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EDWARD F DROOP
905 Pa. Ave. Washington, 13. C. vLLS ATTENTION TO HIS LARGE ANI) CAKKFALLYSELECTED3TOCK OF STEINWAY, A. ” CHASE, K (i ABLER A BRO.. f. C. BRIGGS & CO., and other -PIANOS —OK— LEAOilG MAKEKS. Every instrument fully warranted for fueyears. • oust# ntly on hard an assortment of SECOND-HAND Pianos of LEADING MAKERS which will be sold ut re markably low figures. ORGANS of |M)|>ulur in ikrrs and at reasonable |irtie-. 'end for illustrated |iani|il:letof Piacos; Organs 1 ,1m> make a SPECIALTY of TUNING and REPAIRING Pianos. Teachers and Academies given Special Rates upon Application. Violins, Guitars, Banjos, Accurdeons, Mouth Organs, Strings, Sheet Music, in Everything '•> the musical line always on hand. June !M, ISfrj—1 vr. Virginia 4?w ftrss. TERMS: •ir Hu Free Fees* is published weekly at fun Dollars Per Annum if paid iu advance. &• The terms of advertising are. forastjuare one-inch) or lees. One Dollar and Fifty Cents ■r: iree insertions—larger ones iu the same .r,.portion. Each continuance Fifty Cents. •*V~ Vo advertisement to be considered bv i! e Month or year unless specified on the man ic - pt, or previously agreed between the par tie' .n£~An advertisement not marked on the • pv for a specified number of insertions will be tinned until ordered out, and payment will be exacted accordingly. rap' K Bor la* Advertisements.—To avoid any misunderstanding on the part of the an nual advertisers it is proper to state distinctly ' it their privilege onlv extends to their im mediate business. Real Estate, Legal or other advertisements stmt by them to be au addition al charge, and no variation. rdr-iJbituarv notices of more than five lines will b« charged for. JOB WORK.—Posters. Sale Bills. Circulars Cards, etc., executed promptly, neatly and at fair prices. Profession at Curtis. L. PERRY. PHYSICIAN A SURGEON, Char test<>>rn, Jefferson ('aunty, IF. 17*. Office—One door east of Carter-House. May 1-H. Wfj-jr. I EDWARD N. LOGAN, Charles-Town, JetFcrson County, W. Ya. iMl. rs his professional services to the public. r ran l>e found at the “Carter House.” March 23. 1892—0m. ns c. T. RICHARDSON. PHYSICIAN A SUlttiEOS. kariestoum, Jefferson Chanty. West Wryinia. tpril 4. l'T1. | y.K J. D. STARRY, •Cx irlestoum. Jefferson County, West Virginia, dating resumed the practice of Medicine, of fers his Professional services to the public, tehee next door to residence, near corner of ..rge and Main streets. January 22. 1*76. 1 AMI - M. RANSo.N. Jr., DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY, I ’- r> his Professional Services to thecitixens iriestown and vicinity. Parish Building. April 13 1886—jr. ^ ' M KK. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, —town, Jefferxm County, W. Ya. • w • , Cleon Moore, opposite tlie Coart b***i^». UrM H. TRACERS, 1TTORSBY AT LAW, . Jrfferton County, West Virginia, ' opr:. - in the Courts of thiaCounty anti 1 * '• - Counties. • i ! •-"riot he residence of Mrs. Max * 'r i- y opposite the “Carter House." N . r 1>o5. Win. L. VDml t WILSON, YtTORSEYS AT LAW, ( 'ffersan County, West Virginia, i Courts of Jeffenon ami Berke ' 1 attend to other law business We-tt Virginia. Special atten ' .ections. A E KENNEDY, 4TTORSEY AT LAW, i'fftrmm Omnty, Wert Virginia, in Jefferson and adjoining Coun N Miern end of Lawyer's Row. • n.iH.r j, is73-tf. Vy» attorsey at law, ' yr >r Clark* County, Virginia, and (j’-E'JN MOORE, ATTORwy AT LAW, Jeffei Co ioty, Weil Virginia, • ie cases jointly in the Courts of "Unties. j*’' W BROWN, attorset at law, ^ ‘ J'ffrrmn County, West Virginia, * the different Courtsof West p, 4 1 Maryland. Attention given to • - in.l all classes of Claims against the ’ Milt. I al attention to Collections. *n- Ml, 1M£>. / . J. F. Engle. , [j ' *N’A ENGLE. attorneys AT LAW. I'ffnu.n County, HV«f Virginia. ,-|n* , ’ :i l,*e Courtsof Jefferson and ad it.,. v in »he Supreme Court of ir • (. 