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tv iKy: r Ä'' : * ♦ ♦ ijeatAS' r t Aw/ '4 A 1« t'lWI iua VOL. I. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 11, 18C8. NO. II. Jtt*3 Jtt*3 j&clctt Joetrg. From tkt Home Journal. AS OCR AN ROAN. Crowned with foun-lUie», op the beach The dark-robed billow« come. And, listening to their strong, brave speech, My heart is awed and dumb. W hat wonder that the old Qreelu spoke Of gods within the sea, When, haply, through their talking, broke its voice of mystery. . •' We know the hollow of whose Hand Holds all the dashing waves, And at whose high, all-wise command, They gathered in their caves ; Yet when I hear the yearning Whose secret ne'er was tcTd, I walk os one who hears the moan Of tortured spirit« bold. A pale-faced, misty-robed unrest, That wear« the crown of I'uiu, Sits throned and sceptred in my breast, And binds me with it* chain ; And not the beauty of tlie shells That spot the smooth, white sand, Nor any of earth's tender spells Can loose the fancied baud. I feel but this—the tone that wakes My half formed thoughts of dread, Tells how the ocean's stout heart aches With secrete of the dead. Oh restless ocean, once agAin Hecall thy Master's will, And through thy mournful wails of pain, Hear Jesus' " Peace be still." tone, . j: Frcm the Southern Society. SONNET TO JA NIK. Th« iol«mu voice of Winter from the hills r«*U a prophetic warning to tho flowers Which linger «611 on the disheveled bowers, Fortboding change aud dullness and the thrills That wait on absence. All the frolic hours Of Huuinwr have vanished : aud the baleful powers, Whole Strength is jin the ruthless wind that fills Thé mariners sail with tempest, nnd distills Dsstruotive drops on this Had world of Thèse —these alone reuiaiu 1 But, when we gaze Upou thy spritly form, sweet girl, and trace The dimpling Edens of thine April face, The very skies Arc softened, and shrill lays Of amorous birds pipe through tlie Spring-like days. ' ©mjinal jltoni. THRICE MARRIED. AR AXTOBIOORAPIIY. Written frer the MiiUlletown Trantcripi SX «tim COURTS A V. Alabama is my native State, and far in tha interior was my home. From my ear liest recollection I had lived on a large plantation which waa tilled by many negro titres. ,.' My mother was a widow with two chil dren, my sister Alice and myself, I the younger- Being tho only children of a wealthy house, we were raised in affluence aud highly educated. Our plantation was ■ear • «wall town called Marionsvillc, and thither we often went on errands of pleas ure, aa many of our young associates resi ded there. One morning in the early spring-time, as sister and I were having a merry ride to town, we met a young man—a stranger —on horseback, who according to south ern chivalry lifted his hat in respectful lute aa he passed. When beyond hearing, we commented on his appearance, his des tination, Ac., in y aister saying to mo: * ' Emma you can take his bow all to your arlf, he could not see me for looking at you." I laughed at the idea and said : " Very well, I only hope we may find out who he is." The following week, while attending a ball, a friend approached with the veritable stranger, aud introduced him as Mr. Charles Gale. He seated himself beside me, aud soon wc were engaged in au animated conversation. We learned much of each other's tastes and feelings, and I folt ns if we were old friends. He runiaiued near me the remainder of the evening, and as he haudod me to the car riage, on leaving, said ho would be pleased to visit us and continue the acquaintance, if agreeable ; which I assured him be perfectly so. Availing himself of the privilege, he came frequently, giving most of his atten tions to myself. But by his courtesy deference to iny mother and sister, and kindness to tho servants, won a high Igard from all. He told us his former home was iu tho can* South at a friend's request, aud was at\that time liv ing ou I plantation some tot miles south % sä would und re North ; but that he A* f saw more and found my heart going out to Vim uncon trolably. I looked forward with anxious anticipation and tout eo happy os when he was near m>. One evening we were alone in the par lor, when ha ffeeod the guitar in my lap, «t the same time asking me to 8ng\" Bon ny Doeu-" I told him, sadly, t gift nature had denied me. Although passionately feud of music, I could pro this msn, I more his vint» never was a ■ \ duoo no sweet sounds myself. He then asked me who it was he had heard singing so sweetly " The har}) that once through Tara's Halls," a few evenings before as he approached the house. I answered it was my Bister, to whom this guitar belongs, and who often sings at twilight. He seemed disappointed, I thought, at my want of niUNical.talent ; but It soon passed as I diverted his thoughts by lively con versation. I knew that I possessed at least one talent, that of being a good con versationalist, and beside wus endowed with