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CHARLESTOWN, WEST VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1873
jjil'it of pfloii. PUBLISHED WEEK.LIT| BY JOHN W. DALGAEN. OFFICE IN "LEE HALL" BUILDING. TKKH8 or SUBSCRIPTION.?The p?per will be furnished to subscribers at $2.50 per iuam, in Advance. Wkeo not paid strictly la Advance, |3,M yf 111 positively be charged. .1 ^-PROFESSIONAL CARDS. - - R. P. II. STACB, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, CTFHjra48 St. Paul Street, Baltimore, >1,1. PRACTICES in the Courts of Baltimore, Balti more County, Court of Appeals of Maryland aid 8upreme Court of United States. Special at tention given to Collecting in and out of the State. REFERENCES: National Union Bank ol Baltimore. Wn. Devries It Co. NaUobaI Bank, Martiusburg, West Va. Berkeley Baring's Bank, Martinsburg, West Yt. Carroll, Adams 4t Neer, Baltimore. ?ct. ?l, 1871?if. Hsbat L. Bbooks.] - [St. Geo. T. Baooica [DaviilB Lucas.] BROOKE & LUCAS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, - C&arleatown, Jefferson Co., IV. Fa. HAVINGfhis day entered into partnership in the practice of the law, we will attend regularly nil .the Courts of Jefferson, and the Superior Courts of Berkeley, Morgan, Clarke and Frederick coun ties. September 1, 1872?tf. ~iT WM. II. TRAYERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlettowu, jeCerton County, Virginia, VI^ILL practice io the District Courts of the Dai* ** ted Statea for the Districtnf West Virginia.? Particular attention paid to cases iu Bankruptcy. July 30. 1870. SAMUEL J. C. MOORE. ATTORNEY AT LAW, crryrille, Clarke County, Virginia, AND CLEON MOORE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlestown ..Jefferson County., West Va., WILL undertake cases jointly in the Courts of both of a&id Counties. May 3ti. 1873. FRANK BECKWITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlestown, Jefferson County, West Va. OFFICE on Main street, over Drugstore of C. E. Belter. February II, 1973? ly. ? 090KE & KENNEDY, Attorneys at Law. Charlestown, Jcfierson County, W. Va., ^^IIaL practice in Jefferson and adjoiningCoun Office first door West of "Carter House." April 1-2. 1370? tf. K. WILLIS WILSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Harper's Fcry, J c ersou Co., WEST VIRGINIA. 'ill practice in the Couits of thisand the ad * * joining Counties. Aug. 17, CHARLES JUV1ES, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Harper's Ferry, Weat Virginia, "VY7"ILL attend 10 business in all the Courts of M this State. J uoe 4, 1H72. I)B. C . T . RICHARDSON, Physician ?& Surgeon, Charlestown, Virginia. J II AVE taken nn OrBce oo Main street, (first door East of Mason's Drug Store), where I can be j'ouad during thr day. At night messages should be ?cot la my residence, corner of Liberty and Mildred ? trccts. C. T. RICHARDSON, M. D. Juof 27. |*7I ?tf. DH. B. U, RANSON, PHYSICIAN AND SUSGEON, CHAHLESTOWN, WEST VA. OFFICE at residence, on the corner of Charles aod Liberty streets. April 15, 1 S73 ? tf. _ DK. A. P. SMITH, DENTIST, TENDERS his services to the citizens of Charlestown and vicinity. Office aif^^gS residence. Full upper 6ets of Teeth, from $12 to ?20 ; partial do., $5 to ?10. Filliasrs.from ?1 upwards. Extracting only 50cents. All work warranted,and satisfaction guaranteed. tff- References when required. May 14, 1S72?ly. 3DrugSi Drusa. Tire undersigned having' lately purchased the interest of Dr. J. A. Straith, in the firmW of Geo. T Light & Co , will be constantly adding to bis stock of ^ 1RUQS, MED1C1HES AND CHEMICALS, at their old and well-known stand on Main street, j where can also be obtained a complete assortment of DTE STUFFS, WINDOW GLASS, PAINTS, POTTY, superior Coal, Lubricating, Sperm. Lard and Lin- j ?seed Oils, all of which will be sold as low as the I Kastern markets will afibid ; alao Coal Oil Lamps, China Vases, Toilet Sets, .Fancy At tides. Fine Per fumeries of the most popular kinds. Pomades, Ring's Ambrosia. Burnett's Oocoaine, Stonebraker's ] Hall's and Chevalier's Hair Restorers and Renewers, j ?also a lar^e stock ot PATENT MEDICINES, SCHOOL BOOKS AND STATIONERY, embracing all of the most popular and reliable re medies, and also the latest Novels and finest kinds ot Stationery. QCp- As the quality of Medicines is always of the < greatest importance both to the Physician and bis ' Patients, we make it our constant care to secure none bat the purest Medicinee, and by his long ex perience in the retail business, he is prepared to fill Physicians'Prescriptions and Compound Medi- i cines according*, to the latest and strictest rules of Pharmacy. The public can confidently rely on bavin? their prescriptions carefully and accurately prepared at all hours of the day and night N. B.?I take this occasion to return my sincere thanks for the very large patronage bestowed upon me by the community, and to express my grateful acknowledgment of the high appreciation of ray fellow-citizens of my efforts to serve them ; trusting that I may be able in the future to render entire satisfaction to all who may favor me with thrir sup port and confidence. GEO. T. LIGHT. February 20, 1872, Julius C Holmes.] [Hempt D. Rust Holmes tfc Hust, BUILDERS AND CONTRACTORS, Ciiarlestown, Jefferson Co., W. Va. HAVING formed & Co-partnership for the pur pose of energetically conducting the business of House Building and Carpentering generally, hereby notify the citizens of the county of Jefferson tthat they are ready for and solicit orders, and by promptitude, faithful work and moderate chargcs, expect to make it advantageous to all to employ them. January 21, 1S73?tf. COAL AND WOOD^TARirr WASHINGTON & LIPPITT \\7 ILL keep on hand a constant supply of COAL * * of all kinds, and Sawed and Split WOOD, which they will furnish and deliver in quantities to Bait customers, for Cnsh. Orders left at Yard, cor ner Samuel street and B. & O. R. R. (0>Cash paid for Bones. Juns 10,1873?ly. O. Our M ow JPlo-uglia. WE are manufacturing a largo lot of them and we guarantee satisfaction in every rase or no sale. / WEIRICK & WELLER. January 4, 1871. dt??T ^ (Jon P?*" day! Asrents wanted! All classesof working people,of either sex, young of old, make more money at work for us in ttaeir spare moments, or all the time, than at anything" else. Particulars fiee. Address G. Stin non & Co., Portland.Maine. Sep. 17,'72-1 y. TRY" the Arctic Soda Water at Mason's Drug 'Store. The best in town. BALTIMORE CARDS. STIEF^'S PIANOS. UPWARD* or FIFTY FIRST PREMIUMS, GOLD AKB SILVER MEDALH, Were awarded to CHA8. M, BTIEFF, lor the best PIANO, in competition with all the loading Manufacturers of the country. OFFICE AND WAREROOM8, No. 9 N. Liberty Street, Baltimore, Md. The superiority of the Unrivalled Stieff Piano Forte, is conceded by all who have compared it with others. In their New Grand Square Scale, 7* Oc taves, the manufacturer has succeeded in making tbe most perfect Piano Forte possible. Prices wiH be found as reasonable as consistent with thorough workmanship. A la rge assort men t of Second Hand Pianosalways on hand, from $75 to $300. We are agents for the celebrated Burdett Cabinet, Parlor and Church Organs, all styles and prices, to suit every one, guaranteed to be fully equal to any made. Send for Illustrated Catalogue,containing names of over 1.500 Southerners, (500 of whom are Vir ginians, 200 North Carolinians, 150 East Tennes eeeans, and others throughout the South,) who have bought tne 8tieff Piano since the close of tbe war. April 8, 1873. PERSONAL. NOAH WALKER k CO , The Celebrated Clothiers of Baltimore Announce the introduction of a plan of ordering CLOTHINO AND UNDERWEAR BY LETTER, To which they call special attention. They will send on application their improved aod accurate RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT, end a full line of samples from their immense stock of Cloths, Cassimeres, Coatings, Shirtings, he.., thua enabling- parties in any part of the country to order their Clothing and Shirts direct from them, with tbe certainty of receiving garments of The Very Latest Style And Moit Perfect Fit attainable. Gnode ordered will be sent by Expr.se to any part of the country. As is well known throughout tbe Southern Sts tea they have for Forty three Years excelled in all departments of their businees, which is a substantial guarantee as to the character of the Good* they will send out. A large and well-assorted stock of # READY-MADE CLOTHING always on hand, together with a full line of FURNISHING .GOODS including all the latest novelties in design, and AT POPULAR PRICES When Goods are fenl per Express C. O. D., there will be no col It ction charge on amounts of fif 20 and over. ttuiee for self-measurement, Samples Goods and Price List free on application. The at tention of tho Trade is invited to our Wholesale Department, which is always kept up to the highest standard. NOAH WALKER & CO., Manufacturers and Dealers in Meu's and Boy's Clothing and Fui*uifthiug Goods, either ready-made or made to order. 165 Kud 1(37 baltiuiore Street, BALTIMORE, MD. April 1,1871. ~SAF pington hotel, * * CUarleslown, Jefferson Co., W. Va. MAYING leased the Sappington Hotel for a term of years, and having re-furnished it soiuely from Basement to Attic, it is now open j fer the accommodation of the public. I Tbe TABLE will be bountifully supplied withall i tbe luxuries and subdtantials that the City aud Country markets afford. | The BAR will bo supplied with only Choice Li quors. None but polite and attentive Servants will bo employed. and nothing shall be left undone that willcootributeto thecomfort and pleasure of guests. The STABLE is commodious aud will be attend ed by an experienced Ostler. A PORTER will attend all the trains to conduct Visitors to the Hotel, and to transport bsgpacre, iic. DR. J. JOHNSON, Late of Washington County, Md. Oct. 1, 1872. M tt U N T A I NT I E W HO TEL, (Late Shenanck*ah,) Harper's Ferry, West Va. Situated at the junction of the B. it O.and the W. & P. rail ways, and commanding from every point magnificent views of the sur rounding country. THIS House, located in the centre of some of the finest scenery in the world, has been altered, . repairod, refitted and refurnished throughout, and is now ooen td the public. As a Summer Resort I tbe House is unparalleled. Jefferson's Rock, Mary- J land Heights, Shannondale Springs, and other pla ces of interest, are in the immediate neighborhood. Carriages, Horses, 4"C., for hire. The traveling public, Generally, are assured that they will find Mountain View one of the most con venient, comfortable and eieganthouses in this sec tion of the country. JAS. T. REED, Sup't. July 16,. 