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Virginia free press. (Charlestown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1832-1916, October 01, 1890, Image 1

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_____———-— NO. 5.
VOLUME 80.—VOLUME 20, NEW SERIES. jsi|g|«|
Vivninia Ittt Trrss.
TERMS:
9- I'uk r i;EK l’**ss is published weekly at
fa, Dollars and Fifty Cents Per Annum.
SdPO>e Dollar and Tteenty-Fite Cents for Six
IfontMs
70-The terms of advertising are. forasquare
(one-inch t or leas, Out Dollar and Fifty Cents
for three insertions—larger ones in the same
proportion. Each continuance Fifty Cents.
•0»Xo advertisement to be considered by
the mouth or vear unless specified on the man
uvript, or previously agreed between the par
ties. . , 4l
50-An advertisement not maraed on tiie
cot\v for a specified number of insertions will
be continued until ordered out, and payment
w i 11 be e xacted accordi ngly.
.70"“ BXUCLAK AOVEKTISEMEXTS.—To 8V01U
any misunderstanding on the part of the an
nual advertisers it is proper to state distinctly
that their privilege only extends to their im
mediate business. Ileal Estate. Legal or other
advertisements sent by them to be an addition
al charge, and no variation.
'■0-Obituarv notices of more than five lines
will be charged for.
JOB WORK.—Posters, Sale Bills. Circulars.
Cards, etc., executed promptly, neatly aud at
fair prices. 1
Professional (anls.
J F. UPFITT. JR.. M. D.
V/iysic11x asd sumtos,
Cor. Congress and >atnuel Sts. Opposite Baptist
Church. Charlestown, W. Ya.
Office hours—7- s:30 A. M., I—a P. M., and
G-* P. M.
Fch. 5, 189U—tim.
iyi C. T. RICHARDSOM,
PH YSIC IAS ct SVROEOS,
C harlestourn. Jefferson County, West Virginia.
Anril 4 1874
J JK J. D. STARRY.
Charlestown. Jefferson County, West Kirytiua,
Having resumed the practice of Medicine, of
fers lib Professional services to the public.
Office next door to residence, near comer of
George ami Main streets.
Jaa any 22. ISK.
I AMES M. HANSON, Jr..
DOCTOR OF DRXTAL SURGERY,
Offers his Professional Services to the citizens
of Charlestowu afnl vicinity.
tllce in llrxna Bciuhso, in the rooms
recently occupied by Hon. Andrew Hunter as
Law Otfiees.opp' ‘siteCourt House, Charlestown,
West Virginia.
April 1 ;. 1". y. _
rjR. E. DOUGLAS DAVIS.
DEXT1ST,
Has located in Charlestown for the practice of
his profession. Is supplied with ail the modern
appliances and prepared to serve the public in
a -atisfactory manner.
Office in building of Mr. II. 0. Talbott, near
ly opposite First National Bank.
' June 27, 1880.
yy\M. H. TRAVERS,
A TTOR.XE Y A T LA W.
Charlestown. Jefferson County, West Virginia.
Will practice in the Courts of thisCounty ami
the adjoining Counties.
Office next doortotheresi.lcnceof Mrs. Max
well. and nearly opposite the "Carter House.
November 23,1865.
George Baylor. Wm. L. Wilson, j
I > AY LOR A WILSON.
I>
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Charlestown, Jefferson Cf<nty, West ViiyinUt,
Will attend the Courts of Jetferson and Berkc- j
<ey Counties, and attend to other law business |
in the State of West Virginia. Special atten-1
tion given to collections.
March 5, 1876.
4 E. KENNEDY.
ATTORXEY AT LAW.
Charlestown, Jefferson County, IV s< Virginia.
Will practice iu Jefferson and adjoining Coun
ties.
Office in Northern end of Lawyer's Row.
September 20,1873—tf.
J. C. MOORE.
ATTORXEY AT LA If,
Ferry 7/e, t'hu ke Comity, Virginia,
and
riLKON MOORE,
ATTORXEY AT LAW,
1 rL ‘t.utn. Jeffer s a Qsunty, West Virginia.
Will u .dertake cases jointly in the Courts ol
* •' of said Counties.
May 11, 1872.
Y A. LIPSCOMB.
ATTORXEY AT LAW,
Washii'O’ >» City. District of Columbia.
■ir Rooms 0 and 10 Cliauneey Building, 321
3d 323 II Street. N. \V.
April 20.1878.
JOSEPH TRAPS'ELL,
ATIORXEY AT L.tlU
ft .- /.j1__hv,/ tv.■
..— -- - ..
Practice* in the Court* of Virginia ami West
Virginia. Attention |uid to collection of claims.
Jan. 10. Its*'*.
KVRREST W. BROWS,
ATTORXEYATL I IK.
OrirlcMvtcn, Jtffman County, tf*est
Attends to < a*e*in the different Courtaof Went
Virginia and Maryland. Attention given to
Pensions and all classes of Claims against the
C. S. Government.
•'Vr~ Special attention to Collections.
Jm. lo. lssy.
rp C. GREEN.
ATTORNEY AT LllU.
