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Spirit of Jefferson. [volume] (Charles Town, Va. [W. Va.]) 1844-1948, February 16, 1869, Image 1

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CHARLESTOWN, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1869
NO. 24.
Spirit xi! jJfffrrsm
BEAJAMI.Y F. UFALLV
EDITOR AXD rilOJ'ieiETOR.
TKKMSOF SUBSCltll'TIOX IX ADYAXCK:
For One Tear. - $3.00
For Sis Months, - 1.73
For Three Jlonlhs. - - 1.00
0 rrters far the Paper must be accompanied
by Hie I ASH
B A L T I M O It E C A It D S .
Pianos. Pianos.
COLD MEDA L. FOR IS67
Has just been awan'i'H to
CIIAULES 31. STIEFF,
Fur the licf=t P?:iu? s now nia<i? uvcr Uilliiuo^,
Philadelphia and New Y- rit Pirtn-ife by the
M/vHYLAN1) INSTITUTE.
Office and Warerium iNo < N? bth Liberty
Sr., near IJrtlrin?<;? c t>ncci, H.M.'I i ^ (;I(K, Ail)
STiKFF'3 Pl A N'OS have all tha t imp ..fo
ments, including the AGIMKFK 'J REBLK,
Ivory Frunu. and the Impcoveti F??-urh Action,
lully warranted for Five Years, with the privilege
ol exchange within 1- months it not entire!) uutis
fcctory to purchaser.
Second hand Piano3 and Parlor Organ* always
qq tiaud.lrom $50 to ?31 0.
Ji&ereta who have our Pianos in use:?
Gen. R E, Lee, Lexington, Virginia. Gen.
Kokt. Ranson, WHming-ton N. C. John Burns,
1 )r. L. C. Cord ell. Warr?*n Eby, John B. Packrtt. j
Charlt?*town, Thos M. Isb?ll of Jelferson county, j
L. IS. (turns, of Clarke county. Mrs. Schwartswel- |
der, Mozart Musical Association of Winchester. J
TERMS MlihRAL. A rail is solicited.
April 14 1363? o. d. Oct .2.
GRFAT SiLILB!
GREAT SALE OF CLOTHING.
5.000 PATH OF I'A.VTS from *2 to SC
5.00o I'AtU it I J'A.NT s from ?'2 to SU
6.000 1JA121 O F l* A N T S 11 oixi > 2 ? u ?G
5.0i:0 VESTS from si 50 to
5,000 VICS'l s fmm >1 6i> to
I 400 IU SINl-;ss SLH8, J 2 to $20.
1.0*0 IU S.NICSS Sl'l l'b, N? 12 to "5"20.
l,r KI> I N fr.sS MJITS, SI2 to ?20.
1,0<>0 IS USINKSS SUITS. ;?>' 12 to 20.
fOO DUKSS SUITS, $15 jo <j--25 !
5?H) D!:C-S< SUITS. > !.J IU p-25
fcO-J 1>K 1> . H I T.*>. S' 15 to .< 25.
OUR IMMENSE STOCK AT PANIC PRICES
Our Tmmrute Slock of Cloth imj.
Our J mm ease Stock "j Clothing.
Oar Immense Stock oj Clothing.
AT REDUCED PRICES.
Jicmrmbcr the- Goods must be Sold.
RcmcmLcr the Goods must be Sold.
THESE GOODS MUST BE SOT.D.
AT MARBLE IIA LI/.
MARBLE HALL CLOTHING HOUSE.
1,0(0 If FIST WHITE SHIRTS f?mn $2 to ?250
1.0U0 BEST WHITE SHIRTS from ?2to ?250
CLOTHING. CLOTHING.
CLOTHING, CLOTHING.
CLOTHING. CLOTHING.
CLOTHING, CLOTHING.
ISrar iti inind these y?>ods must be cold with
out regard t?? Cost at
M A li IS L K I! \ L L .
SMITH. IflfiOS. * CO.
33 and I'J West Haiti more street.
January 5, lSba-ly.
p.. uruoH. J. g. Rinr.v.ur. n r lasoim?v.
HOUGH, EIDENOIJR & LANGDON, j
t'oiiissti^ia Ric (
No i*2-i .South Kutiw Street,
[OPPOSITE B * LT. O. I.I. DEPOT J
ISA LTIMORT.
ORDERS f >r all kinds ol Merchandise. Salt,
Fish, Plaster. Guami, and the various Fertilizers
and Farming' Implements. piomjUly tilled.
R E FE /?' H N C E S:
Hopxtse, HamSdf.n- & Kemp, ISaltsmore.
CaSby, Gilpin & C?> , ??
Hkooks, Fahn-siOck & Co., "
PtfNNIMAN 4' ItRO ? **
Daniel Miller. Pres. Nat. Exc. Hank, Ral'more
C. W. HoTTos.Krq.. Lynrhburir. Va.
Il A vis. Ropeu & C??.. PeterHhurg-, Va.
R. H. Miller, Alexandria, Va.
Augoet 20. ISO**?ly.
II. K. Hoffman, W J. Armstrong,
t Hko. R. Stalev, J. E. .Chaowxck.
HOFFMAN. STALKY * CO.,
W1IOLKSAI.B
GROCERS, LI a U 0 R
A N1)
Commission Merchants,
45 Soutii Kofyaid Slrevt.
Between Louibaid and Piat? s*??*ets,
ISA 1/riMOIMC. '
Orders for Groceries, and Coiieigumenia of ,
Pr??durc, so]icite<l.
January 2t?, ?ly
HORTICULTURAL WAREROOMS,
>o. 2.?ioith Eutaw Street,
liAI.TIfllORK
GARDEN SEED-FLOWER SEED,
FLOWERING AND
Vogetato o P an s.
ri^HK advertiser woul.l reanectfully advertise tlie J
I public Uiat he hv reived Inn otockcif SEKDS.