1872. McSherry Blouse, No. 25. Que fin Street, MART1NSBURG, W. VA. ? 0O- Porter snd H&ck at every train for the accom modation of guest*. JAM EH H. McSHERRY, Prop'r. Jno. F. McTntvre, Clerk. JVJay 20, 1873?-tf. ~ C. K. JAMISON & CO.^" SUCCESSORS TO P. F. KELLY & CO., Bankers and Exchange Brokers, KORIHWB6T CORNER OP Third and Chestnnt Streets, Jane 25. 1S73?ly. Philadilphu. EDWT) J". EVANS & CO^ NURSERYMEN ANI) SEEDSMEN, YORK, PA. 09-&ATALOGUES MaILKD TO ApFLICASTa.^3() m Krfer (6y permission) to Hon. J. S. Black, Wasbingtou, D. C., Welaer, Son & Carl, Bankers, York, Pa. J Jane 3, 1873?6m. FVR1LLS. DRILLS.?I would call attention of U Farmers needing* Drills to tbe Keller and Rick ford & Huffman. I place these goods on the market knowitie that they hnvo no superior?and of that : 1*11 let the farmer be the judge. I can supply all orders for these goods, the supply being always equal to the demand. July 8. 1873. J AS. LA W. HOOFF. NEW Crop Turnip Seed for sale bv J uly 8, 1S73. J AS. LA W. HOOFF. ON band and for sale, several sty les of Summer Lap Dusters. - JAS LAW. nOOFF. June 3. 1873.* PATENT Self-Heating Charcosl Smoothing Iron, for sale by JAS. LAW. HOOFF. HOG POWDERS.? My powders were thorough ly tested two years ago and gave general sat isfaction, and am now preparing the same powder. I would advise all 10 use them both as a preventive and cure. Tablespoonful dose. August 12, 1873. GEO. T. LIGHT. CIRCULATING LIRRARY.?To accommodate the reading community, I have reduced the price to 10 cents per week in advance. Any Book to read for that sum. GEO. T. LIGHT, CONDENSED Beef for Children, and Invalids generally, has no superior as a nourisher. For sale by W.S.MASON. # August 6,1373. BANKING BUSINESS. BANK DIRECTORY. First National Bank of Jefferson AT CHARLESTOWJC. O nicer*. COUNf. PORTE*, President. SAM'L HOWEIX, Cashier. J. r. SIMMONS, teller. ?lacwt Pif?T atuty. Bank of Charleston's, Officer*. ? POKTERFIKLD, Cashier. JOHN POKrERflKLW, Tellar. Ptionpt Paj---rrld?T. AOESTS. fol,owing gentlemen are duly an. thorired to receive Aijvertisi.no and Sdb SGBIPtion for the "Spirit of Jejerson," and to collect and receipt for the same : Geo. D. MoGlinoy? Shepherdstown. John P. Kekfoot?Martinsburn. Chas. R. Lee?Jierrt/oilfe. J OKI, W. Roberts?Middleway, Adam. Link, Jr ?Duffieldt Depot. J as. W. Barnhabt?Unionville. M. W. Kurr?Kroten's Shop. K. II. Roberts?Kearneyaville, IIemiy S. Lkaqub?Lectown. ?i?_____JoHN w. Daloarn. TO TBA7ELEH3. WINCHESTER. POTOHmT?t HARRI SONBURG DIVISION, B. & 0. R R TIME TABLE. Tsiivs Goma South. H^PP' FCrr7'???' Pl"' ISSa-. is 88 is ?| ts ?? ?:? Winchester, 900 19 n' K ?? Q ._ Arrive at 8trasbar* 30 67 l'.06 6.35 . P ? M 9 Arrive at Har*nburg- 6 25 3,30 Tiainb Goimo Nobtm * H.VrUonburg, A M" *?? 'AnnM- P-M. suture J' 6 30 '-J" j-40 Winchester, 6 (in q nn P Summit Point, 6 33 9I56 4.44 6 ? 6.44 in. 12 ? (iq 5 .-JT Charlestow n, 5.SS 10.28 6 20 ef? ?"."OWD- 6 06 10 S6 6 38 Arrival H. Perry. 6.2-2 11.26 6'<)S fi.35 1 "?n leaving Charlestown at 10.23, A M ron Bajtimoro. Other trains paes^v^r the Metropolitan Fast Frfticht, No. 7 leaveeStraebtire>at8 30 P M Charlee.own at 12.24 A M.f and reach^ Harper's Forry at 1 .so A. M. rescues ll'wi're ,Tj'ci*,lt- No- S. loaves Harper's Perry at 11.IO P. M I. parses Cbarlestown at 1"' ^4 A M and arrives at Stiashurg .it 3 5s A. M. A. B. WOOD, Agent, Harper'.- Ferrv Nov < ia-f ?, THOS. R. SHARP, ? s- 1S|31 Master 61 Transportation. BALTIMORE ANB_0in0 RAILROAD. OCHRIU.I.E of PssfmfforTrainsarrivingand ds ^ parting at Harper's Ferry station : * TRAINS GOING WKST. Cincinnati Express via Washington.. 10 26 A M 9SSS.JL:'i r-H&i TRAINS GOING EAST 8&&XS"V*i?l:S: p" M,"'n. ? make close connection.*; n. P . 0 ^erry with trains runnincr on W P x? a AtH8.trMbrr "?d P?int? ^rtber Bomh "* ! town l-c " J<""=tion with train. for Hagers Pr?mi-'"t points West, Harper-. Fe.ry, Nov. 3, , W?QB- ASe??. GEORGE H. HAGLEY, Manufacturer of Ladies' and Gents', Ho,.- ,.J Youths , Mip.es' ?Dd Children's 7 boots, gaiteks and shoes H Of all Styles and Grades, '^P n?" Per,n??""?t ly located % - in LbarI?6(own. has in?t nnr oftheVER^ BR6T^ii ATERIA L *Tk H.?h jl u ? ? " determination is to mako ^okstolS^3, ?'hW"Jk- *ndwhi|"t he offe'i ^ Octoher 21. 1873-odMTlSlT. ' HAGLKY. FIRE ! FIRE ! AT BROWN'S SHOP. THE uadersigned would inform his^ friends and the public generally that he is still at the above named etand, and will continue to manufac ture to order Roots, Shoes, Gaiters, &c. Special attention pi^ou to STITCHED BOOTS AND LA-. DIES' WORK. None but the best material used, : and all work guaranteed. Repairing neatly done, | and at moderate rates. Orders filled promptly March 18,1671-ly. M. B. M1LLER. T? ALL CONCERNED ! nOUSK PAINTING, GRAINING, PAPER HANGING, &C. JOITN N. WHITTINGTON tf&in f roflers hisser vices to the public, for the speedy execution and in the most artistic style.of any work in the HO USE PAINTING. WALL PAPERING, FURNITURE RENOVATING, or CHAIR CANING iine. Prices reasonable, and satis/action guaranteed. Thank ful to his/riend^ for the encouragement of the past, he confidently hopes, from enlarged experience and increased /acilities for the execution of his business, to receive a reasonable proportion of the work in his line. ?