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Virginia free press. (Charlestown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1832-1916, July 04, 1833, Image 2

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•t it o doughs axd rtrrr c&m
_ ru inn*
fJk.AU notie— of Cammimkme n, TnuUm,
AdniMtntan, or Exoeulora, nmt eilbnr bo
paid for at the lime of atlvertiaing, or imme
diately after tale.
U For all chancery publication*, the At
torney for the plaintiff is each cm will be
held reape—ible.
We yield a plane te the following line*, at dw
•orncat ileeirr of the author, — hia heart h hai
epon wring them “eorne out.” Bui we have to
any te him, and to all who write for the Free
FW, that they meat he brief. Th, writiw nn
qoeationahly ha* a peciicetl win, bill he aulT.-rt an
extra tellable, now and then, to apoll die harrau
aj of hia non.bera, mm! eweae a little hobbling.
—e m mi rim.
"Latkbua ftu plait'd belli bin cam me."
lOrtutiTii Swmaara.
Altho’ thy form it patting fair.
Tin radiant eye a ith low it beaming:
And fill mjr mind with idle dreaming *
To woman’* charm* 1 ne’er «ai blind.
Nor deaututi* of aonl or lifting:
Ami Roan, } hmn to fiiul
Thy genial iiiflut-tK-c o’er me stealing.
But beauty, like the anti'a bright ray.
Will only dazzle a Idle ae behold it*.
JuM diut onr eyes, or torn away,
Tis like the sun when cloud* enfold it.
So when yon me* t my raptured eye,
Awhile 111 raze with transport mu (lice:
IH pay the tribute of a «»gh.
And ne’er again will look upon thee.
But ere we part, 1 my again,
(forgive me wheti 1 turn adtiarr,)
D» •** deligtit in giving pain—
Perhaps to cure it would be wiser.
Tea, Roan, mttrb—llie time mav come,
" lien Unm wilt rueMuriwrilmm’ic apok’n
In lime you'll deign to look on wane.
And gladly mmd a one In-arts you’ve brok’u.
T"he transit orr meteor gl>mn,
I low so<mi the cloning gloom will cover1
That eye rouM loa*< its lustVons beam—
Ami then.thy little reign is user.
The fairest flower, the lovely raw
hlooms beneath a summer’s bower,
1\ ill * troop and fade when chill wind blows—
Mhy bloom and wither in an hour.
Thus thy youth's prime must pass away,
At time runs no his swift career:
Perchance, thy blooming form decay,
Beneath some tempest dark and dn ar.
B<it fair thee well! the nsth von tread
„**•?. *«'» « »h fragrau flowers:
May hate tier choicest blrsaings shed—
A kttgtheaM clu.ni of rosy hours.
My Pleasure’s sy mi voice oft sing.
And music breathe her un.ro numlier:
,m*J’ *,lror guardian angel’s a iug
rlit-uightly o cr thy gentle slumber.
It are ms flinty I—fond, liaph-ss bov,
Am doom’d to tread the path of sorrow •
I never passe*I one day of toy,
But grief and mitneaa reigned to-morrow.
Ineyrr woo’d a la.lv bright,
Lntil she look’d with kindness on me.
Ifcjt‘‘by sotne devlish cantrip slight,”
*ne next was sure to frown upou me.
*ow I swear no more to stray
niMw'iS ?•£?** <>fi
1II otivard tmu tot Imirlv wav,
Avoidhig every bright illusion.
ATlr V dark troubled Hream
Of hie rolls on ha dull career.
And memory brings a transient gleam
Athwart the prospect black and drear.
When future drewana of blisa arise
Thri Alls my mind with idle dreaming
, eovewkij,
from Ute Saturday Evening Port.
MUark Mia irk.
This old Indian Chief and hit associates
“L*00* •* the day,” for the
J**1 fort"»Ahl, in the eitioa of the seaboard_
They exhibited but litlo emotion at the great.
£ W * Jh® curiozhies they were induced
fo Ttzlt, but at times they were aroused from
^ ¥!fd *T*'hy of ,ndi*° character*1
PjotPa Glass Works, appeared to gratify
them more than any tiling e»« in this city.—
Immediately after their arrival at CongVets
* lb® fmot window
£s?£iu tre^
•ye could reach Black Hawk observing the
eztraordmay curiosity manifested by thepeo
fo,k>Winf *pe«ch through his
* Black Hawk,” said thr old War
nor, “once thought h»
*h« whites lli» heart grew bitter, and
hra hand strong. lie unburied the tomi
hawkj and he led hit people to fight,
lie fought bard. He was no coward.
He spiled much blood. Bat the white
•eo were mighty. They were many
as the leaves of the forest: ami Black
Hawk and his people failed. He was
sorry that the tomahawk had been rats
•d- He had been a prisoner. He saw
ths strength of the white men. Thev
rr mtn7* Th« «re but
Jew. They are oot cowards—they are
brave—hot they are few. ||e was .or
rr that they had gone to war. While
hilkw!’**! LSp'rit tb°V9 (pointing on
wf«Lk!?.uh'VP'r,,t *• '* now
woeld be the friend of the white man.
