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The weekly register. [volume] (Point Pleasant, Va. [W. Va.]) 1862-1909, September 12, 1906, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026817/1906-09-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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West Virginia Fact*.
The following facts regarding
the State of West Virginia have
j ist been oompiled and will be in
teresting to many of the inhabi
tails of the inhabitants of tbe rom
cnon-wealth who are not well ao
qn tinted with the State in whiob
tbey live:
Toe gross area of the State is
21780 tqoare miles. The popula
ti n in 1890 was 958 800, and bI
the same r<ste of increase made in
the deoadi pre vioas to this oen
sns, there is probably something
like 1,200 000 people in the Statt
today. Tbe avtrage nomber ot
persons to a family is 5 1?a num
ber excerdad only by Texas.
Of all tbe states in the Union,
Wt a Virginia has the largest pei
oent of oative white inhabitants.
There are 92 874 farms?fonr
fifths of them owned by the oooa
psn'?, The total area in farms-it*
114 7 teres. The total value of thi
f irms was $20 907 349?an aversg*
per farm of $2 106
Toe produotion of tbe ooal. oi'
and timber in West Virginia tbe
?m< oat and their value for the
year 1905 are as f llowe:
CjbI?37 570,205 net tons, valued
at $35 682 270.
Oil?13 000,000 barrels, valued
Gas?Valued at $8 000 000.
Lumber?545,000 000 feet, valu
ed a" $S 175,000
Total value of products for 1905,
$71 857 279.
StarTinie to Dealt!
Because her stomach was bo
weakened hy nsel-es drugging thm
Bhe oould n it eat, Mrs Mary B
Walters, of St Cinir St, Coiumbu*.
O, wa* literallv atarvirg to deatl
She writes: "My stomach wss s
we*k from useless drugs that ]
oould not eat, and iny neivt?8 s?
wrecked tb t I oould not sleep:
end not bef r* I was given up t
try Electrio Bittern; with tbe won
derfnl result that improvement be
Kan at once, and a complete cur
followed" Best health Tonio oi
earth 50c Guaranteed by all drug
Remove the Fences.
The Wheeling Inttlligencer hbS
tbe following wbioh might com
mand itself to Point Pleasant peo
p'e equally as forcibly as to ttuee
of the Niil City.
"If that progressive organiz tion
the Civic Club, would c<re fur a
SJg^esti >n looking to tbe beautify
ing of Wheeling in a way no'
b tberto touched on, it is respect
fully urged to devote ^ne of i't
energies towaid the removal of
residential fences in Wheeling.
* Fences have long outgrown
their usefulness in a city this size,
as tbey have done in towns of muob
smaller 6!Z-< elsewhere The fence
less city is the city beautiful, all
ob?eiv?rs will agree.
"Just why citizen? in this en
lightened t>nl protected sge insist
on re'a'uing division fences bet
ween their twenty five or thirt)
foot lot and their neighbors'passes
all understanding. If tbey onlj
knew it nothing would add more
to the attractiveness of their resi
dances than tbe park-life effaote
produced by tbe absence of rigid
severe and unsightly enclosures
N r are big, olnhby hedges muoh
be'ter where the 1 >ts are small.
' It is pleasing to note that oo
ctsi' n >1 sp its in Wheeling's resi
dmtial sections can be fonnd
whe~e modern minds prevail. On
certain Island streets, at Wood
lawn and other pretty, places ou>
tbe pike, the street or line fence is
tabooed. The fence is suggestive
of selfishness, of a sign to tbe pub
lic that this muob gronnd is mine,
bo more, no less. It prohibits tbe
perspective, the vista of a sweep of
lawns It will do in tbe oonntry to
ftn^e in cattle It has no plaoe in
? wide awake town."
What tbe word '"skiddo./' lacks
in eleganoe it makes op for in ex
pressiveness "Twento three for
yours," the suffix which nsua'ly si -
companies it is a little more vague.
