VOLUME 83.— wuvsnr* ss,
Virginia £ttt |ww.
.y lHt Kkkk Press is published weekly at
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t-WSo advertisement to be considered by
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-■4TRxurLAB Advrrtiscjirsts.—To avoid
*uv misunderstanding on the part of the au
na’al advertisers it is proper to state distinctly
that their privilege only extends to their im
mediate business. Real Estate Legal ofOjliM
advertisements sent by them to be an addition
al charge, and no variation.
3#*0bituary notices of more than hve hues
will be chaaged for.
JOR WORK.—Posters, Sale Bias, tircuiais.
Car Is, etc., executed promptly, neatly and at
fair prices. I
IX T RICHARDSON,
PHYSICIAN A SURGEON.
C i<vl«*tuwn. Jefferson County, West 1'irpma.
April 4, 1974.
£JR. J. D. STARRY.
Charles own, Jefferson County, West Yvfinia,
Having resumed the practice of Medicine, of
fers his Professional services to the public. ,
Office next door to residence, near corner of
tieorge and Main streets.
January 22. 1976.
J AMES M. RANSON. Jr.,
DOCTOR OF DESTALSURGERY,
Offers his Professional Services to the citiiens
of Charlestown ami vicinity.
Office opposite Parish Building.
April 13, I486—y. _
Jas. M M son Jas. M. Mason, Jr.
*1 ASOX A MASON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Charles Town. Jefferson Couuty, West Va.
Will practice in the various courts.
Careful attention paid to collections.
Office one door west of Carter House.
1) 1>. GIBSON.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Charles Towu, Jefferson County. W. Va.,
Practices in the Circuit Courts of West Vir
ginia, the Supreme Court of Appeals and the
Pmted States District Court at Martinsburg.
Office over Aisquith A Co's drug store.
Jan. 3, ISM.
J F. ENGLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Charlestotea, Jefferson Comity. Wmt Virginia.
Practices in the Courts of Jefferson and ad
i/iiiur v./jnuiu. w. %vmW3llarlM-*[
trict Court at Martinsburg. Notary Public in
Office in Lawyer's Row, on George street.
Jan. 3. ' _
Charlestown, Jefferson County, W. Va.
Office with Cleon Moore, opposite the Court
M. H. TRAVERS.
.4TTORSEY AT LA W,
Charlestown, Jefferson County, MV»< Virginia,
.Vill practice in the Courts of thisCounty ami
the adjoining Counties.
Office next door to the residence of Mrs. Max
well, and nearly opposite the"Carter House. ’
S iiemher -’3. l *6o.
George Baylor. Wra. L. Wilson,
jpYLOR A WILSON,
ATTORSEYSAT LA W,
Charlestown, Jefferson County, West 1 irginia,
•Vi attend the Courts of Jefferson and Berke
ey Counties, and attend to other law business
m the Slate of West Virginia. Special atten
tion given to collections.
March 5. 1876.
ATTORSEY -4T L.4IF,
Cku’ieeUtwn. Jefferson (Xrunty, West i’uy «*<i.
Will practice in Jeffersou and adjoining Coun
Off e in Northern end of Lawyer’s Row
September 30, U7A—tf. _
w I <' MOORE.
ATTORSEY AT LA W.
BtrryrUU, Clarke County, Virfinui,
ATTORSET AT LA W,
(’ ■ ulestown, Jefferson Comity, West Virginia,
Will undertake cases jointly in the Courts of
both of said Counties.
May 11, 1872.
pORREST W. BROWN,
ATTORSET AT LAW.
Charlestown, Jefferson County, West Virginia,
h tends to cases ia the different Courtsof West
V vinia and Maryland. Attention given to
P- “ions and all classes of Claims against the
! S. Government.
Special attention to Collections.
Jan. 10. 1889. _
fP C GREEN,
ATTORSEY AT LAW.
i ‘ortntnwn, Jefferson County. West 1 irginia,
practice in the Courts of Jefferson, Berke
*'• •> 1 Morgan counties, in the United States
v rict Court at Martinsburg, and in the Su
preme Court of Appeals of West Virginia.