Jo tir. I!".*’" **• "ould
thit.hJif##P«.# *nd «»•* of the
ml I U W°°rd ,tH th*« ‘h*y
wera aa the leasee of the forest-verv
maoy-eery etrong_.n,| he Woulij
®«ht no more. Black Hawk is th,
whito man’s friend.** * lh*
It ia known that artists of eminence
hav. Ukeo portraits of Black llawk,
k»e 9on and the Prophet. Mr. Kerd.
Mr. Solly, and anveral others have
prodoced, it ie aaid. very striking like
“f ‘ho Chief. The fiiliowing
anecdote ia related in the Richmond
** It is said that the Indiana, while
o*;' e«.i c««rwt. cw
««c«ed themselrcs with the greatest
Propriety. Old Hawk’s handsome son
can An/i *k«beantifal Amen
uTbl? TI"** ,<# at.
Uchnd to music—and on one occasion
Porte, sails keys were tonched by s
»*/. be suddenly Jumpw.l Ip,
hnJ.e W,°* f ring Iron, his
■•faff p> stented it with many compl*.
menu to hit ffur compeniso. She de-|
dined it with no air of great polite
ness—bat the ywowg Hawk was much
mortified at the refusal, sad still more
at the idea uf hie having transgressed
Mwe established rale of American
etiquette. ”
A favorable specimen of aboriginal
eloqaecce is presented io the following
address of Black Hawk to Col. F.ustis,
the officer in command at Fort Mon
roe, who had, by his kindness and at
tention, won the personal friendship
I and respect of the Chief.
** Brother—I have come on my own
part and In behalf of nr com pan ions
| to bill you farewell. f)ur Creat Fa
ther* has been ptessed to permit us to
return to our hunting grounds. We
heve buried the tomshswk, sod the
sound of the rilfe will hereafter only
bring desth to the deer and the buffalo.
Brother-Yon have treated the red
men very kindly—your squaws bsve
1 msdk them presents^ and yon hsvs giy
j en them plenty to eat and drink. The
memory of your friendship will remain
Black llawk to sing hia death song.
Brother—Yoar houses are as nu
merous as the leaves on the trees, and
four young warriors like (he sand* up
on the shores of the big lake before ua.
The red men hue bot few houses and
few warriors, but the red mao haa a
I heart which throbs aa warmly as the
heart of his white brother.
Brother—The Great Spirit haa given
us our hunting grounds, and the skin
of the deer which we kill there is his
favorite, for ita colour ia white, and
that is an emblem of peace.
Thia hunting dress and the feathers
•f the eagla are white. Accept them
my brother. 1 have given one like this
to the ff Mfe 0//rr.t Accept it aa a
memorial of Black Hawk. When he
is far away, this will serve to remind
you of him. May the Great Spirit bless
you and your children. Farewell!”
In noticing the visit of Black llawk
and his companions to the Navy Yard,
at Norfolk, the Herald observes:
“ They did not appear to be parties
l*rly alruck with any thing they saw,
until they were carried on board the
Delaware 74, where they expressed
their astonishment and delight by their
gestures and exclamations; and Black
; Hawk himself, even more affected at
I the wonders of the noble ship than his
| more youthful companions, asked to be
shown the man who made this “ great
canoe.” that he might take him bv the
hand! In pasting the bow of the Dela
ware, in a barge, on their way back,
the figure-head, which is a representa
tion of a colossal Indian warrior, at
tracted their attention, and elicited
from them the moat extravagant mani
festations of surprise and pleasure. ”
On the arrival of the Chief* at N.
^ ork, as soon as the immense con
course on the Battery and Castle Gar
den ascertained they were on board,
they commenced cheering, and it was
immediately responded to by those in
the numerous steam boats and small
craft plying in the neighborhood. At
thia time Mr. Durant’s balloon was auf
ficiently inflated, and was soon seen
from the upper deck of the boat, float
ing above the walla of (he Castle_
Those natives of the forest had, previ
ous to their arrival, been informed of
what they would witness on reaching
New York, and they could oof, appa
rently,comprehend exactly how a man
could tail in the air. Immediately af
ter the balloon had cleared the wall
°f tha Castle, and Mr. Durant unfurl
ed his flag. Black Hawk was asked
what he thought of the ascension, to
which he instantly replied, “that man
its great brave*’—“Don't think he
will ever get back!”
A* the balloon continued to ascend,
and after it had gone nearly beyond the
view of Black llawk, whose sight is
rather impaired, he exclaimed, “I
think he can go to the heavens, to the
Great Snirit.” When ih» hsllnnn 1...1
nearly reached ita greatest altitude. Pa
maalt IlfHih, the adopted son of Black
Hawk, waa aaked hi* opinion, to which
he replied, M l think he ran see the
Knglith country.” The Prophet waa
alto aaked what he thought of the as
cension; hi a answer was, M Can’t form
any idea, hut think ha can go up to the
cloud* if he choose.”
After tha balloon began to descend,
the steam boat got under way to pro
ceed to the landing, and in passing the
( astle, Black Hawk presented himself
to the assembled multitude, raised his
hat and made a few remarks to this ef
j feet, ** How do you do? Ilow do you
do all? The Great Spirit abnva knows
I that I lore you, and that my heart is
with you all.”
