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FORTY-SIXTH YEAR. POINT PLEASANT, M VSON COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1907. NO. 12 CONCERNING OPIUM. The Drug Exerts a Varying Effect on Different Races. Comparatively few persons know what opium really Is. When they turn to a dictionary and glean there from that It Is the "Inspissated juice of the somniferous poppy" they are still likely, says Chambers' Journal, to be lu the dark. The process of obtaining It Is to score the pods at fixed intervals dur ing a certain period. The milky liquid which comes out soon turns to a darker buc and thickens and Is then scraped jCT and molded Into cakes, with poppy leaves for an outside covering. It was ascertained from evidence af forded to the Indian opium commission In 189(1 that In some states of India aot a few of the natives took as much as forty to eighty grains of opium iaily and that consumption of forty jralns was common. The article has a varying effect on lifferent races and constitutions, ex alting some and stupefying others. It reduces the average Chinaman to a itate of torpor If he takes It plentiful ly and not Infrequently causes the Malay to run amuck. It has been re corded that the Javanese regularly took It before going to light, so as to work themselves up to a pitch of ex iltement. The Worst Thing In Whisky. Jnllus Hortvet. Minnesota's state rhemist. has recently completed an ex amination of a miscellaneous collec tion of liquors which have been sent In for analysis on the ground that they contained many adulterations more harmful than the alcohol Itself. Mr. Uortvet's report declares that alcohol ts the worst poison in whisky, whether "pure" or "blended." n Member. It Ss an ancient belief that a man'i name has some mysterious sympathy with his nature, whence arise su'-h ?torlea as that of Itumpeistlltsklo. ?whose power over a human being van lahes the moment that his n:!me Is pro Bounced aloud. It has been suggested with tome show of reason that the modern practice of "naming" a refrac tory member of the British house of commons Is merely a survival of this belief, which the Norsemen brought Into England. A Kiss That Drought Death. Courtship in Spain is regulated by the strictest etiquette. As Is well known, a young man Is never left alone with his fiancee. Near Malaga a beautiful young girl of twenty com mitted suicide by drinking a cup of coffee in which pho3pboru9 had been dissolved. It appears that the girl had been driven to the deed by the adverse comments of neighbors who became aware that she bad given her sweet heart a kiss.?London Mail. The Fnuilly Game. Mother (coming into the children's room)?Ros:c. what are you making such a terrible noise over? Look at Hugo. See haw quiet he sits there. Rosie?Yes It's easy for him to sit quiet In the game we are playing. He is papa, who has come home lute, and I am?you.?Wiener Salonwitzolatt The Moon, Astronomers long since cam* to the conclusion that the moon's surface is very hot during the height of the lunar day, which, as will be remembered, lasts two weeks, and tery cold during the lunar night, which Is equally long. These extremes of temperature reach ?their heiilit at the lunar noon and jnidBlgbt and are greater than any inatunl temperatures on the earth Frlendfhlp. Friendship Is a vase which when It 5s flawed by heat or violence or acci dent may as well be broken at once. It never can be trusted afler. The more graceful and ornamental It was die more clearly do we discern the iwpclessueM of restoring it to Its former state. Coarse stones, if they ere fractured, may be cemented again; precious ones, r.ever.?Landor. Treating Wrong Disease. Many times women call on their family physicians, suffering, as they imagine, one from dyspepsia, another from heart disease, another from liver or kidney disease, another from nervous exhaustion or prostration, another with pain here and there, and in this way they all present alike to themselves ami their easy-going and indifferent, or ovi r-husy doctor, sep arate and distinct diseases, for which he, assuming them to he such, prescribes his plils ami potions. In reality, they are all only tymvtmnt caused by some uterlno I disease. The physician, ignorant of the caute of suffering, encourages this prac tice until large bills are made. The suf fering patlenlgetsno better, but probiily worse, by reason of the delay, wrong treatment and consequent complications. A proper medicine like Dr. Pierce's Fa vorite Prescription, directed to the cause would have entirely removed the dlseaso, thereby dispelling all those distressing symptoms, and instituting comfort In stead of prolonged misery. It has been well said, that "a disease known is half cured." I)r. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is a scientific medicine, carefully devised by in experienced and skillful physician, and adapted to woman's delicate system. It Is made of native medicinal roots and Is perfectly harmless In Its effects in any condition of the S]intem. As a powerful invigorating tonic "Fa vorite Prescription " imparts strength to the whole system and to the organs dis tinctly feminine in particular. For over worked. "worn-out." "run-down," debili tated teachers, milliners, dressmakers, seamstresses, "shop girls." house-keepers, nursing mothers, and feeble women gen erally, Dr Pierce's Favorite Prescription is the greatest earthly boou. being un equaled as an appetising cordial and ro storatlve tonic. As a soothing and strengthening nerv ine "Favorite Prescription " Is uneonaled and is Invaluable in allaying and sub duing nervous excitability, irritability, nervous exhaustion, nervous prostration, neuralgia, hystcri . spasms, chorea, St. Vltus's dance, and other distressing, nerv ous symptoms commonly attendant upon functional and organic disei.se of the uterus. It induces refreshing sleep and relieves mental anxiety and despondency. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets invigorate the stomach, liver anl bowels. Ono to three a dose. Easy to take as candy. Muddled Memories. Among the gems of a collection of schoolboy "howlers" are the fol lowing: Charon was a man who fried soles over the sticks. The heart is over the ribs in the midst of the borax. A thermometer is at< instrument for measuring temperance. The snow line stretches from the north pole to the south pole, and where it crosses the Alps and the Himalayas it is many thousand feet high in the air. "Honi soit qui ninl y pense" ("Let hini be honored who thinks evil"). A is a sort of naval officer usually found in China and Japan. Contralto is u low sort of music which only ladies sing. ? Kansas Citv Jourr-1 Ma tun] Df*fro?t. "A renins." said the young man with Ion? hair and eyeglasses, "usually n> gards the world as a halUy muU." "Yes." answered Miss Cayenne, "and the world ir--tally regards a genius as e hor^p that ii= trying to run away." WW Your Trade For Ice Cream, Confec tionaries. Lunches served at all hours. MRS. J. B. ft ASK IN, North Point Pleasant. Sep II i AOT1UE TO TRESPASSERS. | All persons are linreb; notified not. not to tie-pass on my farm in any manner, or they shall suffer the full penalty ot the law. \V. .1. KEISTER. Sept. 11, tf pd ft BUSINESS PRQFiiriON -FOE BUSINESS MEN ?who Looking for Mire Busks Sell the "HAND-OVER" shoe for men and wo men, which is correct in every way as to style, leather and manufacture. Sell the "WATSONTOVVN" shoe, for lumber men, of which we have fif'een different kinds to retail from $3.00 to'$7.00. The demand for these and our other well-known brands clearly demonstrate their popularity. Our large and complete stock enables, us to make prompt shipment, and our location insures cheap freight rates and quick delivery. PAYNE SHOE CO., Charleston, W. Va 905-907 Virginia St. Eighteen Years in Business. BOraSEEIS FAX Writes Himself Up For the Uni versal Biography of Americans. READS IT TO THE DRUGGIST. "rtiat Individual Put* a Decided Crimp In Hi* Customer's Ambitious Design. Shock Was More Than He Could Stand. [Copyright, 1907, by E. C. TajceUs.] Instead of sitting down to his cigar and newspaper after dinner the other evening Mr. Bowser entered the libra ry and closed the door, and It was a quarter c-f an hour before Mrs. Bowser awoke to the fact that there was some thing mysterious going on. Then it oc curred to her that Mr. Bowser had seemed uneasy and nervous and had little to say. She gave him Ave min utes more and then rapped on the door and said: "You didn't tell me that you hud writing to do. la it something spe cial r \ ery special, my dear," he answer ed. "I may be writing here until day light. You can go to bed whenever you get ready." "But what is it that you are going to write about until daylight? Don't you have time to write your business let ters at the office? If it's anything out side of business perhaps I can help you." Mr. Bowser looked at her longingly, but doubtfully, and finally replied: "Give me fifteen minutes more, and perhaps I will consult with you." It was nearly half an hour before ho appeared In the sitting room with three "HE HAS MXT rrAD DOGS AND EARTH QUAKES." or lour pases of manuscript in his hand and a troubled look upon his lit erary brow. lie read a part of a page and then looked at the cat; then he read the other part and looked at Mrs. Bowser and finally said: "X know how it will come out If I ask your advice and assistance, but I always rnaka a fool of myself in such things. You've got an idea that I don't know enough to come in when It rains." Told Hir.i Ho Was Clever. "On the contrary," replied Mrs. Bow ser, "I