Newspaper Page Text
Spirit of Jefferson.
Friday Morning, SeplouiliQr 27, 181 J. THE DEMOCIIATIC TICK?" r I'OIl I'KESIDENT, Col. JAMES K. POLK. fOR VICE-I'HESIDENT, Ilun. GEORGE M, DALLAS. DEMOCRATIC ELECTORS. 1st District.?John S. Mill < n of Norfolk. 2i> do. Thomas Wallace of Pet rabun?. 3d do. William O. (Joode of Mecklenburg. 4th do. W in. Daniel of Campbell. 6th do. Archibald .Stuart of Patrick. Otii dc?. Thomas J. Randolph of Albemarle. 7tii do. William Sini'h of raucjui r. 8th do. William I'. Tiylor of Carolina. Utii do. William II. Ib?aii'e of Henrico. 10th do. Richard Cok , Jr. of Gloucester. 1 Itii do. Henry Bedim <t of JrfK'rson. 1'2th do. fire en It. San-.u.-ls of .ShennuJoah. 13th do. James II ?ce ?-i' Pulaski. 1 Itii do. Henry S. iCa . ? of .Sroit. 15tii do. Robert \. Thompson of Kanawha. IGtii do. Joseph Jolnwn of Harrison. 17tii do. William ?S. Morgan of Marion. the last urroitT or a dj:spjhi?atj: PARTY. The Cold The " Free Press " of tlii week devotee a col umn and more to tliut 1:i1, und most contemptible of even \\rlii<^ humbugs, viz : that Hritish (!n!(l is to he brought to hear against the Whiff party in the preoeilt content. The Whigs liave had sa gacity enough to discern that British influence was being exerted to secure tin1 election of 1 leury Clay, and they knew that the American people at large would discover the same thing, and hence the necessity of drawing attention from one party and directing it to that of ti e other.?Ones any one doubt the feelings of England in reference to the two parties? The English have every thing to hope from the election of .Mr. Clay?and to confirm this, we give an extract from an article copied in the " Free Press" of this week, from the " London Atlas," ? Free Trade pajicr, which does not, in all conscience look much like favoring tho pretensions of .Mr. Polk, or the Democratic party. This, loo, bo it remembered, appears in tho same paper in which the " Gold bribe" is he ralded forth. The Atlas say-: " As regards English interests, we look upon the probable election of Mr. Clay with mixed feelings. On the one'hand lie is certainly by far the most respectable candidate, and the Whig party on the other side of the Atlantic are by far the most in telligent, reasonable, and respectable party. A democratic. President is sonic thing like a Foargus O'Conner or Tom Dunconibe in power, wh > may at any moment dash through all the laws of na tions, involve us ilia war lor some North-Western boundary or Oregon territory, in order to get up a popular clamor and carry an election. Repudiation, also, is a doctrine which finds much more favornmong tlie whole-bog democrats than with the staid r-ml respectable Whig, who has .sufficient intelligence to comprehend the max im that in the long run "hone, ty is the best policy." Undoubtedly, therefore, with Mr. Clay as Presi dent, and the Whig party in tho ascendent in Congress, we should leol much more conilortable in regard to our foreign relations, and must look forward with more confidence to an adjustment of the awkward questions respecting the Oregon frontier, which, if neglected, may at some future period lead to serious embarrassments." And why should not such base sentiments as these he re-echoed by every press in England ?? They well know that the Democratic party have 110 feeling in common with them?that they are not willing that Oregon and Texas shall he given up to satisfy English rapacity; or tl at the Gen eral Government shall assume the State Debts, to feed the pampered bond-holders of American scrip. The New York Herald, a neutral paper, in speaking of this subject, has the following connnon-sense remarks:? " Every 0110 who is not blinded by lear must gee tlint, lo the Uritiwli Government the election of Mr. Clay,and the triumph of n party opposed to the Texas question, would be more desirable than the success of Air. lJolk, and annexation. If the British (iovermnent could have their wishes real ized in this election, we have no doubt that the great interests of England, from the highest to the lowest, would see a President and t ongress elected that would reject the annexation of Texas, and let the Oregon question sleep the sleep of death, than any other party now before the coun try. Great Britain has a greater interest as a nation in curtailing the dimensions of this great republic, and diminishing the influence of its in stitutions and its principles, than in any augmen tation of importations to the amount of twenty, thirty, or forty millions a year." Hut to the Uritish gnld-Hory. And what, says the Richmond Enquirer, " is this last of the .Mo hicans ?"?The gold humbug?or rather the brass humbug?of which we see so much in the " Re public" of New York, lately bought up itself by the Whig party, and in the Richmond Whig and in the Compiler and in other presses of that ilk ! And what is this fearful chimera .' Why nothing less than "Britishgold at work" among us?