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TE>ctoote& to politic**, Agriculture, ^neucetf, ^ecjauic Hirtg, Hitcrature, ifei^celianeoux* tfeatmifl, <OcucraI ^ntc^iflcnccauti Commercial ^ummarie.o
-? ' ? ' ' rif.' " ?-? ^ ?? ^-~r . .. : ' . . , I . ' ' \ Z * 1 ?.-'?? ?? ? - -ye1- *!' VOLUME 2 7 CBARLESTOWN, JEFFERSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FEBRUARY 20, 1846. P NUMBER 32. t ? ' ! 1 ' ? ' : : ' ? ? ? . -- .? ._? --^V SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON. PUBLISHED weekly, ST james W. beller, (OrricE o.x Main street, a few doorh above tiik Valley Bank,) At $2 00 in advance?82 60 if paid .within the year?or S3 00 if not paid until after the ex- ' piration of the year. / ' Vr"So papnr iliKonlinned, except at the option of piil>li*licr, until arrearago* are paid. 'Sub?criptionror lean than a year, must in all case* he paid fn advaji*5* d^"di*tant subscription* and adverti?etpenta ir^1 paid iu advance, or responsible person#' living-11 county guaranty tlic settlement of the ?pe. t?r Advertisements wiJI be in-ertrtJ ajul*^ ?f sljw per muartc, fin.1111ree inrrdJonjt&nd rscenfcr " fur each r:>ntmnariee! r Those itoi nn|rkt?d^^tl2^'wiitoti script for a specified time, u ilJ bt? inserts* until forbid, and charged accordingly. A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the year. ?cncral intclligcncc. Mexico and Santa Anna.?The Ilavanna correspondent of tlie New Orleans Picayune, after announcing that Santa Anna was making arrange ments for an immediate departure from Mexico, says:? " Tliere are other on ililsabout him tWt f give for what they are worth. Jt is said/that lie is much exasperated at (lie design of traitors to sell the country t? foreign powers-, after the wasting of so much blood and treasure to achieve independence. I lis return (J/Mexico will be marked by an entire change'" his policy. The United States, if her ininist'fis of the right stamp, will become liis/Wx.v A rh-tes?for money he will adjust the Texan bounA-O' a?d cedc California, defending himself to his countrymen upon the plea that this was IK' only method left to preserve the integrity of the lepuhlic, to resist (he insidious attacks of Foreig" Cabinets upon her liberties, to preserve tliein fum a return to the Spanish yoke which they Ko.iobly threw of]","and to retain their position amoJg the nations of the earth as an in Jependent lower. I'a redes must either side with the foreign pow t'rs or with S.inta Anna. If fie elioose the latter, lothingcnn prevent the tyrant from taking the [reins?if the former, nothing can resist the grilo that Santa Anna will raise for liberty. No one [that is well informed on the subject believes that he people ol Mexico will he content that their ountry share the fate of Greece. Kvery day we believe to be big with events in iiis distracted country, pregnant with interest to he United Slates." UtrKci.Attv at Cumberland ?The Cumber (land Civilian states that the book stoie of E. 11. I Turner, in that city, was burglariously entered 011 ' Tuesday night last, and robbed of about ?50, a ' pianlity of knives. &c., and one of CoU's Re vol v- j its. The dry good store of W. II. Magruder was j iilso entered the same night; the stores of Mesi.rs. j |Mullin Siiryer, Messrs. Kehler &. Clark, and ? others, were attempted to be broken into. A TliKMEtUOUa Jam. -On Tao*Jay evening, ' Sn Washington, a large and very brilliant party j kvas given l?y the I Ion. John Y. Mason, Attorney i jCieneral of the United States. The numberof in- j litations are sai<l to have exceeded one thousand, 1 including all the members of both Houses, Judges Ll'the Supreme Court, officers of the army and na- ! ry, President of the United States and members of j llie Cabinet, foreign Ministers and attaches, dis- 1 jtiiiguishedstrangers attheseat of government,&c. 1 Iowa and Missouri-?The difficulties with regard to the bouudary between Iowa and Mis souri are about to be adjusted by bringing the mat jter, under the authority of both Slates, before the Supreme Court of the Uniled States* For Sore Tiiroat.?Mix a penny's worth of ounded camphor with a wine glass of brandy, our a small quantity 011 a lump of sugar, and al pow it to dissolve in the mouth every hour. The third or fourth enables the patient to swallow with ' rase. This has cured in the last stages of the ' disease. r Rights or Married Women.?A bill has j passed the legislature of Alabama, which pro- ! vides that property which a woman has at the time ! of her marriage, shall not be liable for the pay- j inent of debts contracted by her husband previous I to marriage ; and also providing that the husband j shall not be liable for the payment of debts con- I tractcd by the wife before marriage, except so far j as the Same can be paid by the property of the wife. A Well (Juasded Safe.?The Rothscilds of France have invented a wonderful piece of me chanism to prevent any removal of their deposits. If a person attempts the lock, or tampers with it in the slightest degree, an iron hand and arm is thrust out from the door, clenches the oflender and holds him motionless in its iron embrace, while at the same instant a bell is struck in a room