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Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, January 18, 1868, Image 2

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If there was one thing insisted on More
than another during the p
late sectional strife, it was,
waa waged solely for tha preservation of
the Union. This was iterated and reite
rated everywhere,—in Congress, in the
I, that -
of the
the war
Ptwsn, -and in the Army. The ord in a n ces
of secession passed by the several States
were invalid ; because, having appealed to
arms, the appeal was decided against the
appellants, and the Union remained intact.
IV hen Generals Lee and Johnson, and the
other commanders of the Southern forces,
sheathed their swords and surrendered to
Federal authority, the States lately in re
bellion were as much a part of the Union
as they were before the first gun was fired
upon Sumter ; or, as they were upon the
day on which they severally ratified the
Constitution. After the cessation of hos
tilities, nothing more was needed than to
extend the revenue and post office laws
over those States, and to re-establish the
Federal Judiciary there as it existed be
fore the war.
State governments, county
and municipal authorities, were all in suc
ccssful operation. There was no interreg
num, aud no need of "reconstruction,"
—either Presidential or Congressional,—
save in tho particulars above enumerated.
The South had laid down her anus aud
returned to her allegiance, and all would
have worked smoothly and harmoniously
again, had she been let alone, nnd the
country would have started afresh on the
high road to prosperity. But, in an evil
hour, Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet
. ceivod the idea that the war had broken
np the Union, s»d that it needed " recon
structing !" Aud they proceeded in their
work of " reconstruction,
kn* am to the Constitution, and altogether
foreigu to that instrument. After Mr.
Lincoln's "taking off,
claimed to tread in the footatepB of hie
"illustrious predecessor," by carrying eut
liis plans and inaugurating his policy in
the late rebellious States. These States,
for the sake of harmony and good fellow
ship among tho late discordant members
of tbe Union, accepted tbe terms proposed
with surprising alaerity. Slavery
abolished by constitutional enactmeut ;
their war debt was repudiated; Governors,
Senators, aud Members of Congress,
ehoson in aocordance with a plan laid
down by those in authority; the civil
rights of the freedmen were protected by
sufficient enactments, and all the required
steps wore taken (tliongh imposed upon
them without Constitutional sanction) to
reinstate themselves iu tho Union.
But Mr. Johnson's scheme of
on a basis un
Ml*. Johnson
struction did not suit the dominant party
in Congress. They had not been consult
ed in the matter, and were indignant at
the President'll contumacy in presuming
to "reconstruct" the Uniou without the
invaluable assistance and direction of those
Congressional Solons. They determined
to thwart the President's plans, and forth
with put in process of incubation a scheme
or schemes of their own, more consonant
with their ideas of negro supremacy, and
more in accord with a vengeful desire of
punishing the South for her rebellion, as
if atie had not already been punished
most to the last degree of sufferance.
Mr. Johnson was intractable—Congress
was imperious—their policies diverging,
more and more, until open rupture
sued. He vetoed their measures, and
they passed them, over his vetoes, by a
tifo-thirds vote.
So matters went on be
tween them, with a downward progres
sion from bad to worse—they threatening
to impeach him and eject him from offiee ;
he threatening to cuff them soundly about
the ears, if they undertook it.
As in most quarrels there is apt to be
some wrong on both sides, «0 this
between the President and Congress, is
not an exception. They were both wrong,
in attempting to interfere with tbe right«
of sovereign States—in attempting to do
what tbe Constitution had ff/ea them no
authority to do. In choosing between the
two lines of policy marked out by the
President aud Congress, preference is due
to the former, as the least flagitious. Both
are "outside of the Constitution.
as that instrument is supposed to have be
come obsolete, so far as Congress is con
cerned, it cxeites no "special wonder"
that they ignore it on all occasions. They
will yet find, however, that there is vitali
ty enongh left in it to vindicate its
supremacy and to bring to grief all who
trample it beneath their unhallowed feet.
In the meantime the work of ' ' recon
struction" is incomplete. The South is
unrepresented—-the Union is not restored.
The eouutry is somewhat in the condition
of a patient with fào ldbny nurses and
physicians about him, differing as to the
kind and quantity of medicine he Bhoilld
take, and iu their dissensions leaving the
patient .to perish.. His only hope of re
covery would seem to depend upon dis
missing the empirics who ore torturing
him to the very verge of a mortuary Issue!
and calling in skillful practitioner« who
ted health and
wholesome de
will restore him to his won
tigor by putting him on a
jnocratic regiineu. *
T iu: Kurants Jo* whim:, by Louisa Mlblbacu.