think you are a very clever unuj. i'letLM explain Just what It is tbis evening." "Well, au agent for the 'Universal Biography of l-'amous Americans' was In the oHiee this afternoon. He camo in on other business, not knowing whose office It was, but when he heard me spoken to as Bowser he couldn't sit still. He said he had been reading and hearing about me for the last ten years and that I must have at least two pages in the book. I am to have the [xiges next to President Roose [ velt." "Well?" "I am to write whatever I want to. and he will publish it word for word. It is n work such as has never been undertaken In the history of America before. There will be a thousand fa mous men, and no scrubs can get Into it at any price. Whatever is said about me will be rend by future generations for a thousand j r>ars to come." "And what is it to cost you?" "Only ?20;J. iJome men have paid more than that to be mentioned in a family almaniv nlong with Captalu ICldd. You know I have no vanity about me, Mrs. Bowser, but if future | generations want to read of me I ought to be. willing to accommodate them. Dr-i't you think so?' "Yes. What have you written?" What Ho Wrote. "Not a great deal. I have been trying to start the thin,; off, you see. I will read what I have written, nnd for heaven's sake don't get sarcastic and sneer at It. Tell me what you think of it, but don't Jr,::ip on me with both feet, us you usually do. Now listen: " 'Samuel W< rthington Bowser was born in Chelsea. Mass., In 184S. Ills ~ ?* ->?> Wifist. Like the *>??-- i ' ?? ?- .1ta, Mr, Bow ser went bnrefroted until he was thir teen years old. From his infancy it was seen that In was cute, sharp and a hustler. It was predicted on all sides that he would be r. great man.'" "How Is that?" nsked Mr. Bowser when he bnd rend hat far. "Very good." replied Mrs. Bowser, with a nod. "I haven't n word of fault to find with that. Go on." " 'Mr. Bowser wnlked twelve miles through snowdrifts five feet high to get li!s education, and It was only a year before he knew more than his teacher, l'e realized that the college and the f ate prison are closely connected, and m he did not attend either. He slm I !y skirmished around and got a gen c al education, and when he had reacb c! the age of twenty no man In Amer I i could sell him a patent washing ma i :.ine.'" "I don't think you have overdrawn ic." said Mrs. Bowser as he stopped to 1 >k at her. "What else?" " 'In his eventful life Mr. Bowser has o - ned groceries. "'He has brought out five different pa tents. " 'He Is the only man that ever beat ?? iras company. " 'He has met mad dogs and earth <:'? ikes. " 'He has been engaged in scientific d: coverles. Had Made Discoverlet. " jbe_flrgt to dl^nn^j^ a man pot his ear to a hole In the ground at night he could hear the'grat ing Bound of the world turning on 1U axis. " 'He made It first known that a rab bit's hind legs were the longest, so that he could run backward when tired of going ahead. " 'It took Mr. Bowser five years to discover that cockroaches devoured mi crobes by the thousand. "'It was through his indefalgable efforts that the world came to|know why nature made the cucumber ins we find It. " 'During the past ten years Mr. Bow ser has been offered various political nominations, but has always declined. When tlie presidency Is offered him, however, which Is sure to come about, he may break over his rule. " "He Is not a man of one Idea, as was Pliny, Cicero and Caesar, but has dealt In hogs, chickens, cows, or phans, tramps, fire escapes, burglar alarms, spring tonics, hair dyes, busted water pipes, gas saving arrangements ind many other things.' " "That's as far us I have gone," said -'ir. Bowser as he sat down. I'Xt ijoh't uako more than half a page, biuit" I' :ico get a start the rest will come j long. What criticisms have you to make?" Mrs. Bowser had made up her mind right at the start what to do. and not the shadow of a smile had been seen on her face during the reading. When appealed to for her opinion she said: "It would look almost like presump tion on my part to criticise. I wish you would go over to the druggist You know him to be somewhat literary, and he will surely tell you Just What he thinks." "He can think only one way unless be Is jealous of me." "But I'd drop In and see him any how." Would Ask the Druggist* "Well, I guess I will. He isn't gen erally busy at tills hour of the evening. I'll ask him to Just run over what I've written and tell me what he thinks." Mrs. Bowser was sorry to see him go, and yet she had read in the paper that the 'Universal' was a swindle, and she felt that he needed heroic treat ment. At tho end of half an hour she heard a fussing at the front door, and, thinking some child was trying to ring the bell, she went down the hall and opened It There was