’H’cmal attention to the collection of claims,
1 prompt remittances of the same.
' opposite Court-house.
'• -• >' 1«90
k W. McDonald. hrank Beckwith.!
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
■ ir!e«-T(iwn, Jefferson County, West \a
Will practice in the Courts of Jefferson,
Berkeley and Morgan counties, the l*. S. Dis
" < Court at Martinsburg and the Court of
Appeals of West Virginia.
Mar 2. 1892.
Hie Ice Cream Parlors of the nnderoignrtl
• now open lor the season. Ice Cream sort
d by the saucer or sold by measure, and laAi
-e* <>r parties supplied on short notice, i
M iy it, ls(M HENRY DU Mil.
Window-aaahes, blinds, doors, etc , ofVhe
uid Methodist Church. Apply at thisoffk*
June 7. 1893. \ •
ri ** oGiuciO.
IX FACT A
Having rented the
CENTRE ROOM, SADLER BUILD'6,
lately occupied by the Shenandoah Milling
Company, I will carry a full stock of
CIGARS. DRY GOODS.
NOTIONS. ETC, ETC.
G joda delivered to any part of the town free
of charge. Will do a
STRICTLY CASH BUSINESS.
Country produce taken in exchange for
goods. I solicit a share of the public patron
S. H. LANDIS.
April 12,1S93. One Price Store.
We offer to Farmers generally our Fertilizers
for Fall Crops.
the old formula, too well known to need de
SPECIAL HOME MIXTURE
for Wheat, a No. 1 article, drilling perfectly,
which the reports of the W. Va., Agricultural
Department show to be of greater commercial
value than any sold at near same price and of
same grade. Relative commercial value of our
special mixture $23.50. Two other brands
largely sold are rated at $21.10 and $20.58. \\ e
buy our aiumoDiates in the West, direct from
slaughter houses, our chemicals from import
ers, which enables us to sell for less—only one
profit to make. We also offer
PURE GROUND RAW BONE.
PURE GROUND STEAMED BONK.
DISSOLVED ANIMAL BONE,
dry and in fine drilling condition.
KANIT AND DISSOLVED SOUTH CARO
LINA, AC.. AC.
We are prepared to furnish any private mix
tures desired, promptly and of best materials.
Factory at Eagle Works, X. A W. R. R. Goods
delivered at anv depot.
Aug. 9, 1893.' W. F. A T. P. LIPPITT.
C. D. EBIT,
AND DEALERIN QUEENSWARE
Main Street Opposite Sadler Building.
Everything in the line of the
necessary to good living supplied at mod
Fresh Country Produce.
Jnly 29. 1886.
T WM .BROWN. F. B. HOOFF
BROWN & HOOFF,:
Pharmacists & Druggists,
TRAPNKLL BUILDING. CORNER OF MAIN |
AND CHARLES STS., CHARLES
TOWN, WEST VA.
Will keep a new and fresh stock of Drugs and
Medicines. Patent Medicines and
Such as Hair, Tooth, Nall, Cloth and Shaving
Brushes. Fine Perfumes, Combs of all kinds,
Toilet S«iai«*. Powder Puffs and Boxes. Toilet
Bottles. Ac. We keep in stock a full line of
Stationery. Stationer s Supplies, Cap and bel
ter Papers, all kinds of Envelopes, Writing
Tablet*, Box Papers, plain aijd ruled. A line of
Fine Cigars and Tobacco
and Smokers' Materials. Paints. Oils. Var
nishes and Painters' Material and Window
PHYSICIANS’ PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFUL
LY COMPOUNDED BY COMPE
March 6, 1*93.
E. E. BEACILEY,
Architect and Builder,
Contracts for ail kinds of Building. My arch
itecture and workmanship recommends itself.
If you have any kind of Building that you
want erected in tirst-class order and in short
time give me a call.
Drawing and Estimates
made on application. I also furnish all kinds of
IKON AN D STEEL ROOFING
at the lowest cash prices.
SASH FACTORY & PLANING MILL
on Belt Line, North George street.
K. E. BEACHLEY.
Aug. 3, 1892. Cliarles-Town, W. Va.