IMPLEMENTS. BULBS and PI AiNTS and would ]
name,in part, the following S##ds, &r :
A*parajrn.s, Henna, B -el, Cabbage, (' nliflower.
Carrot, Celery, Corn. Cucumber, Ecrtr Plant. f-?*t- j
tuce,-Melon. Onion, Salsily, Parsuip, Peas, Tuina- j
to. Herbs, &c.
Plow*. Cultivates. Piuning Shear*. Castings.
?tc.,Gar<lcu Tool*. I'nnvv Seed, Phlox, Asters, j
Carnations, fits. . Ro ? ?i. Vcibenas. Heliotropes. (Ie
rariium*. Fuschiaa. Sturfc-j, an.-i Fruit and Orna
mental Trees, and ail k:.\ hot Vegetable Plantain
season
:*? tliO only store In t'>wn where ?h?- Far
m<*r, Ga r?lrr??;r ?Ynd Amateur Fiori-'r r.in tr?-1 *11
they may want. FRANK I- MORI ING,
Florist, Seedman and Nuraury'iuan.
Apiil 7. IS* -*
fliowar/l 51?>a8?e,
JSos 5 At. ~ North Howard Street,
(Two Doors from Baltimnie Street.)
BALTIMORE.
npHIS Hotel has recently been enlargred. thorotigh
X ly renovated and e|ojrantly refurnished throtifrh
out ; and ia now capable of Accommodating over
300 guests. Under the management of the present
proprietors, it haa attained a popularity excelled
by uo Hotel in the country. Everything which ran
conduce to the comfort of eruests, ia turni?he?t with
an unsparing hand; and the Howard floui>n ofjera
accommodations to the travel!.n<? public equal to
any other nrst class Hotel in the United Stetca.
BATHS,BILLIARD ROOM, BAR. Etc..
are all unexceptionable, The Proprietors solicit
the*patronage ol the public.
IjTf- Stages will be at the Dopets on arrival of
trains. also at the steamers on their arrival, to con
vey guests and their bagcraerc to the House.
TEBMS?93.00 FEE DAY.
N. P. SEW ELL,
March 24,1868?iy. Manager.
WALTER CROOK. JR.,
320 West K?lliiiin e Street,
BA LTIMOKE,
Dcalrr in and Manufacturer of
Window CiirlaiiiSj
I'pliolstcry (.oods. Venltlan Blinds,
WINDOW SHADES.
MA TTRESSEH <t- BEDDING
Furnished st Short Notice.
March -24, 166S?ly.
BLASTING Powder and Fuse, for sale by
January *26, 1969. McCUPPV f* PUKF.
I* A L T I M O It R 0 A R D S .
J. II. WiNua-iR ] [Cern-abr McGinn.
J. H. WINDSOR & CO.,
WHOLESALE dealers IN
Hatr, Caps & Straw Gccds
Tfos. 7 ?te 9 Jf. HOWARD ST
UP STAIRS.
IJAJ/l'IMOIlE, MD.
May IS, 1368-ly.
M. TBEIEEB, TiiOMAfi 8 B F.ALL. JAMRSl. WADOELL,
AUrvliJld, Weal Va. Nuillj Curuli..a.
Treibsr. Eeall -% Go
IMPuBTBHS
i English and (icrmai; Hardware,
ANI) M ANUKAC'tfUKEK.V AGENTS
A M E ltl (J A N IIA H I) W A it E,
No. ID Cicim<?ii Stin t.
ISAL'ilMOHE.
Speci alitv.? Wade & Hutcltc-r'd Ci k bratcd Edge
Toida.
September 1. 1863?tf.
CIIAS. M. CIIRISTAIN,
WITH
Geo. W. 15. Bartleit,
SUCCESSOlt TO It U1CKLKY & KIlO.,
Dealer in
Foreign & Domestic Hardware.
ISO. 8 NOHTI1 HOW A 11D STRKET.
Opposite the Howard liouue,
ISALTLMOIIE, MD.
Orders from the trade solicit**1. Gooda sold
at low fl?rurP8. and on aceomuiodating- t?-rins.
June 30 1U6S-?ly.
^::o. h. cori-itoTii ~&~co^
Ccluiniseioti xiid Wlioloale Dialeis iu
Tobacco. Snuffs & Cigars.
33J BALTIMORE ST.CE12T,
kiccouJ Door Wefctol Howard.
UALTDiOKE, .MD.
May 12, H6S.
BI CEIIA Vl. G WIN~& C0~
Coj.ji!krcliants,
AO 7O SOUTH STKEtT,
SEtUM) FLOOR,
JJALTIMOIIE, MD.
January 5, 1S63 - ly
SialJby Bfossst^,
A. B. MII/LEH. PEOPKIETCK
U A LT.'MOItE. 31 O
July 30, 18$7 ?ly*.
1808.
lAKCiK i.SD l'LUKAH'TOl! V SALI. 01'
31KNS' A.Ni) iiOl.i' CLOTHING.
UTK have stocked our retail eepariment ?iilia
lun ii tie ot ^Kiid', ui.d Children's
fcuils. at pi iren t?? sou nil cla*ee* o' boyeis.
FALJ^ oVfcKCUA l > ut ln-iii ?7, j?J), $10 and
^l2 to ?14.
CUSTOM JDEPAHTMENT :
CLOTIIg, - :
CASM.MKIIKS
AND VESTINGS,
In inrg-c varietv to select from fir meanine.
Km 11 Jiue ot' Aleu'd ai.il lioys' FL KMSHING
U OUU5.
NOAH WAI.KEK & CO.,
Wa-iniiutou Building,
165 and lt>7. W. Uiliiinore bitee.t,
January 5, 1?6I)- Jy. IfetUiuioie, Md.
l'ltOl'iiSSlOAAL OA It US.
