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♦ ♦ > *. ?+t afe: .*% l£$fife '4 tv « wU to <3 — J~~ VOL I. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY ï, 1868. NO. 5. oven retreat, without of dis &flfd Çoetrjî. SPECTACLES, OR IIRLP 8 TO HKAM. A certain irtint—1' re forgot his name— Ilnd irqt for making sjMjctftcWî« a fame, Or "helps tu read, ns when they first were sold, rit upon his glaring sign in gold ; And, for nil use« to lie hnd frow glass, JJiH were allowed bv readers to aur|iass. There cauic a umn into bin shop one day, "Arc voh the spectacle tout river, pray?' " Ves/aft'," «aid he, "I oui il» that utmîi l'ont rive to p tonnt* you, if you want n i»t»ir." " Can you ? pray do theii." Ho ut first he rhoosu To nliu'c a pair upon his noue; And book produced, to see how they would fit: Asked how he liked em? " Like'cm? iiotttMt." "Then, sir, I fancy, if von please to try, These in niv hand will Wtlur suit your eye." "No, but they duu't." " Well, coiuc^ sir, if you ph-iiÿc. Uwe hi Art other sort, we'll e'en try ihénè* somewhat more they niHguify the letter. Norç, sir," "Why, itow-rl'ui not a bit the bettor. "No? here, take these that, magnify still more; How do 1hey Mf?" "Mhc nil the rent l»cfote.'' |u abort, thoy tried a whole nasortiiient through, Hut all in Tain, for none of 'em would do. Tl»e operator, 1 hiucti surprised to find So odd a ease, thought sure the man is hliud ! " What sort of fcfts enn you Have got?" »nid he, f Why. very good one«, friend, un y du inuy «ec. - " Yes, I perceive the eleurm*s of the ball, Prny, hit me ask you, can you read at all?" "No, you greirt blockhead; if I could. Of pa ving you for liny ' lioljw to rend V And so lie li ft the maker in a heat. Resolved to post him lor an urrtut cheat. \\ hat qccd extracts from $nu Sgohü. (jilimpiM'« of (he Writ. From a very interesting volume pub lished by Hurd A Houghfuw; 46'.) Broome street New Y oik, entitled—" Tdo Thou sand Miles on Horseback, being a sum mer tour through Kansas, Nebraska, Col orado, and New MexiuO, to Sauta Ke hnd baek, in the year 18(56, by Lieut. James F. Melin«, the following extracts are ta / «•,/ m - ■l-Jii'i -li'.i . inci ken : A non« Houses.—D escending the sand hills into'the valley of the Platte, you see your first adobe building, uhd thenae they meet your eye all along the road. Strict ly speaking. It ia not adobe, (whieli is brick, regularly moulded Slid dried in the sun) but irrrr.ru, —I believe that is the Spanish term,—being simply prairie sod, cut in blocks of two tret by one foot and a half, ami three or finir iuches thick. They are laid, grars down, in walls three feet thick, and make the coolest house in sum mer, and warmest in winter, known iu this region. Snub a building stands ah Indian siege better than any other, as it is impossible to fire it, aud arrows van do it no damage. • A Ram.ii».— .A Uanclio is not a dwell ing, nor a farm-house, nor a store, per a tavern—but all of these, apd more. It is connected with a large corral, and hie of standing an Indian siege, procure entertainment at them, aud they keep fot side liquors, canuod fruit, knives, playing-card«, saddlery, and goggles, both iilae and green. These last mentioned are here an article of prime necessity, and you will find them on sale at every rancho on the plains, mirth und' south. The pre valent heat, dust, and glare, maho them almost indispensable. L ut V ex no iura: —-Leu vers wo r t h , K misas , claim» lor lier eorreet census in habitant», Immense numbers of teams and wagon* tor tramqiortatioii of merchan dize and tiuvernnieut store» to Utah, New Mcxiuo. Nebraska, and Montana, lire fit ted out hero, giving employment ton small army of drivers, mechanics, and contract ors. The town i» well aud handsomely built. Judging fruit the well-graded av enues und flagged gutters, I should say its municipal affairs were in go-id hands. The «tore» and shop» are almost metropolitan in their «took uud. variety. Three daily papers, well »u|iportod, give an idea of importance and activity. Of hotels there ia no lack, and Leavenworth lias its Tre luont, Everett, Piaulent', And Aster. A las ! Biere ate no longer any rustic villa ge« with a single taveru and simple popu lation ! Our young towns, like our yoiing children, are scarcely Hedged before they are full grown. The children assume old Dianne», and the small towus put on city aira. Every little place must have its " Metropolitan," its "Varietle»," its "Sa loons," just as «.very boy must smoke bis cigar aud |day billiards, and every girl of fifteen .wear Urn silk and diamonds, plinth, ia countries of high civilisation, are only »warded to matronly maturity- . ., Ox Teams. —Returning to town from Fort Leavenworth, three miles north of the