second Regiment,.. Coli Stumbaugh; Third Regiment, Col. Minier. Third Brigade, Gen. Williams. Seventh Rcf iment, P. V., Col. Irwin; Eighth Regiment. P. V.., Col. Emley; Tenth Regiment, P. V., Col." Meredith;. Twentieth Regiment, P. V, Colou?l Gmy. Fourth Brigade, Gen. Negley. Fourteenth Regiment, P. V-. Col- Johnson; Fifteenth Ra iment, P.V., Col.Oakford; Twenty-fourth Regi ment, Cot. Owens. Fifth Brigade, Colonel Longnecker. Ninth Regiment, P. V., Co lonel Longnecker; Thir teenth Regiment, P. V., Colonel Rowley ; Six teenth Regiment, P. V,, Colonel Ziegle. Sixth Brigade, Colonel Abercrombie. ? Eleventh Regiment, P. VI., Colonel Jarrett First Wisconsin Regiment, Colonel Stark weather. The Fourth Connecticut Regiment, belongs to this brigade, but has been ' left at Hagerstown, The First Pennsylvania Regi ment is at Frederick, Md. Outsidecf the Brigade Captain MoMul lin's Rangers; Doubleday's siege battery \ Perk ill's light field battery of six pieces. Rhode Island Battery, 6 pieces rilled cauuon. LT. SMITH, U. S. A?We were in error when we stated in our first edition that Lient. Smith, of the regular Army had command of the company, attached to Gen. Negley's Brig ade, which was surprised by Col. Stewart's reb el cavalry on the 2d instant. Lt. Smith had been detailed to direct tho movement of the company, which was commraanded by its own officers, and when the attack was made npon it he displayed great courage and coolness. Ha was no way to blame for the mialortune which befell the command. In this connection we cannot avoid calling tbo attention of our Volunteers to the necessity of exercising the greatest vigilence and caution when inarching through the enemies' country. Every .advantage will be taken by the rebel* and the least negligence may cost many lives. A Rapid Movement.?About noon to-day ia telligence was received to the effect that tbe enemy was collecting on the South and Weil of our lines, in considerable bodies. An orde? was issued to throw out of some of the Regi ments to meet them, and in a few minutes tbe 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 13th, 16th, and 20th Uft their Camp at "double quick time." The forces marched some miles out on differ ent roads, bat did not discover any large body of. the enemy. .One rebel was shot by company A, of the 16th, and tho 20th took several pris | oners. We are unablo to give *Dy farther ; particulars at present. Nearly all the caunon in use by the rebsls | bate been rifled?from the Uailed States (j *