Mr. Bowser, with a man supporting him by either arm, and one of them queried: "This is where he lives, isn't it?' "Yes. What on earth has happened?" "He got a shock down hi the drug Rtore, ma'am." Mr. Bowser was assisted down the hall Into the sitting room and laid on the lounge. In his hand he held the manuscript After the men had been thanked and departed Mrs. Bowser took the sheets and found an extra one, and on It the druggist had writ ten: "Notice to the Public.?The bearer of this is not dangerous, and children can stroke him without fear. He Is simply an easy mark." "Poor Bowser!" she whispered as she looked from the cruel words on the paper to the man who lay on the lounge with closed eyes and a hostess expression on his face. M. QUAD. Taking Him at His Word. The Dealer?What's that you say? That stamp dear at ?5? My good sir. It's positively worth its weight in gold. There are only two more like It In my shop. non. Percy Green ?Haw, wealij! Worth Its weight in gold? Let me have the three. Ttie Similarity. "He rides like a whirlwind on horse back." "That so?" "Yep. I saw him out the other day, and ho was going round and round In the same place."?Des Moines Register. A New Mark. "Do you really believe that lightning never strikes twice In the same place?" "Of course. After a place is rebuilt It Isn't exactly tho same place, you know.f?Pittsburg Post A Story of Whewell. Sydney Smith said of tho great Dr. Whewell, master of Trinity college, that "science wa3 his forte and om niscience his foible." On one occa sion two fellows of the college, think ing to get beyond his range, read up the subject of Chinese metaphysics and then disputed about It in the doctor's presence. He listened in silence for a time and then observed, "Ah, I see you have been reading a paper which I wrote for an encyclopedia of scl enca" A Mean Advantage, "You say he accused you of being untruthful?" "That s what happened," answered rinte Pete, with much embarrassment "And lives to tell the tale?" "Well, you see he used long words in such a roundabout way that he was out o town before I had figgered out exactly what he meant"?Washington Star. Tho Trouble. Jones?I understand there is trouble between Mrs. Poet and her husband. Smith ? Yes. He couldn't sell his poems, and she c?Mldn't eat them, so Bbe left him. The man who gambles Is a deluded fool, but the uif.n who gambles when he continues to leee is a colossal fool.? BwiJ! BntpWn, , Down Grade In the Army. Uncle Sam's military establishment has come in for a good deal of home criticism of late. Foreigners profess to admire It, bnt perhaps their good opinions are Insincere. The worse our army is the better for another arm? that might go up against it The Ar my and Navy Journal recently can vassed the subject and argued that the current Dotlon nbout low pay for officers and men being at the bottom of the deterioration which Is alleged Is wrong. It also declares that the no, tlon that West Toint ideas are harm ful to the rank and file is without foundation. About half of the com pany officers, this paper asserts, are promotions from the ranks or outsiders who have never been to West Point. Commenting upon this line of thought, the New York Tribune thinks that, while the army pay is fair, yet it should be Increased. But the trouble lies in the "undemocratic constitution and methods" of the establishment, ac cording to this paper. It Rays, "If the public could be convinced that there were as free a career open In the army to talent and application as there is In Industrial and commercial pursuits there would be uo avoidance of service by youths of ambition and energy." Now, the Army and Navy Journal, which champions the military 8lJe. boldly asserts that democracy Is at the base of the evils which are being criti cised. The "81111)111011 to get some thing by fair means or foul" Invades the ranks of the officers as well as of the enlisted men. While the enlisted man seeks "to get out of doing things that become a soldier" the officer goes one better and depends upon a "pul!" to escape being disciplined. One rad ical trouble, says the Journal, Is that the army Is full of boys. It would place the age minimum at twenty-five years Instead of eighteen, as at pres ent. It Is a mat^r of official admission that the recruits who offer themselves today are Inferior to those of a few years past. Perhaps the Tribune's ex planation that an army career Is a nar row one is correct. For a hustllug young Ameir-an to Bhclve himself in an army garrison Is to cause wonder among Ills fellow men. ^Chances for promotion to the lower grade'commis sions is less than one in a hundred and for high command not one in ten thousaud. As for adventure in time of peace, there is more of that in running a cross country trolley car than In wearing the uniform