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Virginia free press. (Charlestown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1832-1916, October 04, 1832, Image 1

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_I’otlUal.
SACKED MELODIES—at j«.in Mnol|.
1 *?? r* • "•*'**'*, ««**» looked ut. the earth,
the L»vlv, tlir gay, mu! tltc Irre,
Airi mid, •• it is thus Inmi M'lUdiljr*) birtli,
A lid no tSUlM death it must be.
Mtu UU up the »iik-KMm “*• «« gather in gain.
Men wildly rod* chi tl*. grar, ,—
Hope bloom * till it diea—but hlcv.ms not ««in
And when lost, then- is nought that ran Hair.”
1 !•;.*« «» ■ 'w.'-'uui Uaolif.il flower_i
I »n*r gated on the f.oucr with » mJ,,
And said, though in bloom—thou will die in an
Iftditr ;
ThoulinM bloom'd, and art tweet.am! muM die; i
And the maiden that uurtun d and guarded w nl.
care,
. fr*^»»th, ere t!»e morrow dial! he
A brsncli of the wilderness draeit and bare
1 urn cir from mortality *• Uec.
SCMMRK STREAMS
The streams' tltc streams! the summer streams'
How freely do tl*cy flow along'
'V^T.Joy * »"•» Iteauu dreams
Of blo*aon*-ti>-<%, and lure, and soi g
bellow hath a tm.e.
Melodious at creation's eoioe
That «>othes the breast, and bids tin: lone
And solitary heart rejoice.
The streams! the dreams! the summer streams!1
'lis sweet, at Iw ilight's ear I ted blush,
Tu watch the day-Mar • tr,*vnbliug beam*.
Anil listen to the streamlet's gusli.
ln Ht*ch ll*** wreathing tlusru
1 hat bathe within their crystal tide,
And sweet to slumber io the howers
That cluster losrly at tlieir side.
Hie screams' the stream*! the summer stream*''
, >,lwr *° ••ngre wrapt in th wight,
l ill cierjr gentle whiv|.er seei».4
With supernatural n.nsie fought—
1.11 sorrowr'aeye grows gaily I,right.
And piMsol rapturous bliss art- ;i*en,
t\ bile mortal darkness melt* in lt„!it
And everlasting streams of lloaseti!
'__jPoiitirai.
The public no doubt recollect the rupture be- !
tweet, Cien. Jackson and Mr. Calhoun, on account
of the port whi-h the latter took as a member of!
Mr. Monrwo’s cabinet, in reference to t.en Jack- 1
. ... we .kuiiuuic war. A>X content
with hit former rfToct to prostrate CuKion.i for
the bnu fat ill \ an Uurrn, he tried u new ta.-k,
and addressed certain lulerrogatonc* to Mr. I.*.
°ock, who was a Senator from Pennsylvania at
the date of tl»e Seniionle transactions, »m| chair
man of the committee in the Senate which n
porteu unfavorably upon ihe (iemnd’s eooduvt.
The answer of Mr. LkoJ( sb# w s that Mr. K-,
■rtb, on« of tbe zealous partisans of the Prrsiik-nt. I
wraathr most active agent in (irodutiug the ivj»on
for which Gen. Jackson now wishes to hold Mr.
Calhoun accountable.
It •• reall) a high matter, that a ivotti cabinet
officer should, at the end of twelve Team, be eall
ed to wwount for the honest discharge of hit pub
lic duty j ami tliat, too, by one to w h'm he ha* 1
amee rendered important aerviwca individually.—
Without Mr. CaUwwn’a aid, Gen. J. never would
have been President. ^
From the United State* Telegraph.
GEN. A. LACOCK'H LETTER TO Till*. !
PmetiDtXT Of the United State,.
Freedom, Bearer County, Finn, f
Man. 2&th, 1832. y
Cm. .inJrerr JacLnn, Pmttkni of the U. .V. j
8»«: Horae days ainec. through the medium '
of a mutual friend, I received jour letter, eti- ',
etiMing a number of interrogatories, that I air ;
requested to uavrer, in relation to the kuow
ledgw I hare of the rourse pursued by John
G. Calhoun, Vice President of the Lulled
State*, and his conduct toward* you in re
gard to your conduct in the Senun.de war —
By the tame mail I received a line from Mr.
( albouM, in w hich he states that you had fur
n.vhcd him with a copy of the interrogatories,
and that he had declined putting an) question*
to rue, or what he terms "joining issue," but
liaij no objection I tlouid 4U<ftvr« r u l«ali:vpi
q i-atioiis you ah«iii!d put, requesting, how J
ever, as a matter of justice, to be furnished
vt ith a copy of my an-wirs; to a cuniidiai.ce
with Uus request I could »ec no valid objcc-j
lion, and have furnivhrd bitu wr»th a copy ac- i
cordingfy.
lHi.£pg,ft*Hn put by .W nr J.trl,mu Pe,m.
•Pnt vf Ibr I mint Slate*, to .it,.ter Laeocb,
1st. “Did Mr. John C. Calhoun, at any
time during tiie session of Congress in the
• inter of Hln-’l'J, or at any oilier time,
mention to you my confidential letter t.» Mr
Monroe, dated 61I1 January, 1-H, relative to
1 lor ill a and the Hcnunoiv war—show you
that letter, a ropy tin rcof, or of n»
content*.* DM he ever tell you that I-ti« r
had been answer d * If yea. what del he o«
was the substance of that amwor- Il nay,
did he give any reason* whs an an«wor **a«
Hot given, and what* \ihat did you niwh r
utarvd to be Mr. Calhoun * object in ipriluue
tu you of that letter
•irwveer.—.Mr. Calhoun never did. at any
tiflae, or M|«in any occasion, eoiuinnnirate) to
me, either verbally or in writing, his know,
ledge of Ibr^esiMenee of such a letter, or of
Its poatent* , although, at the time alluded to.