It is not expected that I will Hood the coun
try with Pianos aud Organs. But it is expect
ed that I will take a few orders fqr the very
b st and most reliable Organs and Pianos in
the market, fully warranted in all respects,
shipped direct from the factorv. with the un
derstanding that if not found satisfactory on
arrival the instrument can be returned, and to
be sold on terms aud at prices to suit the times.
It will he to your interest to communicate with
me before purchasing. I do expect the home
man to get a chance. Write for catalogue.
J. H. NOLAND.
Dealer in Pianos aud Organs.
April l •. '94- 2r Charles Town, W. Va.
DO YOU EXPECT
TO BECOME A
MIKES CHILD BIRTH EAST.
Assists Nature, Lessens Danger, end Shortens Libor.
“My wife suffered more in ten minutes
with her other children than she did all
together with her last, after having used
four bottles of MOTHER’S FKIEND,"
says a customer. • [
Henderson Dale, Druggist, Carmi, Ill
Sent by express on receipt of price, $ 1.50 per bot*
Us. Look ” To Mothers' mailed free.
BRADF1ELD REGULATOR CO.,
SCR Site BY All caucoiSTS. /lr/_AWT4. Ga
th E MILD POWER CURES.
That tha diseases of domestic ant.
mats Houses, Cattle, sheet. Dogs,
J Hogs, and Pocliry, r.ro cured by
Humphreys’ Veterinary Speci
fics, Is as true as that people rl<lo on railroads.
Scud messages by telegraph, or sew with sewing
machines. It Ls as Irrational to bottle, ball and
bleed animals In order to cure them, os It Is to
take passage In a sloop from New 1 ork to Albany.
Tsed In the best stables and recommended by
the 1*. S. Army C'nsnlry OlUcer*.
CF"500 PAGE BOOK on treatment andcareoi
Domestic Animals, and stable chart
mounted on rollers, sent free.
ernes t Fevers, C'ongrstinns, Infl«inm«lion,
A. A. ) Spinal Meningitis, .Milk Fever.
B. B.—S»trnln*. Lameness. Rheumatism
C. C.— Bi stem per. Naval Discharges.
D. D.—Bots or Grub*. Worms.
E. E.—Coughs. Heaves. Pneumonia.
F. F.—Colic or Gripes. Bellyache.
G. G.—Miscarriage, Hemorrhage*.
II. 11.—Crinary nud Kidney Diseases.
I. I.-Eruptive Disease*. Mange.
J. K.- Disease* of Digestion.
Stable Case, with Specifics, Manual,
Yet. Cure Oil and Medic*tor, S7.00
Price, Single Bottle (over 50 doscsi, « .60
• Sold by Druggists; or Sent Prepaid anywhero
and in any quantity on Receipt of Price.
HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE CO.,
Corner William and John Sts., New York.
HOMEOPATHIC A C6
SPECIFIC No. HU
In use 30 years. The only successful remedy for
Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness,
and Prostration, from over work or other causes,
ftl per vial, or 5 vtals uml lant' vial jwvik r. f«.r S3.
,solJ by UrurcWv or »**, po.tpaM »a rr<vl|* or prks.
HUMPHREYS' MEDICIVE CO.,
Ocrner William and John Sts., New York.
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDER,
Office Gibson Building, Charlestown.
ESTABLISHED IN 1870.
Representing the following Companies:
JEFFERSON COUNTY MUTUAL
Fire Insurance Company.
J5TNA, OF HARTFORD,
the largest and most popular Fire Insurance
Co. in America.
.Etna Life Insurance Co., of Hartford,
(Life and Accident).
Phoenix, of Hartford.
Virginia Fire and Marine, of Richmond.
Georgia Home, of Columbus, Ga.
Continental, of New York.
Peabody, of Wheeling.
German, of Wheeling.
Jefferson, of Wheeling.
Fire and Marine, of Wheeling.
Manchester Fire Ins. Co., of England.
Liverpool and London and Globe, of England, !
the largest foreign Cou|xany doing business in (
Firo Association, of Philadelphia.
Hamburg-Bremen Fire Ins. Co., of Germany.