1' n !■ ‘‘i-rn, Ji ffi t County, ITof I ri/iunt,
W 1 prai tice in the Courts of Jefferson, Berke
v ami Morgan .ninth-*, in the United States
Ih-tr.ct Court at Martiushurg, and in the Su
preme f 'ourt of Appeals of West Virginia.
Spe :ai attention to the collection of claims,
and prompt remittances of the same.
Office in Law Building, rear of Court-house.
Aug. o. 1*00.
B. i> Gibson. J. F. Engle.
/ » UtSON & ENGLE,
lTTOK\F.YS AT I. I IF.
1 ■ ■ <" •. ./■ jf. . '• i*4 (AitiUy, HV*( Viryinl'i.
Practice in the Courts of Jelfer-on and ad
•nmng counties, in the Supreme Court of
West Virginia, and in the United '•‘ate* lHs
tr.. t Court at Martiushurg. Notary Public in
Otfi.in Lawyer’* Row, on George street.
Jan. *. l'uo.
I^RANK BECKWITH.
ATTUR\K\ AT LA II*.
C arle*town, Jefferson County. West Virginia.
Will practice in the courts of Jefferson and
adjoining counties, the lT. S. Courts and the
Court of Appeal*.
Aug. 13. 1*».
J. W. RUSSELL,
NORTH CHARLES ST.,
CINBERELU STOVES 8 BINGES.
THE LEADIN'?
Tin and Store Emporium,
is 1110 place to cet bariums. Tbe li.ie-t line of
Stoves t«> select from in the State.
Oil St ives. lev Cream Fieezers,
Brass Kettles. Marlin Ket
tles, Toilet Ware, Ag
ate Ware. Hand
made Tin
ware ;
in fact everything to be found in a first-class
Tin and Stove House.
ROOFING AND SPOUTING
a Specialty. My stock is complete and my I
goods are the boit that can be had. I think I |
can please, out ix*ar m uuuu tuat iun uu*
portal!t place is*
North Charles Street,
WEI RICK BUILDING,
J W. Russell.
Feb. 38,1800.
ArorsT Schcltk, F. L. Pkdsjscx, Jr.,
Painter. Smith.
New Carriage Factory,
Charlcdtncn, Jefferson County, IK la.
117 K the undersigned have entered intoaCo
v? Partnership tor the purpose of Manufac
turing and Repairing
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES PILE TONS, j
DAYTON AND OTHER PLEAS
URE WAGONS,
Spring Wagons, Dog (.'art-, Sulkies, Sleighs, tic., |
•n as tine style as can be done anywhere in the
Union at moderate prices. Being practical
mechahics we will be enabled to do all work
on correct, sv-tematic principles, thereby pro
ducing work, durable and handsome.
REPAIR WORK A SPECIFY
We have secured the services of M~. Taos.
Ryan, so favorably known for year* in connec
tion with Maj. Hawks' Factory, to v-'~ c the
woodwork on our manufactures
Hoping to receive a fair share r ■-troti- j
age, we pledge ourselves to gi ”* *>
ceived.
SCI 1U LT K A *DNMVX.
*&9“Shop< on Bloomery Turn ke, 2 Squares j
from Main St.
May 21. 18*5— tf.
To the Public.
H AYING purchased the FLOUR nndGUIST
MILL at Charlestown known as’the :
"Locke Mill," and put it in tliorough repair for
the manufacture of the very ln'-t quality of
"Burr,” or old proee-s Hour, wc respectfully i
solicit public patronage. There will always be
on hand a supply of Flour, Corn Meal, Mill j
Feed, Ground Corn, Cob. Etc., for sale or ex-1
change.
FOR THE TOWfi SUSTOM
all orders will be deliveel at home of customer. !
Mr. T. F E l ly. an experienced miller, is in- j
tercsted with us in the Milling Business, and ;
will give prompt attention to all orders.
CHARLESTOWN WATER & MFG.CO.
Aug. 21>. l>s*>.
_
Winwu-I h«>..
GOLD hiratiutr rav,.
ladiM and cent ■ >ur>. |
v».th work, and o*M of
valuo Os* nut-os ru
ovality can Mrure <-n«
tojrrthar with our latgr
linaofliouaclioM
Tbcaa aamplca. at ■.
it. frve. A.l the w.'ik > u
awldoiilOLVwwMwi you to thoaa who fall->-ur
fticnja and nc>«hbor»and thoae about ytra-tbalalwavateaulta
in valuable trade for u«. w hlch hold* for yeara w ben ouce started,
at J thus wa are repaid. Wo P»T *•* etc Alter
you ku.'w all. If you would like to *> to work for ua. you can
earn from (Stt to SttO per week and upwardt Addreae,
Minton at t o.. «o* (*1 *. I*ortlu»««i. Maine.
”*’geoTt light
UAS a full line of Blair’s Handy Paper Wi
lei> f>r side, both for Pen A Pencil.
French Paper in tablets bocts.
Linen Paper “ “ 35.
Bill Heat Is “ “ 35.
Statements “ " 35.
Blanks receipts, Bonds Ac 10.
Call ami examine them.
Owing to me r<- luciion of tax on Quinine,
and for tin' be lie tit of the inHicted, weotfer the
same at $2.00 per oz.