Im »• e. the President.
I The Mints- Otter means Clen. Atkinson—
railed so by the Indians, because hw hair m
particularly while and silky.
Inter*,ti,,c ircuUnt irilk JNnrl- /few*._A
iRentl-man yesterday presented Rlark Hawk
with the Cherokee Phceais, and eiplamed to
"’l".j . 14 f lh* ftr** •*M‘ »»«lj newspaper
printed iw the Indian language; that it waa
•dilrsl and had been edited for the'last five
yarn*, by Mr ffoudmot, a full-blood t hem
kee; was ably conducted, and was a mesas
through vliith ro«iM rotfiuiHfix'tw* frp*.
ly their injuries, complaints, and wishes._
Black llawk paid particular attention to the
submet, appeared highly pleased, sael he was
well acquainted with the tribe, hut had never
seen or heard of their establishing a newspa
per. He requested the gentleman to write
hi* name on the newspaper; which being
d«*ne, Bine* llawk folded up tlw paper and
put u away with rare, and said that be would
lake it home to his peylr arid show it an a
i •permitn of whet was d/mr by the I'hero
(-V | thilly .Ur. ,
Genermt tmteUigene*.
Illnm tf the Prmitnt—Thw Boats* A Dm
of the '1Mb alt. has this alarming paragraph
respecting the President's health:—
"Tbo President was seriously indisposed
yesterday. Doctor Warren was summoned
) rarly in the morning to attend him, and find- j
ing him with considerable fever, deemed it
advisable to take blood. He was conined to J
ba bed all day, and all communication with)
him was interdicted. We do not learn that i
; he a considered to he in immediate danger,
' but when his advanced age ami enfeebled ,
constitution are taken in stew, there cannot
but be felt an intense anxiety about him.—
Wo were at the Tremont House at a late i
hour, last night; and learned that he conti- j
! nued much in tho same state in which ha had '
' been throughout the day. His jouroey asst
; ward mu«t he delayed a few days, even if his
i symptoms indicate cousalcscnce this morn-,
The Boston Cent me I says he was twice,
bled on Monday—suffering much pain in the
tide and head.
■oirsM, jcnk 26.
It afford* ur. much pleasure to state that the
health of the Preaideut is mi far restored that|
he contemplates leaving town to-morrow—if;
the weather should be fair—on hi* journey to i
the Eastward. Ilia visit to this city has made
a most favorable impression, and been pro- j
ductive of very beneficial results. It has j
uvuu^ui wmi u an ’ em ui |o<h] iwungi, u»r j
I grateful influence of which in felt tniunc all.
ranks and classes. Men who have been Tung
divided in politics, and estranged from each
; other, have been brought together iu harmo-.
| nious action; and we most sincerely Impc
i that the good feeling which prevails at this
moment may continue—at least 3 weeks!
/Vrfisf •/ OU Irrmiidtt.—From the Boston
, Atlas of the 25tb ult. we Icam that the Dry j
Dock at the Navy Yard in Charlestown, com
menced in June, 1.—.27, and lately finished,
was ope nee. on Monday morning at 5 o'clock,
to receive the frigate Constitution. The ve
teran Isaac Hull had command of the ship, -
and with his speaking trumpet in hand, trod
the deck, as well he might, with a proud spi
rit. On board the frigate were the Vice Pre
sident, the Secretary of the Navy, the Score-'
tary of M ir, lion. Joel It. Poinsett, of South
J Carolina, His Excellency Governor Lincoln,
| Ilia Honor Lieutenant Governor, and many
distinguished strangers, who are now the
' guests of the city. At half past 5, a salute
was tired from a battery in the Yard, and the
gates of the Dock were opened, in about
2.p> minutes the gallant ship was safely lodged
within, and the hundred horse engine imme
diately commenced pumping out the ’.vater,
tha Columbus 74 paying a grand salute to the
occasion with her long 3*2 pounders.
After the entrance of the Constitution into '
the Dock, Com. Hull delivered three canes to !
the Secretary of tlie Navy, made of the ori
ginal timber of the ship, which he stated were
intended for the President, Gov. Lincoln,and
Mr. Poinsett, of South Carolind.
Commodore Hull gave his orders on board
in true sailor-like character. To bis remark
that he was not at home in making speeches,
CoiiitiM>dne^EI}Md replied,—“ No matter, my
friend; make your speech as abort as you
> fight, and all will be satisfied.'*
X«*giy» It. x, comict.d of m mjs‘, v»» execute*!,
■ in conformity with the judgment of tin* court, mi I
1 Friday la*. An immense concourse assembled to !
I witness tlie execution. M lien the moment sr- !
rind f* hi* suspension, he walked firmly to th. ;
j spot, showed no terror in his countenance or man
ner, sod died with srarecly a struggle. Alter
i banging about half an hour, nc was rot down, and
; his boily passed In the medical faculty, by whom
some interesting galvanic cxnrrimcnt* were per
formed upon his body. We lusve applied to Dr.