I had a knowledge of the content* of th«; let
ter , I del not derive that knowledge from vtr.
Calhoun ; nor have 1 ev« r made a Miggr»ti.»ti
to any man lint woo'd justify mieli a belief.
'J- “ DlJ .Mr. Calhoun, at any time, sod
when, e.iuimuim atc to you the view* nprue
■* lb® course pursued by him in Me. Mott*
roe’* Cabinet, in rel it*on to my romlurt in
t le Seminole war* If yea, what were those
views, ruid dnt course? »%?,*! ofu.uon. if
any, dal Mr, Calhoun «s|irt u to you as, at
wny time of your conversation cntcrCwned by
h'rn relative to my who, arM the manner in
which I h*wl vveniH tlienf
.fnwrer.—Some t-we Hi January, HI9, |
think towards rhe latter end of the Month.
Mr. Calhoun railed upon me m the senate
Chamber, and *«»-d use mto a comma tec
room, and alien there. b*nJ be wnhed Wmuki
verte with me in regard to your oprratnms
*• Florida, m that Kiijart wae Iwf'ov a n h*.
mittce <rf which he had aadrru'ivd I was
ehninnan. Me then fated that Uw subject
had embarrassed tt*e administration, and pci -
eent«d many hflirultiM at first, but a course
waa finally served upon that be had tlutUred
himself would have been ganevalty arqaieared
in and approved, amt he wa* »wry to Aid
h.msalf mistaken, or word-* to this etferi —
W« thna want ou to com; we opt&Joa*, and
Iim-.l* the •object Among other things |
-t itril, esprevvly, thut, from the fact* drnrL.*
«d. it wav rny opinion you Lad. in the prose
eiitioo of the Seminole war. cgvrehed rrun
and unprecedented •• verity in putting to dcatli
captive Indian* and Hritisii trader*; tli .t |M
til. forcible veu ire m the Spauwh post*. !,
Iiad tvanvccmlcd your orders, and usurped the
jNiaor of Congress, ai d, coineuucnlU, xio
luted the constitution of the Untied State*.—
Vlr. Calhoun replied that lie agreed with me
that the capturing Uic Spanish posts was tm.
inthorizi j and illegal; ami he said, when the
•■'I >ject w a» first pi.-s.ntrd by flu- Prv»iilcnt,
In- had been for taking pretty strong groin, l’
and instituting nn inquiry into your conduct
but, after mature con*id. ration, the Cabin, t
had made a different decision, am! he bad ur
tpijrvced; and he observed he bad xn hied hi*
opinion with lev* rclurt uicc, finding the Pro
odint *tnm-ly incline 1 t„ a !«.pt a ih(l< rent
•ourve; and, he added, that, while In- was ■
tncmbi-r of the Cabinet, he should consider it
In* duty to «u-l un the mcauirr* «>f the Pie
■ideut if it could bd doM with Mil ptapi *x
—or word* to this im|M>rt. To a suggt stein
ny me, that »r differed in . pinion t0 xx he
t'u r you were or were ml ivprtiliensibl.- far
y our conduct, he implied. to dne.de thi. ques
tion reran! must be had to your motile*;
Uu-e. he believed, had no. n pure and patri
otic ; that, from mistaken /cul ia the .erm e
of your country, yori had egret del the i«ow.
irs gin u you, or any the President had a right
to Ik stow . At the s4„„, ti.ne hcobscn. il
that Spin deserved from u* the treatment
'he had n-ecixed, and a surrender of the post*
was all she had a right to look l<»r; that,
whether you were culpable nr not, was a
• oocern of our own, not her.. l!o spoke of
i .« accpiuiliiui of the l loridas, then a subject
• negotiation w ith the Spanish minister Ihm
i>n;s. and the pro-met of a favorable result,
that he was apprehensive might be defeated
or endangered by a vote of cen-ure, or the
disapproval of your conduct. I told Mr. Cal
'• >«'*. **• rePLvi that hi* view*, or Umse i f *
similar nature, ua the subject, lud been pre
i iou*!y prevented t:J me by the President, but
he had failed to convince me that there were
ylh.-r consist, icy ,»r safety in the eour-i a
dopted b; the administration. That, if the
seizure of the Spanish post* hv von wa. I.m.
i'Jif c oir titutional, and iti ulMulionce loonier*
•given, they should not ham been surrendered:
and. on the other hand. If their capture wai
illegal, unconstitutional, and in violation of
your orders, you were highly reprehensible,
and to pass over such conduct w ithout cen
sure or animadversion, was to sanction it
and acting upon and fortified by U.j. j,r,
dent, every laud or naval officer in our *cr
*',c ““Kht, in future, involve the nation'in
war at their discretion or caprice.
