Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. CHARLESTOWN, JE SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON. TVblished WEEKLY, DV JAMES W. SELLER, (Office o.-j Main street, a few l>oors above the Valley Bank,) At S2 00 in advance?02 50 if paid within six months?or 03 00 if not paid until after the ex piration of the year. jctAdvertiseme.vts will be inserted at the rate of 81 UO per square for the first three insertions, and s!5 cents for each continuance. Those not marked on the manu script for a specified time, will I) ? inserted until lurbid, and charged accordingly. A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the year. JCrDistar.t sub-criptions and advertisements must lie I paid in advance, or responsible^ persons living in the I county guaranty the settlement of the same:** From ihe Gill for Jyi5. A GLE.VJI OF SUNSIII.VE. BY II. W. longfellow. This is the plac?*. Stand still iny steed. Let me re\iew the scene. And summon from tin: shadowy I ast The forms that once have been. The Past and Present reunite Beneath Time's flowing tide, Like footprints hidden hy a brook, But seen on either side. Here runs the highway to the town, There the green lane descends, Through which J walked to church with thee. Oh ! gentlest of iny friends ! The shadow of the linden trees, Lay moving on the grass; Between them and the moving boughs, A siiadow, thou didst pass. Thy dress was like the lilies, And they heart as pure as they, One of God's holy angels Did walk with me that day. I saw the branches of the trees Bend down thy touch to meet, The i-lover-blov-oms in the grass Rise up to kiss thy feci. "Sleep, sleep to-day, tormenting cares. Of earth and folly born !" Solemnly sang the village ch ?ir On that sweet Sabbath morn. Through the closed blinds the golden sua Poured in a dusty beatn, Like the celestial ladder Of the ancient patriarch's dream. And ever and anon, the wind, Sweet-scented with hay, Turned o'er the hymn-book's fluttering leaves Thai on the window lay. Long was the good man's sermon, But it seemed not so to me. For in my heart I prayed with him, And still 1 thought of thee. Lon^ was the prayer he uttered, Hut it seemed not so to me, For in my heart I prayed with liitn, But still i thought of thee. But now, alas the place seems changed ; Thou art no longer here ; Part of the sunshine of the scene With thee dtd disappear. Though thought*, de**p rooted in my heart, Like pine trees dark, and high, Subdue the light of noon, and breathe A low ami ceaseless sigh. This memory brightens o'er the Past, As when thesiut. concealed Behind some cloud that near us liaxig*, Shines oil a distant Held. iUisfcIUincous. A Mother's Love. " Happy is lie who knows a moilwr's love." What is so puke??The patriot expects fame, the friend sympathy, and tiie lover pleasure.? Even Religion, while she waters Iter faith with tears, looks forward to the best fruit of l.>er love.? But maternal affection springs from the breast mi invoked by the touch of interest. Its objects are the weak and the woful. It haunts the cra dle of infantile pain, or hovers near the couch of the faint and forsaken. Its sweetest smiles break through the clouds of misfortune, and its gentlest tones arise amid the sighs of suffering and of sor row. It is a limpid and lovely flow of feeling which gushes from the fountain-head of purity, and courses the heart through selfish designs and sordid passion iinminglingand unsullied. What is so firm ? Time and misfortune, pen ary ?nd persecution, hatred and infamy, may roll their dark waves successively over it, and still it smiles unchanged; orthe more potent allurements of fortune, opulence, and pride, power and splen dor, may woo her?and yet she is unmoved!? The mother "loves ami loves for e\cr." What is so faithful ? From inlhticy to age, *' through good report anil through evil report," the deus of maternal affection are shed upon the soul. When heart-stricken and abandoned, when | branded by shame, followed by scorn, her arms are open; her breast still kind. Through every trial, that love will follow, cheer us in mis fortune, support us in disease, smooth the pillow of pain, and moisten tlie bed of death. " Happy is he who knows a mother's love." Religion.?Religion deters not from the law ful delights which are taken in natural things, but teaclies tlie moderate and regular use of them, which is fax tlie sweeter ?, for tilings lawful in ( themselves are, intheir excess, sinful, and so prove bitterness in tlie end. And if, in sortie cases, it requires the forsaking of lawful enjoyment, as of gfteasure, or profit, or honour for God, and for his sflory, it is generous, and more truly delightful to ?cleny things, for this reason, than to enjoy them. Men have done much this way, for the love of their country, and by a principle of moral virtue: but to lose any delight, or to suffer any hardship for that highest end, the glory of God, and by the strength of love to him, is far more excellent and truly pleasant. The delights and pleasures of sin, religion indeed banishes; but it is to change them for joy, that is unspeakably beyond them.? It callsthem from sordid and base delights, to those that are sure delights indeed. It calls to men, * Drink ye no longer of the cistern; here are the crystal streams of a living fountain." There is a delight in the very despising of sinful delights, as thatlm comparison with them, the other deserves not the name, to have such spiritual joy as shall end in-eternal joy ; it is a wonder we hasten not to choose this joy; but it is, indeed, because we be ilieve iret.?I/eighton. Battles on the Sabbath.?The battle of Wa terloo was fought on the Sabbath, and Napoleon, ?who began it, was defeated. The battle of New Orleans was fought on the Sabbath, and the Brit ish army, who began the battle, were defeated with a terrible slaughter. The r.aval battle fought by Commodore McDonough with the British fleet, tL .