-taint ing the Loco Foco party. Aye, two millions of British gold, employed at New York, to print Free Trade Tracts to overthrow the Tar.lt', and bring us to the feet of the llritish ihanufaclerers. Horrible, horrible?and most awful plot against our liberties ! Yet, let us not bo bewitched by our own terrors ?but look at tho monster seriously. What are the facts of the case?and next what is tho extent of the dangers. First, has this money arrived ? Is it coming ? Has a single tract been published in Now York, or a single dollar yet appropriated in America ? One of the New York papers denied tho fact some days ago?and what says the " New York Morn ing News" of Saturday last ? "Important Intelligence ; Given and Want ed !?We learn from the Whig press in general, that half a million of dollars of 'British Gold' has arrived in this city for the electioneering benefits o.f,the,Democratic parly. Well, this certainly is newsr?espcciallv after the remarks ol tho Lon don c'orresijtfnda'nt of the Boston Atla =. how much moro 'comparable' our kind and affectionate step dame acros?the Atlantic would feel on the elec tion of Clay, than on the success of the pestilent; 1 Democratic party. We are afraid, that the agent to whom the moiiey \yas entrusted for transporta tion must either have fallen overboard on tlietway, and have sunk with the weight of tho golden load in his pockets, or else must have gone lo Tex? no, to California. Any tidings of him will bo , gratefully received oy the Democratic party at I large, as well a;) by his 'anxious mother,' if Jn. deed she yW''knows that ho is out.' " ' 'J'lie money, (lion, hah not yet arrived. So it scorns, as iar a- :the X'Hv York Morning News is advised. TJji.ti fact would bo one grand ex tinguisher ot thii last oi' tlic humbugs, Not the two millions, noi" jlalfri million," nor one dollar of itHut supjiose (lie!money was in New York, \\.hat is to bccoiiio of it? To bribe the people or tho United States to -surir-ndor tlu ir liberties ? W by, the highlit sum would scarce amount to iiinepcnce per capita to pacli of our people. And suppose it was r<> be uised in printing tracts, of which wo of tho South hen.- certainly have 'not men nor do wo want a copy? (Uerrion's Free I ride Uoport is almost sulli-ient lor u? !)?how could they operate to. this do. tructionofour rights, or of our interest.. .' F(jw *-o?ld read these tracts, nlid every man would -read and judge them for himself. Wo jlow rend Adam Smith, (as Air. (.lies forcibly said;) and will the Whigs next pro p to burn thai Hook (is a .'-orotic .' The whole thing isi. humbug. If Wt} were to need the agency ol British gold at all, w ? would sooner sus pect thu large JMtish ccpitaii-tsof sending funds bore to jnllueiicif our election , for tliev have been taught jo believe, that Clay's election would brin.' along uiiU, it the establishment of a .Mammoth ii ink ol 60 millions, (fn which they might take i an interest,) and 'he nsjjumpifon of ;!00 uiillions 1 o! State stock, in which they are so deeply con- ! A!'tor l|l!- ? I' ' the old story'of the ! real J'iiiel lirst raising tilio huo and cry of Thief! Thief!! I'lie Whigs, (says the Madisonian.) are at tempting to parrv the many well-susta-ncd proofs ol the tact, that the British tiovermuent is exert in/ itsell to secure .Mr. Clay'.- election, by ctiari' mg, that liritish ;<old hat- been seiit to this country to li ? expended in the cause ol Free Trade. This they say,'is used by the Democratic paitv. Now' we admit thai u Itiitish j/ohI lias been sent to this country in abundance, to be expended in the ad vocacy of the doctrine of l-'r-'o Trade. Bit' it /"/.< been ex/icndeA <m the Whiz* and others whoop l\ \ lae A nnexmhn of Texas. Texas is to hi; the t'J'iift THAI) 11 Slat- by means of which Great britain intends /? ruin t!w ni'iiiufitciures and com w rea of the Untied Stairs." Who aiie tiii, Ukiti.-sii I'.un v'/?Whilst the Whig press are scuttoriiur broadcast over the land the enormities of that l i t, of all the terrible humbugH, viz : the influence that is to bo exerted in the coming contost by "British gold," it may bo well enough to refer to a vote taken by Major D n ezac, last week, at the meeting at Harpors I'l.'iiy. lie requested that all who were in favor ol the annexation of Coxa , thereby preserving, aa well as being able to defend against foreign as sault, tho honor and glory r.f the United Slates, would signify tho sumo by saying "aye."1 Of coiiiso one universal respon went up, from every Democrat present. Then lie proposed that all j who were opposed to Texas, and in favor of Fug lind and l.ord Ashburttin's policy, would signify tbe .-.,11110 by saying "a//.,." And, strange to say, \\e believe that every Whig present elevated his voice to the highest key; to respond to so base and unloyal sentilnent. Lot us hear nothing from tlint qua iter, charging "loco-focos" with being flit? **Hrili It party." Discussion ul llin pers-FeiT}'. ! Messrs. .Millson and llediuuer on the part of the Democrats, and Messrs. Stanley, Ilunterand lCen n-dy on the part of tho Whigs, had a political dis cus-ion at Uarpors-tMrry on 'J'hursday night week. Wo wore not present, butour Democratic friends give usn most cheering account. Whilst Stanley, turned out to be a "small gun," and Ilunter, possibly from tho previous labor and fa tigue of tho day, did not cijual his usual efforts, the Democratic champions w ere just at home with a pocket li li ol roOks. Millson and liedin gcr never done themselves more credit?and they nailed to the wail/all (lib arguments put forth by their opponents, and cornered them so close that many of the Whigs who were present were forced to admit, that their a-ivocates were "used lin coons." 