great personal beauty. (I say this without vanity.) So I exerted myself to atone in his mind for my deficiency ip music. How well I succeeded you may judge, as that evening ho breathed into nty ear—tho sweetest words a woman ever hears—* ' I love you : From the first I admired you, and it has strengthened into deep, strong love. Does your heart an swer mine?" As I answered not, from stfong emo tion, he went on : "I know your friends consider me hut as a stranger yet; but you know, Emma, our heq^j proclaim us friends. Will you not be my friend for life—my own true wife?" I simply placed my hand in his ns he drew me to him, murmuring ''my own," and pressing kissing after kiss on lips, cheek and brow. Having gained my mother's consent to our union, the wedding day wns fixed for October 20, the same day my sister was to be married to Martin St. Claire, an old schoolmate. The wedding day rolled rounjl, and was as bright and beautiful an brides could wish. All seemed happy with us, even our mother, although I knew she was sad at losing us from her frequent involuntary sight. Many guests were present to witness the double bridal and partake of the bounteous viands to follow. Never were happier brides than we. Our mother had spared no expense in our outfit, and as we entered the parlor, each dressed alike in snowy white, from the wreath and veil to the / satin slippers/ a murmur ran around the room, "bow beautiful." How proudly I leaned on my husband's arm as wo crossed the room after the congratulations were over. I had not a fear for the future. ' ' My bark would sail triumphantly Over life's troubled waters without a suil shred eil," I thought. After the friends had departed, Charles and I said lively good byes and rode down to our future home. We were accompanied only by my old nurse, who said "You must not loave me, Miss Emma, where you go, I go too." My happiness was supreme that first year of my married life. I saw my mother and sister frequently, and was compara tively free from care. At the end of a year, my little daughter Alice, whom I tamed for my sister, came to bless me still farther. Oh, the depth of a mother's love for her first-born 1 It is so. new aud warm ; not diminishing the love for a husband, but seemingly a part of it ! As the days went by, the little one grew in beauty and stature, delighting uh with her intelligence and grace. Two more happy years sped quickly away, bringing a little sister for Alice ; hut so unlike her. Gerty was so dark, having large black eyes aud hair, while Alice, my little sunbeam, was blue-eyed and sunny-haired, a typo of her father. 'Twos nurse's delight to attend these children of her young "missus, She would watoh over them constantly and os faithfully as a mother. I had not felt strong since Gerty's birth, olid my mother, who had been staying with me, still remained until I should gut It was in the mild November weath er, so lovely in our State, hovering over the hills and resting the forests beautifying the landscape inde scribably. It as she culled me. well. The blue mist very quiet in our lovely home; the prattle of the negro children at play, the singing of birds, and the hum ming of inscots sporting in the was gorgeous autumn flowers alone breaking the stillness. Charles had ridden up to town, and my mother and I alone occupied the pleasant sit ting-room. Mother was sitting in an easy ebair knitting nooks for baby, and I lying on a lounge watching tho flickering sunlight on the carpet, fooling much like myself aud hoping soon to be strong enough for a gallop on Kata, nty spirited little pony. As I lay dreaming happy day-dreams, I was suddenly aroused by one of the field serrants coming iu with great haste and telling us that some men had found a murdered m m more man, a strangor, in a kind of pen in our woods, and a horse, supposed to be his, tied in one of our fields. His pockets and saddle-bags were empty, and from appearances he had bcon murdered and robbed. Oh, how this shocked sending a tremor through every nerto ! Some awful forhoding filled my heart and I longed for Charles' return. When he came, I told him the servant's news and begged him to go out and inquire about it. no did so, coming back soon and telling me all he could learn was that the man was found by the G renters. These men were two brothers, living near us, whom I knew to be both-wicked and me, unprinci pled. I feared they would in some way implicate my husband, as they had no good feeling for him, because he was too far above them for an associate, and, niore over, had caused their ill-will by forbidiug them his grounds on account of depredations committed by them. I felt that these men were the true murderers aud had brought the murdered mai» aud his horse to our premises to make it appear against us. However, I kept my thoughts iu my own breast, not troubling Charles with them, seeiug he was free from my fears. varioiis It was late in tlie afternoon