N S. White J [J'juph Tb?p.nell.
VvIIITE & TRAl'KELL,
Attorncysi Law.
CharUbtouti, W. Va.
\ \ * 11.1- P arlic?* in ilie C??oi t-n of J* Hereon and nd
\\ j initio Countiea ?il Virginia and Weft Vn
pinia. Pr?uiipt utii titioii given to all buaiutrfs en
trusted to th- m.
January 12, 1SG9? Cm.
Titos C. GnErs.] [Dan'l, B. Luc a 3.
GKEEN & LUCAS,
Attoi'noys at L?aw.
II AVINO associated ourselves n? partners, we
1 will practice in Jefferson ami adj ?iuitifr Coun
ts a
Qtf-Offices at Charlestown, Sheplierdstowii and
L.,.?!?n?v.
September 22, 1S6S?tf.
-EDWARD C. 1' it EEL,
Attoi x~. c y at
PRACTICKS in the nrto . f .D.FI'f R^ON,
KF.RKKI.KV , and MORGAN C?-tmiic:* f e
w?l! I in v? the a??van?ngre of e..nru?tatioi. with ami
flvicr ?1 Mcrijtif. <? KhKN <v I*(.AS, id ail busi
ness **pi rwstft'J to hini
(ty?Olh< opposite Ent lei's Hotel Sh? phcrds
town. West Va.
.Nuvtiiibcr C, 1SG7?tf.
Isaac foiike.
Attorney at Ln*v>
i harlcstoHTii. Jefferson County,
PRACTICES in the Cou? ts of J? ITerson, Bt-rkp'ry
and Morgan Counties W. Virginia, and in
those nf Loadouti, Frederick and ('lark Counties,
Virginia; aUo in the United Stated Distiict Court
in ca?M in Bankruptcy.
Cc>- Oflier in Hunter's Law Row, next door to th<
Cortei H ?un*.
July 3D. I6b7 -ly.
trayers.
ATTOENEY AT LAW,
Cliarlc&tmrn, Jeflcrson County, Virginia,
U?1LL prae.ticp in the District Couits or the Uni
ted Siaten for the District of Went Virginia.?
Particular ntt< ntioii paid to caaes in Bank *uptey.
July 30,1567.
ANDREW IirXTEK.
SOIilCITOI; IN MATTEES OF BASK
EUITCY,
| T A VI NO specially prepared f'?r the bunions;
a 1 and n??t beingr excluded from t/ie Unit?'d States
('dUrtr ; will prosecute, Wili?r?-otly. aII application#*
for the benefit o! the laic Bankrupt law, committed
to hiiri.
[jCf-He will r^irular ly n*t*?ntl th** Federal Court
ot t.iai kaLurrr- aud cist where as the oasis may re
fpiire.
Charlestown, July 16, lwG7?tf.
New Bra . M^rtinsburgf, and Winchester Times,
copy eaeh 3 tithes.
Ilcsiclcnt Dontist.
DR. J . V . SIMMONS.
HEING prrmaerntlylnratefl in Chariest vn, Va
offers his aervict s in every branch of hia pro
fession. Freezing or Narcotic Spray used in ex
tracting Teeth.
foj-Chargrei; very moderate.
July 23. 1367-1 v.
rHaFESSIflXAl/CAlVl).
DB. N. ANDEESON WAEE,
OFKF.RS hi# Prof, minimi service, to llic rilizcna
ot Lceiowu ami vicinity.
in> Office at the real lene.e of Mr. Geo, W. Nicelv.
April 7. ISe-*?ly.- F P
DR. C. T. richardson.
PHYSICIAN AND STJRGEON,
CII A It LESTOWS.
(jCj- Mescafree left at his reaVence, or at the Drug
Store of Aiaquith S Bro ., will receive prompt at
tention.
Decctnb?r ?t, 1867- 9pi
spirit 0f
BBNJAMIN K. BEALL, Kdltor.
CHABLE8TOWN, V A.
Tuesday Morning, February 16. is .9.
[Correspondence oi the Spirit of J< fferton.]
The Transfer of tne Valley? A Sapa
rate State.
Gehaudstown, Wkst Virginia. I
February 8, lStJti. J
Mr. Eilitiir : ?OU.-erv.li}; an editorial ill
I your last is.-ue in reference to the action of
j the Y\ est \ ireinia Legislature, looking to the
annexation ut the V'allcv to that State, re
mind.', moot' a proposition bruited sont; yearn
ago of erecting the Valley into a separate State
This proposition, if I remember rightly, was
provoked by the uutrieudly attitude aud class
legislation of Eastern Virginia against tne
interests of tlie people of the Valley, that
section of the State always having a prepon
derating majority in the Generai Asseuiolv.
To give an example of this unfriendly le?is
latiim, it will be remembered, that the Valley
members of the General Assembly, time and
again, solicited a charter to build a connect
ing link between the Winchester & I'ntomac
and the Manassas Gap railroads, but the
Eastern members as olteu defeated it upon
the sole ground of in <kiug Alexandria a com
pulsory marker, for the productions of the
Valley, and thereby make its wealth tributary
to building up a rival of the Baltimore market..
? Another and more potent reason presented
in the proposition for separation, was than the
Valley had few interests in common with
either East or West Virginia?that its wealth
was constantly taxed to support these f <vo
sections of the State, that it w is discount e
ted from both by natural harriers-, and Vit >
had within itself all the elements ro creuie i
separate sovereignty.
If, Mr. Editor, ihere was any f'.-reo m the J
considerations addu -jd at that time t"r the j
Valley to make an , >r. to set up a separate (
State existence, the*.? considerations ar< more J
po'ent now than ew before. The Valley. |
by reason of political changes, which her pco
pie are in nariy.' responsible lor, is now en
iirel; di iced fr .to :'ti\ interest in couitiion j
wiiii :ne o.thio pinions of liie State, it lias j
its natural bound .trie.-. irscommercial outlets
a sufficient cxteut of domain and a wealth,
mineral and productive, which is possessed
by few of the great States of the Union.?