Dunbar, through abuse agency the experiments
were und* rtukcil, and hr lias |tromistd a detailed >
account for our next pa|x-r. As some curiosity is
felt till tlie subject, we nn.rtly give a sketch of the
The galvanic ii.fluet.ee ass fir* applied to the
muscles of tin* mwk, wltirh caused a convulsive
aeliou of Uiosr parts; next, to tin; nerve above the
eye—tin? result was, npetiii.g and closing the eye
lids, and an . b-vstimi of the noMrils and check,
expressive id- disdain. It a as thru applied to the
j must le ahich cloaca tin- month—a motion similar
to tli.it produce*! a hen about to i{s sk, a as the
1 result: then to tlie tongue, ahich produced a ra
, pid tpiivering motion; applied to the nerve ju*
l above the heial of th*- anu, and Use galvvaiic * ur
i rent scot along it—thu result a as very interesting;
1 a violent contraction of the muscles of the anu
! was produced; the arm struck tlse side of tin- t«o
, il) with prut force, and mud. poa eiful c Hurts to
j jerk •« ay fnan tla hand of the opclator; a lien S|»
i plied to the muscle* nf tin- tl.igh and foot, eon
! vulsive action iu the mnsel* s tills- thigh a a* tin*
n volt, attfwlcd by a cusitiasUon and In ..ding of
1 Hie leg and lot s.
| Galvanic t V|»ririH».t* have been rarely p*-r
forWMal in this country, from tin* difficulty of ob
I taiuing suitable ap|*i~dus, and Uie uulrvtpuiny of
1 criminal rxrcutioo*.
Ih-. lhtiibar as* assisted in tliev* experiments
, by I »r«. t 'norad and lltvviilson, ami Mr. Joint i>. ’
| Lee, Mutlviit of medirinr.
[ R iik Wcr f'irtfituan, Jutt- V>.
From Ike Haltimort iintllf.
Our Correspondents of thu New York
'facet!* cod Mercantile Advertiser (the
paper from our friends of the JVrt* l or*
i Knr/uirer did not cou»e to hand) furnish us
with accounts from Europe several days
later, brought by the ship Fredonia from
' Havre.
The squadron of Don Pedro remained
• at the Bayonne Islands early in April, the
seamen still not very harmonious.
The prospect of a settlement of tha Bel
' gian question appeared in London rather
mora promising than for aoma time previ
1 °'*}y
I C OHtiantmoplt, Aptil 23 — By eitraordi
nary conveyance. Ibrahim is still iasi*t
' ing that the district of Adana shall ba ced
I ed to him, and tha Porte refusing to yield
the point, the hope sahich bad been enter
tained, after the return of M Varcnnes
from Kmtaia, and the'publication of tbc
manifesto ceding the I’achalias af f*yria to
tha Viceroy of Egypt, that the Tureo I
MB'1'*" would bo amicably settled.
! is unfortunately disappointed ; for Ibrahim
baa suspended (ha retreat of bia troops
I _ On the 23*1, tha Sd division af the Hus
sian fleet, consisting of one three-decker,
, and two two derkers, entered the B*y of
| Bujukdere, together with n number al
transports, having cn board the second
rVr* of troops, r*000 strnag
I heee troops am going to Da (heir ramp
on the heights of tb* Asiatic shore, oppo
site ttujukdere.
/.endim. May 18 —It it said (hat the last
communications from Holland indirata an
ioPePt"*eb km,rd* • satisfactory arrange
The LoumH* <ky .> AUseMiser ef June
»'•)*» "7liS Ihn f Is. U Hin. shs s»
recently wounded by the eipltAtuf, of the 13
•ncls, has iuice died
Ckeuptake St Okim Crnttmi.
JV9m the lUtlUmmr* .kui ItBS, JmW li
Tbe Fifth Annual Report of tba President
and Directors of tbe Chesapeake and Ohk
tenant Company, occupies one entire page ol
Use ample sheet of the National InleJUgencei
of yeetcaday. It ia an important and valuable
document, but entirely too long for re-pub I ►
ration in this paper. We ean only furnish at
abstract of its principal slalom an Is as to lh«
progress of the work, its condition and pro*
pacts, and the finances of tbe company.
The prevalence of the cholera in the val
ley of the Putomac during last summer re
taislcd the works, but notwithstanding tha
obstruction the most cualiy part of the new
line above HarpervFcrry,( 14 utiles in length,
has been completed, bringing 2»> wile
more into use, which were formerly witliou
w ater, »o that by the first of July boats m&<
enter the canal from the bed of the Pototnav
above Ifarpcr»*Feny falls, or from the She
nandoah. in the midst of them. The work!
above tbe fails have proceeded w ith like dili
The force employed on this part averaged
for tbe 5 weeks preceding the I nth May, 2,TIM
laborers, t>.’»o horses, uiuies, and oaen, and thi
powder employed in blasting rocks, 7,(MM
pounds a week. The entire force on the I'a
nal, for the same penod, was 4,4tiU laborers
1,048 horses, mules, and ovrn, and an avcragi
weekly consumption of 10,000 pounds of gun
The w ork done since the first of May, 1812
has cost f.>l.r>,2l I h9, of which gTalJIl'J 21
was expended above the Point of Rocks, am
fil 62.199 t>3 below. Of the latter sum 153.