of Uncle Sam. The Two Cent Iittte III Practice. It is probably fortunate that there is a difference in opinion as to the advis ability of making a flat two cent rate of fare 011 all the passenger railroads of the country. Local conditions vary widely, according to density of popula tion, closeness of competition In the territory and other factors In opera tion. A rate which Is profitable and even increases business by Its cheap ness In a populous region may be un fair and unbusinesslike In a district less favored. It Is being argued that the two cent rate long In existence 011 the New York Central road has built up thriving cities along the line. Bnt this road al ways had a very profitable carrying business between the lakes and sea board to even up its low passenger rates. What Is wanted Is a rate to en able the operating companies to live and Increase their facilities for serving I the public. Kate regulation should be dealt with after due Investigation of the needs and conditions in any par ticular stretch of country involved. The Germans, who believe in thor oughness, are about to put in opera tion in Berlin a rule that no man shall !>e permitted to drive on the streets of ;hat city without he has first demon strated his fitness to do so. It Is doubt ful whether the innovation will result in any very marked diminution of ac cidents. Observation teaches that It is lot Incompetent drivers who are re sponsible for the mischief done in big ?itles. Usually carelessness Is at the bottom of the trouble, and the man who knows how to drive is more apt to be negligent when handling the reins than the fellow who Is new at the business. It Is stated that Great Britain will send a fleet of five warships to Esqui mau early next spring. It is not known whether they will remain on the coast for a long period, but they probably will. The British, too, have Just dis covered that the Pacific is a big ocean and that things may be doing on It some day. Doctors who plead guilty to Pro fessor Osier's charge that they smoke too much may allege that they com pound fur their own Indulgence by for bidding it In their patients. ?? "China lias more money than she knows what to do with," says an ex change. But there Is hope for her yet The steel trust Is going there. Some modern light flctlOQ may be had cheap Iti current stories about our war with Japan. "Another dash for the pole" probably means another relief expedition next summer. What We Really Need. Each of us In our own smail organ ism pos.-.esses a germ or whatever you like tj call it which, properly develop "d. should eventually lead u? to tlie realization of all onr nmbitions. All ibi't is wanted aie eiiert-y r.ud concen tration.?London I-A dies' Field. Plenty of Practice. "I met your friend Dubley today." "Yes':" I haven't seen lilui for a lona time. I suppose Le stutters as badly as ever':" "Gli, 110! II"'" ruitc an cde;ii at It .7." i 1. ~ .ft-'ji 1'iesj. . - " I Government and Waterways. A variety of causes, national and commercial, liave united to fasten pub lic attention upon the need of some broad and systematic development of the Inland waterways of the country for transportation. Government own ership of railroads seems to l>e a long way off In the future, but the govern ment ownership and control of water I ways is a present and permanent fact, j Perhaps if private initiative had had . full sway In the past upon all our riv ers and canals the same as on the rail roads the present relation of the two means of communication would have been reversed. If the.audaclty, initia tive and organizing genius that have been devoted to railroads had been turned upon the development of in land water transportation the wealth of the country might havtf been greater than it Is and its distribution more even. Much of the heavy freight traffic of Germany is bandied by canals and "canalized rivers." A considerable rol ume of this clnSB of business In tills country might lie so carried, and the present congestion 011 the railroads Is an argument that It should bo so car ried. Refore the coming of the rail roads the air was tilled with the cry for canals, and the promotion of in ternal Improvements, which included water transportation, was a fixed arti cle in the creed of Intelligent public men. When the railroads got to work the demand for waterways was side tracked. The roads got tln-re first, and si>eed was then the question of the hour. Some minds have foreseen the pres ent situation. The lute Senator Mor gan predicted a ship canal from Chi cago to the Mississippi and a deep channel down that river to the gulf. He dreamed of a ship canal across Florida to shorten the trip between Atlantic and gulf ports and also a se ries of canals to connect lakes and bays lying along the Atlantic coast nud provide an Inland