1 sn-1 in the Foiled States l>iv *l Martiiisbarg. Notary Public in Ogte j- t ^ 1 Kow’ou Ueorge atrvet T C\ GREEN. ATTORNEY AT LAW, ChiuUst 'irn, JrffarsoH ibrvUy, IIV.it Viiginio, Will practice in the Courts of Jefferson, Berke ley and Morgan counties, in the I'uited States District Court at Martinsburg, and in tbe Su preme Court of Appeals of West Virginia. Special attention to the collection of claims, ami prompt remittances of the same. Office in I.aw Building, rear of Court-house. Aug. 6, 1800. A. W. McDonald. Frank Beckwith. A JY DONALD A BECKWITH, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Charlea-Town, Jefferson County, West Ya. Will practice in the Courts of Jefferson, Berkeley and Morgan counties, the C. s. Dis trict Court at Martinsburg and the Court of Appeals of West Virginia. Mar. 2, 1892. PRANK M l.' ".llv ATTORNEY AT LAW, t-'harU'town, Jefferson t'ouuty, West Virginia. Oifice in Maxwell Building. |' -SKPH TRAPNELL ATTORNEY AT LA IK Ch'uhM'twn, Jtffenon County, Virginia. Practices in the Courts of Virginia and West Virginia. Attention paid to collection of claims. Jan. 10. 1889. WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDER, InNtirti ueo A^tMioy, Office Gibson Building. Charlestown. ESTABLISHED IN 1870. Representing the following Companies: JEFFERSON COUNTY MUTUAL Fire Insurance Company. .ETNA, OF HARTFORD, the largest and most popular Fire Insurance Co. in America. .Etna Life Insurance Co., of Hartford. I Life and Accident ). Phoenix, of Hartford. Virginia Fire and Marine, of Richmond. Georgia Home, of Columbus, Ga. Continental, of New York. Peabody, of Wheeling. German, of Wheeling. Jefferson, of Wheeling. r ire ami Marine, ot neenng. Manchester Fire Ins Co., ol England. Liverpool ami London and Globe, of England, the largest foreign Company doing business in America. Fire Association, of Philadelphia. Hamburg*Bremen Fire Ins. Co., of Germany. AGENTS: J. S. FLEMING, Shepherds town ; JAS. W. LEAGUE, Middleway. CH AS. H. TRAM*, Harper’s Ferry. A sworn statement of the conditions of all Foreign Insurance Companies represented in this Agency will be found at the Clerk's Office, in compliance with State laws. All losses promptly adjusted and paid at our office. Respectfully, WASHINGTON A ALEXANDER, February 12, 1*88. The Jefferson Co. Mutual Fire Insurance Company. ESTABLISHED 1878. R. A. ALEXANDER. Secretary. Office. Gibson Building, Court-House yard, Charlestown. OFFERS to the people of Jefferson County. Insurance in a safe Company at the actual cost of insurance, which is much cheaper than the rates usually charged, and keeps the money at home. Good’ risks from responsible parties are invited. . Executive Committee meets every I* nday. Dimctob*—Jos. Trapnell, Henry B. Daven port, J. Garland Hurst, John W. Rider. W. H. T. !,cwis. R. Preston Chew. Wm. L. Wilson, Eugene Baker. S. W. Washington, II. L. Snyder Charles P. Wilson, John H. Zittle, Jacob S. Melvin, E. G. W. Herr, isaac H.Strider. JOS TRAPNELl.President. H. it. DAVENPORT.Treasurer. ExKCtrrtTK Csmmittsx—J. G. Hurst, Wm. H T. Lewis, Eugene Baker, Isaac II. Strider, J.»s. Trapnell, S. W. Washington. I cvl AoasTs.—Middle way—J. G. Shirley; Harper’s Ferry—Ohas. E. Trail; Shepherds town- J. S. Fleming ; Charlestown—AV aslnng ton A Alexander. ___ JMM88 JBMKMM MUCKS H\.S taken the room on Main street, next o late residenceof H. N. Gallaher, * -illdo DRESS MAKING and FAM r r.KWIMl in itood style an.Ut reasonable i 2. she will be pleeeedtob.ee the pet ronep7i>f the ladies of the town and eW.it,. !3foll ■ffi.iBfffSKK-W. snd XS;r^b‘.W dleitesthe ...en.inn o, the ladies. June 1, 1891. ____ TO W|tK MEN BufSriitf from Wtjj particular* for bom- =ar^fu^n£ rt»U by er*ry ****** ****** THE FACT That AVER’S Sarsaparilla cures others of Scrofulous Diseases, Eruptions, Boils, Eczema, Liver and Kidney Diseases, Dyspepsia, Rheu matism, and Catarrh should be con vincing that the same course of treatment will cure you. All that has been said of the wonderful cures effected by the use of AyER’S Sarsaparilla during the past jo years, truthfully applies to-day. It is, in every sense, The Superior Medicine. Its cura tive properties, strength, effect, and flavor are always the same; and for whatever blood diseases AYER’S Sarsaparilla is taken, they yield to this treatment. When you ask for AyER’S Sarsaparilla don’t be induced to purchase any of the worthless substitutes, which aro mostly mixtures of the cheapest in gredieuts, contain no sarsaparilla, have no uniform standard of ap pearance, flavor, or effect, are blood purifiers in name only, and are of fered to you because there is more profit in selling them. Take AyER’S Sarsaparilla Prepared by Pr. J. C. Ayer & Co.. Lowell. Mas*. Enid by all Druggists; Price $1; six bottle*. $5. Cures others, will cure you THE MILD POWER CURES. HUMPHREYS* l»r Humphreys’ Specifies are scientifically and earefullv preparol Remedies, used for years in private practice and for over thirty year* by the people with entire sucvvss. Every single Specific a special cure for the disease named. Thev cure wit hout drugging, purging or reducing the system,and are In fact and deed the Sovereign Hr medics of the World. list or seanru. evass. rate**. 