Such. | stated, were my views, and, having
"* ea charged by the Senate with the inveMi
gatiou, I should not shrink from the respon
sibility of faithfully discharging my duty._
Mr. I la!noun then said he would not v.i-h to
be understood as objecting to the inquiry; it
was ratlicr tlio«»pir»l wuli which it was car
ried on that had given him surprise. ||c li-«d
understood that Governor Mitchell, of Geor
gia, who had just arrived in the city, had
been sent for to give evidence ; that his testi
mony should be viewed with allowance, as
he u a» the personal enemy of Gen. Gaines,
and, he believed, equally so of General Jack
soil; that Mitchell was an Indian agent, and
< s 1. id l»fi n, or Would be, as he under
stood, preferred against him, that u ould, if
cstu dished, seriously atTeet )us character,
and ho WLsbed to j»*:t trie on my guard. I as
sured him Uuveruor Mitchell had not been
sent for by order ot the committee, nor, to
my knowledge, written to by any member of
it. That, after his arrival, I was told by Mr.
Forsyth that lie was in posse.si,,t, 0f n,any
Piets connected w ith the Seminole war, and
thvs 1 had mentioned to Urn cot uuittee, and,
hy this order, bo was stibpienacd.
In repeating the above conversation, be
tween Mr. • nlhoun ansi myself, I do riot pre
tend that I have used the price-e words made
use ot by u», but I n:i» certain that I have not
Item mistaken in their imjiort or meaning.
This conversation was not eonsiibTcd bv
me as coiitidit.lml, nor was it unjoined on me
as such.
“ M’» vour objc.-t in consulting Mr.
f'a’hoiin (o procure information to aid you in
forming your report upon niy conduct in thb
•emino.e war, ado to the Senate on the
-day of February, I->lb» Did Mr. Gah
boun understand that In be your object •’
•Jieocrr. — | never did rmiMill Mr. f'uilimin,
or any other member of Mr. Monroe's cabi
net, with a vn-w of obtainin'* information ...
u «l in tunning the rrjeirt, unless the rirrutu*
•tanco and la< t* i am :iUi>it to tiirntiou, uiav
U- »o c
Frcvi ms to Mr. P<*rsyth*s ap|Miintmrnt a*
minister to Spain, and when !«_• w.is a mcni
•n*r of the eomm it tew, he had m .re t'.an one*
•tsted to me his l*e|i«-f tint you hvi issued or
der- to General tinines. after the close of the
Memimdn war, rl tree ting the rapture of M
turmtiim, the capital of Past Honda, and
thjt these orders Inil hern rounlennaniied by
’he President. Hut, as the documents fur
nished by the V\ »r Department euuUimd no
< vid :»cc. of the fart, we hi re uninformed on
tin* subject until I w »*. long afterwards, itw
lofimul by Mr. Patou, of tlte e.om rut lee, thut
orders to that effect ha«l l*e«*ii tsoicd hy uni,
and that tho place would hive In ch taken!
h.id not the orders Iwen countermanded, (In*
he m»e as an evidence of your firmness and
dee I * ton, and the absence of those qualities
tn the n.I-iini-trailon This inform item ire
•luce i me, soon aflerwarils. to rail oft Mr
t'alhnon at the ear office ; Mr. Kolwrt«, my
colleague. was in company, fpon inqrtiev,
Mr i allion • told aM that such orders had
been i*s*nd by you. and were immediately
counter ms tided. I inquired whs this corres
{■ondenre had nstletn lurniihed.
lie said it never had been railed fir. I
reptw d, that the calls w ere tn gei era! term*,
and comprehended all lt»e information on Hie
i subject of the Hcmiftnlc war, that it was safe
I sod proper for the Peneutisa tocommunteate
or words to that efliref Here Mr. i .lho>n
in i)m mo*t bland and concifiahwy summer.
| fl remember hrs word* distinctly,) observed,
I • had you not t«et|er try tiener.i* Jaet|«»m for
wh.%1 he has done, and not for what he Im<
' designed tods.' I snswered him. I «i« not gr*.
i veruod by personal hostility to you, mw
' w is any me tuber of the committee . we or »*h
1 ed to diMwrwhrs. t)»e eswntn, and you, urei
I justice) and for tilts purpisi we w ished at
| the mformatHwi that could be rightfully ofe
tai'imf. If the c*.rr»«p<>od(»#ce was of a pri
vate or confidential oat ir*-, I did not a«li it
tf of w public nntur n e bad a ri/ht to rr*ri»f
■ it. Mr. Calh'*:n •»,d, he w sM i « gl cl if |
*r< aid uoosul' the President, a#d if U* L *J bn
i
ft
objection, he would send me the corre^poa
•lr no«t, it I would call f«»r it as chairman ol
t*ic c iion.ttcc. I imi,:at»ly railed on th<
. Ptoak at. ami when' inloriurd of the ubj*. i
of my visit. 1.4 said he had nut c\au. lord thi
'scn.i .o|« ilornuicnts, lime tin ir publication
nor . id he knov. that Uit* comspauki.rc
*|ue-t»4.n had Iktii withheld, (or words to thi*
purposebut it n were vi, he wu» |»*rfeclly
satisfied It sLonlil In- furnished. I gate thi*
information to Mr. Calhoun, and hr soon »f.
,t«t*»nl. ***nt to the ciMuuutU'e a com ot the
rornqioiuirMe.
I. " l*td Mr. Calhoun sec voiir report, or
anv part of it. In fore it wu* mj.lr? |»,d |,e
be.ore it W..4 tunic, or al ter«.ird*, in direct
allusion to th* repot*!, or othi-rw i*c, express
i *° .vuU hi* C'.'.rurt. m c in the views tin la in
; cvprt *». d * \\ >. it other \.i w> or opinions, or
l.ni», it .i,y, relative tom) redact, 4-r his,
»n tin a*S lie of luc Seminole \. .<r. d.d \Ir.