J. S. FLEMING, Shepherdstown ;
JAS. W. LEAGUE, Middle way.
CHAS. H. TRAIL, Harper's Ferry.
A sworn statement of the conditions of all
Foreign Insurance Companies represented in
this Agency will be found at the Clerk's Office,
in compliance with State laws. All losses
promptly adjusted and paid at our office.
WASHINGTON & ALEXANDER,
February 12, 1888.
The Jefferson Co. Mutual
Fire Insurance Compauy.
R. A. ALEXANDER, Secretary.
Office, Gibson Building, Court-House yard,
OFFERS to the people of Jefferson County,
Insurance in a safe Company at the actual
cost of insurance, which is much cheaper than
the rates usually charged, and keeps the money
at home. Good risks from responsible parties
Executive Committee meets every Friday.
Directors—Jos. Trapnell, Henry B. Daven
port, J. Garland Hurst, John W. Rider, W. H.
T. Lewis, R. Preston Chew, Wm. L. Wilson,
Eugene Baker, S. W. Washington, H. L.Snyder
Charles P. Wilson, Jehn H. Zittle, Jacob S.
Melvin, E. G. W. Herr, tsna.c H. Stricter.
H. B. DAVENPORT.Treasurer.
Executive Committee—J. G. Hurst, Wm.
H. T. Lewis. Eugene Baker, Isaac H. Strider,
Jos. Trapnell, S. W. Washington.
Ixjcal Agents.—Middlewav—J.G. Shirley;
Harper’s Ferry—Chas. E. Trail; Shepherds
town— J.S. Fleming; Charlestown—Washing
ton A Alexander.
Mr .. Fannie Fleming L prepared to reno\ ute
gentlemen’s silk or felt hats promptly and at
moderate rates. Call at her residence.cast side
of Charles street, south of Congress.
May .‘t. 1893.
I have just received a nice supply of Catsup,
Mustard and Horseradish. Also Hayden’s
Easter Dyes,—four colors for 5 cent*.
W. S. MERCHANT.
April 13, 1892.
SESATOR CAMIiES'S SPEECH.
Mr. Camden. Mr. President, I
have not before occupied the time of
the Senate upon the pending bill,
and will not do so to any extent at
this late day by entering into details.
I have recognized from the very
beginning thatthe imperiled business
interests of the country demanded
the earliest possible passage of a tar
iff bill, to which the Democratic party
stands pledged by its political plat
form, indorsed by the people at the
polls by an overwhelming vote, plac
ing the Democrats in power in all
branches of the Government.
Appreciating the necessities and
obligations of the party, I have stood
ceady at all times to vote for the Wil
son bill as it came from the House,
or for any bili approved and united
upon by the Democratic majority in
the Senate, it being evident from the
very small majority in the Senate that
no bill could pass without a united
vote of the Democrats in this body.
I have been willing to subordinate
my own especial views in order to
unite with the solid vote of the Dem
ocrats in this body in the prompt
passage of a bill.
Mr. President, two things must be
recognized throughout the country as
the result of Democratic successes in
the late Preaidcntial election: one is
the imperative fact that the Demo
cratic party must pass a tariff bill at
this session reducing the burden of
taxation from the duties imposed by
the McKinley bill, or fail to meet the
expectations of the country; the oth
er is the pressing necessity existing
for prompt action, to enable the
country to recover from the prostrate
condition or us unaucwu aim uusmus
interests, for which the Democratic
party was not responsible, hut which
can not revive until a tariff bill has
been passed, so that the industrial
interests of the country can know up
on what basis to adjust itself in pro
viding for new and increased activity.