But inasmuch as these expres&ione
fall glibly from tbe lips of tbe
butcher, tbe baker and the candle
stick maker, a word of explanation
may not oome amiss to those whose
manifold duties will not permit of
their f -(lowing closely the vagaries
of modern slang, and whose vo
oabulary is oonfioed solely to tbe
English language "Skidoo, 23 '
was fir^t used b> George M. Cohan,
tbe Yankee Doodle comedian, ir
his successful musical corned)
"Little Johnny Jones " "Skidco
is said to be a oontraotion of tbe
old time "skedaddle," and means
exaotly the same thing "23" con
veys about tbe s.> me bint as tbe
ohestnnt bell, and the means that
you are rung eff and someone else
is osing tbe wire. Its origin is
shrowded in mystery, and while
many explanations have been offer
ed, no one really knows.
Most disfiguring skin eruptions,
scrofula, pimples, rasherf, eto, are
dne to impure blood Burdock
Blood Bitters is a oleansing blood
tonio M ?kas you clear-eyed, olear
brained, olear skinned
Remember, Good People, That
Wednesday, Thursday ^ Frida
Go, if for nothing else, to see
the Big Crowds of People.
A. W. VORHES, Pres.
C. H. CHURCH, Sec'y
From Mall Older Firms.
Merchants in many oities com
plain that the large mail order
louses are getting trade whioh pro
perly belongs to the looal stores.
Eere in onr town the situation can
aot said to be Blarming, although
-ven here there are many who regu
1 irly pereue the alluring catalogues
and oooaeionally send orders to
Chicago in the belief that they are
getting a ' bargain." Tae mail
order houses, of oonrse depend for
the most part on country trade
They send to the farmers and tesi
dents of small towns hundreds of
tfcoi'ands of catalogues They
aive.tise extensively in weekly
papers that reaoh the rural dis
To buy goods from a mail order
house in Chioago cr a far away city
is generally speaking, a foolish and
short-sighted polioy. In the first
ulace, it is doubtful if any real
-bargain" is ever s cured. The
mail order house must make its
profit, and like the looal merchants,
it has its expenses to meet. Tnat
its margin of profit is tremendously
iarge is shown by the enormous
wealth which these houses have
rapidly accumulated A man who
a few years ago was a poor tele
graph operator and built up a busi
ness whioh has just been oapitaliz
ttd at $10,000 The meaning of
this is that, if the looal merchant
is undersold, the goods sent out
by |the mail order house a e of a
vastly iDf riffr quality.
So long as a looal merohant deals
f 4irly and is able to supply what
the ouBtcmers want be ought to be
p-itionized. The oity of Poin'
Pleasant, like every other city,
owes its progress largely to the
enterprise of the looal merchants
T-jey generally are active in every
movement designed to promote
he welfare of ths city, and they
a-e 11 ??ys among the moBt liberal
contributors to every publio cause
The rural residents of Mason ooun
ty. almost as muoh as those who
live in the oity. are interested in
the upbuilding of Point Pleasant
The farmer has a vital interest in
tiis neaiby oity, and when he trades
with Point Pleasant merohant be
is indirectly promoting bis own
But aside from any question of
loyalty to the looal merchant, trad
ing with the mail order house is
unwise because it is usually un
profitable. As a rule the looal
merohant is able to duplioate every
thing sold by the mail order house,
at the same prioe, and the quality
is quite certain to be better. In
vestigation and comparison no
doubt will oonvinoe the average
man that ordering clothes and
giooeries by mail from Chicago if
a loosing proposition.
Enhols' Concentrated iron and
Alum Water at Van Gilder's. Call
and get a ciroular if interested
Seems to be a good thing.
Pertaining to the Recent Convention
at Indianapolis of the
National Editorial Association,
And Our Trip Through Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan and the
Dominion of Canada.
I Article No. 4.J
[Concluding I,etter.J
In the evening we started down
the St. Lawrenoe on the beautiful
and large steamer Montreal of the
R & O Navigation Co. This trip
down is cne of the most beautiful
sights in the world. Either bank
of the river being settled so thiok
ly that it has the appaaranoe of an
endless string of villages ail the
way to Montreal. This is beoanBe
wben the country was being set
tled the government wanted those
who settled it to hbve plenty of
water and so the land is laid out in
long narrow strips running from
the river baok for a long distanoe
to the foot of hills The homes are
always o'ose to the sloping bank of
tbe river, thus giving the oountry
the appearance of a ocutinoua vill
We reached Montreal early next
morning and were soon scattered
about tbe city looking at the vari
ons attractions there Montreal is
t>ie Paris of Canada. It regulates
the fashions for the young ladies;
the speed of the young men and
the religion for tbe Godly. It
abounds in all that is interesting for
a tourist and the kaleidsoopio
changes in attractive points are
suoh as to oause interest in tbe
oity never to lag.