water route from North Carolina to Maine. The spirit of public enterprise will 110 doubt l>e able to make tills dream a realiza tion without waiting for private Initia tive and capital to blaze the way. They lire matters for public action. The public controls the watersheds, which are the life of the rivers and the ca nals. Our Inland waterways, both the natural and tlio artificial, can be made to play a most Important part in the future prosperity of the land. We liave tried the railroads under private management, and we know about what to expect of our waterways. Their thorough development as public Insti tutions can but prove beneficial. Per hups the turbine engine or something better will give an approach to rail road sjieed for passenger boats, but the main utility of deep waterways will be to handle ore, grain, coal and bulky and heavy manufactures. If the country continues to enjoy the remarkable prosperity that has blessed It for n decade It Is extremely proba ble that the people will not only ac quiesce In large expenditures of public money 011 Internal improvements, but will put such pressure upon congress that It cannot resist making such ap propriations. I.Ike some American commonwealths, France Is agitated by the question of the abolition of the death penalty, in flicted in that country by means of the guillotine. Premier Clemenceau is op posed to the execution of criminals, and President Fallieres will not sign a death warrant if he can find any justification for refusing to do so. The Immediate case attracting the atten tion of our sister republic is that of a man found guilty of an especially atro cious murder. Ills sentence has been commuted to life Imprisonment, and it Is probable that the historic instru ment of punishment will be allowed to fall Into disuse. Annie Besant promiges that In his next Incarnation Mr. Rockefeller will have none of his bad qualities and that all of his good ones will lie empha sized. This means that Mr. Rockefel ler will be so good that he will have given away all he has. In which ca?e nobody will know or care whether there Is a Mr. Rockefeller or not. Panon B ownlow and tha Democrat* One of the famous retorts in history occurred when Parson Brownlow was war governor of Tennessee. On one of his Journeys he attended service at a small Methodist church In the upper part of the state. The parson was a devout Methodist and seldom allowed his political rancor to Interfere with the charity of bis religious faith. Ot> this occasion, 1-elng a visiting clergy man, he was placed In the "amen cor ner" near the pulpit The local min ister was as ardently Democratic in his views as Governor Brownlow was Republican. In the prayer which fol lowed the lengthy sermon the minister began to call on the Lord for grace for his favorites. "God bless Felix Grundy,"' he began. Parson Brownlow moved uneasily In his seat, but re sponded with a conscientious "Amen." "God bless Robert E. Lee," concluded the preacher. A fainter "Amen" from Parson Brownlow. "God bless the whole Democratic party." cried the preacher, waxing In fervor as he pro gressed. This was too much for the governor. With a bound be was od his feet, shouting: "God forbid! It would bankrupt dl vine grace and exhaust the whole plan of salvation!" "1 can't tell yon," said the expe rienced suburbanite in reply to the question of his new neighbor, when the next train goes, but I can tell you what your chances of catch ing it are." "What are they?" inquired the new neighbor eagerly. "Well, if you run w hard as you can," said the experienced resident, "you hare fifteen minutes to wait! Mid if you merelr walk you'll find the train ju?t pulling out" THE PRIME MINISTER. He la the Real Ruler of the Great Brit ish Empire. The real ruler of the British em pire is not the titular sovereign nor the hereditary nobility, ft- is the leader of the political majority, who derives his power solely from the di rect vote of the people. The prime minister of England is subordinate neither to the king nor the house of peers. Every man who shares with him in the work of the gov ernment is his subordinate. Following a general election the sovereign sends for a member of the majority party and instructs him to form a government. This is one o( those fictions of the constitutional authority of the sovereign to which the English people cling as to the heritage of tradition. The sum mons is delivered, but it is merely a form. The party leader is such not by the grace of the sovereign, but bv the choice of the majority; not by election, but because he has the qualities of leadership. The leader, having received the lovereign's instructions to form a government, becomes by that man date the autocrat of the empire. His power is absolute. Like the president, he may appoint whomso ever he