'J./ Mr. Stanj.uv, we arc informed, railed con siderably in reference *o the Gold humbug, in his speech at Harpers-Ferry on Thursday night week. It is bad enough for Whig editors to^bo guilty of such silly conduct, and it is certainly still worso for men who have been thought worthy at oil'.1 period of their life, .)o have a seat in tho Na tional Councils, to bo made the dupes of so shal low and barefaced a liunjbug. Desperate, indeed, must be a cause, when aiu-h schemes have to bo resorted to in ordei- to sustain its sinking fortune. .III. C'lnv anil the < utholics. Another of the desperate means put in use, in lioiisi quenco of the declining fortunes of Wliig gery, is :ui ellort k> secure tin- Catholic vote of tlie country lor Air. ("lay. We were shown at Har per-Ferry, si few'Jays fiince, a "Secret llaml !>ili,"' intended for fh(j<>ye of in no hut those be longing to the Catholic iaith,? in which a labored ellort is made, to kIiow that. Mr. Clay has always been the steadfast fricmj of Catholic liberty and tin rights of the Catholic church. This " hand bill " also presents Mr. Polk in an untugonistical po rtion, and say.-, that a: one period of his life he was ,?o much a TurilViu in, tliat he was not will in;: to relinquish tie dill - on a Hell that had been pr<: ented to the <l<itho!\. church of St. Louis. < iiitholics, wnrin-hearjed, generous Irishmen, is there one of you that ca n be deceived by this base and paltry subterfuge ? i \Vt re the Whig party the friends of Cii'ii'ilic?, when in delianco of all laxy, religious rights and equal liberty, th-v were committing to tin. Ilairx - your -acred and conse crati.sl temples inithe ci|y of Philadelphia I Are the leaders of the. Wliiig party, ye sons of the ; green Liueruld Isle, voi r friends, when with Sen ator Archer at the head, they declare ifsuccessful in tho present contest, yen shall submit to bon dage in this free land, for twenty-one long years? Did we mippos ? you could In; cajoled into the ' support of Ilenry flay,, and by consequenceiden tili .1 with tho Whig party, we would ransack the records and show to you that thero is not one principle of identity bet ween you. The Whigs, and the Whig leador, have beeomo exceedingly I accommodating of latif. They can suit their ! principles to corrosponi! with all classes and con ditions oi' men?all political and religious divi sions?and if need be, flan even "entertain a high respect for the Latter-Day Saints!" Be not de ceived then, we say again, by any such hypocritical prole, sions. H.lTTlie Carlisle Volunteer, as also the States man, pronounce the statement in reference to 1500 "straightouters" having joined the Whigs at a precession in Cuiuborlajid County, Pa., unquali fiedly false, not having, j in the remotest degree, any foundation in truth'. Try it again Whigs, you must locate your ^straight-outers" further from home than this. ! .!' ? I. THE J UKliJUniCK convention*. On .Saturday list the D^inocratift-Wass. Meet ing at Frederick City came oil", agreeably to pre vious notice, .ind it was, all in all,U most glo rious gathering/ The Democracy of Maryland ; seemed truly o/oused, and from the number that were in attendance, the enthusiasm, yet perleet harmony that /narked this meeting, we were in deed led to bdieve that all will be well, even in that old Federal .State. Some of the delegations to this meeting, were about equal to most ol our Virginia Festivals?and the various delegations bore with tiem every variety ol banners, and young hickories and poke bushes in abundance, as well as (lions, "served up" to suit the tastes ol their warm admirers, the universal Whig party. The ladies, too, to the 110 small discomfiture of the NVhigs (who, with their acknowledged liberal ily, claim all the ladies as belonging to their side,) seemed to have rnado one general rally ; and such a display of loveliness and beauty, and the bright beamingeye of woman, seldom has it been our pleasure to look upon. The decorations of the town were most beautiful?the streets were cross ed in all directions with arches of ever-grcen, on each of which was suspended portraits of our distinguished nominees for President and \ ice President. The Democratic houses were also adorned with wreaths ol flowers, portraits of em inent individuals, &o. The procession, It wis estimated, (and this was the lowest cstimalo \vo heard,) contained about two to one, over the Whig procession of the Thursday preceding, r.lt took the procession upwards of an hour to pass. ?Several delegations were present from Virgin ia?a hundred or more from .lellbrson, a respecta ble delegation from Frederick, a small number from Berkeley ; and the "Spartan Hand" of Lou doun, too, were there, with buoyant hearts, confi dent that if they were beaten iu their own politi cal-priest-ridden county, all would be well in the final result. When the procession arrived on the ground, the crowd was so great, that the managers found it necessary to erect an additional stand, in order that the people might hear the political truths that were to be so ably and eloquently put lorth. .Major Davezae of New