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Virginia free press. (Charlestown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1832-1916, September 20, 1832, Image 1

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_ T’»vgiui,t ,-jfm press,
.S’iWiwuA f»e>ppij*.
TT»o life inti lie clouded lir momenta of rare
Ami Joy by tli.-ir gloom lie n't rslmli il,—
^ why should we yieli! to tin- pa..;,s of despair,
*»r mourn o’er the hopes that bare faded’ —
I hr clime tliat is fairest, tin* Ur that is bi irblr*!.
At times will be darkrmwl bt tempest* that mil,
1 tien why should we eioint « t’r*r moment uf an -
Or sigh for events, wlurh «c cannot control’
The sun-ray that breaks front tlie mist* that sur
round it.
brighter than if it Iml ne’er ben oVr c »*t.
Ami the heart that can burst all thefrtti-isaroui.il it.
>l.*i smile w ith ili* l4m ns the gi ii-ts .,1 the past;
l-ikc the cloud that rriievls from it* bosom, the
M Inch Ixtrlv it shroud- i| ami lud from tin* slew.
Aldus if 't would Slone loi llw* m-nui nts it *h «•{• .)
/ hr darker I Ac lemf«tt,—th. bnjkirr /.
the them thess
Mr. 1 Mott Aw \\ . \\ hits, an entrrpl isnig pub
lislier, bus forwarded us » copy of this a.hln-vs,
In a neat ami beautiful pamphlet if IN pages, is.
sui d from his pr«-*» in Uii hmoml. A a a nieiuber
of the tt p graphic..! fratimity, »c must express
our high gratilieati'Ni, si seeing Mr. (>i«tu*'i
pure and classic thoughts presented to tlie eye.
as well as to the intellectual vine, in a style ol
Unsurpassed m ati.ess and elegance. It is the a*
coud edition; »huh wrcunistar.ee proves that it!
►r.S already received the lavor uf the public, am!
tliat the youth of our count, y (who have si-cn it) ^
have July apprcti did it* merits. No student, in
any part of the L uiwn, no matter what mav be Ins
WV » UIIVMI M V U|» v 1*1 11.
It i* full of maxim* of prat value, whnh should
be impressed indelibly u|«m the memory.
This address was delivered before the “ Phi
lanthropic sod Dialectic Sini. tics, at Chaps I llill,
N. C.M on the 90th of June, ISJii. The repuU
tion of Mr. (iistus is iK a rtnlh great and ex-i
tensive. He wron tbe highest collegiate hoi*. r»t
auil was, during the last war, and subsequently, a !
distinguished mem! tr of Congress from North
Carolina. Though lie has since been occasional!*
employed in the councils of his own State, we be
lieve hit attention lias been priuci|»*lly devoted to
his practice at a number of tbe bar. We need
not tay how highly he adorns that profession.
Judge Marshall thus qieaks of the address:
Ktruwosu, Aro. 9, ISJ-J.
Mr. Thow*« W. Whits:
Dear Sir: I liaiejust received your note,
intimating your intention to reprint the address
delivered by Mr. (iavtou, tie fore the IMnlanthro
|»ic ami Dialectic Societies at Chapel-11 ill, and
asking my opinion of it.
Mr Gaston favored me with a ropy of this ad
dress, and I ha*, perused it with |m ruliar interest
aiwl pleasure. The (aliie.* he give* to «tudcnt* is
excellent. It may be read again and again to ad
vantage by every youth who wishes t.. avail him
tell to tlse utmost of llse instruction to be acquir
ed in our arnaiuarics.
Hs» lesson* on the course to be observed bv the
young gentleman who is about to enter tin- great
theatre if human action, are n 1 less valuable, and
aannot fee too frequently or t<>o deeply impressed
Oil Uw rising generation. They seem to consti
tute the true basis nf the character to which
slate sine 11 in a republic ought to aspire.
With great respect, your obVt.
We quote Uie conclusion of Mr. G.’» address,
as presenting a rich specimen of eloquence ami
patriotism, which ought to be preserved in letters
of gold.
f would not depress jour buoyant spirits
with gloomy anticipations, but I should be
wanting in frankness, if I did not state my
conviction tliat you will be called to the per
formance of other duties unusually grave and
important. Perils surround you, and arc im
minent, which will require clear heads, pure
intentions, and stout heart*, to disrern and
overcome. There it uo side on which danger
may not make it* approach; but from thr
wickedness and madness of fartion, it is most
menacing. Time was, indeed, when factions
contended amongst u* with virulence and fu
ry ; but they were, or nlfeeted to be. at i^ur
on questions of principle; now, Americans
band together under the name* of men, and
wear the livery, and put on the badges of
their leader*. Then, the individuals of the
oitfcrcfit part*** writ fmim) n'ui* by <|i%.
per*cd throughout the various district* of «>ur
confederated republic ; but now, the parties
!*:*?• distract land, are almost identified
with Oaf ^'■ographteal distinctions. Now
then has cjinc Uui period, foreseen and
dreaded by our IVtiiiivt,rov, l<y him “«lio.
more than an^ other individual, foui.<Icd thh*
our wide-spreading empire, and gave t , our
western world i’id< p.uiij we and fr« eiluiir’—
by him, who with it father's warning voire,
bade ui be w arc of *' parti* * founded on gno
graphiral discriminations.” A* yet, the cn
ttmentv so deeply planted in the hearts of our
honest yeomanry, that muon is Urtn^lh, ha*
not been uprooted.