pleases a member of his cab inet, but, unlike the president, ho is not influenced by geographical considerations, nor does be have to submit his nominations to the sen ate. In both countries the mem bers of the cabinet hold officc at the will of the appointing power, but the tenure of oflico is even more precarious in England than it is in the United States. Here a minister may dilTer from the president on a matter of policy and not feel it in cumbent upon him to resign. In England there can be no differences. Either a minister agrees with his chief or he resigns. In England the cabinet is an ex tra legal creation. Nominally it is one of the committees of tho privy council, whoso functions are to ad vise the sovereign, but this is sim ply a survival of mediaevalism. The ? cabinet is under tho solo control of | ihc premier, unhampered by royal j ir other interference. But?anoth er survival?no member of the cab j inet may make public any matter | discussed by the cabinet without the express sanction of the sovereign, nnd when the premier issues a sura , tnons to a cabinet council, which meets at irregular intervals, accord ing to tho exigency of public busi ness, the minister is "requested to attend a meeting of his majesty's servants."?A. Maurice Low in Ap pleton's Magazine. Uncomfortable Korean Hou??. 1 he "kang," the Korean house furnace, renders the atmosphere of the inns where travelers take their rest almost insufferable. It is pic tured as a primitive though ef fective means of heating the houses throughout the kingdom. A small fire of brushwood is lighted in tho small furnace at one side of the house, thence numerous flues under the mud floor conduct the smoke and hot air to an upright chimney or hole in tho wall at the opposite end or side, and a little fire suffices to thoroughly heat a large house. A I traveler says he is not surprised to find coughs and colds common, for an indoor temperature of 70 de grees or 80 degrees and an outdoor one of zero form trying extremes. ?Moreover, the constant warmth seems to keep alive the numerous Hies, fleas, bugs and cockroaches with which most of the house? swarm. Japan's Ancient Civilisation. Arthur M. KnapD in his "Feudal and Modern Japan" points out, as other observing historians have done before him, that the apparent ly miraculous conversion of Japan to modern civilization is not so t (range once it is realized that Ja ''?u? .wcs. already in a high state of civilization at the opening of the present modern era. Some time be iore Amcrica was discovered the Japanese had their banks, clearing house and Europe's supposedly mod ern system of bank cneck3, drafts, letters of credit and notes of hand A thorough rural delirery postal system also was in vogue amon" the Japanese in the days when painted Indians still roamed the shores <.?? New England and the Atlaatio coast. A Wellington Ruse. Once during fh; Iron Duke's cam paign in tie I'y.'.iees it happened thnt < j en era I Tic-Ion's disposition for rot-olv UiU Die assault -f Marshal Boult dis pleased iijai. t ><; danger threatened from In fro-it, hi d the difficulty l,iy in lelayinr the attack until Wellington -?oul! effect the change he wished. Its ra*. as ;:si:al, equal to the occasion. ?Vavlng his hat In the air, he galloped to the front of the regiment as If he meant to onler a charge. The whole of I'lcton's line cheered tremendously, and as Use roar dl.-d away Wellington wns heard to remark half to himself: "Soult Is a cautious commander and Till not nttack In force without a-,rer talulns the meaning of these cheers. That will leave tlm#for the Sixth divi sion to come up. and we (hail beat him." Tills was exactly what happen ed. and Soult sustained a bloody re pulse where be might have won an easy vl.'tojf. - Accounting For It "Mamma," asked little Emerson!* Osgoodson, "who translated the Bi ble r "The accepted venft&tt of It, my Cear," answered her mother, "is tte work of learned Englishmen." "Englishmen! Then that !s whj there la no Epistle to the Bostonlaus!*' -Exchange. DRINK EVIL IN ENGLAND. Rum'j Frightful Ravages In th? Capital of Great Britain. There are not quite 41,000,000 per sons In the United Kingdom, bnt they annually spend for spirituous liquors a sum equal to one and a half timed the national revenue, or to all the rents of all the homes and farms In the country. The public house, the English name for the saloon, with Its: barmaid. Is as much a national Institu tion as the houses of parliament There Is one public house to every 800 In habitants In England and Wales; In Scotland, one to every 000 persons; In Ireland, one to every 271, Whereas In the days of our forefa thers the worst drinking was among the nobility and gentry, today the poor; and working classes are by far the most intemperate. The fact that drink ing Is habitual