over head, occupied by a watchman, giving him notice that his presence is required in the room below. Should this watchman not get down to the assistance and release of the wretch held by the iron arm in fifteen minutes time, then a blunderbuss is discharged into the body of the trespasser. Thus he is mercifully allowed 15 minutes grace to reflect upon the enormity of his offence. It is told that a few years since a man was caught by the iron nippers and the watchman came to nis release only two minutes before the blunderbuss would have been discharged. New Attachment to the Piaro.?We saw on Monday last, says the N. Y. Sun, at Dunning's Hotel, Courtlandt st., a new and ingenious instru ment, called the Piano Violino, being no less than a violin attachment to the .piano. It consists of a Piano, on the top of whicn is fastened in a pecu liar manner, a common violin. A pedal, operated upon by the foot, causes four bows, one for each string, to move back and forth. When tho piano is played upon, corresponding notes, whether flat or sharp, are produced from the violin, and the music caused by the perfect union of these two sweet instruments is exquisite. By means of another pedal, the violin part may be instantly de tached from the piano ; the performer being thus enabled to intersperse his music at pleasure. By this instrument any lady or gentlemen having a knowledge of the piano, may likewise play upon the violin. It is the ingenious invention of Mr. Jas. S. Wood, of Virginia, and since it is easily kept in order bids fair to become a most fashiona ble instrument. Akecdote of Chivalry.?It is related in Mr Wharton's History of English poetry, that during the reign of Edward III, a troop of Knights being drawn up, prepared to proceed on some very gal lant and perilous enterprise, the Countess of Sals bury, one of the most accomplished and beautiful ladies of that day, came forth, and in order to in spire them with invincible fortitude, kissed them every one, in the open street, in the presence of thousands of admiring spectators! The day of / For the Spirit of Jeflireon. ' OiJR COUNTRY. ; NUMBER III. 'P_ moral world seems also inspired with the: w: genius of improvement. The human intel-, not individually, but by nations or communi ties, has received an impulse which has awaken ;d the slumbering energies of man, raised a tono >f moral and mental action and daring, and pro luced combinations, mechanical, scientiliu, politi ;al, moral and religious, throughout the globe.? Flic christian apd philanthropist are engaged in spreading light lir.d knowledge to those who are ihrouded in the depths of ignoranco and supersti ion, or are su/ik;t? the lowest grai'e.of social de rnidation by vice and crime. They are in the ield of humanky, toiling in: the sunshine, and ale-iaing the shower, and scattering abroad and ifa'r, even to the most benighted corners of the i?lo!ie, the seeds^f a rich and glorious harvest.? The frozen regions of the polar circles, where the soul would seem to bo bound in fetters of ice; ind the burning plains of the tropical zone, where ill its organs and faculties of action would seem o lie relaxed by the exhuberant heat of an equi lortial sun; even those extremes of climate aflord . theatre for the development of man's intellect, mjilc enough to show to the- christian engaged in his cause, that its operations are not wholly con ined to those metre favored climes where it shines orth in all the splendor of unimpaired grace and naji-sty. The darkness of ignorance, and the fet ers of superstition, are dispelled and broken, and orms of living light and beauty leap from the ?ast chaos " like the kindlings of a new creation." ,Ve have but to turn our eyes to those lands where ihristianity and knowledge are cultivated and dil used among the people, and we will behold every vhore the benefits of civilization, the supremacy )i the law, and the blessed sanctity of religion r iVc will discover a contract us marked as that .vltich exists on the physical globe, between that lorlion "where the duy-beams rest, and the hemis ihere which sleeps in star-light and in shadow." liehgion is a conservative principle of society; t has an influence where tlie civil law cannot op erate. The sanctions of the latter cannot remove ill the causes at evil, nor produce every form of real. They can guard from the outer ami gro.ss ?r vices, but tlnjy cannot go down into the heart ind move uponjthe spring* of private actions.? l'liis, Christianity only can do; and being capable >( doing this; it ?mst be vitally essential to accom plish tlTe ends ill all just government, and to se :tire the real pivisperity ol a nation.* "Could we, rein the chryst-al battlenic.ts of some near star, iverlook the wijle earth, wherever we behold the sles of beauty iand the places of light, there is .