1—Fevers, Congestion*. Inflammations. .25 2 — Worms, Worm Fever, Worm Colic... .25 3 -Teething; Colic. Crying. Wakefulness .25 4— Diarrhea, of Children or Adult*.25 5- Dy*enlery,(»rlplng, Bilious Colic.25 6— Cholera Movbus, Vomiting.25 7- Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis..25 fC-Neuralgin, T««>tliache. Facenche.25 !*— Headaches, sick Headache. Vertigo. .25 tb-Dy«pepsin. Biliousness. Constipation .25 11- Suppressed or Painful Periods- .25 12- Whites. Too 1‘refuse Periods.25 13- Croup. Laryngitis, Hoarseness. ... .25 14- Halt lthruni, Erysipelas. Eruptions. .25 15- KheumntUnt.or Rheumatle rains.. .25 16- Mnlaria, Chills. Fever and Ague.25 17- Pilrs, Blind or Bleeding.25 lH-Ophihtilmy. Sore or Weak Eyes...... .25 19- Cntnrrh» Influensn, Cold lathe Head .25 20- Whooping Cough.‘25 21- Asthmn, Oppressed Breathing.25 99— Ear Discharges, Impaired Hearing .25 23-Herofula. Enlarged elands. Swslllng .25 2 l-«enornl Debility, Physical Weakness .25 25—Dropsv, and Scanty Secretions.25 20—Sea-Hirknrs*. Sickness from Riding .25 •27-Klduey Diseases.‘d5 29— Hore 31 out h. or Canker.23 30— Crltinry Weakness, WettlngUed.. .25 31 — Paiuful Periods.*25 3 i Diphtheria, Ulcerated Sore Throat.. .25 33-C)tronic Congestions A Eruptions. .25 EXTRA NUMBERS: 2H—Nervous Debility. Seminal Weak ness, or Involuntary Discharges 1.00 32 — Disenses of the 11 cart. Palpitation 1,00 33 Epilepsy, Spasms,St. Vitus- Banco... 1.00 S-'ld by Prurytrt*. or sut poiHsId oo rtrtlpl of price. Pa UrsruacTi' (lit »»u*o r*x*. Ill SrilKKTS’MB.CO.,111 A ll*WMI»« SC, X#wTort. S PE Cl FI CS. HUMPHREYS’ WITCH HAZEL OIL THE PILE OINTMENT. FY>r PII.ES — External or Infernal-Blind or Hleedins—However Inyeferafe <>r l-on* -inn linif. The Host nnil Safest Kemejly known, i«in ns kivUw saturation aadjromjnrejlefL It i> ai>.> rhe <uiv for Fissure*. Hatuln*. llcera. Old !»ore» and Hum*. . s«ol.l by DriiEsWt". or sent r,n»*;l>ni'1 on reerlpt of price. AO cent* per llottie. HUMPHREYS’MEDICINE COMPANY, Cor. William and John Streets, New York. Auuust Schulte, F. L. 1’ednjjcx, Jr., Painter. Smith. New Carriage Factory, Charlestown, Jefferson County, W- 1 a. \ir K the undersigned haveentered intoaCo W Partnership for the purpose of Manufac turing and Repairing CARRIAGES, BUGGIES RILE TO NS, DAYTON AND OTHER PLEAS URE WAGONS, Spring Wagons, Dog Carts, Sulkies, Sleighs, Ac., mi a* tine style as can be done anywhere in the Union at 'moderate prices. Being practical mechahics we will be enabled to do all work on correct, systematic principles, thereby pro ducing work, durable and handsome’. REPAIR WORK A SPECIALTY We have secured the services of Mr. Thos. Rvan, so favorably known for years in connec tion with Maj. Hawks’ Factory, to execute the woodwork on our manufactures. Hoping to receivea fair share ot yoni patron age, we pledge ourselves to gi"? Tr" ’ " or ro CeiVCd‘ SCHULTE A * MlN.EUX. JPB-Shops on Blootuery Turn kc 2 Squares from Main St. May 21, lS85-tf. _ NEW STORE! NEW GOODS! The undersigned desires to announce that he lias opened, on North Mildred street, near B. A O. depot, a stock of Ur or cries, .Ytions, CONFECTIONS, TOBACCO & CIGARS, and solicits a share of public patronage. Respectfully, L. M. BLESSING. Music Lessons. Madame and Mi'S Bertha Rulil resumed their Vocal and Instrumental Music Classes Septem ber 9tli. 1891, at their residence on the corner of Mildred and Liberty streets. Terms mod erate. Sept. 1«, 1891. JTKITT Puddine, Corn Starch and Shred Co 1 coanut. Gelatine, Tapioca, Ac., for sale by May 28,1890. C. D. EBY. POETRY. REHVKE. The world is old an I the world is cold, And never a day is fair, I said. Out of the heavens the sunlight rolled. The green leaves rustled above my head, And the sea was a sea of gold. The world is cruel, I