As yet, they acknowledge the truth, ami
feel the force of the homely, twit excellent
aphorism, • I idled we stand, do ide.l we fall.*
As jet, they take pride in the name of “ the
I nited States''—m the rroolleclion of the
fields that were won, tin blood which was
poured forth, and the glory w he h was gained
in the common cause, and under the com
mon banner of an united country. May fi«»d,
in hi* mercy, forbid that I, or you, my friend*,
iIhsiH live to *er (lie day, wh* n the*e scnti
ments shall be extinct! v\ believer that day
comes, then is the hteir at hand, when tin*
glorkms republic, this «*nre national and con
federated repuidir, w hich for nearly half a
century has presented to the eyes, the hope*
and the gratitude <>f man, a more brilliant
and lovely im i/ than Plato, vr Moore, or
Harrington, ever feigned or fancied *ha|l In
like a tale that i« told, like a mum that hath
passed away. Hut these sentiment* and feel
mg* are nwiaarily weakened, and in the
end mu*t be destroyed, utiles* the, moderate,
the good and the sue unite to “frown in
dign-*ntlv upon the fir»t d iwnmg* of every at
tempt to alienate any portion of our country
from the rest, or to enfeeble tf»e sacred tie*
which link together it* various ports
Threats of resistance -septratioM. base be
come common a* hnusebolt words, hi the
wicked and sills * udence of public declaim*
rrs. The public car is famiiiariwd, and the
po die mind will soon tie ae« ustonwd to the
detestable suggestion of lH»t Miouf fslmlv
inn* aid conjectures, what may the east tin
Wdlaotit the south, un! what may the south dj
without the east, sneers, menaces, reproach
es, ami recriminations, all tend to the same
,Jt*J end ! \V hat can the cast do a it bout the
*outh? U lut cau the ilo Hiihotii (he
vast? They may do much; Utcy may exhi
bit to the curiosity of political anatomist*, and
the pity an«l wonder of the world, tin* ‘Vu
jttl* mtmbra, ' the sundered bleeding limbs of
a once gigantic body instinct with life and
strength ami vigor. They can furnish to the
philosophic historian, another melancholy and
'inking instance of the political axiom,'that
all Itcpublican confederacy s have an inhcr
• til and unav oidaule tendency to dissolution.
I licy will pi event fields a;.d occasions f* r
t►order wars, lor U agues and counter leagues,
tor iutngi.es and petty statesmen, the strug
gl« * of military * fuels, tor eonlixcations, m
surreetions, and deeds of darkest hue. Thcv
w ill gladden the Hearts of those who have
i ruclaiiueJ, that men arc not At to govern
themselves, mi l died a disastrous eclipse on
the hopes ol rational freedom throughout the
world. Solon, m his ride, proposed no ptt'i
ishiueut for parneyle, treating it as an ini|>ov
siole crone. Such, w ith us, ought to be the
crone of p diticul parricide—the dismember
ment of our •• fattier land." •Tori >unfpa
r. ut*a, tun -ml Uirri. propinqui. fmuilltn, -d
*•■*» »<m*oon cm il tlrs pulriu Mini rotit,Uxu td;
pm s/m i quit 6ci.m HsibUtt mnrtrm < pptl.rt >i ,i
•il jn. futunu .» tju* rtf d.Urtu^iUor idurum
iuunamlan qtti lurtrurunt fttUrt patriaut, tl in
tu /undilua dritudu wiijiuh rl tun.* rf Jutrunl."
Il it must he so, let parties mid partv-mcn
continue to quarrel w ith little or no regard to
the public good. They may mystify them
selves and others with disputations on jtolili
eal economy, proving the most onnnsit..
trine* to their own satisfaction, a ><! p.-rhaps,
to the conviction of no one else on earth._
They may deserve reprobation f >r their scl
flshne**, their violence, th«-ir errors, or their
wickedness. They may do our country much
harm. They may retard its grow th, destroy
H* harmony, impair its character, r» ruler it’s
institution* unstable, perveit the public mind,
and deprave the public moral*. These arc,
indeed, evil* and sore evils; but the princi
ple of life remains,and will yet struggle with
assured success, over these tcmp.*mr» mala
dies. Mull we are great, glorious, united and
tree: still wo have a name that i* revered
abroad, and loved at borne—a mme which is
a tower of strength to us against foreign
wrong, anil a bond of internal ntiinii and har
mony—a name, which no enemy pron >un -c*
nut with respect, and which no citizen he ir*
hut with a throo of exultation. Still we have
that blessed constitution win h, with all it*
pretended defect*, and all it* alleged viola
tions, ha* conferred more benefit on man than
ever yet (lowed from any other human insti
tution—which has established justice, insured
domestic tranquillity, provided for the com
mon defeuee, promoted the general welfare,
and which, under God, if we be true to our
selves, will insure the blessing* of liberty to
us and our posterity.