Oar party was splendidly enter
tained in Montreal. We bad not
a minute to spare, as one entertain
ment oommittee after another had
us us in tow and as soon as break
fast was over the entire party, aB
guests of the oity, were driven in
carriages through the place, then
up to Mountain Park, where one
oould take in at a glance the mag
nificence of the oity's situation.
Descending the mountain into
Pine avenue; the Royal Victoria
Hospital was seen, then the oar
riages passed MoOill University,
next Montreal College. From this
oollege priests have gone forth in
to almost every diooese of the
United States.
One of oldest historical land
marks is the Chateau de Ramezay
associated with events of great im
portance in Canadian history. It
was built in 1705 by Claude de
Ramezay, governor of Montreal.
It is now a museum.
Opposite the ohateau is the oity
well. Farther west is the Court
Bouse. On the north side of the
Oonrt House is a large open spaoe
called Champ de Mars, still used
as a military parade ground
Tbe next morning trolley oars
under the anspioes of the Montreal
Press Clab, were lined up in front
of Place Viger and the entire par
ty was taken by the olub for a de
lightful trolly ride over the lower
part of the oity. Ia the afternoon
a visit was made to Notre Dame
and the Gray Nunnery in Dor
oheeter street. Montreal ia famous
for its ohurohes, there being 19
Episcopalian, 13 Roman Catholic*,
besides many denominational ones.
Here we met the gallant Col.
Qeo. Ham, General Advertising
agent of the Canadian Paoifio Ry
"Col. Bum is one of the most versa
tile accomplished entertainers we
have ever met. Always in a oon
apiouous position where the merri
ment raged the fiercest he was a
grand figure. The olinking of
glasses, the gurgle of wine or per
petration of joke found him in "de
tiokest o' de fry," with no thought
but to excel and no ambition save
that none euoaped without their
portion. He , was Alpha and
Omega of Montreal's large list of
olever and interesting entertainer?
and left an impression on some
that time cannot tffaoe and others
tbat it took at least two days to
The Col. oompares with men as
dies the niRgnifioent railroad he so
well represents, oompares with
other roads and we make the oom
parison reservedly for he is a very
timid man. The only fault with
Col Ham is that he lives too far
north. We are under great obli
gations to the Canadi in Paoifio for
their kindness to ne. They strive
to entertain and no labor seemed
too arduous for them to undertake
to show us a grand time. The
Canadian Paoifio is the grandest
road in the world and sight seeing
tourist oan get more for their money
on a tour through their western
mountains then oan be had any
where else on earth.
Sunday nigWt the party bade
goodby to the beautiful o:ty of
Montreal, some of the delegates
from the east returning to their
homes. Others boarded the Pnl?
mans and were takea over the
Canadian Pacifio and landed in Ot
tawa, the oapital of the Dominion.
Ottawa is liberally supplied with
publio parks, open squares, eto ,
kept beautifully olean, she can
justly oUim her right to be oalled
"The Washington of the North "
A great deal has been said about
the Canadian houses of parliament,
but to kmw how beautiful and full
of dignity they are, see them in
the early morning, when the first
sunlight turns roof and gable, spire
snd Steeple, into a piotnre of glow
ing beauty One does not know
which to praise most?the perfect
sj mmetry of the building or the
beautiful sight.
Ottawa ia a real Amerioin oity
No tessellated towers or spins
ereoted by superstitious creed;
filled with saored relics, each one
?a imaginary oars for ailment ba
pan fleah ie beir to; no dark robed
somber looking individuals gree"
you on every hand, bat everything
u as it is in oar own land?ever)
Religion is represented from tht
most ailly obristian soientiat to tbe
liberal oatbolio and all are respeot
ad and predjudioe against them it
| Tbe Dominion government'*
soldiers were all ordered ont op
$>ublio drill for oar benefit and s
finer body of men yon ooald soaroe
ly meet with anywhere. Thert
were soldiers there that bad dia
played great bravery in the Ea
gliah Boer war and their perfeot
evolutions drew from onr delegate?