York, and David Stewart of Haiti more, occupied one stand, whilst a young yet talented straight-outer from Baltimore City, Air. O'Neill, occupied the other. Of the sjieeches of at least the two first named of these gentlemen, it is unnecessary for us tospeak?they are known to most of our readers as among the ablest cham pions of the Democratic party. In consequence of threatened rain, the crowd left the ground at an early hour, all in perleet order, without the least accident occurring to mar the pleasure ot the meeting. At night, it had been intended to hold the meet in the court-house yard, but iu consequence ot rain, the people assembled in the market-house, and were addressed by Messrs. Gihuour ot Penn., Harding of this town, McLean of Baltimore, a notlier straight-outer, and Lowe and Nelson of Frederick, in brief yet eloquent and forcible speeches. It give us much pleasure to state that the address of Mr. Hauling done hint great credit, and was received with the most rapturous ap plause. We were assured on all hands that Frederick county would be "right side up" in the approaching conllict, and that this meeting would make assurance doubly sure. Willys, Item! ! For the benefit of some of our Whig patrons who are laboring under the delusion that the Democrats of Pennsylvania, (and perhaps else where,) are advocating the Whig Tariff of 1812 as a democratic measure, we copy an extract from the " Pennsylvania Statesman," a democratic pa per published at Carlisle, Cumberland county: " It is clear and incontrovertible that the Tariff of 18.12 is, out and out, a Whig niea-nre j con ceived ami matured iu Whig congressional coun cils ; passed, mainly, by Whig votes; and designed, in strict accordance with whig principles, as much for protection as for revenue. This Tnrill'of '42, then, being a Whig measure, how can men, pro fessing to be democra's,object to Col. Polk because he is opposed to it? To do so, is both unfair and inconsistent. It Col. Polk had responded to the interrogatories of the Dickinson meeting in the same spirit of friendship for the Act of 1842 that Mr. Clay has done, what would have been the re sult? Why, most unquestionably his abandon ment by almost the entire National Democratic Party.' 1 le could not have stood a day as the lead er and champion ol democracy alter endorsing the most unjust and oppressive Act ol the \\ liig Congress of 1812. lie could no longer have been recognized as a democrat?and, alter the re peated expressions of op nion against that act which he has given, which were well known to the National < onvention from whom he received his nominal ion, and to the people to whose sup port that body recommended him, a sudden change from hostility to friendship lor the Act of 1812. must have lost him the resjieel as well as the sup port of the Democratic party from Maine to Ceorgia." In connection with this, which has itself grown out of that Miller movement in Dickinson town ship, Cumberland county, it gives us pleasure to have it in our power to s tate, from undoubted au thority, that this Miller is the veriest changeling, lie has not acted in good faith with the democratic party for three years, or more; that he supported j Harrison in 1810; and in 1811 the democratic 1 l?rt y refused to have him on their ticket for the i State Senate. He was supported by the Whigs I at the last Congressional election in opposition to Mr. Dlack the democratic candidate, lie ' Is a man, as our informant tolls us, whoso influence does not extend beyond thirteen individuals, which number composed his meeting, and also his com mittee, we believe. And, from what wo have learned, it is generally thought that it was his de liberate intention to produce dissensions in the democratic ranks, but he lias been caught in his own meshes. Now, in order to relievo himself from the odium of the charge of hypocrisy that some might urge against him, and to prove him self honest in purpose at least, let him renounce his pretended heresies in relation to the Tariff,and be in future an unwavering Democrat, and per haps a little more importance will then be attach ed to his party movements. Lest our renders may be deluded also in regard to the views of the democrats in New York, we copy the following from the New York Plebeian, a domocratic paper published in New York city : '? If thero is a democrat in the Union, who has been deceived into ths belief that the present Ta riff'is a democratic measure let him be undeceiv ed." Mr. Miller, bo it known, is the proprietor of a large iron manufactory, and of course is one of the capitalists of our country ! New York Natives.?The' New York Natives have resolved to nominate candidates for Gover nor and Liout. Governor to run against the demo cratic and whig candidates. Riifht nbotit l'ucc. Tlie NVhlgs who have been courting the nboU tion vote tor Mr. Clay, because lie was opposed to the annexation ot' Texas, have been struck dumb by his last letter to his southern placchohling friends,Stephen F. Miller, Esq., ot I'uscaloosa, Al abama. Mr. Clay tolls Mr. Miller that '? person ally" Mr. C'. " could have no objection to the annexe alion of Texas" but that " he would be unwilling to see the existing Union dissolved or seriously jeoparded for tho sake of