city, I passed numbers ofthc ox'trains used m freighting merchandize to New Mexico. They are remarkable, oath wa gon tcain consisting of ten yokes of fine «yen, selected and arranged pot only for •drtwiug, but for pictorial effect, jin seta-of all black, all white, all eapa Yna can twenty, either spotted, or otherwise marked uniformly. Each ret of twenty oxen, draws from 6,560 to 8,000 pounds, aud makes the journey frpm Leavenworth to Sauta F® at the,con tract rate of seven miles per day. The nmle teams contract for twelve. Private enterprise is proveijnnUy ahead of Govern ment, and the result of my inquiries n mong more than a hundred wagoners is, that »heir ox teams, loading five thousand pounds and upward, average sixteen, aud tho mules eighteen to twenty miles per day, ' i Fiuioikh,— After a week on these wide boiMidUss stretch«« of korbuge, tbs main Impression loft ia that you. have heretofore bad hut a limited idea of territorial gran deur. Upon them, all tho armies of the earth might review, manoeuvre, fight, and oven retreat, without Jauger of beiug dis covered, if they choose to remain keyoud the horiaoii iiue. Kingdoms could be earved out of them, and uuicub of princi palities made up out of the paring» and sliciugs. You ride a week, and from daybreak to »unset, as you pass on, the grand prairie spreads out before you, stretching to the Ijoiizon, apparently bovndless. The view of these prairies is often compared to that of the sea, urn! the comparison is eorreet. There-is the same boundless sweep to the eye, with rolling waves of green from lio naon to horizon—the same undulating play of sunshino and shade on its fane,— the same solitude—.the same solemn and silent grandeur. Änd the resemblance in its features pf life are uot dissimilar. A distant wagon is u sail, and wrecks strew its strand» as they do the ocean's shores. Hones of animals that have perished by the wayeide line the route, and, of them selves, tell you of the thousands that have assed on this great highway to the Paci e. 'flip first hundred miles (the whole distance froiii Leavenworth to Fort Kear ney is 284: miles) of the route, is to some 1 1 ciit through a settled country. Thu soil, black as your hat, is so rich that the earth looks as though it would laugh if you tickled it, 1 have not socu Southern Kan sas, which, r am fold, is far superior to Northern Kansas. It must bo a beautiful country, for the north-east corner of the State, through which I passed, is suffi ciently fertile to satisfy any reasonable man. It is impossible, too, that farming can be more remunerative any where else, for the farmer can sell at bis own door, and at city prices, everything he can raise. I met a young man driving an ojt team, yesterday, who had just boon up to Kearney to sell bis corn at a dollar half, per bushel. The beautiful prairie carpet is, at this season, variegated with a rich collection of wild flowers,—the rose, pink, phlox, (blister liltv, the amorpha, large and lut riaut, while near the streams we find digi talis, nenothera with its bright, yellow flower», and a species of ipkMew- The prairie-rose is abundant tp profusion, and we have birds to enliven our progress. The road is. alive with the mule-bird, the whin-poor-will, dove», plovers, and mead ow larks. Of grouse, or prairie chickens, we have seared tip a dozen or two. They are, of course, more sliv than the others, but off the road and out in the prairie the hunter would doubtless find them more abundant. 1 Fort and a fnrtotflflew of Animal !•'«»<» d. In eortoin parts of Africa, Trinidad, Ceylon, Borneo, and South America, boiled ami roastod monkey is cutisirJcrcd a delicacy—»lie rod spider fox and howling monkeys nach possessing a peculiar flavor. Indeed, a gorilla steak, to the (south Afri can, is u morsel not to be excelled ; hut, as this custom i» too nearly allied to cannibal ism, Anglo-rSaxou travellers have seldom been tempted to participate. In the islands of Mauritius mid Malabar several varieties of the liât, aomo of çhum with wings tour feet in exteut, are eaten by the natives with avidity ; hut the story that the Dutch, when in possession of tiré .former island, were fond of the monkey, is said to be in correct. Tho Arabs do not object to the flesh of the hyena, although so rank that the dogs will not touuli it ; aud it is well known that the poleuat is eaten by the ab origines of North America, while the opos sum is highly appreciated by the better classes of the Southern States. In Italy the fox is considered lit for the table of a cardinal ; aud while the ravenous Esqui maux dugs wil not touch this animal after killing, the Indians themselves consider it excellent loud. Tho natives of the Malaya IVuiiiHiihir «at the flesh of the