Unstinted applause. Every effor
was made to have oar atay in
Hantifal Ottawa pleasant and their
Ilighest ambitian in that time va?
certainly gratified. While here
we had the pleaaare of meeting
M?j. Morrison, of tbe Canadian
Army. He was in tbe fieroeat
fighting in Uoutb Afrioa and is a
dignified pleaaant gentleman, one
who knows how to entertain yet
not lodded down with effiasiveness
and boast Tbe Mhj' is a type >1
Amerioan and beside bis army re
oord is editor of tbe Citiz n, one
of tbe beat dailies in Canada.
After a short reception in the
oity ball the party was oondooted
to Parliament Hill Fred Cook,
correspondent of the London
Times, a member of the PreaB Club
of Ottawa, guided the editors thro*
tbe senate chamber, tbe library,
the oabin t obamber i nd the house,
where it was their good fortune to
be addressed by one of the mem
bers It being Dominion day. par
liament was not in passion. R-j
aponses were made by several of tbe
prty. Leaving Parliimect Hill,
a walk of several blooks through
the prinoiple streets brought tie
visitors back to the Russell House,
vbenoe a oar ride throngb tbe oity
lock them to the Rcokoliff park, a
mile out of town. Here lunch
was served on a long table spread
in front of the Royal obateau.
Then the party returned to tbe
oity to witness a game of la crosse.
This artiole would be amiss did
we not mention the kindness of
some of the Canadian Paoifij Rail
way cffioials, notably Robert Kerr,
Passenger Traffic Manager, to
whose untiring energy we owed
muoh and O E. Usaher, General
Passenger Agent of tbe eastern di
vision and W .T Dcckrill, travel
ing passenger sgent to whom we
personally owe aeveral entertain
ments and without whom muoh of
tbe pleasure of the trip would have
been missed Never in tbe his
tory of the ? ssooiation have auoh
splendid railroad facilities been
tendered us and tbe oonrtesies
were the principle means of mak
ing tbe trip an exceedingly grand
The gates of every oity were
wide open to us; the tbe bars were
down and the lid was cff. fhe
keys bad been tossed in the sewer
and tbe latob string in the fire.
The doors v?re off their hinges
a d tbe bli d tbkun down. We
were doubly weloome everywhere.
Flowery orators greeted ns and re
minded ds of tbe faot Tbe fat of
tbe land bad been culled and we
were given only the best. We did
with every town as we saw fit. We
went aa we deaired, and everything
we wanted and did not see oame to
ns as if by magio. Our' puree
strings never troubled us for they
seemed to be tied in too bard a
knot to untie in many plaoea we
visaed, for our money was deemed
We would get off our oars, shake
tbe duat of pilgrimage from oar
habiliments, stretoh our legs and
take in the town. We found the
people generons, sympathetic) and
filled with energy, and we took our
time and aaw the sights. Tbe po
lioe never troubled us, and it was
their fault if they did not see us,
but they knew their business.
We ate, drank and were merry.
We smoked npon all the oities.
Oar digestion was improved and
oar averdapois iaoreased. If we
beard atrange noises we were not
alarmed for it was only a skyrocket
of j y fired off in honor if oar
ooming. We were weloomed every
where. Bat tbe good times erd
olose companionship oould not la*t
forever, and the time bad arrived
for our happy party to bid eaob
other a fond good bye and retnrn
to bis home and workshop?some
to the eaat ward, others to the west
ward, some to the northward and
others to the southward, while tbe
editor of the Register turned his
faoe toward tbe timber-wrapped,
ooal lined hilla of his well-beloved
Weat Virginia.
Core* Backache
Do not risk ha
Bright's Disease
or Diabetes
Will cure any case of Kidney or Bladder Disease not
beyond the reach of medicine. No medicine can do more.
Visitors Hjrv? to Bo Swung Ashoro by
Moans of a Jib.
The first glimpse of Great Britain
that the American tourist gets on
his European tour is that of the
Fastnet lighthouse.
It stands on a rugged and solitary
rock, situated nine miles south of
Crook-haven, at the extreme south
west corner of Ireland, and is per
haps more storm beaten than any
other around our coast. The rock
is eighty feet in heignt, and the ,
lighthouse towers another seventy |
feet above, yet in winter gales the I
Atlantic billows literally bombard
the -massive- structure a?d?heve
even smashed in a portion of the
lantern at the summit of the erec
tion, the seas frequently sweeping
ovt-r the rock with tremendous force.