acquiring Texas." So it seems that Mr. Clay personally is in favor ot annexation, and is only deterred front going for it bv the apprehension that it would produce a disso lution of tho Union. Who does Mr. Clay mean to charge with a design to dissolve the Union in the event of Texas being annexed to the United States I Does he mean to cast this odious impu tation upon his Whig friends ? Does he mean to say that he believes that they would attempt to dissolve tho Union ? This is tho obvious import of his language ; and we leave it to the Whig par ty to get along with the insult in any way they may choose, promising, however, that wo shall hereafter expect that they will have too much de cency to ask any man to vote for Mr. Clay to keep Texas out of the Union. There was a period when we gave Mr. Clay some credit for courage and frankness, but he has become, in an eminent degree, time serving, double dealing,and insincere a sort of " good lord, good devil, politician," who is laboring by miserable shifts and expedients, to accommodate himself to the conflicting inter ests and opinions of the Whigs in dillerent sec tions of tho country. Political Discussion at Clinrlestown on Fri day next. The lion. A. II. II.,Stuart, Whig Electoral candidate for tho 12th District,will address the citi zens of Jcllerson county, on Friday, 1th of Oct. It will be seen from the correspondence which we publish to-day, between the Democratic Corres ponding Committee, and tho Whig Committee of Arrangements, &c., that no objection will be made to Mr. Stuarts being replied to on that oc casion by some one whom the Democrats shall select. As we are certain that our party will fmd some champion to advocate their cause, we doubt not that the discussion will be very enter taining, and we invite our Iriends both from the county and from a distance to attend and witness it. CiiARi.EsTowx, September 19th, 1811. Gentlemen?Having seen a notice in tho last " Free Press," that the lion. A. II. II. Stuart will address the people of this county, on Friday, the 4th of October next, we respectfully request to know whether you will object to his being replied to on that occasion, by some one whom tho Dem ocratic party shall select. We cannot help be lieving that a discussion will be more acceptable to the people than a mere ei'-parte address. II you concur with us in this opinion, we will meet you at any time you shall suggest, and make such arrangements lor the discussion as we hope will suit both parties. Very Respectfully, vours, &c. GEO. 'IS. BE ALL, li. Hume iiutciiEH, J. HENRY BEARD, Corresponding Committee oj -fell. eo. Central Democratic Association. To Messrs. Andrew Hunter, L. C. Cordoll, Geo. W. Sappington, (ieo. W. Hammond, Win. C. YVorthington,T. II. Willis, Connn't &c. Chahi.kstowx, Sept.. 23d, 1811. To Messrs. Beall, Butcher, untl B ard, ('out'I? GE.NTf.EMKN?We respectfully acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the lUtli inst., relative to tin." contemplated visit and address ol the Hon. A. 11. II. Stuart to the people of .lell'erson, on tho ? 1th of next month, and requesting to know it there u ill be any objection to his being replied to on that occasion. We at once reply, certainly not. His address I will be in public?and alter it is finished,any dein 1 ocratic orator would have an undoubted right, without consulting us, lo reply to him. \\ ero our consent necessary, it should not of course be withhold. Mr. Stuart has consented, simply, to address us on that occasion, and wo are not sufljciently acquainted with his arrangements to justily us, in committing him to a regular discussion at that time. In any event however, the Whig party will be prepared with an advocate, to whom they are willing to commit the maintenance ot their prin ciples. I Whatever arrangements the occasion may re : quire, we will cheerfully join you in making. Your obedient servants, AND. HUNTER, l? ('. CORD ELL, (i. W. SAl'I'INCTON, G. W. IIA.MMOND, W. C. WORTIIINGTON1, T. II. WILLIS, Committee. IIknhy Dkdixoek I'Jsq.?Our ablo anil faitli 1'ul Elector, on his route from Charlottesville home, was made, in accordance with the demand of the ; people, to stop and deliver (not his money,) hut j several staunch, genuine and eloquent Democratic ! speeches. Of his report at Harrisonburg, Hock i ingliam County, the Register says :? " IIknky HKDlNGErt, Ks<j.?'I'his fearless and eloquent champion of Democracy, addressed the j citizens of Harrisonburg, at the Court-Uouse on last Saturday night. Mr. li. was on his return J from the Charlottesville Convention, and his ar rival among us very unexpected. Although great j ly exhausted from the fatigue of traveling and J speaking, he entertained us for about two hours, j with a masterly speech on the Dank and Tarill' questions. I lis arguments wore presented with [ an ability, clearness and force which must tell ef fectively upon the popular mind. We cannot imagine how any man, after listening to the lu cid and lorciblo arguments of Mr. I!, can still en tertain a doubt in regard to the ruinous and de structive tendency of the Protective tarill"policy, upon the Agricultural and laboring classes of our country. Mr. lledinger's fame, as an able and I oloqueiit debater, had preceded him; and his | speech on Saturday night fully sustained his re putation." lie was also present, together with Caskie, Bayley, &c., at the great Democratic meeting at Staunton. A correspondent from that place gives the following," in his sketch of the meting : "Henry Bedingcr, Esq., of Jefl'erson opened the discussion on Friday morning, with a powerful and effective speech?exposing in a masterly manner the faithlessness of the Whig party, and the gross inconsistency of their champion. He then turned to the Tarill which ho handled in a most able manner, showing clearly to the people that it is destructive to their best interests, and the prosperi ty of the whole country. 