-hristianity?tl&re are its precepts and its practi :es?its shrines; and its temples." We would hfvo the same liberal and iudefato -nitic spirit wljieh is producing such magical Changes amongst he darkened :'nd crushed minions >f oiher country**, exerted in the great cause of Utilising light aiiil knowledge within our own bor lers. \V<Twoujd have it work out results more lonorable and I'lessed for otir State, by raising ler to that intellectual and-moral eminence which he is so well ijiled to adorn: And may \vo not iew the spirii of enthusiasm which is now .wakened among us, as a cheering omen to the ii'ure prosperity and eminence 01 our State 2? Hay we not hail it as an omen, that the biijjii rein of intellect will be no longer permitted to ;lumber, buried-in the deep rubbi.-h of ignorance md prejudice ? ? So longer by neglect lo lie hirf leu ' like the p<jarl of purest ray serene in the lark unfathomad cave of ocean !" Or, like the lower in the wilderness, which "wastes iis sweet in the desert aiiv' but that the-gem will be brought nto the full light of day. and exhibited in all its icauty and splendor, and intrinsic worth. '1 hat he flower will'he permitted to bud and blossom ind expand, anil shed its sweet and healthful fnt Tance on the haunts of domestic, social and pub ic life. Now, without F.Jircation, all these en oaring qualities, which are capable of exerting ueh an extensive and kindly influence, would lie oimant and useless. It ii'lhe design ol educti ion to bring them into active operation, and dire? t hem to their proper object?; to form the first ;erms of the expanding mind to principles of int egrity, honor, virtue, patriotism, and all the nural and religious qualities which adorn and en loble the forming character. "The soul ol man, without principles of moral and religious action, tven if it should reach all unguided by its better lature, a.mighty energy and abroad expansion <>f ntellectual power would be wild, chainless, and langerous; waudering forth like soipe terrible irinciple in nature, not bound in the fixed paths it* the planets, or subject to any known law of or ler, threatening to commingle and crush world? ; ir like the eagle, who, while soaring to the orb ?if lay, with glory in his eyis and sun-light on hjis ving, is lost amid stormy clouds, and beaten abotit iv resistless and adverse tempests." It is through this medium that a happy influence nil be exerted upon the obscure and destitute outh of our country, and its ellects carried o|it ito the mostactive and busy scenes of life. Tlie ltluence which: they will exert upon our country, /ill secure its good or its evil destiny. The grcjit ruth has been practised upon, and is felt whete t is not practised, that Government belongs pfi narily to the people, and all the authority of ent ire springs among, and must flow from them, nd should be ultimately controlled by them, aud o earthly power may lawfully pluck this rigjit way. A voice of triumph has gone forth in lie uprising and progress of millions, and \>e resent to the eyes of an admiring world, tlie gx> ious spectacle of a self-governed people. Itjis ot empty declamation?there is a thrilling and ublime meaning in the announcement, that t:ie weller of the mountain cabin, and of the far-off orners of this land, has a Voice in the councils f the mightiest nation on the globe, and adds His npulse to that power which may deepen its broad ^nidations anu erect tlie pillars of its fut<,jre trength. I would have, as: an exhibition of the enius of Republicanism, tho child of the prior nd obscure man, of the. war-worn veteran, or; rave defender of his country, (bv some system,of shool education) stand up and hold his cham-e rith the opulent and mighty. Knowledge should; d open to all?her portals unclot;e at our loiioh; nd the fountains of intelligence, gushing from a ui3and sources, Ireely quaffed. And as conneC - d with this point,I would mention again the yftst nportance of bestowing morel and religions: nowledge upon the poor and destitute classes..- .. "his is necessary for all elapses, bnt wo speak nyw f those who are found in almost avery pait of our: ind, and particularly in the perlieus of our >wns, whose years arc spent in ignorance, thcif; abbathsin riots, their lives in vic? andcrime^with ut faint gleamings of the knowledge of a Chms an's and a Pat riot's-duty. " Need I refer you; to^ i8 condition of our own State, as compared w,tn te high tone of morals which everywhere p?r vaifca society, where the common school system prevails ? I might refer to the Governor's message, wb(ch points to the deficiencies of our school sys tem in intelligence, and the alarming state of ignorance among thousands of our people i;i the lowest elements of knowledge as manifested by the:" census of 1840. These vast elements of thought and action must, in their operations, pro duce some important ends. This mass will not be inactive?it will put forth a power which will bo felt through all the veins and arteries of the body pontic. And it depends upon the Christian, the Philanthropist and the Statesman, whether there shall go forth from it the tenants of our prisons anji penitentiaries, pollution and guilt, to darken and to bljght?^-or a blessed* redeeming, regenera I tiu'f,'influence, which tsiiaH'pnriiy and refresh the olSHi-.ure places of society. Then, nnd then only, ni-'-v we look to the domestic fire-side as a place wljnre confidencc can repose herself, and where the best and purest affections of our nature can find their solace. Then, indeed; may we hope to regain our former proud pre-eminence and fame. When all the virtue, genius, and patriotism, which now slumber, shall be enlightened and liberated, and Virginia wield all the united energies of her people?.