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Spirit of Jefferson. [volume] (Charles Town, Va. [W. Va.]) 1844-1948, October 16, 1900, Image 1

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JOB PRINTING
Ot al! kinds done promptly, neatly
and at Lowest Prices at the
SPIRIT OFFICE.
Handsome new faces of Latest
Style Type recently added to our
already excellent job outfit.
IF YOU WANT
i To get the most for your money ad
| vertise in the
SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON,
the paper ot the people?the paper
of the largest local circulation^^
CHARLES TOWN, W. VA., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1900.
ESTABLISHED 1844
THE FIRST LESSONS
In music should be iuade as little of a task as
I ossible by the nee of one of
A fine instrument is in itself an education,
r.i;d produces an unconscious trai'tiug of the
?::r in inns cal sounds. Our Pianos have a
puiity and sweetness of tone which is distinc
tive and forms their chief claim to popular
fuvor.
Second-Hand Pianos of various makes at
g'catly reduced prices.
Rcpalriug, Tuning and Moving.
Accommodating terms. Catalogue antfBook
of Suggestions cheerfully given.
CHARLES M. STIEFF.
Warerooms?9 N. Libertv St..
Factory?Block of Kast Lafayette Avenue,
Aiken aud Lanvale streets,
BALTIMORE, MD.
j\. L. ANKKaoX] [Geo. W. Andekson
A. Li Anderson & Co..
West Virginia
CARRIAGE WORKS,
5HUDLEWAY, JEFFERSON CO., W. VA.
a^HE undersigned have been established In
. the Carriage Business on the Middleway
a;.-d - hepherdstown turnpike, one mile north of
dleway, for four years past, and during that
t:v.o have been doing a large and constantly in
CK^ng business in the manufacture of
CARRIAGES, JUMP-SEATS. END
SPRING & SIDE-BAR BUGGIES
JENNY LINDS, PHOTONS,
JAGGERS, AC.
Our work has been sold all through Jefferson
and adjoining counties, and has always given
satisfaction in every particular.
It is our constant aim to work the very best
material* and to do all work in a first-cla*s man
ner, and as to our prices we pledge ourselves to
do work as low or lower than first-class work
can be done for elsewhere.
If parties wish to consult us in regard to work,
and do not find it conveuient to visit our fac
tory, we will, if notified by postal card, send a
representative of the firm to visit them at their
homes, and give all necessary information.
Scccud-hand vehicles aud good Horses ta\en
in exchange for work.
We keep constantly a large variety of New
Vehicles in stock; and have also Second-Hand
Carriages, Buggies, tfce., which we sell very low.
A. L. ANDEKSON & CO.
CHARLES TOWN
Garble & Granite Works,
Cor. George and Nortn Struct*.
DIEHL & BRO.,
Manufacturerb of
MONUMENTS, TOMB8. .*. STATUES
. 81ate and Marble
Tiling, and all kinds of
fcr Building Marble and Sandstones.
All orders promptly filled at the lowest
ra?c?. All work guaranteed.
TIIOS. R. MOOKE. CLEON B. MOOKE.
MOORE_&MOORE
1 Insurance & Real Estate
AGENTS.
CHARLES TOWN. W, VA.
Office in the Maxwell Building next door to
Hon, W. H. Travers.
Representing the following Fire Insurance
Companies *
NORTH BRITISn AND MERCANTILE
of England.
CALEDONIAN, of Scotland.
LANCASHIRE, of England.
PHILADELPHIA UNDERWRITERS,
HANOVER, of New York.
GREENWICH, of New York.
UNITED STATES, of New Yom.
PROVIDENCE WASHINGTON, R. I.
MARYLAND CASUALTY CO.
We also represent the
l'ENN MUTUAL LIKE INSUR
ANCE COMPANY,
of Philadelphia, one of the oldest purely inu
tunl life insurance companies doing business
in the United States. All policies absolutely
inrnntcstiblc from date of Usuc. Loan, Cash,
. paid up or extended insurance after three
I years. Dividends annually.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt uttcution.
Respectfully,
Feb. 21, "09. MOoRE & MOORE.
TO ENUMERATE
? OUR
ASSORTMENT
Would require oceans of time, as we have
selected our stock with Special Pa ns and
much Careful Consideration, and are proud
to say we have iucluded
SOMETHING REALLY DESIRABLE
for every individual. Have marked
EACH ARTICLE AS
LOW AS POSSIBLE.
It will be our great pleasure to show you.
Orders for
ALL KINDS OF CAKES
cvill have same attention as in former years.
CANDY
Strictly Pure and Fresh.
A<*urin? you extra endeavor will be made to
please, we hope to see you call.
BROWN" BROS.
