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J. F. Engle,
ATTOKNF.Y AT LAW, Chariest own t Jefferson County, VV. Va. Practices in the Courts of Jefferson and ad Jolninir^ counties, in the Supreme Court of W?-?t Virginia, and In the United States Dis trict Coin tat Murtinsburg. Jfotarv Public in Oillee. ?yf" Office in Law Buildinjr. North Gcorgest. B. O. Gibson, ATTORNEY AT LAW, I'hiHes Town, Jefferson County. West Va. Practices in the Circuit Courts of West Vir n'.iiia. the Snpremc Court of Appeals and the Cn:tc-<i ^ta?es Dis'riet Court at Martinsburg, t ? tlSt e over Aisquitli Co.'b drug store. A. W. SfcDoNAT.n.] [Fhank Beckwitii. McDonald & Beckwith, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Charles Town. Jefferson County, WestVa. TILL practice hi the Courts of Jefferson, Berkeley and'Morgain countits, the U. 8.. District Court at Martinsburg, and the Court of Appeals of West Virginia. T, C. Creen, * ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlestowu. Jefferson County, West Virginia. WILL practice in the Courts of Jefferson, Berkeley and Morgan counties; also, the Uuited States District Court at Martins bnrg, and the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia. Special attention to the col lection of claims and prompt remittance of the Joseph Trapnell, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlestowu, Jefferson County, West Virginia. PRACTICES in the Courts of Viririnia and West Virginia. Attention paid to collec tion of claims. George Baylor, attorney at LAW, Charlestown. Jeffer*? n County, W. Va "\ \\ ILL regularly attend all tin- Courts <?( Jcf * * tarpon and Hcrkrlov eoiuities-. and a!tend other lawbjisiuessin tile Stnteof West Va. 4a97_ Special attention iriven to collections. Forrest W. Brown, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlestowu. Jefferson County. W. Va. V?7 ILL attend to cases in the different Courts t t Of West Viririnia and Maryland. Atten tion gi ven to Pensions and all classes of Claims against U. S. Government. CaT'Special atten tion to Collections. James S. Butt, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Harper's Kerry. Jefferson County. W. Va. February 8. ?:f. Samuel J. C. SVloore, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia. AND Cleon fifioore, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Charlestown. Jefferson County, W. Va. "IXTILL undertake cases jointly in the Courts Y ? of both of Said Counties. H. Clay Getzendanner, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Shepberdstown, W. Va. Special and prompt attention to Collections. Conveyancing and Settlement of Estates. Office 2nd door west Gibson's drug store. jas. M. Mason. Jas. M. Mason, Jr fiflason & Mason, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Charles Town, Jefferson Co., West Virginia. TTT'ILL practice in the varjons Courts. Care \f ful attention paid to Collections. Office one door west of Carter House. Or J. L. Luke, DENTIST , FFICE in Talbott building, nearly oppo site National Bank, Charles Town, West Gas and Vitalized Air administered for pain less extraction of teeth. Is also prepared U> set Gold Crowns. James Rft. Ranson, DOCTOR OK DENTAL SURGERY, OFFERS his Professional Services to the cit izens of Charles town anil vicinity. CaT" Oflicc opposite Parish ^Building, Main street. Charlestowu, West Virginia. April 21. 1885?y. Dr. Wm. EMeiii, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Charlestown. Wcst-Va. UffriCB?South side of Main Street corner of W est No vein ber 29. 1SS1. Dr. C. T. Richardson, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Charlestown. West Va. July 1,1875?tf. CHARLES RISSUER^ Undertaker & Embalmer, CHARLE8 TOWN, W. VA. Will furnish all kinds of Caskets and Cof fins, and do Embalming according to the latest and most approved modes. Offices iu MaxwellJBuilding,(formerly occu pied liy Hon. W. H. Travers.) where he may be found at all hours, cither day or night. July 11, 1899-jr. C. HERMANN, Florist, 88-44 W. South St., FREDERICK, MD. Will supply, on short noticc, DECORATION and BEDDING PLANTS, CUT FLOWERS, and FLORAL DESIGNS. Decorations for Weddings, Receptions etc., a specialty. May 34?v. ' ^Old Stand Reopened. The undersigned has rented and reopened the well known Phillips Shops, near tlit* li. & . Depot, aud is prepared to do all kinds of Buggy and Wagon Repair Worlc^ 111 in Wood and Iron, giving "itisfaction at crate prices. ORSESIIOEING given V .^feial attention, a liberal share of the puV?c patronage re tfn ly solicited. Cc. 20?y. F. B. FARMER. Overheaping Money's Worth. 