Surely, such a country, and such a consti
tution, have claims upon you, my friends,
which cannot be disregarded. I entreat and
adjure you then, by all that is near and dear
to you on earth—by all the obligations of pa
triotism—by the memory of your fathers,w ho
fell in the great and glorious struggle—for
the *alte of your sous w hotn you would not
have to blush for your degeneracy—by all
your proud recollections of the past, and all
your fond anticipations of the future renown
of our nation—preserve that country, uphold
that constitution. Uesolvc, that they shall
not be !o*t while in your keeping.—and inav
God Almighty strengthen you to fulfil that
The Heulilenet,
Ob the Treatment of MALIGNANT CIIOI.K
KA, by small and frequent doses of C'sl-Jtuel,
by Jo*ten Alas, V. D Hull.
I have had seventy-sis easc*,of which sixty
have been returned cured, five are under treat
ment, and four of them out of danger, and ten
havedied. The wh.de of these patients were
attended at their own home*, and moat of
them under evi ry possible disadvantage.—
The treatment pursued was the same in all,
and w a* in *tr»rt conformity w ith the view*
of the disorder which I have advanced, and
with that which I iuubuUd in l!i* Ijintti as
*uitevi to it. The r. r/toir* ol'jtct sought for.
ha* been to rt%tort the f trillion of ih hrrr, ami
the means employed for this purpose have
been no less exclusive, and have wholly con
sisttd of calomel and laudanum, given in small
quantili* s and frequently repeated. The dose
of raloinel wa* one or two grain*, arid of
laudanum one or two drop*, given every five,
| ten, or fifteen minutes, according to the ur
gency of the symptom*, ainl duration of the
treatment. The cal «mel wa* given alone a*
swoti as seventy or eighty drojo <>t 11»*> lauda
ruul had been taken, or the purging ami
cramp* w ere abated The calomel * as con
tinued uninterruptedly until a substantial a
batement ef tin* disease was produced and
the unly limit set to its use was in giving it .it
progressively m h r intervals. In several late
cases I have trusted to grain d >ses, with a
jdmpof laudanum given wilhridi, and re
' nrivi d every live minutes for two or three
: hour*, and then evi ry I n’minuln. uuti! a d#~
j ci Jrd imp; colon tva* madeupontbe complain*,
when they were repeated every twenty mi
I notes, and afterwards every hour, until, at
length, they were diaeontimied. The average
quantity of calomel which I have given has
been nlMiut eighty grains, and the highest
quantity one liundrrd and seventy-sis grain*,
i viffno* of llw mouth has onlv occurred in
1 ateeit a dorm rases, and clitrlly m those m
whom tlie disease wa- least « vere. vir when
it was continued after the collapse was wbol
; ly rfmiivo!; for |vending the rontinoanee of
i that stage, no effv < Is upon the mouth are pro
duced by it. At the moment I am writing, a
' patient ha* just coma out from the collapse
' undi r this treatment, who had a suppression
1 of urine during fifty-eight hours.and who has
| taken nearly ore hu wired and fifty grains of
valomel in *iOv*ic grain pills, anvlyrt without
any sorrin'** of the am ith, or my other in
i eimventence front if- II'’ •* now neatly «**n«
; vaJeseenl- The average duration of the dis
1 e i«e in those w bo recovered iiinter this tfeat
1 oient has not been u»«>re than five days, and
• m a very lew only were there apy ronseru
| five fever. For. by the prompt and very lita
• ral us# of calomel in i#»*/l a'. I frequently
I renewed doses,—and it is. I may one* m >re
1 repeat, iwdiqwusaMr to their rflu-ary that tlwy
, he small,—the secretion of the bvi r heronms
i early restored and that sdsmisvl »ry re» tiou
m tlm hepatic circle is preve .ted. which
would otherwise etis'ie as a cunr pirnr# of
J its congested state. Ilt.rff. in many gnhA
ccv.l have found the niovt rapid recoveries to
j occur in patients ui whom tlie disease was
uio*t intense.