(}?6hop in basement, next door to Mr. John Ashbauerh's Tailoring* establishment, Northwest corner of Libertv and Lawrence sts. July 39.1873?3m. J N. W. JAMES W. BUTT, HOUSE JOINER AND CARPENTER, Charlestown, W. Ta. CONTINUES to execute every variety of work in his line, anji will undertake and complete con tracts in the shortest possible space of time. Ry promptness, reasonable charges and croud work manship, he hopes to merit acontinuance of public patronage. Orders left at the ^'Spirit*' Office will receive prompt atteution. October 28, 1873?6m. TO FARMERS and MACHINISTS. - I have just received a prime article of Lubricating Oil, which we are selling at 60 cents per gallon W. 8. MASON. MOORE'S Hog: Cholera Remedy, prepared ac cording- to original recipe, at Aug 5. MASON'S Drug Store. STATIONERY a speciality. Paper and Envel opes of all kinds, the beat stock of Fancy Goods in the Lower Valley Come and see. June 24. 1873. W. S. MASON. ILVER Soap, far Silver, sold by August 12, 1S73. GEO. T. LIGHT. URE Sherry. Madeira, Port, Hock and Claret Wine*, sold by GEO. T. LIGHT. S Jipirii of Jefferson. CkMPlegtown, Jegerson Connty, Weit Tm. TEKSBAT MOKXIXC, KOTKMBKR 18.1873. LEGISLATIVE DEBATE. In the House of Delegates, on the 29th ultimo, the following debate occurred : Mr. Snyder, of Monongalia, offered House Joint Resolution No. 30, "Disapproving and condemning the passage of the law by Con* press, increasing the salaries of the members thereof; and demanding that the members of Congress who reoeived the baok pay either re fund tho same or resign their seate." Mr. Butcher?T do not intend to objeftl to that resolution. 1 am rather astonished that it should oome from the souroe that it does. I would rather amend the bill to the effect that the President is more guilty than any man that voted for or reoeived the "salary crab." I submit that the President of the United Statos is the biggest salary grabber of all the rest. Don't take your poor members of Congress, but go to the fountain head and I am with you. ' Belonging as I do to tho looo-fooo party, unless yon inolude the Presi dent, I cannot vote for tho resolution. Do not boar down too hard on the small fry, but givo the main'grabber your attention. ? Senato Joint Resolution 32 was reported by Mr. Summers. Mr. Snyder, of Monongalia?I thank God that I am not so low down that I will not res buke dishonesty in high as well as low places, and I would like to know if the President is the Congress of the United States? Mr. Bradford?The Presidout signed it and without his signature it would never have be come a law. I am glacl to know that my dis tinguished friend from Joffarson is wilting to favor this resolution. I make this motion, not in any Spirit of party feeling, but as one that affeots the general and material interests of the country. Mr. Reynolds?I am somewhat astonished at the want of liberality of my friend from JofTerson. While I might, after hearing this subject discussed, coincido with the views of my friends, I am opposed to hasty action in this mattor. I do not undertake to defend General Grant. That is net my purpose at this time. We might, with the same consis tency hold Governor Jacob responsible for the present legislation. We have run General Grant ofltou enough and don't protend to say that'he is'infallihlo. Sir. Brown?I regret that any suoh resolu tion should take any political shape what ever. Sir, I have hoard this same one man power charged against the present Excoutive of this State. I am certain that whother General Grant would havo signed or vetoed the bill that he wonld not have boon freo from the opposition of the gontleman from Jefferson. Had ho rotured this bill to Con gress ho would have been charged with im proper motives and judged accordingly. I am willing in tho abstract to condemn tho whole tiling. But I would request my friend from Monongalia (Mr. Snydor) to let this matter go over until to-morrow. Mr. Butcher?Pobject to this resolution goiug over until to morrow. 1 cannot con sent to that cs the resolution Lis l.aoa de bated. My friond from Mason (Mr. Rey nolds) said Romothing about tho one man power. I did not espeot anything of that kind from him. Tt will be remomhored that tho Hoc. Mr. Brooks, of Now York, was haunted to his grave by the phantoms of the Credit Mobilier, while the smiling Sohuylor was revelling now in opulenoe and woalth.? Ioolude the big salary grabber with the little salary grabbor and I am with you. Why say that these poor little men merit suoh condign punishment while you allow the main thief to escape. It is not right. Tlio man that steals a penny violates ono of the laws of the land, while the millionaire goes free. The biggest salary grabber of them all is President Grant. If he is master, let us say nothing ? but if he is our servant let us condemn him. Mr. Roynolds? am sorry that I cannot do this subjeot justice. We seem to have de parted from the good old rulo that supposed a man innocent until found guilty. I am op posed to this reckless way of proceeding. I am opposed to this indeaent haste. Let us in thiB matter manifest some little moderation. Mr. Brown?I should not havo said any thing further, but for the foot that my friend from Mason, (Mr. Reynolds,) defends