71k- fullest value Tor your money, cvt-ry dol lar buying; a dollar's worth of r?rt?l,Pian?> vdl-? ue. what you get In You do i*t pay extra for a fancy natuc or a high-priced reputation. Catilogue ami Hook of 8u^?stiosiS for the asking. Organs at very reasonable piiee*, CHARLES M. STiEFF. Warerooms?9 N. Liberty St.. Factory?Block c*f Hasl Lafayette Avenue, .\ikeu and Lauvale streets. BALTIMORE, MD. A. L. Axpkuson.] [Geo. NV. Andeiwon. A. L. Anderson & Co., W'tist Arii*gfinio. CARRJAGE WORKS, MIDDLE WAY, JEFFERSON CO., W. VA. rillIE undersigned have been established in X Uic Carriage Business on tlie Middleway and Shepherds town turnpike, one inile north of Middlewa}*. for four years past, and during that time have"been doing a large and constantly in creasing business in the manufacture of CARRIAGES, JUMP-SKATS. END SPRING & SIDE-BAR BUGGIES JENNY LINOS, PHJETONS, JAGGERS, &C. Our work has been sold all through Jefferson and adjoining counties, and has always given satisfaction in every particular. It is our constant, aim to work the very best material, and to do all work in a first-class man ner, and as to our prices we pledge ourselves to uo work as low or lower than first-claSs work can be done for elsewhere. If parties wish to consult tis in regard to work, and do not find it convenient to visit our fac tory, we will, if notified by postal card, scud a representative of the firm to visit, them at their homes, and give all necessary information. Second-hand vehicles and good Horses ta'ccn iu exchange for work. We keep constantly a large variety of New Vehicles in stock , and have also Sceoud-Hand Carriages. Buggies, etc.. which we sell very low. A. L. ANDERSON cfc CO. May 9. 1SS2?y. CHARLESTOWN iViarble & Granite Works, Cor. George and Nortti Struct*. DIEHL & BRO., Manufacturer^ of MONUMENTS, TOMBS, .*. STATUES Slate and Marble MANTELS, Tiling, and all kinds of Buildiug Marble and Sandstones. All orders promptly filled at the lowcsl rates. All work guaranteed. June :>(). 1891?odMb 14.71. TIIOS. It. MOORE. CLEON B. moore. MOO R Ejfc M O ORE Insurance & Real Estate AGENTS. CHARLES TOWN. W, VA. Office in the Maxwell Building, next door to Hon. W. II. Travers. Representing the following Fire Insurance Companies: NORTH BRITISH AND MERCANTILE of England. CALEDONIAN, of Scotland. LANCASHIRE, of England. Pn I LA DICLP HIA UNDER W RITE US. HANOVER, of New York. GREENWICH, of New York. UNITED STATES, of New York. PROVIDENCE WASHINGTON, R. I. MARYLAND CASUALTY CO. We also represent the PENN MUTUAL LIFE INSUR ANCE COMPANY, of Philadelphia, one of the oldest purely mu tual life insurance companies doing business iu the United States. All policies absolutely incoutestible from date of issue. Loan, Cash, paid up or extended insurance after three years. Dividends anuuallv. All business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. Respectfully. Feb. 21. DO. MOORE it MOORE C. W. TAYLOR, House, Sign and Fresco Painter, PAPER HANGER & GRAINER ?ianuarx -< i. 9i First-Glass Restaurant Nicely Fitted tip for All Seasons. JAMES W. THOMAS is prepared to serve all Eatables in ectfc'tiii at his Washington Street Restaurant, four doors west of the Hotel Watson, at all hours, and invites his friends ami the public at large to call and give him u trial. Everything put up in the most approved style, anil every effort made to please the most fastidious, be liis appetite ever 60 dainty. Oysters iu every style a specialty, and orders for Dressed Poultry, for family use, given prompt and careful attention Dec. 15, 'OG. - ~ W. M. Stanley, V. S., Graduate of the Ontario Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada. Ailments of domestic animals will receive careful treatment. Prompt attention to all calls night or day. Charges reasonable. Res idence, A. D. Bnrr's. opposite B. it O. Depot, Charles Town, W. Va. 0.20/1HI?y. Removed ONE DOOR ABOVE CARTER HOUSE. I have removed my office to the building one door above the Carter House, where 1 will continue the Grain and Commission bnsi nets. I nlso represent the Provident Life unci Trust Company, the best Lite Insurance Com pany. as reported by Insurance Commission ers. in the United States. Will be triad to set friends and patrons in my new quarters. Jau,24-tf. B. C. WASHINGTON, Agt. v.. S H \ J j lUest 11-irginra Uniaerattj), MORCANTOWN. W. VA. The growth of the University is quite as notable in its equipment, its faculty, and its new departments as in its attendance. For example, look at The School of Music established two years ago. It has a faculty of seven instructors, trained under the best teachers in this country and Europe. It