^amplain, took place on the Sabbath. i if ^ began the attack, and were defeated, although their force was so great that it was a wonder that a small American force should have been able to capture a force so great ly superior. Here, then, are three battles, not to name more, which were fonght on the Sabbath, ana m each case the force which began the attack were defeated. The coincidence is striking, how ever It may be accounted for. Fror) ike Philadelphia ledger. the prospective grandeur of A 31 ERICA. The future population, strength ?nd resources of this countrv'iiave been subjects of speculation with staticiansiand poets. Calculation and rh:ip -odv have not been wanting to determine or fore -liadow its destiny. But neither the one nor >he other, as far we have seen, have adequately ci?m >, i--ed the prospective grandeur of America. 1 he calculation- hive fallen short of what may rj.-a -onablv be anticipated; and the prophetic unag?n in-r have been too vague to convey aiW delnatc inrpression of absolute results. This, howevsr, is a question" wi.ich statistics can exemplify, and in such a manner as to render a prospective feet more brilliant an^marvellous than the widest range which imagination has taken in regard to it. We shall endeavor to explain our views on this sub ject, conlining ourselves to rigid calculations and lair deductions; In the increase ol population in this country^ two things an; remarkable: its rapidity and its . uniformity. Nearly a century ago, Franklin stat ed that population heic doubled itse't once within every twenty-live years. That process 01 reuu plication has Ik'ini going on ever since, and ac cording to the: last census, it appears ihat it is now doubled iii about every twenty-two years.;? [ This is an important fact* and renders the calcu lation of the population lor future exact periods a i thin? of clear certainty. Where population h is doubled itself sOi rapidly for such a length of time, it is evidence dt the working of a principle. It ci>:i?es to be aicidenUl. and lience uncertain .n its nature. Tl? popu'xiticjii of France ln> - doub^d within a hundred and twenty years ; that ol hitj land within sixty. Either period is so long m ;t self, and the anterior |iericKls required for tlie re duplication of;the population ol each ot those countries so uncertain, that a satisfactory sta o inent of their future increase ol population may hardly be afforded. But for the reasons we have stated, no such impediments to reasonable calcu lation oil the subject applies to this country. The results ot continuing the calculation of trie increase of population in this country, in geomet rical ratio, are s,. vast, and at no distant period, that it would seem safe and prudent not io ventu/e on statin" them" exactly. It would appear that Chancellor Kent must have been under the inhu ence of this sober feeling when he spoke of thc-ir bein" three hundred millions of people in it m tie course ofa"Cs. So far lrom many ages being require^ lor? thie, the child is now born in tk;s country, who will see in it a population of move t'ia.11 tllree hundred millions. It may be /^rgu^a that population here will cease to double itselt *t its present ratio when it reaches a mg.i poult, .suppose one iridred millions. But this conside ration is of no avail. For i we look at the means of the increment of population, prodi tion, we shall lind that it goes beyond numbers, the MalUi-j sian theory to the contrary notwithstanding. I wo thin"s establish tne rapid augmentation ol popula- . tion,? a liberal form of government and nation il inte"ritv being already secured, ihe-c things are Improved agriculture ond mechanics. Now it i- certain that $gricuUW& lias jI,8t began to im prove. It is a fact not less memorable than di-l <r:acefnl, that agriculture has remained stationary From the age ot Augustus < .'ajsar almost to our own immediate time. Eighteen hundred yea. s had not mended ;its rules t>! practice. Any or.s who will read Virgil's Gcorgics, and compare ft with ordinary tanning practice, will satisly bun self of tliis. Though gunpowder and inipusito rial tortures, her ildrv and alchemy, cruelties and follies occupied men's minds; though printing had been long discovered,and society had -alien fi civilized character, yet strange to say, t.ie Iwm mental art, the great necessity, the support ol lil<?, the production o'.-food, was I'M crude as antiquity hail known it. Had uzric-.dturo been d-emed as j Morions as war,.it would 1,a - long sines Iructiticd the four continents. But this great ait is nov. rendered susceiH.ible of indi .