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lODDLBTOl rukJkv#, l#. SATURDAY MORNING, RKCOSSTHICTIO»." If there was one thing insisted on More than another during the p late sectional strife, it was, waa waged solely for tha preservation of the Union. This was iterated and reite rated everywhere,—in Congress, in the rogregi I, that - of the the war Ptwsn, -and in the Army. The ord in a n ces of secession passed by the several States were invalid ; because, having appealed to arms, the appeal was decided against the appellants, and the Union remained intact. IV hen Generals Lee and Johnson, and the other commanders of the Southern forces, sheathed their swords and surrendered to Federal authority, the States lately in re bellion were as much a part of the Union as they were before the first gun was fired upon Sumter ; or, as they were upon the day on which they severally ratified the Constitution. After the cessation of hos tilities, nothing more was needed than to extend the revenue and post office laws over those States, and to re-establish the Federal Judiciary there as it existed be fore the war. State governments, county and municipal authorities, were all in suc ccssful operation. There was no interreg num, aud no need of "reconstruction," —either Presidential or Congressional,— save in tho particulars above enumerated. The South had laid down her anus aud returned to her allegiance, and all would have worked smoothly and harmoniously again, had she been let alone, nnd the country would have started afresh on the high road to prosperity. But, in an evil hour, Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet . ceivod the idea that the war had broken np the Union, s»d that it needed " recon structing !" Aud they proceeded in their work of " reconstruction, kn* am to the Constitution, and altogether foreigu to that instrument. After Mr. Lincoln's "taking off, claimed to tread in the footatepB of hie "illustrious predecessor," by carrying eut liis plans and inaugurating his policy in the late rebellious States. These States, for the sake of harmony and good fellow ship among tho late discordant members of tbe Union, accepted tbe terms proposed with surprising alaerity. Slavery abolished by constitutional enactmeut ; their war debt was repudiated; Governors, Senators, aud Members of Congress, ehoson in aocordance with a plan laid down by those in authority; the civil rights of the freedmen were protected by sufficient enactments, and all the required steps wore taken (tliongh imposed upon them without Constitutional sanction) to reinstate themselves iu tho Union. But Mr. Johnson's scheme of con on a basis un Ml*. Johnson was wore recon struction did not suit the dominant party in Congress. They had not been consult ed in the matter, and were indignant at the President'll contumacy in presuming to "reconstruct" the Uniou without the invaluable assistance and direction of those Congressional Solons. They determined to thwart the President's plans, and forth with put in process of incubation a scheme or schemes of their own, more consonant with their ideas of negro supremacy, and more in accord with a vengeful desire of punishing the South for her rebellion, as if atie had not already been punished most to the last degree of sufferance. Mr. Johnson was intractable—Congress was imperious—their policies diverging, more and more, until open rupture sued. He vetoed their measures, and they passed them, over his vetoes, by a tifo-thirds vote. a cn So matters went on be tween them, with a downward progres sion from bad to worse—they threatening to impeach him and eject him from offiee ; he threatening to cuff them soundly about the ears, if they undertook it. As in most quarrels there is apt to be some wrong on both sides, «0 this between the President and Congress, is not an exception. They were both wrong, in attempting to interfere with tbe right« of sovereign States—in attempting to do what tbe Constitution had ff/ea them no authority to do. In choosing between the two lines of policy marked out by the President aud Congress, preference is due to the former, as the least flagitious. Both are "outside of the Constitution. one, But as that instrument is supposed to have be come obsolete, so far as Congress is con cerned, it cxeites no "special wonder" that they ignore it on all occasions. They will yet find, however, that there is vitali ty enongh left in it to vindicate its supremacy and to bring to grief all who trample it beneath their unhallowed feet. In the meantime the work of ' ' recon struction" is incomplete. The South is unrepresented—-the Union is not restored. The eouutry is somewhat in the condition of a patient with fào ldbny nurses and physicians about him, differing as to the kind and quantity of medicine he Bhoilld take, and iu their dissensions leaving the patient .to perish.. His only hope of re covery would seem to depend upon dis missing the empirics who ore torturing him to the very verge of a mortuary Issue! and calling in skillful practitioner« who ted health and wholesome de will restore him to his won tigor by putting him on a jnocratic regiineu. * T