Nov. 28.
| f lew Jewelry Repair-'-Store
The nndersiirned has moved into the room
Mr. D. 8. Hughes, lately occupied by Mr.
A.'Osbourn. two doors cast of the post
1 ? .T?ce, where ho will conduct the business of
"SEFAIRING WATCHES. CLOCKS AND
JEWELRY.
, A? experience ot 85 years in the business
<MfaUJe*f* me to guarantee satisfaction to all
Who may tfcvor me with their patronage.
<Hye me a calL FRANCIS BODNER.
CHARLES RISSLER,
Undertaker & Embalmer,
CHARLES TOWN, W. VA.
Will furnish all kinds of Caskets and Cof
fins, and do Embalming according to the
latest and most approved modes.
Offices In Maxwell Building,(formerly oceu
Sied hy lion. W. II. Travers,) where he may
c fouud at all hours, either day or night.
July 11, 1899-y.
Established 1858.
Successor to K. D. Shugert & Bro.
R. D. SHUGERT,
Manufacturer of and Dealer in
Harness, Saddles, Collars
LEATI1ER AND SHOE FINDINGS.
Jobber in
Sadler's Hardware.
WHIPS, FLY NETS, FOR AND PLUSH
LAP ROBES.
HORSE BLANKETS.
If von want the Beet Harness Oil come aud
try the Diamond Black Leather Oil. 1 keep it)
stock the Pure Neatsfoot Oil. I have the
agency for the Wilbur Seed Meal, for Hordes.
Cattle. Hogs, Sheep and Poultry, ft is good
for hog cholera. Wilbur Egg Food makes the
bstis lav I have the couuty right of the
Lightning Harness Hooker. Come and see
it. It is the best safety attachment out for
Harness. I pay the Highest Market Casb
Prices, all the year, for Beef Hides, Horse
Hid< F. Calf Skin?, Sheep Skins and Fur Skins
of all kinds Mail o ders solicited. Prompt
attention to all correspordence.
K. D. 8HUGERT,
Dcc. 12, 1891. Charles To vn. W. Va.
Investigate the plans of life insurance offered
by The
PENN MUTUAL
LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
of Philadelphia.
The Board of Trustees have adopted a reso
lution sanctioning the following endorsement
to be placcd upon all policies where the risk
is adjudged to be unqualifiedly first class:
"This policy is absolutely in
contestible from date of issue for
any cause except non-payment
of premium."
It makes the ^policy a world-wide contract,
free from all conditions us to residence, occu
pation, travel, habits of life, and as to name,
time or place of death. PAID UP, extended,
cash and loan values after 3 years.
For particulars, address,
MOORE & MOORE,
Agents.
March 21, ISM.
Tin and Stove Work.
The underpinned lias located in the shop of
Mrs. Margaret Dooley, West Main street, near
Holt's I'uinp. where he is prepared to execute
all kinds of Tin aud Stove Work, at short no
tice and upon reasonable terms.
Roofing and Spouting a
Specialty.
Will also keep on hand or manufacture to or
der, all the ordidarv lines of Tinware, such as
ERU1T CANS,
BUCKETS, PANS, ETC.
A liberal share of the public patronage
reppectfully solicited. B. F. DOOLEY.
Sept. 7, 1597.
CHARLES TOWN
BOTTLING WORKS.
CHARLES SCBULTE, Pioprietor.
Corner West and Liberty sts., Charles Town.
Carbonized Soda
of all Flavors. Seltzer, Vichy, Kissinger and
other
MINERAL WATERS.
LIQUIFIED CARBONIC AClD GAS.
GINGER ALE A SPECIALTY
Match 13?y.
P. D. Davis. J. A* Emmcrt.
DAVIS & EMMERT,
House & Sign Painters,
CHARLES TOWN, W. VA,
Paper Hanging and Graining a specialty.
Prices modcraie, work executed promptly and
satisfaction irnurantecd.
Apjil 7. 13W.
Contractors & Builders.
FIRST CLASS WORK BY GOOD
MECHANICS.
If you intend building or making altera
tions, or if your property is In need of repairs,
call or send postal to
CHAS. n. GRIM.
Contractor and Builder.
Box2S9, Charlc6Towu, W. Va.
references.?I. U. CofFman, Wm. Kahn
Thos. C, Earnshaw (work just finished).
Special Attention to allKinds Jobbing
May 15. 1894.
Dr. Wm. Neiil,
PHYSICIAN AND 8URGEON,
Charlestowu, West Va.
Office?South side of Main 8trect corner o 1
V ?-*t
Dr. C. T. Richardson,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
0
Charles Town. West Virginia.
Sing Kee Laundry.
Brown Building, opposite National Bank.
CHARLES TOWN, W. VA.