107 35 was expended in the city of Washing
ton, and $21,220 72 at the l.ittle Falls dam*
This excludes cost of superintendence, lam
purchases, condemnations and incidental ex
The amount necessary to be done be fori
the 1st of October next, in order to fulfil th<
contracts and complete the line of ll>2 mile
of canal ami 15 mile* of still water uaviga
turn, the report states in the following form
dating from the 1st of May last. At that time
there remained to be done,
For tlie line of ranal,in Washington, $11,740 28)
For Ihst between the Point of Hark*
and lbe head of Harper*-Ferry
faJts, 91,545 tt>
For that above Itiese falls, and below
the ferry at Sl.rphenlatown, inclu
sive of the lock just let, 82,537 011
And fur that abosu Shcphcrdstow n 51.1,22(
Makingthe total amount, $7o2,nia 51
Some of these are stated as incidents
work*, tho construction of which may be de
To this sum must be added $12,500 foi
another lock opposite to Shrpberdstuwn, u
compliance with the conditions of the \ ir
ginia subscription. The board has determine!
to transfer the locks above, to a point below
and increase the canal four miles, diminish
ing tho still w ater navigation that much, anti
thus add $100,000 to the cost of the canal_
These sums ($100,000 and 12,500) added It
the aggregate above, gire $915,315 51 as the
estimated expenditures to be made betw een thi
1st May last and the 1st of October next, tc
fulfil the contraet. Nearly the w hole line be
low shepherd*town will be finished by th<
1st of August, and the report anticipates thal
a concentration of all the force on the lint
above that point, would finish it in due time
The amount of expenditures for the y si
ending May 1st ult. was $821,393 74 in the
following proportions: for construe lien, $754,
573 87 ; engineer department, $19,453 30
pay of officers, $0,935 50; land* $27,055 79
besides incidental expense*. A large amount
not included in the above, is retained by eon
tracts as security for diligence and fidelity ir
the contractors.
The sums required from May first to Oc
tober first, are stated as follows : The esti
mate of construction as staled above, is $815,
351, which, added to the retained ainouni
due contractors, is exclusive of April estimaU
and the retaiuod money of the month of May
£.r- . $900,000
i o whith add for these items, engi
neer allowances, expenses, Kc. 2<x
Total sum required 1, iu«((ui u
To meet this the re sou roes are:—
.Cash, 509,599 6(
I usalled for stid uncollected stock 616,571 9.
Amount to be rec* ivisl from the rail
rssd company, shove the cost of
graduating road, Kc. 170,000a
$1,295,104 51
The report thus shows a surplus of $299,
000, after completing 117 miles of canal am
still water nav igntion. F pyu the faith of thi
sin plus, considering it applicable to tiie ex
tension of the ea*trrn division of the canal ti
Caeapon, they have directed the neces«arj
location and survey. This sum is to he u*r<
to prepare the necessary dams and aqueduct
in part, during the succeeding autumn.
The estimates for the remaining 75 miles o
the eastern scrtion ol the canal are the nex
general head, preliminary to which the re
port enters into several statements to show
the economy with whirh the work has bcei
prosecuted. They *how that exclusive of *n
miles below tiJe watrr, ItMl miles of the ea
nal, 3 of tow path bcin-ath a elitT c.f rocks
and 11 of slack water navigation, havebn-i
made, at an ex;>en*e of Irs* than $32,(Mt pci
mile, and that 42 miles above flarpcr<-t*err
have coni, including land purchases, condem
nations, and every thing blit rontinacul ex
pen***, lrs*;th*u yi.7,000 per mile.
At tin* latli r 'um is estimated the cost o
the remaining 7.1 miles, tanking a total o
$l,l*.i<i.iitiO— of whirl) the pecuniary rcsour
res of the company, making clue allowanci
fed- unavailable stock, do not at present sup
ply more than £l.»0,li(MI, leaving, consentient
ly >I,7ih» imh) to hr hereafter provided.
To supply this deficiency, ultimately,mucl
reliance is placed mi the water tight* grantri
by the charters of \ irgmlsn and Maryland
but any application to that resource is *,)
*«ed against, until tha final issue of tlie Je
gal controversy, ro«pecli»g its jm«| r*|ri,t
now dc|>endmg in the Supreme t ouft of th<
I mtcd States, and the issue of such »Jforl* a
thr friends of the canal, in Maryland, ma<
make, to liberate the recent grant of tha
•tale from those restrictions wIim h prevent i
from being responsive, in term«, to the per
ceding act of V irglma"
It is recomniendcd that fir the prewnt
loan* should be sought for on the future e*
rrcise of thesi- rights, arid confident ftpertn
tions are espreesrd of (uiure *nliscriptions b'
Maryland, \ irgnna and tha l mud .stale* J
The *xrnplian. e of the canal company will
condition* annexed to the *ub*criptioh oft u
gmia, and their acceptance of t|* com pro
mHe law of Maryiar.d, in favor of the rail
road company, are urgid a* giving then
claim* to further favor.