iu: Kurants Jo* whim:, by Louisa Mlblbacu. —-"Auother of Mina Muhlbuch's novels? some reader may my. Yes, another; and, if we mis take not, it will meet with public tavor not less decided than has been vouchsafed to its brilliant The MulhbaOh novels mkh-ot in th^^MAMlkien^ bftpuii* the publie- will have buyiqff them in prefefliuu* to tbe works of an$ other romancer, Dickon* alone excepted. If téy one wWifH to<wtim*t<) the popularity of the Mühlbach books, let him ask at the nearest circu lating library. The initiate demand for the well-thumbed volumes will tell the story. We have heard lome puzzling over the secret of this lady's success. Even a cursory giauce through any one of her novels, this one about the Empress tiou. She takes the salient poists of a wonder ful! life, and works them into the coherence of a drama. Joaephiue's life, in Mi« Muhlbach's liaa'ds, falls into tbtoe parte, like the acts ofa well proportioned piny. Fisrt, she ia the Viscountess ffeuuharnuis, and that part begins with her birth among the tropical glories of Martinique ; then, she is the huppyof wile Gen. Bonaparte; then, she is the.Kiupn** and the Divurocd, and that part ends with l*:r death at Malmaison. It is a splendid melodrama, in which scenery, and mu sic, and perfume, leave non* of the senses uuod dressed. Josephine is the central figure, and wins all the hearts in this book, as Napoleon said she did in her imperial reign. Next to her and deriving luster from her nearness, comes of course the spoiled "Child of Destiny," who is here shown in his only umiuble part of lover. Around them arc grouped queens, emperors, generals, and a mob of other great men and women of the Na poleonic days. The style is fascinating—Muhl liachiau we might say. A new artist, Gustou Fay, makes his debut in this book, and seems to tic the mau we hnve been looking lor so loug.— ills illustrations of Josephine, lazily swinging in her VVest-Imliau hammock, aud of her Inter view with the King uf Rome, aud the death-in life imngage of her, crushed under her divorce, are perfect gems of art and give an added value to the charming story. American Farmer, Baltimore. —The Januany number of this old magftine ap pears in new type, appropriate to the "new year," and contains a variety of intcrcstiug and useful articles—among them, The use of Chloroform and Sulphuric Ether in Ve terenary Practice ; Sugar Cane ; Manures ; Turnips for Manure ; High Prices of Im proved Sbecp well sustained ; Potatoes; Rot aud Mildew in grapes ; Small Indus tries (Fruits) ; Seed Euough ; Specialties in Farming ; 'Nitrate of Lime ; U. 8. De partment of Agriculture—Glover Museum ; Celery ; Silk Plant ; Labor Contracts ;Our Agricultural Progress 1850 to 18(50 ; Cul ture of Broom Corn ; Economy in Feeding Horses, besides tho usual Monthly Farm, Garden and Greenhonsc work. Published by Worthington & Lewis, Baltimore. $2 a year, in advance. Delaware.— The Philadelphia Press thus recalls a fact whieh, we presume is uot known to many of those who are toler ably well read in Amcrioan history : In Delaware we of Pennsylvania feel an eBpecial and peculiar interest. For twen ty years she was a part of us, governed by our Assembly, being entitled to six mem bers therein, and figuring ou our records as ' tbe territories, or three lower counties on the Delaware.' In 1708 these territo ries obtained leave to secede, and have ev er afterward eqjoyed a distinct Assembly. Mjut 71 am 4 United Stete* Senator. After several ballotings the Legislature have failed to mlkkc an election. The last ballot on Thursday, stood as follows:— Wm. T. Hamilton, 49; Thomas Swanu, 42; Thomas G. Pratt, 10; Benjamin G. Harris, 2 ; Montgomery Blair, 1 ; fifty-six necessary to a choice. The chauces appear to be in Hamilton's favor. Mr. Stanton Reinstated. The U. S. Senate on Monday, by a vote of 85 yeas to 6 nays resolved to reinstate Edwin M. Stanton as Secretary of War, from whieh ho had been displaced hy Pres ident Johuson. The debate was quite an imated on the occusion. Immediately up on tho passage of the resolution declaring the non-concurrence of the Senate iu the action of the President, the Secretary of the Senate prepared certified copies there of, and at once served them upon Mr. Stanton and Gen. Grant. Mr. Stanton proceeded to the War Offieo on Tuesday morniDg, and after a short consultation with Gen. Grant the latter turned the Of fice over to the care of the former. There arc various speculations as to what course the Preeident, will now pursue. Tho Baltimore Sun says, considering that Mr. Stanton, as the constitutional adviser of the President, argued vehement ly against the bill under wliieh tbe right is claimed to thrust him baek upon Flxeeutive who has sought to dispense with his sorviccs; he would show a proper degree of self respect and defer to the in stinct of delicacy which exists in every mans s breast, to deeiino retaining posses sion of the war office, and if he must have a post of honor, look for it elsewhere. The following items are gleaned from the special Washington correspondence of the Aye of Thursday. There is some talk this evening of the preparation of a proclamation