occupies a separate building fitted up especially for its needs. Instruction on all stringed instruments, including violin, viola, mandolin, guitar, etc., is free. For voice and piano the fees are very low. A magnificent pipe organ for Commence ment Hall is being constructed and it will be for the use of students of the School of Music. If you are interested in the study j of music, write for full information. Other departments of the University are developing with equal rapid it j\ The Pre mcdical Department, with its four new instructors, deserves special mention. Write for a special pamphlet about it The University has a faculty of sixty five instructors, graduates of the foremost schools in the world. The Winter Quarter begins January I, and the Spring Quarter April i. Jerome II. Raymond, President. NO HARD TIMES ?WITH? WM. PHILLIPS SONS., CHARLES TOWN STEAM SAW AND PLANING MILLS. The only factory between Baltimore and j koanokc that has not reduced its force during the past j'ear. No Idle Hours! : I Remarkable Increase in Business. The secret is easily explained. Tliey uce [ only the beet material, employ the finest work men. und Invariably give their customers what they ask for. Only ask for free trade and sailors' rights. I Investigate the plans of life insurance offered bv The PENN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, of Philadelphia. The Board of Trustees have adopted a reso I Union sanctioning the following endorsement to li<> placed upon all policies where the risk is adjudged to be unqualifiedly first class: "Thispolicy isabsolutely in con test ible from dateofissuefor any cause except norvpayment of premium." It make* the policy a world-wide contiaet. free Iroin ail conditions as to residence, occn pation. travel, habits of lif?*. and as to name, time or place of death. PAID UP, extended, cash and loan values after :> years. For particulars, address. MOORE & ftftOORE, Agents. March 21. ISiW. a WM. B. HEED, Chambersburg Nurseries, CHAMBERSBURG, PA. ^Veteran. NASHVILLE, TENN. OKFICIAT.T,Y RKPKKSENTS United Confederate Veterans, United Daughters of the Confederacy> The Sons, and other Organizations. ?1-00 a year. Two Samples, Feur Two-Cent Stamps* S. A. CUNNINGHAM. Special Ri:duction- in C-1uVa with this Paper. Tin and Stove Work. The underpinned has located in the shop of Mrs. Margaret Doole.y, West Main street, near fToll's Pump, where he is prepared to execute all kiuds of Tin and Stove Work, at short no tice nud upon reasonable terms. Roofing and Spouting a Specialty. Will also keep on hand or manufacture to or der, all the ordidarv lines of Tinware, such as ERUIT CANS, RUCKETS, PANS, ETC. A liberal share of the public patronage respectfully solicited. B. F. DOOLEY. Sept. 7. 1S97. O. B. GOLLADAY, Charles Towu's Only WHITE BARBER, OPPOSITE HOTEI. WATSON. j First-class appointments and service. Clean ; towel with cverv shave. I O 5.*97-y. ? j ? ? ?Painting, Papering, &c j "T1HE undersigned is prepared to do all kinda I ?. of Painting;, Graining, Paper Hanging, &c. Prices moderate and prompt attention given to all orders. T. M. BAKEU. : Mav2.'iW?tf. TlOXT'T DREAM your life away. I A Our "K'ni;" absoi^utkli - : prevents niirht emissions. Cures by stopping ? ? the cause. jyl.OO (stamps or bill). * Order to 5 , day?it will be worth thousands to vou. CAPITAL CURE. April Box 57S. Atlanta, Ga. Col It. P. Chew. W. O.'Norr'.g. CHEW & N ORB IS,! Charles Town, JefTersou Comity, W. Va. Real Estate and Loans. HOT AND 8FLL FAIIMS, LOTS AM) DULSES, COAL AND TIMBER LANDS. NEGOTIATE LOANS ON HEAL* ESTATE Olt OTUEK SECCJC1TIE3. INVESTMENTS Carefully Arranged. All Busiucss Conducted Confidentially and Wi*.b Strict Promptness. April IS-y. DO YOU KNOW Tliat the surest way for ayoung person to be come relf-supporting i* to g?t a thorough know ledge of shorthand and typewriting? If he !earn? bookkeeping all the better. In se curing this cducatiou he must not overlook the Important subjects of writing and ppell ing. We make a specialty of these essential studies, and for the sum of i',0 a person may attend the da>' scssiou for a period of ten mouths. Six months In found sufficient in some cases, and iu others only live months is necessary, but we do not wi*b anyone to be deceived in thinking that these cases are the average,-for they are not. Vou had bitter count on ten mouths. If 3*011 are at work dur ing the day we will give you three months (12 weeks) for only 410. night sessions. This is u rcduct-d rate and is just one half the day rate. A beautiful catalogue will be pent you on application, but we prsfer to have you come