said again, Her voice is harsh to my shrinking ear. Ami the nights are dreary and full of pain. Out of the darkness sweet and clear, There rippled a tender strain— Rippled the song of a bird asleep, That sang in a dream in a budding wood ; Of shining fl-lds where the reapers reap, Of a wee brown mate and a nestling brood, And the grass where the berries peep. The world is fulse, though the world be fair. Ami never a heart is pure, I said. And lo ? the clinging of white arms bare, The innocent gold of my baby's head, Anil the li«p of a childish prayer. Virginia ;§rcc ftess. W. »F. It. GALLAHER. Editor. ChartrKtoirn,.! rffrrtton County, IF cat Fa. /fitf/iist 3, 1893. Seu'sy Sotcs. Land Commissioner Carter has resigned his position to enter upon the duties of the Republican national committee chairman ship. Charles F. Markell, h member of the Frederick (Md.) bar, has been appointed by the President secretary of legation at Brazil. A member of the national committee sain iiiiii II iniuy iv'itn unu uwii wiui .uis Cleveland at Madison Square Garden tin roof would not have stayed on the building. By the general deficiency bill the widow of the late Representative W. H. F. Lee, of the Alexandria (Va.) district, will receive $3,000 and the legal heirs of the late Sena tor J. S. Barbour, of tho same State, an equal amount. Col. S. Sturgeon, a retired officer of the regular army, who served upon Gen. Sher idan’s stall' in the late war, died at the Baldwin House, Hagerstown, where he had been staying for his health, Friday night. His home was at Danville, New York. Peter II. Young, a Washington mer chant, was murdered on his way home from business, between 10 and 11 o’clock I-riday night, on Third street, northeast. Two col ored men seen running away from the pluceHre thought to have committed tl.e crime, but there is no clue to their identifi cation. The instrument of the murder was a pickaxe handle. That Mr. Wilson’s speech on any occa sion should he a little better than the best made by any other man of his party is not saying a word to disparage that party’s or ators. Mr. Wilson is very nearly as much of an orator as any man to whom the pres ent generation lias ever listened. Last uight in New York lie put his party’s prin ciples and attitude in their best possible light and did it with equal grace and co gency. A graduate from a Washington university, so long personally associated with all the great phases of life at the capi tal, his personal triumphs are pleasing to the entire public here without regard to party.— Washington Star. The West Virginia Democrats in Con gress were looking in several different di rections when tliesilver hill came up. When was the Democratic party known to he united on anything?—Ritchie Gazette. Just now, in opposition to the two favorite iniquities of the Republican party—the force hill and the high tariff. John Sher man said the silver question was not a party question, hut of course the Republicans were very much united when the Senate passed a free coinage hill, hearing the name of a Republican Senator, which the Presi dent would have vetoed if it hail reached him. The State Journal says that the force bill “does not thrust the Federal authority into the State;” that it “applies only to election* in which the whole country is directly in terested,” and “is in no sense whatever an attack on home rule.” Yet Gen. Goff said that if the measure had been in force in 18SS he would have become governor of West Virginia. The real designs of the bill, beyond its ostensible purpose—which is wrong in principle and full of danger—are too plain to admit of doubt. The Baltimore Sunt Washington corres pondent says: “The notification speech of Mr. Wilson is warmly praised by Demo crats as one of the most telling and convinc ing expositions of the principles of the Dem ocratic party that has ever been made.