by the Pres ident, which, it ia suid, he win probably issue to-morrow, stating tbe circumstances under which Mr. Stanton was reinstated in the War Offiee, and notifying the coun try that he (the President) does not and will not recognise him as Secretary of War. I have official authority for stating that Generals Grant and Sherman waited Mr. Johnson to-day, aud informed him that they had advised Mr. Stanton to semi in his resignation as Secretary of War. The Star gays: "Sevcrtil leading Radi es! members or the Sonate and House have to-day, declared that if the President de clines or refuses to recognize Mr. Stanton as Secretary of War, they will immediately take up the impenchnient meaeure and put tho same through without delay." I Fur the Middletumi Transerqd. A Cry from Bacrdonln-To the Friend. of Humanity. That loan liveth not to himself, is n trntli as self-evident ns in the hat of Jehovah E elf. ; It Bight have pleased tile great tor of heaven and earth to have made BMui^indapeudeot of all beings. He need only have spoken the word, and it was so. But wankiitd were made dependant upon eaeh other tor protection and security, thereby enjoying better opportunities of fulfilling the duties of reciprocal love and friendship. We cannot,'therefore, live to ourselves,\ we are destined to influence others for weal or woe. The human family brotherhood—dependence, one of the strongest bonds of society.— Each member of that family has an inter est equal to your owu. The humblest man is your brother. By so much as he is fallen, by so much are you injured ; as you elevate him, you elevate yourself and those near and dear to you. You suffer, I suffer, society suffers, by the demoraliza tion of the most insignificant mendier of society, while all arc benefited by the re formation of the most depraved. We are so interwoven into the woof of society, that not one fibre can be influenced for good or ovil without such influence extending to all in contact. To melt the stony heart ; to build anew the tires upon the heart's almost ruined altar ; to teach duty nnd the way to do it ; to revivify the soul, nnd nerve the anu to deeds of benevolence, is the great aim of this appeal. Christ looked with compas sion even upon a Magdalene, and ldbked her sins away ! You have a mission to perform in the Temperance field. Wrecks of humanity lie scattered all around you, and it is your mission to save such. All classes call uikiu you for aid ; each victim of intemperance, high or low, rich or poor, has a claim upon you. By the love you bear yourself ; by the love you profess for your Saviour ; by the love of home, kin dred, eouutry and humanity, we charge you not to forgot your brother With whom you walk side by side to a common destiny. We plead for your soul's best effort to save the wife's heart from it* bursting agony at the loss of the once kiud, noble mun, to whom she promised the wealth of her young heart's love. He is a fallen brother, to-day, that once noble man !— He never spoke an unkind word to that devoted wife, when sober. No man loved his uhildren better than that kind-hearted father when not under the influence of the demnu of drink ; now they hide at the mention of Ins name. Flowers once bloom ed around his cottagu home ; the library : the pleasant parlor ; the fumily altar ; the happy circle uround the cheerful hearth stone,—alas ! they live only in bitter mem ories now. Such is the fate of many around us to-day. Desolate homes ! blasted hopes ! aching hearts ! ruined reputation ! dying wives. heart-broken mothers ! and starv ing children is the record before us. We plead for the young, dying in heart for a mother's love ; we plead for the boys and girls, homeless aud friendless, whose father might be saved ; we (dead for the old mother whoso only soil is not the stall upon whieh she fondly hoped to lean in her declining years ; we plead for the wife, who still hopes that the dreams of her girlhood may yet be realized, that the broken family circle may bo reunited, that broken altar rebuilt j and man reclaimed. Wc beg you, in Heaven's name, to work with us to ««re thy ruined brother, and tho angels will crown you with a wreath of immortal glory. The enemies of hu manity are on the alert and boldly pushing their conquest; up then! oh, Christian auil Philanthropist, to the rescue! Thy fallen brother ueeds thy helping hand to break the cliahis that bind him to his fate. Save him. from a destiny worse than death ! You havo on influence wide as the world, and boundless as eternity ! Be careful hovathat influence is exerted. Remember your vast power for good, and each in your own appropriate sphere of duty may accomplish so much for humanity, "Do nut then staud idly wailing For some greater work to do ; Speak tlie word that cures the aching, Look the look that lifts I lie soul. Go nnd work iu any vineyard, Do not fear to do dure ; seek a field of labor, may find it anywhere." Ifv V Good Templar* } Ilall, Janury 15, 1807. A Twenty-five Pounder. Who aavs that Editors are not lucky fel lows. a Witness the following, from the Frederick Md. Citizen. On going to our office a few morningn since, we were startled by the defiant gob blc-gubblc-gobble, of a gobbler standing iu one corner, imprisoned in a large sack, but with head and neck free and erect.