Under these pressing necessities, time
was even more essential than the
“ splitting of hairs" in shading un
important items in reducing the tariff
to a revenue basis, provided the bill
was based upon the broad principles
enunciated in the Democratic plat
form and the letter of acceptance
upon which President Cleveland was
I have sympathized with the people
in the restless impatience with which
they have demanded speedy action
upon this bill. A great financial de
pression had paralyzed the business
interests of the country for nearly a
year. Factories were idle, furnaces
out of blast, mines and industrial in
terests had r.o demand for their pro
ducts, hundreds of thousands of
working people were without employ
ment, and necessity and want, and
even suffering in some instances ov
ershadowed the land, resulting in
disquiet aud anxiety, labor stikes,
and industrial armies, organized it is
true by foolish leaders with the inten
tion of marching upon the Capitol to
demand something of Congress, of
which neither the leaders nor the men
had any definite conception. But all
these things tended to contribute both
to impatience and intolerance in any
seeming delay in pushing through a
tariff bill that would give confidence
and relief to the disquieted conditions
I repeat, Mr. President, that I have
sympathized in the very strong desire
for the most speedy action possible,
for no section of the country has suf
fered more from the depression in its
industrial interests than the people of
my State, and 1 have been ready to
yield much of my own convictions in
« A n CnriAl]»* rAAtllt
Mr. President, being thoroughly im
pressed with these convictions, when
the tariff bill came from tbe House to
the Senate and was referred to the
Finance Committee of this body, and
when I was courteously asked by
members of that committee what
changes, if any, were necessary to
make the bill satisfactory to myself
and the constituency which I in part
represent, my reply was that I had
no changes to insist upon as condi
tions for the support of any bill that
would be satisfactory to the Finance
Committee; that what I most desired
was the quick passage of a Demo
cratic tariff measure upon which the
entire Democratic majority in the
Senate could unite, and to that end I
would unselfishly contribute what I
could towards reconciling conflicting
views and differences of opinion.
And now, Mr. President, believing
that the end is near at hand, and that
a satisfactory Democrctic bill will
soon pass this body and became a
law. by conference with and concur
rence Qf the House, l congratulate
the country that the result will hare
been attained in less time than lias
been required to pass any other tariff
bill since the close of the war, and in
my judgement will result iu a good
Democratic measure, acceptable to
the country, and under which a new
era of prosperity will speedily follow.
It must be remembered, Mr. Pres
ident, that ere are necessarily two
parts or conditions to be observed in
the construction of a tariff bill. One
is policieal and the oilier purely prac
tical business judgement. The po
litical part consists in enunciating the
principles and lines of policy upon
which the party in power intends the
bill to be constructed. The business
part consists in first obtaining the
correct aggregate amount of duties
intended to be raised to supply the
wants of the Government, and then
in itemizing and adjusting thesched
ules of duties to raise the necessary
amount of revenut in the fairest and
most consistent manner, for the best
interests of the whole country, plac
ing the highest duties on the luxuries
and the lowest on the necessaries of
The political structure of the pres
ent tariff bill has been ably outlined
in the House bill, embodying the
principles and policy of the Demo
cratic party, as unsderstood in its
piatform and the letter of acceptance
of President Cleveland, which went
to the country together, as the policy
of the party before the people of the
United States. The political theory
of the bill is less difficult and subject
t* fewer differences of opinion than
the practical common-sense business
problem to be adjusted to meet the
various views ana honest conviction
of the representatives of this great
country, whose industrial and pro
ducing interests are as varied as their
geographical locations differ.
It is a fact, Mr. President, that
any tariff bill framed upon a revenue
basis, intended to raise a given
amount of revenue from customs
duties laid upon imported articles
manufactured or produced in this
country, carries with it incidental
protection upon every article upon
which it is laid to the extent of the
duty imposed. This is a result that
can not be evaded or disguised.
The only way to remedy it would be
by direct taxation, or to lay all tar
iff duties on articles not manufac
tured or produced in this country,
and which could not therefore come
into competition with the produc
tions of this country. This being
so, and the amount of revenue re
_:_J I - I... twnny to,"iff
at this time to meet the necccssities
of the country being estimated at
about 8170,000,000, a free-trade bill
is not and could not be intended,
although the policy of the Demo
cratic party is unquestionably to
wards lower duties and “freer”
trade, which may, and I trust will,
continue to grow from year to year
in that direction as fast as the neces
sities of the Government and the
general business interests of the
country may permit.