—-"Auother of Mina Muhlbuch's novels? some
reader may my. Yes, another; and, if we mis
take not, it will meet with public tavor not less
decided than has been vouchsafed to its brilliant
The MulhbaOh novels mkh-ot in
th^^MAMlkien^ bftpuii* the publie- will have
buyiqff them in prefefliuu* to tbe works of
an$ other romancer, Dickon* alone excepted. If
téy one wWifH to<wtim*t<) the popularity of the
Mühlbach books, let him ask at the nearest circu
lating library. The initiate demand for the
well-thumbed volumes will tell the story. We
have heard lome puzzling over the secret of this
lady's success. Even a cursory giauce through
any one of her novels, this one about the Empress
tiou. She takes the salient poists of a wonder
ful! life, and works them into the coherence of a
drama. Joaephiue's life, in Mi« Muhlbach's
liaa'ds, falls into tbtoe parte, like the acts ofa well
proportioned piny. Fisrt, she ia the Viscountess
ffeuuharnuis, and that part begins with her birth
among the tropical glories of Martinique ; then,
she is the huppyof wile Gen. Bonaparte; then,
she is the.Kiupn** and the Divurocd, and that
part ends with l*:r death at Malmaison. It is a
splendid melodrama, in which scenery, and mu
sic, and perfume, leave non* of the senses uuod
dressed. Josephine is the central figure, and
wins all the hearts in this book, as Napoleon said
she did in her imperial reign. Next to her and
deriving luster from her nearness, comes of course
the spoiled "Child of Destiny," who is here
shown in his only umiuble part of lover. Around
them arc grouped queens, emperors, generals, and
a mob of other great men and women of the Na
poleonic days. The style is fascinating—Muhl
liachiau we might say. A new artist, Gustou
Fay, makes his debut in this book, and seems to
tic the mau we hnve been looking lor so loug.—
ills illustrations of Josephine, lazily swinging
in her VVest-Imliau hammock, aud of her Inter
view with the King uf Rome, aud the death-in
life imngage of her, crushed under her divorce,
are perfect gems of art and give an added value
to the charming story.
American Farmer, Baltimore. —The
Januany number of this old magftine ap
pears in new type, appropriate to the "new
year," and contains a variety of intcrcstiug
and useful articles—among them, The use
of Chloroform and Sulphuric Ether in Ve
terenary Practice ; Sugar Cane ; Manures ;
Turnips for Manure ; High Prices of Im
proved Sbecp well sustained ; Potatoes;
Rot aud Mildew in grapes ; Small Indus
tries (Fruits) ; Seed Euough ; Specialties
in Farming ; 'Nitrate of Lime ; U. 8. De
partment of Agriculture—Glover Museum ;
Celery ; Silk Plant ; Labor Contracts ;Our
Agricultural Progress 1850 to 18(50 ; Cul
ture of Broom Corn ; Economy in Feeding
Horses, besides tho usual Monthly Farm,
Garden and Greenhonsc work. Published
by Worthington & Lewis, Baltimore. $2
a year, in advance.
Delaware.— The Philadelphia Press
thus recalls a fact whieh, we presume is
uot known to many of those who are toler
ably well read in Amcrioan history :
In Delaware we of Pennsylvania feel an
eBpecial and peculiar interest. For twen
ty years she was a part of us, governed by
our Assembly, being entitled to six mem
bers therein, and figuring ou our records
as ' tbe territories, or three lower counties
on the Delaware.' In 1708 these territo
ries obtained leave to secede, and have ev
er afterward eqjoyed a distinct Assembly.
Mjut 71 am 4 United Stete* Senator.
After several ballotings the Legislature
have failed to mlkkc an election. The last
ballot on Thursday, stood as follows:—
Wm. T. Hamilton, 49; Thomas Swanu,
42; Thomas G. Pratt, 10; Benjamin G.
Harris, 2 ; Montgomery Blair, 1 ; fifty-six
necessary to a choice. The chauces appear
to be in Hamilton's favor.
Mr. Stanton Reinstated.
The U. S. Senate on Monday, by a vote
of 85 yeas to 6 nays resolved to reinstate
Edwin M. Stanton as Secretary of War,
from whieh ho had been displaced hy Pres
ident Johuson. The debate was quite an
imated on the occusion. Immediately up
on tho passage of the resolution declaring
the non-concurrence of the Senate iu the
action of the President, the Secretary of
the Senate prepared certified copies there
of, and at once served them upon Mr.
Stanton and Gen. Grant. Mr. Stanton
proceeded to the War Offieo on Tuesday
morniDg, and after a short consultation
with Gen. Grant the latter turned the Of
fice over to the care of the former. There
arc various speculations as to what course
the Preeident, will now pursue.
Tho Baltimore Sun says, considering
that Mr. Stanton, as the constitutional
adviser of the President, argued vehement
ly against the bill under wliieh tbe right
is claimed to thrust him baek upon
Flxeeutive who has sought to dispense
with his sorviccs; he would show a proper
degree of self respect and defer to the in
stinct of delicacy which exists in every
mans s breast, to deeiino retaining posses
sion of the war office, and if he must have
a post of honor, look for it elsewhere.