Have oil hand all the popular patent itiedi
cmr.v AN" keep ail8cI:ool Book'A supplies.
GEO. T. LIGHT.
Feb. 15, 1SS3.
V|00l>Y A SANKY Hymns—1, 2, 3, ami 4.
^CHOOL >lTPPLIES. -I have just received
0 a stock of School Supplies---land Pencils,
Slate Pencils. Pens and Pen Holders, Compo
sition Books.
1 >1«TPRK Frames—perfectly lovely ; Corres
1 pondence Cards—“ Daisies" ; Playing Cards
from Jo i ts. to Toots.; Mourning Paper and En
velopes.
ACri’M Oil. for Harness; Carbolic Acid.
' JOcts per bottle; Insect Powders, 50cis.
tb.—the verv best; Hog Powders. 50 cts. lb.—
Sold bv GEO. T. LIGHT,
Oct.’lH. 1884. Druggist.
Farmers.
I^VEUY farmer should have a can of our
j Brown or Red Paint. It is put up in J and
one gallon cans, already to put on. The very
thing for pointing gates, pumps, roofs, and all
sorts of agricultural implements.
AISQCITH A CO.
Apr. l«>, ’85
Marker Shop.
-pHE row in the rear of Watson House, in
1 the alley, has been refitted and handsomely
furnished with improved Chairs, Ac., and will
be conduct d by Samuel Brown. Customers
arc assured of cleanliness in all the appoint
ments, anil comfortable, prompt and courteous
aAMUSl brown,
Clothes Renovated.
May 2 lHs;»
VirEi »1! • e attention of housekeepers to
t? the owing- Gelatine, Corn Starch,
Irish M rapioca Ext. Lemon. Ext. Vanilla,
Ext P>itter Unv.adand French Rose Water—
all of whic we carrv constantly in stock at
lowest prices. ’ AlStil'ITHACO.
Xov IT. 1»T.
CAMERON&CHEW
DEALERS IN
GEN’AL * MERCHANDISE.
Wc aim to make Specialties of
While we
CHALLENGE COMPARISON
of prices with all, our
► ‘Ksp e c i a 1 A.i
will be to furnish our customers the
BEST QUALITY
of goooils at a
FAIR PROFIT ALLROUND;
April 0, 1SU0.
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDER,
Insurance Agency,
Office Gibson Building, Charlestown.
ESTABLISHED IN 1870.
Representing the following Companies;
JEFFERSON COUNTY MUTUAL
Fire Insurance Company.
.ETNA, OF HARTFORD,
the largest and most popular Fire Insurance
Co. in America.
Hartford Life and Annuity of Hartford.
Equitable Life Assurance Society of U. S.
.Etna Life Insurance Co., of Hartford.
Phoenix, of Hartford.
Continental, of New York.
Peabody, of Wheeling.
German, of Wheeling.
Jefferson, of Wheeling.
Liverpool and London and Globe, of England,
the largest foreign Company doing business in
America.
A GEA Ts;
J. S. FLEMING, Shepherdstown ;
C. L. BARNHART, Duffields;
JAS. W. LEAGUE, Middleway.
CHAS. 11. TRAIL, Harper's Ferry.
A sworn statement of the conditions of ail
Foreigu Insurance Companies represented in
this Agency will be found at the Clerk's Office,
in compliance with State laws. All losses
promptly adjusted and paid at our office.
Respectful Iv.
WASHINGTON & ALEXANDER,
February lit, 1SSS. Agents.
Tfce Jefferson Co. Mutual
Fire Insurance Company.
ESTABLISHED 1878.
R. A. ALEXANDER. Secretary.
Office, Gibson Building, Court-House yard,
Charlestown.
OFFERS to the people of JclRrson County.
Insurance in a safe Company at the actual
cost of insurance, which is much cheaper than
the rates usually charged, and keeps the money
at home. Good risks from responsible parties
are invited.
Executive Committee meets every Friday.
Directors—Jos. Trapnell, Henry B. Daven
port, J. Garland Hurst. John W. Rider, W. H.
T. Lewis, R. Preston Chew, Will. L. Wilson,
F.U 'ene Baker. S. W. Washington, II. L. Snyder
Charles P. Wilson, John 11. Zittle. Jacob S.
Melvin, E. G. W. Herr, »saac H. Strider.
COL. R. P. CHEW.President.
II. B. DAVENPORT.Treasurer.
Executive Committee—J, G. Hurst, Win.
II. T. Lewis, Eugene Baker, Isaac H. Strider,
R. P.Chew, S. W. Washington.
Local Aof.nta.—Middleway—J. G. Shirley;
Harpers Ferrv—Chas. E. Trail; Sbephcrds
towi. J. S. Fleming; Duffields—C. L.Barnhart;
Charlestown—Washington A Alexander.
Carter House Reopened.
GEORGES. WATSON, Proprietor.
rPHE CARTER HOUSE lias recently under
1 gone a thorough renovation—newly paint
ed. pajiered and furnished, and on Monday,
May lOili, was reopened for the accommoda
tion of the public. Transient or Permanent
Guests are assured that the best provision will
he made for their coinfort in every prrticular.