-then shall our State commence a growth in prosperity and true greatness, which the saga city of the Statesman cannot foresee,and which the faticy of the Poet cannot describe. Then shall her ennobling and exalted influences extend to the re'rnotest bounds of earth, and her name be loved ami venerated wherever Christianity kneels or Freedom breathes. I regret my inability to tio justice to this interesting subject. I would to Gcd that I could express my feelings "In thoughts that breathe, Anil words that barn." I would kindle a flame on the altar of every heart, that would burn to ashes all the petty passions, prejudices and interests of the hour, and infuse a spirit which would direct us onward to the perma nent welfare, safety and prosperity of the people of Virginia. H****** Chances of Marriage.?The following curious statement by Dr. Granville, is taken from an Eng lish paper. It is drawn from the registered cases 05' t-76 women, and is derived from their answeis to the age at which they respectively married.? 1*. is the first ever constructed to exhibit to fe males their chances of marriage at various ages. Ol 876 females, there married 3 at 13 11 " 11 1G " 15 ?13 " 1G <15 " 17 Gfi ?? It) 115 " 19 113 at 20 H6 '? 21 85 " 22 59 " 23 53 " 24 ?? 25 24 " 2G 23 at 27 22 '? 23 17 " 29 9 " 30 7 ?' 31 5 " 32 7 " 33 Sat 34 2 '? 35 0 ?' 36 2 " 37 0 " 33 1 - 39 0 " 40 From this curious statistical table our fair read ers may form a pretty accurate judgment of tlie chances that they have of entering into the holy state of matrimony, and of enjoying the sweets, we say nothing of the bitters, of wedded love. Revival.?The revival of religion which we no ticed a few weeks since^says the Cumberland Ci vilian of the 29th ult., a4 being in progress, in the Al. E. Church, of this town, under the pastoral cure of Rev. John A. Henning, has resulted in. no importantSdJlftioH to:aBSn-t charge. "Slotweeh forty and fifty white persons, and about twenty- i live colored were received, on probation in the course of four or five weeks. Mechanics in Congress.?It is a well known fai t that several of the most prominent and useful members of the present Congress, are practical, I1.1 id-listed Mechanics. We wish there were more o! them ; and if they do not possess to a great ex tent " the gift of gab," so much the better. What M r. Jeflerson once said, will apply with great force to nur times. Hear him :? '? It the present Congress errs in too much talk ing, how can it be otherwise, in a body to which the people send 150 lawyers,uhose trade it is toi/ues ti :it a ery thing, yield nothing, and talk by the hour ? 7 at otw hundred and fifty lawyers should do busi 11? ss together, ought not to be exjKCled." Hon. W. L. Yancy.?Both branches of the legislature of Alabama have, by the requisite majority, exempted this gentleman from the lia bilities incurred under the laws of that State, by his duel with Mr. Clingman of North Carolina, thus annulling the Governor's veto. I Strange Sight.?On Monday afternoon, as a drove of cattle was passing up the Bowery, a bull terrier jumped from the top of a stage 011 which he was chained, in front of the theatre, broke his ohain in the fall to the ground, dashed into the herd, and seized a young steer by the nose. The affrighted bullock, smarting with pain, went off at full speed up the Bowery, with the dog clinging to his nose, and all the time swinging clear of the ground. The Steer would stop occasionally, and endeavor to rid himself of the ugly jewel in his snout, by dashing it on the ground, and against j the walls, the posts and the trees, in his course, 1 hut still the dog held his grip. The bullock kept j on up the Bowery, with his head and^tail high above the altitude of the heads and tails of " the common herd," until he was arrested at Vanxhall Garden, by some men, who to their astonishment ascertained that the dog was dead ! Wo under siand that this dog was raised by a Mr. Kelly, of the Sizth ward, who has more than once refused two hundred dollars for him. He was a sporting ?log, and was trained for fighting in " the ring." | N. Y. Globe. Beauty of Irish Females.?Du Spile, in his last letter to the Philadelphia Times, dated at Dublin, says :? "The mud renders a promenade somewhat un pleasant ; but it caused us to notice to-day one thing that it may not seem improper to mention -j-the ladies in walking, raise their apparal still higher than they do in Xondon. No#have they any reason, generally speaking, to bo ashamed of that same, (you see we have caught the lliber nianism already) for their' boots are small and prettily made, and?they fit them ! Speaking of Irish women, let us add, while we think of it, that we met with more really handsome faces in one hour's walk this morning on the Grand Pa rade, and along St. Patrick street, than we beheld during a three weeks sojourn in England. A highly graceful carriage too seems common.? And even among the humble, the scanty clothed girls in the