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The American union. [volume] (Martinsburg, Va. [W. Va.]) 1861-1861, July 06, 1861, Image 2

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THE AMERICAN UNION.
MARTINSBURG, VA.,
SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 0,1861.
?i : LjLjl-.==bbs
VTOTICK is hereby given to aft persons not to
soil any intoxicating liquor to soldiers on
ia/ occasion whatever.
liy order of
MAJ. Sl'IKU, Provost Marshall.
July i, 1861.
NOTICE'?Persons Laving information of
importancein reference to the operations
of the nriny under General Patterson, are re
quested to send the fcaine to Gapt. William B
riipes, editor of "the "American Union." A re
sponsible name must in all casos accompauy
the communication.
TERMS OF PUBLICATION,
friho "American Union" will b? issued daily
X when the movements of the army render this
pouible. It will bo sold at tho offieo at TWO
CENTS-PER COPY?tha procseds to be devoted
t? the payment of the expenses of tlio oflica. Not
more than ten copUs will be Bold to one person.
WANTON DESTRUCTION OF PROP
ERTY.
If evidonco were wanting to prove the in
sane wickedness of the leaders of the pres
ent Southern Rebellion, it could be found
in abundanco by visiting that portion of
Virginia through which tho Baltimore and
Ohio R.R. passes. The wanton and useless
destruction of property in this region is so
great as almost to bailie exaggeration.?
Splendid bridges have been utterly de
stroyed, and locomotives by tho acoro have
been burned. We arc confident that wc
do not exaggerate when we say that it will
require one million of dollars to replace
the property thus destroyed within the
limits of the borough of Martinsburg alone;
and in other localities the destruction bas
been equally as groat.
Why was all this done? What did the
rebels hope to gain by introducing this
Vandal-like system of warfare ? We con
f?BS that we cannot answer these questions.
Tho Railroad might, it is true, have been
used to transport troop3 to and from Wash
iogton city, but its destruction can only re
tard for a few hour3, and not prevent, s'ucli
transportation. There are othor great Hail
Roads connecting the East and thn j
West, and these can fill every purposo that
tho Government requires. Wo venture to
gay that tho movemon ts of our troops in
this locality, and iu Washington, have not,
been retardod a single day by tho destruc
tion of all this Railroad property.
The evil done to tho peoplo of Virginia
and Maryland is, however, incalculable. All
trade through this rcgiou is stopped, and
All business is destroyed, Coffee is now I
lolling in Martinsburg for from 25 to 30 j
cents per ppuud, and. other grocories in
proportion, ' b? Ind'ftftj
all, because thn Baltimore market has been
rendered entirely inaccessible. Such is the
condition of things now/ and it requires
no prophetic vinion to forsefrtbac they must
daily become worse and worse; So far as
our observation has goue, wo are convinced
that the harvest in Virginia could not, un
der any circumstances,have been more than
ordinary; and now it is certain that a great
portion of ibe grain iu the border counties
must be wasted. It is actually going to
ruin on the ground for want of the labor
necessary to gather it.
The progress of great armies is always
marked with deduction, and th?-people
of the Old Domiuion must actually suffer,
as much in this respect from their own
troops -us from the Union soldiers. In
view of alhhose fact*,we most firmly believe
that thousands in this region will suffer for
the necessarios of life before the end of
the present Summer, and bow the poor aro
to live through the coming winter, God'
only knows. For all this preseqt and pros
pective misery the instigators of ihffYres
ent most unholy rebellion are responsible.
They are to be held accountable for the des
truction of as happy communities as the
sun shone upon, and for plunging a prospe
rous and beautiful nation into civil war
with all its attendant horrors. The day
of reckoning for these men will come. It
will come not only from the thousands
who are now in arms against them, but
from the myriads whom they have deluded
and deceived in the Southern States.