The following items are gleaned from the
special Washington correspondence of the
Aye of Thursday.
There is some talk this evening of the
preparation of a proclamation by the Pres
ident, which, it ia suid, he win probably
issue to-morrow, stating tbe circumstances
under which Mr. Stanton was reinstated
in the War Offiee, and notifying the coun
try that he (the President) does not and
will not recognise him as Secretary of War.
I have official authority for stating that
Generals Grant and Sherman waited
Mr. Johnson to-day, aud informed him
that they had advised Mr. Stanton to semi
in his resignation as Secretary of War.
The Star gays: "Sevcrtil leading Radi
es! members or the Sonate and House have
to-day, declared that if the President de
clines or refuses to recognize Mr. Stanton
as Secretary of War, they will immediately
take up the impenchnient meaeure and put
tho same through without delay."
Fur the Middletumi Transerqd.
A Cry from Bacrdonln-To the Friend. of
That loan liveth not to himself, is n trntli
as self-evident ns in the hat of Jehovah
E elf. ; It Bight have pleased tile great
tor of heaven and earth to have made
BMui^indapeudeot of all beings. He need
only have spoken the word, and it was so.
But wankiitd were made dependant upon
eaeh other tor protection and security,
thereby enjoying better opportunities of
fulfilling the duties of reciprocal love and
friendship. We cannot,'therefore, live to
ourselves,\ we are destined to influence
others for weal or woe. The human family
one of the strongest bonds of society.—
Each member of that family has an inter
est equal to your owu. The humblest
man is your brother. By so much as he
is fallen, by so much are you injured ; as
you elevate him, you elevate yourself and
those near and dear to you. You suffer,
I suffer, society suffers, by the demoraliza
tion of the most insignificant mendier of
society, while all arc benefited by the re
formation of the most depraved. We are
so interwoven into the woof of society, that
not one fibre can be influenced for good or
ovil without such influence extending to
all in contact.
To melt the stony heart ; to build anew
the tires upon the heart's almost ruined
altar ; to teach duty nnd the way to do it ;
to revivify the soul, nnd nerve the anu to
deeds of benevolence, is the great aim of
this appeal. Christ looked with compas
sion even upon a Magdalene, and ldbked
her sins away ! You have a mission to
perform in the Temperance field. Wrecks
of humanity lie scattered all around you,
and it is your mission to save such. All
classes call uikiu you for aid ; each victim
of intemperance, high or low, rich or poor,
has a claim upon you. By the love you
bear yourself ; by the love you profess for
your Saviour ; by the love of home, kin
dred, eouutry and humanity, we charge
you not to forgot your brother With whom
you walk side by side to a common destiny.
We plead for your soul's best effort to
save the wife's heart from it* bursting
agony at the loss of the once kiud, noble
mun, to whom she promised the wealth of
her young heart's love. He is a fallen
brother, to-day, that once noble man !—
He never spoke an unkind word to that
devoted wife, when sober. No man loved
his uhildren better than that kind-hearted
father when not under the influence of the
demnu of drink ; now they hide at the
mention of Ins name. Flowers once bloom
ed around his cottagu home ; the library :
the pleasant parlor ; the fumily altar ; the
happy circle uround the cheerful hearth
stone,—alas ! they live only in bitter mem
ories now. Such is the fate of many around
us to-day. Desolate homes ! blasted hopes !
aching hearts ! ruined reputation ! dying
wives. heart-broken mothers ! and starv
ing children is the record before us.
We plead for the young, dying in heart
for a mother's love ; we plead for the boys
and girls, homeless aud friendless, whose
father might be saved ; we (dead for the
old mother whoso only soil is not the stall
upon whieh she fondly hoped to lean in
her declining years ; we plead for the wife,
who still hopes that the dreams of her
girlhood may yet be realized, that the
broken family circle may bo reunited, that
broken altar rebuilt j and man reclaimed.
Wc beg you, in Heaven's name, to work
with us to ««re thy ruined brother, and
tho angels will crown you with a wreath
of immortal glory. The enemies of hu
manity are on the alert and boldly pushing
their conquest; up then! oh, Christian
auil Philanthropist, to the rescue! Thy
fallen brother ueeds thy helping hand to
break the cliahis that bind him to his fate.
Save him. from a destiny worse than death !
You havo on influence wide as the world,
and boundless as eternity ! Be careful
hovathat influence is exerted. Remember
your vast power for good, and each in
your own appropriate sphere of duty may
accomplish so much for humanity,
"Do nut then staud idly wailing
For some greater work to do ;
Speak tlie word that cures the aching,
Look the look that lifts I lie soul.
Go nnd work iu any vineyard,
Do not fear to do
dure ;
seek a field of labor,
may find it anywhere."
Good Templar* } Ilall, Janury 15, 1807.
A Twenty-five Pounder.