and see us. A good time to cull is ufter five iu the evening. WOOD'S COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, 311 Edst Capital Street, Oct. Si. * Wasliiugtou, D. C. Hour and Feed Store. The undersigned has removed his Flour and Feed Store to the west room of the Dalnarn building, Main street, Charles Town, where he will offer FLOUR AMD FEED FOR SALE, aud conduct the USUAL EXCHANGE BUSINESS. FJoar, Feed. <&c..rold ar rates to snit the times. Will be pleased to have the calls of all my old customers, and respectfully solicit the patronage of the public in general. A pri 1 5. (J EO. 11. TU RN E R. THE JEFFERSON COOPERAGE COMPANY, . CHARLES TOWN, W. VA., MANUFACTURERS OF FLOUR, APPLE AND LIME BAR ELS, AND OAK STAVES AND DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF COOP ERAGE STOCK. Main Office and Yard on H.'l Line. o A specialty of FLOUR AND APPLE BAR RELS,whieu will be hold at reasonable prices. Will pay $4 per cord of 128 cubic feet- for good Stave and Heading Timber, delivered at Factory. FIRE WOOD, in any leugths, sold and delivered on short notice. July 13, lSflO-y. WIIKN YOU VISIT WASHINGTON ?GO TO? CAMPBELL'S VIENNA DINING AND LUNCH ROOMS, Nos. S14 and S16 F. St. N. IF., (BETWEEN 8Tn AND OTH STS.,) Washington, D. C. MEAL5 15 AND 25 CT8. NO LIQUORS. Nov. 7?ly. PHOTOGr li AP IIS FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS, CRAYONS, WATER COLORS, FRAMES, ETC., ?AT H. B. FUNK & CO.'S BISHOP BUILDING, Charles Town, W. Va. Nov. 2S. C- F. WAJ.I,* Dealer in STOCK, CHARLES TOWN, JEFF. CO., W. VA. STOCK Bought and Sold on Commission.? Will also assist parties in Purebasiug sitock ou a reasonable per ceuta^e. January 2;'.. lt>'.>2. P. D. Davis. J. A* Em inert DAVIS & EMMERT, House & Sign Painters, CHARLES TOWN, W. VA, Paper Hanging and Graining a specialty. Prices moderate, work executed promptlj* and eat is fact ion guaranteed. Apjil 7. 1S90. A FURNACE FOR SALE CHEAP. We have an excellent one. been used :i short tiair, and is almost as igoi>d as new. Those in want of one will do well to call ou us at once, Jan. 16, 1W)0. EASTEKDAY CO. PIMPLES u.TIy wife had pimples on her face, but she has been taking CASCARETS and they have all disappeared. I had been troubled with constipation for some time, but after tak ing the first Cascaret I have had no trouble with this aliment. We cannot speak too high ly of Cascarets ?? Fred Waktman. 5708 German town Ave.. Philadelphia, Pa CANDV CATHARTIC ^ Mm UMinMMIIO ^ TRADE MARK REOIS7VRED Pleasant. Palatable. Potent. Taste Good. Do Good, Never Sicken. Weaken, or Gri^e. 10c. 25c. 50c. ... CURE CONSTIPATION. ... Blrrlinc Brard; ( uopanr, (hteag*. Mnnlrral. Siw York. *?I4 IIA Tfl RAP Sold arid."gnaraitTBcd by nil drue? HU- I U-DAb Kists to CX JKE Tobacco Habit. NEW COAL YARD The undersigned lias opoied n Coal Yard on 1 lie Belt Line,at North Mildred street, near the Powhatan Bras* and Iron Works, and is prepared to supply the rublic with ALL KINDS OF COAL, including: Anthracite and Bituminous of various grades, and of good quality. Orders promptly filled at reasonable rates. C. T. SMALL WOOD Oct. 17?Km. Dr. Humphreys' SpcclDcs cure by acting directly upon the disease, without exciting disorder in any other part of the system. NO. CURES. miCES. 1?Fever*. Congestions, Inflammations. .25 2?Worms, Worm Fever, Worm Colic... .25 3?Tee thins. Colic, Crying, Wakefulness .25 4?Diarrhea, of Children or Adults 25 7?Coughs. Colds, Bronchitis 25 8?Neuralgia, Toothache, Faceache 25 9?Headache. Sick Headache, Vertigo.. .25 10?Dyspepsia, Indigestion,Weak Stomach.25 11?Suppressed or Painful Periods 25 12?Whites, Too Profuse Periods 25 13?Croup, Laryngitis, Hoarseness 25 1-1?Salt Rheum, Erysipelas,Eruptions.. .25 15?Rheumatism, Rheumatic Pains 25 16?Malaria, Chills, Fever and Ague 25 19?Catarrh, Influenza. Cold In the Head .25 20?Whooping-Coug h .25 27?Kidney Diseases 25 28?Nervous Debility 1.00 30?Urinary Weakness, Wetting Bed 25 77?Grip. Hay Fever 25 Dr. Humphreys* Manual of all Diseases at your Druggists or Mailed Free. Sold by druggists, or sent on receipt of price. Humphreys' Med. Co., Cor. William & John Sts., New York. Established 1S5S. Successor to H. D. ShugerL A: Bro. R. D. SHUGERT, Manufacturer of and Deajer in Harness, Saddles, Collars LEATIIEU AND SHOE FINDINGS. Jobber in Sadler's Hardware. WHIPS, FLY NET?, FUR AND PLUSH LAP ROBES. HORSE BLANKETS. If you want' the Best Harness Oil come aud try the Diamond Black Leather Oil. I keep in stock tlio Pure Neatsfoot Oil. I have the agency for the ilbur Seed Meal, for Horses. Cattle. Hogs, Sheep and Poultry. It. is good for hog cholera. Wilbur Egg Food makes the lisus lav 1 have the county right of the Lightning Harness Hooker. Come and see it. It Is-the best safety attachment out for Harness. 