of the next day, and my heart was heavy with dread, when we saw several men approaching tlie house. I feared they w r ero on an evib errand from their appearance, and O, God ! my fears were soon realized. They produced a warrant for the of my innocent husband as a murderer. arrest lie, tha laving husband, the tender father and kind master! Oh, how it shocked him in his unsuspecting luuoceace. They roughly hurried him away without one embrace, one good-bye kiss, and as I met his imploring look, I knew no more for days and nights. Fainting after faint ing followed each other; my mother's skillful nursing aiding the physician's ef forts saving me at last, and when cnnsci ousnesB returned I was all too anxious to get well. I legged the doctor to stimu late. mo so that I might niako greater haste. I wanted to go to Charles and try to comfort him. I knew he was pining for home, and alone in iiis gloomy prison coll, wns bowed down with grief—innocent though he was. As soon as I was able to ride I despatch ed a servant for Mr. Moore, my husband's best friend, and the one who had brought him Smith, lie eumc, and lie and I visited, my husband iu priaou. Tears of joy and grief coursed down our checks as we em braced each other. I determined to stay with him, come what would. Mr. Moore offered immense bail aud succeeded in lib erating him till the trial, which would soon come on, as court was then sitting. Iu a few days he was sunimoucd. 1 never shall forgot tlie day we entered that court-room. I walked close beside my husband, holding his arm. Tho room was crowded to overflowing, for tho news had spread like fire. Wc were seated nnd the trial began. My husband wns pale and sad, but his countenance was serene and bearing the stamp of inuoccnce. Oh the intense anxiety of my heart during the trial, and the great joy I felt when he was acquitted, and the words " not oüii.tv " rang through the house. But, though acquitted by law, he wnH not by the lawless, as we soon found ; for on going from the court room, the hall on either side was lined with blood-thirsty fiends, armed with dirks and pistols, rea dy to take tho law into their own hands. God only knows the awful ordeal of pass ing them. Every moment I expected them to rush upon us. Charles went for ward w;ith a firm step and head erect, Mr. Möore on one side and I on the other, ho supporting my tottering steps with his arm. As wo passed out I heard some cry : " You make the first dash ;" but the reply was " Have mercy on the Woman." They did have mercy then, and reached our friend's house in safety. He lived near the town, and thither we went. But the mob followed us and surrounded the house after we had entered. one P I Somc of tried friends accompanied us, well armed, among them my sister's husband. Fearing an attack, from the angry ces of tho mob, they bolted and burred the house to render it as secure as possible. Night was slowly approaching, the ments seeming hours to us ; as the angry threatenings reached our We were all in an upper room, aud whilc'awaitiug with throbbing hearts the issue, Martin took out his pistol to ine the priming, and in trying to replace it in his pocket dropped it to the floor, causing it to explode with a loud report, which rang through tho house with doubled round. our menn mo car». exarn re Soon after this we were surprised to boo the crowd returning to town. Whether frightened by the explosion or not we could not tell ; but judged it was that. When all fears of their returning that night had gone, Mr. Moore ordered his swiftest horse to be saddled and brought out; in the meantime he and tho others persuading Charles to leave the South and ride for his life for the Northern States, shying the mob would likely return with increased numbers and demand him, and this was likely his only chance. I joined my entreaties to theirs, altko' he must leave me behind, and encounter many dangers, yet the risk was hotter than staying hero to be tom from me and murdered at last He battled with himself awhile, then rising said : " It is my only hope for life. great kindnesses ! ried farewell, pressed me u moment to his heart and was gone. My cyos closed not in sleep that night. I spent it in prayer. My heavenly father whom I had so long neglected in my hap piness, was now my refuge in time of trouble. From Him I received strength to collect my thoughts and plan for the future. In tho morning early I went down stairs, when Mrs. Moore came to me, saying! " My poor child you look us if you had rested none through the night. Come with me to the breakfast-room and take some food to refresh and strengthen you." I thanked her, and followed her; taking only a cup of strong coffee and a biscuit. I did not want these, but I did want strength, and I knew the coffee would stimulate and the bread strengthen mo. I told my friends I wished to go home immediately if they could possibly send ine, as I was very anxious to sec nty