tiger, which is thought to inspire courage, aud the Hot tentot* and other African races uro wont to tiled upon the lion ; while the American Indiana have, no scruples in regard to the wolf, the panthor, the cougar, or the lynx; many varieties of people esteem the flesh of the dog ; tile ancient Greeks and Romans thought it lig .common |»*iple of modern Rome dopend upon it to a considerable extent ; iu China they arc fattened for tho table ; in Zanzi bar a stew of puppies is a luxury even with the king;, aud m the Sandwich pet puppy ia often placed before a hungry guest, aud rousted dog ia common among the natives of Africa and the Indians uf North America. In Australia, where ulono the Kangaroo is found, it is considered a delicacy, and its liver, when dried aud thou pounded, is used as substitute fiir bread ; and it iaa remark able tuet that the aborigines of that coun try always eat their food roastod, being without the utensil* for heating water or cooking liquid food. These people also enjoy frog», snakes, moths, and grubs, but abhor oyters. Among the Esquimaux ht and wholesome, and the Ldunds a roasted mice are considered delco table, while tho walrus, the porpuise, aud the whalo are among the necossarios of life. In some of the West India Islands and in Brasil fried rats are considered superior to frogs, and auiung the Chinese rat soup is « soup of caterpilli tied ia a thiu gravy with onions. In various parte of South America tho ant eater and armadillo, the latter roastod in its shell, are constantly outen, and said to resemble roast pig. In Africa and India the flush of tho elepkfint 1» generally eaten, uud the paws cunsidured an Apican luxury. In Abyssinia the deaerndarUt of fiusselaat dont ou a hippopotamus or rhinoceros steak. The nomad tribes of Northern Asia and the aborigines of America are famous for their horso-flesh feasts ; horse-steaks have long been authorized and publicly sold in DM ar» Copenhagen, and one of tho latest .gastro nomic innovations iu Fraueo and Germany ia tho uao of horse flesh. The Persians and Tartars hold the flesh of the and wild usa iu high esteem; and wbere cvcr the camel and tho giraffe are found, they are frequently eaten, the tongue of the former and the marrow of the latter boiug considered delicacies. The ornithological taatet of tho human race are more appropriately and generally diffused than is the case with the mamiuuhs ; and with tho exception of a few such birds as the orow and the bustard, both of which are sometimes oateu, all the feathered tribes aecui to have been employed as food, wlieu necessity or luxury have demanded tboir death. Tire only real curious fuel connected with bird food ia that which ex ists aiuoug the Chinese, where the neat of a species of swallow, formed of a mucilag inous substance, is considered a luxury, the constituent qualities of which bave never been ascertained by anulysis. But in regard to tho reptile race, the barbarous epicures of the world practice some singular habits. The tree lizard, called the iguana, is considered in most tropiual eouutries as but little inferior to the common fowl in flavor ; the alligator and croekodilo, in all the countries where they are found, are considered fit for food, and uro said to resemble veal both in ap pearance and taste ; some of the tribes of Southern G uiuea cat tin: boa-constrictor ; iu Ceylon the flesh of the anaconda is ea toctncd as food by the natives, and iu va rious parts of America tho rattlesnake is pronounced capital food ; and iu France, us is well kuuwu, frogs are deemed a lux ury. oonunon What has been said in regard to birds is quite us applicable to tile fishes of tho rivers and the sea, and there is nothing very cu rious or alarming in employ ing any of them for food, uot even excepting the varieties of shell fish. That some few of them are poisonous cannot bo doubted, but these are such awfully queer looking crea tures and kiiowu by such outlandish names, and arc so rare that they may be permitted to pass on their way rejoicing. In the Shetland Islands lobsters mid crabs abound, which the people catch for the London mar ket, but refuse to cat even when half starved. English epicures consider the john-dory a delicacy, hut the inhabitants of Devon shire, iu England, and of Irelaud never touch them. In Scotland an eel is rejec ted as if it wore a snake. Along the coasts of New England the sword-nsli is heartily enjoyed, hut in the markets of New York it meets with little patronage. In former times the Creoles and Indinns of South America looked with horror upon a turtle, and yet in the United States none hilt the rich enjoy the fare. But when wc conic to consider the in sect races, we find, thak they furnish more food dolicaei-'s than is