In my judgment, this idea is most
clearly and wisely expressed in the
letter of acceptance of President
Cleveland, when he says:
Tariff reform is still our purpose, though
\tc oppose the theory that tariff laws may be
passed having for their object the grauting of
discriminating and unfair governmental aid
to private ventures. We wage no exterminat
ing war against any American interests. Wc
believe a readjustment can 1)* accomplished
in accordance with the principles wc profess
without disaster or demolition. Wc believe
that the advantages of freer raw materials
should bo accorded to our manufacturers, and
we contemplate a fair and careful distribution
of necessary tariff burdens rather than the
precipitation of free trade.
Mr. President, there can be no
more difficult question than to har
monize the views of representatives
of all the States, whose manufactur
ing, industrial, and producing in
terests vary as their locations geo
graphically differ. We have all ex
perienced the diversities of opinion
that exist even in our own States ou
these points. It will be no news to
any Senator upon this floor to .say
that in every State different views
come to its Senators from different
counties, cities, and localities, out
lining conflicting instructions and
opinions as to what its Senators
should do on given questions of tariff
taxation, but no diversity of opionion
has readied us as to the necessity
and urgency of speedy action.
All seem to be united on tlTat point
and willing to make concession on
other points to accomplish that re
sult • <in 11 Mr President, nothin"
short of infinite wisdom could ad
just and fill in the schedules of a tar
iff bill that would meet the judgment
and approval of every representative
in a legislative body, or the varied
interests of the constituents they rep
resent, and if we could conceive a
point at which infinite wisdom could
halt and stumble it would be in rec
onciling the conflicting and contra
dictory views wc listen to from day
to day from our Republican friends
on the other side of the Chamber,
who, by constant “nagging,”, im
passioned criticisms, and fiery de
nunciations, undertake to instruct
the Democrats how to make a tariff
bill, and how to discharge their du
ties and obligations to the country
under the Democratic platform and
teachings of the party leaders.
We are informed in one breath
that the Democrats have framed a
protective tariff bill in opposition to
the pledges and instructions of their
part)’, while in the next breath they
denounce the bill as a wicked and
monstrous free-trade measure which
will destroy the great industries of
the country. Others denounce it as
a sectional bill, favoring the inter
ests of one section of the country at
the expense of other sections, and
all predicting disaster and ruin to
follow in the wake of the passage of
Now, Mr. President, let us look
honestly and dispassionately at what
the Democrats are pledged to do,
and what wc are aiming to do, and
the good or had faith in which wc
are carrying out these pledges and
aims. We hear it stated over and
over again by the Republicans on the
other side of the Chamber, and by
tbe newspaper press generally, that
by tbe Chicago platform the party is
pledged to a “tariff for revenue only
and to “free raw materials.” Now,
let us see what the Chicago platform
says ou these points. It says:
We denounce the McKinley tariff law, en
acted by tbe Fifty-first Congm . as tbe cul
minuting atrocity of class legislation. We in
dorse the efforts made by the Democrats of
the present Congress to modify its most op
pressive featurercs in the direction of free
raw materials and cheaper manufactured
goods that enter into general consumption,
and wc premise its repeal as one en the bene
ficeut results that will follow the action of the
people in intrusting power to the Democratic ,
This same platform also declares
it to be—
a fundamental principle of the Democratic i
party that the Federal Government has no ;
constitutional power to impose and collect
tariff except for purposes of revenue only, and ;
wc demand that the collection of such taxes
shall be limited to the necessities of the Gov
ernment when honestly and economically ad
The fair and liberal interpretation,
therefore, of the Chicago platform is,
that a tariff shall bo levied only with
a view to revenue, and second, that j
it shall be “in the direction of free
raw materials.” You will mark the
language, Mr. President, of the
platform, which does not declare for
free raw materials, hut that “it shall j
be in the direction of free raw mater- ,
Now, let us see the interpretation
given to the platform and principles |
of the party by the letter of accep
tance of Grover Cleveland, the nom
inee of the Democratic party at that
convention, which was recognized
and indorsed by the people in his
election. He says:
Ttriff reform is still ourpunwse. though wc
oppose the theory that tariff laws may be
passed having for'their object the grantiug of
discriminating and unfair governmental aid
to private, ventures. We wage no exterminat
ing war against ant American interests. Wc ,
believe a readjustment can be accomplished ;
in accordance with the principals wc profess .
without disaster or demolition. Be believe
that the advantages of freer raw materials j
should be accorded to our manufacturers, and |
we contemplate a fair and careful distribution
of necessary tariff hardens, rather than the j
precipitation of free trade.