Why should it not then strike f>r those sov
t reign ri^ ts which God and nature intended
it to possess?a name and existence among
the great family ? f States.
Other considerations, yravc and potent in
themselves, mowing out of self interest and 1
protection, wight he atMuced in behalf of j
separation, but the only object, of t.he writer i
at thin time is to draw attention !o the sub
ject. believing tha' n-w is the opportune mo
mem lor iln: j e i ;e uf the Valley to move iu
the matter, il tiny so desire.
Vox PoruLi.
Vailej papers are requested to copy.
The Civil Service Bill
[Ion. G. W. Woodward's admirable spcech
against the civil service bill is a complete de
molition of that measure. Its supposed merit,
a "competitive examination of applicants," is
shown to be no remedy at all for the evils of
our day. The topics incidental to the subject
were treated in a very eloquent way by ,>ir
Woodward. A few extracts may give some
idea of his speech :
But the honorable gentleman from llhode
Island, shocked by the unparalled corruption |
that has crept, into our civil .-ervtee in the
last eight years, exclaims, "What is to no
done !1" .Like an nones* mini ahd a true pa- j
triot lie looks at i lie gti ist y condition ot public
affairs, and cue.- ?ot. in a^ony ol soul, "Who i
shall deliver us nv.. -;c ?: >dj id this death i ' j
lie l.a, . .d lis e ii.is C.ior what hp said in j
his New 1'oik lee: urn, thai one hundred mil
lion.- of the pcoj ? re. 'ies ore annu.il'y
diverted into ihe pockets ,1 itaudu'eui. .Jii
ccrs and their confederates. Think of ir,
oiio hundred millions a year! If this were
collected it would pay the national debt within
the time in whiun it is payable. And the
people ?|?, aiu pay thirty mil
ll.tis a year to support lii.rty fi<oUs::.*id office
.'.older?, amonii nooui the robbers are to be
looked' lor. What proportion of the thirty
millions goes to (lie robbers and how much of
it to honest ana fantul officers I have uo
means of determining, and the honorable gen
tleman has not found out. .But the case is
bad enough as presented. As the gentleman
has said, the payments to the civil service are
not tiiagardiy. 'l'liey are larger than those
paid in Krai.ee or Germany, or, except in the
higher offices, in Knglaud. * * * * *
Unserve, thegentleuiau from ({bode Island
cannot complain of a want of skill in these
i fiieials, but only of a lack of honesty.?
While there are many conscientious among
them, there are dexterous rogues, generally
excessively loyal, who could pass any outline
titivc examination you wiil b?J likely to insti
tute, but who are destitute of that C juhih.ii
honesty which it is no credit to p .-sets but a
great disgrace to lack. Will \ ur compel
live examination keep such i'eliows out i?i toe
civil service? Will your hv?ar I descend into
the hearts of the competitor* ?t>d so try the
reins of uion as to decide whi can ind who
caunoi resist u ?i fto'i'iatu:. - ??' .lie W'itskoy
rinsr*v hai f Jtruiiii tioiti ii'iueie
Islan after i- an honest man.
?ir if i believed that the gentleuiau's bill
W"iiiu ti.ke out ot thr civil service the Joseph
Surfaces, the sleek hypocrites whose uiou'hs
are ever full of glowing -oeecoas and m jral
sentiments and frothy professions of loyalty,
and in their alead would introduce men of the
hardy, houiely honesty of the olden time. L
would support it with all my tuiubt. Aye. I
would iro with liini who Wi uld ??' to the furth
est to effect such a reform. For.questionless,
the great want of our time is honest men.?
Merchants and binkers, manufacturers, and
corporations, can find pleuty of competent
clerks without an expensive board "f exami
ners. So can the government. But honest
men, men who are in secret recesses of the
official chiset just what they appear iu public,
men who unconsciously esalt their manhood
by cultivanuj: reverence and humility, who
habitually render unto Caesar the things that
are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are
God's, men who would feel a stain more keenly
than a wound, men of this stamp an4 type
alas, mlas, how rare they are ! If we had an
Aristiiies "the just" in our revenue service, I
! fear we should imitate the Athenians and
banish him. The noble Thcban, Epauiinon
das, lived a lite of purity in the midst of
temptations, and it is said never told a lie
even in jest. All down the tract of time
sdu'i occasional instances of iqfiezible honesty
arc to be seen, like light houses along a bar
ren and dreary coast, and our own history is
re-plendent with names that were not boru to
die. But in the timej upon which we have
fnileu:,virtuous examples command no respect.
: \\re are a fast people. We boast of progress.
. Nothing but steam and lightning can serve
us. The almighty dollar is the god of our
idolatry, and though we set upas many lesser
deities us we ever found in the Pantheon, the
supreme?: devotion of too many officeholders
is to that wonder-working deity who can make
a moderate official salary issue iu a few years
futo a princely fortune. And as a token of
our extreme degradation it is worth noticing
that we no longer fashion our idol <jut of
gold and stiver, but form him out of nasty
rags; and whoever heard, lately, the gentle
man from Massachusetts (.Mr. Butler) and
the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Cary), will
bear me witness there are not wanting priests
on this floor to raise the shameful cry, "These
be our gods."