-finite improvement.? Chemistry, the creation <)? a few years, analyzes soils and their productions?their distinct diame ters and mutiiiit adaptabilities. V. ith a beauty and certainty that exhaust admiration, it placi> agriculture bewad the evils of ignorance and waste, and displays a sublin. ? economy in Us ope rations. Machinery, with ingenious forms, and thundering prov;vss, comes to supercede oi lor i human hands. :These united agencies w ill gi\ v to the science and practice o> agriculture a mag-_ niliceiit scope :isd effect, a perennial life-sustentation. ihat surpass alike the boundsiu culier consideration or rhapsodical lervor. J. lie ?renious of mechanics wliicn has been started mty new pronortions .by the Itburiel touch ol tne age;, whose stature literally reaches the clouhls, ha~, independently, this second great eilect on natioii.ii destiny. Like the whirling spheres, it multiplies forms infinite in>numbers and beauties. It begin., with necessity and ends with luxury ; it embraces I every ministration to bodiiy;comfort, every artilici; io extend spiritual cultivation. These two great forces, which liiivejust had new birth, are in tin? hands of posterity for development. I Their influences will be to quicken the grow t?J of nations?not to retard them, at this or that point of numerical strength. \\ e canno- the ; admit that there: is going to; be any^retard.-tion iu the increase of population up to that period, when ! it surpasses the ripply ol -o.nl?a cessary for us to. anticipate, and whose d itLcultie.. it will be competent for our enlightened - "cen sors in the world's business to manage. 1 no irreat science of the wealth ol nations, in ' vered by Adam Smith, being develonWjabroad, will react on the prosperity oi tins comftr,,., u-ce . eratin" its ratio oi production, and consequently o( increase of population, immigration, to this time has iporiteJ ccaisideration m 't.-eca^ dilations, for the future ne. d not be inin.id.Jte doubling process; being so yM in iU> result, a. . Himinifth the lorcifOt Sliclt il^tluciice. If, then, it be allowed that population W'l go, results than are anticipated. Hits * Hi-appear evident from the following JjatMijent^ The population o /fd^it wilfbe 36 millions.; J^ mUliL InW millions. In, 19:18, 30S millions. In 1950, 61b millions. lnf 19"o, 1200 millions. ft is not necessary to extend this calculation.? We have not j-fet ascertained the limit* of this' country; we do pot know its resources in all the arts which contribute to the" support of life, But with such a population, all national and munci pal efforts and achievements would be of corres ponding extent, j Cities, whGse grandeur and glo ry defy parallel, .Will be spread over it. Design, aided by intellect, and wealth, fortifipd by every; conceivable rneai|~, and working' for the "highest! ends of communities, will take the place ol acci-> dent, poverty or ignorance, winch now rule. Mag-J nificence and economy of plan, rapidity of crea-j tion, immensity of detail, ancf aggregated splendor: of multiform combination, will mark public or.' municipal works. Millions; of men, with hearts ? bent on some gopd and great purpose, can be atf once concentrated- Aided by incalculable riches,f entiiusiastic efforts, and the assurance of expe-6 rience, they may eet our precedents at defiance in i the same way we pot at defiance those of the firet f settlers. The wonderful silver lamp of the Eas ';.m necromancer is but an allegory of the power o? riches commanding great agents. The work oi a century now can in the future be thrown into a few years. Great capitals and their tributaries, illustrating the social principle in its highest at tnbnte^ can then be reared by force rapidly and rrrtainly. A greater than ancient Rome, which took seven hundred years to build, can?aye, will be built in seven years. All sense and work be ing devoted to peace, intercourse and production society will be like the swelling ocean-t.de casU ing up pearls on the shore. Its riches and beau W1" *????* our circle.of present inferences. , G. musi. !ako the principle of extension; and, tearless ?f its results, we shall solve this problem. ? ''? ??Slna ot Distance, as it aiieqis the mind, I* already annihilated in the magnetic telegraph. An agent, which circles the world severaftimes each second, is now to be made the common car rier of thought. It neither sweats nor pants, breaks down nor explodes, but, like an etherial spirit, it bears far and wide its immortal message. An empire of twelve hundred millions will "be ix>und in such a chain of love and lit*ht. Lngland as ix is.?We are accustomed to talk the vast power of England, and its great prop r yi' where it lies. England, Scot "i"U, and Wales have a population of about Uven ly-four millions, divided into the following class es: ? 