Our Laundry turns out the very best ol
work. Work taken every day and turned out
1 the second or third. Shirts. Collars and Cnffc
in glos6 or domestic finish, just as you like it.
Ourwofk is all done by band.and your clothec
I will last twice as long as when washed by ma
chinery, Please give me a call. Ail work
guaranteed. Yours respectfully.
April 1?tfin. SING KEE.
CHICKENS, EGGS/TURKEYS, GEESE, DUCKS,
Will buy
Carpets, Mattings, Oil Cloths
and anything in oar Furniture line, fronm a Cheap Chair to the be9t Par
lor suit, at the
JLoufest Cash Price.
Our store is full of
CHINA, GLASS and ALL KINDS of TINWARE.
A FULL LINE OF GROCERIES,
and we sell as cheap, if not cheaper, than anybody else. Call and see us.
We also want Meat, Lard, and anything you can bring us. For your
produce we will exchange anything in our store, which will benefit you as
well as us. We appreciate past favors, and thank you very much for the
same. We remain Yours truly,
jtr. jL. wolph:,
Main St., Gth door East of Post Office, Charles Town, W. Va.
Col. R. P. Chew. W. O. Norr'a.
CHEW & N ORRIS,
Charles Town, Jefferson County, W. Va.
Real Estate and Loans.
BUY AND SELL FARMS, LOTS AND nOCSBS,
COAL AND TIMBER LANDS,
NEGOTIATE LOANS ON REAL ESTATE
OR OTIIER SECURITIES.
INVESTMENTS
Carefully Arranged. All
Business Conducted Confidentially and With
Strict Promptness.
April 18-y.
DO
YOU
KNOW
That the surest way for a young person to be
come self-supporting Is to get a thorough
knowledge of shorthand and typewriting? If
he learns bookkeeping all the better. In se
curing this cducatiou he must not overlook
the important subjects of writing and spell
ing. We make a specialty of these essential
studiep, and for the sum of $50 a person may
attend the day session for a period of ten
months. Six mouths is fouud sufficient iu
some eases, and in others only five mouths is.
necessary, but we do not wish anyone to be
deceived'in thinking that these canes are the
a\erage, for they are uot. You had bi tter
count on ten mouths. If you are ut work dur
ing the day we will eive you three months (12
weeks) for only -510, night sessions. This is a
reduced rate and is just out; half the day rate.
A beautiful catalogue will be sent you on
applieution, but we prefer to have you come
and see us. A good time to call is after five
iu the evening.
WOOD'S COMMERCIAL COLLEGE,
311 East Capital Street,
Oet. 31. Washington, D. C.
THE JEFFERSON
COOPERAGE COMPANY,
CHARLES TOWN, W. VA.,
MANUFACTURERS OF
FLOUR,
APPLE AND
LIME BARRELS,
AND OAK STAVES
AND DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF COOP
ERAGE STOCK.
Main Ofllse and Yard on Bjl Line.
A specialty of FLOUK AND APPLE BAR
RELSjWhicu will be sold at reasonable prices.
Will pay $4 per cord of 128 cubic feet for
good Stave and Heading Timber, delivered at
Factory.
EIRE WOOD,
in any lengths, sold and delivered on short
notice.
July 18, 1899-y. *
WHEN YOU VISIT
WASHINGTON
?GO TO?
CAMPBELL'S
VIENNA
DINING AND LUNCH
ROOMS,
Nos. 814 and 816 F. St. N. IP.,
(BETWEEN 8TEI AND 9TH STS.,)
Washington, D. C.
MEALS 15 AND 25 CT8. NO LIQUORS.
Nov. 1?ly.
Hour and Feed Store.
The undersigned has removed his Flour and
Feed Store to the west room of the Daluarn
building, Main street, Charles Town, where
he will offer
FLOUR AND FEED FOR SALE,
and couduct the
USUAL EXCHANGE BUSINESS.
FJoir. Feed, <&c..rold at rates to suit the
times. Will be pleased to have the calls of
all my old customers, and respectfully solicit
the patronage of the public in general.
April 5. GEO. II. TURNER.
C. HERMANN, Florist,
33-44 W. South St.,
FREDERICK, MD.
Will supply, on ?liort notice,
DECORATION and BEDDING PLANTS,
CUT FLOWERS, and
FLORAL DESIGNS.
Decorations for Weddings, Receptions
etc., a specialty.
May 24?y. ? .
Shoes ! Shoes !
i A Great Variety of Shoes and Slippers for
every bodat all prices, for Spring and Sum
mer, just opened;. Prices marked down to
make short profits to suit the times.
April 21. 8. 8- DALGARN,
Dr. Humphreys'
Specifics cure by acting directly upon
the disease, without exciting disorder in
any other part of the system.
XO. CURES. PRICES.