| The characteristic marks of the disease,
that can alone be relied on as such, are the
vomiting and purging; but c*pec)*llv the
purging of rieey, broth-like, or g rue I l*y mo
tions, m 1U1 an entire suppression of the urine,
if the disease lie not arrested. In every «-*sc,
excepting in young children, there have been
cramps I■ nine the rramps were vv holly
coiilint-d to the lower part of the body, w Inch
was the ease with all the patients that came
nuder my rare during several days. The in
tensity of the cratupa furnished no criterion
by vv hi* h to judge of the intensity wr danger
j °f the disease. They will abate and be rr
i newe l whilst the patient is progressively a*l
i 'ancmg to recovery, flic ceasing of the to*
iiiiting and purging of the peculiar lluids.
whilst, at tlie same time, the weight ubovc
tin- chest is relieved, ami the pulse keeps up
or is restored, aie the best indications of the
pitin t's improvement. The renewal of the
urine may be delayed for many hours after
these signs of improvement, and the case w ill
still terminate well.
In the rases winch terminate favourably,
the rieey motions become changed into those
resembling tar. and these i.lto others Us-dark,
until t!i« natural feral condition is restored.
In some few cases I have had reason to 1h*~
licvc, that the iiiotions were tar-like from
the beginning, hut these were of the milder
form of the disease. When the disorder
proves fatal, the stool* before death are fre
quently changed from the ri> ey colour to the
appearance ol gruel of a mldish hue, and rr
sciutding the washing of recent flesh.
in conducting the treatment of this com.
plaint, l have scrupulously avoided the ad
mixture of other luodieines with the calomel.
that no error might be committed m the con
clusions to he deduced from the practice. I
have not exhibited a single emetic, or once
employed bleeding or leeching, until after the
.-tage of rnllap-e had pulsed away, and then
only ou a few occasions. No inconvenience
appeared to arise from an unrestrained al
lowance of cold water, nor any great advan
tage from much external waruith. I never
used the vap nir-hnth, nor any other mean* of
giving warmth than what the ordmarv nto
lUods would supply, and, indeed, so direct!*!
hare / uiaied at restoring the secretion of the li
ft r, and so fully and confidently have I relied
on it as the great instrument for remov mg the
whole train of alarming and distressing symp
toms, that I have ordinarily neglected to re
sort to what have been accounted by a»
tin approved means for affording a temporary
rebel to them. When the fluid purging was
excess!tc, I have used opiate giy-ters, and
castor oil wheu the stools became bia< k, and
when no further calomel w a* w anted. 1 ge
nerally have endeavoured to sec my paticiits
every two or three hour* during the period
ul danger, and to avoid any delay in begin
ning the treatment, have provided them at
my lir-t visit w ith a few pills, and the neces
sary doses of laudanum, until they could be
procured from the cholera station.
I w ill not tresj^tss upon your pages, or up
on the time of your readers, by restating the
views I entertain ol the nature of the disease,
or my reasons for the treatment which I re
commend for it. Every thing I have seen of
the disease, and experienced in the treatment
of it, serves but to confirm the opinion | had
f*»rr e-d ut both. The essence of the disease
is an interrupted secretion of the bile, and
the remedy i» that irhieh restore- this secretion.
In the most intense forms of the disease, such
a cause, indeed, may seem inadequate to ac
count for it* phenomena; but, like every o
|thcr disease, it has it* gradations of severity,
; ^"d the mildest form of it maintains a resem
blance to the severest, proving, as in tin; in
'stanm of the mild and confluent small-pox,
their common origin and nature. It ha* been
afliroK'il, that the cases of the disease differ so
; touch as to require a diversified mode of treat
ment : but the very contrary cf this ha* ap
i peared to me to be the fart, and the only dif
ference in the treatment demanded tn be
made, is, chiefly in the frequency of the tunes
; for repeating tho calomel, and the greater or
less occasion for the subsequent employment
of leeching and tlie antiphlogistic remedies.
In every case there is a repressed secretion
of bile, and in every east there is a necessity
for calomel to restore it. Kinetics, and even
stimulants may. occasionally, and, as it should
seem, by accident, restore it, and these last
may sometimes even support the patient thro’
the struggle, and thus appear to l»e the reme
dy. Itut their action is indirrrt, and their
«ucccs» is. in a measure, accidental, and must
generally tail, whilst calomel, as possessing
the -pecific property of promoting the secre
tion of the liver, is at onre a medicine that
elnints not merely to he united w ith ollttrs m
(ill* ( r»- '* ( i ■ is * T11 iatit In I in rnliiul no raw w atvs«<L
fic 111 Hu* complaint, and to t»<* employrd to
the *• xc|u«ioti of nil utiim. Km h, indeed,
ha* been the rour«« I have pursued with it,
mid such lias bct-ii the course pur*u> d with it
by my intelligent young friend, Mr. sharp of
this town, who has followed my method in
every thing, and who, having *« eri and espe
eially att* mled with me nearly all the r»*e* I
have had to treat, assures me, that his own
exprncncw III the result of the practice with
the esses he ha* had privately lo treat, com
pletely corresponds with whit he had ot»
*ervcd Willi ml, and fstaMi*bct in his mind
the same conviction which *s lixed in mme.
that caloiu' I. given in unnutc and frequently
renewed doses, is endowed vita a property
o|‘ controlling and arresting it, aliirli no other
medic me, or combination of m< die me, h is
ever had assigned to it, or will, if I mistake
not, be ever found to pen-si.