. Why, sir, in Democratic times, when the
Government collected and disbursed only
from sixty to ninety millions of revenue, we
had no such scaudalous exhibitions of official
corruption as the honorable geatleman has
now pressed upon our attentiou. Occasional
delinquencies undoubtedly occurred, and are
I always to bo looked tor in widely extended
| operations where great numbers of agents are
' necessarily employed, but they were not so
j tre<|ueui or gross as materially to elfect the
' rev<.uue.-i, u,- our general character. But with
j the Hecesston of the i.epublican party uauie
j utsuuion anu war and debt and a redundant
j paper currency, and with these 'Jail our woes."
j To tie more specific?when the government
| i^nUe- j i co pay money winch it does
j not ukmii to pay. IimW can it expect its ctti
zen.s m be at!} uiwe honest ami sincere thun
itself ! Vi hen th(: government wastes in ruil
iv.aa subsidies, uimy supplies, and Freed
uieu'n Bureaus, millions of the people's money
how natural tfiacdishonest officers say, "This
money whii'h is to be wasted it it leuch the
treasury, may as welt be kept by us as to be
^iiven t?> jobbers and favorites!' And when i
the tiianulaciurets of whiskey and tobacco see 1
the goveiiimeut^mglingout their occupations
for excrssive taxation, thereby charging an i
undue -hare of the public defit upon them, I
what is more natural thau they should buy up :
your inspectors and cheat your detectives if
they can '( Protective duties tempt to siuug
gling, false invoices, aud all manner of fiauds.
Kseessivc taxes unequally imposed provoke
retaliation. Prodigal squandering of our rev
enues upon pet schemes of legislation instead
of a t'lirot'ul application, of them to our na
tional deb', invites aud encourages malversa
tion and peculation.
Aud thus it conies to pass that our own leg
islation makes rogues to cheat us out ot SloO,
UOl/.UUU u year. Let not houorablc gentle
men lay the fluttering unction to their souls
that the competitive examination ol appli
cants for office will remedy this evil. It is
too deep-seated for any such nostrum to reach.
It has struck down to the roots of our social
lite. In destroying the standard of values
we have unsettled the foundation of public
morals.
If we would reform abuses let us reform 1
our legislation, l.et us go back to the one
only standard of values the world knows.? j
Let us make our paper promises mean what
they say. Let us impose taxes by some rule
of uniformity, instead of puuisbing fellow
citizens Yfho choose oue blanch ol industry
instead of another. Let us have a revenue
tariff with incidental protectiou, instead ot a
tariff fir the protection of select classes at ?
the expense of all consumers. Let us stop
nili.>iities. retrench expenses, and begin to j
pay our nebts. Let us do these things, sir, 1
and you shall see the tone of public morals
instantly improved. You siteII see ihut hou- !
"st men can then ho found, even with our
present modes of selection, to collect our i
reveuus aud execute our laws.
Miscegenation.
There is n disposition to conimiDgle the !
race* in some portions of the Noith. Iu the I
New York Democrat of a recent date, we find
the following :?
.From the Chenango Union, Norwich. N.
Y., we clip the following marriage notice,
printing the sauie as it appeared in that paper,
from among several others :
At the African Church, in thia village, on Sunday
eveuing, January 17. by Kev S. Scttville (white),
Mr. Muse* Lcs (ebony black), to Miaa Elizabeth
McGuue (white, with red hair), all ol Norwich. j
No caida!
Oupd must be on a bust these times. A
tiegro husband ! A white women with red
hair ! Verily, verily, the lamb and the lion
shall lie down together, and in a little time a
pumpkin headed rooster shall lead them.?
'i'hanks to Brother Scoville, whom, it is said,
has more ol a love for black women than white
ones. But it is none ?t our business who falls
in love in Norwich. We congratulate Klizibeth
on niarryitisr Ijfie, rather than the white bel
Iov.t >r wn;il id Zion's door yard, who joined
to, ones together. It is worthy of
rMfmrk here, that in ali this county the negro
wr >1-' i i j it jtir minister who married the parties
?a- ti? only peison who wouid consent to join
h! ? k Hid wliue, ?. ii red hair, in wedlock,
li is pjy fur doing this little job was one dol'ar
in cash, and a luscious old kiss from the bride,
aitor :,lie had kissed her husband. It the
eminent divine ever reaches heaven, he should
lnvv this n >tice pasted upon the small of hia
buck, uud a ni^?;er baby under each arm
Fine Cattle.?Suuio of the finest cattle
ever fattened in the Valley ol the Shenau
doan, were sold and driven t'rotu the celebrat
ed Steenbnrgen fstate, near Mr. Jackson. a
week an'j. The lot cousi-ted ot 76 hp?d, led
for the last two years by Messia. Gen. Gilbert
1 is and Col. John Meeui, Jr., who occupy this
estate, rendered famous by its former owner
who was known as one of the mi^at extensive
dealers iu cattle in the South. These cattle
weighed from 1.300 to 1.400 lbs., and were
sold on the farm to S. Hauimoo. of Shenan
doah. to be driven to Baltimore for a market.
They were sold at 8 cts. gross, and fcad three
or four bidders besides Mr. II. at this high
figure They were fine specimens of stock,
and s.howed how much cattle can be improved
by generous treatment on our rioh Shenan
I doah pasture lands.?Rockingham Register.
The Commonwealth of Virginia.
We give the fallowing extract from the
recent speech of Mr. McCreery. of Kentucky,
i delivered in the Senate?a speech which at
; once placed him in the front rank of that body,
| and which attracted so much attention when
it was uiade. and since :
"Of the situation of the Southern people I
know little from actual observation. Since
the war I have been do farther South than
GordoDSville, in Virginia. Manassas, which
hits risen from the ashes, reminds us of the
opening scene in the civil strife. I passed
? Cedar Mountain, or Slaughter's Mountain, as
the people of the country call it, in whose
: shade Jackson marshaled his forces, and from
whose summit swept the charge that never
failed of victury. I crossed the Rapidan.
where Grant and Lee, the great masters of
military science, for seven long months con
fronted each other from opposing banks ?