markets; or those hard-working ones, that go staggering under the weight of large tubs on their heads, or larger baskets strapped to their shoulders, we observe much of the ele ments of female beauty." Anonymous Letters.?The Boston Transcript makes the following remarks on the subject of anonymon^ letter writing:?" Few persons have sufficient mastery over their own feelings as at once to scout at the contents of such letters, and to pass them by disregarded. The mind is too pure to give some credence to the insinuations thus conveyed, and diligently to set to work to suspect the author. In this way the innpeent becomes the accused person, friendship is broken, and love perhaps turned insensibly into hate. This is cer tafhly a fearful consequonce, and one of the worst features of anonymous letter writing." THE LAND OP OUR BIRTII. There is not a spot, ill this witln peopled earth, So dear to the heart as the land of our birth: fJTia the home of our childhood! the bearftjful spot. Which mera'ry retains when all eUe u turgou May the blessings of God . Kver hallow the sod, And its \alleys and hills by our children be trod. Can the language of strangers, in accent* unknown, ?Send a thrill to our bosom, like tliat of.our own ? !Tbe face may be fair, and the smile may be bland, tjjil it breathes not the tones of our dear.oauve land 1 ? Here's no spot on ear.ii Like the land of o..r birth,, (Where heroes keep guard o'er the altar and fcearth. ?fo,w sweet in the language that taught us t(? blend /'^lArdrSKnaiues of pareiit. ui'm:J rie ^AYhlch taught u* : . cir mother* son bream. Ever hallow the sod. And its valleys and (tills by our children be trod ! iUtscclUmcoiig. The Seasons. X UU ovwaw? You will agree with old Humphrey that Spring is a pleasant time; and when the sun >8 sh.u.ng, the flowers blooming, the green trees wavmg. the birds singing, the balmy breeze blowing, the spirit rejoices, and the lips burst into a song. Summer is a pleasant time, when the noon tide ray glides up the woods, the waters, and the mountain-tops; when the air is filled with odors) and the laugh of the merry haymakers i? heard in the meads. Autumn is a pleasant time, and we look without gladness on the golden gram, the laden fruit trees, and the varied foliage, and *"???? "> >? <"?,?? top enough to walk abroad when the frosted sn?w lies on the ground, and the trees are hung fantastical ly with rime ; for then wonder is awakened in tl.e mind, and the pure, sharp, bracing air, give- a C''Spring,Summer, Autumn, and Winter are plea measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and com prehended the dust of the cartn= :, weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance; He, with whom the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust nf the balance, who 'taketh up the aisles as a very httle thfng.' for whom 'Lebanon is not sufficient lo burn, nfr the beasts thereof sufficient for a burn offering-' lie has given them to ine. And wiiat have I given in return 7 the fragments of my feeUngsfand the mere shreds ot the joyous days and peaceful nights he has bestowed upon tne. Oh let me then with all my powers, Prolong his sacred pratae, . Through Spring and Summer srosj hours. And Autumn's pleasant days. And when the keener wintry skiei Shall freeze the sterile ground. Then let my halelujahs rise. And more and more abound. The Voice.?Voice is one of the most diking orearor-R power, now wonder ful it is that so many millions of persons shoii d exist, and no one voice should exactly ro.-emble another To our finite ideas it appears reasona ble that the same organs should produce the same sound : it is thus in other animals : in bird, and in music; but for man's convenience, and increase of pleasure, it is otherwise; the great and benefi ceia Creator, in his labor for our comfort and hjp niness has not overlooked the sound of a voice. Of all'the variations of which the human v-oice iis capable, perhaps it is never so grateful to the ear as when venting itself in sympathy ; the utterance of gratitude is pleasing when we may have been so happy as to have it in our power to confer a .fa vor on another, but from it we would oft times escape; the tones of gladness may ,nlr,'^e melancholy moments, and increase,, '"stcad of liffhten, our sorrows; the voice ol praise may even pain, for we may fear it to lie flattery; orfce it to be undeserved?the utterance of pity may wound where it is intended lo \,ea ' b',t ,p, ? sympathy must make its way to the heart. her is something in our natures which seeks a corres ponding feeling, let that be cither of joy or woe. Life ?What a varying thing is the stream of 'ife1 How it sparkles and glitters. H bounds along its pebbly bed, sometimes in sun shine sometimes in shade, sometimes sporting round all things, as ifits essence were merriment and brightness ; sometimes flowing solemnly on, as if it were derived from Lethe itself. Now t runs like a liquid diamond along thc ineadow , now it plunges in fume and fury over the rock , now it is clear and limpid, as youth ^nd innocence can make it ? now it is heavy and turbid, with the rying streams of thought and memory that are overflowing into it, each