SOT Capt. E. M. Price, the master of
transportation, employed by the rebel for
ces in removing the machinery from Har
per's Ferry, arrived at Richmond on the
20th of Juno, and reported to the Richmond
Enquirer that "Col. J. B. Hoge, with one
hundred and thirty rangers, killed twenty
three Yankees, and brought their scalpa to
the quartermaster. He.routed the rest and
drove them across the Potomac." The aoi
ence of scalping has hitherto been confined
to the savages of tho forest, but It would
appaar that it ia proposed to adopt this'ia/
barous practice down in Dixie.
jgJjfWe understand that tho Rev. Mr. Ful.
ton, Chaplain of tho Scott Legion, Col. Gray,
commanding, will prcach to his regiment to
morrow, (Sabbath) morning, 7th inst, at half
past ten o'clock, D. V., and also to th? 7th
Pennsylvania regiment, Col. Irwin's in the af
ternoon. Mr, F. was ono of thoso who assisted
in raising the Stars and Stripes ov*r the
Court House on the fourth inst.
''The reign of Old King Cotton being o ver,"
j Says a Pennsylvanian, "now let u? see what wo
| caa ds for Old King Goal."
MAJOR GENERAL PATTERSON'S COM
MAND.
The following is a itatcment of tha r?riou?.
regiments and corps under command of Major
General Patterson:
Generals of Division; Maj. Gen. Cadwa'.la
der, Maj. Gpn. Keiiu.
First Brigade, Col, Thomas, U. S. A. Second. -
Cuvalry, Col Thomas; Philadelphia City Troop,
Cap.t. James; Twenty-Third Regiment, P. V.,
Col. Dare; Twenty-first Regiment, P. V.; Col.
Ballier; Sixth Regiment, P: V., Col. Nagle.
Second Brigade. Gen. Wynkoop. First Regi
ment, P. V., Col. Yohe; Second Regiment,..
Coli Stumbaugh; Third Regiment, Col. Minier.
Third Brigade, Gen. Williams. Seventh Rcf
iment, P. V., Col. Irwin; Eighth Regiment. P.
V.., Col. Emley; Tenth Regiment, P. V., Col."
Meredith;. Twentieth Regiment, P. V, Colou?l
Gmy.
Fourth Brigade, Gen. Negley. Fourteenth
Regiment, P. V-. Col- Johnson; Fifteenth Ra
iment, P.V., Col.Oakford; Twenty-fourth Regi
ment, Cot. Owens.
Fifth Brigade, Colonel Longnecker. Ninth
Regiment, P. V., Co lonel Longnecker; Thir
teenth Regiment, P. V., Colonel Rowley ; Six
teenth Regiment, P. V,, Colonel Ziegle.
Sixth Brigade, Colonel Abercrombie. ?
Eleventh Regiment, P. VI., Colonel Jarrett
First Wisconsin Regiment, Colonel Stark
weather. The Fourth Connecticut Regiment,
belongs to this brigade, but has been ' left at
Hagerstown, The First Pennsylvania Regi
ment is at Frederick, Md.
Outsidecf the Brigade Captain MoMul
lin's Rangers; Doubleday's siege battery \
Perk ill's light field battery of six pieces.
Rhode Island Battery, 6 pieces rilled cauuon.
LT. SMITH, U. S. A?We were in error
when we stated in our first edition that Lient.
Smith, of the regular Army had command of
the company, attached to Gen. Negley's Brig
ade, which was surprised by Col. Stewart's reb
el cavalry on the 2d instant. Lt. Smith had
been detailed to direct tho movement of the
company, which was commraanded by its own
officers, and when the attack was made npon it
he displayed great courage and coolness. Ha
was no way to blame for the mialortune which
befell the command.
In this connection we cannot avoid calling
tbo attention of our Volunteers to the necessity
of exercising the greatest vigilence and caution
when inarching through the enemies' country.
Every .advantage will be taken by the rebel*
and the least negligence may cost many lives.
A Rapid Movement.?About noon to-day ia
telligence was received to the effect that tbe
enemy was collecting on the South and Weil
of our lines, in considerable bodies. An orde?
was issued to throw out of some of the Regi
ments to meet them, and in a few minutes tbe
7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 13th, 16th, and 20th Uft
their Camp at "double quick time."
The forces marched some miles out on differ
ent roads, bat did not discover any large body
of. the enemy. .One rebel was shot by company
A, of the 16th, and tho 20th took several pris
| oners. We are unablo to give *Dy farther
; particulars at present.
Nearly all the caunon in use by the rebsls
| bate been rifled?from the Uailed States
(j *

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