* alhnii:.. iicatc to you at that or uo>
Other ti.lr
• fii»i*or.- \Jr. C'u.liiMi« 'ii'-ver i!u| seethe
repoi t. , j j art of it, before il \.j* made,
• <H has l,me, l eli.re or since* the
r* port \i as in Jo, < pro*.. | to me hi» cuncur
reiiee in i.n *.•**- liken t!.»*rt n, other than
<•li.it I lime .»'» ..!> st it, d • i i• i% answer t«i
the second interrogatory, ui>d tint! pa*s-d in
the committer r uor lie* Mr. Calhoun,
in any manner, or upon any oi'raston, »ipit i
I'alli d upon hlur at li.n Waroth as al»o\r
stated, rommunii ritod t.> me hi* sentiment*
**r opinion* «*u tin1 nilijci't of the Seminole
war, ,»r vuur eomlnct in I'loriila.
b. “ 11.is any thing passed between von ami
Mr. CMhoim, since the session of ('ongrr** in
I - ! r-—11*#, explanatory *»l his eomlnct or untie
in • ••! i!ii a to tlie Seminole war, and the in
cldc. t* which grew out of it; if yea, what*
•ht'-rrr-After the unhappy dispute (I
mean for tlm honor of the eouutrv I had taken
place In livecn you and \lr. Calhoun, mid tin*
'publication of hi* pamphlet, lie sent to me
one of them, with his name and compliments
written on the title page. On reading the
book, anti finding my name gratuitously in
trudui-cd, in connection with the name of Mr.
Crawford, in a wav not <i ry honorable ti* ei
ther, I was at a h>s*> to decide v. In Uor Mr.
I1111 tint lirwt &iiti( flo. lu*..L* ..... .. _ ... /
ri> i it\ to an old a* i|iniuUnrp, with v\ hotn all
.nlrrtoursc had been suspended for ten year*,
or an in- ill: and in this state of uncertainty
I acknow ledged the receipt of it, and in my
letter made some animadversion* on the im
propriety of dragging me from retirement be
fore the public ; and endeavored to rej* I the
insinuation t!iat I had acted under the adiu
euce of Mr. Crawford, o- any oilier executive
oll.rt., in teaming the report: reminded Mr.
Calhounut our coiivers'vt«,u in tlip committee
:room, ami his endeavor* to justify your mo
tive* in the Florida operation*. I recurred
to yo':r confidential or Johnny Rhea letter,
and its new v< imuii as given in the pamphlet,
'ax proof posit i vo mid iiwfr.iguh!o of y«wir hav
ing committed un unlawful act with a perfect
couiriutjvnfis ot it* bring so, inasmuch as
yfou liad pin|w»«,-d confidentially l.i the l*rc>i
i*ctit to take tiic Florid.ts or make vv ur upon
Spain, if the President would guarantee to
voy an indeuinity hy signifying hr* approba
tion to a confidential lints, if success
lul, securing the honor of a triumph, and at
all event* ex-aping with impunity L_ shifting
the responsibility and throwing it upon the
Pic ident. In this view of the case, I stated
that your iMdterr.tr mtcuttou*, and the i nv
|lives liy W’h.cii you hid been governed, could
not be mistaken. •
I expressed to Mr. Calhnu'i my regret t>
lind, by bis paiuphlc*. !a> ts disclosed nnd
opinion* oT;prc*srd by him nnd other* hi-h in
authority, in r< latioii to your conduct, that
bad been carefully suppressed at tin- time of
investigation. That for hi* part }»** wan about
to receive his reward, nnd would fall a victim
to his own policy, nor would he, in my opin
ion. h I though the first oil the list, be the last
I vict im.
ipurport and substance of myr letter t.»
Mr. I .illioun. i have gi.cn you. My paper*
were so much deranged nnd destroyed by the
♦pring l! »od, that I could not find the copy ;ol
course | have to write from rec<dl<*ction._
Ti.*s letter was not written in confidence ; I
• 'id not reijat si, nor did it require an answer;
n >r did I ever receive an answer to it from
Mr. Calhoun. ! hive only to repeat, that.
•dh» r than v. hat I have already stated, I have
ha*S i.o ioaiinaiiH'atioti from Mr. ( aliioim
*Te'..;,»«• t . the Seminole our, and the »n« i
ut'iiv* grout it*;; mil il.
II »m 14 « \ rd jny answer* to t?ir inh-rr-e
raforici, you v. .11 jiertiiit me to ohiorvc, U. ii
* icli o| ini i irrrolug <,u<-itiofM, ashy fair and
iirrc*sary ii fa n ru e were calculated to make
!"*• the j..i»vi',t ui«!nintf'it III the band* of Mr
Calhoun t.* art-use or rriuiitrtli- you. | .tioiikJ
li nt; rifn-u.l to an*verr in a tourt of justice,
ami i|mmi.i| have ri jitllid, a< an attempt to
in ike me impugn my own character, amldis*
Im/imm-iny *e f, ami ttt.it too in the dhe-hargr
of an imp<>rt.itit puhtic duty. But. notwitli
it.inditig you slu-'Ii to consider me the v IClttti
of Mr. ( altioun'* superior dupiiepv and skill,
«li!l your appe tl o m> to do you i;• m a
rase where you vuppoMi me r uirerue J n in
dicting the injury, evince* such » <uil.«ti ni e in
, n»y «ii»rerily and r.mdoi on your ptrt, that it
ha. not f 11led to bedut; appreciat *d #tu mint! ,
•I'.d brace it u, | have ait* we rial all vnurquw.