Ditches and earthworks may be seen on ail
sides, but where are the farms, the orchards,
and the gardens, the corn, tho fruit ami the
flowers ? These rich valleys, like Western
praiiics, spread out before you, but no fence
obstructs the view, and no sound breaks the
solemn silence that reigns around. Thete
remain, however, some evideuces of a banished
civilization. Now and then a single chimney,
like a monumental column, points you to tlie
past. It bears no lettered scroll; but still it
speaks of happiness and home. Its warmth
has been comfott to age, and spatkling eyes
and ruddy faces have reflected its lit.-lit. But
the scene was changtd. The thunder cloud
of war drew near and more near until its a nary
flashes gave fearful warniug of approachiug
doom. The mother kneels at the family altar,
; invokes the blessing of Eliju's God, and goes
forth with her childreu a fugitive in the laud.
Everything that will bucu Is given to the
flames, and the chimney stands as a landmark,
a starting point for the surveyor in his work
of re establishing meets and boundary lines.
'?Other portions of Virginia may have suf
fered less, but I honestly believe that the
people of that State are not prepared for
specie payments, and that any great contrac
tion of currency would involve Uieui in ruin.
They could endure a gentle inflation, but they
will scarcely survive a further contraction.
I know uot how others may feel, but as for
my single sell I confess a weakness for the
old Commonwealth of Virginia. If she has
sinned in the sight of heaven, heaven and
earth have witnessed the teirible retribution.
When \ye speak of Virginia the long past
rises beiorp us, and we are associated with the
heroes, tho statesmen, and the philosophers of
other days. The soord of tier Washington
hangs in the Patent Office, and there, too is
his camp and camp furniture, even down to
his pewter plates, held as the sacred memo
rial of a patriotism which endured all thiui>s
f r his country's sake. Jefferson and the
Declaration, Madison and the Constitution,
the eloquence of Henry, the learning of Mar
shall, all protest against the divorce which
severs the bonds of the Union and degrades
Virgiuia from her position of equality in the
family of States. Dismembered and divided,
spurned and insulted, suffering and bleeding,
the frail and tottering emblem of her former
self, if we cannot alleviate, let us do nothing
to increase the calamities which overwhelm
her already. Neither the vicissitudes
through which she has passed, nor the fur
nace of affliction in which the walks at pres
ent, have ever been able to drive her from
her honor. It is believed that she can be
driven or persuaded to a profession of the
Radical creed, it is a mistake; she will live
and die iu the faith that has been handed
down from the fathers."
A Touching Incident.?Not many years
since certain Eoglish miners, working far un
derground, came upon the body of a poor
fellow wlio has perished in the suffocating pit
some forty six years before. Some chemical
agent to which the body had been subjected
?an agent prepared in the labratory of na
ture?had effectually arretted the progre.-s of
dec;iy. They brought it up to the suifjce,
and. lor awhile, till it crumbled through ex
posure to the atmosphere, it lay there the
image of a fiue sturdy young man. No con
vulsion had passed over his face in death,
tho features were tranquil; the hair was black
as jet. 0,1,5 recognized the lace ; a gene
ration had grown since the day on which the
miner had went down his sbalt lor the ia-t
time, Hut a tottering old woman who had
hurried trom her cottage on hearing the news,
oame up, and she kuew again the face which
through all these long years she bad not for
gotten. The yoor miner was to have been
her hunband on the day after that on which
he died. They were rough people, of couise,
that were louking on ; a liberal education and
refined feelings are not deemed essential to
the man whose work it is to get up coal, or
even tin ; but there was no dry eyes when
the gray headed old pilgrim cast herself upon
the youthful corpsc and poured into the deal
ear many words of endearment uuused for
forty six years. It was a touching contrast
?the one so old, the other so young. They
had both been younsr those long years, but
time hnd gone on with the living but stood
still with the dead.
Use of Lemons.?When persons are fever
ish and thirsty beyond what is natural, indi
cated in some cases by a roetalic taste ic the
mouth, especially alter drinking water, or a
whitish appearance of the trreater part of the
tongue, one of the best -coolers," internal or
external, is to take a lemon. cut off the top,
sprinkle over it some fine lour sugar, work it
downward into tbe lemon with a spoon and
then suck it slowly, squeezing the lemon and
addingsugarasthe ac.dity increases from being
brought, up from the lower poiut. Invalids
with feverisbness may take two or three lem
ons a day in this manner, with a most marked
benefit, manifested by a sense of coolness, com
f rt an.! invigoration. A lemon or two taken
thus at tea-time, as an entire substitute for
ordinary '-supper" of summer, would give
many a man a comfortable night's sleep, and
awaking of rest and invigoration, with an ap
petite for breakfast, to which they are strangers
who will have thir cup of tea tor supper -rel
ish," and "cake" and berries or peaches and
cream.
? "What church do you attend, Mrs. Par
tington ?" "Oh ! any paradox chtucb where
the gospel is dispensed with !"
? Dr. Johnston used to say. "He who
waits to do a great deal of good at once, will
never do any."
POETICAL.
SHAT.Ti WEP
IT rgASK L7N.HI.
When the heart has ceased id beating*.
And (he hands clasped o'er the breast.
Shall we know no more uf weeping?
Shall we have eternal rest?
When our Jriends are for us praying.
And are shedding- each a tear.
Shall we bear what they are r-aying?
Shall we know that they are near ?
When oar souls to heaven ascending,
And the I^ved ones we shall greet.
Shall we see the moornera bending?
Shall we wonder why they weep ?
When the vesper bell is tinging.
And the organ loud doth ?weil.
Shall we join'ih j voices siugingl
' Shall wt ??but wijo can tell?
IjCST in the snow.
Lost in the snnw ! The wild winds blow ;
And o'er the wood lane s, to and fro.
The d tkeg in whirling eddies go:
Dei p in (he drill eho lieth low,
Lost in the suow.