1st. Nobility, clergy, bankers, rich manufactu rers, military and naval commanders, and princi pal merchants, one million. Lawyers, physicians, merchants, large farmers, and.persons with incomes, two millions. IiosS tradesmen, merchants, non-commissioned rancors, traders, one million. Laborers in manufactories, mines, and buildings, iMght millions. ? Agriculturists and working farmers, eisht mil f tons. ? Paupers, &.c. four millions. The lour millions of paupers are agrarians, to! -rably well informed, and alwavs readv to prev uponi the rich ; discontented with the government j"! tl,ei1: own condition. The eight millions of laborers in manufactories, have a hard fate in the mines, or in close workshops, earning a scanty insistence, and always ready for any political < ninge which will better their condition. The Mechanics, tradesmen, overseers, and men in the ! ,(''lno class, are men of activity and energy, a nd loes to the arristocracy; so that the one mil tton, composing the upper and first class, actually > u.c the twenty-three millions of subjects in the t-'i oe'kingdoms; and, moreover, they control, by 1 jislatne action and holding the reins of Govern ment,, two hundred millions of subjects and slaves, in India and in every other part of the world. . :ms vast power is therefore wielded jointly by a n Je million, filling the high places. Suppose any accident should befal this single million of pro-perous Jeader.-, who governs ? Here we per i. e that England has within herself the elements < ?: -er own destruction, if they can be brought to , r on the great.measures of the Government. ? ,r.eI?". 10 where all equally rule, these classes and divisions cannot exist. the catacombs or paiiis. 1 . ofessor Durbin, in his work on Europe, gives a sketch of the Catacombs of Paris. He states tii.ti that part of the French Metropolis which lies upon the lower side of the Siene, is the oldest; and, from time immemorial, the stone for building' Jl'H obtained from quarries lying under the cit\\ 1' is supposed that the excavations extend under "iie-sixUi of the city. In 1785, a suggestion was made to convert them into receptacles lor the dead; and it was finally decided that the remains of the millions that had passed away from the capitol, during ten centuries, should be removed to these Mibterranean abodes. The rubbish was removed, pillars were built up in solid masonry, and partic ular portions of it separated from the rest by l ong doors, with locks, to serve as the first recep t'U ;es. In 1786, the bones were conveyed in fu neral cars, from one of the principal cemeteries, and were precipitated into the caverns below. 1 !i'' contents of other cemeteries were soon pla ced in the Catacombs, which were rapidly aug mented by the massacres of the Revolution. A little building is erected outside the Barriere a /.nfer, in which is the opening of the principal liall. The Professor and his party descended by ninety stops, and found themselves alone in the caverns. They followed their guide about twen ty minutes and came to a strong door, each side o! which was ornamented with pillars of Tuscan architecture. This door was open, and as the party passed through the threshold, the strangers found themselves surrounded by walls of human bones, which the glare of their tapers showed to lie regularly piled up from the floors to the roof of tli!.* <]uarries. 1 he bones ol the legs and arms arc closely laid in order, with their ends outwards ; and at regular intervals skulls are interspersed in three horrizontal ranges, disposed so as to present alternate parts of the head,and sometimes a perpen dicular range is seen, still further varying the gen eral outline. Passing along what seems to be in terminable ranges of these piles of human beings, they cainq. to several apartments arranged like chapels,"4vith varied dispositions of legs rirul arms and grinning skulls. How new, how strange, re marks the .author, were the associations of the place. "Over our heads was rolling the vast tide ol life in the gay and the wicked city?its myriads of inhabitants were jostling each other on the high road of business; while here were the re mains of four times their numbers Iving in silent and motionless piles in the depths below." The Battle of Eleven Hundred Houses. ?Two of the Spanish regiments which had been quartered in Fnnen, were cavalry mounted on fine black, long tailed Andalusiori horses. It was im practicable to bring off these horses, about 1100 in number, and Romana was not a man who could order them to be destroyed. He was fond of horses himself, and knew that every man was attached to the beast which had carried him so far i:nd so faithfully. Their bridles were taken off arid they were turned loose upon the beach. A scene ensued, such as probably was never be fore witnessed. They were sensible that they were no longer under any restraint of human pow er. A general conflict ensued, in which, retain ing the discipline they had learnt, they charged each other in squadrons of ten or twenty together; then closely engaged, striking with their fore feet, and biting and tearing each other with ferocious rage, and trampling over those which were beaten down, till the shore, in the course of an hour, was strewn with dead and disabled. Part of them had been set free on a rising ground, at a distance; they no sooner heared the roar of the battle, than they came thundering down over the intermediate hedges,and catching the contagious madness,plun ged into the fight with fury. Sublime as the scene, it was too horrible to be long contem plated and Romana, in mercy, gave orders for de stroying them, but it was found too dangerous to attranpt this ; and after the last boats quitted the beach, the few horses that remained were still seen engaged in the dreadful work of mutual de struction.?Sou/key's History Peninsula War. PETER CHANCERY ESQ., AND HIS FIVE DOLLARS. I ? Showing the blessings that may follow the set tlement of the smallest account. BY PROFESSOR INGRAHAM. 