Who aavs that Editors are not lucky fel
lows. a Witness the following, from the
Frederick Md. Citizen.
On going to our office a few morningn
since, we were startled by the defiant gob
blc-gubblc-gobble, of a gobbler standing iu
one corner, imprisoned in a large sack, but
with head and neck free and erect.—On
his neck was tied a card with these words :
—"For the Editor of tho Citizen, from
three friends in Buckeygtown district.
We learned afterwards that this noble bird
was won at a rafflebjr our "threefriends,"
and sent to us as a New Year's present
Lecture by FIx-Goyehnor Lowk.—O n
Sunday evening last ex-Govcriior Lowo,
of Mnrylaud, Lectured in Carrol Hall.
Washington, on the subject of " The True
Christian Idea of Lilierty, and the Influence
of the Catholic Church upon Modern Civ
ilization." It was delivered before the
Young Catholics' F'riend Society, for the
benefit of jioor children, The National
Intelligencer says :
Tho loeture occupied two hours in its
delivery, yet the attention of the audience
was marked until the closing sentence had
been spoken, and the speaker wajtmany
times interrupted with prolonged applause.
Tiik Queen Guards».— Queen Victoria
is most anxiously guarded for fear of a Fe
nian capture of her royal pereon. Whilst
she was in tlie Isle of Wight reooutly, it is
stated that two individuals, armed with
breechloaders, were challenged by
try, and, being unprovided with th
tersign, wore made prisoners and marched
off to the guard-house. They proved to be
a royal personage on a visit to tlie Queon
and her Majesty's gamekeeper.
a sen
e ooun
The New Hampshire election takes place
in March next. Already a spirited
VHss lias commenced. Ÿhc Democrats
poet to redeem the State.
Fur the Mitidlctoun Transcript.
The Caill System.
Messrs. Editor ».—I wish to avail my
self uf your sheet, tu put before
muuity »very unpalatable faot to all work
ing men, that'fact is the curtte uf credit.
Now, sir, no working man asks, or wishes
credit if he can get his wages as soon as
earned, or weekly or oven monthly ; but
it is a lamentable fact, in this section of
Delaware that long credits are taken by
the capitalists, and we mechanics,
force, to do the
quenecs to us, are, we pay from five to ten
per cent, more on our purchases, and have
no choice of goods, but must take such
the dealer chooae to allow ns, nnd are fre
queutly refused credit at all. It is often
answered to mechanics and working men
on their presenting their wants, "I "have
no monoy about me at present I'll see you
again." When the opposite is the ease
they have a pocket full, and dout wish to
see him again, and he is not inclined to
affront his patron or employer and goes in
debt. It certainly is the interest of all
capitalists to keep on hand as largo a capi
tal as possible, but ivhat I wish to put be
fore them, is charity to the poor
l)o not use his money, for- $2 is of more
immediate itfi to supply his presAit wants
than $2 to the speculator. Suppose,
an illustration, a master mechanic i
ployed 100 mechanics, at $40 per mouth,
and put them off at the end of eaeh month
for three consecutive months, he would-be
using the snug little sum of $8000 for
sixty days of poor men's money, and that
without (Hiving one red cent for it, and if
the men had been paid weekly they would
have saved at least five cents on every dol
lar, affd satisfied innumerable wants ami
act ual necessaries. I do consider it a great
evil to keep from the working man his
weekly wages, when it is so easily satisfied
by the employer. We have a very had
custom in this town of credit for
our corn
are pel
same. Now the -cunse
one year
at all our stores, now that will do very
well tor the capitalist who can command
at the 1st. of January, from $1 to $00(1;
but how does it operate on the laboring
man, who scarcely ovtr lias over $80,
which has to bo immediately paid out, to
cover his indebtedness. But no question
is askod him wether he will credit or not,
he is supposed to bo highly favored indeed
to bo given work, and when lie is paid,
■line times out of ten, he is deprived of
part of his wages, and told that some other
mechanic would do tho work for less.
Now o«pitali»te J would most' respectfully
pray you not to put irons oil God's gift to
Plum MKT.
THr Fruit Prospect*
We understand there is a fine prospect
for a handsome yield of fruit tho coming
scasou, and more confidence in getting it
shipped to market in proper condition, and
Am liberal and satisfactory terms than for
many years. The peach growers are es
pecially gratified at the prospect presented
for marketing their crops. The difference
that haa heretofore existed between the
growers and the various rnili-oud compan
ies is likely to be settled satisfactorily, and
a fair rate of charges agreod upon. There
is no doubt that this is greatly to the inter
est of all parties. We are quite certain
that the President of the F., W. & B.