thoao tion of CongresB in taking the increase of pay. In old times, the wagcR of a Congress man was 88 per doy, and I might name a long list of illustrious statesmen, who served their country for somothing like 82000 per year. They had no Crodit Mobilier. Thev were* honest. For Goneral Grant's eonrse in this matter T have no apologies to offer. Mr. Butcher?Inolude General Grant. Mr. Hrown?I am willing to tike them all in. I think that we ought to have more time. I do not apologiso fqr any one that had any thing to do with the passage of that bi'l. Mr. Campbell?Whon the Legislature does anything it should be done intelligently.? Tho reason that I suggest the amendment is because of tho faot that it is not sufficiently explicit. Mr. Thompson?Mr. Speaker,! understand that our representatives in Congress aro re quested to either ray back the money or resign. Mr. Snider?I would like to ststo to this House the reason that prompted mo to offer that resolution. I have thought for a long time that it wiys a great thing to rub elbows with some erent body, and wo have followed the lead of the Republican party until they have led us nearly to th? Jpvil. You are aware that I am as good a Republican as there is in this House. I offered this resolution in good faith and am sorry that .my esteemed friend from Jefferson should say that it was offered for anythine like buncombe. I must say that I condemned the President for sign ing the bill, but to say that the bill could not become a law without the signature of tho President I eannot assert. Mr. Rnteher asked him how it would do to ask the President with all to resicn ? ? There are now upwards of 70,000 miles of railway in operation in the United States, an4 nearly 40,000 miles projected and in~ complete. Were these projected roads fin ished we should have over'100,000 miles of road in running order. All this ha9 been ac complished within the life time of men who 4iave not yet seen their fiftieth year ; for in 1827 there were but three miles of railroad ia the United States. [For the Spirit of ^efieraon.] Communism and Agrarianism. As these terms are ever on the lips of the monopolists, sad they and their baokers and allies are ever ringing the changes on them to frighten the people from an examination of their own extortions and evil deeds, I send you the following -extract from the Industrial Age, by which you will see that, while they make the "load oat-ory," they give the "aore 6/010." OnsEuvma. Summit Point, Nov, 12,1873. A Sodkd Letter.?Prof. Johnson, of the Illinois Industrial University, at Champaign, in a recent letter to H. S. Bloom, President of Kankakee Farmers' Club, says: "For some unguarded expressions, Mr. Smith, the eloquent and intense Secretary of the Farmers' State Association, has been severely handled and aocused of advocating communism?of wishing to make a general and equal division of -the world's goods of reducing all to one dead and common level. Nothing, I am sure, was further irom Air. S.'s intention. '?However, that communism of which Mr. S. has bean wrongfully aocused of advocating as bad as it is, is not a whit worse (and Count Cavour, tho great Italian statesman, is the author of tho suggestion) than that villainous communism of the rich, whioh, in the form of railroad extortion, infamously high protection tariff, swindling laud grants and Credit Mo bilier and salary E^oals, national banks and inconvertible paper money, etc., the farmers and the working men of this oountry are suf fering under. Yes, it is the infamous com munism of the rich that we have to deal with ?a communism whioh, by the means of un just laws, robs ninety-nine that the hundredth may bo enriohed?and whioh. if I am not mistaken, led on by the farmers of tho West, the people of tho United States will make as short work of it as of another great phase of the internal oommunUin of the%rich, only re cently quieted and settled. "While the communism of the poor seeks to put all for an instant on equal ground, but whioh has never been put in practice in this world, though we are promised it will bo in the world to 001110, we see that the commun ism of the rioh has already corrupted our judioiary, bribed Congress and qjk Legisla tures, aud thereby robbed the people,^ and that now one pig iron king, one great railroad Cfcsar, has more influence in Congress, greater persuasivo power with ottr courts and Legislatures, than a hundred thousand of the oomicon people." Tho Late General W. J, Hardee. From tho Lynohburg Virginian wo oopy the following skotch of the lifo of this illus trious soldier, whoso death, on tho 6th inst., we briefly noticed lest week : William J. Hardeo held tho rank of Lieu tenant Oencral in the Confederate Army in the war against the North. He was born in the Siatu of Georgia about the year 1819, and after receiving a very fair education was ad mitted into West Point as a military osdet during the year 1831. After four ycais'ap plic-rioa hp graduated on Juno 30, 1838, with a grade twenty-sixth iu a class of about forty-five members. lie was a classmate of Generals lleauregard aud -Sibley. Ho was appointed a Second Lieutenant of tho Seoond regiment of Dnitod States dragoons, with rank and oommissiou from July 1, 1838, and on December 3, 1839, after ouly seventeen