— This speech nnd the one made by him at Chicago upon tukiug the chair in the na tional convention have added much to Mr. Wilson’s already high reputation as a graceful and scholarly speaker.” The Wheeling Intelligencer says: “The selection of Mr. Carter to be chairman of the National Republican committee could not be improved upon. * * * The party is fortunate in b< curing bis services.” Very fortunate, as n > one elsc’s services could be secured. The committee tried very hard to make a better selection but, as the Intelli gencer says, it “could not be improved up on”—under the circumstances. The President has appointed Andrew D. White, of New York, ex-president of Cor nell University, to be minister to Russia; A. Loudoun Snowden, of Pennsylvania, now minister to Greece, to be minister to [Spain; and Truxton Beale, of California, at preseut minister to Persia, to succeed Mr. i Suowden as minister to Greece, Roumania 1 and Serria. Ticelve Days at the Seashore. The Third Popular Excursion via the Baltimore and Ohio It. R. to Atlantic City from Lexington and all intermediate sta tions to Washington Junction, Md., is an nounced for Thursday, August 11th. Those who have not availed themselves of the su perior train service and low rates offered for a trip to the seashore, should not neg lect this opportunity. A large degree of pleasure is obtained in these jaunts to the seaside over the Baltimore and Ohio by views of the country en route, than which there Is none in America more picturesque ! or richer in historical interest. Tickets will be valid for return journey for twelve days from day of sale, also to stop over in Philadelphia during night of August lltli, and will be good on all regu lar trains. On return journey they will be good to stop off at Washington, thus afford- 1 ing an opportunity to visit the numerous public buildings, which are open to visitors free of charge, and to take a trip down the Potomac to Ml. Vernon, the tomb of Wash ington, as well as to visit other places of j interest in and near Washington. For rates and time of trains consult ap pended table: J,envo. A. M. A. M. 1*. M. Fare. Winchester, 6.00 11.0!* 4.41 $«-50 Stephenson's, 0.0!* 11.19 4 52 0.40 Wadesvillc, 0.1!) 11.2* 5.03 0.30 Summit Point, 0.2* 11.30 «>.14 0 25 Charlestown, 0 40 11.57 5.33 0.15 P. M. Halltown, 6.55 12.07 5.43 5.85 Millville, 7.00 12.12 5.4!) 5.05 Ilarpor'sFerrj', 7.08 12.20 5.58 5.50 Arrive. P. M. A. M. Philadelphia, 12.55 G.15 3.55 Correspondingly low rates are made irom other stations on the line. Pullman Buffet Parlor rar from Staunton to Philadelphia on afternoon train. Mohammed was certainly a wonderful man. His commands against strong drink have been obeyed and, as a result, his followers are the most temperate peo ple in the world. But while the I urks are supposed to abjure wine, the spirit of modern enterprise has entered their drow sy land, and the younger men affect the French language and cultivate what seem ed until recently like an insatiable taste for French mineral water. It has recently come to light that some monks near Bordeaux have been making a fortune by shipping to Turkey as min eral water the white wines of southern France. The example was followed by more worldly dealers, and last year it was discovered that Burgundy wine was finding its way into the harems of sultan and pasha under the innocent name of mineral water. The women grew so fond of this water and evinced such a flow of spirits after drinking it that the sultan, through his agent or consul at Bordeaux, caused an investigation to be made. The monks who had made such a prof itable business of this trade were sum moned before a French court and the magistrate forced them to produce sam ples of the mineral water. The abbot made a clean breast of it, i and declared, as he exhibited the fdled vessels, that the liquor was the very best. On being asked why he, a godly man, had practiced this deceit, he said : “It may have been a deceit, your honor, but it is an honorable one. There have been and still arc men who pass off’ water for wine, but we, tar more righteous, have given wine for water." liinkelspiel, of Utica, New York, was so absent-minded that he was forced to .....'i. /... n .tin nf nanar flir> nrwilinll (if •• I — I I * his clothing on retiring, so that he cotilil find it again in the morning. One night he made out his slip as usual in this style: “Shoes on floor, trousers," etc., and finally “Dinkelspiel in bed." On arising he found everything just where he bad placed it, until he came to the bed. Horrors! it was empty, A strange fear overpowered the poor man. Had he been kidnapped during the night? It ! was evident, since he was no longer in the bed. Hastily stirring himself, he ran to police headquarters to give the alarm. Dinkelspiel was missing and lie must be found. Terror at his awful fate com pletely unnerved him. He tottered home and went to bed, a prey to high fever. When the police arrived at the j house to look up a clew they found Din-: kelspiel in bed. The poor man’s joy at ; being recovered can more easily be ira : agined than discribed. Half Rate* to Denver r la li. «V O. R. R. For the Knights Templar Conclave at Denver, Col., the Baltimore «fe Ohio R. R. will sell round trip tickets nt half rales.