1 pay the Highest Market Casu Prices, nil tin? year, for Beef Hides, Horse Hidts. Calf Skins. Sheep Skins aud Fur Skins of all kinds. Mail o ders solicited. Prompt attention to all correspondence. R. I). SHUGERT. Dec. 1*2, 1899. Charles Town, W. Va. Reamer's Howard House Howard and Baltimore Sts., BALTIMORE, MD. To My Old Patrons and the Traveling Public: Having had a very Ijbcral share of the pub lic patronage during the pu^t five years, 1 felt encouraged to re-lease the Howard House for a term of years, and have at great expense refurnished and refitted the hotel from top to bottom. Am better prepared than ever to ac commodate the public. My aim will be to gfve first-class accommodations at $2.00 per day. Country merchants and commercial travellers will find it the most centrally loca ted hotel in the city. Respectfully, Sept. 25, 1894. J AS. REAM ER, VVm. Ruti.edoe, Cuaiii.es W. Grimes, Pioprietor. IIakky E. Hewitt, Clerks. Hotel Berkeley, Northeast- Corner Public Square, MART INS BURG, W. VA. 'Bus to and from all trains. April 1. '99. _ Hart Hotel, No. 1217, 219 and 221 N. Market street, WINCHESTER. VA. Rates SI per Day. Reduced Rates by the Week. The new management will pay strict atten tion to the comfort, of guests. June 13/99. S. D. Mc DON A LP. Prop. Everett House, Opposite People's National Bank, MARTINSBURG. W. VA. H. S. LEAGUE. Proprietor. Rates SI per day. Spccial rates to week and moutlilv boarders. Aug. 25. m Virginia Hotel, BERRYVILLE. CLARKE CO., VA. Mrs. Ann R. Castleman, Proprietor. THIS house will continue to be kept in the best style for the comfort and convenience of guest*, the traveling public being at all times assured of a cordial welcome aud genuine hos pitality. Rates moderate. July 6. 1880?y. NEW BARBER SHOP, IN REAR OF WATSON HOUSE. I take this method of informing the public that I have ope led a BARSER SHOP in rear of Hotel Watson, and truarautce FIRST-CLASS WORK. | and polite attention. Hoping to receive a ; share of the public patronage, I remain most respectfully. James H. Thompson. Nov. 25. _ MONEY to patent sofnl ideas may be se cured bv our aid. The Patent Record, Baltimore, Md. June 13-1 y. SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON. CSAKLBB TOWS. JimBSOK COU*TT. W. Vi. Tl'ESDAY MORNING, APRIL 10. 1POO. Hro. W, Haines. - Editor and Proprietor. *1.50 in Advance; f2 if not Puld in Advance. Braddock's Army In the Valley of Vir ginia. Our esteemed friend Kev. Dr. W. C. Campbell, of Roanoke, Va., kindly con tributes to the columns of the Stirit of Jefferson the following interesting article bearing upon the historical inci dents and traditions concerning the march of Braddock's army through the Valley of Virginia. Dr. Campbell lias given the matter some considerable study, using information to be gathered from the Congressional Library at Washing ton to aid him in his researches, and has thereby been enabled, as will be seen from a perusal of this article, to reconcile seemingly conflicting local claims, it being clearly shown that Braddock's army moved in Rvo seperate divisions, making their halts by the way at totally different points : One of the most important and interest ing of the events of that period covering the latter portion of the iSth century, to those living in the Valley ot Virginia, was the struggle carried on by O19 French and English for possession of the cou;itry ly ing west of the Blue Ridge mountains, English traders and settlers were in the Valley of Virginia previous to 174S, but there was no English settlement in the Ohio valley. In that year the Ingles Draper settlement was made at Draper's Meadows, present site of Blacksburg iu Montgomery county, Virginia. Thiswas the first regular English settlement on Western waters. Traders, explorers and settlers now becamo more numerous, and a company was formed to whom a grant was made by the English crown of 500,000 acres of land to be located in the Ohio Valley, betwesu the waters of the Monongahcla and Kanawha rivers. There was, how ever a lurking suspicion In the minds of theeolonistsand the English government that they hud no legal claim to the land, and for this reason they sought to obtain titles to the lands from the Indians, and to make treaties with them, binding them to the English crown. At that lime the whole country from the Blue Ridge to the Mississippi was claimed by the Confederacy of the Six Nations. At the Treaty of Lancaster, made