Rrmrtr (\ni tr pf i Vds-a. — Phise-ian* most
ly agree m aseribmg the remote cause of ( Ins
| lera to a something unknown in the atmos
1 phero—to a »om« thing which is not discover
able by any of the setts* #. and ha* not p t
been detected by any rhnuiical analysis. |»r
W \h.hmim ,»r.t -peaking of this •uhjC'-g, ■ »y»
*• XV hen | sen vain man attempting to rhaoge
for the letter, the state, condition, or, it you
please, tnp'f ialf n of Ihe atmosphere, by
|)|»i mg With rkl ft I*, nr \ i i-fsf, it seems like
a child wuh a t* i-enp<*f honey tnd i leispmfi
attempting lo sweeten tbe hitler saltocemi.''
Trfptmrnt nf f'k*4trt.- f*r Fram ,s of the
city «#f >ew Vork, ha* published a short »e
ronnt of the t holers. wherein be »ays—Th*
' Camphor T rwatment t* the w rest I in r of a pig
my w ith a giant. In relation to the i.ip Hem
of the veins With the saline solution, he sail:
“lif about f-irtv two siihfeefs, in which mir
pe»-tiiH»n* rs havw had recourse to this ids*
th "I «*l cure, four only. i» far *« l (M 1 arn
lui« been U..reby navfcd.”
•fff mrrUmneoum.
.1 Tulr of tkt t'rtnek R< rotation
It was a d:\rk and gloomy period during
! the French Revolution. The remorseless Ro
bespierre had stretched Ins mad ambition to
the utmost, and the terrible factions which he
. had raised to »up|>ort hiiu in Ins ascendancy,
already began to tremble ut the grow mg influ
ence of the Royalists. The Jesuits and Jan
senists were burning with all the zeal of
theological controversy, and the infuriated
people giving themselves up to the uutiehef of
an unintelligible jargon m to the spirit of a
false and dangerous philosophy. Religion
allrigliled had lied the rouutry, and intidi hty,
with all its attendant evils, was stealing over
: it liko an invisible curse. The very fountains
of abominatmii seemed to have been broken
’ up, and a deluge of pollution poured upon
the laud. The sanctuary and monastery were
invaded, and the blood-thirsty tyrants becom
ing more merciless and sanguinary by the very
despondency of their cause, heap* d the most
unprovoked vengeance on their wretched in
M hile the fury of the Revolution was at
this extreme height, a community of nuus iu
the suburbs ef Paris were seized and con
dr mtu d to the guillotine. On the day set apart
for their execution, a ferocious tnoh had ga
thered in the streets of Paris, and a- the vie-,
tims passed along in their monastic dress, a
taint murmur of dinprobutioii arose, not uu
like that of the mingling of tar-otl waters_
Many of them were in the full bloom of youth
and beauty, and sung us they ascended the
steps of the scaffold, the hymn of r«ni crtalur
with most lively and musical voices. They
r« ached the fatal guillotine, and with the
black veil still down over their faces bowed
their necks, one by one, beneath the bloody
axe. It w a* a martyrdom w hich even the old
111 crime could scarcely witness without feel
ing their bosoms heave as w ith the thrill of
tlieir best emotions. Barbarity had indeed bc
ronie a business, and humanity been frozen
hard by constant seeues of desolation and
horror. But there was pictured mthreoun
t*-nances ot nearly all, a something like the
struggling of heart and mind, and the stout
arm of one of the officers of the guard foil!
nerveless as he looked upon the massacre.—
He could no longer riot in the destruction
of maiden innocence, and hi* ]>cnt-upfeelings
relieved themselves in tears. A victim who
was just then on tlio eve of submitting to her
fate, cast an eye of recognition upou the man
who hud shown so much humanity—and
disclosed to him a familiar face. He rushed
forward before the executioner, and in the
agony of his spirit cr*ed out—
“Sparc her—oh! for mercy’s sake spare
The multitude* gazed in astonishment, and
the executioner stayed hi* purpose. And the
a\« fell by his side—
“ lawless from his crimsoned hand
'I he air hung—clogged with massacre.”
“And thy heart fad* tin c, docs it, young
man?" said he, with a fiendish smile. “ Li
berty of sjiecch and actb it call* for the sacri
fice, and inuf and \lmll be made.”