bringing its store of dul ness and nolution as it tends towards the end Its voice, too, varies as it goes; now itsi g lightly as it dances on ; now it ^ obstacles that oppose its way ; .ud now? it ba,s no tune but the dull low murmur of exhausU-d energy. Sucfris the stream of life ! yet perhaps few of us would wish to change our portion or it for the rilm regularity of a canal?even if one could be constructed without loocs and fl^ga-es u^n it to hold in the pent-up, waters of the heart, U j are ready to burst through the bands. a for a Blow.?A visitor once went into a school in this city, says the Boston bun t or. cow a bov and girl on one 6eat, wi were brother and sister. In a moment of tboupht Zs passion, the little boy struck hi. sister. The little eirl was provoked, and raised her t ' kiss your brother ban strike him. T.in* The look and the word reached her heart. hand dropped. She threw her arms arouna nis neck and kissed him. The bov was moved. He could have stood against the b'?^'^nare^lhe not withstand a sister s kiss, l e ilturn she provocation he had given h?7' had made, and the tears rolled down h^ cheeks. This affected the sister, and with her lit kerchief she wiped away his tears. But.the g of her kindness only made him cry the faster, ^leTTeSryuSUtofdthe children always to return aktafor a blow, and they wouldpe^r getany more blows. If men, women. farmhe ^ and communities and nations ^ould^ on^ same principle, tWs ^ea8wofd agnation neither would they learn war any more.' la the Wbo^.-Yo? do not like ?o acknow ledge you havebeenin the wrong; but it ?Brtl thin to nersist. Who will laugh at you for say ing yotJMvere in error? Noonewh^opinj worth a "roat. Come out speedily and maDtuliy and confess your fault, and hundreds stand ready to tike you by the hand and B?ve you a God speed in the p&th of truth. From the Bowon Twnsfript A Tale of the Hoart. The following afiecting story is related by the Rev. H. Ed /ards, of England, ia n work recent ly published. It shows that the most determined pride of purpose cannot always conquer lov*. and that the latter emotion secretly encouraged,some times preys upon the life and produces djlttk? There are those who laugh and sneer in stppos ing such a Itate of tilings, and attribute such ef fects to ireak mindedness. All hearts, however, are not constituted alike, and tl.c ajmc.xt d umpl? tale may be regarded with jJpfPpUfir l-y sou.i. ?? The daughter of a country curate in Hamp shire, being reduced by the death ot her fathef to the U.rdVecessitv of seeking s,mcvn^e_o. could find no^qjjjfP??a-1 the service of S oWleTSJWffRiul' iff as her maid. Emelia (that was her name) re ceived from'her parents the beat education. She was handsome, had a very pleasing figure, was sensible discreet, reserved, and of very modesl deportment. Unfortunately for her, a youngge* tleman of good fortune, who was a friend ol the family with whom she lived, frequently visited al the house. The master and mistress keeping on ly one footman, poor Emelia, who generally a ? lusted insei ving the tea, had thus an opportun. y of seeing the young man, and fell in love with him before she was aware ot the progress of that sentiment in her heart When she did perce.v it her reason induced her to oppose It, and si made effectual efforts for that purpose, mdeed sc violent were her struggles, that her health was seriously affected by them. Her mistress, who loved her tenderly, after having consulted physicians in vain, sent her to the house of a friend at twenty miles distance, to try whethei change of air would be ot any service to her. The absence of the object of her affecUon, no doubt, contributed to her recovery. Sliereturned to her mistress, and having the "anie opportun.ty as before, her passion revived, r irmly resoiveo *o conquer it or to die rather than give way to an attachment in spite of her, she relapsed mtoadc nlorable state of health. The phvsician not kein able to discover the cause of her disorder, thought that she must be affected by some deep sorrow, and pronounced her in danger. Her affectionate mistress entreated her to entrust her w il 'e ?; cref and to induce her to do so told her the dan ger she wat in, and promised not only not to be fray her confidence, but to do her utmost to ohtam the means necessary to her cure. Overcome by the affection of lier mistress, she acknowledged her passion, begged her to conceal it .from him who was the object of it, and received with resig nation the news ol' her approachmg d.ssolut.on, which would al last deliver her from an n ate passion that all her eflorts ^dbccnunalde to vanquish. Her mistress could not help in forming hei husband of the discovery. They be gan to sound ftie young man upon the subject, and finding, by degrees, that he had observed the mer its of Emelia, they prevailed upon him to pity her situation. He consented; asked to see her (she being previously prepared for it by her mis tress;) entered into conversation with er, tes tified the greatest desire to see her lieajth re-eF tanilshed : and even went so tar as to saj fliat it she could recover- lie would be happy to ma"7 her. " Marry me i" cried she, raising her arms, and fixing her eyes upon lnm, " Marry me - and throwing her head "back, she instantly expired. IIow True.?A: very eminent writer has said, that although we seem grieved at the shortness of lire in general, we are wishing every period ol it at an end. 