generally supposed. Tho grub of the palm weevil -is considered as something delicious in the West Iodies, in Surinam, and (he island of Mauritna ; the larvae of the cocoa-nut beetles are en joyed by the inhabitants of British Guiana and ini$outh America and Western Africa certain 'mammoth beetles are eagerly de voured, some specimen* of which, in for mer years, have been sold for English cabinets at the rate of fifty pounds storliug ; in Australia many worms, bred in decayed wood, arc collected fur human food ; va rious members of the locust family arc now, and have boon from timo immemorial, employed aa food in various parts »of the world, and as they live on vegetable food, it is difficult to understated why a mess of grasshoppers inuy_not lie as palatable as a dish of suhrimps ; a curry of aunt's eggs is deemed a luxury in Siam; various kinds of water bug* arc eaten in Mexico ; butter flies in Australia are more highly esteemed for their flavor thuu their beauty; spider* form an article in the list of thehusliman's dainties in South Africa, and roasted spiders are spuken of as enjoyed by people of New Caledonia—Lnlaude. tho » ,....,, ___ - . ... ► the French astruuomer, having been fond of them ; and Humboldt tells us that ho has seen the oentipedo eagerly devoured by children in South America. In Italy cock chafers arc candied and served up with other confectionery, and iu Austria large wood aula are served up aud eaten alive. The diversity of twites prevailing iu dif ferent parts of the world in regard to food would seem to confirm tho proverb that "one man's meat is another man's poison." In very many instances, what is highly esteemed in one country is abhorred in another. Milk, as an article of food (exeept for sucking babies,) ia loathed by tlie South Sen Islanders. Goats have been intro duced into revend of the islaiid« ; but the people deride the settlers with using the milk, and ask them why they do not milk her hand, dogs and rata are favorite articles of food with them. their Mur*. On the ot A» for pork, it is on religions grounds that the Jews and Mahommedans abstain from it, as the Hindoos do from beef. Rut the Christians of the Rast seem to have nearly an equal aversion to it ; and the prevailed nntil lately in gootland. Maize or Indian ooru has been intro duced into Now Zealand by the tnissonaries and the people cultivate and highly esteem it. But their mode of preparing it for food is to civilised people most disgusting. They steep it in water till it ia putrid, and then mako it into a kind of porridge which emits an intolerable steuch. Human flesh lias been and still ia eaten in many parts of the world, and that by people eonaiderahly above the lowest rank of savages, such aa those in the Fejee Is lands and an Indian people oallod the Batts, who are said to have a written lan guage. And even in oannibalism there are great diversities—some natious cat their enemies and some their friends. Herodotus relates that a Persian king asked the Indian soldiers that were in bis service what reward would induce them to burn the dead bodies of their friends instead of eating them. They replied by cutreuting him uot to mention anything, so shocking. On the other hand tho New Zealanders —before their conversion, who seemed to have considered that the proper diet of mankind ia man—were onoc in tho habit of eating only their enemies. Among the Australian savages, it is said that if a mother finds a young baby troublesome to carry about she will eat it, ( although she would uot allow any oue else to do so,) under the full persuasion that she has merely deferred it« birth, that the next child she hoars will be a re appearance of tho eaten one. . When re monstrated with she will reply; "Oh! massa, he plenty come again." By some Aietie travellers it has been asserted that tho Esquimaux have been known to oat their sledges when pressed by hunger ; hut whon we remember that these sledges are sometimes rnude offroan nain tun, with skins sewed over them, our wundor is modified, and, iu au ex tremity, a piece of one's sledge, wuslied down with whale oil, might uot be such a dreadful tid-bit. But enough 1 It is time for us to drop this subject, as we would uot whet the ap petite of oar readers for luxuries that oan uot be obtained, nor cause the over-sensi tive to sup full of horrors. The facts hero chronicled will suffice to show that man is a very singular creature himself, aud is in the habit of devouring creatures equally strange.