1 be report further contemplate* the aid o
tha I mtcd States in the employment uf thr
army to Iuom-I the lllrgany mountain*
The toll* for the last jiar were 5 »
and tlie whole sum referred fma, ti.m tom
mencr merit of tire work y 5b.
The ie-t of the rcpoit consists of snm<
speculators nj-vfl the luluic productive***
of tU canal after it ah ail have reached the
coal region, and a history of Iho compromise
with the rail road company, in which the fol
lowing paragraph occurs:—
When the canal shall bare been completed,
- as the undersigned DOW confidently trust il
j will te, without further embarrassment.while
the rad road car b seen pursuing its rapid
course to the south, and the canal boat*
,. steadily to the west, the line of but twelve
miles for which these great works are brought
. in contact, by the late compromise, will dw in
die into a point, not ot collision betweec
, embittered rivals, but of I'ninn between gene
.' roua friends, seeking, by different means, i
t common object—the public good.
l! ranneaira. mi*, nut 3d.
i fTnif-Reod end f'ntie/. —Philip E Thomas
1 F.'<|. Preside..I of the Rail Road Company
and John H. Eaton, E*<(., President of the
: ( ar.ul Company, accompanied by a commit
., tee of the Directors of each company, visited
i, the Point of Hock', on Wednesday last, foi
the purpose of instituting measures to earn
into effect the compromise for the passage ol
, I both works round the Point of ttocka. \\ t
i base heard that the heat disposition to arrom
i modate all diHerenrcs u|ton the subject was
i evinced, and that the two works will proba
. bly now progress in harmonious co-operation.
, [KaaMinrr.
It is said, that sine** lb- i-l.-cti.wi f>.r l*rr
'iiketnflkr t'.iu.dO. Cam.1 Con»|wiiy, li,r IVki i
, I tout ('b»H<-s Ft-nlim Mrrs r,bt-|ougini' udi.org1*
i has had Vr mirttr- rUi»rc/, This i> a .|« .
IJ *'< ■■>»•! ill Llll vmi, bi lo« which »c «lo not w« II
*r t*o“ -U#y ImmIj could iktn-nd. [,fkr, CInz.
j_slfr. II ypHfer.
, | l ilt- U*rr<i.i Courier ronUifti Uic f« lfouin
I. \l.. tVwkalw. .1.1_.....Is I -1_IB •
tm, F.sq. *• wall known to tluat (ouimunity as »
man ol kU-rliug integrity mmI true patriotism,** in
reply to iiaapiii it k u» to tb<- lading of tl.i* X >nh
|en» people on tlaa- snhja 11 of Sl:a\i rv in the Sooth:
KIW VOSK, MU ITtM, 1*3.1.
, .Vy Dear Sir—I liate received your letter
of last evening, requesting me tai state my
j opinion of the powers ol t'ongres.s on the
| subject of slaves and slavery ; and of the ex
; istence of any wish or design, on the part of
! Northern men, to interfere with the secuntv
j l,r regulation of that specie* of property.
My sentiments on this subject, my dear sir.
have been often publicly expressed; but I
can have no objection to repeat the declara
tion o| them, it it he thought by you that
such declaration might,in the smallest degree,
aid the friends of Lnion and tlae Constitution
in the South, in deepening prejudices which
arc so industriously fostered, and in quieting
agitations so unnecessarily kept alive.
In my oj inion, the domestic slavery of the
Southern Slates is a subj.-ct within the exclu
sive control of the Ms^es themselves; and
this, I am sure, is the opinion of the whole
North. Congress has no authority to inter
fere in the emancipation of the slaves, or in
the treatment of them in any of the States.
This was so resolved by the llou«e of Itcprc
’ tentative!, when Congress sat in this city in
1on the report of a Committee, consist
ing almost entirely of Northern inendierx;
and I do not know an instance of the expres
sion of a different opinion, in either House of
Congress, since. I cannot »ay that particular
individuals might not possibly be found who
suppose that Congress may possess some pow
er over the subject, but I do not know any
such j>ersons, ai J if there be any I am sure
they are few. The servitude of so great a
portion of the population of the South is, un
doubtedly. regarded at the North, as a great
'evil, moral and political; and the discussions
1 upon it, which have recently taken place in
the Legislatures of several of lira slave hold
: ing Males, have been read with very deep in
terest. But it is regarded, nevertheless, as
an evil, the remedy for which lies with those
Legislatures themselves, tube provided and
applied according to Ikvir own sense of policy
and duty. The imputations which you say.
and say truly, are constantly made against
the North, are in my opinion entirely desti
tute of any just foundation. I have cndca
ij Tofcd to repel litem, to far ;u has been in my
i power, on all proper occasion*, and for a
1 fuller expression of my own opinions, both
!. on live power of Congress, and on the ground
! less chargr* against Northern men, I beg
* leave to .efer you to my remarks in the dc
* bale on Mr. Fool's Resolutions iu 1830.
I am, iny dear sir, with much true regard,
your obedient serv’t,
To John Bolton,. K >{.
i t tminitali fimtllt t>J Ike 2lif June.