The House shall be a model of neatness and
. i....niiii.*.. um.1 the Lihle will be abundantly
and richly supplied. Attentive and courteous
servants."only, will be retained, and the. pro
prietor will not only give general supervision,
(>ut close attention to details, so that the guests
of the House shall have no room for complaint,
but have complete satisfaction guaranteed
them.
May 21,1S90.
REAMERS
HOWARD HOUSE
Howard and Baltimore Streets,
Baltimore, M i.
[TAKE this method of informing my friends
and the public generally that I have leased
the above well-known hotel for a term of years,
and have thoroughly renovated and refurnish
ed the same. I hope, by polite ami strict at
tention to business to merit a liberal share of
public patronage.
Terms—$1.50 and $2.00 per day.
JAMES REAMER,
Aug. 8, 1HM>. Proprietor.
Surveying and Conveyancing.
I WILL survey anywhere, promptly and at
short notice—accuracy guaranteed. Special
att- ntion paid in connection therewith to DRAM •
I XG DEEDS or any othe r instruments of W riling.
P. O.—Charlestown, Jefferson Co., W . Va.
Dec. 8. 1877. S. HOWELL BROWN.
.Veir Goods.
V E\V Raisins. Citron and Currants, t'alifor
i. a nia Figs and Dates. C. D. EBY.
IjrCKWIIEAT FLOUR and N. O. Molasses,
J—new crop. C. D. EBY.
HOMINY and Beans, and all flavors of
. Fruit. Puddine. 0. D. EBY.
N'EW Potomac Herring in barrels, halves
and dozen. Shad and herring roe.
C. D. EBY.
My
m
Shoe
Brush!
Qet a
Bottle
WOLFF’
AC M E
BLACKING
And clean your Shoos
WITH ASPONCE
: : place of a Brush.
EVERY Housewife
EVERY Counting Roorn
EVERY Carriage Owr\er
EVERY Tlyifty Mechanic
EVERY Body able to hold a brush
SHOULD USB
BIK-BON
ff 'WtismsziW r/ir >r.
kill Stain Olo a ncw Furniture Yarnith
will Stain Glass and Chinawarc a( f/,r
will Stain Tinware tame
will Stain vour Olo Babhcts time.
WILL Stain Baits Coach ano
WOLFF & RANDOLPH. Philadelphia.
jsk in Drug, Paint and Jlousa Furnishing Store*,
NOTHING SUCCEEDS
LIKE SUCCESS.
The reason RADAM'S
MICROBE KILLER is the
most wonderful medicine,
is because it has never fail
ed in any instance, no mat
ter what the disease, from
plest disease known to the
human system.
The scientific men of to
day claim and prove that
every di-ease is
CAUSED BY MICROBES,
—.VXD—
RABAT’S MICROBE KILLER
Exterminates the Microbes and drives them
out of the system, and when that is done you
cannot have an ache orpain. No matter what
the disease, whether a simple case of Malaria
Fever or a combination of diseases, we cure
them all at the same time, as we treat all dis
eases constitutionally.
Asthma, Consumption, Catarrh,
Bronchitis, Rheumatism, Kid
ney and Liver Disease, Chills
and Fever, Female Troubles,
in all its forms, and, in fact,
every Disease known to the
Human System.
IE VABE IF FS M9EEIT1M1TATI0SS!
See that our Trade-Mark (same as above) ap
pears on each jug.
Send for book “History of the Microbe Kil
ler,” given away by
SHENANDOAH MILLING CO.,
Dealer in General Merchandise,
Charlestown, W. Va., Sole Agents.
July 9,1890.
HUMPHREYS*
Du. Hcmfiuucyz’SrKCincs art'scientifically anil
carefully prepared prescriptions; used for many
vears la private practice with success.and forover
thirty vears used by tho people. Every single Spe
cific la"a special cure for the disease named.
These Specifics cure without drugging, purg
ing or reducing tho system, and are In fact and
deed the sovereign remcdlcsol the World,
LIST OF PRINCIPAL SOS. CTRES. FPJCES.
I Fevers, Congestion, inflammations.. ,3S
*2 Worms. Worm Fever, Worm Colic....*25
3 Crying Colic, or Teething of Infants .‘2.3
4 DinrrTien, of Children or Adults.-2.3
.3 Dysentery, Crip log. Bilious Colic. .‘23
II Cnolera Morbns, Vomiting..*23
7 l oughs, Cold. Bronchitis..25
ft X c u r u l g 1 a. To > thoehe. Kaceachc .'2,3
9 HcnducneB, Sick Headache Vertigo .‘2.3
10 Dyspepsia, Bilious stomach... .‘2.3
1 1 Suppressed or Painful Periods..‘2.5
t ‘2 Whites, too Profuse Period:!..‘2.5
13 Croup, Cough, ldfllcult Breathing .‘2.5
1-1 •'alt Rheum, Eraylpdas, Eruptions. .*25
1.5 Ifheutiintism. Kucnmalle Piuna... .-2.5
S~ P e~o if I c s
• <1 Fever and Ague, Chilis, Malaria.{>0
17 Piles. Bllud or Bleeding..50
IS Ophthcliay. or Sore,or Weak I'ycs.oO
19 t’.itnrrh, Influenza, Cold In the Bead ,30
•21) Whooping Cough, Violent ( ougLs. .50
■21 Astlii it), cup] - I 1 ,99
•22 I'.ar Discharges, Impaired Hearing .50
23 Scrofula, Enlarged elands. Swelling .SO
•2 | General Debility.Physical Weakness.50
•23 Dropsy, and Is..nt! Secretions... .50
•211 Sea Sickness, Sickness from Killing .50
•27 Kidney Disease . .59
•2S Nervous Debility Seminal Weak
! • tary Pt-chargis.. 1.00
‘29 Sore Mouth, Canker..30
30 Lrlnnrr Weakness, Wetting Bed. .50
31 Painful Periods, with Spasm.,50
.