months' service, was promotod to First Lieu tenant. Just previous to the opening out of the Mexioan war several officers of the regu lar aruiy received promotions fitting them for the speoial oouimands to whioh they were af terwards assigned, and among others bo pro moted was Lieutenant Hardee to a oaptaiu of dragoons, with a oommissiou dating from September 13, 184-4. The struggle at last commenoed, and Captain Hardee, with his company, was ordered to the seat of war. He participated in several sevore-oontests and gained a brevot of Major of Cavalry for gal lant and meritorious conduot displayed in the affair at Medelin near Vera Cruz, in Mexioo, on the 25th of Maroh, 1873. He again gained a brevet ?this time of Lieutenant Col onel of United States regular oavalrv?for his gallant and meritorious conduot displayed in an affair with the enemy at San Augus tine. Mexico, on August 20, 1847; and at the battle of Molino del Rey, September 8, 1847, he greatly distinguished himself by his bravery. He also participated in the cavalry operations preceding the eaptnre of the City of Mexioo, September. 1847. His promo tion was equitable and rapid. During tho month of July. 1856. Major Hardee wan elect ed as the Commandant of Cadets at the Uni ted States Military Academy, with tho local rank of lieutenant oolone). He also at the same time held the position of instrnctor in cavalry, artillery snii infantry tactios at West Point. Shortly before entering upon this important office he compiled and published the work familiarly known as "Hat-dee's Tac tics." During Juno, 1861, the subject of our sketch was appointed a brigadier general of the Southern army, and was ordered into Arkansas. His career subsequently is. well known as matter of American military his tory. Wetting Coal.?People who prefer wet ting the winter's store of coal to lay the dost on patting it into their cellars do not gener ally know that they are laying up for them selves a storo of soro throats and other evils consequent npon the practice. EveD the fire damp, says an exchange, which escapes from the slow decomposition of coal at temperatures of but little above that of the atmosphere, but under augmented pressure. By wetting a mass of freshly broken coal and putting it into a cellar, the mass is heated to such a de gree that carburetfed and eulphuratted hy drogen are given off for long periods of time and prevades the whole house. The liability of wet coal to mischievous results under such circumstances, mny be appreciated from the fact that there are several instances on Tecord of spontaneous combustion of coal when stowed into the bunkers or holds of vessels. And from this causo, doubtless, many missing coal vessels have perished.?Ex. ? Delphia, out'in Indiana, has the follow ing dog ordinances "Dogs that are not col lared and labelled, no matter how respectably connected, will have their narratives amputa ted one inch south of their cars." POETICAL . ^T&E GATE 05" DEATH. Gate of Heaven! Gate of Glory! Swmeing from the walls of tune? Ma?aive. ponderous, aud hoary. Open now thy leave* sublime ! Lo ! bi-foro thy portals standing. One who speaks with voice commanding. He has eouqnered death aud sin; Let '"the King of Gloty" in. Never more, with harshest thnnder. Shall thv grating hiugea move; Bultfe and bare have buret asunder At the potent touoh of Love. Clear the passage, wide aud bright. Floo.led with supernal light; Conquerors, too, o'er death and sin.? Heirs of Glory, enter in I Gate of Heaven! Gate of Glory I Let thy archways, old a*d hoar. Ring forever with thv story, Grauder than e'er swept before Through the harmonies of Heaven. Hailiuir Him who entered in, Couqueror over death aud sin. MISCELLANEOUS. ENGLISH REMINISCENCES OFTHE LATE JAMES M. MASON. [Contributed to the N. O. Sunday Herald.] feOUT four years ago, a party of gentle men were seated at ease beneath the ar cade of the aomowliat imposing hotel in the village of Warrenton, Virginia, listening with keen interest to the, animated and graphio English reminiaceooes of the late James M. Mason, then but shortly returned to his na tive land, whose beaming eyes, ruddy cheekB and vigorous framo gave no premonition what ever of the end which bo quickly followed.? Upon reaohing Virginia, tho retired states man had sought a secluded spot a few miles from Alexandria, along tho shores of his be loved Potomac, and but a short distance from, if not in full view of the Capitol, whoso wills had for a large portion of his life, echoed to liis brilliant efforts to preserve, in its purity and integrity, tho Constitution of his fathers and on that spot he proposed to rest with dig nified calmuess until the final dread sum* iuous. Oo the occasion to whioh we now re fer, he had taken a run of somo forty miles up to Warrenton to broathe tho mountain air, and to oxchange greetings with his many friends, personal and political, in that vioini ty. And from the patriarch of fourscore, who for fifty years had battled in tho cause of Domoeracy ; who had been twice Gov ernor of Virginia; who even at his advanced age, had entered the Confederate army as a Colonel and had won his way, step by step, to a Major Generalship?need w6 say wo re fer to extra Billy Smith?down to tho youth whose proudest boast was that* he had ridden