I T*‘c dinner to Mr.Webster, on Wednesday,
,1 what, in the language cl truth, might b«
called a brilliant allair. Every thing passed
f'otl well. The company was full t«> overflow
mg. and no unpleasant incident occurred to
, i mar the general hilarity. 1 he Mayor pr« »i
ded, the Rev. William Burke made an invo
cation to the throne of grace, at the com
mencement of the festivities; the dinner wt<
J • good one—abundant—wdl prepared—the
wines—but in them I have no skill. Mr.
| Webster was railed out for a speech, at the
Glii toast It was weil conceived and happy
—natural in uli Its aspects—a little llalterii :
to the whole West— a little more mv to ('ineirc
nan in particular—and yet, prrhap*. nothing
short of the w hole truth, lie lias promise"
f to furnish a sketch of it for publication, a:.d
i we will not anticipate that sketch, bv civic
ink- from mere memory.
One thins «t •« right to state. He m..«(
. feelingly declared his regret, that the health
, "f »l*o com,try, the latent s* of the season, and
) the earnest remonstrance of Ins friends tier*
, ■•id nt home, Imposed upon him the neceMh
11 «> °f preceding no farther west. ||e deelsr
led hi. intention to make another si»it at a
| lime when he could penetrate to the gresl
Mississippi, aiaI make hiuisrll more thorough
ly acquainted with the West.
Mr. l»*rrj, th« Postmaster General declm.
Jed joining in the festivities, in ronsequerin
r of the sisitatioos of tlx- • holcra, among hit
I fnrf,,u a‘ l-emmgton, scry properly consider*
! I M g that these ought to preclude hua from
in mg one of the festire board
ll»e following is the compliment to Mr Web
nr. and bis roast in n tpunsc
| «»-ir distinguished guest, the II .«
W «lrsirr.— the profound e apt .under of tl
• onslitutioss—tha eloquent supporter of the
federal In ion, and the uniform friend and
. advocate of the Western t'ouritry.
Hy Hanit I W efoter TV til) tf (Wiese
^ beautiful illn*trati<>fi of tha eo-opera.
lion between nature and art. May the pros
perity of tl#e riliren* be romtuensurata with
J lf,r,r fowpitelity and enterprise.
— . mm dm aas <•
*y <V I'roUfsi. — llaaar Wit
Tov, of Illinois, to be Marshal of *ba I nit« d
Stales for ll*e District nf Illinois, mi tbe plats
of I barles Mia. !• resigned.
Mil es Kiss, f.e«j his been unanimously
•lia-tisiicd Mayor A Norfolk bofoogti.
_ Tkm JRemtUmrr.
/•vjinfftew, Kf.—The Observer of the P
•says, the cholera haa ao far abated a* t„
; ford • cheering prospect of iu »hoitly .
that ill-fated etty, entirely. For the pr.v
four day*, there had been but few *«w f,w‘
Gvorgrfiwrw, Ay—Tha same paper lamtum
j that the ravage* of live cholera had bven \tr.
*e?ere in Georgetown, but that it bad n,, ■
(abated there, also, within llie la-t y >r <
The whole number of death* hicre t, , ,, j
at tii to 30. Among t!.« dead, ap* Mr. || (.
11 loan HtefTee. Mr* Tomlinson, Mr*. Evan sv.
, venson, John llranham, Esq., Tau m.r it
j Branham, Mr*. Stong, Tlneiia* T. Berio. Mi*
John Smith. I»r. W. L. Richard*, V\ im n.
Mian, and Mi** l.avina B. Story,
Several fatal ra»e* of cholera had errorr^
at II isrtofir, Ay. The inhabitants had, .*
consequence, fled.
IVeni/urf, Ay.— l’p to the lOth, no ease of
ebolera had oeeurird at Frankfort, but the
Obserw r mention* a rrjiort of three fatal
case* there on the followingdsy.
.It and vicinity, tlierr L i!
been upward* of El) death* in ll.r week e:n
mg on the 13th. In one family of foort««n
I persons, there had been twelve, deaths.
J .thlifrtbnr^. Ay.—The di*e««e ajq »ared it
!Millervburg*on tbe evening ol the D ili, a’ I
next «I»y three were 3 death* arid 7 or 'i add •
tmnal ea*cs. A letter states, that th. phv*..
eians were paralyzed with fear, and nrt
mcndeJ instant night to the citiion*. If.
advice wa* followed, and by noon of t it
day, the dead and dying were deserted. T'.*
. letter continues—“The result was a* might
have been expected- Out of 1 1 case* but ono
recovered. Ilad our physicians stood firm,
is* wa« their duty,the re»u)t might bare been
different. They left us ut the hour of dan
ger, and lied like noltmiir.*. without ttnlnnr
a blow.” The disease, %»)•»« h made to terri
ble an onset in Miller*burg. soon spent its f i
ry there. On the 15th and lbth there had
been but one fatal rase.
! .V«j«riWe, Ay.—The F.agle of the 20th sij*
the i!i«ea«e -till continue* in that place, but" t
good d«-al of its violence has abated. Front
the tilth to the 2<Hh, there had been ten
deaths. Several new eases were reported on
the '.'ftlli, but none of » violent character.