Some dozen or so years ago the
stormy weather then prevailing pre
vented all communication with the
rock for many weeks, so that the
si ore of food was consumed, with
I lie exception of some flour. At last
a schooner managed to approach
stilliciently near to enable a small
quantity of food to be dragged
through the sea by the hungry men,
and fortunately the next day the sea
moderated, and the stores were once
more fully replenished.
Except in very calm weather the !
Fastnet is sarrounded by a fringe
of foam, and the only means of land
ing is by the aid of a "jib" fifty
eight feet in length, so placed on
the rock that in moderate weather
ifs end reaches outside the -surf.
When a visitor wishes to land (an
unusual occurrence) he is rowed in a
small boat as near as the waves per
mit, and the light keepers throw
out a small buoy attached to a rope,
which is scgured by the man in the I
boat. The jib is then swung out, I
and the visitor, placing one foot ia
the loop and catching a tight hold I
of the rope, is hoisted about fortv j
feet vertically, and then the j'.b, br
ing pivoted at jts foot, swings him
horizontally about 100 feet on to a !
6afe landing.?London Telegraph.
Tho Bill Was Paid.
McRad and his wife were going
over their business ledger one even
ing, contemplating the overdue ac
counts which its pages revealed and
reluctantly acknowledging that
manv of them would have to be writ
ten off as bad.
"What'll ye dae aboot this ane?" |
said McRad mournfully. "Here's
twa pund aucht sliillin's for a coat
and vest been owin' by Elder Doolit
tle Bince Martinmas last. I'm fear
in' we'll no get the money."
"Weel, I'm no sae sure," replied
his wife. "Leave me to try onyhoo."
Accordingly the next Sabbath
morning when the collection was
taken up Mrs. McRad dropped the
elder's "little bill," neatly folded up,
into the plate, and before the week
was over the amount was paid.
"Kirsty, woman," said McRad
joyfully, "marriage may be q lot- !
tery, but I'm thinkin' I've drawn a
prize."?Pearson's Weekly.
No Rsmsdy to Fit ths Cat*.
"J Will never forget my first expe-1
rience in hospital work," said a hos
pital surgeon. "There was a green
nurse in the detention ward, and we
had a very violent case in there?a
man in the worst stage of delirium
tremens. I was awakened in the
middle of the night by the head
nurse, who requested me to come at
once to the patient. When I got
there I found him raving and very
violent, with the new nurse scared |
out of her wits. I said:
" 'Why did you let him go so far ? I
I left you some medicine to give him
as soon as he got delirious.'
" 'Yes, doctor,' she replied, 'but
ou told me to give that to him if
,ie saw any more snakes, and this
time he was seeing blue dogs with
pink tails.' "?San Francisco Chron
icle. '
Couldn't 8mall Anything Wrong.
James Whitcomb Riley, in com-|
pany with the gentleman who used]
to manage his lecture tours, was |
once examining a hall in a town in I
Ohio where it was proposed Mr.)
Riley should give a reading. The
two "men had as their guide a colored
janitor who was quite talkative. Mr.
Riley observed that the janitor made
use of long words of whose meaning
he was ignorant. So the poet de
termined to have a little fun with
him. All at once Mr. Biley began
to sniff the atmosphere critically,
"It seems to me, Jim," he said
sternly, "that the acoustics in this
place are pretty bad."
"Why, doss," said the janitor re
proachfully, "yo* shore must be
mistaken. I don't smell anything."
?Success Magazine.
Original Alarm Clocks. ~
Mr. Rockhill in his "Diary of a
Journey Through Mongolia and
Tibet" mentions a curiously ingen
ious device employed by Mongolian
letter carriers.
These carriers make very long
journeys on foot and within a time
which allows them only the briefest
intervals for an occasional nap. Tt
insure themselves against oversleep
ing, therefore, they tie a piece of
joss stick to one of their thumbs,
light it and lie down to rest. When
the stick barns down to the flesh
the pain awakens them, and they
resume their journey. _j
Thay Associate Spectral Hounds With
Mountain Storms.