“Oh! no,” cried he—“by your love for.
me—by ali that is dear to our country and to
human nature—I entreat you to spare that
girl. She is innocent, and her father never j
opposed the lilierty for which v e contend.”
“ I cannot now bandy words with you,”
said lie—“ tnc execution must go on, and as I
have no power myself to revoke the sentence
which ha* been pav-cd upon these .Nuns, it
w ill be useless to trouble me with any further |
pleas for their safety.”
“ Will you then prolong the execution of
this victim until I have seen and asked her
lifu of the proper authority? I know my
prayer will bo granted when they have heard
her innocence and the cause of my anxiety.” i
“ t»o, young mao; but remember, unless
you return in fifteen minute* from this time,
your errand to yonder palace would bo a*
well untold.”
Many iiiimitrs had not elapsed before the
chivalrous youth had reached hi* destined
place. It was not a wild freak of gallantry
nor a dream of wandering sense that urged
him on to the accomplishment of so bold a
plan. It was the prompting of a better na
ture and of early love. The beautiful Nun
had been the object of bis attachment from
hi* childhood, and although the turbulence of
the time* hud separated them from each other
for many years—he still loved her w ith un
changed affection.
At the outbreaking of the revolution, he
joined the party of his father, and became a
friend of Robespierre, and an enemy of the
Bourbon*. The blood-thiratmcM of Ids trail
ers sickened him to the vers heart * core
but he could not retrace the »tvj>* which he
had taken. It was immediate death, nr h< Ip
on the work of dr strict ion which had hr«n
so well begun. IIi*conscience struggled for a
while with hi* principles but the latter pre
vailed, and he became. a frequent witness «f
the slaughter of Ins friends and acquaintances.
nr* » iw hip ijiumt «»i rii^ urnnni i.iii ini iih*
u'ull'nlil, and I • real he out a prayer for hi* only
daughter, lie heard how, from thi* rirruni
ilance, «he was forced again*! her will, to
embrace a life of ronventu il *eclii*i *n, and
to *«-**k in the rloi»ler mi a*ylum from the
cares ami rnrrnption of the world. Hut the
affection* of Ihe artless girl rouhl nut thu*
e »«i!y Ih' weaned from society They were
concentrated into one sublime feeling of |n»r,
and the eon»ent and black red serf insult#
eient to lead her to the eiinti inplatinti of holy
and eternal thing*. The young JiVralwt h>>cj
her with a warm gii*h of youthful feeling,
and during the lew moment* which were al
lotted hint Uy the eseeutioiier, pi* ad like a
mother for the preservation of her life, lie
gained h*a object and burred hark wilh the
gla*l twlin **. I thousand inquiring vye* wi re
looking out toward* the palace nff-ccr
of the guard met their ties. The cheek* of
the maiden were pale with anxiety, aid In r
l.row wj* deeply furrowed w ith the lutes .*f j
thought Till Ill'll of ||I||HI which Visited
her but a few rn-intents before, h id fl-d. and *
• h« n *w rase.•la*t look to the spirit's heaven.
I l*e iilli'iid lime had expired —*he bowed h*'T
nerk t tie axe fell sod her ‘ned w sot hark
to t,o*l who gi*e it.**
hat at that moment the officer wix «ecn
hurrying with unwonted human »pre<| to
ward* Itie fatal *pot. If*- ax-ended the *e»|
f**!d wi*h the word r«wr>*>w 'r»ni>lin< on f i*
»*Hy li|**. ami a* he looked insiiil on tt»e
Mood* scene hrf-re him, he •aw lie yet *u*-(
quiet <1* *h of h** soul's idol airy--the w«*ed»
of grief became tr.o fog (,■*• ot lerince, »• <1
the enrigiex *»f h»s not*,** nature d>-d withit*
, i*iLi Ilf r*elcj an t ( -II j-fi.-*irVc unxi *li>
slaughtered Nuns. Th® dreamless. puls< lew
sleep ol death hud ronm over him. ami hi*
txslv was consigned t«* llm »a,Me lumh a« that,
of the unhappy victim a ho**, Lf« ho bad!
vainly attempted to preverve.
The idea on stiifli this sturv is built is very
happily CMwrin-il, <-asi|v unitin'; tlie interest ol
a fictitious narrative with the description ot red
places ami the memory of actual event*. A f—
mil* is represented as utnking •• tin- pim<| t -ir
of the lakes, Montreal, tpi.-bcr,’* fcr. This al
foed* an op|K>rtiiuity for d« m i ilung place* anil lo
cal liabits, a Inch lias Itevu ju»t sutlicirntly iik d.