Now, Mr. President, wc sec that |
the platform declares for reducing ;
tlm rlirnMian nf free raw
materials, and the letter of accept- I
ancc only for freer raw materials, I
but neither unqualifiedly for free )
raw materials; and right here comes
the chief difference in adjusting the
schedules as between the House bill
and the Senate bill now before us.
The House bill provided almost
wholly for free raw materials, while
the Senate Finance Committee be
lieved that it was wiser, in the pres
ent depressed and stagnant condi
tion of business, to avoid too violent
changes, and to approach free raw
materials by more gradual 3tcps,
which in the judgment of many fol
lowed more nearly the intentions and
purposes of the Chicago platform
and the letter ot acceptance ui tne
President, which led the Senate to
modifications of the House bill in
some instances “in the direction of
freer raw materials.’’
Wool is made free, lumber is made
free, the duty on coal is reduced
about onc-half, on iron ore about one
half, and the duty on sugar (which
has been a prominent source of rev
enue from the beginning of the Gov
ernment to the present time, with the
single exception of the McKinley bill,
by which the Republican Hearty, de
siring to get rid of surplus revenue
in order to lay higher protective du
ties on other favored articles, placed
it upon the free list, but at the same
lime engrafted the more objectiona
featurc of making the people pay a
btunty of 2 cents per pound on' all
the sugar produced in this country,
including maple sugar and all purely
domestic products) is again placed
at 40 per cent ad valorem, or about
an average of 1 cent per pound, as
against very much larger duties in
the bill preceding the McKinley law.
The duty under the law of 1883, pre
ceding the McKinley bill, wasonraw
sugars 00 to 70 per cent ad valorem
equivalent, and on rclincd to 110 per
cent, and as proposed in the Mills
bill 50 to 55 per cent on raw, and
7". in AO nn rnfined while llll
der the present Senate amendment it
is 40 per cent on raw, and about 41
to 45 per cent on refined.
Now, Mr. President, where is the
Democratic party at fault in its efforts
to carry out the pledges made to the
country by its platform of principles
at the last election, either by the
Honsc bill or by the changes and
modifications in the Senate bill."
Both bills arc aiming at the same re
The House bill gets at free raw
materials by one stroke of the pen:
the Senate bill by very radical re
ductions, but by a more conserva
tive and gradual process. Which of
the two will be the better and wiser
for the country under the present
conditions may justly be the subject
of honest and positive difference of
opinion amongst Democrats; but as
both arc aiming at the best and
wisest results for the country and
both are consistent, there can be no
doubt that thr House and Senate will
speedily harmonize and agree, as
there are no grounds for serious dif
ferences in the underlying principles
actuating both bodies.
The House bill came to tl^ Senate
with a general average of tariff du
ties of 35.42 per cent. The Finance
Committee of the Senate spent weeks
of valuable study and patient care in
going over the schedules, making
some rates higher and some rates
lower, according to its best judg
ment having the advantage of all the
valuable information obtained by
the patient labor of the Ways and
Means Committee of the House for
instruction and comparison, together
with carefully prepared statistics and
tables prepared by experts in the
Treasury Department comparing the
Wilson bill with the results under
the McKinley bill, aud also the sta
tistics and computations of the
Treasury Department of the results
which would have been obtained by
the bill prepared under the supervi
sion of the able and distinguished
Senator from Texas (Mr. Mills),
which passed the House of Repre
sentatives, but did not become a
law, the Senate bein g Republican,
and which was distinctly indorsed by
the Democratic platform of 1888.