—On his neck was tied a card with these words : —"For the Editor of tho Citizen, from three friends in Buckeygtown district. We learned afterwards that this noble bird was won at a rafflebjr our "threefriends," and sent to us as a New Year's present Lecture by FIx-Goyehnor Lowk.—O n Sunday evening last ex-Govcriior Lowo, of Mnrylaud, Lectured in Carrol Hall. Washington, on the subject of " The True Christian Idea of Lilierty, and the Influence of the Catholic Church upon Modern Civ ilization." It was delivered before the Young Catholics' F'riend Society, for the benefit of jioor children, The National Intelligencer says : Tho loeture occupied two hours in its delivery, yet the attention of the audience was marked until the closing sentence had been spoken, and the speaker wajtmany times interrupted with prolonged applause. Tiik Queen Guards».— Queen Victoria is most anxiously guarded for fear of a Fe nian capture of her royal pereon. Whilst she was in tlie Isle of Wight reooutly, it is stated that two individuals, armed with breechloaders, were challenged by try, and, being unprovided with th tersign, wore made prisoners and marched off to the guard-house. They proved to be a royal personage on a visit to tlie Queon and her Majesty's gamekeeper. a sen e ooun The New Hampshire election takes place in March next. Already a spirited VHss lias commenced. Ÿhc Democrats poet to redeem the State. can ex Fur the Mitidlctoun Transcript. The Caill System. Messrs. Editor ».—I wish to avail my self uf your sheet, tu put before muuity »very unpalatable faot to all work ing men, that'fact is the curtte uf credit. Now, sir, no working man asks, or wishes credit if he can get his wages as soon as earned, or weekly or oven monthly ; but it is a lamentable fact, in this section of Delaware that long credits are taken by the capitalists, and we mechanics, force, to do the quenecs to us, are, we pay from five to ten per cent, more on our purchases, and have no choice of goods, but must take such the dealer chooae to allow ns, nnd are fre queutly refused credit at all. It is often answered to mechanics and working men on their presenting their wants, "I "have no monoy about me at present I'll see you again." When the opposite is the ease they have a pocket full, and dout wish to see him again, and he is not inclined to affront his patron or employer and goes in debt. It certainly is the interest of all capitalists to keep on hand as largo a capi tal as possible, but ivhat I wish to put be fore them, is charity to the poor l)o not use his money, for- $2 is of more immediate itfi to supply his presAit wants than $2 to the speculator. Suppose, an illustration, a master mechanic i ployed 100 mechanics, at $40 per mouth, and put them off at the end of eaeh month for three consecutive months, he would-be using the snug little sum of $8000 for sixty days of poor men's money, and that without (Hiving one red cent for it, and if the men had been paid weekly they would have saved at least five cents on every dol lar, affd satisfied innumerable wants ami act ual necessaries. I do consider it a great evil to keep from the working man his weekly wages, when it is so easily satisfied by the employer. We have a very had custom in this town of credit for our corn are pel same. Now the -cunse inan. as cm one year at all our stores, now that will do very well tor the capitalist who can command at the 1st. of January, from $1 to $00(1; but how does it operate on the laboring man, who scarcely ovtr lias over $80, which has to bo immediately paid out, to cover his indebtedness. But no question is askod him wether he will credit or not, he is supposed to bo highly favored indeed to bo given work, and when lie is paid, ■line times out of ten, he is deprived of part of his wages, and told that some other mechanic would do tho work for less. Now o«pitali»te J would most' respectfully pray you not to put irons oil God's gift to Plum MKT. THr Fruit Prospect* We understand there is a fine prospect for a handsome yield of fruit tho coming scasou, and more confidence in getting it shipped to market in proper condition, and Am liberal and satisfactory terms than for many years. The peach growers are es pecially gratified at the prospect presented for marketing their crops. The difference that haa heretofore existed between the growers and the various rnili-oud compan ies is likely to be settled satisfactorily, and a fair rate of charges agreod upon. There is no doubt that this is greatly to the inter est of all parties. We are quite certain that the President of the F., W. & B. Railroad Company is very desirous to come to a fair ami satisfactory arrangement, and there can be no reason why the Su perintendent of the Delaware Railroad should not feel the same way. We arc quite confident that he desires to have his management approved by all who patron ize tbe great work under his care. It is so manifestly to his interest to be governed by sueh motives that we do not doubt this a moment ; and as the road haa been ma king ample preparation, there ia now only a proper standard of prices to be fixed to make the marketing of the fruit a certain ty. This adjustment is now ill progress and we hope will be made agreeable to all parties. The peach growers have had several se vere and vexatious years. Their anticipa tions have been rarely realized, except in a few isolated cases. During tile war their crops, in many cases, were left to ret in the orchards for want of boats and cars to tflhi sport them to market; anil subsequently the crops have failed in many places, and where the erop was large transportatiuu was again lacking. The Railroad Company made a great ef fort to prepare tor the prompt removal of this freight last year, and h id there been only a light crop it would have had ample But tho crop was large, and the arrangements with the various lilies im perfect, or misunderstood by many per sons. Hence the poach growers in many instances were disappointed. We hope it will not tie so again and that all the con flicting interests will be fairly adjusted.— Ilel. ( /mette. means. it is entirely too curly in the «easou to talk about the fine pronpect of a handsome yield of fruit. The alternate thawing and freezing of February aud March have to be pa*t, before anything reliable can be known at* to the prospect» of the fruit crop. Ixauui'uatios or Govkrnok Bowie.— Governor Oden Bowie, "the first Kxccu tive of the State elected under tlie Constitution of the re-eufrunefiised people of Maryland," was duly inaugurated at An napolis on the 8th day of January, à day ever memorable iu American annals a» the anniversary of tho victory of General Jack son at Now OrlcniiH. The attendance at the seat of government on tho occasion was very large. Judge Bartol administered the oath of office. In the evening Govern or Swann gave a magnificent banquet at tbe Governor's House, whiuh was largely attended. Judge Thurman wan on Thursday last elected United States Senator from Ohio, in place of Hon. B.F. Wudc. The Senator elect is ono of the ablest lawyers in the West, a firm defender of Democratic prin ciples, a mun of unblemished reputation, and -his advent in the body to which he is elected will add much to the strength of the friends of an early reconstruction of the Union ou the basis of the Constitution, in that branch of the Federal Legislature.— The Democratic triumph in Ohio is thus early producing gratifying resultjp to the party in other scctious uf the Union. Tike ltevolutiuuiuy Action cf C'oikgr««». The following extracts from Northern Republican papers on the course and ae tiuu of Congress at this time, afford matter for serious reflection , 1Ë ■ From the ifflw Ydkk Fecning F aet. Mr. Johnson, to* the choice of the peo ple, is the Chief Magistrate of the nation; as such ho is responsible tbe the execution of the luws, and /iu* a clear ritjhl to choose the subordinates by whom the lows ure to be enforced, lie must submit his appoint ments to office to the confirmation of the Monate, but is otherwise independent of Congress. The tenure-ef-offiee act, by which the Senate has been made to con trol the President's power of removal, is not according to the. Constitution. Stanton belioves that it is not, and yet he avails himself of this law, which he says is not a constitutional law, which is void able and disorganizing, to resumo a place in the Cabinet of President Johnson which ho has boon especially desired to resign. It seems to us necessary only to state a cime like this to a man who respects the law and respects himself, to he certain of what his course will be. It is uot enough to reply that a largo majority of the mem bers of Congress have signed a letter re questing him to resume the duties of Sec retary of War. Members of Congress have nothing to do with the control of the executive depart ment ; they* belong to another und co-ordi nate department of the government, which iu all sound theory os iu the express let ter of the organic law, it is desirable to keep distinct ; and their interference is as revolutionary as it would be to resolve the President out of office. If Mr. Johnson does not do liis duty, if he refuses to exe cute the laws, or executes them in such a manner as to defeat-their purposes, the remedy for liis course is pointed out. It is not to iuvade the sphere of tho execu tive functions by legislative encroachments, which will be a precedent for other times, but to impeach ami remove him if guilty. But the plan of impeachment has been tried, and after a year's incubation it has hatched out nothing. Ashley's eggs were all addled ; anil now an illegal course is to be pursued to attain an end which could not be attained by the law. Mr. Stanton is made the catspaw of this dangerous and wicked policy. Whatever Mr. Johnson's designs may be, lie is answerable to the people ; and he is answerable only iu the way that the constitution prescribes. Congress may not like bis individual peculiarities or liis po litical principles, but ho is none the less as much u part of the government as Cou gress itself ; aud what is more, lie repre sents nearly as largo a part of popular opinion as Congress does. It may be dis tasteful to admit it, but it is true., that the political sentiments of the President have a large following—not among tho rebels only-, a* thot cry has it,—but among the loyal people of the North. He is support ed iu must of liis positions by the great opposition, or democratic party, and tlmt support iH extending and growing rapidly under the fostering care of Congress.