1 do not pretend to give an uccount of his entiro speech ; stillice it to say, that ho caused many of the Whigs todoubttlie correctness of their views on this great and in teresting subject." This correspondent further adds:? " The " Spectator" endeavors to make the peo ple believe that our speakers advocated the entire Free Trade doctrine. This is not correct. We only demanded the repeal of the Tarill of '12, and a return to the Compromise Act. If that is Free Trade, Henry Clay is certainly the father of the system, although it is true, that in violation of his pledged honor, lie has sanctioned its repeal." Identity of the Whig and Federal Partj*. It can 110 longer bo a matter ot .doubt, us (o the identity of the present sell-named Wtiig party, and the old Fedoral party. It is true that the Whigs have endeavored, by every means that their invontive ingenuity could suggest, to break up the old party lines, and to erase, or rather hide and cover up every vestige of Federalism with which their party is so ttrongly characterized.? But their efforts have proved unavailing, and, like the reckless moves of some desperate player, havo only served to embarrass themselves, whilst they have awakened tho just suspicions of the true Re publicans of the country, and caused a thorough investigation of the whole matter. The conse quence of which investigation has \>cm the dis covery of principles, feelings and measures com mon as well to the old Federal, as to the modern Whig party. The administration of the elder Adams, whose odious Federalism has been, since his reign, the theme of the severest animadversion, first gave tone to the doctrines of a party known as the ad vocates of almost unlimited powers iu the Eederal Government. Tho peculiar tenets of this party, the notions of consolidation which they Ise'emed bent upon carrying into practice, to the lullest ex tent, would have come nigh swallowing up entire- j ly the few evidences of sovereignty that were reserved to tho States. It was during Adams' dynasty that the benign and gonerous law ot the previous administration, in relation to tho natural ization of foreigners, was rendered a dead letter upon our statute liooks. Although it cannot be supposed that the period had arrived in tho history of our country, when we could have felt tree,and entirely secure from the diretul influence * which the exercise, by designing foreigners, ol the privi leges of citizens may have had on our young lie public, yet in the wisdom and patriotism ot such men as" Washington, Jellerson, and their adhe rents, live years probation tor the foreigner, with proper evidence of attachment to the institutions of our country, was deemed sutUcient for our safety. Hut Adams and his partisans, inore jeajous of the growing polarity of the liberal and enlightened poli- , cy oftheadvoeatos ot tree and democratic priu iples, than desiious to add strength and vigor loan infant nation, raised the period from live to fourteen years. This measure, in their renowned policy, : was justly and universally condemned by every true Republican. While the Republican party, with the proper conceptions of tho policy most conducive to the best interest ol our belovid union, extended to tho honest foreigner the hand of welcome, upon conditions at the same time safe and liberal, it was the policy of the Federal party to prolong the inhospitable distinction be tween tho native and the alien, until it grow a repulse as cold and inhuman as that of an Euro pean monarch with his sated realms. While a refuge was prollered .by tho one party, to the vic tim of tyranny's oppression, who, to abide with us for but a single -easoli, was to appreciate and love our form of government, he was forbid by the other, to breathe with freedom that American air which their sclflsh policy had contaminated.? Then it is not strange that old federal Adam's, with his devoted partisans at his heels, should have been hurled from the chair of State, at tho close of a single term, by the voice of an indig nant people. And upon the elevation of his suc cessor, that philosopher, statesman aiul patriot Thomas JelVerson, the period was reduced troni fourteen to live years, which act has received the sanction of the Republican pa'rty, and every suc cessive administration. The present Whig party, however, or at least some of their leaders in Con gress, have avowed their determination to raise again, if possible, the period not merely to four j teen, but to twenty-one years! And we have yet to hear a single Whig throughout the coun try express opposition to the proposed