Epilepsy, Spasm, SI. Vitus' banco 1.00
IMplilher In. Ulcerated Sore Throat. .50
Chronic Congestions & Emptlons .30
Sold by Druggists, or sent postpaid on receipt
of price. Du. Humphreys’ Manual, (141 pages)
richly bound In cloth aud gold, mailed free.
Humphreys' MoUicitieCo.luf Fulton St. N y.
HUMPHREYS’ VETERINARY SRECIFICS.
I'setlby nil owners of Horse and Cat
tle. A Complimentary copy of Dr. Humphreys’
Veterinary Manual <500 pages) on treatment and
care of Domestic Animals—Horses, Cattle. Sheep,
flogs and Poultrv — Sent free. Hcmporkis
Memcinl Co.. 109 Fulton St., N. V.
SCOTT
Of Pure Cod
Liver OH and '
KYPOPHOSPHiTES |
cf Lime and j
Soda
; 13 endorsed and proscribehr lending {
I physicians b enuso bath the Cod Lir. r Oil )
' and Ihjpopl.atphitcs r.ro t!-.o recognize 1 j
) ageiUai i iik cure of (eigu1 ajzfioti. It lb j
) as palatable us talk.
Scaii'i EiaalsSoa
( la ii .I'oHfitr.itl Jh Fro -• Itistt.C (
< JJ r tnedy fur CONSUMPTION, j
) s-rofala. kcnchitii, Pis- !
i . -a.'s. Chronic Ooujrbs and Calds. .
) A \ tor ”’sEmnlalcii and toko no other J
I and Whiskey Habits
cured at home with
out pain. Look of par
ticulars sent FREE.
.■KEXMSlvV V.
'Atli>:da,ba. i e 1 I’." hitoLa.. M.
Gi A. ami Fine Sait, Pepper, Saltpet • nt
I • Ground Sage for sale oy C. D. ED V
Ill 1 II »\
Check.', that arc dimpled and pink.
Twin ; osos abloom oil a spray;
Red lips, full of love to the brink;
Soft glances that, pens! e or gay.
A world ft -v.m anings convey;
\Ve • fin-r-rs - utter and cling,
A u-.w Ivift ..f crumple 1 array—
• > _ : i, | :i , ! i:C King.
\\ ; t ti; hes -vermy Ink,
nddri' is sc.. five wits all a«iray?
S: indeed, do y u think,
l; ill his InnoCCUt W.IV,
wakes me long hours b. fora day
A\ .t - me to walk atul to sing f
Wl.y not, if it plea s 1dm, pray?
lb A i-tlie Baby, the King!
Pur fortunes they rl- - and they sink.
We let the world w ag as it may;
Our lives narrow down to the chink
Tha' encircles his majesty. Nay,
C nr lives and our fortunes we lay
At his feet with his rattle and ring,
Content to adore him and say,
« This is the Baby, the King!
ENVOY.
Prince, yon m iv l>ovt of your sway,
’Tis but an ephemeral thing!
Hu empire of hearts is for ay,
This Is tlie Baby, the King!
—[Margaret Johnson.
Tlic I'all of Man and Anthropology.
Ever since the beginning of man's
effective thinking upon the groat prob
lems around him, two views have ex
isted regarding the life of the human
moo upon earth, each utterly opposed to
the oilier. The first of these is the be
lief that man was created “in the begin
uiug," a perfect being, endowed with
the highest moral and intellectual
powers, but that there came a “fall," as
the result of which came into the world
evil, toil, sorrow, and death. Nothing
could bo more natural than such an ex
planation of the existence of evil, in
times when men saw everywhere miracle
and nowhere law. It is, under such
circumst inces, hv far the more easy ex
jilanntion, tor it is m a«wi«#uw
the appearance of things: men adopted
it just as naturally as they adopted the
theory that the Almighty hangs up the
tears as light in the solid firmament
above the earih, or trundles the sun be
hind a high mountain at night, or wheels
ihe planets around the earth, or flings
comets us "signs and wonders” to scare
a wicked world, or allows evil spirits to
control thunder, lightning, and storm,
and to cause diseases of body and mind,
or that lie opens the “windows of
heaven” to let down “the waters that he
above the heavens," and thus give rain
upon the earth. A belief, then, in a
primeval period of innocence, physical
perfection, and intellectual strength,
from which men for some fault fell, is
perfectly in accordance with what no
should expect. On the other hand, ap
peared at nn early period the opposite
view—that mankind, instead of having
fallen from a high intellectual, moral,
and religious condition, has slowly risen
from low and brutal beginnings. Among
sill the statements of tins theory ono is
.specially noteworthy—that given by
Lucrotius in his great poem on “The
Nature of Things. " Despi its errors,
it remain • a 1 ong the most romarkablo
••xnmpl s of prophetic insight in the
history of our race. Tito investigations
of the last 4i> years have shown that
Lucretius and Horace were inspired
prophets; what they saw by the exercise
of reason illumined by poetic genius has
been now thoroughly based upon facts
carefully ascertained and arranged, until
Thomsen and Nilsson, the noithern
archawlogUs, have brought these proph
ecies to evident fulfillment, by present
ing a scientific classification dividing the
ago of prehistoric man in various parts
«f the world between an old stono
period, a new stone i>criod, a jserioJ of
beaten copper, a period of bronze, and a
period of iron; and arraying vast masses
of facts from all parts of the world, fit
ting thoroughly into each her, sirens th
, niug each other, and showing bey ond a
doubt that, iustead of a fall, there lias
l>eeu a rise of man from the eailiest in
dications in the Quaternary or even, pos
sibly, in the Tertiary period.—[Popular
Science Monthly.