— Thousands who have no liking for the President, personally or politically, who think that he has mauaged his opportuni ties with an utter want of tact and skill, are yet unprepared to see the established order of the constitution assailed in his person, and all the limitations and balan ces of the government, which are the bul warks of liberty, overturned in the hot frenzy of partizan zeal. Mr. From the Sjirinyfietd (Muss.) Hcpuhlicun. The chief reason for reconstructing the Southern State governments was the pur pose to confer suffrage on the freedmen, in order to the protection of their rights. Those governments wore well enough in every other respect. If this single pur pose lmd controlled in the matter, the pro cess would have been comparatively sim ple. But party objects were allowed to be mixed ill. It was thought it would be a good thing so to manipulate the Southern governments as to seenre the votes of tile reconstructed States for a republican Presi dent. To accomplish this the right to vote and hold office was taken from all the Southern whites who had held offieo ((Hiring an oath to support the constitution of the United States, once from political life the must intelligent classes in the South, and those at the time best disposed to accept any terms of recon ciliation that should be offered, reconstruction by tho white population of the South impossible, for they naturally felt that it would he dishonorable to abandon the leaders who shared with them the guilt of the rebellion. Reconstruction was thus thrown into the hands of the negroes, led by a few Northern white men ami South erners who did nut scruple to take any oath required of them. That they should seek to retain power by tho saine policy which gave it to them is a matter of course, and the first new constitution framed virtually exelndcs nearly every white man from sut utterly indefen sible on any principle ofjustieo and equal ity that its framers fear its rejection by the registered voters, and are begging them to accept it iu the hope that Congress will strike out its objectionable provisions. The eourso of things in Congress just now docs not tend to sustain any such hope. It is essential to the programme that the whites of the South shall be ill the minori ty, aud the determination seems to bo to put it through at all hazards. The last remains of eivil governments in the South are to be swept away upon the declaration that they are not "republican in form," though the forms are just what they always have been. The false reason has some value, however, as showing at least an ap pearance of respect for the phases of the constitution. But we have not come to the end of this business; we cannot oven see to it. Tbe governments of the minori ty in the South, and that minority black, will find it necessary to be more and repressive, and will need a strong military force to maintain them. Is anybody insane ns to predict réconciliation of races, true republican lir evqa moderately i government, and restored peace and loy alty as the result of sueh a system? If so, about how soon Y , No, tho system is fun damentally wrong, and will inevitably worse and worse Tliuf excluded at This made frage and offieo. It is iN' r •0 tut wax And men arc already asking hoW soon "political ueeessity" may lead Congress to intefere with certain Northcru States and compel th in to take the "'republican bite disfrai '.'*vf negnf« sullrup pent. gK ~ He rcrtoratioiffuf <fcci*tur/f!tautnn is douktlci* consistent with ike tobure-uf-of fieeget. A special provision was inserted in it, indeed, to nect bis taso. But the discussion has made it clear that the law eaiiuot be itefeudod upon general principles. To compel a 1'rcsideut to retain iu Iiih cab inet a man with whom friendly or respectful relations ure impossible, everybody feels to he an outrage. Having had its way and protected Mr. Stauton, the Senate would do well to repeal at once the provision made for his casé'Tù behalf of which as a permanent rule not a word can be said. The proposition to get rid of Gen. Han cock by the indiroct und cowardly dodge of reducing the number cf major generals is ot a (liece with the scheme of preventing a decision agAinst the constitutionality of reconstruction by hampering the Supreme Court. They both illustrate our theme, and show how one wrong uct makes tiler necessary, and so legislation inevita bly goes from bad to worse. There is yet hope that the Senate will arrest these acts. Thu same party exigency which makes the two-thirds rule necessary for the Supreme Court may soon require that the court be forbidden to pronounce any aet of Con gress unconstitutional, even if unanimous in that opinion. There is absolutely stopping place in