— , Tickets will be sold August 2d to 5th and j will be valid for return journey until Oc- 1 tober 11th. Passengers will have the option of route via St. Louis or Chicago, at both , of which cities Baltimore and Ohio Ve>ti buled Trains make close connection for • Denver. The round trip rate from stations on the j Valley Division, from Harper's Ferry to 1 Staunton, inclusive, is $44.1*0. The rate from Lexington is $45.15 For detailed information as to time of trains and sleeping car accommodations i apply to nearest B. &. 0. Agent. IF TOVR RACK At I < Or too are all worn out, really ... it is general fiel'i'itv ' e browx’s nt ox > 1 “'"““"ifKX'toE,. “ 1 • UU- (- tncptut in vv nuto rnnvt. Our Farmers Now Compote with the Lowest raid Labor on Earth Here is food for reflection for tho farmer who still thinks ho is voting money in his pocket when ho votes for “protection.” If ho will ponder this fact sufficient!, ho will solvo the whole tariff problem. It is quoted from “Recent Economic Changes,” by David A. Wells: “Indian corn can bo successfully and has been extensively raised in Italy. But Indian corn grown in tho valley of tho Mississippi, a thousand miles from the seaboard, lias been transported in re cent years to Italy and sold in her mar kets at a lower cost than tho corn of Lombardy and Venetia, where tho wages of the agriculturist aro not one-third of the wages paid in the United States for corresponding labor. And one not sur prising sequel of this is that 77,000 Ital ian laborers emigrated to tho United States in 1885.” In other grains aud food products and in cotton it is tho same. The $1 aud #2 and £3 a day lalxir of tho United States competes with the cheap labor of Eu rope and Asia and often undersells it in its own markets. Thus wheat can be produced in Dakota, where wages are a day, at 40 cents i>er bushel, though it cannot be produced in Rhenish Prus sia for less than 80 ceuts; but wages there are only *0 per month. As to England, her wheat growers have been driven out of existence by our dear labor aud India and Russia’s cheap labor. Such facts as these must settle tho question forever with rational minds as to whither or not wages determine cost of production. They did not do so fifty years ago, when high wago Europe was supplying low wage Asia with many manufactured articles. Still less do they do so now, when, with modern iii«n 11111*1 j nuu iuvuivmo, »• boy will produce as much as ten men fifty years ago. What folly, then, to say that “on all imi>orts coming in com petition with tho products of American labor there should lx> levied duties equal to tho difference between wages at home and abroad.” And yet this is tho serious declaration of tho Republican party in its Minneapolis platform, and it poses as the party of Nineteenth century civi lization. These Republicans persist in shutting their eyes to facts. If McKinley had consulted tables of lal>or cost in differ ent articles in different countries and had made tariff rates only high enough to pnt American and foreign goods on a par in onr markets as to labor cost, bis rates would not have l>een one-tenth as high as now. But instead of consulting figures lie asked the manufacturers how much duty they wished, and, as Con gressman Wilson has shown, practically left blanks for manufacturers to fill out; and they often made duties higher than tho total cost of production in any coun try—all for the benefit of the poor wage earner, of course. Some day the voting consumers will have intelligence and spunk enough to 6nggest to the manufacturer that it is time for him to rernovo his hand from their pockets. Nut* for Protection!*!