The result of the first labors of
the Finance Committee was to make
still further reductions below the
Wilson bill, and it prepared and re
ported amendments to the bill in
which the average duties, under com
putation made by the Treasury De
partment, was about 34 per cent, in
stead of 35 and a fraction per cent,
in the House bill. This was thought
by some of the Senators on this side
of the Chamber to be too radical a
reduction and might endanger the
business prosperity of the country
under existing conditions. Most of
the reductions below the Wilson bill
have since been restored by amend
ments, which constitute a large pro
portion of the amendments reported
in the last Senate bill, and some in
creases made in other directions,
which now leaves the bill as amend
ed by the Senate at an average of
86.70 per cent, as against 35-52 per
cent, in the Wilson bill, as shown by
the following statement from the
-5 ft 2 s_
si ii r I?
• O S| a r -•
A—Chemicals, oils and
paiut. 31.61 84.41 95.09 27.*}
ware aud class- ,
ware, 51.85) 37.33 34 37,50.61
C -Metals. 58 43; 34.86,35.00,40.88
n-Wood, 32.08! 22.82 22.84 ^10.00
E-Snaar. 14.55 89.00 28.43 83.43
F—Tobacco, 117.82 105.95 01.58
ducts, 88.21 23.68 21.58 26.53
11 Spirits, wines aud
beverages, 80.00 58.9* 60.69 73.93
I — Cotton mauufac
lures, 55.25 40.92 38.45 39.97
J—Flax, hemp aud i
jute 45.00 32.41 30.51 22.94
K-Wool, 98.82 41.13;39.78 40.00
L - Silk and silk
eoods. 53.56 45.90 45.lt 19.71
M - Paper 28.85 20,38119.10 ‘28.06
N—Suudrles, 27.00 22.12j86.28 84.48
Total, 49 58 30 791,35.52 42 38
There is the further noticeable
fact that the Senate bill, as it now
stands, is a reduction on the McKin
ley bill of 25.79 per cent., the Wil
son bill is a reduction on the same
bill of 28.37 percent., and the Mills
b»U «at a reduction of 14.Viper cent.,
according to the statement made by
the Treasury Department.
I will add that there is not a sin
gle item in the Senate bill that is not
a large reduction below the McKin
ley bill, and also, with very few ex
ceptions, is a large reduction below
the same items in the Mills bill. It
is only fair to state, however, that
the present bill is framed under
more progressive conditions than
existing at the time the Mills bill
was formulated, and indorsed and
approved by the Democratic plat
form of 1888, the progressive condi
tions of tariff reform justifying the
increased reductions below the Mills
Now, Mr. President, the plain
statement of this difficult question of
tariff revision can lie summed up as
follows: The necessities of the Gov
ernment require that about one hun
dred and seventy millions of revouue
shall be raised by the present tariff
duties. This involves the unques
tioned result of giving a certain
amount of incidental protection to
the articles which are manufactured
or produced in the United States
unon which duties are levied. It is
only a question as to how fairly a
distribution has been made to the
various manufacturing, industrial
and producing sections of the coun
try, and as to how far wc have pro
gressed in the direction #f freer raw
materials. I'pon these questions
there arc unavoidable differences of
opinion which must be met, talked
over, and adjusted in such spirit of
compromise and fairness as all great
questions have always been settled.
It is incorrect to say that the spirit
of the Wilson bill has been changed
by any action of the Senate except
in so far as items in particular sched
ules have been raised or lowered,
keeping in view the general average
Mr. President, as for myself, I
have been a consistent and earnest
Democrat all my life, believing in
and abiding by the action of the ma
jority of ray party, studying as best
I might the principles and teachings
of the party, and the advances made
in the direction of lower tariff duties
and in the economic administration
of governmental affairs, and I stand
ready to abide by the responsibili
ties which may properly attach to
my efforts in relation to the present
tariff legislation. Amongst the
things which I have learned by ex
perience and observation is, that in
matters of great consequence, in
volving large responsibilities and
positive differences of interests and
opinion, that concessions, modifica
tions and compromises must be made
in order to produce harmonious re
sults. It has been so in the past in
all great measures, and must con
tinue to be so iu the future. He
whose path is intercepted by a stone
wall will always find it easier and
wiser to pass around it than to try to
butt his way through.
Mr. President, the work of the
committee and the Democratic ma
jority of the Senate has n ot been
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