The homestead fires at Christmas glow;
And home her happy sisters go.
With h *ppy babes? she shall not know
That dear old home ol long ago I
Lusi in the saow*
Once she was pure as th*y. but, lo !
The tempter came. From vcars of woe
Aud sham*-, Death brings her, blessed foe!
Such sweet release as tew shiit know,
Lo.-ti iu tne snow.
The Chrisimas bells all merry go :
The Chri<-tuia? fire* all leap and glow :
Hut not f>r her ? ail sin aud slow
Ye winds! th? waudtri r l.itb low.
Lout in the snow.
MISCELLANEOUS.
[From the Washington Express.]
A Fashionable Wedding in Washington.
For several weeks past the elite of Wash
ington society have been in a fever of excite
ment over the announcement of the approach
lug nuptials of Brigadier General Comstock,
of General Graul's uta2:, with Miss Benie
Blair, daughter of Hou. Montgomery Blair.
The wedding iast uight was the most brilliant
that hai taken place this Veison in Washing
ton, an i tne Oliuruh of the Asconaioo, on H
street, where the iu irriage ceremony was per
formed, ut an early hour was thronged with
the wealth, beauiy, aud iutellect of the me
tropolis.
The church w.is dazziingly illuminated, and
a broad band uf while satin -separated the pews
reserved for the imuiid ate friends of the
family from those open to other invited guests.
The front wnsfiiled with beautitul and fragrant
exotics, aud iusiue the chancel was erected a
tasteful arch of evergreens, from the centre of
which was suspended a h iudsomely designed
monogram ol the initials ot the names of the
bride aud groom.
Before the arrival of the bridal party Gen.
Grant entered the church.
At a quarter to U the doors were thrown
open, and every eye was turned thither as the
brilliant procession entered, passing slowly
dowu the aisie to the altar, where Hev. Dr.
Pinckney, the recor, stood ready to perform
the ceremony, the organ meanwfiilo pealing
forth the joyous toues of the wedding march.
In the order ot procetsiou first camo the five
beautiful attendants of the bride, richly and
tastefully attired, escorted by as many grooms
men in gluteting unilotm. Leaning upon the
aim of her grandfather, Hon. Frank P. Bia r.
Sr., by whom she had beeu adopted and reared
as a daughter, next came the lovely bride,
dressed in a inagnificeut white satin, with a
court train, over which the fleecy folds of a
flowing veil lell gracefully to the floor. En
circling her brow was a superb wreath of
orange flowers, and her jewelry was of the
most expensive"aud elegant character. Last
came the groom, in the brilliant uniform of a
general, escorting the graudtoother of the
bride.
At the chancel the bridesmaids aud grooms
men separated, forming two line*, between
which the bride and groom advanced to the
altar, the arrangemeut presenting a tableau of
striking beauty, to which the soft blending of
the colors of the attire of the bridal party,
variegated by the glitter of jewels, lent
heightened effect
The bridesmaids were Miss Minnie Blair,
Miss Beck. Miss Violet Biair. Miss Sands,
?nd Miss Christina Blair. daughter of General
Frank 1'. Blair, Jr. General Badeau, of
General Grant's staff, General Terry, General
Turner, Captain Graves, and Mr. Lee, nephew
of Commander Lee, aoted as groom-men.
During the most profound silence the
minister read.iu a solemn voice, the impressive
marriage service of the Episcopal church.?
\Vhen Vows had been interchanged, and the
golden circlet placed upon the finger of the
bride,the happy coupie passed from the church
with their nttftcdants, to the residence of
Admiral S. P. L?*e. where a reception was
held from half-past 9 until 2 A. M.
Hon Revebdv Johnson upon Women
and Bonnets?Iluii. Keverdy Johnson, in
a speech which he made at a Corn Kxchangc
banquet, iu .England, a short time ago, spoke
ad follows iu regard to womeu and their bead
coverings :
"I have seen the men of this town?I have
also seen the women, and if I may be permit
ted to express a prel?renc? for either?I don't
moan to say anything.gersonally offensive to
the gentlemen?I rather prefer the ladies ?
It is a pleasant sisht to see, as I have seen to
day, hundreds of that sex uicely dressed, ev
idently in perfect health, all manifestly intel
ligent and happy, close at worlt supporting
tbeuiselyes and thoxe who may be dependent
on theui, and ministering to the comforts and
enjoyments of those around them. I only
wish for their sakes that the old style of bon
net was revived?the bonnet worn when there
was nothing on the female head upon which
the imagination could dwll, and when it was
not dressed like that of an Indian squaw. What
those French artists call bonnets are not bon
nets at all; they are not even caps ; I do not
know thata nightcap would be more beautiful,
but certainly it would be more useful. What
can be more admirable, however, even in the
case of iho^e small bonnets, than the skill and
taste with which these lady workmen of yours
turn out their productions ? Why. these arti
cle* are gems of beauty, and they make the fe
male face more lovely, if that be posaible, than
it lias been made by nature, iou see that
though far 'id van cud iu life, I have not yet
forgotten the tastes of my earlier days, and I
only pray that whenever f do so in this par
ticular, Heaven ni:>y be pleated to take me to
ano:hcr world."
ila. what is revenge T It is when your
paps scold* tue, and I hit him with the broom
tuck.
Spirit of
:
RATKS OF ADVERTISING.
One Square. Three Insertions, $1.50
?srh Continuance. u 1
One Square, One Month, 1.00
One Square, Three Months, 5.9a
One Square, Six Months, 8.M
One Square, One Tear, IS.00
Ten Lines or less, constitute a Square.
T*varly Advertisements by Special Contract.
The Humble Grave.