'Die minor longs to be of age, then to bo a man bf business; then to make up an estate; then to arrive at honor; then to re tire. The usurer would be very well satisfied to have all the timet annihilated, that lies between the present moment and the next quarter day: tl.c politician would be content to lose three years of his life, could he place things in the posture which he fancies I they will occupy after such a revolution of time; and the lover would be glad to strike out of existence all the momenta that are to pass away before the next meeting. Diosrrv.?Sorue men are dignified?very.? But what is dignity 7 It is not to feel yourself superior to a neighbor and seldom condescend to S with him. It is not to wear a sober?ce and think it betrays a weak mind to laugh. True dirrnity consists in treating all men with proper respect; in condescending to nothing mean or small ? in recieving and returning favors alike no matter from whom received or to whom re turned?the rich and accomplished?the poor and illiterate. We love real dignity, wherever we find it. Generally it is found where we least ex pect it, and it is often banished from those w ho.e actions it might govern. Charity?How noiselessly the snow comes down! You see it, (eel it, but never hear it. It is like true charity. Charity makes no noise in the world, but distributes wherever there is pover ty A person who does good out of pure benevo lence, never spieada it abroad in the circle in which he moves, or makes it public through a newspaper ; For Parents;?The ordination of Providence, says a distinguished writer, is that home should form our character. The first object of parents should be to make home interesting. It is a bad sign when children have to wander from the parental roof for parental amusement. Provide pleasure for them tround their own ^e-s.des and among themselves. 1 he excellent Leigh Kiel mond pursued this plan-had a .n> P??mn '? house, and exerted every nerve to interest his little Cock A love of home is one of the greatest saie guards in the world of man. Do you ever see men who delight in their own fire-sides, lolling about taverns and oyster cellars ? Implant this sentiment early in a"child ; it is a mighty preser vative against vice.?Presbyterian. TnE Rrcitr.?iAlways pursue what you have reason to ti.ink is the right course, without regard to ease on the one hand and interest on the othe . fin straight forwaxd, determined to breast the floodB of iniquity, or perish in the effort, ^cver stay withthemultitude through fear or worldy^hcy, i npver : sien to the advice of those who, rotten at hes^tf move ort with the popn!ar cnrrent._re^ that vou have something to do in the world, and go Sf? " &h?ta-u&g Troll. and Virtue Tor y*ur companion, lheu jou have nothing to fear. _? The following maxim is worthy of consideration about thes^ days'*.?" Climb not too high, lest yon M ? lie not on the ground lest you be 'ramped on Consider yourself the safest when your own legs ^Kot the fourth friend of him who had three and most likely to return on the head of him th SeHe"who pretends to bo every body's particular friend, is nobody*?. __ "What ri^ht have yon to be sick 1" said a school master to a pupil," " A ccnsitiuttonal right, was The U.myersal iankeb ihjlxiub. ?jl no Knickerbocker lias llie followingjru if esprit, evi> Gently intended as M a touch at the times, and be ing a somewhat succcssfu! one : It is harder than a Chinese, puzzle to put yort finger on a bit of territory, disputed or undisputed, where the Yankee-Doodle is not. If yon go tp Land's End, lie is there; to Mount Ararat, he is there : to Cimborazo, Himalaya, the Mountains of the Moon, or the Pyramid of Cheops, he in there ; any where, in fine, where an arjt, a dove, a came), or i?nake, can iu-riija*. by..Uieir fjcK;eral faculties i bartering, scruicliujg Jus name on trees, and stones of Pregter-J^hn, and every nook and corner r~"Tib!que,"and ijjp is hand in-glove with ail Icbaj .of guano, and is getting ready to fire a gun or' two and take possession of it in the name of her Majesty, imagine his concernment to discover a dozen of these fellows twenty feet deep in a guano cavern, scooping it out with their fingers, and a Bangor schooner bouncing up and down in a little cove, like a duck among bulrushes. Now, if you walk on the sea-shore of Bildaraxa, you will find that you are not the first there, perhaps to your great sorrow, as Captain Jix swore violently when in walking through the streets of Rundown, at the very limits of the dominions of Prince Pompadel la, in Africa, ha heard a sharp whistler going through the tune of " Yankee .Doodle," with an easy execution and a devlish unconcern, which threw him at once into a coast fever. And just so it was with the poor soul who discovered Biin pez, and was just uncorking a bottle of Maderia in commemoration of the event, when he saw a V ankee on the hill-side administering the cold water pledgo