at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in 1744. the Indians sold the Valley of Virginia for 400 pounds, and gave a deed to the col onists which covered the Ohio Valley as <vell as the Virginia Valley. This was a very important treaty, as it furnished the basis for the claim afterwards set up by the English for all that section. The French too had their plans, and were not idle. I11 1740 they sent an expedition to take possession of the Ohio Valley in the nameof the-Kingof France. Atlhattiine it was swarming 'villi English traders, and the Indians were well disposed toward the English. Four years later two forts weie erected by the French on the dis puted territory, Against this the English protested, and Washington carried the protest. -This was unheeded, and Gover norDin widdie prepared a force of 2oonien to be sent under Washington to build a fort at the forks of the Ohio. During the delay in sending the expedition some backwoodsmen reached the spot and be gan the erection of a foit. This was af terward seized by the French, who built the now famous Fort DuQuense. Theex pedition under Washington atterward fought the French in the battle of Great Meadows and was defeated. The result was that not an English flag waved in all the Ohio Valley, and all the frontier set tlements were in deadly peril from roving bands of French and Indians, who plun dered and murdered in ever,? direction. The English government now awoke to the necessity of vigorous methods to rescue this great scction and protect the defenseless settlers. For this purpose in 1754 an expedition was prepared and General Braddock placed in command. General Braddock was a man who knew as much about' fighting Indians as Gen erats Metliuen and Buller of to-day know j about fighting Boer's and the tragedy enacted at Fort Duqucsne was very much like the disgraceful defeats the British armies have been meeting in South Af rica. The details are familiar. The chief interest to those now living in the lower Valley, covered by the counties of Berkeley, Frederick and Jef ferson is the line of march of this expedt tion within their borders. The historians have preserved traditions of the camping places and of the route traversed. Other traditons exist only in the minds of peo ple, and attached to various localities. These localities were so widely separated as to make it impossible to reconicile them. These traditions tell us that Brad dock's army was at Winchester and Mar tinsburgt and Charles Town, and near Gerardstown. Of course at that tinle Winchester was the only pi ate in exist ence. Near Charles Town is a well Braddock is said to have had dug. Near Martinsburg is a road which Braddock is said to have cut. Near Gerardstown can be seen the places in which prominent men have dug. seeking for money which it is said Braddock buried in that neighbor hood while camped there. At this time it is easy to reconcile these traditions, as we have come into possession not only of Braddock's Orderly book, giving a daily itinerary of the route, but also of a diary prepared by some one who accompanied the expedition. These documents make it plain how Braddock could have been at Martinsburgand Charles Town during this march. As a nucleus for this expedition the English government sent two Bri gades of British regulars, the 44th and 5Sth, who landed at Alexandria, Virginia, in the Spring of .755. Here they were joined by the~following companies of provincial troops, viz: Independent Company, New York, Capts. Rutherford & Gates. 100 Carpenters, Capt. Poison, 50 Virginia Rangers, Capt. Peronnie, 50 " Waggoner, 50 Maryland Rangers,Capt.Dugworthy, 50 These were added to the 44th regiment of British regulars, and formed one division, commanded by Sir Peter Hal ket. The second division was command ed by Col. Dunbar, and was composed as follows: 48th regiment, British regulars, 700 South Carolina Detachment, Capt. Demarie, 100 N. Carolina Rangers. Capt. Dobbs, ico Carpenters, Capt. Mercer, 50 Virginia Rangers, Capt. Stevens, 50 Hogg, 50 " " ?t Cox or Cocke, 50 Roads at that time were very scarce. The longest was the great Indian road, which began at Unitas on the Yadkin River in North Carolina, skirted the base ot the Blue Ridge, passed through the mountains where the Roanoke River now passes, thence via LoOncy's Ferry across the James, via Staunton, Winchester, across the Potomac at William's Ferry, now Williamsport, via York and Lancas ter to Philadelphia. Another started at Williamsburg, thence via Fredericksburg, via Ashby's Gap, to Winchester, and from thence across the mountains to Fort Cum berland. Two