'Sir, if you please, boss would like you to pav this little bill to-day,' said for the tenth time a half grown boy in a dirty jacket, to a lawyer in his office. I The attorney at length turned round, and stared the boy full in the face, as if ho had been some newly discovered piece of zoology, gave a lonp whistle, thrusthisioky fingers into one pocket and fcien into the other ?of his black cloth vest, and tnen gave another long whistle, and completed his stare at ffle'bOl'Viace". ""^r" * * - j 'Ho, ha, hum! that bill, eh !' and the leiral vouno gentleman extended the tips of his fingers toward the well-worn bit of paper, and daintilv opening it, looked at its contents. ' ? i 'Hum lor tapping and heel-tapping, six shil lings?lor foxing, ten and sixpence, and other , sundries, eh ? So your master wants me to set j tie this bill, eh ?' replied the man of briefs. 'V es sir, this is the nineteenth time I have come for it, and I intend to knock off at twenty, and call it halt a day.' J 'You're an impudent boy.' Ts always impudent to lawyers, coz I can't help it?it s catchin'. 'You've got your eye teeth cut, I see.' 1 hat s what boss sent me for, instead o' the prentices as was gettin their teeth cut. I cut mine at nine months old, with the hand-saw ? Uoss says if you don't pay the biil he'll sue you. i 'bite .me ! I'm a lawyer." j ' It's no matter for that. Lawyer or no lawyer, j boss says he'll do it?so fork over I ' Declares he'll sue me!' ' As true as there's another lawyer in allPhila delphy.' ' That would be bad ' Would'nt it V Silence you vagabond! I suppose I must pay t.us," muttered the attorney to himself. 'It's not my plan to pay these small bills! What is a law yer's profession good for, if lie can't get clear of paying his own bills ? Ile'll sue me ? Tis just live dollars! It comes hard and he don't want the money! What is live dollars to him ! His boy could have earned it, in the time ho has been send ing him to dun me lor it. So your master will sue :ne for it, if I don't pay!' | He says he will do it, and charge \'ou a new pair o' shoes for me.' ' llarkee. I can't pay to-day, and so if your boss will sue mo, just please to ask hira to employ me as his attorney.' ' t'ou ?' ' Yes; Til issue the writ, have it served, and then, you see, I shall put the costs into mv own pocket, instead ot seeing them go into another lawyer s. So you see if 1 have to pay the bill, I'll make the costs. Capital idea ! I he boy scratched his head awhile, as if striv ing to comprehend this 'capital idea,' and then shook his head doubtingly. ? I don't know about this; it looks tricky. I'll ask boss though, if as how you sar you won't pay it nohow without be ing sued. ' 1 d rather be sued, if he'll employ me, boy.' ' But who is to pay costs?the'boss V I lie law jer looked all at once very serious,and gave another of the long whistles peculiar to him. ' Well I am a sensible man, truly! My anxie ty to get co.-ts of suit, blinded me to the fact that they were to come out of my own pockets, before they could safely he put into the pocket! Ah, H well my bo/ 1 suppose I must pay ! Here is a live dollar grid piece, is it receipted?it is so dirtv and greasy 11 an't see V ' It was nice and clean when boos gin' it to me, and the writing shined like Knapp's blackin'?it is torn so dannin'"so much.' . I 'Well, heir's your money,' said the man-oflaw. taking a solitary live dollar j iece from his watch fob; 'now tell your master, that if he has anv oth er accounts he wants sued, I'll attend to them with the greatest pleasure,' 1 hank ec sir, answered the boy, pocketing his live, 'butyou is the only reg'lardtinnin' cusu> mer boss his, and now you've paid up, ho han't none but cash folks. Good day to you.' 'Now there goes five dollars that will do that fellow Last no good. I am in want of it, but he is not. It is five thrown away. It wouldn't have le!t my poclet, but I was sure that his patience was worn out, and costs would come of it. I like to take costs, but I don't think that a lawyer has anything to do with paving them.' As Peter Chancery, Esq. did not believe in his own mind tlrac paying liis debt to .Mr. Last was to he ol aii}' benefit to him, he was of opinion that it was ' money thrown away,' but let us follow the fate of this ti,-e dollars through the day. ' He has paid,' said the boy, placing the nionrv in his master's hand. ' Well,' I'm glad of it,' answered Mr. Last, sur veying the money through his glasses, 'and it's a half eagle too. Now run with it and pay Mr. Fur nace the five dollars I borrowed from him yester day, and said I would return to-morrow, ijut I'll pay it now.' ' Ah, my iad, come just in time,' said Furnace, as the boy delivered his errand and the money.? 