1?Ferer?. Congestion*, Inflammation*. .25
2?Worms, Worm Fever, Worm Colic... .25
3?Teething. Colic,Crying,Wakefulness .25
4?Diarrhea, of Children or Adults 25
7?Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis 25
8?Neuralgia, Toothache, Faceache 25
9?Headache, Sick Headache, Vertigo.. .25
10?Dyspepsia, Indigestion,-Weak Stomach. 25
11?Suppressed or Painful Periods 28
12?Whites. Too Profuse Periods .25
13?Croup, Laryngitis, Hoarseness 25
14?Salt Rheum, Erysipelas,Eruptions.. .25
15?Rheumatism, Rheumatic Pains .25
16?Malaria. Chills, Fever and Ague 25
19?Catarrh, Influenza. Cold In the Head .25
20?Whooping-Coug h 25
27?Kidney Diseases 25
28?Xervous Dehlllty 1.00
30?Urinary Weakness, Wetting Bed 25
77?Grip, Hay Fever . 25
Dr. Humphreys' Manual of all Diseases at your
Druggists or Mailed Free.
Sold by druggist*, or sent on receipt of price.
Humphreys' Med. Cou, Cor. William ? John Bta.,
New York.
Nasal
CATARRH
In all its stages there
should be cleanliness.
Ely's Cream Balm
cleanses, soothes and heals
the diseased membrane.
It cures catarrh and drives
away a cold in the head
quickly.
Cream Balm is placed Into the nostrils, spreads
over the membrane and is absorbed. Relief is im
mediate and a cure follows. It is not drying?does
not produce sneezing. Large Size, 60 ccnts at Drug
gists or by mall; Trial 8lze, 10 ccnts by mall.
ELY BROTHERS, 56 Warren Street, New York.
Carter House,
Charles Town, W. Va.
A. W. BROWN & CO., Proprietors.
Central location. Hack to and from depots.
Good Livery utt ached.
Reamer's Howard House
Howard and Baltimore Sts.,
BALTIMORE, MD,
To My OU1 Patron* and the Traveling Public:
Having had a very liberal share of the pub
lic patronage during the pa*t five years, 1 felt
encouraged to re-lease the Howard House for
a term of years, and have at great expense
refurnished and refitted the hotel from top to
bottom. Am better prepared than ever to ac
commodate the public. My aim will be to
give first-class accommodations at $2.00 per
day. Country merchants and commercial
travellers will find it the most centrally loca
ted hotel in the city. 1'^spcctfully,
Sept. 25, 1SSH. J A3. REAMER,
Wm. RCTLEDQE, CHi.Bl.E8 \V. GRIMES,
Pioprietor. Harrt E, Hewitt,
Clerks.
Hotel Berkeley,
Northeast Corner Public Sqnare,
MARTINSB'JRG, W. VA.
'Bus to and from all trains.
April 1, 'DO.
Hart Hotel,
No. 217, 210 and 221 N. Market street,
WINCHESTER, VA.
Rates tl per Dat.
Reduced Rates by the Week.
The new manngement will pay strict atten
tion to the comfort of guests.
June IS.'W. 3. 1). McDONALD, Prop.
Everett House,
Opposite People's National Bank,
MARTINSBURG, W. VA.
H. 8. LEAGUE, Proprietor.
Rates ?t per day. Special rates to week and
mouthlv boarders.
Aug. 25. '36.
C. W. TAYLOR,
House, Sign and Fresco
Painter,
PAPER HANGER & GRAINER
Charles Town, We t Virginia.
First-Class Restaurant
Xicely Fitted up for All Seasons.
JAMES W. THOMAS
is prepared to serve all Eatables in season at
his Washington Street Restaurant, four doors
west of the Hotel Watson, at all boars, and
invites his friends and the public at large to
call and give hiin a trial. Everything put up
in the mo^t. approved style, and every effort
made to pleuse the most fastidious, be his
appetite ever so dainty.
Oysters in every style a specialty, and orders
for Dressed Poultry, for family use, given
prompt and careful atteution
Dec. 15, *90. -
C. P. AVAI.I,,
Dealer in
LIV^: STOCK,
CHARLES TOWN, JEFF. CO., W. VA.
STOCK Bought anchSold on Commission.?
Will also assist parties in Pnrebasing Stocli
on a reasonable per centage.
D . J. L. Luke,
DENTIST ,
OFFICE in Talbott building, nearly oppo
site National Bank, Charles Town, Wen:
Va
Gas and Vitalized Air admiuistcred for palo
less extraction of U?etb. Is also prepared b
tet Gold Crowns.
SPIRIT OF JEFFERSON.
Chahle? Tows, Jefferson County, W. Vjl
TUESDAY MOBNING, OCTOBER 16, 1000.