ti-n*. however flyer trouble, * ith uitrwaerv*
cd fr.ii k it u,
I by • our I Mer heft,r|, me, that you
ih-ogi. toe statement tor future hi-'«>r.eal me,
a ltd hut inmr djrd, and »-»/< t hjirl, a Ike rtim -
j At i- 'lift- <t* if truth, mud It d» ju*lirt It* utt mih "
permit n>- hi eourhuion to assure you, that
it w.ll ail-ird o»e • ice re pleasure to learn,
that I have eonlnhutr-J »n any degree to the
areomptwhuteut < | an object »o iw’iduhle. and
vhouhl the inforittatioii I have given, he the
itvesii* ol produrmg harmony and revt>«i mg a
I good limit nt i’.d itg net ween the two lirvt of.
, bet rs t#» t lie I to ver it me nt, it will, t-t me. lie a
source of much additional pleasure, nnd r.tiw
imt tali to !•« highly gratifying to every man
who trgolds the reputation and honoi of hit
country. tour*, ho-.
A- LAC Of k .
••If ever t’ie|f « „ a king, l.*n J*rk*on i«
nr. II'* may •, 4 liave I, ts ^4' . twine tl av snIi
, a*»r fatal a eroin «-l gnhl t » |»ti it his brovi yH
J ite Ii4.it. •idl'd Ilk. a King, oi rath r like an C«ie
peroTi ai.d MiiiHisnnl u (h»- Ajutrite,! are |<
I mdepetMlastar, we tr< not •< rpiis-d iU*t iliiat
• lev |’ttf hint in uflltr *hoti|d feet atnrvned,
•ben lie lot ventured to oppose »lnt ■ nitjmli
•f I Ite ftjir. inlaUtra if in.1 USSiJtl tt- a MM d M
1 et wry for Me ir |*t*o«|art-iry **
The s'-ive is an rgtraet from a Mfirr |tule
li la* I Within the aiioati"etii* of Ute. Hrilivti
k'O’g Ifow In'i*t the h|o<*d of every tra
t'iH .i an la-til w it’ii-i hit v* in*, tat hear hi*
, 1' I'fa'aililil bv (|if tubjnt ts of a K ->.’
I lor tame xuhtnitaiou to the ukases a.-.d de
: crews of an Imperial President' There I* not
jlite slightest exaggeration—thcro is no hy
perbole—m the language of tiie Canadian
I uit«*r. !•<'it. Jurk'uu has cxtri i»ed one of
|!'»e alUihuUt of a monarch, which, though
i the theory ol the British government cm < it
, to her kings, not otic of them may dare ever
j etatt without forfeiting hi* crown.
(Afilieal /T-imniiwr.
B'otrtign.
1 ^ kr packet siup Sovereign, at \oik, brings
IxmmIoii papers to (be evening o( lhe lid, Aug.
Don Pedro hart not yet advenerd from
11)f»oito Light vessels, from the Last Inthrs,
1 llraail, fcc. captured bv lii* Mjiiulron, arrived
at Oporto on Hie Id and 4th of August. Tlie
i I imet of the I5lh speaks of a letter from a
respectable merchant at l.ishon, dated the
|th, which states he hail just received intel
ligence that the gammon of the fortress of
Almrula had declared for Donna Mali*, and
had hoisted the colors of the young i^uecn.
I'he fortress was a very important one.
It appears that the new boundary line for
t.rce ce, u uich has been considered an advan
tageous, was ohtsined f. omihe t.rand Seignor
; at the price of lit'iv millions of Turkish piaa
Ires, which are tn be deducted front the sunt
wh'ch he had undertaken to pay to Husa>a.
The cholera is increasing m Holland, and
has reached Leghorn. in Italy.
| Mr O'Conncil has addresaed along letter
to the Irish Political Union, developing bis
intention*, and railing on the people of Ire
i land to second him. Ill* principal object be
, declares to be to impeach Lord Anglesey,
■ Mr Stanley, and Mr Ulackburne, the Irish
Attorney <;*nrr»l: and he solicits die people
to petition Parliament to that effect, declaring
j ,b«* bt undertake the impeachment him
•elf in the reformed Parliament. The Inter
terminates thua: conclude with this decU
ration of ruy own persons! intentions. First,
I am determined never again voluntarily to
pay lithe*. Second. I am determined nev* r
j again to pay ve.try cess. Third, I am rle
termined never to buy one single article Bold
i<»r nines or vestry cess. Such are my three
individual resolutions; let every other man
act as he pleases. I have made up mv mind
to this course. 1 will not oppose the law, let
course; but I decline paying to, or
auying from, tithe proctor*."
A private letter from l.ondon of the 11th
The President’s Veto has materially
afl'-cted the value of U. S. Bank Stuck, which
is now held at ^ >4 to 10, div. off, but
sales arc very difficult."
! /*•«*«. . Jug. 15. I 1* M.-lVe have much
! pleasure in announcing to our readers that
the long pending negotiations, gencrall)
, named the Belgian (furatinn, are >n a fair train
of adjustment by a t reaty of Peace. Our
letters from the Hague, Amsterdam, ami
Brussels, speak in a very confide r,t tone upon
the subject, and consider the result as certain.
1 lie ala'e ut the funds may genrrsllv be
considered as an index of public opinion; and
| find that the llutcb Funds have been
gradually rising.