Railroad Company is very desirous to come
to a fair ami satisfactory arrangement,
and there can be no reason why the Su
perintendent of the Delaware Railroad
should not feel the same way. We arc
quite confident that he desires to have his
management approved by all who patron
ize tbe great work under his care. It is so
manifestly to his interest to be governed
by sueh motives that we do not doubt this
a moment ; and as the road haa been ma
king ample preparation, there ia now only
a proper standard of prices to be fixed to
make the marketing of the fruit a certain
ty. This adjustment is now ill progress
and we hope will be made agreeable to all
The peach growers have had several se
vere and vexatious years. Their anticipa
tions have been rarely realized, except in a
few isolated cases. During tile war their
crops, in many cases, were left to ret in the
orchards for want of boats and cars to tflhi
sport them to market; anil subsequently
the crops have failed in many places, and
where the erop was large transportatiuu
was again lacking.
The Railroad Company made a great ef
fort to prepare tor the prompt removal of
this freight last year, and h id there been
only a light crop it would have had ample
But tho crop was large, and the
arrangements with the various lilies im
perfect, or misunderstood by many per
sons. Hence the poach growers in many
instances were disappointed. We hope it
will not tie so again and that all the con
flicting interests will be fairly adjusted.—
Ilel. ( /mette.
it is entirely too curly in the «easou to
talk about the fine pronpect of a handsome
yield of fruit. The alternate thawing and
freezing of February aud March have to
be pa*t, before anything reliable can be
known at* to the prospect» of the fruit crop.
Ixauui'uatios or Govkrnok Bowie.—
Governor Oden Bowie, "the first Kxccu
tive of the State elected under tlie
Constitution of the re-eufrunefiised people
of Maryland," was duly inaugurated at An
napolis on the 8th day of January, à day
ever memorable iu American annals a» the
anniversary of tho victory of General Jack
son at Now OrlcniiH. The attendance at
the seat of government on tho occasion was
very large. Judge Bartol administered
the oath of office. In the evening Govern
or Swann gave a magnificent banquet at
tbe Governor's House, whiuh was largely
Judge Thurman wan on Thursday last
elected United States Senator from Ohio,
in place of Hon. B.F. Wudc. The Senator
elect is ono of the ablest lawyers in the
West, a firm defender of Democratic prin
ciples, a mun of unblemished reputation,
and -his advent in the body to which he is
elected will add much to the strength of
the friends of an early reconstruction of the
Union ou the basis of the Constitution, in
that branch of the Federal Legislature.—
The Democratic triumph in Ohio is thus
early producing gratifying resultjp to the
party in other scctious uf the Union.
Tike ltevolutiuuiuy Action cf C'oikgr««».
The following extracts from Northern
Republican papers on the course and ae
tiuu of Congress at this time, afford matter
for serious reflection ,
1Ë ■
From the ifflw Ydkk Fecning F aet.
Mr. Johnson, to* the choice of the peo
ple, is the Chief Magistrate of the nation;
as such ho is responsible tbe the execution
of the luws, and /iu* a clear ritjhl to choose
the subordinates by whom the lows ure to
be enforced, lie must submit his appoint
ments to office to the confirmation of the
Monate, but is otherwise independent of
Congress. The tenure-ef-offiee act, by
which the Senate has been made to con
trol the President's power of removal, is
not according to the. Constitution.
Stanton belioves that it is not, and yet he
avails himself of this law, which he says
is not a constitutional law, which is void
able and disorganizing, to resumo a place
in the Cabinet of President Johnson which
ho has boon especially desired to resign.
It seems to us necessary only to state a
cime like this to a man who respects the
law and respects himself, to he certain of
what his course will be. It is uot enough
to reply that a largo majority of the mem
bers of Congress have signed a letter re
questing him to resume the duties of Sec
retary of War.
Members of Congress have nothing to
do with the control of the executive depart
ment ; they* belong to another und co-ordi
nate department of the government, which
iu all sound theory os iu the express let
ter of the organic law, it is desirable to
keep distinct ; and their interference is as
revolutionary as it would be to resolve the
President out of office. If Mr. Johnson
does not do liis duty, if he refuses to exe
cute the laws, or executes them in such a
manner as to defeat-their purposes, the
remedy for liis course is pointed out. It
is not to iuvade the sphere of tho execu
tive functions by legislative encroachments,
which will be a precedent for other times,
but to impeach ami remove him if guilty.
But the plan of impeachment has been
tried, and after a year's incubation it has
hatched out nothing. Ashley's eggs were
all addled ; anil now an illegal course is to
be pursued to attain an end which could
not be attained by the law. Mr. Stanton
is made the catspaw of this dangerous and
wicked policy.