in "the Black Horse"?the welcome extend ed to Mr. Mason was hearty and complete.? Ui3 brief stay was eolobrated after the time honored fashion of the O'd Peminion, in feasting, and those who were fortunate enough to participate in tho symposia will not soon forget either of them, or tho conversation re plete with wit, wisdom and pathos. It was on tho morning after one of thcBO dinings, as is- the phrase of the oountry, that tho assembly wo alluded to met at tho hotel, which in Virginia, as in English and Scotch towns and villages, serves tho inhabitants tho purposs of a olub and exohango, as well as "hostelry for man and boast." On benches and split-bottomed ohairs blowing a cloud of the native woed, and with foreheads bared to the cool breezes that oame danoing from the Blue Ridge down through Ashby's Gap, they gathered about the veteran statesman, and reminded him of his yesterday's promise to tell them something of his vonturo into tho hitherto untried fields of diplomaoy. Where upon he gavo them a rapid and vivid sketch of all that had befallen him of importance from the day ho loft Richmond till ?is re turn to Cauada. He doscribed the capture of himself aud Mr. Slidell by Captain WilkeB; and his aooount of the wrathful outbursts of fiery indignation whioh Mr. Slidell fairly rained upon the head of Wilkes and all who were oonoerned in thst memorable affair, was fully appreciated by thoso who were at all familiar with tho proud and sometimes haugh ty nature of Louisiana's lato political ohief taiu. He stated that Wilkes fairly flod from the cjuartor-deok, and never more ventured into the presence of that gentleman, whose sense of dignity he had so outraged. Mr. Mason, however, look matters more philosophically, aud comforted his colleagues in this wise : "My dear fellow, it is the best thing that could have happoned to us. As you Bay, it is a clear violation of international Ibw, and a gross blunder, for whioh that crop oared knave captain will got a worse wigging at the hands of his governmont than was ever meted out to his black guard English name pake by King George's parliament. I think Seward will givo us up without a word, upon the demand of the British Government, and that will be a damaging blow to the Washing ton people. If he refuses to give us up, pre pare your ears for a mighty roar, for as fast as the wind and steam can bring them, tho British Iiion will dispatch his cubs to the Canadian border, and there we shall see what we shall see. In either event, we are serving the Confederacy. And, by the by; come to think of it, we'll be in the nick of time for the Saddle-rocks and canvass-backs. Take my word for it, there are rnaoy worse places to spend a few weeks in than a government fort, and Seward will pee that we havo the best to eat and drink in the land. He owes me on that score anyhow, for when Jack Pendleton brought him out to Culpeper, some years ago, to show him a real old-fashioned Virginia negro corn shuoking, I captured him, took him over to my house and gave him the best in the oubboard. and plenty of it. and his parting shot wa? that if my political prin ciples were only half as sound as my apple jack, 1 would be his next choice for the Presi dency. And I remember, too, that Wm. C. Hives and Webster have often told mo that diplomacy in Europe, means oothing but din ners. To the best trencherman the victory always. So let us calm our minds, throw Vattel to the dogs, and prepare ourselves for our laborious official duties abroad by a care ful system of gastronomy, which shall put our digestion in such condition as shall win for us and the land Wje love great triumphs at 8t. James and Versailles." Thus philosoph ophised the old political campaigner, whose equanimity was not to be disturbed by the trifle of a brief imprisonment, especially when accompanied by generous living and a due re gard for personal dignity. Upon being set at liberty, the now famous gentleman Sailed for Europe, and repaired, each to his post Mr. Mason's duties were not onerous, as may be imagined, but between Que aquare (1 Each aubaequc Oat aquare, tl Oae aquare, a> One aquare, 01 Cavdioatii ficera, ^5.00 ; Legal adrer Obituary Nt per line. fty All transient adverti able after the first initriio Liberal deductions mad! Whole Columns for Am Quarterly Advertiser*. the building of blockade runners 011 the Clyde, looking after Confederate cotton, and watch ing generally the I?riti-?h" interests of his etrfcggliug^governmpnt, ho was far from idle. Every bit of news that was in the least de gree calculated to be of service to hi* cause, was carefully collected and presented in such form as would most likely attract the attention and arouse the sympathies of the nation?for in England alone, of all countries in the world since the year of erace 1SG1, government is merely representative of the people. Publio opinion rules that "right little, tight littls island," to a eertainty. Another important point was to cultivate agreeable! social rela tions with the upper clasies, and for this, no tvno was betterjformed'tban our genial envoy. His success was great; and he statedathat he never despaired until the last supreme mo ment of Lee's surrender of finally achieving a recognition of our independence. An African Horse. Trade. Mr. Gerard, now