children, not having seen them for many days, and I knew iny mother was looking for us every day. They kindly granted my Request, and I reached home at mid day. Hut it was home no longer for me. ÏÉWÏÏSband, the beloved wanderer, I knew not whither. Malicious persecutors had torn him from us, and no doubt were on his track, not satisfied with out his lift;. After telling my mother of my trials since I left home, I told her I could not stay there any longer. She said, "no, my child,' I want yon to go home with me." Hut this was not what I meant. I then said, " I cannot stay in the South any longer. My husband, if he lives, will go to his father's, and I am going to start as soon us possible. I want you and sister to help me." " It is a long journey, my child, and how can you go with these two infants?" she said. " Wait until you hear from Charles, then, if you must go, we will try and get some one to go with you. But it will break my heart to see you leave." Hut no entrentics turned me from my purpose. I would not think of life with out my husband. Stay there with my dead huppiucss haunting me ? tho thought was unbearable ! I packed some clothing for myself and children in a single trunk, took what money there was in tho house, and bidding the servants a sad farewell, my mother, my children and I rode to town, where I spent the night with my sister. I left next morning in the stage, tearing myself away from them, their screams reaching my ears long after I had gone out of sight. But though it seemed to tear my very heart to leave them, yet I could do it with the hope of meeting my husband, whom 1 loved better than any or every thing on earth. In my sorrow and loneliness I pressed my darliugs to me, praying our Heavenly Father to guide and protect us through the dangers ahead. I was entirely inexperienced in travel ing, and did not even know the route, but I put my trust in God, nnd felt he was my "strong tower, a very proscut help in time of trouble." God bless you, my friends, for your He then bade a hur owner, gone, a [to be continued.] The Committee appointed by the Maoou, Georgia, Conservative Convention have is sued an Address setting forth the grievan ces suffered by tho people of Georgia from Congressional legislation, and calling upon tho citizens of that State to organize for self-protection fold ceaseless opposition to negro supremacy. Tlie Northern people are asked to come to the rescue and to unite with those of Georgia in the patriotic effort to perpetuate constitutional Govern ment. it is reported that many counterfeit ten ccut piecct are in circulation in Richmond. Tiuh-b on XsrrlMHM. AVe hope and expect to see the day when every dollar of the r'eveuue needed to support our government will be levied on superfluities, and when articles of ne cessary consumption will be free. That this idea is not a chimerical one is abun dantly testified by the success already achieved in this direction by other tries, and nutably in Englaud. Less than a century since every article imported into the United Kingdom, and many ofdioBe exported were burdened with liigl Every useful commodity, aim every article of comfort and luxury, had to pay a heavy contribution to the .State before it reached the consumer, and the tariff exhibited a formidable load of unjust and oppressive burdens. Under the spread of more liberal ideas the taxes levied by the custom Jaws npoii almost every article largely consumed were gradually reduced or got rid of.— Through the arduous and intelligent la bors of Oobdcn. Bright and other leaders of the Anti-corn Law League, the princi ple of protection which had long ridden the British people, as it still does our own, was formally abandoned and disowned. The taxes on breadstuff's were repealed, and a great diminution was made. Two hundred years ago the number of articles charged with taxes in Great Bri tain numbered 1,600. In 1787 they were reduced to 1,425 articles; in 1826 to 1, 280; in 1841 tol,052;iu 1849 to 515, and in 1858 to 460. coun l duties. In the latter year the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Glad stone, thus «-dated the principles that gov ern the tax levy : " First, to abolish altogether the duties which arc unproductive ; and in the next place'to abolish, as far as considerations of revenue will permit, duties on articles of manufacture, except such as are in the last stages as finished eases we have endeavored to fix the duties way that, as a general rule, they should not stand, as to any class of goods (except silks,) higher than ten per cent, on their value. "Next; we have been desirous to lower the duties that press on foreign articles of food, which enter largely, if not into the necessaries of life, at any rate into what may be called the luxuries aud comforts of the mass of the people." Still greater reductions in the number of articles taxed have taken place ; and since 1860, the British tariff retains only nineteen