legislation of this kind. The descent to hell is easy to bo sure, but how are wo to get baek, if we ever wish to stand again on terra Anna Y Gen. Grant carry a pretty Iicnvy load for us, but there are Weights that even he cannot lift, ami gulfs too broad even for him to A step too fur uiny make return impossible. ant can From the New York Times. Tile Republican party is pressing issues into the presidential canvass whieh will ensure its defeat. It cannot safely wage war upon the Supreme Court-, in the pres ent temper of the publie mind, even with the help of the negro vote whieh it aims to Secure by its action. F rum the New Turk Cummrreiat Advertiser. Valueless will I* the devoted services and signal triumphs of our army and uavy, if our statesmen fail or falter ill performing their share of the great work, they not failing Y Are not the great ques tions of finance and currency overlaid Y Is not the reunion of the States and the turn of the Southern people to their tomed pursuits made subordinate to the question of negro suffrage ? the legislation of Congress for nearly three years had direet neferenoe to the presiden tial election Y And now, at this present moment, is not Congress using sll its pow er to give the control of the presidential election to negroes, who nre confessedly "ignorant of the means by which suffrage is expressed Y" The' eternal truth of the maxim that whom the gods intend to destroy are first made mad is lost as an example, son so recently, and with such terrible ef feet taught, the rebels, prove to the radicals. They- blindly persist in a course whieh is sure 'to overwhelm them. The measures kindred to these now being perfected in congress cost tho'republican party its ascendancy in six free states.— Anil yet. blind and reckless, Congress learns nothing of what is evident to all in telligent observers. This utter delusion can only lie explained upon the principle that "madness precedes destruction." Aud are ro ll lias not all The les of no value Itrms of \ihi. Coroner Schirmer of New York city, held an inquest on Monday, on the body of Miss Lmma A. Tours, aged 28, who died suddenly in the street on Sunday. It appears that the deceased is a Suuduy seliuul teacher in the Bankstreet Methodist Church, and went to the dedication of a new chapel iu Tenth street, death overta king lier while going home. The post-uior tem examination by Dr. Leo showed that death ensued from apoplexy of the lungs, super- induced by tight hieing. Miss Tours being of lull habit, aud desirous of redu cing tier figure, bad killed herself, diet iu accordance was rendered. Reports have been received from Sibe ria of the discovery of rich aud extensive gold deposits on the Amoor river. The natives were flocking to the gold regions by thousands, and so great was the excite ment, that troops have been sent hy the Governor of tho district to preserve order and guard tho lgiucs, and desperate aud bloody conflicts had taken place between the natives aud the soldiers. There were 50,722,202 bushels iff grain received at Chicago during the past year; aud 1,814,DUO barrels of flour. Of the grain received, 18,000,(100 were wheat The number of hogs received is 1,005,000 ; cuttle, 828,008 ; pounds of hides, 28,082,000; pounds of wool, and of lumber 8(58,000,000 feet. l'eiuisylvnnia parsed a law lust winter making nine Lours a day's work. Tbe Reading Railroad Company bave carried it into uffuut in all brauuhes of tbeir busi ness, reducing the wages of their work men in a corresponding ratio. The coal trade of 1'enusylvania never more active than now. Strikes and kindred troubles at the miues are geucrally settled, the markets are oveflowing, and prices reduced. Gen Bradley T. Johnson, at present practising his profession in Rieluuoud, spout the past week ill Frederick city, in looking after his private) business, and whilst there was readmitted to tho Freder ick Bar. The dwelling of Mr. William Sowtffd, on the " F'our Chimneys" farm, uearCcn tre ville, Md., was destroyed by fire on Sun day. It is supposed to have been eqused by a defective chimney. More than twelve thousand rived at Chicago the past year, with gregate tonnage of over two million. The aggregate grain trade of Buffalo for 18157 was 50,1(58,0(54 bushels, being very much less than in 1802, 1803, and 1800. On Christmas day a citizen of Mobile gathered on liis farm thirty-two quarts of strawberries, grown in the open air. A man in Norwich, Conn., dropped u live coal into a bombshell "to hear it fizz." lie heard it. A vur i,UUU,UU0 cum. vessels ar an ag and a half Strlkiug nt the Co-or«Uu«te Brauche« of tiuvrrumtni. * The persistent efforts of Congress to de I'resideut of his constitutional have been followed by t iipou another eo-ordiuate de the government, the .Supreme MF" ''Ü v UUtflOIlt an cn eroneli partaient uf Court of the' United States, iu tbe bill which passed the House on Monday, pro viding that hereafter, instead of a majority a concurrence of two-thirds of the hers of the court shall he necessary to de clare the unoouatitutiuuulity of any InV uf Congress. The country will naturally in quire why such u change should be made at this