measure ; but many have boldly proclaimed their approba tion. And if Ilenry CIdy himself has failed to publish his opinion on,the subject, his silence is j ominous certainly that his partisan movers iu this matter will meet with his approving smiles. This is a single, yet it is an unerring feature of iden tity between the feelings and measures of the present Whig, and old Federal party. Aral from the weighty considerations involved in it, it be comes us all to look well to it, Tho law*prescrib ing fourteen years of probation to the man who had escaped from despotic countries, united as it is in the same chapter with the alien and sedi tion law, (a law which has been visited most Un sparingly with the anathemas of the American people for nearly the last half century,) stands, (abrogated it is true.) on our statute books as a monument of Federal usurpation and misrule.? And passing strange would it be, to see a party ' of the present day, thus identified with tuat party, ; raised to power ! Other points of identity suggest themselves to our mind, but from the short space loll us, we will have to content ourselves by referring to only two others for the present. The Republicans from motives of the soundest policy, advocated, and in 1803 ollectod the annexation of the Louisiana Territory, iiiclutliiiif Texas; the Federalist.'!, with all rancor of party zeal, opposed it. The Dem ocrats of the present day, from similar motives advocate the annexation of Texas; and the Whigs, with Ilenry Clay as their leader, oppose it. The Federalists in 1811 advocated the incorporation of a National Bank, and the Republicans opposed it. The Whig party, now with Henry Clay as its champion, advocate that measure, and the Democratic party oppose it. Need we look fur ther for evidence of identity ? With those points constantly before us, it is impossible, we appre hend, for the humblest capacity to see. Let these truths bo rovolved in the minds of the people.? Let them be kept before the eyes of the voters as beacon-lights to warn tliein of the cragged shore of Federalism on which our national bark may be stranded. IIARVEY, ItPTho Warrenton "Flag of '98," contains a graphic skotch of tho Mass Mooting in Fauquier on the 17th inst. About 7000 persons were pre sent, all confident to the highest degree of the.glo rious victory that awaits the Democracy in No vember. A gentleman just front Fauquier, assures us that from tho changes that are daily taking placo there, it is confidently anticipated she will be "right side tip" on the day of tho great battle. Messrs. Young, Caskie, Scott and Barbour were present at the meeting, and delivered, it, is said, most able and interesting addresses. Illinois.?The official vote in this State at tho late election is published in the Globe. Tho De mocratic majority now, .'3 1*1,775, in 1810, it was 1,939, showing a Democratic, gain of 12,830 .'? Six Democrats and one Whig elected to Congress ?all the Democrats by an increased majority since 18-12. ? ? .. .. .. >*?*?" '(B^Col. Michael IIoke, the Democratic can didatq Ibr Govornol' in North Carolina, at the re cent election in that State, died a few (lays since, at tlio ehrly ago of 35 years. Col. II. is said to have lioon one among tho brightest jewels of tho ? old North State"?a gentleman who possessed^ talents of the highest order, and evefy qualification that fitted him to adorn the most elevated pnblf stations. Only twelve years since he was a lu| studont in Winchester, Va., where he attache to him many warm friends, not only in ^I',reder-, ick, but in our own county. Louisiana Election.?Tlio Whigs must have something to crow over, and they art* not very scrupulous what it is. Tlijjy are nciw making a great ado, bccauso they liave elected a Senator ih the Attaknpsits District, 1-oniSiana,'by 76 majo rity, where in inly liu?t they had ISO, frtld iii 1840 they had oS3 ! This is a glorious Whig victory, to bo sure, and a few more such, will not leave them a corporal's guardiA the State.' OCT The lion. John'M. Berrien has been tra versing Pennsylvania, delivering speeches with out end, as to the benefits resulting from Whig policy, and more especially that darling measure, tlio Tariil'of '42. It is recorded as somewhat sin gular that he has never yet told tho good people of the Keystone, that one .Mr. llerrien, a Senator from Georgia, voted against this same Tariff, and exerted all his influence to defeat it, together with some 30 or more of his Whig Mends. PANIC AMON'tJ"tjIe wiuGS. Tho New York Herald says there is a "terrible patlic amongst tho whigs of that city," which seems fo l>b " increasing and widening every day." The 1 Icrild adds: "During tho last two days numerous secret an important consultations have boon hold amongs tho leaders of tlio whigs in tlyis city, and couriers have boon sent into tho interior of the State, lor tho purpose of devising ways and means'for Con ducting tho campaign with tho greatest possible ellect for the next six weeks. Tho committee rooms, and private as well as public places of re sort, have been crowded with individuals'seeking information as to the prospects, and endeavoring to lintl some ground on which their lhith and hopes may repose. The Herald also says that tho panic has been