Son*- beautiful, though short, description* ot na
tural *«• uery ikcut, and a tea roniantie events .
and a *r* at many moral r, flections drop from tin
month of the uiuthcr iu the mat ruction ot her
** A commandant of the f irt (which
was built by the French to protect their
trailers against the savages.) married a
young 11 tn | ti cm * who wa* before nr after
the marriage converted to the (*athnlic
faith. Jjlie wav the daughter of a chief
tain of her tribe, and great efforts were
inude by her people to induce her to re
turn to them. Her brother luiked in
the neighborhood, and procured inter
view* with her, and attempted to win
her back by all the motives of national
pride and family affection ; but all in
vain. The young (iaranga, or, to call
Iter by her baptismal name. Marguerite,
was bound by the threefold cord — hei
love to her husband, toiler son. anti to
her religion. Mecumeh, finding per
suasion ineffectual, had recourse to
stratagem. The commandant was in the
L.L!c f_ I . t
Iiuuu VI ljunii IMU I i>ll til It'll, (Ml
fishing excursions; when he returned,
he would tire his signal gun, and Mar
guerite and her boy would hasten to the
shore to greet him.
** On one occasion he had been gone
longer than usual. Marguerite was
fill* d with apprehensions natural e
nough at a time when imminent dan
gers and hair breadth escapes were of
every day ocrurrence. She had sat in
the tower and watched for the return
ing canoe till the last beam of day had
faded from the waters; the deepening
shadows of twilight played tricks with
her imagination. Once she was start-,
ed by the water fowl, w hich, as it skim
med along the surface of the water, im
aged to her fancy the light canoe im
pelled by her husband'* vigorous arm
—again she heard the leap of the henv y
muskalongi, and the splashing water*
sounded to her fancy like the first
dash of an oar. That passed away, j
and disappointment and tears follow-!
cd. llcr boy was beside her; the young j
Louis, who though scarcely twelve
years old. already had his imagination
filled with daring deeds. Hoi n and
bred in a fort, he wa»an adept in the
use of the bow and the musket; cour
age seemed to be his instinct, and dan-;
ger his element,and battles and wounds
were 'household words* with him.
lie laughed at his mother's fears ; but
in spite of his boyish ridicule, they
strengthened, till apprehension termed
reality. Suddenly the sound of the
signal* gon broke on the stillness of the
night. Both mother and son sprang on
their feet with a civ of joy, and were
passing hand in hand to (Tie outer gate,
when a sentinel stopped them to re
mind Marguerite it was her husband's
order that no one should ventitle with-1
out the walls after-unset. She, how
ever, insisted on passing, and telling
the soldier that she would answer to
the commandant lor his branch of or
ders ; she passed the outer barrier.—
Young Louis held up his bow and ar
row before the sentinel, saying gaily,
•I am mv mother's body guard you
know.' Tradition has preserved these
striking circuui*! antes, as the events
that followed rendered them memora
* The distance.* continued the stran
ger, * from the lort to the place where
the roinmandant moored Ins can >c w as
. : Al l II a aa
M mil'- 4IM| |).l**rifs .1141^'IC*
rite ami Loins Dew along tho nariow
(Mill, readied the shore, ami were in
the arm* of Merutnch and hi* fierce
companion*. Kntreatn * and resistance
were alike vain. Resistance was made,
with a manly spirit, by young l.ouis,
who drew a knife from the girdle of
one id the Indians, and attempted to,
plunge it in the bosom of Mccuruefi,
who was roughly binding hi* wampum
belt over Mai guerite’* mouth, to dead
en the sound of her terrains. 'I he un
de wrested the knife fiom him, and
united proudly on him, as if he recog
nized in the brave boy a scion from Ins
awn stork.
•The Indian* had two raooea ; Mar
guerite waa conveyed to one. Loom
to the other—and both ranoe* were
rowed into the O*weg*frhio, and up
the stream, a* fj*t as it wa» possible
In impel them against the current of
the river.
•Not a word or rtyr scaped the bo v :
he teemed intent on some purpose, and
when the carnm app-oarhed neer the
•bore, took ofl a military e»p he wore,
and threw it *«, skilfully, that it lodg- j
ed where he meant it should, on the
branch of a tree which projected o*» r
the water. There v as a long white
leather in the rap. I he Indiana had
observed the boy*I movement—they
held up their oars for a moment, and
seemed to consult whether they should
return and remove the cap; but after
a moment, they again dashed their
oara in the water and proceeded for*
ward. They continued rowing fOI
few miles, and then landed ; hid their
canoes behind some treeann the river's
bank, and plunged into the wood. with
their prisoners. It seems to liavebeeu
'heir intention to have returned ij
'heir canoe* in the morning, and the>
had not proceeded lar from the ahure.
when they kindled a (ire and prepare.!