time, and no satisfactory answer can be given, nor any answer, except that the lan- was framed to anticipate some decision of tlic court, which it was expected wonld lie adverse ta the eoustitutioiiality of the reconstruction laws. A csso has beeli brought up un appeal to tbe United States Supreme Court from the State of Missis sippi, by a party who has bteeu tried aud punished by the military authorities io that State, and this case involves the question of the constitutionally of the measures ferred to. The same question is involved in several incidental eases which will couio before long, before the court for decision. It is the fear that the court, stitutod, will pronounce the reconstruction act, of Congress unconstitutional which lias led to the enactment of this revolu tionary measure, and as Mr. Marshall just ly said in the debate on the hill, "the proposition is a plea of guilty of the majority of the House—n confession and an acknowledgement that gentlemen who voted for the reconstruction acts and others did so knowing them to be uncon stitutional." The nraetieal ..f il.i. uiern as now con the part The practical effeet of this measure ia to remove the judicial guards which the constitution haa thrown over tho legislation of Congress, and to make the enactments of that body, whatever may be their character, the supreme law of the land. With the Executiveatrip[ied of his rightful authority, and the (Hiwcr of the Supreme Court shackled so a6 to prevent it from bceoufmg an obstacle to the will of Congress, the provisions of tho constitu tion for three co-ordinate powers in the government are effectually overthrown, and in their stead a congressional oligarchy is established which has no bounds to its au thority. By this legislation, therefore, all obstacles to tho accomplishment of the im mediate object for which it was adopted w ill bo removed, and the fubric of military despotism which has been established in the Southern Statc^be placed beyond tho ■ach of interpositon by the-judicial as it already is beyond that of executive It remains to lie power. , whether this legisla tion' reducing to a nullity a tribunal for which, as tho authorized interpreter of the constitution, the people of this country have a traditional reverence, will receiver the sanction ot those who have never looked' to it in vain fur the protection of their rights in the past, and who confide in it as one ot the essential safeguards for the pre servation of constitutional liberty iu th» future. The hill in question had previously pas sed the Senate, but the House adds as an amendment the requirement that two-thirds ot the court shall lie necessary to declare a law of Congress unconstitutional. Wheth er the Senate will concur or not in the niiie'udinent remains to be seen, but it is not (trouble that it w ill.— Haiti more Sun. Now that horse-flesh is an article of diet, we may expect to sec sweep-stakes upon the table. W. 0. Bryant will soon retire from the Post, if Mail Henrv Ward Beecher made $87,00(1 out of his farm last year. The wheat exported from San Francisco last year was of more value than gold. Pennsylvania ladies are giving leap year parties. urn Rumor doesn't toll lies. II AliltlED. On tla- lfitli instant, at "Green Meadow«," the residence of llic bride's mother, near tldesaa, hy Rev. Mr. Crowell, William Dudley, Esq., of Queen Anne's county, Md., and Mis« a. Lizzie Thomas. On the Rth instant, in Philadelphia, be Rev. William Cooper, I). I>„ John Deuky C. Warner, both of this eonuty. Ou the 8th instant, by Rev. II. it. (Iodine. Jolm M. Iliiiison and Susan Castrlow, both of New Castle. and «Sadie DIED Jo^epti Bryan formerly of Chc5n|*«kc City Md died at tlie residence of his Hon-in-biw.V Juli Adams, in Tnllmt countv Md. on Fridar, Jnnuarr 3rd, 1868. He wns buried at the old Manor Church on Wednesday, .January 8th, 1868. On the 6th instant, in Christiana Hundred, Iio >ru Hartley, in the 77th year ot tier age. te'. Middletown Furniture Wareroom». JOSEPH 11. GKOS I/ - EEPiS con*tantly on hand an assortment of FURNITURE suitable to the market, cuis suiting of COTTAGE SUITS, hkdhteails, chairs, washstands, Parlor d Dining ltoom Knrnlt Also furnishing undertaker. COFFINS of all kinds and styles ; Metnlic Cas kets ; Patent Iturial teases to order. Jau.A.tf. NÜ. 7(5 SHARP STREET, BALTIMORE, square from the It. and O. R. R. Depot, and three squares from the Fastcrtt Rhone, steamboat Wharf. M ils, gustavus wright, in# 0 revst*^ town, keut county, Maryland, inform, her friends and the public generally that she will uc commodate, on reasonable term., Tran.ient, Per-, mènent and Table boarder.. Jan. 4.—-y Located Middletown Carriage Works. ESTABLISHED IN ISM. J. M. (JOY to Bit«»., t'raprietwrs W E keep constauUy on hand and luauu/ac-x turc to order Carriages of the latest styles and finished in tlie best manner, ns vte enipiov none but firsUclass workmen aud um only Use best material, f jAST Repairing executed with neatness and despatch. All work warranted. Jsq 4—tf JtuneN II. FruaJer, M. II. GLASGOW, DEL. O FFICE nt the residence of fl. M. Black, Esq. OfltTB his prolc&tional services to the public, Jau. 4.—v, 1