Mercantile letters hare been received from
j Constantinople, dated as 'ale as the 'JVM ami
-.»*I of last month, containing imptu-tant in
telligence respecting the war between the
\ icer.»y of Fgv pi and the l’orte. It is s'aled
that an express had arrived st Constantinople
with an account of the defeat of the tirand
Turkish army under flus.ien Pacha, in the
neighborhood of Aleppo.
borne letters, however, state that these
tiun look place w ith an advanced corps only,
and that the m «in body of the Sultan's arinv.
winch was commanded by Httssien Pacha 'in
u» person, was not engaged; hut they concur
in describing the route of the l urks as coni
plete. The mortality of llu-sirn’s troops,
occasioned by disease, had previously been
! great; and this defeat, whatever the extent
of it may really have Fe -n, appears to he re
girded by the writers of the letter., ms tptitr
der isive of t|,e present Campaign, and most
UisM-trous to the Potte.
A (»vstscript to one le*ter mentions that
there was also in circulation, a report t f a
naval victory obtained by the F.gvpt.ans,
who, it * is siid. hail captured several vessels
<d the Turkish fleet.
•JUsretlnifronn.
i
IMIU.N \NTim mils.
The speriuieti* whieh Into l*o*., j.r served
°f ‘he Htn iciiik .|| skill of the native IiiIih
(»: New ling land, shew that the) w,r** ilt|
wanting in iti ;eooitj. Their spear and
r»w head* were made „f the »,.,rd »t kind of
p* k, and arc nowcmiMili-ntl i.t,. I, ,,,.
curiosity. It U surprising huw tho |i#di *:i
conhl h.ne contrived to hr. .ik
' *° *° r'•*■*1 forms. with nought hut M..ne im.
plenient*. The -W.II of the white man ,it
u'h-mjatc to the task.
! Tho more common form of the arrow-head
v«as that of an ohlnp.e angled triangle, with
the tw o longer suJes epnl stud straight, and
the shortest i littli hollowing, so t , tit ||„
el* ft i nd id t o arrow. Other* had lh- Jong
t st nidus * arsed, and w*rc narrow in pr. j.. i
;ti.nto Uiei» length, and a n.i other* were
pointed s| r irh i-imI. Son,* ».f ih< ue-re. com
I HiOti Lind h id 4 ii'iU ii in.i le to cither side,
ue.ir toe hise.ti, receive tl»e lh*«lg whirl, f.t*
tennd Uieui to the arrow . In h ogih the* »
i fied from threedourlh* to two ai d ., half
iwl»e*. W* hate Min 4 few specimen* that
were of a larger sire ; out cmieiud.* that i.u »
were int* 1 Hied for sis ar 40*1 not f ,r 41 r»jw -
heads.
The Imlurn ton, thank*, gouge*, prsllcs.
I knives and balth .vses, si rc iiMt ill) mad*' of
a softer kind *.f rork than the arrow and
' *l*e-*r Head* I heir proportion* w« re e\ar t 1
sod their turf sees were made smooth hy rub
. long axairwt r *‘o,m . Tim tomaha wk* I
’ of nstehet*. were fr*»„ f ,* r to sit inch.*, „i
length. (these, and all < therdime«i*i •« g,*. „
arr of tt,e ar'H-ie* which *e have *e«rv two
I w^'H. and the cp at***t t! i* kite** AU |r,ri,
or an mch aid a half The goo*,,
made lie tho limrthrwli, rvrjit tnev were
hollowing on me lead «.f being r*’united
on both *ide* The p« st.e* sirr • )fi*idr*4l
u. form and from to twelve feehc* ,j,.
am ter. \| mj ol then, arc noa m o*e jl;,|
are Preferred l, th*.«e made of ,r.,n . 1 a*, i.
The,r k ores resembfed th« segment of a < r
rle, or new* intrdllgihlv, ot.e of the rv»*..de
pw«e* of* haireI head,*fh* curved .,.U \*>\,
I u»e.' * “ *"
one
*il
1 der
I mek
•• '»«• i «u «»i r*i rtff «i|,!,
v. .d meMur.ri near tku knl bjia two *o
'four in thickne. They were wedge ,hsped
and hud a groove around them, tor a wvtlie1
liftMWt*. J |
The b»»kel« and hire I, h-vrk <unnr. of the i
Indian., indicate that they were n.,t Ci,iire|, i
deficient ;i« .kill when euiploved on a ..,ft,.'r
luatciiui III ill «<nne. If |4 ..-il l tl.-kf ft,,. f„r.'
im r * cre ... «•!»».« Ir intrrwovm, a. to t- v.
ter tight.and were frequently u.c.t t>» h..ld |,
uuhU. 1 lie latter have « ver Uiti admired
tor the li^i.locM of their rou.irnctu.ii, tun!
ihe nr atm .of the workmanship. Thtj j
sr.*e.| no kill m arcin'. «-ii,re , th.-ir wi^vi .m.
though perhaps as cotnfortubh dwellings
those of the common people of Ftiglund dm .
ing the rci-jn ol Queen Flizabctli, were m -
«• rnLIc 1mW, mwightly. dark. nnd cbeerlr..
With the various art. of civilized life thev
r« unacquainted. Their knowledge of th'.
mechanics extended only to the construction
of their instruments of srr. xml »u< k other
rude iinpl'-rucntv as are atiaolulcl) rrquu.te
for the preservation of animul lite. 1 he con*
vt nil ores, and evi n the m ccs-ar.. . of riv j!.
i/e.l lif.*, were rejected by them a. enem
tio^ and unbecoming the character of au In
dian w arrior.
