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TO THE PEOPLE OF VIRGINIA.
It is but just to the soldiers compos ing the army now ujxm yow soil that the motives which caused them to take up arms should Ife plainly and candid ly sta.ed. They have been grossly misrepresented to you by designing and unscrupulous aspirants who seek to become rulers on the ruins of a great and happy country, and their intentions have been studiously mis italod. Wo spoalc in their behalf, therefore, from a sense of justice and duty, and we rsk you to hear us calm ly and hoioai'ter to judge us by our acts. The troops who fight under the star spangled banner wage no war of ag gression. They seek not to oppress the weak nor to inflict injury upon the innocent. They have no desire to injure private property or interfere with private business; arid when this is done unavoidably it will be regret ted by none more tLan by themselves. They have come'among you to reestab lish pcace and order, and to recon struct a Gsvernmeiit which for more than three-quartera of a century prov ed to be all that tho people of the South as well as of the North desired. 'They ask only that the Constitution framed by our fathers be continued un impaired?that all its precepts be held sacred ; and that the many blessings handed, down to ns by our ancestors be permitted to descend to our posterity. They are not unmindful of the fact that Virginia and the North, and par ticularly Pennsylvania, are linked to gether by many sacred tics, as -well as by the strongest bonds of interest. They are not willing that these sa crcd tics shall be ruthlessly sundered at the bidding of such men as have precipitated tho South into a most un holy revolution. Can you censure them for entertaining such views ? Can you who boast of the Old Domini- j on because she was .the mother of Statesmen, blume us of the North for revering the lessons those Statesmen have taught us ? We think not; and hence we expect to find friends in all hut those who have fallen victims to the most insane prejudices, and who will no longer hear the voice of rea son. We look forward to tho time when the American Union shall be reconstruc ted in all its grandeur and power, and when the people of every State from Maine to California and from Minnesota to Florida shall be united again under a common Government, and enjoy to gether all the blessings of liberty. THE VOICE OF WASHINGTON. In that memorable document, Washing ton's Farewell Address, tho following lan guage occurs. We ask the people of Virginia and of the South to read and ponder well upon it: To the efficacy and pcrraanescy of your Union, a Government for the whole is in dispensible. No alliance, however strict between the parts, cau be an adequate substitute; they mu3t inevitably experience the infractions and interruptions which all alliances, in all times, have experienced. Sensible of this momentous truth, you havo improved upon your first essay, by the adoption of a Constitution of Government better calculated than your former for an intimate Union, and for the efficacious management of your common concerns.? This Government, the offspring of our own choice, uninfluenced and unawed, adopted upon full investigation and mature delib eration, completely free in its principles, in the distribution of its powers unitiug se curity with energy, and containing within itself a provis;j; for its own ameudracut, has a just claim to your confidcnce and your support. Jlespect for its authority, compliance with its laws, acquiescence in its measures, are duties enjoined by tho fundamental maxims of true libertv. The bases of our political system, is the right of the people to make and to alter their constitutions of Government: but the Constitution w'uich at any time exists, till changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all. The very idea of the power and the right of the people to establish Govern ment, prc-suppOKcs the duly of every indi vidual to obey the established Government. The Pickets of the Federal and Rebel soldiers up abovo tho Chain Bridge, Georgetown, have exchanged civilities.? Two of them dropped their muskets .",nd took a drink of whiskey together, a day ov two since. Tho Rebel pickct cried out from a distance, asking the United States soldier if he liad anything in the driuking lino. The reply was satisfactory, and an arrangement was soon niado whereby both parties left their arms "and met half way, '?smiled," and returned to their picket duty. The Boston Post asks, "Who wants a better 'National Ilim' than Gen. Scott?" Ilartford Courant anawen, ''Noborlj.Mr. Post.. Wo can get abng with that and 'Uncle Paalml" The Star Spangled Banner. 0! say can you see by the davru's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twi light's last gleaming, Whose broad Stripes and bright Star#, through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts rre watched were ?? gallantly streaming, And the rocket's red glare, the bomb# bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that ov* Flag was still there, 0! say does that Star Spangled Banner yet wave ? O'er the land of the free and the homa of the brave. On the shore dimly eeenthreugh the miatc of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread al ienee reposes, What is that whioh the breeae o'er the t?w cring steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half di? J 1 i , closes, Now it catches the gleam, of tbo morning's first beam, Iu full glory reflected uow shines on th? stream, 'Tis the Star Spangled Banner, 0 long may U wave ? O'er the land of the free and tholiome ef the bravo. And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war,and the battle's oen fusion, A home and a country should leave ub no more, Their blood has washed out their foul fool steps pollution, No refuge could save,the hireling and slav* From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the gravo, And the Star Spangled Banner, in triumph shall wave, O'er the land of the frse, and tho home of the brave. 0! thus be it ever when freeman shall stand Between their loved hoiue3, and tho war'i desolation, Blest with vict'ry and peaie, may the L#jt en rescued laud, Praise the power that hath made and pre served us a nation, Then-conqucr jve must, for mr cause it it just, And this be our motto: "IN GOD IS OUR TRUST." And the Star Spangled Banner ia triattpl shall wave, O'er the laud of tbo freo, and the Loae of tbo brave.