articles subject to import duties. Our own complicated and burdeftsome tariff presents a painful contrast to this simplicity, with its 8,500 articles subject to duty—or about double the number that wore ever taxed in Great Britain, even in her darkest days of national exclusiveness and oppression. Yet Englaud raises us great a revenue every year from customs as does the United States, aud collects it for more cheaply and surely. Five gtcat items produced twenty million pounds, $ 100,600,000, more than our whole rev enue from customs (all sources) in 1865, and nearly as much as the total average receipts of the current fiscal year from im ports. These great staples are sugar, tea, tobacco, wine and spirits—all, save one or two, articles of mere luxury or superfluity. Great Britain has a population about equal to our own. No nation stands more in need of a large revenue, since nor national debt is greater by one-third than ours.— What is the secret of her success? Low taxes and cheap prices for all the necessa ries of life. articles. In these in such It should never be forgotten that hea vy taxed articles extensively consumed by the people, enhance the cost of those arti cles, first, to the extent of the'duty itself; second, to the extent of forty per cent, premium on that duty, (as all such taxes are payable in gold.) third, to the extent of the expense, delay aud inconvenience suffered by the dealer in the payment of the duty ; and lastly, on account of the discouraging effect of such duties upon the importation of the article. How many times have we been told, iu tlul last three years, as a reason why tho merchants uo lodger keen certain articles on hand—" we eau't afford to import that article any more, tho duty is so high." And how often arc we reminded, when hesitating over the frightfully dear priées asked for imported goods that the article has paid forty or fifty per cent, gold duty aud cannot possi bly be afforded anv less ? This enhance ment of the cost limits tho consumption of articles which arc of primary ne cessity to the welfare of the people, and so fur it is a great injury. It is the boun den duty of the State to interfere so as to diminish materially the comforts of tha community. Y'et we find our Govern ment, through the unwise and mistaken counsels of men who appear not to com prehend the first principle of political econ omy, standing in the unparcntal relation of an obstructionist to the commerce of the people. By a system of inordinately high duties, never paralleled before in this country, we are cut off from using our own resources to the best advantage, while tlie Government, instead of reaping the advan tage which the people lose, is actually cheating itself out of millions by pursuing a more reasonable system of taxation, in tho articles subjected to customs' duties. It appears from the last report of the Commissioner of the Internal Rev that the present average tax laid by the custom laws upou imported goods, is for ty-eight per cent, on the dutiable value of tlie goods. This is, every dollar of it, paid in gold. The highest averago duty ever levied iu this country before was for ty-one per cent., and that only for a brief space of three years. The actual duty paid, for a series of years prior to 1861, averaged only twcuty and one half per etme. cent, on .the dutiable value of the goods imported. Is it wise to keep up, so longaftor tho necessities of the war are over, -this monstrous advance of taxation, amounting, as we have seen, to more than one hun dred per cent ?—Cincinnati Commercial. Popular Ides« Concerning Scmptpcsp. The Janesville Gazette talks very sensibly upon point, and says there is a class of well mean ing but thoughtless persons who regard a news paper as a sort of benevolent enterprise gotten up by some liberal-minded gentlemen for the sole purpose of doing all the good possible, und who has selected the inillion-tongued press to accomp lish it. They are the regular poachers upon the press-—men who always want their favors inserted gratuitously, and arc always reudv to inform tlie publisher that he is engaged In publishing a paper, and they are always sure to huvo some thing of a business nature that they believe to be good news which ought to be given to the public One man has just patented a new heat ing uppnratus that will wive half the fuel now used, mid of course it will be u great favor to the poor if the editor will just tell the people free of eliarge, whero such apparatus can be bought. A man engaged in the manufacture of reapers, veceutly sent the editor a communication of two eolumus solid matter, setting fprtli the saving his ;hine would fie to furmers over the common reaper, w hich he wished insejtcd gratis, it would helping tho farmers, don't you see? Then there are munbeleas organizations and associations of individuals that are clamorous for free rides in the publisher's wagon. The different religious