roads led westward from Alexandria, one crossing the Blue Ridge at Williams Gap and the other at Vestal's, both leading to Winchester. In preparing for this march. Braddock had the active assistance ot Sir John St. Clair, whose name still lingers in Sir John's run in Morgan county. Sir John arrived in this country in January 1755, and busied himself to organize the plan of the campaign. He descended the Potomac from Fort Cumberland to Alex andria in a canoe. It was his purpose at first to send the expedition up the Potomac in boats, and after having inspected the the Great Falls of the of the Potomac sup posed that a channel could be made with powder for the passage of boats. This was afterwards abandoned. He arranged to have a new road cut from Winchester to Cumberland, and also to have one cut 011 the Maryland side of the river from the Conechogeague to Cumberland. This latter however was not prepared 111 time. He also suggested to General Braddock that he make two divisions of his army and send one via Winchester and the other via Frederick, Md :. The division going by the way of Winchester to take *he powder and cannon, and that going by the way of Frederick to carry the ammunition and military and hospital stores. On the 9th of April Sir Peter Halkct with 6 companies of the 44th regiment started for Winchester. Lieu tenant Col. Gage was left to bring the other 4 companies and escort the artillery later. The line of March of Halket's brigade from Alexandria to Winchester was as follows: From Alexandria to the Old Court House 18 miles, to Mr. Coleman'son Sugar Land Run, 12 miles; to Mr. Miner's, 15 miles; to Mr. Thomp son's, the Quaker, 12 miles; to Mr. They's (the Ferry to the Shenandoah) 17 miles; from Mr. They's to Winchester, 23 miles. It is probable that they crossed the Blue Ridge at William's Gap, as this roUte is ! more direct and shorter than that via Vestal's Gap, further north. This is the division of the army that passed near Charles Town and accounts for the tradi tions there. The other division marched by the way of Frederick. The stores were carried by boat to Rock Creek, and were to be conveyed in wagons to the mouth of the Conochogeague, and thence by boat to Cumberland. On the arrival of Colonel Dunbar at Frederick it was found that the road to Fort Cumberland which was ?to have been cut on the north side of the Potomac had not been prepared, and it was impossible to transport the stores by boat. It was therefore necessary to change the route, so that instead of marching along the Potomac on the north side of that river they were compelled to cross To go anywhere with my face in this condition," is the expression of a very natural feeling. To a beautiful woman an eruption 0:1 the face is the greatest of calamities, her very beauty seeming to increase the disfigurement. Ninety i eight time-3 in every hundred, eruptions are cured by Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, and the skin recovers its maiden bloom and softness. w Golden Medical Discovery " is a medicine which acts directly on the blood, purifying it, increasing its quantity and its rich ness. Eruptions, blotches, pimples, etc,, are but ^irface signs of the corrupt blood current underneath. "Discovery" cleanses the blood, and so cleanses the skin. "For about one year and a half my face wai very badly broken out," writes Mim Carrie Adams. 01 116 West Main St.. Battlecreek, Mich. w I spent a great deal of mom-y with doctors and for different kinds &f medicine, but received no benefit. At last I read one of your advertise ment*. and obtained a bottle of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. Before I had taken one bottle of this medicine I noticed a change, and after taking three bottles 1 was entirely, cured." Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets keep the bowels in healthy condition. '? vT's> 'M : L - J the Potomac into Virginia at Williams Ferry and march to Winchester, where they would strike the road leading from that place to Cumberland. Col. Dunbar's Brigade 'eft Frederick April 2Qih. The first Jay they marched to Walker's, is miles from Frederick, and passed the south ridge of the Shenandoah mountains. These they found easy of ascent and saw plenty ot hares, deer and partridges. The next day they marched 16 miles and camped on the Kinks of the Conochogeague, which was described as a fine situation close by the Potomac. '1 he following day they crossed the Poto mac so as to strike the Winchester route, and marched from William's Fery to Johu E van's. Their camping place was at what is now called the Big