Ti,o Worlil'n Slock «>r Diamonds.
The world's stock of diamonds has in
creased enormously in the last 13 years.
In 1870 the output of tlie African mines
! was about 1.500.000 carats, last year it
was over 4,000.000. and the great “irust"
i which controls all the principal mines
i assert that they have 10,000,000 carats
: “in sight" at the present time. Mean
time the demand for diamonds lias won
derfully increased, and they are higher
I to-day—partly because of the “trust,
i hut also because of increased demands—
iiinn ihev were a vear or t«o ago. In
one respect the diamond industry is dif
ferent from almost all others. Its prod
uct—that is, of gems—is never “con
sumed. ” Of gold and silver a much
larger amount than most people would
believe is literally consumed in the arts
past recovery, but a diamond once cut
goes into the world’s great stock, and is
liable to come upon the market at any
time. Hence the world’s annual taking
of diamonds, which appears to be stead
ily increasing, even at advancing prices,
is an index of how much of its surplus
earnings it can afford to expend ycany
in this particular form of luxury. The
romance of diamond mining is all gone.
It is now a matter of excavating vast
beds of blue clay by machinery, washing
it and sifting out the diamonds, which,
fcfter being roughly sorted lor size, j re
sold in bulk by weight The men »ho
do the actual work are mere laborers,
and their pay is proportionately small —
[Boston Post.
Telegraph I.lue*.
Thero are now 04i submarine cables,
exclusive of the -even Atlantic cables,
with an aggregate of 112,740 nautical
miles. Tho overland telegraph is
already a world wide institution, in
which there is a total of 1,680,1)00 miles
0f wire—enough of the attenuated metal
to go around the equatorial belt of tiio
globe just SO times. The United States
has 776.500 miles of v.;re. and in 1663 had
no less than 50.000.000 messages travel
ing the country. France has 220,800
miles of wire, on which in 1883 ere
transmitted 30,050,000 d;s witch •- dr at
Britain has km •; up 180,000 miles of
tncta! line, and in 1>S9 sent 50,000,000
messages on their silent fl-,lit. [Age of
Steel
Neuralgic Versons
An,i those troubled with nerTOUsncs* resulting
from care or overwork will be relieved by taking
Brown’s Iron Biters. Genuine
has trade mark aad crossed red l. on wrapper
My name is GravMioppcr: high «* I can
Ht-re 7 hop, there I hop -little old man.!
Look at my coantenance, aged and thin;
Look at my crooked legs, all doubled in;
Is not toy face long and ■ o’>or and v. an?
I)o 1 not look like a little old man?
Yet : 11 tU • summer 1 play in the grass,
.lump up :m-l stick to whoever may
Finger anti thumb, then, they snap me away,
Thou:,'i they mnst know how much rather I'd
stay.
Nobody cares what becomes of poor me:
Flung out of window I'm certain to be.
E'en tli ugh tho lien might be there with her
br<>o t!
A Grasshopper's feelings—they’re not under- !
stood!
Tlio Art of Conversation.
So rare is the conversational talent
that, for a hundred persons who "rite
"•oil, we find hut one who talks well.
Etners u, who seemed to believe that
possession of the oue gift precludes tho
other, wrote: “The conditions of literary
success are almost destructive to tho
host social power, as they do not leavo
the frolic liberty which only can en
counter a companion on the best terms. ”
The author's habit of pausing for reflec
tion before setting dowu his thoughts iu
black and " lute might well induce slow
ues. of speech; but there is abundant
evideuce ou both sides of the argument.
Macauley's flow of conversation is pro
verbial. Sidney Smith called him “tho
greatest engine of social oppression in
England. ” Motley, in oue of his letters,
described Macauley as holdiug tho j
“ribands of conversation" iu his own j
hands, and driving wherever it suited
him. “1 can imagine no better fun, he ,
added, “than to have Carlyle and Mac- j
aulay meet at the same diuuer table " ith j
a small company. It would be liko t"0 j
locomotives, each with a long train,
coming against each other at full speed.