Geo. W. Haines. - Editor and Proprietor.
41.50 in Advance; 43 if not Paid in Advance.
JEFFERSON COUNTY
One of the Most Productive in the
Valley of Virginia.
LIVE TOWNS AND VILLAGES
Charles Toien, t\e County Seat?Growth in
Population anil Manufactures?Hall
road Facilities.
[Spocinl to the B.iltiiiiore Sun J
Charles Town, W. Va? Oct. 8.?Jeffer
son county was laid off from Berkeley
county, Va., in 1801, named in honor of
Thomas Jefferson and is the extreme east
ern county of West Virginia. It is bound
ed on the northbytheStateof Maryland,
the Potomac river forming the boundary
line, and on the east and south by Vir
ginia, the line on the east running on the
top of the Blue Ridge Mountain, separat
ing it from Loudoun county, while Clarke
county lies on the soutb, and Berkeley
conntv, from which it was made, forms
its western boundary. The surface of the
county is rolling, the soil of limestone
quality, fertile and unsurpassed by any
county in the State lor productiveness.
Agriculture is the chief business, and all
t ie cereals, wheat, corn rye oats, are
raised. Thecountyisaboutzoby 16 miles
in extent and has a population of 17.000
in round numbers. It has over 125,000
acres of productive farm lands with an
assessed value of $7,000,000. The average
assessed value of the these lands is $25
per acre and many of the best farms near
the towns sell from $65 to i?75 per acre.
The Shenandoah river flows through the
eastern portion and empties into the
Potomac at Harper'sFerryJand the county
forms the northern limit of the famous
Shenandoah Valley, known for its beauti
ful climate and productive soil. On the
east side of the Shenandoah river the land
is hilly and is partly made upof the west
ern slope of the Blue Kidge -Mountain,
where there is iron ore and other miner
als, which a number of years ago were
successfully mined and shipped on the
Shenandoah river when it was navigable.
There is still an abundance ot iron ore in
these hills, but for lack of a railroad
through them mining was discontinued.
Other minerals found here are manga
nese, barytes, zinc, lead and silver. A
shortline railroad connecting this region
with the Baltimore & Ohio railroad at or
near Harpers Ferry would cause mining
to begin and develop the wealth now ly
ing hidden in the hills and mountain.
Among these hills in the last few years
has been established one of the largest
fruit and tobacco farms in the Valley of
Virginia by Becker Bros., of Baltimore.
On this river are Shannondale Springs,
whose mineral waters, with magnesia and
sulphur as their chief ingredients, are
well known for their medicinal qualities.
Prior to the war this was a celebrated
summer resort, where gathered many of
the leading families of Virginia. The
hotel was destroyed by fire and in recent
years another was built and the place has
been again opened as a summer resort.
TOWNS AND VILLAGES.
The towns in the county are Charles
Town, Shepherdstown, Harpers Ferry
and Bolivar, while Bakerton, Bogles Sta
tion, Molers, Uvilla, Duffields, Shenan
doah Junction, Kearneysville, Leetown,
Middleway. Summit Point, Aldridge.
Rippon, Kabletown, Myerstown, Dail
leys, Millville and Halltown are thriving
villages, each doing a good share of busi
ness and contributing to the revenues of
the county. At Halltown are located the
large strawboard mills of Eyster & Son,
employing about 100 men, and at Baker
ton and Kearneysville the Standard Lime
and Stone Company have large works,
quarrying rock for ballast and burning
lime, giving employment to nearly 500
men. Shenandoah Junction is located at
the junction of the Norfolk and Western
and main line of the Baltimore and Ohio
railroads, and does a considerable rail
road business, besides manufacturing and
commercial business. Summit Point is
an important shipping place for grain
and cattle and is on the valley branch of
the Baltimore and Ohio. The main line
ot this road runs through the county from
east to west, while its branch runs from 1
east to south, and the Norfolk and West
ern from north to south. On these roads
are 14 stations within thecounty. While
the chief industry in Jefferson is farming,
yet large quantities of fruit mostly apples
and peaches, are raised and shipped to
Northern and Eastern markets. The soil
is well adapted to tGe raising of small as
well as large fruits, and this industry has
received considerable attention in recent
years, the result being that there are now
a number of apple and peach orchards
which are bearing fine crops and bring
ing additional income to the farmers.
ATTRACT IONS "FOR IIOMESEEKERS.
Persons seekicg rural homes could do
no better than locate on some of the farm
lands of Jefferson, whose soil is fertile,
climate congenial and healthfulness un
surpassed. The value ot land is not high
when compared with its productiveness,
and is one of the safest investments, be
causethereis no shrinkage in value. For
the last 10 years there has been a substan
tial increase of from five to ten dollars
per acre in land. And in many instances
even greater than this. Such a thing as
a total failure of crops is unknown, and
it is rare that they fall below the average.