Spring, on the road running from Martinsburg to Winchester, one and a half miles south of the former place. This accounts tor the tradition of Braddpck's march near Martinsburg. At this point the roads began to be indif ferent. On May 3rd they marched 17 miles to the Widow Barringer's, about five miles from Winchester. This is de scribed ns "a fine situation if properly cleared. It does not seem that this divi sion went as far as Winchester, butstruck the now road leading to Cumberland and took this. On the 4th of May they march ed 9 miles to one Potts. The writer says the road was very bad and they got some wild turkeys. On May the 6tli they marched 15 miles to Henry Enoch's. The road lay over "prodigious mountains," and they "crossed one stream 20 times in three miles." The next day's march brought them to Cox's at the mouth ot Kittle Capon, 1 - miles from Enoch's. From Little Capon they went 6 miles to Col. Cresap's, and then marched 16 miles to Fort Cumberland. When within a few miles of the Fort they were overtaken by a coach containing General Braddock attended by his body guard. In a little while they heard the booming of cannon at the Fort, indicating his arrival there. In addition to the traditions of tlio presence of Braddock's army at Martins burg and Charles Town and Winchester, which are confirmed, there are persistent traditions of his presence near G era ids town. Near that placc is a road said to have been cut by his army, which must have crosed North Mountain at Mill's Gap, This may have been the new road which had been ordered to be cut previous to his departure from Alexandria. About two miles south of Gerardstown is a spot which has been dug over by parties for a century looking for the gold which Braddock is said to have buried there. A number of quite prominent men engaged in that search, but there is no reason why Braddock should have burled money there or anywhere else during his march, as I10 had no idea of being defeated. "Prevention is the best bridle." You can prevent sickness and cure that tired feeling and all blood humor by taking Hood's Sarsaparilla. Explained. "I don't sec how the defendant, who Is very short and fat. could hnve hug ged tlio plain HIT. who Is remarkably tall and thin." "She explains It by saying lie folded lirr In a warm -dfibrncc."?Cleveland Plain Dealer. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly for April is replete with timely interest and pictorial beauty. The variety of its con tents is indicated by a glance at the list of literary contributors, which includes such distinguished names as Monsignor Seton, Joaquin Miller. Dr. W. A. Crof fut, Stephen Crane, ICgcrton Castle, George Julian Zolnay, Martha McCul loch Williams, Fritz Morris and Joanna R. Nicholls. The pictures are brilliant and profuse, including the latest work of the foremost illustrators of the day. Arrest disease by the timely use of Tutt's Liver Pills, an old and favorite remedy of increasing popularity. Always cures SICK HEADACHE, sour stomach, malaria, indiges tion, torpid liver, constipation and all bilious diseases. TUTT'S Liver PILLS B. 6t O. H. R. the Pint Railroad to Introduce Automobile Service. The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad has es tablished Electric Automobile Service at Washington. D. C., in connection with its train service, being the first railroad to introduce this mode of transportation regularly to and from its railway station. The Automobiles are of the latest elec tric pattern, absolutely noiseless in re gard to machinery and running gear. They are provided with luxuriously deep cushioned scats, with elcctric lights and time pieces. Two small trunks can be carried on the supports at the rear of the vehicle, and the top of the cab provides ample room for small traveling bags and hand luggage. The splendid streets of Washington are particularly favorable for this high class transportation, and the vehicles can in safety reach a &peed from ten to four teen miles an hour on any of the streets, excepting in the business portion. It has been arranged, when special ser vice is desired, passengers on trains ap proaching Washington from the East will notify conductor before arrival at Balti more. and on trains from the West will notify conductor before arrival of train at Washington Junction. The rates for this extraordinary sir. vice are extremely reasonable, and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, with its ad vanced ideas and methods, is to bs con gratulated in being the first to inaugurate regularly this latest invention in trans portation service.