* to Crack. If, ns protectionists tell uS, wages de l>end upon tariffs, then, as wo have the same tariff in all parts of tho United States, it would be natural to conclude that wages should 1x3 uniform from Maine to California. Tho Foundry men's association, of Philadelphia, after a considerable amount of correspond ence, has compiled a tabulated state ment of wages paid in foundries of the United States printed in Tho Iron Age of May 20, 1892. Some of the figures are from country foundries, others from car wheel, stove and malleable iron and pipe shops, etc. According to this tablo the average wages of molders vary from $3.50 per day in San Francisco and Oak land, Cal., to $1.00 in Hagerstown, Md. A few of the other averages arc: In Pittsburg, $3; Consbohocken, Pa., $2.83*2: Philadelphia, $2.50; Chester, Pa., $2.40; York, Pa., $2.10; Reading, $2; Allentown, Pa., $1.90; Bloomsbnrg. Pa., $1.75; Denver, $3.25; New York and Rpnoklvn 43- Cliicairo. 42.75: Charleston. $2.60; Portsmouth, N. II., $2.23; Elmira, N. Y., $2; Wilmington, Del., $1.85. The average wages of coremakers vary from $3.50 in Leadville, Colo., and $3.25 in San Francisco, to $1.25 in Elmira and Brockport, N. Y., and Selma, Ala.; of cupola tenders, from $3.50 in Oakland, Cal., to $1 in several southern cities; of chippers, from $2.50 in Leadville, Colo., to 73 cents in Athens, (Ja. Will some kind ami logical protection ist please explain these discrepancies? Will he also inform us how it is that the highly paid labor in eastern cities com petes with the i»oorly paid labor in neighlwring cities and in the sontli, and turns out his product cheaper than tho poorly paid labor ran turn out their product? He might also give his reasons for thinking that New York laborers need protection from the pauper labor of Canada and none from the pauper la bor of Maryland, and why a tariff wall should not be constructed on the Alle ghany mountains to protect the tbree dollar-a-day laborer of Pittsburg from the t\vo-dollar-a-day laborer of Reading and Harrisbnrg. Such apparent incon sistencies as these are daily occurring to many untutored minds, and it behooves the protectionist to be on the alert with simple, straightforward arguments to dispel them. Tariff Trusts. The June supplement of the New York World, edited by Hon. John De Witt Warner, is made up of “one hundred samples” of tariff trusts, under the head ing, “Conspiracies to Crush Comi»etition, Restrict Product, Raise Prices arid Low er Wages.” These trusts embrace most of the articles on which we have effective tariff duties. Among the officers of these trusts will be found hundreds of names published in the New York Tribune’s list of millionaires, thus in part, at least, an swering The Tribune’s question as to whether or not the tariff makes million aires LADIES Needing a tonic, or children who want build Inc up. should take_ BROW5*8 IRON BITTER#. It is pleasant; cores Malaria, Indigestion, Eiliouaieaa, liver Complaint* and Neuralgia. rKOTECTlU'N LWIU. IT RESEMBLES IN EVASIVENESS THE IRISHMAN'S FLEA. When You Put Your Finger on It It Isn't There—Conflicting Statement* of the lion. J. H. Walker, of Ma**uchu**tU, One of the Tariff Maker*. Hon. J. II. Walker, of Massachusetts, is a big manufacturer of leather aud boots aud shoes. I le helped to make tho McKinley tariff bill, and is regarded ns ono of the stanchest aud strongest of pro tectionists. His speech of March 13, 1892, is printed iu a forty-five page pamphlet. On i>age 3 occurs the follow ing: “I have to say that von may search the speeches that are made in favor of pro tection from beginning to end and you will not find 1 per ceut. of error, where you will find 99 per cent, of error iu tho statements that aro made by thoso in favor of free trade ns opposed to a pro tective tariff." It is evident that Mr. Walker knows whr.t error and logic are, and that ho in tends to sustain the good record of his brethren. On page 4 is this statement: “It is of uo consequence to tho manu facturers of this country, os manufac turers, whether we have free trado or whether wo have protection. Wo aro just as well satisfied with free trado as we aro with protectiou." This will bo news to thousands of man ufacturers who employ lobbyist* at Washington and who have said that tho Mills’ bill would have driven hnlf of them out of the country. Bnt for fear of being in error ho hedges this state ment in tho fallowing