Whatever Mr. Johnson's designs may
be, lie is answerable to the people ; and
he is answerable only iu the way that the
constitution prescribes. Congress may not
like bis individual peculiarities or liis po
litical principles, but ho is none the less as
much u part of the government as Cou
gress itself ; aud what is more, lie repre
sents nearly as largo a part of popular
opinion as Congress does. It may be dis
tasteful to admit it, but it is true., that the
political sentiments of the President have
a large following—not among tho rebels
only-, a* thot cry has it,—but among the
loyal people of the North. He is support
ed iu must of liis positions by the great
opposition, or democratic party, and tlmt
support iH extending and growing rapidly
under the fostering care of Congress.—
Thousands who have no liking for the
President, personally or politically, who
think that he has mauaged his opportuni
ties with an utter want of tact and skill,
are yet unprepared to see the established
order of the constitution assailed in his
person, and all the limitations and balan
ces of the government, which are the bul
warks of liberty, overturned in the hot
frenzy of partizan zeal.
From the Sjirinyfietd (Muss.) Hcpuhlicun.
The chief reason for reconstructing the
Southern State governments was the pur
pose to confer suffrage on the freedmen,
in order to the protection of their rights.
Those governments wore well enough in
every other respect. If this single pur
pose lmd controlled in the matter, the pro
cess would have been comparatively sim
ple. But party objects were allowed to be
mixed ill. It was thought it would be a
good thing so to manipulate the Southern
governments as to seenre the votes of tile
reconstructed States for a republican Presi
dent. To accomplish this the right to vote
and hold office was taken from all the
Southern whites who had held offieo
((Hiring an oath to support the constitution
of the United States,
once from political life the must intelligent
classes in the South, and those at the time
best disposed to accept any terms of recon
ciliation that should be offered,
reconstruction by tho white population of
the South impossible, for they naturally felt
that it would he dishonorable to abandon
the leaders who shared with them the guilt
of the rebellion. Reconstruction was thus
thrown into the hands of the negroes, led
by a few Northern white men ami South
erners who did nut scruple to take any oath
required of them. That they should seek
to retain power by tho saine policy which
gave it to them is a matter of course, and
the first new constitution framed virtually
exelndcs nearly every white man from sut
utterly indefen
sible on any principle ofjustieo and equal
ity that its framers fear its rejection by the
registered voters, and are begging them to
accept it iu the hope that Congress will
strike out its objectionable provisions.
The eourso of things in Congress just
now docs not tend to sustain any such hope.
It is essential to the programme that the
whites of the South shall be ill the minori
ty, aud the determination seems to bo to
put it through at all hazards. The last
remains of eivil governments in the South
are to be swept away upon the declaration
that they are not "republican in form,"
though the forms are just what they always
have been. The false reason has some
value, however, as showing at least an ap
pearance of respect for the phases of the
constitution. But we have not come to
the end of this business; we cannot oven
see to it. Tbe governments of the minori
ty in the South, and that minority black,
will find it necessary to be more and
repressive, and will need a strong military
force to maintain them. Is anybody
insane ns to predict réconciliation of races,
true republican lir evqa moderately i
government, and restored peace and loy
alty as the result of sueh a system? If so,
about how soon Y , No, tho system is fun
damentally wrong, and will inevitably
worse and worse
Tliuf excluded at
This made
frage and offieo. It is
iN' r
And men arc already
asking hoW soon "political ueeessity" may
lead Congress to intefere with certain
Northcru States and compel th in to take
the "'republican
bite disfrai
'.'*vf negnf« sullrup
pent. gK ~
He rcrtoratioiffuf <fcci*tur/f!tautnn is
douktlci* consistent with ike tobure-uf-of
fieeget. A special provision was inserted
in it, indeed, to nect bis taso. But the
discussion has made it clear that the law
eaiiuot be itefeudod upon general principles.
To compel a 1'rcsideut to retain iu Iiih cab
inet a man with whom friendly or respectful
relations ure impossible, everybody feels to
he an outrage. Having had its way and
protected Mr. Stauton, the Senate would
do well to repeal at once the provision
made for his casé'Tù behalf of which as a
permanent rule not a word can be said.
The proposition to get rid of Gen. Han
cock by the indiroct und cowardly dodge
of reducing the number cf major generals
is ot a (liece with the scheme of preventing
a decision agAinst the constitutionality of
reconstruction by hampering the Supreme
Court. They both illustrate our theme,
and show how one wrong uct makes
tiler necessary, and so legislation inevita
bly goes from bad to worse. There is yet
hope that the Senate will arrest these acts.
Thu same party exigency which makes the
two-thirds rule necessary for the Supreme
Court may soon require that the court be
forbidden to pronounce any aet of Con
gress unconstitutional, even if unanimous
in that opinion. There is absolutely
stopping place in legislation of this kind.
The descent to hell is easy to bo sure, but
how are wo to get baek, if we ever wish to
stand again on terra Anna Y Gen. Grant
carry a pretty Iicnvy load for us, but
there are Weights that even he cannot lift,
ami gulfs too broad even for him to
A step too fur uiny make return impossible.
From the New York Times.