— /Vont Lan man'a Hap-Uoxurd Papera. and pui.vnxu. Movable types for printing were uot used until the 15th century. Books were prioted by the Chineso and other Eastern nations from engraved blocks long before the invention of type. The first typos were of wood. The same material i* still much need for the larger varieties of letters. Johannes Guttenburg is generally be lieved to have been the first to mauufac tuie movable types. An edition of Donatus was the first hook printed from movable types. The first letters were character imitating hand writing. Printing was introduced into Paris in 147U ; into London four years later. . Roman Type first made iu 1465. Ital ie about tile year 1500. it' Type founding was formerly a port of ) business of a printer, and was declar ed a distinct art by decree of the 8tar Chamber in 1067. The largest sise of type used for books is Great rritnor ; the smaller sizes arc English, Pica, Small Pica, Long Primer, liourgooinc, Minion, Nonpariel, Agate, l'earl. Diamond and Brilliant. Peail is the smallest typo fuund in ordi nary printing offices. Agate is the smallest type used for set ting advertisements in any American news paper. It is in favor with those papers, which from tliicr large editious and the great demand for thier columa, are neces sitated to economise space. In America printers are paid by the 1000 on», (M) an em being equivalent to about two letters. In England the matter is measured by ens (n) 2000 of which equal 1000 eins. A good compositor will set, correct and distribute about 6,000 ems in a day of ten hours. Several of the N. Y. newspapers are printed from stereotype plates which aie prepared with great rapidity and mel ted over for ose again in printing the next edition. So rapidly is this work perform ed that in some instances firms have bocu got ready for the press in twenty minute» after the last page had been given to the stereotyper. The hand pres« was invented in 1450 and it still used without any important improvement in the majority of country newsDaner offices. Ink rollon! are made of a mixture of mo lasses and glue, and were first inven ted by one Gonnal, a glue manufacturer of Paris. Tho first newspaper ever printed by steam waa the Loudon Times of Nov. 28, 1814. Hand pressos are still usod in large offices where vory fine and perfect work ia requir ed. Cube for Small Pox,—The German Roformed Meaaenger has received a letter from a friend in China, in which it ia sta ted a great cfiauovery is reported to have been reoeutly made by way of an effectual cure for small pox. The mode of treat ment is aa follows : Whon the fsver is at its height, and just before the eruption appears, the chest is rubbed with croton oil and tartario ointment. This causes the whole of the eruption to sppear on that part of the body to the relief of the rest. It also secures a full and complete eruption, and thus prevents the disease from attacking the internal organs. This is said to be now the established mode of treatment in tho English army in China, by general orders, and is regarded as a perfect eure. ing Passionate reproofs are like medicine S ven eoalding hot ;.the patient oannot take em. If we wish to do good to thoae we rebuke, ve should labor for meekness of wisdom, apd use soft words for hard argu ments, Original prüdes. Fur the Middletown TranterijA. Sign« of the Time«. The "white horse" aud his ghostly rider seemed satiated with the glut of san guinary carnage. Youth, middle age, and advuuccd life, together with dying steeds, shivered helms and broken trumpets, lay studding the plains before him, strewn by the blood-red hand of war, while tho wail of a great national heart moaned ominously iu every laud. Joy crouched close in solitary places, a mere shadow of her former self, veiling her glance of triumph before the severe gaae of tho Destroying Angel, whose foot prints were beheld in every domicil. . Hu manity awoke from her dormant slumber, and, with glad light, lifted the sombre scene by her glorious presence, as with outstretched wings aud wide extended arms alia strove to clasp in fraternal brace the separated sections. Party feel ing ignored, trampled under foot by the ponderous engine of civil strife, uroso frum lier lair, and throwing about for expedients upheld the dusky African aa the laugh of fanaticism, and prejudice joined, conjured sentiment, sweeping back to oblivion the new awakening of a nation's life. The "cloud with a silver lining," diimned by the dark mist of misbegotten zeal, vanished from sight, and riding the dark stouds of Bigotry and Ignorance, Anarchy is seen in the distance, stirring the tires of civil discord and insurrection. A deluded, ungrateful, crafty race, who the Great Muster, from some iuserntuhle cause, saw fit to stamp with distiuctive uess, was sought out to he elevated not only to equal position, but to assume infi nite superiority over the tools who forced him to power. That magnanimity which should have characterized the laurel-crowned