Both, I have no doubt, would oe sma-sneu
into silence at the first collision. Mac
aulay, how ever, is not so dogmatic or so
outrageously absurd as Carlyle, neither
is he half so grotesque or amusing.
When we encounter one who really pos
sesses the gift of speech, it is a well
spring of refreshment to the mind. Wo
can listen for any length of time with
out weariness; for intiuito vaiiotj is ouo
of the secrets of such a talker’s charm,
ilis mind falls fiMii one supple p aturo
into another. W o have never a moment
of anxiety led lie may not find the right
word at the right instant, lbs thoughts
are bisown u »>n thespurof tliemoment,
witlio t he t tion, delighting the senses
and infln : ing the fancy of tho listener.
Trapping the M u*K rat.
Tlie muskrat builds its house so that
while it lias r. couplo of stories high and
dry on the ground, the entrance to it is
always und-r water. This entrance is a
long tunnel running from a point a foot
or more beneath tho water at low tide
line to the ground lloor of the house,
which i- always flooded. The muskrats
reason for having this subterranean
entrance t > ins dwelling place is that
thereby lie has an exit or an entrance
in time of danger that will not betray
liiui to his enemies, either in his flight
from home r in seeking refugo within
its walls But his instinct does not warn
him against the trap his most cunning
and persistent enemy places at this hid
den entrance to his house, changing it
from a way of afety into an avenue of
certain death. This trap is a wooden
box, three et long, and six inches in
width and dc;it!i. Jn each cud is a wire
door, hung on hinges at tho top. These
doors rise at tho slightost push ou the
outside, but will not open from tho in
side. The trap is sunk in the water to
the mout of the muskrats tunnel, and
anchored there, and whether tho musk
rat is g <ing out of his house or returning
to it, ho is sure to walk into tho tra’x
If lie had time, the captive rodent coul l
gnaw hi i way out of tho box, but lie
f,no lie can froo liimself lie will drown.
A whole family of muskrats may hi
taken in a single night in o:n of these
traps, and as every trapper h >s out as
many traps as he can attend to, the
muskrat harvest which they reap every
! night is a very rich one.
1'iUiig a Cat a* « Clock.
Every one knows Hint cats can see in
the dark, and the reason they can do so
is because of the peculiar construction
of their eyes. You may have noticed
that in a moderate light the pupil or
black part of pussy’s eye is small and of
an oval shap •, while in a full glare of
light it becomes narrow. Now, in tho
t dark it expauds to a circle and nearly
fills the surface of the eyeball. This
neculiaritv of Hie cat’s eyes is turned to
account in a curious manner by tho
Chinese. The Abbo Hue relates that
when he*was traveling in China lie asked
his attendant what time it was. Tho
man went over to a cat that was quietly
basking in the sun, and, examining its
eyes, told the ablxi that it was about two
hours after noon, and, on being ques
tioned how he knew that, he explained
that the pupils of a cat’s eyes wero largest
in the morning, and that they gradually
grew smaller as the light increased, till
they reached their minimum at noon;
that then they began to widen again, till
at night they once more became large.
The good abbe was Idled with admira
tion for the ingenuity of a people who
could use cats .as clocks. But it must be
admitted that this way of telling tho
time of day is rather a loose one and
could only be trusted in very clear and
serene weather, for temporary gloom or
the darkness of ft storm would sadly de
range vour four f' -oied clock and put it
all wrong. _ _
To Ilenilor Tobacco Harmtesa.
According to the British Medical
Journal, Dr. Gautrelet, of Vichy, claims
to have discovered a method of render
ing tobacco harmless to mouth, heart,
and nerves without detriment to its
aroma. According to him, a piece of
cotton well steeped in a 5 to 10 per cent,
soluti to of pyrogallic acid inserted in
tho pipe or cigar holder will neutralize
anv j*ot‘-ible ill effects of the nicotine.
In this way not only may the generally
admitted evils of smoking be prevented,
but cirrhosis of the liver, which is Dr.
Gautrelet’s experience, is sometimes
caused by tobacco, and such lighter pen
alties of over indulgence as headache
and furling of the tongue, may be
avoided.
if Torn n.4t h .1< ii >
Or you arc all worn out, reu’ v. ■:
it is general uy. ■
BBOti.\’S MO.* J li i.’
It will cure you. awl plve a w 1»: u
by all dealers iu mcd.ciw.
A Description of It In Jonquin Miller's
Most ricturosque Style.
As lone as G hI, ami white as a winter
moon, Mount Shasta starts up sudden
: m1 solitary from the heart of tho great
L civ forests of northern California,
v, rites Joaquin Miller iu “My Own
S. ry.“
Y ni would hardly call Mouut Shasta a
j ai t of tlie Sierras; you would say rather
that it Is the great white tower of some
ancient and et mat wall, with nearly all
of the white walls overthrown.
it has no rival! There is not even a
suow crowned subject in sight of its
dominion. A shining pyramid iu mail of
everlasting frosts and ire, tho sailor some
times, in a day of singular clearness,
catches glim pees of it from the sea, a
hundred miles away to the west; and it
may 1 e seen from tho domo of the capi
t I. 340 miles distant The immigrant
coming from tho east beholds the snowy,
solitary pillar from afar out on the arid
6ngo lu.li plains, and lifts his hands in
silence ns in answer to a sign.