Tile Republican party is pressing issues
into the presidential canvass whieh will
ensure its defeat. It cannot safely wage
war upon the Supreme Court-, in the pres
ent temper of the publie mind, even with
the help of the negro vote whieh it aims to
Secure by its action.
F rum the New Turk Cummrreiat Advertiser.
Valueless will I* the devoted services
and signal triumphs of our army and uavy,
if our statesmen fail or falter ill performing
their share of the great work,
they not failing Y Are not the great ques
tions of finance and currency overlaid Y Is
not the reunion of the States and the
turn of the Southern people to their
tomed pursuits made subordinate to the
question of negro suffrage ?
the legislation of Congress for nearly three
years had direet neferenoe to the presiden
tial election Y And now, at this present
moment, is not Congress using sll its pow
er to give the control of the presidential
election to negroes, who nre confessedly
"ignorant of the means by which suffrage
is expressed Y"
The' eternal truth of the maxim that
whom the gods intend to destroy are first
made mad is lost as an example,
son so recently, and with such terrible ef
feet taught, the rebels, prove
to the radicals. They- blindly persist in a
course whieh is sure 'to overwhelm them.
The measures kindred to these now being
perfected in congress cost tho'republican
party its ascendancy in six free states.—
Anil yet. blind and reckless, Congress
learns nothing of what is evident to all in
telligent observers. This utter delusion
can only lie explained upon the principle
that "madness precedes destruction."
Aud are
lias not all
The les
of no value
Itrms of \ihi.
Coroner Schirmer of New York city,
held an inquest on Monday, on the body
of Miss Lmma A. Tours, aged 28, who
died suddenly in the street on Sunday. It
appears that the deceased is a Suuduy
seliuul teacher in the Bankstreet Methodist
Church, and went to the dedication of a
new chapel iu Tenth street, death overta
king lier while going home. The post-uior
tem examination by Dr. Leo showed that
death ensued from apoplexy of the lungs,
super- induced by tight hieing. Miss Tours
being of lull habit, aud desirous of redu
cing tier figure, bad killed herself,
diet iu accordance was rendered.
Reports have been received from Sibe
ria of the discovery of rich aud extensive
gold deposits on the Amoor river. The
natives were flocking to the gold regions
by thousands, and so great was the excite
ment, that troops have been sent hy the
Governor of tho district to preserve order
and guard tho lgiucs, and desperate aud
bloody conflicts had taken place between
the natives aud the soldiers.
There were 50,722,202 bushels iff grain
received at Chicago during the past year;
aud 1,814,DUO barrels of flour. Of the
grain received, 18,000,(100 were wheat
The number of hogs
received is 1,005,000 ; cuttle, 828,008 ;
pounds of hides, 28,082,000; pounds of
wool, and of lumber 8(58,000,000 feet.
l'eiuisylvnnia parsed a law lust winter
making nine Lours a day's work. Tbe
Reading Railroad Company bave carried
it into uffuut in all brauuhes of tbeir busi
ness, reducing the wages of their work
men in a corresponding ratio.
The coal trade of 1'enusylvania
never more active than now. Strikes and
kindred troubles at the miues are geucrally
settled, the markets are oveflowing, and
prices reduced.
Gen Bradley T. Johnson, at present
practising his profession in Rieluuoud,
spout the past week ill Frederick city, in
looking after his private) business, and
whilst there was readmitted to tho Freder
ick Bar.
The dwelling of Mr. William Sowtffd,
on the " F'our Chimneys" farm, uearCcn
tre ville, Md., was destroyed by fire on Sun
day. It is supposed to have been eqused
by a defective chimney.
More than twelve thousand
rived at Chicago the past year, with
gregate tonnage of over two
The aggregate grain trade of Buffalo for
18157 was 50,1(58,0(54 bushels, being very
much less than in 1802, 1803, and 1800.
On Christmas day a citizen of Mobile
gathered on liis farm thirty-two quarts of
strawberries, grown in the open air.
A man in Norwich, Conn., dropped u
live coal into a bombshell "to hear it fizz."
lie heard it.
A vur
i,UUU,UU0 cum.
vessels ar
an ag
and a half
Strlkiug nt the Co-or«Uu«te Brauche« of
tiuvrrumtni. *
The persistent efforts of Congress to de
I'resideut of his constitutional
have been followed by
t iipou another eo-ordiuate de
the government, the .Supreme
''Ü v
an cn
partaient uf
Court of the' United States, iu tbe bill
which passed the House on Monday, pro
viding that hereafter, instead of a majority
a concurrence of two-thirds of the
hers of the court shall he necessary to de
clare the unoouatitutiuuulity of any InV uf
Congress. The country will naturally in
quire why such u change should be made
at this time, and no satisfactory answer can
be given, nor any answer, except that the
lan- was framed to anticipate some decision
of tlic court, which it was expected wonld
lie adverse ta the eoustitutioiiality of the
reconstruction laws. A csso has beeli
brought up un appeal to tbe United States
Supreme Court from the State of Missis
sippi, by a party who has bteeu tried aud
punished by the military authorities io that
State, and this case involves the question
of the constitutionally of the measures
ferred to. The same question is involved
in several incidental eases which will couio
before long, before the court for decision.