victor, la den by tho spoils of conquest aud flushed with triumph, was veritably fulfilled, as prognosticated by southern sympathisers, to the regret of those who disbelieved their theory, iu torturing a vanquished foe, and heaping insults on the heads of a brave if conquered people. The crisp-skulled cotton picker elevated to judicial ermine, and the chivalrous mas ter, pale with snger, in menial attitude awaiting the beck of his ebon lord. Krin's wrongs (Kile in tho strong light of this servility. It stirs the blood of the most imbecile of God's creation, nerving the stroug right arm of every man not imbued with infernal sentimental fanaticism, to striko down the advocate who dares defy Deity, aud assume God's prerogatives, ike lightning-fir», To speed une bolt of (engeance, and expire ! The slumbering mine licth now beneath the soil where fragrant magnolias bloom, and beauty unconsciously slumbers in a land laden by the pestilential breath of revolt and debauch. Misguided xealots thunder out their anathemas amid hursts of appiuuse in the nation's forum, unmind ful of the grave judgment of a mighty people, stimulated to display rhetoric by C "''cal hirelings who arc sapping the life of those who placed them in power. Apcing the manners of the shuttered wreck whoso jaundiced mind tonauta a more diseased body, and groping darkly to follow the lead of an eastern exponent of radicalism, whose fuoiishuess entangled him in meshoB of supposed love, but con sort flew the track on inoompatability of temperament. The gloamings of the mist part asunder. In the distance, Juggernaut's chariot guid ed by their ebon god passes the watch fires of fear, and the wclkiu already rings with universal woe at the distant sound of as sassination and incendiaryism, more hellish than staif led St. Domingo's Isle. George'a Point, AId. For tht MiddlUutcn Tranacript . IttDlalKeucn mt UK W ir. During the War of Negro, I was an unworthy meuibor| of thu OOtb Regiment of U. S. Infantry, stationed at Tullnhoma, Kentucky, and our commissary stores be iug below low-water mark, 1 deemed it a military neoesaity to procure digestibles, and it being our turn off picket, after posting my mon, I proposed to uiy pony clerk to go thruugh our lines _ introduce ourselves to some planter's barn yard. He being agreeable, I asked per mission from the captain to reconnoitre tho enemy's position, but he could not grant it, and asked me iff cuuld take churgo of the company until next morning as hv would like to go to Thomas' Division.— Not being very dull of comprehension, I of course told niui I could do so, although ordorly sergcants'are seldom thrown in that capacity only on tho field. After the Cap tain had left, I appointed my first duty sergeant eominander-in-cbicf of company ... 99th U. S. Infantry, gave him the countersign with instructions not to fire on any man until first fired upon, and Jim ana I left on a reconnoitre. We passed some three or four houses before we could find anything worth tak ing, as the people looked poorer than we were, hut after walking three miles we came to a splendid plantation and asked the planter if he could gell us some poultry. He laughingly replied that if we could pay him in any currency but Lincolnbacks, ho would accommodate us. I happened to have a $50 Confederate gorip and asked him if he oould change that. He answered by asking me where I came from. " Delaware," said I, " Why did yo* not stay there?" "Want of thoae Lincolnbacks," I said. " Well," said he, "come In aud I'll see what I can do for you." We wept in and took dinner, and then he gave us a doacn of chickens und would not take a cent of money, but gave us a very important piece of information, which was that wo would not get one mile before we would have to change our route for Rich mond, as General Forrest's men were all around us. It gave us no little uneasiness, hut as we were hound to win 1 proposed to Jim to take the old gentleman prisoner, and if we were surprised to threaten his life, and they would let us go free. So Jim told him the result of our conference and his unasked advice, and we inarched him off, intending to release him at our lines. It proved to be just as he predicted, for wc had not gone over half a mile be fore we actually walked right into the lap of General Forrest. W'e thought by tak ing a near cut across some timber we would save a mile, hut marched into General Forrest's headquarters. Wc tried to re treat, but uiy old friend, the prisoner, just simply covered my fucc with a revolver, and very politely told us that tho loads were drawn from our rifles, and to keep perfectly oool until further orders. Iu the* meantime tho General came up and saw at a glance the whole case. He said to me : "Sergeant, take off those bolts. What do you »hink I ought to do with yon ?" "Take me to your General," said I, "and he will parole us, and I shall he glad of it, too." "What General do you mean?" " General Forrest," I said. "Well," he said, "I'll parole you, if you promise to go home." I told him ltis parole would do no good, as nothing short of General Forrest's sig nature would do it, which was true. At that our old gentleman laughed heartily, and said that I was tidkiug to General Forrest, and that he was his father. 