• ood, and olfVred a share of it to Mar
guerite and Louis. I*oor Marguerite,
as you n»av suppose, had no mind to
cat it; but Louis, saith tradition, nlca*
heartily as if he had been saf* within
the walls of the fort. After the sup
per, the Indians stretched themselves
before the fire, but not till they had ta
ken the piecautioo to bind Marguerite
to a tree, and to compel Louis to lu«
down in the arms of bis uncle Mecu*
nieh. Neither id the prisoners, as you
mav imagine, closed their rye«. Lou
1, kept Ins eyes lived on hi, mother.
She eat upright bc«ide an oak tree, tho
cord was lastrncd around her waist.
^ .1 i_.1 _ a .1 . ... _
■ uuuu imc upp, u u:cn tia«i
been blasted by lightning; tho monn
poured its brains through the naked
hram hea upon her face, conv uIm d w »t;i
the agony ot despair and fear. N\ i•:»
one hand she held a crucifix to her I | v4
the other was on her rosarv. Tint
sight of hi* mother m such a situation ,
stirred up daring thoughts in the bo
•oiii of the heroic boy——but he lav povv
eileRs in his uncle*- naked brawny
arms. lie tried to disengage l.nnscll,
but at the slightest movement. Met
umeh, though still sleeping, seemed
conscious, and strained him closer t >
him. At last the slrong sleep, that its
the dept.i of th® night, steeps tho sen
ses in utter forgetfulness, o\erpowei c«J
him;—hi*arms relaxed their hold, and
dropped beside him, and left Loui*
4 lie rose cautiously, looked for one
instant on the Indians, and assuied
himself they all slept profoundly.—
lie then possessed himself of Mccu
mrh's knife, which lav at his feet, and
severed the cord that bound hi* mother
to the tree. Neither of them spoke a
word ; hut with the least possible sound
they resumed the way by which they
had come from the shore. Louis in tho
confidence, and Marguerite in the fain?
hope, of reaching it before they were o
4 They had nearly attained tho mar
"in of the river, where I.ouia meant to
launch one of (lie canoes and drivo
down the current, when the Indian
yell resounding through the woods,
struck oo their ears. They were
missed, pursued, and escape was itn •
possible. Marguerite, panic-struck,
sunk tu the ground. Nothing could
eheck the. career of Louis. ‘On. on,
mother,* he cried, ‘to the shore, to tins
*hore.* She rose and instinctively fol
lowed her boy. The sound of the pur
suit came nearer and nearer. 'J'hev
reached the shore, and there beheld
three canoe* coming swiftly up tho
river. Animated with hope, Louis
sereamrd the watch-word of the garri
son, and was answered by Ins lather's
‘ 'I’iie possibility of escape, and tho
certain approach o! her husband, info* •
e«l new hie into Marguerite. • Your
lather cannot *ee tis.' she said, \n wo
stand hpre in the shadeol the free, hid**
yourself in that lliirket, I will plunge
iti the water.’—I.out* crouched ttr..ler
the hushes,and was completely hidden
by an overhanging grape-vine, wtiiio
In* mother advanced a few steps into
the water and stood erect, where shw
could be distinctly seen. A about front
,i... . ....... i i _i
* a ii v »» « i
recognized, and «t the same moment
the. Indians, tvho had now i cached this
shore, rent the »:r with their criet of
rage and defiance. They stood fora
moment, as if deliberating what to dot
Merumeh maintained no undaunted
»nd resolute air; hu* with his follower*
the a-prct <>f armed men, and a lorco
thi ice their number, had its usual ef
fect. They lied, lie looked after them,
cried • shame!* and then with a despe ■
rnte yell, leaped into the water and
stood beside Marguerite. Ilia ca
noes writ* now within a few sards ; ho
put his kinlt* to her t»osom. ♦ The
daughter of 1 ecuiuarh,* he said, 'should
h»*e died hv the judgment of our war
riors, frit now b> her brother's hand
must the perish; ar.d Ikj drew back Hie
a pi to »n» the fatal stroke, when art
arrow pierced In* own breast, and ho
tell insensible at Ids sisfer’a side. A
moment alter. Marguerite waa in the
arms »»f her huslund, ami I.oms, with
his bow unstrung, bounded liom th®
shore, and was rtraised m his lather’s
canoe; and the wild shores rung with
the acclamation* id the soldier*, while
his lather's tears of pride anil joy
were poured like rain upon liia check/*
-UtfUt -
' I*.-.* m- ’ If r, !,<• < tJ(|. .,,nr,{ f .
n.i.r i«. » » t.t I || on. !.u i.hlj impk r.d l»,s
itKtey I) a bale lif-turnd «H. <>l.-ritMi£ i»
" n d iiidiWelj he uokIiI hs a deiiii* re
lation from the imnliiritj of names •' *•
»m», wit) Km lor<!»ht|*. •• ij, ■ r < .,«■ ar.-r te
at arts li.tr I tor. is m l t tdl >< i, haem 1
►i )••<» rv.-t if*} te.Uw fei ra yvu ioii s »us*
krteii & *•

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