'I was just wondering- where I could get five dol lars to pay a bill that was due to-day. llere John,' he called to one of his apprentices, ' put on your hat and take this money to Capt. O'Brien, and tell him I came within one of disappointing him, when some money come in I dind't expect.' Capt. O'Brien was on board his schooner at the next Wharf, and with him was a seaman, with his hat in his hand, looking very gloomy as he spoke with him. ' 1 am sorry my man, that I can't pay you?but I have just raised and scraped the last dollar I can get above water, to pay iny insurance to-day and have not a copper left in my pocket to jingle but keys and old nails.' 'But I am very much in need, sir; my wife is failing, and my family are in want of a good many things just now, and I got several article at the store, expecting to get money of you, to take them up as I went home. We han't in the house no flour, no tea. nor .' ' Well, my lad, I'm sorry. You must come to morrow. I can't help you nnless I sell my coat off mv back, or pawn my schooner's ledge. No body pays me.' The sailor, who had come to get an advance of wages, turned away sorrowfully, when the appren tice boy came up, and said in his hearing: ' Here, sir, is five dollars Mr. Furnace owes you. He says, when he told you he couldn't pay your bill to-day, he did not expect some money that came in after you left his shop.' ' Ah, that's my fine boy. Here, Jack, take this five dollars, and' come on Saturday and get the balance of your wages.' The seaman, with a joyful bound, took the piece and touching his hat, sprung with a light heart on shore, and hastened to the store, where he had al ready selected the comforts and necessities his family stood so much in need of. As he entered, a poor woman was trying to pre vail upon the store-keeper to settle a "demand for making his shirts. 'You had beat take it out of the store, Mrs. Conway,' he said to her,' really I have not taken in half the amount of your bill to-day, and don't expect to. I have to charge every thing, and no money comes in.' ' I can't do without it,' answered the woman earnestly,' my daughter is very ill, a'.id in want of every comfort; I am out of firewood, and indeed I want many things which I have depended on this money to get. I worked night and day to get your shirts done.' 'I am very sorry, Mrs. Conway,* said the store keeper, looking into his money drawer, ' I've not live shillings here, and your bill is five dollars and nine-pence.' The poor woman thought of her invalid child, and wrung her hands. '?Asalior was here a while ago and selected full five dollars worth of articles here on the counter, and went away to get his wages to pay for them, but I question if he comes back. If lie does, and pays 'or them, you shall have your money madam.' At this instant Jack made his appearance in the ! door. j ' Well, ship-mate,' he cried, in a tone much ] more elevated than when he was discovered speak j ing with the captain, ' well my hearty, hand over my freight. I've got the document, so give us possession !' and displaying his five dollar piece, he laid hold of his purchases. The store-keeper examined, and seeing the money was good, bade him take them with him, and then sigiiing as he took another last look at the-piece, he handed it to the poor widow, who, with a joyful smile, received it lrom him, and has tened from the store. In a low and very hnmble tenement near the water, was a family of poor children, whose ap pearance exhibited the utmost destitution. On a cot bed near, lay a poor woman, ill and emaciated. The door opened, and a man in coarse patched garments entered, with a wood-saw and cross, and laid them down by the door-side and approach ed the bed. 'Are you any better, dear ?' he asked, in a rough voice, but in the kindest tone. 'No?have vou found work ? If you could get me a little nourishing food, I coultl regain my strength.' The man gazed upon her pale face a moment, j and again taking up his saw and cross, went out. i lie had not gone l'ar before a woman met him, ' and said she wished him to follow her, and saw some wood for her. His heart bounded with hope and gratitude, and he went after her to her dwel ling, an abode little better than his own lor pover ty, yet wearing an air of comfort. He sawed the wood, split and pilled it, and received six shillings with which he hastened to a store, for necessaries for his sick wife, and then hurried home, to glad den lier heart with the delicacies he had provided. Till then, he had had no work for four days, and his family had been starving, and from this day his wife got better, and was at length restored to her family and to health, from a state of weakness of which another day would probably have proved fatal. These six shillings which did him so much good was paid him by the poor woman, from the live dollars she had received from the store keep er, and which the sailor had paid him. The poor woman's daughter was also revived, and ultimate ly restored to health, and was lately married to a young man who had been three years absent, and returned true to his troth. But for the live dol lars which had been so instrumental in his recove- . ry, he might have returned to l:e told that she, whose memory had been so long the polar stir of his heart, had perished. So much did the live dollar piece do which Pe ter Chancery, Esq., so reluctantly paid to Jlr. j Last's apprentice hoy, though little