of Philadelphia, but for tncrly American Consul at Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, commnnioatcs to the J'rett of tho formor city tTke following; reminiscence of ' his African consular experience : n 'There is a very singular custom among the farmers?ho^r to get a wifo. If you de sire to get married, you Bhould first make in qu\ry whether the l*dv you love has a horso for sale. If she says "No," then you had better quit the house at once. Sho does not like you. But if, ou tho contrary, she laya ?'Yes," it is a good sign, but she w\ll ask you a very high price. If the amount is paid on thejspot, the engagement is oonoluded, as fully as if marriage was consummated by tho person. "On my arrival at the Capo, I did not know of this oustom. I wanted to purchase a horse, and-I*was informedjby an old Dutch resident that Widow had one to soil.? I|followed the address given and soon arrived at the door of tho widow, (who, by tho way, was not bad looking.) I asked her whether she bad a horse to soil. She looked at mo very sharp ; then sho asked me if I had eomo letters of introduction. I said* I was tbo American Consul, aod would pay cash for her horse. In this oase, said she, lettcis iri not necossary. I paid the sum demanded ; then after taking a cup of ooffeo, sho scut her horse^by.her groom, and" both accompanied mo home. On the road tho groom asked me a'thpusand questions. "Master," said he, " will.my mistress go with yon inJUown, of will you como live with us?" "You will love my mistress, for she was very kind to my old master" (laughing.) "Where will the wedding be f" (looking at me and laugn ing). Truly, I thought, the poor fellow hi* drank too much, or ho is an imbecile. I felt sorry for him. When I arrivod home I found many people at my door congratulating me? not for the horse, but fdr the acquaintance of tho widow. I really did not know what it meant, and I began to be vory uneasy, whan to my'very great surprite, a lady alighted on my steps and at once I reoognised the widow 1 She very coolly asked me whon IidesiredJtKe ceremony of the wedding performed. Then, indeed, I^folly perceived the scrape in which I was, nnd I told her frankly that* it was m horse I#wnntcd, and not a wifo. "What!" said she, "d? you'.mean to aet'thus to a lady liko some ? If so, I shall send back for my horse, and will'repay youMho money." In a few hours her groom was at my door with tho money. I gladly gave back tho hnrse, thank ful to have IhiiB escapod. A few weeks af ter, howover, the widow was married ; a mors ambitious man had bousht her hbr&IS." Deathlof Mrs. General.Lee. Wo.last week brieflygannounccd the death of Mrs.jLee, widow lof^Geheral illobert fe. Lee, whiohloocurredgat Lexington, iVa., on tho 6th instant. Iler funeral obsequies took place on the 7th instant, at Lexington, in.tho Memorial'Cbapel in that town. HerT.three aons, W. II. II. Lee, Cnstis Lee and-Robfeft E. Lee, Jr., and her daughter, were present, besides a large concourse of friends.~ Her re mains were deposited by the side of ber hus band's, in the Memorial Room. Business waa entirely Suspended in Lexington,(many places being draped in mourning, and'tbe obsequies were vory imposing: From tbo Lynobburg Republican we clip the following sketch of Mrs. Lee :? Mrs. Lee has been an invalid for the last eight or ten years, ond ber health, since the death of ber husband, three years ago, has been gradually becoming more enfeebled.? Only a short time ago n bcluved daughter died, and this fresh bereavement, it may be readily ?believed, bore heavily upon her declining strength. Mrs. Leo was the only daughter of G. W. P. Custis, Esq., of Arlington, who waa the youngest child of John Parks Custis, a son of Mrs. Washington by ber first husband, and an aid-de-camp to Gen. Washington at the siege of YoTktown. His two youngest children, one of them the father of Sirs. Lee, were adopted by Gen. Washington. O. W. P. Custis was brought up at Mount. Vernon, and remained a member of Washington's family until the death of Mrs. Washington, in 1802, when he went to reside st Arlington, an estate of one thousand acres in the neigh borhood of Washington, which he had in herited from his father. He erected the mansion known as the Arlington House.? He was married io parly life to Miss Mary Lee Fitzhngh, of Yirgioia, and left an only daughter, who became the wife of Gen. Robert E. Lee. The late Mrs. Lee was a lady of exemplary religious and domestic virtues and unsssuming and gentle in character. She was between sixty and seventy years of age at tbo time of her death. ? Joseph Shaw prints the following in the West Point (Ga.) /few* : "I am compelled, through yonr valuable paper, to ask charity from you patrons, as my wife has got home stead aod exemption, contrary to my wish and order, and has eloped and carried off my eatables and clothing, bound me in a heavy bond to turn over to her, when called for, all of my personal and real property. Ordered me to rent the land and mills, then enjoined the rentees to pay rent to ber only, as tbe ex clusive owoer of the property. Now it fol lows as my money is gone, snd I am not able to work from age and infirmity, being now eighty years old, that I must beg, steal of starve, as I have been doing for tbe last sii months/'