One of the many curious supersti
tions of the Welsh peasantry is that
of Cron Annwn, or "the spirit
hounds of the air." NY hen a storm
rages over the mountains of Wales
the peasant will tell you that his
car can discern ths howl of the Cron
Annwn mingled with that of the
wind, but sufficiently clear and dis
tinct to admit of no mistake of what
it is.
These "spirit hounds," he tells
you, are the spectral dogs which
hunt the souls of the dead, or which
"foretell hy "their expectffBT" cry the
approaching death of some person
of evil deeds. Few of those who pre
tend that they can so readily dis
tinguish the cry of the soul hunting
pack arc willing to admit that they
have ever actually seen a Cron
Annwn, "for," they say, "who would
linger until such specters dawned
upon the sight?" They are describ
ed by Faliesin and also in the "Ma
binogion," where it is said they are
of a clear, shining white, with red
ears. The above seems to be the uni
versal description, and on that ac
count the author of "Mythology of
the Ancient Druids" gives it as his
opinion ths.t they are really "mys
tical transformations of Druidiih
priests, with their white robes and
red tiaras."
In the popular superstitions of
Ireland, where a similar belief in
spectral hounds exists, they are said
to be "jet black, with eyes and teeth
of fire." Old Con McMichacl, who
murdered twenty persons in the ear
ly part of the fifteenth century and
who jjpt rid of his victims by burn
ing their todies, is said to have been
eaten by spectral dogs "that could
be seen high in the air awfully rend
ing and tearing his flesh." One of
the peculiarities ol the Cron Annwn
is that the farther away they are the
louder their cries appear, the sound
decreasing as they draw near.
On tha Invention of Whisky.
The name of the man who first
staggered humanity by the inven
tion of whisky is lost in the mists
of the middle ages, and all the in
genuity of counsel now employed
in trying to find out what whisky
is has failed to disclose his identity.
The fiery potion was known in Eng
land in the eleventh century, but in
Scotland not till the fourteenth.
But Scotland made up for lost time.
She gave the bright liquid its allur
ing name, the "water of life," and
made its production a cottage indus
try of noble proportions. When the
execrable exciseman descended upon
the village she carried the still to
the lonely hills. We in these days
are inclined to forget that Qlenlivet,
the home of the smuggler, would
never have achieved its bacchanalian
fame but for absurd Georgian li
censing laws directed against the in
dividual still and not against the
magnitude *f its output.?London
A Curious Laka.
Bridger lake, in northwest Wy
oming, has a queer characteristic
and one which cannot be claimed
for any other body of water in
America. It has this peculiarity:
It discharges its waters into both
the Pacific ocean and the gulf of
Mexico. During the average sea
sons the waters of Bridger lake flow
out through a small river which is
a tributary to the Yellowstone, and
the water thus discharged finally
reaches the gulf by way of the Mis
souri and Mississippi rivers. Dar
ing rainy seasons the level of the
lake becomes so high that the waters
empty through another opening
also. The waters which are discharg
ed through this second chasm flow
into Snake river and thence to the
Pacific ocean through the Colum
A Roomy Hat.
A professor of music had publish
ed a successful composition, and the
revenues and honors were sufficient
to warrant him in wearing a high
silk hat. The elder members of the
professor's family considered the
new adornment with becoming
pride, while the younger ones view
ed it with awe.
The professor one evening was en
tertaining a number of guests with
a harrowing tale. "My serves were
unstrung," he narrated. "It was
midnight when I reached the bank
building, and just as I had passed
the entrance a black object elided
softly across my path and made ev
ery one of my hairs stand on end."
Little George contemplated his
father's long locks for a few seo
onds and then interrupted the cur
dling experience.
"Say, papa," he declared inno
cently, "you must have had on your
high hat that night."
A Conscientious Tonant.
"Wanted, cockroaches in large
numbers," is unknown as an adver
tisement in American papers, but
it is said to be not unfamiliar in
England. Its mysterious meaning
was made evident in an advertise
ment in a Wimbledon paper:
"Wanted, 10,000 cockroaches by
a tenant who agreed to leave his
present residence in the same condi
tion as it was when he took it."
The tenant was a stickler for the
? I
How Or. Watlao* Cam* t* Formulate
Hi? Theory.
Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace in his
autobiography tells bow daring bis
long sojourn in Borneo and the Ma
lay peninsula he formulated inde
pendently of Darwin bis theory of
evolution: "I was suffering from a
I sharp attack of intermittent fever
and every day during the cold and
hot fits had to lie down for several
hours, during which time I tad
nothing to do but to think over any
subjects then particularly interest
ing me. One day something brought
to my recollection Malthna* 'Princi
ples of Population,' which I had
read about twelve yean before. I
thought of,his clear exposition of
'the positive checks to increase'
disease, accidents, war and famine?
which keep down the population of
savage races to so much lower ,n
average than that of more civilised
pe(5ples. '
| "It then occurred to me that
these causes or their equivalents are
continually acting in the case of ani
mals also, and, as animal* usually
breed much more rapidly th?n does'
mankind, the destruction every year
from these causes must be enor
mous, as otherwise the world would
long ago have been densely crowded
with those that breed most quickly.
agwely thinking over the enormous
and constant destruction which
implied, it occurred to me to ask
the question, Why do some die
some live?
"And the answer was clearly that
on the whole the best fitted live.
Ihen it suddenly flashed upon me
that the self anting process would
necessarily improve the race, be
cause in every generation the in
ferior would inevitably be HIM off
and the superior would rem&in??
that is, the fittest would survive."
A Choic* of Evils.
A young Scotchman fresh from
liis native land hsd "hired out" to
a western farmer as a harvest Jiand.
He was strong, industrious and full
of enthusiasm, but the mosquitoes
were a revelation to him. In all his
experience he had never encounter
ed anything so fierce, bloodthirsty
and persistent, and they made hie
life miserable.
"They won't bother you, Sandy,"
said one of his fellow laborers, "if
you smoke a pipe when they're
round you."
Sandy had never "smolrit," but he
procured a pipe and some tobacco
and proceeded to follow the advice.
1' or a few moments he smoked
with much seal and earnestness.
Then he became very pale. He lfH
the pipe down and placed the tobac
co T>y its side.
"'Tis varra cude tae keep the
mosquitoes away , nae doot," he said,
with a long, quivering breath, "but
I prefair the mosquitoes 1"
lt? Uh u ? Charm Again* M?d ' irihff
and Evil Spirits.
In Morocco iron is considered a
great protection against demons, "
who sre the lineal representatirea,
after all, of the hostile spirits;
hence it is usual to place a knife or
dagger under a sick man's pillow,
his illness-being, of course, attribut
ed to demoniacal possession. In In
dia the mourner who performs the
necessary but somewhat dangerous
duty of putting fire into the dead
man s mouth carries a key or a
knife in his hand to keep off the
evil spirits. In short, a bit of iron is
a very useful thing to have about
you at any time if you desire to es
cape the unfavorable attenton of the
f hosts, the trolls, the fairies and
emonsgenerally. Thisis good reason
for buying a pocketknife. It is also
a reason for nailing up a horseshoe.
"But why a horseshoe in particn
you esk, "more than any other
odd piece of iron?" WeH, primarily
the good luck depends more upon
the iron as iron than on the special
shape or function of the horseshoe
ss a horseshoe.
But there are also many reasons
why the superstition should happen
to fix itself more particularly upon
horseshoes. We must remember that
in Europe at least it is the
the horses and the domestic beasts
in general that are specially
to the hostile attacks of "the littlo
people." Therefore the elves a*?d
trolls are most likely to be dreaded
on farms or in the country, wheM
horses Mid cattle most do congre
gate. Aow, if.you want to nail up
a hit of iron as a protection against
the fiery darts of the evil ones on
your stables or cow bouses, which is
the place where one oftenest sees
them, nothing is more likely to Trr
handy to your purpose than a ~ft
horseshoe. Besides it has obvious
congruity for the place and object,
snd it can readily be picked up in
the road almost anywheru& Fur
thermore, it is provided beforehand
with convenient holes, by means of
which you can readily bang
either over your own house door or
over your sheds and stables. These
various advantages of rhsspnnss
ease and readiness for would
have given the horseshoe a lair start
in life, it is believed, as ? charm
egainat fairies, trolls and evil spir
its generally, even without any oth
er and more snedal ad-ran

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