The last rays of the vetting sun linger as if
loth to depart, and clothe in golden tiuts tLo
tree-tops and the cold, marble pillars. Tim
clouds float in the heavens hero and tbero
relieved by patches of bine, and the gentle
evening breeze plays with the fallen leaves,
and sighs through the leafless trees a dying
dirge for the lost season.
We tread ?>ur way carcfully among the
many little mounds, humble monuments to
the sleepers, and pause a moment to read tho
inscription on pillars and shafts erected to tbo
memory of the dead. Varied are the thoughts
that crowd upon ns as we wend our way
through the silent city of the sleeping. How
many bright hopes have here found a burial,
bow man; weary hearts have yearned for rest
?how many dreams oi life here seek their
answer 1
Truly is death a common levcler. The
rich and the poor, the proud and the humble,
peer and beggar, priest and soldier, the joya
of household*, and the friendless outcast.here
re-t side by side, and mingle their moulder*
in* du-t together. Death is no respecter of
person*, ij the one lesson which all this
te lehes us.
We have come to tho "bjcct of our search
? a little giavo marten by a marble head?
atone. A single ray ot go den light illuminea
it as we read ih'e simple irscription which it
bears : "Our Mtouie, Aged 8 years." The
grass and flowering tine lie withered, and
the fallen leases carpet the little mound ??
Everything deuotcs the parting season. ex
cept a loueiy evergreen at the head of the
grave. It lives, and, ah, do we not know
that she, too, lives, but in the better world t
When the earth was freed from itd icy fet?
ters, and the flowers put forth their tender
petals, and the robins returned to their old
familiar perch to twitter their notes of praise,
we folded her little hands over her lifeless
brea-t. The sunken eyes told haw deep her
sufferings had been, but her pale lips gave
back no complaint. Through the solemn
hours of that last night we watched by her
bedside, pressing her fevered head to our
bosom, and wetting the parehed lips, listening
with tear wet eyes and cheeks to her childish
prattle, as in her fevered imaginings, she waa
playing by the pebbly stream, or romping in
the garden with doll and kitten. Ah,too well
we saw the cotnin; of the dreaded messenger,
yet feared his arrival.
He came at last. ?nd with him came peac*
to one troubled sprit. We saw tho change*
coming on and gathered arouud the bedside.
She opened her eyes, and looking arnund,saw
nur tear wet faces. "Don't cry," she said ;
Minnie won't be sirk any more , she's going
away, you'll coruu and see her after a while.
Kiss Miunic."
A happy smile illuminated her face, the
loving eyes closed, uud quietly, peacefully^
she passed to the other sine. Yes, our little
one waa at rest.
The grave digger with his pick and spade
made a home for the dead. 'Neath the pro.
tecting shade of a friendly tree we laid her,
where the winds gently bitrh a requiem, and
where the birds sing all day long. In thia
quiet spot she rests in peacu ; and when far
dtstaut, we love to dream of that little monnd
of uffection in tho humble viilaao graveyard.
Cherry ISlossoaj,
Slurs on Women.
At a recent dinner in New York city, at
which no ladies were present, a man, in res
ponding to the toast on "Women," dwelt al
most solely on the frailty of the sez, claiming
that tho best among them were little bettor
than the worst, the chief difference being tLo
t-urroundings.
At the conclusion of the spccch, a gen*
tlernan present rose to his l'ect, and said :
"I trust tho gentleman, in the application
of his remarks, refers to hit otcn mother and
sisters and not to ours."
The efFeot of this most just and timely re
buke was overwhelming, the maligncr of wo
men was covered with shame and confusion.
This incideut serves an excellent purpose
in prefacing a few words which we have for
a long time bad on our mind to say.
Ot all tho evils prevalent among young
men. we know of noue more blighting in i'a
moral effects than tho tendency to spealc
lightly of the virtue ot women. Nor is there
anything in which young men aie so thor
oujily mistaken as the low estimate they
form of the integrity of woauui?not of their
own mothers and sister-, thank God, but of
others who they forget, are tomrbody.tit*'t.
As a rule, no persoir, who surreuaers to
this debasing habit is safe to be trusted with
any enterprise requiring integrity of ch<trac
l'lain wordsshouliLJp-epof^^Sthtfpi^SV^
for the evil is a general one atid deep roofid.
If young men are sometimes thrown into the.
society of thoughlie*.- even lewd women,
they have no more ri^t to measure all oth<?? , /
women by. what they see in these than t!v#y
wonld have to ealimato the character of boo*
eat and respectable citizens by (he develop
ments of crime in our police courts.
Let young men remelf? chief
happiness in life defends upon their- otter
faith in women. No worldly wisdom, no mil
anthropie philosophy, no generalization can
cover or weaken this fundamental truth. It
stands like the record of God himself?for
it is nothing less than this?and should pat
an everlast ng seal npon lips that are won't
to speak slightly of women.? Gallatin Ex~
aminer.
Remarkable Preservation.?The
Stockton Gazette, December 28tb, says : "A
N. Blake, formerly Coroner ol this eity, yester
day exhumed irom the old cemetery in this
city, the remains of two children, buried a
number of years ago?one in 1853 and tha
other in 18 W ? and npm opening (he metallic
; caskets in which the remains were confiocd
I it was discovered (hat they were iu a woudcr
' ful state ot preservation, looking for all the
world ae though they had junt dird and were
j laid ont for burial. Even the bouquet* of
flowers with which the remains were decorated
appeared as iresh as though just plucked." ,
How it Haitesep-?A fellow who wa?
arrested in Buffalo for stealing a shirt, put ia
the following de/ensa : "I did not steal tha
shirt; I wjs passing along by ibe Store, and I
saw the shirt banging up. and then 1 took
hold of it. (Vlifn I took hold of it, it dropped
down in my hand*, and 1 knew if I stood there
with it, people who saw me would believe that
I meant to steal it; so I ran off to prevent
| tospicion att&obiog to me."

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