paragraph thus: “Tho well l>eing of every city of this country is lioond up with the interest of mnnnfitetnrcm in a nrotcctive tariff." On page 4 is tho following: “Now, it is conceded by every statis tician of this country and every other that this is the lowest taxed country on tho faco of the earth that is counted asa civilized nation.” And on page 5 this: “I affirm that there is no greater evi dence of civilization, Christian civiliza tion, than taxation; and tho volume of taxation per capita expresses it. Show mo the taxes j**r capita of any people, and I can determine by that their ad vancement in the scale of civilization." This is hard on the United States—to bo the lowest in civilization ls-rause it in tho lowest taxi*d country. But this is truth and logic, and there is no escajto for ns. He then defines taxation: “What does taxation come to in its last analysis? It comes to taking the property of tho rich and dividing it pro rata for the lienefit of every man, wo man and child in the community. That is what taxation comes to at last." This proves that economists—i. e., im practical book economists out of con gress—are entirely in error, for they all agree that taxation has always rested most heavily *;pni the poor. Ho then further elucidates and simplifies his definition: “Now, what is taxation? Taxation is bnt the government taking a part of tho income of tho citizen and spending it for tho citizen to better advantage than ho can himself spend it. That is all there is iff taxation." This is unpleasant information for some of us who prefer to spend our own incomes, but there can lw no mistake. Mr. Walker is well versed in statistics and cannot !*» in error in this next state ment: “More than one-third of the income from all the property east of the Mis sissippi and north of the Ohio is taken in taxation, and Is-neficently taken—takrvi and returned to the citizens prorata, rich and poor alike, after being takcu ont of the hoards of the rich.” But think what taxes must lie j>aid by really civilized countries when one-third of the income of this “lowest taxed country” is taken for taxes, and what awful blessings we are missing by not increasing our taxes until the govern ment invests, say, 90 per cent, of our in comes for us. viottf vaapIi tioirii ft tvltiim \fr Walker shows tho wonderful instinct by which taxation, no matter where let loose, retnrnH to the same spot. “It makes comparatively little differ ence where you lay your taxes. Lay them whero you will, they will follow back and ultimately rest on the same persons and in the same spot. Wo may as well lay all the taxation of this govj eminent on wool if we choose as well as anywhere else. It will all re»t on the same spot finally. It is of comparative ly little imi>ortance where you lay taxes. It may take twenty years for them to adjust themselves to their final point. It may take thirty or forty years, but if you levy taxation anywhere it seeks out and rests npon the same individuals in tho community who will ultimately bear the burdens. I think the statistics will bear me out in this statement.” Let it be remembered that “free trad ers" make at least ninety-nine times as many errors as “protectionists," and that Mr. Walker is a sj»ecialist in his line. _ A Startling Array. The proclaimed purjiose of the Mc Kinley tariff is to enable American em ployers to pay higher wages to Ameri can workingmen. Yet diligent search and much challenging have failed to discover a single workingman who re joices in any such benefit, while Mr. John De Witt Warner has collected for the New York Weekly World a truly startling list of cases in which reduc tions have l**en made in the wages of men employed in the shops and mines of protected capitalists. His list includes redactions in 71 iron and steel factories, 13 in coal companies, 18 in woolen and worsted mills, 12 in clothing factories, 4 in cotton mills or groups of cotton mills, 2 in pottery establishments, 2 in glass works and 30 in miscellaneous in dustries. The reductions have ranged from 5 to 80 per cent, and have affected thousands of workmenand their families. ROK DYSPEPSIA, * Iodigo«tlon. and Stomarb disorder*, take BROWI’I IKON IJITTKKA. AII dealt r* fcwp It, SI p«-r bottle. <ientitn' haa iratka-aaarx and cruaacd red liaea on wrapper.