Tlir. W III.KI. «»F FORTUNE.
.# St 0 j II ,1/oru/.
In a small town in one of the New
Kngland States, tlicro tesided some
,years ago two young men, whose sub
sot|uenl fortunes serve forcibly to show
the advantages of personal application
to study and business on the one hand,
J a"'1 follj of relv ing on ancestral honors
and extensive patrimonies on the other.
Samuel I.odyard was the only favorite
son of a gentleman, who, in the point
of riches anil honors, stood confessedly
at Ihe head of tho aiistucracv cf that
section of tho country. Nature had
dune much for Samuel’* person, though
- - ..w, v»vv.« ii HiniHaiKj l^rnri ou>
towards him ia the brtiowmriit of her
mental gifts. 'The fact, however, that
He was the darling son ol the rirh and
linn. Judge Ledyard, was enough in his
estimation and that of his father, not
onl y to make up for w hat nature had re
fused to grant him, but to give Inin a
great superiority over his less favoured
neighbours. The best that the fashion '
ol this world ran give were abundant-1
ly provided togrntify the vanityot Sam
uel. I hat lie was superior "to every;
one else none dared openly to deny,
as alt feared to incur the haughty frowns |
of the patrician father, and it is not
astonishing that Samuel should pre-'
«ume himself to be all which the Hat-!
terics ol his family insisted that he
should be.
VN itliin a few rods of the sfatelv
mansion of Judge Ledyard, stood the '
humble dwelling of Peter he Forest,
the house joiner. Peter hail a sou of
the same age of Samuel. Stephen hr
f orei»r, however, was a poor bov; and
wbat il possible, was still more to his
shame (in the estimation ofthel.ed
\arils,) he was the son of a joiner, a
laboiing man. though Saiuuel and
Stephen were near neighbours from
their birth, little acquaintance and less
intimacy was allowed to subsist be-j
tween them. It Samuel in Ins great
condescension ever did speak to Sic-'
phen, it was to remind him u! his fa
ther i greatness and the obscurity ol
Stephen’s, ami to insult him by an-,
other means at band.
Stephen bore this becomingly ; f »:
the thought never had entered hf. head
that lie could be equal to the Led
yards.
These boy*, for mod of tlie timr from
*i* »‘> sixteen, went to school, hut not
together. Common school* were t'm
vulgar for the Lcdyaid family. A -e
lect establishment most be on oared lor
flm rliilile.i tt <1.. I I . *i ...
.. ' ■■ *”v .«‘iu”v» wuiiu nir* ,
plicn, with lii* scanty supply »>f book*
in the chimney rornt-r,or under the tui*
turn ol iliHcrreiit pedagogue*, had to
ni.iko tin* best progress he could, lie
applied l.intsell, however, and made
oid profit ienev.— \\ hen these Tooths
wre at the age id sixte.-n, nnd Sun
oel wn* about ready to enter the Col
lrly'’» (he I«edyards learned with »ur
I"'"* and indignation that it was the
ilesrgn ol Peter l.c Forest tu send Sfe
liheii al .« to College, and at t!.e *arm
Ctiivera ty where ban ul was t„ *c.
«Iuitc* his literary honois’ Stephen l.r
Fore.t, hnwevei, had a, good a r eht to!
dM to the College as San, l.rJraid; rnd
liru ty being independent ol both.;
wo.ild receive the former readily a*
the latter. Hie (bought that Stephen
wss to be a class mate with l.edvard!
was revolting to the p, ide of the Judge
and Ins aristocratic son. but riefermi
rung that Samuel should l ave no inter
rouise With Stephen, and fr rstmg that
the great wealth id I^dvatd tvo dr| ex
• It the former in the * .ml e-tee. i of the
faculty and the students over the latter.'
was sent tr* Camtnnlge and entered
the cl vas with Stephen. During then
four years* residence at Cellege, Sa
‘"'.*1 adhered strictly t„ Idedelermioa
t on to have no inte. course with poor
Stephen l.e F »ee.t, the lahotcr'a -on.
I » Ills fellow Students he professed to I
know the thing, and knrwr him only to
de*pTse his poverty and obscurity.— i
*)** prodigality ol Samuel un proven-'
hist, m the 4 oilcge, and iu mere than
one I os. a ore hia vinfa'ior* of pnnriple
and neglect of study, subjected him*
to ihe reprimand* of t\* President.—
Stephen pursued the even tenor of his
way, attended to hi* studies, recited j
his lese-m* well, and by his amiable and i
unpretending dnpnrdneof, acquired
good mil of the bet'er p*rt „f ••
d«-nf* anil the appiobatioo ,.f ;
ther*.
lie waa prudent in iii* expend it.) .
and by keeping srhnol during tb* % .
t'»««»•. earned nearly enough to <
hi!!*. >Vhrn tlie four years were i
ainl the cla«* was to be graduated, Sfr
plirn had lha first pr.rt in the exer* i««*
assigned him. wl.de Samuel hardlv
noticed.— These arrangements were*
dissatisfactory to the Ledvanl*. but
[bey rnul.l not be altered! Stephen
Irlt the **ag« applauded bv tb« vau
crowtl rf spectators, while Samuel's
performance engaged no expression**
lr*.n» the audience but those of d.,
gu»t.