denominations want all their notices of meetings, conventions and festivals published free ; lirst. because they arc too poor to pay, nnd second, be cause they are engaged in doing good and it is tlie business of the publishers to felp on the noble pay for watching the ! ^ at ■ work. Firemen get property of citizen«, and raunt have their notices of election*, meetings, &c., given them pro bono publico. The tenqierance organizations are busy in the noblest work that can engage tlie effort of men—that of uplifting the fallen and ruined of race. John Doe takes a weekly paper for which lie pays two dollars a year aim gets tire dollars worth of reading, liis wife and lie a«ked the ed itor to print un obituary notice that costs at least two dollars to get it put iu type. John might as consistently ask the undertaker who famished the coffin for his poor wife, to throw in a small one for his youngest child, simply becauue he was a patron of his, as to ask such favors of a news paper without pay. A mean man is nominated for office, and he expects the editor to put on the beat possible face on his fitness for the position, whitewash his character, print his tickets aud vote them too, all for the good of the cause and the success of cor reut principles. We beg all whom it may concern to remember that no good newspaper.cun be made without it hna the whole time and iudustry of those engaged on it, and its expense« are comparatively*'larger iu proportion to its gross receiots. than almost ahy other sort of business. If you read a paper, pay for it ; if you need its facilities for getting business before the public aud increasing your trade, pay for that, but don't »pouffe. V Signs of CUnractor. A lady who appears to have given the subject lunch thought, submits the follow ing suggestions to cnuble women to trace the character of men by outward signs : If the man you contemplate have thick red' lips, he will be simple, good natuted, and easily managed. If he speak and look with his mouth ex tended, It is a certain mark of stupidity. Tfhe speak quick, but distinct, and walk firm and erect, he will be ambitious, active and probaly a good husband. If be blush, it is a favorable sign ; but a speaking bluntly and positively betok much of headstrong self-will. If he lose at cards snappishly, he is im patient ; and to cheat at play for gain shows a mind unworthy of trust. If he boast of a .ladys favors, he is to be avoided. If he look pale in a passion, with pale lips, he canuot have either true love or real courage to defend If he have a manly some nose, he will ho furnished with good quulities and abilities to please. If he be of a yellow complexion, it im plies moroseness ami jealonsy ; if he have a pttgnose, snappishness aud vulgarity. If lie be beetle-browed, it shows duplici ty aud fickleness. If he has a dimple on tho cheek or chin, he will be the father of a handsome race. you. dark he an!. a hand or generous. Red hair shows great nmorosness ; au burn, love and seal; a mellow brown, fi delity ; black, love and jealousy. The open bold forehead is amiable ; blue and black eyes nre more amorous than gray or lmzel ; the Grecian nose implies manliness ; the broad bottlo-nose, late hours and drink. Varnlalt for «live.. It is a bad plpn to grease the upper lea ther of shoes for the purjtose of keeping them soft ; it rots the leather, and admits the dampness more readily. It is better to make a varnish thus;—Put half a pound of gum shellac, broken up in small pieces, iu a quart bottlu or jug, cover it with alcohol, cork it tight, aud put it on a shelf in a warm place ; shake it well several times a day, then add a piece of gum camphor as large as a hen's egg ; shake it well, and in a few hours shake it again and ad#one ounce of lump-black ; if the alcohol is good, it will be dissolved in three days; then shake and use. If it gets too thick, add alcohol-—pour out two or three tea spoonsful in a saucer, and apply it with a small paint-brush. If tho materials were all good, it will dry in about five minutes, snd will Tic removed only by giving a gloss almost equal to patent lea ther. wearing it off, The advantage of this preparation above other« in that it doe» not «trike into the leather and make it hard, but remain» on 'the «nrfaee, and yet excludes the water almost perfectly. This Fame preparation is admirable for harnen«, and doe« not soil when touched, a» lamp-black mixture» do. A Frenchman, wishing to sponk of the cream of the English poet», forgot the word, and »aid: "He butter of poete." RumU mm at Turkey, The leading diplomats of Russia recently assembled at 8t. Petersburg by command of tho Cxar. It was a conference in re lation to the present aspect of the Eastern question, and the proper steps necessary to be taken by Russia in order to carry out her long-cherished purposes in relation to the effects of the "sick man. declares that the ultimate result of that meeting was a determination on