ZatufrilU, ttkio.—The. Zanesville Itrpuhi -
can of the -JJJ say*, the health of that town
continues good.
fiall futlis, Ohio—Reports had reached Cin
cinnati, on the Sid. that the cholera was com
mitting terrible ravages at (.allipolis—it was
t rumored that there had been 11 deaths in one I '
AisU'K Tean— During the 15th sod Irft*
j there were two deaths by rholcra in'Nash
ville, and one at the penitentiary. The Ban
ner of the 17th says—“At present, the usual
good health of the city is nearly restored. \
few eases only ot cholera exist, and scarcely t
any are violent and fatal. Wr have no rea
son, however, to repose in security. Thu
march of the disease is mysterious and incal
,1t /Vhnynt, in the same Ffate. the disease
| bad raged with great violence, but was mb
j siding at the last accounts, which are to th«
Hth. L'p to that period, tiierc had been, in
Dial village alone, between 70 aial eO death-,
j Among the deaths, ia that of Richard \V.
j Chandler, merchant, of that place.
.YoiAriJZr, Trim.—There were 3 deaths by
rholcra, in Nashville—all colored person*
it*. Monday the 17th June, and 5 fatal cases (
J at the penitentiary. • J
#'iff»Awrg—A colored man who kapt a shojv
! in Pittsburg, died of Cholera at hi* dwelling
i in Arlhunvitle, on Sunday last. The Pitts
j burg Gazette of Tuesday mentions no otht r
case of the disease, since that.
1 Me subjoin extracts of private fetter*,
i which exhibit this disease with features morn
malignant than we have efer heretofore setu
. it in:
Extract rtf a letter.
MoatLK, rv\E If.
“1 was ia New Orleans a few days; but
the cholera was so bad there, that I was mn*t
happy to make my escape from it. The dis
.ea*e is quite as malignant a* it was last fall.
; Few of those who are attacked, live morn
than twelve hour*. Many are carried off in f
half the time ; aud,, what ia most alarming. "
the respectable part of the community, who »
were last year considered almost exempt, arc I
now most frequently attacked by the disease. ’ I
JVcm amlKtr tetter.
Moaitr, rrxr It.
“ The rboIer.x « raging in New Orleans,
and i* attended with more malignancy and
' fatelity than it ever wa*. In any known part
I* f the tlU.bc, not even the Jungle* of India.
No premonitory sy mptoms attend the disease.
The first warning a man has, who may lie in
perfect health, is, that he is dying. A man, x
ftw <1 ays since, actually died staffing up
be fell faint sod unwell, reached a fence,
which ho grasped, and then died, hi* baa.:*
cramped to the rails, which held him ud af
ter death. V
“ Mo have it here, hut not at an epidemic,
live rases occurred yesterday, among; tlio
whiles, four of which were fatal.”
i r vivi.Toy, ar. jrxr 0”.
The ( hfitra—M e have the p!ea*ure t>> in
form our friends at h< n.c, a« well as th*.** »
hroml, that alter raging for two wrrks, w I'.h
a viol, nee and fatality without perhapsn *»>!•
tary jsirall. I in the history of the milady
since its tir*t appearance in America, the rho
Ura ha* so far abated as to afford a cheering
prospect of its vf.oitly leaving our ill-fair.I
city entirely.
j Mure MsMrday morning r.e hart had erm
parativr’y hut few newr rases m< st of tin
death* »inc# tint time having hern from «»M
or relapsed r#«n. It is supposed by tbc*<*
.who have taken w.m.- pain* to ascertain tl.n
number a* neir a* it mold he done nnml«t tl .*
gloom, angiet*, and mourning that have p< r
**d»d all cla«*t *, tbit the number <if death*
Within the city limit* will not fall »h«»rl of f
111 ” *’t»,rr«, It iv thought that ShO would
not be too high an r«tin.ato [Otievrrr.
From thr n> ;rr*Mvn Torch /ji^hl tf Thu* mhtr,
\ frw raot nf rholer* hare orctirrarf, dur
•ng the la*t week, along tl<a lino of ft.# ca
nal, above nn.I below H illikm>purt. VI o
fiave beard f»l three ronbriwed eaaca, which
re-.ult# d fataMy ; and other* have been re
ported. W be liter Upon nw*l ground* or but. we
are unable t<> *ay.
tn.r town enjoy• it* u*ual good health nr *
a <»‘i' baling j*t occurred amongst u* d*r
mg th# prevent *#av. ^
7b« T e* iff ton (ky ) Reporter atatev tHt
‘ urine: th# pretalence of the .holer# in th .t
<ity, the market became entirely ab*m'..m d.
*nd throe who remained found it ealre. . Ir
‘ duncult to prornr# even th# nerewar. « >( l
if#. Th# tame paper »iy»K-“ He l«,rn tb.t I
the cholera i* tpremliog through th** layett.
and the adjrumng fount*#, a,,.| with be*- i
4* mw« h niaiigb.t) aa marked it* progre*. -j <
our eitt.” r ^
i ~ .
At Mviangav, J,4|w. *f ,|* 4*4, w ,* ».*
.wiping tM the • Imb 1# -
J R#« i.,g | .at *|,t < a, e«* ,y V. ill 1,4 ,4.

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