Drouths are not frequent, and as a rule
when they occur not more than one cereal
out of the whole crop is injured. A
thrifty farmer with one-half of the value
of a farm in cash can buy the same and
easily in a few years produce enough to
pay the remainder. Persons having
money to lend always prefer farm lands
as security, and this makes it easy for the
fanner to obtain a loan when the exigen
cies of. business require it.
CHARLES TOWN, THE COUNTY SEAT.
Charles Town.formerly writtenCharles
town, is the county seat, and is situated
almost in the center of the county. It is
surrounded by some of the richest farm
lands in the county and enjoys the pa
tronageof a large and thrifty agricultural
community. It has a beautiful location
and commands a fine view of the Blua
Ridge Mountains. The town was found
ed in 1786 by Col. Charles Washington, a
brother of General Washington, and bears
his Christian name. He laid off 80 acres
of his land into town lots and dedicated
two acres for public buildings, on part
of which now stand the courthouse, jail
and town hall, called Washington Hall in
honor of his name. He and his two
brothers, Samuel and John Augustine
Washington, owned most of tile land sur
rounding Charles Town at the time if was
founded, and their descendants still own
large tracts. The present Mayor of the
town, Mr. George Washington, is a de
scendant of John Augustine Washington
and owns a handsome residence in the
eastern part. He is the last Washington
bom-at Mount Vernon. Col. Charles
Washington 'is buried in the southern
suburbs of the town. The first house
erected in the town was Cherry Tavern,
and was owned by Captain Cherry, who
served in the Revolutionary War. 11 was
the resort of travelers and the prominent
people of-the surrounding country. Long
after it ceased to' be a tavern it was used
as a dwelling, and was not removed until
1881. The town has considerable historic
interest. It is on the line of General
Braddock's march to Fort Duquesne,
and near it his soldiers dug a well, which
is still in use and furnishes water for a
large farm. It is also the place of the
trial, conviction and execution of John
Brown aud six of his followers, the re
cords of whose trials are in the court
house. In the Civil War it was the scene
of frequent conflicts between the Con
federate and Union soldiers, and suffered
greatly by the devastation of the latter.
GROWTH IN population.
The population of Charles Town hasl
been steadily increasing for several years
and at present is a little over 2.500 within
the corporate limits, with about 500 in I
the new addition to the town erected by
the Charles Town Mining, Manufacture I
ing and Improvement Company and the I
Charles Town Construction Company.
This addition lies just outside the north
ern corporate line, and here residence
lots and sites for factories and plants may
be had at moderate prices. A few years
ago these two companies developed this
section and erected a large hotel, a fine
school building, a number of factories
and dwellings.
The town is 600 feet above the sea level
and has an abundant supply of soft lime
stone water. A system of waterworks
owned by the Charles Town Water and
Manufacturing Company has been suc
cessfully operated for several years, and
the source of the water supply is a clear
spring about one mile north of the town,
where the water bubbles up through a
sandy bed as if there were at lsast 50 lit
tle springs in a space with a diameter of
30 feet. The spring has been covered
with a building, which is kept locked, to
prevent the pollution of the water. It is
conducted to the town in pipes and
forced through the mains. There is no
reservoir, so called, but in order to have
a reserve of water for emergencies a large I
iron standpipe has been placed on one of
the highest elevations in the town. This
water is pure, fresh and clear as crystal.
railroad facilities.
Two rai'roads?the Norfolk antl West-1
em and Baltimore and Ohio-pass through
Charles Town, and intersect at this place.
These roads furnish facilities for ship
ments to all points of the compass. The
Norfolk and Western runs four, and the
Baltimore and Ohio six passenger trains
daily. The mail facilities are us good as
anv town in the Shenandoah Valley, there
being eleven mails received and the same
number sent out daily. There is also a
belt line railroad connectiug these two
roads, over which cars are transferred. ,
An electric plant, owned by the Charles |
Town Electric Light, Heat and Power j
Company, furnishes the town with electric!
lights on the streets, and supplies a num
ber of business houses and residences with
j light. The Charles Town Gas and Water
I Company operates a gas plant, and is one
of the oldest corporations doing business
here. The former company has the con
tract for lighting the streets. Both com
panies are doing a successful business.
HOTELS AND BANKS.
There are three hotels?the Watson
House, the Carter House and the Hotel
Powhatan?the latter having been run on
ly as a summer hotel. Besides these there
are several excellent boarding-houses,
which receive summer or regular boarders
at reasonable rates. The hotels are well
conducted and run free hacks to all trains.
Washington Hall is used as a lecture-room
and for theatres. It isthe property of the
town, and is let to traveling troupes at
very moderate rates.
