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The appointment of various offices of army of the United States in the cities and towns occupied by our troops to posi tions with the title of Provost Marshal, bs3 been a fruitful theme for newspaper dincussiou. The offioe i3 certainly some what novel iu this country, but in Europe it haa been w-oll known for centuries. Wor ?ester informs utf, by copying from a glos ?ary of military phrases, that "a Provost Marshal'is un officer of the English army, whose duties are to take steps for the prosecution of crime and offences against military discipline; to saize and secure de serters, to punish marauders, &c ; to take ?harge of prisoners and superintend the extculiun of punishments-" It is said, al to, that he is an officer of the English na vy, who has charge of prisoners at a oourt martial, aud to hold them iu custody after wards till tho senteeco of the oourt martial itf ?iecnted.; - The definition of Webster is moro gen ?ral ia its application than Worcester, and ?Xtends the uso of the term, to civil life. A ProTost Marshal says Webster, "in a general souse, is a person who is appointed to superintend or preside over something ; the chief magistrate of a city or town, as tho Provost o? Edinburg or Glasgow, an swering to tho Mayov o? -frizes ; the Provost of a college, answering to President. Ia Franco, formerly, a Provost was an in ferior judge who hud cognizance of civil eausea. The Grand Provost of Franco, or of the household, had jurisdiction in the King's house and over its officers. The Provost Marshal of an army, (usually pro nounced pro-vo,) is an officer appointed to arrest and secure deserters and other crim inals, to hinder the soldiers from pillaging, to indiot offenders and see sentences passed ob them and executed. He also regulates * weights and measures. He has under him a lieutenant, a clerk, executioner,'' &o. The term Provost, propositus, is an offi ?er placed before or over certain relations for tboir control and management. It ap plios to all the departments of government, whether civil, military, educational or oth erwise. The provost is generally the pre tiding officer o/ the institution. Associa ted with the term marshal, it assumes the military relation, and indentifics the mili ary with thi civil office. The term marsh al ia itself d military application, and sig nifies much that is contained.in the charac ter of a provost. Marshal was once used to desigmte an offieer who had charge of borsoa. It is from mahre a horse, and tcJiaUe, a servant, hence the application to oae wio has cbargo of bones. It was subsequently applied to persons in charge of impcrtaDt stations, even to tho one that precedes the prince in his travels, and to one that regulated the lists of combats,and to the commander-in-chief of an army. In their origin, the words were both ap plied to inferior stations, and advanced as their more extended use became nocessary. The provost of the king's stables was an of ficer that attended court, and held the kiug'sstirrup when he mounted his horse. ORGANIZATION OF THE FIFTH REGI MENT OF U. S. ARTILLERY. Col. Sherman, of the U. S- A. is at preseut in Harrisburg, making arraugemeiHs for the organization of the new artillery regiment which he was ordered to recruit by the President of the United States. This regiment will contain twelve batteries, and be otherwise equipped and armed in the most officient and effective manner for attack and defence. It is the pur pose of the. Colonel iu command to make this, in all respects, one of the most thorough reg imental organizations iu the service, for which he is singularly fitted by hia military education, skill and experience. The organization of the regiment will be iu the following order: One colonel, one lieutenant colonel, three majora, one adjutant, one regimental quarter master, sergeant major, one quartermaster's sergeant, one ccfcimissary sergeant, two princi pal -nrinrielaua, oiio liospitaf steward, twenty four musicians for band, and eighteen hundred and seventy-two non-commissioned officers and privates. Each battery to beorganized 03 follows, viz: One captain, two first lieutenants, one first sergeant, one company quartermaster's ser geant, six sergeants, twelve corporals, two bu glers, six artificers, one wagoner, and ">ne hun dred and twenty-two privates. Rendesvous will bo immediately opened in different parts of the state cf Pennsylvania for the raising of these batteries, and a fine oppor tunity is presented for those who have a fond ness for this particular arm of the Bervice. to promptly fly to their country's standard, in this her moment of need. Faithful and able bod ied soldiers who have been discharged from the light artillery in the past few years, will here find an admirable chance of distinction and ad vancement. WAR ITEMS. A part of Company E. "Capt. Anderson" of the 9th Regiment, P. V? was engaged in the skir mish with the Rebel Cavalry, which was notic ed in our laBt issue. The men of this compa ny behaved with coolness lind courage. The picket guard from the Third Regiment was fired upon by a squadron of Rebel Cavalry about two o'clock this morning. The tire was returned, and the assailant* driven off. It is beSeved that no one was injured. These Reb el troops are continually prowling around the country, and our troops cannot exercise too much vigUanet. THE SECESSION CAVALRY. Air.?"Hiippy Land of Caanan." On tha_8oij of Old Virginia not very long fcge, Wheti the Union Volunteer* crossod the border; They mettlie "giilant" ?:ivalry dmaed out for pomp and show. And they sent tlicra o'er tho couBtry in disorder. Ciiorus.?Oh! hat ho! You should hav* seen them go! Dashing, clashing, splashing o'er tho gravel ! Such "chivalry" cau't fight, but you'd better believe we'ro right, When we tell ycu that they know hew to travel. Tho Badger boys were there, and the Yankees, cuto and true, Came out to fi?ht the battles of the nation ? And tha Keystone State so gallant, seut her sons both bravo and valiant, Who fear not all tho traitors in creation. Chords.?Oh! ho! ho! &c. These patriot soldier* true, met thi wild Se cession crew, And they let them have a touoh of Northern fighting, Thoy showed th#ra Yankee Doodl# with a can non shot or two, And didn't they send tho frightened rekth "kiting I" " Chorcs,?Oh! ho! ho! &u. The Union boys arc trne to the red white *?d blue, And truo to tho old Constitution ; They will wipe out of the land Jeff Davis and his band, And savo tho great Republic from pollution. Cuouus.?Oh! ho! ho! io. "THE AMERICAN UNION," Tune?"Wait for tho Wagon." "Tho Union" is our watchword where'er our footsteps roam, And with tiio friends of freedom we always Cud a homo ; Our hearts are with our country, our cyei are on our flag; And we will plant it North and Sooth on plain or mountain crap. CnOBua:?Then wait for the Union, The proud sailing Unien, The imperishable Union, And we'll all take u rid*. We'to left onr home and kindred, in qnest of traitor hosts, Resolved that we will bravely die, ordriro thorn from our coasts; Our fathers fought the mother when she raised tho tyrant hand, And we will whip tho brother whowo'd icoage our happy land. CiioRUS?Then wait for tho Union, Ac. ?* Oar wagons are "substantial," and oar horses large and full, We have pork aud beef and crackers, jnit as much as they can pull; All our men are "gay and happy" while there's aught of work to do, And when they get into battle they will "put the rebels through." ? CiioHcs?Then wait for tho Union, Ac. Our cause is just and holy, onr lawi "must b? preserved." A nd in the work of fighting, wo cannot be un nerved : God bless our noble amiy?in then we all confide? 80 jnmp into the Union and we'll all take a ride. OittBOt?'Tixtg ,u* *?