It is the fear that the court,
stitutod, will pronounce the reconstruction
act, of Congress unconstitutional which
lias led to the enactment of this revolu
tionary measure, and as Mr. Marshall just
ly said in the debate on the hill, "the
proposition is a plea of guilty
of the majority of the House—n confession
and an acknowledgement that gentlemen
who voted for the reconstruction acts and
others did so knowing them to be uncon
stitutional." The nraetieal ..f il.i.
as now con
the part
The practical effeet of this
measure ia to remove the judicial guards
which the constitution haa thrown over tho
legislation of Congress, and to make the
enactments of that body, whatever may be
their character, the supreme law of the
land. With the Executiveatrip[ied of his
rightful authority, and the (Hiwcr of the
Supreme Court shackled so a6 to prevent
it from bceoufmg an obstacle to the will of
Congress, the provisions of tho constitu
tion for three co-ordinate powers in the
government are effectually overthrown, and
in their stead a congressional oligarchy is
established which has no bounds to its au
thority. By this legislation, therefore, all
obstacles to tho accomplishment of the im
mediate object for which it was adopted
w ill bo removed, and the fubric of military
despotism which has been established in
the Southern Statc^be placed beyond tho
■ach of interpositon by the-judicial as it
already is beyond that of executive
It remains to lie
, whether this legisla
tion' reducing to a nullity a tribunal for
which, as tho authorized interpreter of the
constitution, the people of this country
have a traditional reverence, will receiver
the sanction ot those who have never looked'
to it in vain fur the protection of their
rights in the past, and who confide in it as
one ot the essential safeguards for the pre
servation of constitutional liberty iu th»
The hill in
question had previously pas
sed the Senate, but the House adds as an
amendment the requirement that two-thirds
ot the court shall lie necessary to declare a
law of Congress unconstitutional. Wheth
er the Senate will concur or not in the
niiie'udinent remains to be seen, but it is
not (trouble that it w ill.— Haiti more Sun.
Now that horse-flesh is an article of diet,
we may expect to sec sweep-stakes upon
the table.
W. 0. Bryant will soon retire from the
Post, if Mail
Henrv Ward Beecher made $87,00(1
out of his farm last year.
The wheat exported from San Francisco
last year was of more value than gold.
Pennsylvania ladies are giving leap year
urn Rumor doesn't toll lies.
II AliltlED.
On tla- lfitli instant, at "Green Meadow«,"
the residence of llic bride's mother, near tldesaa,
hy Rev. Mr. Crowell, William Dudley, Esq., of
Queen Anne's county, Md., and Mis« a. Lizzie
On the Rth instant, in Philadelphia, be Rev.
William Cooper, I). I>„ John Deuky
C. Warner, both of this eonuty.
Ou the 8th instant, by Rev. II. it. (Iodine. Jolm
M. Iliiiison and Susan Castrlow, both of New
and «Sadie
Jo^epti Bryan formerly of Chc5n|*«kc City Md
died at tlie residence of his Hon-in-biw.V Juli
Adams, in Tnllmt countv Md. on Fridar, Jnnuarr
3rd, 1868. He wns buried at the old Manor
Church on Wednesday, .January 8th, 1868.
On the 6th instant, in Christiana Hundred, Iio
>ru Hartley, in the 77th year ot tier age.
Middletown Furniture Wareroom».
I/ - EEPiS con*tantly on hand an assortment of
FURNITURE suitable to the market, cuis
suiting of
hkdhteails, chairs, washstands,
d Dining ltoom Knrnlt
furnishing undertaker.
COFFINS of all kinds and styles ; Metnlic Cas
kets ; Patent Iturial teases to order. Jau.A.tf.
square from the It. and O. R. R. Depot,
and three squares from the Fastcrtt Rhone,
steamboat Wharf.
M ils, gustavus wright, in# 0 revst*^
town, keut county, Maryland, inform, her
friends and the public generally that she will uc
commodate, on reasonable term., Tran.ient, Per-,
mènent and Table boarder.. Jan. 4.—-y
Middletown Carriage Works.
J. M. (JOY to Bit«»., t'raprietwrs
W E keep constauUy on hand and luauu/ac-x
turc to order Carriages of the latest styles
and finished in tlie best manner, ns vte enipiov
none but firsUclass workmen aud um only Use
best material, f
jAST Repairing executed with neatness and
All work warranted.
Jsq 4—tf
JtuneN II. FruaJer, M. II.
O FFICE nt the residence of fl. M. Black, Esq.
OfltTB his prolc&tional services to the public,
Jau. 4.—v, 1

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