1 could have covered my head with dirt at that information, but it seemed to please the Gcucrul, for lie told us to go and siu no more. And wc go—ed. Plummet. For the MiiUUetuvn Tranrcript. Messrs. Eoitous;— The great political campaign of 18(58 is now upon us, and judging from the deplorable condition of the country, bids fair to be the most im portant campaign we have ever passed through -, t the life or death of the nntiun is at stake. ' In time of the rebellion the stake was, should there be two nations, or one ; both, however, proposing to be white. Now the stake is—shall : the white rule the whole country under the banner of Democracy, or shall nigger and white equality rule under the Radical Republican hauncr. There is no use trying to dodge the issue, for tho aelf-Btyled majority ' Congress, by their acts and resolutions, have placed their party plainly before the people. No honest man can regard any platform that thia party may adopt, at their National Convention, or candidate put on it, but as secondary, and intending to be ruled, and curry out said Congres sional Nigger Equality Doctrine, fore, no soldier, sailor, or other white who is opposed to Nigger Equality, should be deceived into the support of any Gen eral or Civilian taken up by this Nigger Equality Congress or its satelites ; for suoli candidates are more dangerous than outspoken white Niggcrite. Now, a* wc of little Delaware will he called on to tribute our mite to rodeem the country from the rule of those Radicals whose sole aim appears to he to degrade tho white race, trample on the Constitution, destroy the prosperity aud happiuess of the nation, beggar the while people to try to force them to accept Nigger Equality ; it there fore is the duty of the Democratic party, as it has always been a white man's party, to stand by the white race, and against tho Nigger Euuality partv in all its phases, and against all its candidates, and- to make our voioc as Delawareans felt uud heard. It is the duty of our friends iu every hun dred in the State, to see that every voter is assessed, that his name is put on the duplicate, and not lay baek and depend on assessors, particularly in this eounty, A committee from each hundred in this coun ty should be appointed to attend on the Levy Court and see to this matter of assess ment. A Iso there ought to be a State Con vention held and a thorough orgunizatiou of tho Democratic party throughout the State, and a resolution passed at said Con vention requesting our Senators and Rep resentative in Congress to' be present ' Congress when in session, at all times, cept when absent from severe tiekntii drath. For now is the timo if ever their votes and influence were needed. The motto of tho Democratic party in the pres ent crisis should be—every voter do your duty ; and every officer, bo at your post, or your resignation. It is no time to trifle or dodge. Speak and record your names against every act of usurpation aud tyran ny, so that tho rising generation can point to your names as to the nanics of the Sign ers of American Independence in 1776, ns men worthy of the crisis, and deserving of honorable recollection. m Thcre an con ex Sami.il Townsend. Totcnaend, Jan. 21th, 1868. Labor. —So long as man tills the earth— keeps alive the forge-fires—plies the shut tle—spreads tho sail—and though last, not least, keeps the "press" in action, no pro duct of the soil cun claim preponderance. It ia Labor which give» permanent value to all things ; without it, the fertile soil, the forest, the miue, the quarry, would bo alike worthless, and man woqld revert to a primitive condition. It ia Labor, with its thousand divisions of interest, each minis tering to the other's want«, that u the world, and makes humanity akin. unites The Spirit or Ularowtrnt. IIow universal it is! We Dover yet Knew tho man who would say, "lam con tented." Go where you will, among tho rieh or poor, the man of competence, or the mun who earns his bread by the sweat of his brow, you hoar the souud of mut tering uud the voice of complaint. The other day we stood by a cooper who waa playing a merry tune with his adz around ii cask. "Ah!" said he, " miue is a hard lot, forever trotting arouud like a