Three banks?the Bank of Charles
Town, the First National Bank of Jeffer
son, and the Citizen' Bank of Charles
Town, the first and last being State banks
?do the banking businsss of ihe place,
furnishing safe deposits for funds, and
accommodating parties desiring loans on
short time. The Citizens' is a new insti
tution, organized only a few months ago.
It is doing a creditable amonnt of business
already. The Bank of Charles Town is
the oldest at this place, an$l was organized
about 1S70. It has a paid-in capital of
$50,000, with a handsome surplus. The
First National was organized a few years
later, with the same amount of capital
stock, and enjoys a surplus equal to 60
cents on the $1 of capital. The average
combined deposits of the three banks are
$250,000.
BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS.
Five building associations, under the
names Jefferson Building and Loan Asso
ciation, Jefferson Permanent Building
Association. Charles Town Building As
sociation, Safety Building and Loan As
sociation and Jefferson Provident Asso
ciation. are iu operation with a comple
ment of efficient officers. These institu
tions are of the greatest benefit to persons
buying homes by furnishing them with
the means, and allowing payments to be
made back to the association in weekly
installments. They carry about 4,000
shares, and do an annual business of over
?100,000, To investors they furnish safe
investments, and yield from 8 to 9 per
cent. Besides these there are branches
of three national building associations,
which do a considerable business. Prior
to the otganization of the associations
named eleven building associations were
successfully managed and carried through
without loss to investors.
THE SUN THE FAVORITE.
The town has three newspapers, all re
plete with news and well edited?the Free
Press, Farmers' Advocate and Spirit of
Jefferson. They are weeklies and are
published, respectively. Wednesday. Fri
day and Tuesday. The oldest of these is
the Free Press, which has passed its nine
tieth year. Each has a good circulation,
and they are excellent advertising me
diums. A large number of city daily pa
pers reach here early in the morning, and
keep the people posted on all subjects
within their purview. Among these the
favorate is the Baltimore Sun, which has
the largest circulation and is regarded as
the most reliable and conservative. Its
able support ot Mr. Bryan has given it a
tremendous hold upon the people in this
section.
HIRE COMPANIES.
The Independent and Citizens' Fire
Companies make up the Fire Department.
Each of these companies is well equipped
ind uniformed, with excel lent officers and
md well-drilled men. The Independent
>wns a steam engine and water tower,
ivhile the Citizens' has a hand engine and
look-and-ladder truck. Each company
)wns its engine house, the Citizens' m\he
western and the other in the central part
>f the town. Mr. J, \V. Russell iscaptain
)f the Citizens' and Mr. J. C. Holmes of
:he Independent. The headquarters of
:he Independent are in'Rouss Memorial
Hall, a building constructed by that com
aany mainly by the efforts and labors of
ts captain, who is an architect and
Manned the building. It is located near
:he Court-house, in the center of the town,
s a handsome brick building three stories
with observation-tower, and cost $12,000,
[n it are the Mayor's office and Council
room, and on the third floor the Masomc
Hall. It was erected entirely by contri
bution of citizens, funds raised by the
company by fairs and by gifts from Mr.
Charles Broadway Rouss, of New York,
who is a native of Jefferson connty and
in whose honor the building was named.
The Citizens' Fire Company has a large
two-story brick building, which was
bought subtantially in the same manner
is the other building was erected. " They
ire volunteer companies and their mem
bersare sturdy men,zcalousin the perform
ance of duty and willing to sacrifice life
in the protection and saving of life in
(ires.
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
Charles Town has excellent educational
institutions. The Public Graded School,
with Mr. Wright Denny as principal and
11 assistants, furnishes a splendid rudi
mentary education to its pupils and pre
pares them for all the ordinary business
pursuits. It has an enrollment of nearly
+oo. and each year turns out a number of
graduates prepared for colleges.
Jonn Stephenson Female Seminary, es
tablished several years ago, conducted by
Rev. C. N. Campbell, a Presbyterian min
ister, with a corps of efficient teachers.
It enjoys an exceptional reputation for in
struction and moral training and sends
forth its graduates with a splendid educa
tion. All of the higher branches, includ
ing music, are taught.
Powhatan College, which has been es
tablished in the Hotel Powhatan Build
ing, and began its first session recently.
Woman's
Life
*
????
is hard enough as
it is. It is to her that
we owe our world,
and everything
should be made as
easy as possible for '1
her at the time
childbirth. This
is just what
MOTHER'S
Friemb
will do. It will make
baby's.. coming easy
and painless, and that without tak
ing dangerous drugs into the sys
tem. It is simply to be applied to
the muscles of the abdomen* It
penetrates through, the skin carry
ing strength and elasticity with ft.