to three natives. The Probability of tub Extinction op Egypt.?If we return to the valley of the Nile of Egypt, we shall see at this moment the very pro cess going on by which the lower part of the Nir ger or the Nile of Bournou, has been choked up and obliterated by the invasion of the great Sahara under the name of Deserts of Bilmah and Tibia. Thus has been rubbed out from tho face of the earth, a river which had once its cities, its sages, its warriors, its works of-art, and its iuundations1 like the classic Nile ; but which so existed in days of which we have scarcely a rccord. In the saina way shall perish the Nile of Egypt and its walleys its pyramids, its temples, and its cities?the Delta shall become a plash of quicksand ; a second Syr tis and the Nile shall cease to exist from its lower cataract downwards ; for this is about the mea sure or height of the giant principle of destruc tion treading 011 the Egyptian valley, and which is advancing from the Lybian Desert, backed by other deserts w hose names and number we do not even know, but wnich we have endeavored to class under the ill-defined denomination of Sahara ?advancing, I repeat, to the annihilation of Egypt and her glories, with the silence, but the certainty too, of all-devouring time ! There is something quite appalling in the bare contemplation of this I inexorable, onward march of wholesale death _to kingdoms, to mighty rivers, and to nations ! tho more so when we reflect that the destruction must, from ita nature, be not only complete, but eter nal !?Prtfzszor Durbin. Working Men should study Politics.?I respectlully counsel thoje whom I address (the working men of America,) to take a part in tho politics of their country. I counsel you to labor for a clear understanding of the subjects which agitate the conimunity^to make them your study, instead of wasting your leisure in vague, passion ate, talk about them. The time thrown away by the mass of the people on the rumors of tho day, might, if better spent,give them a good ac [ quaintance with the constitution, laws, history, and interests of their country, and tlws establish them in those great principles by which particular measures arfe to be determined. In proportion as the people thus improve themselves they will cease to be the tools of designing politicians.? Their intelligence, not their passions and jealous ies, will bo addressed by those who seek their votes. Wiey will exert, not a nominal but a real influenceln the government and destinies of the | country, and at the same time will forward their own growth in truth and virtue.?Dr. Channing. Robespierre.?The following description of . the personal appearance o( the infamous butcher of the French Revolution, Robespierrie, is taken from the "Count de Vigny's Consultations of Dr. Blaeb." If the portrait is'a correct one, the coun tenance of the sanguinary monster was as strong ly marked as his character-? " lie was then in his 3Gth year; his lace wis crushed between the forehead and chin as though ?| two hands had tried forcibly to unite them over the nose. The skin was of a papery paleness, dead as if plastered ; moreover deeply indented with the )-a;l of small-pox. Neither blood nor bilo | circulated. Ilis little eyes dull and heavy, never [ looked one full in the face, and a perpetual disa greeable winking lessened them yet more, when ever they chanced not to be quite hidden by his green spectacles. His pinched and wrinkled mouth was convulsively contracted by a sort of laughing grimace, whence Mirabeau likened him 1 to a cat who had just drank vinegar. His air was spruce, pompous, and full of pretentions.?His fingers, shoulders and neck, were incessantly and j involuntarily twitched, twisted and shaken, by little spasms of nervous irritation. lie wasdressed 1 from early morning, and never did I catch him in I dishabille. When we see a neat, pretty girl, with a free hut innocrnt air?dressed tastily, yet simply? with cheeks we can hardly help kissing,and with | a pair of heavenly blue eyes, which teem to re? pose in perfect security beneath their silken lashes I how can we help loving her ? Bi.t when we see , a gambogo visaged spinster, whose looks seem to j say that she is sojourning somewhere about the j repion of 39, dressed off in pink ribbons, mock gold chains, and pinch back breastpins, and minc ing her steps as if treading cn eggs, she reminds us of an old piece of furniture scouring tip to sell. [Boston Star. " The Days or Queen Bess."?There was a t>me in the reign of Queen Elizabeth when rum I and brandy were sold by the ounce l y apotheca ries as medicine ; and a teaspoonfnl was consid ered a dose by all tho regular physicians. Estimates of Life.?Measure not life by the ! hopes and enjoyments of this world, but the prep aration made for another ; rather looking forward | to what yon have been. A Golden Sentiment.?A heart dead loth* claims of man cannot be alive to the claims of God: and religion cannot flourish on the ground where humanity withers. " Do you like novels ?" said a Miss Languish to her country love. " I can't say," answered h?, "for I never ate any; bnt I'll tell yon what,I'm tremendous On young possums."