dog, driving a hoop." " Heigho!" sighed a blacksmith, on one of the late hot days, as he wiped thé per spiration from his brow, while the red hot* iron glowed on his anvil—"this ia life, with one's a vengeance ! melting and frying self over a tiro !" "Oh ! that I were a carpenter !" ejacu lates a shoemaker, as he bout over his lap stonc. " Here I am, day after day, wear ing my sole away for the soles of others ; cooped up in this little seven by nine room —no hum !" "I'm sick of this out-door work!" claimed the carpenter, " broiling under a sweltering sun, or ex posed to the inclem ency' of the weather, j wish I was u tailor. "This is too had!" perpetually cries the tailor, " to he e impelled to sit perched up here plying the needle nil the time ; would that mine were a more active life!" "Last day of grace—hauks won't dis count.—customers won't pay—what shall I do ?" grumbles the merchant, rather be u truck horse, thing else 1" "Happy fellows !" as lie scratches his head ex "I hau or a dog, or auy groans tho lawyer, - over some perplex ing case, or pores over some dry musty cord " happy fellows ! I had rather ham mer stone than puzzle my head en this te dious, vexatious question." And so through all the ramifications of society all are complaining of their condi tion, finding fault with their particular cat ling. If I were only this, or that, or tho other, 1 should he content, is the universal cry—" Anything but what I am." So it has wagged and so it will wag. IV BKirTV. ;r A great deal of ponderous nonsenso going the rounds of the press continually about the duty of women to disregard turual beauty ; to cultivate only the grace« of the mind ; to give their attention aloae to accomplishments of the mind and heart. Their is a class of morbid masculine nlists who seem to think that if a woman wears a pretty dress, or trims her hat with gay flowers, or fails in any dogroo to strate' the natural exuberance of a light heart in a healthy body, that she has pass ed the hounds of prudent and godly con duct; and they shake their finger at her, apd quote from proverbs, " A fair worn»« without discretion ia as a jewel of gold In a swine's suout." It is true, as they say, that the graces of the mind and heart form the firRt possessions of the true wouian ; but they know, too, that a tasteful arrange ment ol dress and a pleasing exterior the best evidences she cuuld give of re tin e ment, education, and good sense. " What the hotter," a*ks one of those alists, "U the apple for its rosy skin, if the maggot ha» penetrated and devoured its heart ?" To answer the question liter ally, we would suggest that evon if an ap ple be worm eaten, it may better hav rosy skin than a wrinkled aud spotted one. As a rule, however, the worm-oaton apple never has a rosy skin, and you can tell healthy fruit as fur as you can soo it by its fair outside. Man's highest physical attribute is streugth ; woman's is beauty. We live in a beautiful world, and onl emulate nature when we encourage a manifestations of beauty in our daily nsso ciatious. ex aro morose mor o • t Alex.ixi>eu H. Stephens' Vibw of Ak rAius in tue South.— In conversation with a friend who suw him recently in Phila delphia—so a correspondent of the Perttid states—Mr. Stophons took a very despon dent view of thu affairs in the South, lie pronounced the future before that section of the country fraught with gloom and dis aster, and could seo nothing in the policy of reconstruction hut the operation of a fearful scheme, whoso ultimate result will lie the dcstriqpion of either the white the black race. Every day, lie sayB, it*be more painfully evident that the traugcinent between the races is widening —on tho part of the negroes from the effects of8uch instructions as teaches them to dis trust and oppose the whites, and on the port of the latter from an abhorrence Of negro leaders and an instinctive aversion to be ruled and legislated for, bv ignorance and semi-barbarism. From what fell un der his own observation in Georgia ho unable to detect anything like a spirit either side tending to mutual sympathy of sentiment and interest. conies cs was Animal Saoacitv.— Plutarch tells a strange den with story of a mule, which, when )a t salt, fell into a stream, and, find ing its load thereby lightened, adopted the experiment afterward, and whenever It crossed a stream slipped into the water with its panniers. To cure this trick, the panniers were filled with sponge, under which, when fully saturated, it oould bare ly stagger. A good inclination is but the first rude draught of virtue ; but the finishing strokes are from the will ; whieh, if well disposed, will by degrees perfect; if iUdisposed, will by the snperiuductien of ill habits, quickly deface it.