the part of ltassia to force France and the other G reut Powers to assume some well-definud policy with regard to the affairs of Turkey. The .Sultan has taken the alarm at this movement, and has addressod an urgent note to the French government, protesting against the action or intentjons of Rus sia, and stating that Russian agents are endeavoring to excite revolt among the Christian subjects of the Porte. Accom panying this note is a vigorous and earnest protest ou the part of Turkey against such hostile and unfriendly aetiuu, or the least connivance therein, on the part of Russia. No action has yet been taken on this note by Napoleon. At least no notice of any has been made public. In the mean time, affairs in Crete and Turkey are becoming more complicated. On the 25th and 26th of November a,battle was fought between the Christians and Turks, near the village of Laki, in which tha latter were defeated with heavy loss. The. tion of the SuIUu'k Grand Visier in dia, in the midst of the clamor of arms and the ery for liberty, becomes daily more critical. Tho Cretans caricature his effort to solve the contest between tlmCross and the Crescent, by his convoking a racked assembly, composed chiefly of Turks and renegade Levantines. The war fever in the camp of the Christians has rereived a futher impulse from tho en thusiasm evinced by the Cretan refugees in Greece, on the recent arrival of King Gorge and the Queen Olga in Athens. The insurgents or revolutionists will listen to no compromise. They demand full and entire separation and freedom from Turkey and the rule of the Sultan, and an incor poration with Oreece as a part of that kingdom. In this demand thoy are evi dently strengthened by tho advice of agents of the Russian government, large numbers of whom are known to be on the island and in daily communication with the In surgent chiefs. Turkey has doubtless good reason to protest against the action of Rus sia in relation to the affairs of Crete, blit whether that protest will be followed by any cessation of the acts complained of is highly questionable. France cannot afford to quarrel with Russia at this time, when the Roman question is open and Prussia is looming up in central Europe as a first elass military power. But, in addition ' Kutnor DOM Canr to the vexed and dis turbing questions arising out of the affairs of Crete, home matters are troubling tha Sultan, and calling for defiuitc action on his part. A reform party has sprung up among the Turks, headed by Mustapha Pasha, who demand a thorough change in many of the departments of the kingdom, and advancement in unison with the spirit of the age. The old Turkish party are op posed to any change or innovation on an eient customs, and had they the power would speedily annihilate steatnors, rail ways, aud telegraphs, with all other inven tions of the "Infidel dogs." Young Tur key, on the contrary, is in favor of intro ducing all the modern European improve ments into that country, and thus fitting the people to play their part in the grand drama which must shortly commence iu the Old World, ing to tread a middle path. He is strength ening his army and navy, hut in the civil government no changes are made. Hence the discontentment at home, which, added to the war in Crete is threatening the very existence of the Turkish Empire iu Eu rope. Tbc Sultan is eudeavor Russia holds the winning cards in her game against Turkey, aud must bo success ful in the end. France will nut interfere in the Cretan difficulty, nnd should the obstinate struggle so long carried on by the Christians in Crete end in thcir'obtain ing advantageous terms, the influence of their example might be very mischievous iu other provinces where the Christian ele ment predominates. The Servians, Bul garians and Montenegrins of the Slavonic roue and Greek faith are greatly favored by Russia. They arc idi watching eager ly the progress of the Cretan affair, and the influence of Russia in that direction is plainly app Candia. Tnrk >arent us in the island of ey may protest, but she is in the fowler's net, and will be bagged at Inst. as A Mississippi paper notices a change that has recently taken place among the laboring population of that State. A year ago the negroes had to be coaxed to do any work, whilst now, it says, "they are asking for employment in numbers, dis playing unnsnsl uneasiness in the matter. They begin to open their eyes to the troths ont • neglect of tho that these pinching times •f their own idleness an fields; they realise now more than ewer that their happiness and comfortable living depoud on their steadiness and industry ; ana they are determined to turn over a lew leaf for the next year." rrew Thc Secretary ' of the Nat ional Démo cratie Committee has issued an officiaVeaft fier the meeting of said oommitg' to he* held in Washington on' the 22d of Febru ary to name the time and place for hold ing the next Democratic National Conven tion .