among the women of this grade as well as the men Is the most serious feature, for when women do go to the dogs the very uttermost depths of degradation are usually, reached before the end comes. At mealtimes throughout the United Kingdom a procession of women with pitchers, buckets or cans may be seen going to some One of the many public houses, never more than a stone's throw from their homes ani often not ro far. As a rule, the omnibus, tbei favorite British mode of local trans portation, has stopping places in front of public houses. From an outsider seat on the bus top, especially In Lon don and other cities, a full view may be had of the Interior of the public house, crowded always and on Satur day nights jammed to the point of suffocation. Old women, young wom en and girls are there. Mothers with Infants In arms and not uncommonly, with other children tugging at their skirts?little ones whose fretful cries are stilled by sips from mother's glass of gin. Workingmen drink just as much as working women. A manufacturer, an employer of hundreds of men, was asked If English manufacturers ever, made any restrictions about drinking when taking on new men. His reply, was, "No, for It would bo Impossible) to carry on business If such condition* were lmj>osed." llo was almost in credulous when told of the strict regu lations In regard to drinking that ob tained. In some of America's largest business establishments. ? Mary Bant kin Cranston In Craftsman. CAUSE AND RESULT. ' Sad Fata of a Workman Who Took an Oecaaional Glass. About half a ccntury ago there lived in a quiet glen In Perthshire, Scotland, Jobn It., a first class mechanic, handy at any kind of work, either in wood or Iron. He was a regular church goer, a great controversialist on knotty points of theology and, on the whole, a; man much respected In the communis ty. The market town was about three or four miles away, and it was a common tiling for him to leave his work aud, from sheer force of habit, even when he had nothing special calling him there, to go to market every Thursday. In his workshop J. R. had a turning lathe, which was driven by water power, and he was known to be an expert at the art of turning. Usually he worked In his factory all alone. One day, getting home from market about mldafternoon, be took off aomo of bis good clothes, but did not ex change all, nor did he tnko off his tlo and collar, but went to his shop, turn ed on the water and started the lathe. The older people who read this will remember when It was all the fashion to wear a black silk tie of exquisite quality with long ends hanging down in front Such a tlo my friend wore on that day. Unfortunately It was common for almost all who went to market to visit the tavorn and partake more or less of liquor. 8o J. R. had done that clay, and, although be was not intoxicated, he had been drinking and was not so clear 1n his head nor so steady on bis feet as he should have been. What was the result? Stooping forward and pressing the turning chisel up against the wood which he was fashioning while It was rapidly revolving In the lathe, the long ends of his silken tie were caught, and some time afterward he was found, the ma chine still going, and he was drawn up close to the revolving wheel and strangled, bis ,eyes starting almost from their sockets.?Home Herald, y The stories which the late Mary 3. Holmes wrote fifty years or ao ago were filled with stereotyped pbraae* which would damn a twentieth cen tury novel, and their motive power was suffering, tears and death, bat ; they were serious, and they live. From Christlanla come* the report that the Norwegians are flooding this country with canned flah balls. Getting even, It seeins, for receiving from na is consuls a lot of canned politicians. < Mansfield's admirers say that be died i martyr to bis art, a much nobler fata (!<an living a martyr to the box offloe, like so many of bis fellow players. It bus been suggested that the Pana da canal diggers need a Conny Island, md lots of New Yorker* would Ilka tl send them theirs "for keeps." The provisional government In Cuba Is prepared to harvest the ?"""?? rev olution crop with neatness and dis patch. Pat Waa Surprised. Two Irishmen got the contract to clean a well. Fat tied a rope aronnd bis middle, and Mike lowered him Into the well. When Pat waa through cleaning, Mike began to hoist him up. but when he was halfway up he called to his companion In the well: "HcnM on a minnit, Pat, till I spit on me hands," and let go of the rope. Naturally Pat descended again a little too' rapidly for comfort When Mike realized his blunder, he ran to the wall and called down: "Pat Pat are ye dead?" And his partner replied: "No, ye brainless spalpeen; Ofm not dead, begorry, but Ol'm spachless w!4 surprise at ye."?Judge's Library.