Column upon column of storm
stained tamarack, strong, tossing pines
and warlike looking firs have rallied
h. r . They stand with their backs
against this mountain, frowning down
dark browed and confronting the fuco
of tue Sixon. They defy tho advanco
of civilization into their ranks. NNhat
if these dark anrl splendid columns, 100
miles in depth, should bo tho last to go
down in America! What if it should bo
the old guard gathered here, marshaled
around their emperor iu plumes and
armor that may die, but uot surrender!
Ascend this mountain, stand against
the snow above tho upper belt of pines,
and take a glance below. Toward tho
sea nothing but tho black and unbroken
forest. Mountains, n is vrue, utp
divide and break tlio monotony as tho
waves break up the sea; yet it is still tho
sea, •■till the unbroken forest, black aud
magnificent To the bouth the lnudsca|»o
sinks and declines gradually, but still
maintains its columns of dark plumed
grenadiers, till the Sacramento Valley is
reached, nearly a hundred miles away.
Silver rivers run here, the sweetest in
the world. They wind and wind among
tho rocks and mossy roots, with Cali
fornia lilies, and the yew with scarlet
berries dripping in tho water, and trout
idling in the eddies and cool places by
the basketful. On tho east tho forest
still keejw up unbroken rank till tho
Pitt River Valley is reached, and even
there it surrounds tho valley and locks it
up tight in its black embrace. To tho
north, it is true, Shasta Valley makes
quite a dimple iu the sablo Bca, aud men
plow thero and Mexicans drive their
mult's or herd their mustnug ponies on
the open plain. Rut the valley is lim
ited, surrounded by tho forest, confined
and imprisoned.
Looking intently down among tho
black and rolling hills, 40 miles away to
the west, ami here ami thero you see a
I,axe of cloud or smoko hung up above
the trees; or, driven by the wind that is
coming from Ihe sea, it may drag aud
creep along as if tangled in the tops.
Theso aro mining camps. Men aro
there, down in these dreadful canyons,
out of the sight of the sun, swallowed up,
buried in the impenetrable gloom of tho
forest toiling for gold. Each one of theso
camps is a world itself. History, ro
mance, tragedy, j oetry, in every one of
them. They aro connected together, and
reach tho outer world only by a narrow
little pack trail, stretching through tho
timber, stringing round the mountains,
barely wide enough to admit tho foot
men and little Mexieau mules, with their
apparajos, t > pass in single file.
Rut now the natives of theso forests.
I lived with them for years. You do
not see tho smoko of their wigwams
through the tree* ’ihey do not smito
tiie mountain rocks for gold, uor fell tho
pines, nor roll up the wat ts and ruin
them for the lif horinen. All this mag
nificent forest is their estate. The great
spirit made this mountain first of nil,
and gave it to them, they say, and they
have po-w sod it ever since. They pre
serve the forest, keep out tho fires, for
it is the park of their deer.
Temperature «>f lli« Sea.
The thermometer him liecome n useful
instrument in examining the Ijaains into
which the bottom of the sea is divided.
The geography of the s“a bottom is de
termined from fhe temperature of the
water as readily ns it would l>o by re
peated soundings. When the Challenger
cruised in tho water east and southeast
of China several years ago the geography
nr »i.« formed bv tho
groujis siii'l chains of islands off that
coast was made out in this way. In tho
open Pacific, and in all seas into which
the oceanic currents flow, the tempera
ture varies from the surface to tho
bottom. Of course the deeper water is
the cooler. If a basin be cut off from
this general flow up to within a certain
depth from the surface, then tho tem
perature will be found to lower just as
in tho ocean, until a depth is reached just
even with tho top of the inclosing bank
or reef. From that point to tho bottom
the temperature u found to l*> uniform.
Some observations in the waters named
will make this intelligible. It was found
that the temperature of the Celebes 8*a
varied until a depth of seven hundred
fathoms was reached. From that depth
down to more than twenty-five hundred
fathoms there was no perceptible change.
The walls of its basin, then, toward
the Pacific rise to within seven hundred
fathoms of the surface. No colder water
than that of the tropical Pacific at a
depth of seven hundred fatltom* was
poured into this basin, aod tliat was tho
temjierature that the basin could pre
serve. In the Hulu Sea the temperature
remained tl»e same from a depth of four
hundred fathoms to tho bottom at more
than twenty-five hundred fathoms. All
tliis body of water was warmer tlian
that of the Celebes, because the rim of
its basin coming nearer the surface, not
so cold water could flow in from the
ocean. In the Molucca Passage the tem
perature of the water decreased gradually
from the surface to tho bottom. This
proves that these waters are not cut off >
from tho ocean currents by any ridge
toward the Pacific.—[Youth's Compan
ion.
i <>:: i»YHi*KP*iA
| «r lit own’s Iron Bitter*.
Physicians recommend It.
All dealers keep it. $10) per bottle. Genuine
ha* trade-mark and erod'd red line* on wrapper.

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