increasing very much, particularly since tlio .Maine election, and that there is really very little doubt that every possible means will bo resorted to by the unscrupulous partisans of tho Whigs, in order to prevent a total disorganization of their ranks. The Herald next notices an article in Webb's Courier and Enquirer, in which allusion is made to the probable resort to physical forco on tho day of election: j "Wo all know very Well what tlfcso prelimina ry exhortations to abstain ffom violence, adduced by the party organs to their supporters, iriehiy? They art- merely admonitions to the lawless and disorderly to bo in readiness. And nothing shows more eiearly the existencp of,the panic than this talk about physical force in the whig organs.? Wo trust, however, that tho virtuous and respect able friends of our republican institutions will unite for the purpose of preventing any scenes of violence at the polls, anil to save the country fro in being again associated in the journals of Europe with the outrages of a mob. Not only do these hints about fraud and physical forco indicate* tho existence of tho growing panic in tho whig ranks, hut the new tactics o! agitation adopted by tho organs of that party very strikingly demonstrate the same fact,and their consciousness of tho neees-, sitv of the introduction of some new themes of popular excitement, in order to create a little addpj tional bouyuncy of spirit in the camp. "During the last week there had been a luke warinness in the whig press, which but too strong ly indicates tho paralyzed condition of tho internal fabric of that party. Now. however, it seems that a little courage has been plucked up, and a new movement made o! a character difibrcnt from any of tin1 recent attempts to create an excitement on the old issues in the contest. The controversy on the tariti'has degenerated into the grossest absurd ities and imbecility, having ended in miserable discussions about cottons and needles, and the price of warming pans, and such ridiculous small wares. Then the discussion on tho Texas ques tion, coupled with the letters of Mr. Clay and the speeches of Webster, Seward, and others, has j tended only to give strength, force, and momentum I to the abolition party, and thereby to abstract a ; large portion of the "whigs from the -support of Mr. ! ( I ly. A national hank is ah unpopular tqnjc here, | where all the moneyed irioti are oppbsod to any j such institution, and it has been brought very little ; into play. All these topics then are d'issipa 1 ted and exhausted, so that scarce a vestigo of them remains that can be brought to bear "ipon the popular mind." Tin: .maim: tkiijiiiimi ! It would bo idle affectation to conceal the sin corc and heartfelt gratification, which porvados tho bosom o: every friend of the republican cause, on the unexampled triumph that has crowned the clliirts of Democracy in Maine. They had conli 1 dently anticipated some manifestations of a change in public sentiment favorable to their cause ; but when the Eastern gales brought on their wings the glad tidings of a radical and overwhelming REVOLUTION, they experienced a thrill ol joy which they are proud to acknowledge. te?. The result is not one of mere transitory impor?j| tance, but has decided issues of transceudant mag?! 5 nitude. it is not investing it with too great ai? importance, to say, that IT DECIDES THE QUESTION' OF THE NEXT I'SESJDENCV.t It proves that 1811 is not 1810, and that tho coon of that period," fatand sleek," has dwindled down i to a lean, lank, decrepid animal?a fair rcpresen I tation of modern wliiggery. It demonstrates, too, i that Henry Clay is not Gen. Harrison; and that | hundreds,nav thousands, who enlisted under the; banner of " Tip and Ty," have now returned to ' their " first love." All recollect the chilling influ ence produced upon the Democrats in 1810, by their unexpeclcddefeat in Maine?all acknowledge the encouraging ell'ect of their glorious triumph now! It has inspired the Patriot with renewed confidence in the stability and prosperity of our happy institutions, affording the most cheering cvidenceofthe increasing attachment of tho Amer ican people to free and liberal principles. Rejoice, Democrats, then, rejoico over your success in Maine.?Lancaster Union. O'Thero will be a grand torch-light proces( ?sion in Baltimqro, on Monday night next, 31WJ inst. The Whigs will have one on the "Inyfi following. Tho faro from Winchester to Ita?f-4 more will be half price. Hon. W.m. Smith;?As requested, we publish on our outer-form the answer of Hon. William Smith to the Card of John S. Gallahcr, Esq., in refereuco to certain votes given by the latter geiir tleman whilst a member of the Virginia Logislai litre. Mr. Smith fully sustains, we. think, all that he asserted in his Winchester speech. BALTijiiOKE Sun.?This able and spirited sheet appeared on Monday with an entire new dress.? Tho editors seem never to tire in catering for the! tastes of their readers, and to leave nothing un-f done that will add to the interest *of their paper/ The Daily is published ut ? t per apnum and f for six months, or ?1 for three. The " WeoU Sun" is $1,50 per annum. The paper was fouiL. ed, and has been continued oK the cash princijH" exclusive!v. '