credit is due | to this legal gentleman for the results that follow- ! ed. It is thus Providence often itiakes bad men i the instruments of good to others. Let this little j story lead those who think a ' smail bill' can stand because it is a small bill, remember how much good a five dollar hill has done in one single day, and that in paying one bill they may be paying a series of twenty bills, and dispensing good to hun- j dreds around them. The Rich and the Poor of England?The DOWN-TRODDEN Ma"?SES?REVERE.NCE FOR IIOVAL Ty?No prospects of a Revolotio.n.?The Eng lish world might be represented by a string of men, each standing on the shoulders of the man below him. and all striving to get higher, but lew or none reaching down a helping hand to lift up oth ers. You will say it. is so every where; the world is so; but perhaps peculiarly to in England, where, as it wefe, great gilded towers and state chairs, with men setting at case in ihem, rest upon the pressed-down heads and shoulders of the mul titudes. This may be extreme tru thj but there is too much truth in it, and certainly there would be a great oversetting of these towers and state chairs, if the masses of these multitude^ should get into a deep ground-wave of commotion. You need not, however, expect such a commotion. There is too deep a reverence for aristocracy and royalty, to permit this. Some deep English think ers believe that the people have not spirit enough for a revolution, even if it were needed After all, reform is going on, slowly indeed, but surely; and consderate men will say, the more surely lor being slow, provided there be an onward motion. The abuses ol" England have become so much a part of her existence, so much the habit of her life, that to cut them off" would prove fatal; just as an inveterate and large opiom-taker would die if you stopped his poison. [/Jet. Dr. Chester's Letters from Europe. A Cousin's Lies.?The lips of a pretty cousin, says the Richmond Star, are a sor: of neutral ground between a sister's and a stranger's. If you sip, it is not because you love, nor exactly be cause you have the right, nor upon the grounds Platonic, nor with the calm satisfaction that you buss a favorite sister. It is a sort of iiocus-pocus commingling of ail, into which each feeling thrown its part, until the concatenation is thrilling, pc- : culiar, exciting, delicious and emphatically slick. This is as near to a philosophical acalization as ! we can well come. All the girls are the editors' ; cousins. Danger or Flattery.?Guard against flattery; it is always stained with falsehood, and may bring ? you into many difficulties. Neither believe those who load you with praise. "He whopraises you more than* they want to do hath eiti?r deceived you. or is about to do it." And Solomon, to show that extravagant professions of regard ire always to be suspected, has given us the proverb : '? He that blesseth his friend with a loud voice, rising early in the looming, it shall be counted a curse to him." Remarkable Repeating Watch.?In the A cademy of Sciences at St. Petersburg, in Russia, is a repeating watch abont the size of an egg.? Within is presented the Redeemer's iomb, with the stone at the entrance, and the senunels; and while the spectator is admiring this curious piece of mechanism, the stone is suddenly removed, the sentinels drop down, the angels appear, fhe wo men enter the sepulchre, and the sane chant ii heard which is performed in the Greek church on Easter eve. , (General intelligence. A WELL-MET. tTED AND WELL-TIMED IIOSOR.? At the late commencement of Trannsv'vania University, the honorary degree of D. D. was cbn ferred on the Rev. James O. Andrew, of Georgia, the exemplary and pious bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church, who was recently proscribed by the Northern members, of the Conference as a Southern slaveholder. IIow short-sighted are the proscriptions of men, especially when marked by that pharasaical, self-conceited feeling-, " stand aside for I am holier than thou!"?and how little such self-approving proscribers consider or under stand the sublime moral of that great idxt-?" the stone which Ac builders rejected, the.name shall become the head of the corner." If Bishop An drew were capable of feeling mere worldly tri umph, in a matter so painful to his church and his country; of forgettingthe calamities of that church ! and country to think of himself?ho will havo cause enough for it; for it is inevitable, that tho generous people of the South?for whom he has suffered rather than for himself?will ne\'er for get that he is the great representative of their cause, their character, their proscription, and their i vindication. So far as the future may be judged uy the ]>ast, it is indeed fortunate?nay surely providential!?that this lot and its trials havo fall en on one so well calculated to bear them as they I should be?and one, too, whose whole life rebukes i this wanton outrage on him and the South?for *? this Bishop Itath bnrne his faculties ?o meek,?hath been So clear in ^reat ollicc, that his virtues Will plead like angels, trumpct-tongued, against The deep damnation of hi* taking off" South Carolinian. Tils Mii.lep.ites.?These infatuated peoplo notwithstanding all the sufferings resulting from j their former delusions, have, after a few days* pause, commenced their meetings again in Phila delphia. They will no doubt be ready for the next alarm-note of "their false prophets. There is no I law to prevent people being deluded, when they are determined on it.? [Presbyterian. Shooting Stabs.?According to the popular | theory, the annual display of meteors may be ex pected on the 12th and 13th inst. Science will I be benetitted by a careful observation of these | phenomena, but if we should be visited with such | a shower as that which occurred in 1S32, we fear ! that some whose minds have been weakened by the Millerite delusion, will be thrown into phren zy.?