After leaving College, both Samuel
anil Stephen were ;daCCQ in silust.oii*
to prepare for the bar. In due time
Stephen wps admitted to practice, and
opened an nflice in the village of hi*
nativity. Samuel's father dying about
thi» tiinetlieabandoned his legal studies,
pre mi ruing that business would be unim
portant and unnecessary to him—%n
great w ax the inheritance left him be
his father. Vor some vear* he made it
lus only toisiness to dash ab*mt in state
ly pride, expending what he regarded
as the inexhaustible riches left him bv
hts father. Time however proved hi*
mistake. Before prodigality and dis
sipation, * riche* took to themselve*
wing* and flew away.* The gaming ta
<jie made latal inroads upon hi* proper
*'• Mw Stephen nourishing in
his profession, and despised him; for
toough in the course of a few year*
SonKi»n Kml _*_
ty than Samuel had remaining, still it
"a*> a circumstance sufficiently dam
nin:; in hi* view of the former, and
sufficiently honourable in his view of
himsrIf, (hat Stephen was the son of
I.e Forest the carpenter, and ha was
the son of Ledvard the Judge.
In ten years Samuel had not a cent
remaining. Ifma**cd by creditMS^
and having too much pride to stand iia
liis humiliation before Stephen, now a
mm of wealth and influence, hw
left his native village and entered sonm
petty office on board of a ship in tho
Navy. Here his habit* were such a*
caused him to be cashiered, and ho
was dismissed fiom the service in dis
grace.
In the meantime, bv industry sad
P®rseverance, the joiner'* son arose t#
eminence in hi* profession. Hefam
l.edyard entered the Nnv, Le Force*
stood at the head of the Bar in kin
county, and about the tnneoi Samuel*#
tea\ ing the scrv ice in di.grace, Stephen
was appointed to the tame honorable
office which the senior l.edyard had
formerly held. Since that time. Sam
uel Ledyaid ha* been sentenced to the
Slate penitentiary lor his crimes, whero
he remained a miserable object of pity
when 1 last heard from him. These
y c fact* substantially from real life.
The names only arc fictitious. They
*.*e/a to show how (he wheel of fuitun'n
IU a free country will carry the ineri
toiious upwaid, while it precipitartea
!l « profligate ir;t«> ruin below. \V«
' av • not thought to adorn the tale by
any fanciful cmhclli-htnent*. — The de
sire not to tell too long a *torv has com
pelled us to leave out studied descrip
tion*. \\ unc present at tho trial of
l.**dv ard, J.e fored war the pre-id
II T J r. n ll.fi _ a •
• »s duly called him |u p•innunca upon
the unhappy iriwnat, «rHW the tex»
•teal down the manly chee’t of ths
Jud;:e and his voice fullered as he zavo
utteiarn- lo th« dread lan^ua^e «.| ih«
U<v. tor oiuvrlves, we could lint *•»
well command nur pa avion*. \V«
thought nf the pa«h»c looked upon th»>
present, and vrpt?—How could
odp if? Oh that youth in every cir
cumstance would learn, that “ped*
-«*ei:, helot e destruction.and « haughty
spirit I nr fore a fallj while he that hum
Idefli himself aha'I be exalted.
t »*• f '"I,' nS;w. «Mt >«. in allusion t the <k*Ul
Of * \a|u |, «*yf •
II « *• r rJi , I \%a% ’• tfi» to |ioir f *1 mufti
lid no im re, it w t, it, p.„,r j „f jr „f
t; . Iw t * * 1.4 -» «.f <ri-rft men -cents to Un
a > *dn : i • r uH-pninr. mi vpitai of ail hi-,
lory Nucleon h . t faith in hi, r.t.
mor*‘. he i med lituiv>|f f.,r olfipriuf' ti.<
• V ll> 4 ship at full ..,.1, .,,„t oul ,|M
:*4t:.is* III. Miration from Jo-ephiiM- «
lut il. bito rkn.; iflrr 4„ r«l|. v,.h ||,4
• pr>)iHli<«« of drew down
I mi the tit w temple he r*ji<d t, Military
Xi I-n^raes The rr»ftt* of hi, i .14! n.,*tak»
Mi to be toil'! I at St. Il< l< I), ,ii I 't.^ li> W
1 Jult of ttw j,ior |lii«< dfj lliu MiO'it. *
I ’!»ill r-f tit t'riliiA /* .,.»*•••>• -r The vi'f
im-vi r -ei, on ii*v Br»i • <l<*uo moos. H< font
1 < in 1 < r»» Ii4»- the -fore, of <t„bwe,
f*», iie-rioiirf i„ on ha, lor three hour «
on Port l-< .*«■*•, u*d w hile «Mrkin< from th<*
n i‘i t> i f l.aKn sup. rear, hi, tye open* u 1
t,lH lltll ■ *■
iny -Ir vaM ihf l . hint W ard.
.( M»r r». x ivUnd, 1**. r 1. o.r red of
I * ^«, Uu ni'n C i *» » • , f..r *,.*,
' »"rUin j,r. eh Iw t, ,.|
"**V*. '**• Mom then tmrly witwumes 4t
' *° m* rcnP nee *n Ihw f 4\+. 4 (| V
"»ore +’orr-nim*nt, of tht* kind would
Mr her In snap her A*u»r* at all the cent w
^***t'* •'ho wwil l U oncivmcwii that »*.!«, me*
u A to bo Inilol with.
k'pmhtmm —fit* who Kaa fur-icait enough
1-u ’>* ale tt# iu tar
MP^

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