It strengthens the whole system and
prevents all of the discomforts of
_ _ie mother of a plumb babe in
Panama, Mo., says: " I have used
Mother's Friend and can praise it
highly."
Get Mother's Friend at the
Drag Store, Sf per bottle.
The Bradfleld Regulator Co.,
ATLANTA. GA.
Write for our free illustrated book,
" Before Baby to Bom."
I U r " "
Be laves He??!
The dainty flower oracle may Ml he*
true or false, but some day the prince
will cotne and she'll dream the dear
dream of home life and motherhood. In
that drtam she will see herself always
happy, always with a smile for the hu?
-i band and a kiss'for
| the baby. What
a pity to wake from
such a dream,?to
almost loathe her
husband and hate
her child, because
cruel pain haa
blighted her body
and warped her
mind. How many
a woman has had
this sad awakening
from her dreams
| of home and love I
There's help and
healing for every
woman who suffers
from womanly dis
eases, caused by
girlish ignorance,
wifely, neglect or
the sfrain of ma
ternity. Doctor
Pierce's Favorite
prescription makes
weak women
strong and sick
women well. It
heals diseases of
? 1 the delicate organs,
practically does away with the pains of
maternity and gives the nursing mother
vigor ani vitality.
"Two years ago," writes VrsTXstUe AuUker.
of 7M Pat Street. AllUrae. Ohio, "I <uaed two
bottles of ' l-ovorlte prescription'and inApril a
nice baby was born, before the doctor =jme. I
was not very sick. Bsby Is now fourteen
months old and weighs 3? P?"n^V ?5{f"
commencing Dr. Pierce s "^rtterreacriptlon
1 had to vomit every day but after I got the
medicine, from the hnl spoonful that ttook, I
stopped vomiting. It is s Ood-aend for women.
When a laxative ia needed, use Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Pellets with "F?YOtiU
Prescription."
is conducted by Prof. S. P. Hatton. who
is president and promoter. Professor
Hatton is a well-known educator of Mis
souri, where he was formerly located. It
is his purpose to establish a high-grade
female college, and he has employed first
class assistance. The college began un
der favorable conditions and has students .
from five ditterent States. It is the inten,
tion of the president to make it one of the
best schools for young ladies in this State,
Its location is healthful, scenery beautiful
and terms reasonable.
Charles Town is lacking in a high
school for young men. and there is no
better location in the Valley of Virginia
for such a school than at this place. All
of her young men who desire to attend a
high school or college have to go other
places.
READING ROOM AND CHURCHES.
In connection with these educational
advantages there is a reading room for
young men, which was established and
is maintained by the the ladies, who arc
untiring in their efforts to make it attrac
tive and keep it well supplied with the
best books and magazines in literature.
Ladies of the best families are at the head
of this association and hold frequent ba
zars, lectures and entertainments for its
benefit. The room is open every night,
and young and old men are invited there
to spend their spare time in instructive
reading. The library contains about i.
500 volumes of the standard literary
works and receives the leading periodicals
and magazines regularly.
Five churches are sustained and have
large memberships. The denominations
are Methodist Episcopal South, Presby
terian, Episcopal, Baptist and Catholic.
The colored people have four churches.
Edge Hill Cemetery is located just east
of t PSA and is a beautiful burial ground.
It iVx limed hv the Edge Hill Cemetery
Company. In it are the graves ot a large
number of Southern soldiers.
MANUFACTURING PLANTS.
Several large manufacturing plants are
located here and give employment to
many workmen. Among thetie may be
mentioned the A. D. Goetz harness fac- '
tory, which manufactures harness, col
lars, bridles, riding saddles and fly-nets,
giving employment to 125 workmen.
This is the largest factory of the kind in
West Virginia, and ships goods to several
States, as well as hating a large foreign
trade in the West Indies, South America
and South Africa.
The Powhatan Brass and Iron Works
manufactures brass goods of every de
scription for steam, water, gas and oil
works. The company makes a specialty
of brass cocks and valves. It employs 75
skilled workmen and places its products
on the markets of Eestern and Northern
cities.
The Jefferson Cooperage Company, lo
cated here about three years ago, makes
flour, apple and lime barrels, using oak
staves and heads. Last vear this com
pany manufactured 30.000 apple barrels.
It has about 30 employes.
The Jefferson Milling Company does a
large milling business and has a capacity
of 250 barrels of flour per day. The mill
and machinery are new, and the company
makes several brands of flour which have
gained it a reputation for their purity and
quality. It has^an iron tank for storage
of wheat which will hold so, 000 bushels.
The company buys large quantities of
wheat from the farmers and also takes it
on storage.
(Concluded on fourth page.)
For Pale by MAX THEODORE, qsgley'* Qof,
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