[PrcshyteYian. The Mormons Dissevering.?The Alton Telo graph states that a portion of the Mormons have issued a manifesto declaring the Church to be dissolved on account of its rejection of Rigdon as its divinely appointed leader. The elements of discord and disunion are successfully at work in 1 the community at Xauvoo; and it is not unlikely that the total dissolution of the Church will be tho consequence. Earthquake in Western New York.?Tho Journal of Commerce says that on Tuesday morn ing last a very perceptible shock of an earthquake was experienced in the towns of Alden, Albion, Alexander, Attica, liatavia, Bethany, Darien and Elba. A "gentleman from Albion states that about S o'clock in the morning, while he was at break fast, somethinigj.-eemeiF to strike the side of tho house jarring it all over, rattling the dishes on the table. The sound then psssed on with a deep rumbling noise like a car passing over a railroaa. At the west end of the town, a large brick house was cracked through in the centre, and some of the stones in the abutments of the canal fell out. Mr. Foilett, assistant postmaster at Batavia, says the shock was felt there at 7 minutes past 3, and lasted about two seconds. A gentleman from Elba estimates the duration of the shock in that place at half a minute, and describes it as hard enough to jar ojien several doors. It came appa rently from the South west and passed to the North cast. WONDERFUL FACULTY OF CALCULATION.?Wo noticed some time ago the fact of a colored idiot in the South possessing a wonderful faculty of mental calculation. A Vermont j>aper speaks of a youth, only eight years of age, a son of T. H. Salibrd, Esq., who is not only a wonder in his power to combine numbers, but also exhibits a wonderful precocity and faculty in comprehending all branches of study to which his attention has been directed, lie will multiply live places of fig ures by five, which was the extent Of Zerah Col burn's power in his best days, and extract the square and cube roots of numbers extending to nine or ten places.perfonningtheoperations quite rapidly in his head. All the questions which are given in the papers, as having been proposed to the negro boy. he answers in the space of fifteen minutes, delecting three mistakes either in tho printer or the hoy. He seems to possess, it is said in addition to thepowerof performing lengthy calculations in his head, the higher power of com prehending and solving abstruse and difficult questions in the various branches of Mathematics. Ho has always been rather a sickly, delicate lad. The issue or Bibles.?The American Bible Society's Depository has issued for the last five months, upwards of 40.000 copies of the Biblo per month. Bibles of smaller size, neatly bound, are now furished at twenty-five cents, and testa ments at six cents. Suicide.?A young' lady by the name of Fran ces Somerville, committed suicide in Springfield, Hampshire county, Va., by hanging herself, on Monday last. This nnfortunate young lady put an end to her life in consequence of the death of a young man a fe .v days before, to whom she had b^en betrothed in marriage. Ti e young man mot his death by being tnrown from a horse. Drs'-rso Stock Siski.vo; is the Market.?? A larbecue was held in Waverton, Abeviile Dis trict, in honor of a military officer who had tho moral courage to r~fv.se a challinge. The wholo proceedings clearly show an amaz'ng deprecia tion in the public estimation of that honor which was once attached to this mede of settling private quarrels. It is now regarded as disreputable either to give cr accept a challenge. Duelling stock is, tiierefore, not only below par, but gentle men, who had any conncction with it as principals or seconds, are rather anxious to have that part of their private history canceled and forgotten.. [ Charleston Obstrcer. Education.?The following brief but beautiful passage occurs in a late article in Grazer's Maga zine :?" Education does not commence with Sio alphabet. It begins with a mother's look?with a lather's nod^oi approbation, or a sigh of reproof ?with a sister's gentie pressure of the hand-, or a brother's noble act of forbearance?with hacdf 1j of flowers in green ar.d daisy meadows?w th birds' nests admired, but not touched??ith creep ing ant*, and almost inperceptihle emmets? h umming bees and glass beehives?with pleasant walks in shady lanes?and with thoughts directed in sweet and kindly tones and words,to nature, to beauty, to acts of benevolence, to deeds of virUw, and to the source of all good, to God himaelf.